Newspaper Page Text
P. M. S. S. Co.'i Tine Table for 1S3L
Fea 9 FaaJclsco.
CltT "I Sydney Jan 1T(
Autrtj ....lei) ll
Citr cf York. .March, li
teaiso.iia April 11'
City of Sydney May o'
Australia ....J-iqh C
FoaSroutT aid ArcsnJD
Z'alan l:a Ju it
City of fydney Feb I
Axtrali Man 14
i ity of NewYork.. April 16
Zaian Ilk Mar 14
City of -yiner June II
Au.tra!:a. Jrjly 'j
City of New York... A
Z';n t; S.-J t 3
City cf iiy lcey O. t 4
utraisa Oct 11
City of X York.. -Not
Zsalaa.lia lc Si
City of Nssr Tork.
City cf gydnsy
City of S Tork...
City of Sydney.
FRIUAl. ACGCST 2-5. liil.
Business daring tb past wk fca njt ba very brisk
wlti c-orimrcial pacpla gensT!ly, aUiougi topes ar
Urtaiol of rtnl testis a&3 activity la lulttii
circles aftsr ths arrival cf t&a Incoming stesraer frra
ta Colon Us.
Ths sxport for tta Mk cccslst cf 2,GJ .231 lbs a-4r.
1,300 lb ricw. 3.0Ji galls mo!aaes. 1.1" fett Ioli
Wood. and other products which attract la valuation t o
Ta Imports for ths sam. time consist cf tio ljUiUr
cargo from th SoonJ, a general cargo from tha Coat,
aa.l ths msrchan.llss; brought Ly th Saff lk from Lon
don, amounting la total valuation t) nearly $4.)-).
Th arrival cf a Urje nao-ber cf Fortaufs IbeJ.
grants by th Huff ...Ik. supplies tLe labor market f',r the
tim being with dsslrabla element, and the opportunity
tan offered to planters In quickly lz-d.
Th arrival frr th srsek were th Banier. from ft
Tonwnl, th II W Almy, lr ta the Coat. an! the
iuJolk. from Voadna an.l th Am4. The departures
war th EU and W II Dlmoo l for th CoaM. the Baena
Ylta and Caaidva fir th Soanl. and th ITammonla fvr
Th F li S City cf fiylny U dn from Aatrha oa
Monday taornln. 29th lnat.
Th flimre lvn last week, at th amount cf u.-tr
takaa by the Earoka. are wron.r; the lnertion of the fig
ure I lnatea1 of a comma. caaing tne error.
fUarea ar onS,3!)j rha.
poiit or nouoLULU, h. i.
Aug Stmr Kilaua Hon. from Kahalul
j" Strur Mukolil. from Aoolea
) hr Waimala from Leckca
JO -hr Waterm from Uoloaa
' S-h (to Helel from Walanae
Schr Jennie. 'awtlllU
31 htrer Likelike. from Uilo
21 chr Wainit. from Faanhati
31 chr Kaulkeaall. from 11 noka
21 Hchr C atari n a. from llapan
31 eScnr Haanant from
31 Sen Laka. from Keavaell
3J Sen t'llama. from Kohala
3:1 chr Mary Foater from Panalau
3 Sen MtrtuD from Kakalhaele
34 Bohr Jenny, from NawtliwiU
'i Sx-br Kate, from Uolokat.
33 chr Malolo, from Hllo
3t S-hr R-b Bo7. from Eoolati
W Hch Mux, from Maul
2 rtchr IfaleakaU. from ilti
2 ch Waleho. from Moloaa
Xag 23 im bkBW Almy. rreeman. 17 day fra S F
34 tr b Baffjlk. Biford. dy fm London
Aag 30 Schr Eakaaloohl. f or Haaalel
33 atmr Lehua for liJiokal and Slaai
2J Stmr Iwalaal. for Maale. Eona and Kau
'Xl etmr Mokoill, for Eoolaa
32 Stmr Kllaaea Hoa for Kahalul
3-J 8 hr allele, for ilaUko
3-J -hr Leahl. for Hapaa
33 Stmr Llkellk. for circuit of flawali
3 Stmr 0 K Bubop for Circuit of Kauai
3.1 Schr Walmenalo for fiapaa
Xt Schr Nettle Merrill, for Lahain
34 Schr Gaol Set gel. for Waiana
2-4 eichr Kaolieeoull. for tlonakaa
3 Schr WaloU. for faaohata
Aag 3V Am bktn Ella. Brown, for Sen Francleco
23 Oer bk Uammotila. Waller, for Chee too. China
S3 Am bk Koena Vtata, Calhoao. for Pt Townaend.
U-Ata brtoe W H Dimond. Uoadletr. for &
26 Am bk Camden. Swanton. for Pt Townaend
Th Oer bk Ceder rrlvtd out on th 3rd lnt, 21 day
Thanks ar returned to Steward Blynold ,of the II. W
Almy, for lata new favor.
Th Conulo will probably arrlv to-day from Kaho
lul. and nniah loading at thl port for th Coaet.
Th Suffolk haul alonrM to-day to diacharce her
cargo of mere handle. She brought a large quantity of
Th II W Almy arrived la port oa th 23rd Innt. 17 day
from the Coaet. She brought cargo valued at Jld.&M.
alao a mall.
Th II VT Amy la at Brewer' wharf diicliargintf the
laat of her cargo, ah will probably aall, for the Cuast,
abnat the 3nd proa.
Th Morray. Falklnbarg. W Q Meyer. Discovery and
W U Irwin W4 re all loading, at San Francisco, for this
port, on th 3rd tnat.
Th long looked for and much needed Improvements
la th Faaveg ar now being mad, th pile-driver hav
ing alr ly settled three new piles In place.
Th W U Dlmond sailed on th 25th for the Coast with
a cargo of 1JJ3.173 lb anger and 13 S tone cocoanut
wood, th domestic valuation of which t. e. f?a.62l t4.
A private Utter state that H B M Triumph will pro.
bably be placed at th disposal of Elng EaUkaua upon
his arrival at Panama, to aSurd him paaeag from thence
to this Kingdom.
Aa Iron steamship la In course of construction at the
East, to b known as th Queen of the Facl&c. She will
ply between ban Francisco aad Portland.
X dispatch from London dated Ang 1st- stateo thst the
steamer tlelts. from Sew Orleans, came In collision
wtta th Oermaa bark Laokar at Antwerp, from Sen
Francisco. Th bark was sunk, and th steamer slightly
The whaling iteameT Loco Star" sailed from New
Bedf ord. August Id for San Francisco. Shels commanded
Sr Jsmse 8 Carter, formerly mete of the bark Helen
ar." and will go np to th Arctic next seaton.
f he D C Murray lost nr main topsail-yard on th iij
trip, but th loa did not prevent her beating the W U
; Irwin a dav the MurraT makinK the peseage In VJ day.
th Irwin . Advtcee state that the Murray would leave
raa Francisco aa!n about th 12ta.
A veeecl. auppueed to be th City of Bombay, was sight
ed oil the port at dark laat evening, and to assist In the
arrival of th vessel ta port Cspt bnepherd went out In
tils host nsarly to Diamond Bead. There It was dlscov
erd that the vessel had stood oil shore again. She was
net In sight thl morning.
Th hull of Commodore Perry's flagship, tb Lawrence,
la still sailing th Lake nnder the nam of Harriet Ross,
a achoousr of ltf Inn burden. Her upper work have
fcn rebuilt several times, bat her hull la ssld to be ss
sound ss when she went Into th battle of Lake Erie.
September li. 131-J. . A .
A bland-?r occurred in last week statement cT the
rnnn ( aiMar taken bv th Enreka to th Coet. The
correct ftguree ar 8oo,29. e. The Insertion of the Canre
1 la plsc of a comma, baa eaableu a fall and f at writer
to occupy eonaiaeraoie "i u
If th artlcl was paid for? .
Th old clippers keep np their records with the latest
improved flyer. Th bark "DC Murray" arrived Aug
1st la 19 days from Honolulu, while on Sunday, the
jut A Falklnbarg" (well known In olden day as a
ratrtd traveller) came In aide by eld with the modern
time clipper bng -W O Ixwin," both making the passage
lBX-Barrow Ship Building Company launched the City
of Rome at Barrow-ln-Fornee on the l'jth of Jane. With
th exception of the Greet Eastern, this Is the largest
steamship edoet. 8b was built for the Inman line, and
ii na hetsreen Liverpool and New York Her dimen
sions are: length. fcJ feet; breadth. 5J fet 3 Inches;
dsptfl of hold. 7 feet, with a tonnage of 8.8Jt- tons; her
horse-power Indicated is 10,000. Th vessel will be rigged
with four masts.
Th following official notification to mariners has
been promulgated : Marin Departmsnt. Wellington,
v 7 i.fh Jane. 1HH1. With reference to the preliminary
notice tsaned by ihls Department, dated the 6th day of
April leat. It la hereby notified that on and after Monday,
th J ' - - neit. a light will be exhibited from the
of th vigorous tu CI tin: wiit est, lis larj
adsotaely printed pages nlJ
tikhthou which has been er
... -i h.r,'tr1atlca o
?ttA oaVii,'. .i'mont. tbe
of which are aa follows:
th Cap Egmont Lighthoua 1 situated W yards from
high-watr mars, on iofi " .
coast of th North Island of New Zealand. Tb tower Is
7 feet in height from baa to to? of ventilator, and 1
built of iron and palnt.d white The light witl be
mdrdtr ttxxo warn uosrvtstbl all round seaward
between tbe bearings cf N 21 W round by Eaat to S.
To W The llht will b elevated about 103 feet above
h.e,nd allowing 15 feet for th height of the eye
will be -een at a Ulataac of about fifteen and a half
untie mile la clear weather, and at lesser distauce
Lccarding to th stste of th atmovphT. The bearing
ar magnetic and from sssward. H. A. Atnysos-
rORClG.vVEfSELS IX POllT.
Eng bgtn Barprls. Jackson.
Br bk nuffotk. Byfjrd-
Aia bk U W Almy. Freemao-
rssssls f.V II.. -1-1- fr a F.rel.
tr....r Rio. CiTJAln. Fao
Cvcf Bombay-Er ahlp.LoweiL Glagow . ...Anguat
oWnT. .... Brba.:.Harvey Llverpool..spt
Olagabar Brb.McOe. Liverpool... ept
Iolani Hawbk. ..B'!
Triumph M .s...stlriicj. .a mn ..8
Vet Edinburgh. Rao cvtts -
Champion Br cvtta.Hop.
Wandersr Br Jtt -
T Thompson. Am bt.. Potte
W H Meyer.. ..Am schr Howe
VS jtn sea. .Paul
.Netr York.. Oct
San Franclaco Ang
.. lep Br ..Aug
is y ..Oct
Calbalrtan n 6..nopuM.
Raoler. Am bB....WalI
Emerald -Am bk Lord -
riscrvrr Am bstos-Psrnmaa
Am di -
.Puget ftd Auk
..Paget Sd Aug
,.9an Fro Aug
!.. Hnrscksls-Am schr- Turner
D C Murray,--n bk..
Ravens... s F Aug
Tomer - - "g
JA VartlnbSTf. Am bktn. Hut,bard Poet Sd
Citr of bvdnsy. i" M 9 8Cbsvalier r F abed
MEMO RAX D A.
act sreatbsr. and so continued M port. Arrived '
Jo- Hsidon th.aUttcf tb. 22nd. and anchored la H
aolulo harbor oa tb 23d.
Rerortof bk Suffolk.Capt Bvford Sailed from Graves-
anAl i lith. wind light 8E. sea smooth, westbsr
rL.. ESJSrtSi ixor. Isl.nds on the 33-1 of
ir?rtl " bV cn account of a constant succession of calms
adYlibt wlndVwss delayed nntit th. 25tti tefor. enter.
aai iigua wuu aft taking on board
i,,L.,M immigrants for Honolulu, sailed ti
in ta. p. - Pont,
aeTBr snip Trildad. of Greenock, from Sewe.stle,
lgnauea or smj Ih ndirtoat .
w.,.,- Java. in. inuiau
a., al .mailed tb. Br stmr
i of ?mndo de
kiinnil 'V -Inn
7.V;ij wIUiTn 15 miles of tb. Island of rernandode
lrtP!T- 7 convict Settlement off th. coast of Brazil.
oraba a eonvti sews w. had heavy gales
Jan 14th, UUI . ," . Tmia .na tall squa.H
lt'd f ir f.vr davs. Off StaJen Land oa the 23rd of
J-ino ar, 1 r- t:n !d I'ape 11 rn i n the 2th. Off the Cspf
we in a constant sucretuttou of Kales iruta uie n ,
'ii.; amed with enow and La:l st..mi and were over
a k te n Ut and ii rl aal Ion 3 ' anl 75
W . I tiS. 1 the )L-.in in the Psclne on the 7th August,
aa-1 it; rir, red l:g;.t win l at.d i-lea.arit weather to
p"rt. arr-.vir. in H- tj'I'il i 1. arbor on the 2tth r,f Autit,
day tr..t.i -t MihacU an l 1 days from Gravesend.
lj:ir.r. tt.e j a-aje th re uere 1- rnrths an i t death".
e-..l at t. j wiuk .lurinii t-.e rnji w there aay cae of
iuS i U:4-ate rrrxjrtcd auiongat the pasacners. Of
tt.e H drath r-uly t j were adults.
F.r 3aa rratici.-:-) r r El!a. A - J 2-1 f..2ri pks STiar.
l..' bag r. e. J baie woc-I. bbls moliam, l'sO
bc-ha l.acaija. 117 pes Voa lumber, ft pk? pecicaena,
ruitc m le V -iu alae I'.i,JJ.B7 ; fgu do $145.
Fur n FriO'-lwi) per W H DlrncaJ. Ang 2 ZJ.tv)
I kg s-igar. li i t .us cocoanut wood. Dom value isv
FroLa L-.nl. u p-r i ;ff U. Aag 25 i7 pk? shot. G2
islr.t and r,:i.Zi) pk? beer, 13 pkgt dry goods,
this ce.ont, io pick bottling machinery, 2S pk?s
hirltrsre. Oj bdl galv !; .r.?. j) boxes tin. 45 pkgs
aalv iron. IS pag torrugated Iron, 14 pkg groceries, 1
tricycle, 10 ittets lead.
Tt.zu San Fran'lsco per li W Almy, Acg 2J lr-? pitg
hardware, y. sewer sn l chimney pipe. 1 101 ke
natlf. 11 pic dry pooda. jrt pka bullJiu? msterisla.
i- blls ahsr.!es, lJ pes lumber. 2!J bbU lime. IS bbla
tlater. 2 J m bricks, li kg glaaaware. 19 pkgs drngt,
V, bbl salmon. 14J pkgt rait. ir.-J ska potatoes. & c
ahces. 1 1 ska grain, tj ak onions. 7 cs sewing mcba,
4 1 sLips knees. It rolls leather, l.ffi T w prta, 13 pkgs
tobacr., and clears. 3 ct furniture, 2 rowa, 2V mules, 2
balea hay. an-ail lot rx.!c B l.
From Port Town-iji fT Cam.lvn, Ang 2' r:1i. V. ft
lnLubr, 1M.vj sh.nglet. -"J ru laths.
From Port Totn" til por Rainier, Aug 22 Z4'S4 ft
lun.ber. i'Ai ra shingle. 5 ta pickets.
From Winlward Port per Likelike. Aug 21 II It H
Princes! I:e.;nt and 5 a rrai.ti. H R II Princes Ltkellk.
Governem KekKiillke. Gov J O Doiulnis. lion J M
Kapena, II o Kuihelanl. il n J E Euh, Miss Hatbe
Tiltcbccrfk, Mr M l:rown. J Oiihlnxbara. E A Pierce. A S
Hsrtwell. E W Jor.lsn. E t Ilsll. Mrs E O Uall, Kobt
Sterling. W KenneJr. Dr N B Emerson, A C Sanderson, J
Ntt. Mrs J Ntt. J M Kennedy, J Spair. E II II art and
son. W C Church. A A Montauo. S B Kose and wife. U J
Holt. II L Evan. J Castle, T K Walker, Chas II Clarke,
J Lucas. H Wodebnue, W 11 Lawrence. H K Hltchco k.
Mr U K Ultcbcotk. C A fens Chun? Long. F B Oat. Ml"
A:enul, S M tamon. Miss I) Blkbop. Mrs Afong, Miaa N
AfCK. F C Lowrev. 3 M Wbltnian. T A Dudoit, O V
Iaukea. Jai Boyd. Mrs Judge M. Cully. H M Moore, Mrs
I. J Vhltcmb. E B Tborua. V Waterbonae. II Berger,
W II.dt, Mrs C t astle. Mla L Lowrev. V J Lowrie, C A
Bailey. li Corn well, V D Baldwin. J Allardyce. W II
For Kauai pert: K Bishop. Aug it Misses Burbank,
Mrs Angola Cunha, MUa V : GUI-land. Mrs Hoting.
MrsMciJrvde and daui;htrrs. Mis Florence Luce, Miss
Minnie Lemon. Mrs V Bindt, A H Hsrtwell. Iq.
H II Hitchcock and wife. A Drier. W- H IUce, I"
Spencer. Mr Kohling and abont 30 deck.
For San Francisco pr Ells. Aug 21 R Levy, Thos
Eenney, Jno Gleason, Chas Kenny, F Schaaster, R B
Colburo, N i Morrlssey, and 4 Chinese.
For San FrencU.-o per W H Dlmond. Aug 2' Mr i H
Bailey and 2 children, J G Thompson, and wife, A D
Mederioe, P E McGlnney, Ja Robertson.
For Port Townaend per Bueua Vista, Aug 19 -I R
From Port Townsend per Rainier, Aug 2"2 Mr Cutler.
From San Francisco per U W Almy, Aug 22 E T
Cans van. an I wif-. Miss Jennie Coyer, Mrs J Howard,
Mrs J Flnnerty. L Browne. Geo Y Ptevens. W J F.lleford,
I rank Hall. A Kllverton. Ralph Wray. John Flnnerty. Jas
nheron. Mrs L Sberon. M Taylor.A P Olson, J I'urJy, J
II Black. George Davis.
Front St Michaels per 8u2olk. Ang 25 47S Portuguese
laiinlgrants; 25 men. loO women. 13 children, 45 infanta.
Jacobs! JoaNEES At Foele, residence of Mr.
Gibson, island of Lanat. on the 14tb August by Judge
Soloraona Eaboohalahala; Jci-irs JaconE of Drammeu,
Norway, to Miss Ax Johasese of Christiana, Norway.
Bride and groom both recent arrival per Musca. The
wedding was the occasion of a feast, prepared nnder the
superintendence of Mr. Hayseldeo. In which a large
asssmblage of th nauve of the island took a joyous
.AUGUST 27, 1SS1.
Birthday of the Princess Regent.
Heb Royal, Highness celebrates the
anniversary of her birth on Friday nest,
the 2d day of September; and It will need
no word of urging to Induce this entire
community, foreign as well as native, to
unite in a warm and hearty recognition of
the day, Tho Princess now inspires the
highest confidence iu her character as a
Ruler, and the most respectful regard for
her person, as a superior Lady. Long may
Her Roytl Ilighnes-s live to carry out her
high purpose of promoting the welfare of
the Hawaiian People.
The Kino will, according td latest In
formation, take passage from Liverpool by
a steamship of the "White .Star Line, ou or
about the 1 1th of September, for the city
of New York. His Majesty's visit and
stay at Washington will of course be deter
mined by tho health of the President. His
Majesty has signified a desire to visit the
floe stock estates of tho "blue grass region,"
and we may hear of his visiting other parts
of the South and South-west of the United
States; however, Hi Majesty maj' be ex
pected, whether by a national vessel or a
mall steamer, about the last of October, or
early in November.
Tins i-ue of tbe AnvKRTisEfk closes the
first year under the present management
of the Journal, and it will St ' lie inappro
priate to cast a glance back upon the year's
discussion, and to make some statement of
views aryj purposes in the future.
In the August of 1SS0 and about that
time, the King was treated with scant
courtesy. Two foreign journal in Honolulu
representing a strong disloyal .sentiment,
used such language as this : " An igno-
rant, dishonest, weak, low-bred, or licen
tious chief will have Ignorant, dishonest,
weak, low-bred, and licentious retainers."
And this : " Who put Ills Majesty Kala
kaua on the Throne? Not the natives."
And, notwithstanding the treasonableness
of such allusion and statement, there were
then readers and listeners iu sympathy
with such remarks. Since then, during
the space of a few months, a great
has come over kV.imsIli p, Jx'a'fe
rgeand .. .o opinions oi men wno
and j ' , auj listened to such language.
Now, "HU Majesty lias won golden
opinion everywhere," and the revilers
have become the foremost flatterers. But
this Journal at and since the period re
ferred to and its editor at all times have
maintained the same tone : one expressive
of faithful support of tho Hawaiian King
and Teople, and of Hawaiian Indepen
dence. And the course of this journal in
the future, under Its present management,
will be the same. It U determined that it
9hall advocate and support the following
general principles and measures
1. The preservation of the Hawaiian
people; the nialiftenance of Hawaiian Inde
pendence ; the advocacy of a joint gurautee
by Oreat Powers of a perpetual neutrality
of the Hawaiian Kingdom ; and the sup
port of tbe Hawaiian monarchy. It shall
be its aim to Inspire a strong national sen-,
tlment. The character of Kamehameha,
who founded the Kingdom, is deserving of
great consideration. He gives character to
his race, and he exalis his Archipelago. He
placed a trustful confidence in the generous
foreign mind ; and true sons of great
nations, which represent liberty and jus
tice, will deem it honorable to co-operate
with the descendants of Kamehameha for
the preservation and advancement of the
Kingdom. The son of a nation of fifty or
one hunOred millions can give an unhei
tatinc pledge of allegiance to support the
King and Constitution of this little State
without a shadow of dishonor.
2. This journal will shape its discussion
to favor a continuance of the Treaty of Reci
procity with the United States, but will
rm advocate any undue concessions to
secure that object. Its editor opposeu at
one time a cession of a harbor and territory
,.,i innniorin epcure such a treaty : and
he would now oppose any political conces-
sion whatever fr this object, calculated 10
atlect in the slightest degree the indepen
dence of the Kingdom.
3. This jiurnal will advocate a loan for
internal improvements. It is generally
recognized that posterity which may enjoy
largely the advantages of pic-sent enter
prises should bear a portion of the burthens
incurred. And, moreover, this other pre
mise must be considered, that a State
should not undertake national enterprises
with it-i income. Let its revenue meet its
current expenditure. And in undertaking
national works, it is legitimate to take
advantage of the national credit. Of course,
only carefully-considered enterprises and
undertakings of national value should be
the objects of a public loan.
i. In connection with the subject of a
loan, the consideration of immigration and
the repopulation f this Archipelago will
come foremost. This country, with its
rich soil and admirable commercial situa
tion, could wisely borrow very largely for
such an object under a judicious and "honest
administration of Government. It is to be
hoped that the next Hawaiian Legislature
will provide for carrying out, under favor
able au?-picP such a measure and also
provide for the care and oversight of labor
ing immigrants, as well as for their Impor
tation. And the country must be saved
from any more Immigration fleet jobs and
5. A superior system of highways, and of
facilities fr the transmission of people,
products and information, is the great de
sideratum in the material progress of this
Archipelago. The Legislative Assembly of
was patriotically liberal in this respect
supplying far more for roads than Minis
ters of the Crown estimated ; but liberal
appropriation has not been met by wise
administration. The country has not much
to show for over SSOOxK) for roads for the
present fiscal period. This journal will
advocate a sytem of civil engineering to
regulate the course and construction of
every road, viaduct, or other way of com
munication ; and it will advocate the en
couragement of lines of steamships to
supply ocean highwaj's for the Archipelago
to all parts of the world.
C. All parties recognize the incalculable
importance of an ocean cable binding us to
the Continents ; and of interisland cables
to bind together the Archipelago. The
former will render imperative the joint
guarantee of our perpetual neutrality, and
the latter is a measure of paramount
domestic policy. The Hawaiian Legisla
ture has offered certain concessions In
behalf of an ocean cable. It must do more,
and pledge to take an interest in an enter
prise of such Immense influence on the
welfare of the countrj-.
7. To provide for the health of the people
by thorough sanitary reform. Though
mentioned last, this is one of tho prime
articles in the creed of. the Pacific Com
mercial 'Advertiser. The government
of this country has been carried on
conformable with the best political lights
of the age, and is sustained by a high
Christian civilization; yet the people
pass away and decline. This journal does
not recognize any Providential decree in
the result ; but rather man's mistake of
policy and administration. Brown races,
cognate with the Hawaiian, increase and
multiply within the bounds of the same
great ocean. Then why shall not the
Hawaiian increase ? They tvill under an
administration of government recognizing
race characteristics, and providing a tho
rough sanitary administration. What has
sanitary administration in this King
dom been for past years more than a
routine of Job and expenditure in the city
of Honolulu? There is a little population
In the Kingdom of about forty-five thou
sand natives, and fifteen thousand strangers
and, to provide means of caring for public
health, a patriotic Assembly appropriated
enough to have enabled a faithful and
devoted President of a Hoard of Health
to have looked into and provided for the
sanitary well-being of every family and
domicile in the kingdom. It Is true, a great
exigency arose an epidemic afflicted the
country which called for extraordinary
effort and expenditure, which engrossed all
the attention of the President of the Board
of Health. But in this instance he did not
need'iS-ki so much engrossed only that
he coveted 7J . monopoly of responsibilities
which he could !,ot adeguatelyfulfil.
The editor of th'is" Journal has, devoted
attention for years to the subject of -anitary
reform, and sanitary care of the
He was placed ou the Board of Healtl
that there might bo &onie opportunity to
test the worth, if any, of his views and
experience. But the Chief of the Board
declined his co-operation thereby losing,
either the value of a zealous co-operator or
the opportunity, In case of failure, of dis
crediting one whom he may have had
reason to regard as a political opponent
Sanitary reform and the health r,f J.
V.ocoioTi v9' u lj0 prominent topics
j Vuiial ; and it will endeavour,
Tyith judicious discussion on all proper
occasions, to promote the high, holy, and
patriotic purpose of the King the increase
of his people.
It is proper that a few more remarks
should be made in relation tj Mr. Dole's
discontinuance of the Advfhtisf.k. There
are in this office, as we have before stated,
over a score of notices of discontinuance,
yet the Editor of this journal never thought
of giving publicity to any one of them.
The Editor could not allow himself to so
violate the confidence between a journal
and the public, as to publish communica
tions of a private and business nature.
But, In the instance under consideration,
the gentleman, not content with addressing
a note to this office, must also send a note
to another Journal for publication, In which
he says, referring to this journal, " No one
of ordinary principle cares to become ac
cessory even in a faint degree to an enter
prise which is liable to be regarded as a
common nuisance." Thus his public attack
calls for a public retaliation. An editorial
apologist speaking for him, says, "the
assertion that he was not a paying sub
scriber is simply and entirely an untruth."
It was stated in last week's issue of the
Advertiser that there was no evidence
on its books that Mr. D. had paid one
dollar for the perusal of the paper for a
long time about three years and a half,
lie now shows a receipt for money paid for
two years subscription to a former propri
etor ; but not the slightest evidence has he
to show that he ha9 paid one cent for the
perusal of the P. C. A. for the twelve
months just closed under its present man
agement ; or that he has" become accessory
even In a faint degree," to the support or
patronage of this journal, although regu
larly perusing its columns. lie should
have sent the cash In arrears along with
' his Indignation.
We publish in anothercolumn an article
on the taxation of " evidences of debt." A
portion of the taxpaying public in this
kingdom has been sorely exercised on this
subject; and, from expositions of actual
facts which have been made public, there
freems to be little doubt that in some in
stances our Government has been, so far,
more successful in getting taxes out of
those whose wealth is invested in loans
than is generally the case in other countries.
It has indeed been shown that this success
has been carried beyond bounds, and that
in certain cases double taxation has been
inflicted. Looking, however, to the history
of direct taxation In the United States, we
may conclude that the ingenious devices
by which those whose wealth consists of
money lent out to others have succeeded in
evading taxation in that country will come
into vogue here. The ingenuity of legis
lators, and the shrewdness of assessors and
tax-collectors, will never be a match for the
money -lender in this matter. The article
we are referring to shows very clearly why
this must be so. If, in the end, all methods
of evasion are detected, and the money
lender is faithfully mulcted of his legiti
mate contribution to the property-tax, the
onli result will be to raise the rate of in
terest against the borrower, and thus indi
rectly to transfer the burden of taxation to
Our contemporary suggests the true
remedy for this difficulty: "Only actual
and tangible property should pay taxes,
and It should pay wherever found." Why
should men who flash before our eyes as
the ostensible owners of large properties,
or great stocks of merchandise, escape from
the payment of a fair proportion of the cost
of preserving that peace and good order,
and immunity from foreign aggression, by
which he is enabled to turn that property
to profitable account ? Under the system
by which his liabilities may be deducted
from the value of his ostensible property,
he may escape with a very small assess
ment. If we are sure that some one else
can be made to pay taxes on the wealth
that is invested in such a man's property
it Is all very well. But we are not, and
never shall be. What American States
and municipalities, and British Colouial
Governments have been vainly trying to
reach for so ma da- years, we are not likely
to find, the way to by some lucky device.
Here, as in America, we shall end in the
conclusion that " the correct principle Is to
tax actual property only, and to tax it to
the owner without regard to his indebted
ness." Many excursionists making the tour of
thl9 island in years past, will remember
seeing at Kahuku, during the lifetime of
Mr. Moffit Stoney, an ancient stone idol,
within the enclosure of his premises. It
presented some peculiarities that attracted
attention, especially something that re
sembled a mull, or collar around the neck,
which some observers have said represent
ed peculiarities of the costume of a Spanish
officer in the 16th or 17th Century, who may
have been a first visitor or discoverer of the
group. Now we understand that this relic
of old pagan Hawaii is about to be shipped
oft to Germany, and we regret that any
thing pertaining to the mythology or
arclueology of the country, should be car
ried away. The museums of Europe and
America have multitudes of Hawaiian an
tiquities; and this country has no collection
of relics of ancient times deserving of men
tion. We beg respectfully, to submit this
matter for the consideration of our Minister
of the Interior and hope he will endeavor
to induce parties, owning, or having con
trol of the idol, to sell or present it to our
museum, iuasmuch as he has a small muse
um fund at command. There is also anoth
er idol of sime Interest about to be shipped
away and we hope that both will be kept
in the country.
Captain W. Mist retires from his edi
torial charge. He was in decided antago
nism witk this Journal and oftentimes dis
cussion irovoked retort and retaliation,
but it is always recognized that Captain
Mist was a very worthy gentleman in all
the relations of private life, and a painstak
ing worker in his attention to duty. There
fore it is wiih some regret that the state
ment is nndo, that this gentleman has
been treatel rather discourteously in the
termination of his editorial labors by his
journalistic associates. An executive com
mittee of a press association, who had in
vited the btlp of his pen, and who had been
faithfully s?rved for a twelvemonth, decide
without the courtesy of an explanation to
soften a retusal to continue his services, or
Xthout any notice of time to effect some
I SLarracgement ; to permit him to ob
? 'i 'roin flffit intimation of a withdrawal of
tain his afavoWations, by a notice in the col
businessre ftnublic Journal, and nenned bv a
umnsofa e who supersedes him. There....
subordinaf8 jer courtesy, fair play 'A verdict in
was neitlbr jIy.considenAi'": nainst the ihf"J
gentlernvivft onlv. was brought in V nor any
I ennni tor n-le"n whatever in the
liausaciiue auvi v v? v"vi v sjj j v
by such a committee.
The organ of the Interior says :
appointment of Hon. John E. Bush as Tax
Assessor, will be variously., viewed by
different members of the community ; but
we think we may say that under the circum
stances it is the best that could be made."
Likewise, if the editor of the organ should
be made minister or marshal, the opinions
of a variety of folks would also be very
various. And what of that? Let them
oplnionate. But what does he mean by,
under l fir circumstances, which we Italicize.
Does he mean that because his patron
could not have his own way in an appoint
ment that did not concern him, that this
selection was the best to be got under such
binding conditions; or what are the cir
cumstances that induce him to acquiesce
in an appointment so "variously viewed?"
The editor of this journal was tendered
the appointment of Tax-assessor of the
district of Honolulu, In the place of Hon.
C. H. Judd, absent. Mr. Gibson declined
the appointment, and Hon. John E. Bush
has been appointed assessor for Honolulu.
This gentleman is well qualified by his
experience to fulfil with vigor and effi
ciency the duties of his position. We have
confidence in his good judgment in respect
to values, his fairness iu adjustingquestions
that may arise, and fc?s knowledge of the
law of assessment to assist him in the
duties of this important office. As he re
ceives the appointment at a late day, when
the time allotted for assessment is well
advanced, it will be right and fair that tax
payers should assist him with prompt and
correct statements of their taxable pro-
Mr. Armstrong sends information that
we may negotiate a convention with the
British East Indian Government for the
immigration of Hindoos, if we provide an
English Protector to care for their interests
in this Kingdom. It will be well to defer
discussion about this important matter till
fuller and more precise Information Is
Taxing Evidences of Debt.
From the Oregonian
No method of assessment has ever been demised
operates successfully in brin?iri! under
taxation those forms of personal property which
exist only in efiiencca of debt. In Oregon tve
have always tried to accomplish this, but it has
always eluded ns. One of our errors has been
partially amended by tbe chaDge in the law relat
ing to deductions of indebtedness. Such deduc
tions may now be allowed only wben the name
of the creditor is giren. Ibis partially checks
one abuse. But no small part of our strength is
till expended in the vain effort to tax creditors,
under a really judicious system we should on the
one hand abandon this eflort, while on tbe other
we enooia allow no deductions for debts oi any 1
kind. Only actual or tangible property should ;
pay taxes, and it should pny wherever found.
Such a system would be more just to all classes, j
and in the end particularly eoo borrowers, j
They would get the reduction of interest which '
would surely follow free competition of mon-y in
a market where it was known that no effrt i
would be made to tax loaDS. In srite cf all J
efforts a large part of the money lent injur State
escapes taxation. It is lenr chefly by associations
organized for the purpose, which are taied on
their paid-up capital, or more usually on some
lump sum arbitrarily fixed or guessed at by the '
assessor, but of course not approximating the !
average amount of their outstanding loans. ;
The attempt to tax mortgages and the aluioft :
universal failure to accomplish it is a familiar i
part of this subject. Every effort yet made to
tax evidences ol debt in this form has been balked !
bv the ingenuity of mortgagees. A common I
device once was to require the mortgagor to pay '
the taxes. But this was met in many States by
a statute declaring all such agreements void, tTr
voidable. The most ingenious contrivance yet ,
employed to obtain exemption from taxation of
loans secured on lands is described in the Atlantic
for August. It is presented as a curious instance
of the ease with which taxation of personal pro- j
perry may be evaded. " A firm of capitalists ;
requested a lawyer to draw up a legal instrument '
which would enable them to lend money on tbe '
security of land, and be at the same time entirely :
free from any liability for local taxes on the '
secured debt. By the plan he devised the mort- '
gagor shifts bis legal status into that of a tenant j
for a term of years and prospective purchaser ; j
the mortgagee shifts his into that of landlord and
vendor. The money lender receives a deed in
stead of a mortgage. This is of course recorded.
The borrower receives a lease of the land at a
yearly rent equal to the annual interest on the
sum received for purchase money. Embodied
in the same instrument is a contract for sale, by
which the landlord agrees to convey the land to
the tenant at the expiration of the lease an
receipt of the same sum for which he bought it
of him, and further a clause whereby the tenant
agrees to pay all the taxes assessed on the pro
perty during his term. If there are any buildings
on the land the usual insurance clause may be
inserted. There is also the usual covenant for
repairs, &c, to be made by the tenant. Imme
diate possession is given ; indeed, the possession
of the borrower is not interrupted. The gist of
the transaction is exactly the same as if the
money were borrowed and a mortgage given in
security ; but by the ingenious changes in the
usual legal phraseology the vexed question
whether the lender can be compelled to pay taxes
on the mortgage is definitely settled in the nega
tive." We are told that this means of evading
the taxation of mortgages has been submitted to
highest legal talent, and has been pronounced
safe and effectual. It is stated further that a
great deal of money has been lent on this form of
landed security. Though tbe owner of the land
parts with the title, his rights in the land are
secure, depending ns in simple mortgage on re
payment of the money. The lender secures his
object, which is obtainment of interest, without
liability to taxation.
All this goes in with innumerable instances of
previous experience as further illustration of the
impossibility of taxing evidences of debt. The
correct principle is to tax actual property only,
and to tax it to the owner withont regard to his
indebtedness. On bis part he receives compensa
tion in reduced rates of interest. Such reduced
rates will be had when lenders know they will
not be pursued with demands for payment of
taxes on their loans. A standing illustration is
afforded by the status and example of the national
debt. It is only because of good security and
exemption from taxation that the United States
is able to get money at four per cent., or even
less. When borrowers insist that lenders shall
pay taxes on the evidences of debt they hold, the
effect is simply to compel themselves to pay the
amount in tbe shape of higher interest. The
example of United States bonds ought to make
this point very easily and clearly understood.
ROOMS TO RENT.
'O LET-NE1TL1' FURNISH EU ROOMS
at 47 Ponchlxiwl Street.
A. A. MONT A NO WISHES TO IX-
lorm his friends and tbe public in general, that he has
just returned from the
and from there he brought a fine collection of Views and
8tereocoplcs of the Crater, and also the latest Views of the
Lava Flow of Olio, Hawaii. For sale at
MONT A NO'S Photograph Gallery,
aug27,2t Corner of King St Fort Streets, Honolulu, H. I.
F. II. OEJDING,
BEGS TO INTIMATE TO
t.aiv. .fd Corrnjtsd Koj p (" 'OlsS"
Ff Dtl - I3 AX
84 KING STREET,
Next to Mr. Burgess's Carpenter Shop,
where orders may be left at any time
of the Hay or Night-
TELEPHONE MMBER, S6.
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN,
27 MERCHANT STFIKKT,
HOTfOLl'Lt, II. I.
REAL ESTATE BROKER, EM
GENERAL BUSINESS OFFICE.
Rents Houses, Cottages and Rooms. Sells
and Leases property in all parts
of the Kingdom.
Employment found for those seeking work
on these Islands.
Bills collected. Legal papers of all kinds
drawn, Books and Accounts solicited,
and general office work transacted.
Agent for "P 0- Vickery's Fireside Visi
tor." Subscription, $1.25 per year.
The reputation of this interesting
pictorial journal is second to
none on these Islands. Each
subscriber receives five
. BEAUTIFUL CHR0M0S
with the first number of the paper.
Having remove! into (be
FIBE-PR00P BRICK BtTLDING
adjoining wj former Office, 1 am now prepared to conduct a
more extsnsive business with my enlarged facilities. In
addition to the abore various branches, I invite Agents,
Planters, and private parties cn the other Islands to make
their purchases in Honolulu through me, guaranteeing to givs
all orders close attention, aud to procure the tMi bargain the
3 Charges always Moderate.
ALFRED M. M E L I I s
IMPORTER AND JOBBER OF
Sillss and Fancy Brjr S-qo2s.
j FULL LIISTE
Complete fSlock in tlte
1. Amer'csn d European lres GooJ
2. Black anJ Fancy Silks an.l Velvet?.
3. Qassinieies and Crepes
4. Damask Table Linen an ! N ipkins.
5 '(Embroideries and Infer imns.
6. pans and Fan-Hukler?
7. Qeut'a ami Lvlis P.-ttiing Suits.
8. Handkerchiefs Sil!C I.inen aud Cotton.
9. rish Trimmings.
10. Jewelry a Full Assortment.
11. Kid Gloves all Colors and Sizes.
12. Laces of all kinds.
1?. fVlerinos in all Colors.
All of the above-mentioned Goods are on Exhibition, and for sale by the nnder
signed at the LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES this Market can afford.
BEFORE GOING ELSEWHERE. COME AND CONVINCE YOURSELF AT
A. M. SVIELLIS'S,
104 1'ORT STRKET,
his own mm i
By reading of tbe vehicles of the natlone of the
Antique World, we learn that their chariot wheels
were made of solid blooks of wood, similar to those
made op by tbe schoolboy of to-day in- bis first
effort at carriage making ; and it must be said,
notwithstanding the progress made in tbe means of
locomotion in these modern times, the primitive
solid block wheels are still in use in the wine grow
ing Islands of the Eastern Atlantic, and on the
coast of Afrioa. However,
in his establishment on King Street, offers the
finest specimens of modern art in carriage manu
facture. He presents the farthest remove from the
solid block, in the production of the most perfect
combination of lightness and strength in his
wheels, and' offers the most surprising results of
vehicular mechanism in his admirable
" Jagger Waggons,
JVIule Carts, anl
IVaif ivo Expresses.
MR. ROSE imports the best of Eastern
timber, and executes all orders in the
most thorough, workmanlike man
ner. He has also opened a
UNDER THE MANAGEMENT OF
MR. P. H. TRIPP,
the celebrated Saddle Maker and Stamper,
who will fill orders for
Fine Single and
And all kinds or
T5 Imitation U.
Kntrancc r-. ......... .
Vacation at College
As we are frugal in our style, we can
afford to sell cheap. You can go farther
and fare worse than by calling on
il. J. ROSE.
os. 78, 81 k 83 KIXG STEEFT.
1 HAVE THIS D1Y ESTABLISHED MYSELF
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT,
Dealer in Dry Goods, Hardware, &
F. D'A. MARQUEZ.
HOM APO.KAl'. HAWAII.
Anguat 12th, 1881. aug37,6s3
1)L'BLIC NOTICE IS IIEREUV GIVKV,
that tha undersigned Is tbe owner of certain par
cels of Land, situated in Knla, Island cf Maui, being Kuleana
No. 8,881, and Royal Patent Mo. Ml. There are 61 acres in
one piece, and 10 acres in the other, making a total of 72
acres. I hereby give public notice that I only have any
right or interest In said lands ; no one else has any authority
to lease, sell, or otherwise convey any portion of said parcels
of land. Any person who may have leased either of ssid
lands or portions thereof must account to me for the rent, as
any such leasing is totally unauthoriiid, the former owner,
Pauelua, being still alive. The undersigned having pur
chased the title in said lands, gives this public notice, to take
effect from the date hereof.
Waiklkikai, Aug. 2. 1881. AI-0H1KEA.
I P.AUAMSIS INSTRUCTED BV JAS.
J I. Dowaett.lhe Mortgagee named ina certain Mortgage
Deed, recorded in Liber 61, on lolioa 178 and 17, In the
office of the Registrar .f Conveyances, in consequence or the
hreaah of the covenants contained in the said deed, to s. II at
his rooms on Queen Street, Honolulu, by Public Auction, on
Saturday, the 10th day of September, at 12 o'clock noou. a
tract of land at Makakupaiaiki, Inland ol Molokal. For
further information apply to
JAMES M. MONBARRAT,
aug27.3t Attorney for Mortgagee
WE HAVE RECEIVED A CHOICE
LOT of Hay and Grain ex. recent arrivals, and have
the largeat stock in the Kingdom, conaisting in part of Oat,
Wheat, and Mixed Hay, Bran, New Zealand and Humboldt
Oats, Whole and Ground Barley, Whole and Cracked Corn,
Wheat. Oil Cake Meal, Middlings, Mixed Feed, &e., Ac.
AND WE WILL NOT BE UNDERSOLD
BY ANT ONE.
(CT All kinds of Orain Uround to Older. XX
julylS,S!n LAIME A CO.'
follow isi;; Icpnrlineiitt
II factions in an endless variety.
is Orenw,rl cJ I,rc8S GooJs BllJ Lft"-
16. parasc ls for Ladies and CLillren.
17. Qji!:sand Bed?rreids, 10, 11 and 12 quarters
IS fl'hhens Si'k, Satin and Brocaded.
19. Stays, and Cored Cover
20 "rrum'n&9 8n' Tassels.
1. UnJcrwfar l'otli bailee' anl Gent's.
; 22. yeltet Ribbons.
28. W00 1,1,1 an 1 Worxtcl Jackets and Shawls.
; 21. X'1 Glnt' LaJ" onJ Children' Iloee.
25. Yrn Jn a11 colors.
26. Xfr'lJrs ,n ttn'' variegated colors
I1KKW I-'.U'S II LOCK.
mv Mmx hall
TIIK KVKXT OF TlaU
The mariauenienl I ski" i-lmure In aimounrliiR Hist they hare
al great evtene aocureil the scrvicea o Hie iavorite
FRESH FROM UIS TRIUMPHAL T0CR
THKOI'UII tl STR.4I.l t A M XKW
THE (iBEAT PBIM1 DOW ASSOMTi,
Miss .fcuiiic Boycr,
IKOM 1H.F. CONSERVATORY Of Ml'HIC, MILAN.
MI'I'ORTKI) II V X
COMPANY Of ARTISTS
ACK NOWI.KIKJF.II CO II I II Kill
LOOK OUT FOll DATE OF OPENING.
ALL MK'IKTIKN. l.ll)(;KS()ll l K H!St s
on this or the other lantnda, wiahliig to Join In sraullug
arches, or In decorating the routs from iho landing toll's.
Palace, on the occasion .f His Mummy's Ki'crptlou, are ra
attested to addrens
II. A. P CARTER.
Chulrman of Committee on Drooratious.
All Societies, Ixh1k, or associations of persona wlililoglo4
ioiu In the prm-wni.jn of w. Icome will plr-ane aHrei 4 If
(MIT. A. N. TRIPP.n.fl H
HON. J. II. KAWAIN(JUii
ant'27,:;i (.Vaiul Marsha'
A ST O R. IIOUS
niHiim &nrann Dun'
UIHHVU UlillMWl lUllii
Nw, 70 mid Hotel M:rcclH,
HART BROTHERS, Propri
Board by the Day, Week or Trai
. -- -- .it i w I TI AV
1-5 1 Mi Ifl .laO-M 11 I'
irT i AM,c "
cigars, Cigarottes and Tobacco,
Soda Water & other Icod Drinks.
MEALS SERVED IN FIRST CLASS STYLE
AT AM. IIOf'ltN.
HENRY J. II ART, fjal 81) KIMS A. II A RT.
ISTo. Hotel Street.
EtP THE BEST OF FOOD,
re- COMPETENT COOKS,
PKTKR CO ST A 5
I. ale :iiief Steward of
July2 1, 'el.l yr
JOHN FOWLER & CO..
j A KK I'RKIMKKI) TOFfTKMSII PLANS
xm and Estraaica It i-ieel portable Tramways, with or
I without cars or locomotivus, specially adapted fur Pugar
j Plantations. Permanent Railways, with Inrnniollvcs and cars,
Traction Knglnrs and R..ad l.oniiAive, riienro Ploughing
and Cultivating Machinery, '.rti,l.lp H.-nm I'.n glues for all
parposia, W iii ling Er.ginea fr.r Inclines,
j Catalogues, with ii.u.iraiiom, M kl und rrwtogrsphi of
i the above Plant hii.I M i.Mnf.y ni;i b- .-en at the olllces of
! the underlie nrd
j W. L. GREEN, tt
II. W. M AC FAKLANR ac CO,
' Aseut fcrJiHIN FOM I KHa- f'fi
LAND FOR SALE
KAPAH .A. I-I A..
fllllK I NUKHSIUNKI) I I.I. SKLL TH AT
JL valuable pieieof land, with buikiinijs llir-oo, situated
at Kapahahs. Kapalama-Kal, known aa ' Til K OLD KINU
HTREKT LAUNDRY IIOL'BK." Ior further particulars
enquire of the uudersigned on ihe premise.
,, ,r, MRS. KAAtA AKrPO.
HonolalaAag. 2d, 1SJ1. Augll4i
. . . f