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C O XVI 1YI e n O I A X. .
mtfiAT. I trTMRTR 14. I,l.
.trru-rjii.i th atta.-. hl.h t fco
Jn tl I..larvt lctr.t. tj r.,t jonraal. fin.l, a
yt. u a. tion . ba Wa Uq ty lb tacaLr f O.m-wrr-
of hi i lty. ,Bi.b a refntatl.o . f lb many
elianf !. mijhl tw. na Urtan. u. wblrh U
n-M.nr t tha ffwol t:ru-. It I rur..t alM; te
Caaary f .r th rlautr of thi Kibj i ru to v.aiMc la
.,- tiSe rr t .rti, aivt on a-j. a a will caU
Citu lo r,rt..,t lbfmwln n,,l only b.w. bat 4io la th
fuluf. from lt tlralg f y tivl j-a:.iiy b. h 14
Biw i apparent la tba r-i ,tiM t nt,- iiii.U to IL
lDwal of tb I4-. ir . tty Tr-r Th- T(riral
aatuiM that tlj (.lanfr. a a ttuo tb ban! a cf Iun
will fall. If th Traty 1 a.rorat-.l, ahoal.I Ukt m.,iu
tlv-a, au-1 frIy offer tli im f it clan, a f.,r tc j.lt
prtinut b- tha ur iurrbaat maj Utter
fcnnU ha de.r I. wri: .rearr.! tt gooj baiua of
tltw Ila.l .roa-l a t Jimtiil t,f tha Cltaotbor .f
toiuiurr. ito r .u j,.,..l t. fpifvn them, aiuh
iotjuxliat a.-ti. a .,ul,l UoJ t maurti aettlrriicbt
an.l i-ultivati-.a of thm ..! au.l f.jr bl.-b a rrturn wull
! an hnn.lre.I f ,M. I f Attt.i.i..D I of r. u.rf
111 ii. pry l.i ti iwv.iuiv a ti .n.
B ilua Unrii.rf tb axt wk bx Urn by o- urn
bri . th CoI.bu heavy raiiu irrutin tha LuJ
Unrf i f uy U4.,,mu f .tr tt,l ,rJ.- ta tbe
wlu.li u4 b..itr.ii4 ,tlhrr, !tti avU ua.l jutt
Jly l ihrion. bit uf.t tbe frr rrnI '..f luier-
lUu.l ei,mt-r. liy ,b tKIay iM-ratoar.l la tbe tmitli
of owla. at thl p..rt. th it k ..f abij.abU toa
baot bav Bot b-n lu-rM-il. ti.rr'f .rr ruiiiiur'Ulty.
biin4 ITa brn .llly Jull. lt.a ar rutrtaior.!
buwavrr. of a rMra t viva Uy la bailor rirw, la
f. t a mtnUr - b.u lu f .rrta frULtla, m aori a
tAa watb-r prruit an. I wb. b 11 1 I b b p l will not
t loOtf Urlayil.
Tu arrival f .r tu wk put cuoit of tba bark
Salakaua, aii.1 a. br Anna. U th fr- fu Haa l'rao:tro with
Aowrtcaa pr-lm t aul f r wblrb w will on.l. ubtr.lly
tiir ltbr An.rrl.aa fl I or It juUal.-nt la our
X!an! prul u t.
TU Jrpartur of tba W. II. Mryar for tb C.at la tbe
only a with rant lannic tlw wrrk. tha Caibarlaa al
Uf I. f. r tlaa t'rani'lwu, but la ballast. The valnatlnn of
tbr rartf takra by tba M-yrr t-i tba 0at imunnU to
Th itmr City of I'jr lu.y Jua fr..o lb Coloolra, an
ronto t Saa I'raM-la', on tbe Ivtb lat. may arrive
aarllrr au.1 II wotit.l be alvlaabte fur bulur turn to
bava thrlr ri.rrrp.a4-ti-a well a.lvanrr.1. Tbe I'lty of
Sy.laey tak' frin brre about tTVt.n caro. eiciualve of
ovrr lit bun. h4 bananaa ; a large naiuber of ymrDti-n
1 arconjj any tbe vraael la brr roaatwar J trip.
POIIT Or HOIJOI.UI.U. II. I.
Dee li Stiur C n BUbnp. from Kauai
I t Hi br Mannokawai. frrrn lianamanla
1 1 A.-br Ka M..t. front kabnlul
I Ptmr l.l krhkr. f rnv llil.j
II Mtiur lhna. from M"l'kal and Manai
11 f tuir KUanea lion. frni Manl
11 S br iabuUbo, fruai Kib
I.I Hawa bk Kalakana. Jrtika. from han Fraarlaro
11 Am -lir Anna. M.-Cullocb from Mali r'raxu-l
Dec 1 8. Lr Paaabl. f.r Kohalale
M.-br Hannanl. f..r liana
In M.-br Kulamaan. for Hana
1.1-Htiur Ukrlike. f rr Hila
Ll Htrur l.hna. fur Molokal anJ Maal
1.1 Stmr Moknlil. fur koolan
U filmr EJIauea Uoo. fur Manl
I -hr Ntue Urmll. for Labaina
ll M. br Wallrle. f..r Maliko
14 ekbr Kaala, for Waiaiae
lif-Ilk AMeo Beaae. Not, for Hone Konjr
II Ant a. br Eva, FariL for tiomboUi
1 1 Ant bk Caiharlan. litpklaa. from faa Fraarlaco
U Am brti W U Meyer, 11 owe, from aa fraaciaco
rOHKlUX VESSELS I V FOKT.
Utra btue XTnlto
Ant bktne A ntelia, -rltawn
aa br Jennie Walkrr. Eaoai ke
A at bktne J A i'alklnbarif. UabbarJ
Am bk C'aibairtan. Hpklna
Am bk Cbl-olya. Ie i'ran
Am bgtae W U Irwlo. Turner
Vl Erri fran rla Prtaw
Am bk AJ.inl. from Bremen, dae December , to II Hn k
fel.l k Co
Am bktne Furke. from San Franrlaro, Jue Der 15.
Uk K.ebrya.1. Newraatle. M M W. Dee H. b Wilder Co.
fiif-tne Conelo, Han i'ranclara via jLabului. Dec -JU. to
Irwin A Co.
Btmr it; of Hydney. Sydney. De 19. to Da- kfrlJ k Co.
Htmr ZraJawtta. Itait r'raaclaco. Dee it. to Ha-kfelJ x Co.
Stair An iter lla.1. Han rranclm-o. Dm, to Ilackfrld k Co.
Am bk liurna Vlt. Foi-t M.mn.1. le, to llackfrtd k Co.
a.'br A lax k a, Jaluit. Dec. to lia.'kfrl, k Co.
fck tairral I, art eonn.l. Dec. to llackfebj k Co.
Bkte Kllkltat. I'uKrt OooaJ. Dec. to liarkfeU k Co.
Bk La.ly Lara peon. Man raixrleco. Dee. to Brewer k Co.
Bkte til. Ban Fr04'tco, Dec. to Catle k Cooke.
Bk Auiy Turner. Boatoo. Jaonary, to Brewer k Co.
Bk Pa-.ac Hl.'pm. Xrw. a-tle. .N H W. Jan. to WllJer k C
Bk Mnevetj. Newcaatle, N H W. January. t- WlMrr k Co.
Vblp Dnke uf Aberrom. Liverpool. January.
Brl J D pr-ki?K 8 via Kabulul. Jan. to Irwin 4 Co.
bk U C Marray. daa franrlaco. January.
Bk Iiainlrr. B..rt Townaen.l. January, to HarkfrM k Co.
to C it lllab p. Brenien. I'cbruary. to IlackfrM k Co.
Bk Ceylon, t rance, i'ebruary.
Urr kk AUlanta. Llvrrpo..!. March, to 1 T WtrTh.ne
Bk Earl Dalbouaie. LfnJ.o via St MicUarU. Jlarvb, to
Brewer k Co.
Bk rUlward Slay. tiverpxI. April
B!t furne Abbey. Boabin. April, to Brewer k Jo.
Bk Lijale Bell. Liverpool. . to T 11 Daviea.
Tb C ) Wbltoaore la at tbe P 31 8 S wharf dl
ebar(a tbe lat of brr eoal rarifo, fcnt will not be en
tirely tli.-barir,t before tbe end of tba cominir week.
Mb will probably load balla.it and ea,l from brre for tba
Houad aout tue Jt;tb lnt.
Tba CUloalyo la off tbe Ukellke wbarf loa Ilnu ballaat.
!be aai: on tbe ata for Iloyal Ka.b. B C.
Tba Anna la dl. harglnir at tbe olJ Cubtu Home
waarf. Capl M.Cultarb. will plea arrept tbanka for
V. new favor, be having- brought datra to tbe Jltb nit.
Tba akyaall Kalakaua U at tbe Xanana atra-t wharf
i hartiin. Proicpt dlapatrb will be gi ven to tbt vee-
for a return to tba Coaat.
B-port of bk Kalakana. Jenk. Maater ttailrj from
fan Eranriaen. Nor 'Jl: Brt elrven daya bad very Lht
?J t- N W wind. To..k tbe E tra.le In lat a-. Ion lJi
and have rontinne wttn n, m.xlrrate with rain ahowrr.
to port. Dm 1 ith at 6 a m aibtrd Jlaul and arrived off
Diamond Mra.1 3pm me date. Took pilot on board at
e A) and dropped uuUriUpm; pilot Rolnt on abore.
Shortly aftrr departure of tbe pilot found veeael wa
drifting an.1 on baavtnf lead found that we had been left
In 0 fathom water. It bx.k u nntil mldnlKbt to re
rover chain au.l make aail aaln. Arrived in port on tbe
I4tb ltiat, 'JJ day paaaaije.
Tt Poruar left Kabuloi. for San Fram-laco on Satur
day laet. with a-toad of auar.
Tba Br bark Frl Dalhouale. from London, for tbl
rrt; via tot- Ml. barU. Alorr Uland. paaecd Deal. Not
t. Tbl veaael i expr. tr l to bnnrf lru numbjr of
Porturfue) ImiulracU hither and will be due here about
the end of Marrb. I rom here abe will probably prut-red
lo n FraiU'Mco with a portion of brr ar..
Tba Oer b At.iiaota. aaiW-d from Llvrrpl for Hono
lulu. Jior 3rd. fiaebnnaa lot of aeaortrd .! and
alao -ru ma. btnrry aa.1 I eonlirnrd t J T W atrrhoiiae
ken. Tha Atalanta will br die la tbe ear y part of
Byaa. lb Fremb port whl. b tbe Orrman bark Ceylon
I reported to have aailed from f.r tbl prt. I a amall
eHrt Iowa, itualel at tbe mouth of tbe tilrvnde rivrr
and depend upon tbe Inland city of Maiolr for It rom
merelal Importam-e. Baintra. by tbe way.l mted for it
trade in Cognac braa.ly. aiale in the vi. imtr, - that it
may be onictarrd that the rari(i of tbe Ceyb.n la
pirit.e. '1 he veel. if conunir. I due here ll.c latter
part of ebruary.
Tba bk Kalakaita. wblcb arrived brre on the Utb In.t,
aaiied from eaa traju'in'o only three hour alter the
PUS. tberefora we "t no latlrr date aor nvail. Caot
Jenk attr tnt he wa lo day niakimr Sift milre. and
akyaile wrre - way up" and kept ao during tbe entire
Tb bk Jeany Pitt, one of the many luiobrr veiel
ruaalai' tt'a tbrae Iilau.1 au.l Purfrt rtoun-l. wa
wrei ked at llabukona. Hawaii, on the 7th Nov.' llrr
rarso of lumber wa aaved tboucb la damu .-.,i..l.t....
Tb capula anil rrew rracbrd ahrr in aafrty and alter
Jourweytn hither, left on tbe Vth lu-t In tue Ii ovrry
for aaa I micie-u.
Th expected ateamer Aoi;er Ura.1. frm San Fran. t. o
for Cluna,vi Honolulu, ha by brr nonappearance, re-ilui-ed
tb number of rrturnirnc Monrfoiiao w bo uil'ifbt
have taken paeearfe by her. The evrttt wa aeairtrd lu a
Krrat aieaeure by tbe preeence of tbe hrlrf Aldru Broaie
la port, bavins callr.l m for water ( bound to ll -n Kontc.
from Portlan d and by wbl. b many t blne euilant
I went toward tba ilowrry Land on drparture tbe
latter named vramrl tut China on tbe Ijtb ltt.
TUe IVrr bk A.loul. from Brt-mm for tbl t. rc
Bined to Mr Ua.kfrl.1 jt Co, la Bow overdue No
fear ara a y.t frit for brr alty. but the late favorable
wind an tin aid of Cape U .rn. iaae wonder at tte
delay In arrival.
Tba ahr Alaika fmm Jaltnt. n. on wbl.-b Caot
Tleruey. of the Uml brl stortut.tr I. I ritr. ird t,, rm.
taru. will b due here about Cbrntiua time. Prirr
4rovMtou boiiM be mt.lt for the Ralleot raptam on hi
return eo ttiat tbe (Arvau-lr folk my not e able to
vnu any paiuphlrt on Slvrr and fmrr)."
Late advlt-ra contain new rrnardinit tbe tuovrutrtitt vt
BU1II Triumph wb.me arrival at tun port ha no long
been tpected. Tbe atatrnirnt I now ma le that tb
Triunipit would leave CoiuJuib. CLili. for il..uolula on
or about tb ltb of January. F rum brnce tbe Triumph
would proceed to Eaqaimasit.
TUe All of tba 3ttb nit aay. rrvardiCat the atramrr
Auir Iiraii. abe will am tt Uw." ill probable that
tbe rarl would not arrive before Dec lat. remaining in
San Fraucut-u about on week, an.t then ail for tbta port
arriviste here probably about tb 1'tb or 1'Jtb Inat.
Tba Utvn bk I ilaul ram down front Vallljo to ?an
Fraucttci Cat. on the xlrd ult fully l.lrl with wheat.
Sh waa to aail within few daya for yneenatown.
TU ' hr Warwi. k aaile.1 from here on tb 2Cth Nov
Willi anpplte for Kanlapapa. rib vt reported aa baviug
call"" I la there en the iuJ Dec, but bl wratbrr coming
on. tb Tl arfaia put to aea, and atnea ber departure
BO ue wa ha been received of ber wherrant. It I
aupuooeil thai ah mav have (one under tbe lea cf Lanat.
If eo. ber lengthy ateence a yrt oifrre no canea for
Tba itmr Jam Make fmm Kanal I thi port I JaJly
ai peeled, ber prolonged aben.-e brio undoubtedly
caud by tha delay contingent on landtag h up cargo.
Tba Hw a. br Ka Mif'rror' nti br Vr T??"
Hobroo, ha been aolJ to Jtr. t . A. Cooke, ao4 will In
ru;ar.dtpi.y th. of i jf "s;;"- Tb rur
jiaid orer wa In tba eigbborlcf f
Tr n: n Fr-.-t--o. jr lr.j I i 11 7T r b t
and h. ra.i!. htrti. Ji bLl p ik anl br(, Vj
ka barley, loll r f raiu. i a cal oil. lit croeerlra
and CblTteee rr-vlll. tta. "A O I I ! ll :.r. f. 0 k S 'i: r. 1 v
wl:il', li pkfi t-ba.-eo. i" balra bay. T4 mala
ri-r. l.t tula.- m-lr.
rr-.m ?u lr3'!-n. i- r E:ka-ia. I'"" It Vw
barlry. mi, srr:n. ! k n-ar. Jl I kv dry tvii,
l-.ba.-ro. r r.il Iratbrr, it rai-rf. C I k- liqti'-r
l-S r.M litae. i ro bri- k. 1!-J k j . t V . . 11 pk
mc-Mne. e. I kl tr. It l l ' . '1 Coil I pe, J kc'
a-irfar. lariibrr fret. ! t lui" Ill-ie.
For San Franri.-.,. rir W H Mry.r. Ie- 11 -5. kr
itr, 5.V bac n r. I'.'aj -r. r .ral. -j7 bneba bauua...
6 bMa mrlar l. D-.m val. ti.liT i-i.
fniu Vit Utrl P-.rt. pr Llklike. lie: II Hon A F
Jt.l l. II u i 'il !t. 11 n 11 A Wi I ieaauu. Ci Ov.r
ita. f.rUi.r. F II lltjwU. a. J H' Itiiir. K t Jubm. W
F ruarratt.J A Paru-ale. wife auj chill. Mr Ul Mn
m kurU.J Cniblr-.-t-am. W tlvtttr, R 9 Uu;2, J Kt
lacua. P Weuekaoe. J Lit a. F W K.ye. W L Kabolokabiki,
Kia Naba-'irlua, Aa mug, A-u. a:.d a Lnn.lr of deck
For Windward Pvrt. pr Likrhk. Dec 11 U -d SO
ViMer, 1'. C Daruou. T M Leilan. W O Atwatrr, Mn
ta?lor. Mr r-avper. Il-n O W pjlipo. Mr Alexander ar-J
al.ild, Mtea Wigtt. auJ at.ut :drk.
For Saa Fram tacu, per Caibanan, Dec 12 J Charlton.
For San Franci.-o. prr W U Mtytr. Dec ll-Jbu Knox.
If "i ean i rau. i.,-o. per Anua, Dec le F N Wiltt,
rout nau Frami. o. ptr Kalakaua. Dec II Mr J W
Pbrrt n. Mr II .rti Bailry and i hlM. Col Paul Nor
ri.J K Frrrra. J T BraJv. Byron Lrmic. N A Boyle.
John Craramer. Anlrrw Wil-.n. Jauire HuD. Kalti.
CAKET. la I hi rity on the l(th lnat., to MkY J. E.
Caair. tbe wile of Tboma Carry, a .
COWAS MOFFITT At Kol.ala. Hawaii, on tbe ttb
nit., by the R.r. fbrrlore Lanu-r. Mr. Jnu C'uwtM, of
klpahula. to Mm M ht Morrir. of Honolulu.
DKCEMIIEIi 17, lMl.
According to programme their Majostie
the King aotj Queen an-1 party were to get
on Loan! the Likelike at Iupahoehoe, on
her up trip last week an. 1 proceed to Hilo,
hut the weather was so Lad that a lanJiug
;CtDlJ not be made there. On the down trip
the Likelike tried again to make a lauding
With her boat but it was Impossible. His
Majesty ent ofTa man In p canoe to request
Capt. King to take liini aboard and return
to Hilo, Captain King found it inii.dble
to comply ; the boat- went in as far as they
dared, had a look at the frightful surf, and
then returned to the steamer.
' C.reat preparations had been made at Hilo
for the reception of their Majesties and
equaily ereat disappointment was caused bv
thVir enforced delay. In consequence of
the state of the weather and of the roads no
information beyond that published last
week has been received from the Royai
Review of the Report of His Ex. W N.
Armstrong on Immigration.
Sec Stroke is ScrrLKMEXT or TO-DAT.j
A paramount question for the Hawaiian
Kingdom is Immigration: of families for
re-population, and of laborers for planta
tions. Tliis subject has engrossed the at
tention of the Hawaiian Government and
People for many years. On the occasion of
the departure of His Majesty the King on a
tour round the world, it was announced
that the chief object of the royal travel was
to promote immigration to the Hawaiian
Archipelago, and in order to ensure a suc
cessful Issue to the royal purpose, the At
torney General of the Kingdom was ap
pointed a rtopy.l Commissioner of Immigra
tion; and on him was farthermore con
ferred the title of "Minister of State," In
order lo facilitate In an ofllcial way his ob
servation and negotiation.
The Hawaiian public, who were inter
ested In the question of introduction of the
new ieopIe into the Kingdom, entertained
great hopes in respect to the result of this
Commission. Every one felt that there
would lie a superior opportunity afforded to
a man who had any ability, and the faculty
of close observation. He would travel im
coroiany with a King, cordially and royally
received everywhere. He would visit per
sonally several countries to which public
attention had been directed, as sources of
Immigration : in the capitals ad courts
of which, all sources of correct information
would be opened to him; and the most
friendly disposition would be manifested to
farther his observation. All this took place
in behalf of our Commissioner; and after a
most interesting and distinguished tour of
travel of nine months' duration, the Hawa
iian public, interested in the matter, had
reason to expect a ver3 full and very ex
haustive reiort from the Commissioner in
respect to all the capabilities and possibili
ties of of our sources of supply of recruits
of new H?ople.
Hut what have we? What has been pre
sented to satisfy this great expectation?
We have a report from the Commissioner ;
the whole gist of which is an assurance
th.it the Hawaiian Kingdom must not en
tertain any hopes of recruits of laborers, or
of new people from any of the opulous
countries; Japan, Malaj'sia, India; or
even of Kurope, visited during this ex
tended tour; but that its chief; if not its
only Iiojh? of labor ami re-population is in
certain small Islands in the Atlantic Ocean,
which the ('oiiiiui.iMOiier did not visit !
The Commissioner reviews the several
countries he did visit, and summarily dis
poses of their claims to our consideration
as sources of immigration.
The Kast Indians:
The great Hindoo hive of humanity, with
its vast and varied topulation of two hun
dred and fifty millions of human beings;
recruits from among whom have re-populated
and promoted the prosperity of the
Islands of Mauritius, Bourbon, Trinidad,
and the country of Guiana, he se!sa.side
altogether, saying : "Kat Indians are
not suitable or desirable as emigrants;"
And upon what grounds does the Com
missioner ba.se his very pn.tive conclu
sion? One is, that certain countries, the
'protected Malay States," in compara
tive near vicinity to Hindustan, do not de
sire the Indian coolie, the planter of
these countries "having very generally
avowed their opposition to their employ
ment," and have given expression to the
opinion that ''one Chinaman is equal to
three Coolies." Yet in the face of this
positive fctatement of the Commis
sioner, who was in Singapore early in
May last, we have before us a petition
dated the following July, of forty-five plan
ters of Joliore, one of the protected Malay
State adjoining Singajore which the Com
missioner visited, setting forth very em
phatically, not only the desirability, but
the iirrfHiiitu of obtaining Indian l.-ilxrfrs
to promote their several enterprises. (Thi I
I-tition. signed by Chinese proprietor, a J
well as Eurojieans, was published in Ia--t j
Saturday's issue of the Advertiser). Far- '
thermore, in this connection, the Cominis- J
ionersays: "It was in part in behalf of :
this Sovereign (the Maharajah of Joliore) j
that the Governor of Singapore made ap- i
to this state
-Coloaial office for Indian
"yed." And in response
' Vve before u. a
the " Blu
jl si t
Singajiore journal, the SfraiU Time, re
ceived by last mail, which announces as a
"gratifying item of intelligence, one that
u-ill 'jlad'h n the heart of all interested in
ijUtti'.iwj tfttcrjAri; in the Native State,"
(italics ours) " the announcement that the
Secretary of State f.-r the Colonies Las con
sented to al ow our Governor (Sir F. A.
Wc!J) to permit the introduction of India
Coolie labor into the Native States." (See
the article in another column.) Nowwhat
shall Ik. thought of our Commissioner's in
formation, or fairness of statement, in view
of the-. broad contradictions?
Another great ground of objection to
Hindoos a immigrants, which the Com
missioner urges, is their immorality.' Alas !
that such an immoral people, should so in
crease ari l multiply, as to be one of the
most numerous and prolific races in the
world ! The Commissioner fears the effect
upon our Hawaiian Paradi.se of the incom
ing of " Hindoo young widows, or single
women, who have gone astray !" And
this apprehension is expressed by a gentle
man who has .ient a very large part of his
life in a great city, where, according to Dr.
Sangir, and later authorities, there are not
less than one hundred thousand prostitutes,
kept mistresses, and other women who
have gone astray. Surely, In view of his
nice and high moral tone in respect to peo
ple suitable for immigration, he would not
have our little kingdom recruit Its popula
tion from that great city; for if it did, ac
cording to his own words, " it would hardly
be possible to predict a very brilliant future
for a population coming from such women."
Hut would ho or any other Immigration
Commissioner be content to gather- only
the soiled doves of any country? Surely
not. And in prolific Hindustan ; as in popu
lous New York, ho could find multitudes of
untainted girls and women fitted to bless
Hawaiian homes ; whom, if he could not
get. he could, at least, let the others alone.
And the Commissioner sets forth the diffi
culties of getting only twenty thousand
East Indians to emigrate in one year.
Well, us we only want one thousand, or a
a lesser number, to test the availability of
this race for the recuperation of our Hawa
iian State, the recruiting difficulty in our
caso may not be insuperable.
And now as regards the question of " pro
tection " of coolies and of " foreign interven
tion" in connection with the introduction
of British East Indians; the Commissioner
says, refering to a conversation with Sir
Louis Mallet, the Under-Secretary of State
for India, that this gentleman urged, ' that
unless there was a convention and ' pro
tection,' the most salutary laws might re
main without force." And this is a just
and proper consideration, and one that
should not present a difficulty to the minds
of a government and people, aiming to act
Justly and fairly towards any poor and ig
norant strangers, coming to labor and live
in tho country. We know that some of
our laws, framed to promote the welfare of
contract laborers, in respect to sanitary
lodgment and treatment, are overlooked,
and In some measure are become practically
a dead letter, because our Government, or
Board of Immigration, has not provided
inspectors, or protectors in the several dis
tricts where immigrant labor is largely
employed, in order to sec that the law is
carried out in behalf of the poor and ignor
ant stranger. Our Government has indeed
provided a South Sea Island protector ; but
it should provide protectors in the princi
pal industrial districts, for all the poor and
Ignorant immigrants of the Kingdom.
And in order to avoid slander and abuse,
such as has been recently heaped upon our
Kingdom and its labor system, our Govern
ment should invite the Governments of all
countries who permit any of their poor
laboring people to como here, to appoint
their agents or protectors, who, conjointly
with our own, could have every opportu
. uity to see that our excellent laws were
justly administered. Enlightened and phil
anthropic States abound in protective agen
cies to prevent cruelty to animals, even
cruelty to children, and wrong to whatever
is weak and ignorant. Because, however
enlightened and humane a community
may be in general, the rich, the strong and
the prosperous, will always in their ener
getic push to advance their fortunes, be
careless of the rights of the weak and the
ignorant. Tho Hindoo protector means
simply a retained counsel for poor laborers
to see that they get their rights before the
local Courts. He has nothing to do with
diplomatic intervention. Or, if so, would
France with British Hindoos in Bourbon;
or Holland with many of them in Guiana,
consent for one moment to a " protection "
that meant foreign intervention within
their dominions? No! The talk about
the political danger that attaches to the
British Hindoo protector, is a mere politi
cal scarecrow, that Is well understood.
The Commissioner says : ",Tlie Japan
ese are not an emigrating race." He had
previously said " the East Indians are not
an emigrating people." And he might
have said with the same reason, the Ha
waiian are not an emigrating people. And
yet it is reported that there were some time
ago about GOO Hawaiian in Oregon and
California. There are over a million of
East Indians in several countries to which
they have emigrated, and we know that
when we received a recruit of Japanese per
Scioto "in 1SG7, that a great many more
would have come, having been shipped by
our agent at Yokohama, but many eager
intending Japanese emigrants were not al
lowed to depart by the local authorities.
And there was some misapprehension and
want of information at that time whieii
induced the Japanese Government to send
Commissioners in 10 to Hawaii to request
the return of certain Japanese immigrants.
But the Japanese Government is now bet
ter informed, and we have assurances that
the enlightened Emperor and Government
that offered such distinguished courtesy to
our King in Japan, are very favorably dis-
Ksed to permit a venture of emigration from
Japan to the limited field of the Hawaiian
Archipelago. Therefore, as all employers
of the few Japanese who have come to this
country, have been well satisfied with their
docility, industry, and general faithful char
acter, we hope that the " Britain of the
Eastern Hemisphere" will be sought in
suitable time for recruits for this Kingdom,
and it is not " impossible" as the Commis
sioner says, but clearly, easy and possible
" to foretell what a well organized scheme of j
Japanese immigration might accomplish." j
It may be readily admitted, as the Commis- J
sioner states "that there is really little ,
more pressure on the Japanese to leave Jap
an than there is upon Hawaiiaus to leave j
these Islands and emigrate to Peru." As
we know it to t a fact, that Hawaiian
have left their 1 iands, to go and live in
Peru, and also la eye numbers have left their
island to go to other islands of Polynesia,
and to states in North and South America,
and besides the numbers of Kanakas that
reside in Oregon and California, as already
mentioned, it is officially tated that aliont
two hundred native born Hawaiians served
during tho late war in the Union army of
America ; hence it may be always said
that men of all races will leave their homes,
and that sometimes many people will leave
a good one for one of inferior character.
And it is hardly consistent with the duty
and functions of a Commissioner of Immi
gration, whose special and bounden duty it
is to try and build up his country with new
people to assume and declare that any peo
ple are " not an emigiating race."
In respect to Malay Immigration, the
Commissioner states that " Singapore, at
the southern extremity of the Malay Penin
sular affords the best advantages for study
ing this branch of the subject." This is a
just observation, but not geographically
accurate, inasmuch a?, Singapore is an is
land situated near the southern extremity
of the Malay Peninsula. Singapore indeed,
does afford the very be.-c opportunity to
study the who subject of Malay immigra
tion. And how has he studied it? Bear
in mind the great opportunities of the Com
missioner as he himself sets forth. "The
ofllcial position which I held as a member
of His Majesty's suite, gave me excellent
facilities iu rapidly pursuing my investiga
tions. It enabled me to obtain access to
records without delay." He did not need a
long residence in a country to know all
about it. His.opportuuities were so excel
lent that he could "rapidly" gain the
knowledge, that under ordinary circum
stances would require years to obtain. And
what did he learn at Singapore about pop
ulous Malaysia? He dismisses the whole
subject in a short paragraph, and he sums
up saying: " The Malay race have made
no mark in the colony" of Singapore. And
"it is idle for us to be looking to the Malay
States for laborers." And this is the result
of the Royal Commissioner's unexception
ally good opportunity for observation about
the Malays in a quasi Malay city of 140,000
inhabitants, whose port is the entrepot of
the whole Eastern Commerce and the ren
dezvous of populous Malaysia with over
thirty million soul.!
In 1819, Sir Stamford Rafiles laid the
foundation of the British settlement of
Singapore upon the island of Singapore,
purchased from an ancestor of tho
present Prince of Joliore. The island
was then covered with a wild jungle,
and it Is stated by Crawford, the his
torian of the Malay Archipelago, that the
only habitations upon it at the time, were
eleven Malay fishermen's huts. But as
soon as the British standard was hoisted
upon this desert, and protection was as
sured, the neighboring Malay people flocked
to the newly planned town, aud in the first
seven years of its existence, it had gained
13,000 inhabitants ; iu lSoo, it had 80,000
inhabitants, and now it has a population of
about 150,000, largelycomposedofAchine.se,
Bughinese, Dyaks, Linganese and other
Malay races of people, along with Chinese.
The Commissioner speaking of the
Malay population of Singapore, says
they "do some business as pettj traders,
and make good servants in the care of
horses; and aa a rule give way to the Chi
nese in all occupations requiring thrifty
habits and steady industry." If the Com
missioner had looked into the marine reports
of Singapore he would have learned that in
1855, the number of prahus, or native Malay
vessels that entered the port of Singapore
was 2,513; aud that in the past year, over
3,000 native craft, many of whicli are
square rigged, and chiefly manned by
Malay seamen entered the port of Singa
pore. He would have learned that the most
of this numerous fleet, are built as well as
manned by people of this Malay race. Hail
he enquired into the vast culture and ex
port of the great Malay Archipelago; and
had ho informed himself ever so little of
the splendid courage aud activity of the
Achi'nese, a Malay people near to Singa
pore; also of the resolution and enterprise
of other Malay States; he never would
have ventured upon the remark that such
a race cannot establish itself "as a social,
financial, or political force." What is the
political character of Joliore, leaving out of
view British protection, ami considering
its internal management, anything else
but Malay in its Government and adminis
tration? Did not the Commissioner meet
an educated and courteous Mfilay Prince
and see only Malay officials and retainers
at the Palace of Astina ? And was not the
menu of the banquet offered at the Palace
by the Prince of Johore for the entertain
ment of his Sovereign and himself, in the
Malay language? The Malay People have
invented eleven different alphabetic charac
ters; or phonetic systems of writing, and
they have a literature of their own, of his
tory and poetry. The chaunts of their epic
BratayuJa; or of their romance of Kini
Tambatau might have entertained the
Royal Commissioner's ear, had he studied
the habits of the Malay people ever so little
at Johore and Singapore ; and he never
would have allowed his pen to cast any
doubting slur upon their " fitness for civil
ized society." The remarks of. tho Roj-al
Commissioner upon this subject, are, we
regret to say, like the expression of certain
flippant and irresponsible writers, recently
echoing tbe iguorant talk of ignorance and
prejudice, in saying that Hawaiian are
utterly lazy and "only occupied a express
drivers;" and yet Hawaiian supply over
three thousand laborers to our plantations ;
they chiefly man our intc-r-i.sland fleet of
steam and sail; they did once help to man
the great whaling fleet; they mtinly
handle our large export and import; they
teach the most of our schools; they very
largely print our newspapers; and they are
a decided-political force iu the Hawaiian
Kingdom. The Commis oner listening to
some of that class of European who can
only speak of the Asiatic with a sneer,
whom he met at the hotel ? 1'J-Jurope, in
Singapore, to which he must have confuted
his round of observation in that great entre
pot, dismisses, a only lit to be hucksters
and hostlers, the numerous Malay jieople,
who produce an export from their several
Islands worth over fifty million dollars,
and who have hardly less than thirty
thousand seamen afloat, who visit from
time to time the Singapore of his especial
observation ! Tho Malays are not, it is
true, the bankers, merchants, ami thrifty
traders of Singapore. These are Europe
ans and Chinese: as is the case in Hawaii
nei. But the Malay offers the same quali
fications to be a good seaman, stevedore,
field laborer, teacher, printer, and general
workman, aud tax-payer as the Hawaiian;
and owing to hi cognate character, he was
well worthy of much larger and closer ob
servation of a Special Hawaiian Agent of
Immigration, than has been given in this
instance. And if the Royal Commissioner
had noticed farthermore, which he could
not hav avoided had he visited any of the
natiye shipping of Singapore, thai the
wives of the native crews very reti.-.TaMv
aeeonipanied them, he never wot'iM'Vave
made the remark that: "In tti Malay
countries. it would be inijKsibU' ; , ;n,hiee
them ..the women to leave " their ivuintry.
Had he been of age to notice events in the
city of New York in the ye:r 1ns he
would have known that a sq.-iare-riu'ged
bark, named the Euth:n:.i:i, p.rtly owned
by an Englishman, but ui.t Mid manned
ina jsirtof the Island i-f Vlel.es, arrived
in New York harbor wth a crew-of thir
teen Malays, nine of vl, m had their w ives
with them; and who v. ere visited on hoard
their ship by Dr. Fr.n, is Hawks, the Pres
ident, and several members of the New
Y'ork Geographical Society. And had the
Royal Comniissioi.er studied the particu
lars attending the Malay settlement of
Singapore, and other migrations of the
Malay iKH.pie in modern times; without
regarding ti.eir probable colonization of
Madagascar and South Africa, in ancient
times. lie would have been so nuieh im
pressed with the possibility of Malay migra
tion to thr Pacific, and of the great value of
their mingling with their congeners of
Polynesia, that as a patriotic Hawaiian
official, he would have urged upon the
attention of the Hawaiian Government- the
desirability of trying so vast a field as the
Malay Archipelago, not for laborers merely,
but for an increase of people in the Hawai
This subject was so far appreciated by a
Hawaiian King and Ministry in lSoS, that
a Diplomatic Agent, Walter M. Gibson,
was appointed to reside at Singapore, whose
instructions prepared by the acting Minister
of Foreign Affairs, Dr. F. W. Hutchison,
read as follows :
"The special object contemplated by His
Majesty (Kamehanieha , in accord
ing you this official position is to ena
ble you to obtain precise and accurate in
formation regarding the probabilities of ob
taining immigrants, male and female, into
this Kingdom from the several independent
states of the Malay Archipelago and South
Eastern Asia. Should a favorable opportu
nity offer, it is desirable that you negotiate'
with those Princes (of the Malay States)
the terms on whicli their .subjects may
make contracts of their own free will, with
the authorized agent of the Government to
be transported to this country for the pur
poses of labor and colonization."
Correct information had not then been
obtained herein regard to the European
"protection" of the so-called independent
Malay States. However, this mission was
not carried out at the time, and the Agent's
attention was directed to other duties in the
city of Washington.
The Royal Commissioner does not deem
it necessary " to consider the character of
the Portuguese emigrants," inasmuch as
' Hawaiian planters have already hail full
opportunities to judge of the fitness of this
race." But we take pleasure in recording
the general sentiment of friendly apprecia
tion of the Portuguese immigrants through
out these islands. They are everywhere
lecognized aa industrious ami law abiding,
and manifest in this Kingdom, as in other
countries to which they have migrated, a
disposition to settle permanently and to as
similate with the children of the soil.
Tiie Portuguese are indeed very desirable
immigrants for the Hawaiian Kingdom,
: aud we regret to observe that the Royal
! Commissioner entertains an inferior opin
; ion in regard to them, because, whilst he
; says that "a large immigration (of Portu
j guese) may be obtained," and it is impor
j taut to send a special plenipotentiary to
', procure them in large numbers, he farther
, on he says in his report, that "it will be
j difficult, if not impossible to bring into
j these islands emigrants belonging to the
j best races." We consider the Portuguese
I as belonging to the best races of immigrants
i for these islands. But at the same time,
i considering the question of the repopula
, tion of this Hawaiian Kingdom, we do not
' wish to regard auy one race as our only
i hope of repopulation, or have this Kingdom
i "entirely dependent," as the Ro3al Com
j missioner says, "upon Portuguese immi
I gration for laborers, who bring women with
j them." We think that the aim of the
; Government should be to build up this in
: sular state very largely with a cosmopoli
j tan variety of people, and not allow too
; great a preponderence of any one inimigra
: ting race. Every race will have its advo-
cates and opponents, and some of the ob
: jections which the Royal Commissioner has
urged against Hindoo as immigrants, he
j might also urge against Portuguese, as
I when he says, "These people (the Hindoos)
! are protected by British laws in the exer
; cise of their religious rites, however revolt
i ing they are, they would have to be pro
I tected here." And as the religion of the
worthy Portuguese who come here, has
been regarded and spoken of by many in
; this community as " idolatrous and degrad
ing," and it has been stated in a recent pub
lication by certain religious parties, that it
was desirable to avoid immigration from
Roman Catholic countries, it is evident that
there might be objections urged by certain
narrow-minded parties against Portuguese
on account of their religion as well as against
Hindoo. But our plenipotentiary now
proceeding to Portugal will, whatever the
opinion in regard to the religion of the Por
tuguese, have to guarantee in his negotia
tion, that they would be protected in its
exercise. And shall not a young, aspiring
free state like this, protect every immi
grant in the exercise of his religion ? Does
not it protect the Chinaman in the idola
trous ceremonial of his New Year? And
eould it deny the erection of his Joss house ?
Siu-h an event, however, has been happily
prevented in these islands l.y the aciivity
of earnest Christian men who have provid
ed other and higher and purer religious op
portunities for the enquiring Chinese mind,
as we doubt not they would for the Hindoo
idolater, so that we would have no reason to
fear, in the event of Hindoos coming, the
erection in Honolulu of temples devoted to
the worship of '' Simian divinities."
We, expressing an opinion for our Hawaii
an state, have no question of religion to
raise in connection with the question of im
migration. We leave all that to be mef by
our ministers of religion. We shall be re
joiced as Hawaiian citizens hoping for the
best welfare of the State, to welcome labor
ing and law-abiding religionists of all coun
tries ; Shuntis of Japan ; Buddhists of Chi
na; Mohamedans of Malaysia; Brahmin or
'monkey worshipers" of Hindustan;
white elephant worshippers of Siani ;
Lutherans of Norway; and Roman Catho
lics of Portuguese islands.
The Royal Commissioner remarks that
" there Is in every nation a considerable
class who desire change of some kind and
will alwa3 be attracted to tropical coun
tries," and yet he says iu the same report
that Japanese, East Indian? and Malays
are " not emigrating races" and that the
difficulties in the way of recruiting them
are Mich as to render their immigration un
desirable. Hut surely if any"eople would
be attracted to a tropica! country, it ought to
be tropical people, and they would be betten
adapted to their own climate than Euro-,''
poans. If the non-tropical people of Europe
want to come here the Royal Commissioned
oilers them neither inducement nor hope, a
in a letter addressed as ' Minister of State'
to the editor of the llcrlincr Zeitung, dute.j
Berlin, Prussia, August Cth. lS-Sl, he say
that the ' Polynesian does not prosper along-'
side the European," and says in conclusion
that "emigration to the Hawaiian Islands
should be rather discouraged than encour
aged," and this he declares "formally and
publicly." However it must be said in thi
connection, that as the English text from
which we quote is a translation from a
German translation, we cannot be sure of
the exact import of the Coniissioner's
words, until we have seen his original
English letter to the Berlin editor, which
no doubt us an official paper, he will pub
lish erelong, for the satisfaction of an en
The Royal Commissioner says that he
fully "concurs iu the views and sentiment
presented "by His Excellency H. A. P.
Carter, to whom the nqiort is addressed, iu
a "reply, dated March 9th, lssl, t a .me
morial on Eastilndia Iimmigration." Now
as this gentleman, Mr. Carter, also took
part in and signed a very important
memorial in relation to East Indian Im
migration, in l7u, it is a pity that the
Royal Commissioner did not take them
both into consideration in connection with
his report. Because although these
two papers are diametrically opposed to
each other in their views, the earlier one
urging that we must repopulate with Hin
doos and other Asiatics, and tho later one
coinciding with tho Commissioner's posi
tive opinion that " Eat Indians are not
suitable or desirable as emigrants," yet
they would furnish a curious illustration
to observant minds, how a change of politi
cal or financial conditions may operate very
remarkable revulsions of view.
And here we notice with pleasure that
the Royal Commissioner takes pains to
quote the opinion of some clergymen of Ja
maica who say " that before a country can ;
receive general .material .benefit from the i
introduction of population, the bulk of the
individuals emigrating, to that country
must have one or the other of the following
qualifications, religious and moral educa
tion, industry, energy, enterprise, manufac-
turing skill, educated intelligence or money-
ed capital." And the Commissioner re- ;
marks on this " it would hardly be wise to
cast aside this positive testimony, especially
as it comes from men, who from a religious j
standpoint have no selfish end to serve."
And we would be glad to know what is the i
Royal Commissioner's religious standpoint j
which enables him to determine a selfish j
or an unselfish end. And that he will be
pleased to point out for the consideration of I
awaiting patriots the class of immigrant '
who shall bring for the'blessing of-Hawaii, j
" religious and moral education, industry, !
energy, enterprise, manufacturing skill, ed
ucated intelligence and moneyed capital."
And we notice an opinion of the Royal
Commissioner, in reflecting on our Hawa
iian situation: " Only those should become
the basis of population here who are, or
may be, capable of fronting and standing
effectually before the stronger races which
arc now here." Which means we presume,
that only foreigners of European raceslpuld
come here to compete with resident for
eigners of European race. Ho has else
where said that "thel
'oiynesian does not
prosper alongside tno J-uropea
again he says that "no nation came out
of barbarism with less friction than tho
Hawaiian. No people ever received such
tender care from the fierce powerful, and
often brutal mces which now mainly rule
the world." Yet the friction has been such
that the indigenous population, during an
intercourse of sixty years with the foreign,
has declined from 130,000 to 44,000; and as
the Royal Commissioner proposes that
only the "fierce powerful and brutal,"
shall come here to "front and stand up
before" those already here, it is evident
that the friction would bo increased to a
degree, that would be like placing the
weak native between the upper and nether
millstone of crushing social and political
forces. The brown races, flourish and in
crease in many Islands and States in asso
ciation with the European, aud why should
they not in the Hawaiian rchipelago?
Because brown races, elsewhere, have had
preserved unto them what belonged to
their race life; but here another and an
unnatural race life has been substituted;
and it is proposed in order to preserve their
race existence there .shall be an Increase of
stocks, that must tend not to protect, but
to obliterate the aboriginal race existence.
Why should not the increasing and multi
plying brown Japanese, East Indians, and
Malays, promote the increase of a Polyne
sian stock, and ensure in the future, a nu
merous kindred, and homogeneous stock,
rather than the European, who will not
sufficiently mingle or assimilate? These
latitudes will require their climatic races ;
and great industries carried on under our
tropical sky, will need the races that do not
wilt, or decline under an enervating sun.
In conclusion we are glad to reognize
that the Royal Commissioner points out
"that the foreign races iu this Kingdom
owe important duties to the Hawaiian race"
and that " the institutions of the country
should be so piesevred, or modified, jts to
secure its integrity or perpetuity." Vet he
, is somewhat contradietory in his views
; in regard to measures for 'lawuiiau preser
i vation, as he virtually says, that only the
strong white raees can take care of Hawa:;.
; ans ; that the best Europeans won't come ;
; that the bad ones, " the adventurous, rest
! less or idle," must be excluded ; and that in
i fact, as stated cVew here the whole Hawaii
j an race will have passed away iirliftv
j We hope for and beheve in the perpetuity
! of the Hawaiian race, or of a kindred stock
! that shall perpetuate Hawaiian traditions,
j name and nationality. Our chiefaim and en
i deavor for promoting this perpetuity would
j be thorough and comprehensive sanitary
I measures for the welfare of the aboriginal
! race, the chief constituent of the Kingdom ;
; and wherein desirable to look to immigra
: tion as u measure of recuperation of the
native race, we certainly would continue
to give most earnest consideration to the
observation and recruiting' if possible, of
cognate races, leaving to voluntary immi
gration the incoming of sufficient people
with " religious and moral education, or
educated intelligence, or moneyed capital,"
to assist those already here of that class to
instruct and organize the ignorant, yet
more numerous, and laboring, races of the
G, W. MACFARLANE ft CO.
u w i:
Just Rec'dfm. Glasgow
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Blaukfts, all Miv; Viinilru r-hiit-. lu iit);
Table t Jot lis, laUIr Hum, Damask w.Ui),
of ex-etir.i:0j tt,r mil.,., a larjje B.,i (,. ,,t ,
1 Small I mill re of Kl.U Mill. SILK HKTACNS,
iv ei. gant, i uil.r..i.l. r. .1 hi,, I li,r.-. aili-rnn. ine.
Ililtig i-rtlilly new.
WIi:s and l,JfeBJOISS
In Variety. All Qii.ilitii-f and llramla.
Cs, McKwan's Ale fc Stout,
IX fl 17 A UTS AM I'l.VTS.
Casks W. and t. It OSS' F.LKKKMKU
Ginger Ale and Aerated Waters t
Kor wlilc ll e have le-n i.ointeil SULK AOLNTS
f .r.tlie Hawaiian liUnJt.
350 TONS of BEST
SCOTCH SPLINT COAL I
ride ino.it r.rnmiuil.-al for I'Sanliiliuu ue.
ti Mlrrlees, 'fait i. rtni,
500 Gal. Strain ( larida-r, aud
10 Iron fouler-,
A l.n--A l,t K;i: M OIK OF
General Merchandise I
' Ou baoJ fruuj previuu Curunei, nil of whicli la
offered AT VI KV IaiW UATKH- delT 3t
AS-ttet lit, mi.