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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 20, 1883.
PLANTERS LABOR AND SUPPLY CO. Tuesday's Session Discussion on the Lib;r Question Election cf Trustees. .'. i..- t.n,' v-11 ( .ill- 1 f.) r r l. r I y the noting IV--i I.- .: m. i-ci'iry f 1 th? roll. Ti. u ! .-! ' it t-'-n in- iaV-rn represent ir.: l'..T"7 .-'.i -i :i 1 t!i-r CL tiiui iti b-clarei ti. . i -. i i v .-, .r -. !.t ;m 1 c t!I-T uptri tlio S- : irv i . ft; i 1 Ui: mirj:;t'- of the iu; tiu v. -f -. ! iy, v a;, 'j Mi,il,:n;. Ti5 iiiir.nt-jT wtr tL-:Ti -rr -.. t' 1 ar.il ai j r jv 1. TL-- rp )Ti of tL1 Tr-i-ur-r of tho A-soi-i itioii rra r.c-r.t us orl'T. an 1 Mr. I'utv, wh'-n callcl up j-. by tii i CI; una n. ;r rn.tlT rfoii 1-.'J by ro i Kr. a J tii.'- I r- i .r. fr.rn which it appears t.. -t tii: t -f-ii up-:, hr f ,r tUj year Live Wu i1.rY vi:iI biv.-. biJance orer anJ .t'r. ve .ill r r-.-: j.t s i f $4,0'I 1 which i-i ItOW 1 .... ;r. r;-L p X ".. Tho f:ipns of sup-- r'.:..' th- I. int r-." .M.titL'y for the- Tear hns I. u ? V. J -,t.u I th- .ini janl reiliz-J from tb Jjli'iwH il'V''l OS. Till Tr-aur.-r's r-p-jrt wb .i-' ' p 1 by a unvi! i i . votJ, but a coiii-t;.i;r- r.( t!.r. e. i'i''ul.. ii C. It. Ki-bop nr. i i ; If. l f; u; -p.-ll.t- I t .HI lit th: ,t. r;;it i - I; i r- 1 i.y ti.- Trf-.t-ur-r. Ti.- n- it l'-j r : I .-1 w.ts t ?- . tii tioti of tl..tt- -u tr-i-i s l-'i yt-ir. Tin- ( 1. iii-n i:. i- i I (:.- I t f th- h-i-. o-.-i ttioii yiv-f-r.'.i:.' t'l-ir !!::. t .1:1 i iat l ; .a-. 'i(--i tUmi-. . S -ia.u :i !! w re n t i.i 1 1-.- but -.ifh in- t:." r j.r- - lit j..-. 11 t w rit.: up u a pi''re i f j :p--r t.f r. 1 ;n - of thf-.i wli'i wvr; his eTfjii-t-f r ? . ' f .1 tru-t , iri-1 nft.-r iul r-in th- iri -.vit'.i t'i- l. irni). r of V-)t--l tii tt li- was uii tiri 1 t- M-t, it in.i- 1 t : 1 r -.lip t .i c':ii::iitl-je of thr-, : -!! ii-rin j of Mr. Wt.itti y, Mr. Ath rt -u .tu 1 Mr. Willi cm. wli -.v--r. appint-:-l t .t:t :n f--ii-rs r f tl.o ! . ti-o. Tii- thirl-' 11 m iu'-r- vrf. (.li? iiir 1 ti.- hi,!ti'-t U'i::il-r of vit' s wi-r- t- 1..- ..! !-rt.-.l. Whih; the b.iilotn wc-rw l-ir.,' ---i r.t- 1 t!.- i ty, 0:1 th-r Moti wi of Mr. W. II. Ilul-y, ,.ro- ! I t . Iw.ir th r-port.-. of th- s-V r.il -t ill lilii' ::llH.tii-f .-. Ti.- c- :iiinir: u i.ih r, of which Mr. S. T. Al- -.-i ! r v. t-. ur:n in. was first call l ni-jii t -r- i rr. Mi. Ah ? u: !-r b-'in ahsent, Mr. W. . S i.ir!,. t i.- .-f t!.- c ..:ii:Htt ? r -1 1 tho r-port ia v.-hi -h i' i-. t it 1 t!i if 1 10 r i-i now much 11 .!- p!-.it:f-il t!i tu it w is n y- tr a;4- an I c j:U-l l-i o: t 1! i.-- I .it l-;s f .rl.it nit pries. Yt-t the ror.'l.tior. of I i' ,r i-. ?i t d!r th r .1 iti-f i tory. Th- a lv. t.t f r-iin-.s-- w is hiil-l with favor. Ti.- r ..uu.itf--- nr.- i.f th-- -.j.ini'Ti that more 1 ih i- r- in- iiit- 1. Whtl th . Chim sc are by ti ta ins h i 1 pf th? I'ttun-jse are rou--.I I r- I th -I. -t :il:li 5,'h a!- the mo-.t t-xpeii-iv- Tii- ip:- -' i-n w is a-iknl whfcth.-r or not w- -!i ! I fu- .r th - i'.tro In -tion of Chinese Mil- -, n! n an 1 p nait th'-an tr f ttle in the r tn r 'f h t r-p'.rt f irth-r a!!. ,'.-s th.t I'rov-il-'MO !i I it-it 'r lain th it a white man should p- rf r-!t i- r .1- I ib-r in th tropins. Although th iull ix -.f ('iii'ie h il I.- !i hail.-l with j y, tl-ri- li 1 I h - r. a 1 a I -pi t- r .1 lfli n in the pri '-- nf '.v 1 s 4-1 f, I. it if rn'ih ni re cni! I h- br-.n ;ht n. r la-' .ifitrr, it wis bfIi- .-.l that th- t i; s ..f a ; s -n'. I b ; villi -i-at!y re la 'e I. A--it n-- h ill" th- pr--vit r it- of wa-s was !-r-1 a-, th- pr p -r aaiiant thit n'.tbt to. I... ul Th n:t r -ts of iu ra!itv Wt-re t l!. Ml l.l' I li--"- hi tl c i:a .!:ru -1 1 I 1 Ih 1 ru in th- case h re Chi li r- with nt wir-s. It is r.--t ii-. vi. -rimi Mt be urj-.l t .t . witli th-- C:iin-se lveru- la ik .ii".- i'i .' '11 i.i -a t h iv- 'hi a- - !..!. r is f-iiii- h-r-. .n.-rve a t :-; 1 a-: i r - 1 1 1 r t t Hi. I th'.'U whvli th it tornl .- v 1 1 a r --lap I th-jai t j return t their a if . I i" 1:1 1'-" a ue v tmtrn-t. Tii-: re port j: - ! 1? s th I n;rh t trj it of the ipi- s ti -i ..f I ;: 1 rs in ! is :i!t 4 'tb-.T a very v-xtt Ul ri-v- v -.t th .-..'.j .-t fi--.r:i a pUlittr's point cf vi- v ft i a - ,)'. I by t!ie ni-i im thr;i-U tii- 1: . i 1' f .r 11 iliti.-i, art I th-.-u foil ve I a I-ju li.. . i: 1 ; r ir I t th-: suhj-.- t of lab. r. Mi . W. II It tit--v i-)j t I t the intrjluf d 'i : ' i.n-s I ' r--t4 oi! tb- I .f m rtcoia-1U--1 I I r. t.t - iin aif t-'.-'.s report. Mr I l I 1:1 -lira. lit-. I llp-n the ulk-i-J arriii-.ii ti-.wlii-h t a - II 1 .v ui 1:1 lov-rnmi-nt hi l 1 a 1 i . w- r- ':i i'.i.!,' or iatei l-l to in ike with ta- ..t.i---' i .v.-i-aiiicut anl askel for alifin ! fif r:a t'i n in relation tiwliatthis 1 1 v in ft vis ili-.p-',l t il about the la itr. r. Ml Th i. II. Pivi-s aris- ail sii-1 that aei.Miili'i t th- r rr-sp on leui? wbivU ba.l ap-p- :r-.l in th !'.'. AfVK;:Tts:.T: on t!ie subji-i-t it .v is I n'.ly th i irp :' ta ,.--; -it II 1 wahtt a i'a. ai-.tr i".i a ti irry iat t :f-i-t the arr iiijj -iii-nt s whiv-ii h 1 1, a''rliii t th-se s in- publish- I h;tt-rs, alr.-aly b;-niaile re-sp-ottng th1 i-Ur buti in of Chinese iin ni qrants. Mr. S. It. I) !- s ti I that the planters ba.l it in their powt-r ti -aipT the Cain mi -a to ship ai uor ling t his fi ii -f ; uti 1 th it as! ny as they foull yet wurk with nt sinin,; a contract at s hih.T nte if wi.jes (as w.u often the case) than th-y e .il 1 y-t unl-r contract, they wouhl -f hu-v! pr.Jt-r not to -s-bip." Mr. W. II. Iliekari m .ntioa-.l the fact that the Chinese b ive prat '-tite societies ors ui-J for the p;jrp--e .f e: irtin; eair:ujis rates of w.i;es fr :.i plant rs. Un l-r th - system atlopt .l by thes,-' '.-!-.-,u il assignation the few who worked w-r fit ihl I du'tt it fro.i; the pi inter ettrapiy to 7, ipp rt all the imtiy loaf-rs that ha l to be n: aint tin- 1 in i U-ness. Am n- the lea l r-. in t!i -s.- s ). ii ti s w-re the lo.'al Chinese Bt or- k' ;v rs. Tii- pe tker believed that there lrcr.i jjeneraily as mmy lilting Cainmi-a around a plant ition -m there wire 1 iborers, and thought tii it plant. -rs ouht t-i e mioine to ppi f?ct thoni selves aiinst si-h an napo.sitio.i of the Chinese. A -en-rat oaibina'.i m like that of the pi mt-rs .,f K i iai was re . 111a ;n 1 : Chiaita.m wurkin by the day anl not nn.Kr contract receive fro'.i 'JO to 52f pr in iath which i- c ::-i h i-I c nbit 1:1:. Tiii only rc 11- Iy i-. to b - f ill 1 in an a ;.e e neat aai J!i the pi in!-rs in th-e mntry, to .Cabli-.h a uui loim a id no h.ta-e tble rate f w.i-s. On this su'iij.-ct the in -ui -r re."o;a:n-n l.-.l that a a stion' r . .1 1 ii in -h .at I be in 1 1 . Mr. DtLlwin w is of the opinion thit the mat ter i-f Chines lab-.r and the rate of way-s to be paid cannot be r.-nlate I in a centr il place on a uniform L.is-.-s for all the isl m Is. The Chinese wonld from vario'.s causes n t very cleir. work in s iue places at less rates th m in oth-rs. Mr. P.ivi. s s.ud th it s :u , districts were popu lar an 1 oth' rs the re verse w.th laborers. The reasons cf this wi re nnspeeifie, and be thou-ht th 1 -t way t s-ttle the whole niesti.n was by a-jrot-iu-j n-'t to employ anyb ly as a labire-r on a pi iiitati a un'-ss i.y contract. This arrange ment ) al l ..i-.il- be made general, bnt any oth-r w o il I 11 it be likely to work well. Mr. Iv-kIu-. ti I that on Iv m ii laborers "hipp-d" frt-ly iiTitil they learned that they conl 1 t Lu'h-r wi;-s on the other islands. He favored a yn-ral c . iii.iu.it i u to r-rjulate -wages. Mr. S. IS. I -I- rati- vnn-- observations on the remarks of the f mn-r speakers. Mr. I'nn 1 said that in the 11. i-hborhood of his l.Iaee 1.11 M ini th-re wer- many va-rant Chinese. Mr. W. II. Ii ii!-y moved thit a onimittes of thre- be appoint --1 for th" purpose- of conferring with th- ivrrnnient on the nutter of re-ul.it-in--,' Cliin.-se immigration and I tbor rates. Mr. W. O. S nLti: siil th it the Minister of Fort i-Ti Alftirs ha 1 to!.I bi:u that arrangements couM be m i l- with the Chinese Government to brin- Iaboiri here and compel them to work under contract until the left these Islands. A committee cf three members, of which 3Ir. TV. II. liailcy v-ii Chairman, was then ap poir.to l, in accord with the motion. Messrs. Wilcox, HalsteaJ, Atkins, Baldwin and Itickard were api'ointed a committee to regal -its day labor. 3Ir. W. C. Smith then offered the following resvl-.tion . "IU solved, That the ccDtinuritioii of I'ortnguise immigration is of vital import ance to the be.-t interests t f the country." He then made a short speech in support of Lis resolution. Mr. Tbeo. II. Davies i,aid that be would sup port Mr. Smith's resolution, but the the fact was that the treatment which the planters had re ceived from the present Government" has been very liberal, and no fault could be found with its a-tion, and be tLotiijbt that the Planters' Association should uphold the Government in tnis matter, tnd &i a society express .approval cf tbe action of tLe Immigration Department. The ieoluion was then odojtexJ. A very able report on machinery was then read by Mr. Baldwin, which was accepted by the mee ting and ordered to be printed. It now appeared that the tellers of tbe election of Trustee-, wer- ready to report the remit of the ballot, mi l in due form Mr. II. F. Glade, Mi. II. 1. Lal lwiu, Mr. George N. Wilcox, Mr. I. C. Jou..-, Jr., Mr. S. I!. Dole, Mr. J. li. Ather toii, Mr. W. II. Bailey, Mi. It. Halstead, Mr. W. O. Smith, Mr. A. l.'nna. Colonel Z. S. Spautd ing, Mr. II. S. II urtw.-ll and Mr. J. II. Soper were-U.-t laied elected. Number cf votes cast, 1 1,'jYJ. 'I'm n the mo ting adjourned until af ternoon. iriKKN'JoS .sKsoION. At two o'clock tho Association" again con vened, and was called to order by Chairman lone-., who announced that dui ing recess the new Trustees had elected officers for the ensuing year, and the new Secretary-elect was requested to read the list, which was as follows : Z. S. Spauhhng, President; S. B. Dole, Vice-President ; P. C Jones, Treasurer ; W. O. Smith, S-cn tary ; J. B. Athertou, Auditor. On the motion of Mr. Williams, a vote of thanks was extended to the retiring Board of Trustee s, and Mr. S. B. Dole, the new Vice President, took the chair. Several m- mbers then discussed the machin ery report of Mr. Baldwin. Afterwards, lion. II. M. Whitney, Postmaster-General, submitted the report of the Committee on Cultivation, which was an interesting article.aud was duly ao o-.-pted and ordered to lie printed by tho Associ ation. Following this report the re was another dis cussion on the subject of cane culture, which was participated in by many members. Re garding the cine bon-r, Mr. Richardson, of Waiauae. sai 1 that be had killed them by burn ing the refuse on the ti Jds which were iu-festtd. Tbe Committee 011 Forestry submitted their report throughthe Chairman, llia. C. It. Bishop. The report was long and interesting, and was duly approved. Some other miuor business was transacted. and then the meeting adjourned until Wednesday Wednesday's Sessiom Mr. E- A Macfie'c Report on the Manufacture of Sugar. Oa Wednesday at 10 o'clock a. M. the meeting was called to order by the President. Twenty members wer- present. Tb picMdiug officer after the roll was called asked for the reiiorts of committees overlooking the fact that the min utes of the previous meeting had not been read, But after a little discussion this matter was thought of and the Secretary read the record of the preceding meeting which was amended and approved, not without much eliscussiou in regard to the duties t.f e-ommitteeS that were appointed at the last session. As the last subject umb r discussion when tbe association adjourned on Tuesday afternoon was the report of the Forestry Committee tbe Presi dent asked for remarki upon this topic. Mr. W. II. Bailey thought that some new kinds of trees might be introduced to advantage and commeiited briefly upon the kinds of trees that grow here Lest. Mr. Williams said that the Government should take the matter in baud as it was one of vital importance. Coal is now being Used too extensively and the want of wood is already a verv -'re-at drawback. It was very desirable to have trees planted for fuel in tbe future and to have some measures adopted for preserving what forests we now have. He would suggest that a committee should be appointed to confer with and rex-resent to the coming Legislature the needs of the country in this respect, and fur ther ask for proper legislation iu regard to for estry. Mr. Baldwin moved that the trustees be em powered and instructed to confer with the Leg islature on tbe report of the society concerning the matter of protecting and preserving our for ests and promoting the planting of trees. This uiotiou was duly seconded aud carried. Mr. Baldwin then .spoke in regard to tree culture, and said that eucalyptus aud teak would grow finely in many parts of theoe islands. Mr. Halstead remarked that there was so much rosin in eucalyptus that it would readily burn green, and that therefore it was dangerous to plant that tree txteUMvely. Mr. Rickard said that tbe forests of Hawaii were dying out very rapidly. As trees became more and wore scarce in some districts of Ha waii it seems that the fall of rain was less fre- ipieiit aud less copious, and be believed that heavy timber contributed towards causing a greater quantity of rain to fall in sections ad joining theoi. Betwee 11 Waimea aud Hamakua the forest which could not be penetrated with out a guide only a short time ago could bo crossed by any one with a wagon now. What f.-w trees were left were dying out very rapidly. The President s.id that it had been suggested that a large committee represeutiug all the dis teets of these islands should be appointed to investigate the cause of the decay of forests. He thought this would be- a good plan. Mr. Baldwin did not thiuk this necessary, how ever. The report of the Committee ou Transporta tion was call-d for, but Mr. Rickard. the Chair man, was not prepared. The Committee on tbe Manufacture of Sugar then were called upon to report, and Mr. It. A. Maie resjMjnded on their behalf. The report which he rea l epeneil with a general survey of the important subject and dwelt at length upon tbe various different processes of manufacturing sugar and extracting the juice from the cane. Experience bail shown that multiple rollers ob tained the greatest amount of juice from cane, but still they Lad come bad qualities. The eliff u siou process of extracting juice which had been so ably presented by Mr. Koe-liug was the only method of getting all the juice from caue. Al though this process is old as applied to beet sug ar manufacture, yet it bad never been applied to any considerable extent to the manufacture of sugar from cane. The diJusion process, howev er, bids fair to to supersede all other methods. The history of the discovery and de-velopmeut of this process was given briefly. Diffusion is about to be applied to the manufacture of sugar from sorghum in the Uuited States. Mr. Macrie at this point submitted to the president of the association a sample of ugar manufactured by the diffusion process. It was whiter than any made on these Islau Js and could not be imported to the United States free of duty under the Re ciprocity Treaty, on account of its high grade. The report on the Manufacture of Sagar conclad- I ed with a paper written by Mr. Koe-liug on the subject of sugar-boiling. The whole report was excee dingly interesting aad the subject ably pre sented. It was accepted and ordered to be printed. Mr. Baldwin at-ked what statistics had been give n relating to the mud fress, to which Mr. Macfie r-plied that he had not been able to col lect full and satisfactory statistics in that regard. Mr. Baldwin then called upou the meeting for infoimati- n in regard to the granulation of mo lasses and gave his own experience in the mat ter. The question to him was whether it would pay to get the most out of the first and each suc cessive boiling, or to let much remain in the first, to be extracted in "the lnt boilings. Mr. Koel ing gave his experience and believed that it was best to boil molasses to proof. Mr. Rickard said that he had intended to con tribute to Mr. Macfie's report but a letter on sugar-boiling which he had prepared, had been left at home through the dilatoriuess of a letter carrier. In regard to the mud press, he thought that it preserved everything iu the shape of saccharine matter. Anothe r advantage of the press is that it req'iirer : lditional labor to run it ucccrdiijg to his e-xpeiieuce. Iu all re spects the- press was considered a success. Hon C. It. Lishep said that Mr. Isenb-rg, on Kauai, would shortly have some new iron presses from Germany. Mr. Williams said that many who bad the mud pre ss were careles.s about skimming, and did not therefore get tbe full benefits of the press, He thought that the habit of graining the " second " molasses was not the best, bnt it should be boiled to proof. Mr. Keoling asked tbe price of a mud press, ami was answered $1,000. Mr. Tbeo. II. Davies made some very felicit ous re-marks on tbe subject, and Mr. Baldwin gave some useful aud interesting statistics, men tioning a method adopted at Kaiiaa, on Kauai, by w hich juice was first reduced and then run through the clarifiers. George Dole, the manager of Kapia planta tion, said that this method had been learned from a native of Peru, and, after a thorough trial, he cousidereel it the best. It being now a little after noon, the meeting adjourned to meet at 2 r. m. again. AFTEHXOejN SESSION. An unusually large number of members was present in tbe afternoon. Tbe meeting was duly called to order, aud after a little prelimi nary discussion, it was voted that Mr. Tucker, who was present, should be requested to address tbe meeting respecting bis experience in and knowledge of sugar planting and analogeous in dustries in Jamaica, Mr. Tucker then came forward and began by describing the kinds of cane which are grown iu Jamaica. They were gene-rail' small and in ferior varieties, some of which only grew to a length of from two to five feet. The methods of planting in that island were similar to those iu vogue here. In this matter of planting he had noticed one thing new there, however. That wns the use of a crowbar to make holes into which the pieces of cam- were inserted. It was claimed that where elroutb was e-ommon this "crowbar" system was very generallj- iu vegue in Jamaica. In case the weather was too dry for the first joint nearest the surface to sprout then at least the second or third would grow, iu dry seasons undoubtedly cane thus planted had an advantage over that planted by the usual method. In Jamaica they have a peculiar system of ma nuring. A number of cattle were placed in a portable pen cove-ring two acres of laud. The-s-e cattle were regularly feel and the waste fodder allowed to accumulate ou the grouud. From time to time the pen is removed until a large sized field has all been covered. Theu the grouud thus enriched, is plowed up and planted. Many sugar estates in Jamaica have been re oeutly, and are now being converted iuto fruit ranches because raising cano has not and does not yet generally pay well. Mills on the Island are generally driven by water power. Some caue districts are irrigated; many are not. The la borers there are mostly coolies. The population of the Island is oSG,0l0. Labor is far more scarce and hard to obtaiu there than here. The Jamaica negro would not work if he could help it and could easily cut down a banana tiee and dig up a yam. With this fo id lu fills himself without labor and 1 ivs down aud sleeps. The speaker did not blame the negro for this but it was rather hard ou the plauter. One trouble with laborers there is that the Panama canal ompany offers all negroes 1 2-j per day, hereas.the planters could not afford to pay much more than half that amount. Caue culti vation is carried on there very much as it is here, except that oxeu are larg-ly used. Soil is very rich and heavy. Iu regard to tho muugoos Mr. Tucker rea l a long account of its habits from a pamphlet and then gave some of his owa observations respect ing the peculiarities of the little animal and what it has done in Jamaica. Formerly before tbe iaungoos was introduced there rats damaged cane crops to the value of -500,000 per annum. Although the mungoos was not introduced uu til 1872 the rats and small vermin as well as snakes on the Island has beeu almost extermi nated. If oue of these catlike animals gets hold of your finger it never lets go until it is killed. They prefer to live away from the habitation, of man, aud never eat flesh, but suck the blood of the vermin which they kill. If bred in con finement they are not worth anything as ratters. It is a mooted eiuestion whether or not these mungoosc-s follow rats up trees. When Mr. Tucker was in Jamaica he received a letter from the Government of that Islaud stating that the mungoos never was known to attack children. In answer to m any questions put to the speak er by various members of the association, he said that cane in Jam lie. 1 is most all white and seldom falls down or gets tangled up as it does here. The climate there is much hotter than it is here, which however does not injure the growth of cane. The month of August is in that part of the world thi wannest period of the year, and then th-j thermometer st.iuls at DO3 due is there raised at an elev.ttiou of UOd feet. The cinchona tree is largely raised iu the uplands where it grows to perfection and m itures iu from five to seven years. This tree is usually planted ou sidehills aud rough 01 uneveu lau.ls which would otherwise be worthb ss. Steam plows are not used ou the islanf tiec iuse no single sugar estate is large enough to affjrd to buy one. The largest plantation there. only produces 700 tons in a season. A hundred ton plantation requires two hundred laborers, m.'re or less, to take care of it. Canes in the fields there are very weedy. Grass for st ick which flourishes b -.t ou the is land is of the kind called guinea." Mr. P. C. Jones stated iu connection with the subject of grasses, that a sort of ' guinea'' grass teed had recently beeu iutroducel iuto this couutry by Judge McCuIly, which had beeu sent by him to Kau, Hawaii, and there planted. It had grown well ai?J in ulo good promise thus far. Hon C. R. Bishop sud that this kind of grass ought to be nure generally iutro.bieed. He had j no doubt but that it woul 1 prove valuable to fee-d ' sbx-k. ! Mr. Whitney, speaking of new varieties of caue said there was on his land a new kind that seemed to be a cross between the Lahaina and some other Taricty. It grows finely, has long joints and if it proves to be proportionately full of saccharine matter, it will be a very superior sort of cane for cultivation. He has now of this new variety about two acres. Mr. Davies remarked that not long ago he im ported some thirty or forty new varieties of cane which have been planted on the plains, and he would invite the gentlemen present who were experts in their knowledge of caue to go out aud examine it. Mr. 1'. C. Jones said that he had imported some new kinds of oaue not long ago aud given them to Mr. Bailey, who was not present. Mr. Whitney Btated that Mr. Bailey had in formed him that these canes of Mr. Jones' were not promising as well as those which we already have here. Mr. R. A. Makfie recommended that the asso ciation should have a garden in Honolulu to ex periment with caues and manures. Mr. Bishop thought that it would be a good plan to have all varieties of cane introduced here. T. 11. Davies thought that hew caues should be distributed all over the islands, and favored Mr. Macfie's plan of establishing a garden for experimental purposes in Honolulu. It was moved and B'ieouded that a vote of thanks be extended to Mr. Tucker for the in formation iu relation to caue plautiug an I other matters iu Jamaica, but the Chairman deferred putting the question because of au interruption. The committee appointed to audit the Treas urer's account reported fiudiug it correct. This repoit was adopted and duly placed on file. Tho Committee on Transportation reported through Mr. Rickard, who made some pre fatory remarks, stating that he was very sorry to say that his report did not suit himself, and would not, he kuew, suit the Society. Never theless, many interesting details about trans portation of caue were given. Flumes, where water was plentiful and the land lays right, are undoubtedly the best. Railway and portable tramways were considered preferable on level soil. Cost of transportation on railwaj's was probably the cheapest, where water was not ob aiuuble and flumes could not be used to ad vantage. A letter from Mr. lilaisdel, manager of Kaalea plantation, was read, in which the end less tramway was described as the best and cheapest where water cannot be obtained for flumes aud the grouud is too rough for rail ways, but the rope tramway system was consid ered by the committee not portable enough and too expensive. Mule teams as a motive power were next considered - with faveir. The report was on motion accepted and ordered pri u ted. George Dole spoke about the wire tramway sys tem in use at Kealea and condemned it as too expensive. Theo. H. Davies thought also that tramways were very expeusive us meatus of transportation costing about three or four times what has been stated iu Mr, Blaisdel's letter. After Home minor business had beeu trans acted the meeting then adjourned until to-day at 10 o'clock a. M. Journalistic Superstitions " Are editors us superstitious as theater actors, and sailors, aud railroad men ?" asked the Old Subscriber, sitting down in a Queen Anne chair, aud putting his feet timidly under a center table inlaid with Mexican onyx. Yes," said the solemn editor, ' they are. Ever since newspapers were invented, by Oadr mas, journalists iu every department havo had superstitious beliefs aud ideas peculiar to their profession. Now, there's the managing editor. If the first mau who comes into the private of fice Monday morning is a man who wants to go to Congress, and has un editorial article three columns long, written by himself, showing how the country is lost unless he is nominated in a minute, the manager is gloomy all day, because he doesn't believe that article is going iu the paper. No reason for it, you know, only he is just superstitious cuough to believe that tho manuscript will be lost in the waste basket ten feet deep before the author is half way down stairs. Then, there's the leader-writer, too. If be found his pen sticking in the paste, he'd Sus pect Dan down iu the office in a minute. When he finds his desk opened and all his pencils gone, he suspects his proof-reader ; and when the paper comes out dated February 32. he sus pects the iuaker-up.' And another thing : if he picks up a pen by the wrong end, he will turn it around and say something before he will write with it. I've talked with him ubout it, but he won't give any reason for it. As for the news editor, you see that mountain of exchanges ou his table ? Well, before you get down stairs that young man will lean out of the window to watch jour appearance at the counting-room door, aud he will say, 4 I'll bet a dollar that old cuss stole the Boston Transcript and the Denver Tribuue.' He is superstitious about everything that happens and every man thut comes in. He believes it bad luck to drop the scissors down the elevator well. Did it once, and they straddled right iuto both eyes of a regular advance payiug subscriber, who was looking up to see the elevator come down. He believes in Mas cottes. Gets five letters a week from somebody, and tbe boys believes he has one. He won't work on Sunday or the Fourth of July, Says when a man works on Sunday it ia a sign he's loncsee. If he wants to get anything out of the library when he is sitting at his desk he crosses the room before he takes down the book. Crosses it again before he sits down. If wc run out of paper, the pressman believes it is a sign that the paper won't be out. If a printer usks for money before pay-day it is a sign he hasn't been on the paper quite a week. t is also a tign that he'll never do it again. If tbe press man asks a printer for a dollar it is a sure sign that the printer hasn't a cent. When the fore man finds a handful of pye in with his quoins, and picks up a sidestick and starts down the room making loud remarks, it is a sign he is go ing to (and for) the devil: Oh, a newspaper of fice is the most superstitious place you can come to." 'And yourself,'' said the old subscriber, ''Now, do you believe in any of these things ?" "I ?" said the solemn editor. 'Oh, I believe it's, aboqt time ' Tbe old subscriber nodded thrice, put ou his hat, rose to his feet, and the old one and the solemn one passed slowly, but not too slowly, down the winding stairs. Robert Bnrdette in the Hawkeye. A Princess as a Milliner. Ever since the Fishery Exhibition, when the Princess of Wales appeared at the fair in a simple dress and a small capote bonnet trimmed by herself, the English milliners and modistes every man and woman of them have experienced the liveliest in dignation. But this war in their hearts will not proeiuce a revolution, or in the least olfset the example the royal lady chooses to set. English women adore their Princess, aud will certainly adopt such styles as she may introduce or acknowl edge. Nor will the effect of the simple toilets of the Princess of Wales be confined to the clear-corn plexioned daughters of Britain, With the growlug tendency among fash ionable cireles in Jsew York for everything English, it is safe to conclude that English style in dress will prevail to a great extent here during the fall and winter season. Of course our own dressmakers and milliners will fight an innovation that means :i loss of dollars and cents to them, but many la dies will welcome it just for the novelty of the thing, and surely it will proven blessed boon of comfort to innumerable heads of families with recent unpleasant Wall street experiences in memory. Ample; proofs havo been given since the advent of that innocent little capote bon net, which fust fired the English milliners' heart with revolt, thut the Princess is de termined on a new order of thing and that her example is alreatiy doing its perfect work. She appeared in a white muslin dres?, simply trimmed with lace and wear ing a small white bonnet, at the garden party given by the l iince and herself at Marlborough. The ladies in attendance, for the most part, weie attired in shoit morning tlre.-es. 1 tie Princess mid daugh ters wore crimson cashmere dresses, with Jersey bodices, black .--ilk stockings and high boots. At the (ioodward meeting, where heretofore plain toilets have been few and far between, tbe Princess wore a dress of lark, navy-blue silk, exceedingly plain and devoid of ornamentation, and a black straw bonnet simply nitonicd with a small plume ot bright eariet le-atlic-rs. Even w ben tin- oeca-ion is such as to le maud an elegant toilet, simplicity of style characterizes it. An instance of this is the toilet worn by the same royal lady at the recent drawing-room, where she presided. This was of white velvet and white satin trimmed with small pearls; the train was of tlie same materials and drawn together with white roses resting 011 gieen leaves. X. Y. World. Eccentricity. (Treat men are eccentric That may be j accepted as au axiom. I fancy the truth of the matter is that we are all eccentric, every ne of us, but that since we are not great men as a general rule nobody takes any no tice. Some people seem to fancy that the proposition will read as true from the either end. ' Eccentric men are great." It does not, of course; but that's neither here nor there, they think it does, and so far as they are concerned it does. This is the only reas on I can find after careful research, for the strange behavior of, for example, our fa mous political trio that have been the amusement of the House for some little time probably saving some poor soul from dying of ennui. Of them anem. Christian ity has oi late years looked witli sucli favor on athletics as to give 1 ise to the' phrase " muscular Christianity," possibly enough first Used iu careless i 10113; so that it seems a strange thing to hear a minister gravely talking from his pulpit on the demoralizing effect of- Horseracing ? No. Boxing? No, not even boxing but Football ! Laugh, my readers; but it is a fact. I cannot ciuite recall the reverend gentleman's own words, which is a pity, but what he said was to this effect : that three promising youths (!) of his congregation had left Lyttolton on the Sabbath morning by steamer, with Hags flying, band 1 h ying, and crowds cheering, blowing a bugle, Really I give him credit for a good imagination. Most pulpit deliv erances are so h void of this that I think I'll make a pel iodieal journey to "sit under" one who possesses the faculty in so high a degree. Besides, his taste ; and his logic! The three promisingyouths did the blush, I wonder? were silting in the church when the precious sentence wns uttered. I'd have laughed in their place I know. I'd have taken the trouble to loek up the report, which is a thoroughly reliable one, and I find all the band" concernetl was one bu gle, blown by ' Peister,'' hever he may be. I have seen his name attached to Foot bull notes( 1 fancy. This is a pretty gone! flight. The Hags were tbe Hags of the two Unions, Canterbury anel Otago, and, of course, I hove of the shipping, which every man (ef the world) knowsare regularly elis playetl by way of go-to-meeting finery on the Sabbath elay. Aud now, ''blowing a bugle,'' I confess this beats me. How thrcie youths couhl manage to blow one bugle, however promising they may be, is beyond my intellectual powers to understand. Mrs. C. suggests that tliey blew by turns, but women know nothing of logic. No one could say they "left Lyttelton blowing" in these circumstances ; and besides, my re poet says, Poster's bugle; ami presumably with Poster rests the glory according to our friend, I suppose, the eternal tlisgrace o f the performance. And then to draw that beautiful meral from it all the demoralis ing in flueuce of Athletic Sports ! ' Lord, what fools we be.'' Civis. I'rlurcsS Kaiulaui's Itirtlidiy Fete! A splendid entertainment was given by If. Ih H, Princess Likclike aud II n. A. is. Ch-ghoru at their residence at Waikiki, on the afternoon of Tues day, October 10, which day ,vai of the eighth birth day of their daughter the Princess Kaiulani. Tho very largo party of young people- present was out numbered considerably by tho grown up children who came by invitation to oM-r their congratula tions on the happy occasion. Th-; grounds which surround tlu house are ahv.i ly justly celebrate 1 for their beauty, and they never looked better than Tuesday when their lovely shades and pretty openings were filled witl ladies and chil dren, gaily and many most handsomely attired. There must at one time have bien at least three hundred visitors present, anl when many had taken their departure others were still arriving.' Thanks to tho untiring care anl thoughtful arrangements of thu genial ho.-t an 1 hostess bath youug and old enjoyed themselves thoroughly. His Majesty the King was present, as ii duly bound to wish many hippy returns of the day to his little niece. So also was If. It. II. Princess Liliuokalani, aud a very large number of the leaders of society iu Honolulu. Tin lanai had been fitted up as a dancing room for tho little folks and presented a very pretty sceiu wh :n they gathered therefor a quadrille or a waltz. Jfodt of the guests took their departure as the hales of eveniuj; began to fall, but a considerable number of tho elder ones staid totitiisi uji the festivities with a dance. Altogether no more enjoyable party has been given in Honolulu. May the young Princess iu whose honor it was given live to cele brate a happily some scores of birthdays. Lodges. je Progres Je I'Oeeiiuie, No. 121, .V au.l A S It, meets on Kin st last Muu in em-li mouth. Iiswaiiau No. 21, l" mid A M, meets tor Fort ami (iuetn sts first Monday in eaeii mouth. ' Royal Arch e.'haj.ter meets 111 Hall of 1.- roHrrtis tie 1'Oce-aaie every 3'1 1 hursilay of the mouth. (Jomuiandery of Knights Templar meets e-vi rv 21 Thurs day ia the mouth. K amehame-ha lodtre of I'eif.t-tiou No. 1, A ami . IS IJ, meets &t Hall of Ie i'ro-rres de l'Oi auie every llh Thurs day iu the mouth. Nuuituu Chapter ol l!o-w e.'n.i.x. No. 1, A (X A S it. nm-t.s at hull of le Pi-ogres ue I'O.-eaLiie lir-l 1 'ln!rsliv In the mouth. Alexander Liholiho foaii.-:l of Ka-Io-h. A & A i I: mt on third Mouday of alternate mon-.h-tnun IV-l. Excebaor No.l, I UIJ p, m-t-ts each t'i:e-!;.v in 11.M p't.. lows' Hall, port street. Polynesia Kiii-uiupuiciit No 1. I O o K, m, ,.;., t si.l p,-'-lows Hall ever" tirst and h:ri Pri.Inv in .cii in.. ii;"i ' Harmony No. 3, I i O p. m.t-ts et.-h .Mou.-.iv in hall of Excelsior Lode. Oahu So. 1, K or P. i,iee!.s ei. !i . -P..-ul , v -,r II i'i Campion' B'ock, Pint st. ! ' J"'- Hawaiian Tr:hu N. 1. I inprire- 1 Or l. r of It-1 V.-n mei-U every Friday at hall "t K o' p I 8eeoul aJ fowrlli Tuesday ot monUi. Lmj our i.o i-e. .No. I, Km-hts ..f ,It-i n.-al.-iu. i: . eveum at imii t.n Maiiimia-a t OlJcI f a vU '"-i" 1 !U Knouts t Pythias Hall. OWTut? S nn SaJ"' A L of U' mt n the first and uSant&TL? hmonth in hall of K,iifTht of Pyth.as. Xw TyH51M t,he,Uilrd Thursday of each month. PvtWHah''8 " 1 - T "oetH in Kniehta of rrmias nur..rn Monday night. Jjjcau & fIo. 105 and 107 Fort .0- :Post Office J3ox 38. -o- LYCAX & JOHNSON I.;ivc just received a 1enuf ifnl lot i f Wuhi Strit up. holstercd in ik, Silk :nnl l'ltisli, l'lusli mhj Hair C'lctlt. llau-t inth aud Kejs, that tliev will sell ut the lowest prices, possible. L VCA X & JOHXSUX have just received by 4SSuez" a large assortment of Folding Steamer Chairs that should he inspected by every on contemplat ing a sea voyage. AT LYCAX & JOIINSOX'S can he found all of the latot Music just re- ceived lv Suez," nnd Australia." LYCAX & dOUXSOX have a large assortment of Baby Carriages, Swinging and leocking Cradles, Cribs, ami high and Jow Chairs for the little folks. LYCAX & dOIIXSOX have some very cheap and some expensive Bed-room Suits. LYCAX & JOHXSOX have the only assortment of small Musical Instru ments in Honolulu. LYCAX & JOI1XSON have the onty assortment of PIANOS and. ORGANS to be-found in this Kingdom. 5 L CAX & JOHNSON sell n ore Pianos than all the other dealers because they sell cheaper, sell on the installment plan, take old instruments in ex change, and lease them allowing the rental to be applied on purchase. LYCAN & JOHNSON keep everything iu the Music line. LYCAX & LOIIXSOX have the celebrated Herring Pat, Fire and Burglar proof Safes to sell. LYCAN & JOHNSON keep constantly in stock the largest assortment o Book Shelves,-Clock Shelves, side and corner Brackets, &c. LYCAN & JOHNSON have a large assortment of Center Tables and every thing to put on the Center Table. LYCAN & JOHNSON have the only assortment of Japanese Vases, Japa nese Dishes, Fans, Screens, &c, &c. LACAN & JOHNSON have a large stock of Toys, Dolls, Tool Chests, Doll Carriages, &c.,'&c. LYCAN & JOHNSON have the only large stock of Picture Moulding and Cornice Moulding to he found in Honolulu. LYCAN & JOHNSON have a very large assortment of Paintings, "Water Colors, Engravings and Chromos that they will sell below auction prices. LYCAN Sc JOHNSON have in their employ Mr. W. G. Wood who is tLe only professional house decorator in this couutry. If you want everything to harmonize, consult him. LYCAN & JOHNSON, Manufacture Lambroqin's Cornices and keep Cornice Moulding, poles and rings in Brass, Ebony and Walnut. LYCAN & JOHNSON will furnish estimates for the complete or partial fur- nishing of residences. LYCAX Sc JOHNSON sell and rent Chairs cheaper than anyone else. LYCAN & JOHNSON propose to sell all goods bandied by thein at only u fair profit, and not at the high ligures usually asked for goods in their line in Honolulu. LYCAN it JOHNSON have the bet Sewing A achines for family, and man ufacturing purposes aud sell them at from 20 to 4,r each. LCAN & JOHNSON have all goods plainly marked, aud will deal justly by everyone. Answering all of their correspondents and shipping gootis to the other Islands promptly, and do all in their power to please in price and quality. may 10 wtf. IMPsDETAL, . J. JLEVEY & CO., Wholesale and Retail Grcctrs, Odd Fellows" Euilding, Foit Street. HcboJuU HAVE JUST RECEIVED, Per S. S. Hankow from London and S. S. Zealandia and Brig antine W. G. Irwin from San Francisco, large and vailed hhsoi tun-lit of EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN STAPLE AND FANCY GROGERIES, Wlii. h cannot fail to please the- most lantidious. We havr on hsud a fine M-lecliao of chute Teas, IPotted Meats, JHsh, Game, etc. A f--w ol wh.eh are mentioned below: Tins Artichokes, Potted Shrimps, Cocoa, Bottles French Pickles, Bottles Chili Colorow, "Whole Cooked Quail, Mackerel iu Tomato Sauce, Souserl Mackerel, Fried Smelts, - Anchovies in Oil, Stuffed Olives, Truffled Sardines, Broiled Chicken (very nice), Lime Fruit Sauce (a new article), And a Hundred Other Articles, Too Numerous to Mention. Alao on huiid a fresh lot of ROBERTS' CELEBRATED FRENCH CANDIES. Whick Will be Sold at Seventy-Five Cents per lb. Goods delivered free to any part of the city, and particular attention given to orders, both from the Islands and city. Telephone No. 21. G-IV.K TTft llyl-idfewtl EN G-LING- & CO., 5 Nuuanu Street, Honolulu H. I. A'iENTS FOR THfc Superior" Stovo Dea,er" in , . pucmuoa. janlJwly TELEPHONE 311. Johnson, Street, - - - Honolulu. fJ'olephorie N o. .179. T MO T ICSES. Bottles Chutney, Lemon Paste, Boxes Figs, Kegs Anchovies, Fendon Haddock, Mackerel in Oil, A OA TjTi. otovs and Ranges. EVKBY DESCRIPTION OF " SHEET METAL WARE Ou Hand or Made to OWUr. - , TiDniM PlMMmr. Gntterw, Etc. Contracted for. Water Pipe and Fittings, ALL SIZES. Sole Agenta In these Ialagda for th- Montague' Rang AU Sizes in Stock. Circular aod Price n p.