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TT wmi-coaul comiorcuU statistics tut the port of San
Francisco, inrlnduig from January 1 lo June 30, 170, do no!
pmsil o favorable an exhibit as those of former Jear- The
tonnage arriTala aaaounled to 61J.0U0 loos, or about 40,000 too
leas ttaa the lame time last year. Tbe f jreign imiorts for
(he six months cost fU0jOT0iJO, an Increase ol at Wt $1,000,
40 against tbe same time Ul year. Tbe estimated currency
value of the free g wi bright by the Panama steamers waa
16,103,000. ereaae of over $17,000,000, compared with the
boom time but year. Tbe railroad brought merchandise that
otherwise wi.oll have rme by t amer, bat not lo the eit.-nt
required to make gorl the above deflrienry. The exports of
Eiercoc-liae fir the half year, by way of the sea, amounted to
f &&9O,0i)O. a d.-creaae of nearly $2,000,000 from 169. Of coin
and bull, on there was expert.! 17,f7I.OOO, a d-cresue of over
-,0uO,0iO as ajraiiwt the same time in ISO'J.
PaoriT or a rJoiTHEES Fctobt Tbe lt annual state
ment of the An$uta, Cn cotton fouxj, wnirh has jost been
pnblishrd, makes a spndid exhibit fcf result. The gross
earning 4 the factory -r the year ero.'ing June lllh, 1970,
were il7.V30 ; the expenses were 26.74 J ; repairs $5,844;
taxes and wier reut ii-l $1072; leaving the net earnings
$127,779. Oul of this tet taming they have been paid during
the year fjcir dividends of $ pt eent. each, amounting to$12,
aM ; and the balance, $7,779, baa been added to the profit and
na arroant, making that account equal to $233,295. The
capital ntnck is 400.00C ; the inilU, machinery and real estate
absorb thia f 425.039, leaving f 174.9J aa commercial capital.
The Uxt divi.lrod declared in April Uat waa the (orty-fuarth of
the emnpany. The factory consumed during the year 2 907,
675 ponls 4 cotton, at an average coat of 24 cenu a pound.
and mantJactnrel ,225,131 yarda of cloth. It employe 4A9
hand, to whom It haa paiJ 159,974. an average of $327 each.
FaciGHTs. Tbe Newcastle Chronicle of July IS aaya :
There ia at present little demand for tonnage. Since tbe re
ceipt of advices per bat mall, via Honolulu, of the overstocked
late of the coal market at Han Francisco, the rate of freight
to that port has declined from 23s. aui 26. per too to ISa. and
20s.; the exports, however, to that port, continue aa heavy aa
ever. The larger portion of tbe orders for coal for Java being
nearly executed, the demand for tonnage to that port has
abated. For Horgkong rates remain firm at laat quotations.
For Shanghai, late advices having brought news of a further
fall in the price of cool, the highest ofT-r is 21a. to 22a. per ton.
Quotations are aa under : To Bombay, 22. ; Calcutta, 16s. ;
Pan Francisco, 14s. lo 20s. Hongkong,- 10s. ; Gaile, 15s.;
Shanghai, 22; Singapore, 13s.; Mauritius, 10s.; Java, 15s.;
Lytteltoo, 16s. 6d. ; Auckland, 16s. ; Otago, 19a. ; Melbourne
Wharf, 12.; IIoLson'a Bay, lis.; Sydney, &." Sydney
Herald, Julf 30,
A lett-r from a Hydney merchant, received only alter our
laat paper was issued, has tbe following respecting the sugars
shipped to that port by the H'onya Wottga in June lasts
' The sugars per rYunga were ia a must abominable condition.
They seemed to have been roiled in coal dust on purpose to
snake them filthy-looking. The low grades were all wet, and
altogether they looked, I use a vulgar phrase, only like murk.
The package appeared unsaleable. Nevertheless, tbe prices
realised from 24 to 35 were good. The sugars will do ;
tat you mast improve in the matter of packages. The pulu
did not. and U not sell here "
The Amer.ean ship Laurent , 39 days real Callao, arrived
a SMinday, in ballast, under charter to load guano. On Mon
day another San Salvador ship arrived en route for Callao,
rail over 700 eoobes. They are intern leu as laborers on tbe
Peruvian railroads, and are ordered by Harry Meigs, the great
On Tuesday, the American snip Harriet Erring arrived
from Newcastle, srila a cargo of coals for the Australian
Oo Thursday, tbe British ship St. Jam ft arrived from
Yokohama, Japan, in ballast, outer charter to load guano for
the American Guano Company.
The drpartarea have been the coolie ship Doore Ugarte
let Callao; the American ship Marmion fur Paget Sound; and
barker line Jame jt. t'akinburg. with a full cargo of sugars
and other produce, for Portland. Oregon, valued at $40,000.
FOREIGN OIL MARKETS.
New Bcnroao Oil Miiiit There is inquiry for sperm
iU for export, and it ia reported that SI 34 per gallon is offered,
bat holders are above that figure with the advance ia gold.
The otily sale we have to report is that of 25 barrels, for man
ufacture, on private terms.
In whale oil sales have been made of 650 barrels, fur manu
facture, on private terms.
la whalebone sales have been made in New York of 6,000
pounds Arctic, for home use, at 76 cent, gold, ywr pound;
I.0UO do. South S-a, for do-, at 63 cents ; 1,20 do. Northwest
I t export, ntl l.uw do. Arctic, for do., on private term.
The export from New York the- past week include 1634
g Ulona sperm and 250 do. whale oiL -. B. Standard.
Lnxpo Oil MtafcCT. Messrs. Maclean, Maris Go's j
circular, lau-d London, July itta. says sperm oil continued
negl--ctrl, and in the absence of transactions nominal qaota
tions were made at St to XS7, at which some holders were
willing to realize. Nothing bad been done for several weeks,
the but sale niadft having been at 99 the end of May. Whale
oil was rather quiet, but good quality Is now scarce, and would
Tut Whilii Nobtheb Lioht. The Fiji Timttot July
V save: "The American whaler JYortktrn Light, Captain
Baker, narrowly escaped being wrecked at Tavuki. tbe north
de of Kaalava. Through want of a good pilot, she anchored
loo far out. in an unreasonable depth of water. In the middle
of the null the cable parted, and the vessel drifted oul to sea,
g ruing ttin-tvn the passage and clearing the reefs in a manner
most wonilcriul. Boat were got ready in the expectation that
the vessel would strike every moment, bot she threadrd her
way safWy between the shoal in the darkness of the night, and
was fortunate in losing nothing more than her anchor and a
great ler.gth of rbain."
Fob fan Fasscisco Per LHP Kearsarse,4 r. M. th-sday.
Fob LaHAisa Fer .Nettie Merrill, this day, and Mary EUeu,
Fob K c a l Per Hattie, Mood3y .
Rales) wf I'wstage.
IsrcB-IsLa vo LtT-rra 2 cents each half os.
I' sited riraTEs 6 cents Hawaiian prepaid, each half os.
E.volasd cents Hawaiian ami 6 cents American, prepaid.
Aistbalia lii cents Hawaiian, each half oa.
PORT Or IIOUOLULU. U. I.
27 S-hr Warwick. John Bull, from MolokaL
LT-H. hr Mannokawai. Makahi, from Masi.
rtchr Ka Moi. Powers, from Maui.
JS m-hr Active, Mellish, from Maui.
JH chr Md Fellow, from Hawaii.
frk-hr Ovans, Makanaheleh-le, from Maui.
ship I .sure us. Call. 39 dav fin Coquimbo.
'JO ta Salvador ship Louisa Carnevaro, Uemoro, 56
days fin Macao.
30 Am ship Harriet Erring, LinneD,S5 days fin Sydney.
: ivnr Juny, ijimbert, Irom Kauai.
TO fchr Fairy Harm, rimith, from Kaoal.
31 tVbr Prince, I arc haul, from Hawaii.
31 fchr Waioia, budoit, from Maui.
1 I! 9 S Kearsarge, Com Thornton, 41 days fm Callao.
1 Brit ship m James, Hatfield, 30 days from Yoko
2 fobr Nettie Merrill, Clancy, from Maui.
2 tchr Manuokawai, Makahi, from Maui.
2 rtchr l.uka,from Hawaii. .
2 Schr MarikJa. OerrilL from Has all.
Nor Ger bk Courier, , 230 days from Liver
pool, via Kk Janeiro.
77 frVhr Mary Ellen. Harrison, for Maai.
27 gaa Salvador ship Dotorv I' parte, riaol, for Callao.
27 Am ship Marmion, Boyd, for rort Tosroseod.
jr rchr Warwick, John Boll, for MolokaL
ffj ichr Mannokawai, Makahi, for Maui.
29 Hchr Ka Moi. Powers, for Maui.
2 Schr Kitty t artwricht, for Kauai.
3 chr Odd Fellow, Kaapa". for MaaL
SO Schr Active. Mellish. for Hawaii and MaaL
30 Am harkentioc Jane A Falkinburs;, Catneart, for
31 Schr Keooi Ana, Rikeke, for Kauai.
31 Schr Jenny, Lambert, for Kauai.
31 Schr Owana, Makanaheiehele, for Maui.
1 Schr Fairy Uaeen, Smith, for Kaaat.
2 Schr Prince, Marchant, for Hawaii.
2 Schr Mannokawai, Makahi, for MaaL
Fon STDSfT Per Harriet Ervtac, August SOlh :
Fob Accilasd 8tt Per Wonga Wocf, Aug. 26:
CoflT-e, Tta 3,000 Salmon, half bbls 100
Farina, tbe 7.0211 bbls 60
Polo, lbs 3.804 Tapioca, Tba 5,W7
Jurs, tbe 215,706, Trans, from AJax, pkirs. 83
Value For.. $1,259 30; Dom.. $11,069 00 ; Trans.. $15,000 00.
Foa Pobtlaso, O. Per Jane A. Falkinborg , Aof . 29th :
Bananas, backs.. ...... 60 Polo, tt-. ............ 3,450
Limes, X 4,000 Sugars, tta 67262
Value Domestic... $40,061 93.
Foa Pobt Tow xsksd Per Mai-mioo, A must 27
Bananas, bnchs 100 Sojrars, ft) 27,180
Coffee, tfcs 2.019 Sail, loos H
M , a-alls 2 800J
Value Domestic ....$3,003 44.
Fob Pstti Per Louisa Cameraro, Sept. 1st :
BreaU, 4,01! Potatoes, lbs 10.000
Bananas, bnchs 10O Pit .No 1
f"0' 'No 12 Pumpkins, No 1,000
Limes, io. 25,000 Potatoes, sweet, Jbs 6,000
Oranars.No &.000 Sheep, No. 30
V alue Foreign. . . . . $u tti ; Domestic. ..$1,186 00.
Fob Accklii aa Stbvbt Per Wooes Woon, Aorust
S4U-J Galhaaer. J Walls, J Harkey, P JohnwaCawain
Mrrhern, Ata.and 60 in transitu per Ajax 66.
Mwia Ml LLC a In Honolulu, Aujrust 25ih, by the Rer. 8.
V Dtnno, 8acu. L. Lewis, to Miss Rachkl Milleb,
. of Honolulu. XT No cards.
V Bs'tbl NoROitu-In Honolulu, August 13lh, byRer
' . C. Damon, Mr. Bbbshabd Bastkl to NohobahI.
Cbocbbtt In Kaneohe, Oahn. ky drowning, on si.,i,
August 13th, Absalosi W son of W m. Crockett, aged Syears!
2 months and 13 days. XT rC Loais papers please copy.
Foa Axx&ica. The C. S. S. Kearsarge will gl
' to-morrow mornicg for San Fr&ncbco, and will take
' mil, which will close at 4 P. M. to day. The last
two iaatieM of the Advertiser can be procured at the
counter in wrappers for mailing.
The IscoMixa Mail. There is do certainly of any
vessel arriving from Sao Francisco, with a mail, be
fore the bark Ethan Allen, which is doe from Sep
tember 8th to 12tb, with two weeks later dates than
ttos by the Ajai.
SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 3.
LjtwlesH Pro'ceil ljitrw-
Twj weeks since, a few of the planters of
Maui, met together at Wailuku, fur the j.urjKe
of taking concerted action againet this paper
and its publisher. After discussing their griey
ances in an excited manner, resolutions were
passed, expressing a determination to Btop the cir
culation of the " ADVtRTisr.R " and Kiokoa,"
as far as in their power, and not to deal with any
person or person8 who patronize these papere.
They even went bo far as to threaten merchants
in Honolulu, that if they continued to support
this paper, they (the planters) would withdraw
from them (the merchants) their trade and pat
ronage. It was rather a high-handed proceeding to
combine together in such a manner for the sole
purpoMJ of injuring a man's bu6ineps. Admit
ting, for argument's sake, that we may have gone j
to what some consider an extreme ; we ask any
candid man, is not this proceeding a much far
ther extreme than anything ever charged against
ns ? Several of the Maui planters, we are glad to
learn, had the manly independence to flatly
refuse co-operation, and to reply that they would
not be parties to any such proceedings of question
able propriety and legality. Still, the resolution
passed, and waa sent to the Gazette for publi
cation, while we were notified of the proceedings,
and referred to the above taper for further par
ticulars. The gentlemen to whom the subject
was referred here, gifted with more prudence and
leal knowledge than those concerned in the
affair, very discreetly had the record of the pro
ceedings Buppicsscd, and consequently they have
not been published.
We will call no names, though we have the
names of those concerned in the plot, for we have
no desire to retaliate on men who have been our
personal friends for nearly a quarter of a cei. iury.
It seemed strange that men should so far allow
their passions to get the better of their usual
Bound judgment as to engage in a lawless pro
ceeding ol this nature. Could it be possible
that, in this year of grace, eighteen hundred and
seventy, Americans could be found willing to
conspire together and apply the southern gag to
an editor, and attempt to forcibly suppress a
newspaper for advocating what a large majority
of the people of the Kingdom believe to be for
the best interests of the nation? Could it be
that Christian men who so bravely endured
hardships in the bloody struggle which Amer
ica has just passed through ; who so nobly con
tributed of their means in behalf of a war for
freedom, free speech, free presses and free labor,
should so soon abandon the principles involved
in that sreat strusyjle ?
It was too true ; but we also learned that what
they did was done chiefly under promptings from
parties itv Honolulu. We might give more pr-
ticalara idthis connection, which would create
public surprise, and stir up wild indignation,
tint there are men in our midst who trill sloop to
such baseness as to incite otlters to such low and
lawless proceedings, in order that they and their
business might thereby be profited. But, aa we
said before, wc have no desire to retaliate, and
would rather suffer injustice and wrong, even
But there is a phase of thin matter, which
perhaps those who have been induced to take
part in it, have entirely overlooked. A law
on our statute book declares that it is a
CRIMINAL OFFENSE for any parties TO
CONSPIRE to injure any man in hia trade or
occupation. We refer the reader to the Fcnal
Code, Chapter 29, on 4 Conspiracy."
Th enmmnn law nf America and Eno-l.ind is
even more clear and stringent. Every man and j
everv newsraner publisher has hia ri-hte. and
I I a o
they are protected under the law against such
conspiracies as has been made recently against
us. And every man who has taken part in it,
directly or indirectly, on Maui or in Honolulu, or
who seeks by threats to third parties to with
draw their trade from them, if by so doing they
j injure our business, are conspirators, in the eyes
f of the law, and have laid themselves open to
We have no right to find fault with any man
for patronizing euch papers as he chooses. I Jut
when it comes to dictating to otueks what they
shall do or shall not do, or forming conspiracies
to damage another, it is quite another matter.
No man of spirit, much less any tru American,
will ever submit to be dictated to in that way.
True manliness and independence will always
command tbe respect and admiration of all ; but
servile flunkyism, never.
We may find it necessary to-refer to this sub
ject again, to give more details, and to publish
the names of those concerned in it ; but we hope
not to be compelled to do so.
Our Flatfonn on tlio Labor Quoh-
It seems necessary for ns to again distinctly
and clearly avow our sentiments on the great
question of labor, which has agitated tbe com
munity for the past two or three years. We
have done so twice before; and yet, owing to
misrepresentations, few understand distinctly our
position. We have advocated
1. That the coolie trade, as now carried on,
should be abandoned, it being contrary to the spirit
of tbe age and civilization, and injurious to the
prospective interests of this group.
2. That re immigration of white or colored la
borers, from any foreign country, Europe, America,
China, Japan or elsewhere. should be encouraged.
especially of families.
8. That all tbe restrictions forbidding the intro
duction of immigrants as laborers be repealed, and
that open encouragement be given to any parties to
introduce free laborers.
4. That the proper position of the Government is
to act not as principal in immigration enterprises,
bat as protector of immigrant., making all necessary
regulations, and impartially enforcing them.
5. That the Master and Servant Law, being un
constitutional, ought to be amended ; and the penal
clause, in particular, should be abolished.
6. That labor contracts, mutually and knowingly
entered into, are a necessity in every branch of in
due try ; bat all attempts to enforce them by penal
enactments are despotic.
7. That free labor tends to the physical and
moral improvement of the laboring classes, secures
the largest prosperity anu happiness or masters, ana
is the only wise system to be encouraged, in this or
any other country.
These cover the ground of what we have ad
vocated daring tbe past two years or more.
There is nothing unreasonable or arbitrary about
them, nor anything that will injure any man or
plantation ; but, on tbe contrary, these principles,
if adopted, will secure to our planters and to all
who choose to engage in any agricultural enter
prises the best of laborers at a fair cost, and all
tbe labor required; while the best interests of
both master and servant will be promoted. Let
ns review them seriatim :
1. Tbe coolie trade all will condemn as in
human and revolting, even under the best regula
tions. We have had, only last week, a specimen
of what inhumanity is capable of doing when
led by Avarice." Happily, public sentiment is
arrayed against the traffic in coolies, and it can
not continue many years longer. We have prob
ably seen tbe last importation of coolies into
2. Free immigration, le it from China, Kurop
or elsewlieie, vce heartily endorse arid encourage.
But it must be iree, in the broadest sense of the
word. The recent introduction of sixty-five labor
ers from China, by the bark R. IV. Wood, shows
j how and what kind of laborers may be obtained,
' when procured properly. These men came volun
! tarily, landed here free to select their employers,
i and they are now working in various occupations
j as best euits their capacities.
! 3. The tabu imposed by the ordinance of the
! Board of Immigration, forbidding the importa
I ;.in nf l.iTu-irera hv private rarties. lias been
" - J M
allowed to become practically a dead letter in the
caee of the Wood's passengers. Yet tbe or
dinance should be repealed, as tbe threat made
in it tends to deter any from encouraging im
migration. 4. If Government withdraws from the posi
tion of principal, and acts as the guardian of
these strangers and laborers, it will be a more
dignified position, and the only proper one for it
to assume. Private parties will at all times be
found ready to bring all the laborers wanted,
asking from those who may need them an ad-
; vance of ten to twenty dollars each, or whatever
may be required to outfit them at the port of de
parture in Europe or China. The stated intro
duction of say one hundred such laborers from
any quarter, once a year or oftener, will supply
all our labor needs, in ample abundance and at
5. Tbe Master and Servant Law has been
thoroughly discussed during the past few months,
and declared to be unconstitutional by the highest
legal counsel in the Kingdom. The recent de
cision of Justice Llartwcll tends the same way,
though the constitutionality of the law waB not
up for investigation before him.. Its -penal clause
is repugnant to the spirit of Christianity, if not
to the letter of the Constitution. Like the law
of imprisonment for debt, it can only be viewed
as a relic of barbarism, which must be wiped out
from our statute book.
6. While some condemn contracts in toto, we
consider them a necessity in every branch of in
dustry ; but they should be entered into for the
shortest term that will reimburse tbe expenditure
consequent upon tbe introduction of the laborer.
Where they are knowingly and intelligently en
tered into, they are productive of mutual benefit
to the employer and employed. But a free
laborer should not be compelled to degrade him
self to the level of a felon, as the only condition
on which he can obtain employment. . This is
morally and socially degrading, and prevents
some of our plantations from obtaining native
laborers, where, if the clause was abrogated,
there would be no difficulty in procuring them.
No labor contracts made abroad should be valid
7. The adoption of these principles, with
euch modifications as time may suggest, we be
lieve will conserve the best interests of not only
! tbe laboring classes, but of employers and all
j others. They will tend to create contentment,
j faithfulness and good will on the part of the
iaoorer, anu tnus secure tnc nigucst posMOie au-
J vantage to the employer, increasing his busi
! ness prosperity, and iusuring the security of hia
property and person. They simply call for the
f 1 r i : i i. i i
j uiuiuui jjiiiciiuu ui (juuiutuiy uiiu fciuuiicpo lmj-
i twecn master and servant, and will here produce
the same results they produce everywhere. Wc
dp not say nor wish it inferred that all our planta-
; tions arc not humanely conducted ; but that the
system in vogue lends to foster abuse and in
These are the principles which we have calmly
adopted and conscientiously advocated, and to
which we propose to adhere as long as we con
duct thia journal. If wc are right, we shall
have popular support; if we are in error, we
can neither hope nor desire to be prospered. No
threats from individuals or combinations shall
cause u8 to abandon our principles; though at
t,,e Bame tiuic' wc arc alwa?8 "F to rea8on anJ
conviction. We once thought that South Sea
Islanders were the best element to introduce hero !
I to renlcnish our rtnnulation. and pive ns frnsli !
r t i ' o - '
laborers. Government having civen tho cxreri- !
ment two trials, and found that they are not a j
! suitable class, we yield our opinion, convinced j
that wc must look to other quarters for laborers,
and cheerfully award Government all the credit
due for making the experiment, costly as it has
Some of the ideas expressed in the Legislative
debates as well as in communications from corre
spondents, we cannot endorse. We insert them
becauso our columns are intended to be an im
partial record of news, and are open and free to
j all who wish to use them, though tliey may differ !
entirely from us. The editorial columns of any
paper generally reflect the sentiments of its pub
lisher and editors.
Illeriit or Wronjt?
Tho offering for sale at public auction, by the
administrator of an estate, by order of the Court,
of a number of the San Francisco Mercantile
Library Lottery tickets, has caused some specu
lation as to the morality of lotteries. Gambling
under the statutes of the Kingdom is defined :
"Whoever, by playing at cards, or any other
game, wins or loses any sum of money or thing of
value is guilty of gaming."
No one, we think, will attempt to gainsay the
fact that the investment of money in lottery
tickets is an illegitimate method of seeking to
better ones, pecuniary condition. All gambling
arises from a desire and hope of increasing wealth
by proportionably impoverishing others. We
question, moreover, if a single person has invested
in the Mercantile Library scheme who does not
covet the first prize of $100,000 ; each one expects
to win it or some other of tho minor prizes ; but
many must lose where ono gains.
Strange to say there is nothing in our law pro
hibiting lotteries or the sale of tbe tickets ; con
sequently, tbe sale was legal ; but we question,
with all possible respect for the Court, if it bad
not been better to let the estate take tbe chances
of the loss or gain, rather than do violence to the
opinions of even a few of our citizens.
That a person may engage in a questionable
transaction and die leaving it unmatured, offers
no excuse for the Court to authorize its comple
tion, even to protect the property rights of heirs.
We find that even good people differ as to the
morality or an investment in the scheme which
is now agitating tbe public mind of California.
It is said that in that state even clergymen have
taken a chance or two. In this community we
are aware of parties being engaged in this scheme
whom we respect for sterling qualities of head
and heart; men whom we know would frown
down gambling by cards, dice and many other
methods resorted to by immoral men. To sueb
we offer the opinion of that renowned biblical
scholar Thomas Scott, in his observations upon
the tenth commandment :
u Public gaming br lottebies, so far from being less
criminal than other sperie of that vice, is the worst of them
all ; for it abets and sanctions, as far as example and concur
rence by statute can do it, a practice, which opens the door lo
every epecies of fraud and villainy ; which is pregnant with
the most extensive evils to the community and to individuals ;
which seldom fails annually to bring several lo an untimely
end, by suicide or the sentence of the law ; which unsettles an
immense multitude from the honest employments of their
Ftatioo, to run in quest of imaginary wealth and which ex.
po-ea them to manifold temptations, uoflta them fr returning
lotheir usual oxide of life, and often materially injures their
circumstances, breaks their spirits, soars their tempers, and
excites the worst passions of which they are susceptible.
Indeed, the evils, poUtitl. moral and reiiioos, of lotteries.
tno glaring to he denied, even by those who plead nsersn'rjr
tor continuing inem ; and too numerous to be recapitulated In
this place. Can it therefore consist with the law of l.od,
4 Thou shalt not covet, or with the character of a Christian,
to concur in so iniquitous and injurious a system, from a vain
desire of irregular gain? Whatever argument proves it un
lawful for two or three men to cast lots for a sum of money, or
to game in any other way. ia much more strongly conclusive
against a million of persons gaining publicly by a lottery, to
the stagnation in a great measure of every other business ;
while the gain made by government, and by individuals, from
the stakes deposited with them, renders it as imprudent as it is
ainful in the adventurers ; for every individual stakes at least
three to two on an even chance, if a covetous appeal to
Providence may be called chauce."
To an observant citizen the conviction comes
home that gambling ia becoming quite too fre
quent and open, we might say fashionable, for
the good ol the State. During the last fall sea
son it was openly carried on in places of
public resort. In one place we Eaw the highest
and the lowest of the land engaged in gambling
for lottery tickets, possibly without a thought of
doing wrong, or of the example they might be
setting to hitherto innocent persons.
We hear from time to time of organized raids
by the police upon Chinese gambling dens, and
of the capture and punishment of the offenders.
What consistency is there in punishing the gam
bler who 6takcs a cent at a time and openly per
mitting others to wager their dollar?
The Judge of the Municipal Court. San Fran
cisco, which is a criminal Court, in his charge to
the Grand Jury, called attention to the Act of
April 24th, 18C1, to prohibit lotteries, saying
that the law made it his duty to charge each
Grand Jury to , inquire into its violations. And
he said, after having properly charged the Jury
on this :
' 44 This Act stands nKn the statute books unrepealed, and is
aa much the law of the land as any other statute. It you dad
that any of its provisions have been violated, you are to take I
such action as is required of you by law in all other cases ol a
violation of tbe criminal law, regardless of the purposes in
ducing such violation or the character of the persons offending.
"Am person violating anv of the provisions of the Act is de
clared lo be guilty ot a misdemeanor ; and any and all moneys,
goods, personal property, real estate or other valuables of
which a disposal shall be attempted, sought or offered in any
way specified in the Act, is liable to forfeiture to the Slate.
And any person purchasing a lottery ticket is permitted by
the Act to recover Irom the person from whom he purchased
the same, or from his aiders or altettors, the sum of $50 for
every ticket bo purchased by him ; and every person so pur
chasing and prosecuting shall not, in that case, be amenable to
any of . the penalties of the statute, and every deed, convey
ance or transfer of real or personal property made in pursu
ance of any lottery, as well as all comracts, agreements, or
securities made, given or executed, for or on account of any
lottery, are absolutely and utterly null and void."
This, it is said, has created some excitement
among Mercantile Library lottery ticket venders
and holders, for they know not what is to come
of it. ' A thousand men there may be indicted
and general chaos reign for a while. The jury,
however, declined to respond to the judge's charge,
and bring in a bill indicting the lottery.
Tlio Forty-two Freedmen.
A local paper, in the interest of the forced
labor oligarchy, having given a most unfair ver
sion of the facta relating to the freeing of the
forty-two coolies from the San Salvador ship
Dolores Ugarte, we are constrained to correct the
impression remaining after a perusal of its article.
On the forenoon of the 2Gth inst., it was ru
mored that forty-three coolies, from the Dolores
Ugarte, were in a house back of the old Liberty
Hall premises. Learning this a citizen secured
the services of an interpreter and proceeded to the
premises. The eight presented on entering the
yard was enough to excito the sympathy and in
dignation of any man. Some of the unfortunates
were lying in the sun waiting their turn for a
wasliing, unable to move hand or foot. OtherB
were in the hands of some "natives who placed
them in a tub and poured water upon them.
Several of the parties were stripped in the pres
ence of different witnesses, and afforded a sight
only equaled by the representations in the Ameri
can papers of the Andersonville and Belle Itle
prisoners during the recent rebellion. Ono had
died and was buried. The poor emaciated
creatures gave indubitable evidence of " man's
inhumanity to man." Twelve were in the last
6tagcs of decay, some with ship fever, others with
diarrhea. Two at least had ulcers in the cornea I
of their eyes so far advanced as to render them
blind for life.
Tho interpreter questioned them regarding the I
incidents of the voyage, after which he asked
them if they desired to return to the ship, and
all who could, answered in the negative. They
were then asked if they wished to remain on these
islands, and the answer was in tbe affirmative.
The interpreter was then instructed to 6ay to
them that they could remain here ; that there
was "o 'aw winch would compel them to return
to the ship. The joy evinced by them more than
repays the trouble and annoyance experienced by
the parties who befriended them. Knowing the
excited condition of the Chinese, and of the na
tives who were witnesses to the sufferings of the
coolies ; and also aware of the resources of the
agents of the ship which would be called into
action to re-consign the poor creatures to a slav
ery, from which death would be a happy deliver-
ance, if they were aware of the intended exodus,
it was determined to take such steps as would
prevent a mob or riot. The leading Chinese were
mndfl awarr, of th wish nf rhpir mnintrvinan tn !
remain here, and they immediately repaired to J
the bouse where the coolies were kept, and in a!
short time some thirty were removed to different '
localities. Durinir the afternoon the remaining i
twelve were removed in carts. The removal of
the sickest ones was only determined unon after
a full consideration of cxistinc circumstances. It I
was thought that they could be made more com- j
fortable elsewhere, and the risk of death was
thought to be lessened ; as to leave them was to
LnBure their removal to the ship, where death was
sure to follow. ' ' In fact the Captain of the slave
ship declared that he did not care for the loss of
these men, as they would have died before reach
ing Callao.; -' 7
The parties who interested themselves in behalf
of the coolies were hastened somewhat from the
fact that the Minister of Foreign Relations and
Second Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
were seen in close confab with the agents, and
knowing that their sympathies were entirely with
the master," prompt action was considered es
sential to success. Until the ship bad left it was
deemed prudent not to betray the whereabouts of
the now freemen. Every means calculated to
promote the comfort of all, and the recovery of
tho sick, were taken, which could be.
On Monday the services of Dr. McGrew were i
secured in behalf of twenty-six of the new arri
vals, and be has since been unremitting in his
attentions to their wants. Any one sufficiently
interested may communicate with him concerning
their condition and circumstances. Twelve of the
coolies were taken in charge of a Chinese mer
chant, and on Tuesday be yielded to the solicita
tions of a charitable lady and consented to have
four of them removed to the, Queen's Hospital,
where it was thought they could be better cared
for ; tbe lady making the necessary application to
tbe trustees for admission ; the merchant bearing
the whole expense of their care and support.
Three of tbe men from this ship have died.
Whether any of the parties concerned in the
exodus of these unfortunates have 44 committed
manslaughter," as charged in the organ of the
oligarchy, we leave the community to judge.
It is somewhat strange that although in a pro
fessedly free country, the same means must be
employed to insure a man's freedom as were
brought into play in the Northern United States
after the promulgation of the fugitive slave law.
Is it not a fact upon which we should ponder?
E" The Mission Children's Society will meet next
Saturday, September 10th, at the residence of H O.
Hall, Nuuanu Avenue.
TMirt New Slave 'rraui-
We have endeavored to gather from different
sources the facts relating to the voyage of the
San Salvador ship Dolores Ugarte, from Macao
to this port, en route for Callao. The ship ia
registered eight hundred tons, and left Macao
with six hundred and eight coolies on board. Tt
seems from the statement of one of her officers
that while loading, after having obtained some
two hundred souls, they rose on the crew and
overpowering them jumped overboard and swam
for the shore, about a mile distant. The boats
started in pursuit and recovered one half of the
number. About the middle of June last, the
ship finished loading, and sailed on her voyage
across the Pacific Ocean f or Callao.
For three weeks after leaving port, the coolies
were not permitted on deck. They were stowed
between decks in four rows, two amidships and
one in each wing, a space sixteen inches wide
being allotted to each individual. After the
three weeks imprisonment below, under grated
hatchways, the coolies were allowed to come on
deck in gangs of fifty, for one hour, for the pur
pose of exercise. The deck was in charge of
sentries, armed to the teeth, besides carrying a
cat-o-nine-tails. The after part of the deck waa
separated from the main deck by barricades
defended by carronades. In order to get the
amount of exercise necessary, in the time allotted,
the men were compelled to move lively, being
incited thereto from time to time with the lash
of the cat. Soon after being allowed to come on
deck some difficulty occurred between the crew
and a gang of the Chinese, which resulted in the
jumping overboard of a number of the coolies ;
our informant said eighteen. After getting well
out into the Pacific, all hope of a release from
this involuntary bondage, by overpowering the
crew, died out, and the coolies settled down in
despair. Soon it became necessary to allowance
them ; and we were given a dish in which their food
and water were served out to them. After careful
weighing and measuring, we find that they were
given one pound of boiled rice and less than a
pint of water per-diera. Some of them had not
been able to expend the advance paid to them in
the barracoon at Macao, and consequently had a
few dollars with them. They state that when
the pangs of thirst became unbearable they
would hold a dollar up through the gratings and
call for water ; when a pot of water would be
given them and the money retained.
They were frequently whipped, from twelve to
twenty-four stripes being inflicted each time.
The sentries kicked and cuffed them continually.
During the voyage about twenty-five deaths oc
curred. The mate declared that at night the
j stench from the main hatch was overpowering.
To use his own language, "You could not hold
your head over the hatch one minute without
vomiting." The condition of the Bhip and coolies
on the arrival here waa miserable. Thia we 6tate
upon the authority of a gentleman who has fol
lowed the sea for years. The condition of the
forty-three which were landed here tell a story of
inhumanity which appealB to the sympathy of
every citizen of a Christian community.
We do not care to enlarge upon this statement
of facts to excite the indignation of this or any
other community. We are willing to leave tho
matter of countenancing thia traffic to the public
conscience, and have no fears as to the verdict.
On the 20th inst. the San Salvador ship Louisa
Carnevaro, 1,050 tons, Captain Demoro, arrived
in fifty-six dajs from Macao, having on board
seven hundred coolies. This ship presents a
marked contrast to tbe Dolores Ugarte. Although
we know that the traffic is all one in essence,
there are degrees of humanity exercised in prose-
C""ng it. Ilie coolies on board this ship are
allowed the utmost freedom of action, going be-
low or remaining on deck at will. The between
deck ia admirably ventilated. There have been
but two deaths on board. There were no evidences
of coercion in sight. The Captain states that if
one of his crew strikes a coolie he is put in irons ;
that the officers are distinctly commanded in case
of disagreement to carry the coolie with the in
terpreter to the cabin, where the cause is fully
investigated and the guilty party punished.
Improver Needle-gcn. The first needle-gun of
Prussia fired eight shots in a minute. The French
j chassepot beat this, firing fifteen shots per minute,
j The necdle-gnn was then improved so that it dis-
! charged twelve shots per minute, the soldier carrying
; 100 charges. The latest improvement secures twenty
five shots per minute, and allows the soldier to carry
600 charges. Accounts from Saarbruck give the
cbassepot the advantage on long range, but the
Prussian gun in precision. The latter is good at
WK) yards; the French piece at 1,200. Which is
best in a great battle, where the smoke and dost of
tbe conmct obscures the sight, is yet to be tried
After all, it will probably be with the firing of the
,w? 8un8.M Wlta 1 Pe.8 .terna or government.
"that which is best administered is best
r. . L A V 1 s ,
Attorney at Law,
Wl Practice in all the Courts of the Kingdom, in both English
and Hawaiian languages.
Office on Queen Street, opposite the Court House.
King Street, opposite tbe Station House. :
Particular attention given to Horse shoeing. 745 6a
SAsLT FOR SALE.
'HIE AGENTS OP THE Pl'ULOA SALT
K WORKS offer for sale by the Bag, Barrel or Cargo, either
Table, Dairy or Coarse Salt. The Salt from these Works ia of
superior quality, and can be had at reasonable rates on appli
cation tn u. U. MUHAHVS Mr CO.,
"45 3m Agents.
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY.
THE UNDERSIGNED, HAVING BEEN
Appointed Agents of the above Company, are prepared
to insure risks against Fire on Stone and Brick Buildings,
and on Merchandise stored therein, on most favorable terms.
For particulars apply at the office of
745 lx t. A. 8CHAEFEE CO.
HAWAIIAN LEATHER !
A REGULAR SUPPLY FROM THE CELE
BRATED WAIMEA TANNERY,
tor sale at the lowest market rates by
5 ly A. 8. CLEGIIORN, Agent.
J. T. Chayter, Blacksmith,
glTOmiTOWltCTma BEGS LEAVE TO INFORM
L11CS CUIH1C lljak lie IB IWW ytrymM
manufacture all kinds of Ornamental
Iron Gates and Bailings.
Terns Railings made t order.
On hand, and for sale cheap
1 splendid Torno Bailing.
ICr Shop on Egptanade.near the Custom Bouse. 746 lm
Mccracken, merrill & Co.,
HAVING BEEN ENGAGED IN OUR PRE
sent business for upwards of seven years, and being
located in a fire proof brick building, we are prepared to receive
and dispose of Island staple, such as Sugar, Bice, Syrups, Pulu,
Coffee, tc, to advantage. Consignments especially solicited
for the Oregon market, to which personal attention will be paid,
and upon which cash advances will be made when required.
8a raaaciaco Ririuicu:
Badger fc Lindenberger, Jas. Patrick St Co.,
Fred. Iken, W. T. Coletnr.n & Co.,
Stevens, Baker & Co.
Allen A Lewis. Ladd tt Tilton. leooard A Green
"4& Walker A Alien. ly
"Tlion MlinlL Love tliy ISTelllor
Forty-two Chinese have been landed on these
shorea in a condition calculated to enlist the
sympathies of the benevolently disposed. There
have leen interested on their behalf men of three
nationalities : one, from the land of Martin
Luther, aided by one from the land of tbe " Pil
grim Fathers," has done " hia little best " to
deliver them over to a bondage the most cruel
and revolting that slave-trade records can furnish.
Another, from the land of Confucius, has bound up
their wounds and furnished them aid and comfort
Which now of these three, thinkest thou,
neiirhhor until him that fell anions; the
HUB fl - - -
Changed Hands. We learn that the material of
the newspaper known as Bennett's Own, together
with the good will of the concern, has been sold to
Mr. Shaw, who with his eons, all practical printers,
are recently from Australia. Bennett's Own will
become somebedy else's own, after the issuance of
one more number, the last of which will be, accord
ing to the printed figures on the first page, right hand
corner, No. 52. But where are the seven numbers to
supply the hiatus which occurred in the youthful
days of the "Own," from number seven to number
fourteen T However, we congratulate the retiring
editor upon the straight forward, outspoken course
he has pursued in the conduct of his paper, and we
wish that his successor may meet with all deserved
encouragement. Mr. Shaw Is a veteran in the news
paper business, having in his tim been connected
with no less than sixteen different journals in the
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6th, 1870.
THE REV. C. SEAR LE,
(Lately arrived from Australia,) will ive the first of a
Popular Lectures at the above Hall,
ON TUESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 6th.
MEN WHO HAVE MADE THEMSELVES
ADMISSION FIFTY" CENTS.
CHILDREN, If ALT PRICE.
745 Doors open at half-past 7 ; commence at 8 o'clock. it
FALL SEASON 1870!
C. L. RICHARDS & CO.,
.Importers of All Kinds of
GGSER11 COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
HAVE ON HAND,
TIic Way to this Port.
REQUIRED FOR SIMPS !
All of which will be Sold tlnrlng the Srason
AT VEKY LOW RATES
Money Advanced and Exchange taken
OX ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD.
OIL, WHALEBONE AND IVORY
THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICES
WILL BE PAID IN CASH!
C. I,. RICHARDS & CO.
FOU SALE !
ir, A LA RG E COVERED, TWO-
4f- wheeled CH AISK, entirely new. Inquire of
B. it. VOLS.
To Let, on Most Reasonable Terms.
A VERT COMMODIOUS AND PLEA8
antly situated house in South Kona, Hawaii. For par
ticulars, apply to II. N. QH.U KNWKLL, KeQ..
744 lm Kealakeakua, Hawaii.
SELLING OFF AT COST!
The Balance of our Stoves,
CONSISTING OP TROPIC. ELDO
rado and Crystal Palace, to ckste consignments.
744 1m IBA KICUAKUSO
Selling OH at Reduced Prices.
LADIES. MISSES AND CIIILe
dren's Boots, Balmorals and Slippers, lo make
room for Fall Goods.
A FEW MORE OP DEVLIN Si CO.'S
White. Colored and Fancy Linen Suits, sel ing at greatly
reduced prices to close invoice.
744 lm . 1KA Mvusniwiw.
L.OST, STRAFED OR STOLEN. A
Bay Horse, branded V. The finder will receive
the above Reward by applying lo
743 8t W. n. HTJDDT.
ArOUNO FRENCH LADT WILL GIVE
instruction in the French Language.- Parties desiring
lessons wilt please make application at the residence of Mr. C.
B. Bishop. 7433t"
JUST KECEIYED !
OFI EUS FOIK SAI.U
PER BAIIK "COURIER;'
Choice Assortment ol Merehanditr,
EXPRESSLY AXI f IB EH ELY
SELECTED FOR THIS MARKET!
O O T T O TV
Vis : PRINTS of the most dashing and recherche style. Mut.
ties and Ktripes. ia mmihc, lilac, green, pink, yellow aiM
violet, pattern, of which will be shown on arrival.
fine and medium qualities,
Medium quality and wide,
Heavy and medium
. Heavy and medium,
Oleacbcd nnd Striped Drilling,
uerior and medium,
Drown Diagonal Drill,
Lien t and heavy,
60 inches very Our
CAMBRIC HANDKr RCHIEKf,
Finest qualities, in piece and hemmed,
BLACK HOLLANDS AND COATINGS,
Assorted numbers and width,
hLTKUIOR BLOrPK LIN'KN,
Act d numbers and width,
While, Mark and brown aitorted number.
SHAWLS Blark Merinos. Check Tissues, colored, enibruiilerrd,
and superior ail wool Bliepliertls, of assorted sisrs,
j WATKH-riUKtF T WKKI.H diflr-nt patterns,
TABLINUM assorted w id Lbs and colon,
Different patterns and sist-s,
A splendid assortment of Ilia very latest slyl,
While, green, orsnge, sosrM and K' lillun,
of all aiscs ami weights.
UNION AND T WILLED FLANNKL,
White and iniiiKO llue -30 inch,
I'ATKNT VKI.VKT CAKTKT8,
Choice designs il Inch,
Black and blue doubts width.
J. $ T. MORTON'S PIE FRUITS, JAMS,
Jellies, Crram Tartar, Pah ratus, Pepper,
Mustard, galod Oil, Vinegar, Carrie Powder,
Pimento, Cloves. MiKd Bplne. Mace,
Nutw?K, Cinnamon, Oilier,
HK, Thyme. Mint,
Parsley, Mixed Herbs,
WORCESTERSHIRE AND OTHER SAUCES,
Tins of Preserved York Hams,
Choice York Hams iu Knit,
Cjpunsh lloes and Kardiues.
HOCKIN & WILSON'S ASS'D SAUCES !
Pie frails. Jams, Jellies, Lotnon Pyrup,
falkd Oil, assorted Pickles, Mustitrd,
Lemon, Orange and Citron I 'eel,
Cocoa, MaccsriMii, Vermicelli,
Potted Meats, Pepper,
C'urrtH Powder, and
LIQUORS, WINES AND BEERS !
DUNVILLK'8 WHIfKKY. In bottles and bulk,
BKANDY Mariell's and lleiuiossy's brand,
C 11 A M P AU N K of super ior brand,
Mans A Co.'s celebrated Ale and
Porter, tlingrr Wine, Hum,
Macben 4 Co.'s Burnt.
Silk and Cotton Umbrellas, all slses,
Ladies' Straw Hats, nntrimined, newest styles,
J Aosnell A Co.'s uneijualed Perfumes.
rAoai, Brushes, etc., (Josssge s Hmi's
Prise Medal Pale Knglish Koap, In M
pound boxes, lieonp Canvas,
Heavy Bagging. 40 and 42 Inch, Burlnp Bags,
ZJuo and Boiled Oil, W hlte Lead, Nappies,
Portland Cement, Fire llrick, arrb and square,
Mates, Fencing Wire, Nos. 4, 6 and ft.
Hoop Iron, I, i, 1, 1, and It Inch,
Manila lordsgr, ass'd sises.
ftpunyarn, Anibroline, llooseline,
Coals, Liverpool Salt, etc, etc.
THEO. H. DAVIES.
A JYew Subscription Work.
mTATIOWAC PORTRAIT OALLEKV OP
i Imminent Americans Irom full-length Paintings by Alonao
Channel. with Biographies by JC. A. lijyckluck, will be Is
sued in semi-monthly parts, each containing three superior
Portraits from Engravings on bieel, ana win r sompleted in
Fifty Parts, price M cents eaeh forming two elegant quart.
volumes. Tbe parts are payable on delivery, and person
sirous of securing a work which win increase m vsius as time
advances, will leave their names with
744 41 TUUB. U. Til RUM, AgTOt.
Hard Bread Bakery & Coffee Saloon.
TMIK UNDERSIGNED WILL CONTiRu.
. at the old stand, near the Boat Landing In Ullo, the busi
ness lately conducted by Sebastian 4 Kaiser.
Fresh Bread and Cakes oj tcery description Daily,
A nd ordi-rs fi lied on shortest notice.
COFFEE FROM 4 A. M.. UNTIL IO P. M.
Arrangements are being made for the manafacture of Hart!
Bread. (744 6m) .AIbH-
A LOT OF ASSOETED SIZED
PORE MANILA COKDAGR.
JpOR SALE CHEAP BV
E. G. ADttEISIstiV,
SADDLE HARNESS MAKER.
Ftrt ad Datel Streets, IUboUIb.
ir-r Carriages Trimmed with neatness and dispatch. Iiland
Orders attended toptomptlj. 743 ly
Carriage and Sign Tainting.
miiE nvni'Dsifivii'n HAVING PRO'
1 cured the services of a competent wekman in the bne
Carriage and Sign Painting, is now prepared is carry on that
branch of trade in oonnectioo with his other business. in
writing. Gilding and Ornamental Painting of every description
executed Id tbe best Banner, and MJ yiKLD1'
742 em 74 and 7o King fetreet, Uoaolnlu.
Dissolution of Fartncrslilgv
THR PARTNERSHIP HERETOFORE
exIsUDg bet ween 8K B A 8T I A N LANZ.t and . MlWIf,
in ntio. nnderths nana of SKBA3TIAN KAI8KR, has this
day been dissolved by mutual content. All socoont. win oe
settled by 9. Kaiser. SEBAPTIAN LANZA,
UOo, A of uat UJ, 7 m