TI1K PACIFIC (1()MMBKCiAL ADVERTISES. JULY 8, 1884
, tVutim:... (;xni p;i;- ".
to ! jiil oti opium,
to the Niiiu;::liu of
Mr. llttwrll i;.io milno of liis intention to
prisoners. Ac. which e.-uhl not bt- carried
out without L uil:itive .-auction. This
would ixcessjian" ncriiMiu is, tc. n 11 m-ir t
a Ifju'r iios- ; i
' nitio.lui'u a lull to provide for
1 iut:.l :it Kal.ilau. ll.i-.ui.
Mr. Pole, ('hamuaii of tin- .ludieiary
( oBinutt r. n portii on a 1 1 1 1 relating to
M. Nr a . -1 7. Im f ;is.ail mtr.H.iiivo; ly the Hon. Memlu-r
r v,l : v 'or W.iialn.i. :utl arr of tlu opinion that t lie
:V. v!Ov.,".'.s r.u--:..;.: w(-m i lsll if p ,1 wouhl onlliet with the rights
. , . r : ... ........
, , ; I I', (lfllll ! (M MHilii IPIIi . IIS. 1 I v . -
r? t-.Ui'n j nu n.l th.at tin l-.il lo laiil on the table.
V:. Vv.v. V .- i ;vruted .. r tif.on from ! Kf port adopted.
.0;-..t f VVo i".-ir,.; t'.iat. aftrr the j Alo. m the matter f a petition from
.r.".X p: iiv.cd. tV.e M;n;trs mm: i Kalihi. lelatm. to water rights, and reeoni--u?
;;;.: Y. :!. ;! u.. n.i wlinr ; mend it be laid on the table, to 1 eon
;h r.e;;r to expended for toads. ; sub 'red with two bills now before the Assem
l v.... i' .." ;,aterr.A1. i:nprocments. I bly on the Mime subject. Keport adopted.
V.f:rr.. in M-.n-.s r of Vmanee. Also, on a bill relating t voters, reeom-
exritii petitions. rj- j nuMnlin it be laid on the table, lie-port
our officers, who, in their relations
with the King and chiefs, had been
altogether without care to consider
would be nereary to employ suitable j ?oinpii wstli the fear of setinir these
lunas. In 'u v. of the radical changes to be l . ,. .
. , , ' . ! complications end in a occupation
made, the jail was earned along up to the ; 4
... , . .i t . . ! with a strong hand by a French
lime oi tlic Legislature, wnxi me nope uui
thought b. t to teach the prisoners traJes. , Iiationai snscentibilities.
something definite would be arrived at
during the session.
Mr. Smith said there was no item in the
Appropriation Bill for the contemplated
squadron, as at Tahiti, led the mem
bers of the American mission to see
no safety (except in an immediate
annexation to the United States.
Under the shelter of the flas of the
changes. The explanation ffiven was Tin
satisfactory to him. and he had no doubt it Union, they could pursue and achieve
red f.r thcrr l the:r fr;u!. Laid on
Jh.. tV'.;- A'e frer.; a number of residents
.r. ti: d .J; .k-: f WA.:r.f:i. that $122 be paid
il.crc fr wt: dev.e on :he r.ub during th
rAt f v.'ieuths. r.eferted to .ludieiary
i"r..ru.i:. Ale. from the satne district.
.ct cr cV..v! ac-
--. : : ' e & r. 1 n : c r r.
Mr. S. N. t't. v:i
. :r .- r:.l v :i
V ." : rj: u : r-1 i i f r a .
Mr. A: : :re
Also, on a bill to amend section 1476 of the
Tivil Code, relating to tenant's rights, rec
ommending it be laid on table. lieport
; Also, on a bill relating to appeals, intro
duced bv the Attornev-Ueneral. recommend
i . -
supreme Court m Uanco,
'Appellate" Court be substituted, recom
mending its passage. Report adopted, and
l:::i,ri,T:nt".its. bill passed to engrossment as amended.
r:crnted . ivtiticn frot i ! T' read a third time on Thursday next.
C.it iV.s rci.i :a be er: m the district. 1 ing that for
'f the reid ujvr
r.ferrcd to Com-
tl'.a: there be no
r;a,;e hire fo:
Alo. on a petition from some Chinamen
relating to passports to be granted to Chi
namen leaving the Kingdom, and recom
mend the said petition be indefinitely post
poned. Keport adopted.
was so to others also. He considered there
ought to be a complete radical change in the
management of the jail, also in the Mar
shal's department throughout the Kingdom..
Mr. Kalua said he was in favor of an item
for salary of Jailor, but he had been told by
one lately released from the jail that the
guards were in charge. The Deputy
Marshal, Mr. Dayton, merely goes there for
a short time each day, walks into the ofiice
and turns over some books, and goes home
again to sleep. He was also informed that
the prisoners, after returning from their
daily labor, gaimble for money which they
hare earned during the day. Prisoners are
often kicked and beaten for trivial offences.
The late turnkey, Mailihi, would knock a
man down and render him insensible in one
blow. He repeated nunv other instances of
certain irregularities that go on inside the
Item passed as in the bill.
Mr. V. O. Smith moved the item Sup
port of prisoners " be referred to a select
1 . ' 7
.e :cv. 0
$-:.Viy in the Also, on a resolution to remit the sum of j committee. He said that, notwithstandin
i o:i-.;I:a::o:i with the
::uy r: con: in end it be
and a further sum of
letter bof. making a
:v.-:I carriors. F.erort
: nti d
f zt sint
a::d 1. lilted Starts ;
:r;ckt ii out. and
f T-.-ce. ana tut
Tl port was
$300. amount of bail forfeited on account of
n absconding prisoner. The Committee
are of opinion that the remitting of this
amount would produce more distress than
by not -o doing. They recommend it be
laid on the table.
Mr. Keau spoke in favor of the money
Mr. Cecil Drown favored the adoption of
the report of the Committee, as they were
in poscssion i f information that the bonds
men received i. money consideration for
Ti.e Attorney-General said he would sup
port the report of the Committee. He in-
or: .: a
"V " - i - ; - - V' : - - - -
; an:en..l S-c-..
: CLirtcr 43 of
'r rt d tolf
. 1 . - n - i . . . .i.e
irtic .il.v1 ro
all the suggestions that have been made
about prisoners working within the prison
walls, no attempt or experiment had
yet been made. The only answers received
are : "Its no use" "Cannot change the pre
sent system." He characterized the present
system of the old and young out together on
the streets as outrageous in the extreme.
He referred in highly complimentary terms i
to the Reformatory School and its manage
ment. Every offense renders one liable to
tine and imprisonment. For not having a
light on your carriage you are liable to im
prisonment. He believed in making an ex
periment m the support of prisoners, lie
trodueed the bill by request, but he felt in I moved the item be referred to a select com-
wi-e" bjund to support ir. He was as- j mittee.
uied at the time the bill was handed to j Mr. Gibson seconded the motion. He
h'ra that there was no money consideration j pointed out that the Government might do
paid to ;Le bondsmen, but after what he I well to accept the services of the Hon. Mem
had heard stated by the Hon. Member for ! ber for Wailuku as a prison reformer, and
Koolauloa l.e had changed his opinion.
Deport of Committee adopted.
their work of propagandism with
nothing to fear from national jeal
ousies or from their rivals, and they
considered that if they had much to
gain by such a change, the natives
had nothing to lose in exchanging a
nationality little known and de
spised for the title of citizens of the
"These intrigues darkened the last
years of the reign of Kamehameha
III, and public opinion pointed to
the American missionary party
as having taken the initiation and
direction of them. They, on the other
hand, denied the charge. They as
serted that the idea of the cession of
the Kingdom to the United States
emanated from the King, and had no
other origin than the fear of seeing
his Kingdom participate in the fate
of Tahiti. Whatever may be the
truth among these diverse assertions;
a petition bearing numerous signa
tures, among which appeared those of
the principal chiefs of the missionary
party, had been presented to the
King, recommending this measure to
him as the only one by which a
forcible taking possession by France
foreign doininatien that is at work,
it is impatience at the domination ot
the Ifawaiians. There is no longer
anything to threaten the indepen
dence of the Hawaiian Kingdom
from without; it is the forces that are
at work within that are revolutionary.
Nevertheless the same political
maxims which were the guide of
Hawaiian statesmen in days gone by
remain paramount in importance to
day. The conllicting elements must
be harmonised, wise and sound states
manship, recognising changed cir
cumstances, existing antagonisms
and the reasons which underlie them,
recognising necessities which are
new and growing, must guide the
councils of the nation with a lirm
hand. The party which believes in,
and centers its hopes in the inde
pendence of the country must never
relax its hold on power. While this
guiding principle directs th course of
the Government and the Legisla
tures, troubles far worse than thos&
that seemed to be impending in 18.1,
may be encountered and weathered
as safely as have all those which have
had their place in the eventful his
tory of this little country.
With this preliminary comment,
the object of which has been to indi
cate the cogent fact that the history
of the past is necessarily full of
lessons for the present, we proceed U
give a translation of all the more im
portant parts of Varigny's history ot
the political events of which he was
actually the witness, and in the more
important of which he took a part.
He proceeds as follows :
''With Kamehaiiifbn III. tMif?
could be evaded. A treaty of cession : the transition period. The stru-gi-
Kr. Aid:- ri.Tr s:tiri-
j r- " x - -
2s. I. "ls.1i.iJ. l
benefit by his experience in that connection.
Item passed as in the bill.
Mr. Hitchcock moved Pay of Koad
Supervisors " be referred to a select com
The committee rose, and the President
appointed on the Special Committee Messrs.
Hitchcock, Kowell, Gardner, Kaulia, and
The wLcle report was laid on the table to j --"ira reaaing oi & uiu to amend cnapter
be considered w'ith the bill. 3i of the Session Laws of 18S2 relating to
Also. o:i a bill introduced by the Hon. j tbe suppression of diseases amongst ani
had actually been prepared, and the
Hawaiian Kingdo.a was about to j
disappear, when Kamehameha III, ,
on the loth of December, lh."4, died
suddenly without having signed t he i
document. It is in evidence that the
excesses into which he was drawn in i
order to obtain from him the signa- '.
between the ancient barbarism and
the new-born civilization ended in
the triumph of the latter. A king
active, imbued with Ktiropeun idea-
enters upon the scene, impatient to
break with the old traces of the past,
and to free himself from the yoke o;
a bill relating
irav;nur tije Kingdom, lliree members of
the Committee were in f?vor of the bill
it'll.,- laid on the table, and two'were in
favc-r cf tLe
Godfrey Brown moved the minority j
be adopted. j
the missionaries, and the tutelar
ture which he, under one pretext or j the great chiefs. In the pages which
another, postponed, hastened his end, j precede I have been obliged to consult
aud that the discreditable means to j sometimes tradition, sometimes ar-
I have seen. I have known th per-
Key note of the historical part of this events oi wiiicn it
book is Varigny's strong feeling of j rc;mains for me to speak it is tin;
antagonism to American inlluence, i Ilistor.V of to-day and that of y.Mer
and especially tbe inlluence of that ,; day wI,ieh 1 P"oc-eerI to tell.
which recourse was had, thus turned J chives that are incomplete : fro
against their contrivers." j I rely on mv notes and iiivmei
As we have already remarked, the
T-i : Juiicfsry
Jis. Keau, to provide for a permanent set
tlement on Mrs. Hiaimaka. The Commit
tee not ee:ng any reason for passing this
till recc-miend it be laid on the table.
Mr. Keva moved the report of the Com
mittee -c inderinitely postponed.
Import cf Committee adopted.
section of the community which was
then known as the "Missionary
Party." This name has come down
to our own times, and though we do
"Kamehameha Hi., old before his
time, worn by the excesses of a disso
lute youth, and the coiiflfcts of a
reign of twenty-nine vearn. wa but
The following items were passed :
Mail Carriers f2C,50O
Incidentals Post Ofiice 13 ,500
Postal Money Orders 10 000
Marine Telephone Station l,oMJ
.sialary Jailor of Oahu Prison ;i,0O
Juard of Oahu Prison 7,000
Support of Prisoners t0f000
T TT L 1 T i. -Z Z,
. ;.-t T.t.i i-- Zr:.'Z'Z
JT.Zjz.-5. OF THE DAY.
ConiJera:ica of the Appropriation liill 10 a-m- ou Tuesday,
in Commit: of the Whole. Mr. J. S: j
aliiir iii t.e Chair.
The House adjourned at 4.30 p.m. until
:o refer the items re- '
V ' - ii i
salaries of Superintendent o
c::rrital ar.d traveling expense a to the Fi
VARIGNY'S FOURTEEN YEARS IN THE
found to rill Lotli offices at a less i
f . r.
---- ' - '.Z. ZZ. '- 1 ' i." .
ft .- Wit. i : ' i,.'. j.;.-;. ..-.i. '..
. v. : y , z
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A.' - :
V"-. ' -'. -
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opinion one man ; As nlrndv sfatpil Vflrirmv nrriwl
! at Honolulu in February, ISoo, hav-
ing made the passage from San Fran
cisco in the schooner Jiestless. The
fourth Kamehameha had just come
to the throne, his predecessor having
died on the loth of December, 1S54.
Of the latter part of the reign of that
: Minitters ignore
1 tl.it if this Ministry re
?re ii i:0 use in passing
ri-. l s
,-.'A:-.a tO Ti ir . Iov
'a .'.:.r and -j-ociticra-
'. '.'.'l Z: T. .
; ';rr ll.W .
r .- -
not often see it in print, or hear of it j forty-one years of ae when he died
in public speech, it is nevertheless ire left direct heir: but, long
still a "household word" in Hawaii, j hefore, he had adopted a his oli and
and still has a meaning in our poli- ! successor his nephew tbe l'rinc
tics. "Circumstances alter cases," is j Alexander I.iholiho, younger sou ot
a very old maxim, and it is a fact j Kekuanaoa and of Kinau. her-eli r th
that from 1So4, when the periodical j daughter of Kamehameha I.
advents of the whaling lleet,and some I " Born on the 0th of February . v l
demand for commodities from the ; the new Hawaiian .Sovereign was hnt
I rising settlements of California, were j twenty years old when the premature
me sole g moving lorces ot Ha- j death of his uncle called him to
waiian commerce and the sole basis j throne. As is the case with almost
of Hawaiian prosperity, to 18b4, when ! all the nobles, he was of tall tature ;
the whaling licet is not, and Cali- j but obesity, another characteristic of
fornia supplies us with the neces- ; the noblesse, did not dNligure his
saries of life instead of importing j slender and supple form. Hi features
them lrom the Islands, when our : were regular, the forehead high, a
local production of sugar and rice are charming smile. His lively and W
the mainstay of the country, circuni- telliireut eves brinitenp.l m rbnr,.n.M
stances have greatly changed. But engagiug physiognomy. Hi man
in regard to social and political ten- ners were thoe of an Fngii-h gentlr
dencies this maxim is far from being : man of ancient lineage a stvle and
an axiomatic truth; circumstances: bearing which he voluntarily affected
'- 'i l. Li at.OJ: A W:
1 !.'.': I.
u'..'L :' lo.i'j's in;: or.';s were
monarch our author speaks in the j modify them without altering their Liberal to his inferiors, lie always
kept them at a distance. His intel
lect a- rather .luiek than broad,
more superficial than profound. The
imaginative faculty held sway over
him ; he formed conceptions quickly,
but easily changed his mind, and th
mobility of his imagination destroyed
the fixity of Lis plans. His brother
Prince Lot. his elder by two vear.
and afterwards King under the name
''Of a character naturally good,
easy, and somewhat feeble, Kame
hameha HI had, as age advanced upon
him, appreciated the difficulties of
j his position, and the ill-disguised
tit I tijct i: j cove tousness of which his Kingdom
was the object on the part, above all,
j of the United .States. For the latter,
fact; the philanthropic question
iunuamental characteristics. Thus it
is that at this da', amidst a totally
new set of circumstances, the old
forces are still at work. There i
till, notwithstanding the fact that
many are loth to acknowledge ir, ;i
"Missionary party," and there i
still a party antagonistic to the
church, strongly contemning and de
spising it, yet nevertheless fearing it
' ii.'cv n novw r0 :,trik. 0lit lhf. , liafJ w-ne to be a political question, j on account of its strength, it- unity, ! of Kamehameha V., presented -i
..r for Oahu Pri.orj. AfU:r making loml talk of the tie- j and the social bonds which hold it j striking contrast to him. Les lifted
.::u wu. ivotcdncss, the self-abnegation, and firmly together. There is still a talk bv nature, but more ,HniK ..
'1 . -. v- y.
.::. u : .
.v.i'.h 'ir'-. A utV:;itioa V the
a-- ij .1 1 u 1 1 . um mure stfriniis in-r
about the probable evanescence of i given to rellection, Prince Lot had all
Hawaiian independence, though now, the qualities which were lackin-iii
M . v. . v. ; -. 'a : i ii-jjui': for
11': :- v.: v,-'..j tht vi-ii
cii'J to M: ir.
i r ' r x . w -
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m. ..if. t :
A I tjV.. i-iUO ft.
.V. V V;
l!.:T'-. Jl': V'rj- !
:.' .''. ':':.') ..;
.'.: v. v.;' v, Jj
'..'.ri'-. H'r '.'iii'-:
;V:r:or to .ofor;;j :
vr;: r i .'j ;. .ho 'j .
J':i.',h O? t.: ;4V; j-'J.'or '':
in a future more or less near, end in
an annexation. Already for a long
time past the missionaries were ac-corf-d
of seeking this end. I believe
that in the beginning the accusation
vas unjust, but am also of the
opinion that it ceased to be so, especial
ly at the epoch of which I speak.
''The hatred against the Catholic
the disinterestedness of the American
missionaries, a pretense was made to
found on this a national title to exer- ! as then, it is not of an open nature; i Kamehameha IV., but himself lacked
cise,. under the cover of an insidious; there is still a party, a few of whom i the gift of pleasing which, with this
pretention, an authority which must j are avowedly and rest secretly "an- i latter, nude un for ill f-iilin. ti,..
nexationists." There is still a party i most tender and the mosf sincerv
profoundly opposed to 'American in- i atlection united these two bro:hers,
fluence," and to everything that : and, notwithstanding that h- was
threatens Hawaiian independence; ! the elder. Prince Lot had seen, with
and still a King, who, under any : out the faintest entiment of jealousy,
pressure of circumstances, would pHt: j younger brother called bv the
off and put off the cession of his I partiality of their uncle to inherit
Kingdom. But in the meantime cir- the- throne. He was perfectly resigned
cumstances have profoundly modified i to be but his first subject, and hU
missionaries on the one hand, and on ; the personnel, the tactics, and the; conduct never belied this sentiment
the other the ill-feeling raised against i immediate aims of these parties. It for an instant.
France by the too absolute ways oH is no longer the fear of som other : vro !,c continued
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