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THE PACIFIC C0M3IEECIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 14, 1884
5 THTH PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER. Tuesday, Oct. 14, 1S84. AN UNFOUNDED CHARGE. The Hawaiian has revived a stupid charge against Mr. Gibson, and re vived it in a most malignant manner. It had apparently fallen into oblivion like so many other of the unfounded charges against Ministers which the Opposition papers are so fond of put ting forth. But it is rashly brought forward again in the following terms: " There were two men shot to death ind a third wounded in this King dom. Of mere ignorance of hi3 duty ihe charitable may say, of somethiug Tery like complicity in the events -which led to this homicide, this ama teur Attorney-General refuses to fol low up the case, and the criminal ia provided with a passport and leaves the Kingdom untried, though with blood on his hands.'7 The case re ferred to is that of Charles Caspar, and tho circumstances are too well known to our readers to need repeti tion here. We have always regretted, aot merely that Caspar was not tried, but that he was not convicted and panished for manslaughter. Great aa tho provocation .was to which Caspar was subjected, if the Hilo .tragedy had occurred anywhere with in British dominions, such would most probably have been his fate as a recompense for the reckless use of firearms. That he would have been acquitted by any jury here or in America, we know, because we have personally canvassed the case with Home scores of individuals, and have in every instance found them take the opposite view of it to our own. But even had public sentiment about the carrying and using of fire arms been different, it would be im possible justly to address one word of censure to Mr. Gibson for the part he played in this affair. There wore two separate homicides. One of them was actually finally disposed of before Mr. Gibson assumed the office of Attorney General ad interim. In proof of this we offer the following extract from a ietter dated Hilo, May 14th, 1883, addressed by Mr. Whiting to the :4hen Attorney-General, Hon. Ed ward Preston, which we have been permitted to copy: "In the case against Charles Caspar, for man slaughter, in killing A. S. McCullum, I refused to present an indictment, as there was no evidence prepared to carry the case tu trial, and also as Mr. Justice Austin, presiding at the -term, upon reading the statement of the chief witness, Mr. White, de eded that if his testimony were given to the jury, the case would not be al lowed by him to go to the jury. I however had Mr. Caspar committed by the Police Judge of Hilo to the Supreme Court at Honolulu, July term, on charge of manslaughter in killing Hugh Teuiiant." In Hono lulu the whole matter was re-considered, and the evidence collated, Mr. Whiting consulting on the mat ter with Their Honors the Chief Jus tice and Mr. Jurtice Austin. The re sult was that he addressed the follow ing recommendation to Mr. Gibson: 'Sir In regard to the case of The King vs. Charles Caspar for the kill ing of Hugh Tennant on the 19th day of April, ISS3, said Caspar now being held under commitment of the Police Justice of Hilo," Hawaii, to the July term of the Supreme Court at Honolulu on a charge of man slaughter, I have, at your request, fully investigated the evidence for prosecution as well also the evidence or statement of Caspar, and I have come to the conclusion, without doubt, that upon the evidence now before mc, the jury would immediate ly acquit said Caspar, and that the prosecution cannot hope for a convic tion even on a charge of man slaughter in the third degree, and that a plea of justifiable homicide would be sustained. I therefore re commend that the said Caspar be dis charged under the provisions of Chap ter 40, section 5, f the Laws of 1876." After reading this, what course could Mr. Gibson take other than that he pursued? ' Is the Hawaiian prepared tore turn to the charge, or will it eat its .own words? Will it accuse the Judges of our Supreme Court and the Deputy Attorney-General of a "shameful refusal of justice," and tell us that through their decision "the country ran a very serious risk" of foreign intervention? No, the Ha waiian will not do thi3. Everything is changed as soon as it is shown that Mr. Gibson cannot be held re sponsible. What other, people do must be treated with respect, but Gibson can do nothing right. .Bah ! We are sick of hearing this sort of thing called "politics." Perennial misrepresentation and mean insinua tion seems to be the whole sum and substance of the policy of the Oppo sition journals. As fast as "one lie is proved to be what it is, another is in vented. The Hawaiian will eat its leek with perfect self-satisfaction the end it aimed at has after all been gained the chance of a little vitu peration of Gibson. THE DEPRESSION OF TRADE. It is not solely those countries which, like Hawaii, are greatly 'de pendent on the state of the sugar market, which are under pressure at the present time. From all parts of the world some complaints of low prices for staple productions, of slack demand for manufactured articles, of want of work for operatives, of finan cial stringency, contraction of credit, and general distrust as to the future. If any one country could possibly escape the operation of these period ical depressions, the United States of America ought to be that one. Year by year people and capital from the old world are pouring into the States and Territories of the Union, and in that wide domain there is room for all, and in its undeveloped resources the means of making a living, and of acquiring wealth appear to be present and available for many more millions than are counted in the annual in crease of the population. The United States, however, do not escape the fate of older countries. Casting their shadow before them in the earlier part of the year, the bad times seem to have come upon the States in earnest. From the mercantile jour nals of the larger cities we glean that in most departments of business hope of anything like an ordinary fall trade has been abandoned, and people are consoling themselves with the hope of better things next spring, though n what grounds does not appear. From a San Francisco journal we cull this gloomy picture of affairs:" With oc casional exceptions, the condition of business in the various lines is bad. There have seldom been more men out of work, and there never were more of the great productive indus tries of the country beini carried on at a loss. The situation has altered greatly lor the worse since Blaine wrote his letter of acceptance, for since that time the record has been a continuous one of strikes, reduction of wages and the closing of shops, fac tories and collieries." The reference to Mr. Blaine's letter of acceptance show? how rapidly this trade depres sion has intensified during the last two or three months. Though there appears to be a tendency among the Democratic papers to exaggerate in their references to the state of a flairs so as to make a handle of it against the opposite party, whose chosen leader spoke with enthusiasm of tbe "mag nificent prosperity" which "Repub lican rule 11 had given to the country, we do not find that the journals which support Blaine make any attempt to hide a fact which is, iudeed, too pal pable and all pervading to be ignored. The reports from the older countries are very similar to those from the manufacturing districts of the United States. Those from the countries whose mainstay is the production of food or of the raw materials used in manufactures are in all cases very similar to those from the wheat growing regions of the States. ' Seri ous as the state of the sugar market is for us, this country seems to have been touched liglitly as yet compared with many others The price of wheat which is lower in that central market of the world, London, than ever was known before, has created widespread consternation in very many quarters of the world. Though these fluctuations in trade sometiujes local, sometimes world wide in their influence, appear to be unavoidable and sure to recur from time to time everywhere, there i3also one persistent element which has been at work for at least a quarter of a ceu turyin the reduction of the money val ue of the products of human iudustry The production of gold does not keep pace with the demand for it. Hence from year to year its value in relation to other commodities is enhanced. That this is the fact there seems to be no doubt, and it also appears certain that the process of enhancement must go on still further unless the relations of supply and demand for gold can be more closely adjusted either by new discoveries of the precious metal or by a reduction in the demand. When therefore we compare present prices of an article with those prevailing at any former period we must keep in view the changed position of the stan dard by which we measure. If wheat which touched in 1S51 so low a figure as 353. Gd. per quarter in London is averaged there now at 35s. Id., it does not follow that it is of less value in 18S4 than in 1851, as compared with other products of the soil and of man's industry. The purchasing power of an ounce of gold is greater now than in 1851 as against every description of material and every class of labor. NUPIIEHE COURT OCTOBER TERM 1SS1. Associate Justice McCully on the .Bench. Moxdav, October 13 th. Deputy Attorney-Gbueral Whiting as prosecutor. Tbe following were tbe proceedings be fore a mixed jury: " Hex tb. Ah Lee, assault and battery. On appeal from tbe Police Justice of Honolulu. Mr. John Kussell appeared for tbe defend ant. Tbis is a case where the defendant was sentenced to seven days imprisonment to hard labor, and' required to give a bond of $50 to keep the peace for one year, so far as tbe complaint is concerned. The defend ant pleaded guilty, and after argument by counsel for mitigation of punishment, the Court imposed a fine of $10 and costs, which were immediately paid. Rex vs. Arsenio Joi, charged with selling liquor without a license. On appeal from the Police Court of Honolulu. Mr. John Russell for defendant. The'jury brought in a verdict of not guilty. Rex vs. Ah Lnm, charged with having opium-in his possession. On appeal from the Honolulu Police Court. Mr. John Rus sell for defendant. The jury, after a short deliberation, returned a verdict of not guilty. The cases set down for to-day are as fol lows: Rex vs. J. B. Grant, aggravated assault. Mr. C. H. Ashford for the defendant. Rex vs. Yam Look, larceny. Mr. John Russell for the defendant. Rex vs. Fook Iu, opium in possession. Mr. John Russell for the defendant, I'olice Court. BEFOEE rOLICE-JUSTICE BICKERTON. Monday, Oct. 13, 1854. Kalaaukapa, Kawika, Moanalua, Kekabina, Kauli, G. Muier, Joe Nuilaa, W. Harrington, C McLeod, Lupena. and C. Bailey, arrested on a charge of drunkenness, each forfeited $6 bail by not appearing in Court; and Kalau, Pauna, Kanana, John Wilson, wero each lined $6 for being guilty of the same charge. T. Dawson and McKeehnie, J. Dayley and James Ferron, were arrested on a charge of indulging in an affray, all forfeited ther bail with the exception of McKeehnie, who pleaded not guilty, and will haye his trial to-day. J. Costa, who assaulted a Chinaman named Ah You, forfeited his bail of $15. F. Bindt, arrested on a charge of beiag a gross cheat, and obtaining $100 from one Assiau at the Island of Kauai, on the 29th of August last, under false pretences, will have his trial on the 20th instant. Thomas Mullen, arrested for disturbing the peace, failed to appear, and forfeited his bail of $10. More I'hotojrrapaie Views. Messrs. Wm. N. Tuttle, of Australia, and Wm. T. Lee, of San Francisco, are sojourn ing temporarily in the city. Mr. Tuttle is the proprietor of three of the most extensive Photographing establishments in the Colo nies and has gained the reputation of pro curing some of the best productions in that art. Mr. Lee has had extensive experience in the same line in Nevada. California, and elsewhere. These gentlemen propose to take photographic views of all the notable places on the islands that have escaped the camera obscura of the indomitable Honolulu artist, James Williams. Mr. Tuttle acknow ledges the excellence of Mr. William's pho tographic views, and will take a large quan tity of them with those that he may person ally secure in addition, back with him to the Colonies, where they will be generally distributed. CORRESPONDENCE. We do not hold ourselves responsible for the statements made, or opinions expressed by our correspondents. Tlie Xew Hack: X.ish tn. Mn. Editou : I wish to enter au earnest protest against an innovation, thai I coui der as positively dangerous, to perhaps life itself. Tho innovation, I refer to, is the insane idea (I don't know where it originat ed) of covering the outside glass front of Express lamps with tin, in which is cut the number of the express. If this is done, hardly any light will escape through tho cut letters, certainly not enough to show up bad places in the roads, holes or obstructions of any kind, and two carriages passing each other could easily come into collision, if sufficient light is not thrown outward upon each side of the road. I can see tbe desirabi lity of the hack inspector, and also of tho public in general knowing the number of the carriage in which they ride, but the knowledge so gained does not compensate for the destruction of the light. Tiu is opaque, and so is the brain that originated this new idea. Of two evils choose the lesser, and by all means let us have all tbe light that it is possible to obtain from carriage lamps without totally obscuring it by a sheet of tin. Yours truly, Jr.uv. More Hack lights. 'Mb. Editob--I was amused by "JehuV protest against covering the outside of the lamps on hacks with tin on which is tbe number of the hack. I wonder where he drove before he came here? He certainly never saw a stage coaeh in California, and my reasons for this assertion are these: The stage drivers there, almost to a man, cover the ontsides of their lights, first, to prevent blinding the passengers and them selves when getting in or out. Second, as they do not want to see bad places in tbe road after they have passed them, butbe fore, hence they put broken pieces of look ng glass in the back part of their side lamps, and close the sides, thus throwing all the light ahead of tho vehicle. They also put bull's-eyo lanterns on the collars of tho leaders for the same reason. They want all the light ahead, not on the sides. The first line of coaches from San Fran cisco, the old "Overland," sent to Paris for lamps, and had them placed under the foot board, as one can see on the Punahou 'bus. Nothing could be found in tho United States at that time of the proper kind. Let Jehu cover the outside of his lamps, and I will venture to say he will acknowledge his mis take, besides he will fiud he can drive closer to a vehicle he meets with the side light dimmed than in the full glare. Light. A Comparison of Ministers. Honolulu, Oct. 13, 1884. Mb. Editor : The Opposition papers seemed very much worried because His Ex cellency W. M. Gibson holds several offices at the same time. Is it any worse for him to do so than it was for the Hon. H. A. P. Carter, who filled several offices for a year, and still not a word was said about it by the present Opposition, because he was one of them, and belonged to their crowd? Do these pretenders of Justice think that the people have forgotten all about the actions of their pets while in office ? If so, they are much mistaken, as this is one of the reasons why they are not trusted or believed in ther great protestations for reform. The people havo not forgotten how Mr. Carter quarantined the steamers from Cali fornia letting the cabin passengers walk ashore and minglo with the people here, while the poor steerage passengers were placed on the reef in quarantine. And another thing that will always be fresh in out memories i3 the careless manner in which the poor kanakas were treated when they had the smallpox, while the wealthy were allowed to stay at home. Should any of the Opposition havo forgotten the child ish manner in which Mr. Carter handled the whole of that scourge from its careless in troduction to its. terrible close, let them take a ride 'over to the Quarantine grounds and view the 500 graves, and then search its records and see how many dollars it cost besides, and yet not a word of complaint from the pious and Cbristian Opposition was heard. And compare tbe actions of Mr. Gibson with regard to the la3t attempt to bring smallpox here not one case on shore. What a howl of indignation was heard from our Christian Opposition, who tried with all their might to put obstacles in Mr. Gibson's way. If the Captain of the Madras had been truthful, there would have been no trouble ; but the disease was kept out of the country. While in the case of Mr. Carter it wa3 allowed ashore, and still we hear nothing from the Opposition of tbe 'Carter smallpox muddle," that cost the country hundreds of lives, and hundreds of thousands of dollars. When we look over the statistics of leprosy, we find that Mr. Gibson has actually accomplished mora than all prefious Ad ministrations ; that he has been able to do so much is proof of the incapacity of all former Administration-. Viewing tho action of tho Opposition from a non-partizan standpoint, ono would suppose that they would be well -pleased with any disaster that may befall the country, if by it they could only get into into power. ' 44 Whatsoever yv ask iu faith, believing, ye sLill receive." 44 Ue that prayeth in tecrct shall bo ro warded openly." I fear that, as money-changers, tho Chris tian Opposition havo forgotten 44 Tho Way," and so I point it out. N'ota Er.sk. His Majesty's Birthday Anniversary The .birthday of His Majesty tbe King fal ing ou Sunday, the ICth day of November, tho celebration of that auniversary will tako place on Monday, the 17th of November. All public offices will be closed, and all cere monies and amuements in honor of that event will take place ou that day. Tlie Xcw lioat Clnb House. The Honolulu Y?cht and Boat Club House is fast approaching completion. Tho ex terior of the building is framed of corru gated iron, and presents a rather unique appearance. The interior will be substan tially finished iu a neat if not gandy stylo. Mr. W. T. Iihoadu is the building, con tractor. Tlie Muriposa's rasseiirrs. The following is a list of the passenger to date by the steamship Mariposa, which leaves to-morrow for San Francisco: Mrs J K Ward, Rev T II Itouso and wife, HP Baldwin, Mrs K O Hall, Oscar White, Kd Jones, C H Mason, wife and child, KM Young, David Craig, Dan Lyons, It J Williams, Miss Mary Forde, Mrs J II smith, C E Wllllums, and K A Williams. Another rjeparture of Immigrant. Messrs. W. G. Irwin A Co., on Friday morning, shipped by tho steamer James Makee, ten of the Portuguese immigrant families, numbering forty persons, men, women, and children, to the Makeo Sugar Plantation ; and fifteen families, numbering seventy persons, to tho Kilauea Plantation, on the Island ef Xauai. Whole number shipped 110. A lloyal OuarllusJiii. Her Majesty Queen Kapiolanl has been granted letters of guardianship of the per sons and estates of H. It. H. Prince 'Edward Alienela Kaluahonui, II. It. H. Prince Iona Kuhio Kabinianaole and H. 11. H. David Kawananokoa, children of her lato K. H. Princess Mary Kinoko Kekaulike. The children are residents of the Kingdom, except David Kawananakoa, who is travel ing abroad. Anti-Rheumatic Linib. Charles Hall, who some time ago bad both hi legs injured by tho rollers of the mill at the Paukaa Plantation, and submitted to the amputation process, received a pair of artificial legs by tho steamer Mariposa, which step right eflf like natural ones. Mr. Hall is not afraid of being afilicted with rheumatism in those legs, and is grateful to friends who so generously contributed to wards the purchase of so faultless a style of limbs for himself. Circa t Sac ri flee Sale. On Friday Messrs. Lyons & Levey, the auctioneers, sold at public auction all tha surplus stores brought here by the Portu guese immigration steamer Bordeaux, by order of Messrs. Geo. W. Macfarlano &, Co., tho consignees. The articles sold embraced nearly everything to be found in a regular grocery store, and were sufficient in quantify to stock one. The goods were sold at remark bly low prices. The most important feature of the sale was the disposal of a largo quantity of iron tanks 50 400 gallon and 42 200-gallon iron tanks. The large sizes were sold for $21 each and the smaller one at $15 each. Several lots of timber "Were sold at an extremely low prices, in fact nearly being given away. They fetched, re spectively, $5, $3G, $12, $14, $17, $17. Kepa Ilonl. About noon Friday a telephone mes sage was received at the Police Station from the residence ef the Hon. J. I. Dowsett, that two men had been fighting en the ad joining premises and that one was believed to be bleeding to death- Capt. Tell accom anied by Dr. Carpenter, repaired to tho scene as soon as an express could tako them, when they ascertained that a difficul ty of some kind had occurred between Kepa Honi and his son, during which tbe old man, who was under the influence of liquor, fell over on tho ground in a state ef stupifl cation. He was restored to consciousness, and an examination showed that he had escaped any injnries from his fall. Kepa Honi's wife died Thursday night, and hig friends and relatives had been making him. visits of condolence that day.