Newspaper Page Text
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, SEPTEMBER 1, 1883.
THE PACIFIC Commercial Jl&bertiscr. Tl. -x:i:iuiari'.c of tr.Lt vacancy (The At tor re v ;.-ii-.rar j"t mo-t be due to one of two en:-' V.'.tU r tl.i re no one i" the Kingdom firt'.il f-T ti.. i Uc which i nwnt. or there n no on- of thoe who are fit for the j.lace, who will rc.r,t it nnd':r rxi.-t:n r ircum-tance. It might har.l to ,a't thirJ c.u,idrtion. vi : That 'he l U'C- p'".""1- 11" unoccupied in or-1. r to stren.'tl.oii 'he hand-, mu-l increase the po-ver ar:d t atroi.a-- of the Fi'ar O-factotuni cf thi-i r!n, at any r.,t t the tin a :-';. aud exfceu t:v? eflicier.cy of the country." W quote the above from our Wednesday conretniorary an-l we must express a strong feelin? of sjurpri.-f at such remarks, which are bast-.l on the fact that Mr. Gibson, Min ister of Foreign Affair-, lias held the office cf Attorney General for I ttle over three month.-. Mr. II. A. I. t arter, whiM Mini-ter of tho Interior, wa- appointed Jan. 17th, 1"",1 tli Attorney General of the Kingdom. Jle fctyh- Jilm-ielf Attorney ffnral ml hif'rlm, lu: according to his romini ion he wa Attorney General in fut. inasmuch as his predecessor in otllce. Mr. Arm-tron, had rc-ined the portfolio, and Mr. Carter heM the same until Nov. "tli, iv-il, thus holding the office nine months and eighteen day a. Now. was the continuance of the Viicmcy in the Attorney Generalship at that time due to the fact that there was no one in the King 1 m fitted for the place ? Or that there was no one of those, who were fit for the place, who would accept it in the th'ii exiitins circu:n-t:inc--s ? This can hardly be. At that time, according to the opinion- of onr contemMrary "good gov ernment" prevailed. The representatives of our c .ntcmporary' respectability were then in power. One or two political rever ends, who are now occasionally engaged in frly political diatribes, were then content and silent. The country then stoo l that sort of thing nearly a whole year without a murmur. Thf re might have been a whis per of unt on-titution-ility on the part of an eminent Judg? since d-part -d, because the then Attorney General ml interim had taken him to task in tho form of an official and public protest, because he had ac quitted in the evasion of a party-convicted of bribery; but other judical authorities and the various newspaper clerical and offi cial opinions prevailing at that time, had not a word to say about th-impropriety of an ml interim arrangement. It will be !aid that it was understood that Mr. Carter held the office till his friend Mr. Armstrong returned from his tour around the world, and that Mr. Armstrong, when re-appointed Attorney General, intended to return the compliment to Mr. Carter, by holding for him the position of Minister of the Interior ml interim until his friend's return from a diplomatic tour in Europe, but, as it turned out, he could not hold cither place, cither for himself or for his friend. Now, what is curious and calculated to awaken a considerable feeling of surprise throughout the community is tint the same parties and the same influences that could ncquiese so quietly only a little over a year ago in a couple of gentleman, holding reci procally and for mutual accommodation and for a very long period, inch one a dual incumbency of office to tlie detriment, ac cording to our contemirary's opinion, of th interests of the Kingdom, and yet he and they and the present opposition party had not a word to say respecting the mat ter about which they now howl. As our contemporary remarks, it is noupense to sup pose or to say that there were not several per sons well qualified to fill the position of an Attornjy-General, as it would havo been nonsense to suppose or to say at the time, that Attoruey-Gener-d Armstrong held the Iosition of Minister of the Interior, that there were not a number of well qualified and well disposed gentlemen at that time to un dertake the duties of the latter office. There was Mr. Atkinson, and Mr. Mist, both ready to hive undertaken the burthens an d duties of the jKsition; but it was not done and the public have not been favorl with the rea son why a gentleman at that time held more than one office when there were plen ty of his friends ready to relieve him of his extra burden. And so it may be that we cannot get at all the reasons of State, why a gentleman may at this time hold more thtn one on.? but no one will doubt that the present incumbent of two ministerial offices, is as well qualified for the double duty, as cither of the two preceding dual office holders. Servant's Characters- The disCUs3ion of the labor question on j Kauai, or more especially the regulation of the conditions of employment or discharge of plantation laborers, directs attention to the subject of domestic service, especially in this city. Fidelity and iermanence of service are disiderata in domestic aflairs anywhere, but especially in this communi ty owing to the fact of our having a variety of people for service, of JifH rent habits and tongues, and among whom it is a rare thing to secure anything like fidelity or perma nence of service. Hut the lack of these es sential qualities in the domestic is largely owing to the carelessness or indifference of employers in respect to the character of an employee. If a Chinaman, Portuguese, or individual of any other nationality makes an application to perform duty, as cook, yard boy or hostler, no questions aro asked, but a glance is taken at the evidence of strength of arm id probable expression of good nature. Then the applicant is engaged on the spot, whereas if a little precaution was exercised, and some kind of reference was required the domestic tramp would not be so ready to come and go. Your servant hears that a neighbor of yours will give half a dollar more, and he leaves without half an hour's warning; or he takes exception to trivial matters, gets up a certain "huhu" and leaves you in the midst of an unfinish ed Job. Almost every housekeeper in this community has been provoked and serious ly annoyed by experiences of this kind. Now a little concert of action might correct this matter. We have recently ben get ting up a 'Humane Society" and have many other societies for excellent purposes, and now we think there i a good time for the organization of something like a do mestic service protection society one that aims to protect equally the interests of the employer and the employee; s j that an un scrupulous employer cannot dismiss, with out some proper warning, a roasonably fair working domestic; nor an unscrupulous do- mestic be able to break an engagement and leave a reasonably fair etuptoyer in the lurch without incurring serus damage to his character, or the loss of that character without which he could uot readily get another euiploynient. "The Survival of the Fittest " Now that every method of procuring a livelihood by business, commerce and agri culture has become a sort of science, and there are so many competitors in e very held of enterprise, it is sometimes profitable to note what kind of men and what sort of ac- iinn win nrosneritv and success. The .world is progressive, and those who fail to advance with the general development of things will certainly fall behind in the great race after fortune. A man, who would now undertake to ignore or ridicule the im proved processes, new inventions and lib eral tone of thought, which have been brought before the public and very gener ally adopted among the most enlightened people during the last quarter of a century, would in turn be ignored or laughed at by the ever-progressing world. Of all classes of men engaged in industrial enterprise there are none more important than agri culturists. And it is among those engaged in that industry that we may everywhere find strikiug illustrations of the different results, which progressive and non-progressive in dividual attain. In Hawaii ex amples of this kind are not wanting. The planter who suce-eds, and the planter who half-succeeds, or entirely fails, are in real ity only giving us results, which show the degree of their progressive nes-. The enter prising and thrifty planter, who wins in the race always, is devoted entirely to his business and all that most Immediately concerns It. He masters all the details of cane culture; he carefully examines many works and studies over and over every question of agriculture,so that he may keep pace with the whole world in the business lie has undertaken. He wastes no time "wool gathering in the clouds." He does not let any caprices of petty hatred, vanity or milk-and-water sentiment occupy him for a moment. On the other hand the planter that falls behind in the race is sat isfied to let everything about his premises run about as he first found them. When he bears of a new improvement, when he is advi .d to modify his methods of cultiva tion or plant a new variety of cane be listens to no reasons, but declares that what he has is gool enough, denouncing those who propose an improvement as selfish in novators. This kind of a planter, like a similar man engaged in any other imploy meut. is usually careless and more or less inattentive to business. He is not striving sufficiently hard to increase his income in the path he has chosen. He does not con centrate Ids efforts, but is dabbling in vari ous ventures, with which he is only slightly acquainted. Now, perhaps he is endeavor ing to fly a big kite in the political arena Which is a term incognita to him; and again he is gratifying a personal whim of like or dislike to the prejudice of his proper interests, and wasting time in intrigue which he should devote to bis industry. Thus the law of the survival of the fittest is clearly demonstrated in all business mat ters. It is worth while for all to study how to be fit to survive;for in the business world those alone survive who attain success. The Labor Question In another column we publish an account of a meeting held ou Kauai to consult to gether on the labor question. This is a question which, in the interests of thecoun Uy, can never be too fully ventilated or dis cussed, and no persons are more competent to give an opinion ou the sulgect than are planters themselves, whose practical exper ience enables them to understand clearly and fully what existing deficiencies there may be in the present system of introduc ing labor and in the engagement or dis charge of the laborers. The Kauai planters intend to recommend the Planters' Labor and .Supply Company to initiate a system by which certificates of discharge can b? given to every discharged laborer. This will, if carried out, and we see no reason why it should not be success fully carried out, remove all risks of run away men being shipped on other planta tions, and receiviug an advance to which they are not entitled, to the great loss and annoyance of all the parties concerned. Each laborer's certificate will also include a statement of his character as a laborer so that the planters will know whether they are shipping a good or an inferior work man. Probably the chief difficulty with which the Kauai Association will have to battle at its outset will be the regula tion of tho rate of wages for day labor ers, but if thoy remain firm i" their in tentions and are supported as they should be by every planter in the King dom, they will eventually be victori ous. At the present time the rates of wages vary on the different plantations, and we have even known it to be the case among planters who are growing cane for the same mill, where, if a man finds himself to be short of labor, he will ofTer a higher wage than his neighbor and without his knowl edge. It would be a bad thing for the country if the laborer became its master and by unanimity of action, and unanimity alone, can a state of the labor market, satis factory to everybody, be brought about. The planter on Hawaii and Maui would do well to follow in the footsteps of their brethren on Kauai in laying aside any per sonal feelings they may have and working in this common cause for their common good; and the Planters Labor aud Supply Association in Honolulu would do well to listen to and support the opinions of the smaller associations whose practical expe rience enables them to speak on the labor question with certain accuracy as to their requirements. Frequent Foreign Jf ail. Next to a cable the greatest possible ser vant of our news loving publio is the lines of steamers between foreign ports and Ho nolulu, which have already been, or are about to be established. When the sister vessel of the Mariposa the Alameda is finished, and assumes her place in the O. S. S. Co.'s line we will have on the average at least one arrival of a steamship every week. This Hill poqnect our islands more closely with the world abroad- Foreign news arriving frequently and regularly and in a "fresh condition," as fruit shippers say, will be the more acceptable to our readers. Our list of exchanges is so complete that we shall be able to publish all important news from ev ery quarter of tho globe, and especial pains will hereafter be taken to afford our readera a carefully compiled account of all impor tant foreign events, upon the arrival of each steamship from abroad. About the first of January next still another new steamship line, touching at llonolulu and running between Sail Fran cisco aud Tahiti, is to be established. This will still farther facilitate the frequent ar rival of foreign mails and promote newspa per enterprise la this city, Polynesian Annexations. There is at present a very animated dis cussion in the colonial newspapers just re ceived.conceruing the proposed annexation of the New Hebrides islauds by France. There seems to be a rivalry between Eng land, or English interests as represented in her colonial subjects.and the French power in the Pacific. The annexation of New Guinea some time ago by the dariug action of Queensland seems to have aroused popu lar enthusiasm on the subject, aud, it is said, that the sentiment of the public in Victoria, New South Wales and Queens land for extending a protectorate over the hitherto unoccupied islands of the Pacific, or annexing them, is so strong and uni versal that it will go far towards overcom ing the disinclination of the Gladstone Government to the "farther extension of Empire." But while a movement favoring annexation is on foot among the British colonial subjects in Australia, the author ities and people of New Caledonia under French dominion, have instituted a vigor ous practical movement in favor of the an nexation of the New Hebrides to Fiance. For some time past this project has been a matter of favorable consideration by that settlement, but lately a commission has been appointed. which, has sub mitted a report, earnestly aud forcibly urg ing the annexation of the group. The commission bases their recommendations ujon the somewhat selfish assumption that it is necessary for the colony to possess the New Hebrides as an unfailing source of la bor supply, and assumes that in case of an nexation all foreign countries would be ex cluded from recruiting their labor supplies from these islands. But the accomplish ment of this result is very strenuously op posed by the British colonists, who declare that not only their interests, but those of all countries that may have any need for future supplies of labor, and also the inter ests of humanity ought to demand that the French scheme of annexation be defeated. It is alleged that if the islands in question fall under the yoke of France other foreign influence both social and commercial will be entirely banished, penal settlements es tablished there and the natives themselves reduced to an injurious subjection. Whether or not this would be the case, it centainly seems strange and wrong to us for any foreign power to seize and ap propriate the New Hebrides without the consent of the inhabitants thereof. Maby laborers have from time to time been brought to the Hawaiian Kingdom from the New Hebrides to work on our planta tions and more may be needed here in the future; so that our interests, as well as the Inalienable right of the islanders to choose their own masters,alike oppose all arbitrary annexation movements on the part of any foreign government whatsoever. The opposition press are doing, we think. considerable dis-service 'o Mr. Preston, late Attoniev-General, by fre iuent mntioa of his name i.i connection with incorrect statements in relation to the G ovenun jut. The following are s n? of tluisj misstate ments: I. An alleged interview with Mr. Preston is published, in which he is reporte 1 to have said, that he was not consulted by the Board of Health about the Madras alfiir until subseqent to his resignation. Now we have interviewed the late Secretary of the Board, who states positively that he pointed out to Mr. Preston all the regula tions of the Board, (including the one of 1S0SJ, and this he did on more than one oc casion during early proceeding in the Ma dras case, and long before Mr. Preston's resiiruation: .nl furthermore we are au thoritatively informed that the President of the Board of Health frequently consulted Mr. Preston in respect to the matter,during the latter's incumbency of the officii of Attorney-General; and we think that his ad vice was proper and judicious at the time. 2. Reference is made to the "armed force" or mounted police business as an il lustration of Ministerial blundering aud mismanagement since the resignation of Mr. Preston. This "armed force and con tingent fund'' originated with Mr. Preston, and tho appropriation fordt was placed iu his department of Attoruey-GiMieral. An 1 during the period that he held office he had drawn on this account the sum of $12, 3o3 93, which were expended in Honolulu "in direct opposition to the act of the Leg islation," according to the opinion of the opposition journals now friendly to Mr. Preston. Furthermore, much critical com ment is made in reference to a form of con tract, and oath in connection with the ser vice of the mounted police. The form of oath is almost verbatim that usd in the engage ment of a mounted c mstabjl try of the British Empire. And as regards the con tract, some kind of form was deemed neessary rather than to have men engaged without any contract whatever, as was th. case during the late Attorney-Ujaeral's in cumbency of office. 3 Fault is found fiom an economic point of view, that the present Att.irney-G j.ieral is drawing more money for the pay of depu ties than the whole emoluments of the of fice. Now this is not true, as the bojks and vouchers of the office will show; where as during the period that Mr. Pre-ton held office he drew the whole. amo.int of salary for Attcrqey-Qeneral, which was properly his due, and at the same time drew from the incidentals of the office S-Y33 more to pay for the employment of deputies to do the Attorney-General's work. These are a portion of the misstatements ou this subject presented by the opposition press, and not all. But we will stop here for the present. . We regret such a discussion, aud we are satisfied that there is not a member of His Majesty's Government who wishes to say, or authorize to be said, iu any critical sense, anything in relation to any lato oolleague. They wish to respect former associations and be silent; but when journals, claiming vociferously to be eminent organs of public opinion, will thrust before the public the names of gentlemen lately cmiiictel with the Government, in a way that is dispara ging and even insulting to gentlemen in of fice, we deem it our duty as journ iiists aud chroniclers of correct public information to place the facts before our readers, and if any gentleman desiring peace and to be let alone in his business is hurt or annoyed by the discussion, he will know who are the originates of it, and can silence the mis chievous misstatements iu respect tq h7m self, which provoke controversy. Qcu Wednesday contemporary in his last issue has seven editorial artiolos, in every one of which there Is a misstatement or an untruth. This is one: He says that the Auditor-General has accepted a position on the Board of Health. To is is not true; but he has accepted a position on the Board of Education, the accounts of which Board do not come before him as Auditor-General aud therefore he nny very properly sit on th3t Board. HIIAKA. A Hawaiian Legend by a Hawaiian Na tive. A Legend of the Gaidess Pela, Her Lover Lohiau and her Sister Hii akaikapoliopele. Continued from last week- Hiiaka when starting from the volcano chants another Kau. ' I am standing up to go Turning the faca toward Kalahiki Etc., etc. They went by way of Ililo.Hamakua aud Kohala. On the way down to Olaa they met a woman called Wahiueomao, at Pun enaeua, below the Koa forest. This woman was leading a hog which she was taking to the volcano for Pele, being one of the lat ter's Kahus or devotees. After the usual "aloha" had been passed between them, Wahineomao asked Hiiaka and her com panion Pauopalae, whither they were bound and on their telling her they were going ou a long journey, she exclaimed, "why that is just what I have always want ed to do, but I have heretofore never met anyone who was goiug on a journey. If it wasn't for this hog belonging to my god dess, I would go with you." lliia.ia asKed her wii iter g 1 less was. aa 1 t : I t was Peie. Sue then toid vVahineomao to hurry on to the crater and give Pele her hog aud theu return, as she would be sure to find her on the road. Wahineomao done as she was told, aud she travelled fast to the crater where she left the hog and swift ly retracing her steps, found that Hiiaka and her companion were but a short dis tance from where she had left them. Hiiaka observed to tier ''ah, here you are." She answered, "yes here I am. I never trav elled so fast iu all my life. The rate at which I travelled was wouderful. If I had corneas fast on my way up from Hilo be fore we met, I should have been home loug before this." She did not kuow, it was the supernatural power of Hiiaka that had aided her on, neither did she dream that the stranger was a goddess. Hiiaka had taken a fancy for this woman and wished her for a t'rieud and compauiou. They continued on their way according to the ordinary speed of humanity, and towards evening arrived at Mahinaakaaka. Here they slept in te wools, .ml a bird by the name of Puuaaiko ie who could also take human form at will, fell iu love with Hiiaka and endeavored to steal a kiss whilst she was asleep, but the goddess kite what he was about, ami when he h id aooroacu ed very near, she diaute I a song waerein she describes his actions with derision. The poor bird was so mortified that he hung himself iu the f ork of a lehui branch, and so, strangled himself. Just after mi laigai the , trty o itinaed on tueir way till tiiey came to tvj i .v.iere the road branched, one Or me. i lealai through Pauaevva the large .orest s u.i of the town ot Hilo, and tlie other iealing down to Puna and away around the Panae wa forest to Hilo. Here WaUine .n 10 told her friends that thy safe road wastha. lead ing to Puna, and the one tlirougli Pune wa was the "road to death." Hiiaka took this road as a testof Wahiue o.nao's fidelity, and she was perfectly satisfied. The wo man having cast her lot with theirs, me mt to share waatever fortune the future had iu store for them. When they arrived at the entrance to the forest of Pauaewa, two demons Koiiaflowa and Kuiviiiukukui (st in ling torches), ser vants ot Panaewa, the great demon of the forest of that ua ue, wno had been cooking kalo and luau for their master, saw them ami had a dispute about Hiiaka. Puaokoaia picked up tlie luau an 1 a kalo and ran in haste to Panaewa aud pre senting the food to his chief said "eat, it may be a day of death.' Hiiaka is coming the favorite sister of Pele." Tlie other de mon denied this aud said, "my compauiou is mistake . We saw three women who are only ordinary mortals, aud who will make tempting morsels for my lord's sup per." But the first demon insisted on one of them being Hiiaka, "that beloved little sis ter Pele carried around her neck when we all came from Kihiki." "Eat my lord, aud be strengthened for battle, for this may prove the day of death." Panaowa ate what he had brought and sent word to all the lesser demons of the forest to cut their heads off and let their blood out 'on the path of Hiiaka to drown her aud her companions. The order was quietly obeyed and the travellers found blood knee tleep at Paulapalapa, when Iiiaka chanted a Kau, in which she makes fiiendly advances to Panaewa, but the lat ter would not listeq, and more blood was let out, till it reached their necks, when Wahineomao turned to her friend and said, "now we will have to die. I told yo i this is the road of death." For answer, Hiiaka chanted another Kau. This time an invo cation to Pele. The latter called on her heaven,The-twiu-chief,The-flash-of-heav-en, an 1 The kays-oT-heaveu, to look out and protect their young sister. Immedi ately the thunder crashed, lightning flash ed, and rain fell in torrents, when de:nons, blood and all were washed away into the sea, and there devoured by the shark forms of these dread brothers of Pele. The travelers continued ou their way. At Puainakobeyoud Paieire.five handras;ii- men passed them on their way to I.'lfe 4iy. These women were going down aft Vfj sh, as a rumor had reached them of .'large haul of bonitoat that place. These women were followed by an old woman who was in hopes of getting some of the fish that might be given to them. . Wahineomao broke out i:it expressions J of admiration at the sight of the hands ne woman, but Hiiaka told her they were u t ordinary womeu but witches fro n Paliuli. The witches knowing they were befng discussed, traveled, so. fast th it th old wo man was soon left behind, who:i she joined Hiiaka's company, d on after they net a man returning from Hilo loaded with fish aud Hiiaka asked if he couldn't sp ire them some, to which he quickly auswerdd " why not, when I have so much ?" and he gave them four. All these were given to the old woman by the goddess ou ou litioa that she ate one whole fish there and then, throwing away or leaviug no edible portion. This she did, and was further cautioned to do the same when she ate the remaiuing fish and was sent back rejoicing. This was one of Hiiaka's kanawais aud all her de votees were supposed to always do so. At Kauokoi they tqet sonpa young girls going after Iehiia blossonjs for stringing in to leis and the goddess chanted a Kau de scribing their occupation. By this time Wahineomao had become aware of the supernatural character of her companions, but she was a model friend and asked no embarrasssing questions. At Ohele, in Walakea, a young woman called Papaunioleke called them aud invit ed-them to go to her house aud eat. She also asked to be allowed to become an ai kuue to Hiiaka that is a privileged friend The latter consented and when Papauniole ke heard they were going on a long jour ney, she said would go too, and running to the sea beach she called her fatiier who was fishing for Uhus, to bring some for the strangers. On leaving the house to go on this errand, she had told her company what she was going for, and Hiiaka had said, "your father as yet has uot caught any fish." .Whereupon the girl had proudly answered " he has fish. My father is the greatest fisherman on this coast aud never fails to obtain a great many," Hiika said, "that may be on his lucky days, but to day he has u..ne but the decoy fish which he took with liim this morning." Sure enough, when the father returned to shore there were no fish and the decoy fish had to be used to furnish a meil for the guests. But when everything was ready, Hiiaka and Pauopalae dec ined to eat, but ordered Wahineomao to do so. Hiiaka watched her when eating and saw tnatsheate the whole fish up, aud sue was more pleased than ev er with this friend, who, she wasconviuced was entirely devote 1 to it m For A'aUiue omao had ooserved il.t i.ia's o n .nan Is to the old woman to eat tue llsii all up, and without asking (lie reason n id applied the command to herself. When they had sufficiently rested, they confined on their way accompanied by Pa panuioleke, but when they came near Wai olama, they were met by a crazy man called Paikaka, who attempted to bar the way to them by running back and forward across the road iu a frantic maimer, making threat ening gestures. This so frightened Papa unioleke that she ran back to Ohele, her home, where she no sooner arrived than she was turned into stone for forsaking Hii aka and breaking her promise. As for tho crazy man, Paikaka, he was also turned in to stone on tue beacu to the east of the Waiolama stream, and there he lies to this day. The saiivly beac.i is now known as "ke tHie o Paikaka." This is just iu front of the late Princess ltuth's house iu Hilo bay. At Waiolama, all tne wicked spirits in habiting that stream, k iotvmg Hiiaka's nature, undertook to destroy tier, hut w.th one wave of her pau they were swallowed up entire in its folds and the travelers con tinued on their way. Wnen they came to Punihoa they saw a large crowd on the beach watcuiug a grl, also caded Puuahoa, a beauty and the daughter ot" the chief of the place, at surf riding. I'ney were admiring her as she was the best suri'-rider of the bty and tile people Wei'e lo.i 1 i.i praise of lier sSill. Hiiak i a ied some of tue pe ipie the rea son of sue. i i crowd and was toid they were admiring t ne feats uf the young lady ou tue surf-board. Tu .nisciiievious goddess sud "Oh, she does' ut understand surf-riding; she gets dra vn u i l.r." At that, all those Who coal I near iier, iu ligututly protested, such a thiug hid never aappeud to Puna- hoa and never could, li lt iluaka irritated them by looking iucre lulus an I saying, "wait aud see." As Punahoa ro le iu on a wave at that moment, tiiey all crie I, " you see." But just as she h id got n ilf-way from the starting place aud the shore, she lost her balance, was drawn uu der aud turned over to plain view of the crowd, to her great mortification. When the naughty go Idess had witnessed the discomhture of the lorul belle, she con tinued on her way wu.i lier companions, and was shortly .after met by Piihouua, a chief of the district of mat name, who la mented his inability to offer refreshment to the strangers as he had lost all his propery at the game of Puheneheiie to Puueo, the rival chief on tlie opposite nan kot tlie Wai luku stream. to be cuxtisuku. I WHAT fJSOPvii SAY. We iuvite expreiMiiin.sot upiuioiifro.il tue public upon ll subjects ot geuprul interest lor insertiou uuJer tn-s Uesd of the A.i)VKnrisK.t. Snoli coiuiuuuicatiou . shoo.l t be authenticate 1 by the name of the writer as a (?ut- rautee of goo.l faith, but uot necessarily for puLilioal tion. Our object in to oiler the fullest opportunity for a variety of popular discussion ami inquiry. We are not to be uu.leratooj as necessarily endowing the views set forth in coin auuicauoii pubiuheu unler this head. To all inquirers we shall endeavor to furnish inform tion of the most complete character ou any subject In which they m-iy be nter..st.).l. I Our Preseat Government- Mb. Editor; Lookiug at matters in the cap ital eity fivi.u a distance of oue hundred miles we are at a loss to kuow from whence arises all this growliu ' aud war of words which come wafted across the deep blae sea which divides Oahu from the garden island. There appears to be a party in Honolulu who wish to have the government of this country conducted ou the lines of a commercial or joint stock company, aud not us an independent mon archy, recognized, supported, protected aud honored by the entire family of nations. The writer has traveled over ranch of the civ ilized world and no where has he found the free dom, the prosperity, the real independence aud the security to life and property which he finds in the Hawaiian Kingdom aud under the present government. Even iu the United States and in plaoes con taining double the popnl ition of Honolulu, liv ing to most men of business means almost "war fare" aud a kuockiug out of life iu order to keep it iu, in comparison wrth the easy independence of the Honolulu merchant. All intelligent man iu the Kingdom kuow that it is tha iuteution, .when the proper time arrives, for the American Government to ta.ke oyer this cjantry by iqjaus uf annex itioa, bat in the wean time we must consider that we are living, moving and having our being under a monarch al form of government, and the Premier, as in duty bound, although an American by birth aud education, is conducting the government on' purely nionarckial principles, aud that fact, along with the other, that, he has forgotten more 'points'1 than most of our bigbugt ever learned, or ever will learn, lies at the root of all the growling and fault-finding of the present time, If Tom, and Alataq would devote a little more space in their journals to general news aud less to spleeny artioles it would make their produc tions more interesting to subscribers-. Non-Paetisaic. Kauai, August 2Cth, 18S3. The Hdudward Site f Oahi. Is a charinin; plicj to recover vitality and atrentL wasted away by sedentary labor in this city. On that sidj of tlie island there is always a Htiff fresh 1:vjzj blowing, evrythins is quiet aad the sceuery iu places grand en msu to satisfy peo ple of artistic or romantic tastes. Thd distance across tho island fron Honolulu is not far, and a good horse will readily carry one tin whole dis tance in two hours or a little mirj. Tip rqa.1 tn to the Pali is fins for Horseback riders, but the de scent Qf the Pali is exserVole 4 always must be sa until either a tunnel is made or a huge mass of rocks removed, so that tha descent Will hs more gradual. Owing to tuabold, abrupt appearanoe of tho mountains on the other side of Oahu the scenery is much more grand there than here on the leeward aido. We wonld recommend that transient travelers passing through Honolulu on steamers for foreign ports take a ride up to the top of the Pali while their vessel lays in port. They will always have ample time to do this and he bsautifal via obtainable tiojx the Pali height ia well worth the trip. LATEST FOREIGN NEWS. Insurrection in Spiin A Second Skobe loff A Strange Belief in Egypt More About the Murder of Cirey. Plot Against th? Irish Informers Erup tion of Moun Vesuvius The Hankow Supposed to Have Been Wrecked in Her Voyage from Honolulu. London, Aug. 5. The Annamites have re-occupied the position from which they were recently driven at Namdinn by the French. France demands of China the withdrawal of her troops from the frontier, and intends to made a naval demonstration Lefore Canton. Intelligence is to hand t the effect that Edwurd Ilanlon, of Toronto, has accepted the challenge which was issued by Mr. J. Hunt, of the Oxford Hotel, Sydney, who signified his willingness to back Llias Luy cock, of .Shark Island Sydney, to. row the champion sculler f the world for $1,(M0 a side, over the champion course on the Tar ramatta river. The Canadian is to be al lowed 200 for expenses. It 19 stated that the Government were awure of a pint which was concocted at Dublin to murder all the Irish informers i;i the Phoenix Park murder trials. According to the latest intelligence to hand from Italy, Mount Vesuvius, which burst into a terrible state of eruption after the recenf terrible earthquake at the Island of Ischia, is showing signs of increased ac tivity. The safety of the inhabitants in the viciuity of the mountain is menaced, and much alarm prevails. Baron de Lesseps has denied the state ment that he was willing to concede fur ther and more favorable terms to England in connection with the second Suez Canal scheme. It is feared at Lisbon that the siermshrp Hankow, which was chartered to convey 1,500 Portuguese to Honolulu, has been wrecked on the voyage. The Chinese ironclad Tiugyueii, which was commissioned by the government of China to proceed from Germany to China, in charge of a crew composed of German officers, has been detained for the present. St. Petersburg, Aug. o. Intelligence is to hand from Ekaterinaslar, a town 62D miles south of this city, of an outbreak of anti Jewish feeling, culminating in an attack on the Jews. The military were called out, and were abliged to lire ou the rioters, killing 10 persons and wounding 13 others. London Aug. 7. Intelligence is to hand to the effect that the Chinese forces are closely pressing the French garrisons sta tioned at Namdinu aud Haiphong, iu Ton quin. The French troops in Annam, hav ing been reinforced, are now piepared to attack Hue, the capital of tlie province. It is reported that IJaron Wilde, the German , landowner, was recently shot in the woods near the town of Libau, Government of Courland, llussia, owing to the hostile feeling against German landlords, assisted by Jtussians and Lithuanian peasants. It is stated that Edward O'Dounell, who killed the informer Carey in South Africa, livd with his parents, brothers and t-ustt-rs in Mil waukee for mauy years. Two or three of the family, have died iusauo, and it is said thut O'Dounell at times showed an unbalanced mind. The Luther Festival was, uncording to a Hir lin dispatch, n great success. The historic. d procession traversing the streets at Erfurt Wed nesday afternoon excited much admiration, es pecially the group in which Luther w.is repre sented, surrounded by armed knights. Uodies of singers greeted the profession ut dirlVicnt points along the route. Laycock, the Australian sculler, has is-nic 1 a challenge to II mlau to row a race for the cham pionship of the world on the Par.nn itta (New South Wales) course. The stkt?s are to be 1.000 a side. Madrid, August 14. In cousuipjeuce of the publication of articles attacking th Govern ment aud fomentiug sedition, all Republican journals published in this city have been sup pressed. London, August 11. A bill to preve.it cor rupt practices at elections, introduced by the Government, has pajsed through all its stages in the House of Commons. The Irish Times states tint New South Wales has consented to receive and protect tin; Irish approvers. General Gourko has made several Pan-Slavic speeches iu Poland, which rival General Skobe lofFs celebrated deliverance. Germany and Kussia are both strengthening their forces on the frontiers. Mr. Barry Sullivan, the tragedian, rn.-t with a remarkable ovation at Liverpool. The Egyptians, believing that the English doctors are poisoning the cholera patients, have risen and destroyed the Government ambu lances. A proclamation has been issued to-day de claring the province of Catalonia in a state of siege, and strong forces of troops have been dis patched to the centers of population, in conse quence of the disaffection now prevailing iu the district and the fear of an insurrection. Madrid, August 10. Telegrams from Barce lona report that considerable agitation prevails in that district, in conserputnee of the revolu tionary movement which has lately been mani fested. Fears are entertained that a serrms in surrection is imminent. Some alarm has been created here by the intelligence just to hand that several Carlist emissaries are now in the northern provinces with the object, it is feared, of stimulating the revolutionary feeling in the army. Smoking and Suivkers. . The use of tobacco in thu city is fur more gen eral than might be supposed. The cigar kIkim are well patrqnUed and therJ aro many of them. Smoking may be injurious to some people, but it is certainly a great consoler, aud a friend of mativ who are prone to be irritable. Therefore we would uot attempt to preach total abstinence from the use of the weed, which tends to mitigate Home of the woes which flesh U heir to, but we would cau tion gentlemen, who smoke carelessly and spit slovenly that it is possible to mak.i t!ie habit of indulging in the narcotic offensive aud UUgnting to those, who use itnit.and especially to ladies. On the various a Wantages thtt cm be derived from a cigar we transcribe the following from an American paper: . "Make no mistake, a cigar is a great arUtiator. It helps break the ice, it bridges nvor tho gulf of embarrassment in m.eet;ug unexpected ox undesir able parties, t i . sort oi passport to good fellow- nhip a.nd kin,d treatment. It tid -s over the awk ward first few minutes when yo.i Kit down to a bus iness confab with strangers or men that you are a little shy of, and it fills in the odd m nuents when you are waiting tu sue whioh way the cat will amp, By th. attention which you inunt give your cigar you gain tiuij for deliberation, and it somehow gives you an appearancj of fortitud ; and composure which you don't feel in the least. Why, let two men light cigars an 1 sit down to mike a contract, and I'll guarantee they'll gt?t 5 per cent, better teroi9 each side than if they nervously whistled and drummed on the table between f pells. So, in a business way, I think it is often an advant age to smoke. If I were a newspaper man I should learn. tht ftod, short hand the first thing." Sand)- Urading. " For I am tho way and th.; life, an 1 11C. t!lit, . lievcth on me. tliirih he uvic d.iad, yet hl,aj " live." The pi-eious promise of the ikdenin r '"' full of unbounded liopv? and joful cncouiu o'-'IIK'Ut, ,n ,i.imi. . unuTiiti.li r Ui sjuir uh tiit tl divine doctrine, but every Bn-in; of C.u it txt,,' ses the fullness and depth of unh.jiindud utr Vl" and unwavering faith. Nothing cnld tluw H ' into a melancholy, hopele mood, or draw fr,"" ins unpointed lips one spiteful retort, althouKli v had not when; to lay His h;id " and "" i levil.J Him and iinally subjected Him to :nicitiut, i, is pleasa.'it and strengthening m contemplate xUU aspect of Christ's im n icul it and sublim.. cu-,. Created to fulfill a destiny, of pirital grandeur He never f..r,'or for ir.u insum the compatibility, of His condition. He never failod to contiti,; If, actions strictly within the limits uf the callii, r jj followed, and never sought to pervel t the p',., which His divine character gave Him by invoking vengeance upon those who planned and rhuliv brought about the dttrurtiou of all ttiit iiu.i destroy the weak and erring riVsh. In re. alhii ' our troubles; in thinking of oar enemies. :ij ,1 chance involuntarily remembering home violent and malicious opposition, which we have to m.-. t daily, iu the honest, upright pursuit of every ii,(l,t. object, let us think of the illusf ri.ns -iatnpl ,,f an humble Saviour, ho 1m Is .in guid.is n .,-. This peacful, pleasant Sabbath day is given to us for the beiielit of tho soul. J..t us devot.' it to . u erous forgiveness and fraternal love. It.iiiii; li tomes and rankling hat.- are unworthy of a nun who is wrongfully abused an 1 spit. -fully pmsti ,1 by iu ihnaut, ungenerous fo.-s. Tito comforting thoughts tli.it il.nv fr.iui 1:1 inward foiisciaiwuex of righteous actions, honorable intentions and le gitimate, lofty aspirations hav nothing uf ilim.it uial resentment or venom about them. We can. th.'ii. iiiatfnanim Misly afford to bless our out-mic. and thank Jcsu.s for the example, that enables ns t J rise above thi unhallowed sphere of vicious io crimination and reveu : f.il autaganum. An evil or malicious feeling is its own avenger, its own doviL and creates within the breast that fosters it. a veritable hell. The calumniator, the liar an, tlie tra luecr of gniless heart t only annoy and vili fy themselves. With tnese certain facts iu iniud. let us then resolve to-day to evi r givu a smile fot a frown, a hlcs-dng for a in il 'diciion, and a gener ous ivhuke for a cowardly assault, for by so doing we rise above the level of ignoble souls and Iri niiiph. i;4f-bill lo-da). Tlii.s afternoon at the M-ikiki grounds thoiv will lie a match game of bill b'l.v.ni tlie Ifmol.ilu Club and a nine composed of in i e!i.x m fro u crew of the V. S. S. Pciisaeola. It is of eours.t u u easy to oujeetur.i how th.- gim i will turn out but it is probable that our b iys will find themselves pretty evenly matched, and they inunt 'look to their laurels." 1 lie .members of tho Honolulu Club, will, it is said appear in the new fall uni form which consists of whit'i pants held iu pluir by a blue belt, white shirt trimmed with blue and a blue felt hat. The gam- begins at .'I o'clock p. i. BY AUTHORITY. List of Liconsos Expiring in tho Month of September, 1883. KKT t ll.-OAIIU. 1 l.eu We, Hotel sir t, Honolulu 2 K C Mel Biiilh.s. Null ill htre. i, II mo'.ulu '1 Ixve liroile rs, Nu'ianu sue. t, Honolulu i 1. AliuiiH, Nuuuiiii Htiei t, Honolulu i Akoii;( he.-, g.n , n tit re.'t, Honolulu . lll liou At I'n, Nuuuiiii !..!, Honolulu 6 Woiik .vl mi rMii', Nnuniu trei I, Honolulu r ltailey a' t o, I on nrft l, Honolulu 0 II I, Mel ill) r-- llr oh, .-orui r I'V.rt an I King Btn-eU Honolulu 7 1' licit, Fori fctrei't, Mf.in.lulu H J A I'i-ix, Hotel tr.-.-t, Honolulu 'J M. l.i'uii liio., Niiuaiiu ir. i t, II. uolulu J I' M. Iiii rnv, l orl nl re. t. Honolulu INK Umiiih.-v, Ho ii meet, Honolulu I I Man Sunt,' & (.:.., Nuukiiu street., Iloiiolul i II Ki.m H i n j; I.uiiff t l it. Hotel m reel, ll.tr. ululu -1" Annum, Nuiinuii slre. t, Honolulu I.i i oun suiir K.i', Klnu sir.-, i, llono ul i 17 M J 1. .-, Knitf mr. i t, Honolulu IS Mux I . Wait, loll Kii. it, Hoi.oliilii is Ii iu Yu. I'swua str.-et Honolulu 1:) Hop .-oiiK. Nuuhiiii street, Honolulu 21 Ah ii, Heri tHlilu street, lloiiuluMl Tl A A Montana, l-ort street Honolulu '.'.I Antone Marsliul, li.-retsn u street, Honolulu Hrowu fV Phillips. KiliK street, lluunllllu 2 'i lium Yu, llot.-l BUeet. Honolulu Tail K.e. Honolulu '.".I Yu. u Ri-e 6c V, llolet strett, Honolulu .to Kony Yang kee, Maiiunltoa mr.s t, Honolulu : J T 11 WaterhoiiNe, tiren i-treet, ilorn.lul I HAWAII. 'I V Y A ion a. 1 1 oni.li.ia, Hauiakiia Yi Kwcjub Suu i lion-r C . Mulil, N Kuhal I t l) ilc'Mrl,kaiuiii, Hilo II KreJ Tm-U'-r, Svkioioiiu, Ki.u ' 14 Kai, Hilo 18 I'llii (till. l.lli.iloi.ioe, IHIo l'.l l ooking, Nori Ii Kohala VU Ah I. e, i.a ii.aliotlioc, Hilo 20 Y Aioua, M ai.jo, Haiiiakiia U2 l.eu Clint, Kaiojulii. N Koliala .spree'. -Is .v i ,, I Ukalau, H i!o Tom 1'iu, ililn Mill 1 '1' A aim, l'niu. Makawa.t ID AS( J.vboi ii A. Co, l.aliaiua It Akaiiiukui, Kaiual.in, .Mol.it ul Is Kwoiijj Clioij Chan, KaJmlui IU ' A-i ii . Haiku 1'. You Konit, Wailuku iiJ 11 M West, Waiheu K t f a r. 8 AC'onclii u & Co. K,!.A 20 tl rilMH'lu.il. Wmuu a () Ah I lioi k, K!,sa vi err ha i. iko. 1 AsliotiM My lire, Kekaha, Waiuca, Kama! 1 A bi St Awa. I'almU, Kau, Hawaii 1 Win Itooktiatiul. Kuklnliaele, lUiaillt. l'Tt I 1 Akaii, llnwi, X Kcualn, Hawaii 2 K C Met 'andl , Nuiiaou atret-t, Horn J il.i 11 Man Wo, Kapaau. N koliala, Hawaii l All. hook, 1. 1 hue, Kauai 12 Kuiwa, Kuliiilui, Muul 14 Kwoiik Suu Clionjf Co, Nuiht. N Koiala,UliW.l 1 '. A laiim, W ai lie, Mt.ui 21 Akou, Walpio, llamkiia, Hawaii 21 C I.Aliona. W'aiulomu. Kan l r . . . i 2H C Y Aiona, Mauiiakca street, Iloiiolul , ;w Hop Siuk & Co, Nuuanu airt-ft, ilonol ilu IIUTCIIICK. 4 Ouonif Fung, l'aia, Makawao, Maul 5 .) nines Kaai, N Koliala. llawaai II Krkahiina, Waiheu, Man! 11 Apio, N Kobala, Hawaii 12 Kalamaliiai Aiana, Waianar, Oahu 10 Louis K allot en, Waiuira. Kauai IX Mam I'arker, Hamakua, llawai 22 K Waller. H .tel afreet, Hunilala 23 W McCandlea, KIsL Murkrt, Honolulu 2j W P It lirew. r, Mak.twao. Maul 21 I W 1'ac, North Koliala, Hawaii Mi rtun Han, Koolaupoko. t 'aim :h) I' M Kaliina, Kipaliulu, Maui I'OKK Ill'TCIIlCK. 4 f bun Pee, I.almina, Maui 14 ii VV C Jones, Kau, Hawaii 14 Hn A .snv, Wailuku. .Maui 1M 1 Yau & Co, Kapaa. Kuuai HO AT. h Jolm Hlcliar.lson, I.ahaiiia, Maul 12 llaupu, Honolulu, Oahu 2tl leo l-'reiilenburK, Ilonolnltl, Oabu 2H I) Kaiiolia, Uabalua, Maul AUCTION. .1 W 11 Holmes, Hamakua, Hawaii 7 W C Ilordi llil', Hawaii 11-H Kaul.J.imie, Kaum 2' K Jonei, Molokai SlLMOX. 4 J KMiialenui, Wai in en, Kautl 4 Kauiela, Wainlua, Oul.u 15 I' Knuiai, Kaupo, Mrii'.l IS M s laule, VVailue, Maul Mil.!. 1 I MoOully, llov tliilu. 0Je 30 Kl. liar 1 Anton, Honolulu, o)ii 'M Manuel ISauos, UonoluJu, Oabw CAKE PKUDLI.VS, I Ah Po, South Kona, Hawaii WHOLESALE. ; WI113 Wo Chan k Co, Xtiu mti i-treH, Il.ttiolul l Lt DRUGS. 20 Hollhterit Oo, Xiiuinu at root, Honolulu B4NKIXCJ. 2J Bishop tr Cj, corner Mit L ant and Kaabamariutret, Honolulu LAI'AAU. 27 BB Kehulat. I'uaa, Hawaii AGKNT. 27 N Fold!, Honolulu, Oabu New Abmtisemenf. : SCHOOL NOTICE. MISS BERRY'S SCHOOL WIIJL UEOFEN SlPHM tfEKM.atNo. 58 AUkea ttrwt. U.I-HH -X