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if ! ! it 7t pi il : WW WEEKLY EDITION. 1 S-f ?1 f v Vol. XXX.--No. 16. Tho Weekly Pacific IS PUBLISHED EVERY TUESDAY MORNING. Town and Island Subscriptions, whta paid in ad vance, 3 a year; &2.30 fr six months. Foreign Subscriptions, 86.50 per year, Including postage. TIIE DAILY Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Six moo t ti3 HttHiMMim 5 00 Per months 10 Per week 0 23 Dally and Weekly together to on subscri ber, per annum .. 12 00 'JT SCBSCRIPTIOSi PAYABLE ALWAYS IJ ADVANCE. y Communications from all parts of the Pa cific win always be very acceptable. TT Teraons residing la any part of the United states can remit the amount of subscription dues for these papers by Postal Money Order. BY AUTH0EITY. Interior Deimrtment. Tho anniversary of the birthday of His Majesty the King, NoYember 16th falling on Sunday, Monday, November.lTth, will be observed as a Jfatlenal Holiday, and all Public Offices through- out the Kingdom will be closed on that day. CHAS. T. QULICK, Minister of Interior. Interior Office, Oct. 10, 1S34. $6 oc 14 -wee 14 It has. pleased His Majesty the King to appoint Joha II. So per. Esq., Marshal of the Kingdom, vice Hon. W. O. Parke, resigned. Aliiolani Hale, Sept, 30, 134. - 45 ocl4-w2t LIST OF LICENSES Expiring In ne Month r October. 1SH1. RETAI L-OAn U. i m Nott. Fort street Honolulu 1 Ktm Yen fc Co, Nuuanu street " Chin York Kee, Nouanu street " 4 Konu Cheong, Nuuanu street 4 Ching Chat, Llliha street 44 4SJ Levey & Co, Fort street ' Tong Hing A Co, Nuuanu street 44 6 ChlngQuoy, Nuuanu street 44 6 Kong Lee Yuen Jk Co, Maunakea street ' 6 Broglie Spear, Fort street 6 Yiru Yo ulleeia, Koolaupoko C lun Kim Long A Co, Hotel street 3 Soy Lung, Maunakea street . 44 ymg Lee Hop, Maunakea street 9 Mrs F.mma White, Hotel street '4 10 K O Hall A Son. Kina street 10 Harog Lung Kee fc Co, Hotel street " 10 Wilder Co, cor Fort ud Queen street 44 11 Waiter H White, King street " 1 1 c Hmg Kee, Hotel street ? P " 11 Tal Hung A Co. Kakaako II Iju Sam Sing, cor Klchard and Merchant street j ; aL Smith, Fort street 15 Hong Kee, Kapalama, King streer IS Hen Wo Sin Kee, Nuuanu street 4 14 JT&H Waterhouse, King street 44 13 Benson, Smith A Co, Fort street " "0 I S Iarelra. cor Hoiel and Nuuanu st 44 " Gurteuberg. cor Nuuanu and Queen 4i 5 Ching Al, Nuuanu street . Sun Wo & Co, Nhuanu street 44 Z Yee Wo t Co, Nuuanu street 44 3 Ah See, LUiha street , -a Ucp Jan A Co, Nuuanu street 44 "3 P v H Wo Tong, Hotel street 44 N MPhiIllpfc Co, Kaahumanu stret t "4 Wm Colby, Fort street 44 "5 J T Waterhouje, Fort street 44 -7 Lyons & Levey. Queen street 44 Hart Bros, cor Nuuanu and Queen street S Hart Bros, Nuuanu street '5 jXA II Waterhou.se, Queen street 30 Mon sing Kunt, Hotel street SO Ting Hing Kee, King street 30 See Yun Flu Nuuanu street 44 31 V J Fagerroos, King street 44 KETA1L-MAUI. 3 Yee Wo, Wailuku 4 Wong Lam, Wailuku 6 Ching Hop, Kahului 15 Kim t ee Chong, Paia, Makawao 19 See Hop A Co, Kahului 23 S B Stoddard, Waihee 23 Lam Lum Kee, Wailuku . RETAIL HAWAII. 2 Hitchcock A Co, Papaiko, IHlo 5 Jas White, Puehuehu. N Kohala 5 Thos Spencer, Hilo 10 It Rycrtft. PohoikI, Pnna 16 C Alka, Punahoa, Hilo 19 Apauhana, Honuapo, Kau 22 Bun Chun, Punahoa, Hilo "6 Man Wo. Kapaalu, K Kohala "7 joe smith. Makapala, Kohala 29 Apana, Kukuihaele, Hamakua 10 Hal Kalepa o Puna Ika Onaona, Kaimu, Puna 31 Chui q Hoy, Laenui, Hilo R ETA I tt IfIA UA I . 16 Jw Chow Jvee, jmuiwi t . . - -rr lJ 18 Ah Chock, Kapaia, uuuc 23 J II HpiopIo, Walmea VICTCAIJXG. 9 Akaka, Waipio, Hawaii 11 Tal Hung fc Co, Kakaako, Honolulu 13 Awahai, Nlulii, N Kohala 13 See Wo Wong Lung, Hotel street, Uonolulu 15 Alau Kim Lung A Co, Llliha street, Honolulu 16 Leon? Hong, Wailuku, Maul 16 Ah Kul, Eleele. Kauai :o Yoang Chung, Punahoa, Hilo 20 Ah HI A Awa. Pahala, Kau ZZ Ye Wo A Co, Nuuanu street, Honolulu 23 Akana, Honokaa, Hawaii 23 Hart Bros, corner Nauanu and Queen streets, Honolulu DEALERS SPIRIT. 2 Lovejoy A Ce, Niiuanu street, Honolulu 2 FT Leaehan A Co, Nuuanu street, Honolulu 2 Frank Br wn, Merchant street, Honolulu RETAIL SPIRIT. 2 S Houghtailing, Bay Horse Saloon 2 W C Sproull, Itoyal Hotel 2 H Veiera, Bee Hive Saloon 2 FL Leslie, Cosmopolitan Htel 2 14 S Cunha, Union Saloon 2 Jas Olds. Umpire Saloon 2 J S McOrew, Hawaiian Hotel 2 S J Shane, Commercial Hotel 2 Jas Dodd, Pantheen Hotel WHOLESALE SPIRIT. 2 M S Grinbaum A Co, Queen street 3 11 Hackfeld A Co, Queen street MILK. 7 Narcisses Perry, Honolulu 10 Woodlawn Dairy, Honolulu 16 P Milton, Honolulu 30 Conchee A Co, Honolulu EIRE ARMS. 10 Joan Lishman, Kona. Oahu 12 A J Cartwright, Jr. Kona, Oahu 12 S o Wilder, Jr, Kona, Oahu 24 K II Jones, Kona, Oahu 24 W R Austin, Kona, Oahu PEDDLIXG. 19 J Palau, Honnapo, Kau BOAT. 10 Frank Clark, Lahaina, Maul A17CTIOX. 2 T W Everett, Wailuku, Maui 14 Aku, Koolaupoko, Oahu 24 D H Hitchcock, nUo, Hawaii 27 John Plum, Koloa, Kauai 27 H Kawalhllo, Koolauloa, Oahu WHOLESALE. 2 BoIIes A Co, Queen street Honolulu 4 S J Levey A Co, Fort street 6 Kwong Lee Yuen & Co, Maunakea st 8KL Marshall, Queen street 10 E O Hall A Son. cor King and Fort sts 10 Wilder A Co. cor Queen and Fort sts 10 Hong Lung Kee A Co, Hotel street 23 C Afeng, Nuuanu street 28 Chulan A Co, Fort street 27 Lyons A Levey, Queen street PORK BUTCHER. 2 Wing Sing, Hotel street, Honolulu 2 Look Hop, Hotel street, Honolulu 4 Ah L, Kealla, Kauai 4 Aiana, Waianae, Oahu 16 Apana, Kukuihaele, Hawaii 26 Apa, Wailuku, Maul 27 See Shin, Makatt'ao, Maui 30 Min Yee Kee, Hotel street, Honolulu , HI I.I.I ARIS. 21 Joe Smith, Makapala, N Kohala 28 Hart Bros, Nuuanu street, Honolulu 30 Joaquin (Jraclu, Wailuku, Maui 30 John Stupplf been, Kawaibae, Hawaii CAKE PEDOLIXCS. 3 Ah Sing, Kingdom 11 Akao, Kingdom 1 Un rinm VlnoilAin LIVERY ST A RLE. 2 Jas Dodd, Pantheon Stables SAL3IOX. 3 Kehahuua Iona, Waihee, Maui 16 Pekelo. Wailuku, Maui IJITCIIER. 1 Aiana, Waianae, Oahu 4o no! 2?-CIT,IC COMMERCIAL .ADVERTISER. Tuesday, Oct. 14, 1SS4. THE LATE MARSHAL. .Last Thusrtlay some ver' proper compliments were paid to Hon. W. C. Parke, on his retirement from the oflice of Marshal of the Kingdom, which he has so long held. The mem bers of the Bar had proposed in con clave certain resolutions which were submitted to their Honors the Judges in open Court, for presentation to Mr. Parke, and a number of them took the opportunity te make kindly re marks about the veteran official who has just retired from a service which has lasted for a generation, and has extended over a transition period in the social, commercial, and political history of Hawaii. Mr. Dole, and at least one other sptaker could not lose the opportu nity of saying something spiteful against the Government in the course K-s AW .ire snrnMsl that Mr. Dole should have so far for- gotten the dictates of good taste as to ho fntriMrol in aimh a nhfifl and m-a -m v m- w j HONOLULU, H. L, TUESDAY, on such an occasion remarks like those with which he concluded his speech. As for those who followed him in this strain we never save them credit for the culture or dis crimination which would save them from this vulgarity and as they have the excuse that they followed Mr. Dole's deliberate lead we have noth ing to say about them. Any way they and what they might choose to say are not worthy of any considera tions. Except for this marring ele ment, the occasion was one of high interest. Not a member of the Bar, not a Judge on the Bench was to be found in Court when the late Mar shal first fulfilled there the duties of his oflice. Called to the post by Kamehameha III., at the request of Judge Lee; and John Young, the Kuhina Nui of the day, because of the personal prowess and determined will he had displayed at a time when Honolulu was threatened with mob rule, he has grown old and grey in the service. He has the personal respect and friendship of the community, both Hawaiian and foreign. How he is thought of by the large number of men who have served under him was feelingly expressed by Mr. "V. O. Smith in the speech with which he followed Mr. Dole at the proceedings in Court on Thursday. He leaves his office for political reasons solely, without a stain on his character as an omcial discharging most impor tant functions, without a blur in a long public career, with .the affec tionate remembrances of those who have been his subordinates, and with. the sustaining conviction in his own heart that he has never spared him- self night or day in the service of his adopted country. Por some years past it has been the fashion with all that section of the press which is now found in oppoal tion to the Administrations to revile the late Marshal, t9 rake up with care every canard that might throw a slight on his administration of his important department, to put the blame of every petty thing that went wrong upon his head, and to intr mate that his time had gone by, that changed circumstances needed a new man to cope with them. This journal has been jeered at for giving him its support. Those who controlled the editorial columns of the Advertiser looked below the surface and saw that in the peculiar circumstances of this country, with its strangely mixed population, with the many exigen cies resulting from the rapid develop ment of industries controlled by for eigners and involving the employ of mass of laborers under exceptional conditions, the Police Department was. in spite of all shortcomings, per forming its duties as satisfactorily on the whole as that of many much more favored countries. With this conviction, born of earnest investiga tion of the facts, they did not Hesitate to give tneir support to tne late .Mar shal against the interested enemies who used the columns ot our contemporaries to assail him. Under these circumstances it is refreshing to find prominent representatives of tne upposiiion iranKlyand unnesnat ingly taking the sameground and supporting Mr. Parke with the irap plause. THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL FUTURE OF HAWAII. There is another point in the Rev Mr. Bishop's argument as to which it appears to us that he has accepted a commonly received opinion as if it were an unanswerable argument. After reviewing the tendencies ef the country and declaring them to be in the direction of an Euglsih civili zation in v the widest sense of that term, and through the prox- imitv of the United States to the American type of that civilization he says "the foregoing also indicates tha necessary answer to the Question- - mf - A OCTOBER 14 1884 as to our political future. The com ing form of government will be that of America. It will be Republican. Republican government has passed beyond' the stage of experiment and established itself as the true and the best form for all enlightened peoples. Long since established in the Ameri can majority of English people, it lias become virtually the political form of all the rest- Monarchy in England has surrendered all its power, aud in our weakness as a State what has retains only its dignities, it is tin- j been denied to many powerful na reasouable to suppose that these j tions. And this has not been through Islands as a civilized community will j a mere outburst f friendship and not iu due time follow the general! kindly condescension. Our Japanese example. As in due time the native sovereigntv comesjto its natural end, whethtr by the decay of the native people, the lack of chiefs, or a ijeueral end of its usefulness, there will cease to be any other possible rallying point for a throm?, even if there were any further call for such an institu tion. Republican government will be the natural, fitting and obvious arrangement. No other seems pos sible.'' Now this phrase ' Republican government has passed beyond the stage of experiment, and established itself as the true and the best form for all enlightened people" may be the expression of a sentiment wide-spread in America and in France, but it is far from having the sanction of the united opinion of all u enlightened peoples," and still further from being logically proved as a deduction from the sum total of our knowledge of human history. Our grand-children will probably live to see the day when the Republican u experiment " will have been exhaustively com pleted and abandoned both in America and France. The Democratic form of government is necessarily the first crude method of any people whatso ever. Sooner or later, it inevitably de velopes into an oligarchy.. Under that form of government, some of the greatest national successes have been accomplished that are recorded in the history of the world. But the end of an oligarchy is always a monarchy, eitner aeveiopea irom witnm, or super-imposed from without. It is our custom to suppose that with our modern civilization, our machinery, our steam, and our mastery of electri city, we are quite a divine sort of people compared to those who went before us. Such is far from being the fact. In ethics in philosophy and in the science of government, mankind remains from age to age measurably the same, simply because it is still mankind. There is a rythmic flow and lapse of special forms of opinion, and -of consequent practice, but the same things ever repeat themselves, and will continue to do so until the end of all things. This country seems to us to be about the last in the world which, under any social development that is possi ble to it, can expect to contain the elements of a happy liepublic, ana we nope it may be spared a piuuge into this favorite political "experi ment of the age. JAPANESE LABORERS. It is with pleasure that we learn that arrangements have been satis factorily completed by Mr. Cousul General Irwin for.the emigration of Japanese laborers to this country, and that we may expect to see a steamship in our harbor next month flying in all probability the Japanese flag, and bringing the first install ment of this new accession to our labor force, iu number about G00. This is undoubtedly good news. There are so many slips 40 twixt cup and lip" in human affairs that not withstanding all seemed fair and promising when Col. laukea left Japan, we have awaited with a real anxiety the further news which has now come to band. We believe that Whole No. 1494 j these arrangements for Japanese iin j migration mark a most important era in me History 01 me agricultural enterprise of this country. The suc cess of the movement wo undoubted ly owe to the cordial personal rela tions which have been established between King Kalakaua and the Emperor of Japan ajd many high and influential officials of the Em pire. There has been conceded to ua friends d not do things in that way. The Japanese Govern men: seldom makes a move without knowing i exactly what it is doing. However superior to 1! 111 physical strength and for warlike purposes the governments of great western na tions may be they have ever found a mulch in the diplomatic ability of the statesmen of the Empiiv of the Rising Sun. The Japanese Govern ment has taken nothing for granted about us, and before listening to the persuasions which Col. laukea and Mr. Irwin had authority (o use, .they knew from the evidence of their own Envoys that what these gentlemen had to tell them was in accordance with facts and that what they under took to promise on behalf of the Ha waiian Government was sure to be fulfilled. The day will surely come when the pains that has been taken by the King and by his recent Minis ters bo cultivate close relations of friendhip with the Emperor of Japan and his great officers of State will no longer be sneered at as a vain show of diplomacy or cavilled at because It cost a few thousand dollars. Among our planters "the first ques tion that will present itself when they hear that a number of Japanese im migrants will arrive here within a few weeks from this time will be what is this class of labor likely to cost. To this the reply may safely be made that it will be the cheapest in point of money cost per head per annum that they have had the benefit of for a long time past. Then arises the iuquiry what about the quality? We are assured that .the laborers who are coming are all trained agricultural laborers from the interior of Japan none of the loafers about big towns who- know nothing of country work. We are informed that Mr. Irwin himself speaks of them as " first-class sugar-planting laborers." Now Mr. Irwin has been here himself, and did not lose any of his time while he was here, neither did the men interested in planting whom he fnet here fail to give him freely the benefit of their own ideas a 1 m it w -r r , m as to wnat is wanted, we iurtner learn that Mr. Irwin expects to be -able to send us five hundred immi grants per month all through 1885 if the Government be prepared to au thorize him to arrange for such an influx. Of these immigrants he finds that the rroportion which will best suit the people and the Government will be four-fifths men, and one-fifth women. With these are likely to come about ten per cent, of children. These proportions will please the planters, who are always groaning about the large proportion of women and children they have to take along with their Portuguese laborers. To the country at large they will hardly be so acceptable. One-fifth of women is of course a great improvement com pared with the Chinese immigration which was so loner tolerated here, a resumption of which eur planters seem disposed to sigh for. But it is really not a large enough proportion for the good of the country. We need in fact a large immigration of women irrespective of all questions of labor. Anything, however, is better than re opening the country to the immigra tion of Chinese males a doom which we had begun to fear might b e force, upon us by the necessities of out sugar-planters.