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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL, AUVJSIiTJSJSR, OCTOBER SO, 1989,
'-' r month. 1.
not to be who'ly
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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER.
Ar. t t.
JOit PRINTI'. M'r-! . :r- r. i I:
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SATL'KDAY OCTOUEK Jii,"l-3
P. C- Advertiser-
As announce-1 in another part of this pa
perthe Pacific Commkkciai. Aivi:tiski:
ha changed hands since it-" last i-"ue. Cus
tom d-muti Is from ihe new proprietors a
few wor N as to th-.ir object- anrl the man
ner in which llu-y propo to conduct the
paper. Wo have thereforo to announce that
the object for which the Pacific CoMMtn-
CIA I. ADVKKTISKR has bcCIl purcha.-cd is
thesam- its thai f.r which men enter into
any other kind of husincs, viz, to make
money. The proprietor therefore prepo-,,-to
conduct the paper in uc'u a manner as may
most surely attain that object. To tiiis end
they will .spare nf p tins t in ike it a g I
an I useful journal, a nee --ity in every of
fice, a weIconi visitor in every hou-ifheM,
an I an in li-p -ti-aMe meilium fr the a 1
Th ug!i well aritiVie 1 to give a gin-ril
and friendly -u pjx rl t th; e.xi-ding order
of things t!iy are seuil!e th it the in-tit'i-tions
of a country like this shouIJ grow an J
be modified with its growing nee'ls. Such
reforms as appear froiu time to time to he
needed will he uported hy the 1'Ai'IFir
ommkrciai. Aiivkktiski: with vigor and
without fear or favor.
II very thing that can promote the welfare j
of the community c nninerei illy, socially j
an I morally will Jin I in the Pacific yM-
MEiif'l VI. ADVKKMISKK an carne-t an I
untiring advocate. Such subject will a!- j
ways have the first plac- in its e -litor's
care and thes" c oluuius will a! way h fr.v-
ly open to those wli'leire to Ji-sctiss them, j
We have no desire to occupy further
Mpiee with a liseu-sio:i of ourselves an I j
our intention-, hut will conclude with a I
hearty Aloha to our suhscr ibers and adver- j
tisers, to o'ir hrotlier jonrna lists, an I to the '
public in genera!.
n'. rs i,uy Lo Lr.m-iht here within auy
That tLc -e pa-senders are
inale laLortr" as may
he --'atl.trtd from the following passage in
the letter from the Minister of Foreign Affair-
to our CVui-uI (ieneral at Hongkong :
"'I he duration cf the regime thus establish
ed wiil iiece-.-arily depend on the
charaeftrof the immigration which may
actually take place under it, more espec
ially in respect to the number of females,
wive and relatives of male immigrants,
who may he induced to come here along
The documents to which we are referring
were published in tbe Daily Pacific Com
i:i:t:ciAi. Aijveistiser of September 15th,
nearly a month before the date of Mr.
Adams' report, and being personally inter
est d in the subject of available Chinese
labor it is very curious that he should have
overlooked them, or read them so. care-len-ly
a- to have derived from them the ideas
which he has embodied in the report.
In the report he presented Wednesday to
the Planter' J-abor and Supply Company,
a Chairman of its committee on Sugar
Manufacture. Mr. Macfie expressed him
nelf as strongly and as hopefully on the sub
ject of the ' DiM'u-iou pnxress" a.s Mr. Koe
linjriid in the paper which we printed the
other day. Although Mr. Koeling's re
nin rks, when delivered, were listened to by
many with skeptical ears, opinion amongst
the planters present at the company's meet-ing-S
has -ince, we believe, been decidedly
tending in the other direction, and the
probability is that a resolution in favor of
making a definite trial of the Diffusion
process with t-ugar cane is likely to be
parsed with something like unanimity.
The report presented by Mr. Macfie come
as a valuable and most opportune endorse
ment of the suggestions of Mr. Koeling and
we sincerely hope that within a moderate
space of time we may see a practical test
of their .soundness uu lertaken.
Although so successful in the manufac
ture of Migar from beet root as to have
driven every other process out of use in
the country uioit largely engage i in that
industry, the Diffusion process cannot as
yet be said to have had its reputation thor
oughly established when applied to sugar
can . The soundness of the principle is not
denied by any me who has taken the pains
t ttidy it, hut the practical details by
which the principle is to he applied cannot
he said as yet to have all been satisfactorily
dealt with. Sugar c ine an 1 beet root are
very diil' rent materi ds on which to work,
and the "battery" which will deal with
one is a failure when Used for the other.
Dut the mill Is of 111.1113 practical men have
turned until ingly for years past to the task
Sugar Crops in the United States-
The Louisiana Sugar Howl gives some
detailed statistics to .-how that the sugar
crop in the Southern States this s-eason
will certainly he short. It seems that
at the beginning of this year the
crop, promi-ed well, but latei drouth
impaired the growth so that it is
carefully estimated that tiie yield this year
will be at least fully one-sixth less than
that of la-t year.
In continuing it- comments upon the va
rious injuries that the cane cr i has suffer
ed in America the Sugar Howl says: '-That
portion of the crop which was largo enough
lo lay-by early, has partially protected it
self against the drouth by shading the
A society was formed and the Legislature
responded liheraHy to its appeal. We have
seen the result in the Show of June 14th aud
loth which, notwithstanding all the draw
backs which have to be contended with in
every "first attempt" proved to be a suc
cess beyond what the most sanguine of its
promoters had ventured to expect. The socie
ty is now firmly established. Though form
ed in haste it is destined to outlive all those
who took a part in its inception, aud unless
fcome verv untoward event should occur,
ought to 1 main from generation to gener
ation, eve.-more useful as the wealth and
population of the country increase, and
even more popular as its managers learn
from accumulated experience how to rend
er its exhibitions attractive and its useful
ness more varied. The Society now num
bers something like 150 members. There
can be no doubt that if all joined it whose
tastes and occupations lead them to take an
interest in agricultural affairs, and especi
ally in the raising of stock, this number
would be more than doubled. This ought
to he the history oi the Society's second
year. One of the most iiiortant means of
extending the usefuluessof the Society, and
increasing its popularity, will be the secur
ing of a Show Yard of its own, handily, yet
j pleasantly situated. To be in a position to
I acquire this, the Society must be strength
I ened in numbers and income. We have no
doubt that the Legislature will respond to
an appeal on this subject if it is made man
ifest that the Itoyal Hawaiian Agricultur
al Society has the hearty support of all
those for whose well-being it has been insti
The completion of the Northern Pacific
Railway opening up a new and long sec
tion of America to rapid settlement, and
affording a new trans-continental channel
for the accommodation and extension of
commerce is a matter of interest, not only
to the people of the United States and the
points more immediately connected, but
also to Hawaii. Although all the products
of these islands can be readily disposed of
even in the single market of San Fran
cisco, the new railroad system open up a
large section of country where our produce
will always be in demand, and where
hitherto there has been no means of mak
ing shipments without difficulty. The new
line will probably distribute the products
of these islands farther to the eastward
than they have ever been transported be
fore. As there are now three great railway
systems extending from the Pacific to the
Atlantic there will be doubtless more or
less competition between them which will
have a very salutary effect on freight rates
from the East, which have been in times
past enormous; and as a consequence mer
chants in Honolulu buying merchandise
either in New York City or at San Fran
cisco will get the full benefit of the reduc
tion in transportation charges. The North
ern Tacific Itailway will therefore prove
another commercial link between Hawaii
and the Great American Itepublic.
Wk are favorsd by Messrs (j. W. Macfar
laue & Co. with the following statistics of
last crop from Huelo Sugar Mill, which,
from their general interest, we take pleas
ure in publishing :
HI KLO lll'GAR MILL t Uol- 1 Ssi.;J.
Total Gallons of Juice
Average Lime per 5(10 gallons
lts St OAK STU CK It.S SI OAK PACKED
No. 2- 555,405. . .
No. 3- 2s7,355. . .
. . 80,859....
Average yield per claritkr
YIELD PElt GALLON.
No. 11.230 It.s.
No. 2 .322 It.s
No. 3 .110 U.s.
Total yield per Gal. .1.07 It.s
YIELP r-ER GALLON OF MOLASSES.
No. 2 Sugar
No. 3 Sugar .-
. 4.75 tt.s
ground and retaining some tnoi-ture, but
the hulk of the cane, both plant .and ra-tHn-,
hi.s su.Tered from the drouth to that
extent that growth was imp s-ib!e, an I to
day, within a mouth of the usual grinding
t?asont there are thousands of acres of cane
in Louisiana which do not yet show a
j'dnt, ami under the most favoial.Ie condi
tions from this tim- until they h ive to be
cut, will not furnish the mill cam s as long
as a man's arm. There are other thousand
of acres which it will not pay to mt at all,
and eoos-qiiently we sully predict that the
crop which in the early sea-on premised to
give u- upwards of r.no.noo poun 1. of sugar
uitl scarcely exceed llno.no , while the crop
of lsj, after all the loss from overflow and
defective stubble gave "ll,M. It is n w
too late for raiu to do much good, and may
cause a late growth of the cane, and pre
vent its ripening." There i therefore, a
pr. spect that the yield of -u-ar in the
t.'nited States will be far smaller than
uu.il, The Sugar liowl V estimate is based
upon the personal observation of its editor
! has spent six mouths traveling all over
the sugar districts of the South for the es
pecial purpose of oldaining Ly personal ob
servation the most exact facts in relation to
the cane crop. Although the entire failure
of th sugar product in the Unit d States
would perhaps not raise the price of that
article very much, there is no doubt but
that the shortage this season will have a
ftimulating effect on market value-, aud
taken in connection with the a!mo-t total
destruction of the sugar crop in Java, the
rejorted shortage in Cuba and many other
unfavorable reports from other ugar dis
tricts there is the utmost probability that
f m-.rl-..f ... . . r ..... .....I.. i..
...... .. ui,, .siiii.it- I'riiiuciiou i .1.:,,,, ... i
iii s.. .i . I thing which at that time seemed
vv- iii me course oi a lew monins.
We notice a hardly excusable etror in the
report of the Secretary of the Planter's La
bor anJ Supply Co. Speaking of Chinese
Immigration he says : " It is now reported cietv was fotmed in son, le.t
of applying the Diffusion process to the ex
traction of sugar from cane. Many of the
processes they have invented have been
declared to be successful. Some of these
have from time to time been described in
the columns of this paper. No one of them
ha- however acquired recognition as yitas
a practical an 1 paying procees. So far as
any information is yet before us we are un-
j abie to . -ay that this or that process will
i obtain the required result of extracting all
I ho - ie.'!i irin m itter fro-n sugir cane,
! without at the .-a me time costing more than
! the value of the extra juice, either by the
I exp-ns of conducting it or hy attendant
waste in some other direction. Neverthe
! less in the face of what has been done with
j beet root, it would be absurd to suppose
: that the i;nivei.-al application of this pro
f cess to sugar cane is more than
I a mere matter of time. Many of the
I most exa.-j crating difficulties which beet
; t he earlier experiments have been overcome
j aluady. In fact if the successful and re
i nuineiative application of the diffusion
procr.-s to .-t:g.ir cane cannot be spoken of as
ab.-olutely accomplished it appears to be so
nearly so that the proposition to try it here
( on a scale large enough to give it a thor
j ough te t niu-d approve itself to every one
j who takis the trouble to study the subject.
j . .
! Mr. Koeling is right in his idea that the
: Diffusion process should be experimented
: upon in an exhaustive manner in this ceun-
try, but we cannot commend his sugges-
; tion that the Government should be asked
1 to make such experiments at the cost of the
j country. For what use, we may ask, is
j such an institution as the Planters' Labor
! and Supply Company if it cannot take such
a matter as this in hand. Speculation is
rife as to what this company has pent its
i ample funds upon. With the exception of
, the institution of the Planter's Monthly and
j an expedition or two to the South Sea Is
i land-, to bring in an inferior class of labor
on a very small scale there is nothing that
i this company has to show as a reason for
J its existence. Here is something sensible
and practical for it to spend its money
j The Royal Hawaiian Agricultural Society.
! Ffiu t!:- I ai!y l i AUv-rti.- r .f l.'th Oct.-ber.j
This evening the lloyal Hawaiian Agri-
cultural Society holds its first annual nieet
! ing. We venture to express the hope that
' it will be well attended. The society,
I which is a rcsu-citation, both in name and
j purpo-c, of an old and favorite institution
was founded somewhat hastily last year.
; Often .-iuce the former society collapsed
, there has been talk about the necessity of
: starting a new one, but no one took the
I tLing in hand in earnest. One morning
shortly before the session of the Legislature
i closed la-t year, two men talking on the
: subject, resolved that an effort should be
j made. They felt assured within own minds
i that there were many in the community
j as desirous as they themselves were to see
this work done. Two things presented
themselves as the first necessities suitable
men to make the start and money to help
the men. The encouragement of agri
j culture" had been a favorite topic with pol-
itieians and it was assumed tlrit the Legis- advantage which would be derived from sccur
i inorouuiy scientific ami
one tou per acre iaore than that plowed bj mules
or oi-n. The cane op t-teara plowed land stood
drought much better than the other. Mr. Wil
liams thought that saud to disintegrate heavy
soilti and keep them from baking, would ofteu
give as btucikial results as bone meal,
Mr. ILilstead ond Mr. Atberton followed with
Mr. Kotliug drew attention to the uselesauess
of applying bone meal to any soil having abun
dance of rhosphoriuacid.
Mr. Davies spoke of a special manure pre
pared in Loudon for sugar cane.
Mr. Jones said it was concentrated Peruyian
guuno. It wus very expeusive; cost $100 per
ton, and reports of experimentsjwith it were not
very satisfactory. He also suggested the saving
of stable manure, of which quantities are wasted
Mr. Davies again spoke of seven different ma
nures made by the Pacific Fertilizer Co.
Mr. Atherton referred to a letter from an agri
cultural college recommending scientific advice.
Mr. W. O. Smith spoke ably, saying that be
fore the meeting should separate the engagement
of a chemist should be defiuitelv decided ou.
Mr. Umia moved a resolution instructing the
trustees to etic;.'ir the services of
Mr. Macfie expressed a hope that the chemist
engaged should be also scientific as well.
Mr. lhddwiu agreed with the previous speaker
and added some remarks.
Mr. Williams aud Mr. Horner spoke of the
application of coral sand.
Mr. Baldwin mentioned cotton seed as a ma
nure in Louisiana.
Mr. Horner warned planters against plough
ing too close to the roots of rattoon cane.
Mr. V. O. Smith spoke of the effect of black
sand on muiiienie grjss.
General discussion followed on advantages of
deep cultivation and in imiriug in counteracting
the effect of drought.
After Mr Homer had called attention to the
danger of too deep ploughiug, Mr. Unna's mo
tion was passed unanimously.
Then Mr. Bailey read the report of the Com
mittee on Stock and said that he advocated the
formation of a Breeding Association and the en
gagement of capable traiuers to break homebred
horses and mules.
After couvtrsatiou the ltcport was accepted.
A lengthy discussion followed on the proposal
that plaiitirs should enter into ngreements
among themselves to fix the rates of wages to be
paid to laborers in euch of the principal planting
districts. The opinion of the majority appeared
to be that all difficulties could le got over when
the attempt to do ko was made in earnest.
Some very interesting remaras on the subject
of letting out work on plantations to "boss"
Chinamen, on contracts, were made during the
conversation on the wages questiou. At tke
close of this discussion,
Mr. Baldwin moved that the trustees be in
structed to continue the publication of the
" Planters Monthly" for another year. This
was seconded by Mr. Williams aud carried unan
imously. It was then unanimously resolved that a vote
of thanks be gien to the editor of the " Plan
ters' Monthly" for the manner in which that
magazine had been conducted.
Mr, W. O. Smith, in acknowledging this cour
tesy, toek the opportunity of again urging ou
planters to contribute to the pages of the
'Monthly." The best papers they had had so
far were from planters
that matter, The more they pursued this sys
tem of exchanging their thoughts the more val
uable they would find their organization. They
could not too warmly express their thanks to
those who had prepared the papers read at their
meetings, papers which showed so much thought
aud so much investigation. He for oue desired
most heartily to thank their authors.
Mr. P. C. Jones, Jr., being called upon, rose
aud said he was not prepared to make a speech.
Their meetings had been much enjoyed aud done
good." He invited the country members of the
Association to lunch with the town members to
morrow. Mr. J. M. Homer said the result of the work
of the Company would be something like he ex
perienced in old days :u California. He went to
that country iu 181C, and when.some of his old
acquaintances iu New Jersey came there seven
or eight years after, they were astonished to find
that in regard to agricultural methods aud ma
chinery, they were so far ahead of the State they
had left. He hopes the Society would not be
discouraged either as to its own future or as to
the treaty. " .
Mr. Unint said it was verv eucouracinir to
I meet oue anjther iu that vav . Tliev cot much
. - o
a uraciicai inf.n.i-.f i,... -...1 it .1.:.... .t i-.i
I ...... s, ., u.-s r ILUUL' LUri UCtTllT-ll
air.Atlierton hoped that during the ensuiug year
the planters would give all the assistance they
could to the Chairmen of Committees in the
preparation of their reports
After Mr. W. O. Smith and Mr. Williams had
made some remarks, Mr. J. N. Wright and the
representatives of the Press who were present,
also spoke, but we have not room to report their
The Chairman dismissed the assemblage with
an expression of his hope that the planters
quest of the Board, undertook its superintend
ence. The thanks of the Board and of all mem
bers of the Society are due to Captain Brown
for placing his experience aud energy thus at
mar havn linn
. 7 ""'" tul" "(" port Mi,,.,,
any infectious or contagious discuse prevails ,t !
may endanger the public health, Bjiaii rt.f
make answer on oath to snch question . may l
asked him relating to Hid CLieaHil or roH'ibe
source of disease, hy the Board of Health or it
agents; ch master, seaman, or pannengcr . ,.
fusing, shall he linn In a . a j.
that the most eligible form for its more import- hundred dollars, or be imprisoned wi, .1.', "
. . , U J 1)1.1-
for not more than twelve months, or both ut tl..
After careful deliberation the Board decided
ant prizes would be that of tilver and bronze
medals. Arrangements have been m.ide for the
striking of these in London under tbe superin
tendence of Mr. Stephen Spencer, who kindly
undertook to act for the Board in the matter.
The medals will be of the aume size as those of
the former Agricultural Society and will be
struct to a design politely sketched for the
Board by Mr. Furneawx, It is expected that a
supply of them will arrive here about the be
ginning of the coming year. In their' absence
certificates of their award have been given to all
successful exhibitors. These certificates and
the Society's Diplomas have been handsomely
uiBcreuon el tuc court. (Civil Co.l.
8. All expenses incurred on account of any
sou, vessel, or goods, under any quarantine recu.
lations shall be paid by Mich per0D, vchh.!, or
owner or consign of such ve.sel or good- the y,,.
sel causing them not receiving a rrnit to quit tLt
port until said cx-nses are Vai,l or surety for their
payment give-.. (Civil Cod action C01.
9. Every vessel arriving off any port of these j.
lands, except vessels plyii.g befHe . anv twoof tL
ports of these islands, h!I1 b boarded bv the Prt
Physician, who shall eximine personally "the crew
and passengers, and if satisfied that no eoutajjiou
or infectious disease exists, or has recently xUtd
I - m- - .-v, V AiniH
linn DfOnhad J - . . -i I K 1 1 .
."VT. "um esgns presented to tlie c- """u. ne snan give the Captain a certiflcita to
that effect; but if not ho satisfied, im ahall order
tlie Iilot to anchor the vessel outsida th. harbor
ciety by Mr. Strong.
PBESKXT9 TO TBE SOCIETT.
The Society has received during the year the
From Mons. Ernest Coppetiers, Hawaiian
Consul at Ghent, Programme of the Interna
tional Horticultural Exhibition held at Ghent
in April, 1883. From the Minnesota Academy
of Natural Sciences, Bulletin of the Academy
for 1881. From the Minister of Agriculture of
the United States of Mexico, Bulletin of the
Department of Agriculture, forwarded monthly.
Frora Mr. -David Dayton, transactions of the
Royal Hawaiian Society, 1851, and Programme
i mo uuiuan international Inhibition 1875.
7,V i r ""Hl1ur"Jfr.iiiid. and th Board
of Health to be I1(,tied f ,ie fact. No vee!
may enter the hai b.,r of any port iu this Kiugdom
without the permission of the Port Physician for
saul port, except where the commanding officer
signs the health certificate which the Pilot shall
present to him.
10. On the arrival of a vessel off any port i0
these islands, after being at ea for a ,eriod of l.
than eighteen days from its last port of call, the
lilot. after hoarding sAlJ vessel, shall ntrictly iu
quire into the health of .11 on board. He ahall i.
struct the Captain to have his crew and passengers
u ut,cll Wilerc hQ 8haI1 ,,,r8(Mul. ,
A a 1 . ---- w..t m tm
throughout the Islands would pay attention to From the Smithsonian Institution, several cub- hoL n ' he dee,u U uet""ary, Le shall
ii . ...... . . I i- . ... " I aunt a yellow flis tn pail m i....i n..
' ...i infill u l ii u ran rmv
the matters that had been discussing and not
think they " knew it all " becuure he was sure
that in regard to the growth and manufacture of
sugar they could be learniug all the time.
ROYAL HAWAIIAN AGRICULTURAL
First Annual Meeting
Ihe aunual meeting of the Iioyal Hawaiian
Argiculturul Society was held last evening at the
Hawaiian Hotel. In the absence of Hon. H.
A. Widemann, (the Vice-President) the Secre
tary, Mr. J. S. Webb, called the meeting to or
der and on his motion Hon. A. F. Judd wui
culled to the chair. The Secretary then read
the report of the Board of Management us fol
The following brief account of the business
which has occupied the attention of the Board
of Management duriug the past twelve months
is respectfully submitted:
THE SCHEDULE OV 1'IUZES.
The first mutter which the Board had to deal
with wus the preparation of a programme for the
Show of Stock and Produce. The Society had
determined, when organizing, that its efforts to
promote u'ud develop agriculture and stock-rais
ing iu this country should for the present be
mainly concentrated upon the establishment of
an aunual exhibition. The Board therefore
deemed it proper to offer to exhibitors as large
a number ol prizes to be competed for as the
means at their disposal warranted. After a very
careful consideration and many revisions, the
liberal schedule of prizes with which you ure all
J acquainted was luauu public. Experience bus
i shown that many improvements mav be iuh.Ih
He urged those who j in the classification of exhibits for futnie shows
ncanons ol tlie United States Government.
The Board now resign their trust with the ex
pression of an earnest hope that the fair meas
ure of success which has attended their efforts
duriug the past year aiue be greatly exceeded in
that we are us a Society just entering upon.
The reports of the Judges ou the various
classes of exhibits were appended to the report.
Some of them only contain the awards which
were published at the time in these columns.
jcian for a more thorough inve-stigation.who.hall
".uu i.iocecu as ordered ii
iu the regulation last pre-
11. but if the vessel arriving hall have Wen
mo, e thall eighteen days at aea from her last port
of call, the procedure shall bo auch as ha been fob
lowed hitherto, as ordered in aection. 594. 593 and
oOG of the Civil Code- :
Xote.Iu such cases the following procedure L.
bee huherto followed :-!Jy section 591 the Pilot,
when putting off to a vesse l, shall take with him
.,uKone wiute, the other yellow: ml h.
liu.l not tune or inclination to prepare set papers, j and in some other matters of detail, but taken as
to send him notes of their ideus and observations a whole the programme proved itself nonular
and he would be glad to put them into shape lor j and it is a matter lor congratulation that compe
tition wus secured under so many classes iu so
lengthy a schedule.
We shall bo very glad to obtain reports
of a similar character to the above from
other mills. Sugar news of any sort is wel
come to us, and statistics like these, show
ing the results of actual operations, are pe
culiarly valuable. A comparative state
ment showing what each mill on the Islands
has turned out would be remarkably inter
esting. PLANTERS' LABOR AND SUPPLY CO
Fourth Day's Session. Thursday, Octob r
The meeting was called to order soon after 10
o'clock. At thut time very few members v.ne
present, but others elropped iu from time to time
during the forenoon. After some compliment
ary remarks on the Advertiseii'm report of pre
vious proceedings the meeting devoted itscli t.
A most interesting and exhaustive report on
fertilizers aud seed cane read by Mr. Wiiliams.
The report stated that almost all fouud most
beueficiul results from bone meal. One gentle
man at Hilo had obtained one ton p-r acre more
by the nse of it. Only Mr. Bond and Mr. Vida
upplied it without any improvement. Mr. Soper
had experimented with a variety of fertilizers,
lime-, stable manure, bone meal, e-tc. , and had
given interesting accounts of the re sults. Those
who had plowed soil away from cane and ap
plied bone meal, found the cane to dry up and
wither. The best results were ebtuned by those
who had 6ent simples of their soil to bi analyzed
and then applied manure in accordance with
scientific advice. Some plu-utc-r obtained goed
results from the application of asht-s from the
mill. Interesting experiments were m i le at
Spreckelsville on n measured area with bono
dust, super-phosphates aud coral sand; the sec
tion which had the super phosphates had given
the bhst results. The report strongly recom
mended the use of good plant cane- fjr see 1.
This re-port concluded by strongly urgiug the
The Chairman suggested that a Statistical
Committee should be added to the list of stand
ing committees. It was often difficult to know
where to look for statistics wheu they were
wanted. It was resolved that such a committee
be appointed, with the editor of the " Planters'
Monthly " as Chairman.
Mr. W. O. Hmith then said that it was doubt
ful whether the appointment of standing com
mittees made last year had not lapsed, he would
m ove that new committees be appointed by the
Chairman to serve for the coming year.
The Chairman then declared the following ap
pointments to the standing committees of the
Labor: Jonathan Austin, V. O. Smith, G.N.
Wilcox, J. M. Horner, James Wooels.
Ccl,tiv.ition: Geo. C. Williams, Wm. Lyd-
gate, A. H. Smith, Charles Notley, J. H. Soper.
Macuixekv: Wm. E. Howell, W. II. ltickard.
It. R. Hind. Jas. Renton, H. F. Glade.
Legislative: W. R. Castle, W. W. Hall. J.
IT. Paty, J. II. Athertou, P. C. Jones. Jr.
RtcirnociTr: E. P. Adums, F. A. Sehuefer,
H. M. Whitney, II. P. Baldwin, H. W. Mist.
TitANsrouTATiox: H. P. Baldwin, S. C. Aus
tin, Z. S. Spauldiug, C. F. Hart, H. Turtou.
Maxcfactcke of Scgab: R. A. Macfie, Jr.,
A. Haneburg, C. Koeling, II. P. Buldwiu, E. C.
Live Stock: W. JL Bailey, G. L. Richard
son, J. N. Wright, W. II. Coruwell, B. F. Dillingham.
Forestry . C. It. Bishou, W. H. Purvis, C.
It. Halsteud, S. B. Dole.
Fertilisers axd Seed Caxe:
G. II. Dole, R. Halsteud, T. H.
Varieties of Cane: T. H. Davies, C. S.
Kyuiicrslcy, A. Unna, A. S. Wilcox, W. II. Bai-
Hai t, E. Bailey, J. N. Smith, Chas. Notley.
G. N. Wilcox,
I Miiiie- "uu oc reany to vole a sum in an
j of an Agricultural .Society, if Mich a body
could be brought into existence before the
.ii.m.ihi.uh)ii mil v:n nnaiiy passed, a
be a matter of a fcw days only. Without
some assistance of this sort it .seemed
highly improbable that an Agricultural So
ciety could be successfully started. Hence,
as we-have already stated the nivsioif So.
j as was the action of those who led the way,
they found no difficulty in obtaining
that the Government has made some
tract with large fte-ani-hip companies for
the Mndmg of several thousand Cninese j prompt backing by influential men. Three
BUr wi a J h me 'aJ IllOIlUl. '
Documents recently officially made pub
lic in the columns of this paper shows ; 1st.
That the Government has made no con
tract on the subject whatever with any one.
2d. That in promising to withdraw the pro
hibition againt Chinese emigration to this
country from Hongkong, or from ports in
China so far as passeugers by certain estab
lished lines are concerned it is expressly
stipulated that no more than COO such pas-
hours after it had been decided that a so
ciety was a nece-ssity, half a score of
m ii of position and Influence here, repre
senting amongst them almost every inter
est, in the country, had put their names to a
n-iiuisiiiou calling together the meeting
out of which the present Society sprung.
That nn-etiug, hastily called as it was, was
nevertheless well attended, and many who
could not be present sent their cordial good
wishes ane rromises of support in writing.
ing the services of
The report Was ae-cepted and ordered to be
The meeting theu went on t j diseiiss the pro
ject of engaging a chemist.
Mr. Williams dwelt on the saving which could
be effected by being secured against applving
uusatiuble or adulterated manures.
Mr. Athertou made some remarks, instancing
a transaction which indicated that miimies are
Mr. Bailey thought that tj guard against
adulteration of mauures alone would be suffi
cient to warrant the expenditure of a sufficient
sum to secure the services of a goo I chemist.
He went on to intimate that the shareholders of
the P. L. i S. Co. and representatives cf the
press were invited to attend a luncheon at the
Hawaiian Hotel at 2 o'clock.
Mr. Williams made some interesting remarks
on the application of manures, and the use of
the steam cultivator. Where the steam cultiva
tor was used the advantage was very evident and
it appeared profitable that the cane would yield '
Statistics: W. 0. Smith, P. C. Jones, Jr.,
T. H. Davies, (J. M. Cooke, H. F. Glade, J. B.
The nieetiiie then udionrncd sine die.
The town members of the Planters' Labor and
Supply Company were entertained at luncheon
Thursday after the close of the meetings. The
luncheon was given at the Hawaiian Hotel and
was attended by about thirty gentlemen, hosts
und guests included, anion? w',io:u were sever 1
lepresentatatives of the Press.
Mr. Williams oceupied the chair, having Mr.
S. B. Dole on his risrht hand aud Mr. W. O.
Smith on Lis left.
After the substantial feast had been disposed
of Mr. Williams rose and after some apologetic
remarks, e xpressed in strong terms his belief
that the pivicedinga of the meetings aud the re
ports of the various committees of the Company
would both now, and iu the future years, be
found of great practical value. He called on the
newly e lecti d Vice-President for some remarks.
Mr. Dole responded :
He f. It very strongly the advantages of the
combination afforded by the Company, more es
pecially iu a community of people separated in
different islands and thus far unable to meet one
another often for social and business purposes.
He, in some pleasant and complimentary remarks
acknowledged the hospitality of the country
Mr. Davies was called npou and exprrssed his
pleasure at being present thut day. It was the
first opportunity he had had of attending the
meetings of the Pluuters Labor and Supply
Company. He bad been greatly struck with the
intelligent character of the reports and the dis
cussion upon them aud with the evidences of re
search which they exhibited. He spoke of the
importance of their being in -a position to know
what they were going to do with their sugars bo
that they might not be bo dependent on other in
the show yard.
To decide where the show should be held wus
a matter which caused the Board more anxious
deliberation than uny other that came before
them. After much enquiry it wus found thut
only three suitable positions were likelv to be
available. Ihe-se were Kupioluni Park, the land
lying mauka of Punchbowl, and the site at the
foot of Alakcu street, usually occupied by
the saluting battery. A majority of the Board
favored the latter, which, though not so pleas
antly situated us the others, was much more ac
cessible both for exhibitors and visitors. It
would, however, have proved much too limited
iu area had it not been tor the politeness of Mr
iiae-Kieia, wuo occupies tUe adjoining property
and kindly placed his lawn ut the disposal of the
Board for the parposes of the show. It is not
at all ceituin that this site will be available for
future exLibitious and the Board are sanguine
enough to hope that the stock and produce to be
exhibited next year will require a much more ex
tensive ground. What is needed is a site which
shall belong to the society, so that permanent
buildings suitable for its purposes may be put up
obviating the expense wmch attaches to the erec
tion and subsequent removal of temporary sheds
pens.etc. The Bourd sincerely hope that their
successors iu office will be uble to secure such a
The Society's show held ou Wednesday and
Thursday, Juue 13th aud 14th, proved to be a
more important one than many members of the
Bourd had ventured to expect. Iu two of its
more important divisions, cuttle aud horses, it
wus a highly successful affair, affording great en
couragement to the Society. A very fair show
of dogs was also organized at the last momeat
In other divisions of their programme the Board
experienced some disappointment; nevertheless
they are encouraged to believe, from numerous
representations made to them during and after
the show that this will not be the case in future
years. The date selected for the exhibition,
though very suitable iu other respects, proved to
be too late for a successful horticultural show
aud the Board are unanimously of opinion that
in future years there shouldbe a distinct exhibi
tion in tnis department to be held in April or
May. llns may be done without depriving the
annul, stock and produce show of the attraction
afforded by an exhibition of plants aud flow
ers. The Board has to acknowledge the kindness
ol tne numerous gentlemen who undertook the
drmcult task of judging the exhibits. These
gentlemen performed their troublesome duties
with great care aud impartiality. In accordance
with their decisious the Board has awarded the
Division I, Cuttle; 13 silver medals, 1 brouze
medal. Division II, Horses; 13 silver medals
J 4 brouze medals. Division IV, Swine; 4 bronze
medals, I diploma. Division V, Poultry 3
bronze medals, 2 diplomas. Division VI, Dos;
1 silver medal, 1 bronze medal, 9 diplomas. Di
vision VII, Dairy Produce: 2 silver medals, 2
bronze medals. Division IX. Domestic Manu
factures; 1 bronze medal, 1 diploma. Division
X, Agricultural Products; 4 silver medals, 3
bronze medals, 2Tliplomas. Division XI, Hor
ticulture; 9 bronze medals, 10 diplomas. 'Divi
sion XII, Agricultural Machinery, etc.; 2 bronze
medals. 2 diplomas. Division XIII, Miscella
neous Exhibits; 9 diplomas.
Several diplomas were also awarded for meri.
orious exhibits which it did not fall within th
province of the Judges to report upon, or npon
their recommendation in the ease of exhibits not
within the Society's schedule. The reports of
the J.udges are appended hereto.
The sucessful conduct of the Show wai main
ly due to the untiring exertions and Bkilful man
agement of Captain J. H. Brown, who, atthr-
From the others the following extracts' possess IUUHt uot blard a vessel unlem he
general interest :
Class V, Poultry. The Judges say "several
kinds of poultry were exhibited which were not
in the list, so we could not award prizes, but
nave made honorable mention of the same
"regarding Hawaiian geese ; we had
only on show one lot of geese, but understood
they were sent iu lite;" "There
were no turkeys or other kinds of poultry, do
mestic geese, or any ducks, but there were a lot
of Leghorn hens and cock, sent in late. These
were not pure, but as the only exhibit they per
haps thould have the prize." "Some
lots of pigeons shown were nice, but the rules
were for three best varieties."
Class VI, Dogs. The Judges recommended
" that at the next exhibition the dogs should be
classified so that the Judges may award prizes
to each class."
Clall VII, Dairy Produce. Of the butter
from Mr. James Wood's Puuhue ranch, which
took the first prize the Judges suy " this butter
is remarkable for its fine flavor, owing doubtless
to the rich feed on the highlumls where the Puu
hue ranch is situated." Of the butter from
Mr. Henry Macfurlane's ranch they say " this
butter shows great care in its manufacture"
Class X, Horticalture. The Judges rein irk
that : "Many kinds of plants and flowers named
in the schedule were uot represented at all. Of
roses and other cut flowers the exhibit was very
small, owing probably to the lateuess of the sea-
sou and the hot aud dry weather. Of most
kiuds of vegetables and fruits there were none
The report was adoptod by Ihe meeting, and
the Chairman called on the Treasurer, Mr. Jae
ger, for his financial statement. The statement,
wnicn showed receipts $3,CJ8 15 and expendi
tures $3,350 CO leaving a balance in hand of
$347 55, was uuuuimously accepted.
The following officers for the ensuing year
were then elected: Vice-President, Hon. A. F.
Judd; Treasurer, Mr. A. Jaeger; Secretary. Mr.
J. S. Webb; Committeemen. Hon. A. S. Clej;
horn, Hon. L. McCully, Hon. C. H. Judd, Mr.
C. Lucas, Mr. S. M. Damon and Dr. R. McKib
ben. A discussion ensued us to the bst date for the
Society n annual show. Considerable difference
of opinion existed among the members present
and on the motion of Mr. Webb the deciislou
was left to the Board of Management.
After a conversation on the subject of a suita
ble site for a permaueut Show Yard, the meet
ing adjourned sine die.
BOARD OF HEALTH NOTICK.
At a meeting of the Board of Health, held at the
Foreign Office, October 17, 1883, the following
quarantine resolutions were unanimously adopted :
1. The Board of Health and its agent mav es-
Ublhth quarantine grounds in the several district
of the kingdom, as they may jude best. (Civil
Code, Section 291.)
2. The Board of Health may, from, time to time
establish the quarantine to be performed by all
vessels arriving at any p,rfc of tho kin-dom, and
may make such quarantine re-rulationa it Hi,i
judge necessary for the public health aud safety
(Civil Code, section 292.)
3. The quarantine regulations so eHtabliJ..i
shall extend to all persons, goods, and effects, ar
riving in snch vessels, and to all persons who may
visit or go on board of the same. (Civil Code .pp.
4. Notice shall be given of snch inarai.tiH r,.,-
nlations by publication in the manner orovhl !
section 281 of the Civil Code; after which notice,
auy person violating such quarantine regulations
"'M nLnea 8Um of not less than five nor more
than five hundred dollars. fCivii ri
j -wvii., BCUtlOII
5. Any vessel which shall refuse to H.,ki
quarantine, or which shall leave the na.
ground before tha expiration of the quarantine im
posed upon her, or which ahutt k .
clandestinely introducing into this kingdom any
contagions disease, or any disease dan-eroas to the
public kealth. shall be liable to seizure, confisca
tion and sale for the benefit of tho public treasury
6. The Board of Health or its agent mT .f
any time canst a vessel arriving at any port in this
kingdom, when they deem sach w-l. ,.r
of her cargo, to be foul, infected, or . .... '
dangerous to the uuhlic health . .
- "u ciuoveu to
the nearest quarantine ground, and to ,
rougkly purified at the expense of tha
signeea or persons in possession of tho 41. - and
they may also oanse all crson arrivin ,
ingonboardofauohves.el, or handling' such
fected cargo, to he removed to some ..h, ,.r -.f
there to remain under their orders. ,n;ii
1 U imiKn.l !...
41....., , "BUIWV I
no uangw to bo feared from anv contagi
ous disease on board said vessel
By section 593 the Pilot, after boarJia a vesncl
shall give tho commanding officer a health certifi
cato for hiui to sign. If the same shall b, signed,
the white flag shall at once' bo hoisted at the main,
and the vessel may enter tho port ; but if the cm
manding officer refuse, or bo unable to sigu the
certificate of health, the yellow ill- shall at on.-i
be hoisted at the main, and the vessel placed in
quarantine outside tho harbor and anchored where
the Pilot may direct. If a vessel bo broujfht into
any port of this kin-do.n. in violation of the pro
visions of this 595th section, or of anv of the rsgu
lations of the Board of Health, oi concerning
which there is just ground to suspnet tho axistence
of contagion on board, the vessel itself is liable to
seizure, confiscation, and sale, and the Pilot (if
conniving at such violation) liable to a fine not ex
ceeding five hundred dollar.
By section 59C the Pilot is forbidden to return
on shore, if he snail find the existenca of any con
tagious disease on board a vessel Which h has
boarded; and this, section also prohibits all commu
nication between all on board the said ship and the
shore or other shijn, until permitted bv the Hoard
of Health, or by the Collector of Customs, under
a penalty oT a fine of not more than five hundred
12. In e very case where a vessel is boarded by th
Port Physician, his fees and expense shall bo paid
by the vessel or its leprescn tati v.m ; and if said
vessel or it repriMcntatives decline to pay these
fees, the Collector of Customs shall colluct them
and shall not give the vessel a iunit to quit the
harbor until sm-h fees and exH-nses shall hate
13. The ltcsid. nt Physician wlu are, or shall
be, appointed by the Bj.-wd of Health to take
charge of the various district of these island. &.
cept Honolulu, are hereby appointed by the Board
to act as Port PliysieiaiM for all ports in their se
1. If a vessel, passing on to another jort or
Co u ii try, whing to land persons or goods in any
port of tlmm islands, the said vessel boiag obliged
to undergo qiiai intine under tlie m nvlini, .A anw
of the pievious teetions of these regulations, the
Iersons .r good ontering said port of these islands
may I- landed, and shall undergo Mich quarantine
or other treatment a the Board of Health shall
order, after which the vessel shall be free to dr
part, when her quarantine is raised.
lo. On the arrival of a vessel at any port
of this Kingdom, coining from a port
known to be infected with cholera, yellow
fever, small-pox, Hcailet fever, or any
other contagious or infectious disease, al
though no case of such disease m.-y have broken
out on board during the voyage, no person shall
be allowed to land from her unless a period of
eighteen days shall have elapsed from the time of
her leaving said infected port.
16. On the arrival of a vessel at auy port of this
Kingdom which has, or ha had on board during
tho voyage, any person hick of cholera, yellow
fever, sniall-pox, scarlet fever, or any other con
tagious or infectious disoase, tho sick persona (if
passengers for that port; may 1m sent to tha near
est quarantine hospital for such a period as may
be judged necessary, and tho vessel, with all on
board, shad undergo quarantine, if necessary, for
a period of eighteen days, as the Board of Health
may direct, after hearing the report of the Port
Physician on the said vessel. But with regard to
all sick persons other than passengers for that
port, tho Board of Health will not consider itself
bound to receive them ey to take care of them In
quarantine, unless the interests of humanity way
require exceptions to be made.
17. No person shall leave or visit any quarantin
ed vessel, or any house or enclosure set apart for
quarantine purposes, unless by written' permission
of the President of the Board of Health, or any
agent authorized by him.
18. Under no circutustau.xs provided for by tbo
last receding regulations shall clothing, per
sonal baggage, or any goods, be allowed to b put
on shore before having undergone such disinfect
ing process as may be ordered by the Board of
Health ; nor shall letters or mails be lauded in '
Honolulu, except by written permission of th
President of the Board of Health, o in any ouVr
port of tho Kingdom, except by permission of
the District Port Physician.
19. Whe n a vessel shall arrive at m.n iw.rt ,.f
j this Kingdom VfiicTi has. or had. on Imiai-.I
its voyage a icron with any of the said conta
gious or infectious diseases, tho Board of Health
shall cause thei hole or part of the ship to U
fumigated, or otherwise disinfected in a satisfac
tory manner, before any of the cargo mav 1 dis
charged from the ship.
20. It shall ins the duty of the Pilot to deliver to
the eommanding officer of any vessel a copy of tha
aforesaid quarantine regulations, with wuicL U
shall be provided by the Board of Health for that
Tho Board at the same time adopted the follow
ing resolution :
Besolved. That all quarantine regulations of tha
Kingdom previous to this date-, bo and the nm
are hereby rescinded.
WALTER M. OIBSOX.
President of she Board of Health.
7. If any master, seaman, or passenger, belong
ing to a veasel on which there may be at the tima
or may have lately been, or auspected to have been,
any infectious or contagious disease, or that which
maybecomatbaaonreeofsuch disease, or which
We congratulate Messrs. Hollister A Co. npou
securing the service of Mr. Jno. B. Hopkins a
manager of their Fort street drug store. Mr.
Hopkins long and varied experience in his line of
business eminently fits him to take charge of tha
important position, and we feel assured that under
his management this moat popular drug store will
lose none of its former prestige. Wt bespeak for
Mr. Hopkins a liberal patronage and wish him success.