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PAfMPin O O JVT mi ly r r-i. F v v'-Sa PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, MAY 19, 1883. THE PACIFIC (mmcrcialbcrttser SATURDAY . . . ..MAY ID, 13. Fibre Products- The lime Is not far distant, we trust, when the growth of fibre-making material on these Islands will become an important Industry. Experience elsewhere has shown that to do so profitably cheap labor must be employed, which, in ourca.se means that we must wait awhile until existing con tracts with immigrants now working on plantations ball have been worked out by the laborers, when they inevitably will, in the majority of cases, be looking about for some means of obtaining a living without shipping" again. Tbe probabilities are that for some time to come there will be a demand for more labor on plantations to take the place of those whose contracts expire, and that as a consequence, plantation labor will not be obtained at much cheaper rates than are now being paid, but there will be greatt-r atteation paid to other industrits by Uiom who prefer to earn an humble living inde pendently than to be working for some one else at higher wages. Chief amongst the Industries which w ill attract the attention of many will be thegrowth'of fibre mate rial. Not to supply any "great local de mand, tut for exportation to the United flutes and Europe. We have already called attention to the value of our indige nous fibre bearing plant.-, and we know that our soil and climate is capable of pro ducing Immense quantities ot others that may be Introduced. From Mexico can be obtained the .seeds, roots or cuttings of the lechugilla," the "maguey" and the palma criollj," three pl&vtz which are attracting much atten tion In Europe anil the United Htates. They grow throughout Mexico at an eleva tion of not less than a thousand feet above the sea, and as that Implies a habitat here of about the same elevation, it will be Keen that they would ocenpy grounds not availa ble for any other nub-tropic.stapIe. From the Eritiah Trade Journal, (from which we quote largely) we gather the following de tails as to the character of these plants. Xhm lechugilla, or small lettuce, afford a litre like th Manilla a-graM4. The fibre is coarse and Strong, from 14 incbe to 21 inche in length, and U used in making sack, mats, rope, and brushes. The infujd root h4 itronff detergent properties, and cannot be excelled r cleansing wooden cloth ing. It tend, also, rather to net than displace eelors, and articles likely t fade may with safety be washed with an infusion of this root. This fibre iatheixtleof commerce, and u already exported ia aorae quantity from Mexico to the I'nited States and eUewhere. The majjuey, or tbe agave, or tbe century plant, aa it is variously called, is as abundant as tbe lechugilla. Tbe cajeta. or heart, yields aqua miel, or wort, which, when fermented, become what is known as " pulqne." This mild intoxicant is, as everybody knows, tbe national drink of Mexico. Pulque trains run daily to tbe large cities, and the Mexican could no more think of dipasing with his potation of pulque than the English laborer of goi'i wlunmt hi- toxr ,The rc-u cajeia, or newt oi me nam, is caiwui .. ....i .n -.iM . . I i , A I. . . . , A. ' , . a hqaid which j4Dti distilled, is known as ' vino de mescaIil-a strong, spirituous liquor, as clear an'LeCTorlcus as pure water. The leaves of tbe maraey serve anoiner purpose. nen wrung tuey give a juice which is a sovereign antiscorbutic, anil is used with excellent effect for scrofulous diseases. The fibre of the maguey is much finer and a great deal longer than the fibre of tbe lechugilla, and it is not uncommon to find it from five to six feet in length.' Tbe Mexicans weave it into fine textures, and shoemakers use it to manufacture their best thread. It is also sometimes wrought into orna mental bags and baskets, and then tinted with various colors, tio far, it seems, no machinery has been invented or, at anr rate, tbe Mexican people know of none suited to break, hackle and prepare this product. It is tow prepared in a cumbrous way by hand. The maguey, it should lie noted, grows at present without anything in tbe haje of cultivation being required. When the hearts are cut for the purposes of distillation the leaves are generally left strewn upon the ground, and fibre that might be advantageously used is left to rot. Of the third plant mentioned the palma criolla it may be said that it grows quite as abundantly aa the maguey. The, fibrous leaves are used to thatch the ordinary Mexican jacal or hut, or, if straw be employed, then tbe loaves of the' palma, after being heated, are torn into strings and use J to fasten tbe thatch. Such strings, indeed, con stitute the common twine in country places, and are generally used for tying purposes. The fruit of tbe palma is a kind of date, not greatly relished, but occasionally eaten. When distilled a sort of aguardiente, or rum, is produced. There is. indeed, quite a large distillry near Salinas. This plant or tree, has excited much interest of late, as it is of a fibrous nature throughout trunk, leaves and all and experiments are being mado with a view of manufacturing paper the milium.' There is no question but that the cultivation of thcte fibres on a largo scale wrya'id open up a source of wealth which, in. country less favored with mineral resoura'jsthan Mexico, wonld le eagerly seized jptni and rapidly developed. It will beseen from what we have quoted thik-Vilese plants subserve other useful purposes besides yielding valuable fibre, but considered In relation to that product alone we think we are justified in saying that their Introduction here would prove a success not only in the sense that they would grow well, but that their valuable properties will afford an opportunity for Industrious men to make a comfortable living for themselves and those depending "upon them. ZDITOBIALS. From the Daily.) An Authorative Denial. We take pleasure in laying before our readers the United Htates Minister llesi dent's letter, in which he clearly and suc cinctly sets forth the fact well-known here that it would be practically impossible to manipulate Chinese sugars here with ;:i view to their exportation as Hawaiian. In view of the charges made by Belmont and Ids associates, and their demand for an Investigation a sort of smelling-into-the-matter-corumittee it is gratifying to learn that the Uovernment of the United Slates should have made those inquiries through Its Representative here, and we are satisfied that the reply of the Minister will satisry his government of the charges, and put to shame those who so recklessly advanced them to further their own ends. 1 Special Dispatch to the CoMtnereial Dnlle in. Washington, April, 10. During the past week, there have been many inquries made at the customs division of the Treasury Department by New York merchants concerning the letter recently received by the Secretary of State and referred to the Customs JJareau bearing upon the charge by Congress man Belmont, that the Ilonolulans and Hawaiian Islanders generally are exporting Chinese sugar to this country contrary to existing tariff laws, as the letter gives some very interesting points concerning the Hawaiian sugar trade with the United States. Several very imperfect and incor rect brief abstracts of the letter from our Jlir. it ter at Honolulu have been printed, but it re mains for the liulletinto lay the full trxt of the letter Itefore the merchants, who .ire so deeply interested. It is as follows : LCGATIOX OF THE UNITED STATES, ( UONOLCI.C, ilarcb 5, 13S3. ) Hon. Frcd'k T. Frclinghugsen, Secretary of Slate, Sib : Agreeably to your instructions, embraced in dispatch No 14 of December 13, JSS2, I have the honor to report that I have otade a careful examination of the rep-esenta-tku made to your department to the effect that ' Chinese sugar is taken to the llawaiiau la lands and exported thence to the United States s the product of those Islands, for the purjK.se of securing the advantages of our Keciprocity Treaty with Hawaii of 1S7.." My investigations Lave been directed to the -establishment of definite conclusions in respect o three general inquiries applying specially to. tie twelve month. en-ling December 31, 1882, j and inferential! to previous ye-ars, under th Treaty, as well as to tbe present, namely: 1. VoulJ it have been reasonably possible to make such shipment and rr-xhipraent of Chinese sa:ir4 without Uetection? '2. WonM it hare been profitable to make bucu shipment and reshipment of Chinese sugars, an I evasion of tbe payment of duty being the ole purpose and consideration? 3. -llave such ahipinents and re?hipmenU of Chinese ungars really been made? In relation to the first inquiry, I beg to state thr.t tut four Teasel from Chinese porta report ed at the Hawaiian Islands dnricg the year 1532, as shown by the following exhibit, courteously fnrnished by the Collector-General, together with a statement of the commodities discharged by them : Purt of Eiitiy at) J date of arrival. ..Honolulu. July 11, 1S2 . HuDOlulu, Oct. f. lvi .Honolulu, Nov. 2. l-i .Honolulu. Nov. 21, Viriel. Port from Cr ilmr Triumph Hontckoni; . -r Lark I'leho HongkoDg- iiratmr Madras Hont:k .cg. 'r Lk Liiutine Hougkoug From these vessels the following commodities only were discharged : Clothing, shoes, dry goods, earthen and Chinese ware, mediciuen, matting, furniture, dried fish, preserved vegeta bles, fruits and provisions 'no sugars), fancy goods, laquered ware, bamboo ware, baskets, hardware, tools, China wmea, samnsoo, cigars, tobacco, tea, nut oil, paper and stationery, cam phor wood trunks and pieces of stone. It will thus be seen thut but four vessels from Chinese iorts reported to these Islands in 1832, and that fcjgars were di-wharged by none of them. This statement embraces all the ports of the Hawaiian Islands. Hence, if Chinese sugars were landed iu any ort of the Islands in it must have been so done illicitly and without the knowledge of tbe customs authorities. In relation to the possible clandestine landing of sugars, I beg to direct especial attention to the fact that there is but one ort in the Ha waiian Islands where freights may be discharged without the- aid of lighters. That port is Hono lulu There are seven other recognized ports where freights may betaken in and discharged with the aid of boats or lighters, namely, Hilo, on the Island of Hawaii ; M.ihnkona 011 the Island of Hawaii ; Kawaihac u the Island of Hawaii; Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii; Kahulni on the Island of Maui ; Lahaina on the Island of Hani, and Koloa on tbe Island of Kanai. In addition to these ports are a number of small inlets in the island channels, where freights may be taken in and discharged in sm ill barg"t when the weather is favorable. TIm-sc inlets are utilized to a considerable ex tent by planters in removing their sugars to iu l.ind vessels for transportation to Honolulu aud other ports for invoice and shipment to the United States, and so difficult is it to make these landings that freights can be removed to and from them only iu daylight and when the chan nels ar- calm. There are eighty-one sugar plantations on the Islands, fifty-four of which mill their own cane, and right custom sugar mills. Of these planta tions and mills, thirty-nine are on Hawaii, twenty-one on Mani, eighteen on Kauai, eight on Oaha and three on Molokai. Very few of these plantations are isolated. As a rule, they are grouped in districts favorable to cane grow ing, where a common port or inlet, at greater or less distances, serves them all. As steamers and sailiug vessels are con stantly plying at short intervals between these sugar-producing islands and Honolulu and other ports of shipment, and as no vessels large enough to be of service could enter any of these ports or inlets nud in broad daylight take iu or discharge in lighters or barges a cargo of sugar or any considerable portion of it unobserved, it follows that the illicit landing of sugars un detected could be accomglishftd only through a widespread conspiracy of the planters; a pre sumption which I cannot ask you a moment to entertain. The second iuquiry "would it have been pro- I " .1 V V. . t i . Bt ,v,;ml,t utable to make such shipment and reshipment of Chinese sugars, an evasion of the payment of duty being tbe sole purpose and considera tion? ' has already been partially answered in referring to the difficulties of the undertaking. And in this connection permit me to add (1) that the difference in the strength, granular structure and general appearance of Chinese and Hawuiian raw sugars is so marked that tbe former could not be made to pass for the latter under competent and honest inspection without at least, an equal mingling in quantity of each and a regranulation of the combination; (2)that the mills neeessnry to this process are, possibly with two or three exceptions, from one to five miles inland, nnd (3) that the laborers employed in the lightering, hauling and reworking of the Chinese sugars could not be kept in ignorance of their character, and their silence would Lave to be nnrchased with increased wages or othr "considerations affecting the profits of the law- j less business. Were it possible, then, to land Chinese su gars undetected in Hawaiian ports, in order to evade the light Hawaiian tax of ten per centum and our own duty of from two to two and a half cents per pound, the expeuses of handling aud working, as follows, would have to met: 1. Lighterage to the shore, probably at night and under unfavorable circumstances. 2. Loading aud transportation inland from one to five miles. 3. Mixing and working in vitli Hawaiian sugars. 1. ltesackiug, reloading and retrausportn tion to the fchore. J. Lighterage to the vessel. The xpenses of these services would vary somewhat at different ports and under different circumstances ; but, on the whole, it would be under most favorable conditions that the profits would exceed the evaded duties. In answer to the inquiry, "Have such ship ments and reshipments of Chinese sugars really been made ? " admitting them to have been both possible and capable of profit, I desire to call your attention to the important fact that the gross sugar product of the Hawaiian Islands in 152 was not in excess of, but rather be low, the estimated aggregate yield of the acreage under sugar cultivation. According to the latest exhibits, the total area of lands planted in cane on these Islands is 2'.MX) acres. As cane matures here iu about eighteen months, the number of acres cropped in 112 may be placed at 25,000, which yielded a fraction over 57,000 tons of raw sugars, all of which, with the exception of less than two tons, was exported to the United States. The average yield per acre, it will thus be seen, was a little short of two and two-tenths tons; nnd that aver iige on 20,000 acres, which is light for thes islands, accounts for every pound of sugar pro duced and exported in 18i2. Again, for more than a year the United States Consnl here has exacted from shippers the pro curement of separate invoices for the sugars of each plantation, and the exact places of product are stated uuder oath ; so if Chiuese sugars h ive been shipped illicitly from these Islands in 1SS2, every invoice naming them has borne a perjury upon its fuce. It is manifest that no such shipment and treatment of Chiuese sugars could be made with out the knowledge of m:my ; yet the charges that I have been instructed to investigate have been neither repeated nor credited here. It seems hardly necessary for me to say in conclusion that I cannot believe that Chinese sugars have been in the past, or are new, brought to these Islands and rcshipped to the United States as the products, of Hawaiian plantations. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, Roixiin M. Dagoatt. Tho Department of State, the Secretary of the Treasury and the customs officers here express entire satisfaction with this clear statement by Minister Daggett, and their future actions will bf based npon the facts the letter sets forth. I S. H. A New Quarantine Station In all sea-ports controlled by civilized nations, the importance of having a safe, commodious station where all cases of con tagious diseases can be isolated and proper Iv treated is fully recognized. At this port i we have goo 1 buildings established on the - - . , -1 1 ..... reei wiiere oruinaruy, uangerous uiseases can be isolated, but, we are still of the opinion mat me question 01 proviumg u ' "... . , . , , 1:4 : 1 . still more isoiaieu locaiiiy, wiiinu easy reach of the harbor, should be discussed. Such a location is found on the islet called Manana, which has just been thorough ly surveyed, with its surroundings by Captain Jackson of the Government Survey Office. According to the survey of the east coast of Oahu, and the coast between Coco Head and Diamond Head, during which numer ous soundings have been taken, and the whole of the outlying rock-dangers care fully and accurately ascertained and noted, it has been ascertained that there is excel lent anchorage for tolerably large vessels on the south-west (side of the little island referrea to tue eieptn or water varying j from 4 to 8 fathoms, at tbe anchorage it . beinjj on average of 4. The anchorage is vrell:siielterel by the Island which has been found to bo larger than anticipated containing about eighty acres, and rising to the height of five hundred teet. There U a goxl landing place on a sandy beach on the fouibwet side of the islaud. ami from thence the land rises gradually, a large area being located iu a shallow de pression, evidently Uie bowl of au extinct crater. The island is about one and a half miles from the lauding at Waimnnalo, and can be reached from there by a boat in half an hour. There is no water on the island, but this want could be easily supplied by a con densing apparatus, or by supplies" brought from the main land. The advantages as a quarantine station that the island possessesover the present site are: First, it is more completely isolated. Secondly, it is so located" that a south wind is not nearly so likely to carry the germs of disease to the iuhabitated portions of Oahu, and thirdly, it is more elevated above the sea-level, and subjected more directly to the trade-winds. It is farther away from Honolulu to be sure, but we do not know that that is an objection, we do not think it is. As we .said iu the beginning, the sub ject of utilizing this spot for the purposes indicated is worth consideration. A Gross Subterfuge. The venom with which our friendly criti cisms of the Y. M. C. A. have been met by a contemporary is rather beneath notice. It is certainly discreditable to the merest pretention to candor and respectability in journalism. The articles which have called forth such a paltry storm of personal malev olence were written by one who has been elected to membership in the Y. M. C. A., and who has only the highest legitimate success of the association at heart. Indeed, it was only with a view of pointing out some of the defects which have made the Y. M. C. A. more or less unpopular and un admitted failure, so far as its proper in fluence is concerned, that he has gone to some trouble to investigate the details of management, so as to be able to give accurate and conscientious aid in the way of point ing out defects which have been pesistently ignored and which mu.-t be remedied before the association can prosper. If he has erred iu any particular, if he bus hurt the feelings of auy individual, more than was necessary for the good of the associa tion, he is ready to atone for any error. It has been said that the members of the Y. M. C. A. Employment Committee can make no defense, not that they have none to make, but that they are subjected to a kind of martyrdom. This is absurd and false. If the gentlemen of the committee can refute the charges of inefficiency, which seem to be admitted by the confessions of one of their number, Mr. li. F. Dillingham, any reasonable amount of space in our col umns is at their disposal. Those contem porary sheets that have sought to defend the Emplo3-ment Committee have, in re ality, cast the most serious reflections upon its personality. On behalf of the coi m it tee they have assumed for its several com ponent members a high respectability and an unquestionable past record, and they have asked the public to discredit the charges against them n a committee on account of this alleged personal respecta bility and honorable record. Now, this is unmistakably an eflbrt to make the prestige of reputation cover and excuse, present delinquency. The public has of late, in the United States and elsewhere, been ac quainted with many rogues who have la bored for years to conjure up a reputation under cover of which they have perpetrated embezzlements and all manner of frauds. It seems to have been the policy of default ing cashier and trustees in the United States to appear devout, honest and paying members of some Christian Societey in or der to consummate, their frauds. Instances of this sort have been so common that pub lic opinion will no longer permit alleged past respectability to screen present action from scrutiny and thorough investigation. And the attempt to do this by the assumption of tespectability which our contempdraries have applied to the members of the Y. M. C A. Employment Committee lays them open to the suspicion of a very gross sub teifuge. The Madras. The Madras, one of a number of ships engaged in a general passenger carrying business, loaded up at the port of Hong kong with Chiuese coolies for these Islands. By coolies we mean Asiatic laborers moved, from place to place as such, theyjurfToeing " passeugers '' in the ordinirfy acceptation of the term, for it can tre'shown that they arrived here "wilTTout the means to support themselves unless they obtained immediate employment, They were in the same cate gory as those on the City of Tokio, of whom the purser upon being required to collect the hospital tax of 52.00 per head said that he was satisfied that he couldn't lind amongst them an average of $1.00 per head. This immigration was a specula tion by somebody in human muscle. The Captain of the Madras chose to take on board his vessel not a very large one some 750 of these persons, to manage which were seven Kuropean, but not a single Kuropeau surgeon. In a letter to the Presi dent of the Board of Health he states that the ordinance or regulation of the Hong kong Council forbidding the exportation of Chinese to these Islands, had, during the absence of the Governor General been re scinded, and that licenses to vessels to carry away emigrant were being granted prior to the public official notice of the rescinding of the ordinance. The Madras, and all the other vessels, came here without due notice with their coolies. The Madras arrives oil this port, and the captain signs a bill of health in which it is stated, no person on bvard my vessel has been seized by a con tagious disorder, nor have I heard of any such disease on board of any. vessel that I have spoken on my way to this place. No per so a has died or been sick of a contagious disease on board my vessel during the last six months." It is true that Captain Bradley wrote a let ter about the same time, explaining that he had two smallpox patients on board ; but in view of the contradictory statement at that time, and subsequent ones, we are satisfied that that was by no means a true disclosure of the state of the case. At any rate, the Board of Health, in view of the past sad experience of thecountry in regard to smallpox, was totally unwilling to al low any infected ship to enter this port. What is the usual practice in dealing with infected vessels? Do we not know that in many such instances ships are anchored outside ports for sixty or even ninety days, without any communication with the shore except under the closest surveillance. Yet the Madras has had every reasonable opportunity of communicating with the shore. The captain has come to our wharves and chatted with agents and others ; the vessel has received recruits and coal without difficulty, and the captain has had an opjwrtuuity to seek whatever medical aid he required. He, of course, having no confidence in the Chinese doctoi s od board, who have evidently assisted iu concealing cases of smallpox amougst their country-men has had a foreign physiciau,. Dr. Trousseau, to wait upon him in eon-" sequence of his own ill health. The lu inpeaiis on the vessel becoming apprehen sive have been vaccinated by the l'ort Phy sician, and the oiler was made to vaccinate all the people on board, the Board of Health being now supplied with a large amount of bovine virus (.ordered long before there was any apprehensions of smallpox invasion) sufficient to vaccinate some thousands of cases. Admitting that there has been suffi cient reasons for admitting the vessel inside the port and quarantining her passengers, it must be reraembeied that the quarantine ground has been engaged several weeks with passengers from vessels who had prior claims to attention. There were those from the Oceanic, Coptic and City of Tokio who had to be cared for. The passengers on board the Glenelg, although reporting no suspicion of disease aud found by the Port Physician perfectly healthy, submitted to a two weeks quaran tine on board without a word of remou- strance, or any unnecessary newspaper discussion. We fear that the Madras may . i possibly have flittered from a too great au anxiety on the part of somebody to rush into print. Several ships have arrived Erior to this one, where their agents have een prompt to make arrangements and give bonds to meet expenses, it being ac cording to law in this as in any other countries that the vessel is the chief se curity for quarantine expenses. Iu view of these facts how perfectly ab surd Is all the balderdash we have read about ' inhumanity,'' "horrible barbarism" etc, indulged iu by those who do not appre ciate the force of the language they are wiiting-. Fish Culture- Is the March number o: the Agricultural Review whk-li is the journal of the Amer ican Agricultural Association, is a report ofan interesting ad J 1 ess by Capt. Milton I IJirfo it ri Purn ami l"Virr futturo" I which contains some noints of vital im- ! portance to those who have introduced this -valuable food fish here. After referring briefly to the extraordi- ; nary interest which is being manifested i upon the subject in the United States (it ! being reported that fully fifteen thousand j persons are already preparing to engage iu ! the carp industry in that country, he says : j "A very large proportion of these ventures , will prove failures, and the business to some extent be brought into disrepute, ! because the mass cf those engaging in it ! will not do so wi h that degree of system which is required to lender any other busi ness a success. In most cases the carp will be plauted in waters already containing varieties of the; same family of fishes, viz., Cyprinidae, with which the carp will be sure to hybridize, and their progeny will be entirely worthless. In this way many waters will become stocked with worthles's fish, which will cause an outcry against carp. No one should undertake the busi ness except in ponds 1 repared expressly for the purpose, uuder the direction of those versed in the business, and in no case should other fish, not even minnows occupy the same ponds with food carp." ! The Cyjirinidac mentioned by the captain are represented here by the ''gold fish." Our streams, and ponds especially, swarm with them there being more to be found here iu those localities, probably, than in any other place outside of China. As is well known the gold fish is almost worth less as food, the flesh being soft and taste less, hence, the task of keeping th6 food- ' carp from hybridizing with their near rela- . tives will be, we opine a very difficult one. It will not suffice to simply draw off all the water standing in ponds prior to stocking them with carp, if the new supply is to be obtained from our surface streams. The "fry" of the goldfish are sure to come iu with the fresh water, and even a very few once admitted will, in an astonishingly short time increase and hybridize. Even supposing that a pond is filled with water from an artesian well, presumably free from fish eggs or small fry, the introduc tion of a single male or female gold fish into the pond at any time would endanger the value of the whole lot. We write in no carping spirit, on this subject, but we wish to warn those who are endeavoring to in crease the food supply of the country in this direction that they will have to exer cise undying vigilance to keep up the quality of this most valuable fish-food. In this connection we would suggest that it might be worth while to try to improve the quality of the flesh of the gold fish itself. The chief objection to this fish is that its meat is soft and tasteless. Might not this be remedied, by some such course of feeding as is pursued to harden and "sweeten" pork? Captain Pierce in the lecture from which we have quoted boldly maintained that "carp should not be fed at all until nearly ready for the table, and then in feeding vats or live boxes where they can be kept from the earth." Finally he predicted that "carp would ultimately be sent to market alive, in tanks or tubs of water, ami so kept until sold for immediate table use, when they would be killed and bled like poultry." This idea whs received it is reported with laughter; but if those who grinned at the prediction could visit our fish market or those in Havana, th Azores or the Cape de Verds, they would witness that very idea carried out daily. It remains now to SaliatoefffeedSj Cwould' hgeonour regarei eo leeeiing wouiei nave on our cyprinid'ie . "A Parallel Case. Governments everywhere are constantly assailed about delay in this, that, or the other thing which, being a hobby with the critic overshadows all other things in his mind. Such complaints are constantly be ing made against our own Government, and, with the same breath they are accused of spending too fast, and not spending fast enough. To the simple fact, which we rea sonably have supposed every one could re coguize, that the work wh.oh the assembly sanctioned to be done by the aid of two years revenue, and a large sum of borrowed money, could not be accomplished in a few months, these critics seem to be wholly ob livious. The following reply of Mr. Glad stone's to opponents who accused the ad ministration of dilatoriness in regard to a certain promised measure, might be made use of with but a lew changes of words by our Hawaiian Premier, both in relation the imperatively necessary attention to cer tain matters, especially the matters of finance, which inevitably delays other tilings, and to the foolish complaints with the ways of previous governments which are sometimes hazard by our political writers. Speaking iu the 1 louse of Commons on April 17th, the subject under discussion be ing Local Government Reform, Mr. Glad stone said : Tbe right honorable gentleman complained that my honorable friend behind mo proposed an amendment which is in the nature of a dilatory plea, and ought, on that account, to be rejected by the House. There is. no occasion for a dilatory pla on this question. We have been told from the opposite bench that there is a great zeal on this side of the House for a reform of local govern ment ; and vre, on this side, have never scrupled to say that we deem it an essential condition of any satisfactory and comprehensive measure for the re adjustment of local taxation. I doubt very much whether the right honorable gentleman is wise in provoking a comparison of the relations of tbe present and past government respectively to the subject of l i'.-al government. ("Oh!") It is psr.ectly true that wc hare htea thre year in of lice, and it is -perfectly true that we hare intro duced n bill for the reform of local government ; hat have w lost any opportunity for introducing r pushing forward such a bill ? (Cheers.) What was the session, and what the period, when there had been time to procure the favorable discussion of such a bill? (Oh ! " cheers, and a voice "The Afhirrnation Bill.") The House knows perfectly well that our tirst session commenced well in the middle of Ma-, and that even in that session a large portion "of time was occupied with Irish af fairs (ironical cheers) of the most urgent character. C)ur second session was givan almost entirely to affairs connected with the condition of things in Ireland, such as were almost without precedent. (Ironical cheers.) And then again last year, when we did not scruple to advise the delivery from the Throne of a speech positively holding out the ques tion of local government aa a principal subject to engage the attention of Parliament, once more im perative uecessityconnected with the state oflrelaml intervened. (Laughter.) It was absolutely, there fore, and notoriously, beyond our power to submit this great and comprehensive subject to the con sideration of the House. Whether that is the case of the late government I am not sure. I am not aware that any great exigency in Ireland or else where, or any great works of legislation in this Huutte stood between the lata government and the most effective handling of the great subject of local government. It has boen inability and not want of will inability from the irresistible pres sure of imperative demands that has prevented what I will not hesitate to say would have Ix-eu the redemption of the pledges that we hud given when, in addressing the constituencies of this coun try in 1880, we held up local government as the subject that ought to engage the practical atten tion of the present government. There is no ques tion of a dilatory plea except where there has been delay, and there has been no delay, except where time has len appropriated otherwise which might have lwen given to tho discussion." . Ckedit is due to Mr. W. Wond for his judicious arrangement of the carriages which gathered about the Music Hall last Thursday evening. Over seventy vehicles were drawn up in such a manner that all were convenient and none W6ie In th w&t oi eacn oiuer. w E DESIRE TO CALL THE ATTENTION OF THE PUBLIC TO THE Just received per Steamer Atergeklie rer impoited to this Kii cdcm snd which uise ev In offering tLefe goeds for sale we take grtat pleasure in ii.frrminj: the Lndiis vi Hrnclulu oi.d of the Ulier Islands inai r n.v. anticipated every w-nt in their line, ond ore now pn pared to s-how them the tl oni-j-t lu.e f tio t!s ecr cHeied for sale here , ri been carefully selected by a member of our Firm I rem the eiy latot stocks ol tl e hading Houses cl London nd 1 ana. with reie eiu-e to the particul. r necessities and requirements of this rcmmuniiy. . . .. Many cf the articles referred to are of the vtry latest and most unique dot-km?, nnd as the venture is niiinly experimental to the wants of our ladies, they may be rcgi Jed as meiely sample lots Indies will do will therefore to cull early, as the poods vuu disospd of as soon as possible, to make room for our extensive stock of goods for the city and country tiade. We wish to call particular attention to the following Grand Exhibition pieces from the world-fmed Manufactory of Messrs. It. P. Daniell & Co., of London, the suipassin l-autiful examples of their workmnn:diip. having attracted the notice and admiration of Napoleon III., who granted the Senior Daniell free and exclusive lermissicn to rt produce ire ni tho old n.tdels ct the Goemmiit works at Sens. It is not sur prising therefore to note that this now world renowned house have taken every first prize medal at nil f ihe great International fcxiwDi tions on the Continent for the past twenty years. TLe piece de resistance of this art collection is a Superb Prometheus Vase and cover of turquoise blue ground, and colored majolica, with emblematic figures at sides, nnd the chained I'roinethein and vulture, most elaborately and beautifully wrought on the cover The above is the identical piece that secured the first prize at the great Paris International Exhibition of 1868. Some idea of the vaiue of this work ot art can be foni.ca .'roin the fact that it underwent fifteen separate trials befote arriving at itJ . r..i .... -c r 1 mm li.. i f .u .1 - rtit in tr. n ncrouilt of th severity f the heat to which it is exposed in tints is marvel of artitie skill. There will also be on inhibition a Pair of Magnificent Vases reproduced from old Sevres models, gianted to Mr. Daniell by Mis Imperial Majesty N'rpoleon 111. 'lhey nre cf lose nventiirinc tint, surmounted with exotic birds of most brilliant and beautiful plumage, nod elaborately and richly finished in gold ornamentation, wilh eleoantly e-red ebony pedestals with n:irb!e tops and crimson plinths. Also a most exquisite Table Center Piece in turquois and gold, with pnrian supporters and shell pUteaux for llovvers and fruits, very rich y ornamented in gold. This piece fro in old Sevres' examples fr great exposition specimens, and has taken the first prizes at all competitive European Eihibitiiona since 1S72. The above mentioned pieces will remain on exhibit on at our Show Rooms for two or three weeks, after which they wi'l be sent to San Francisco and New York for exhibition and sale. In addition to the foregoing there are some smaller pieces in the same line which are deserving of especial mention, notably A Life Size Cockatoo with wings spread, flower holders at sides nd chastely finished in ornnmentation. This s a most surprisingly effective piece, and the coloring is so faithful to Nature as to be realistic in the extreme. Also One Jnrcliiliere with satyr handles most exquisitely decorated in mottled colors and gold aventurine with two etonized tri pods, with pedestals and crimson uttrecht velvet stands for same. Also One Toniici JnFdilliere on four feet blue ground and silver embossments aft r Egyptian patterns ( ne rillfre Tll'c3.iniere ,n l'ersian turquoise blue, with elephant handles and square pedestal for same with elark green ground" One Esquimaux Umbrella, Stand n majolicr. with life-like re reservation of a seal in perfectly natural colors. This is h most artistic piece of workmanship. One Tall Pedestal of mazarine ground with most graceful and imturilly colored leafage. A very handsome parlor ornament. Also One Tall Pedestal in turquoise, with graceful and nicely colored festoons of fruits and flowers intertwined TWO Ribbon Flower Vases of most unique design with maznine ground and gold ribbons and gold Jnpanese fprays. Garden Seats. - j Beautifully decorated with naturally jplored nanusome garuen orname.uis-.,. Flower Pots and Stands Of rare and beau;,ful design, with mazarine ground and colored clematis with birds beautifully embossed. All of the above mentioned j re very difficult pieces to produce on account of the various combinations of color required, necessitating separate firings for each color produced. Some ot tne pieces i.ave siiiit in tne Kim as many as eignt times, s:o that when a piece is brought snlely through the Iinug process, the value is quite apparent. We wish again to call especial attention to n Pcelain placqucs. by well-known European Artists. The one is a Marine 1g90 by Balliu. in Sepia, and one of the best examplet r . . . i.r..i i.:u j : t. i i . -... . . r oi mis mosi uencau- aim wuuuenui mm, wnitu is nuw uiiueigmu aucn a sp-riieu revival in ine uiiueu stales anu tiurope. the draw ing in this picture is exee, tionally gooel. and the Chiar-oscuro effect very cleverly handled. The other repre.-ents Co.-ist ir-'cene by Mirtino, which is particularly noticeable for its free ond unconventional treatment, and the delicate distribution of tints. These nre the first Etchings on porcel in ever exhibited in Honolulu, and a le well worthy of a visit. The following choice r.iticles of , Brie a Brae In Vlnjolica and Glassware will afford sme idea of the variety in this line, viz : Flower-pots and St nds of all de.-cription arid de signs in all colors, and beautifully embossed with fruits and flowers; Glass Cente r Flower V; ses in all colors with pUteuux- Parian and Bisque figures ; Cabinet Ornaments ; Jewel Boxes; Perfume Cases ; Venetian Ware in beautiful designs ; Colored Majolica brackets of varied patter s; iMandnn Tea l'ots in green and gold; Exquisite Barbotine Vases.with raised flowers; beautiful j.s:ortnteiit e.f Vases of the choicest designs ; Menu Caids and Slates ; Flower Baskets, etc , etc. China and Glassware. A large line of the choicest hi tides of China nnd Glnssware of the most varied deriptions as fo!lovs : Brenkfatt, Dinner and Te a Sets of all patterns and designs, including a few dessert ond tea services of the finest quality nnd most exquisite decoration. One Stag Center Piece of most elaborate design and finish a magnificent table ornament Elegant Toilette Services embossed , of birds and flowers; Salad Bowls. Champagne B-ttle Holders; Champagne Cups; elegant Crystal Candelabrns wilh prismatic pend ! ants and silver m untings, Cabinet Dessert Services; Punch Bowls, Claret and Lemonade Jugs; Soup Tureens, Bottle Sb nds : Gume Dishes; ch ce Strawberry end Ice Cream Sets; beautiful Tankards; Fish Bowls; Gl.ss Filter; I ickle' Dishes Spirt to Miu3 , vi uiiiwoi iiu v , u i j i iiin.01 vuo , i m. n, tjiiciiy. vn n i nun iiuuor lasses ol the vfrv la tc st nat- ! terns, and a large assortment i.f Chandeliers ai;d Lamps of every description. Also a srm.ll invoice of beautiful Irridescent Glassware comprising Tumblers,. Wine Glasses, Fish Bowls, Flower Stands, Watrr Pitcher?, etc . etc.. etc. ' Bronzes we have a beautiful line of genuine bronze goods, animals, etc., also a tne assortment or single pieces also a tine assortment of siru handsome Medallion Placques, Prepsing Mirrors, with chimes. A small invoice of ladies wear of the finest material - - . . i T ' i . i r . . 1 1 Mgn i cresses aim iiu.-rrur, u nui ujmm uiicui llonevcomn nnawif vim a large line oi ine um-si i.nitii I lUCTl 1 I mill cn..o. uiu.ixin u"i fo. anu iaucjr jimns iu nvrrcsi-ucoifciin , mimu viciviims ...i.itr.r I n iHnu a, wi "1 i c i c 1 1 1 .n.rv in I iiTTi.ti i'o I .t-i cim ,i i (.,... n.,.i vj.ti- , r .1 I....- .. .....1 . . . i - , . . . - - , uiiii k iiii. ,i..i l t : and Scotch Tweeds of the most stylish patterns, from the celtbiatcd houe of WILLIAM WATSON & SONS and a' few t.i. .4- i t 'Klih I Coatings. A large assortment of Clentlinien's I'riderwtar, comprising finest Fawn Merino Undershirts aud Praweis SLetlanl I 1 i."! '"'r I)ia'-''"'1 . Thread, India Gauge, and a varit d ni:d extensive line of Gent's superior Woolen ejverfhirts in fancv l.atterna and al! pLLm ,1 .1 i""11' .', ,!nn. LiJ I suits in Woolen and Cotton. ' 1 ' C " r" Br,l '''den. AUo a few bathing I Beautiful silver and gilt Mirrors, Jewel Boxes, Chandeliers, Candelabras cigar stands, tahle ornaments 111 large vani-ty, portmurittouK. 111 Morocco and l;r.-ia. Iu -ticiiW h. I' rfunu- Cartn flower va I 1 , ogonie liqueur and Porcelain and China Placques with rich velvet frames ; a ninall lot of waler colors and chromn-li Olographs nuncrior mi r' ' rain,1'1 J! ,,n'ir i"ely painted make, a fine lot of bisque and parian figures ; cabinet and wall ornaments ; a tine assortment of Marcus Ward A Co s 1 1 T 1 -rn " m1 r K"aw,e" ot fineit plush, Morocco, Russia and richly brocaded, of all Hizs ; stereoscopic views and a small lot of colored lhotoirraihi of l I 1i ,V iI,un''ited alburna. ia work baskets, writing desks, ladies' bags and baskets of all patterns, beautifully lin.-d with silk and satin and exauisitHv 1 p Z ,,ea,,tiful women ; flowers; elegant portmonaies in pearl, shell, morocco, and plush ; letter caxes ; paper knives and weights fancy ink Kti.n VI- Wi- rau1 f'guret. and chair tidies ; handsome glove and handkerchief sets; photograph frames in vlv-t ai:d leather; fancy tables - fai v 1 V c""hion ; watch pocket and Gent's traveling bags with most complete fittings in ivory and sterling silver. A verv superior invoice also an iVrLn t n'H K.t of Ladies ered, lace, feather and richly har.d-paintfcd, and an endless variety of most useful ond ornamental articles to mimerous t ssortment of fam --embrolj. Carpets, Brussels and Axniinster Caijeti of the choicest and hnetit Wool Skin M its and tapestry Squares, anil a preciatcd. I nM.tl .-.f Li.li.j Ami -.... , Tv.f.m ear ftt .1 Miuaii ui lauiu im k i'". " ' a ciiou-e mi oi iiiiiiuhL-1-un.-ii iui i imu - .,.... - ..l.r -t Tt n :.t. T1; . rwl fl.vn.l jwirini to un iiiiiiiwfTi. A full line of the bent English aad French Groceries A few Cottags Piauus. of superior mauutaoiure aim and mand !i!i att.n- mi.-iit Honolulu. iilaving si-Iectimis rr-iui Two of Folder's J'atent Boyal Hansom l aw, oi tne IMiilidehthia. ainl othr lead -"- ''- 1 this cumnmnity, we will dispo-e of tbe s.une at a very comfortable vehicle will entirely nnrimio draught of horse, and wear and tr, this ?tyle of 3r. P Fresh Imperial and Cornish Sardines ; Sprat a Ia Sardiiiu ; fate de foiegras, 'hami.iiruons. , m,w.i ..... ... "",''" Uuiet A ( if?., a. foil,.-. . i Lea Perrins Worcestershire- Sauce ; eiiford Sausage in large and small 'ins; Cheddar-loaf Cheese; boxes Ta1.! m. u 1- ,IIT'lnK- Copland Fliglish 1MV ! Harvey, Beading, Bf-efsteak. John Bull and Begent ; aborted Jams r,nd Jelli.-, ; Pie Fruits of a!l vri. tie, ami i'rai,,, "f uceHMiuhrom : in Iff. tins ; Superior French Oiii.e Oil and J. A J. 'Vlman s Celebrated Mustard, 11 0 M"J"n "f very Superior Cnrrie !,,, from I.omlrn. ccmprifinp te largeM ai d rnrst will le r.adv lor Exhibition m cur bale? Ko the tiling. Tin- ci lof combinations are strikingly effective. chrysanthemums and pink tied ribbons Two Superb Etchings carefully ..elected from the lef,t btoeka in 1'urin, among which or Mythological, Scriptural and Poetical Subjects ; Statuettes of anc-ient and modern celebrities, inn a Ladies' JVear and description c lapiimng Plain and Fmbioideicd . r . T- 1 . , 1 . .. ui ims .cu&mgH ai.ti i am i.ric j ru 1 1 tit :P. Also anu ami ru- 1 1 ni:utt r lii Pcmradour 'l!rutit, , iv a JIHII. Till It l Killl J U I I J I 11 I U T U ISCI uu riinrus ; i;in-M nim.iiv r.iujiicis i,i n color Rugs, Mattings, Etc., latest patterns, and a large line of tho fine mall lot or Ileal .Manilla Matting tl: . : . lh,s invo.ee was SILK UNDERWEAR. Vavi Ssrinn 4Mlr l -a. , lnt.V.a a .. .1 . . . . . ii-ii. '' , - di 11113 ami lidl l rUK 11 Ose. lil.il , 1 inai iic iiiiiiren ui f'iiiin'fu :.... . laii.v Ifr'ifilnO C .. . v.. - ,. in; nirsi pam-riis. i ins invoice IS without except iI tl f ":. ii - un J colore, aud 1.r.V... I 1.4 - hi kiik koCnJh GROCERIES. from the well-known houses of J . T. Morton, Crcac anJ m....-.n ....... PIANOS, MUSIC-BOXES, ETC. xuii rioii ieu's ; aM i. a I -irge hnj of tho fines lr. - l:iiesf and nirs' popular music. It lllll i in- iiiif HANSOM CABS. latest and most improved manufacture. This is tho in citify of the Unite! States. With i.a .9 : - - - in, iiiv f u 11 vi lUli roi:ouahle fiare and upn the most favorable term nn 1110 view of j'mwui uiisau-iaciory moues or convevance. I Hansom is unequalled. JN I a c-tfai-la iTe Se: C ARRIVAL Or uuit a varied Msorlment, Uooas iiui . jmitu" 11 s cn Tburfday next. May 1 th. nd the delicnte bandlino; ol Also ditto on cehdon ground. Are very hare sii:e vuy ni ei b group of figure, . birds. at:en, CuMlelahra. lienk Weight Hiiperivr French C lock in bronze aidfilt Animals xew vei v h White t kirt iVm ';t., . - .""n, . .in null) UmiiifulJ Fmbroldercd C l.f Rillc-. hiiitt. I t - l..d Wbiie mil.,. iMd t, a , y Vlll llw r , m . ' li . I . Dry Goods I Ul 1 1) 8 1 1 1 -I) tO 11. Q wants cf this iiin,i ,. . ....u and widths' l.il'k dlf Mecli.ml. FhtLTime. n.l . - - IKtUIUIII Fancy Goods c, Etc. with beautiful hand-naintino st Saiidrincrlmtii v;...i... . i iiii I?, elver selected with great rare ind d Heal Lugg, alBO cutinot fail 0 te sp- n ci ,..1 ..... I . . ; , . - 1U o I Olill-t ll I.f all ...:...: . . er im- 1 I U . the bet make, with burn. fluts fi 1 Instrument ever impertf-d to ! - H); jot of Musics verv c, i , .. . . By' of If introducinir t).- t' : h" eitfiimvelT used in is, assured that 1. - 1 . .. -..n.uyiftUUII OI e 1 1, v a Mil rnnu'.,lA m r comfort of riding, room' . ' J o BEAVEK BLOCK V i IrYV Vi ) t 'i 1. 1 i. i k I: '1 f ?' ( i t s I, iji r piiii ' anotnier .- - 7 ' ' L .. n n wnnra r . . il . N . V HnUneg for th ... a, a... a, mmva. i i i . u . v . .... a - .