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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 21, 1884
NEW INDUSTRIES. There bas been a good deal of talk from time to time about sumac as a plant worth cultivating here. Per haps the perusal of the following re port made by Consul Carroll to the United States Government on the results of the cultivation of sumac in Sicily during 1&&4, may revive former interest in the matter. Experiments with sucli new sources of export ought to be made by the Government or by some Association- If the pro duction of sumac, for instance, could be distinctly shown to be payable, it would be taken up by many who would hesitate to make the experi ment for themselves, because they cannot afford to take the risk of losing time and money without result. At present we have no machinery for making such experiments on a suf ficiently large scale. The Govern ment nursery might be utilized for the introduction and distribution of this or other plants, but what is wanted is an extended experiment to demonstrate what the co3t of produc tion on an industrial scale would be, with a test of the quality of the ar ticle produced by placing it in a suit able market. The Agricultural So ciety has not the means to undertake such experiments, although if the money has to be raised voluntarily, it Js, perhaps, the most suitable or ganization for the purpose. Mean while there exists another association in which the major portion of our producers are actually interested, which perhaps could undertake the revival of old, and the introduction of new agricultural industries, with as much success as any other body. We do not know whether such a task is within the scope of the purpose for which the Planters Labor and Sup ply Co. was formed; but if we may judge by the tenor of the discussions which have taken place at its meet ings, and in the columns of its recog nized magazine, we should think that it is not only a suitable one for it to take Up, but that the undertak ing could not be in better hands, or in the hands of any more deeply in terested persons. If the company cannot itself undertake the matter an opportunity might be taken during the important meeting to be held this week to initiate some other or ganization for the purpose. It is practical work that needs to be done, and the practical men who form the strength of the Planters' Labor and Supply Company are just the men to know both what to attempt and how to attempt it better than any- others in the Kingdom. Mr. Carroll's letter is as follows: "The Sicliian sumac crop of 1S82 was considered medium as to quantity, but good as to quality, the entire pro duction of the island for that year aggregating about 300,000 cantara, or 23,437 tons. The inverse was the case as to the crop of 1S82, it being deemed good as to quantity, but inferior as to quality, aggregating about 2S0,000 cantara, or 121,875 tons. It is proper to state, however, that the above is merely an estimate, which is believed to be nearly correct, but in view of the numerous dealers in sumac as well as of those engaged in its culti vation, it is impossible to be strictly accurate In a statement of this char acter unless a personal visit should be made to each producer. "With reference to the crop of 18S4, it is be lieved it will be good, as all things requisite thereto have thus far been in its favor, and should they continue it is understood it will excel in quan tity and quality those of the two pre ceding years. "In connection with the cultivation of sumac, I beg to say that the "shoots" are cut and placed in the ground in the months of November and December. In about two years these "shoots" become plants, yield ing very little at first, but finally be coming quite prolific. Excessive rains and heavy dews are very in jurious to the sumac crop at certain stages, aud upon these to a large ex tent depend its quality. Dry and warm weather in August is essential to the strength of the sumac leaves. The crop usually matures in August and September. The plant is gener ally cultivated on rocky mountains, where nothing else will grow, and in poor or sterile plains. Those around and in the vicinity of Palermo, it is said, produce the-.best sumac on the island of Sicily. That which is pro duced In other portions of the island is usually shipped to Palermo, thence exported to various countries, but principally to the United States, after being ground in steam mills or .the leaves pressed into bales. When the crop becomes ripe it is cut, separated from the stalks, and exposed to the sun in order todry for ten days." From the information thus furn ished, the inference appears inevit able that many districts of these islands are well adapted for producing a fine quality of sumac. On the other hand, it seems certain that this plant i3 just the one that is suitable as a means of extending cultivation to districts where other crops cannot be attempted with any surety for suc cess. If the rocky slopes of volcanic mountains favor the production of sumac, we can readily find the place for its culture here. If poor and sterile plains suit it they are also available. It seems to be just the thing we want for a considerable area of these islands, and if after fair experiment it be found that the cli mate suits it (which may reasonably be hoped for) he who takes the initia tive in introducing it will be a bene factor to the country. A LIE DOUBLY NAILED. On the 1st instant the Hawaiian Gazette made the following state ment: "A typical case of the chronic impecuuiousness of the Treasury is displayed in the treatment of cer tain unfortunate road menders on the island. After waiting for their pay for a more than ordinary time, they tiled across the Pali, and came to town to make enquiries personally. They were met with the reply that after the arrival of the Alameda there would be plenty of money, but that there was none to be had then. Obliged to be satisfied with this un satisfactory reply the unfortunates filed back again, returning once more to the charge on the arrival of the Alameda. Alas! no cash had come, and again they returned with empty pockets. Our informant added that he understood that the men intended to stop work." On the following day this statement was proclaimed by the Advektisek to be a lie from begin ning to end, and a gross slander upon Mr. Lloyd, the efficient Road Super visor of the country districts of Oahu. The words ."filed across the Pali'1 in-r dicate distinctly that the road-menders spoken of were at work in the Koo lau district which is under Mr.Lloyd's supervision, and it is palpable that they could only have been used with the view of giving to the reader that impression. After reading our indig nant repudiation of the charge, made on behalf of Mr. Lloyd, the 'Gazette writer tried to -shuffle out of his trouble in the following manner : "The Advertiser, under the head of " Another Lie Nailed," stated, October 2nd, that the statement made by the Gazette last week about delay in payment of road men is an untruth from beginning to end. We are au thorized by a prominent gentleman to state that the road men in his dis trict were kept for months without tleir money, that they made frequent application for it. We are also in receipt of further information on the point, but as the gentleman might lose his post for not being in " accord' V with the Government, we cannot use his name. Our article never men tioned the name of Mr. Lloyd." Now it is all very well to say that Mr. Lloyd's name was not mentioned in the first instance. Mr. Lloyd was most clearly indicated by the article in the Gnzette. He alone could be responsible for the payment or non payment of laborers who had to " file over the Pali " t come to town. That they were not laborers who were working in the Kona district of the island, and had left their employ and subsequently gone to Koolau for other work is made clear by the further statement of the Gazette that it was understood that the men "intended to stop work." The inference cannot be got over the men (if such men had ever existed, except in the brain of the informer) were working in the Koolau district. Without say iug so, the Gazette in its second article wishes it to be in ferred that it was none of Mr. Lloyd's men that the first statement referred to. As the men are distinctly stated to be "road-menders on the island,'' the thing is narrowed down to an ac cusation against Mr. Hart. On that gentleman's authority we again de clare it to be a lie. We believe Mr. Lloyd, and we believe Mr. Hart, and wre do not believe the cowardly, anonymous informant of the Gazette who dare not let his name be known, because he knows he is lying. Every man employed on the roads in this island, whether as a mere . road mender or in any higher capacity, has been duly paid from week to week or from month to month, ac cording to the terms of his engage ment, every cent that he earned, and promptly, on the regular pay day, .up to this very day. We again say that in this statement of the Gazette we have "nailed a lie," and we challenge the editor of that journal and the das tard who has led him to make these untruthful statements to prove any thing to the contrary. That the first paragraph was aimed at Mr. Lloyd we have not a moment's doubt, because only a short time be fore while the Daily Hawaiian ;was temporarity in the editorial care of the editor of the Gazette a similar statement was made, only in that case the pretended scene of the trouble was laid in the country to the west of Honolulu , instead of over the Pali. Which is the more despicable, the invention of such a lie or the at tempt to shuffle out of it with the remark, "ourorticle never mentioned the name of Mr. Lloyd," we feel quite at a loss to decide. MIXED METAPHORS. Last wreek's Gazette reprints from the London Standard an article en titled "Bulls in Verse and Prose," in which are given some amusing examples of bulls and mixed meta phors. This list the Gazette enriches (unconsciously) by the following in its editorial columns: "The whole New England blood, which runs in the veins of so many of our citizens, must soon see clearly through this fallacy." A quarter of a million in foreign silver coin was shipped last week to the Coast per Mariposa by Messrs. W. G. Irwin & Co., who have con tracted with the .Government to re place it by American gold coin, in ac cordance with the provisions of the Currency Act. It is expected that the total quantity of foreign silver coin called in by the Government will exceed $600,000. The time for exchanging it for Hawaiian silver coin is past, but the Government has instructed the Tax Collectors to make it widely known that such coin wHl be legal tender for taxes, etc., until 30th November next, and tiiere can be little doubt that what is still afloat in the country will thus be gathered in. ISI,ANI .VOTES. Lahaina, October 7th. Nothing very much has transpired since the departure of His Excellency the Minis ter of Foreign Affairs and Premier last Sat urday. On the night of the 14th instant a native ,wonian, Hoopio by name, the wife of C. Atong, one of our local Chinese store-keepers, gave birth to triplets, all boys, and at present all living and doing well. The mother is well. This increases the family of Mr. Atong to ten children, and four of his sens have been lately sent to China for education. For the past two days we have had copious showers, which is of great benefit to plant ers. Wo have been threatened with the kona, but at the present time of writing nothing much has come of it. Wednesday, October 15. Lealea (w) Kailiuli, Sam, and Ned Dunn each donated $G to the public treasury by failing to appear and answer to a charge of drunkenness which they were arrested for. Pauahi (w) pleaded guilty to the charge of deserting her husband, and accepted a sentence of four days' imprisonment at hard labor, and a fine of S3 costs rather than return to her liege lord. Four Chinamen charged by W. Cogshall with beating him for complaining of an ag gressive deg were discharged, there not be ing sufficient evidence to sustain the charge. Kohala, Oct. lGth, 1831. Mr. Chapin, manager of theK. S. Co., has returned, and judging from the warm re ception he received from his employees he must be greatly esteemed by them. We are happy to chronicle the return from "Merrie England" of our esteemed towns men Messrs. Brodie and Holme?. It has seemed as though one-half of the town was gone since they "crossed the wide ocean," they have been missed so much. Judge Hart has gone across the country on Court bnsiness to remain until Monday. The mill keeps on grinding, under the com petent management of Messrs. Hall t Wight Mr. Selig, of the firm of M. S. Grinbaum & Co., is in town looking the district over; his first visit to Hawaii. The news of the successful outcome of the Japanese treaty causes a ray of sunshine to peep into the hearts of the planters, and whatever may be said against the present Ministry, the one great step in bringing the labor should cause the planters to applaud them. Politics don't better the planters much. We hear that the Iiev. Mr. Houston is soon to leave the district. He is a pleasant gentleman and will be parted with with re gret by many. Thursday, Oct. 16th. The cases before His Honor were limited to three in number. They were all charged with drunkenness. Two, Solomon, K, and Kaehopua, had not the temerity to face the Court, and each forfeited the bail they had deposited. The third party pleaded guilty and was fined $5 and $1 costs. Feiday, October 17th. Lupena, arrested for being drunk, was fined $5 and $1 costs. Hookano, charged with making an assault on one Mauinu, was reprimanded and dis charged. Honokaa, Hawaii, Oct. 17th, 18S4. Postage stamps are at a premium here this morning. Would it not bo well when the Postmaster leaves for a couple of weeks to leave soma one in charge of the office. It is an office requiring constant attention. A serious accident occurred last Satur day night to Judge Miau. He was going out fishing about 10 o'clock at night and fell down a pali some 30 feet deep, injuring his left arm and side. Ho is progressing favorably. .. Her Excellency the Governess of Hawaii arrived in Honokaa on last Saturday. On Sunday she attended service at the native church. On Thursday she visited the resi-' dence of Mr. J. R. Mills, where a sumptuous dinner was served. This being also the birthday of the. young Princess Kaiulani, a number of residents joined in celebrating 'the occasion. Saturday, Oct. 18th. Yesterday Kaluaa Kopai, Lot, Fernandez and Keaouli, four young hoodlums, threw a bucket of water on a Chinaman, and after wards followed the actby giving him a good drubbing. Thee were arrested on a charge of assault, but owing to insufficiency of evi dence tho Court could but reprimand and discharge them. Maeloa, Manuela, Ioahi, Kilelawe and Olivia, arrested for stealing a watch and other personal property of the value of $40 from a Chinaman named Ah Lan, were dis posed of as follows: Manuela and Ioane were each sentenced to one year's imprisonment at hard labor. The other three were sent to the Reformatory School. , LOCAL AND GENERAL. The steamer Lehua arrivedSunday night from Maui aud Molokai, bringing 900 bags of sugar, and no passengers. A fine horse belonging to the Fashion Stables, valued at S300, was killed on Sat urday. He was afflicted with the glanders. Wa ter will 1c t-Lut tff frcm the Kulaoia hua district (bounded by Punahua, Kapio lani and above Beretania) to-day from C A. m. to 3 P. M. John, the little son of Schrader, the butcher at the Fish Market, fell from tho dock into the water on Saturday, but was 1 speedily fished out. In another column will be found an in teresting sermon delivered in Fort Street Church yesterday morning, on the "Last and Best of the Kamehamehas." Two scows transporting lumber from the schooner Wrestler at Kahului, were cap sised during a storm last week, and a quan tity of the lumber floated away. Last Friday a whale and sword fish were seen off Dodd's Long Branch Bath House. It is supposed that the presence of the latter accounted for the liveliness of the former. -The Hon. J. L. Kaulukou has been ap pointed an Agent to take acknowledgements to contracts for labor in the district of Hilo, Island of Hawaii. Two large gang planks with protecting aprons are being made for the use of the Oceanic Company's steamers, at the in stance of Messrs. W. G. Irwin & Co. When the rainy season really starts in, that hollow at the corner of Alakea and Merchant streets will closely resemble a fit-h pond, itnd ferry boat3 or elevated crossings will be in order for the benefit of pedestrians, unless Road-Supervisor Hart should be pleased to properly round up the surface of that particular spot. All the Government offices were closed on Friday as a respect to the deceased Hon. Mrs. Bernice Pauahi Bishop. The Supreme Court will be drape with mourning emblems for tho lato Mrs. C. R. Bishop until tho second day of November. The Chinese have made the Ewa side of the New Meek Street, which runs from King to Hotel streets, a kind of cord-wood yard. The pile extends from King street half-way to notel street, and should be removed. A parrot has stiayed away from its owner, who advertises for it this morning. It is probably tho grey one which has recently frequented the vicinity of tho NuuanuVal !ey cemetery. His Excellency Gov. Taul F. Kanoa, of Kauai, has appointed George S. Gay to be District Judge for the Island of Niihau, and B. R. Hapuku to bo Police. Jnstkf for tho district of Lihue, Kauai. Chief Engineer Nott gives tho inf orma tion that Johnson, the lato Fire Depart ment steward, who, it was reported, was sent to the Insane Asylum, will be cared for byhis relatives. Mr. Luther Severance resigned tho posi tion of Sheriff of Hawaii on tho 16th inst. He will rotain his other positions in the Custom nouse and Postoffice. His succes sor is not named. The Planters' Labor and Supply Com pany will hold its annual meeting to-day at 10 o'clock a. m. in tho Campbell building, on the corner of Fort and Morchant streets. This will bo a meeting of much importance to tho islands. Mrs. Ellen noughton, an English woman, who has kept a restaurant on Richard street, wa3 last week conveyed to the Queen's Hos pital at the instance of Mr. Luning. Sho is about forty years cf age, of English descent, and is afflicted with malarial fever. Johnson, ' the chief steward of tho Fire Department, who wo alluded to the other day as having become insane, died yesterday afteruoon, about two o'clock. The flags on all Engine nouses were hanging at hall mast,' out of respect to his memory. His Excellency Chas. T. Gulick, Minister of tho Interior, has apointed B. F. Bickerton M. P. Robinson and M. D. Monsarrrtt com missioners to appraise damages for property in Waikiki Valley, condemned for tho Hono lulu Water Works. The members of tho Kawaiahao church have passed memorial resolutions respect ing the decease of their lato devoted mem ber, tho Hon. Bernice Pauahi Bishop. They will be engrossed and a copy transmitted to the Hon. C. R. Bishop, her bereaved hua 'band. Some parties on Nuuanu street have com menced trimming tho trees in front of their premises of the road-overhanging branches, which are so obnoxious and also dangerous. It is a commendable act which should be followed by other property owners through out the city. An important tabulated statement of the expenses of the Government for tho six months ending September 30th, 1834. Also a comparative statement of tho receipts for the same time for the years 1883-4, will be found in our columns this morning pub lished by authority. The Honolulu Rifles will meet to-night for tho purpose of hearing the result of the recent examinations of candidates for non commissioned officers of the company. The candidates all passed creditable examina tions at the meeting. To-night the success ful competitors names will bo divulged. The first freeze of about thirty tons of ice by the new ice company was concluded last Saturday. Tho machinery works ad mirably and to the satisfaction of the engi neer, Mr. Cook. It is intended to con tinue the manufacture of ico until the first of November, at which time its deliverv will Jt commence so as to have an ample supply on hand continually. The annual meeting of tho shareholders of the Hawaiian Carriage Manufacturing Company was held on Saturday morning. The following officers wore elect2d : Presi dent, G. West ; Vice-President, B. F. Dil lingham ; Secretary and Treasurer, E. G. Schuman ; Manager, S. M. Whitman ; As sistant Manager, W. W. Wright ; Auditor, W. F. Allen. As Mr. Theo. H. Davies and wife wero coming down the centre of Nuuanu Avenuo in their buggy? on Thursday evening about 8 o'clock, the horse stumbled and fell at the foot of the grade. The horse, a black one, was disabled, and died in a short time, whether from internal injuries or the blind staggers is not known. An express was tele phoned for the conclusion of their trip. The condition of the Fort street side-walka psterday, after the several storm3, in many places was a disgrace to the premises they jfronted. They were completely flooded, and pie street-crossings especially the noted .crossing of Alakea and Merchant streets Hvere also pools of water. It would seem as (is though the persons owning property along his thoroughfare would have more sense han to play the Arkansas fiddle. The Road Supervisors' attention U much needed in these and many other places.