Newspaper Page Text
TEE PACIFIC, COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, AUGUST 19, 1884.. 2rj&--TarmzjiKzj . t.- M4nMcra0su ii-'a. gr-aJ?'-'-K"vsarr.--a- rt ! 4 4 -w i 1 r i i t;i:j i::;i?r:rioi: oi-1 china's birthday. Friday, being tho sixteenth anniversary cf HU Imperii: 1 Majesty the Eirp'-Tor of China, the event w.is duly celebrated in this city for the first tir.ie. Mr. C. Alee, the Chinos Commercial Agent, und Mr. Goo Kim, the Deputy Agent, gave a mid-day re ception at the offices of Messrs. Chilian Co. on Kauami street. A great deal of pains and good taste had ben displayed in the matter of decorations. The Imperial Dragon Flag, ho rarely unfurled in this part of the world, was yesterday hoisted on Nuuauu street. The entrance to the building was strewed with rushes, and the interior of the reception rooms were profusely decorated with hunting and evergreens, the words "Aloha Nui" being artistically worked in. The Hoyai Hand was stationed in the court yard below, and on the- arrival of His Ma jesty he wart received with due honor. Among the numerous guests who called to pay their respects to the official representa tives of China were IJis Ex. Governor Dom inis, His Ex. the Minister of the Interior, His Excellency the Attorney-General, Ilk Excellency Iio'llin M. Daggett, U. S. Minister Resident; Major J. II. Wodehouse, II. B. 11. Commissioner and Consul-General, Mons. Feer, . Comissioner and Consul for France; Consuls McKinley, Schmidt and Macfarlane; IIon3. C. li. Bishop, Dr.'J. fimith, E. Preston, C. P.Iaukea, S. M. Dam oa and A. N. Tripp, Messrs. W. G. I: '-in, J. 1). fcJpreckeia, li. 1'. Uickerton, T. li. Walker, 31. Keraenyi. The hosts had considerately engaged the services of a chef, who provided a bountiful eold collation, to which was added an assortment of wines that could not be ex celled at Delmonico's. His Majesty and a few of the honored guests were decorated according to- Hawaiian custom. On His Majesty leaving, a royal salute was fired. Though this is the first celebration of this ' Auspicious event in Honolulu, it was never theless a grand success, and we join in the wish that Emperor Kwang Su may have "Many happy returns of the day." Ilomenyrs Secoml Concert. The second Iiemenyi Concert was another grand success. Mr. Isador Lucks tone opened the entertainment with a piano solo. Miss Downing followed with a soprano aria, and Mr. Rudolf llimmer with a recitation and aria. Tho Maestro appeared next and was received with a grand ovation. His Fantasia on ' Othello" was simply immense. A pro found silence prevailed throughout the piece, and on his drawing the final string, the whole audience burst out with such a round of applause as had never before been heard within the Music Hall walls. Mr. Iiemenyi readily responded to the en onthusiastic encore, and oce more he left the stage amidst loud, cheers. But it was not until after his seconel appearance, when responding to a second encore, that he fairly reached the Hawaiian portion of the audi ence. During the day it had been Mons. Remenyi's good fortune to hear some Ha waiian songs. Ever ready for the occasion ho at once adapted them to his "Princess," and Friday nigbthe electrified his listeners by a most charming rendition of Aloha Oe and other native selections with which all ar familial There was still another treat in store, the "Carnival-de Venice." It is enough for us to say that it was played by Mons. Iiemenyi. No further comment is necessary. Everyone who heard Mons. Iiemenyi last night will assuredly avail themselves of the next opportunity of so doing, and whenever he plays in this city he can feel assured that he will have a full and appreciative audience. The -'Honolulu Rillcs' ' JLiihii. On Wednesday evening the gentlemen forming tho Honolulu Rifle Corps, in con junction with the "King's Own," enter tained His Majesty, the Hon. Members of the Legislature, and a few of their friends -at a Luaxi. The reception took place at the residence of Captain Aldrich, that'eharming spot in Pauoa Valley,. so well known and re nowned for the many convivial gatherings that have been helel there. At seven o'clock the military companies, headed by the Royal Hawaiian Band, marched from the armory up Nuuanu Val ley, halting at the Captain's domicile. Pickets and scouts were detailed for night duty and the rest of the corps were tempo rarily dispersed, but ready for immediato action. His Majesty arrived about 3 o'clock, anel was received with due military honors. After an interchange of courtesies by host and guests, a general move was made over to the spacious la nui, that had been erected on the lawn, where a most sumptuous col lation of all tho obtainable dolectables was gorgeously spread. Justice having been dtne to the inner man, a number of toasts were proposed aud drank in true military 6tyle. Throughout the dinner the band played some charming airs, thereby adding tc, the hilarity of the occasion. A special entertainment was provided for the latter part of the evening, which every one thor oughly appreciated. It was past midnight beforo the party t ruke up, an:l on purling Tith the :;.!hnt Cipttin, ccry vzv- felt :n h: py a.' a soldier Ciii ft el. Success i tho Honolulu I1;Ij3. Sci4l?j;i ori'rivy :otiJieJ v The Privy Count il met Wednesday uft.r- noon. with un attendance of from thirty-five to forty members. All the new members whose appointment we published Wednesday f were present. Several charters were ro- ported upon by the committee to whom they had been referred, and were granted. An application from the Spanish Govern ment for the pardon of Manuel Mendo.a, who is suffering a sentence for arson here, was referred to a committee consisting of His Excellency the Attorney-General and Hon. E. Preston. The Bulletin-Press char ter was not brought up, so much older busi ness being on hand. If rumor be worthy of. credit, it is very unlikely that the charter will be granted. Facilities for the promul gation of seditious writing are hardly" the the proper objects of favor by tho King in Privy Council, so it need not surprise any one if this charter is refused. A False Alarm. About a quarter to last Tuesday evening the dread fire alarm sounded throughout the city and all the gallant fireman rushed to their respective posts. The engines were turned out and the usual question was asked: "Where is the fire"? Nobody could tell. But the truth soon leaked out. There was no fire at all. The ringing tf the bell was a rv. se irOi-der to -.'liable Engine Co., No. 2, to take possession of their engine, which they did with alacrity and surety. The temporary keeper of the house was forceel to give way to the impetuous firemen, and when once they had possession they revealed the fact to thoso who would fain have taken possession of their property. It was generally admit ted to be a smart trick, and the gentlemen with whom the idea occurred tako equa credit with him who suggested the closing of the doors. Thus ends Act I. Professional Stranarlers. Thugs are known to have existed dur ing the seventeenth century, when they used female decoys for the unwary trav eler, as they did within the present cen tury, though they are of a much older date than that period. The fraternity is not composed of men of one caste, but of people of different castes and religions, and living in different districts; having se cret signs and a peculiar dialect known to all those who are initiated into the fraternity. Strango to say, 'however, the majority of them are nominally not Hindoos, but Mohammedans, and their tradition is that they originally sprang from seven tribes, all of that religion, living in the neighbor hood of Delhi, from which they were dis lodged in the 17th century. The Hin doos, however, say the caste was in exist ence long before Mohammed's time. But as they all agree in worshipping the Hindoo god Kali, observe the Hindoo feasts in her honor, present offerings at temples, and, especially after any. mur der, present to her a piece of silver and some sugar, they may be said to be a Hindoo sect. Those who are initiated into the body are taught the secret signs, bat only those who apply the noose re ceive the sared water of Thuggee, which is believed to change a man's whole nature. From boyhood to manhood they are taught to look upon the strangulation of unoffending victims as their calling in life, into which they are gradually initi ated. First, the neophyte is employed as a scout, or sotah. only, vhis duty being to give warning of the approach of a trav eller. Sometimes the women and children, as less apt to be suspected, are employed in this work; then he is allowed to see the corpse after it has been strangled, and to assist at the interment; lastly, after a solemn initiation bv means of the sacred sugar, he is elevated to the rank of a bhuttote, or strangler, and allowed to use the noose, or roomal, by which the vic tims are dispatched. The whole gang is governed by a jamadar, Isirdar, or chief, and has attached to it a guru, or teacher. Nothing about their unholy calling is, however, in the Thug's eyes unholy: on tho contrary, everything is sacred. The lugaees, or gravediggers, constitute one of the highest grades in the order. The pickaxe with which the grave is dug is solemnly forged and con secrated. It is considered as a gift from Kali, and lookeel upon accorelingly with great veneration. Every seventh day it is brought out and worshipped, and, no matter how pressing the necessity, the grave for the victim can be dug by no other instrument. All the Thugs follow some ostensible trade, but travel about from place to place, under various dis guises, straggling into villages, in twos and threes, and meeting as strangers. Secrecy is one of the essentials of etheir work: never will they knowingly strangle a victim in the presence of any one not belonging to their order. The Peoples of the World. coi;rip3Ndenol?. Yvh Co no", t-urr - i-on J;-i. t:oM oursrSVCS rL5por .K cr ti i ilo' s exp; m'.Li ;.ir tho .as ; I by -our I cc that the liamio Bill has been reported back to the House, with j the recommendation that the amount asked for (50,050) be reduced to $3,000. and that j the bill has been placed in thu hands of I another committee. To examine into tho matter further to see what is best to do in tho interest of ramies I wish to give a few of , - vviii nuvi" uiue y us " in nic iui:i that be." The project which I have :-o long and earnestly worked at, now seems to be cul minating successfully . It should now, at this juncture, receive the aid and encour agement from the Government which I fully believe it is entitled to. from the importance it will have in the future prosperity of this kingdom. Some years ago, while Moehonua was Minister of the Interior, I asked that Thomas Square, which was then lying idle, be placed at my ilisposal to bo used as a nursery for 7:amie and jute. The seeds and roots grown there were to be free to all who might wish to plant them." Moehonua was wise enough to see what such a nursery might lead to, anel granted the request ; but there was a change in that office, and his successor was shcrt-sightcd enough to annul the per mission so given. Hail I been permitted to have the assistance then asked for there would have been jute growing here, and an article -of export to-day; and there would have been more knowledge on the subject of ramie-growing and clearing than there is to day. I was laughed at then : but I have kept at the project as opportunity offered, and I have tho satisfaction of knowing that the interest I see manifested in it here to- dav is the direct result of my efforts. I sin cerely hope and trust that the Government will not be short-sighted enough now to damn the enterprise with "faint praise," as it surely .will do if the Legislature makes the mistake of not giving what is asked for, but cuts the appropriation down to $5,000 Let the Legislature make an ample appro priation for the encouragement of the in- dustrv of raising ramie. This will induce people to go into the cultivation of it, anel the Hawaiian Ramie Company will then come into existence, and go to work in earnest. This project is of sufficient im portance to the nation to entitle it to receive .the earnest and most careful attention of every member of the Legislature. I am sorry that the subject wa3 allowed to lie dormant in tho House bo long before being called up and looked into. It will be useless for the Government or private par ties to propose to take up the matter, and put just money enough into it to fairly start it, and then have the whole project stop for lack of funds. I have been there once or twice, and I do not propose to be there again. I am not going to take the matter up to push it forward without adequate sup port or guarantee to see it through. There is only one way in which the ramie can be cleared, and that process is covered by a patent granted to mo for a term of years by different Governments, and with that as a basis for our organization, I can build an industry here both agricultural and mechanical that will more than repay the Government for the money it is asked to be ready to furnish as it is required to foster the enterprise. Parties who may wish to plant will want to know when and how much they can realize per ton for the ramie fibre raised by them ; and if the Government appro priate enough to supplement the capital of the company, they can then offer sufficient inducement to would-be planters to take hold and plant. There is, perhaps, some two acres of ramie scattered throughout the islands in small patches, and we have got to start at the beginning and grow our seed first. I have been doing what I could to get small nurseries started by sending root3 anel seeds to those who try the growing of it. It is a very prolific plant, and if pushed vigor ously will multiply very rapidly. Tho en terprise has got to be pushed forward with energy, skill, and prudence, and with a determination to make it a success from the start, and place it on a self-sustaining and paying basis in a3 short a time as possible. In order to do so, the Government should pass tho bill as asked for without tinkering at it to render the aid useless. I am willing to devote the talents and knowledge I possess to the successful accomplishment of the tho enterprise if I see that the Government will take hold of it in earnest, and thus infuse " Dutch courage into the men of money hero to induce them to place their shoulders to the wheel, and make the ramie problem an accomplished fact. Respectfully, C. C. J. Coleman. . . The following letter is published in the interest of insurance companies, since it is said that laughter lengthens life: "Mr. C. O. Beeges: Dear Sir J am in receipt of a postal card advising me that my next annual premium (policy No. 43,369) is S147 04. Thereby I am re minded that the life-insurance business, your company, is, Hla- the proviiUr.ce t:i lien it,in paying t83 past finding 1 cash and 52 ut te on ih;s po:i-y 2 it lbi, mid it .vfim-;! on tluK t'.ims an inexpensive luxury. It would h:ivo been if I had tlu-d. Un hjippily I survived, mid now for ten y :r.- I have been struggling as much t keep the policy as myself alive, but the appe tite of this "policy, I observe, does grow by what it feeds on, and tho danger is that it will shortly exceed in its demands lay ability to provide for it, and I shall see it die on my hands. "Thesteadv and constant inerr-ii-iti in in 18o7, the amount of the premium on this pohev began to excite my curiosity, not to say ray admiration, several years itgo. The agent to whom I applied for enlighten ment (I have passed through the hands of five or six, each of whom has amassed a fortune ami retired) so ovei whelmed me with mathematics of the n-ost mixeel and abstruse character that I fell back from the investigation greatly humiliated at my own ignorance, and profoundly impressed with the reasons of tho company or the agent ; I could not tell which. . 'I think I realize, andhopo I appre ciate gratefully, the beneficent operation, of this steady progression in the cost of the policy. It makes one contemplate eieath with resignation, antl look upon that consummation ns devoutly to be wished for to checkmate theeompuny. Did you ever think how Booth or McCul lough might improve, Hamlet's soliloquy and thrill an admiring audience by jnst holding tip one of Your life-insurance policies at tho words There's the respect that makes calamity of so long life? ' .but I fear I trespass on your time. Is it true that insurance officials, notwith standing the meagreness of their salaries, are overworked ? I will come at; once to business. I need not traco the steady increase in these premium:?. bumcient that last year I paid $147 04 upon a policy, the annual premium on which was 132 ten years ago. At this rate of interest, and my disco uragingly sounel health, 1 cannot undertake to compete with the company. I am aware, of course, that a policy-holder who has paid ten annual premiums can proudly expect the con sideration due one who, not. being in sured, seeks information. Being a fish in the basket, I do not expect the con sideration duo one in the sea. And yet I would like to know whether policy No. 43,2G9 has any surrender value. I am already in possession of a considerable accumulation of tracts, pamphlets, cir culars, almanacs, calendars, and extracts from religious newspapers which afford abundant knowledge as to the facilities ang methods of getting into life-insurance. But what I now seek is information as to how to get out. "Pardon me if I have used to great familiarity in addressing a man whose acquaintance with logarithms, mortality tables, and the differential calculus en titles him to the name of benefactor and and the salary of an actuary. I am not ignorant of what is due the representative of $27,000,000 if these be tho figures of assets. I address you because your name appears on the seductive postal card which invites me to add $147 04 to these twenty-seven millions. I presume you are no stranger to the complaints of disap pointed policy-holders, and it is impos sible that you dismiss them all without consideration. But there may be some one in your employ who can show me the cheapest way out Will you please refer me to him, that I may present my policy and receipts and things, with the conun drum which once staggered the intelli gence of Daniel Webster 'What is all this worth?7 But then Webster knew scarcely anything of life-insurance. ' Policy Holder. Flax vs. Ramie. The popular delusion called the sugar mania enhanced the price of labor about 5 years ago far beyond any other country en gaged in its production. A partial collapse of this industry, accel erated by excessive cost of labor, is the present situation. Wo now appear to ba at the commence ment of a ramie mania, which requires tho labor of cultivating, cutting, carting and manipulating 25 tons of the plant to pro duce one ton of fibre. The plant, having gone through a ma chine and steam and dipping process, pro duces a fibre of inferior quality, as the gum resin, which connects the' infiniteismal fibres cannot le dissolved or separated by these means without injuring it. Chamber's Edinburg Journal of March 10, 1384, contains the latest information, the article being headed "Kettle Cloth." "The New Zealand flax fibre, when separated from the epidermis, has to contend with a similar difficulty, to surmount which largo sums wers offered by the Government which stimulated enterprise for a time, but re sulted in the collapse of all companies on as n);i:;ni'od bv a Irtrg' B?a'it leaving tho indiittry trmtiall farsuLis uith f.timlicy'u l.o tlcvote other .v'kO lost tiuio to it-J i rodiiction. Tho export air.o;iMt tl to J-f0tC0D p r pnnum, bf&idSi a I argii qnunl:'y mannfuclnriitl in ropo worfl in tho colony which i also exported i" largo quantities. Thv value t;f the flax is about per ton and the rope Tho Ci tivctiug vi Ih'c gum resin to t;ihnco tho vuluc of the libre.bv enabling manufacturers to spin it with other material at a profit, ii as Chambers concludes not yet. Veritas. . . . t;ovrnmciit laulM. Mit. Kunou, Only a few days ago several thousand acres of land in the Uilo district were disposed er by the Crown Commission er. Now these lands ought t have been no cured, by an appropriation for that purpo.m by the Government, to supply bona jid HOt tlers in suitable lots. Thousands of Portuguese are here, and more are coming; at the expiration of their term of labor they cannot obtain land, and leave for the United Mate. Their retention in thoso Islands is of par amount importance at a- producors and taxpayers. It is evident that a largo appropriation for thin purpose would prove a reproductive in vestment, and causo a large increase to th5 population of permanent settlers, and alao bo tho means in the near future of produc ing exports of fibros n:ni M "r staple articles of commerce. Your insertion of v-marLw will oblige, Your, Tiu Vkkitah. Sor.;!iurn f'si.;:r. Emroit 1 C. AnvEKTjs!-.;: In , viow of tho following statement (which I clip from Farm, Field and Fireside for July) and tho probable correctness of Mr. Collier's opinion on tho subject of sorghum, might it not bo as well for tho planters and others whoso in comes depends entirely uion cane sugar as she is growed" here to tart into some thing elhc pretty soon ? C. BuiGiix riinnicTioxs vur hoiuiiiuai scuau. Dr. Collier, in his work on sorghum, Bays that when work&el by tho best methods ' which wo now have fully one-third of the sugar is. left in the stalks, and that such a loss is permitted to continue is a reproach to tho industrial science of the country. 1 is by no means improbable that a variety of sorghum will be developed much superior in sugar-producing qualities to any we now have. Great improvement has boon made in the beet, and like improvement is certain to be made in sorghum. Nor does he doubt that within a very few year we shall render orrstlvs independent of other nations for our Bugar supply. He predicts that before 1900 we shall be profitably exporting sugar, v V and bases his belief on these facts: ' 1. Abeut thirty-eight per cent of all our cultivated land is devoted to corn growing, showing the perfect adaptability of our climate to corn. 2. Tho conditions of successful growth of sorghum and corn are tho same. , 3. The methods of cultivation are Idonti cal. ' j, , 4. Analyses have shown that sorghum seed differ from corn no more than one Tariety of corn from another. 5. Feeding experiments have shown that, sorghum seed is as good for fattening ani mals as corn, and may be substituted for it. C. As much sorghum seed per acre can be produced as of corn. ' V 7. Ninety-five per cent, of the sorghum , now grown is for tho seeds and lcavos alone, as feed. 8. It is only after the seed is thoroughly ripe that the most sweet is available. 9. When sorghum is mature, it contains as much sugar as is found in the best trop- . ical cane. . 10. Experiment has shown that oven in small mills the syrup can bo made at frcm 12 to 25 cents per gallon. 11. A yield of six pounds of sugar from a gallon of syrup is a fair average. 12. Excellent sugar has already been made from sorghum at a cost not exceeding ly cents per pound, taking no account of thft value of ueed. In view of these results, Prof. Collier hai no doubt that sugar can now be made for 2 cents per pound, and predicts that within ten years it will bo made for one cent per pound, making this the sugar producing country of the world. An elderly lady who visited tho New York custom houte to transact some bus iness that required her to tako an oath, made a funny mistake. "You'll have to swear to this, madam, said the deputy collector to the old lady. Her pious coun tenance became very thoughtful and troubled at this announcement. She said nothing, but anxiously watched the deputy colleccor make out her papers. Tbis done he 'said: ''Do you swear to this, madam?" The old lady had clearly made up her mind that it was necessary for her to pass the ordeal. So, with a sweet but hesitating voice, she replied: "God hava mercy on me Damn it.' The deputy collector was dumbfounded by by this reply, but a glance at the lady as sured him of her sincerity. She thought really that a little profanity was necessary.