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The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1856-1888, September 01, 1883, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa; Honolulu, HI

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015418/1883-09-01/ed-1/seq-2/

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Commercial Jl&bertiscr.
Tl. -x:i:iuiari'.c of tr.Lt vacancy (The At tor
re v ;.-ii-.rar j"t mo-t be due to one of two
en:-' V.'.tU r tl.i re no one i" the Kingdom
firt'.il f-T ti.. i Uc which i nwnt. or there n
no on- of thoe who are fit for the j.lace, who will
rc.r,t it nnd':r rxi.-t:n r ircum-tance. It might
har.l to ,a't thirJ c.u,idrtion. vi :
That 'he l U'C- p'".""1- 11" unoccupied in
or-1. r to stren.'tl.oii 'he hand-, mu-l increase the
po-ver ar:d t atroi.a-- of the Fi'ar O-factotuni cf
thi-i r!n, at any r.,t t the tin a :-';. aud exfceu
t:v? eflicier.cy of the country."
W quote the above from our Wednesday
conretniorary an-l we must express a strong
feelin? of sjurpri.-f at such remarks, which
are bast-.l on the fact that Mr. Gibson, Min
ister of Foreign Affair-, lias held the office
cf Attorney General for I ttle over three
month.-. Mr. II. A. I. t arter, whiM
Mini-ter of tho Interior, wa- appointed Jan.
17th, 1"",1 tli Attorney General of the
Kingdom. Jle fctyh- Jilm-ielf Attorney
ffnral ml hif'rlm, lu: according to his
romini ion he wa Attorney General in
fut. inasmuch as his predecessor in otllce.
Mr. Arm-tron, had rc-ined the portfolio,
and Mr. Carter heM the same until
Nov. "tli, iv-il, thus holding the office nine
months and eighteen day a.
Now. was the continuance of the Viicmcy
in the Attorney Generalship at that time
due to the fact that there was no one in
the King 1 m fitted for the place ? Or that
there was no one of those, who were fit for
the place, who would accept it in the
th'ii exiitins circu:n-t:inc--s ? This can
hardly be. At that time, according to the
opinion- of onr contemMrary "good gov
ernment" prevailed. The representatives
of our c .ntcmporary' respectability were
then in power. One or two political rever
ends, who are now occasionally engaged in
frly political diatribes, were then content and
silent. The country then stoo l that sort
of thing nearly a whole year without a
murmur. Thf re might have been a whis
per of unt on-titution-ility on the part of an
eminent Judg? since d-part -d, because the
then Attorney General ml interim had
taken him to task in tho form of an official
and public protest, because he had ac
quitted in the evasion of a party-convicted
of bribery; but other judical authorities
and the various newspaper clerical and offi
cial opinions prevailing at that time, had
not a word to say about th-impropriety of
an ml interim arrangement. It will be
!aid that it was understood that Mr.
Carter held the office till his friend Mr.
Armstrong returned from his tour around
the world, and that Mr. Armstrong, when
re-appointed Attorney General, intended to
return the compliment to Mr. Carter, by
holding for him the position of Minister of
the Interior ml interim until his friend's
return from a diplomatic tour in Europe,
but, as it turned out, he could not hold
cither place, cither for himself or for his
Now, what is curious and calculated to
awaken a considerable feeling of surprise
throughout the community is tint the same
parties and the same influences that could
ncquiese so quietly only a little over a year
ago in a couple of gentleman, holding reci
procally and for mutual accommodation and
for a very long period, inch one a dual
incumbency of office to tlie detriment, ac
cording to our contemirary's opinion, of
th interests of the Kingdom, and yet he
and they and the present opposition party
had not a word to say respecting the mat
ter about which they now howl. As our
contemporary remarks, it is noupense to sup
pose or to say that there were not several per
sons well qualified to fill the position of an
Attornjy-General, as it would havo been
nonsense to suppose or to say at the time,
that Attoruey-Gener-d Armstrong held the
Iosition of Minister of the Interior, that
there were not a number of well qualified and
well disposed gentlemen at that time to un
dertake the duties of the latter office. There
was Mr. Atkinson, and Mr. Mist, both ready
to hive undertaken the burthens an d duties
of the jKsition; but it was not done and the
public have not been favorl with the rea
son why a gentleman at that time held
more than one office when there were plen
ty of his friends ready to relieve him of his
extra burden. And so it may be that we
cannot get at all the reasons of State, why
a gentleman may at this time hold more
thtn one on.? but no one will doubt that
the present incumbent of two ministerial
offices, is as well qualified for the double
duty, as cither of the two preceding dual
office holders.
Servant's Characters-
The disCUs3ion of the labor question on j
Kauai, or more especially the regulation of
the conditions of employment or discharge
of plantation laborers, directs attention to
the subject of domestic service, especially
in this city. Fidelity and iermanence of
service are disiderata in domestic aflairs
anywhere, but especially in this communi
ty owing to the fact of our having a variety
of people for service, of JifH rent habits and
tongues, and among whom it is a rare thing
to secure anything like fidelity or perma
nence of service. Hut the lack of these es
sential qualities in the domestic is largely
owing to the carelessness or indifference of
employers in respect to the character of an
employee. If a Chinaman, Portuguese, or
individual of any other nationality makes
an application to perform duty, as cook,
yard boy or hostler, no questions aro asked,
but a glance is taken at the evidence of
strength of arm id probable expression of
good nature. Then the applicant is engaged
on the spot, whereas if a little precaution
was exercised, and some kind of reference
was required the domestic tramp would not
be so ready to come and go. Your servant
hears that a neighbor of yours will give half
a dollar more, and he leaves without half
an hour's warning; or he takes exception
to trivial matters, gets up a certain "huhu"
and leaves you in the midst of an unfinish
ed Job. Almost every housekeeper in this
community has been provoked and serious
ly annoyed by experiences of this kind.
Now a little concert of action might correct
this matter. We have recently ben get
ting up a 'Humane Society" and have
many other societies for excellent purposes,
and now we think there i a good time for
the organization of something like a do
mestic service protection society one that
aims to protect equally the interests of the
employer and the employee; s j that an un
scrupulous employer cannot dismiss, with
out some proper warning, a roasonably fair
working domestic; nor an unscrupulous do-
mestic be able to break an engagement and
leave a reasonably fair etuptoyer in the
lurch without incurring serus damage to
his character, or the loss of that character
without which he could uot readily get
another euiploynient.
"The Survival of the Fittest "
Now that every method of procuring a
livelihood by business, commerce and agri
culture has become a sort of science, and
there are so many competitors in e very held
of enterprise, it is sometimes profitable to
note what kind of men and what sort of ac-
iinn win nrosneritv and success. The
.world is progressive, and those who fail to
advance with the general development of
things will certainly fall behind in the great
race after fortune. A man, who would now
undertake to ignore or ridicule the im
proved processes, new inventions and lib
eral tone of thought, which have been
brought before the public and very gener
ally adopted among the most enlightened
people during the last quarter of a century,
would in turn be ignored or laughed at by
the ever-progressing world. Of all classes
of men engaged in industrial enterprise
there are none more important than agri
culturists. And it is among those engaged
in that industry that we may everywhere
find strikiug illustrations of the different
results, which progressive and non-progressive
in dividual attain. In Hawaii ex
amples of this kind are not wanting. The
planter who suce-eds, and the planter who
half-succeeds, or entirely fails, are in real
ity only giving us results, which show the
degree of their progressive nes-. The enter
prising and thrifty planter, who wins in
the race always, is devoted entirely to his
business and all that most Immediately
concerns It. He masters all the details of
cane culture; he carefully examines many
works and studies over and over every
question of agriculture,so that he may keep
pace with the whole world in the business
lie has undertaken. He wastes no time
"wool gathering in the clouds." He does
not let any caprices of petty hatred, vanity
or milk-and-water sentiment occupy him
for a moment. On the other hand the
planter that falls behind in the race is sat
isfied to let everything about his premises
run about as he first found them. When
he bears of a new improvement, when he
is advi .d to modify his methods of cultiva
tion or plant a new variety of cane be
listens to no reasons, but declares that what
he has is gool enough, denouncing those
who propose an improvement as selfish in
novators. This kind of a planter, like a
similar man engaged in any other imploy
meut. is usually careless and more or less
inattentive to business. He is not striving
sufficiently hard to increase his income in
the path he has chosen. He does not con
centrate Ids efforts, but is dabbling in vari
ous ventures, with which he is only slightly
acquainted. Now, perhaps he is endeavor
ing to fly a big kite in the political arena
Which is a term incognita to him; and
again he is gratifying a personal whim of
like or dislike to the prejudice of his proper
interests, and wasting time in intrigue
which he should devote to bis industry.
Thus the law of the survival of the fittest is
clearly demonstrated in all business mat
ters. It is worth while for all to study how
to be fit to survive;for in the business world
those alone survive who attain success.
The Labor Question
In another column we publish an account
of a meeting held ou Kauai to consult to
gether on the labor question. This is a
question which, in the interests of thecoun
Uy, can never be too fully ventilated or dis
cussed, and no persons are more competent
to give an opinion ou the sulgect than are
planters themselves, whose practical exper
ience enables them to understand clearly
and fully what existing deficiencies there
may be in the present system of introduc
ing labor and in the engagement or dis
charge of the laborers.
The Kauai planters intend to recommend
the Planters' Labor and .Supply Company
to initiate a system by which certificates of
discharge can b? given to every discharged
laborer. This will, if carried out, and we
see no reason why it should not be success
fully carried out, remove all risks of run
away men being shipped on other planta
tions, and receiviug an advance to which
they are not entitled, to the great loss and
annoyance of all the parties concerned.
Each laborer's certificate will also include
a statement of his character as a laborer so
that the planters will know whether they
are shipping a good or an inferior work
man. Probably the chief difficulty with
which the Kauai Association will have to
battle at its outset will be the regula
tion of tho rate of wages for day labor
ers, but if thoy remain firm i" their in
tentions and are supported as they
should be by every planter in the King
dom, they will eventually be victori
ous. At the present time the rates of wages
vary on the different plantations, and we
have even known it to be the case among
planters who are growing cane for the same
mill, where, if a man finds himself to be
short of labor, he will ofTer a higher wage
than his neighbor and without his knowl
edge. It would be a bad thing for the
country if the laborer became its master
and by unanimity of action, and unanimity
alone, can a state of the labor market, satis
factory to everybody, be brought about. The
planter on Hawaii and Maui would do
well to follow in the footsteps of their
brethren on Kauai in laying aside any per
sonal feelings they may have and working
in this common cause for their common
good; and the Planters Labor aud Supply
Association in Honolulu would do well to
listen to and support the opinions of the
smaller associations whose practical expe
rience enables them to speak on the labor
question with certain accuracy as to their
Frequent Foreign Jf ail.
Next to a cable the greatest possible ser
vant of our news loving publio is the lines
of steamers between foreign ports and Ho
nolulu, which have already been, or are about
to be established. When the sister vessel
of the Mariposa the Alameda is finished,
and assumes her place in the O. S. S. Co.'s
line we will have on the average at least
one arrival of a steamship every week. This
Hill poqnect our islands more closely with
the world abroad- Foreign news arriving
frequently and regularly and in a "fresh
condition," as fruit shippers say, will be the
more acceptable to our readers. Our list of
exchanges is so complete that we shall be
able to publish all important news from ev
ery quarter of tho globe, and especial pains
will hereafter be taken to afford our readera
a carefully compiled account of all impor
tant foreign events, upon the arrival of each
steamship from abroad.
About the first of January next still
another new steamship line, touching at
llonolulu and running between Sail Fran
cisco aud Tahiti, is to be established. This
will still farther facilitate the frequent ar
rival of foreign mails and promote newspa
per enterprise la this city,
Polynesian Annexations.
There is at present a very animated dis
cussion in the colonial newspapers just re
ceived.conceruing the proposed annexation
of the New Hebrides islauds by France.
There seems to be a rivalry between Eng
land, or English interests as represented in
her colonial subjects.and the French power
in the Pacific. The annexation of New
Guinea some time ago by the dariug action
of Queensland seems to have aroused popu
lar enthusiasm on the subject, aud, it is
said, that the sentiment of the public in
Victoria, New South Wales and Queens
land for extending a protectorate over the
hitherto unoccupied islands of the Pacific,
or annexing them, is so strong and uni
versal that it will go far towards overcom
ing the disinclination of the Gladstone
Government to the "farther extension of
Empire." But while a movement favoring
annexation is on foot among the British
colonial subjects in Australia, the author
ities and people of New Caledonia under
French dominion, have instituted a vigor
ous practical movement in favor of the an
nexation of the New Hebrides to Fiance.
For some time past this project has been a
matter of favorable consideration by that
settlement, but lately a commission has
been appointed. which, has sub
mitted a report, earnestly aud forcibly urg
ing the annexation of the group. The
commission bases their recommendations
ujon the somewhat selfish assumption that
it is necessary for the colony to possess the
New Hebrides as an unfailing source of la
bor supply, and assumes that in case of an
nexation all foreign countries would be ex
cluded from recruiting their labor supplies
from these islands. But the accomplish
ment of this result is very strenuously op
posed by the British colonists, who declare
that not only their interests, but those of
all countries that may have any need for
future supplies of labor, and also the inter
ests of humanity ought to demand that the
French scheme of annexation be defeated.
It is alleged that if the islands in question
fall under the yoke of France other foreign
influence both social and commercial will
be entirely banished, penal settlements es
tablished there and the natives themselves
reduced to an injurious subjection.
Whether or not this would be the
case, it centainly seems strange and wrong
to us for any foreign power to seize and ap
propriate the New Hebrides without the
consent of the inhabitants thereof. Maby
laborers have from time to time been
brought to the Hawaiian Kingdom from
the New Hebrides to work on our planta
tions and more may be needed here in the
future; so that our interests, as well as the
Inalienable right of the islanders to choose
their own masters,alike oppose all arbitrary
annexation movements on the part of any
foreign government whatsoever.
The opposition press are doing, we think.
considerable dis-service 'o Mr. Preston, late
Attoniev-General, by fre iuent mntioa of
his name i.i connection with incorrect
statements in relation to the G ovenun jut.
The following are s n? of tluisj misstate
ments: I. An alleged interview with Mr. Preston
is published, in which he is reporte 1 to have
said, that he was not consulted by the
Board of Health about the Madras alfiir
until subseqent to his resignation. Now
we have interviewed the late Secretary of
the Board, who states positively that he
pointed out to Mr. Preston all the regula
tions of the Board, (including the one of
1S0SJ, and this he did on more than one oc
casion during early proceeding in the Ma
dras case, and long before Mr. Preston's
resiiruation: .nl furthermore we are au
thoritatively informed that the President
of the Board of Health frequently consulted
Mr. Preston in respect to the matter,during
the latter's incumbency of the officii of Attorney-General;
and we think that his ad
vice was proper and judicious at the time.
2. Reference is made to the "armed
force" or mounted police business as an il
lustration of Ministerial blundering aud
mismanagement since the resignation of
Mr. Preston. This "armed force and con
tingent fund'' originated with Mr. Preston,
and tho appropriation fordt was placed iu
his department of Attoruey-GiMieral. An 1
during the period that he held office he had
drawn on this account the sum of $12,
3o3 93, which were expended in Honolulu
"in direct opposition to the act of the Leg
islation," according to the opinion of the
opposition journals now friendly to Mr.
Preston. Furthermore, much critical com
ment is made in reference to a form of con
tract, and oath in connection with the ser
vice of the mounted police. The form of oath
is almost verbatim that usd in the engage
ment of a mounted c mstabjl try of the
British Empire. And as regards the con
tract, some kind of form was deemed
neessary rather than to have men engaged
without any contract whatever, as was th.
case during the late Attorney-Ujaeral's in
cumbency of office.
3 Fault is found fiom an economic point of
view, that the present Att.irney-G j.ieral is
drawing more money for the pay of depu
ties than the whole emoluments of the of
fice. Now this is not true, as the bojks and
vouchers of the office will show; where
as during the period that Mr. Pre-ton held
office he drew the whole. amo.int of salary
for Attcrqey-Qeneral, which was properly
his due, and at the same time drew from
the incidentals of the office S-Y33 more to
pay for the employment of deputies to do
the Attorney-General's work.
These are a portion of the misstatements
ou this subject presented by the opposition
press, and not all. But we will stop here
for the present.
. We regret such a discussion, aud we are
satisfied that there is not a member of His
Majesty's Government who wishes to say,
or authorize to be said, iu any critical sense,
anything in relation to any lato oolleague.
They wish to respect former associations
and be silent; but when journals, claiming
vociferously to be eminent organs of public
opinion, will thrust before the public the
names of gentlemen lately cmiiictel with
the Government, in a way that is dispara
ging and even insulting to gentlemen in of
fice, we deem it our duty as journ iiists aud
chroniclers of correct public information to
place the facts before our readers, and if
any gentleman desiring peace and to be let
alone in his business is hurt or annoyed by
the discussion, he will know who are the
originates of it, and can silence the mis
chievous misstatements iu respect tq h7m
self, which provoke controversy.
Qcu Wednesday contemporary in his last
issue has seven editorial artiolos, in every
one of which there Is a misstatement
or an untruth. This is one: He says
that the Auditor-General has accepted a
position on the Board of Health. To is is
not true; but he has accepted a position on
the Board of Education, the accounts of
which Board do not come before him as
Auditor-General aud therefore he nny very
properly sit on th3t Board.
A Hawaiian Legend by a Hawaiian Na
tive. A Legend of the Gaidess Pela,
Her Lover Lohiau and her Sister Hii
akaikapoliopele. Continued from last week-
Hiiaka when starting from the volcano
chants another Kau. '
I am standing up to go
Turning the faca toward Kalahiki
Etc., etc.
They went by way of Ililo.Hamakua aud
Kohala. On the way down to Olaa they
met a woman called Wahiueomao, at Pun
enaeua, below the Koa forest. This woman
was leading a hog which she was taking to
the volcano for Pele, being one of the lat
ter's Kahus or devotees. After the usual
"aloha" had been passed between them,
Wahineomao asked Hiiaka and her com
panion Pauopalae, whither they were
bound and on their telling her they were
going ou a long journey, she exclaimed,
"why that is just what I have always want
ed to do, but I have heretofore never met
anyone who was goiug on a journey. If it
wasn't for this hog belonging to my god
dess, I would go with you." lliia.ia asKed
her wii iter g 1 less was. aa 1 t : I t
was Peie. Sue then toid vVahineomao to
hurry on to the crater and give Pele her
hog aud theu return, as she would be sure
to find her on the road. Wahineomao done
as she was told, aud she travelled fast to
the crater where she left the hog and swift
ly retracing her steps, found that Hiiaka
and her companion were but a short dis
tance from where she had left them. Hiiaka
observed to tier ''ah, here you are." She
answered, "yes here I am. I never trav
elled so fast iu all my life. The rate at
which I travelled was wouderful. If I had
corneas fast on my way up from Hilo be
fore we met, I should have been home loug
before this." She did not kuow, it was the
supernatural power of Hiiaka that had
aided her on, neither did she dream that
the stranger was a goddess. Hiiaka had
taken a fancy for this woman and wished
her for a t'rieud and compauiou.
They continued on their way according
to the ordinary speed of humanity, and
towards evening arrived at Mahinaakaaka.
Here they slept in te wools, .ml a bird
by the name of Puuaaiko ie who could also
take human form at will, fell iu love with
Hiiaka and endeavored to steal a kiss whilst
she was asleep, but the goddess kite what
he was about, ami when he h id aooroacu
ed very near, she diaute I a song waerein
she describes his actions with derision. The
poor bird was so mortified that he hung
himself iu the f ork of a lehui branch, and
so, strangled himself.
Just after mi laigai the , trty o itinaed
on tueir way till tiiey came to tvj i .v.iere
the road branched, one Or me. i lealai
through Pauaevva the large .orest s u.i of
the town ot Hilo, and tlie other iealing
down to Puna and away around the Panae
wa forest to Hilo. Here WaUine .n 10 told
her friends that thy safe road wastha. lead
ing to Puna, and the one tlirougli Pune
wa was the "road to death." Hiiaka took
this road as a testof Wahiue o.nao's fidelity,
and she was perfectly satisfied. The wo
man having cast her lot with theirs, me mt
to share waatever fortune the future had iu
store for them.
When they arrived at the entrance to the
forest of Pauaewa, two demons Koiiaflowa
and Kuiviiiukukui (st in ling torches), ser
vants ot Panaewa, the great demon of the
forest of that ua ue, wno had been cooking
kalo and luau for their master, saw them
ami had a dispute about Hiiaka.
Puaokoaia picked up tlie luau an 1 a kalo
and ran in haste to Panaewa aud pre
senting the food to his chief said "eat, it
may be a day of death.' Hiiaka is coming
the favorite sister of Pele." Tlie other de
mon denied this aud said, "my compauiou
is mistake . We saw three women who
are only ordinary mortals, aud who will
make tempting morsels for my lord's sup
per." But the first demon insisted on one of
them being Hiiaka, "that beloved little sis
ter Pele carried around her neck when we
all came from Kihiki." "Eat my lord, aud
be strengthened for battle, for this may
prove the day of death."
Panaowa ate what he had brought and
sent word to all the lesser demons of the
forest to cut their heads off and let their
blood out 'on the path of Hiiaka to drown
her aud her companions. The order was
quietly obeyed and the travellers found
blood knee tleep at Paulapalapa, when
Iiiaka chanted a Kau, in which she makes
fiiendly advances to Panaewa, but the lat
ter would not listeq, and more blood was
let out, till it reached their necks, when
Wahineomao turned to her friend and said,
"now we will have to die. I told yo i this
is the road of death." For answer, Hiiaka
chanted another Kau. This time an invo
cation to Pele. The latter called on her
an 1 The kays-oT-heaveu, to look out
and protect their young sister. Immedi
ately the thunder crashed, lightning flash
ed, and rain fell in torrents, when de:nons,
blood and all were washed away into the
sea, and there devoured by the shark forms
of these dread brothers of Pele.
The travelers continued ou their way. At
Puainakobeyoud Paieire.five handras;ii-
men passed them on their way to I.'lfe 4iy.
These women were going down aft Vfj sh,
as a rumor had reached them of .'large
haul of bonitoat that place. These women
were followed by an old woman who was in
hopes of getting some of the fish that might
be given to them. .
Wahineomao broke out i:it expressions J
of admiration at the sight of the hands ne
woman, but Hiiaka told her they were u t
ordinary womeu but witches fro n Paliuli.
The witches knowing they were befng
discussed, traveled, so. fast th it th old wo
man was soon left behind, who:i she joined
Hiiaka's company, d on after they net a
man returning from Hilo loaded with fish
aud Hiiaka asked if he couldn't sp ire them
some, to which he quickly auswerdd " why
not, when I have so much ?" and he gave
them four. All these were given to the old
woman by the goddess ou ou litioa that
she ate one whole fish there and then,
throwing away or leaviug no edible portion.
This she did, and was further cautioned to
do the same when she ate the remaiuing
fish and was sent back rejoicing. This was
one of Hiiaka's kanawais aud all her de
votees were supposed to always do so.
At Kauokoi they tqet sonpa young girls
going after Iehiia blossonjs for stringing in
to leis and the goddess chanted a Kau de
scribing their occupation.
By this time Wahineomao had become
aware of the supernatural character of her
companions, but she was a model friend
and asked no embarrasssing questions.
At Ohele, in Walakea, a young woman
called Papaunioleke called them aud invit
ed-them to go to her house aud eat. She
also asked to be allowed to become an ai
kuue to Hiiaka that is a privileged friend
The latter consented and when Papauniole
ke heard they were going on a long jour
ney, she said would go too, and running to
the sea beach she called her fatiier who was
fishing for Uhus, to bring some for the
strangers. On leaving the house to go on
this errand, she had told her company
what she was going for, and Hiiaka had
said, "your father as yet has uot caught any
fish." .Whereupon the girl had proudly
answered " he has fish. My father is the
greatest fisherman on this coast aud never
fails to obtain a great many," Hiika said,
"that may be on his lucky days, but to
day he has u..ne but the decoy fish which
he took with liim this morning." Sure
enough, when the father returned to shore
there were no fish and the decoy fish had to
be used to furnish a meil for the guests.
But when everything was ready, Hiiaka
and Pauopalae dec ined to eat, but ordered
Wahineomao to do so. Hiiaka watched her
when eating and saw tnatsheate the whole
fish up, aud sue was more pleased than ev
er with this friend, who, she wasconviuced
was entirely devote 1 to it m For A'aUiue
omao had ooserved il.t i.ia's o n .nan Is to
the old woman to eat tue llsii all up, and
without asking (lie reason n id applied the
command to herself.
When they had sufficiently rested, they
confined on their way accompanied by Pa
panuioleke, but when they came near Wai
olama, they were met by a crazy man called
Paikaka, who attempted to bar the way to
them by running back and forward across
the road iu a frantic maimer, making threat
ening gestures. This so frightened Papa
unioleke that she ran back to Ohele, her
home, where she no sooner arrived than
she was turned into stone for forsaking Hii
aka and breaking her promise. As for tho
crazy man, Paikaka, he was also turned in
to stone on tue beacu to the east of the
Waiolama stream, and there he lies to this
day. The saiivly beac.i is now known as
"ke tHie o Paikaka." This is just iu front
of the late Princess ltuth's house iu Hilo
At Waiolama, all tne wicked spirits in
habiting that stream, k iotvmg Hiiaka's
nature, undertook to destroy tier, hut w.th
one wave of her pau they were swallowed
up entire in its folds and the travelers con
tinued on their way.
Wnen they came to Punihoa they saw a
large crowd on the beach watcuiug a grl,
also caded Puuahoa, a beauty and the
daughter ot" the chief of the place, at surf
riding. I'ney were admiring her as she was
the best suri'-rider of the bty and tile people
Wei'e lo.i 1 i.i praise of lier sSill.
Hiiak i a ied some of tue pe ipie the rea
son of sue. i i crowd and was toid they were
admiring t ne feats uf the young lady ou tue
surf-board. Tu .nisciiievious goddess sud
"Oh, she does' ut understand surf-riding;
she gets dra vn u i l.r." At that, all those
Who coal I near iier, iu ligututly protested,
such a thiug hid never aappeud to Puna-
hoa and never could, li lt iluaka irritated
them by looking iucre lulus an I saying,
"wait aud see." As Punahoa ro le iu on a
wave at that moment, tiiey all crie I, " you
see." But just as she h id got n ilf-way
from the starting place aud the
shore, she lost her balance, was drawn uu
der aud turned over to plain view of the
crowd, to her great mortification.
When the naughty go Idess had witnessed
the discomhture of the lorul belle, she con
tinued on her way wu.i lier companions,
and was shortly .after met by Piihouua, a
chief of the district of mat name, who la
mented his inability to offer refreshment to
the strangers as he had lost all his propery
at the game of Puheneheiie to Puueo, the
rival chief on tlie opposite nan kot tlie Wai
luku stream.
to be cuxtisuku. I
We iuvite expreiMiiin.sot upiuioiifro.il tue public upon
ll subjects ot geuprul interest lor insertiou uuJer tn-s
Uesd of the A.i)VKnrisK.t. Snoli coiuiuuuicatiou . shoo.l t
be authenticate 1 by the name of the writer as a (?ut-
rautee of goo.l faith, but uot necessarily for puLilioal
Our object in to oiler the fullest opportunity for a variety
of popular discussion ami inquiry.
We are not to be uu.leratooj as necessarily endowing the
views set forth in coin auuicauoii pubiuheu unler this
To all inquirers we shall endeavor to furnish inform
tion of the most complete character ou any subject In
which they m-iy be nter..st.).l. I
Our Preseat Government-
Mb. Editor; Lookiug at matters in the cap
ital eity fivi.u a distance of oue hundred miles
we are at a loss to kuow from whence arises all
this growliu ' aud war of words which come
wafted across the deep blae sea which divides
Oahu from the garden island.
There appears to be a party in Honolulu who
wish to have the government of this country
conducted ou the lines of a commercial or joint
stock company, aud not us an independent mon
archy, recognized, supported, protected aud
honored by the entire family of nations.
The writer has traveled over ranch of the civ
ilized world and no where has he found the free
dom, the prosperity, the real independence aud
the security to life and property which he finds
in the Hawaiian Kingdom aud under the present
Even iu the United States and in plaoes con
taining double the popnl ition of Honolulu, liv
ing to most men of business means almost "war
fare" aud a kuockiug out of life iu order to keep
it iu, in comparison wrth the easy independence
of the Honolulu merchant.
All intelligent man iu the Kingdom kuow that
it is tha iuteution, .when the proper time arrives,
for the American Government to ta.ke oyer this
cjantry by iqjaus uf annex itioa, bat in the
wean time we must consider that we are living,
moving and having our being under a monarch
al form of government, and the Premier, as in
duty bound, although an American by birth aud
education, is conducting the government on'
purely nionarckial principles, aud that fact,
along with the other, that, he has forgotten more
'points'1 than most of our bigbugt ever learned,
or ever will learn, lies at the root of all the
growling and fault-finding of the present time,
If Tom, and Alataq would devote a little more
space in their journals to general news aud less
to spleeny artioles it would make their produc
tions more interesting to subscribers-.
Kauai, August 2Cth, 18S3.
The Hdudward Site f Oahi.
Is a charinin; plicj to recover vitality and
atrentL wasted away by sedentary labor in this
city. On that sidj of tlie island there is always a
Htiff fresh 1:vjzj blowing, evrythins is quiet aad
the sceuery iu places grand en msu to satisfy peo
ple of artistic or romantic tastes. Thd distance
across tho island fron Honolulu is not far, and a
good horse will readily carry one tin whole dis
tance in two hours or a little mirj. Tip rqa.1 tn
to the Pali is fins for Horseback riders, but the de
scent Qf the Pali is exserVole 4 always must be
sa until either a tunnel is made or a huge mass of
rocks removed, so that tha descent Will hs more
gradual. Owing to tuabold, abrupt appearanoe
of tho mountains on the other side of Oahu the
scenery is much more grand there than here on
the leeward aido. We wonld recommend that
transient travelers passing through Honolulu on
steamers for foreign ports take a ride up to the
top of the Pali while their vessel lays in port.
They will always have ample time to do this and
he bsautifal via obtainable tiojx the Pali height
ia well worth the trip.
Insurrection in Spiin A Second Skobe
loff A Strange Belief in Egypt More
About the Murder of Cirey.
Plot Against th? Irish Informers Erup
tion of Moun Vesuvius The Hankow
Supposed to Have Been Wrecked in Her
Voyage from Honolulu.
London, Aug. 5. The Annamites have
re-occupied the position from which they
were recently driven at Namdinn by the
French. France demands of China the
withdrawal of her troops from the frontier,
and intends to made a naval demonstration
Lefore Canton.
Intelligence is to hand t the effect that
Edwurd Ilanlon, of Toronto, has accepted
the challenge which was issued by Mr. J.
Hunt, of the Oxford Hotel, Sydney, who
signified his willingness to back Llias Luy
cock, of .Shark Island Sydney, to. row the
champion sculler f the world for $1,(M0 a
side, over the champion course on the Tar
ramatta river. The Canadian is to be al
lowed 200 for expenses.
It 19 stated that the Government were
awure of a pint which was concocted at
Dublin to murder all the Irish informers i;i
the Phoenix Park murder trials.
According to the latest intelligence to
hand from Italy, Mount Vesuvius, which
burst into a terrible state of eruption after
the recenf terrible earthquake at the Island
of Ischia, is showing signs of increased ac
tivity. The safety of the inhabitants in the
viciuity of the mountain is menaced, and
much alarm prevails.
Baron de Lesseps has denied the state
ment that he was willing to concede fur
ther and more favorable terms to England
in connection with the second Suez Canal
It is feared at Lisbon that the siermshrp
Hankow, which was chartered to convey
1,500 Portuguese to Honolulu, has been
wrecked on the voyage.
The Chinese ironclad Tiugyueii, which
was commissioned by the government of
China to proceed from Germany to China,
in charge of a crew composed of German
officers, has been detained for the present.
St. Petersburg, Aug. o. Intelligence is to
hand from Ekaterinaslar, a town 62D miles
south of this city, of an outbreak of anti
Jewish feeling, culminating in an attack on
the Jews. The military were called out,
and were abliged to lire ou the rioters,
killing 10 persons and wounding 13 others.
London Aug. 7. Intelligence is to hand
to the effect that the Chinese forces are
closely pressing the French garrisons sta
tioned at Namdinu aud Haiphong, iu Ton
quin. The French troops in Annam, hav
ing been reinforced, are now piepared to
attack Hue, the capital of tlie province.
It is reported that IJaron Wilde, the German
, landowner, was recently shot in the woods near
the town of Libau, Government of Courland,
llussia, owing to the hostile feeling against
German landlords, assisted by Jtussians and
Lithuanian peasants.
It is stated that Edward O'Dounell, who
killed the informer Carey in South Africa, livd
with his parents, brothers and t-ustt-rs in Mil
waukee for mauy years. Two or three of the
family, have died iusauo, and it is said thut
O'Dounell at times showed an unbalanced mind.
The Luther Festival was, uncording to a Hir
lin dispatch, n great success. The historic. d
procession traversing the streets at Erfurt Wed
nesday afternoon excited much admiration, es
pecially the group in which Luther w.is repre
sented, surrounded by armed knights. Uodies
of singers greeted the profession ut dirlVicnt
points along the route.
Laycock, the Australian sculler, has is-nic 1 a
challenge to II mlau to row a race for the cham
pionship of the world on the Par.nn itta (New
South Wales) course. The stkt?s are to be
1.000 a side.
Madrid, August 14. In cousuipjeuce of the
publication of articles attacking th Govern
ment aud fomentiug sedition, all Republican
journals published in this city have been sup
pressed. London, August 11. A bill to preve.it cor
rupt practices at elections, introduced by the
Government, has pajsed through all its stages
in the House of Commons.
The Irish Times states tint New South Wales
has consented to receive and protect tin; Irish
General Gourko has made several Pan-Slavic
speeches iu Poland, which rival General Skobe
lofFs celebrated deliverance.
Germany and Kussia are both strengthening
their forces on the frontiers.
Mr. Barry Sullivan, the tragedian, rn.-t with a
remarkable ovation at Liverpool.
The Egyptians, believing that the English
doctors are poisoning the cholera patients, have
risen and destroyed the Government ambu
lances. A proclamation has been issued to-day de
claring the province of Catalonia in a state of
siege, and strong forces of troops have been dis
patched to the centers of population, in conse
quence of the disaffection now prevailing iu the
district and the fear of an insurrection.
Madrid, August 10. Telegrams from Barce
lona report that considerable agitation prevails
in that district, in conserputnee of the revolu
tionary movement which has lately been mani
fested. Fears are entertained that a serrms in
surrection is imminent. Some alarm has been
created here by the intelligence just to hand
that several Carlist emissaries are now in the
northern provinces with the object, it is feared,
of stimulating the revolutionary feeling in the
Smoking and Suivkers. .
The use of tobacco in thu city is fur more gen
eral than might be supposed. The cigar kIkim are
well patrqnUed and therJ aro many of them.
Smoking may be injurious to some people, but it
is certainly a great consoler, aud a friend of mativ
who are prone to be irritable. Therefore we would
uot attempt to preach total abstinence from the
use of the weed, which tends to mitigate Home of
the woes which flesh U heir to, but we would cau
tion gentlemen, who smoke carelessly and spit
slovenly that it is possible to mak.i t!ie habit of
indulging in the narcotic offensive aud UUgnting
to those, who use itnit.and especially to ladies.
On the various a Wantages thtt cm be derived
from a cigar we transcribe the following from an
American paper: .
"Make no mistake, a cigar is a great arUtiator.
It helps break the ice, it bridges nvor tho gulf of
embarrassment in m.eet;ug unexpected ox undesir
able parties, t i . sort oi passport to good fellow-
nhip a.nd kin,d treatment. It tid -s over the awk
ward first few minutes when yo.i Kit down to a bus
iness confab with strangers or men that you are a
little shy of, and it fills in the odd m nuents when
you are waiting tu sue whioh way the cat will
amp, By th. attention which you inunt give
your cigar you gain tiuij for deliberation, and it
somehow gives you an appearancj of fortitud ; and
composure which you don't feel in the least. Why,
let two men light cigars an 1 sit down to mike a
contract, and I'll guarantee they'll gt?t 5 per cent,
better teroi9 each side than if they nervously
whistled and drummed on the table between f pells.
So, in a business way, I think it is often an advant
age to smoke. If I were a newspaper man I
should learn. tht ftod, short hand the first thing."
Sand)- Urading.
" For I am tho way and th.; life, an 1 11C. t!lit, .
lievcth on me. tliirih he uvic d.iad, yet hl,aj "
live." The pi-eious promise of the ikdenin r '"'
full of unbounded liopv? and joful cncouiu
,n ,i.imi. . unuTiiti.li r Ui sjuir uh tiit tl
divine doctrine, but every Bn-in; of C.u it txt,,'
ses the fullness and depth of unh.jiindud utr Vl"
and unwavering faith. Nothing cnld tluw H '
into a melancholy, hopele mood, or draw fr,""
ins unpointed lips one spiteful retort, althouKli v
had not when; to lay His h;id " and
"" i levil.J
Him and iinally subjected Him to :nicitiut, i,
is pleasa.'it and strengthening m contemplate xUU
aspect of Christ's im n icul it and sublim.. cu-,.
Created to fulfill a destiny, of pirital grandeur
He never f..r,'or for ir.u insum the compatibility,
of His condition. He never failod to contiti,; If,
actions strictly within the limits uf the callii, r jj
followed, and never sought to pervel t the p',.,
which His divine character gave Him by invoking
vengeance upon those who planned and rhuliv
brought about the dttrurtiou of all ttiit iiu.i
destroy the weak and erring riVsh. In re. alhii '
our troubles; in thinking of oar enemies. :ij ,1
chance involuntarily remembering home violent
and malicious opposition, which we have to m.-. t
daily, iu the honest, upright pursuit of every ii,(l,t.
object, let us think of the illusf ri.ns -iatnpl ,,f
an humble Saviour, ho 1m Is .in guid.is n .,-.
This peacful, pleasant Sabbath day is given to us
for the beiielit of tho soul. J..t us devot.' it to . u
erous forgiveness and fraternal love. It.iiiii; li
tomes and rankling hat.- are unworthy of a nun
who is wrongfully abused an 1 spit. -fully pmsti ,1
by iu ihnaut, ungenerous fo.-s. Tito comforting
thoughts tli.it il.nv fr.iui 1:1 inward foiisciaiwuex
of righteous actions, honorable intentions and le
gitimate, lofty aspirations hav nothing uf ilim.it
uial resentment or venom about them. We can.
th.'ii. iiiatfnanim Misly afford to bless our out-mic.
and thank Jcsu.s for the example, that enables ns
t J rise above thi unhallowed sphere of vicious io
crimination and reveu : f.il autaganum. An evil
or malicious feeling is its own avenger, its own
doviL and creates within the breast that fosters it.
a veritable hell. The calumniator, the liar an,
tlie tra luecr of gniless heart t only annoy and vili
fy themselves. With tnese certain facts iu iniud.
let us then resolve to-day to evi r givu a smile fot
a frown, a hlcs-dng for a in il 'diciion, and a gener
ous ivhuke for a cowardly assault, for by so doing
we rise above the level of ignoble souls and Iri
niiiph. i;4f-bill lo-da).
Tlii.s afternoon at the M-ikiki grounds thoiv will
lie a match game of bill b'l.v.ni tlie Ifmol.ilu
Club and a nine composed of in i e!i.x m fro u
crew of the V. S. S. Pciisaeola. It is of eours.t u u
easy to oujeetur.i how th.- gim i will turn out but
it is probable that our b iys will find themselves
pretty evenly matched, and they inunt 'look to
their laurels." 1 lie .members of tho Honolulu
Club, will, it is said appear in the new fall uni
form which consists of whit'i pants held iu pluir
by a blue belt, white shirt trimmed with blue and
a blue felt hat. The gam- begins at .'I o'clock
p. i.
List of Liconsos Expiring in tho
Month of September, 1883.
KKT t ll.-OAIIU.
1 l.eu We, Hotel sir t, Honolulu
2 K C Mel Biiilh.s. Null ill htre. i, II mo'.ulu
'1 Ixve liroile rs, Nu'ianu sue. t, Honolulu
i 1. AliuiiH, Nuuuiiii Htiei t, Honolulu
i Akoii;( he.-, g.n , n tit re.'t, Honolulu
. lll liou At I'n, Nuuuiiii !..!, Honolulu
6 Woiik .vl mi rMii', Nnuniu trei I, Honolulu
r ltailey a' t o, I on nrft l, Honolulu
0 II I, Mel ill) r-- llr oh, .-orui r I'V.rt an I King Btn-eU
7 1' licit, Fori fctrei't, Mf.in.lulu
H J A I'i-ix, Hotel tr.-.-t, Honolulu
'J M. l.i'uii liio., Niiuaiiu ir. i t, II. uolulu
J I' M. Iiii rnv, l orl nl re. t. Honolulu
INK Umiiih.-v, Ho ii meet, Honolulu
I I Man Sunt,' & (.:.., Nuukiiu street., Iloiiolul i
II Ki.m H i n j; I.uiiff t l it. Hotel m reel, ll.tr. ululu -1"
Annum, Nuiinuii slre. t, Honolulu
I.i i oun suiir K.i', Klnu sir.-, i, llono ul i
17 M J 1. .-, Knitf mr. i t, Honolulu
IS Mux I . Wait, loll Kii. it, Hoi.oliilii
is Ii iu Yu. I'swua str.-et Honolulu
1:) Hop .-oiiK. Nuuhiiii street, Honolulu
21 Ah ii, Heri tHlilu street, lloiiuluMl
Tl A A Montana, l-ort street Honolulu
'.'.I Antone Marsliul, li.-retsn u street, Honolulu
Hrowu fV Phillips. KiliK street, lluunllllu
2 'i lium Yu, llot.-l BUeet. Honolulu
Tail K.e. Honolulu
'.".I Yu. u Ri-e 6c V, llolet strett, Honolulu
.to Kony Yang kee, Maiiunltoa mr.s t, Honolulu
: J T 11 WaterhoiiNe, tiren i-treet, ilorn.lul I
'I V Y A ion a. 1 1 oni.li.ia, Hauiakiia
Yi Kwcjub Suu i lion-r C . Mulil, N Kuhal
I t l) ilc'Mrl,kaiuiii, Hilo
II KreJ Tm-U'-r, Svkioioiiu, Ki.u '
14 Kai, Hilo
18 I'llii (till. l.lli.iloi.ioe, IHIo
l'.l l ooking, Nori Ii Kohala
VU Ah I. e, i.a ii.aliotlioc, Hilo
20 Y Aioua, M ai.jo, Haiiiakiia
U2 l.eu Clint, Kaiojulii. N Koliala
.spree'. -Is .v i ,, I Ukalau, H i!o
Tom 1'iu, ililn
1 '1' A aim, l'niu. Makawa.t
ID AS( J.vboi ii A. Co, l.aliaiua
It Akaiiiukui, Kaiual.in, .Mol.it ul
Is Kwoiijj Clioij Chan, KaJmlui
IU ' A-i ii . Haiku
1'. You Konit, Wailuku
iiJ 11 M West, Waiheu
K t f a r.
8 AC'onclii u & Co. K,!.A
20 tl rilMH'lu.il. Wmuu a
() Ah I lioi k, K!,sa
vi err ha i. iko.
1 AsliotiM My lire, Kekaha, Waiuca, Kama!
1 A bi St Awa. I'almU, Kau, Hawaii
1 Win Itooktiatiul. Kuklnliaele, lUiaillt. l'Tt I
1 Akaii, llnwi, X Kcualn, Hawaii
2 K C Met 'andl , Nuiiaou atret-t, Horn J il.i
11 Man Wo, Kapaau. N koliala, Hawaii
l All. hook, 1. 1 hue, Kauai
12 Kuiwa, Kuliiilui, Muul
14 Kwoiik Suu Clionjf Co, Nuiht. N Koiala,UliW.l
1 '. A laiim, W ai lie, Mt.ui
21 Akou, Walpio, llamkiia, Hawaii
21 C I.Aliona. W'aiulomu. Kan l r . . . i
2H C Y Aiona, Mauiiakca street, Iloiiolul ,
;w Hop Siuk & Co, Nuuanu airt-ft, ilonol ilu
4 Ouonif Fung, l'aia, Makawao, Maul
5 .) nines Kaai, N Koliala. llawaai
II Krkahiina, Waiheu, Man!
11 Apio, N Kobala, Hawaii
12 Kalamaliiai Aiana, Waianar, Oahu
10 Louis K allot en, Waiuira. Kauai
IX Mam I'arker, Hamakua, llawai
22 K Waller. H .tel afreet, Hunilala
23 W McCandlea, KIsL Murkrt, Honolulu
2j W P It lirew. r, Mak.twao. Maul
21 I W 1'ac, North Koliala, Hawaii
Mi rtun Han, Koolaupoko. t 'aim
:h) I' M Kaliina, Kipaliulu, Maui
4 f bun Pee, I.almina, Maui
14 ii VV C Jones, Kau, Hawaii
14 Hn A .snv, Wailuku. .Maui
1M 1 Yau & Co, Kapaa. Kuuai
h Jolm Hlcliar.lson, I.ahaiiia, Maul
12 llaupu, Honolulu, Oahu
2tl leo l-'reiilenburK, Ilonolnltl, Oabu
2H I) Kaiiolia, Uabalua, Maul
.1 W 11 Holmes, Hamakua, Hawaii
7 W C Ilordi llil', Hawaii
11-H Kaul.J.imie, Kaum
2' K Jonei, Molokai
4 J KMiialenui, Wai in en, Kautl
4 Kauiela, Wainlua, Oul.u
15 I' Knuiai, Kaupo, Mrii'.l
IS M s laule, VVailue, Maul
1 I MoOully, llov tliilu. 0Je
30 Kl. liar 1 Anton, Honolulu, o)ii
'M Manuel ISauos, UonoluJu, Oabw
I Ah Po, South Kona, Hawaii
; WI113 Wo Chan k Co, Xtiu mti i-treH, Il.ttiolul l
20 Hollhterit Oo, Xiiuinu at root, Honolulu
2J Bishop tr Cj, corner Mit L ant and Kaabamariutret,
27 BB Kehulat. I'uaa, Hawaii
27 N Fold!, Honolulu, Oabu
New Abmtisemenf.
tfEKM.atNo. 58 AUkea ttrwt. U.I-HH

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