y .,1 i r i
II v SI ill
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Vol. XXIX. -Xo. i).
(0 o m m c r r i n 1 3. tl u r t i s c r
EVERY SATURDAY MORNING.
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ber, per annum 12 oO
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blic will always be very acceptable.
XjT Person residing in auy part of the Ignited
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:'CT these papers in American stamps.
The subscription price for papers forwarded to
asy part of the United States is $tj per annum, ik
aid in advance, which includes postage.
WM. G. taWIN".
WM. G. IRWIN & Co.,
Si;;.IC FAfiTOKS anil Cniiiiiiitioii
ACENTS. Honolulu, 11. I. jan 1 Sl-d&w
S. M. CAKTER,
A Kent to tnlte iirkiiow ledments to
. Contract for Labor. Otlice, i. s. s. Dock
Telephone No. 41. oct 1 .s:;-ilA-.w
THOS. J. HAYSELDEN,
1 nctioneer. Koliala. Hawaii. Salon
i. of Ileal Kstate, ioods and Property of every
inscription attended to. Commissions moderate,
set 1 3-dfcw .
tCorney nt Lax.
Jin. 42 MKIU'HAM STIIKKT. NKAP. FORT T.
jan I Hl-d&w
S. J. LEVEY & CO.,
Grocer ami lroviion Dealer.
Family (iroeery and Feed ."store.
IHders entrusted to us from th" other island will
V promptly attende.i to. Fort sr., Honolulu.
jttll 1 Hl-difeW
M. PHILLIPS & Co.,
Importer ami Wholesale Dealers in
Clothing, Roots, Shoes, Hats. Men's Furnish
jnand Fancy ("oods. No. 11 Kaahumanu Street,
Honolulu, H. I. j-tn I Sl-.kfcw
J. M. DAVIDSON,
ATTORN EY -AT-LAW,
No. 1 5 A A 1 1 1 " A TV X' STlSKtn'.
IlONt U'I.l '. n-l lydvt'A-
ATTORNEY AT LAW
Anil Solieitor in t'liauoerj'.
Oific:: ovkr i.i;i)i;i:i::: s . p. ra
Y.. A R. si.nthw est r.,n!cr M-rr-han: and Fort
rirects, ll.-iil:;h:. II. I. ".'..tra:" on Merchant
j!re t. f"J-::ndvt a-
J. M. MONSARRAT,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
1enl t:slnt' in :iy part o Hie liinu
V tl.ui !Ion;ht. Nwl and i.-Viscd '.i Cvuriinissio::.
,'.--:ti:iti'.l aiil I. -:a! l.-T'm-i:ts Drawn.
-27 .mi:i: iia!st stki:i:t.
.i.-tt" Rlofli, JIotimIi;;;:.
-BT IKVES.S. C. M.COJSK
LEWEES i- COOKE.
.ucc-sr- I."A :s tt CiKiii-'
ealers in Luniher and lSiaililin Ma
terials, tort Street. t 1 ;-:litw
ssj WILLIAM JOHNSON,
n vat i st:re t -niporarily ..'-cipied !y A. "
R;chard.:i V IV'- FORT sTRKFT.
oct 1 :!-lit-v
Di:xnsr. i;k;s lkavlto inform
his nia.ny fricni aii.l th. punac in reiu-ral
th;tt hi" lias oj-Tfii lii-
Office at N. IOO Hotel St.,
NF.XT T V. M. C. A. Rl'Ii.DINO
'Vherr- h.- would i..- pl--it-eI to have oil iv
Jcall, hopinu to c.iiu th-confidence f the pu'olic
n"o'l wop!; and r.'i'oaahle cb.arjr .
HOX0LUM-. HAWAIIAN ISLAXDS.
i.. . u:vr
LYONS & LEVEY,
. V. u c t i o 11 eers,
General Commission Merchants
H . -r Bloek, '2'ieen St., Honolulu.
Sale oi'l'nrnitnre. Ntoel. ISeal Kstate
and (.-Ufa! Merchandise properiy attendee", to.
Sole AsjeiitH lor:
American & Enrupean Merchandise.
tel. 8 d&W tf
F. A. SCIIAEFER & CO.,
Importers &0ommission Merchants
HONOLULU, H. 3.
S. S. CUNHA,
etail "Wine Dealer, I'nion Saloon.
1 1 1 the r";ir of the Hawaiian t'azette Building,
No. - i Merchant street. janl hi
MANUFACTORY AND BAKERY,
Prartltal Confectioner, Palry took X Baker
Importer anil Iealer in 4 lothiusr.
Roots, shoes, lints. Cap-, Jewelry, Perfumery,
J'ocket Cutlery, aiid every description of fient's
Superior Furnishing (ioods. B-d" Renkert's Fine
Calf Dress j'.oots, always on haiul.
N. K. Cov.n:r Foi;t & Mkkch vnt sis. janlSl-w
HOLLISTEK fe CO.,
DRUGGISTS AMD TOBACCONISTS !
WHOLKSlLK AXU RETAIL.
: Nuunn-j Street. A cor Fort ti: Merchant Streets.
P. T. Lenehan & Co.,
1MIOUTi:itS AM) (JKXKRAL C'4.1I
mission Merchants. Wholesale Deulers in
WINKs. ARKS and SPIRITS.
Honolulu. If. I. j l s ly-w
Choice Ales. Wines & Liquors,
conxzn xul'axu hotel sts.
o :i- v" JAMES OLDS. Proprietor.
I.ATK iti' SAX FRAXtlM'O.
I!;iM'n;iliIiVifi hinwif at 1 I C i ' i :r-:. .;:-::-
M. it" v- Carria- Fa.-tiry.
FLK WATCH WORK
A -''et-iality and s it:-f:ica
:;:ara:steed. oct 1 "3 w
U. M Ci- ;'.. VK. tf. A- ' Ai'.!-N': '-.
6. W. MACFARUNE & CO..
ImjMU'li'rt. oniniiioii .Merchants,
ami .Nnu'ar l'rlors.
: . i ' : . : V 1 1 1 .
KLIam-a swav Co.. KaUa:.
The NVaikapu suirar lUa::tati"H . Man-.
Tiie speii. er SUi;ar Plantation. Haw;.;-
Honahii.a Sutrar Co.. Hawaii,
Hueio snar Mill. Maui.
HneloSnar Plantation. Ma:::,
Reciprocity Susrar Co.. Hana.
Makalia siuar Plaiitat ion, Oahu.
Ookala Si;-ar Co. Hih. Hawaii.
Uowalu sni;ar Co.. M:uii.
Pnuloa sh-ep Ranch '.. lla'Aai
J. Fowler it C. Steam PI cv and Poiia e Tram
way Works. I.eed.
Mirrle.s-. AVat-on Co.'. -Car M;. hin.-r; . .,!a.--
lllasgow and Honolulu I. in" of Packet-.
Liverpool and Honolulu Line of Packet-..
London ami Honolulu line of tf;ini.-r.
sun Fire Insurance Co.. f London.
avl ilnv :iii'.s
WING WO TAI & CO.,
Hnve 'oiiHtjintl' n liantl ami For j
sale a fall Hue of j
JAI'AX AM 411 1 XA TKAS. j
hoth Hi-ihand Lov I'ric-d. according to iuaiity :
Rest .'hina Matting-, plain and olored. A So, full
assortment of Plantation Millies, all kinds. ,
Alw.tvsn!! hand a laie tock of Rice, they hein !
Agents of three Plan tatio:;. oct 1 --v
WING WO CHAN & CO.,
Importer, ami ;nral lealer in
r.ii-:i:-h. A:ne:uau arid Chi:uj 1'rovisions,
Plantation Tea and to-neral supplies. Alo, First
Class White and Colored Contract Matting all
'.piahtie.-. ami price.
No. -0 Nuuanu street, opposite Mr. C. Afon'.s.
oct 1 s:i-w
P. u i s, Fe b r u a r y 'J 8 .
Lent lias .someway dropped suddenly on
this year: occupied with Egypt and Tonquin,
industrial crises and eL'-ap boarding for the
poor, time llew as swiftly by as if w all had
promissory note to meet. However, people
nnd the opportunity to take their till of re
creation. 'With tiddling.feasting.dancing.drinkin-;,
masking.' Formerly Carnival which in
terpreted implies "farewell to flesh, "extend
ed from Christmas to Shrove Tuesday ; now
it is limited to three days like a revolution.
An enterprising proprietor of a restaurant, a
man of the period, and of ultra-conservative
notions, has aimed to maintain the Olden
Time, as ho has advertised "rosbif and thn
plum ponding" muco the 2oth December and
now aiguille. a change in the bill by super
seding the pudding by pan-cakes.
The weather has been wet, dirty and disa
greeable, so tho crowd, like the English of
Froisisart's time, had to take its pleasure
sadly. Nothing is so sad aa a diluted popu
lar pleasure. Not a few think such fetes dis
agreeable because the streets are overcrowd
ed and one's habits and customs are crossed.
But since the processions of the fat beeves
are as dead as the Second Empire, under
which they flourished like a bay tree, the
streets are simply taken possession of by a
gaiing crowd in search of masqueradors.and
instead, find but advertising vans of ink, and
babies'-feeding-bottle manufacturers, and
go-ahead- sentry horses on wheels, by outfit
ting establishments. Shrove Tuesday is be
coming a fete for children; they have every
where their matinee hiasked balls, while
their elders, if no longer possessed of Fras
cati and Valentine, have Tivoli, Vauxhall,
liullier. Fdcn and the .',;?rn " fall rak up
on. To amuse the olive branches under
shelter is justifiable, but to promenade the
saplings along the street in their tinsel and
flinivSy costumes is worse than cruelty, aud
raises ti e question, are the parents interest
ed in burial societies; or, are they playing
into the hands of Bismark to keep down the
population of France ?
There was a noted philosopher once who
passed the day in his attic balcony contem
plating the moving, heaving crowd below,
and he found in his Buddhist contemplation
the reward of thinking that in the course of
fifty years they would all be under the sod,
save those endowed with supernatural vital
force, say like de Lesseps, who has just be
come a double immortal. In Paris, the Car
nival only exists really in the Almanac. It
is the appanage of butchers, laundresses and
puflists. The climate has driven away troub
adour, as, instead of catching an heiress, he
catches a cold. The Savage, however, occa
sionally blows a crockery horn, and his blue
red Lapland nose is quite in harmony with
the frozen Juno and the shivering Galatea
at his side.
A Turk who wa in Paris on a Shrove
Tuesday pending the Carnival, informed the
Sultan' on this return, that the Parisians
went mad on that day, bur that a little a.-dics
put on their head-, the next morning, made
them all right ag:un. We don't know the ori
gin of the Carnival. save that it descends in
right line from human folly. No people has
been exempt from the absurdity of disguises,
masks, and licenses. It is a remnant of pa
ganism, of bacchanal.-., and saturnalias, be
queathed by Bacchus. Saturn and Pau.
Theologians and clergy have denounced the
Carnival, and at Rome, Clement II. helpless
to suppress it. shut himself ever up in the
caitle of St. Angelo pending its duiation.
The Court of Charles VI. made masked
balls fashionable, and it was at one of these
His Majesty nearly h-t his life while dis
guised as a bear. Italy gave au impulse to
masquerades in France, and Henri III. rang
along the streets disguised, whacking his
loTing subjects and exchanging moat unroyal
epithets with the traders and artizans. j
Louis XIII was too hypoehiondioal for such J
fun: but with his soil Louis XIV. the gods
and goddess of Olympus, the heroes of fable, j
shepherds and sheperdesses had their way,
though the King rarely laughed. The Be
geucv was naturally the friend of carnivals,
and a decree in 113 authorized masked
balls. Indc-ed from this period might be
dated the taste of the French for mockery,
intrigue, and easv pleasure. The revolution
swept the institution away, but it returned
in IT'j'J only more fortitied.
The Carnival of Venice had a reputation
as being amusing by its dances and songs.
But Goethe gave the palm to Borne. Boger
JIARCH 211. UUI-I,
. Asehain, the tutor of 'Queen Bess, avowed he
i only remained nine days at Venice, and saw
1 in that time more liberty for sin than in
London during nine years. Perhapn in
j point of downright fun. and superior to Nie
and her bituille de jieur. mid ctmfrtti.
' Buenos Ayres and Montevideo carry ort" the
palm; there eggs filled with wafer, th per
! foration being closed by wax, are freely
; thrown by ladies at the passers-by, and they
are most dextarous at this hydraulic amuse
Iti has been said that one half of human
j ity is mocked by the other half. The blacks
( of Hayti, if revolutionary engagements per
! mit, wear white masks during carnival, and
i similar colored chemises, elo.-!y tilting tho
j waist and from which bells are suspended
j they then dance prettily. The Anbs for
j disguises, wear the ordinary clothing of the
i western nations. In Bohemia, bears are
; led about from house to house, when th.
j smallest contributions is thankfully accepted
j to drink bruin's the ban grits health.
And should a marriage take place during the
carnival, a fat cock is dressed in white, with
a red hiding hood, and solemnly arraigned
by two public prosecutors, condemn! to be
executed. Chanticleer is marched, preceded
by music, to the public market place and
beheaded; he is then roasted and presented
to the bridegroom, while the head is handed
to the prosecutors for their fee. In Moldavia
the carnival opens by the funeral of a bass
fiddle; the cards having been removed, the
case is enveloped in a winding sheet, buried
with mock solemnity, men, women and chil
dren crying like tho choristers at a Roman
The French are dissatisfied at the slowness
of applying the winding-up act to Bacninh,
General Millot has received a hint not to
take for model the Dutch and their Atchean
war. It is felt that the honor of the flag
necessitates England's making a demonstra
tion somewhere near Osman Digua'a where
abouts. At least invite him to trample on
the tail of a coat, like the Irishman at Don
Since the Forty-Four Committee has taken
the industrial crisis in hand, there is less
complaining of want of work. Polities
doubtless had much to do with the cry of
the sovereign people being starving. M. de
Clemenceau has not yet opened his wallet of
cures that he has brought from the English
trade union. In the meantime the strike
has re-broken out at the famous Auzin col
lieries, near Valenciennes; thu men accuse
the directors of not having kept faith with
The Anti-English Suez bondholders repre
sent 25,000 votes, each shareholder has only
a single vote, whether he has but one share,
or like John Bull, 175.000. Not too much
importance ought to be attached to this
clique, ostensibly intended as a spectre for
British s h i p - o w n e r s .
Prince Kropatkiue is undoubtedly sinking
fast in his prison at Clairvau::. However,
he has only himself to blame ; in; is treated
with special favours; he has a loom to him
self, can write and read; he receives all the
newspapers, and can order his meals as he
pleases from an hotel. But he insists, like
Blanqui, on living like the other prisoner,
and will not petition for release the only
obstacle then to his discharge is his obstin
acy. Blanqui declined to leave- Clairvaux
till Napoleon III came and apologised for
incarcerating him. Prince Kropatkiue is
very wealthy, and though only forty-two
vears of age, is now looking an old man of
seventy . His hair has come out in handfuls;
his teeth are nearly all gone: but then he
suffers from scurvy, caught some years ago
in Russia. His young wife passes her days
studying medicine in Paris, and travelling
to see her husband. She has a strange,
weird-like beauty; she is rttcirtitr, and car
ries a loaded revolver as a pocket companion,
and is fully resolved to shoot herself should
her husband succumb.
Marie, the Queen of Tahiti, is in our midst
incognito . She is a good-looking Creole,
aged 25, but appears on the shady side of 00.
Her mother is the daughter of a chieftaness
with as many orange gioves as the Due de
Montpensier. Her father was an English
manMr. Solomon, and the Queen learned
reading, writing, arithmetic and the use of
the globes at a seminary in Sydney, N. S.W.
She thus speaks English, and is acquainted
with the French. She was married at 15 to
the Dauphin, now Pomare V. They are at
preent bepsrated. His Majesty has been
ruined by reading French history, as from
over-study of the reign cf Louis XV. he made
a Madame de Pompadour of a pretty snake-
Whole Xo. 14-1)5.
charmer, and hence the griefs of the Queeu.
The population of Tahiti is some 1 1,000 souls
all mostly Protf tsnts. He r Majesty dewiroit
to lie recognized iinply x "Mad.inu Marie."
The object of her visit not clear ; perhaps
like that of other iyal incogs, it may not 1
divulged till two eenturies hence. rtho
Hinokes from ,1fty to eighty cigarettes per
daj; pa troni.'s a cmntgur toilette, but hho
denies having ever danced the vjm, or
The Meissonier-Mackay quarrel i still
the talk of the town. The French espotlHO
the case of their artist, and intend giviu"
him a dinner, while the Americans back up
their countrywoman, who ince (fight yearrt
has expended a fortune among and upon
Parisians. Mcissonier forget hi.i client was
a lady; he is known to have a greed for gain;
h nce, why he could not display the pirit to
keep thu not extraordinarily painted portrait
at th exort.itant price of 75,000 francM, and
cry quits. Mcissonier is very rich; he may
be said to have raised himself from poverty,
and so the more creditable to him. But
when he sneers at Americans having mora
dollars than taste for the linn arts, he should
remember they have always been his best
clients, since fifty years ago when he painted
pictures at five francs per square yard for
the American market, up to Ids "Charge of
tho French Dragoons" for A. T. Stewart, of
New York, for MO.OOO francs.
At Bone, in Algeria. Millie. Z was to
married to a gentleman from Tunis; both
Israelites. Arrived before the rabbin, ac
companied by the bridal party, the brido
groom said he would not wed unless tlif
bride's father first paid down her fortuno.
The parent said he was not quite prepared
for that abrupt demand. Persisting i$ his
refusal, the bride turned to the crowd, and
asked, was there among them any young
man gallant enough to wed her. Benjamin
Maalem. a handsome shoemaker, stepped
forward and was then and there married to
her. Next day he received an official ap
pointment. Nice is accused of being unhealthy; the
papers state. 44 a father and son, both cen
tarians, have just died within three days of
Countryman and wifo at a fashionable
bar: " Waiter, give us a hundred sand
wiches." San Fr.AN'cisco, March 15. 1831.
The city is bewitched, gone mad, run wild.
Cause Colonel Mapleson and Her Majesty'!
Opera Company. San Francisco has been
yearning for a season of grand opera and sho
has got it with all tie' concomitant, high
prices, tricky management at the box office,
and two -stars of the first magnitude. Tho
boom began to be worked by telegraph be
fore the troupe arrived at all. Patti wi'i
coining. Patti wasn't coming. Nobody was
coming, everybody was coming but coining
a year from next Christmas. Finally the
opening night was advertised and there wait
a tremendous "take" of season s ats and
seats for single performances. The opening
night Lucia was advertised "with Et Ika Gei -ster
in tho title roll, everything went well
though there was an undercurrent of ferment
all the time to discover which would be the
first Patti night and how one might bo
ahe-.d in securing scuts. Nobody seemed to
feel as if he had exactly the key to the inside
position. Mod people were hopeful that
they would fare best by waiting till the time
came and buying their ticket.' in the usual
way. The Patti night was announced to
take plac a week sooner than had been ex
pected and the v, hole town talked of nothing
else, thought of nothing else, dreamed and
dined and worked with no controlling im
pulse than Patti tickets. When the time
came the tickets were not sold us much at
the public. The management gave all the
tickets away to its own corps of speculator.
and as the enthusiasm to hear Patti in no
wise abated at this enormous cheat, people
paid the most fabulous prices as the design
ing Mapleson intended they should. They
submitted to be swindled but an immense
rag? wa kindled in consequence and when
the actual great and long-looked for Patti
night arrived tin. re was still more cause of
complaint. Sham tickets had been sold. and
tiue tickets sold several times over, while
thu jam of those admitted vwthin the Opera
House was so great that many of them could
not find their way to the seats they had leen
bled for. The large building was packed,
the up-bearing capacity of the galleries test
ed to the utmost and the mere thought of au
accident, fire or panic, enough to make one
shudder. The people who were prevented
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