Newspaper Page Text
BY C. S. BARTOW.
yOAT AT AUCTION.
THIS DAY !
SATURDAY. ::::::::: MAY 2d,
Allia'dura Bum, at ItaWJaa U'harft
WM SoiJ i
OtB L.RB SHIP'S It OAT
i: i; a v a it h a i, k :
05 TUESDAY, : 7: : : : MAY 5th,
At 10 O'clock. A. M .. at fairs Roto.
A VABIETT OP MERCHANDISE,
fUKSITUKL'r PIVTL'UES, Tt ETC.
ESTATE AND FUUMTURE
AT AUCTION I
OS SATURDAY, :::::: MAY 16th,
AT U O'CLOCK X0O2.
VIII aa nfal at rMi Aavtfna, aa la frvaiuMa, It.
gijfSC 11 D LOT MTTITED O ULIl STREET, I
ataH liaMW " rNfaBB, RMaaf.awawl an4 at prw.pt a
trlr.lVi.tUH4. 1M km b BlraaMNly tarab.
m Iiwfxm a Hiat vrramlaa. Thr ar. alaa l.
tmMX tummt mm S. Net wtwutai. iu.ulu, llMra ia a Carrtaga
1IIT a4 "' aaC-aihlinf.'
liaacJUttlj after the Sale ef the Prealt,
. . . wwm
j. XiOt or Fumlturo t ,
Cmtta TM, Hte Caaira, WaaMtamt, Inm Sato,
1 aulr of Placi. Lamaa. kt af Lumwr. rmta.
A iaitotiiy af VasavawrV Tuala. .. nr.
Best Portland Cement.
a aT .J.MI 94Aa tV a Cat
- " Htheod. c. heuck, H !L
3 :: coastaor ::
2 :: j4fiVJr. is. sb
.nil imojuO qgoJtJ
t tiir ftftKu o$ tii r. c:.i:ksiic:x
Good English Floor -Oil Cloth,
3 VmV. fit, rt, an4 13 f rt Whla.
m joh tiux. WATemiorar.
. o tier to Whaler.
A Fresh Supply of Slop Clothing,
SrtTnLft roR wiialkr. imclii
tSt Moot rr I'apa. namtmt y UMt I'nwrt
' Will kraM'ait trry raw KalM.
J iis Tun WATtEiMnrrr.
.DOLTjES Ac CO.
v llAVE RECEtTED
fSIl Z.ATS AHIII7ALS.
PKIt KTKANKR II1AIIO.
CS !L'PIL.a' Ol' 'I.OL"R. la bi.
Hat.r iah . '
, ,riU( Per I. i ytrntrmf,.
Caif'.m Li at. aa4 a Wa aartta
iriuuta aal raiat !.
MMNUa C'ar4a a-rt"J
! (ruas 1 la 4 loctaa.
I 1 i lVr nark Uilnelw.
tabanl'a PaUmt Zinc rint.
a Ikuknl Kairtioh Faint OTL
. nt m ' HhttMiMlk Bra4ha. Ae, Aa.
nROM . I TO VII. ft.jrT A KHIVKI
IT pwp.rA.V, at irmly rataml prt. ay
iLLJI A CO.
lf.irOKII.4 T IBI.K AM I Ik: FKl lTS
luM rwl r lUAllU. V.alaty
ia mLLE3 CO
" rXPK:TEI PKIt t-OJIKT.
tll'.filMMMrokMll IIKKAD t Ca
4 :U6rkut PiU Bnrwl I ln uaa aMnrtnl CraKkrra.
a it .kiva aa 4J at pnan ay
BOLLrjl A CO
A lilt tl EM F.XT HUNKS.
CI.?K PIRM1UP AfiKRRMEST HE
1 it M.v.r. aa.1 ArW-ik aat!wctal luraa
ria, l.tK ar '.'-- M IIITXtT
IHOA WORKS CO.
Steatc Engines, Sugar Mills,
Wrought and Cat Iron Kettles,
OX II ! ASH MIDK TO OltDKR. OP
k. ant aalrul aal wrkawMMhiav
iTUT Bucurnox or
If Wlli.f, ' ' ' ,
town ami Walay Caaka,
Tal, Oao Coeka,
H.aai Uaaraa. Illra.
riu EIbn, Taca.
laOia Robbry Parkin,
ILL KISM or
Brass Work Neatly Executed.
Bot Dar Iron and Cumberland Coal
M html ul f,,r n't at luiernt mnrLrt jric.i.
Ovenaot, Breast, Tnrhine, Centre Discharge
AMD ALL OTHER KI.XIkJ OP
IV ATI-IK WHIilMiS,
if rtlwr In c W.l. rub-nUlkn r ahlra w.ll
n-rw.ititf i a. aarticuMn of 4uatt kaarf. ar. tell nf
any droir lraiily. ! "f tVnlr. IHrtviry
tnrtk aiay a. w, at llf Kinr4 FUnHlwo, twr It a la
" lTo-a glVMi crnira talwUclio.
Wall Size and Description, wilh Pamp,
MW an. I l any plc rniuirol.
VCOL, PULTJ, COTTON & OIL PRESSES,
Made of any hu ami Mrvngtb.
fW""' " Ul' btr-K nDpmvmMmia, ami cnmpnarfl of the
"Wenala. lM af oar W o4 Pri la ici'in "I" !'
Jmwt ranch lw Vnnr J. P Siaclair.
Man af iukfca. b aay Be raoauNeU wuh mtrt Pr-
"Kahikalii Kaaaka IlawailU
ti' Im all men by lbe prwola. that I, L.
kaaha. II. . M. Minutrr -t trn? Interior. eera
T'tritatl. U UvKin In PrWy t aofa-il. beariwf
lVh ay rf rrury, l-Ufi. and by airtae of the ao-
TSJ mrmuvt by Srrta lM of lke aerrral pmrtrnto of I
t Chaam 7 ,A ilw. Art t- m. tlM Kxcalie De- I
j!I!?t-w HlitiKl 1144 ! horror rrant anlacbeaai.1
l'--li,hiranr,a.lnjir.lratnr and im. I
iaZ ."- "1 llierty nf pni.tinr. n-rl.lior. Wlbiit j
fc,L wo "abl bonk ,4 t-mm in l)v Hawaiian l.iani
Uj " wi yr n-iiat lae lin iiay of rmary, . "
ab-rf . L. Kiuaiameba, IIM M--y j
it Rr.MF.Mnr.Rfn that, ov the
ItOay rrfcr.ry. A. I. lS. J. W. II. KtUWAHl.
(Maiaa. Ilan4 of Maui. n. lp.Milnl in lata uffic Ute title
7 " "uMl a-hereaf be claim, as author, ia the words
. ,l-lwre4arfc. bcreant afflw ihi. n.h say f r-
rv rrwri UuU, on th" M d
JT';.7 - twrrti, f Lh.in. I.I
7tt Snxtim 3.1 af aa Act -T. ra
dar of Primary.
.ami of Maui. In arr.rd-
. U..nlnJ tn till.
hp inrin tbe
op, of chart, aaap. a.-l I
IliT"- '" t wh Cii"," -r"J oo the
t kJt? U '"W, lvlA. Vaa -p.ited aa ll oflice A copy
"KCniKCnro KE KIAK HAWAII."
, '"f " hreo I aava bcrcnnlo art ay haod o-l
ft., J thm mat nt ibe latnnr Iw-parlmnt tn al
U -Mlolo, tlua 1-Kb dy 4 M rrh. A. I. IW.
mm. Pl.au. W. UUTI'IHSM.
BY E. P. ADAMS.
U.lf D K II WR I TI KS' SAL K.
TH CSDKRjJIGXED WILL 8 ELL AT PCBLIC ArC-
SATURDAY, : : : : : : MAY 2d,
At U oVVck Aono,
f'r Account II Aott if Jfy Concern,
AT Til OLD CCSTOM IIOIS'E WIl ARF, THE roLLOW-
Sails, Riin, Spars, Timber, PlanL,
Boards, Yellow Metal. Hails, &c.
HAWAIIAN HARK It. W. WOt !.
Ffeeaa of Inn TuftMO. For Top ranaat Hall and t'-re knyaL
Haauina af M-o-llof aaU Uuuuli.( Klnlng at Fu.c T(
gallaat Mrt ao4 Jia-lwua.
Mu TopaMnt. i,b,orprr Fore Toptad Yard
Hrcrel Fr,nr Tut-fallanl
t'iv.cbarrrU Dwelt BVaaa.
Lit of charm bark rlabk.
Oaawsrtl an. I carr4 C.Ma Work oU Tctlow Metal aa4
Coanprautloa MaUa fruca tu but tun.
K. r. AVXilA. Aactioacr.
CniLNS, ANCUOKS, YELLOW METAL
OH MONDAY, :::::: MAY 4th,
At It a'cfcck nam. at Mark! W barf.
A Lot of Old Copper, Composition, Chains,
lyW.ors, Vat ni Wlmllama Uotr,
AND O.XK WIIALKIIOAT.
03! WEDNESDAY. : : : : : MAY 6th.
At 10 OVfcck. A. M at Sate IUmb.
ITUl f)J-,r,4 i
An Assortment of Merchandise
McCUUJIN A: JO!lO.V.
FOKT TCET. HONOLULU, H.
it Of.f.u TVroO. C. Ilrtack'ft.
II. I'ISCII KR.
rrt Btrwt, aysaaila tWd Trlfow'a UaU, IlvuLila. II. I
lulernatioDal Hotel and Restaurant
tfK Till POPllaK IIOI'MK II. tM IIKK.V
ax:;" r.ly tUil.i4 M mm aartrr the awajraxnl af
jL-JLlt. SlOKR. rtM .rU:nce in lit tm -.
U u.M. ktm t aitm.1 ta la van Li. 4Uma la Uka
laMt (Acient lunacr.
Eoard, $5 per week I Rooms, $150 per week
. . IlltU TkOM T A.M. TILL 1 P. M. , .
1 3a -A. H.NOKM. fr.prVHoy.
Ad 111 in intra to r'M rVolicc.
f.l. I'KXMIXH l.KRTKI TO TIIK
hu Rrv. J. 8. Ka ri. atal all TM kavinc rtaaa
pM I foe w4 kV- J. 8. tawrwao. ar iiomnl In call aoai
IIMT an.lrrMl wtltvmi driaj. 8. jt. KM.HmiX.
Waialaa. Urca 1i VX. la . AdaaaMruor.
1 1 '
Par! Cittiy. ')
. , , - . UiuMHtui, Man-h 31. WA. t
A l.b PKRSOXS WIlO DKMRKTO SVlU
J. rCKIHK llhe IwmI r llirtioitl lite fearful diairrM
ao.1 C.mtna na ttti la laUlrta frwtaeaa af itnun,'
will la. atM Cair nm . lba.aarri4.m IrM ninrtird la
tltr OmauliM.. P. A. fCIIAKH.K,
ly Jia CuumiI.
M ETA L L I C PA I NT ,
- . CoataBtly on'Unad.
rl 4T I.VVALt' A 1 JlT;. DI'K.i HI. f :, PI.KX-
a. !?. fw riny, at.li twnam
MET A 1,1.1 C PAINT -
P. OoWa. B-'IW. Fteaa F-"gin.-ii, CmM Pln Ilooars,
AMI A I.I. OTII Kit 1 RON' ar WOOO WORK.
tl8. , , PrS.leh: . , C. liakWER A Co.
flST OPEMH). OV XVl'.XV STRKET.
0Mj.il iira. McLrau'a, a lirtteral Auuawrol of
Ladies and Children's Boots and Shoes,
DRY (i(IOI)S, CI.OTIlI.N'r;, Ac,
POK 8.1LR CHEAP HY
615 Sot JOS. DAVIS A CO.
DURHAM R0BTKS0S", Proprietor.
WOl'l.t) UKSI'KCTI'II.I.V INVORM
bm frietxl and Ihr al4ie Ibal be ia fully pfffrrti to
carry mm Uvt. b.ar lit. awt approved aty Ir, an4 fespeet.
fully auliciu a abarr af l-lm.ic.
.Vatlr FsmNbril Coom To Lft apoa EfAeaakle
nt ! m . i ? ft ii
. L. Chase s Photo-raphic Gallerv !
FOilT STItr.r.T. I
oV oi'KV ..'! PRKI'A RED TO'
M. Uka r-IKlTOOKAril of ay ai4 to Uw llwt 8rU ao
MtH SmT k.uoiiillTlll
COPVIM ASU E.L.ARG1U d ia th
rtMMTar4 f the !U-. Un Kinr., QiKtia, Chief. anJ j
auer a.4aie per-- .....,. . a w i
Auu-t hn taurtBtnl of l.tBtiE AND SMALL
PR . l r. Pur sale at L ihcrs.
HONOLULU STEAM BAKERY!
R. LOVE BROTHERS, Proprietors,
fIIT. MKDII'.mTxO XAVr BREAD,
aia-aya aa bana aad oak to oUrr.
AUot Water. JPotlt ami Hdltr Crackers,
JEXST Ll.t CAKES. Ac.
SHIP TIRE.ftD RKUAKEO on tb tborteM pntiea.
PA MILT BREAP, aujc of the Bctl Pluar. baked da.ty ami
aJ.a). o aaod.
Jt. B-BKOfT.r BUCJn OF TIK BUST QUJUTT.
And Other Musical Instruments
Tl'N'ED AMI REPAIRED
BT CUABLE5 DKRBT AT THE Tli EATER. .
I.raaon ilren on Piano una f.nunr.
Hrt U rrfcrencra firm.
TJpham's Hair Gloss and Curling Fluid
IS THE REST II A I K DREMX IS THE
a-nrM It imuart. a braotiful (ka ta lite bair, kor It in
Curl and prBxica lia growth.
TJpham's Toothache Cure,
Can the nal V tub-id tuutWhe in one mi note.
I'PIIAM'N M A It AC II E I.I. A .
Prrvent U.e hair from fallin rmt. and Ut ornoo(ia( the growth
of the brard an.1 hair it h n..rOal, U ia the aiirael of U ae.
B-movr nperfl.H. hair trm all ru of the b.i In Bra
tiuolra ailbot injury to Ibe .kin.
TJpham's Fester Ointment,
I, a tare xn. .oredy cure k r Fester.. Sal Kheana, Cbapprd
Hauls BrT, luh-
TJpham's Asthma Cure
Rrlievra the n-.t .Went nrukjoia of A.tbtna in ten niinafa,
and efft a ! core.
Upham's Freckle, Tan & Pimple Banisher,
R,avni frkrkl. tan. tonlmm. pin..! on the tmce arrftmi
IhrTTn and beaoi.flr. the tum, wwr...lcd o. lo M.Jure
tbe.k.0. riixir I
.Jl' , I:," Z.Zyr
a w"' aonuu fri impin-.i M-iiuU j--ryy, j
, ivi.iiity. Ac , ar a ir.- iurr cu-.
The Japanese Hair Stain.
I Ok, th. WMLer. .d Vr -.ih or
... a hl..b as limvn.
It crM of only one ,r,t..
. Fiery Serpents,
nD mux ov phjkjoh s sr.Rreyrs,
-l re anH hy
3iiue""- c, j. .y.UflFR.
A grot f' f - Iham,
-.-rl St., Ilmiulula.
M lr -
4 rVi.f- "Jwe-S
A AIII.K H'4i4y Ti WHITNEV.
I - . ... IfJtl 1 tit I -
SATVRDA 1', AM r 2.
1Jio Xnto IirthquukcH.
Wc arc mre tlmt all tliose of oar reader w!k
were in Ka-u during the late aerie of earthquake,
will appreciate the truth or the following jtissngc
from Humboldt's Cosmos : " We are accus
tomed lie says, from early childhood to draw
a contract between tie mobility of water and the
immobility of the soil on w hich we tread, and this
feeling is confirmed by tlie evidence of our senses.
hrn therefore wo suddenly feel tlie ground move
.nth os, a raystcrioux and natural force, with
which we were jirevioucly unacquainted, id re
vealed ad an active dirturber of stability. A mo
ment detroya tie illuwon of a whole life; our
deceptive faith in the rcjre of nature vanwheH
and we feel truxiurted, aa it were, into a realm
of unknown destructive forces. Every Houud the
fuiutettt motion in the air arrwt our attention,
and we no longer tru6t the ground on which we
The time has not yet come, nor have "uflkient
facta been collected for a ncientific ducution of the
late cartrVjuaket). "When tliat time comen, we
h.j that iuch a rejrt will to made by observer
whortc Kcientiiie training and experience have fitted
tljeiu Hr the taek. The only object of tlie writer
to throw out ome crude euggetionti, and tr
lei to call the attention of oWrveni on tlie ground
to certain jiotnts on whidi information is wanted.
Our former earthquakes Lave rarely lasted more
Uian a few eeconds, and have never been violent
enough to cause any Kcriou dauiagc. There is
certainly no record in Liiory or in tlie tnuiitions
of tlie natives of any earthquake at all apia-oach-ing
to the lat in violence. If such a cataotroplie
bad taken place within the Lut two hundred yearn,
tlie mcm-iry of it would certainly have been pre
served by their hereditary historians and bards.
According to a rrgUter kept eince 1833 by ReT
H. It. Lymaii.of Ililo,' the wverrat oliock previous
L this year, was fell April 7th, l$4 1, under which
jdate we find tlie following note : Stone wails
were thrown down, Justering cracked, milk
thrown out of pans, and water out of a tail a lit
tle more tlan half full. Motion undulating north
aid south." This to kwo of our Kn-u friends
woukl hardly seem worthy of lcing called an
eartlxjuakc at all. Another tstmrk nearly ojual
to it was recorded February lOtli, 1834. Tlio
average numljcr of fhocks at Ililo Las been three
or four in a year.
Tlie great ltock of the 2d iivtunt will no doubt
rank in violence among earthquakes of the flirt
order. 0'reat as lias been tlie destruction of lives
and proijcrty it is yet pmall comrored to what
I Itas been rauoed by rimilar eartlxjuakefl in other
i parts of tlie world. It was well for us tliat the
clueffi'reeof the nhM:k was experienced in the
moot thinly peopled district of the Inlands. If
Ka-o had been as den holy inhabited as Calabria,
if instead of a few fishing villages coinpoM-d of
thatched huts, it had comprised largo cities solidly
built, with lofty edifices of brick or btoiie, tLo loss
of life would have been aprolling. Tlie most de
structive earthquake of moilcrn times was prob
ably tliat of Lisbon in 1775, in which CO ,000 peo
ple pcribhed in nix minutes. This dreadful shock
oururred on All Saints day, vhen almost 'the
wlKile ppulation wan within the ehurclic!, and
no 1cm tlian 30,000 persons were killed by the
fall of these edifices. The most striking example.
on record of tlie terrible vertical bhock, was tlie
earthquake of Rioliainliu in Equador in 1797,
when the bodies of many of the inhabitants were
found to liave been huilcd to Cullca, a hill sev
eral hundred feet in height, on the opposite eido
of the river Lican.
Tliere are many interesting questions of " rartli
quake mechanics, on which our lat great eartlr
quake may yet throw some light, one of which is
the rate of motion of the earth-waves. The rate
of motion of the Lisbon shock was ascertained to
be 20 miles a minute, or 1 ,7 "0 feet in a second.
The earthquake which traversed the United States
in 1843 moved at the rate of from 32 to 34 miles
in a minute. The List terrible earthquake in
Calabria, viz, that of 1857, was carefully invehti
gatcd by Mr. Robert Mallet, the highest living
authority on such subjects, and author of a de-
i seriptive cataloguo of 7,H0 earthquakes. lie
found the extreme velocity of tlie enrth-waves to
c from .1H) to , rJt tho Mtct
TclH?itv leincr about enual ta 12 miltfS a minute
me omr tiaium wo nave on mis toini is or-
;,1 l, ,...r... fi.. -.T ,.
"V I o - r,'
at Kona, as giren by the Rev. Mr. Williamson,
with tlie Umo when it was felt here as shown by
Mr. Hitncr's cljck. Assuming tluit 2Ir JWilliaui-
, " ,
son s watch was act to Honolulu time, we have an
iiiivi v vra av s MA iiiMt r ava M m.v w a aw
miles, anl a velocity of nearly 12 miles a minute.
Mr. Mallet found the depth of tho force which
produced the Calabria n earthquake to be about
live miles, and he believes that the maximum dejth
of any earthquake impulse on our planet cannot
exceed 30A. miles.
It is to be hoied that accurate olservations w ill
lie made on the depressions, upheavals, fissures
and displacements of the ground, tliat have taken
place in the district of Ka-u, which may serve to
throw light on tho depth, direction, Ac, of tliat
tremendous force which seems to liavercnt Ma una
Iki from its summit to near its soutliern bai-c.
Tlio earth-flow near Keaiwa was a phenomenon
as terrible as it was novel. There is somo differ
ence of opinion as to its cliaractcr, some eonsidcr-
j ing it merely an incident of the cai thquake, a land-
r-lide, imja-'lled by no other force than that of
gravity, while otliers o Hauler it a real earth erup
tion, produced by an explosion of the g:ue8 pent
up within the mountain. Of the former kind
tliere was a striking example in the great earth
quake of 1783 in Calabria near Laureana. The
swampy "oil in two ravines became filled with
calcareous matter, which oozed out from the
ground jut before tho firnt great shock. This
mud rapidly accumulating, began ere long to roll
onward like a flood of lava into the valley, where
the two streams uniting, moved on with inercawd
imjictiis from cast to west. It now presented a
breadth of 22. feet by 15 in depth, and before it
eeaid to movecovered a surface equal in length
to an Italian mile. In its progress it overwhelmed
a fl.-k of thirty goats, and tro up by tlie mots
many olive and mulWrry trees, which floated like
ihips umn its surface."
Of mud eruptions proper we liave had many in
stances in the Andes, in Central America, and in
Java, pr-nluce.! by the rending open of Mibterra-
-n rarity M with water. In 1S, during
er,ti,, r l'urqunirao, near Quito, all the
cuntrv f r thirty-two square miles was covered
with mud and miall lihes, aisl in the earthquake
of 171)7, clay or wwyn derived from this source,
filled up valleys l,i00 feet wide, damming up
rivers and forming small lakes.
After reading F. Lyman's letters, wc cannot
but think that the enrth-flow at Keaiwa lielongs
rather to the latter class of plienomena, but we j
shall look with interest fur tlu report of the K-icn-tifie
observers now on the ground.
Tlie gigantic earthquake wave which deluged
tlie Kit of Ka-u had Keen mllclel here once
liefue by the wave of 1837, which drowned eleven
person.-! atllilo and two at Kuimlui. Tlii;; latter
was also felt at the S ociety and Navigator Islands,
and wa eauscl by an earthquake at Valdivia
in Chili, C, 000 miles distant. But wo need not
go beyond our own f-liores to stvk for the eaunj
of the former. It seems to have sjient moat of
its violence on the south-west coast of Hawaii,
and was undoubtedly caused by tlie tilting up of
tart of the coat.
In tlie present instance, as in all similar eases
of which we have read, the retreat of the sea from
the shore preceded the arrival of the earthquake
wave. This can easily be explained in the pres
ent instance by the upheaval of the coadt, but this
explanation will not apply to the wave of 1837
and to many other case. For instance, in the
Lihon earthquake, the sea retired fin-tat Lisbon,
and also at Madeira, 2,400 miles distant, and at
several other places where there was no local up
heaval. Mr. Mallet's explanation of such cases is
that there is both an earth wave and a sea wave.
and that the earth wave moving, with greater
velocity arrives first.
It is to be desired that correct measurements
should le made of the height of the late rise of
the sea at different jinis along the coast, while
its effects are ttill Tinible, and the facts are fresh
iu the recollection of tlie inhabitants. We have
no doubt that in this ease as in that of the great
earthquake at Simoda, Japan, in 1854, the oceanic
waves produced by it will be detected by the self
registering tide-gauges of the United States Coast
Survey in California, furnishing data from which
to calculate the mean depth of the intervening
When we consider tliat a magnificent eruption
of Vesuvius has now been in progress for two
months up to March 14th, that terrible earth
quakes huve just been felt at St. Thomas, and
l'orto Rico, in San Salvador, Central America,
and on the 24th of last month in Sin Francisco, it
seems to lie more than an accidental coincidence.
Tho earthquake which destroyed Libbou in
l7oo was felt in Switzerland, on the coast of
Sweden and in tho West Iislies. As to the nature
of this mysterious sympathy between distant vol
cauio regions, we leave it for thoto better versed
in geology to explain.
NOTKS OF TIIK WKEK.
From Hawaii. Up to this writing (Friday noon)f
the only arrival fmiu Hawaii is the schooner Annie
from Ililo, Ly winch we have a Uw items of interest
concerning the volcano. On Tuesday urnming April
23th, a new cone was discovered on the summit of
Ma una Lna, north of an 1 near the crater of Mokua
weowcu, which must have been thrown up within a
day or two previous. This cone was thought to be
five or six hundred feet high, and is probably a tufa
or cund cone, similar to those found so frequently on
Mauna Loa and ITuidalai. These cones are frequent
ly raised Ly a jiowei ful jet of gas or tttenm issuing
through a fissure in the rock, through which sand
an 1 fine scoria juris thrown out ' formiug a conical
niuund. 'Their formation does not necessarily indi
cate the presence of molten lata in the vicinity,
through they show a connection more or less' re
mote with the internal fires.
From Kihiuea we learn that the fire is return
ng to tlie old crater, and some action has again ap
peared, which renders it probable that this will re
main, as before, the seat of active lava fires. ' Some
have supjioscd that,' because the fires had become ex
tinct in it,' this 'old crater would not in future be
worthy of the notice of visitors. The probability is
that it will again become as active as in former years.
-The steamer brings no important advices ubout
the eruption all was quiet. The facts regarding
Kukupili, between Kicharclson's ami Kit auea, refer
red to la-it week, are these : there is no lava lake,
but a wido opening of the earth has occurred, hi
some places twenty feel wide, and miles in length,
from which smoke and steam rise, and in which fire
Is seen. -
The 1'nnn racket left Kealakeakua for Ihu port
before the steamer.
A Great cut and Little Wool. The Gazette in
forms its readers that the water in tlie outer anchor-
ago has diminished in depth during the late earth
quakes, from fifteen to seven fathoms. This extraor
dinary announcement has caused great sensation
among holders of tide lands, and well it may when it
is taken into account that the hind has been elevated
(according to the government organ) Jorty-two feet!
Now this is all bosh nothing but one of the sensa
tional stories which that veracious periodical gets out
occasionally for tlie benefit of its ignorant corps of
readers, who believe everthing they see there. The
officers of the Laekawannn have surveyed the chan
nel and roadstead during the past week, and find no
change in depth vhulecer. The China steamers can
come here just as well now as before, notwithstand
ing this effort of the government paper to scare them
away. The tides have been unusually low during the
past ten day9, which has left the reef more exposed
than usual, but no change in depth of water, owing
to earthquakes, has been or can be found.
Earthquakes. Several very light shocks have
been felt here during tlie past week, particularly on
Thursday morning about 6 o'clock. On Maui a
fchock was felt about the same hour. At Ililo no very
severe shocks had occurred for the ten days prior to
the 28th of April, through occasionally very slight
motions were perceived. The nme shock was very
severe at Kohala, occurring at 0:15.
Dy our California exchanges wc observe that sev
eral shocks of earthquakes occurred between tho 24th
and 2iUh of March, and on the latter day a very
heavy one was felt in San Francisco. About half
tost one o'clock on the same day (March 28) the first
very heavy thck was felt ou Hawaii, which would
indicate some connection in tlie sources of the
shocks. We have yet to learn whether the heavy
shocks felt here ou the 4th and Cth were also experi
enced iu California.
Ce:vtiikdk3. Huring the late rainy weather these
loathsome ests have been more abundant in houses
than formerly, especially in bath-rooms and kitchens.
geutleman, while bathing a few mornings since,
was bitten on the face by centipede, which was con
cealed in the towel. In less than three minutes his
fiicc was so swollen as to close both his cj-cs, render
ing it impossible to recognize him. Ey the applica
tion of Mwdered indigo, moistened, the pain was ex
tracted in an hour or two, through the swelling did
not fully subside for a day or so. Kssence hartshorne
is the Lest rcinelv, anil next to it, lmlio, salt or to
bacco, applied in a nioutencd state.
Tub Gextlemax from HoxoLULr." This is the
title of a love story in the April number of Godey's
Lady's Hook, which purports to be from the pen of
J. C. Everett," hut the author of which is proba
bly a gentleman belonging here, but now traveling in
Vmcrica. He manages to interweave a number of
Hawaiian words into his narrative, and the girl with
whom the gentleman from Honolulu" falls in love,
turns out to be a jiative Hawaiian, her father an
Englishman and her mother a lrgiman. They
promise to tie at home" in Honolulu during liHi'J.
i i . . i . t : i
t or particulars, see woucy lor .ipni.
Fi xeral or Jidoe Kapkxa. On Sunday last, the
funeral of the late Judge Kapcna was held at the Ka
waiahao church. The members of tlie Legislative
Assembly, the Nobles and Privy councillors attended
in a liody, and the church was filled. Rev. Mr. Par
ker conducted the services, as-Jsted by Rev. G. W
Pilipo. Mr. Parker's discourse, which was in Hawa
iian, gave a sketch of the life of the deceased, and
held hiin np as a worthy example for his conn try men
to follow. The remains were deposited in a vault re
cently constructed in the burial ground near the
IJr tue Mt'RRAT. The fine pneket 1). C. Murray
is eng-iged nearly full with passengers, and will sail
Saturday next May inh. Among them we notice
Capt. Makee, wife and daughter, Sherman Peck and
wife, Vr G. P. Jud 1 and wife and others, in all 40
SESSION OK ISttS.
Textu Day. April 20.
Assembly met at 10 A. M., His Highness M. Keku
auaa, Ptvsidetit, in the chair.
Hon. (. U. Bishop Chairman of Finance Committee,
reported in favor of the payment of the expenses of
the relief trip of His Majesty, and introduced a reso
lution to that effect. Referred to Committee of House.
I !ii. H. R. Hitchcuck read a new rule for tlie
House, rega riling the miscouduct of members iu the
Assembly. Rule adopted.
Hun. X. J. Nahaku read for the first time a bill
amending S.vt':oii U2 aul J4 of Civil Code. Dill
paved first reading.
Hon. Mr. Keaweltutiahala gave notice of a bill to
confer power to the Governors of Maui, Hawaii and
Kauai to administer oaths.
Same gcutlciun introduced a resolution setting
apart $SouO, for the expenses of the present Legisla
Also road for the first time a bill amending the law
regarding the sale of wines and liquors.
Hon. 0. J. Lyous moved to reject the bilL Motion
lost; bill according passed its first reading.
Hon. 11 Jones presented the following bills, of which
he had already given notice: An Act to provide for
the erection of a light house in the hirltor of Hono
lulu; Au Act to provide for a separate Road Supervi
sor for Lahaiua, on the Island of Maui.
His Ex. F. W. Hutchison moved to reject the first
bill, as an appropriation is now asked for, for that
purpose The President ruled the motion out of order,
as the bill had already passed, owing to the fact that
the second bill had been read and was now before
His Excellency the Minister of the Interior moved to
reject the second bill, as the law provided for Road
Supervisors in all districts and a Road Supervisor
for Lahaiua was appointed. Rill rejected.
An Act to admit sheathing copper, for vessels
under the Hawaiian flag, free of duty. Rill passed
lion. C K. Bishop presented a new rule for the
prevention of too much time being taken up in the
reading of bills befure the Asacnibly for consideration.
Hon. G. V. Pilipo introduced a resolution asking
the Assembly whether they could take into this body
a gentleman now ia Houolulu, whose member of votes
in the election of a Representative from South Kona,
polled uext to the member who has ju been declared
as not eligible to a seat. And that the portion of the
report of Committee on Judiciary regarding a new
election iu South Kona be strickeu from the report.
Chair ruled resolution out of order, as the matter
had already been disposed of by a Committee. .
Jlou. C Kalu reml for the first time a bill to amend
Sectiou 41 of the Civil Code, in relation to horse tax,
striking out the word $1, and inserting 50 cents. .
His Ex. C. de Varij;uy moved to reject the bill,
motion lost and bill passed first reading.
His Ex. S. II. Phillips moved that the bill making
specific appropriations for the use of the Government
lor the two years ending March 31st. 1870 be read
for the first time.
Hon. J. W. Keawehunahal.t moved to postpone
until the Finance Committee have lvportcd on the
Motion on the first reading of the bill put. Tie
vote; 19 1'J. Chair voted with affirmative. Bill
accordingly read for the fii-st time.
Hon. Mr. Lyous asked when the appropriation
bill could be laid before the House.
' Hutchison said that the Uazrlte Office was very .
much pushed just now, and he could not say exactly '
when it would be priuted.
: Hon. C. H.'Judd said that there were other printing
offioes in town, and if the (iaselte Office was too
busy to do it, give it to some other office. Rill passed
His Ex. S. H. Phillips presented u An Act to In
demnify the Minister of Finance," for $8,500 $ti,-
000 of which were given the steamer Kiluuta, and..
2,000 to the Queen Dowager , Kulama. Tlie bill
read a first time and passed. . , - . ! i i
The same gentleman presented An Act to amend
Chapter Co of tlie Civil Code, regulating the interest
of money. The bill passed its first reaJing.
Hou. CV J.' Lyons gave notice of a bill to admit
certain articles used iu tanning free of duty; also, a '
bill amending Section 421 of the Civil Code.
Hon. Mr. Keawehunahala moved to reconsider '
the Act to amend Sec 1, Chapter 47 of Pen id Code,
introduced by the Hon. V. Kalakaua yesterday.
The. mover spoke, at some length regarding his
motion, and the rights of Hawaiiaus being checked
in regard to this law as at present constructed. The
Miuister of Foreign Relations interrupted the speaker
three or four times.
His Ex. C. de Varigny "cnlled the member from
Waialua to order, as he voted in the majority yester
day to reject, anil to-day he is advocating the bill in
the strongest terms. 4
The Chair ruled the Minister of Foreign Relations
out of order, as tlie member had a perfect right to 1
say all he wanted, in connection with the motion to
reconsider; as it was well known that the Ministkks
themselves had done the same thing, when notoriously
opposed to a bill, and if desirable lie would mention
Hon. C. J. Lyons was in favor of a reconsideration,
as the distinction thus made between Hawaiians and
Foreigners was a subject of discussion from one end
of the laud to the other, and if the natives could show
any valid reasons why the law should be repeald,
they mitrht try it, and see how it worked. He was in
favor of letting the House consider the matter fully.
The motion to reconsider was put to vote and lost
. The House proceeded to the order of the day.
An Act to provide for reports of Judicial Business
was read by the title and passed its third reading.
The following bills were reported back for engross-.
As Act to provide for additional term of the Cir
cuit Court in the Third Circuit Ordered to be en
grossed. As Act to transfer the supervision of the public
and executive officers of the law from the Department
of the Interior, to that of the Attorney General.
Am Act to amend Article -oG of the Constitution
was read for tlie second time, and pa-sed to be en
grossed, and Monday next appointed for its third
The report of the Committee on the bill for the en
largement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court,
substituting two more sections to the original bill
Hou. Mr. Hitchcock moved that the report of the
Committee le considered in Committee of the Whole.
Hon. S. W. Mahelona was called to the Chair, and
bill read throughout.
Hon. W. F. Konkanu, was stungly opposed to the
bill, as he was of the opinion that the Attorney Gen
eral did not have so much to do, that he could not
spare the time to visit the different circuits, and
wanted to know what the appropriation of SI, 000
was for, if not to pay the traveling expenses of the
Attorney General. Was the Attorney General going
to draw' one thousand dollars for his traveling ex
peuscs, and then not move out of his office hardly T
lie said that the Attorney General could get through
with all his business without the assistance of such a
bill, and for that reason, and many others which he
already mentioned, he wuuld move to indefinitely
postpone the same, motion seconded by Hon. P. Young
Kaen. The honorable gentleman told the Nobles and
Representatives that they need not look at him, as he
was not tongue tied, nor was he going to be. Assem
EuiVEXTH Dat, April SO.
The Assembly met at the usual hour.
Hon. W. T. Martin presented a petition from Kau,
signed by sixty-four persons, praying that the Cir
cuit Judge,' provided for Kau and Kona, be instructed
to hear cases of appeal every quarter. Referred to
the Judiciary Committee.
Hon. C. R. Bishop, of Committee to whom was re
ferred the petition praying that the heads of families
only pay school taxes, reported reccommending to
table the same. Also, that the petition reducing the
horse tax to 60 cents, le laid on the table till the bill
introduced for tliat purpose comes lefore the House.
Hon. John Ii, oCommittee on internal improve
ment", reported in favor of the petition to appropriate
a certain sum for the improvement of Liliha street.
The Committee on Government lands reported in
favor of pranting the people of Kau, patent and pa
pers to their lands, free of charge, and rccommeded
the adoption of the resolution.
The same Committee reported favorably on the hill
to facilitate boundaries, &c, w:th the exception of
the 14th Section, the compensation there mentioned,
being in the opinion of the Committee too large.
Hon. II. R. Hitchcock ptve notice of a bill to amend
Chapter 42 of the Penal Code.
The b:Jl to nnthori7.e the Governors of the Island 9
of Hawaii, Maui and Kauai, to administer oaths was
read for the first time and passed to its second reading.
Hon. W. P. Wood introduced a resolution that the
sum of Sl.Oo', be appropriated for the Major of the
Hawaiian Cavalry, to provide the members of that
Wly, with proper equipments. Referred.
lion. W. T. M:irtin gave notice of .a bill to amend
Section -VJ7 and 87' of Civil dale; also, to amend
Chapter Section 2, of Penal Code.
Hon. .1 Nakila read for the first time a bill to
amend Chapter fvl. Section 1, of the IVnal Cole.
Bill referred for translation, to lie re-read to-morrow.
Hon C J Lyons gave notice of a nw rule for the
Honse, relating to the translation of Mils, before being
rea I liotore the House.
His Highness W. C. Lnnalilo gave notice of An
Ant to provide fur a rlnauent settlement for Queen
Hon. D Ksukaha introduced a resolution that the
Miuister of the Interior Iks instructed to immediately
provide buoys for the harbors of HaualcJ and Moloaa,
ou tlie Island of KauL ' Referred to Committee on
Iuternal Improvements. ,., .
Hon. Mr. lvalue introduced a resolution that the
sum of $1,000 be appropriated for the erection of a
Court House and Lock-up on the Island of Molokai.
Resolution tabled; to be considered with the appropri
ation bill to amend Sec'iou V1S of Civil Code was
given notice of
Hon. J. W. Kuroahoa introduced a resolution that
the sum of 2,000 be appropriated to repair the
roals in Puua and Hawaii
Hon. Asa Hopu introduced a resolution that $1,
OtHl Le appropriated for the repairs to roads at Opu
ola, in the district of Koolau, M.iui
Hon W. F. Koakanu introduced a resolution that
$1,00 be appropriated for a Court House at Koloa.
On motion the House proceeded to the order of the
Ax Act to transfer tlie police and executive officers
of the law from the Department of the Interior to
that of the Attorney General. Bill passed its third
As Act to provide for an additional term of the
Circuit Court in tlie Third Circuit Bill passed third
Report of Committee on the bill to enlarge the
jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and amending
same was next in order and bill passed second reading,
Report of Finance Committee and resolution re
garding the relief trip per Kilauea was considered
in Committee of the Whole, Hon C. J. Lyous in the
chair, and passed.
Hon. W. F. Koakanu was the only member who
voted against the resolution
Bill to amend Article oO of the Constitution of
1SC4, was read by its title.
Hon V. Knudsen moved to table the bill, s it was
hardly the duty of the Representatives to increase
their own pay, as provided for by the Constitution..";.
Hou. Mr. 11 op u opposed the bill as the people were
burdened euough as it was, without increasing the
salary of their Representatives.
Hou J. Upa was in favor of" tabling the bill, and
spoke at some length. "...
The previous question being called, Hon. E. Jones
moved tliat the ayes and nays be taken on the bill to
amend Article ou of Constitution. Cucstion put and
Motion to table bill put and lost, 15 ayes and 23
noes The bill accordingly passed its second reading
Bill to facilitate the settlement of boundaries by
the appointment of a Sole Commissioner and to ex
tend the term of the Commission of Boundaries es
tablished by An Act approved 23d of August, 18ti2,
was read . the. second time and, referred , to special
Committee. . , . ......
Bill entitled . As Act for the protection of life and
property against explosive substances other than gun
powder iraa rend for the second time. . Referred to
Committees on Internal Improvements and Commerce.
As Act to amend Sections .422, 423 and 425 of
Civil, Code, read for. the second time. Referred . to
Committee on Revison. ' . : U a
Bill to amend Section 1183 of Civil Code, read for
the second time. Assembly adjourned. 'iJ""
LATE FOREIGN NEWS,
Liite California Items. '
The Pacific Mail Company will hereafter run four
steamers monthly on the 1st, 9th,- 16th and 24th
from New York. The Opposition are also expected
to increase the number of their trips.
TukSunoay Law. The failure of the bill repeal
ing the Sunday law iu the California Assembly, and
the refusal of the Senate to take up an Assembly
amendatory Act opening the theatres, makes it cer
tain that for two years longer .there will be ..no
change in the statute concerning the secular obser
vance of Sunday.,; This result, will be satisfactory
to a great majority of the people, and it inflicts no
hardship or inconvenience on anyitfa&s. .' f
Tub 1'iiooKK.ss ok tue' Seawai.lT For ' seven 1
mouths the contractors for the length of seawall be
tween Vallejo and Cnion streets, San Francisco,
have been working steadily away. The embank
mept'has now reached its full length, and is 600
feet by 75 feet wide. The main job was finished on
Thursday week last, but some few loads were add
ed on Monday last. It still, however, wants many
thousand loads to raise It to tho Front street grade.
Thk Brmujs Birst. Homestead lots or outside
property in San Francisco has fallen one-half with
in a. mouth., lioal estate there -was lullated beyond
all reasonable bounds, and 'the consequence was
that pour men could uot obtain a place for a home,
and the speculation went to swell the pockets of
speculators. Now a mechanic mar find a chance to
procure a email piece of sand hill for a sum within
his means ; whereas before it Was out of the ques
tion. - : ' 'v- ,: : - ;r- - - -
New "isTHMrs Steamship "Arraxuemexts. The
Pacific Mail Steamship Company- announce that af
ter the 6th of April they will increase their service
betweeu this port and New York by way ot 1'ana
ma, to four trips a month, instead of three. This
arrangement was expected as a result of the great
increase of business, especially in the line of
freight. The late report of President McLane'
6howed that the freight business had increased from
a tonnage of 10.444 in 1861, to" C0.134 in 1867;
while the passenger traffic had increased in the
same period from 22,806 to 31,897, the figures for
1SC7 beiug exclusive of the traffic on the Cbiua
line. The gross receipts of the Company advanced
from S2.7U2.489 in 18CI to $7,151,352 in 1887.
There is every reason to expect a continued growth
of business. For some time past freight has fre
quently been kept standing over, and there are ev
idences of a heavy passenger traffic from the East
ern side. - Thus, it is necessary to increase the
trips, and the announcement of such an intention
will be gratifying to the business community.
While the new arrangement will afford greater fa
cilities for the Isthmus trade, it must also have the
effect to abolish the burdensome custom of observ
ing every steamer day as a day ot settlement. t A
great deal of time is lost and much trouble caused
by having three settlement days in a month, and an
additional one is not to be thought of. The steam
er day settlements originated when. there was no
telegraphic and bind mail communication with the
East, and when there wa3 only one steamer depart
ure a month. Business men will probabty find it
to their advantage now to return to the ouce-a-month
rule. With the Opposition steamers, San
Francisco will henceforth have at least six steam
ers a mouth running to and from the isthmus. One
advantage of the increased frequency of the old
line trips will be the readier connection with the
China steamers. The steamer truflic of the port is
steadily gaining. Bulletin.
JLate Foreign Items.
Chicago, March 25. The TWotine's special says
negotiations concerning the rights of naturalized
citizens have bec-n iu active progress with England
for some months past. Steps have recently been
taken to expedite framing a treaty. The State Ie
partment believes that a treaty quite as favorable
as tliat with Prussia will receive the assent of the
It is said when the impeachment is over the House
Committee on Foreign Affairs w ill report in favor
of the appropriation for the puschuse of Alaska.
It is understood the Committee of Ways and
Means have arrived at the conclusion that the full
amount of revenue required for carrying on the
Government can be raised iu the following manner:
Distilled spirits. $50,000,000; incomes, $30,000.
(HI0; tobacco, $25,000,000; stamp duties, 23 600.000.
This is about $5,000,000 in excess of the amount
The prospect of the passage of the Alaska appro
priation is favorable.
RtniMoxi). March 29. The United States Grand
Jury has found anew indict inent.against Jeff. Davis.
It details all his offences prior to the commence
ment of the rebellion, andxovera 50 pages.
Specials from Havana state that three strong
shocks of earthquake were recently felt at Sl Tbomaf.
Awful shocks of earthquake were felt at l'orto
Rico, and tho inhabitants were fleeing the place for
Astronomers in Europe are making preparations
to observe the eclipse; of the sun in 18U8, which is
expected to be of especial interest. A station has
been selected by tlie Inglish savans in the Himala
ya mountains at an elevation of 7,00i) feet, where, it
Is hoped, they will be above the interference of
The wages of four prominent Europeans are as
follows: Louis Napoleon. $13,240 a day; Queen
Victoria. $6,027; Francis Joseph, S10.950; and the
King of Prussia, $8,210.
Thk Excise Law ix New Y'ork. This law pre
vents saloons from being opened on a Sunday. In
the New York Corporation Manual for 1C7, Com
missioner Acton defends this law by statistical ta
bles of arrests made ou Sundays and Tuesdays in
eleven months of last year. In November there
were four Sundays ami four Tuesdays, the arrests
of these days respectively numbered 186 401, and
the case was the same throughout the year. In the
thirteen months during which the law has been in
operation the arrests on Tuesdays number 0.021;
those madtron Sundays number 2.514. Before the
enaetmvnt of the law the Sunday arrests always ex
ceeiled those on Tuesday.
The A". -F. Trtlnm snys : Impeachment is the
peaceful and lawful means provided by our Consti
tution to remove from office incompetent rulers,
despots and tyrants who would defy the law and
override the Legislature. In ahwilnte monarchies
I the power of the Executive is limited only by aasas
i sinatimi and revolution. Take away from a repub
lic the power to impeach an intolerant ruler, and
we would be compelled either t-i submit to his ab
solute despotism or to remove him by the monarchi
cal remedies.- The surest. wy k avoir! tW employ
ment ol revolutionary and uneowptitutional rewaVdW
is to apply fearlessly .that which the Constitalioa
provides. . i
Here it strikes us the weak point ra the PresidenCa
defense. Not being either tho taw-making etlie
judicial, but simply the Executive power of fne
Government, it (the Tenure tr Office Act J: was la
for him till the competent authority bad declared it
unconstitutional, and he wss bound to obey tv, ncr
see that it w faithfully executed, or resign Sis of1
lice, lie did ueither. but set up and acted o M
own private judgment against Congress, Has he
not then exposed himself to impeachment, whether "
the law be constitutional or uot T In the caseofanf
indictment In the Courts of law forthc penal offense
created by the statute, the plea to the eonstiiution
aliiy of the statute would be pertiuent : but we
cannot s-v what such a plea can avail him in the
llir'i Court of Impeachment, nor indeed how it
c-.-nUi be entertained. ' ' '
The War in Japan. -
The Japan Gaielte of March lb has tho following:
Since the departure of the last Cuited States . mail
steamer, tlie Great IiejiulJic. oa the 26tb of January,
matters have taken a turn in Japan whh'h could .
hardly have been expected. Tlie Tycoon baa been -defeated
in battle, between Osaka nd Kioto, by
the allied Daimios, who were i rebellion, and had
to leave on board one of his men-of-war for Yedo
The Daimios have secared the person of the younir
Mikado (henceforth to be styled Emperor,) a child
twelve years of age. They issne orders in his aarm.
and that places those who disobey tkeut, even tbongh
it be the Tycoon himself, in the position of rebels.
At the end of Jan. the troops. of the Tycoon .ai
of the rebel Daimios caine into eoltisioB, fend on th
4th of Feb. the news came to Yokohama that the Iat-J
ter had prevailed. , At first, success wra- with tho
Tycoon, but a Daimio who commanded t large tli'
vision of his forces traitorously went over to th
enemy, and placed victory entirely In tho hands of
the confederates. - Tli troops en U; fed Osaka, and
burned the Castle" of the Tjcoott and a nu"patrr of
Government buildings ; The Tycoon making bis es
cape on board the United States ship Jrwjuois rlr
ultimately-, to. his own frigate, the Jvai-you-war,,
w-hich imuttHiiHUly M't.wnb him lor Yeui.1 '-3n
foreign legations were all forced at once to leave -Osaka
and make the best of their way- to Kobe,
where the Governor said h was no longer able tv
answer far their protection.', and recomuiendetl 1 alii
foreigners to find safety cn their ships., , This was
very different from the 'plans of sncli men as had .
the directions of our iuterests. The Gov. Vice Gov
ernor and all tlie Tycoon's officials left in a charter
ed steamer for Yokohama, nnd Kobe was pae.'d
under the protection of our own forces, with the
determination to holt! it to tho last Of course btts-x
iness was but little thought about: the whole design"
was to retain possession of the footing we tiad obt
talned. "--No-- great -larni" was Cel4by foreigners?
because, although upon tlie departure of the Min
isters from Osaka their residences were burnt or
ransacked, it was felt. that tho iolicy of tJitr" ascend
ant party, whichever it mijiht "be, Tycoon or Con
federate, would be to bul high. for foreign support.
It proved so, but not before a collision occurred
whicgi showed the spirit that was in foreigners, (A
high tetalnerof the PrinceorBlzen pttgsedthrmjgrth
settlement with a retinue of somq onebnudred and
fifty saiuenral. To the great man all the "Japaneso
bowed w ith their feces to the earth, but tke torvign-'i
ers not doing so, evidently irritated tho band, and -either
without any provocation, or no greater snrioy
auce than their path being crossed by a Frenchman,
they commenced an attack by spearing the V reneb
maa and- firing town the street. ; wounding art
Americanf-wQuiek""aii tboughl the 'American "guard"
from the Custom-house, the Knglih ' troops ead :
legation guard, with Sir Hurry Parkes at their head,
and a bevy of private citizens, were after tbomand
they retreated to the hill country, a distance of soma'
three or four, miles to, the rear .-of the rseWrtnent.
On the return of the pursuers, a Iarge force' df, 'ma
rines and sailors hod been, landed.frotn tho thiM,
and the place plaoed uodarmartial law Barricades
were thrown up, pickets and outposts established,
and every precaution; taken, i Uvea lilgh utder of
the Princes were, refused permission to pass through
the settlement to Osaka, bnt were politely informed
that they must go by 'die hill road, and every armed
Japanese ho was found in the settlement ws dis
armed. Five ships belonging ta the Daimios were
taken and plaeed under, the guns of our cwu ships.
Satsioua and Chpshin had thus another .opportunity
of studying the active tactics of foreign forces, and
speedily set about smoothing things ever. , An offi
cer arrived from Satsuina, but was told that the i
Ministers would confer with none but the Princes
themselves. Alter a few days a high functionary,
from the Mikado or Emperor himself, arrived and
requested an interview with the Ministers, which led,
after a discussion of some two hours, to the' end of
the state of siege and the acquiescence of foreigners
in the altered state. oT affairs. It transpired that tho
Emperor, although but a child, was still supreme,
and all orders issued in bis name must be obeyed
throughout'the landv Satsnma, Choshio and Tosa
are the Princes more im.nediately having the con
trol of his Government, and undertook the respon
sibility with regard to foreigners that bad already
been entered into. The foreign fettlcment would
be placed under the officers of the Daimios, who
would replace those of the Tycoon. t The losses jof
foreigners would be paid by Iiizeii-no-Kuroi. and
the great man who was the means of the outbreak
should be decapitated. On tho departure of the '
functionary it wus understood that atjio distant dy
the Ministers should visit the Emperor at Kioto. ,
The Tycoon arrived at Yedo, and great 'efforts
were at once made to collect troops from all quar
ters, and to purchase arms and ammunition. Sever-
al foreign steamerp, among them , the 'Pacific Mail
Steuinship Company's storeshlp Hermann, wore
enrployed in the conveyance of troops from the !
coast to Y'edo, and active preparations of defense
were entered upon. Yokohama was garrisonfvl by -about
2,500 troops, of whom 500 are said to be from
the Tycoon's body-guard, and picked, men. Naga
saki was qnletly handed over "to- tbe new -Govern- -menl;
but all seems to point to a determined stand
here. The Tycoon, in bis Capital, is in a most fa
vorable position, and if be can only find loyaS fer.
vants ami good Generals, lie may hold this half of
the Empire without' difficulty.. A' chain of hills,
known as the llakoni range, forms an all but impen
etrable barrier, and the single pass might Jo,
defended by a few hundred resolute men, if well of- :
Gee red, against all the enemy could bring.
From a letter dated Iliogo, Feb. 11th, we make '
the following extracts : '.'....
The tbsta lllca arrived yesterday morning, bring
ing some passengers and freight for this port. Tna
passengers landed, and during her stay visited Kobe,
Iliogo and the surrounding country, meeting with
no hindrance from the citizens or the men of Cho
sin and Satsuma, who are hero In goodly numbers.
During the afternoon the Embassador of the Mikado
paid another visit to the Ministers. This time. b
came on horseback, and entered by the main street,
attended by several hundred men armed only with,
revolvers. .i U a il.l't . . '-
The result of the conference is not known; bttt
portion of it is that for the present foreigners are
requested not to go more than one rt from the set
tlement, as Bizen. the fellow who made tho attack,
some days since, is some rt from here with fee vera!
hundred followers. They are to be removed la m
few days, when the road will be open to Osaka, at
which time we can again visit that unfortunate port,
which for the time we are reqneste.'t ,yct .to da.
Them' requests teem to indicate that U' ss .Sot too
easy to proclaim immunity from interference and
toaintain It, - - - ' i " "
The Mikado may yet have some trouble in fpiiet
iog the minor Daimios and allow the wheels of Gov-x
eminent to roll on smoothly, during which time he
may be subject at any time to little ehuliticas OA,
their part to our inconvenience. .
The prevailing opinion is still that tho Ministers
will very soon visit the Mikado at bis spiritual res
idence (Kioto), when an effort will be. made to
adjust all existing differences and have them' fin-'
ally settled. "A consummation devoutly to bo
wished," as at present, notwithstanding the assur
ance of the Embassador, none give him too much:
credit for sincerity.
On the 19th of February the same correspondent
wrote : ' . . , . ' . . . ;
It has been promulgated within the last threo
days that when the Embassador ot the Mikado wai
ted upon the Ministers and requested them to with
draw their troops, that tbey made a a-ine qua woa
that the officer of Bixen, , who tired on our people
without provocation, should pay the penalty of bis
acts by being beheaded ; and the Mikado, who is in
future to be styled Emperor, has officially given no
tice that ho will require this act of justice at the
hands of Bizen; and if refused by him. be will at
once wage war upon him and punish him as well aa
the officer. As yet nothing has transpired as to
whether Iiizen will comply with the order, bnt it is
presumed he will ; and that the execution will take
place ou the spot where the outrage was committed.
- Miscellaneous. tl- -i '".I 'i
Washixotox. April 2. Samuel Strong, brought
before Chief Justice Cartter. of the District Conrt
charged with being a fugitive from justice in Vif
ginia some days since, was brought before Ju,I
Fisher, who discharged bim on the ground tha.t)
Virginia is not a State in the Union, therefore. Gov.
Pierpont's requisition could not ho recogatje ; sub
sequently a requisition was received! from. Gen.
Schofield." asking that Strong'be delivered to "a
antbciriz.'d agent, and be handed ovecio the First
Military District for trial. Tho point was whether
Strong should lie surrendered on the requisitions
Judge Cartter said a very Important question was.
involved, and he desired, further timo for considera-t
Washixotox. D, O., April 2. Judge GaTtter to,
day discharged Samuel Strong on thegronnd that
the evidence furnished was pot cloarly sufficient to
show that Strong was a fugitive from justice in tho.
M4iso of the Constitution of the United States,,
... X1J la lw i