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THE PACIFIC C03UIEKCIAL ADVERTISER. APRIL 12. 1884.
(5 1 i t 3 t i ii 1 i. .1 1, S Editorial Articles. FHuM ii u: I'M ly r Tin: ift':rlfi liar fit! ljrii info two of its charaeteri-tie mistake, in a -ingle article; oik: an iinaginuti v- mistake &nd the other a floundering among tigures. The imaginative one is the HUpposition that our 'ommrmTeial j reporter spoke f . cent per lb a- the : total fall in the- prie of -sugar in the ; quarter just ended, when he was only j illustrating the eriou results to the ; country of the repeated falls in price whiMi wr bnve been called IHJOIl to j , -it i ;.wri. ' rhronicle, by showing that a. single ; fall of J4 cent per lb on one quarter's j exports represented nearly $100,000. j The second in in his own calculations j of what the fall in sugar has been dur- j ing the past year, in which, after stating that )i cent per lb Is equal to $o per ton, he makes one and a half cents per lb to be equal to $2." per ton, and one and three-quarter cents to be J $27 o0 per ton. Somebody in the Ga- ' ztttc oflice evidently needs to go to j Hi. Alhan's College to learn ari thine- j tic. ' i r Communication is interrupted be- j tween the old semaphore station and j town and the shipping intelligence j usually obtained from that quarter is i no longer forthcoming because there j is now no one sufliciently interested j in the line to undertake its repair. Originally constructed as a pri- j ate enterprise and subsequently paid for by .subscriptions raised from our business men, this line to Telegraph Hill has for a lengthened period been ;ared for by a firm no longer in busi ness whose public spirit probably brought them but little pecuniary ad vantage. It i time now that it should he taken in 'hand by the Government to whom, we feel no doubt, ul! those entitled to a say in lhe matter will be willing to see it confided. The news vbicli it is especially intended tocon uey is of interest to the whole public and not merely to a few mercantile Firms and the line is in consequence a very proper object of Government care. This fact has all along been re cognized by the Legislature which has provided regularly for the sal ary of the signal station keeper since the line was put up. The further ex pense which the maintenance of the line and the publication in town of the shipping news conveyed by it would entail cannot be a very serious matter. If a private firm could un dertake it for so long it is surely not much to ask of the Government that the service should be now taken up for the benefit and provided for out of the public purse. We have become so accustomed to have regular ship ping intelligence from the signal sta tion that it has become quite a neces sity and it will he a very poor sign of the progress and enterprise of the chief port of the Kingdom if this ser vice is now to be abandoned. AVE are informed by Messrs. If. Hackfeld A: Co. that in future the steamers of the Pacific Mail S. S. Co. will not carry either passengers or cargo between this port and San Francisco. This new policy is to ex tend to the steamers which occasion ally call here on their way from China an well as to those which run from Sydney to San Francisco. The arrangement is presumably the result of a negotiation between that com pany and the owners of the eompet- ! ing line. It is a shade bettor in its treatment of this country than that ; we heard of as being proposed some; few months ago, viz.: That the steam ers carrying the mails between Ails tralia and California should ei-ae al- j together to call iiere, thus cutting us off from ail connection with the Colo nies and diverting lroiii our .-bores that stream of tourists and business j men which has done so much to make ' this country known throughout the! world and which, from month to ' month, has left behind so many dol- j Jars in return for sight seeing anil for ; the products of the land. It is never- ' iheless a vexatious interference with ; That ought to be the rights of the peo- ! pie of this country. No merchant ; vessel should be allowed to call regu- j larly in our ports and refuse to re- ' ceive either pa-seng?rs or freight ifi she have room for them. .Such a I thing is absolutely contrary to law in ! ome countries and if it is not so here ! -r- it ought to be. The Pacific Mail Co. may be indill'ereut to the trade they have thus, for some considera tion or other, thrown away. Rut for the Oceanic .Steamship Co. who may be supposed to have secured the ar rangement in the hope of benefitting by it we consider that it is a very bad stroke of policy. U will seeure for them the profit on a certain amount of passenger and cargo trallie for the 1 present moment but they are sun to ! find in the end that such an attempt j to contine a trade which is free to all j carriers within a ehannel prescribed for it not by natural laws, but by an individual will must fail in the end with probably u greater loss than all the original gain. Another well equipped and more wealthy company . 1 11 . , . , has cast envious eves on this trade for some time past and if a monopoly is established for a little while in the steam carrying trade between here ami .San Francisco, we should not beat all surprised to see it broken in upon in a manner disastrous to the interests of those who establish it, and from I what may probably be to them a quite unexpected direction. We very much regret to find ourselves called upon to make these remarks. Our earnest and honest support and applause has been given to the Oce anic Steamship Co., as one of the most valuable institutions connected with the trade of these Islands. But we are convinced that if they are responsible for the arrangement we are discussing,they have taken a step which must, in the end, prove injuri- ; ous to themselves. j How inopportune a time too has i been chosen for the announcement of J this compact. The companies engaged ! in the steam carrying trade between this count ry and San Francisco, have been enjoying subsidies from the Ha- wanan uovenimeiit as a consiuera tion for the accommodation they af forded to the public. With what face can either of them ask a renewal of the bonus hitherto granted if they mutually arrange to reduce,instead of increasing the accommodation of which it is a recognition ? The public cannot view with complacency, a vote of public funds to a Company which refuses to carry cargo and pas sengers between this port and San Francisco, or to a Company which uses its influence to deprive the coun try of facilities which it has long en joyed. We confess that we are entire ly perplexed to understand how shrewd business men can have con cluded that such an arrangement as this can prove ultimately successful as a scheme for profit. We can only as sume that the success with which cer tain corporations engaged as public carriers, have for years past oppressed California, has blinded their eyes to the fact that the carrying trade of the open ocean cannot be monopolised except by treating it so liberally that competition ceases to bo desired. FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE. San Fkancisco, March 31t. 1884. There is no doubt that the newspapers did a great deal to bring about the state of pub lic feeling that in turn brought the pressure to bear cm Governor Stoncman to induce him to eall that extra, session of which this is the sixth day. Thee are the days when it is no fur. at al! to be u Governor ; for no matter how deep the machinations of the railroad are; no matter how rich a senatorial reward the Governor is to reap for his stead fastness., it is trying to hear the epithets, knave and fool eonpled with one's name with the tireless a-siduity that tacks them to Stoncman's. In the 1- tier of Attorney-General Marshall, the abuse was something woie. and being presented with the force and significance of a State paper, was in tensely deplored and regretted bv Marshall's j friends, for it bore a bullying, challenging, j duelling asp-: widen is becoming more and more repugnant : m n's feel in;: -very vear. The railroads -dipped out in the tax ca. through the non-eorres-.. .ndence of the Statt with t)- Federal law. The New Coustitn- j tie'ii made irs di-viiminatiou in favor of pri- j vate indiidaais and specially providing that i railroad eoi'p 'rations -Lould have both their property and the mortgages nn that proper ty taxed. by a : 'g; 1 technicality cor porations are persons and '.he attorneys for the San Francisco corpor tions e0t their principals on tax free. Pul'i'e opinion raged. Stoneman is a great ldier but no states- i i man at all. It was thou; . . that he was i gracefully and dutifully ir. railroad leading ' string-, but this extra essjor, eaper i- most 1 amainglv contradict. rv. lb- is a vaeiilatiii" i man. m.i much the wor-e v the State, and 1 while i: is soothing to thinl. tht the extra session will devise a mean- for reconciling ' the discrepancy between the-State ami Feder- ! al luw in such a way as to bleed tie- plethoric i Pint uses of tie . P. 11.. it blunts the full force of the situation that while the hand of Esau" Stoncman appears in the message to the Legislature in extra r-e.ioii, the voice is the voice of .Jacob"' De-lmas. the anti railroad attorney, urging recognition from the State to the amount f a 50,000 fee for services rendered by him in the same immor tal tax ea-es. The extra session is dull and ! no ono knows how it will turn out. The rail road commission is to be investigated when all the members who are bored and consider it a perfect farce, will resign. The opera insanity is growing .-lowly and beautifully less. Colonel Maplcon and everything that is his are on their eastern way leaving us to gasp and get over it. It has been a great time all round, an excite ment, a stir. It is always good to have something in the city's life that strikes sparks, and the Italian opera has roused eager controversy about the merits of the two prima donnas, has been the cause of much dressing and spending of money, and of much real pleasure to lovers of music for its own sake, of which there are more than is known to tin; noisier talkers and clappers and loungers. The New York papers, getting eveiything wrong as usual, speak of Maple son's arrest as if it were an advertising dodge of Mapleson's own. A ludicrous sub ject of discussion has grown up out of the opera season. It suddenly crystallized into a formula that Mike Do Young wished to get into society, Everybody threw it into his 'discouse sooner or later, and the world pricked up its ears. Mr. De Young is the proprietor of the San Francisco Chronicle ! and as there is not that dignified imperson ality about the press in San Francisco that enters into one's ideal of journalism, people began to scan the columns of the Chronicle to see if haply they might not discover in what way its proprietor would use his paper to assist his recognition among tne. elect. Then it took form that in some way Mr. Do Young's social campaign was to comprise an association with ovations to Adclina Patti and he accordingly feted her a great deal, so that j when Patti and Gerster were exhausted as themes of conversation ono had but to say, ! -'Box A." the proscenium box occupied by j Mr. De Young and Jus family during the j season and smiles and chatter and the formula, "He wants to get into society you know," instantly burst forth. The illus trated Wasp saucily caricatured these ru mored aspirations in a series of clever car toons, which elicited a broadside from the Chronicle about leprosy, and the uselessness of reciprocity in our relations with Hawaii, articles which the reading public could not possibly know meant merely that the pro prietor of the IFitsp had interests in the Ha waiian Islands. It robs thunder of a great deal of its terror to see the sheet of zinc it is made upon. The death of Prince Leopold, Duke of A lbany, has put a stop for a moment to the fun that has been made for a month or more of the Queen's new book on her Highland holidays. Leopold had always been known as a little prince without a skin; but now it appears the valves of his heart closed weak ly or insufficiently, he blood rushed into his lungs, and it was ' Good-night. sweet prince;" two German marriages postponed and, perhaps, one English birth accelerated by the catastrophe. Charles Loysun, Pere Hyacinthe," has been here, is here now in fact, and preaches and. lectures at the different churches . His j eloquence is of the most fervid description, knocking over tne sman uesit on me uesk upon the pulpit, and next sending an em broidered cover tioating down among his hearers. Either the piously and the cur iously inclined have all heard him, or else the fact that he speaks in French has become known. Hut for some reason the reverend man has exhausted his popularity all of a sudden, and no one goes to hear him; where as his tirst sermons so filled the churches that many people were compelled to sit on the floor. The Catholic papers are very bitter in their reviews of him, and the Prot estants think him neither fish, rlesh nor good red herring, ecclesiastically considered, and therefore, though eloquent and well-meaning, not likely to accomplish much in his self-appointed work of bringing all denom inations into one church. Latest Foreign News. The Oceanic Company's S. Mariposa, iv-it TTmv.) t-il Mrriv-il nil Tnpviliiv innrn- ; ing, i days, 19 hours and 20 minutes from I San Francisco. She brings dates to the j 1st instant. We cull the following news items : Cincinnati. March 2. Ten thousand people gathered in Music Hall to-night in response to a call by reputable citizens to take action on the lierner verdict, lierner having been convicted of a cold-blooded murder and convicted of manslaughter for which he was to-day sentenced to 20 years imprisonment Strong resolutions were adopted, condemning the verditrt and a Committee on Legislation appointed. The meeting was presided over by Lr. A. C. Kemper, who made a conservative speech, taking for his topic, " The Prevalence of Crime Throughout the Whole Country." He then spoke of the special prevalence of J the crime of murder in this country and the necessity of more certainty in the ad- ministration of punishment for crime. His remarks were not intended to awaken the mob .spirit, but when the meeting adjourn- ed, 'the people, by a common impulse, moved down to Twelfth street, where shouts began to be uttered, ''To the jail!"' j and the crowd moved bodily in that direc tion. On reaching the jail the mob com menced an attack on the front door. Cincinnati, March 20. 12:15 v. m. The jail has been fired by the mob and the crowd on the street say they will cut the hose to prevent the Fire Department from extinguishing it. The mob seems to think a wholesale holocaust is the only means of accomplishing its purpose. Cincinnati, March 2S. The history of the crime for which lierner was to-day sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment is, briefly, as follows: William H. Kirk was murdered in his stable last February by lierner, who stood behind the door, and when his victim entered smashed his head with a hammer, robbed him of $100, put the body into the wagon of the murdered man, hauled it off and dumped it into Mill creek, where it was found two days later. Joe Palmer and William Berner confessed they did the murder and rob bery. On the trial lierner testified that Palmer did the actual murder, while he only looked on to get a share of the money. On Monday morning lierner was found guilty of manslaughter. The ver dict was declared privately by the Judge j who tried the case to be an outrage, and the jury, after leaving the courtroom, were hooted hy the crowd, with a suggestion that they should be hanged. London, March 28 Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, the fourth and youngest son of Queen Victoria, died suddenly to day at Cannes, France. His death was due to the effects of a fall received lsst j evening at the Club Nautique. He died ! in a fit as he was on the point of starting j for Darmstadt to attend the wedding of j his niece, Princess Victoria of Hesse. i i The Queen received the news of the Duke of Albany's death this afternoon and was profoundly affected. The Prince of Wales was visiting the Karl of Sefton and received the news on the Aintree race course: He returned at once to London. London, March 29. The remains of the Duke of Albany have been placed in a coffin covered with glass, through which the body is visible. The Gazette orders the Court to remain in mourning until May 11th. The same order applies to the War Office and the Admiralty. The Duke will be interred in the mausoleum atFrofj- j more. The Cabinet sat nearly three ! i hours. The Ministers were clad in deep- est mourning. Gladstone will make a ! great effort to be present on Monday and j move the resolutions of condolence him- ! self. The Prince of Wales has gone to j Cannes to accompany home the remains ! of his brother. The meeting of the Queen with the Duchess was most affecting. As ' she entered the park she wa unable to ; restrain her tears at the sight of her son's j desolated home. She was weeping bitterly I when she met the Duchess. Delicate ! health prevented the Duchess from accom- j panying her husband. Her accouchement is expected in a few weeks. The Duke at Cannes on Thursday signed a petition against the proposed sale of tho island of j St. Maguerita. Iu consequence of the Duke's death the j marriages of the Princess Victoria of j Hesse and Prince Louis of Hatteuburg and of the Princess Elizabeth and the Prince of Anhalt have been postponed. The Duke of Albany fell on the steps of the clubhouse atG:30 o'clock on Thursday evening. He was well enough .afterward to write a dispatch to the Duchess, stating he had had a fall and possibly would not be able to leave for England to-day. The Duke struck ou his head when ho fell. Dr. Iioyle, who was sleeping in the Duke's room, was startled about 2:30 o'clock on the following morning by the patient's heavy breathing. He approached the bed side, saw the Duke was in a tit and imnie- diately summoned Captain Percival. The 1 crisis was of short duration. In six min- ! utes the Duke expired in the arms of Cap- tain Percival. His end was apparently i painless. I f Prince Leopold was in his thirty-first year, having been born April 7, He j was married April 27, 182, to the Prin- i cess He-lene of Prussia, to whom a daugh- j ter was born in February of last vear. The I Prince was created Duke of Albany before i his marriage. He was always in delicate health. ! ! Washington. March 20. The President ! this afternoon nominated Aaron A. Sar- j gent, Minister to Germany, to bo Minister to Russia, vice Mr. Hunt, deceased. London, March 29. The Berlin corres- ! pondentof the Daily New s says : Mr. Sar- j gent will resign his post at llerlin hzxI refuse the St. Petersburg mission. It is evident Ids appointment -o the latter post was only a previously arranged formality to facilitate his recall. The Times say-,: Sargent has resigned ami prefers to re turn home. London, March 27. General iiraham telegraphs this morning that last evening and night were cool, lteveille was sound ed this morning at half-past three, and as quickly as possible troops were got iu readiness to advance on Tanianieb. The cavalry were in front and the infantry fol lowed t)i echelon of brigade .squares. vr:th guns between the brigades. A later dispatch says the British advan ced to-day to Tanianieb. and burned the village. The Arabs lied. Fightiug i end ed Suakim, March 27. The British force began their advance? on Tanianieb at are this morning. Firing commenced at 7:"0 and was brisk upon both sides. The reb els were iu larger force than vesterdav. The English cavalry and mounted infantry led, and drove the rebels from the rocks, dispersing tk'eui among the hills. There were no British casualties. The loss of the rebels is unknown. Another dispatch gives these particular of the brush with the. rebels : The rebels tired on the British troopers from the rocks on the left. The cavalry dislodged them and advancied to within a hundred yards of Tamauieb. As soon as Graham catue up, with the infantry and guns, shells were thrown among the flying Arabs, and exploded close to them. On reaching Ta mauieb men and horses made straight for the wells and slaked their thir.it. After a brief halt the cavalry moved out to tin right and left of Vallege in pursuit of the retiring; foe. The village loithwith was burned to the ground. General Graham will explore the regions in the neighbor hood of the wells of Tanianieb and then return with his whole force to Suakim. The campaign is at an end. The French Government has 2reeuted the Queen of Tahiti with a gold medal in memory of her visit to Paris. London, March 30. It is reported that on the ICth instant Gen. Gordon mad a sortie from Khartoum with 3,0i'0 men, two guns, and a squadron of Bashi-Bazouk cavrlry, accompanied by three nteaiuers on the river. The rebels were encountered near Halfiyck. Sixty of fhe enemy's cav alry charged tho Bashi-Bazouks, and put them to llight, causing a panic among in fantry, who also tied in great disorder. On nearing the rebels Gen. Gordon drew up his troops in the form of a sqraio, in which they were kept until attacked by the ene my, when the Egyptians turned and lied, 200 of them being slaughteied and three guns lost. There are enough provisions at Khartoum to enable the town to hold out unil winter. ieu. Gordon has return ed to Khartoum, and notwithstanding thi check he declares that tho plant is quite safe. London, March 31. Later advices give details of Gordon'seiic-omitcr near Halfiyck on the ICth instant. The rebels pursued the Egyptians two miles after the battle. The confusion during the retreat was fear ful to behold. The Egyptian regulars and Bashi-liazouks kept shouting that their generals had betrnved thein. Tho wound ed r.-eeived no attention for even hours. The troops had been cbunoiing thiee weeks before them men the enemy. In the early part of the encounter the enemy were actually in full retreat when their cavalry loade n desperate charge. Despite this reverse the inhabitants itill icamin staunch friends to Gordon. One Arab sent Goidou 1.1)00, as his treasury is empty. Another Arab equipped 2.(Mj blacks tor him. Two black pashas ha? been arrested for chaaging into the n-.nks of their own troops, thus allowing the en emy to enter tho gap they made. Suakin, March 2lh. - The Tonth llur--sars. the York and Lancaster regiment., and the Irish Fusileers have embarked for England. Sheiks of the Samarar, Dani lets and Scoorah tribes, who represent o,000 people, living between Suakim and Kassala. have come in and promised to as sist in the capture of Osrnau Ding, whose prestige has been destroyed. Meeting of the Hawaiian Bell Telephone Company. A special meeting of the Stockholder iu the Hawaiian Bell Telephone Company was held at 12::i0 o'clock on Wednesday lat at the Company'-- offices. Then- were present 31 r. F. 1'. Adams ; President ) . (.Veil Broun. Y. (), Smith. John Fna. Jr.. J. F. Cassidy. and J. F. Brown (Secretary), representiii.: shares. The Chairman stated that this wa a spe cial meeting called to consider the question