Newspaper Page Text
r RID Jr. APRIL 9. 1S77.
ive Ut report, the arrival, from IWeiea i,t. l, Wr,
2d, Haw -or Kekaaliaohl and American barL.-niir.e Di.cov- j
erjr, from Han Franci.co. the firmer lo Allen A. H&bin.r.n and '
the UtLr to n HarkMd Co; af, American bSrk C.in!n !
front Tort Ciambir, wit lumber Aln k R,.flinfi. , j
Haw bark Mailie Macleay, from P wtUn.l, to Crn. Marfar-
UneCc; fch.R M H Australia. Iron, Pan Franco, w,th I
I"1" '" ami merchant. t II HackCM A; Co.
The drpartarr durli: the m period hare l--n 2.1. J'
Ferkino, (or Port TowdmikI. with d mr.tic produce valued at
f 4.53 03; Flyinf 5IH (trader) f,.r Japan fea; 3d, Rainbow
(whaler) fur the Arctic Ocean; 4lb, Gen JUrney (t.-ad.r) for
the Arctic; Sih, Australia, fcr Sydney, w.th domestic prtxluce
(jmln) rained at $67 18.
The Dr.t tetwl op for San Francisco i the schooner W U
Meyer, by C Brewer Ac Co, to sail on Tuesday text.
Total ralueof all
port 4 a 1
nc f ra
. i - '
Betel Lravea, bxa j f: 3 j
5 2 Tallow. Ib...
r ; Calf .-kin, r. J 2S j
J w ! Uiili, pea
J3 a, :l Goat Hkina, pea.
ua '. , Bf, bbla
U I'oi, bbla.
Halt, tout I
O; Bice, lba.
PORT Or HOrjOLUIaTJ. H. I.
Mar. 31 Hchr Kamaile, Cluney, from Waimea k Knloa.
SI II B M'a 9 Fantome, Capt I-onf, from Hawaii.
91 fthr Marion, Chriatiao, from Nawltiwili, Kaaai.
April 2 Hchr Prince. Beck, from Kona and Kaa. Hawaii.
2 fchr Alary Ellen, Kaalna, from liilo, Hawaii.
3 Haw acbr Kekaulaohi, Jamca, 20 day a from San
2 Am bktne Diacorery, Shepherd, IS dayi from San
3 Am bk C amden, Robiuaon, 10 daya from Pugct
3 Haw bk Maltie Macleay, Pope, 3A day from Port
land. 8 Schr Iolam, Kalauao, from Maliko, Maui.
3 rich r Fairy Queen. Peni, from llnnalt i, Kauai.
3 Pehr Manuokawai, Kalua. from Nawiliwill, Kauai.
3 Petit kla Moi. Wilbur, from Kahului. Maui.
3 Hchr Jenny, I'ilama, from Nawiiiwili, Kauai.
6 Hchr Pueokalii. Clarke, from liana. Maui.
6 Schr I.uka. Kaeba,from llilo, Hawaii.
6 Hchr Cater ina. Kaukino, from llilo, llawii.
6 R M Auatraiia, Car gill. 7 daya and 21 hours from
6 Slmr Kilauea. Marchant, from Hawaii and Maui.
7 Hchr Warwick, Jno Bull, from Kalaupapa, Molokai
1IEIMKT tJ K iS.
2 8tmr Kilauea, Marchant, for Maul 6c Hawaii.
2 Schr Kamaile, Cluney, for Koloa and Waimea.
2 Am schr Flying Mist, Hadler, for Japan Pea, .
2 Am bktne Jos Perkins, Johnson, fur Port Towosend
3 Am wh bk Rainbow, Cog an, for Arctic.
3 Pchr Marion, Christian, for Koloa tc Waimea.
3 Hchr I'ilama. Puaahiwa. for Kohala, Hawaii.
3 Hchr Mary Ellen, Kaaina. for Kohala, Hawaii.
3 Hchr Kutamanu, Mana, lor Kohala, Uawail.
4 Schr Fairy Queen, Peni, for Hanalei, Kauai.
4 Schr Iolani, Kalauao, fur Maliko, Maut
4 Schr Prince, Beck, for Kona and Kau, Hawaii.
4 Am schr Geo Harney, Tripp, for Arctic.
6 Schr Manuokawai, Kalua. for Nawiiiwili, Kauai. -
6 Hchr Jenny, L'ilarna, for Nawiiiwili, Kauai.
B R M S Auatraiia. Cargill, for Sydney,
a f h Ka Mo, Wilbur, for Kahului, Maui.
VEXSELS IN I'ORT.
II B M'a S Fantome, Commander Macijuay.
Am Miss brig Morninc 5tar, Colcord.
Haw ah lolani, Garrel. loadiDf.
Am schr C M Ward, Bors.
Am brig W H Meyer, Brown, loading.
Am bk Legal Tender, Manter, loading.
Haw bk Ka Moi, Rakemann, discharging.
Am bktne Discoery, Shepherd, discharging.
Am bk Camden, Robinson, discharging.
Haw bk klattia Macleay, Pope.
m wh bk Ml Woltaston, Barker, repairing.
Am trh bk Sea Breese, Barnes.
Baroar or K M 8 AcsraaLia, Wx Caaoit-L, Cosmas
xa. Left HoooUt! tor Ean Francisco at 4 45 p m of the lit
of March, lS77i 6pm sarna dUu discharged pilot off the reef
a ad proceeded.
Mar 2... tat 23 09' JT, Long 154 32 M , Distance 225 miles
4... " 2S 10 - 14 19
6... 80 2.V U0 3
8 . 31 r " 135 6 J
1 . M ' " 130 19
8... - 36 40 " 124' 35'
Platance to Golden Gate
Total d istance.
u s-7 u
" 300 "
10 p a of the 8th received pilot at Golden Gate; from 5 p m of
the 1st to Id p m ol the 8th, 1 days and 6 hoars-, difference of
Locgutude 3 hours; actual steaming time 1 daya and 3 hours,
being the fastest passage on record.
Robt Y Gbahame, Purser.
f RgroBTor Haw schr KSKait-troHi, Jambs, Master.
I failed from San Francisco Mar 13th; had light bafSing winJs
I (he en lire passage; saw the Valley Forge two days out, bound
VajChina; 20 days paasoge.
RcroRT or Am aT!i Diacoygr, Bhephirp, Master.
Left Saa Francisco Mar 15th; have had light baiQing airs all
tb way down; arrired la port April 2d, 13 days passage.
Refort or Am ik Civdu, Borisso, Msstsr. Sailed
from Port Gamble Feb 22d, and came out of the Straits on the
23d; first 13 days out had strong SE and SW winds; thereat
of the passage had light winds from SE to !s?W. Feb 23d, of
Cape Flattery saw bark Kedar bound in. Arrired in port
A pril 3d , 44 days paaaage.
SerasT or Haw bk Mattik Macleat, PorB, Master.
Left Aalori Feb 2Stb, with wind from SW; Mar 2d had strong
sg gali gih.aaw large iron vessel standing towards the
Coast; in 1st 3 got light southerly winds which continued
aore or less for 2 day; no trade winds; arrired at Honolulu
April 3, ad well.
report or E M B Acstealia, Wm Cargill, Commax
oaa. Left San Francisco at 11.3d p m of S3 March; at 0 50 a
tn of the 29(h discharged pilot out aide Golden Gate; at 2.50 a
m -x date, Farallone Light bore N W, distance 3 miles; 30th
nj 3iat strong breeze and showery weather, with occasional
bard .Jill; from thence until arrival at Honolulu expert
raced modersjle brees from N and N E; April 4th, at 8 a m,
Rev C B Andrews of Makawao, Maui, died of pleurisy, com
bined with brooch ilia, aged 59 year. His body was put into a
coffin packed with ice, and brought on to Honolulu. At 9 30 a
m of the 5th arrived at latter pore
Robt V Grahamb, Purser.
From tV Francisco Per Kekauluohi, April 2 32 pkgs
windows Ati4 sUora, 50 m sUicgles, 750 redwood posts, S99 It
From 8a FbawcwCO Per Discovery, April 23715 rkgs
mdsa and groceries, " aaar' 610 . 10.000 n
lumber. 2u0 m shingles, 75 ords firewood, 39,450 red bricks, 1
bull caf, 13 rm. 1 horse, 1 jack.
From Port Gamble Per CamdeB, Art'l 3317,920 ft
lumber, 207i m shiugles, 15 do laths.
From Portlabd Per Mattie Macleay, April 8 14,366 ft
flooring, 43.5U0 shingles. 80S sks flour, 771 do bran, pkgs
general produce. 12 do luggage and lurniture.
From Sam Frascisco Per Attstrilia, April 6336 pkgs
general mdse and 13 sheep.
CoMELia Nott la this city, ax Fort fctreei Church, oa
Monday evening. April 2d. by the Bev W Frear, Mr Jmu 1
Coel1 toMiii Mtwilir A, eldt daughter of Mr John
Nott, all of Honolulu.
Our printer acknowledge the receipt of a abar of wedding
rake, and wish for the wedded pair
Domestic happiness, the only bliss
pf Paradise that Dai lamvea we utu : j
. -t IVr Ci:v f Nc York, !r J'.
.... I Writ. ce 1
.... It Kicc. It. llOO
-j.-c c,t.n 2
.... 4 rur, lb ilJ'jo
Fun !t1 I an v
i Italian. ti(i h.. . .
; t.rjr. In.
' MrX'1'. tn......
IVr r.ii Kfl ri, n
Viu--I ,!iit c i:VCa; F re jn... $"0
F)B I'iiit Tuvmhid-I'i-i I'erkiij', Mar 31
Sapar. lh. 67,1" 2
'alu-r 1 j Hi . n'.ic 4,53 O'-i
Fob Sroiev I ft Au.tral.J, April 5.
PjIu. lb U.23
Vluc I) ja'it r ..f 357.14
FoiWiiDVimron Per Ki'.ao'a, April 2 J W Am,
Lincoln Cabct, Frar;k TL liiuil, A II B c, Ld llore, II Mna
C A Browce. !i Calljgt aa. Mr D K ryf. Mri J P 8rMjn
Mm J B Mrkvin and chill, U Mac'.eay. M Gray. Col Littl
A C Smiih. G W M.rUrUr.e. VV 11 Badcy. H K liiicbcoci
T I Murphy, V Merebur(t. I. 'ham er::n, Rrr F Autx-rt
J I. Ri-hrJ.o. R Menrarnni. 11 A Widrmann. T H Hutje;
W Goollc, f; P J Judl, S G Wilder jr, Wm Wendwttb, C J
Akla and about S5 derit.
Faov iaM F4!ct!ico Per l).cvery, Aptil 2 C II Alex
Jardr, Richard Pacf, A de Britterillc, V O W Itoltte, Jaa
FaoM PoTtaD Per Mauie Macleay, Aprii3 J&o P.ryce
f rom KtHi i.i l-Per Kamoi. April 3 W I. Diti. T II
DaTia, h- J BriJjer and 4 children. Prof VV D a U-xandvr ar.d
aon, G Gray, anl 3 children; II Cornwall, Mi Iouza
da, J Brown, E C"--r, C Uauchtri;e, U Mocsarratt, Alaua,
J McDormott and -vj deck.
From Has Faaaciaco Per Aujlra.U, April i Col C II
Judd and wife, Mr and Mra Hurtful, J R Carinydy, B Carl
wright, l B Adainj, John Kenan, B B schl'jas, E K Harria,
C'aj.l T E C'urtia, M Andrews, A Wesael a, A lllckmott,
J K'.tK.-rl, Mr Iai-, Capt Black, J J'dmaton. J Aahworth,
A Marsdeu, II hheert, W J Ilipjina, in C'hrialeuari, P A
Judije, A Cameron, and 7 itceiajp:.
t Fob vDkY Per Australia, April 5 K Cami-h-ll, Mi
tsac VorM, J K V ilaon.
' ' lion WiiuwitD Pumts Per Kilauea, April 6 Geo W
i MarfirUne, Mra J N Gilltnan, W I. Kow, W R Cuthb ri, Mna
! lUnnnCT, T II Davia, Mra I K Fyfe. W G Irwin, J W Gir-J
in and wife. Cant Willf.tr jj, J Kichardion, Mr J I. Buttiee. I
VUj iv iUdey and daugrtl r Mra Molteno and Scbddreo. II
K llaibcock, Ui.htp tu:"v m Uibon, I. Ilore. U Maclar
Line, .i N Make, Mi de Frie(a, Mm emytn, Mias af
fery. ti P J ilder. tt G Wilder Jr and 43 deck.
lu tuis city, April 3, to the wife of Mr H Roth, a daazhur.
Ancitwi At sea. April 4, N lat 23 s 24', W long 153 o
57', on board R M H Auatraiia from Han Francisco to Hono
lulu, of paralyri, the Rev Clai dii's II Asdrews, late of
Makawao, Maui, aged V years and 9 month. Mr Andrews
had bfen absent in the Co. ted Stale for a year paat, in search
of health, and aa on hi return to hit bland home in company
with hi wile, when death intervened. On Habbatb, April 1,
although in a vtt ferble condition, he held Divine service and
preached to the awrnbled paasenger in the saloon of the
steamer, taking hi text from l'alm 60:7. and laying particu
lir stres urxrfi the last claue "I nm God, even tby God."
F rum that time he continued to grow worse, nntil shortly be
fvre i o'clock on the morning of the 4th, hen hi pain de
parleil anI he sank peacefully to ret. Capt Cargill of the
Australia and lady were very kind and attentive to the sick.
The body was brought to this city for interment, and the
funeral .j)a place yeaterday afternoon, from the residence of
the Rev J V rogue. The Rev C B Andrews and wife arrived
at these utands in 1944, as a missionary of the A B C F M, in
company with the Revs T Dwight Hunt, E Whittlesey and
John V Pogue.
SATURDA Y. APRIL 7.
Is another column, we publish the usual
tabic of the principal domestic exports from the
port of Honolulu during the quarter ending
March 31st, 1877, compared with those of the
corresponding quarter of last year, which Las
been issued from the office of the Collector General
of Customs. From this table, it appears that
the export of sugar for the quarter specified
amounted to 7,4G4,8'J5 lbs., compared with
3,824,352 lbs., exported during the correspond
ing quarter of 1876 thus showing an increase
of 3,040,534 lbs., on this year's first quarterly
export of sugar. It should, however, bo remem
bered, to explain this enormous increase, that
large quantities of sugar were held back from
the market abroad during the first and second
quarters of last year, in anticipation of the
Reciprocity Treaty, and that consequently it
would be an error to 6uppo6e that this appar
ently enormous increase represents a correspond
ing real increase in the produce of sugar for the
period in question. With this explanation, the
return for this quarter just elapsed of sugar
exported is still very satisfactory. The same
table shows a decrease in the export of Paddy,
owing doubtless to the advantages of a local
rice-mill. The table also shows a decrease, more
or less important, in the exports of fungus, pulu,
and whalebone, during the quarter elapsed of
1877, compared with the corresponding quarter
of 187C. Wool figures for 130,089 lbs., ex
ported this quarter against nil the corresponding
quarter of last year. Tallow was exported this
quarter elapsed to the quantity of 07,899 lbs.,
against tij' last year's first quarter. There is no
return of whalebone exported this pa6t quarter.
The reports of hides, calf and coat skins, show
a satisfactory comparative increase. The total
value of exports during the quarter just elapsed
is set down in the table at $043,588.07 against
$274,910.04 for the corresponding quarter of
last year, showing an increase for this quarter of
$373,078.03, mainly due to the exceptional in
crease in the export of sugar.
Mr. II. It. Hitchcock, Inspector General of
Schools in this Kingdom, who spent several
months of tho past year in the United States, on
ati official tour of observation among the
chools of that country," has made thereupon a
report of bis experiences, conclusions, and sug
gestions, to the Hawaiian National Board of
Education. This report furnishes an insight
into the "views of the head of the Educational
Department of this Kingdom on the important
subject of the education of the youth of the
country, and consequently calls for an attentive
analysis, which may be usefully read by such as
take an interest in educational questions, not
only in this country but likewise abroad.
The Inspector General of Schools of the Ha
waiian Kingdom begins bis report by 6tating
that it was his duty, in visiting the United Statca
schools, ' to gain information which might prove
beneficial to the cause of education in these
islands." Very naturally his first enquiry was
with reference to " time," and he found that a
much longer time is devoted to the schooling of
the children in these islands than in the " United
States, .Europe and the Canadas," and Mr.
Hitchcock suggests that " we may be spending
too much time in the indoor schooling of our
young people" a grave matter of deliberation
for our National Board of Education. The re
duction of the number of the " common schools,"
and the increase of tho salaries of the teachers,
are also improvements on the present system,
which the Inspector General thinks desirable.
He instances the Swedish school system, as ex
plained by Dr. Meyerberg, Superintendent of
Schools at Stockholm, before tho International
School Convention at Philadelphia, where the
same teacher goes from placo to place, instructing
the children for a month at a time ; and Mr.
Hitchcock thinks that a like plan might bo use
fully adopted in certain localities on these Islands.
The young Hawaiians he suggests being ex
pert on horseback, could ride to and from school,
following the teachor as he went periodically
from one locality to another around their homes.
This pystcra, we may remark, is quite common
in South America, where little girls will jump
upon a horse, Amazonian fashion as here, and
gallop. two or three leagues (six or nine miles) to
ft Local school, generally held for a month or a
quarter at a time in one or other of the estancias
of the campos. Mr. Hitchcock deplores the
apathy of the people here in ths matter of the
education of the children, as compared with the
lively interest therein displayed in the United
StatesJ In this Kingdom, he says, " Govern
pjent'ruuet do everything," build the schools,
compel attendance by law, an4 act as foeter-
father" an.l nurrj-xn.iJ ! ' Hat. on thi, tioo Lave, at all event, had the cSl-ct of attraet
.uhject. wc mu.t mt that it wouli he a,tor.iBhinS in the .Uent.oo of the public o thi. firare
as in th!
i ; ! i the fume lr.U-reft in tauea.K.n tiere
l-ntted State,. Kcallv. no.t of the
thoc Mandi know bow to read and write, a fact
p(iv " "
which Fpcak3 volumes, at all events, in faTOur of
the old, missionary system of education, first in-
trodaced into this country. Their system, sin
gularly enough, adopted the language of the
people aa the medium of imparting to thcaa their
nstruction, whether religious or educational.
Now, it arrears, the Inspector General of Schools
in this Kingdom, advises the substitution of the
Enelish lanzuaze in the common schools; and
its'introduction into the high school of Lahaina
luna.as Mr. Hitchcock proposes, might be a very
"good experiment by way of a beginning.
The suggestion is very properly made, also,
with reference to Lahainalun.i College, by the
Inspector General of School?, that education
paid fur by the country, ought to be " non-sectarian."
This principle is now recoguized in all
enlightened States. Mr. Hitchcock's remark
about the necessity for the compilation of an
Englifh and Hawaiian vocabulary should meet
with attention, and such a work would be an
iuiiiortarit addition to linguistic lore. We bore
that it ruay s.n see the light. The substitution
, for oral,
III L i 1 r 1 Til. LAA JK WMaaa,a.iaa LAUUItuiiklVUCi V a, v a a
, C ln ai'tn ns f V n-t!ttnn firo m ivl'i t t,.rta:
int. school,., is advocated bv Mr. Hitchcock.
after his experiences on such matters in the
United States, and, particularly, his inspection of
the educational exhibits of the " Hamptou Normal
and Agricultural Institute, presided over by
CaDoroi o. c .iAustrong." The Inspector Gen
eral of Schools closet) his rejtort by proposing,
after the custom of the United States, the estab
lishment in this Kingdom of a national educa
tion convention as a permanent organization with
a voluntary corporate body" h very desirable
step). In conclusion, we think it fortunate that
this country possesses a gentleman of Mr. Hitch
cock's undoubted abilities, as the bead of the
educational department of the Kingdom, and one
so well qualified to represent its educational
system abroad, as this gentleman has recently so
efficiently done in the United States.
When tue journalist, who from week to week
and year to year is ever intent upon suggesting,
discussing or commending measures for the gener
al good of the country and people, meets unex
pectedly with a sign which, however small, in
dicates the initiation by government of a new
enterprise pro bono publico, a bright ray of hope
of still greater things to come at once illumines the
sanctum. Our hopes of better things coming
have been often disappointed and our suggestions
thrown aside by former administrations; but
under the present, we feel justified in taking
courage and indulging in hopes of a better time
coming when we perceive ever so Bmall a sign of
the good time coming of official enterprise and
activity. That small sign we perceive in the
little red flags which the other day were observed
on the vacant lot opposite the Theatre, indica
ting the line on which Alakea street is to be
straightened, and we surmise, widened. A
small commencement, certainly, but by the light
of our magic lantern wo see io the future a gen
eral straightening and widening of the streets
of the city, and thereafter as a consequence a
better circulation of air and better general
health.; Illumination of the streets by gaslight
should 60on follow, resulting in the better secu
rity of life and property. We hear that the
first movement m the desired direction will be to
widen Alakea street from tho harbor to Bere
tania street, by an addition of twenty feet.
Alakea street, it will be remembered, is now as nar
row and crocked as were the ancient cowtrails in
Boston. That narrow thoroughfares must be
unwholesome and likely to breed and harbor
pestilential airs in a warm climate like ours,
does not need demonstration, and is proved by
experience the world over. It is a fortunate
circumstance that as yet the houses on most of
our narrow streets stand so far back as to afford
sufficient space for the needed widening. Were
these streets already lined with three and four
story brick buildings as some day may be the
case the widening of the streets would be so
coBtly as to be out of the question.
Tho present, then, is on every account the
best time to move in this matter, and we arc
glad to think that government are awake to this
fact. Let the good work thus begun be
still further carried on by straightening Hotel
street, and continuing it through Palace walk
and the whilom Printer's Lane on as far as
Thomas Square. And there other are parts of
the town where not only do streets need widen
ing but new ones to be opened if only
for the purpose of affording security against fires.
Wide and straight streets (and happily those
that need widening run from the valley toward
the harbor, and open to either the trade wind or
the 6ea-breeze) will act like funnels, through
which the winds will sweep the pestilential ex
halations of city life, either towards the moun
tains or out to eca a preventive against epidemics.
No better mixture was ever invented for the
health of towns and cities then the pure air of
heaven, and a plenty of it.
With wide streets there should soon follow
gas-light, always cheaper than any oil, as well
as more secure and better in all respects. We
hear that a company in San Francisco 6tands
ready, if inducement offers, to supply our city
with gas. We have hoard that not infrequently
Borne of the not plentiful 6treet lamps now used
have been stolen in localities where hoodlums
congregate and prefer darkness rather than light,
because their deeds are evil. Gaslight could not
be stolen, and a broad and straight street well
lighted would prove a better protection against
evil doers than ever so many pwlicemen in a dark
and crooked thoroughfare. We bear occasionally
some talk about the heavy expense of our police
for Honolulu; but it is not generally known that
a considerable portion of the appropriation for
the department is expended for lamps and at
tendance. We trust that government will prodeed with
the work thus inaugurated on Alakea street, of
laying the foundations of the future Paris of the
In oi"R issue of lact week, we published a
communication from a correspondent, signing
himself " W. II. J." referring to our previous
editorial comments upon tho important l-gienio
question of the disposal of " night-soil." The
writer in question was of opinion that the con
ditions of agriculture in this part of the world
precludes the plan of utilizing the fecal matter
of our cess-pools for the purposes of manure ;
as we stated to be the system adopted in some of
the populous centres of the old world. We
agree so far with our correspondent W. II. J."
as to accept the opinion that private speculation
might not find sufficient inducements here to
undertake the removal of the fecal matter of this
eity at its own risks. Indeed, our object in
referring to the case of Paris, and other cities,
was to show that the question of the disposal of
fecal matter engrosses the attention of municipal
bodies elsewhere, and in certain conditions, their
revenues are even benefited by its removal. We
are glad to find, that our remarks on this ques-
Fracticaj CafttClon Ptry Cook.
Jl Ifc 13 the fiOTernment to make
rible pestilence, such as decimated Buenos Ajres
in 1S72 as we previously put forward when
medical science traced the strange and terrible
plague to the accumulation of ordaresland it
appeared that in many households the " closet"
was only separated from the kitchen and pantry
by a boarded partition, or Bimplj a canvas
screen! In another column, we propose to
publish some extracts on this subject from tn
authoritative British report. At present, we
wish to draw attention to an interesting article
on the same subject published in a recent number
of the American Aj-iculiurist a New York
periodical, which is aLo translated into German.
Our readers will note, that we are not alone in
the discussion of this otherwise disgusting topic.
The fact is that we believe we may state that
this difficult question occupies the pens of journ
alists, economists, politicians and statesmen ia
the most prominen; manner at the present day,
throughout the whde civilized, and cleanly world.
Two different plais appear to divide general
opinion removal md sewerage. All agree that
e reeking stagnait pool of human ordures can
J P jt
be long sufferd to seethe and swelter in the
! h1 of Pop"; without its being
!UllCUUCU nllu lis iieyuiiuiv tvutuuiiiauia iu-
r'lence and death! No human being, above the
condition of a brue, can have any doubt about
this view of the :ase. Very naturally, then,
the question is aniously asked : What is to be
done ? As is obvioui, there are only two plans
removal and scw'.rage. Now," to come to our
own case, here in Honolulu, we glean from
reliable opinions tha: sewerage ia not so practica
ble in this place as cmoval. It remains for the
government to decidt what plan to adopt, and we
would add a warning word that do time is to be
lost. The hot seascn is fast approaching, and
the condition of the closets" here is absolutely
horrifying. From vfcat we hear, we incline to
think that removal is the most feasible plan.
Taking this view of the case, we proposed to
refer to the article of the American Agriculturist
to which we alluded aove, and which is entitled :
'How to manage right-soil?" The writer,
however, supposes thd the " night-soil " is to be
utilized subsequently or agricultural purposes
hence, his plan of renoving it is more costly
than one intended 6inply to get rid of it. He
explains that the remival takes place at night,
from which circumstaice the term night-soil "
is derived. According to the methods adopted
in England, Germanr and France, "wagons
with tight boxes, cr ctrts, are sent to the place"
of removal ; and " vbeelbarrows with tight
boxes arc generally usd to convey the soil from
tho cess-pool." To elidify the fecal matter,
earth and straw is nixed with it ; but this is
also done with a view to subsequent purposes of
manure. In our owi case, allowing that the
nigbt-Eoil is of no va.ue here, nevertheless it is
plain that it must be got rid of either by sewer
age or removal ; and in the latter case, as the
American Agriculturist siggests, carts and wheel
barrows, properly constricted, can Berve all the
purposes of removal. Assuming that, at present,
the " night-soil " is valueless as manure, a
locality remote from all habitations, should be
selected, where it could be buried in deep under
ground pits, covered over with a layer of earth.
five or six feet deep, and the remainder of the
excavated clay shovelled over it in the shape of a
mound. None of these pits should be left open
longer than would be necessary to fill it with
" night-Boil," and cover ;t in with earth. In
short, the work oFfiUioo; and covering in the pit
Bhould be done in one night. Before concluding,
. . A i A? 1 ? a.
as a matter oi uistory, we may remaric that in
India, according to a lav four thousand years in
existence, a special case is set apart for the
removal of ordures from the households of so
much importance was this difficult question.
An intelligent correspondent writing from
Aiaui, mates some prtcticai suggestions on this
WILDIR & CO..
SUCCESSORS TODOWSETr At CO.
Corner Forland Queen Sts.
Dealers in Lumber, Paints Oil, Nails, Salt, and Building
fi iuiciii,ui every aina. jy
JOHN M ALII,
Tin Smith and Pluiber, Beretania Street,
ALL ORDER! ENTRUSTED TO HTM
will be promptly atsnded to. Water Pipes repaired
DISSOLUTION OF CO-PAETNEESHIP.
m. foreexiatingbetweenJ.il. Brans and II. Crabe, under
uu,o m ..xi. oruiux ,a., was oissotved Dy mutual
consent on the 1st of April, 117. The business of Coopering,
Ac , will be continued at the ol stand by J. H. Brans, who
win .vine an account 01 m late nrm. xnanklul for past
ttt.ui?, iic solicit, a cuuiiuuaue or me same.
Honolulu, April 7. 1877. (ap7 3t) J. H. BRUNS.
IsDRIXC MY ABSXCE FROM THIS
JLF Kingdom, my wife, Mry Ann McLean, and Robert
uray win act lor me nnder fulpower or attorney.
Honolulu, April 3, 1877. (p7 4t) GEO. C. McLEAN.
FOR SALE A1A BARGAIN!
A SET Of ELECAW HOUSEHOLD AVI)
A Kitchen Furniture, nearl.new, and complete for house
keeping. Also, a Fine Sewintfdachine, all to be sold on ac
count or departure. Apply at nee to tha undersigned, No. 9
Adam's Lane, above Mr. A. PBrickwood'a.
ap7 3t J. LINDEBMAN.
riMIE FOLLOWING NAMED GENTLE
Ja. MEN, by the payment ofTifty Dollars, have constituted
tnemseives tne aiemoers or thQueen's Hospital Association:
Hos. J.P. Pabkkr, S. Parks, Esq., Col. M. P. RoBiasosr.
JOHN II. PATS', Sec'y.
Honolulu, March 2Sth, 187.
rjnilF. F.nF.R.SIU5f HAVE formed a
JL t'o-Partnership, to cemence from the rirst day of
& ..! , O f . . ...-. ,., MnA . J . ! . .
Provision Business, under tie nrm and name of FRIEf. dfc
, 11,1 iuiaiiji cari ids uu sue itrocery ana
BUSH. EDWARD B. FRIEL,
A. W. BUSH.
Honolulu, Apsil 3d, 1377. gas 4t
Dissolution of Ck-Partnership.
rj-iHe c.pART.r.yiiiP heretofore
JL existing under the tlrniatr.e or Jones t Richardson
Is this day dissolved ny muial consent,
O. W. C. JONES,
C. K. RICHARDSON
Katiuku lUnoh, Kau, Maicri21, 177.
Kahuku rtaoh, Kau. March 21, 1377.
The uiidersitfiied having pjruased the interest of Mr.
C K. Richardson, in the buaesa heretofore conducted
nuder the rirm name of Jonesfc Richardson, assumes all
the liabilities of and will collet all accounudue the late
firm. 638 lm t. VV. V. JOXES.
Royal Hawaii n Theatre !
CHAS. DERBY ....Proprietor and Manager
New Attxactions !
LTJPR0IL & AUSLAND
Saturday Eveninj, April 7th!
CHANGE OF IH) GRAMME.
Ladder in the Air, or Leap fcrLif (for the first time)
Loproil and Mile. Madaiine
Harry CauslanJ, in New Speciilitia, including Musical Act,
introduced wia Rer Pots.
For the first time in Honolulu tte Great Treble Horizontal
Bar Act JnesLuproiL
PRICES OF lMISSIO.V t
Dres Circle, One Dollar, arquHte, 75 ct.. Pit, 50 cts.
Reserved Seats can be had at ie Dug Store of A. McWsyne
Twenty-five Cents extra. Privte Botes, Eight Dollars. -
Doors open at half past seven, perffmance lo commence at
eight o'clock. 1
c. m. co a i
LEWEES i- DICKSON,
EA.I.KRS IN 1.1'MUKK A M Ht'IL,llG
au2 Materiais. tVrt ?:rret. ly
H. HACKFELD Si CO.,
Offer tor JSalc nn Invoice of
FREXCII GOODS !
(refill) S'lfctta far this Market,
Just Rec'd per Haw. Bk. Ka Moi,
r It O 31 IIREM 3 Z f .
ASSORTMENT OF TRINTS .
HEAVY BIATE 4XDSTRIPF.I) DENIMS,
Hickory btnpe. Blue aad W hue Ticaiog.
Brown Cotton Iril!, Blue Cotton Prill, Whit Cotton.
Horrockt' Locg Clcth, Brown Cottons, assorted i
Turkey Red, Linen Cot ion Sheeting, Linen A. Holland
White Molesk:.n, Blue Flannel, Victoria Lawns.
Mosquito Netting, Scotch Water-proof,
German Water-proof, Bedford Cords, Sileclas,
BLACK DOESKINS :
Black and Blue Broadcloths, Cashmeres, Diagonals, Ac,
Black Lasting, Black Coooargs, Italian Cloths,
Black and Colored Merinos, Linen and Cotton Thread,
Silk, Linen and Cotton Handkerchief.
Linen and Cotton Towels,
- Merino and Cotton Stockings and Socks,
Assortment of Shawls, Umbrellas and Parasol,
Large Assortment of Shirts and Undershirt,
LARGE ASST. OF SUPERIOR CLOTHING :
Bed Quilts, Blankets, Rugt, Canvas,
Assortment of Burlaps. Twines, Bags and Gunnies,
FINE ASSORTMENT OE SADDLES',
Blacked French Calhkins, Gun Powder, No. 12 ?h4,
Patent Sheep Shears, Tin Dates, Babbitt's Mela!.
Banca Tin, Butcher Knives, Fen and Pocket Knives,
Scissors, Charcoal Irons, Spurs,
Galvanized Tubs and Tails, Lanterns,
Sheet Zinc, Fence Wire, Hoop Iron, Rivets,
Nails, Perforated Brass,
Munti's Yellow Metal and Composition,
FINE ASSORTMENT OF RHINE WINE,
Fine Assortment of Claret,
Champagne and Sparkling Hock, German Ale,
Bavarian Brown Beer, Gin, in cases; Gin, in Basket;
Alcohol, 92 per cent.
PIPES, HAVANA AND GERMAN CIGARS,
Perfumery, Hair Oil and Soaps, Brushes and Comb,
SMALL INVOICE OF JEWELRY, New Styles;
TOYS, FANCY GOODS, Ac,
Harmonica, Feather Dusters, Blank Books,
Printing Paper, Cards, Horse Rope,
Spuoyarn and Seizing, Canstic Soda, Palm Oil,
llubbuck's Best Paints and Paint Oils,
Red Lead, Venetian Red. Yellow Ochre,
Market Baskets, Demijohns, J to 6 gallons;
Coal Tar, Stockholm Tar, Bricks, Slates,
PORTLAND CEMENT, WHITE BROTHERS,
Empty Petroleum Barrels, Empty Syrup Barrels,
New and Old Oil Shooks, Rum Containers,
Oak Boats, Cutch and Qambier, Birch Brooms.
ALL GOODS AT LOWEST MARKET PATE,
AND ON A LIBERAL CREDIT !
Ordtrt from the other Island promptly txttuted. (ap7 qr
NEW MANILA CIGARS,
AT THE OLD CORNER!
AND AI THE.
Branch Store, 37 Fort St.
II. J. XOLTE.
Just Received, ex Discovery,
200,000 RED WOOD MIMES !
Cs. Devoe's Kerosene Oil on Hand,
Barrels of Lime,
Barrels Booth's Portland Cement.
AT No. IO STORE,
Fine Asst. of Fancy Goods,
Ac. c. ic. Ac.
Ex Steamer -cViTtialiri I
Pure French Merino Rams,
From Ae Xoled Flock- of Mrs. R. Llacovo,
CehtreviUe, Alameda Co., Cala.
They are the Pick of trie Flock !
AND ARE FROyED
The Heaviest Shearers in the World I
THE) Cl BE SEEN AT THE HIWIII 1 U0TEL.
J . VICXVO.
BJo. SO FORT STREET,
IS A DECIDED
Price their Goods.
ALL CREDITORS HAVING CLAIMS
2 against the estate of Ilia late Highness CHARLIu SA
NA IN A, deceased Intestate, whether such claims b secured
by niortgafre on real estate or not, are hereby requested to pre
sent the am duly authenticated and with ths pmper V oar her
to the undersigned, at lbs Marshal's Office. Alikilanl Hale,
Honolulu, without delay; and are hereby notified thai if such
claims be nt so preseuted within sis months from the first
Tmhlir.tmn nf thi. Tint it a, arlthtn m mnnlh. fmm It, ilav
they fall due. they shall be forever barred, and lb. admlnis -
tralor of the .aid estate ahall not be aathorirrd ta tiav them.
And all person Indebted to said eataia ar hereby rqueled
to pay the same immediately to the undersigned.
W. C. PARKK.
Administrator of the K.tale of H. 11. C. Kanalna, deceased.
Aliiolani Hale, April 7th, 1877. a7 4t
A CONVENIENT COTTAGE. 107
Nuuanu Avenue, at present occupied by T O TliRL'M,
Enquire of J. S. LKMON.
A LL MEMBERS OF HOOK H LADDER
2TA. Co. No. 1 w bo are in arrears of dues to said Cusnpany,
are requeated to remit the nn. on or befor the regular
monthly meeting In May, 1877, if not, they are hereny not men
that they are liable to be expelled.
mh!7 7t Per order, J. M. vVEiT, Foreman.
riUI E UNDERSIGNED HAVE THIS DA V
M. formed a Uo-partnershlp for the purpose of carrying on
the manufacture of Sugar on tha VTAIKAf U PLANTATION,
at aikapu, island or Maui, tha nrm and style to t corn.
HENRY CORN WELL,
WILLIAM II. CORN WELL.
Honolulu, March 1, 1877.
mllG UNDERSIGNED. FORMERLY WITH
M. Mr. Kckart, begs to Inform cllisens of Honolulu and the
publio generally, that he has taken the store on Fort Btrret,
opposite Odd Fellows Hall, (formerly occupied by Tbos. Tan.
natt,) where he will give tpecial attention to the manufacturing
and repairing of alt kind of Jewelry.
Particular attention given to bbcll and Kukul work.
Cr Will guarantee satisfaction in all his work. Jt
Honolulu, Nov. 87, 1870. no25 Cm) WM. M. WENNER.
For Sale, lo Arrive,
Of the Bark Mattie Macleay !
.0W DI E FUOtI PORTLA.VD, OKECOV,
Cases Oregon Fresh Apples,
Bxs Herrings, Cases Lard, Cases Beef;
Cases Bread. Bags Oatmeal,
14 M. Feet Flooring, 49 M. Shingles,
Barrels Oregon Flonr,
Half Barrels Columbia River Salmon,
Sacks Bran, Sacks Wheat,
Kitts Salmon Bellies, Cases Salmon,
Cases Hams, Cases Dried Beef,
&c, &c.t &c, &c, Sec.
GREEN, MAC FA R L A N E V CO.
lVciv Goods !
cw Goods will fee
J V BOODS, JLT ARRIVED FROM EC-
A.VJL K'JVK and the EASTERN rJTATE. Come one. come
all, and see and l!uy st one Profit, as I bought o.dy froiii man
ufacturert for Ca.h
LADIES FANCY GOODS !
HLa.Iic Oarmfiila, Mi.ses Garments, Cl.iLIren'B Uaruienl,
NEW FRENCH PRINTS !
Centlcmen's Cliithin, Boys Clothinr,
Hoots and Bhos, lists and Caps.
COME ONE, COME ALL, TO
S, MiACNlN. Nuuanu St.
I will Still Keep my Three Months' System
IvmHht LA Astraulu u Cwra. i
' J tf '
COHE ALL Ai5 SEE !
.aiaiasT E ! here.
S. MAPin, Nuuanu Street,
mhl7t; NEAB KINO fiTRlKT.
SUCCESS ! 1
C0 PARTNERS HIP NOTICE
r'IIE 7DF.RNICIKEI HAVE Till DAY
M. enu-rrd into Co partnership In lb Laather a ltd Urneval
alrrrhandiae limine.., under lbs firm ua ct led 4 tissua.
Ma. II. Ms!),
j. r. HMON.
II IK Feb. t, 1477. mhU 84
LAND IN PALAMA !
I gOA "RLEAfcEII FOR A TERM or FIVE
I V 1
VKAhs). This land eknUins about Tlir Acre, an
siiuatrd near the rad. King Mrret, omiii the krfwrsaalory
Hchoul prriuiwa, with a Uur House, wln.-kj will b krsaod
In connection will, the land. There I a Carriage M4 trading
Irom King Mrret U lh house. This land is Well adspted !
Hire Culture, and has a good supply f water. For further
particular, enquire of (1, W. M Al'V,
QUI Ouar.liao tot U. W. Msvy, Jr.
THEO, H. DAVIES
IS NOW L4NDIIVG Fit IIM CAI.IFOIt
NIA.es MAKV BKLLK KOIir.HlD, and other late arrt
valt, and offers
FOR SALE CHEAP !
Oregon Salmon in Ebli.
Tobacco, "Cable Coil'
Honey in Comb,
Honey in Gl.it,
ART GAMY !
Ol Fwrd ttirel,
IN ADDITION TO
His Large & Varied Stock
PICTURE FRAMES, &o.
ill E1EGAXT k EimSIVE STOCK
Hnrc A. Ilea u I if ill Corals
WIIITK, RED, PUBPLK AND KLACK
Rare Specimens !
FINEST PINK SHELLS I
1st Crest! Varlrly.
liEAL'TIFl'LLY MOUNTED, IN MKTS AMsV
A LARGE SUPPLY OF RARE SEA MOSSES
Or THESE ISLANDS. fJlVE VB A CALL
saivi'i. o. wilder,
Agent for the Hawaiian Islands,
.11 LIFE IM'IIUtE (OMI'JW
OF NEW YORK,
ECOPOlTliCal Life IllSa. CO.
IN THE WQRLDI
Now is a Good Timo to Insure
vm: bit iiBsr-ci.Ass uinks Tiki
pi OFFICE WITH WILDER A
si A Keifsmil i;h
.t'J s n - b
r u .. artii
5 2, oSWiM-yr-l 0.J.
' ia20 tf
Q.IEEN. MACFABLENE h CO.