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The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1856-1888, December 15, 1859, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1859-12-15/ed-1/seq-2/

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' 'J " THVZZDAT, DECEMBER IS, MCi.
-. . ' r,i , x- ...
.Ck kn pant week, whalahij and Bierchaitmtn hare
, departing Ijt botae ports and croitM. Our harbor
b tiimilin tbioonl oat, sod we Bomber to-day bat 26 veawU
- tl part. , TTm thipitiog ataaoa baa been of about the aamc hsgth,
scA wajaic that abbot tha tame aoount of bosioeai Kaa been
done, ai hut EuL. Tbe qiwatioe, bow much money U diaboned
. Mcnairy by whalrraen ia ttiU onaettled tome ship expending
. tram aix to tea thooaaml dollar, while others spend fc than a
bonsnnd Some are of opiaiua that $4000 are spent, as an
assetffC, by each whaler that enters, pays off and re-ships crew,
eJ proem es the' ordinary amount of supplies. The advances
paid to cvrh crew shipped here varies from two to three tbuu-
' aMlCT-j per ship. Aaraming that $1000 are spent here by
x I, It srouM make the disbursements of the Beet of VjI
Si i si Jug the blamls this ItB $733,000. Of this sum, pro
- "ha- j oe-half (awi perhaps-more) is paid out fcr seamen's
"v i our last fcaa-, the ship Stivia has sailed ff Sew Bed-
..lord, with cargo U oil and bone ; the hark Maria with vH tur
4 Breme", aad the Aspmaim, in ballast, lor UcKean's Island. The
. an. i mat arrival has been that of the Rostock ship J.
- Kep,.r, worn Sitka, loaded wkh spars. She sailed aa in for
".' Hon;" j on the 14th. having obtained some twelve or fifteen
: ps sis' x The Black Stm, which l ln awaiting the
' arrival ef encoonut ofl expected from )'auolnc's Island, has
" oe-- quantity of -whale oil from the Brmjamin Ruik,
sk ' to complete Lcr cargo, and will suil on the 1J
Kew i eJ.
TiM rnch whaleship Espadom. which has ben con.lmne.l.
waa S-1 at suction oo the 8th, hy order of tl French Consul.
Car bull and lower masts were purchased by Mcsxrs. Hums r
' . Ejnmes; tx Her gear and apparel realised a little oeer
tl.Tflft trfsT. $4400. This makes the fifth whak-r condemned
- thia season or sixth. Including the faith. The frequent dis
posal af wbaleships in this manner may appsr surprising to
' ibgsw wlf are ignorant of the severe straining and fivqucnt
damages reccired in the ice at the North, which no hnman
" efforts can avert.
" An auction sale, by J. F. Cotbum, of damaged China goods
; rseeived by the Hero, took place on the 12th. These goods are
" reported to bare been purchased in Amour. About COO danugtd
ramphor trunks, sold in 109 lots, brought, on an average, about
$7 M a lot, or ne-rt. At the same sale, 41 coils small Russia
hemp rope sold from 2J a Si V lb ; 75.d.. white shirts, $3
7 a $5 62 V do. ; 10 boxes chowchow, $1 75 (SB $3 25 ; 80
dos- China bats, $4 a $4 06 dn-
On the 13th, a large assortment of goals were offered at suc
tion by A. P. Xverett, but the prices gentraay were low. Sales
were made of 102 bags China rice, lc & lie fi i 0
damaged navy bread, 3c B ; 21 dos. pickles, $2 12 SB $2 62.
la domestic trade and proluce, we note no change. Very
little prod nee is coming in, the grinding season on the planta
tons having hardly begun yet. Stock of sugar, roolasrs and
eoiT- In the market, very limited.
There has been a steady and. we think, increasing dcnuuid for
rjairauaa beef this tail. The absence of two ships expected (the
. ruttteood and WaakinQton AlUton) has, perhaps, increased
the dVman I, but the reputation of our beef is ewdentiy becom-
icg hvoraWy established among whalemen. The prices realised
havt been from $11 to $14; American beef commanding me
three to four dollars over the latter figure.
The WottltU bus on the berth for tan Fiam-Lsco, will sail
about Saturday. ?be takes the puln brought from II Uo by the
l.Uoiikt, al her cargo consists chiefly of that article.
Oa sot fourth page, we re-print the exports of oil and bone,
so tar as they have been obtained.
EXCHANGE On San Francisco and New Bedford is offering
at 1 per cent, premium.
Mm'm Phases) at 11 1st D
dy.
firvt Quarter.. 2
FaU il oon . 9
h.
3
4
m. I
dy. h. m.
4.6 A. I New JIoou 'SI 7 23.2 A.
LATEST DATES, received stl tbi Office.
an Franc4eo.......Nov. 14
Manama, N. i Oct. 12
Mew Ifora, (papers) Oct. 20
tefcgrapliic. .Oct. 22
TAhiti. .......... .. .It. 3
Loudon, (par). ....Oct. 12
telegraphicr ..Oct. 12
Paris Oct. 12
Uoegkunc -pt. 9
Melbourne, Vic... ...tift i
ShlsV Mail.
F-a ? Fasci.-o er t avelet. 17th int
F.a Lium per Liholiho tlay, and Live Tankee on
Hatnruay. .
F')fc llito per Lih4iho, this day.
F. LtviiEti and Kohala per LihoUbo, this day.
pout or soi7oisTjz.u: s. i.
jy For full reports of Whalers, see 1th page.jfj.
ARRIVALS.
Dee- 8 Bostnck ship Johannes Kepeler, Jantsen, 25 days fin
hiika, en route fur Hongkong.
, . 10 Hjw sch Vary, BerrUl. from llawail, with cattle.
' 10 Sch KxceL Kuheana, fnn Kauai.
10 ch Margaret, Maikai, from Kauai.
1 - . ' 10 Sch Maria, Molteno, from Lahaina.
18 Hoop Lire Tankee, Morse, fin Lahaina, with potatoes.
' 10 Sloop Elderts, fm Kauai, with native produce,
lw Am wb ship Aran, GrinneU, from Kauai.
11 Am wb bark Margaret Scott, Cleaveland, fm Lahaina,
(od bHure reported.)
- " ' 13 Sch Lihotiho, from II Uo, with pulo.
14 Sch Moiiseiki, Wetnerby, from Lahaina.
12 oop Live lankee, Morse, from Lahaina.
14 British bark Sea Nymph, Williams, 10 months from
f "gl"-', g-Ilcln.l Ijlamla miul Tmlrjhlrafwi
DEPARTURES.
Dee. Am wb ah Northern Liht. Austin, to cruise and home.
' 9 Am wb ship Adeline, Tabcr, to cruise and home.
Sch Kinoole, tnr KauaL
10 Am wh ship Brutus, Uenry, to cruise and home.
, 10 Am wh bark J. D. Thompson, Clifford, to cruise.
J ' v la Am wh ship Spfendid. Pierson, to crutse and home.
I 10 Aia wh bark J. P. West, Tinker, to cruise.
k 10 Am wh bark xliria There, Coop, to cruise.
10 In wh ship OrMumbo, Praie, for New Bedford,
lft ch Borrea, fjr Ililo.
10 Am dip. ship Aspasia, Sisson, fnr SlcKean's IsUnd.
1 1 Fr wh sb Ville de Benues, Troude, to cruise and home.
J Am wh bark Florence. Ppeneer, to cruwe.
. . .-, 12 Am wh ship Adelin Gibtw, Withington. to cruiM
1 - 12 Am wh ship Oeo. Howanl, Ponieroy. for California
' " - Coat.
. . I t Am clip, ship Silvia, Svikj, lor New Bedford.
4" r i Sen Kamot, Wilbur, lor Linaina.
- 12 teh Excel, Kuheana, tr Kaosi.
- Ji i Sch Manuokawai. beckiey. for Kohala.
- 12 Am wh ship Montezuma, Tinker, to cruiw.
It-Am wh ship Carolina, Hardin?, to cruhte.
13 Boas wh hrrfi 8. 1'on.tantinr, Uudhnuu, to crutae.
1 13 9rh Moikeiki. Wetherl.y, for Msui.
' 13 Sch Maria, M'tteno, I Lahaina.
. ,14 banish bark Maria, Ingrrmann, for Bremen.
14 An wh ship Rspid, Irew, to cruise.
14 Am wh bark IHi'ir, Knworthy, to cruise.
' 14 Rflatnrtt ship Johannea Kepelrr, f"T Hongkong.
':' 14 S Mary, BerriU, lor Kawaihae.
MEMORANDA.
,. f7 Bark Vernon, FUb Has cruised in the 3. W. Bay and
Ochrk, with fair weather until 1st Oct., after that hail contin
al stormy weather. Took the first whale about 2S:h May, and
last ea 28 Ih Oct. ; got five whales after the fleet left. Left the
whaBng ground Slt Oct. ; came through the fiftieth passage
- ' with strong N.JC breexes ; from thence to Honolulu was 29 Jays.
Daring the passage down, bad strung N.W. winds, ar.til In 30'
11 N-, from thmce hatl light sotuhrrly winds, with rain, tlinnder
and ligtitning. ,
XT Schooner Jery reports having been in company, ou the
t 9th ami lhh, with Uie barkentiue Jenny Ford, which sailed
hence oa the Cur Puget Sound. On Ssturday night, a breeze
sprung up, and they parted company.
VESSEIS IX PORT DEC. 15.
Am shtp Black St-s, Cate.
Kaooverian bark Y erden, Coppcrmanu.
flaw, bark Gambia, Brooks.
Ilasa. art; Hero, Voo Hoilt.
Am ah Bowdltch, Martin.
New Gren. briftanUne Jennie Lee, Benedict.
Am brlst. Agata, Green.
Am sch Far West, Porter
tiiuu.
l!p Eophrates. Heath
Arctic PtlDlp
Levi Surbuck, Jemegan
Harrison. Ue&iis
Oregnn, Tobey
. Thoa. Dickason. Plaskett
Manad Ortia, Hazard
' Lan4. Hash, Wyau
Bark A moor, Michebon
Wavelet, iwain
Frances Henrietta, West
Turku, Soderiiiom
Grefcrberg, Knberg
Ionia,
Mary Frazwrr, Bounds
Vernon, FUh
Brig Hawaii, ScLimmelfcnnig
! Dromo, Cole
XtXtA.1, 8 merchantmen acd 19 whalers.
tin Exrmretcsl fraaw Farciaa Paris.
Ami
, .1
Aa
: Zoe, Bush, sailed from New London July 25th, with
adie w C A. Williams It Co.
.Aries Phelps. Brown, sailed from New London Oct.
Jt mercbandise to C. A. Williams A Co.
Jeanaette, Cooke, was to leave 'San Francisco Nov.
soolaJe.
.anee Palmer, Paty. to sail from San Francisco
. doe Dec. 12th to 16th.
. - aip Syren, , from Boston, to sail Oct. 25th.
to C. Brswr Co.
I euer Xarflda, Hooper, from Tanning's Island, with
f ffoaakaat ou. due Dee. 1 to 10.
1- 4. 1 mt'i iar Eeile. , to sail from Lonuon for Hono-
I and Taneeuver's Island, Aug. 30, with merchandise to
i ia,'Crasa Cov -
f I laiTil. tballey, Irom Boston, sailed Angust 15, doe
" T n SO P. 8. WUcox.
jrsabingtaa Austoa, Woods, rrusa Boston, sailed June
1 10 vaaa. arewer so.
XPORT8.
Maria, Dee 14 7S.7W aalw wb ml, 38,001
rs U . A.UT Oa ivory, 6,751 B tallow, 00 lbs slush. 1,294
1 ea sadae, 1 ease lacquer ware, 3 roll, matung.
, (Joe farther Exports see 4th page.)
r r
m HOo, Dee 5 D Ly-
C 4 Martin.
- ; bp C
1
- - 'a?
Commercial Advertiser,
THURSDAY, DEC. 15. .
TliE fall Benson may now le coatiidercd as
closed. A few ships etill remaiu in port, but
these are leitring us as rapidlj as they can
procure supplies. All the whalers expected here
this fall, with one or two exceptions, have ar
rived ; the only veiwel anxiously looked for
being the Hawaiian brig Wailua, last reporte1
in the Arctic with some 400 barrels of oil.
We arc able therefore to make up for this mail
a full exhibit of the North Pacific whaling
fleet. Our table on the fourth page has been
carefully revised, and presents the details of
the catchings of each ship. It should be stated
in this connection that the amounts hailed
often difTcr from the exact figures sometimes
more and sometimes loss. As a rule, we give
the l.ighcst.reliablo figures, for generally ships
hail below their actual catch. The list em
braces 218 vessels, clashed as follows :
American, (including " Wm. Tell" lost,.
Ilawaiiau, (including " Faith," condemned,).
Frruch, ..........................
K usk ian,
Bremen and Oldenburg,
.194
. 11
k. 4
2
Total, '-218
Of the above fleet, there have arrived at the
various ports of these islands this fall 197 ves
sels, us follows :
A nierica n .............. .
.. 176
8
7
4
2
Hawaiian-..
French,
Kiusian, .................
Bremen and Oldenburg,...
Of these five are sperm whalers, bringing
into port, as this season's catch, 1500 barrels
of epefiu oil ; and 192 are right whalers, hail
ing, as the reason's catch, 14"0 barrels sperm,
10-2,950 barrels whale oil, and 1,312,700 pounds
bone. The following table exhibits the annual
totals and average from 1S52 to 1859 inclusive.
The average for this season has been 535 bar
rels of oil, and C.S02 pounds bone. Thiaaver-
includes American, French, CJerman, Ha
waiian and Russian whalers.
c- c -r
5? C
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c
-. 2 1 5
s L 1 1
5 - Z
nam- 1
p 1 x S. 5
li I i-" 15 "
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9
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- S. a 35.
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- ti ti 5 - 5 S I - 5
?.-r? r ! ? '-5
OC -Hi C I 5 "
9!
The following is the number of whalers vis
iting our principal port3 during the fall season :
Atnno, 25
At Lahaina, 6J
At Honolulu, ...123
All kinds of recruits and provisions have been
in abundant supply, and prices generally below
those of former years. There has been a much
larger demand for vegetables than in former sea
sons, particularly for sweet and Irish potatoes,
which have generally been obtained without
delay. Seamen have also been abundant. One
fact however has been remarked that foreign
seamen generally dislike to ship again for the
north, and prefer shipping on homeward-bound
vessels. Their pLtccs arc supplied by natives of
these and other Pacific island., who are pre
ferred by many captains. They make good
whalemen, and are generally content with
smaller lays and advances.
Comparing this season's average with those of
former years, it will lie seen that there is a large
and steady falling off, amounting this season to
nearly 200 barrels, a decrease which is too
heavy and too important not to have a serious
effect on the future prosecution of the whaling
business in the North Pacific. An important
question naturally arises here Is this merely
a temporary decrease, or is it likely to be per
manent? Those who have the best opportuni
ties for judging correctly think that it will
be permanent, that the whales are annually
decreasing in number and size, particularly on
the Kodiack and Ochotsk grounds. If such be
the case, there can be no reasonable hope held
out that the large averages of 1851, '2 and '3
will occur very soon again, nor indeed that
anything better than the averages of the past
two y-?ars can be depended on in future.
This decrease of oil and scarcity of whales is
not, however, confined to the North Pacific.
All the old resorts of whalemen the New
Zealand, the OfT Shore, the Line, and other
cruising grounds, are annually becoming less
productive. Not half the sperm oil is taken
now, per thip, that was taken twenty years
ago.
During the fall season, we have jjfrVen full
reports from each ship arriving. The weather
at the north has been reported generally as
milder than in former seasons, with fewer acci
dents and losses. Ice and fogs are always met
with in Arctic whaling, and more or less dam
age is sustained therefrom. The only vessel
lost is the U'n. Tell, in the Arctic The bark
Faith was safely navigated into Petropolovski,
there condemned, and her oil shipped to this
port.
On the Kodiack the whales were remarka
bly scarce this sison. Some fifty ships visited
that ground in the spring, but not more than
three or four thousand barrels of oil were
taken there. From thence the ships cruised
northward in June and July through Bristol
llay, where a ftw whales were seen and cap
tured. Several vessels cruising off Cape Thad
deus in June fell in with whales bound north,
and captured a number. It was here that the
Eliza Adams, Mary $ Susan, Magnolia, Mber
nia, and several others obtained their good fares.
These whales, it is thought, were bound north
into the Arctic from the Ochotsk bays, where
they are said to breed, and leave their calves
when a few months old.
The whalemen inform us that the whales
captured in the Ochotsk this season were gen
erally small, man v of them being mere calves,
affording but a few barrels of oil. If this is
the case, and the young whales are being thns
destroyed, tlje Ochotsk Sea will very soon be
rendered valueless as a cruising ground.. Some
captains with whom we have conversed have
advanced the theory that the numerous whales
that abound in and beyond the impenetrable
ice barriers of the Arctic, annually come south
to the bays along the Asiatic and American
shores, where they breed, and stay by their
young till four or five months oli, r till the ice
begins to break up, yr' y t' rj i ' ' ' -'
JLrctia "' f-ja,' I" t" ' '-.
" T..s r ' i
: ' - V-
" Y l 1 i:'f
- X. . ., e.
,1 "l
a mmm-0nmmh n
we ijLrn.'that the weather has generally been
better than in former seasons, but the whales
I yery'ow.ift, and "inclined to keep close to th
h". The. oTo:it northern ice barrier is stated
to have come much farther Bouth this season,
and appears to have changed the usual course
of the currents in the Arctic. By some of the
ships whales were observed in countless num
bers, but generally in the ice or in very rough
weather, when a loat could with difficulty le
lowered. One fact appears settled, that whales
in the Arctic are as numerous now as they
ever were, but that, owing to the generally
stormy weather there, and the fact that whales
keep in the ice fields, it is the most uncer
tain whaling ground in the Pacific.
There have cruised, during the past season,
on the Kodiack and Arctic -grounds, 80 vessels,
hailing 25.GC5 barrels of oil, or an average of
44G barrels to each. On the Ochotsk, C9.125
barrels havo been taken by 113 vessels, giving
to each an average of Oil barrels.
It is reported that Capt. Simmons of the
bark CJtwne, of New Bedford, spoken last in
Septemlior, purposed wintering in Plover Bay.
This experiment, we think, has never bw:n
tried by a whaler, and may result favorably
in securing a cargo of oil earlier iu the spriig
than it is possible for ships to go through the
straits, or it may result disastrously in-a' loss
of his men. Q
The whaling fleet for 1800 will le somewhat
smaller than that of the past year. As near
as we can now determine, the decrease will be
about as follows :
Ships homeward bound,
Shiis condemned (6), sold (2), lost (!),
.61
. 9
Total ships withdrawn, 70
The fleet of 1859 consisted of 218 vessels.
Deducting the above number, it will leave 148.
But this number will be increased by new
vessels on the way out, probably not less than
25, which will make our North Pacific fleet
for 18C0 number, at a low estimate, 173 ves
sels. . Many of the vessels that have cleared
from home whaling ports during the past year,
have simply cleared for the " Pacific ;" but
the probability is that when the Southern
grounds have been cruised over by them and
whales found scarce there, they will, ad here
fore, return to the North Pacific.
If our estimate in regard to tho number of
ships in the fleet next fall is correct, there is
no need of the hue and cry that has Iwn
raised by croakers, that the whole fleet will
vanish and business stagger. By reference to
"11 it A. . A.
our taoie, it win De seen mat tno neci. oi
1857 numbered only 165 vessels, of which
number fourteen were sperm whalers, and
that of 1850 but 177. A decrease in the num
ber of vessels employed cruifing north will,
unquestionably increase the amount of oil and
bone to each ship, so that really the trade of
the port will not suQer by the decrease.
When the Dutch or Portuguese held a
monopoly of the East India trade, it is a his
torical fact that, after gathering the whole
nutmeg and spice crops of the islands, and
paying the natives for the same, it was their
custom annually to burn one-half the crop,
and ship the remainder to European ports.
After years of experiments made both by ship
ping the entire crop nnd the half crop, they
found that their profit was greatest when only
half was sent. Hence they established the
custom of annually destroying a part. The
same theory may hold good in regard to the
relation which the American whaling fleet
bears to these islands. "When there is an ex
cess of whalers in this ocean, their catchings
are small, and when they come in port, the
amounts they have to pay off and disburse are
necessarily email. A reduction of the fleet may
increase the catchings, and consequently increase
the amounts to le disbursed at the inlands for
seamen's wages, &c. So that, even should the
fleet of 18G0 be ruduced below our estimate of
what it will be, there is every probability that
it will bring in an 'equal amount of oil, and
prove better for the general trade' of the
islands.
NOTES OF TIIE.WEKKt
Cotton Crowing. Our readers are aware that
experiments have been made during the past season in
the cultivation of cotton at Wailuku, Maui, by Mr.
E. Bailey. We have been shown four samples of the
fibre produced, consisting, first, of the produce of na
tive seed, which is a poor article, worth perhaps six
or seven cents per lb.; second, the produce of native
and foreign seed mixed, which is scarcely superior to
the above; third, the produce of New Orleans seed,
which is a fair article worth about 11 cents per lb.;
and lastly, the produce of Sea Island 6eed, worth
about thirty-Jive cents per pound. These are the
values in the New Orleans market, as fixed by a gen
tleman in whose judgment we rely. The last speci
men resembles the finest silk, having a long and deli
cate fibre, and if it can be cultivated on these islands,
would undoubtedly become the most remunerating
crop that can be raised, considering the small outlay
required to produce it. Here is something which
needs the fostering assistance of cur Agricultural
Society, which by its timely aid, .may develope a new
and valuable branch of industry. Mr. Bailey's
means are limited, and he is unable to continue the
experiments unassisted, but is willing to do so, if the
means are furnished to him. The Society can in no
way expend a couple of hundred dollars of its reve
nue more judiciously than by aiding that gentleman
iu testing the practicability of cotton growing. A
premium of $100 should also be offered to the first
person producing 1000 lbs. of merchantable sea-island
cotton.
Wuirlwisd. On Tuesday afternoon an unwelcome
visitor made its appearance in the shape of a violent
whirlwind which it appears came down from over
Punch Bowl Hill and careened with considerable
force across the Circus ground. On encountering
such a stupendous obstacle as the Pavilion, it quickly
brought its power to bear upon it, and liftingjt seve
ral feet from the ground, it came down breaking
every thing beneath it, and lay leveled to the ground
a complete wreck, but was not much torn. Part of
the fence adjoining was torn down by the pole guys,
and the shock from the gust of wind was felt in the
residencem the west side, but on the east side every
thing escaped unhurt. The nimble and active at
taches of the Circus, under the able superintendance
of Mr. Lee, soon repaired the damage done, and re
erected the Tent upon a smaller scale. The accident
happened at half past two, so they must have used
considerable dispatch in order to be able to give their
performance on that night, as all the fittings, Beats,
barriers. &c, were completely disarranged. There
had been very little wind in the afternoon and morn
it g, so that such a visitor was totally unexpected.
27 We are forced to go press without the arrival
of the Frances Palmer, now about fourteen days out.
A letter received from Mr. Pitman states that he
should endeavor to induce a vessel to touch at Hilo
and land passengers. It' !s possible thtt Frances
Palmer may have gone into that port, which would
lengthen her trip a day or two. . -
A New Fma. The German ship J. JTepeler came
into port on Friday last, displaying the Roitock flag
(yellow With a dragon in the center) which has pro
bably never been seen here before. Rostock is a city -
of some 20,000 inhabitants in Western Germany, ait-
tutted on the river Warnow, about r5e mils:'' i f
Usited, States CoxsotWe learn thtt 1-ive of
absence has been granted to the Hon. Al Pratt, U. S.
Consul at this port, by his government, and that he
intends returning home on a visit for his health about
tie first of February, accompanied by Mrs. Pratt.
With the approval of his government, he has appoint
ed Mr. Thomas T. Dougherty, Vice-Consul, to officiate
during his absence; and the latter has already been
formally recognixed by His Hawaiian Majesty's Gov
ernment. The statement made in the official organ
of this government that Mr. D. had been appointed
by the Department at Washington, was entirely incor
rect, but about as near the truthas it usually comes.
We congratulate the merchants of Honolulu and ship
masters visiting this port on the appointment of Mr.
Dougherty, whose long experience in the duties of his
office and proverbial urbanity towards strangers,
render hira peculiarly fitted for the post entrusted to
him. Judge Pratt's absence will be only temporary.
During his residence here, he has shown himself emi
nently quulified for the office he holds, and no Con
sul ever served a term with greater popularity. In
looking over our Western exchanges, some time ago,
we came across the following relating to the Judge,
which so aptly daguerreotypes him, that at the risk
of incurring his displeasure for taking too much liber
ty with him, we insert it here. The portrait is as
faithful now as when drawn in Michigan twelve
months ago :
M After the Interregnum In legal business under the "county
court system," the Hon. Abner l'ratt was twice elected Circuit
and Supreme Court Judire. He was a sound upright lawyer,
and made a very able Judge. He may have sometimes haps
erred in the severity of the sentence of criminals, but he was,
while on the Bench, a terror to all evil doors. He always dis
patched business iu Court with alacrity, and never feartd to as
sume the responsibilUy of deciding questions, or causes when
submitted by counsel. His great dissenting opinion as a Mem
ber of the Supreme Court, in the celebrated liquor case, exhibits
his fearless independent character. a politician from his ar
uent temiK-rument, he at times, whet lie the Legislature or in
the political stump, exhibited creat reSL He was, howevc-,
always consiatant, and never changed his principals from iro
ti veAf either policy or reward. In short, as a public man there
was always much good Iu his character aud acts; as a neiphlwr
and in all of the domestic relations of life, he was kind alTubk-,
and Kt-nerous in the extreme, alwaysexpendinghis means freely
for the com furt and happiness of his family. Ho was fond of
anecdote, could tell a good story well, and with others enjoy a
hearty laugh."
Tub Cinccs. During the past week, this fine com
pany of equestrian performers have been giving a
series of highly pleasing entertainments to numerous
and delighted audiences. The Pavilion, which, by-
the-bye, is the most spacious ever erected in Hono-
m lulu, was on the opening night, crowded with all
clashes of persons, and even the dress circle was fi!h-d
to its utmost capacity. Unanimous and repeated
bursts of applause greeted each successive figure of
the equeslrian programme, as it was executed in
a masterly aad graceful style, as were also the various,
admirable and spirited feats of calisthenic ability.
The novl and judicious improvement of a ring with
in a ring had a decided effect, as affording a much
larger course for the horsed. It is impossible to mete
out to any particular performer the uotice that merit
universally deserves (as there were no programmes
printed, and the absence of them was a cause of fre
quent remark) ; but we think that one and all displayed
great effort to give satisfaction, and proved themselves
deserving of the patronage bestowed. The queen of
the aren, Mrs. Lee, (we think,) by her admirable
performance on the tight-rope, elicited repeated ap.
plause and when floating round the circle upon her
gnyly caparisoned s ecd, she united to her lithe and
petite figure so much grace and harmony of motion,
that the applause w&s rapturous and uubroken for
some time. The hazardous, yet well-performed, feat
of la ptrche by Messrs. Hinckley and .Manzo, thj
much-admired exhibition of jugglery ou horseback, by
Mr. Ryland, the numerous figures of tumbling, vault
ing, Sic, were each performed with great skill ; and .
last, but not least, the fre.-h and mirth-inpiring jests
of the clown, Mr. Lathrop, together with the well
trained and artful trick-mule, kept the audience in
one continual roar of laughter. Altogether, not only
the opening-night, but through the week, their per
formances have given every satisfaction, and reflect
great credit with regard to management and skill,
upon Mr. Lee, who has already earned a wide-spread
reputation.
" Tub Aia we Bueathe." A lecture on this in
teresting subject came off on Thursday eveuing last
at the Fort Street Church before a highly select and
fashionable audience. C. R. Bishop, Esq., introduced
the lecturer, llr. It. H. Drysdale, to the assembly,'
when the latter proceeded to deliver an eloquent and
highly instructive address, which was listened to
with unflagging attention by his hearers. By the aid
of a chemical apparatus, kindly furnished for the
occasion by the Punahou College, he exhibited some
beautiful and Successful experiments in explanation
of his subject. Those which appeared to most par
ticularly gratify his audience, were the brilliant
scintillations produced by the introduction of carbon
to oxygen, the burning of iron wire by the medium
of phosphorus with oxygen, the tremendous explosion
caused by the union of oxygen and hydrogen to form
water, and also from the iodide of ammonia as illus
trating the highly explosive nature of nitrogenous
compounds, and those exhibitions which showed the
deadly nature of the carbonic acid gs which is con
stantly etreamiug from our lungs. The lecture was
a perfect success, and on its contusion, a vote of
thanks to the lecturer, proposed by his Excellency,
K. C. Wyllie, was seconded and unanimously carried.
The proceeds of the lecture were for the benefit of
Miss Ogden's school at Makiki, a worthy consumma
tion of so fine an effort. We learn that Ir. Drysdale
leaves shortly in the Aate for Mclveau's Island, in
company with A. Mitchell, Esq , of the firm of C. A.
Williams & Co., the proprietors, on a professional
visit. lie has but recently returned from one of a
similar nature to Jarvis Island. Polynesian.
Episcopal Ciicncn. Agreeably to a call made in
last week's paper, a meeting was convened at the
Court House on Friday evening last, to initiate meas
ures for the establishment of an Episcopal Church in
Honolulu. We understand that Their Majesties are
specially desirous that such a church be organized,
and the King has offered to deed a building lot fur
the erection of a church. The lot is understood to be
that now occupied by the Circus on Emma Place a
most eligible locality. The want of an Episcopal
Church ha? long been felt, and we trust that those
having the measure in hand, will not allow it to rest
until one is Lad. We have no doubt that if taken
hold of in the right way, a fund can be collected
within sixty days sufficient to secure the erection of
a church edifice.
Dasuawavs. A regular meeting of this association
was held on Saturday evening last, when some im
portant business was discussed. After which a mo
tion was mads and carried that Mr. G. S. Keyto be
invited to deliver again, either his last lecture, or
another for the occasion, the choice to be optional
with him. The Society received several additional
members, which proves that its influence is being
widely and favorably spread. A special meeting is
to be held this evening at the vestry room of the
Bethel for the further consideration and discussion of
by-laws and other important business. A full at
tendance of all the members is particularly requested.
a wv,
Ricu Butter. We havo received from Capt. J.
Makee of East Maui, apail of most beautiful butter,
of a rich orange color, and a taste that would make
a gourmand of any one. It is decidedly the hand
somest article that we have ever seen at the islands,
and would tote a prize at any exhibition. It re
minds ;i8 of the piles of golden "Orange county but
ter" to be seen in Fulton and Washington Markets
in New York. We opine that it is the product of
those fine American cows which Capt Makee import
ed last spring Mr. Snodgrass is agent for Capt M.
Christmas xhd New Years Presents. Our good
people cannot complain this year of any want of va
riety of presents to be had. Messrs. Von Holt Si
ilenok have recently opened one of the rarest and
best selected collections of holiday gifts, that we have
ever seen in I am.' Any toy or fancv art Ida
from a doll ft o ""ensive work boxes or ma.
aical clocks i
j f -l Their store U, in short,
, ' y ose looking fat presents
. , ,Ji a call and look aver ";
-terfeot mu. .
1'
"ld ' '
ZtiZ tt f tYllr'
3
1 EevtvAt l&a the C (nattre fmpaP?)
.i . LJT. onrfanroadlns religious revival is actively prepress-
Ind were calling npon ChrUt alone to forgive them.-ioy.
It is not often that we find persons with the auda
city to publicly treat religion aud religious subjects in
tho spirit of ridicule. The writer of the article in the
above paper, of which the extract quoted is the first
paragraph, is evidently desirous to ridicule a re.;
gious subject No one could possibly have any objec
tion to the above writer's efforts to hold up to ridicule
the Holy Ghost, if he owned the press he controls;
but when it is remembered that the press is owned,
and the above language issued at the instance and
permission of the Hawaiian Government, the offense
is one that can not be lightly overlooked. If the
Government places its press in the hands of irrespon
sible and ignorant men, who do not know the mean
ing and. effect of the language they may use, it is
time a change was made.
FvORCOT to pat their Printers. The company
which recently visited Honolulu, figuring under the
euphonious name of Mike Mitchell's Minstrels,"
are said to have vamosed, two for California, one for
Puget Sound, and one blubber-hunting. They for
got to call and settle their bill for printing, and the
craft are cautioned to keep on the windward side of
them, should they ever undertake any more "per
formances. .
Her Excellency the Governess of Hawaii, re
turned to Honolulu in the Bchooner Liholiho, on the
12th instant.
Correspondence Pac Commercial Advertiser.)
A Meteor on Hawaii The Kaa District.
North Kona, Hawaii, Nov. 30, 1859.
Beau Sir: In your paper of the 17th instant, I
see it stated on the authority of Humboldt, that me
teors make their periodic appearance each year on
the 12th to 14th, and 27th to the 29th of November.
You say also that you have noticed nothing unusual
o) the kind this year. Allow me to tell you what I
saw on a tour on this island.
Monday, Nov. 14th, I visited the crater of Kilauea,
and watched for two hours the fires of Pele, which in
a single lake of some 500 feet square perhaps, were
fearfully active. On reaching the house above on
the north side of Kilauea, I watched for a long time
the light of the burning lake, which seemed to be in
creasing. Just at dusk the fires kindled up, and
glowed exceedingly, so that some of our company ex
pressed no small regret that we bad not remained be
low still longer, and witnessed the night scene. Soon
after this most of the company entered the house, it
being nearly dark, and all were weary with the toil
of ascending the pali. I kept my post a few minutes
longer with one of the company. Just as this indi
vidual left me, and as I was turning to follow, I en
countered a light of extraordiuary brightness, and so
near, seemingly, that I started back believing that
some one was passing out of the house with a lighted
caudle in his hand, and so near as almost to thrust it
into my face, tn 'finding that no one was coming
towards me, I looked upward and saw the cause of
the light It was a meteor, and so brilliant a one I
never saw. It seemed in shape like a cross or dag
ger, and its light exceeded that of a full moon, I
called aloud to my companions in the house, but the
only one who saw it was the oue who had reach
ed the door, and she had only a glimpse of it. Two
persons at Kau saw the shadow of it, and a third one,
a lady confined to her bed, asked if there was not
lightning. It was a little below the zenith when I
caught sight of it; its course was due south, and it
disappeared near the boiling caldron in Kilauea.
From the volcano my course lay through Kau.
There I staid several days, but though Mr. Shipman
was my guide, I saw no wheat fields which yielded 70
bushels per acre, nor the one-half of 70; nor did I
hear even of a bushel of this grain which would weigh
70 pounds. Indeed, I doubt whether such a bashel
of wheat ever grew. I see by a table showing the
weight of wheat in 13 States, that the weight in
12 States was CO pounds, in the other State it was 57.
South Konajs a delightful region of country, more
like a New England one than any I have seen at the
islands. Several of us rode 30 miles to Kiholo to see
the rtver'of lava as it poured. into the ocean. The
road was tedious, but we were amply repaid as we
sat in a canoe in the night near the flow, and saw it
rushing down, iu three streams, a precipice of some
25 feet, and pouring into the sea causing it to boil,
like a huge pot, heating the water at the distance of
CO feet, and lighting the heavens with its abundant
steam. I found that every district on Hawaii is suf
fering with drought. The blight also is destroying
fruit, especially, the coffee and the orange.
Yours, &c. Amicus.
A Tonaorinl Dincoane.
Not written bt the " Razor-strop Man."
I am unable to view shaving in any other light
than as a barber-ous institution, and I can safely
hazard the assertion that the practice is a relic, of
barbarism. At an early period in the history of the
English language, the word "shaver" was a term of
reproach at first applied to boys, because they didn't
shave, lucus a non lucendo, or rather had no mate
rial to operate upon. It subsequently had reference
to children of a larger growth, who, by the introduc
tion of this barbarous innovation, became an odious
class in the community, and who at length came to
share the appellation with a class of moral barbers,
known in after times by a variety of names, such as
lawyers, note brokers, sharpers and scoundrels. The
term alluded to their intangibility or un-come-at-a-blenesss,
presenting, as they did, no convenient
handle to lay hold upon, but being ever smooth and
slippery. Some philologists, however, maintain that
the name was conferred upon Jheru on account of the
skill they acquired in Jleecing their victims. But
this point we leave to the doctors, feeliDg satisfied
from the application of the term to the last mention
ed class, that the whole tribe of shavers were held in
no great estimation.
Until about the time of the christian era, the ton
sorial art was unknown, and the occupation of an
ancient barber consisted merely in trimming the hair
and beard, and in paring and repairing the toe nails.
Sensible fellows those ancient barbers, though a
modern artist would consider it carrying the matter
to extremes, and would assure us that their old fash
ioned brethren practised what is now one of the lost
arts. The adoption of shaving among the Romans,
is due, I think, to the example of the barbarous tribes
with whom they came in contact, and was brought
about in the following mam er. During war (ind the
barbarians were always fighting, except at meal time)
the beard was found altogether too convenient as a
handle, as they were liable to be grasped by this ap
pendage and lose their heads, before they could yinrf
their tongues or utter a single remonstrance. Now
the beard having been always deemed by them an
ornament, it waa with reluctance they sacrifice it.
But they must be impaled on one horn or the other
of this dilemma. They can keep their beards only at
the expense' of their heads, or retain their heads at
the expense of their beards. Being aware of the nu
merous advantages of a head, and, unlike many who
have' lived at a later period, preferring utility to
beauty, they adopted the flatter course. But the
Romans, in the use of the razor, consulted neither
utility nor good taste, for fighting, as they did, in a
more civilized manner, from a distance, wiaO batter
ing rams, catapults, javelins and diabolical machines,
and seldom engaging in close combat, their beards at
least were secured from hostile incursions. .' And here
it is to be noticed, the higher the degree of civiliza
tion a nation attains, the more dignified becomes
their, method of warfare, and the more unwilling
they become jo squabble like children, biting, scratch
fc;. pullinj hair 'and noaea. Now being, like the1
.1 of nnlriad, T -j Imitators of bad examples,'
y T.a zYifyrf -l tt ones to abocyt'" ' riem
t " Vthefr C ) ..hout.
.waa-riatlous to!
r -i'to tiot;e cf ;
intancea of a hanny combination c? utility .
ty eo rarely met with fct the annals of the world. , ,
I can present but or , ether theory to account for
the introduction of : ahaving among the Romans,
besides that of their inmate tendency to copy the
worst examples, and it is thiaT Theywere growing
effeminate, getting to be almost a nation of women,
so much like woman in every respect save in the mat
ter of a beard, that they concluded to drop even that
distinction and complete the resemblance, or in vol-
gar parlance they thought it would be about as well
to "go the whole hog." It would seem that to a re
flecting mind the absurdity of this custom must have
been apparent, but the fact is reflections were not so
cheap then as they are at the present time, when a
great many do- nothing but cast reflections continu
ally. The art was then still in its infancy, having
but a short time previous been discovered by the
Phoenicians. But the greatest wonder of all is, that,
in this age, when we have the most brilliant of reflec
tions to illuminate our path, we should so far go
astray as to perpetually grind away on the beards
with which nature has adorned us. In this respect
we are worse than th barbarians of former times,
for they removed their beards from necessity, and
when that necessity was removed, and they settled
down into the character of ouf peaceful Anglo-Saxon
ancestors, they allowed nature $d do her perfect work
and came into the possession of beards, that might
have been the envy of Methuselah in his nine hun
dred and sixty-ninth year. Their memories are to be
honored, not alone for their venerable beards, but for
the other sterling qualities which they possessed with
them.
I do not however despair for this generation. We
have been avoiding the light, and voluntarily sitting
in darkness, but I descry faint streaks of light in our'
horizon, which betoken the dawn of a whisker mille
nium at no distant period. When I see young men,
who, in' a misguided moment have raised the "cold,
blue glittering steel," and sacrificed perhaps their
"little all," slinking with shame from the gaze of
their fellow man, or resorting to retired spots remote
from human habitation, to engage in the agricultural
operation of raising a new crop, I say to myseir, there
is yet hope, and am carried back to that model age of
the young men who tarried at Jericho for similar
purpose, considering the curtailment of their gar
ments, which they had suffered, as a trifling circum
stance compared with the loss sustained by their
honor and their beards. Let us then revive the bar
bam snpientem of the ancients. If we may not wear
the philosopher's mantle, we may at least his beard.
The Earthquake at Waimra.
Waimea, Hawaii, Dec. 4, 1851.
Mr. Editor : Noticing in your issue of Nov. 24th
an account of the earthquake, and its being felt on
the island of Oahu, perhaps you would like to know
if Waimea is still above water. The shock was felt
here about three o'clock on the morning of Monday,
the 1st of November, and lasted about ten seconds.
It was preceded by a heavy, rumbling Eound, like
distant thunder, which lasted about the same length
of time. Nor was that all : about a half an hour
after we felt another, not quite so severe, but it made
the tree tops tremble. As there was no wind, we
could hear the leaves shake over the house. The
bed on which I slept shook like a man with the fever
and ague. It made some of the natives commence
saying their prayers, and the truth is, Mr. Editor, I
felt something like it myself. M. B.
Arrival or the " Ska Ntmph." The long ex-
i pecied bark Sea JVymph, which sailed from England
February 13, for this port, arrived this morning
We give the following report received:
" Left Portland 13th February ; called at the Falkland Islands
for water ; lost rudder off Cape Horn, and returned to Falkland
Islands for a ue w one. Second time off Cape Horn lost sails?
boats, topsail yards, Ac. Went into Talcahuano to repair. We
j are ezacUy six weeks from that port."
Foreign Summary
At the last dates from Japan a telegraph was built
between the cities of Jeddo, Nagasaki, Simoda, and
Hakodadi, and between Jeddo and the summer resi
dence cf the Emperor.
The proprietors of the Great Eastern realized over
$20,000 from admission fees during the time the ship
was open to visitors.
Dr. Abernethy used to tell his pupils that 'all hu
man diseases sprung from two causes stuffing and
fretting.
I Another Female Author. It is now known that
j Miss Evans, a contributor to the Westminister Re
view, is the author of "Adam Bede," the last suc
cessful English novel.
An Army of tub Dead. TheAuatrian govern
ments states its total loss in the late war, in killed,
wounded and prisoners, at 1164 officers, and 48,500
men.
Blondin's latest feat is standingon his head at
night on a rope over the chasm of Niagara. The in
verted position would seem to be natural to him as all'
his powers lie in his heels.
The following slanderous paragraph goes un-re-buked.
A wag has' invented a new telegraph. He
proposes to place a line of women fifty steps apart,
and commit the news to the first of them as a secret.
A novelty in ladies' apparel is a new article of
suspenders. They resemble those worn by gentlemeu,
except that they are made of delicate, white elastic
fabric, with frilled edge, about one inch wide, and
are attached to the skirt by buttons in like manner.
Mr. Benjamin Lindsey, editor of the New Yoik
Mercury in consequence of his horse taking fright
j and. the carriage coming in contact with another
' vehicle was thrown violently into the street, not
j long since, and sustaiued a severe cut on the head,
broke one of his hip bones, and waa otherwise- in
ijured. Several weeks will ensue before he will be
able to resume his professional duties. Latest advices
report Mr. Lindsey as nearly recovered.
An implement for threading needles has been in
vented. It is made with two blades, which linl tho
j needle with its eye opposite a little funnel-shaped
opening, into wnicn it is periectiy easy lor a person
of weak sight to pass the thread; and the thread in
evitably passes through the eye.
It is authoritatively stated that the amount of
money remitted home by Irishmen, residing in Ameri
ca, the last year, for the purpose of assisting their
friends to immigrate, was $2,300,000. The ten pre
ceding years the amount remitted was 48,080,000.
Terry's breech-loading rifle has been successfully
tested near Liverpool. From one rifle 1,800 shots
were fired without the piece fouling, and several times
nine shots per minute were fired by Mr. Terry him
self. London is at length to be thoroughly drained. The
drainage works will be colossal and enduring. They
will take five years to execute, and cost four millions
Bterling, or nearly 2 per head of the whole popula
tion. As was his custom in delivering the Washington
Oration," Mr. Everett spoke the whole of his late
Eulogy on Webster without any notes whatsoever.
It is a most wonderful exhibition of the power of the
memory and one rarely, if ever, met with in con
junction with such great mental powers as distin
guishes Mr. Everett.
The Empress Eugene has just presented to the
statue of the Virgin on the alter of Notre Dame de
la Garde, at Marseilles, fho dress worn by her ou her
first appearance at church after the birth of the
Prince Imperial. The embroidery alone cost 25,000f.
What a fortunate Virgin ; how happy the statue must
be !
Practical experience has demonstrated that the
largest piece of ordinance which can be cast sound
and free from flaws, is a mortar thirteen inches in
diameter. This would weigh about five tons. At the
siege of Antwerp, the French used a mortar with a
bore twenty inches in diameter, but it burst on the
ninth time of firing.
Human hair varies from the 250th to GOOth part of
an inch in thickness. The fibre of the coarsest wool
is about the 600th part of an inch in diameter.
Silkworm's silk is about the 5000th part of an inch
thick; but the spider's liue is six times finer, and a
single pound of this delicate but strong substance
would be sufficient to encompass the globe.
A man died very suddenly in Pennsylvania from
the effects of whisky. The beverage was analyzed,
when the chemist reported that he found in it the
poisonous constituent of Cocculus I adieus. The pro
portion found was two grains to the pint of whisky.
This poison is considered fatal to human life in quan
tities of from five to ten grains, according to circum-
niaucea una eouuuios.
TV f -
" ve been fr
te i '
oundred and
ora tTtr t .... .
. :2nd ,Khthunirei,:.
twe '-i.j fifty tho,j
there U but one pe?n who hat toV I
of two hundred and Eft, thou..
r-e present Englu.h syrtem
sine January 10, 1840, proti, '
department shall absolutely DaV
every letter and docnaent it sen i
Queen's privilege of frankinr Z?' M
own consent, iu 1840, and her
inf !.. lJft J i
tnrouzh the nest r,ni v
cwiC:
Queen's-heod stamps.
A man by the name of Ross h.
novel machine for the prevention ,e:
means of wires from each window th
shutter or door, attached, i9 wi?' 4.
cated to the instrument, which i8 c ;
ing room, the alarm is given tha i 4 '
the door or window indicated si
instrument does not at all interfe
day opening cr olosinr of it,r!i w
hrown off or attached at will U ft -ment
of a bolt or pin. - 7
The ship nearest in eizo to tha'A " " ' -built
about thirty years c"
Baron of Jienjrew, os six hlTTK
-ain
was composed of large loes'ckn., i
roughest manner. It was nreJ-V. r
steer, but she did, and crossed i,. .'
was nothing
5 more than imnoup iT,
getber to avoid the timber dut ... Pt
: .K.t.1. v. . v -ui
immediately on her arrival
not approve oi the arrangement
repetition of the experiment.
A New Contrivance for Shorteoin.V, I
and-aft rigged vessels, the inventii'
Samuels, of the clipper-ship Lreul2 f
hibited in New York, and attracted tof '
from its simple, sailor like character i
to describe, but the sail is tsken in V.
main boom with a capstan uttx h(l
.tut
npon apparatus attached to the boom
advantages set forth in behalf of thu
principally the saving of time na
may be reefed without altering the eour '
or in any manner stopping headway
Mr. Ward, an American, says the Lai J
has just patented an invention ofnil
telegraphs for the ocean marine Anka.
which he expects to be able to tranit,
America and England in fire dayg. JT.
will be telegraphed from the lighthouse ttr
to the passing steamer, on Sunday,'
the intelligence to the station at Capefi
following Friday. To Xe w'ork md IjL
these places, the communication wHi jf
over the electrio wires, and in thij ww JT
only five days in transitu between LouLt
York city. .
From toe Amoor River. From (W
Mr. Collins, consular agent at Amoorrmr -Russia,
it appears that American eoanew
Amoor is steadily increasing. Five Aoe'
steamers are now plying on iu waten, '
navigable for steamboats twenty-fire ami
The commercial products of that rtgioa
consist principally of furs and minatW
thought that when navigation shall fewt 4
the internal resources of the country, tni
proportionally increased. From Mong
ol the Amoor are upwards of it hiai
towns and villages.
The London correspondent of the Mapei
dian learns that Mis9 Florence Mghtir.nke
to lose her strength under her contbu4'
scenes and sufferings of the Crimea nudtu
abiding impression cn her devoted anl
She determine! after her return to girt fa
the removal of the manifest soureMoftaui
she had beheld in full play iu the hwA
Scutari, and under the dismal hwpitil air
fore Sebastopol. Ever since the concloiu'
she has been laboring at the work of far
hospital improvement, with a view t ux t
tion of the health of the soldier and tfct k
his comforts.
Great Telegraph Cos tract. Cosfc
been executed "by the Weetnrn Tnioa V
Company, the M'8800" River Telegrtpk C
aud the Missouri, Kansas and Utah Tekft
pany, by which the former com pany hivefe1
controllers of all the telegraph lines west ofi
and arrangements are now in progress
means provided to extend the lines of the ti
"companies under the general eaperitk
Charles M. Stebbens Esq., from St hn.
Smith, 500 miles on the route of the k
overland mail, and from Su Louis to Ati
Utah. The latter is now in successfaiof
distance of about 400 miles west of St I
the line to California via Fort Saili,
working order, about 300 miles west i
By the latter line, which will soon ojes ;
tion of about 200 miles, the Aseociattl lm.
ceive very full reports of California new!
four days in advance of the arrival of tut
mail at St. Louis ; and within themcfe
it may be reasonably' anticipated thitthfCi
and Utah line will become tbe most imppruc
of exciting publio intelligence. J
Balloon Voyage Across tiie Aiumti
many persons have been disputing the q
who is entitled ' to the credit of startingfc
an aerial voyage across the Atlantic, tear
have 1 een quietly at work in this citynnL
rations for the voyage. Professor T. &C1
experienced aeronaut, has been engaged '
March, and has now completed the coekv
balloon for the purpose of crossing otch
Over six thousand yards of the best Bit
been used, nnd seventeen sewing-nidi:
been employed on the work, ands ck'j&&
done the work that would have requitrdttui
girls to perform in the same time' flat
docs not claim to have invented anjKI,
ballooning, but he has been enabled, Ijftf
ance of friends to construct a machine
determined to test the practicability of i
tic voyage. The entire height of tbe InJi.
the bottom of theboat to the top, is 21-OB '
diameter 132 feet. The boat is a Iif-lU
length, 8 feet beam, and 4 feet deep, aii
tain a caloric ensjine for the purpose f'
propellor on the new principle. The sia
or basket is 30 feet in circumference, hs
ted that the propeller, which is placed "ut!
the boat, will enable the aeronaut to re'
the balloon at pleasure, and to keep stf
it. The balloon will contain about TO1
fectofga8, and will weigh with the ear,
their coutcnts, about 3 tons, and will P
inc rtnwer of tons. It is expected to
vovntre to Eurone in two davs. Some f-
been expended on tha enterprise.
- . - . '...I.
It is contemrdated to start aoout im
October; ana some bve or six pwi1- -i
taken, with mails and files of the latest
f-ntttsT
Ice-Bergs. The following is an extract nc
to frn,n . mntlniln whn W"1S PaSK'lM
July trip of the Persia, to a friend iniW"
. 1 r'
Steamer Persia, Mid Ocean; Juli P
Then came for. fix?, for three d.
until one thousand miles were past, Jf .
Newfoundland banks. Here tho air teg?:
cold, requiring thick winter clothing ,IVTZ
we were approaching the region
enough, on the afternoon of the tn
at diuncr, the cry of " ice-bergs was nei
the cabin, (a convenient excuse ir (
table, ns it was a little rough; tlli,cL
derstood afterwards, when it lcnw n
any one to leave before meals were JV
accompanied with considerable "'""Tj?
tho ice-bergs. We rushed on deck, w1
away over the sea, was a dim mass Ki
stance, which we could not distingue ' '
then another came, very large and gf
miles distant a great mountain
of k
bold promontory, jutting ont into the ,
.1... - .l.,ol,O.I IU taTl
upon its cold and barren sides. wiA'l
Then the sunlight flashed over S1 J
a dazxling brilliancy, reflecting I iba
rainbow, from peak to peak, unt -ji
into a shadow, aud then appeared l'Mi)8e:
tain of enow, of the purest w0'160!: f
that which defiles aud darkens.
within half a mile, and could with Pt' r.
see its huge sides cut into ridges iw P'
streams that were trickling i,c"nlJ
the summit there seemed the form w
tnere was anything there that the iW
picture out of such fantastic ,haPf,fTlllt f.
pearances. The cold gushes of wind 1
ice fields came over our vessel h k r
producing the intensest cold. T "ertfi
can tell when they approach ieeverpt
darkest night, by the change in the
the atmosphere; in their own hmguv ;
smell them." , . . '2 v
A Reform ih Gas MAKrrAcrc- ,t
ports furnish an interesting statemem ,
of making gas, under tbe patent
Cincinnati, from water and hy1"0:.-
Works at Wilmington have PVXa
ranged for the purpose of illustrating .
roauer, wnicn was puui.o.j -
in the presence of a company of tr
anJ otier cities.. Tie success was f
- Tl -it
t.r-:::ar wwa
tcf those who
' qta-7 :
a .a
ji tit
:-flfr t :
J in the habit t:
1
V7 J

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