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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL. ADVERTISER SUPPLEMENT, JAN. 3, 1880.
IILS KXC'KLLKNCV JOIIX M. KAl'KXA, MINLSTIIU
OF FOKEKSN" JiELATIOX.S,
CM Ac Occpm of Iytjlng the Corner Stone of the 2s'cw J,'-yal
Palace, Jlonol'lu, DsectnUr CI, IST'J.
Your Majetle.'y Chiefs nu t the People:
It has pleasel IIi-5 Majesty the Kin to direct His Honor
the Chief Justice ami myself to make some remarks resj.ec-t-
insr the solemn and lnnortant ceremony ot tolav. e are
gathered here together this morning to assist in laying the
corner stone of the new home for the Kings of Hawaii nei.
The project has been for several years under consideration,
and at the Ja.-t session ot the Legislature an ai-j.roj. nation was
made for commencing this work. His Majesty the King has
decided that the i'alace .-hould be erected on this sjot, sacred
to the memories which cluster alout it of his Jioyal prede
cessors now passed away.
The ancient Chiefs were remarkable for their fondness of
travelling from one part of the Islands to another, thereby
evincing a spirit of enterprise and cultivating a talent for
government.' This was strikingly illustrated in Kameharneha
himself, who when he found that by his own bravery and
indomitable will ho had become master of the larger portion
of the Island of Hawaii, he immediately left his home in fe r
tile Kailua, and removed to the barren, sun-dried sea-beach
of Kawaihae. At first glance,
proceeding on the part ot the King, but it was only an
evidence of his 8iiicrior wisdom. He collected about him
the captured chiefs, his own immediate warriors and his wise
councillors, and kept them continually with him, all depend
ing upon the King for their food and other necessaries of life,
wLich came from his own storehouses, and were divided
among them under his own (supervision. Iy this proceeding
the duels became entirely dependent upon Jvameharneha ;
moreover, it was rendered entirely imjossible to carry on any
conspiracy or rebellious movement, tor they Ji;wl no means
of their own to feed or supjort any of their adherents.
Under these circumstances, the King's wise meuand council
lors advised hirn to erect the temple of ruukohola, at
Kawaihae, Hawaii, as a means of entrapping Keoua, the
Kind's last contestant for suiremc iover. who was also a
relation of his. Thus came about the downfall of Keoua,
tho possession and complete- triumph of Kameharneha over
the entire Island of Hawaii.
Subsequent to this event, the scat of Government was
removed to the Island of Maui. The policy of removing the
seat of Government to the place recently conquered was a
wise one. For if we will consider the traditional history of
the conquest of the country, we shall perceive that in the
t,l ir.u' I ut .niin n c-rt.A tlio t-it$-i ninl thn court vrrr nliv:ivs
..... 1 . r. nn.l ct.skll tii ii lrpt -i ii1 flint t)ir trm-tf
reason of thU policy was to render the people of the con.iuerel
rUVIIICen IJIHCt illl'l lUllltllllii l nil ini.ii vwmi nun uii'ivi
their new chiefs, whom they were thus brought to recognize
as their undoubted conquerors.
At Lahaina the seat of" Government was at first attempted
to Le established by the chiefs, and the Court to be retained
at that place, ami in consequence of which the Hale Puila
was erected as a palace, but which in after years became a
court-house and continued such up to the time of its demoli
tion. Another reason which has forcibly impressed upon my
mind tho belief that the chiefs intended to settle themselves
permanently at Lahaina,' is the fact, that at that place they
lirst commenced an actual system of government by defining
the different departments ; there was also convened the first
Legislature that ever existed in Hawaii nei, which at that
sitting produced the now celebrated Blue Laws of Luaehu.
But as is too often the case with the hopes and aspirations
of the sons of men, the fixed intentions of the chiefs were
doomed to disappointment. The seat of Government was
withdrawn from Lahaina to Oahu, owing to the importance
of the harbor of Honolulu, its central position in the group,
and subsequently the large increase of the population of this
city. The advice and persuasions of the principal chiefs ami
councillors induced King Kauikeaouli, styled Kameharneha
III, to remove the Government to Oahu in the year 18 IS,
ami he took up his residence in the Ilaleuluhc at l'elekanc,
in the vicinity where now stands the Kpiscopal Church.
Subsequently, in the mouth of July, A. 1. 1844, Kekuanaoa
- commenced to erect the building recently demolished, known
at that time by the name of Hanailoia. It has been said that
in olden times a large hehiu or temple extended to this spot,
the name of which was Kaahaimauli. The house was erected
for the I'rincesvS Victoria Kamamalu, but Kameharneha III
took jtossession of it as a palace, and from that time it was
the home for the Kings of Hawaii nei. At the time when
Kekuanaoa erected the old palace, the grounds were not so
spacious as they are at present. On the western corner was
KekuanaoaV house,which he had named llaliimaile ; ami
subsequently he commenced to erect a large stone house, the
walls of which only appeared above ground, and afterwards
vanished into thin air, when the fctones con-josing' them were
gold by his son, the late Kameharneha V.
There, in the premises known as Pohukaiua, Kekauluohi
the Premier erected her house. When John Young was
. Premier, he built ami lived in Kinau Hale. There, in that
house Iloihoikea, were transacted some of the mo-t important
affairs connected with the history of Hawaii and' of the
Hawaiian raco ; there lived and died Kameharneha III, and
within its walls were held many iin imjiortant council to de
cide the interests of this nation, their advancement and their
prosperity. The name Iloihoikea was in commemoration of
the restoration of the sovereignty ami the Hag of Hawaii nei
by Admiral Thomas. During the reign of Kameharneha V,
Cabinet councils were frequently held there. There was
held the council which called the Constitutional Convention,
tho result of which was the abrogation of the Constitution of
18.12 and the promulgation of the present one. There
Kameharneha V, he of the strong mind, humbly sm cumbed
to his fate, and thus parsed away the last of the Kameharneha
dynasty. In that house also the present reigning family met
with their first great grief, and far distant be the day when
they shall he called to mourn another void in the family.
There, in the premises of Pohukaiua, was erected the tomb
of the departed chiefs, and at the entrance of that sacred
place was placed the imhIv of John Young, one of Kamcha
meha's intimate friends. In order that the spot may not
be forgotten where that tomb once stood, the King has
caused a mound to be raised there, crowned with ferns ami
flowers in memory of those who sleep beneath it.
Doubtless the memory is yet green of that never-tobe-
" forgotten night when the remains oT the departed chiefs were
removed to the 1 loyal Mausoleum in the valley. Perhaps
the world had never witnessed a procession more weird and
solemn than that which conveyed the bodies of the chiefs
through oursticcts, accompanied on each side by thousands
of people until the mausoleum was reached, the entire scene
and procession being lighted by large kukui torches, while
the surrounding darkness brought in striking relief the
cotlins on their biers. Truly we cannot forget the weirdness,
the solemnity, and the affecting scene afforded by that
strange midnight procession !
' The last house that was recently demolished was known
on the makai side as Kauluhinano, and as Ihikapukalaui on
the mauka ide, erected by Kameharneha IV for his Queen ;
there they spent most of their time during his reign. Those
1 who had the good fortune to be invited to partake of the
gracious hospitalities of the King and Queen will not soon
fore tthe refined and courteous manners of those royal per-
sonnies. In Ihikapukalaui was born their child the Prince of
Hawaii. "The northern corner of these premises, connecting
Kichard Street with Palace Walk, has no relation to the
history of the chiefs of Hawaii nei, inasmuch as those prcm-
isfcs belong to the Sumner family ; it was only recently that
they were purchased in order to complete the square form -of
tho palace grounds.
The frequenters of these grounds would readily bring to
'. the mind's eye the forms of Judd, Lee, liiehards, Wyllie,
Armstrong, Robertson and Andrews, in their various posi
tions aa public servants and true friends of the Hawaiian
" eople. Even now one can bring to mind the countenances
. " the dejarted chiefs, who strongly upheld the hands of
fjr foreign fellow counsellors After Kaahumauu the
Second comes Kekauluohi and John Younir, and now
fancy 1 can see coming up these paths with firm tread the
ct:!tfl- l'..rms of Piiki and Kekuanaoa. Here also comes the
jovial ami plea-ing countenance of Kapaakea, than whom
none excelled in "the qualities of caution and modesty in
giving advice to his King, exceeding in this respect his care
for his own affairs. "Now before the mind's eye the stooping
form of John Ii ; and amongst thce who served; and
labored for the good of the country and the progress of the
nation, we cannot forget Haalilio, Keliiahonui, Namakaeha,
Fv:icr. .-mil K':ir.:iitisi. Ot the servants of the Government and
J the people who are now living, it is not fitting to speak on
this occasion, for the web of their history lsnot yei woven,
nor are their labors finished.'
Standing upon this spot this morning, our thoughts revert
to the chiefs and counsellors who havVdeparted before ; and
some remarks are suggested in regard to events of the past
regime as compared with those of the present. Should any
one consider that it is a light and easy task to conduct the
affairs of our Island Government, he will be greatly mis
taken, for evidently it will require all the skill, the watchful
care, the patiencethe caution and the industry that can be
bestowed in the future, in order to secure the well-being of
the people and the prosperity of the Government.
The pleasant memories of my youth about this city of ours
are still fresh. When the palace which' once stood on this
spot was built, this was a treeless plain, covered with creep
ing thorns, sparsely dotted with grass houses, among which
wound narrow lanes, formed by the banks of taro patches.
Now, as we look about us on all sides, all these tilings are
changed ; it would seem as if the bloom and verdure of the
valleys had been transplanted hither, tho handsome white
residences, the churches and the hospitals, the water
brought down from its mountain hiding-place to the inner
most homes of the icorle, the whirl of the wheels of
vehicles of all desc riptions along our streets, the clangor of
hammers in tho various haunts of industry, the construction
of telegraphic wires and" the telephone, carrying with the
l.. i l. t a 7 , xiN
pieei 01 iigiuni ng our spuiveii hoius. xjuoKiug luwaius uie
harbor, there thirty years ago there was but one wharf, that
ot .James Kobinson. whereas to-day the water frontage is
nearly all occupied with wharves, while the once quiet sur
face of tho harbor is now disturbed by the movements of the
numerous coasters, merchant and whaleshius. vessels of war.
our inter-island steamer, and the periodical calls of the huge n
f A . A , .I
our commerce xweniy-nve years ago was next to nothing
as compared with the present time ; for in those days our
commerce depended upon the visits of the whaleships ; we
produced nothing of importance for export, except such
articles as we miirht be able to trade with .them.durii
winter months and a smalt portion of the spring ; but during.
the long summer months we saw no more of these customers.
In the year 1853, the total value of all our exports amounted
to the sum of 148,G85.7G ; and in tho year 1878, the value
of our exports reached the sum of 3,247,879.49, .Not, ouly
this, l)nt wo must consider the wages, earned by the people.
'Formerly twenty-five cents per diem was considered high
wages for a laborer, but now ho demands as high as two
dollars or moro for a single dayV work. ' i i i -
It is not however iii this city alone that we find evidences
of the changed condition of the'peoplc ami the country.' Let
us turn our eyes to the windward islands and examiuo their
conditions. A hundred years ago, those islands were noted
as being the theatres of war for their fearless braves, with
their spears and javelins, where apparently the only use of
the commyn people was to help their chiefs in their warlike
pursuits, to implicitly obej', to trust to and to love their
chiefs. ; '
But in these days, on those plains' where "onco tho flying
spear and swift javelin were familiar ohjects.a great war of a
different character is going forward on most of the fertile por
tions of the country. In the far distant past it was tho fierce
tread of armed men on their marches and in their combats
that filled the air with the dust of their movements ; but in
these days it is tho untiring point of the plow that industri
ously stirs up the dry soil which has so long lain fallow,
the steam whistle echoes far and near, arousing the idle to
join hands with the industrious, that both may work together
for progress. Jbifty years ago, if a prophet had arisen who
should have foretold that the wilderness of Kohala, Hamakua
v,iu Hilo ami the barrenness of Kau should be cultivated,
that tho rushing streams of precipitous Koolan on Maui that
then ran to waste in the ocean should be diverted to fertilize
the broad plains of Kulaokamaomao, that tho first telephone
should be constructed between Wailuku and Haiku, that tho
first race of the iron horse should be from Hamakuapoko to
the rise of 2sehe, that Honolulu should witness the prosecu
tion of so many industrial pursuits and the erection of schools
and churches, that the bulrushes of the swamps of Ewa
and Waikiki should bo swept away by the agriculture of a
foreign race, that the gushing streams of Kauai, famed in
song, should be made to serve in fertilizing the land and
doing the work of man what should we have thought of
such a prophet 'i AVc should have pronounced him a
visionary or a madman.
Uut in the past fifty years, during which we have enjoyed
the benefits of an enlightened civilization, many and great
changes have taken place, affording a noble contrast to the
times of our forefathers. To-day, every man is a freeman,
our laws protect equally the person, the life and the property
of every man, secure from injury or spoil. In these last years
we have received a generous national concession, which must
encourage and consolidate our agricultural interests, giving
new life to the land. And thus, as the country grows in
wealth and the Government in its ability to serve the people,
in like generous manner and proportion may we provide a
homo for the Kings of Hawaii !
For mvself, being a member of the Masonic Fraternity, I
am reminded of the Sovereigns of this Kinirdom who have
become members of the same and have devoted their ener
gies to forwarding the interests of that benevolent Order,
whose object is to combine all good men in one sacred bond
of brotherhood, fo-day the honorable duty has devolved
u I xHi that Order of laying tho corner-stone of tho Uoyal
Palace here to be erected ; so al-o was awarded to that
Order the honor of laying the foundations of the world-
renowned Temple of Jerusalem. -
Three of the crowned heads of this Kingdom were mem
bers of this Order," as was also the late lamented Prince
Leleiohoku. The corner-stones of all our principal public
buildings have been laid by the Order of Freemasons.
Kameharneha IV one of the wisest of our Kings, and
whose reign shed a lustre upon the throne of Hawaii nei,
laid the corner-stone of the Sailors' Home and of the Queen's
Kameharneha Y, the King of inflexible will and undaunted
mien, laid the corner-stone of our much admired Government
building, Aliiolani Hale.
We are now in the reign of Kalakaua, the only one of
these Sovereigns who has ascended all tho steps of the craft,
and has reached the pinnacle of Masonic honors.
It is a matter of surprise as well as of gratification to know
that the sentiments and inclinations of our Kings have in this
matter tended in one direction that of Masonry ; so that we
may say of them, " Heboid how good and how pleasant it is
for brethren to dwell together in unity ; it is like the
precious ointment on the head that ran down upon the beard,
even Aaron's beard, that went down to tho skirls of his
garment." And thus it was with the concord of purpose
between our Kings.
In our IJrotherhood of Masonry each member is taught
the symbolical meaning of the three rounds of the ladder
which the Patriarch Jacob saw in his dream. These are,
Faith, Hope and Charity.
I need hardly apologise to the craft assembled here to-day
for comparing these three great rounds with the peculiar
characteristics of the Sovereigns of this Kingdom who have
been members of the renal craft Kameharneha IV as
Faith, Kameharneha V as Hope, and his present Majesty as
For Liholiho (Kamehcmeha IV) believed that the people
Ia 1 1 ! il 1- 1-
oe savea iy curing ineir diseases, as witness rns
exertions in procuring the erection of the Queen s Hospital.
a proof of his Faith.
Kapuaiwa (Kameharneha V) was hopeful for the perpetuity
of Hawaiian independence. The stately Government House,
with its enduring walls, stauds before you as a proof that his
leading sentiment was Jfje.
To his present Majesty we apply the title of Charily. It
was the nooie&t ot charitv, springing lrom an earnest desire
for the prosperity of his people, that induced him to leave
his Kingdom and to brave the wintry cold of the Kooky
Mountains and to face he icy sleet of the world-renowned
cataract of Niagara, with tho only object in view of securing
to his people the boon of Reciprocity. And we have all
observed how he ami his Queen have labored in all weathers
throughout the Islands for the welfare of the j eople. In the
words of Paul to the Corinthians, I may say, -'And now;
abideth these three, Faith, Hope and Charity ; but the
greatest of these is Charity." In the words of our Order,:
"For our Faith may be lost insight ; Hope ends m fruition ;
but Charity extends beyond the grave through the boundless
realms of eternity !"
And no:.', as we are gathered upon this spot, sacred to the
memory of chiefs and kings who have departed, together we
have laid this corner-stone of a new home for the Kings of
Hawaii nei. Our earnest desire, our prayer and our hope, is
that our Gracious King shall be granted long life, to his
family peace, health and honors ; and tor the nation and the
Government, continued progress and prosperity to the end
of time ! I
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CALL AND EXAMINE
CASTLE & COOKE'S
notice toplanters! Pacific Iron Works,
rMIK UMtKRSIGNKD, AS A MEM II Kit
1 of the laff of the Hawaiian Uornin?nl Surveying I'urly.
having carefully examined peraooatly nnt parts ol the sever
al Islands of this Kinrdom, now re)xcOully offers his servin
to Sujiar Planter and others who Uiy require
and other modes of transport, as a parchaaing
A sent or AdvUiiig Kngineer.
He proceeds direct by this steamer to Boston, I'. S. A., and
having every facility for so doing, will furnish, on application,
rians, Sprtlfirations and fellniates ef Cost for Iron
Bridges, Iron Honst, Kallwaj with Bridges
and Bollln Stork of All Ufsrrlptlons.
Also,. Machinery of Every Description
for the Manufacture of fuar and Cleauing and Preparing Rice
for the Market.
Address in Boston. LINCOLN CABOT,
Civil Engineer, Room 6, No. 131 Devonshire Street.
P. 8. Inquiries addressed to C. T. Culick, in Honolulu, will
receive prompt attention. my 24 tf
8N FRANCISCO - M A Ml P AC1TR RK Or
Sugar Mills, Engines, Boilers.
. . AND " ' J- ,
EVERY DESCRIPTION OF IRON WORK
i' " ..';,
In ConntctioH with iKujftr J'Uiutg. t
For Prlrrs and Terras, Apply U ; .
E. P. ADAMS, .
Ap-nt for the Hawaiian Island.
Ills Majesty. KALAKAUA. 6. November 1C,
1S3T.; m. December l'J. 1803; Ascended
the Throne February 12, 1874.
lli r Majesty the Qdeen, b. December 81, 1834
Her Royal llierhnesa the Princess Lydia-Ka."
makaciia-Lihiokalani, Heir Apparent,
b. September 2, IMS; m. Septenilier lti, 18i2,
to llw Kxllency John owkm Iominis,
' Uuveruor of Oahu and Maui, K.ti.C of the
Koyal Orders of Kamehunieha and Kala
kaua: Kt. Com. of the Orders of Francis
Joseph of Austria, and iHaliella Catoliea
of Spain; Member of the lloitsc of Nobles
and of the Privy Council of State, etc., etc.
ller Koyal Highness the Princess Mibiam
Likf.likk, b. January 13, ISM ; m. Septem
ber 22, lfT0, to the Honorable Abcuibalu
Scott Cleohotin, K.ti.C. of the Uoyal
Order of KainPhaniehtt und Kolakaim;
Memlier of the House of Nobles and of the
Privy Council of State; has issue Her
Koyal Hijrhnesu the Princess VicroniA -Kawkkiu-Kaii'lani
- Lchaulo- Kalam
Ni iahilai'alaj-a, Ikji u October 10, 10J5.
Her Majesty the Dowager Queen Emma, 6.
January 2, 18oo; . to Kauiehameha IV
June l'J, 1850.
Her IliirlinpA Kuth-Keelikolant, sinter of
their late Majesties Kumehaiucha IV and
V; b. February 9, 1S18.
His Majesty's Chamberlain Colonel C U Judd
HIS MAJESTY'S STAFF.
Colonels W F Allen, Ed Hoffmann, C U Judd,
M P Kobiusou and C P laukea.
Staff of Governor of Oahu.
Majors Ueo W Macfarlane, Chas T Uulick,
and Capt J U Uoyd.
HOUSE OF NOBLES.
Their Excellencies, S i Wilder, t M Kapena, S
K Kaai, J O Dominis, ; Hons 1 Kanoa, V.
li lli.slml), J Mott Smith, 11 A Kahuuu, P Y
Kaeo, w T Martin, J V Parker, U Kuihe
lani, J Moanauli, J 1 Dowsett, A H ( 'leir
horn, P lsenberb', S N Castle, O Khodea, C U
The Cabinet Miuisters hold seats in the House
of Kotilea tjt officio.
His Majesty, the Kis.
Minister of the Interior His Ex S O Wilder
Minister of For Atlairs. . . Ills U J M Kapena
Minister of Finance His Ex 8 K Kaai
Attorney Oeneral Ilia fcx . ITeslou
PBIVY COUNCIL OF STATE.
His Majesty, the Kreo.
Their Kxoelleiici.-s, 3 O Wilder, J M Kapena,
K K Kaai, E Preston, J O Dominis; lions J
Mott Smith, HAP Carter, P Kuno:i, C C
Harris, A F Judd, LMcCnlly, C R ISishop,
A S Cletfhoin. S X Castle, ti Rhodes, U A
Widemanii. H M Whitney, E O Hall, W
J Smith. W : Parke, C H Judd, J A Cum
mins. W P VS'ood, H A Kahanu, J U Ka-
vrainui, J Moanauli, J t Walker, W L
(ireen, R Stirling, W F Allen, E P Adams,
M T W T
i) h i S
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2G 27:28 j 29
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1 2' 3; 4! 5! G' 7
8 9 10 11112 13 14
lollfi 17HSI19 20 21
22 23 24 2 20 27 2
Mi T W; T F S
2S!29 30 31
2 3 4 5 6
0 1(1 11 12 13
16 ' 17 18 10 20
2.-, 24 25 26 27
21 22 23
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19 20 21
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20 f2 ll 22 23;24'25 26
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15 16 17 18 19 2()'21 14 1510 17 18 19 20
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19 20 21 '22 23 24 25
26 27,28 29 30,31 ...
1) Kahanu, M Kuaea, C Afong. U U Judd,
Chief Juslh-e Hon CTiarles C Hams 1
First Associate Judire Hon A Francis Judd :
Sec Associate Judge Hon Lawrence McCully j
Clerk J""- E. Uarnard
IX'puty Clurk-... Autoue Rasa
1 FHMS OK nri"RKMK
Sitting at Honolulu, lirst Monday in January,
April, July and October.
1st Circuit, Oahu. ..One of the Judges of the
2d Circuit, Maui Hon A tornander
3d Circuit, Hawaii... Hons F 8 Lyman and C
4th Circuit, Kanai. ..Hon J Hardy
Terms of Cmcrrr Covkt.
2d Circuit, (Maui), 1st Tuesday ol June and 1st
Tuesilay of lecem 1 -el-, 3l ( in uit, (Hawaii),
at Wai'mea, 1st Tuesday of Novemlier;
at liilo, 1st Tuesday of May: 4th Circuit,
(Kauai,) 1st Tuesday of Fetiruary Jc'Autjust.
Board of Education.
President Hon Charles It 1'ishop
MeinVrs Hons J Mott Smith, Gixltrvy
Khodes. Eilwin O Halt. J U Kawaiuui.
Inspwtor-Ueneral of Schools U 1) Baldwin
Secretary ' J siuitli
Commissioners of Crown Lands.
J M Kapena, E Preston. C U Judd, Agent.
Fence Commissioners, Honolulu.
J 8 Smithies, C J Lyons, J Moanauli, D Kahanu
Board of Immigration.
His Ex S U Wilder ..Pn-sident
Members His Ex J M Kapena, Hons A I
Judd, J Mott Smith, J Smith, W L
Green, J S Smithies, Secretary.
United States, U S Minister Resident, His Ex
Jas M Comly. Residence, Cor Judd and
England, Commissioner and Consul General,
James Hay Wodehouse. Residence at
France, Conimiswioner and Consul, 2 Dalox.
Resident, lleritania St.
Chancelliere Freuch Jeiration, M. J L Ratard
Foreign Consuls, Honolulu.
I United States J M Morton
: U S Vice und Deputy Consul. ... F P Hastings
: U S Naval A vent, P A Paymaster S I) IlurlUrt
! Rritish Consul Geii'l...iAcUn;...,i'b.x H llavn s
i Italy F A Schaefcr
j Sweden and Norway J C Glade.
j Chile CS Rartow
Austro-Hun''arian .E Hotliuann, il JJ
Netherlands and l!eUiium.
Portugal - -
Russia, Vice t 'onsul
Denmark (liana, Maui'
.J C Ula.le
.A J Cartwriifht
J ason I'err v
...J W l'nuir
. .August Unna
Board of Health.
His Ex S G Wilder. President
Members His F.x S K Kaai, His Ex E Pres
ton. Drs R McKiblun and t U Hutchinson
S"cretry - J A Hassinuer
Port Physunan ...ur r ti llutehmson
lUAVFI.INO I'HYSICIANS. - 1 iLlllel-x .11, MD.
Molokai, and General lnfjieetor for the
ltoard of Health. Hawaii, L S Thompson,
MD ; Kau, J H Simpson; Hamakua, G T
Shipley; Wailuku, Maui, F H EndersMP.
Lahaina, J U Remiss; Makawao, A C
Standart : Kauai, J W Smith, md.
Agents. T W Even-tt, Maui. L Severance,
Hawaii. S W Wilcox, Kauai. I) Dayton.
' Oahu; J.din H lirown, for Honolulu; R W
Hawaiian Board of Health.
folonel C R Judd President
,...E P Edwards J Moanauli
H aw Aft H i lo D H Hitchcock
Man Haiku C H Dickey
Makawao w H Halstead
OAhu Honolulu J H Paty, T Urown. C T
Uulick. C Urown, w K Castle, U A Wide
Kauai Waimea V Knudsen
Volunteer Military Companies.
Frince'slwn Artillery.. .His Majesty, Captain
Leleiohoku Guards-Cavalry, His Majesty, Capt
Hawaiian Guards, Co. A..Chas T Uulick, Capt
Hawaiian Guards, Co. R....-.C U Wilson, Capt
Denmark (Aetim;) Henry R Macfarlane
U S Consular Atrent Hilo) Thus Sin ncer,
Japan, Coininereial Agt;nt
Boards of Underwriters, Agencies.
Bremen, Dresden, Vienna
JANUAUY H M I JULY H M
4LustQr 8.17.9 pm 7 New Moon 2.50.2 am
11 New Moon 0.08.6 PM14 First Ur 7.44.7 pm
1H First tlr 8.OS.8 PM2I FullMoon 10.31.0 pm
20 FullMoon 1 1.40.8 PMS Last Ur 1.00.5 pm
EK11KUABV H M - - AUGUST H M .
3 Ijust Qr 5.07.7 am! 5 New Moon 5.17.1 PM
9 NewMinl2.4C4 pm 13 First Ur 2.11.4 am
17 First tlr. 5.14.1 pm.PJ Full Moon 6.47.3 pm
25 Full Moon 2.50.6 PM'27 Last Qr 5.41.8 am
MABfn II M KFPTKMnEB II M
3 Last Qr 0 33,5 pm 4 New MoonG.21.0 am
10 NewMoon 2.10.0 PM'U First Ur 7.53.7 am
IS First Ur 2.04 8 PM18 Full Moon 4..r.7.7 am
.'C FullMixn 0.52.'J aM'i Last Ur 12.37.4 pm
A Pill I. H M I OOTOBEB H M
1 Jast ur 7.41.5 PM 3 New Moon G.I2 1 PM
HfttwMion 4 30.0 am 10 First Ur 2.03.8 pm
17 First Ur 8.43.0 ami17 Full Moon 5.55.2 pm
24 FullMoon 0.1'J.2pm
MAY ' . . H M
1 Last Ur 3.21.8 am
8 New Moon 7.45.2 PM
16 First Ur 12.02.4 PM
23 Full Moon 8.07.8 PM
30 Last Ur 0.21.8 pm
JUNE H M
7 NewMoonl 1.24 0 am
15 First Ur 11 20.2 am
25 Last Ur
NOVEMBER H M
2 NewMoon 5.2 J.C am
8 First Ur 9.48.8 PM
10 Fnll MoonlO.81.1 am
24 Iist Ur 3.34.2 pm
df.cemheb u m
1 New Moon 4.25.2 pm
8 First ir 8.07.2 am
10 Full Moon 5.04.8 am
C Brewer 4: Co :
C Brewer A: Co j
A J Cart writ-'ht !
Tiieo II Davicsj
Thi-o II Davies 1
U H.ickfel.1 Co
F A Schaefcr
Full Moon 3.12 0 am!24 Last Ur 8.25.9 am
2s Last tir 11.26 J Pm31 New Moon 3.25.2 am
Latitude and Longitude of Honolulu.
Latitude 21 0 17" 50" .8 N
Loniritude 137 51' 48" W
Time Ten hours, 31 minutes, 28 seconds.
West from Greenwich.
' Birth of His Majesty the Kincr November 16
..Bishop Sin ln Memory of Kameharneha I June 11
..l.ishnp & o ; 15u.tn of tlie (llKH.n Cf (ireat Rntain..Mav 24
111 simp t o American Independence July 4
Keeosmition Haw IndependenoeNoveinler 28
'hristmas December 25
New Years January 1
Firemen's Fund ,
Liverpool & Iindon & Glolie
rjuitable late J t artwrusut
Imperial Fire A J t.'artwriht
New England Mutual Life Castle & Cooke
Union Castle i: Cisike
British and Foreimi Marine Theo ll Iavii-s
Northern Fire and Life Theo II Davids
California H Hai kteld A: Co
Trans-Atlantic Fire H Hackfeld i: Co
Nor Br Ar Men-'tile F A: L lb.lls. hla.v r & Co
Northwestern Mutual Life W O Irwin A: Co
Swiss Lloyd Marine W G Irwin .V Co
Union Fire of New Zealand W r Irwin A.- Co
Mutual Life of New York Wilder A: Co
Hamhiin;-Ma:Mchiiri' Fire A Jaem r;
Hainliurj--Bn-meii Fir.:. FA S.-haefer & Co
On Tf.i ;I1H1. C'lltll'.n A- t Vi !
Khenish Westphalian Lloyd J C Glude Onranized 1831. Annual Election of Enfrineers,
Aachen A.- Leijisie J V Glade ; First Monday in June. Othcers for 1878-9:
New York Life II Ha. kf. Id A: Co , ,.
Maudebunr Gem r il Marine V Jaemr . 1wf Engineer Geonre Lucas
New Zealand Fire J Mott Smith ' Flrst Assistant Lnmneer ;vJrHhn Nott
'Cona -vssisiaiit r.nineer j o iawainui
! Appraisers of Lands subject to Gov
Hawaii R A Lyman, J H Nawahi
Maui. Molokai and Lauai T W Everett, L
Aholo, 1) Kahaulclio
Oahu J S Smithies C Bniwn, R F Bi V. rtou
: Kauai Jacob Hardy, I Kanoa, U J Waua
Honolulu Fire Department.
Le Proves de 1'O.vanie, No. 124, A. F. Ar A. 51.,
Lodffe meets on Kinfj street, last Monday
in each month.
Hawaiian, No. 21, F. A: A. M., LodVe m.-ets
in Hall tir Fort A; (Hut u sts, first Monday
in each month.
Royal Arch Chapter, mo ts in Hall of Le
Projrros do 1'Oivanic Ide, eveiy third
Thursilay of the month.
Commandery of Knights Templar, meets
ever)" s.'-,iid Thursday in the month.
ivami-uameria lyi.iu'e 01 1 eri.-ciion, o. 1, A. &
Secretary and Treasurer. (.'has T Guliik
Honolulu Enirine Company No. I, (steam)
fomie.1 lW 1, onranized July 7, 1835. An
nual election of Officers, tirst Wednesday
Mechanic Engine Oimpany No 2, Or?ani7-d
Deeemlier 18.V), admitted February .Id, 1851
Annual election of Officers, first Wednes
day in February.
Hawaii Engine Company No 4, Oiyaniz.-d
February, 1.861. Annual electionof Offi
cers, tirst Tuesday in February.
China Enirine Company No 5, (steam), Orjfan-
China and Peru S H Line C Brewer & Co
Boston Packets C Brewer A: Co
Ketfular Dispntch Line .C Brewer Co
New York Line Caslle & Cooke
Oregon Packet. Castle At Cooke
Liverpool At Glasifow....G W Ma. lin lane Ac Co
raeinc Mail S S Co H Hackfeld A: Co
Bremen Packets H Ifackb lil Ac Co
Hawaiian Packet Line H Hackfeld Ai Co
Hawaiian Caledonian Club.
Organized Oct 28, 1876. Ann ltanijtiet, N'ov 30
Otief A S He-horn
First ChiefUin E It Hendry
Treasurer II E Mclntvr.-
8jcretary D K Fyfe
Young Men's Christian Association
Organized 1869. Annual meeting in April.
President. W R Castle
Vice President J M Whitney
Sec'y W Kinney Treas C M Cooke
Board of the Hawaiian Evangelical
Constitution revised 1803. Ann Meeting June
cresiilent,.i:ev '1 Loan ice l'res A FJudd
(ir. Sec'y Hev II P.inpham
Rec. Kec'y Rev C M Hyde
I reas E O Hall Auditor. 1 C Jones
Sailors Home Society.
Organized 1853, meets aim. illy in Dec'mltr.
Iresident S N Castle
Sec'y--PA Schaefcr IT reas CR p.ishop
Ex Com S C Lamou, E O Hall, E P Adams
Mission Children's Society.
Excellency Job O
Governor of abu. His
' Honolulu. .....
(iovemor of Maui, Molokai and Lknai, Uia Kx
ci llency J O J lumiuifl, Rii-U lioe, Lahaina,
Govern.-! of Hawaii, 11 Tt II the Inrm Ll-
kelike. Il. sid. nne, Jlilo and Uonoluln. -
Governor of Kauai, Hut LxorlUiney J k, liusJu
lU-sideuce, Kolou, Kauai. . , :
Coll.s?tor-(ieneittl (,f Customs. :. .'. . .W F Aliun.
Postmaster-tieiieral A P llrli kwood
Murshal of Haw'n Islands ...WCl'aiko
Deimty M.usbal David Daytou,
Sheritl ot Hawaii........ 1. Kevemii.w
Shentl of Maui Thus W y.vtrrit
Sheriff i,r Kau; H W Wik ox
Police J list I,,. Iloiiiiliilu V ClauilM Jones
Polic JllHl ice. Lull rtllla... ...... ..II Ki..liilittii
I'ol 11 Just lee, iiU.l. Oj Y A llnpai '
PontmasU r's AssiHtuiit ..L Du Jluia
Ix'puty Collector of ( nstoiim ER lleiulrv
Coll. I'tors if I 'ustoniM 1 .11 iuii 11 it and Kahului.
T W Everi'll; Kealnki kua, H N (Ireen well;
Hilo, L Severitiioe; Kawaihae, I 'bua K Mtaulc
lade; Koloa. K St ichz.
Port Surveyor. , W A Msrkbam'
Jlarlior-Maxter of iloixrfulu Caiit A Faller
Pilots at Honolulu 'up! aius A Mclntviw. P
P Sheiih. r.l. mid WilaUss k.
Pilot at llilo, Hawaii K Hwam
Pilot at Kuhiilui, Mum Cant W Wilbur
Surveyor General W U Alexander
Assistant. Survejur c J Lyuus .
IClfixtrar ot on v.-yimces Tins Brown
Secn t ary ol' t tie lot Depnt J A II sllinr
Sui) Water Works A: J'ublic Worka.lt iilmuu
Su ruit n.l. iil O.iliu Prison D K Jr ytw"
Clerks interior I lepaiimetit J H SuuthMia. J
H ll..j d, H Wi yiilifl.
KiH'iTtary of Dept. For Allaire.. . . Wm J arret t
Hevrtstinr of rulilie Aceouuts ...Uislfiey BroWtf
Di-puty and Clerk of I ,. ,,
AtU.rney(..ieral, J Ch""
Interpreter of Sup At i'ol Court.... W L Wil.anr .
Jailor Oahu Prison D K Fi t
Hawaiian Diplomatic and
Mhiittrr ItrMiLnt. t
Washington, D C. ..4..His Fx K If Alien
Chnrtiru iV AlKiirtt anil (Iniul GrnrraL
New York. K 11 All.ti. Jr
.David '1 liouiaa
. William C Martm
J c Ptluver
...Itohurt H Ruddy
Ass't Cor Sec y
Rev C M nvde
IU-v A ( Foils
(J W Cooke
.Miss M A Oiiimlierlain
..Mrs M Bentleld
. Mrs McCulJy Ac W O Smith
W W Hall
Lima, l'ciu. ...... .
Iiitul$ UtJurull l ' , "
Yoknhama, J 11 pan ... ...IIP IJUil.ri.Ve .
Ilonkonaiid Ma'ao.f 'bina . Willinm Ki-i. k
Sydney, new South Wales (i.A 1, Wdrter
Sucdeu Ac Norway. .............. .11 A Rurtfvr
San Francisco, California II W Severance .
itlan l, Ot.-j.iii Jiime MeOrakiai
.Klwnrd M Brewer
...1 tots it C J anion ,
........ W H Broad
A H Hodjre
.. ll 11 (.'niiekbhauk
...AI W Oakley
Boston,- il.ov-Kcliusi Its..
1 .1 V. I .n, I.11-I.11..I u.
Falmouth, Luu'laiel.. , . .. ,
Auckland, New Zealand...
Ni Custle.N S W....E A White, Vi. consul
t.'tajfo. New Z. alan. I. ...... . ,...IIui-v Dnv. r
Panama ., Henry K 4 look
Victoria, l'.ntinh (..Hiuiitna, R P Kill t
CoiS'liha li, 1). liuialk .Mveud UoHuieyer ,
Vienna, Austria... ...Victor Schonls'iKei '
Glaxtrow, S.f.1 lnn.1. JniiMst Duun 1
ik, Ireland ..W D Seymour
Marseille, France........ ...Atvuve
Havre, Fi-ntm- Im de Mnndml
itirdeuux, France I'll neat de HoisaaA
Genoa, Italy Raphael On Lucbl
Calhui, l'eru S)1viiiiim Crosby
Niunumki, Jaim (.'has L Fischer
Kobe and Osaka, Japan ......... .8 iaidieott
Kdinbuixh l-ith, SAl'd.. .. E U Buchanan
Hio'o, Japan .Vine (Jousuli ii R Lewi
Yokohama, Jnpan...(Vire Cim Geul. RW Irwin
(irand Duchy of Baden llailen 11 Milh-r
Agents to Acknowledge Contracts for
Oaici' Honolulu.. C T Uulick. H Wsterhotise
Waialua 8 N Kniersoii. C If Kalama
Kwa k Waianac . ...J Ksan&ana. J D Holt
Eua Ar Waianae ,
N k 8 Kona. .
Hamakua. . . .
N Kohala ...
Maui Lahaina. .
Makawao. . . .
ized February. 1879.
A. s. R., meet at the hall of I- Protn. s l annc company .o. 1, imamzeu Jan-
de rO.-eanie, fourth Thurs.lav 111 the mouth. u1;ir'' -nsnne tympany ISO. 3,
Nuuanu Chapter of Rose ( roix. No. 1, A. Ar A. changed to a Hose ( ompany. lJ.-cember 14,
S. R., meets at the hall of I- 1'rotrn-s de ! I?5' , Annual election of Others, second
roeeanie, first Thursday in the month. M.mdav in Janiiary
Alexander Liholiho Council of Ka.i.h, m.-, ts ! 1 rot',-tl0" 1Io,;k & Lailder (ompany. No. 1,
on the third Monday of alternate months, ' !rtra"lz' Kntcmlier, Is. 57. Annual eleo
from February. I - Officers, first Monday in SeptemtxT
Excelsior. No. 1. 1." O. of O. V.. T.O.W m..t- ! Annual Parade Day of Depart'nt Feb 3rd
each Tuesday in the Hall of the Odd Fel
lows' BuilJni'', Fort street.
Polynesian Encampment No. 1, I. O. of O. F.
"meets at Odd fellow's Hall every first and
third Friday in each month.
Harmony No. 3, 1. O. of O. F., I-ndire meets
each Monday in the Hall of Excelsior Lodse
Oahu No. 1, K. ot P., Lodv meets each Wed
nesday at Hall on Hotel street.
Hawaiian Tribe, No. 1, Improved Order of lied
Men. meet every Friday evening at Hail
of Knights of Pythias, on Hotel street.
Ancient Ord.-r of Foresters, Orv'aniz.sl Nov,
1879, meets at Knights of Pythias Hall tirst
and last Tuesday of every month.
FIRE WAEDS AND WAEDENH, HONOLULU.
Ward No. 1 Comprises all that portion North
of Fr.rt Street, and makai of Hotel Street.
H J Nolte, Warden.
AVard No. 2 Comprises all that portion South
of Fort Street, and m.ii.ii of Hotel Street.
Henry Hart, Warden.
Ward No. 3 Comprises all that portion North
of Fort Street, and mauka of U.itel Street.
J. Hoick, Warden.
Ward No. 4 Comprises all that portion South
of Fort Street, and mauka of Hotel Street.
C 11 Wilson, Warden.
Ward No. 5 Vessels in Harbor of Honolulu.
W C Lam
.. J Kaanaana, J DHolt
L Severance. J II I'ahio
...J Kamauoha. J W Smith
. J It Mills, J K Kaunaman.
...DH Kahookauo, Kalal
G Rell, J Jonea
. . .1 II S Martin, J Kauhaue
J N K amok 11
...Kia Nahaoleloa, L Aholo
4 Uoole. i .1 Halstead
.Wm Smith. Chas II Dickey
. .naneie oiiio, smn-l Kaai
...U Keklpi, J W M Poohea
J W Kalua
Kauai Li line Koloa. SW Wilcox. A II Smith
Ifanalei i M Uibson. Junius Kaae
Waimea M Kamalenni, J Neddies
Kawaihau. .. .T Kalaeone, D Keaweamahi
British Benevolent Society.
Onranized 1800. Meets annually May 21.
President James Hay Wodehousc
Vice President T H llavies
Sec'y ! S Smithies I TreaSu..A S Clwhorn
Ex Committee. ..G Rhodes, U Lucas, A Youiitr
Or?anizcl 1S52. I'remiscs on Union Street
two doors below lieretania.
President A S Cl.-'hom
S.t'y G Brown Treas H May
Manajers U Stirling, U A Wulemann, F A
St. Antonio's Benevolent Association
President and Trustee J Ferry
Vice President M Silveira
Sec'y JRSilva Trea. ....... J Kobt Ho
Erected in l8Ts1.
President Uia Majesty the Kim
Vice-President C (.' Harris
Secretary FA Seliaefer
Treasurer. J U Pat)
Auditor E P Adams
Physic'ns R McKibbin Ac F B Uiit. hinson
Executive Committee C R Bishop, J U Paty,
F A Schaefcr, A J C'artwrijrht, A S Cleghom
Hamburg, Oei uiaiiy..
Antweri', BelLrium ...
Itoueli, ! ranee
Cardiff Ax Swansea...
Jaluit, Coiu'l A lit..
.......11 A J lioiopsou
Llwaid F W eber
Victor Foiyi-, Jr
, ( Iiarles Schfsslrr
Jno F Muller
11 A 11 II lifer
H lb lyMtmni
Commissioners of Boundaries.
Maui, Molokai Hnd Initial.
, . . K A Lyman
.R F Bu kerton
. ..Jacob Hardy
Mechanics' Benefit Union.
..It Grey I Vine Pre. T Honvnsnn.
it Lucas I Treaa J 11 Black
German Benevolent Society.
OrvauinsX Auruat22, 1839.
Pn-sid.tit , ? H Schmidt
Secretary & Tn uwin-r J Hackfeld
Strangers' Friend Society.
Organized 1852. Annual Mwtinf In June.
Pr.wid. nt Mrs S C Damon
Vi.-.-1'resid. nU.y-.Mra T 11 ilubron and Mrs C
Hec'y MrL Smith TrrasVMrs H K Bishim
Diiectri ss...... Mra A Miukiutonh
Ladies Benevolent Society of Port
Organized 1833. Moela annually in April.
Pn-sident Mrs W F Allen
Vnu Pn-i'leiit Mra W C Parke
See'y...MirH Judd l ieas . MiP ' J.mea
I)ir ctre ...Mis Kate Grey
American Relief Fund.
Orjraniwd 1861. Meets annually February 22.1
President A J Cafiwriirht
Vice l'residi-nt Rev H (.' Damon
Secretary and Treasurer..... (J R Bishop,
Chamber of Commerce. '
President Hon 8 N (Wh
Vice President Hon V R Bishop
Secretary and Treasurer. ......A J Cartwritfht
IK-ated at Puualiou twomileseast of Ifou uli
President Rev W L Joie-a, A M
Teachers. F K Adams, Miss Ella Iatmb
Tea-ber of Music Miss Brownell
Tea. her of Draw ing Misa C K Jonetl
Matron Mra W L Jonet
I, n hi