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PCBLISHID BT THE P. C. ADVERTISER CO. Kvery Saturday Morning. r.. mm Lias! SfcMtlpll"- wbra mm 1 4 1 l aaWaace. ti.UOa lr) ti.iU for Ms Mossfta. Daily PsciSc Commercial AflTertiser. fr ami ......... ..... 14 nu H :u--ntn- f i, . ii r t. ............. ........................ p, r ek putt-ant Weekly t'stner to ooe ubTiber, per tiuiim 5 OO 1 00 0 2.', 12 uO C. !n:nuri. tlon from all part of the J'acific will .it be very acceptable. 7' rvrn re-u-ting in any part of the United State .art rrTiiiT in nniaai ui iuuw-jipuoD uun iur m r .,,r in Ainerii-an itunp. rr c.. :. innni'tion sbonlj bidir-wd. and account t aid. t- I VL. LfOS, Manager for the v ririKI- COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER COMPANY r -i;f,- r..in price for papera forwarled to any part nf u. I'uif i -rat 1 tn per aiinuiu, if pair I adta.vcf. ii..-h rv I" ' p-'tage. WHAT THE PEOPLE SAY. We mvtt- jr--ion of opinion fr:n tna public npoo til .t: t '! ic-neral interest for loaortion n after th-a aa I r t. BTv-.r.B. Sucb cominanlratton ahoald b aatticrilirate-1 by the name of the writer aa a tu-rnt-e -t tf faith, but not nresartly for pabllcai f ton. our bwt i to offer the fullest opportunity fir a variety ,,f pop ibr li-inioo an i in jitry. VW are not t b- an'U-rttood a nerearily endorsing the -t f-.rth in commanlca'jona published an t-r thif fr .it niii.rer we hll endeavor to farninh tnforma- t,.,u" tfe ni' t complete rbarart'-r on any aJ- in ffier m be interested.! Our New Minister- il. HirT.jfc: A number of the thinking men or the UUn.I l Katihi are gll to learn that one f the r.u-aucies in the Ministry has been filled Lv u.-h an npright honorable and practical gen tleman C. T. Oolick. Esq. of Honolnla, He it oue who h-is a clean record who has the interest- of thi-i country ui.d the intere.-U of all iU ieoj.le buth n.itire and foreign deeply at kenrL and en who. hiiviiiL: onre served his coun try iu th rink i therrby letter fitted to per r.rm t. l.iti nf ah eiDerienoed officer. But -ft-i- all K..t.ie will find faalt and when we i.n'.,.i tn miti.l the f.ble of the old iu.u and the "ry - u.Am we can see that to please everybody is a iuorJ iinposnibihty. There are thoe who will say well, we did not think that Mr. Galick would ever be found in such company a that of the Premier, but, per haps Mr. Gulick looka at sarh matters in the light that, "to the pure all thiuH are pure.' In some iu.irU-rs there is a terrible outcry a-ain.st the Premier Mr. Gibson, but in rea mber truth he has done more good for this coun try than any one m in of his time an 1, although by some not understood time will reveal it. Cousin Tom s.iys in relerence to the ousting of the late Minister of the Interior. This bhows the utter baseness of the m.tn,'' but the writer thinkh that it rather shows the greater zeal for his country's good and the greater desire on hi part to have the bosiuess of the country con ducted in a straightforward honest manner and that either a friend or colleague cannot stand in the wuy of principle. The writer does not pretend to say that Mr. Gibson is a perfect or spotless man and who among as is without more or less blemish not one. It is not wise to take for gospel all that is written and sttoken by what is termed the oppo sition, but after all there is nothing more stimu lating for a political party than a good healthy opposition. Had there been no opposition it is very unlikely that we would this day be sending onr congratulations to our new Minister. Nov-pabtisan. Kauai, August I'j, 1SS3. Some Reasons Why Ma. EbiToK, The inevitable tendency of the present day is tow:ir Is liberty of thought and Uoerty uf action. The present century has wit-liMS-wd u grand evolutiou iu politics and social thought aud to-day are commonly recognized f.u.'ts, which loss than a cutury ao ostricized from society such rueu as Thomas Paine. Fn.tticisru his grad-tally yielded to reason aud iu politics men refuse; to bj longer fettered by anything which savors of church and church iudaence. Even iliwaii has felt the throb of progress and has reacted to th demand for so cial and politic. I freedom. Th element in this Kindlo n, who boast that to thfiu the natives owe whatever mortgage they have on heaven, for so in- time h id lUi c tutroll ing b in I in iolitics. They were not satisfied with taking care of tha spiritual welfare of the uativ-H but must .ils b stewards of their phy sic.il co n fort aa I political sifety. long ns m..n of brains wore few and the m t j rity nf the thinking portiou of II uolulu were composeil of intellects such as "our crojtl" possessed, it was an easy matter f jr them to hold the supremacy, aud furthermre to infuse a s:utiuaent among their devotion il coustituteuts which for a long time debarred any iu l-.'pondent morement or auy fosteriug of oopositiou to their straight ') icket policy. Cl)ser relations with the states and the certain progress which comes with time hpmght an indux of other classes and of new idas. At last the old iuflaence was broken: Swept bef jreth inevitable progress of reason and liberal thoaght their politic il management has jjone to a doom from which there is no resurrec tion. What a ch iug- this brought in tha pros pects of "our erow-i." The for them-augu-.tiau age of prosperity had now changed. Th-'y looked with dismay upon a govcrumsat which t'aey could no longer control. A statesm in, whom they h.vl at one time vainly tried to seduce into a coalition with their inteiests, and who was not of th'ir creed had now come to the helm. The ship of state was now propolle I by winds from other than calvanistic shores, and standing upon the sands of self-righteousness they foresaw the breakers near, the craft a wreck, the billows roar over a sunken ship. Bat to their amazement the helmsman led that craft a truer course; avoiding shoals and weathering stor;as the breakers p issed, the ship ul st ite ivw rides iQ waters still unscathed. When changes occur in the political complex ion of a country it tries the best and highest pa triotism of those to who a the change saeins ob noxious. In true pitriots we recognize a spon taneous sicrine of self-interest for the good of the whole. In ia re ancient times it was cus tomary whenever a new regime was instituted that all persons be compelle 1 to take an oath of allegiance to the new sovereign. Or whenever a victorious army entered a newly conquered country to make sure of the loyalty of the van quished the oath was forcibly forged by which they were bound to their new masters. True IcVe cf country needs no oaths. It should con sist in a feeling of good will by which the secu rity of the government is established. At the present time if any one takes u,p his abode in some neve country, if ke ex pects tq live thre fqr any length, of (inae, especially if h.is welfare depends npqn the prosperity of the country, he accepts citizenship ,ud if he be of true loyal mind from that mo ment he is swayed by patriotism for th,e land of his adoption. Cut a number of the opposition have shown that the! patriotism consists in self-interest and in hiw far they can control others interests. Some of them have lived and dwelt here for a long period of years an I have not yet accepted citizenship although they have made fortunes in that period of time. It seems their original in- it. Ill 1 1 r I l di VOL. XXVIII-NO. 9. tentions of converting the native to Christianity die not interfere with accumulating wealth. As the native suffered and ebbed before civilization they thrived on the fat of the land. As log as this lasted, so well and so good; so long as they could use the native to subserve their purposes all went smooth for them. But since they found that they must give way to a more liberal minded and enlightened party, what a bow arose from the devoted few. Wnen their early predictions of disaster proved false they tried every means of resurrecting something by which ther could cast odium upon the ministry. Noth ing in glanderous calumny was too low for th?m to adopt. A representative of a great and friend ly power, because hi minded his own business and would not agree to their wishes, they reviled and offered the cold shoulder even rediculously threatening worse things. Because your paper chose to transgress nnon a ground which they seem to consider reserved for them alone, they trumped np, with vile personality, the charge of personality, the charge of blasphemy against Ministers of the King. It is the same charge behind which certain religionists have always shielded their hypocrisy. Whenever men of science and men of thought discovered and proved facts clashing with the teach ings of hypocritical ecclesiastics they were assigned to tne category 01 uiaspnemers, as though that would make the facts discovered less true. It was upon the charge of blasphemy that Culvin burned Servetus ut the stake iu Geueva. Baffled, disappointed, the oppodioii now goes to one step farther uud lately we heard many bints of revolution and the like. But we are confident that the larger part of the community ere wholly satisfied with the condition of the country. Under the circumstances the ministry hare done as much as possible and more they cannot do. In spite of the charges of fraud and corruption, of villiany and blasphemy that the op position bring, the people will support the pres ent ministry and the sooner certain of the oppo sition will, iustead of offering every obstacle to cIo" the wheels of official action, throw aside their prejudice aud with true patriotism work for the common good, the better it will be for all concerned. Pao Bjxo I'cblico. Baseball. Mr. Editob: Iu Monday morning's issue of yoar paper yon published au erroneous ac count of a baseball game which took place last Saturday between Amities and the Honolulans, and if you will allow mi i little space I will, with all justice to the II ouolulaus, give the oth er side of the case. Tue writer of tint article, who was most probably a ineiabjr of the Hono lulu Club, leads off by saying that the II's had the game all their owu way, which statement auyoue who saw the game will dispute. The writer said that II. Whituey made the only home ruu iu the gim, which is not so; G. Smithies miking a hom-i ruu for the Amities. Tuis scribe also forgot to mention the many "oisj hits' made off Markham iu the 4th aud oth iuuiugs. He also forgot to mention the many errors and the miserable playiug of the flonolulaus in the 4th and 5th innings, and in fact all through the game. He also forgot to mention the many bril liant catches of the Amities iu the out-field aud as equally as good fielding in the in-field. I hare $230 to bet that the Amities cm bjat the Honolulaus two games out of three, if they do not think this mn. unt large enough, I will double it. I also h ive a fen fivrs f say that there will be fewer base hits m id;? off the A uities' pitcher than off the Ilonolnlan's. I sign myself, I Ock National Gamk. The Library Building. Mb. Editor:--I am only oue amongst a crowd, yet, perhaps, my say may be allowed. I observe that the exc ivations for this build ing are progressing and the soil reaches to a great depth before reaching the coral rock upon which the foundations will stand. No doubt the contractor was and is well prepared for this por tion of his contract for the budding and will see that the architect's plans are fully carried out but I would respectfully suggest that the land to be used on this building might be better util ized than as proposed hecanse I think a cellar age might be made which would produce a good return for the money--the ''lay of the laud'' shows a very easy mode of accomplishing this and it is possible that the contractor might be induced to excavate the intermediate earth, etc., so as to make the cellars by a reasonable ar rangement. Regarding this part of the matter I believe (the result of various inquiries) that the cellar- Age would pay amply at ventilation, class and meeting rooms or storage rooms. I think sir it would be well if the library committee would consider this matter before the foundations are further proceeded with because I, in common with many others believe in utilizing the land and making the most of it, especially in this case, when such a chance was not supposed to exist before the building was commenced. Will those interested please have a say in this mat ter? Qbsxbveb. The Honnted Police Force. Mb. Editor ; I noticed an artiole in a weekly paper the other day commenting on the inferior lot of horses collected 'for the mounted police force. I don't know the rifted author of that article, but I know the horses intimately and how anybody able to distinguish between a horse and a mule could call them au "inferior lot, " quite passes my comprehension, decidedly he must be a fool. This fact will speak for itself. Cold-blooded offers np to $200 have been made for several of the animals in this "inferior lot,1' the selection of which rejects unlimited credit cn Lieutenant Smythe as does also his training of the men and horses, which for the short time they have been at work is truly wonderful. I have seen them at work and know whereof I epeak. Th.e country is tq b,e congratulated in having got th,e wqr(h of their noney. t would b,e advisable to have the own patrqUed. by pick ets at a quarter the expense and ten times as ef fectually, as happens, to be the case at prent. Ifow that we h&ye a gentleman with ns (a gaq4 aud smart ofcer, as oue must qeods. he, who has served his time in the first cavalry regi ment in England and coma out with full creden tials) who does understand his business, let us make something out of him and not make (like the Press) asinine remarks on subjects we don' t understand. The misguided effort of the correspondent of a contemporary with regard to the mounted police . ,t-.':;..-.W HONOLULU, seems to have been infectious hence vrs have an ill-expressed, indecent insult from some individ ual, dating himself "near the Lunalilo Home, ' . l.l iA f it finid ir i u V i r.l tn in). agine that any man not afflicted could write such insufferable slush. The one lingering gleam of sanitv in it is contained in the fact of his not signing his name. Without pausing to advert to the silly slur cast on the Government service officers which could only have been in t ie from combined ig norance and spite, since every one knows that the officers concerned were well accredited. there are one or two expressions so daikly idi otic that thev need some little explanation. Who are the "Sedentary Militia'' and how doea the title apply? aud the difference between "profane volubility or voluble profanity" would confuse such of his afflicted readers who have had the misfortune to read it. Th meaning of " Hro of Heaven' also, and "elevating th standard of excellence." is inexplicable used as it is iu his miudlin sentence: but there! enough of that I appologise to the Adveetiseb's readers for o noting so much of this drivel, it is enough that it was written "u.-r tU L iu.ililo Home." The facts are simply this: The men of the mounted police are drilled near the Lunalilo II ;ue, as the "afflicted one' states, they are drilled by thoroughly competent and authorized officers, and Tis it is not usual to drill them on "Pinafore'' principals, no depar ture h is bnen ma le from the old method. Bushman. LIBEL. One Paper Sues Another for Damages. Honolulu does not stand alone in the matter of libel suits during the current year. In the month of June last, James Bulgin, editor and business manager of the Chna Mail, a daily newspaper printed and pub lished in Hongkong, claimed damages to the extent of $1,000 from Robert Fraser- Smith proprietor and publisher of the Hongkong Telegraph, also a daily newspa per in the same colony. The following words having appeared in the Telegraph were quoted in the plaintiffs petition, "Who, it may be asked, is the mighty authority of the China Mail f We answer, a person named Bulgin, (meaning thereby the plaintiff, James Bulgin) whose journal istic experiences prior to coming to China were confined to Police Court reporting for low class paper called the Clerkenwell News, (meaning that before coming to Chi na as editor of the China Mail aforesaid, he the said James Bulgin had had no experi ence iu any editorial capacity and was not qualified to take-the editorship of n respec table newspaper aud was a man of low character and vulgar associations). This genius, after proving au utter failure on the China Mail, (meaning it be understood thereby that he, the said James Bulgin, had been formerly connected with the China Mail newspaper, and had been unable to perform the duties required of him in con nection therewith) successively tried Shang hai aud Yokohama, with equally indifferent results." And again. "Mr. Bulgin (meaning thereby the plain tiff) is at present wielding the scissors and paste brush for the fish wrapper." (raean- ng thereby the said China Mail newspa per) during the temporary absence of Mr. Murray Bain and he would be wise to con fine himself to the use of these necessary adjuncts of journalistic success" (meaning thereby that he, the said James Bulgin, was unable to perform his duties as editor of the said newspaoer, the China Mail, and to write leading or othar articles for the col umns thereof, and was entirely dependant upon extracts from other papers to fill up the columns of the China Mail.) And lastly "there cannot be the slightest justification for the sneering impertinence of a shallow-pated puppy (meaning thereby the plaintiff, James Bulgin) whose 'cheek' is his strongest point." " And the plaintiff claims damages $1,000 aud costs of suit. The defendant admitted the publication of the several paragraphs but' denied that they were oapable of the"meaning ascribed to them. The case was heard before the Puisne Judge and a special Jury. A verdict was rendered for plaintiff with 8100 dam ages. Since the Telegraph was started, now about two years ago, Mr. Fraser-Smith has been convicted of libel three times. On one occasion he was incarcerated for two months and fined $1,000. His Lordship in summing up said, " Mr. Fraser-Smith started by telling them (the jury) there was no such thing known before as one editor suing another for. libel. 2fw he was wrong therqtl',e boqks vere full qf such cases but the rule was that if one editor libelled another, and the other replied to him, then they were left to fight it out, but. the per son injured might, in the first instance, if he chose, seek redress in a court of law for the injury done him. In conclusion his Lord ship said Mr. Fraser-Smith had put before the jury every point he could in his . own defence and tried to show that Mr. Bulgin was not. likely to suffer much injury, but every man was entitled to his character." Renounced His Title The ru,le forbidding a Prince to contract a marriage with a womau of inferior rank is rigorously observed in Germany. Pxinee. Alexander of Wittgenstein,, hqwever, fel in, love wtn, tqe governess o,f h.Ia children,. s. a prince, he could at heat confer upon, hex only the dquhtful position Qfa morgan atic spouse, lie has therefore renounced his hereditary tfte. ?atal RaUroa.d Accident. By an accident to the mixed train of the Xatchea and Jackson Road, five miles east of Natchez, seven cars fell through a bridge fifty feet high. The conductor " J. E. Jen nings, was killed and the following passen gers wounded: James Grillo, Fred Manic ca, Willie Conner, Mrs. and Miss Cannon, Miss Lucy Smith and Miss Jennie Hall. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, THE DREAM t7 DRUG. A lUlld DJr iMiglll 011(1 11 1101(1 by Day. Join is Entombed in His StrongjQli and tte Police are VanpsM. The Police and th 3 Press Take a Stroll, and are Victorious. Proofs of Their Gailt Th Soene of the Attaok-We Run Them In. On Friday afternoon a secret missive was left at this office, containing information that a raid would be made that evening on au opium deu, aud our representative was invited to be at a certain place at a certain hour. Ou the .bottom of this important and direful-looking document which was headed with the ominous sin ot a skull and cross-bones, were the letters I. D,'' which were at first understood to mean "Kid them on.'' but reallv meant "Keep it dark." THE BALD OT NIGHT. At the appointed place and hour we were there n a tattered old coat ..and slouched hat, armed with a stick that in its colossal propor tions resembled that carrried by Captain Tripp. Figures of the force were seen flitting across the road to'wards one point, those that were most distinguishable being the slim oue of Captain Mehrtens and the stouter one of Captain Fihl- ber. From mysterious and darkened corners there appeared upon the scene ourselves and the ever active txazetteer. , a. rusu was maae lor a back entrance, which led to a building fronting ou King street, and everybody made for a little staircase, about eighteen inches wide and almost perpendicular ; but John's spy was on the alert, looking through a small pigeon-hole above, aud and gave timely warning. A door was found that barred all further progress, aud in vain did the police officials knock and demand an en trance. There was no reply and no sound, but a rushing to and fro of bare and slippered feet. JOHN WAS ENTOMBED. At leugth a weakened, frightened voice was beard inquiring who was' there, and a noise of grating locks and doors being unbarred was distinguishable, and the long-desired haven was reached. But, alas, too late ! The house was the abode of Lee Kim, who, with three or four associates, were. seated ou the floor and on beds in an inner chamber with " the smile that is childlike and bland." Two rooms were searched in every corner, nook and crevice, but it was of no avail ; for, notwithstanding the strong fumes of the drug that pervaded the squalid quarters. nothing was found except a piece of an opium scale and a little nut, which we seized as rophies. The roof of an adjoining building was examined, as were two other rooms at the back, but no further discoveries rewarded the officers' researches. John again and again pro teste his innocence, -and reiterated "he no smookee opium long time." In the inner room was a closet, down which it was conjectured that the evidences of their guilt had been thrdwn ; we proceeded to examine the place, and there were seen the pipes and baskets and the opium. A thorough inspection of the doorway -showed that there was built into the stairs a strong gate of two-inch boards, which was fastened from behind by a framework made of four by three- inch lumber, which fitted in between the door and the stairs and was firmly secured to the up rights of the building. Beyond this, and across the top of the stairs, was a trap dqor, which, was secured from above by several pieces of timber th'at fitted into the uprights and were there se cured by hooks ; there was also a sliding board in the floor, which, with several small windows, formed safe and valuable look-outs. It would be an impossibility for an entrance to be made into such a den without giving its inmates ample time to remove all traces of their guilt, as hap pened in the case narrated. THK BALD BT OAT. On Saturday, about 1 o'clock in the afternoon, . our representative casually met Captain Mehr tens, and proposed a stroll, through the Chinese quarters. A cordial willingness to oblige was shown, and off we started. The different events . wituessed will not now be described, except the lucky raid, and the discovery and seizure of two opium smokers. We turned np a narrow, squalid, disreputable lane off Beretania street. The dirty strip of sidewalk, choked np with garbage, was thronged with Chinese -as low and fero,clqus-lo.qking types of humanity as one would care tq m,eet, eyen iq daytime. While standing and looking at th.a dingy surrouudings, we smelt the well-known lumen and saw smoke issuing from a room, into which one hurriedly foroed his way, leaving the other to guard the window. It was the wrong house, but the fumes grew more an 1 more powerful, till we spotted the building, by keeping our noses close to its floor, under which we crept, and by listening to the sounds from within. Again was our united force divided the one rushed rapidly into the street, down another entrance and into the sus pected building ; the either watched the window, and shortly saw a signal and heard a cry, Come on, come on ! ' On leaving,, something was heard falling to the ground, but there was no time to wait. Suddenly opening the door, it disclosed a scene which more than realized any preconceived idea of a Chinese opium den; whether drawn from picture, description,, or a disordered imagination. T2E SCI!IbT OF THE QXSLA.DQHT.' Qne pale shaft of sunlight, eqteriqg through a 8m.aU window, diirdy illum,iued, a narrow room, the walds. pi which vieie dacorated. iu a sem.i- bar baric manner with colored prints and Chinese inscriptions, " Along one side of this apartment extended a hroad shelf, or divan, about two feet above the floor. This was covered with bamboo matting, and on the side next to the wall was provided a low ridge or pillow -for upon this "bunk" the opium-smoker reclines whilst in haling the drowsy fumes. A peculiar, sickening odor pervaded the place. Cur eyes having adapted themselves to the glimmering dusk, we peered through a vail of blue smoke and down into the further end of 7tt 'VI T I AUGUST 25, 1&S3. the den. There stood two Chinamen both of whom seemed more or less under the spell of the intoxicating fumes; the eyes of one were closed and his flushed face wore a vacant "dreamy smile as he felt bis way across the room. One of us held and guarded the pris ouers who made an effort to es ip but after a hort strugjle were induced to o j.n-mt t the st ite of things as they were and to submit to the officer's authority. The door w is locked to keep out the friends who crowded roaud outside. Iu the search we fouud an opium pipe, a lamp and the deadly dreamy drug notwitbsKudiug the protestatious of inno cence froja tu prisoners who lied sufficiently to outrival An mi is. A tiny speck of paper protrud ing from b.-huid the ear of the siuitler man at tracted the eagle eye of our representative and being quickly snatched from its hiding place was found to contain the much desired proof of guilt. Our prisoners were allowed to dress themselves, and with them placed and held be tween us we marched out through some hun dreds of their countrymen, who glared threat eningly as we passed bearing in one hand the lamp, the pipe aud the packets of opium every thing in fact except the stem which had been dropped through a hole in the floor and carried off by an ally. The mysterious gloom, the flickiring opium- lamp, the barbaric colors on the walls, the tranoelike appearance of the smokers, and the deathly stillness, scarce broken save by the sick ening gurgle or tue pipe an coutriDuiea to make the sceue a weird and impressive one, which fascinated even. while it disgusted the un accustomed gaze. WK RUN THEM IN. The old Chinaman muttered ominously as the reporter began dashing off a few notes on a pit ce of loose paper; and, taking one more survey of the den, we went out from the ghastly gloom and reeking atmosphere into the no strangely brilliant light of day, and in five minutes found ourselves at the Station House mingling again with that civilized half of the world which knows not, nor could ever dream, how the other half lives. The news of the arrest spread like wildfire through the Chinese settlement and at every door and every window were crowds of people watching our triumphant march. Hurndreds of men and boys crowded round ou all sides and heralded our advance with shouts of derision at the prisoners aud of applause for the captors. At half-past one, having been absent for three- quarters of au hour, we reached our destination on Kiug street, Ah Chin and Ah You were charged with having opium in their possession and located for the night in cell number four, all of which is duly chronicled on the Station House slate. This successful seizure in a meas ure compensated Captain Mehrtens, to whom we are indebted for his kindness, for his failure of the previous evening which was entirely due to the precautions takvi by the gang and their almost superhuman strategy. ' , The Premature Decay of Editors. We have been reading everywhere a dol orous article about the premature decay of editors. They have not time to count the lapse of hours or years. They must discuss, however superficially, all manner of sub jects, and since they cannot read books must devour paragraphs. An article more than a column in length, is too much for a harnessed editor ever to "pull through.' His necessities and the constant demand upon his brain for fresh thoughts, deter him from everything of yesterday. He lives, reads, and thinks, and writes only of to-day. However brief the duration of his breathing he actually lives longer, by living faster, than all others. At least he has seen, and and heard, and read more by half than his surviving contemporaries. If he sleepless, he is more awake; and if his life be short ened in hours, its duration is lengthened in the infinite number and variety of his sen sations and experiences: and they who weep that editors die young, have the least possible reason for outbursts of sorrow. If, as alleged, editors have empty pockets, it is because their heads are full. There is no space for plans of vulgar money-getters. These greedy, grasping fellows, who hang about legislative bodies preying upon party leaders and lobbies, are iu no sense editors. A thorough Bohemian is no tradesman. He never sells his literary wares. Publish ers and others steal them, and then dole out only enough to prevent death by famine and nakedness. The genius for lying of publishers, however strange the world may think it, transcends infinitely that of most fanciful Bohemians. Publishers are always poor and penniless. When they have used the letters or editorials of one writer until he is starved into, the necessity of demanding compensation, they coolly "take in1' another to be robbed with like re- morselessness,and both they and their Io ng line of successors are told that they were sufficiently rewarded by. seeing their pro ductions In print.eveu as cooks at oleomar garine boarding-houses are happy in com pensation lavished by odors of garlic and greeDS. We have observed, however, that editors die not more because of irregular or mean compensation thm of more Irregular habits, aqd always long beforl any con fessed degree of prosperity or generosity distinguishes the career of publishers they serve. New York publishers are m illioq aires; New York editois, begga,rs Each habitual life-long editor s,s w-ell as news paper, shQUld, have a business manager to rexit hlui out by the acre (of manuscript) and make contracts for him, and sell him tq publishers and place-holders. The law should intervene in this hehalf. Rut the time is coming when editors will have their special tasks assigned them, and each he confined to a given olass Qf subjects, when universality of information will not be rea ui red at their hands, and when their intelleotual foroes will be less diffused and more oonoentrated. Then they will do better work for better pay. Amerioan Hegister. Soundings for a Railroad Bridge. Achird has introduced a bill in the Cham ber of Deputies in Paris authorizing the taking of sounding for piers for a railway bridge from Cape Gresnez, on the French, coast, across the Strait of Dover, to Folk stone, in .England. 1 WHOLE NO. 14-21. CLIPPINGS FROM FOREIGN PAPEF.S. ' Australian Trees. 'I he giant trees of California, which have been one of the wonders of the world ever since their discovery, some twenty-five or thirty years ago, are now found to be far surpassed by certain -pecimens of the euca lyptus found iu t lie mountains of southeast ern Australia. TLe highest tree at present standing in the groves of Mariposa County is three hundred and twenty-live feet high, and this is the largst out of a small num ber of specimens of a tree found nowhere else, while the Australian lonsts contain many thousands of greater height than this oue of them, the tallest yet measured, being four hundred and seventy-one feet from the ground to the summit. The diameter at the base of this enormous plant is eighty- one feet, so that, should it ever be cut down a squadron of cavalry might go through its evolutions on the stump, in place of the modest quadrille which it lias given so much pleasure to the Californians to dance upon the truncated fragment of one of their sequoias. As in California the largest of the Australian trees are no longer standing, and a prostrate trunk has been found which measured four hundred and thirty-live feet from the roots to the place where the upper portion had been broken off by the fall. The broken tip had disappeared, but as the diameter of the trunk at the point of frac ture was three feet, it is estimated, with great probability, that this indicates an ad ditional length, for the pel feet tree, of at least seventy feet, making the whole height of the plant more than live hundred feet. The Interior Department. CHICKEN POT-PI K. Use a fowl weighing four or five pounds; remove all the feathers, singe off the hairs and wipe it clean with a wet towel; draw the bird without breaking the intestines, acut it in pieces about two inches square, put it into a saucepan with a half a pound of fat salt pork chopped fine, a salt-spoonful of pepper, two tea-spoonfuls of salt, and enough boiling water to cover it; place the saucepan over the fire where the chicken will cook gently until it is tender; when the chicken begins to grow tender put over it a crust made as follows, cover the sauce pan closely, and let its contents boil twenty five minutes. Then serve the pot-pie hot. POT-PIE CRUST. Sift together one pound of flour, one tea spoonful of salt and two heaping tcaspoon fuls of any good baking-powder; when the pot-pie is ready for the crust, quickly wet the flour with enough eold water or milk to make a soft dough, about the consistency of biscuit dough, and use it as directed in the receipt for chicken pot-pie. Skeleton of a Missing Sister Found A special from San Antonio, Texas, re lates that fifteen days ago Sister Clemens, of the Order of Divine Providence, mysteri ously disappeared from New Braunsfels, where the Society has its educational insti tution. At first it was thought she had gone to San Antonio or Austin, but inquir ies failed to reveal her whereabouts to be there. Gus Pheifter of New Braunsfel found a skeleton in the mountains eight miles away from that town. Examination proved it to be that of the missing Sister. She was a German and had been only one year in this country. It is suggested that she grew homesick, but it is arule of the Society that Lno Sister can go alone on the streets or high ways. Disclosures of abduction and mur der are expepted. Pints and Quartz. A recent Californian paper contains a let ter from Frederick Lichtenberger, M. D., who states that a companion named Earnest Fluchterapiegel, while prospecting for gold in the neighborhood of Frazer River, fouud some "geodes," which are masses of quartz -containing half a pint of fluid called the "water of crystallization," which was drunk by the unfortunate man, with a Jesting re mark, and soon after he complained of great weight and pain in his stomach and bow els. In a short time he died, and his body instantly became rigid, and in a few hours petrifaction took place, Hie whole body, flesh, blood, heart, liver, intestiiiGs, etc., be coming stone. Thus by drinking half a pjnti the poor fellow became quartz. Ex-Policeman Coburn Killed by Falling Down Stairs. Thomas C. Coburn, who had been a police officer since March 10, 1S80, but who was dismissed from the force two weeks ago, fell down stairs at No. 1022 Mission street, San Francisco, Cah, where he had been rooming and waa killed. The landlady, Nellie Mockler, heard him enter about two o'clock and a short while after heard the fall. On opening the door she fouud him at the foot of the stairs. He was uncon scious and bleeding from the ears and nose. He remained insensible until five o'clock, when he died, medical assistance proving useless. Coburn was a native of Ireland, 38 years old and unmarried. Death of Litta, Miss Maria Vaneslauer, known to the musical world asMdle Marie Litta, died at her home in Bloomington on July 7th. She was horn in Bloomington, June 1, 18oG, ed ucated in Europe and has sung in opera aud oonoerts'in-all the principal cities of America, London, and Paris. She was taken slok on a ooncert tour and brought home foHr weeks ago. The fatal disease was cerebro spinal menengitis, superin duced by over exertion. Foreign Army and Navy News. A bill has been introduced into, the House of Lords an 1 is raphjly passing through that chamber, which in the opin ion of Airairai, Sir John llay and some cither, members revives flogging in the navy. Much sensation ha3 been caused, iu Br- I THE PAOiriC Qfommtraal bbcrliscr PUBLISHED AT Honolulu, Hawaiian I b1iiiii1 e. Hatoa of f'HCe rin,urL(l in .Ncnrt'il (i l.inef, ( If incli) 12 Lint-s, fone incli? 2 Line. (lro iiu'lif"). . .. 38 Linrs. (three lo. ) S Lines, (four do.) Quarter Column Tliir.l Column Half Column Whole Coluar.n AdvcrllHln e- 1 1 in 'i in. S 111 . 1 III. tl 00 J j u(i f ;i no film J (Uid 1 ro .1 (Hi 4 (in & or, h ( (I t 00 4 no h 00 ; w 10 on 3 0(1 5 X 7 Ml In Of) 16 0(j 4 1(0 A 00 In 0(1 1ft ou 3D ( u n W) 10 (10 14 CO 1H o ill! ( 0 8 00, 12 00 1H 00 '11 () :(, (,,, 12 00 'JO Oil 24 00 ?0 00 40 (HI 18 00)30 00 45 00 76 00 100 Ou 17" AdTfrtiser raiding in the Fnntrrn rmt-d Hntf. i tr pay for their ranis tr rnrlosing Gn-eritiarLn or friilcd sit. Pnstare Stamp for urh amount ai thry wUh to par and th r can! will t- iimrnrd at per above table, for the time paid f r XT Buinei Cards, whro ratrain roa a TrK. mi aliowr.l a tirniint frnm these ratee, which are fur transit 1.1 adofrtinrment when paid or charged quarterly. Single copies of the A Dvn-" n. Tin Cents s alien t liHrt I Fifteen Cents; by the dozen. Hollar. liu by the arrest of ex-Captain Henseh, charged, it Is said, with high treason in be traying to I he French and other Govern mentsthe plans of German fortifications. The affair is said tobeconuected with Polish revolutionist ideas and four Poles have been arrested in Dresden lit eonnectlon with the same charge, among them lu iiu: the celebrated author Kraszeyskl. The following is from the Aimy and N iv (iiizette : " We have repeatedly stated it as him opinion that very few indeed of the int Ti luin steamers on the Admiralty list are Mitlicieiitl y well built to warrant their being used km unxili nry cruisers in time of war, and we further culled attention to the great risk run by several regi ments during their passage to Egypt, tm in;.' to the actual uuseaworthin ess of the shipH hired tu act as transports by tho Admiralty. In the-,-opinions wo are now entirely confirmed by the evidence given in an arbitration case u hich is being heard. Betsey and He Are Out- In Sumter county, Georgia, above Gallatin, has lived for many years a family, consisting of man and wife, namod Caldwell. Tho couple hnd lived together until each was beginniug to totter on tho verge of the grave. Thej' owned two farms and other property. Recently, for seine cause not known, the wife expressed a wish fur a separation from her husband. The persuasive powers of her friends were of no avail. Slu threatened to appeal to tho law. When this fact was communicated to the husband, who has nu economic turn of mind, ho suggested that the costs of n lawsuit might be obviated by a mutual agreement. Tho suggestion met tho approba tion of the wife, and the work of dividing things was at onco begun. The husband allowed he i to chooso tho farm of her choice, which she did, taking the best one. Then followed nn equal division of the horses, tho cows, the calves, the mules, the furniture, tho bedding and the entire household and farmhold effects, including tho two yellow dogs and a pussy cat. ARailroad Through the Park. Articles of incorporation of the Talk and Ocean Railroad Company, to construct niul maintain a single nnd double track railway forti miles in length, have been filed in Kan Fran cisco, iho proposed route of the roml is as fol lows : Commencing at tho intersection of Stanynn and Haight streets, thence alone, Stanyan to Waller ; thence curving to the riyht with a radius of 47S feet to a point within thirty feet of tho north line of H street ; thence on a reverse curve with a radius of 0"' feet to II street ; thence along H street to the vicinity of the Great Highway ; thenco curving northerly aud crossing tho Golden Gato Park to Forty ninth avenue ; thenco along Forty-ninth avenue to a point on private property lying between the northern boundary of Golden Gato Pink nnd It street. Tho capital is $250,000. The Directum aro George Crocker, Timothy Hopkins, Ariel Lathrop, Charles E. Green and .1. L.Witteul. A Parisian Beggar. A gentleman iu Paris, who was in the lmbit of bestowing five sous daily upon a blind beggar, by mistake one day guvo hiin a Napoleon. ,(. terward, discovering the error, lie bunted up the beggar's residence, and called to recover his gold piece. A tidy maid opened the door of a comfortably furnished suite of apartments, Monsieur was requested to take a scat, and in u minute or two the beggar made his appearance, neatly dressed and with faultless shirt front. The object of tho visit was staled. "My clerk is just making up the day's account," ho ob served ; "if a Napoleon has been found iu th box it shall bo restored to you." The piece ol gold was found, and the beggar handed it back to his visitor. As the latter was retiring, the beggar called out to hira : " I beg your pardon, sir, but 3ou have forgotten to give tno the halt penny out of it." a Mammoth Nugget. W. A. Skidmore, who has just tretnrried from Sierra county, reports that a remarkable rich quartz boulder, weighing 1C0 ponnds, was by dranlicked out of tho bank of tho Nevada Hy draulic Compnuy, at Gibsonville, last week The boulder was smoothly washed, having the appearauce of being ground in a pot-hole. lis volue is about $'2,500, and nearly all of it is suit able for quartz jewelry. Tho estinintw of the $2,500 is made on the baRi of a fineness of eold of f00, at $ 18 per ounce ; but this class of gojd commands $25 per ounce when used for cuttine; by lapidaries. Tho value is computed by th specific gravity of the rock. War and Education. France spends $5 for war every time kIk spends 35 cents for education. That is a great deal worse than Prussia, where $5 40 is for war against $1 20 for education. But little Switzer land makes the best showing among European powers, where $ 4 81 is expended for the public defense against $1 16 for educating tho people. Russia is worse than France, tho figures being 0 cents for education to $5 08 for war, and m other nation stands in as unenviable a light. No wonder that absolutism can bo sustained u Russia, Oleomargarine. A gentleman who is interested in the manufac ture of that filthy compound called oleomarga rine, approached the editor of a paper and said, in an aggrieved tone : " I wish you would let up in your attacks upon oleomargarine. You ate injuring my trade and taking the bread out ot my children's mouths." "My dear sir" re plied the editor, " if you grease their bread with tho disgusting stuff you sell to others, the sooner it is taken out of their mouths tho better, ' Th--bull butter man said nothing more, as he walked away v ith a saddened countenance. Cigar Ends. Theie ave in Switzerland ninttM associations promoted for the purpose c4 collecting the dis carded ends of cigars, seUing them, and apply ing the proceeds to charitable purposes. An official report recently published shows that for twelve months'- operations these associations can show a net profit of 3J.320 francs, with which. 1,720. poor children were provided with clothing.