Newspaper Page Text
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THURSDAY, JAMJRY li. IS''-
Tt t'ea-aship SrotUni, the pioi.. . r ' f '.). "hi - imul steam
ship lin, which m vy now be I-.kl f-.r -r.y arr.ve 1 ,.
Francis-?, .mra Cbir.a an 1 Japan, on " of ' I'r Ul t!-
Alt, we leva that th- charts f-,r p..---..-' vy her from 11
kxwt to Pan Franciv-o frf i0, an-l ;r in Japan to t). i.r.r
port 225. The p.jre from Kanarawa, Japtn, was made
27 day. The diLv.c - Is "ut 4-0. to.:- . il.af the vesI
tTinjcJ shout 1 8 an'. l-er d.y b. -.tve-n t:.- p'.rts, th she
had tiormy wetfh-r. Th-; di-e.an.-e between Ho; vk'.r T and
Ea;a4 is ar-it LoiO Rules, whic'i Iie was 17 dtys makinir,
cr About as mil J-r .lay. In or !in .ry wearf T, !.- :.-!.: not
V be over tr dy from II- itiric ri ? . K i:.aa .1, a-; 1 fr-ra
Klu; to ran I ri:i-i
f n S in Jra-icic. f
Hoaolu:o, 10 J.j. an l fr .111 JI r.'alu t Ilvr.k--: g, l iy.
T." Jita tii that tl.e .r:.re c'lar-'-l f r fr-ht fr ra II-. r?
kor.j to Sr Franriv: 1 f 12 x-rT t" ' ; fro 13 K in,.;ij
(oa ACcy-i'H of Ij r.p-ii::i--n th- r.) 1T r ten n c..-ir'-l.
On hr Crt tr-y. ::e ha! -.vr Z-'0 t r. i fr- :,-'.t f.-"La C.'.ir.i
M-l S'X) tn fri-m Jipn. We h.ive 1.0 intirjti'-o a yrt w:.At
r:- nf paie n 1 fre p'it mr f -h.rS f.-'ir.n r
Frsa?ico nl thi port, ut if jrt aatel arconlir.g to the
an charicl f r the h';e rout'', it will n' t -x.-r-l $100 f.r
paj;e or fl x-r ton freight. The fiuilrtm it Ic. '.'TVl J.ii
the Mtowin. wf.k h i:i .rove ii.t- resting in tji ci.r.r.rtion :
.IHBtVAL T(f Tni-I'l'IH.- MflK llir 'M,.rit "
The fcraiii.' j. xrnt: i,t. fMMMrl, artiri-l 1:1 j.- rt y-
Verjr o-ary w.-atl.r i: the w ir arr :he Ch:na at:. l'ai-:Gc
8e, ft mm 1 j ri..m Wwkng Kna.. r-h.re
cico. We are i:,.t.i t-l ro Mr.'.!i.,m, t.v- f.rt t.-.rir. f..r
"roe p-irticul.tr. .f the Ti-.v.i-e. 1 fn th- irrnifiif of tr.r 2 .f
Xwibw, when .r to eit fr-ra Unngkot,c. the win.i
rri'-.inwn.V'I tiiu .V cj the i.f. rthw.tr I an 1 mitkr I. in I f m.a
Irvrrsje.l to a hum.- iw , the hip U.n aid tra;n;fiz t t-l!r.
The e- ii put on Irr r'.- i-reefe.l fore an-l main torail,
arvl . walluxTrtl through the hravy H'-n which aiuio.t ci.t.
'AVJ troke over h-r tl-rk. At a V M. ff the .me -ly, the
fcre-touta I wa blown awar At 10 P. in wearmz hif. I'-e
' Kf of die htlm iTolse. ani th v-l t--an;e unn.ariar'a,t-l', '
rolling anI IiVjrtn,' m the troj,h of the aea i ..i.J!j- that t.e
M expcd evrry mom r.t to l.e ew:tn-l. A trni.'-n.iju.i
e wa running, an I several wi-r Hoij ej whi.'h eoiui-i.-t'-iy
filled the deck anl cahinn. FinaKr. me tianlpil,eo were
lhet arr .i the ru ! l-r La-I. anil wiih thi wntchJ c-.,r the
temmer wa :T-i Into Kan.tawa. The ptatre fn n the
la"-nme-l place to th. port w ajjo v ry r--urh an 1 t-.nr.y.
The Scattiini ean-.e tr.e. port r.iltr lrj'ian color. It ia
per:tei! that ; will rt!l acuin en the Z'.'.h of tl.i. rootj-b.
t IlWrmVf,) for Il iilt'.nir 1 11 Honolulu Sr:r t an iron h:p,
Iia Iron ri-'inr, A-c. ; anj Inr cubins are tt--J up In the moil
The chxt.er Olivia, which arrir-I r.n th Teh, 1-roiij.ht New
Tort papers U Not. 21. The d:turrat.ce in the taitrrn mar
ket rontinuc ti inrreae, an l eoihrc a larg.-r variety t.t
Kd, indu-Iin) many which are in r.o way connTtr-1 wi;h
army iupplir. The rate of Kxchace U.tween New York
Barupe, the new tax and tarjT. all cmbitie to enhanre the
price, and, in this state of th-n, when -r alitor take any
00? article In hand P oiierate on. th y are li-iy to nuclei 1z
time, till their hject ! K'ned, whn the price rrrle to a j een Ptlpplied With hid pontoon bridges when
legitimate figure. Whale nil, at the latcu advicrt, had fallen j called fjr, he might have crossed over to Fred
t80c (8) 82c, harinjf been as l.iph as Se. I r . - 1 1 1 1
The following is the latrst currency tel- gram rereired at rnn
Francisco, up to the sailing rf tjie Otivia :
Nw Y.aic. December 20. Kxh,nee. 6C IV.; C.0I.1,
2 prr-mmm, firm ; liovcriirnent St.-k, ilull "' of 1. loiJ
6t 102; - Notes, 101 ai 103 -, iHc.r..i Note. 12-.
By this mail, we l ave advice i f th- arrival of the laireat
ao Francisco on the 22!, twenty ilavs fr- in II .i.oluiu. hh
-i 1 1 , t . ' " .
woalj probably tad early in January, and p-rh n 1-e harrir,!
off befor-the tparuhip5efant. which n.u.t have i.,ft about
th Stb ir.Ht. Botf. Te-g-U may ror.Sd-ntly be looked for -.larin
i.ie coming weeku
The Comet is on the rrth l-.l.r.ff f..r Sin Francico, but
being a Urjte Vessel, it may take her all next week to fili up.
The achooner Olivia ail-d on Tueday for J-an Francisco liu
Lahaina, where sh will take in a caru f sweet piUtoes.
.vrif BEDFORD OIL M ARK l. T.. ntmhtr 21.
The mark't i quiet for spa-rot, at'h-Jch i.oMers are f rn ;
atea of 4Ti fcrl on private terms, an I 2 i t do. iufnP.r at I TO,
all for manuf.ctariO)f. W ha!' is i-ia.tt, the ;- heu;jc con
fined to parct-Is of ilark an-l irif-.rit eiuhracii.g iOo rl at &3.
W haiccone no tran .actions.
Foa S4 Faei.-.c I'er Come'. i: ail next we. k.
Wo Lanaisa per Kil.iuea, t--.iy.
Fob IIilo ir "
Foa Katrai per Annie Iurie and Kalarna, to d ty.
POUT OF HOMOI.TJI.TJ. II. I.
fc Sch Nettie Merrill. Crane, from II-Io, with 500 kejrs
suuar, 2! I.rls in-l in.'. n hi.lee, 50 goat tkint,
etc 1 cahin and 12 deck pasenj;ers.
8 Steamer Annie Laurie, ll.tzrird. front wrts on Kxttii,
with a rjuanvsry of hides, ulluw, !, etc. 1 cah'n
ami S al.-ck p-e.srrig.-r..
1 8 Haw sloop l-oui-a. ).ir. returned to port leaking.
-n "h .ita. Ke.ifi.-M. 17 .lay from ? .11 Kr.i:.ci-.-o. I
Sch totina Uuke, W-th rhy, Irom MakeeV l-an.ln.(r
and L.ih..i.ia, wi:h Cj brl m.-lrisses. 11 k k and
47 ;ik sitk-ar, 5 l.rl h.-ef. 3 br!s tullovr. 4'J ht.l.-s,
l(poa: si.ni. i horses. 1 cw, 8 hoys. 11 she. p,
24 turkey, loo sjievie a cal.iu and 60 dei
10 Sch Md Fellow, I..r.'. front IhniVi, wi;h lot h":d-,
2 cat-in and 2T deck p-ienit-rs.
11 Steamer An-.ie Imne, IPizz.ir-1 fn-n iorts on Ka lai,
with lso k-e- u;;ir, 14 tud-s, lo c-rls wy-1 1
Cahin and i tlech pa-r i is.
11 Sch .Minit-.ks.wai. Melh-h. fr -m I-inai and M.iul, wi:li
txiis aa. s .1 1 1 r.ie,.-., 5 s.u ks p..titfe, 6 do
wrot-t. 1H) jsoat skit,. 12 turkey. 4 d-x towis, I
neep. f I0J pec:e. and 20 paJk;iij,-TS.
11 Soh Moi'-teiits-, Nai-ela, front Kahttliti an-l I.ah.iin.t
Witt, lrls nioi.,e. -JO.) IhI: p.ji. 10 corn.
10O 1 umpki i 1 c.it'in and 10 il--ck piit'ers.
14 Steanu r liiia-jea. It. rriil, tr--t;i iu.l.ir.l ports, with
1.14 kes n;.ir, fi bil in !. .-. Pw t-r! ttie-s.
14T t-ale pn;u. 15 .to. fjii-us. ul lo woo!, T rolls
leather. -0 hi.les, a h-lls .t skin. 2 l.r!s fallow, 3
bak'S Coff.-e, .1 k-v t'Ut rr, 4'--O0 i-r.pes, l'J iwi-a-nUtS,
IS he. Crttlle, 3 hi r-es. 02 .V. p, IT L-.-,
1 pke Stte. ,.r'.'.
14 Scl, K.:.r.rr, Ci.ir., fn.in Ku!r and Nawiliwili. with
111 lit-.e. tut, tidiow. i K f--et kukui lumber, 1
su.-ar t:i:.l, 15 r.m!!s p-t, 4J6 lulls t-anel hea-l, 2
bags fun-u. l-'i cords wo.1. an-l T pae.ier.
14 Scb Kametinn ha, reen. fin W ahiawa, Kauai, wi:h
22 tri tallow. .t p.i.i.Iy, and 6 ror-t oo-J.
15 Steamer Antiie Lauri-. II arar.1, from K.tnii.
15 Sch Kamoi, Sh-ph. r !, fra l.iliauu and Kahului.
Jan. 8 Steamer Annie Laurie. KuuiJ, f-T i-'.rts on Kan..i.
8 Sch Kamehameha. lirven, for Maiikn.
10 Am brijj Morning M.ir, Oelett, for the Guano I Land
a't.l the M ii r.-ri--i.tri rmBji.
12 T.nli It hark I'.tu.u tta, I.veil. f-r H-jr-u-konc.
m 12 Steamer Annie Laurie, Hazard, tor ports on Kauai.
12 sch Kmm.t Kooke, Wetlierhy, for Lahaina Ai .Maker's
J2 Sch Nettie Merrill. Cratie, f..T Latnina, Hiloa:.-l other
wi wlwar.l pjrts.
13 Am sch Olivia, H.-.l.irl l, f.-r I-il.ai;ia, Vhtre she wi!I
I..ad scet p -tatoes for Ca';.f-n;.s.
13 Sch Odd Feilo r. Morse, f. T lliio.
14 sett M-ieiki. Napela. f--r Ii!iaina an-l Kahulu:.
14 Sch Manuokawai, M- for Lal.aina and liana.
14 Sch Jrannette. f.,r K tuai.
Vrurl Kprrlrl from Forriyn I'orls.
Ana steamship Scotland, Stanr.ard, t-j leave San Francic-J about
Am bark Yankee, Tiy!.. ts k-ave ?an Frai;cico ut the 5th
cr Sth January.
Ilaw. tark K. W. VV.wL, vlerrken. sa:!e-l from Bretnsn Oct. 11,
with general m le to 11. li.tckMd K t'o.
Haw. schooiii-r, (foruierly the K ite Sarjf.-ant.) sailed from Bos'.oa
nout Niv. 15. wit:, general m Ne to II. II ickf-id A- Co.
Am bark Richmond, llei j. It. l;lii.. s v ied fr' in New IU:dforJ
Aug 10. with mdse t. Wi:c x. Richards .V Co.
Bremen ship I'au.ii.e. l.-rt T-r.-men ia April, with asstd car-o to
HotTsrhUipvr ; Stapei horst.
Am bark Arctic, Hammond, sailed from Boston Oct. 1, wi:h a
a cargo of arrtej mde. to t". Brewer i Co.
Frm Paf Fa set -. ;r olnia. Jn. 9 Co.) irxlls. turpen
tine, 50 t rfs rn-flcif c.in-.i-;t:..,,. ; o brN I;:ne, u M shingles.
SO ke;;s na:Is, 35 bars iron. 60 h.ilf . .rks a::.l ;o.- ;r s .cks r.-.ur
3 casca dry K'X"ls. 3"2 rice-bap-.. 1 b..-k. 1 uaacc j
1 package, contents ti-'t spe-cifie.l. a'.u'. ;..':20 'J'i.
For Iln'.,..: per lamietta. Jn. 12 40.-.21 !s furcjs.
s wt iir i- nt r. i s Ar.:. n:i!. i-:e--s
J l:e--s. 4 l-oe. n-..t 1
case machinery. 1 boir, 1 ccntriiu.-.I michire, 2 keCj raiN, a i
S lumber, 1 primLtone, 11 L.!s h.e.ps.lIO Mi,, uves. 7keC. !
heals, 200 fire bncks. ! t-1 is f.re cl.ty. 4 d-. c.-meiit. i lundie
tenets. 1 pkff speeie. J3.;0i. Value .loin. pro.t j-e. f 3.32'J 57 ;
foreign do., 11700 total, $5.22-i 57.
i For the Grto Islands and Mn r..-prsia r Mnmin? Sur,
Tin. 10 A S Cooke, J S K:c::Hr Capt .- Jin.is. A C ri-
iiock, C 11 Beaillee, Wm T nl r, an.l 10 II twi.i.in.
For Hon7ko.xi; per I trro. ::a. .I;.n. u Cl.ur.yfv, Ah-:.r,
. A:i, Manoui, Ahoup, Ac bee, Av.in.
- C - TWI.tK.
From Wi-rr-wskD Pour- e-r Kilaaea. Jan. 14 Ju Ic-e i I.
Aastin, Father J'tseph, It-r Mr I.vm.in, M.-j-r Miller. Capt T
' Speneer, C N Sprevr. W F A "en. S Peck. .1 n Ljw. It P True,
. Chxs Waf, S II Parl.es. Ch-ts Carrin!.-; W K Br-.wn, Mr I'avis,
Jdr Ayre 15 cabto and 10:' deck paj'STirers.
Citm llrursriiD la Honolulu, Jo. 10, by Rev. S. C.
Vi'nun, Mr. i" imie! M. Carter f" Mr". II .rri. I.. Hemps'enl.
THURSDAY. JASl'AliY 1.1.
'Ilio AViir .Vows.
Tf. n ' received by the Olivia i anything
ia "nut sati-factory . The previous (l.lt-S indicated
tii.it the battle mar Fredericksburg on t i liith
I .-e m! r, was it def'-at, but w- did nt mij p.se
that IIurnM-le had h.-n so s.verely w hipj d a
the Iat r aivict-s hhow. Ovt U.''U in n w re
McriC'l ari'l n j -'ut ain-l, hut, t n tli othT
han J, th army cjmp-Ii'-'l to n tr-'at f TT tlie
rivf-r in .rJ r t ena!l' it t r-franiz or f r -t'rr
it-.lf fr..rn attack. 0 cuurs-; it will
ruir' from two t fur w-t-k to reorganize.
In trie ni'-antiin, we tavf an oinIn us rcjiort
of what the r'-ht-ls arR up to : that they are
m 't inj the hulk i f their army from Frah ricks-
bur j tu 3'Tnf potnt wfs; oj that. 1 in? tapers Kiy
that th-y are moving out west toTenne'-eor Ken
tucky ; hut that it quite impruhuhle. Tln-y will
move either to U"arr'nton or tlie Shenandoah
vall-'V, (probably the latter,) to menace Wa-h-
, ir.gton again, and perhaps invade Maryland.
! . 11 , 1
! 1 hi-", " done sudiitnh, (an-1 their smartest
! moves have always been done so.) will break up
j Uurnide'8 army, for they well know that the
I authorities at Washington are extremely timid,
and would instantly order the troops back to
protect the capital, which is a more important
object than the capture of Richmond.
This, we think, is the programme of the
rebels, and the -news by the st-arm r may con
firm it. At all events, the rebels, bv the defeat
of Ilurnside, have lor the nonce, the advantage,
and it is plausible to mppi.se that they will
make fume efiort to improve it by an attack on
j Washington, or by Hi.me other movement that
j will break up Ilumside's army for the time
. being. His plan in going to Fredericksburg
j was evidently a good one, and had he leen sup- j
! ported promptly by the War Department, and
j concentrate and organize, and perliajs have mov-
; ed raj. idly on t ) Richmond. lint the dispatches
I ...... . . . . 1
u tliat in tins plan he acted " on his own
j resp'Hisibility ,' and he found just what MX'iel.
it 1 1 . 1 r t- . , . , , -
! hiti has several tim-e before f ound, that tlie ar
i,,'Iartlut'nt at Washington is slow and unrelia-
hie. Jle had tu Wait ten or twelve days for hid
pontoons, and in that time the rebels, with the
advantage of railroads, concentrated u larger
army against him than he had, and were enabled
to entrench and fortify themselves with over
00 cannon in a remarkably strong position,
I from which Jlumside could not probably have
! driven them with 400.000 men. People may
find all the fault they choose, w ith M'C'lellan,
but when the truth is known, it will be found
that ho. moved as promptly as the War Depart-
j ni-nt would permit him to do. He was us anx-
ions to move rapidly as Ilurn-ide has b. en, and i
he met with tl.e same drawbacks. The secret of i
j this prolonged war is evidently in the Cabinet at j
j Washington, and we are glad to see by the i
news last received that there is some prospect of
a rteontruction. There can be no change in
the conduct of the war till the whole Cabinet j
withdraw, and the Prefident reconstructs it as
best it may please him, restoring any of the old
meytbers if he chooses.
Wo have never approved the course of the
Administration ut Washington in it first and
second dismissal of M'CIellan, believing that he
is the bent, safest and most reliable general the
(lovernment ha. The attempt to make him the !
scij-egoat for the shortcomings of the Cabinet ;
and for the reverses in the Union cause, or to
cond-'inn him because t!ie reWls ure not at once
an-l completely destroyed, will, we fear, work
ni re injury to the administration tlian most people
. m... ,, , 1
anticipate. liCIl. MLlellan Was hloW UIHl full-
1 tiou-. p-rhaps to a fault ; but in the end these
very qualities in an attacking party will be seen
to be the onhy ones that will mee.t success. (-n.
Pope was last July heralded as the man for the
times, who could lead an army in double-quick
time into Kichmond or anywhere else. It took
less than sixty days f-r Stonewall Jackson to
double him up, destroy his army of 200,000,
more or Ies, and send him off to Minnesota to
fight savages !
In the dilemma which Pope's defeat left the
nation to save the Capital and drive back the
invading rebels, there was one and only one man
to whom the whole North looked to lead for
ward the shattered army and that was M'Ci.kl
L.w. Instantly obeying the call, he sprang to
his saddle, collected the remnants of troops that
lay about him, half disorganized, and with these !
turned the tide of war, driving the rebels from j
Maryland. Hut because he did not capture the j
whole of the orposiftg army, because with his ;
J half-organized troops he d;d not chase them to I
Richmond and perform other wonders, he teas
f moved from command in disgrace. Considering !
toe material that was placed in his hands to I
work with, taking in account that his opponents j
out-numbered lnm at every p.;int, lie did all that
... . ir.. . , I
cuuld have N'en estH-eted of him by anv but t.o-
,. . . , 1 . J 1
luicai ueiutiji tout's wuu eare inure ior party
than for their country. Withnut a muruiur he
retires from the scene, and we hear m.m him mi
. .. j .. .
-?nf T, inim.i.lt.....
HL'Ol'.ll- VJ1 ! U" 11 V-.H-IUI. b, 1 1 1 1 1 111.. VI . - i
t C " I t
.... ... i. , .,r .:, :......;,-. . k.. t.:, t .
D10U3 Oil lilU UV k. VI .113 U'. l , lj.ll. 111 i.tSL i
words tj his oflieers and his army, were those of j
a true patriot, " Stand by (..en. IJurnside as you j
have stood by me, and all will be right." Me- !
t'lellan is to-day the most reliable and safest J
g'-neral the North has, and we have little hope of !
p access while the lovernment discards him. and I
takes inferi-.r offieers : be .-t inds t'-dav hi-ilo-r
than be lias ever tto jd, ljjth w itii the eople
and the army. Should the adir.iiii-tratKn ever
- it t :. . - -i : . r
"ewl l'ftA -11 lllllt bir .W--4 111 CI11.VOIIII u t i '111
t,pril ind n'eh an event i n t at -ill titdlL-. lr
I t'iniX S" 11 U" M ' !U ,s n -t .111 Unlikely,)
it would not be rirrht fr him to .lira in consent
to become a foot-ball to be kicked about at the
pleasure of political d.rmagtgues, and probably
he would, as he oug'ct, require a change in tl;e
Cabinet, before accepting thy uf?er.
It is sad to look at the state of affairs in Amer-
icn as indicated by the late arrival?, and it l-eirins
to look very t'Uestionable whetlier any progress
towards the suppression of the relxdlion or a res- ;
toration of peace, can 1h? had during the present '
administration, nut from the want of means or j
power on the part of the government, but from j
its indisereetness, which is now doing more to j
cause divisi-ns and thus weaken ir, than the j
rebellion. A rear ago the vrtn was iimre-i,
now it is almost rent in twain by political 6fic
wrangles, which threaten ere Inntr, f-hould the ! ciusa
c -ntinue, t j paralyz ? the r.m nt, ani truss j
cnahle the rehvld tj Ciirry the war hey on J their j
horJTs and dictate to the North the tern of j
p'iic. The thsujirfal of M't'lellan lias j r: uh'y
lo-?t to the aJniinittration at !-u.-t onc-fourth'f its
popular cupp'trt, and it is easy to fe that t will
not require many similar acts to take from it all j
J xerelw1 mxl llc-tiltli.
The II'Muan Satirist rec.'iuuiends that rayer
should he offered for aeound mind inai'unJ i
ImmIv, as the most iinprtaiit d ble.'finps. and ;
we -ubseribe to the widum of his recoiam nda- :
lion, for wuii'lii'vs both of mind and rmdy j
siiou! 1 efi.irts le made, as well as prayer ufi Ted. I
At j resent we will eoiifine our attentitn to ;
b dily foundries', as our own observation aid the ;
perusal of late publications on this subject, have .
made us feel its great importance, and ;s the
j majority of those in poor health are ound
among female?, we must be permitted tolimit
our remarks in this 1 umlx-r to tlie " inartyiseX." ,
With ai healthy a climate as any in thovorld, .'
and with as few causes predisposing to d tease,
there seems to be no valid reason, why the hite j
population of these islands should not he a j
strong, healthy, and beautiful race, liut piesent '
indications c.ist a shadow over tlie future d" the j
white population here. Miss C. ISeecher, h her j
last work, presents a sad picture of the health of j
American wunien : :
Physicians in all quarters testify, " " thatthere j
is a delicacy of constitution, and an increase ol dis-
ease, both among mature women and young i 1 If.
that is most ahtrining:, and sucli as was never kuwn
in any former period. In all sections ol the couttry
a vigorous und perfectly heal-hy woman is an etcep
tion to the ordinary experience."
And the state of things at these islands is no
better. Ask the physicians, and you will sur
prised to learn how large a proportion 0." the
white women and girls are among their patents.
Miss I. quotes from a medical writer, the (blow
ing sentences, which should be pondered by ill :
' My heart aches when I see how the mass of wo
men, by ignorance and by blind bondage to cutom
anJ fi.-liifti, bring on themselves pangs innume'able
and prematuie old age. .Many a thmming briie at
. i 1 .. . . 1 r . ,!
iweniy, iinus nerseii, at tinny, wruiKieu ana 2are
worn; unhappy as a wife, unreasonable us a member,
and r.lmost Useless as a citizeu.
" The young nirl who wastes her health, and receives
with an inditlerent toss of the head all cautiois in
regard to health, little J reams of the bitter teari she
will she I when it is too late for repentance to avail.
The prospective hust.ntid may take great care to pro
tect the fair but frail one of his choice; he tuny in
after years fondly cherish the wile of his youth when
she aches cnnetautly and fides prematurely; still, be
Iihs no help-mate, no one to double life's j'yi, or
lighten life's labels for him."
Hut this state of things need not, ought not
to exist at these sunny isles, with their mild and
salubrious climate. The medical writer quoted
above, aseribes the ill health of American wo
men to iynoranvr and blind (miiilngr to custom and
J fashion : but this ignorance of the laws of health ,
and tin's blind bondage, are wicked and ouht
not to exist. To suffer their consequences is
The firm health, and power of endurance, and
beauty of form of tlie Creeks. reK.ih.-d .l,..,Kth0
from their being so much in the open air, and
oui their habits ..f exercising. We know
that Spartan females participated in the exercises
of the gymnasium ; and as dancing was carried
l' great perfec tion in many of the Creek states,
we may salely infer that Crecian females con
firmed their health and increased their strength
by exercising in the open air. Without exercise
the bones and muscles can never become strong
and well developed ; and without action the
strong becomes weak. Says Dr. Combe :
A muscle condemned to ii. action loses half its
bulk in a comparatively short time; and if long un
exercised, at lust loses entirely its power of contrac
tion an-j muscular appearance. The same rule holds
with all other parts of the system, and, in an espe
ci il tteinner, even with the hard and apparently
unalterable fabric of the bones."
The truth of these sentiment. being admitted,
who does not see the importance of regular and
systematic exerei.se? Says the au.hor of "i re
side Kdvca'ion :
Every person, old or young, who is not conf ned
by sickness, ought to po very often abroad, and take
the ttcMi air several hours. Walking is the best
exercise for men and women. This should be prac
tised every day in tl.e year, unless the inclemency if
the weather absolutely forbids. The English are the
healthiest people in the world; and this arises in part
from their ystenetic exercise. Even the most deli
cate and high bred ladies there take an ailing almost
every d ty, and usually waik several miles J hey do
not mind a drizzle, or a shower. And the Etigiieh j
women dress to the weather." ;
Mrs. Sigoumey, in her letters to mothers, urges '
the importance of exercise: :
I p'.ea-I for the little girl that she may have air j
and extrcise, as well as her brother. I plead that
she be not punished as a romp, if she keenly enjoy
these active sports which city gentility prosct it-cs. ,
' Those women,' siys Mrs. Ellis in 77ie Alothcrs or'
England,' who have known what it was in their child- j
hood to enter into the true spirit ai.d luxury of wild I
roinpinz, are. I believe, always the most euergeiic j
when called upon to act in affairs of importance." ,
The bent ficial effect of out-door exercise have !
been tested at these islands. A little girl seemed ;
so feeble that the probability of her surviving j
the period of childhood was very small. The ;
parents, instead of dosing her with medicine, j
permitted her to run and romp in the open air !
Mirititsf niirimtrriiniiil tin.) tlm . e. u.ir. . .. n-..ti
.i . , , - t , , , ,
that from being pale and weak, he became in a
r , , ,. . . ,. ,
few years, strong and heartv. lins is not a soli-
tary examjle of the benefits of exercising much
in the open air.
Hut it is sometimes iurhnr,n niton rim nci--
.... . . !
- , i - - i " - - - . .... -..,
s trijuy very good healtrf till ten or '
twelve or fifteen years of age, and then begin to j
h-e their vigor and their enjoyment of life, i
There is doubtless a cause fr the decline of
health in s. many girls between the ages of ten I
and eighteen ; and this cause, according to tlie j
author f the Constitution ef Jlan, is the in- j
fringement of a natural law ;" and one of the J
organic laws which he mentions us applicable j
to in in, i- that he shall duly csercise his organs, j
t h ir condition being an indispensable rerjui-ite to I
health. ' " The penalty of neglecting this law
it d'-hility, bxdily and mental, lassitude, iniper-
leet dige.-tion, disturK-d sleep, bad health, and, '
if carried to a certain length, death.'' This is a ;
cvere penaltv; and vet how many "iris are cijf-
fering it in some of its forms ! That they have j
neglected exercise in the open air, will not bo j
deni -d. And what excuse have th"v for this
n.'gh-i't? ,Srne probably were not aware of the i
Consequences. They had not le.en warned. Uut !
tliere is n-as n to tuppose that only a few can :
plead so good an excuse. Many have been warn- .
ed, but they hoped to escape the peualty. I hcv j
admit that they do not take sufficient exercise, i
and they have their reasons for not exercising.
One is so fatigued with household duties, that
not K"cl Jlke exercising. lut it is Ie-
th ha neglected exercise in the open air
that she is h o-'n fatigued. .She houhl pain
strength in tlie open air, so as to feel no fatigue
from what the does in the house.
Anothtr ha." no time for out-door exorcise.
Th eases in which this excuse is valid ure rare. It
is often that those who neglect exercise localise
ti;ey have nt the time, are twice as lng in per
f 'rmin'' their T.iks as t!iev would have been if
they had gained vigor by a daily rambje over the
hills, or an hour's work in tlie garden.
5 me do rot walk because they cannot do eo
without gettin.their dress full of " tutu8,' and
they do not engage in horticulture because they j
do not wish to get their clothes bedraggled. If j
English ladies" dress to the weathir. when ;
taking their walks of several miles, why sliould i
nut the ladies of these islands adai t tl'.cir dress j
to the exercise they are in duty Kuind to take ? i
A few months ago, a number of the Italy's Hook j
recommended a working dress for ladies as :
admirably adapted to work both in the. house ;
1 anJ Crden. Now it would seem that when the
L.aiy s lto-i recommends a uress against wnicii
no valid objection can be made, ladies here
would wear it for the purpose specified. And
especially should we suppose that those ladies
Would wear it who live remote from Honolulu,
and who do not see a white person, except the
members of their own families, for weeks, or
months together. If the unsuitablenees of the
dress prevents ladies from taking the exercise
which is important to their health, it is no
more than duty requires, that they furnish
j themselves with a dress adapted, in the best
manner, to exercise.
We are gratilied to know that there are ladies
scattered over those islands, who are not pie
vented by false shame, nor by bondage to fashion,
from wearing, in their work, in their rambles,
and sometimes in their distant excursions, a dress
which their own sense of fitness commends us
modest, convenient and comfortable. There is
no dress more healthy or becoming than the
Bloomer or the native holoku ; and the latter,
especially when worn by foreign ladies, as is now
becoming Common, impart comfort and tropical
) ease, which no other costume possesses
1 should not a tropical clime enjoy and establish its
i own appropriate fashions?
j Exercise is necessary to health, strength, and
i symmetry of form, yet it should be engaged in
j with discretion. Ladies, who have not made
the trial, must not suppose'that tliey can walk
: six or eight miles without resting, because the
j sisters of Wordsworth and other English ladies
; have been in the habit of walking that distance.
; Iet them commence with a short walk, and
; daily increase the distance, and ere long, they
; may be able to walk fifteen or twenty miles a
I'day. No kind of. exercise should be so violent,
! or so protracted as to cause excessive weariness.
' Ilegin with moderation, increase the amount
; with the increase of strength, be systematic, and
I the henefici.il results will surprise you.
In order to derive the greatest amount of
advantage from exercise, there should be con
j nected with it that which will interest or
! mnuse. A walk may bo without benefit because
! devoid of interest, but let it be undertaken by
one desirous of adding to her heiharium, or of
I finding a rare shell for her cabinet, and she will i
derive both pleasure and profit.
For tiiis reason youthful sports are generally
: of j-reui mltiuituge in developing the physical 1
; powers. They are engaged in with a will, i
i They are highly enjoyed. !
In conclusion, we copy three rules relating to
J exercise from Dr. Combe's treatise on health : j
, First, to be beneficial, exeicise oujiht always to j
. be proportioned to the strength and constitution, '
, and not carried beyond the point, easily discovera
; ble by expeiience, at which exhaustion begins to
1 take the place nf strength.
; Second, tlip.t it ought to be regularly resumed
after a siifhoient interval of rest, in order to ensure '
the permanence of the healthy impulse given to the :
vital powers of the muscular system.
Third, that it is of the utmost consequence to join
with it a mental and nervous stimulus. Those who .
go out only once in four or five days are always at :
work, but i. ever advancing; for the increased action
induced by the previous exercise has fully subsided ,
long before the succeeding effort is begun; an l, so ;
far as increased nutrition and greater aptitude for
exertion are concerned, no progress whatever is
On some future occasion, we may take up the
subject of the health.of our young men, which
is one equally open to improvement.
Qcken's IIosriTAL. Two semi-annual reports of
the Treasurer of this institution appear in the last
Polynesia'), from which we learn that its receipts,
during the year, from Dec. '20, lgf.l, to Dec. '20.
102, including a stna'l balance from the previous
year, were (-,701,13. leaving a balance on hand at
the litter date of J-'3oG,G3. Of the total receipts,
$4,4"J3,il were derived from the Government treas
ury; and 5-l,o' were from private contributions,
including a legacy of t-SOO fiom the late Robt. Y.
Holt, and C0'J,41 from collections in the Protestant
and Catholic churches. The b.il :ince cf the year's
receipts (574 ), CO) was derived from patients who
paid. It will thus be seen that about two-thirds of
the ftunudl co.ct of this institution fills cu the public
SUGAR MILL !
FOR ft. A I.E.
A NEW SI' GAR MILL, COMPLETE,
il. oc Mil- vf h.'ir-l wirfid.
Per s ilc by -Zl'-i:
I AT ELY It EC El V K I) per R A I) A n few
rn-ire of tlioe lavorites. inexpensive. rcliaMe and iiidipen-
i sible. ilonl.Ie thread EW lNii MACHINES"
For sale by (347 am liHEWER 4- TO.
IIOI'SE mil fOll S.UE!
THE 3-ROOMEO COTTAGE A Nl,
ova Premise at present o.-cupied by the umiersi?!.ed
-1' im is now i-ffered for sale at a very low price. It is
w.'.hin f.ve mirmt.s walk fr-m the P-j: i:!)ce, an-l is v-ry Ooti
veriient f r any pers-.n :n buie-s in Honolulu. Title, Fee
Simple. Ft-r further pa!-.. culars. applv to
A I.-.X. BOLSTER.
o47-2.ni At the office of this papr.
At the Commercial Adv. Office,
IVr Comct! and 'Olivia.' Jan. 1 k 9.
-Nor 15 2 2-
Leslie's Weeklv Nov
New Y.-rk Herald N- v 1
W. i! 1 N v s 15
I--.l.-r April j Nov. 10 '
- Z-.-;!ui! Nov s 1
Vanitv Fair Nov S 15 22
New York I iVjstrated Nov.l 52:2 2-
French CurierNov 11 Jl
lAJiid-.n Illustrated News Oct 1. 25 Nov 1 s
I'uoc'i ct IS Nov 1 S
. F. Bulletin Dec o i:i 17
r. F. Alta Nov I'ec 61" 20
..orimciit.-i rii.--n N-.v 2. Dec C 13 20
Harper's Maa.'.ine Itecemlnr
Atlantic Magazine December
Eclectic Maijaziue December
Cornhill Iaaice November
Temple Par faaine November
Corrfix'rul.'ncc of the P. C. Advertiser.)
1 it Fair or RisM!
The foilcwitip eoniriiuiticitiin comes to us occom
pariiel by the u uue of the writer. If the fids are
i as st 1 ted ty him, he his just cauc for making his
' grievances public
Sir : Please give publicity to the fallowing, as it
may prove a warning to seme unfortunate hombre
who is about to renounce his atlcginrce to his native
country, and become a Hawaii. n subject with the
expectation of enjojing all the rights auJ privileges
j of the iritive subject.
I will first state that I am a naturalized subject of
Ilia Mtjesty and ;in old resident; am married to a
native woman, by whom I h .ve a family, and also
ara a laboring man and a person cf limited means.
A short time ago I went on board the steamer
A'tltiuea with my family, with the iti'ention of tak
ing a deck p'ss:ie to Honolulu. When I gtt on
beard I was given to understand by the Supercrgo,
that no foreigner were allowed to take deck pas
sage, and that I must take cabin passage or go on
shore, ( the cabin being full of bidies unJ gentlemen
at the time.) but that my wife and children would
be allowed to take deck passage.
Here was a dilemma, there be:Dg no schooner
the steamer hating ruu them all off I was obliged
to leave my family on the steamer, and ride fifty
miles to a schoouer, on which I went to Honolulu,
as I could not afford to indulge in the luxury of a
cabin passage from chopping wok at fifteen dollars
a month, and having a family to support in tlie bar-
! giin. I was also given to understand that it was by
i the express orders of the Minister of the Interior,
j that these rules were enforced
Now we all know that by Section 52 of the Civil
Code, the Minister of the Interior has the power
' with the consent of the King, to establish such rules
as he may think proper for the regulation of coast
) er, but I had no idea that this power would be
: applied to making a mau take a cabin passage
; ugainst his will. I
I would not complain if a private person should
make such rules on his vessel, but coming as this
does from the Home Department itself, as 1 am given
j to understand by the Supercargo, I cannot help
; thinking that the government wishes to encourage
: foreign immigration.
I went down on the steamer some six months ago,
on deck, when there was an attempt made to extort
five dollars from me, while a native, whom I know
to be worth 10,000, was not interfered with. There
were also three Ctiiuatuen, very well off ia this
world's goods, who also paid the regular price cf a
deck passage and uo questions asked : while poor
Pilgarlick" was kept on board two hours in'a vain
hope of squeezing five dollars out of him.
This is certainly a very Encouraging state of
affairs for poor people, and if allowed to continue,
I think that the sootier the hewers of wood and
drawers "of water" leave this "island paradise"
the better. Pilgarlick.
Hawaii, Pec. 22d, 18G2.
We are under special obligations to Capt.
Redfield of the Olivia, for late Sin Francisco pipers,
and also to Messrs. M'Kuer & Merrill and C. W.
Brooks & Co. of San Francisco, for the same.
PORT STREET !
lielwern Kin mid Hotel Slrreta.
Is opened with an entire NKW STOCK
JOHN THOMAS WATEIUIOISK.
30 x eSxVJii:!
so 00 j
VERY Sfl'ER. FIRE RRICKS,
lint Miiile I.
At JOHN THOMAS YATLT.IIO.SEaS,
A LbSOPS X. SO NS' A I.E-piuU mid qimrlx,
XwL by tlie c.ise.
Marz-.-tti's A!; and Porter, in pints and rjuiirts, l y the ewe.
At JOHN TII03I.1S WATKRilOUSirs,
V.V INVOICE OF MARZETTI'S ALEnnd
An invoice of Jeffreys & Pmis' E-linl-ur Ale in qt and pts
The above in guaranteed '. be as :oo-l an arlicl. as can be
imported to these Iflan Is.
At JOHN THOMAS VATEKII01:SES
A v. rv lar'" MS'irtinent of new pooil se!ectel by himself in
Enslan-i an 1 s-.utUn i. previ-ms to ti;c advance of prices ia the
Lome tiia: ti.
INT . B -
Country Orders solicited and will
have prompt attention. 347-am
i ia. ,v u.s 1 : a 1: i k i ,
Tinsmiths and Plumbers,
.Vuti-jriu Stnet. near thr iVnn f STOVES and LEAD PIPE
abvays on hand. Jubi.ii; 01 a!! kinds .-ittemled t-t. a4o-ly
RECEIVE!). AM) FORSILE.
II. M. WHITNEY.
iiajkii:s for is,:t.
1ST RECEIVED. Per Ilnrl Cornel"
a large and well i-l-m-eil as-.rtinent of pocket Uair;ea fir
lsrVil. coinpri.-ir.j: ver 20 vari- lies ami st Ics of bimlin, ai:J
varyii: in price from 6oi:. to '.' 00 each.
II. M. WHITNEY.
rMIE CM)ERSI(;XED will not he
M. reejt irisil,!-f.,r anv il- l'ts c-n'.racted in his name, without j
Ins or tns wife s wruteti ord-r.
CROCKETT & HARPER'S
ON THE KslM.AXADi:,
Nenr llie Ness- Custom House.
W nm. and all otlier
is of Work in their
line 'T hosir.
irea HCCf'in: lihtd with ni.-atnes
S. C'oiioulii le. Inlminn. II. I.
,1 Ay VARY 2, 1 .
IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE LAWS OK
the United States of AniTiCi. in such cases provnieil. and
in accordance with ttie treaty stipuUti.-n between the I nit-.-d
Srates an-l the Hawaiian Kmcib-n. I rto h-rt-by p-ve notice that
THOMAS K( KII.UiT, a native of Warwarinr. l lter County,
State of N"W York, died on the 2vh I'e.-euit-er. lv2. The said
dwease.1 beiri-.-, as fir s known, int-siate. and baviiiit no h ir
or Kjral representative in thi kineilotn. I have taken charge of
his hooks a;i-l eir-ct, ;mi d- l.er-by p.ve i:ot:ce Vj all persons
indebted t- said estate to make inr mediate payment to ir e ; and
all those having claims airaii.st sa.d estate, to preset.t them at
this office without delay. E. P. ADAMS.
345-j't I'. J?. V!ce-Coriul.
Tue Kilu-ra. On her new routearound Hawaii,
the steamer is apparently doing a handsome autf aa
increasing business. On her last trip, ohe went cut - -and
returned crowded with cabin and deck passen. '
gers, and, what is better still, loaded. down with
freight. Hawaii is properly her island, and every
port on it is now enabled to have regular, stated and
quick communication with the metropolis.. This, If
kept up, cannot result otherwise than in a steady in.
crevse of travel and freight. It is one of the esbyji.
lished axioms of-commerce, that increased travel
produces an increase of trade, an J it is resting on this
acknowledged fact that we have always advocated'
steam. The more rapid and regular themeaniof".
communication between distant parts of any country,
the more rapidly will every section of it develope its
resources, and every branch of basinets, includicg
the public treasury, and not excepting sailing coat
ters, will participate in the benefits of the increase.
We trust that from this year nn, we may be able to
record that steam has become here a paying enter,
STEAM FOE CHINA!
FOR HONGKONG !
THK Al AMERICAN PTKAMSHIP
" SCOTIiAUD !"
l.SOO ton Captain STANNARD
Expected to arrive here front San Francisco on or about Jan
uary 5;h, will have immediate dispatclfor the above port.
She has fine accommodations for both Cahin and Steerage
Passengers, and Wing of larj;e carrying capacity, freight will
te taken at 44) rate. Apply to
S40-2t It. llACKFKLD Jk Co.
For Sale A Piano Forte.
OXK OK TIIOSK SI I'ERIOR
instruments trout the Manufactory of Albert
W. Laild .V Co., am) imported by J. Fuller. Esq..
is now i.ffi-reil for sale.
IT Persons within to purchase nre referred, by permission,
to Major K. Hassl. clit r. Professor of Music. Inquire of
346-3t J. A. BRKWSTER.
A Riding Horse and Side Saddle.
A FIRST RATE RIIUXCIIORSR,
perfectly kind aid well-broken for L.-ulies use ; to
gether with an excellent Side Saddle, can be bought
.. nu application to
346-ot J. A. BREWSTER.
IF YOU WANT"
Couft'clionory free from adulteration
GO TO THK
CASH fOJFEf Tlfll'ERV STORE !
On Fot-t Street,
Kept by B. Burgess.
rf MIE CANOIKS SOU) THERM ARE NOT
M. I M POUTED, but made fresh by F. HORN , nearly every
P YOIT WAXT 'A KJCS OK AW IJES-
JL cription, jro to Hl'KU and you will find the prices
greatly reduced, on hand or made to order.
IF VOL WAXT JELLIES, GO TO
IF YOIT V A XT TAMARIND S V K TP,
(Cue drii.k for invalid) (ro to lit 'ItGkSS'.
IF YOI WAXT VERY CHOICE1 IAST-
JL RIKd for parties, leave your order wi;h E. HVKULSS.
IF YOLT WAXT FRESH MIXCE-MEAT,
every Saturday, go to fc. UL'UU KSs.
XT Orders front the other Islands sent to E. BURGESS, will
be promptly attended to. 31(5-1 ra .
Wafer Bread, Cases end Tins,
Milk Cracker " " "
Jenny Lind cakes " "
Oyster Crackers " " "
5o.la " " " 14
Putter " " "
Water " in Tins,
" Cal. Mustard,
Oregon Smoked Bacon,
Fine Salt in 20 rb bags,
New Cal. OuH.
For sale by
- ort hf'.ieet.
Bv the Uudcrsisiicd.
Blue Se.ve Shirts,
Grey Flannel Shirts,
Hats of all descriptions.
Linen and Cotton Sheeting,
Indies Su rior Ositers,
Crimson, preen, sky blue and drab all worsted figured Dtnsk.
Men's nnd Women's Hoots anrl Shoes,
White. Red, Blue and Grey Blankets,
Cotton and Merino Undershirts,
Jacont-t ar.d Swiss Muslins,
Victoria and Bishop Lawns,
S ASDIiES :
Colored Cotton Velvets,
Cheap Hair Oil, f .r Native Trade,
Li at n Towels,
A fall assortment of bleached and unbleached Domestics and
And a large quantity toe numerous to mention.
A. S. CLEGHORN,
FJKK PROOF STORE,
Corner Kaahuninnu k Queen Sirens,
ON THE WHARF; ALSO,
R.-tail E-Ublishm.nt, on Nucanu Street, above King Htrert.
S W I II
( It at
...i.,T.Tv.j ... l, Z-