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i -l 8 THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, AUGUST 26. 1834. J I The Attorney-General moved t taLe up the Pilut Uill for consideration. Carried. Bill pissed to engrossment, and ordered to a third reading. At 10.10 p. m. the House adjourned until 10 a.m. Saturday. XINETIITTH DAT. Saturday, August 2itb, 18S4. Houe rnct at 10 a.jc. Minutes of the previous day were read and approved. "ilr. Kaulukou moved that the sum of $2, 000 be appropriated for the relief cf the suf ferers by the fire of last night, and that the Attorney-General and his deputy distribute .the amount to the needy. Attorney-General Neumann objected to the resolution so far as he was concerned, J and suggested that Governor Dominis be substituted for himself. Mr. Cecil Brown opposed the proposition as establishing a bad precedent. ZIr. Howell moved to lay the resolution on the table. Mr. Dominis objected to his appointment on the committee, as he would have to be subjected to the appeals' of about 100 China men. The resolution was laid on the table. The bill relative to the commissioners of Private "Ways and Water Bights was read.. a third time and passed. The bill to regulate proceedings in bank ruptcy was read a third time and passed. The bill proposing to exempt parents, aader certain conditions, from the payment of school tuition fees, was read ajthird time and passed. Mr. Gibson acknowledged the receipt of an Invitation to. the Kingdom to be repre sented at the meeting of the French Inter national Union, for the protection of the in dustrial rights of the people, and said there was no necessity for a representation from this island. Accepted. The bill to grant Wilson and associates the franchise for a steam railway from Ho nolulu to Waikiki and Pearl River was read a third time and passed. On its third reading the bill proposing and providing for the purchase of private kinds within the boundaries of tho leper set tlement tract, on the Island of Mole kai, was passed. . At 12.20 the House took a recess till 1 r. . AFTEBXOON. On re-assembling at 1.30 p.m. the opium bill was taken up for consideration, when a number of the members left the hall, and being minus a quorum, a motion to adjourn until 10 a.m. on Monday was put and car ried. MNETT-riBST DAY. Monday, August 19, 1881. The House met at 10:30 a.m. After the reading of the minutes, the bill fixing the rates and fees for tuition was read a third time and passed, k The Opium Bill was then taken up section Uy section and discussed. ! Mr. Kftnlukou stated that if he wan cor rectly informed there wero six places on Hotel street, where opium was sold, seven hu Nuuanu street, three on King street, and Uwclve foreigner along Tort street, and the V foreignt'r were engaged iu its importation.. tN'o doubt some members would, vote for the indelinile postponement of the bill, but to do so was simply to assist these dealers in opium. Although some may object to this bill ho proposed to give this privilege to Chung Lung. A dollar stamp was to be placed on every tin, and a duty of 12i cents an ounce. If ho imported 30,000 tins, that would repre sent 515,000; that added to $25,000 license would make a revenue of $10,800, and a tax on each tin would bring the revenue up to $15,000. As it is now $160,000 revenue goes into the pockets of private persons, aud it is only reasonable to suppose that all this might be made Government revenue, pro vided tho license bo granted. - Mr. Dole moved tho indefinite postpone ment of tho bill. Tho President stated there was already a motion before the House to indefinitely post pone section one. Mr. Dolt- said that being the cuse lie .sup ported it. There had been another bill be fore th Honse aod only six member j of the Legislature had supported it. Their Ex cellencies the Attorney-General and the Min ister of Foreign Affaire had opposed that bill, tho one? on tho grounds that i; was not right to kill off tho" Chinese wholesale, and the other that the manufacture of opium might interfere with our relations with the United States. Thi bill was like its pre decessor, only infinitely worse. He under stood that Chung 'Lung had boasted on the streets that he controlled this Legislature, and could carry this bill through. Was it possible that large hums of money were being spent here? He believed that it was. They might howl till doomsday, and no one would believe otherwise. The man who supports this bill was an enemy to the Ha waiian race and the whole population. The act of legalizing opium made it respectable, took away all restrictions, and. encouraged everyone to drift into its use. The honor able member knew of many who in past years had been slaves to opium. This bill was in the interest of one man, Chung Lung, faction 6 puts into this man's hands the right to appoint Custom House officers to prevent smuggling. What wa3 that except giving him the right to introduce smug gling? Through such men he could get the opium in for nothing if he choe. He could import 10,000 or 15,000 tins through the Custom House to show he was carrying out the law, and 00,000 tins' without 'paving a cent. By section seven, Chung Lung went into partnership with the Government in the matter of fines. The whole thing was a fraud and a job. Tho poor Hawaiian, pur sued with liquor and leprosy, is now assailed with opium. What chance wa3 there for him? The time would come when a ure Hawaiian would be a, scarcity and a curi osity. Mr. Dole spufce with great earnestness and volubility. Mr. Kau.namano said that opium would uot affect the Hawaiian race. It was the Chinese who lined it. It was ea3y to picture a scene of desolation when none existed. Opium could not hurt the Hawaiians. They were dying out now. The Opium Bill before the House was was in the interests of the King aud the country brought in a big revenue, and would stop smuggling. If Mr. Dole had introduced this bill he would be as strongly in favor of it as he is new against it. The Chinese are a populous race, con stantly increasing, and they have nsed it for years. Mr. Bishop said the license was certainly not intended to be confined to Chung Lung, and he would like to know why his name was in tho bill at all. The bill did not authorise its exportation, nor did it forbid it. Years ago when opium was licensed people did not care whether the Chiaese used it or not ; but they found the natives were acquiring tho habit. At the time the natives get into the habit of using it, there were not half as many Chinese iu the country as now. It did not seem possible to anyone acquainted with the habits of the natives that if opium were licensed they would not use it more and more. Now it is kept out of sight, and restricted by law. Young people and school children use it, first from curiosity, and afterwards from neces sity. If they wanted to sell the morals of the people for a certain sum of money, let t hem doit. . Mr. Cecil Brown said enough had been said about opium. Now let them confine them selves to the bill. The bill did not say how long the law was to remain in force one, five, or ten years. It gave the privilege to Chung Lung as long as tho bill remained in force, provided $25,000 was paid yearly for the license. Tho cry of everyone who had spoken in favor of the bill seemed to be that it would be a seurce of revenue. If a license were granted at all, let it be done at public auction. Some of the sections of the bill were good. He could not understand where all the opium expected to be imported was going to unless the Chinamen smoked it all. If they were to have opium, the dollar stamp and the 12 cents duty was a good feature. But when they had. an opium law before, natives were using it by the hun dreds ; now they. were few and far between. Therefore. he favored tho indefinite post ponement of the bill. Mr. Aholo said they had the evils of omum before their eyes now, and it wa3 prohibited. If it was licansed not much more would come in. Thero was plenty of opium here now. It is being constantly smuggled. He did not approve of opium ; but if they could not stop it, why should not the Government xnako soniething.out of it instead of the im- j porters ? Therefore he favored the licensing of it, and-bringing it in through the Custom House. He understood . tho licenso would have to sell m accordance w'ith the regula tions of the Frivy Council. The law would regulate opium just as.it did liquor. . Mr. Kauhano did . not understand that giving a license to Chung Lung would stop smuggling. Those who were introducing it now could undersell Chung Lung because they would not have a $25,000 license to pay. At noon a recess was taken until 1:30 p.m., on motion of Mr. Dole. Aftei:-oo". On re-assembling, the Ayes and Noes were taken on the motion to indefinitely post pone the first section of the Opium Bill. The ayes and noes were taken on motion, as follows : Ayes : Gibson, Gulick, Neumann, Bishop, Cleghorn, Wilder, Isenberg, Dowsett, J. Mott Smith, Widemann, Martin, Cecil Brown, Kalua, Kanealii, W. O. Smith, Kau wila, Kauhaue, Tilipo, Godfrey Brown, Dole, Bo well. Ayes, 21. Noes : Bush, Kaulukou, Keau, Lilikalani, Baker, Amara, Kaulia, Aholo, Kamakcle, Gardner, Nahinu, Talohau, Kupihea, Naka leke. Noes, 1C. The Minister of the Interior moved that tho bills comprising tho $23,111 (J2 Palace account be returned to the Minister of the Interior by the Secretary. Also, a certain lot of correspondence relating to Portuguese immigration. Carried. Mr. Godfrey Brown moved that the Coro nation bills be also returned to the Minister of the Interior. Carried. ArrPOPBIATlOX BILL INTERIOR DEPAETHENT CONTINUED CONTINUED. Commencing at the item Custom-house boat, the items passed as in the second reading of the bill, with the following ex ceptions : Mr. Godfrey Brown moved to increase the item of pay of Tax Appeal Boards to $1200. Carried. ATTOnNEr-GENEItAL's DEPARTMENT. Mr. Kalua moved to strike out the item on salary of the Deputy Attorney-General Carried. Mr. Smith moved a reconsideration. Car ried. Mr. W. O. Smith moved to increase the salary of the Sheriff of Hawaii to tGOOO. Lost. On arriving at the Police items, Mr. Keau moved that the salary of Captain Tell be increased to $150 a month. Motion lost, and item passed at $100. Mr. Kaulukou moved to insert additional to Captains $100 per month each. Motion lost, and items passed as in the bill. Salary of Deputy Sheriff at Koolauloa was raised to $10 per month. New item : Salary of police officer at Houo kawai, $15 per month. Mr. Gardner moved to increase the num ber of officers at Hana from three to six. Lost. Mr. Kaulukou moved to reduce salary of Deputy Sheriff of Makawao to $100 a month. He stated that the member for Wailuku, Mr. W. O. Smith, had stated that whan voting salaries, they should not consider the person, but vote for the office. In this matter he (Mr. Smith) was not consistent, inasmuch as when this item was passed on the second reading, he oxtolled the person hold- ing tho office, and advocated an increased salary. He, Mr. Kaulukou, was in favor of lowering the white man's salary. Mr. Kamakele moved to increase the num ber of policemen at Makawao from seven to eight. Lost. ' Mr.Dole moved to increase the salary of Deputy Sheriff of Kauai from $80 to $100. Lost. . Mr. -Palohau moved to increase salary of Deputy Sheriff at Lihue to $70. Lost. , Mr. Keau moved that an item be inserted for a messenger for tho Attorney-General at $1200. He asked that tho Attorney-General give his views. Mr. Neumann thought 'the incidentals should be increased by $1000. He offered this as an amendment to the 6eparatei tern of $1200 for his office messenger. At the same time he was entirely indifferent. He left it to the sense of the House. Some of 'the members seemed to think he wanted the money for himself. The motion was lost. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. For improvements of the Female Seminary at Poiahau,1 $2500, was proposed and Carried. It was moved to insert $7000 for aid to tho Iolani College. - The Minister of Foreign Affairs moved that $5000 be inserted. He. had conversed with the Bishop, St. Louis College had $10,000. Carried.. When the item regarding the $2500 came up for Dr. Hillebrand's book, Mr. Cecil Brown moved it be k truck out. Mr. Gibson thought it deserving of.f a void able consideration of the House, and made a long speech regarding the value of Dr. Hille brand's discoveries and researches into the plants of Hawaii. He thought the M.S.S. should be purchased. Many cf the plants were disappearing. It was of value to the world to know all about the flora of the Hawaiian Islands, .. He trusted- the item of $2500 might be passed,. Mr. Widemann said that tho Minister of Foreign Affairs had told the Hawaiians that he would not be surprised if the native members did not vote for' the publication of the book, unless it was published In the nativo language, and yet he urged them to pass the resolution. He had two decoy ducks before him, and he did not know which topat. He would vote for Fornax ler'a book, but against Hildebrand's. Fornandcr was poor, and Hildebrand was rich, and had dene this fcr his amusement. They had run up an immense Appropriation Bill. Dr. Mott Smith and 'Mr. Gibson replied briefiy. The Minister thought in striking out so small a matter their intelligence would not be commended by thinking people. The motion to strike out tho appro priation was carried by 20 to 9. Mr. Bishop called attention to the omis sion of two items one a scholarship of $720 at Oahu College, and one for rinting a Hawaiian Dictionary. The motion to insert them in the bill was carried. When the question of 810,000 for tho water supply of Kalawao came up, Mr. Widemann said there was no need of it. It might be ATell enough to bring water down there, but there was no necessity for the appropriation now. The Minister of Foreign Affairs did not think that the supplv of water was all that was desirable, but there was an excellent supply at Kalaupapa. The supply was very moderate through a small pipe. .It should be from a better source, through a larger ipe. It has been c-stimated that it could be made for S2,000. The sum of $10,000 would be required for a really liberal sup ply of water. After discussion the motion to insert $10, 000 was carried. Mr. Kaulukou introduced a motion to in sert $10,000 for a hospital for children of leprous parents. Its advantages were spoken of at length. Mr. Bishop thought hospitals should all be in the leper settlement, at least for the next two years. Too much money had been spent at the Kakaako ho.-rpital. IIo thought I also that it ought to have be in so built that the lepers could uot shake hand with their friends, exchanging pipes and kiting. The people ought to bo encouraged to be afraid of leprosy. The Ministerof Foreign Affairs stated that in the general talk about leprosy he might state that eight Sisters of Charity were expected. Ho hardly knew how to speak of these noble ladies. These excellent women preserved such order, such cleanliness at Kakaako, and were ao o admirable in their devotion to their duty that it would only be a year or two before their work showed its excellent effects. Mr. Gibson concluded with a thrilling eulogy of the good Sisters. A motion to spend $500 for a bridge in the leper settlement was carried. Minister Gulick asked permission to bring in two miscellaneous items. The first was repairs and completion of the Palace, $8,932.03. The items forming this total wero actual bills for faithfully completed work, most of it done before his incumbency as Minister of the In terior. The Government having de rived the benefit from this work, he hoped a sufficient amount would be ap propriated to pay these bills. Mr. W. O. Smith asked if they were in cluded in the $23,400. Minister Gulick said they were. Mr. Smith said thty had 'all been re ported on. Mr. Gibson explained that the.se par ticular bills had not been contracted by the authority of any department, yet he believed they were necessary. They wre carpenter, furnishing aud plumbing bills. It was all for work put into the Palace, which was a public building, and he hoped these tradesmen would be paid. A member asked for the ruling of the Chair. Tho President ruled that these bills could not bo re-considered except by sus pension of tho rules or an unanimous vote of the Assembly. Mr. Kalua said this was merely a sub terfuge to bring in theso old items again. He thought the House had better go on with the next session of the Appropria tion bill. Mr. Kaulukou moved that the rules be suspended that the matter should be re ferred to the Finance Committee, and that they decide what bills should be paid. Mr. Smith wanted to understand the mat ter. If the items were household bills the Assembly had nothing to do with them. If expenses could be incurred without the knowledge of the Ministers, he might well ask' where this was going to end. The previous question was then put and carried. The motion for suspension of the rules was then put and lost. Sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 of the Ap propriation bill were then passed. In con sequence of re-engrossment and several additions of totals not having been made where charges had occurred, the bill could not be passed as a whole, and on motion of Mr.'; Widemann the House ad journed until 10 oJ clock a. m. Tuesday. ANOTHER BRITISH. OPINION OF GORDON. From St. James Gazette we take the following as an additional proof, if indeed such were reeded, that we were correct from the start in every thing we uttered about Chinese Gor don: . . "By degrees, a more accurate con ception of Gordon's character is spreading throughout the country; and for many good reasons it is well that it should be so. A great and a good man he is, as they are most ready to testify who, knowing him well, are most capable of judging. The ex-Khedive Ismail, himself one of the cleverest of . human creatures, is by no means inclined to underrate his own gifts; and he once said that his ideal of a man was Chinese Gor don: 'When he comes into the room I feel that I am in the xresence of my superior.7 This feeling Gen. Gordon seems to inspire in nearly every one who approaches him; and within the last three months we have witnessed the growth of an almost superstitious reverence for him and confidence in him all through the country. But though Gordon is as much a man apart as Mahoinmed himself was, probably, lie also is but mortal. There are situations in which it is possible to expect too much from him; situations, too, in which the particu lar defects of his character may come into play, as well as its more noble and commanding qualities. It is as well, therefore, that his fellow-countrymen should learn that he is not without weakness, and should get an inkling of what those weaknesses are. They are not of tho kind we call un worthy far from it; but neither are they inconsiderable and of no account in a man who has to do with the or dinary affairs of the world. In such affairs, steadiness of judgment; a cool appreciation of facts, and patience with them; distrust of impulse, whether in matters of opinion or of action these things are as often much needed as the higher qualities of genius and the very loftiest mo ralitv. Little by little, the public has come to know that Gordon is not always to be depended on for the exercise of the more sober and hum drum but necessary qualities of a man of affairs; that he sometimes makes acknowledged mistakes of a radical order us, apparently, in Zo behr's case; and even that what is most noble iu him can lead him astray. And since no man is less likely to be offended at the suspicion that he is not always unerring, we count it a gain that his fellow-countrymen are beginning to nee more clearly that impossibilities am! infal libilities are not to be expected ven of Chinese Gordon. It is a gain, be cause there is all the more liklihood that justice will be done to other meu, and to the facts of the situation, which is yet more important. A recent telegram from Khartoum leads us to these remarks, affording as it does a glimpse into Gordon' mind which, though it reveals nothing new, is yet very striking and very opportune. Here we have the General reviewing the whole series of recent events iu the Soudan, in the confi dent belief that he sees the hand of God working to a particular end in every seeming disaster as well as every apparent success. I recog nize,' he says, " in all this business a regular concatenation of events, many links of which brought misfortune ; but, as a whole, the course of events tends toward a good end, and it per suades me that God's ways are not man's ways. I will give you tho links as they coino in tho chain.' ' And then he goes on to show by 1, 2, 3, etc., how, if there had been no Egyp tians at Tokar and Moncrief had not been killed, Baker would never havo been sent to Trinkitat : how, if ho (Gordon) had gone to Suakim, Baker would not have been attackedand then his forces would not have been massacred and then the British would not have, interfered. It was Baker's defeat and the treachery of the two pashas at Khartoum that brought the rebel troops to Halfiyeh ; which providentially led to the sortie from Khartoum; which in its for tunate defeat revealed the treachery of the pashas, which revelation pre vented greater evils. But for this defeat and this treachery, Her Majesty's Government might have considered Gordon's task hopeless ; and "might have declined, after General Graham's victory, any further operations against the rebels." As affairs were ordered by the divine hand, the rebel advance (against Khartoum) and our defeat happened just at the right time to retain Her Majesty's troops. Had these two events happened in two months' time, a British advance would have been much hampered bv the hot weather. Now it i obvious that an euvnv who allows him to inU rpiet the will of God so confidently and precisely may sometimes find himself in violent an tagonism with his employers; and the more likely is this to happen if his employers ate such worldlings as Ministries are made of. Even if there happens to bo amongst them one who, while he is an old-stager in affairs, flatters himself that ho also is pretty well versed in the designs of Providence, we do not know that matters are mended much, In point of fact, the chief significance of this telegram, from the practical point of view, lies in this: we see that Mr. Gladstone and General Gordon take entirely opposite views of the will of Heaven as to British operations in the Soudan. We see that Gordon had completely satisfied himself that the whole sequence of events from MoncriefTs murder to the sortie from Khartoum, with all their apparent blunders, horrors, and misfortunes, were so ordered as to lead irrisistibly to the immediate relief of Khartoum by a British force marching from Suakim. But there is to be no such advance. Graham's force has gone back; and now General Gordon has these alternatives before him : ho must not only suffer a bitter disap pointment on being "abandoned," but must either revise his whole con ception of the divine purpose, or con clude that the British Government are blindly thwarting that purpose, with the certainty of punishment for so doing. Now, from all that is known of him, it is just as likely that he will be thrown back upon the latter as upon the former alternative and therefore there is no saying what he may do now that he has gecome aware that the Government has no omn0HIimHrChing, a frCe V t0 toum till the cooler months of au tumn have returned, no matter what may happen meanwhile. This wc may find later on to be no unim portant matter. In the Interim wo advise the British public not SjudS of what Gordon may or may not IS an orhnrrTnmoff the drain's of an ordinary official person. He has his own standards of duty, and hit own interpretations of it. ' 3 r