Newspaper Page Text
Till ; RMJ.tr, SEPT EMU Ell It, 'j2.
Tmf i!'i--t of evhanir m casinj some !;. u'-ion. I:i S.in
Fricic, exchange ti New York was tpiotnl at th latent ad
at Uj per c rt. ii'-ou?I t:--re t nw r'y it ruled at "J I
cent. r miam aiakinp d. Terence of 15 ;xt Cent., eijtial
to th pret lim.i riling on p ' "'w Vcrk.
Tli"! Vankft t-.k ay ahoiit JU.ikpJ in ciu, (-rf which f 17.-7-i
w.n n-.s..iiC-?t"'I,) and y the f "wi f, Aur'. 10, were exported
$'J,7.'.3, ti, .!.;.-)' a t-lal of r.rar! JO.Oi iu I. than cue month,
if cxirt continu the effect inu.-t ro to reduce the amount
f !";-cie circulatfr:,; in the Kinir torn. What tli total circulat.on
now it is inipos.-ib!e to nay, l.ut it is un.jijit:.HiaT!y much
than wi jur-t a;ra. Sme have thoinrht that jSc.iO.0o0
w.iul.l cover the amount of C"iu in the i-land, an I of tl.it total
.f.-:ibljr nt on-r oue-third is silver. fliouH the e.xjKirtof coin
tritiuue as frIy as t r t!.e la-t two packets, thTf will ,n l-e
a scarcity f the circulating medium, ai. I s-.ice substitute shin
I.ister of course will ! sought f-r.
. I'MiWy not less than two hundred thousand dMi.irs will te
s-nt nl.roud by our merchants durin the n-xt threr month, to
niet their engagements. Thi, or whatever amount may le
'. r-juire.l for th purjoe, mu.Tt l snt in hills of exchang-? or in
coin. If tin can he sent to realize a lirg-x jroGt in the trans
lation, it will l-e sent In j reference ti pap"', a is freoueiitty
lheca.se between Sew York anil London. fJoto in llorf'jln Is
worth P-iO cent to the dollar ; in New York it was. at the l itest
dates, worth 115 cents to the dollar, lank and treasury nott-s
being there tiis l'-al tender or currency. No it wiil l; a
fiit-9tiufi of nhh iinport&nr? to our m- rc!ianl.i how Uiy hruM
remit their talsncs. OoM cnn w hipi;l to Ncsr York, hat
the esiqj" w;U be net ls than 3 per c-nt. U pet it tl.t-re. or
three u erery hun.lre-1 Wh.sJtrs anil other l ills of
exchange carj be s;iit, but tVy are riot worth bo much in New
Yc rk by 15 prcenLa9wI.l le the ciri paid here fir tht-m. Ity
neii'Iin; giM the Ios is thrtr. dollars on tvery hundred by
seii'linir bills, if Jx.-ueht at t.T,Jiftrm dollars ou ach hu:idrtd.
Iax its illustrate it in another way. A merchant wi.-hes to
buy in New Yirk one tV anml dollars wurth of go To jay
for them he ha-t one thousand dollars here in Coin, which he
winhes to remit. He buy a bill at par payable in '-current
furids" in New Y rk, and pays for it in his g"l I. In New York
that draft die not draw rut for him one thousand dollars In
yolJ, but one thousand dollars in bank bill, Ix tween which two
circulating nvsdiums there is a difference of liO in value. His
draft will purchase for him $150 less of g'jods t! an the pild
Wotitil have d'Wte, luvl he the gold instead of bills ia New York
with which to make his purchases.
There is m remedy therefore f r the exjiort of J200,000 in
Coin by oar nK-rchnnts during the next thn-e mouth sunless hills
of exchange ruk at such a discount as will check the large ex
port of coin whicii h is already coiiiiiieiiced. The withdrawal of
uch an auiou- t front circulaliun here can only be attended
with injury to trade. And yet our merchauts cannot affinl to
Ie the. difference now existing in the value of thi ir money here
and its value is in New York, where it is to be yeut. If the
coin is to be exported, na is now being done, it will only lie to
present losses in the exchange or to save the premircm en it.
which, after ah expense are paid, is not le than I"2 per cent.
The papers received from San Francisco by the Mornimj Star
on Saturday L-tt, bring our advices from that port d-jwri to
August 27th. Tlieconiinerviiil news i of no special imMjrtance,
arwl markets rvmalii nrx hant'ed.
Tt4.e bark JVie (formerly a whaler, iirvl lel.jn?Jnj to Mer!.
C. A. Williams X Co, cf tltis city.) arrived at 5an Francisco
Auirilst CTVI, 90 days from Newcastle, with a carjroof coaU. She
woull aa fr lloaolulu bi the early part .f Septfrmber. The
Younij Hector was advertised to sail aliout the S.I, but probal ly
rot off the 6th.
Bark tTkatrhtrr U r portel in the ISutlrtin as hating len
t(M in !um;hite for 1 1 l,fX0.
Tlvr lViairr .aiU d ou atunlay last for San Francisco, taking
a very full cargo. The rice aixl and paddy shipped fonts up
JC0,rsW Vt lh largest amount yet taken from Honolulu by one
The sebnoner Kamrhamthi If. U rejrteil to have teen
buuirht by the I.'aiku Plantation for their own service, to replace
the Jtanrnttte, which haa been sold to Messrs. Yon Iloit Jt
Ile-jck tr the Kauai trade. Price not trai spireil.
' The cottage preiuisea on Beretania street, lately occupied by
Mrs. toil, Sold tut week at public auction for $OK, cash
Title Ufc simple.
yE.r uEuronn oil market.
The market fir ierrrs oil has improved, and there was a jroul
lemaibl for expo-t at advanced fri-.-ei. The stock in im prtcrs'
and neeu:ators lutmls is ml 1 .OOO brls--lat year at this time,
Sijtfi do. The tales have been 1.4:a hrU for export, as follows:
3i brls at 1 -it; 213 do. t 1 is ; lujodo. at f 1 ZO ; GSdo.,
fair ami in:en-T, at from $1 to 1 110; a.vl IijvI do. to Boston
parties at j 1 M. Also, U4j hrls on sjx-rtilatloa. at $1 ; "JuO
do. fi.r manuracti re, at same price ; i7ido.. all qualities, for
il... Um rivaU terms ; an-1 I'ii .b.. Lalanre of car,:o, taken
by the importer f r do. In Boston, 1M brls imported p r Azor
toid P.r maaur.icl ire, at J I JO.
Whale oil is n;her qaiet, but there is inquiry for exjrt, and
hoklers are very lino tt price above quotation. The ttock is
about 6 i.OOo brls Ust year, at this time. 10J.UUU do. The sales
for tne week have been IMO brls fjr export at 55 cents j-er s;all. ;
do. fr manufucture, at do. ; ! do., inferior ami fair, for
do . at 53 and 56 do. ; and JO do. brown, for home use, at 5". do.
We hear of no fales of bone in this market- In New York
there is a better demand, and prices have advanced, with sales
at the improved to tea. lbs Arctic were sold first of the
werk at 7 cent r It,. Sjt.itk abi.ut 450,000 lbs, against
C75.0tO do. last yar.
True exiorta fni New Y ork for the week include C S7 galls.
hale oil. and OO.liJ ttS l.ne.
la Hie Loiel u market, June -J7:h. 8l' tuns Coloni c jnn o:l
wens offcreil at auction, but was withdrawn or taken in at COO
for want or buyer Whale oil quoted JC W 10s. to X.SJ. hale
tone unchanged. .V. B. Standard, July UU.
LATEST DAT ES. rrrrirr.l ,. t thi, inire.
c. 30 I L .ndon, (paK rs)
New 'ora, (papers)... July il
telegraphic ..Aug. Li
" U-legrap.iic.Aug.-J7 I Iionckoiij:...
yJuey, N. 3. W.,...iau. 1:
Ilin-r ji I llouolulii, in Sruiriubrr.
vr- M- ir. n.
First Quarter.. 0 11 4 A. Last Quarter,.. 15 5
lull Moon, 7 & -J7 A. I New Mono 'IS lo
First Quaru-r,. .IAaL 5!i. Jiu. M.
Fok Sax FkantisCo N,, vessel in port.
Foa Lahaia p. r Motkeiki. to day.
Fa Kosa ier tieanur ou Jluti-Uy next.
POUT 02" HONOLULU. II. I.
Ser.l tl3.. LTn...: CI.....I. r , - i . , . . . .
.... ii'mii ninaiui anil iinain.-i,
wsih t0 b-igs wheat, fcO do. flour, :iM kec sucar.
vv me. iu:.us, aiues, c. l caom atid 10 deck
rweaiiiu,,,i. u lWyf irn, Kn:i and Kau. with
to lalcs pulit. 1 J bales and Jl bag fundus, t.nis
o rT-.e, soo goat skin, hides, ltlKJ ovoaiiut,
4000 iwanges. pkgs honey, 1 keg tallow. 15 doors.
- lw-ce in.iT. a nogs. I-Msengers 3 3!isve
.n n, ,ii4i . tuiiive ou ueck.
Am clii -r hip Morning Mar. Foster, 15 d.ir from
' " sc aseii tnts -.rt. UHin.l to China.
11 i-ch Maria. Crane, from Kaier-J. w. n.l l!,i.n.
' Kiuma Ko. ke, Wrtherl y, from Makee's Laodimr
i-ai.aiii, wu:i ouu keg and 4 mat suir. PJO
brls ruutJiewr. 5j5 bags ami I rls j.a.ldy, V ba.-s
'""-i iw nines', jju p-.a: k:ns, 3S nuts talliw.
itv oiui is purar-cme, t Ihx grajies. '2 lior.., 1
ca:o, 1 1 o ris wr.l. rtc. I.isen:rrs Mrs II l
an-i tun l, vt It w rsrht. and 10 r..-it.ves on d- ck.
"iemrr ii aura, irml. tru wimiwaril ports, with
6J la. collie, - b.ips fuiifc-u, lMl. s, 5 kes
bua. r, 2 LIU Uatl.t r. 1 lsita.!. 1 cask taih.w, "J
fairs nnriu, rn nri.-ri nrcr. lot pulu. li bull.-fc.
hors. . I J sheep. 7 ho-. and a 1-t native frriLt.
1 n low. .Viorse. from Hanalei, with ii cords
woul. M ba.-s rally. I'ASsei.cers 3 M:-es ar.d
31 uter Jfhnson, 31as:ers Alfred aad falnu-1 W d-
C, arul i natives on d k.
11 ct KaUma. U.rk. fntu Kloa, wi;!i '20 Cor Is w.!.
o UKies, nri o pas-elji rs.
14 Sch MoiwAhine, Kuh ariH. frm NawUiwili. with IS
Cds woud. S hid.-, 1 bri tallow. an.I 10 passengers.
l'e M itt. f.-u hiaiUti, with VSjO s -a.ldy.
it noep i.ui.a, .m, ir.xn IJ.i . aa.1 K.th..-lawc, with
e stw-ep, ia iti .km, bides. rc, rtc.
14 K.m)tii4at!i4 l, fjunyarn, from Anahola, wiih
14 rrds woixl.
It 5ch ; -ahea.l. fn.m HanaM. wi:h S corls w.n-sI.
1 5eh Jeann. tte, 'Jreen, frm Malik, with 40 kes suar,
75 brls m. lajses. an 1 4 pas-r.i:er.
IS SIooi Live Yar.kee. Kapuahi. from lido, with 93 bas
pulu. 12 la.-s fundus, 10 l.i.les.
II Sch Mu.keiki. Napei.i. fr. ia kahului, with 140 kffis of
stiirar. 50 tves m'lases, J bajs wool, 17 tags rice,
and 4 paseeicrs.
l-t. 12 Pcb "Xrltie Mernd. Borr,,f, r Lahaina, Ililoam! other
IT ren b-ark Inkertnnn. P1ea-riei?, fur Sh.mhae.
13 Am btirk Yankee. Tay!or, ft r San Francisco.
13 i'ch Karooi. Miej.hrrd. for Lafi una and Kahului.
13 J-ch Maria. Crane, for ITauulel.
14 Steamer KiUuea. I.-rri'l.for fvUiai.-ia, Kona and other
15 Sch taini Kookr, li oJ.c, by. f..r I-thina M.ikee's
Landing, with about fti jo.er.('-(TS.
14 Sch Warwick, John Bud. f -r Miwka..
Itf ?crl Kalamn. CInrk. for Nawiliwili and Eo. a.
10 ch M swahiiM., Kuheau, for Nawiliwili, K l a 1
17 Sch. KftSicliam lLi, GfL-eo, for Malik o.
for ff Fnxnsrn pr Yank-, tp. 13 iS:X t.t? pa-ifr
arfcl 317 Me ricf ft,) 717 (vS.9:ll It.) wnr,
l:ile pulu. 4 iln. fanru. JO owes tohn-e.. 237 hide. 1.4SS grtit
kiu. 1 ek seal skin, i Iff JV, l4l M ftrr. .0P :.nl-.
M HA I O II A I A.
rw ilrrfm iu the 1'iirilir
Thr-" reefs have Iwn ilisCoVrr-d nt-ar the i.-land of I'iNfraTl,
some thirty-five Fn-nch 'eaiues, imre nr lm, fpm the island t-(
! oiih.it-i!on, iii the archi:liio of the Friendly Iilands.
Firt reefoo s li"' Ut. S., and ITS W lung. W. from
the rn-reii.iii of Paris.
Second r- f Jl 4 i' !at. and 179 - 2 10" Ions. W. .w
the ineri'ii.in of I'ari.
Thu.l r.-f IL 4V lat. S., and 110 CI" 10'' h,n0-. W. from
the tneri li.uj of Paris.
The fir-t two reefs Wert dwoovereil by tl.e E:i:lih x'n-w li.i
l'rornA, crfninanded by Coromo'I-.ire f-auchainps eej iiioiir".
on her a--.ie from s-yilir-y to the Feegee lUindt. U;i ?ouud-
in tj.e tirt reel us fathoms of w.it- r were hid cu.:tr ot t.'.e
The third reef has been sounded by two whalers.
It is jiMe that subterranean fire mar e.i.t about tliose
loi-alitie, it having be-u olierrtd that the ei was sii.t'tilarly
warm in the neighborhood of the re. f. eh':liting at times the
appearance of a Uiling caldron. Ptimtrmi St'tr.
Vi'I llxprrtril I'roni F'ort-ii;u Iorl
Am .-hip Young IIctor, Chadwick, to sail from 5an Francisco
cej.t. 6 due ab.ut the uth.
Am ship Nile. KMridge, V sail from San Francisco alx;ut S-pt.
10 due the -MU to 1Ulli.
Am bark .'omet, pmith, to 9mI from tan Francisco about tept.
'JO lue early in euler.
Missionary packet Morning Star, Gek-.t, from Micronesia due
in all NovrmliT.
Bark Parmietta sail-d fr"m I-ondon July 5, for Honolulu direct.
Consigned to J. T. Waterhouc.
Am. ship Kailuj:. lturditt. sailed from Boston June IS, with a
carco of assorted mile, to C. lirewer .V to.
Am. ship trie, J s.r..'.van. suited from New Bcilford May 13, with
a full carp of assorted nidse. to W ileox, Kichanls & V.o.
Haw ach'tfificr Lihrdiho, i:uli, frmn lh(Cnix II;ind overdue.
DuLch ship U.iiilci, Koch, sailed from LJu.ioii June 7, with
astil. caro to J anion, Oreen Co.
Kamburg bark L.iura & Iui.-e, Mark, to sad from Hamburg
May 1, with tudse to Messrs. Ilackfeld .V Co.
OldcnhV h-'rk Sylphide, IloereinannTto sail from Bremen about
May 1, with merchandise to Melchers 4" Co.
Bremen bark Pauline, to leave Bremen April 10 to 15,
with atd cariro to IIofTsi-hlaer i StAjienhorst.
Haw wh brig Wailua, Ii&s, from a cruise among the Caroline
groUe overdue. '
VESSELS IX I'OllT-SEJ'TEMllKIt IS.
Am bark Hpeedwcll, Holdsworth.
French wli ship Latour iu Pin, Favoreu.
For San Fi:asi.-s-o per Yankee, Sept. 13 Mrs Iiil.ble. Mrs
Inch, Mrs C it, J C Kinir, James How kind, Fakir of iva ami
Assistant, 11 Kgger., Chewkee 9.
From Windwakd Pokt.s ier Kihiuea, &-pt. 13 Rev W P
Alexander, Master Alexander, '1 Mises Paris, W Hon. I, Miss
and 1 Masters Bond, Miss Holden. Miss In'ckensoii, Miss Lyon.
Miss and Ma ter Baldwin, Ir K W Wood, S 11 Atkins. Win F
Allen. Mr Sniftiu, J and C Bailey, Master A Wight, J S Low
1 ebbin atid 1U0 deck passeLvers.
'For Wi.vuwaku Pokis i-r Kilauea. ?i pt. 10 Her W I
Alexander, Mrs Jones and child, II A 1 Carter, S O Wilder,
J S Walker, I'aniel Montgomery, Governor Nahaolelua, D K
Vida S II Atk:n, Jas ?co't, Wm Crnwell. Masters I Cornwell
and liddie Macfarlane 14 cabin and about l'JU deck passengers.
MA Rill EI).
Davis ka In Honolulu, Sept. lo, by Kev. 4. C. Painon,
Robert O. lavi-, Ksq., Police Justice of Honolulu, to Mrs. Maria
. Sea, both of this city.
P .VINW Paki Iu Honolulu, Tuesday evening, Sept. IS. at
the residence of Cbas. It. Bishop, Kso., br Kev. c. laiuoli.
John U. Domini, Ks., to Miss l.ytlia K. Paki.
TJ1VRSDA r. SEPTEMBER IS.
The comf.loxpni of the war r.cws received on
ijaturday last is Letter than that which jTeeeded
it, bitter in this reflect, that the veil of duuht
which lately overhung the military movements is
removed, and we now see the tsact position of
the combatants, and can better judg3 of. their
j lana and iro.-jiccts.
To be impartial the position of affairs in
Virginia is very nearly what it was on the 1st uf
.Tuly. 1301, before the battle of Hull's Kun, ex
cepting in this one important point, that both
the government and the rebels have quadrupled
their force?, and consequently their power.
Fourteen months have elapsed, since that battle,
and the contending armies are again drawn up
on nearly the same ground, and less than sixty
miles from Washington. As it then was, so
now, they are so nearly balanced that neither can
attack the other with perfect certainty of suc
cess. 1 he fate of war sometimes hanirs on the
merest tritlo, and to may the battle that is now
pending on the kinks of the llappahannock.
If our readers would learn where the armies
are, let them turn to any map of Virginia and
End the river Iuippahannock. On the north
side of this stream are drawn up the L'nioii
forces from Fredrieksburg to Warreuton, a dis
tance of forty miles. At Fredriekshurg is Cen.
Ilurnside, next to him is den. M'Dowell, then
east of the railroad is (cn. Pojie, on the other
side of the railroad Gen'. Uanks. and at the ex
treme right, or west, occupying Warrenton, is
Gen. Sigel ; each of these generals at the head
of 20,000 to 110,000 troop, making a total of
about 100,000 troops, perhaps more. About
thirty miles in the rear, encamped before Alex
andria are M'Clellan's troops, some S0,000 more
or less. These are a reserve, and being connect
ed by telegraph and railroad with the main
army, can be pushed forward to aid the army in
the advance at an hour's notice, when necessary.
On the soiu'U side of the same stream, but
mainly opposite Sigel's army at Warrenton, are
the Kebcl troops, probably 100,000, with reserves
at Gordonsville and perhaps at other points. A
battle between these armies appears to be inevita
ble, and it has probably been fought before this,
as every day's delay would only strengthen each
army and prolong the struggle. It's of no use
t.) guess which mny win the Hold ; nor will a
victory be of any value unless the conquering
army is prepared to move radidly on, and take
advantage of it. The position of the Federal
army with its strong reserve under MVIellan,
lov.ks as if it was prepared t take that advan
tage ; but may not the Kebel army le equal I v
prepared to resist it by similar strong reserves?
To show our readers the position of the armies
as they were drawn up for the contest, and
evidently ready for a fight about the lt of .Sep
tember, we insert above a rough diagram,
which may help to give an insight into what
will probably be one of the severest battles of
the war. The Kebel troops are indicated by the
heavy black columns south of the Kaj ja
hannock River. vme 2,W of them had
crossed over the stream by a bridge constructed
for that purpose, but the renowned Sigel is re
ported to have captured thcia all, by destroy
ing their bridge and surrounding them, jutt as
they had crossed over. Thus matters stood at
the latest advices, and we must wait another
arrival to reveal the result of the battle.
Some discussion has been had regarding the
number of soldiers now engaged on the side of
the rebels. The following may approximate the
correct statement :
In Virginia Cpl.POO
AI'Ut Charleston and av.inri;!i, -'a m)
I'nd'T lluckniT and Br.ijjir, nt "i:r:i!t-ria:id Hap, .5.0"0
I'niler I :r-ken rid (re neir eat. in Kou?- 15.0i
I'nder ili.'idajau in .trk.inra 15,0"J
1" ruler ArrrHtronir. Stut!i rf t'onnth, 15.000
I'tid.-r l"rio, at TutI. in Mis J.".0
ita-r ?m:tll armies anl Rutuervus jrt:-r 40.WO
Thi is the lowest estimate at which the rebel
forces can uifely bo j ut, and they may even num
ber oOO.OOO. So that, prit-r tu the new call of
tl I'residi nt for rMl.lklil. tl force's f the two
. -n ,, i , i --ix-i ' -riiVi T T' n.M .o.mi.imi.mmuiuniHaiTTmiiii i ""
jewwM" - ' H
fityidan R- -- 'C1
DIAGRAM showing the position of the Federal and Rebel Armies on the
Rappahannock, August 25, the Federals occupying the Xorth bank.
combatants must have been nearly equal.
Whether the rebels can increase their numbers
as readily as the government can, remains to be
seen, but probably their limit of supply is about
Another question that seems to be a riddle is,
where do the rebels obtain the powder necessary
for their armies, when the coast is so closely
blockaded? They do not possess the materials
required in its manufacture, except to a very
small extent. And yet we never hear of their
being short of ammunition, but every where,
from Richmond to the Red River, it is abundant
and cxhaustless. One thing has become evident
to all, and that is that the Southerners are terri
bly in earnest and have resources we know
nothing of. The North has had no real concep
tion of their desperation or the fertility of their
expedients, as is evinced in their keeping up and
maintaining as a unit such vast forces us they
have. If the North is to conquer, it, too,. must
be awakened, and display all its energy, power
and resources, or the attempt to crush the rebel
lion.will prove a ten years war.
Perhaps the most important news by the last
arrival is the growing disposition on the part of
the North to resort to the last and strongest
weapon in their power against the rebels a
proclamation oj' uiianriyalion of the shuts.
Everything appears tending rapidly to that final
is-sue, and though it may not take place during
the present year, the rebellion cannot continue
many months without bringing it out. Read
the speech of (Jen. Rosseau, at St. Iouis, on our
fourth P'age He is a Louisianian, born under
the rule of slavery, and himself a slaveholder.
" I have warned our Southern friends," he says,
44 of the danger of continuing this rebellion
much longer ; and I tell you to-night that if this
war continues a year from this day the speech
was made in Mayor June, thrre ivill not be a
slace on this continent." This is but a straw, to
be sure; but 44 straws show which way the wind
Cut lest that may be. considered cxparte evi
dence, we give a quotation from the New Orleans
Piratune, issued only in June last, as follows :
" Now we do not presume to prophesy. What fate
God, in His inscrutable providence, has in store for
this distracted UnJ, we would nt be so rash ns cuii
fi'li'iitly to predict. Dut we think we nre justified in
averring flint no lasting peace, n arrangement which
is worth making, can ever be carried out, while this
element of slavery aitntion is allowed to have its
past and present scope. The victory, which superior
force of men, money, and munition of war mny ena
ble one party in this contest to achieve over the
other, can be, while this fatal element survives, but
a victory over material things, over lands, over goods,
over resources. Uut it can never prove a conquest
over thought, feeling, scntimeut, conscience, religion,
faith, and self-respect. To win these all back, there
must be first produced the conviction th it with peace
restored is infallibly to come the certainty of peace
established ; and to the attainment of that consum
mation there is one thing needful, t. utter extinc
tion of' the slavery ques-tiori as a political fewifi."
Following close on to this, and in corrobora
tion of it, is a telegram by the last arrival, which
says, under date of Washington, August 23 :
The sc-'citl correspondence to the li'orLl from
Washington saj-s it is openly asserted ly emancipa
tionists, that the long political struggle is drawing ti
a close, and that the President, overborne by the
pressuie brought upon him, will issue a decree giv
ing freedom to all slaves, and this before the 15th of
The Tribune's Washington correspondent, says,
in justice to all parties it seems proper to state the
fo' owing, which we learn from so many sources that
it cmnot longer be considered ft State secret : Two or
three weeks ago, the President laid before the Cabinet
a proclamation of emancipation, abolishing slavery
on the first of next December if the rebellion should
not be crushed before. He asked the opinion of his
Cabinet, touching the propriety of isstiing it. Secre
tary Smith, we believe, was absent. Of the others
all but two approved. Messrs. Seward and Ulair
opposed it with all their might, with what result it
did not appear. It is understood that the subject
came up iu moie than otie Cabinet meeting, but
Seward and Ulair remained resolute in their opposi-
Snne may argue that the constitution gives
no right to the President tj intermeddle with
slavery. Very true, had there been no rebellion.
o the constitution gives the rebels no right to
revolt. Whatever right the President may ob
tain he will receive constitutionally. Tin; con
fiscation act proclaims that a rebellion exists,
and offers an amnesty ; but beyond the limits set
by that act, all who are still found in rdx.'Ili.n,
mu?t forfeit their rights and property as rtbtis or
traitors, and, as nearly all the slaveholders are
in that class, nearly all their slaves, as well as
all their other property personal or real, must
revert to the government, which can do with its
own property as it may please, and as it has
dono in the District of Columbia. This is the
ground on which the proclamation will probably
be based, the voluntary forfeiture of the pro
perty of slaveholders by the act of open rebel
lion, and the right of government to liberate the
slaves which revert to it.
Not only in America is public sentiment
changing on this great question of slavery, but
in Europe also we see signs quite as unmis
takable. The two volumes of Count CJasparin
speak the language of sjlierness and truth, and
will go far towards giving a correct view of the
issues at stake in this great civil contest. We
have just observed another sign of no less signi
ficance. It is the pastoral letter of the Arch
bishop of Orleans in France, which indicates
the view taken of the civil war by the Catholic
church. This document is written in such a
cordial and earnest style, and breathes such an
evangelical spirit, that we cannot forbear insert
ing it in full, even at the risk of being tedious
to our readers :
Ckstlemen am Co-Wobkebs : You peldom allot?
th fir distant rchoe of foreign politic to retch
you. I do not come to withdraw your
attention in the midst of your pious engagements I
come to beg for a prayer. Prayer ! that is our poli
tics; that is our great interest iu the events of this
world. To speak of God to men, and to speak cf
men to God, that is our mission.
We are heard praying for Syria and for Poland,
for England and for Russia, for China and for Africa,
for the victories of France, and for the victories of
the faith; for those who suffer, who weep, who hope;
for those who groan and who pray with us, and aho
ns well for those who do not pray, who do not groan,
who close their eyes, who forget !
This day. Sabbath of the Passion, at this hour,
when the standard of the cross is hoisted over all
our temples, at the Mght of this holy emblem of de
liverance and of safety, I say to myself, My God
died upon the cross for all mankind, and yet there
are meu who still are crucified. He died to deliver
all from ail bondage, and there are men the noise
which is now making about this great question pain
fully recalls to me there are millions of men who
are still iii slavery !
Good Friday is approaching. That day, the Cath
olic Church, standing at the foot of the cross, with
eyes fixed on those extended arms which sublime
prayer, Christians, heretics, Jews, Pagans; and we
will utter with her these noble words : Let us
pray God the Father, omnipotent, that he may
cleanse the world from all errors; may remove disease,
keep off famine, open the prison doors, and break the
c ha iii in sunder .'"
That is the pure spirit of the Gospel and of Jesus
Christ; is it not thus that the divine Redeemer of
mankind anuounced hi9 mission to the world ?
44 The Spirit of the Lord is bestowed on me," sail
he, to teach the Gtspel to the poor, to console those
who weep, to cure the broken-hearted, to preach
delivcrunce fo the captives, and to those who are in
And, alter the divine Master, is it not St. Paul,
one of his most fervent disciples, who shouted forth
to the Pagan world the sublime outcry, There
exist no longer either masters or slaves, for we are
all brothers in Jesus Christ?" Well, even at this
day, in Christian lands, after eighteen centuries of
Christianity, after those tcords of Jesus C hrist, after
that cry of St. Paul, there stilt are slaves.' '
Gentlemen, it is for this miserable and cruelly
oppressed portion of humauity that I come to ask
your prayers. Yes, let us pi ay; let us pray for
those poor staves. "
It is wished to persuade nie that the interests of
our manufacturers are with the South, of our com
merce with the North. I don't know
all that. IJut what I do know is, that there are
still four millions of slaves in the United States,
two millions in the rest of America, together six
millions of slaves in Christian countries eighteen
hundred years after the Crucifixion; what I do know
is, that the horrors of civil war h'tve been let loose
by this fearful question, and that the pence of the
world is threatened, and is already disturbed.
Ati.l what I am nn.re happy to know that, by a recent ami
inipni taut Hi t a mr-s.-aije of the 8th March, sent to Congress
ly the I'n si.irnt i f the t'nitc-l States. an.I :iflo(.tt(l ly a jirfat
in:ij'rity iiii-a.-ures prmlfiit, e)uiUile, teiicet'ul, have been
piopo-ftl tu mt an ('ml tn slavery, ainl ftasseit.
1 uii'lerst.tiiil the objections of those who pleail for slavery ;
I ilo not desire to discuss them at length. Not that t!u-y ilo not
tell ine that the slaves are happy. Yes, perhaps, umier pooil
muster.; they eat, they sleep, have some hours of repose, per
haps even may be dissipated Jit pleasure ; but have thev the
noiiiesiie tieiirili liave Ui-y the family have they freedom?
Pour disinterested ones of the human family, they have lost not
only the rifrht of primogeniture, hut all rights ; and because
th-y lire s.-i.ietimes allowed a plate of lentills, proclamation is
made th:it tticy are happv !
If I touched upon the theory, I would show that the unity of
the human family, which, with us, is not an opinion, hut a do
in i let it he well understood, a iotna, and even one of the
.'rounds of cur faith has beooiiifc a doirma of science I would
show that the unity of the human family, the principle of dig
nity, of equality of freedom, of humanity, ainori mankind
Condemns and rebukes slavery ; and I would refer to the works
ot Uhiim-iib.ieh and or Ticdtuiann, of Jluuiholt and of Geoffrey
St. Ilil.iire; I wou'd call upon my leani'-d brothers .M. de
Klouieus aud JI. piatresa.i;es, and the eeh-biat' il reii tof the
l'ukt le lirojrlu. on this preat subject. I would refer also to
the admirable work of .Mr. Wailoti upon the "Slavery of Anti
quity," and to the rmt and liberal work of M." Aiisustin
Cochin upon " Modern Slavery." lit re are men arid writers of
otlu r authority than those vain sophists who, aloii", at this
tie.c through hatred of Christ and his church, attack, with all
the tffirtsof science, iu desperation, this Christian iloirma of
the unity of our r.ice. With our dorina must perish the digni
ty, the fraternity, the liberty of mankind. Uut let us puss
from the theory.
You refuse to iet slaves free, because, you say. they are inca
pable of liberty ; and I, tell you that this incapacity is kept
alive by servitude, if not created by it, aud that it causes the
slaves to st isniate under it.
It is also the teaching of experience that the slavery of the
d.iy :he slavery of blacks has an nrijrin, and a consequence,
equally detestable. Its origin was the treaty, the ignoble and
cruel birpiin, condemned by Pius II. in 1SPJ. by Paul III. in
15"7, by I'rban VIII. in ltW., by IJenediet A I V. in 1741, by
G-eoiy A IV. in 1S3;. The consequence 5s, the destruction of
the family tie, condemned by the curses of every humane
heart ; the destruction of liberty, not only of the slave but of
the master, for it poi s the 1 n-.'th of f.rbiddiijr the master to
tench the slave to read and tu write in favor of liberty.
There are then on the same earth with myself children of God.
and childr- n of men like myself, saved by the same blood that
I i.:n, ib stineil to the same heaven that I am, five or six mil
lions of my fello-.v-bein.-sin the foiled States, in Prazi?, in
Cuba, in Surinam, who ar(. slaves nge people, vigorous men,
women, j-ouiur K-ris, fiuiilreii. Just heaven 1 Is it not yet
time, after eighteen centuries of Christianity, for us all to In fill
to practice the ever endiirir.jr law, I. not to another that
which you would not he should do to you : and that which you
Would your brothers should for you
My reverend brethren, the bishop of the province of Ibr-
de iuv.ussetnhh-d in council at La Kochelle in 1jo3. with the new
bishops of the Colonies, three years after the emancipation of
the slaves ia the French possessions, pronounced this solemn
ilerlaratioti approved by the Holy ee :
"The Catholic Church has ev.r deplored the cinel slavery in
which a multitude cf men are detained, to the .'real detriment
of their souls, aud h;is never ceased to lalior to remedy so great
I p':ie under the protection of these noble words, ami cf so
many other apostolic utterances, the ardmt vow which I e Cer
that thi cruel slavery mriy Cease at length throughout all
In tho-se touching universal prayers which you recite each
day in the evening exercises, and in which the church commends
t ' God the traveler, the siok, the airoiiized. the afflicted of every
kind, after the aClicted, commend in your hearts the slaves. I
ask it of you, sirs I ask it of all my diocesans. The nioment
se'.ins propitious. Pray 01 to accomplish the work bepun,
mi 1 if your prayr nre not heard to-day, repeat them to-ruor-r
iw, until at hist they In- ao-epted of Him w hom we do I. el
vainly call the most merciful the God on hifrh.
Accept, cherished co-workers, the fresh assurance of my deep
and a'TiCiionate devotion to you in the Iird.
t Fki.ix. l!;sh"p of Orleans.
Orleans, Sunday of Passion Week. April 6, ISui
Two 5ueh prominent lights as these ia?parin
and the Archbishop of Orleans appearing in
the European sky, must exert a powerful influ
ence, one on the enlightened political element of
Europe and the other on the Catholic church,
there and elsewhere throughout the world. Must
truly and hopefully does Gasparin say, in el sing
his volume entitled " America before Europe :"
The whole world is engaged in the contest. The
uprisinjef this people upraises us also; this specta
cle of sufferings noMy accepted, does us good. We
feel that one of those storms which purify the atmos
phere is pissing at this moment over the globe.
The qur-p.on in the end is a second creation of the
1'i.iteil States. This is carried Co in the American
method, that cf Washington, that of the war of 131:2,
that which begins in weakness and ends in grandeur.
No, the sixteenth president of the United States will
not be the las: ; no, the eighty-fifth year of this peo
ple will n.t be the list ; their fiig will come out of
battle, pierced with bullets and blackened with pow
der, but more glorious than ever, without h iving let
1 ill, as I hope, m the melee a single one of its thirty
Sicar Refinery. This new manufactory is now
ia successful operation. We shall give a detailed
account of it in an early isFtic.
i noti:s or Tin: wi:i:k.
A Goli Story. We frequently hear almost fabu
j lous reports of the success of the miners in the had
1 gold diggins, but seldom find a person who has that
j good fortune there or can say that he was successful.
I A letter recently received by a geutleman in Ilono'.u
i lu from Arthur Daly, formerly an appreutice with
i us, and more latterly foreman in the Portland
j 7Ws office, states that he was engaged in gold
I digging or washing in the newly discovered gold re
j gion of Oregon. His claim was located on the Snake
! IHiver about 100 miles scuth of the Columbia River,
! and covered the very site occupied by our townsman
j -E. O. Hall, Esij., as a dwelling and printing office iu
j ilSCO 40. Mr. Paly had taken out from his claim du
j -ring one week 'J00, with every prospect of the sup
ply continuing as abundant for weeks. Mr. Hall in
forms us that he had a garden near his dwelling where
he raised vegetables, and ploughed up the soil for corn
aud potatoes, but be never saw anything there that
1 looked like gold dust, unless it was the corn. His
j, old claim, had he staid by it till now, would have
been a suug little fortune for him.
On Tuesday eveuiug last John O. Dominis,
Esq., His Majesty's private Secretary was married to
Miss Lydia K. Paki, adopted daughter of the late
High chief, A. Paki. The wedding took place at the
residence of C. R. Bishop, Esq., aud was honored by
His Majesty the King. Among other dignitaries
present were, Governor Kekuanaoa, Princess Victo
ria, Prince Lot Kamehameha, Mr. Wyllie, Governess
Ruth of Hawaii, the Queen Dowager, and other na
tive noblemen and chiefs. Among the foreigners
present were Mr. J. II. Brown aud Miss 3l Swiuton.
W. A. Aldrich and lady, Mrs. Dorainis, ,mos S.
Cooke and lady, and others. The center Ws-'de was
spread with a variety of elegant and cost!' bridal
On Saturday evening, our worthy Police Justice
Robert G. Davis, Esq., also led to the altar a lady of
estimable worth, every way qualified to share with
him as 44 associate justice" the honors of the bench
which he so satisfactorily administers. The nuptial '
feast provided could hardly be excelled, either in
quality or quantity, if we may judge from the gener
ous gift which we would acknowledge with our
heartiest wishes for the perpetual happiness of the
Lady Franklin. The numerous friends and ac
quaintances of this estimable lady will be glad to
hear of her safe arrival in England about the 1st of
July, accompanied by her niece Miss Cracroft, both
in the enjoyment of good health. His Ex. R. C.
; Wyllie received letters from them. During ber ab
sence from England she has visited New York,
Brazil, Patagonia, Chili, Peru, Panama, California,
British Columbia, Sandwich Islands, Japan, China,
East Indias, Egypt, Malta, &c. And for no country
that she has seen does she express so strong an aloha
as for these islands, and hopes again to revisit them,
if net to make them her future home.
"Mauryino is Haste to Repent at Leisuke."
The other day, while on one of our peregrinations in
search of items, we overtook a gentleman with about
a yard of crape, more or less, dangl;ng from his arm.
Curiosity led us to inquire whether it was put on for
mourning or as announcement that he waa engaged
in the crape trade. He replied with a deep sigh,
that he was commemorating the anniversary of his
nuptual day, some years past. We hurried on, and
the last we could hear of our friend, he was whistling
4 Home, home, comfortless home."
Tub Youxa Hector. This new packet was ad
vertised to sail from San Francisco about the 3d
inst., aud probably got off on the Cth. She will be
due ou Siturd-iy or Suudiy next, and will bring
the California weeklies of Aug. SO, and Sept. 6,
and the New York mails of Aug. 1, and perhaps of
the 10th, also. Capt. Chad wick cotnmauds her.
Furniture Sale. The furniture and household
effects of Capt. II. J. II. Holdsworth, will be Bold at
auction to-mcrrow (Friday) at his residence in
Chaplain street. The sale will embrace a very large
and choice collection well worthy the atteutiun of
Episcopal Service. Notice has been given that
the Episcopal Service will be read every Sabbath
morning 11 o'clock, at the residence of the Brit
ish Consul-Gencral, Mr. Synge, in Berctr.nia street,
until the arrival of Rev. Dr. Staley.
To Arrive per " Young Hector ! "
For sale by (3G0-3m) WILCOX, KICHAKDS k Co.
Ex " Speedwell."
WKKSH Cll AMJKKRIES- lO-yal. K,
Sj Hamblen 4- laker's Oysters,
Half bhls. Clear Pork,
Vinegar, A:c, Aic, Arc.
loi s.Us bv
WILCOX, KICHAKDS Jk Co.
Sugar ke:: Shooks, Syrup keg Shook,
MAMTACTI KKD FROM TIIK CALI
FORNIA White Fir Wood. The-- fhnoks are of a su--rior
quality, and can be sold by the nndersijrned at lower rates
than any other shooks imported into this market.
Orders filled m quantities to suit purchaser.
330-21.1 WILCOX. KICHAKDS & Co.
HART $: CO.
Ilnv'o -TiiKt Received pei'
S71ROM S AX FIIATVCISCO. A LARGE, VA
ned and very sujKrior assortment of
FASf IIOA Af CIjOTIIIXC.; !
Whili they now offer for sale at the LOWLsT MARKET RATES
ON yCF.EX STREET.
The new assortment consists in part cf the following very de
sirable articles :
Polka shirts. Grey wor.l shirts (open fronts,)
Grey wool shirts (close fronts) Fine white shirts,
Grey wool drawers, Rlblied merino drawers,
French rn-simere pants (plain, plnid ar.d fancy,) Melton pant.,
Hiue cloth pants, woolen j laid jKint. linen check pants,
Tweed pant9 (plain ind fancy.) Llue flannel
pants, tottona le pants, S;Uinet
p.'itits ia irreat variety.
P.Iue flannel coats, hlue cloth s-at-ks, Mack cloth packs,
Fancy rasitr.ere coat, skeleton coats, alpaca coats.
White lmen CMiiti, check linen coats Milton coats, I'nion coUs,
White Marseilles vit9,
Fancy Marseilles vist.-s, Ac, kc.
Rib!. d jackets, pilot cl. th jat.kitJ. pr y iatinet jickets Gorman
.socks, fine bo"f-s ai. I ?hr ??, hats and caps of every
style, white I :df hoe. brown hose,
mixed half hoe, $-c.
J Gtntral Assortment of SEAME.VS CLOTIIIXU, both.
IAT1TS ami OUTFITS.
'. Pl'aie frive uj a call. 30-lm
Zif The pilot-boat Julia drifted to sea from
Francisco harbor some time during July last. Nu;
ing has been beard from her since, but as all tb
drift wood, legs, spars, &c, that approach the ishmdi
from the coast, generally fetch up on the touth
shore of Hawaii, we trust, our friend T. S." cj
Hilo will keep a lookout for the stranger. cpt
Paty hands us the following relating to the unfor.n.
nate craft, taken from a California paper :
The Lost Jclia. Speculation is rife as to th
drifting pilot-Lcat. It has been suggested that if
will be prolmbly fallen in with by Commodore Pn
of the Speedwell, who is now due from Honolulu'
but the schooner would ruo't likely make about g
W. course for the first three or lour days, and ast
pels from the westward hardly ever make the land t
the southward of the port, the chances of tbe Juja
beiDg picked up by the Sfteedwrll are very mil
Another suggestion is, that, if nothing happens aoj
the wind stands," she may turn up at the Microue.
sian group, and furnish a neat little craft suited
the wants of the cruising Missionaries, thereby gjK
iug the children's dimes. It will look like a sptt
provideuce if she does.
The Annie Lai rie. This pretty little cra.1
fast approaching completion, and will, we hear,
ready for a trial trip early next week. Capt. Henry
has been placed in command of her. He was form,
erly master of the Jfalun i, and more recently cf tht
A'ekauluohi and Jifanttttkotmi, in all which he w&j
a popular captain with the natives, and kuows tbe
ropes about as perfectly as any coasting skipper.
2f The comet, (not the popular bark of tint
name, but the fiery messenger that has been flying
across the sky,) has now become quite iuvinible q
the naked eye, having disappeared in the tuilkj
way. Its course, since it became visible, appcan to
have been neither to nor from the sun, but across it
track, and its movements will be a study if not a
puzzle to astronomers.
A Wonderful ISook.
Gasparin's Last Work on America!
JUST IIF.CK1VKU V EXl'KENS FROM
'e Vert, a few copie. of
" America illcfbrc I-luropc !"
r.y Count Apenor de iaparin, nuthorof 44 t'priolnjf of a Urent
People" This new book was only ism-il from the Amtriraq
press in July, mid has I'eeii received ly Kxpress. It is
one of the most thrilliiiitly entertaining and intrnoire
hocks ever issued, and iuht to he iu the library ot every Aukt
ican, at home or abroad. Price $2 i'i. 1 Vol. 41V pp.
II. M. WHITNEY.
Notice o the Public !
rJTIae City jffflsii'Itcl
WII.Ii 15K UKOI'EXKl) OX
V.. Gl't'l-IMOV M 1.' VT tt.. l...u
jLttt (if.MK. IIDWIBU ItSSfcM) At u, and ill
be supplied with the very best
Hcef, Million, Veal, &c, iVc,
From the celebrated herds of K. Moult, Ksq., and of the Wiimfa
Grazing and Agricultural Company, and at the lowest tuiukH
Honolulu. Sept. 11, 1SGJ. S'.'9-3ra
:ri:s ri.-v 57 j . vrvx j
J. ItllDKIUCK ISK;s TO NOTIFY
his friends and the public j;ctii:riilly thai in inhli
tion to his already convenient no 1 eoinmlioiu
accommodation for Hoarders, in Knahuuinnu ii..
near to the Post ollice he has now added room for private par
ties, where they can lie provided with every luxury the siason
atTords nt the most moderate price. At a well known old Pio
neer in his line of the Islands, he trust that his friends and the
public will continue to favor him with their usu:il patronage, nd
for which he will, by every attention, hope to merit their appro
By Express from New York.
VEW LKTTKIt Will TIC ICS.
iv-wa'l's ir.lenl o." Free Labor in est Indies,
Cook's Cavalry Tactics, 2 vols.,
liu Chaillu's Africa,
Williams' on Kxccutors, vols.,
Tenneut's Natural History of Ceylon,
Longfellow's and Wadsworth's Poems,
Tennyson's nnd J. O. Saxe's Poems,
Kly's Journal in Richmond,
John Doe and Kichurd lloe,
Ilmwn, Jones, 6,- Co..
Real's residence in Simn,
Magician's Own liook nod Keason Why,
1001 Soups anil other Potij; liooks,
Webster's Counting lloue Dictionary,
Spiers French Dictionary,
Togethei with a jrreat variety of other new nnd lat publira
tions, too numerous to mention.
Just Ke-'eived by Sptrdii-rtt and for sale by
It H. M. WHITNEY.
a. j. ja'Kiixarav,
BOOT & SHOE MAKER,
Xiiiiaiiu Si. lovo It. Lore's Stcnm liaUtff
31 V STOCK IS I'llOCI'It-
ed from K. KA.MSKY, and warranted.
Orders respectfully solicited anil at
' tended to with dispatch.
IE IT KXOW.V A VI MA PE M 4 NIFEST
to all whom it may concern, that after this date,
siAMHi (;ojii) ?oi
will be the only leal currency iu money tranactioiis with the
Government of this place.
V. L XKTI,
Guam, April 19, 1S02. C23-om Governor.
V11 Tinier r llic Year!
rniHE L'.MIERSIKVEI) WILL I'l'UC II ASK
i at the Bkt .Malkkt Piiick
Old Copper and Composition
For Shipment !
JOHN THOMAS WATERIIOfFE.
a r pp.usnvs ii.tvivr: aw pmim
M. on the I'nderM'rti'vt ur reouei-terl to hand in their
account before the 110: li inst. And any ersons indehteJ to the
L'ndrrsifrued are repn-nled P settle as soon as possil.l.
ollK-at II. .1. JluLI.VORTJI.
il.fi PERSONS AUK FO II HI DDK X TRfST
ISO any one on my account, as I shall not le re?r-on"i-ble
fjr any drhts contracted without my written order.
G. KIM1SALL, (O. K.)
Kahului, Maui, Sept. 1, 1S02. oJ'.'-lra
PVifU'i IwwTi- Cltmalil If i-t ill k'
jl.II 11 I UUII ( DHUHllI null uni
rIIK rXDERSICXED HA vino recfjv-
Jl ed T.o3s and Materials Jer " ?ieedwcl!," i now j repared
t furnish on Hhort notice,
JSupcrior Stencil PIn(c9 niisl"
For martiiKr Linen, Filk or Cotton. An article reiulaite la
e-ery family. L-irge plates al.-w cut to order, by
THOb. O. THRUM.
22'J-:V. Fort Street, oppfisile the Odd Fellows' Hall.
II. STAXCEXWALI), 31. !.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Late New York City Jliijiensary Physiciau, meuiUr of the
Milico fTitrurgical College and of the Pathological Society
of Sew York . ,
OtTic- at Dr. J a Id's Drag Store, on Fort Street. Ket-idence iu
Nuuanu Valley, opjosite that of K. U. Hall, K1- UoO-ly
Maps of Virginia.
4 FKW LARfiK MAI'S OP TIIK STATE
Jl of Virginia, and tlie scat i f war f r a!e, price $1 60.
Also E-pi:te.l I'Y Sjflivttf, a few of Lloyds Map of the
Southern States, price j I 00
3-jS-liu H. M WHITNK.