THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 21, 1884
There bas been a good deal of talk
from time to time about sumac as
a plant worth cultivating here. Per
haps the perusal of the following re
port made by Consul Carroll to the
United States Government on the
results of the cultivation of sumac in
Sicily during 1&&4, may revive former
interest in the matter. Experiments
with sucli new sources of export
ought to be made by the Government
or by some Association- If the pro
duction of sumac, for instance, could
be distinctly shown to be payable, it
would be taken up by many who
would hesitate to make the experi
ment for themselves, because they
cannot afford to take the risk of losing
time and money without result. At
present we have no machinery for
making such experiments on a suf
ficiently large scale. The Govern
ment nursery might be utilized for
the introduction and distribution of
this or other plants, but what is
wanted is an extended experiment to
demonstrate what the co3t of produc
tion on an industrial scale would be,
with a test of the quality of the ar
ticle produced by placing it in a suit
able market. The Agricultural So
ciety has not the means to undertake
such experiments, although if the
money has to be raised voluntarily,
it Js, perhaps, the most suitable or
ganization for the purpose. Mean
while there exists another association
in which the major portion of our
producers are actually interested,
which perhaps could undertake the
revival of old, and the introduction
of new agricultural industries, with
as much success as any other body.
We do not know whether such a task
is within the scope of the purpose for
which the Planters Labor and Sup
ply Co. was formed; but if we may
judge by the tenor of the discussions
which have taken place at its meet
ings, and in the columns of its recog
nized magazine, we should think
that it is not only a suitable one for
it to take Up, but that the undertak
ing could not be in better hands, or
in the hands of any more deeply in
terested persons. If the company
cannot itself undertake the matter an
opportunity might be taken during
the important meeting to be held
this week to initiate some other or
ganization for the purpose. It is
practical work that needs to be done,
and the practical men who form the
strength of the Planters' Labor and
Supply Company are just the men to
know both what to attempt and how
to attempt it better than any- others
in the Kingdom.
Mr. Carroll's letter is as follows:
"The Sicliian sumac crop of 1S82 was
considered medium as to quantity,
but good as to quality, the entire pro
duction of the island for that year
aggregating about 300,000 cantara, or
23,437 tons. The inverse was the case
as to the crop of 1S82, it being deemed
good as to quantity, but inferior as to
quality, aggregating about 2S0,000
cantara, or 121,875 tons. It is proper
to state, however, that the above is
merely an estimate, which is believed
to be nearly correct, but in view of
the numerous dealers in sumac as
well as of those engaged in its culti
vation, it is impossible to be strictly
accurate In a statement of this char
acter unless a personal visit should
be made to each producer. "With
reference to the crop of 18S4, it is be
lieved it will be good, as all things
requisite thereto have thus far been
in its favor, and should they continue
it is understood it will excel in quan
tity and quality those of the two pre
"In connection with the cultivation
of sumac, I beg to say that the
"shoots" are cut and placed in the
ground in the months of November
and December. In about two years
these "shoots" become plants, yield
ing very little at first, but finally be
coming quite prolific. Excessive
rains and heavy dews are very in
jurious to the sumac crop at certain
stages, aud upon these to a large ex
tent depend its quality. Dry and
warm weather in August is essential
to the strength of the sumac leaves.
The crop usually matures in August
and September. The plant is gener
ally cultivated on rocky mountains,
where nothing else will grow, and in
poor or sterile plains. Those around
and in the vicinity of Palermo, it is
said, produce the-.best sumac on the
island of Sicily. That which is pro
duced In other portions of the island
is usually shipped to Palermo, thence
exported to various countries, but
principally to the United States, after
being ground in steam mills or .the
leaves pressed into bales. When the
crop becomes ripe it is cut, separated
from the stalks, and exposed to the
sun in order todry for ten days."
From the information thus furn
ished, the inference appears inevit
able that many districts of these
islands are well adapted for producing
a fine quality of sumac. On the
other hand, it seems certain that this
plant i3 just the one that is suitable
as a means of extending cultivation
to districts where other crops cannot
be attempted with any surety for suc
cess. If the rocky slopes of volcanic
mountains favor the production of
sumac, we can readily find the place
for its culture here. If poor and
sterile plains suit it they are also
available. It seems to be just the
thing we want for a considerable
area of these islands, and if after fair
experiment it be found that the cli
mate suits it (which may reasonably
be hoped for) he who takes the initia
tive in introducing it will be a bene
factor to the country.
A LIE DOUBLY NAILED.
On the 1st instant the Hawaiian
Gazette made the following state
ment: "A typical case of the chronic
impecuuiousness of the Treasury is
displayed in the treatment of cer
tain unfortunate road menders on the
island. After waiting for their pay
for a more than ordinary time, they
tiled across the Pali, and came to
town to make enquiries personally.
They were met with the reply that
after the arrival of the Alameda
there would be plenty of money, but
that there was none to be had then.
Obliged to be satisfied with this un
satisfactory reply the unfortunates
filed back again, returning once more
to the charge on the arrival of the
Alameda. Alas! no cash had come,
and again they returned with empty
pockets. Our informant added that
he understood that the men intended
to stop work." On the following day
this statement was proclaimed by the
Advektisek to be a lie from begin
ning to end, and a gross slander upon
Mr. Lloyd, the efficient Road Super
visor of the country districts of Oahu.
The words ."filed across the Pali'1 in-r
dicate distinctly that the road-menders
spoken of were at work in the Koo
lau district which is under Mr.Lloyd's
supervision, and it is palpable that
they could only have been used with
the view of giving to the reader that
impression. After reading our indig
nant repudiation of the charge, made
on behalf of Mr. Lloyd, the 'Gazette
writer tried to -shuffle out of his
trouble in the following manner :
"The Advertiser, under the head
of " Another Lie Nailed," stated,
October 2nd, that the statement made
by the Gazette last week about delay
in payment of road men is an untruth
from beginning to end. We are au
thorized by a prominent gentleman
to state that the road men in his dis
trict were kept for months without
tleir money, that they made frequent
application for it. We are also in
receipt of further information on the
point, but as the gentleman might
lose his post for not being in " accord' V
with the Government, we cannot use
his name. Our article never men
tioned the name of Mr. Lloyd."
Now it is all very well to say that
Mr. Lloyd's name was not mentioned
in the first instance. Mr. Lloyd was
most clearly indicated by the article
in the Gnzette. He alone could be
responsible for the payment or non
payment of laborers who had to " file
over the Pali " t come to town.
That they were not laborers who were
working in the Kona district of the
island, and had left their employ and
subsequently gone to Koolau for other
work is made clear by the further
statement of the Gazette that it was
understood that the men "intended
to stop work." The inference cannot
be got over the men (if such men
had ever existed, except in the brain
of the informer) were working in the
Without say iug so, the Gazette in
its second article wishes it to be in
ferred that it was none of Mr. Lloyd's
men that the first statement referred
to. As the men are distinctly stated
to be "road-menders on the island,''
the thing is narrowed down to an ac
cusation against Mr. Hart. On that
gentleman's authority we again de
clare it to be a lie. We believe Mr.
Lloyd, and we believe Mr. Hart, and
wre do not believe the cowardly,
anonymous informant of the Gazette
who dare not let his name be known,
because he knows he is lying. Every
man employed on the roads in this
island, whether as a mere . road
mender or in any higher capacity,
has been duly paid from week to
week or from month to month, ac
cording to the terms of his engage
ment, every cent that he earned, and
promptly, on the regular pay day, .up
to this very day. We again say that
in this statement of the Gazette we
have "nailed a lie," and we challenge
the editor of that journal and the das
tard who has led him to make these
untruthful statements to prove any
thing to the contrary.
That the first paragraph was aimed
at Mr. Lloyd we have not a moment's
doubt, because only a short time be
fore while the Daily Hawaiian ;was
temporarity in the editorial care of
the editor of the Gazette a similar
statement was made, only in that
case the pretended scene of the
trouble was laid in the country to the
west of Honolulu , instead of over the
Pali. Which is the more despicable,
the invention of such a lie or the at
tempt to shuffle out of it with the
remark, "ourorticle never mentioned
the name of Mr. Lloyd," we feel
quite at a loss to decide.
Last wreek's Gazette reprints from
the London Standard an article en
titled "Bulls in Verse and Prose,"
in which are given some amusing
examples of bulls and mixed meta
phors. This list the Gazette enriches
(unconsciously) by the following in
its editorial columns: "The whole
New England blood, which runs in
the veins of so many of our citizens,
must soon see clearly through this
A quarter of a million in foreign
silver coin was shipped last week to
the Coast per Mariposa by Messrs.
W. G. Irwin & Co., who have con
tracted with the .Government to re
place it by American gold coin, in ac
cordance with the provisions of the
Currency Act. It is expected that
the total quantity of foreign silver
coin called in by the Government
will exceed $600,000. The time for
exchanging it for Hawaiian silver
coin is past, but the Government has
instructed the Tax Collectors to make
it widely known that such coin wHl
be legal tender for taxes, etc., until
30th November next, and tiiere can
be little doubt that what is still afloat
in the country will thus be gathered
Lahaina, October 7th.
Nothing very much has transpired since
the departure of His Excellency the Minis
ter of Foreign Affairs and Premier last Sat
urday. On the night of the 14th instant a native
,wonian, Hoopio by name, the wife of C.
Atong, one of our local Chinese store-keepers,
gave birth to triplets, all boys, and at
present all living and doing well. The
mother is well. This increases the family
of Mr. Atong to ten children, and four of
his sens have been lately sent to China for
For the past two days we have had copious
showers, which is of great benefit to plant
ers. Wo have been threatened with the
kona, but at the present time of writing
nothing much has come of it.
Wednesday, October 15.
Lealea (w) Kailiuli, Sam, and Ned Dunn
each donated $G to the public treasury by
failing to appear and answer to a charge
of drunkenness which they were arrested
Pauahi (w) pleaded guilty to the charge
of deserting her husband, and accepted a
sentence of four days' imprisonment at
hard labor, and a fine of S3 costs rather than
return to her liege lord.
Four Chinamen charged by W. Cogshall
with beating him for complaining of an ag
gressive deg were discharged, there not be
ing sufficient evidence to sustain the
Kohala, Oct. lGth, 1831.
Mr. Chapin, manager of theK. S. Co., has
returned, and judging from the warm re
ception he received from his employees he
must be greatly esteemed by them.
We are happy to chronicle the return from
"Merrie England" of our esteemed towns
men Messrs. Brodie and Holme?. It has
seemed as though one-half of the town was
gone since they "crossed the wide ocean,"
they have been missed so much.
Judge Hart has gone across the country
on Court bnsiness to remain until Monday.
The mill keeps on grinding, under the com
petent management of Messrs. Hall t Wight
Mr. Selig, of the firm of M. S. Grinbaum
& Co., is in town looking the district over;
his first visit to Hawaii.
The news of the successful outcome of the
Japanese treaty causes a ray of sunshine to
peep into the hearts of the planters, and
whatever may be said against the present
Ministry, the one great step in bringing the
labor should cause the planters to applaud
them. Politics don't better the planters
We hear that the Iiev. Mr. Houston is
soon to leave the district. He is a pleasant
gentleman and will be parted with with re
gret by many.
Thursday, Oct. 16th.
The cases before His Honor were limited
to three in number. They were all charged
with drunkenness. Two, Solomon, K, and
Kaehopua, had not the temerity to face the
Court, and each forfeited the bail they had
deposited. The third party pleaded guilty
and was fined $5 and $1 costs.
Feiday, October 17th.
Lupena, arrested for being drunk, was
fined $5 and $1 costs.
Hookano, charged with making an assault
on one Mauinu, was reprimanded and dis
charged. Honokaa, Hawaii, Oct. 17th, 18S4.
Postage stamps are at a premium here
this morning. Would it not bo well when
the Postmaster leaves for a couple of weeks to
leave soma one in charge of the office. It is
an office requiring constant attention.
A serious accident occurred last Satur
day night to Judge Miau. He was going
out fishing about 10 o'clock at night and
fell down a pali some 30 feet deep, injuring
his left arm and side. Ho is progressing
Her Excellency the Governess of Hawaii
arrived in Honokaa on last Saturday. On
Sunday she attended service at the native
church. On Thursday she visited the resi-'
dence of Mr. J. R. Mills, where a sumptuous
dinner was served. This being also the
birthday of the. young Princess Kaiulani, a
number of residents joined in celebrating
Saturday, Oct. 18th.
Yesterday Kaluaa Kopai, Lot, Fernandez
and Keaouli, four young hoodlums, threw a
bucket of water on a Chinaman, and after
wards followed the actby giving him a good
drubbing. Thee were arrested on a charge
of assault, but owing to insufficiency of evi
dence tho Court could but reprimand and
Maeloa, Manuela, Ioahi, Kilelawe and
Olivia, arrested for stealing a watch and
other personal property of the value of $40
from a Chinaman named Ah Lan, were dis
posed of as follows: Manuela and Ioane were
each sentenced to one year's imprisonment
at hard labor. The other three were sent to
the Reformatory School. ,
LOCAL AND GENERAL.
The steamer Lehua arrivedSunday night
from Maui aud Molokai, bringing 900 bags
of sugar, and no passengers.
A fine horse belonging to the Fashion
Stables, valued at S300, was killed on Sat
urday. He was afflicted with the glanders.
Wa ter will 1c t-Lut tff frcm the Kulaoia
hua district (bounded by Punahua, Kapio
lani and above Beretania) to-day from C
A. m. to 3 P. M.
John, the little son of Schrader, the
butcher at the Fish Market, fell from tho
dock into the water on Saturday, but was
1 speedily fished out.
In another column will be found an in
teresting sermon delivered in Fort Street
Church yesterday morning, on the "Last
and Best of the Kamehamehas."
Two scows transporting lumber from the
schooner Wrestler at Kahului, were cap
sised during a storm last week, and a quan
tity of the lumber floated away.
Last Friday a whale and sword fish were
seen off Dodd's Long Branch Bath House. It
is supposed that the presence of the latter
accounted for the liveliness of the former.
-The Hon. J. L. Kaulukou has been ap
pointed an Agent to take acknowledgements
to contracts for labor in the district of Hilo,
Island of Hawaii.
Two large gang planks with protecting
aprons are being made for the use of the
Oceanic Company's steamers, at the in
stance of Messrs. W. G. Irwin & Co.
When the rainy season really starts in,
that hollow at the corner of Alakea and
Merchant streets will closely resemble a fit-h
pond, itnd ferry boat3 or elevated crossings
will be in order for the benefit of pedestrians,
unless Road-Supervisor Hart should be
pleased to properly round up the surface of
that particular spot.
All the Government offices were closed
on Friday as a respect to the deceased Hon.
Mrs. Bernice Pauahi Bishop.
The Supreme Court will be drape with
mourning emblems for tho lato Mrs. C. R.
Bishop until tho second day of November.
The Chinese have made the Ewa side of
the New Meek Street, which runs from King
to Hotel streets, a kind of cord-wood yard.
The pile extends from King street half-way
to notel street, and should be removed.
A parrot has stiayed away from its owner,
who advertises for it this morning. It is
probably tho grey one which has recently
frequented the vicinity of tho NuuanuVal
His Excellency Gov. Taul F. Kanoa, of
Kauai, has appointed George S. Gay to be
District Judge for the Island of Niihau, and
B. R. Hapuku to bo Police. Jnstkf for tho
district of Lihue, Kauai.
Chief Engineer Nott gives tho inf orma
tion that Johnson, the lato Fire Depart
ment steward, who, it was reported, was
sent to the Insane Asylum, will be cared for
Mr. Luther Severance resigned tho posi
tion of Sheriff of Hawaii on tho 16th inst.
He will rotain his other positions in the
Custom nouse and Postoffice. His succes
sor is not named.
The Planters' Labor and Supply Com
pany will hold its annual meeting to-day at
10 o'clock a. m. in tho Campbell building,
on the corner of Fort and Morchant streets.
This will bo a meeting of much importance
to tho islands.
Mrs. Ellen noughton, an English woman,
who has kept a restaurant on Richard street,
wa3 last week conveyed to the Queen's Hos
pital at the instance of Mr. Luning. Sho is
about forty years cf age, of English descent,
and is afflicted with malarial fever.
Johnson, ' the chief steward of tho Fire
Department, who wo alluded to the other
day as having become insane, died yesterday
afteruoon, about two o'clock. The flags on
all Engine nouses were hanging at hall
mast,' out of respect to his memory.
His Excellency Chas. T. Gulick, Minister
of tho Interior, has apointed B. F. Bickerton
M. P. Robinson and M. D. Monsarrrtt com
missioners to appraise damages for property
in Waikiki Valley, condemned for tho Hono
lulu Water Works.
The members of tho Kawaiahao church
have passed memorial resolutions respect
ing the decease of their lato devoted mem
ber, tho Hon. Bernice Pauahi Bishop. They
will be engrossed and a copy transmitted to
the Hon. C. R. Bishop, her bereaved hua
'band. Some parties on Nuuanu street have com
menced trimming tho trees in front of their
premises of the road-overhanging branches,
which are so obnoxious and also dangerous.
It is a commendable act which should be
followed by other property owners through
out the city.
An important tabulated statement of the
expenses of the Government for tho six
months ending September 30th, 1834. Also
a comparative statement of tho receipts for
the same time for the years 1883-4, will be
found in our columns this morning pub
lished by authority.
The Honolulu Rifles will meet to-night
for tho purpose of hearing the result of the
recent examinations of candidates for non
commissioned officers of the company. The
candidates all passed creditable examina
tions at the meeting. To-night the success
ful competitors names will bo divulged.
The first freeze of about thirty tons of
ice by the new ice company was concluded
last Saturday. Tho machinery works ad
mirably and to the satisfaction of the engi
neer, Mr. Cook. It is intended to con
tinue the manufacture of ico until the first
of November, at which time its deliverv will
commence so as to have an ample supply
on hand continually.
The annual meeting of tho shareholders
of the Hawaiian Carriage Manufacturing
Company was held on Saturday morning.
The following officers wore elect2d : Presi
dent, G. West ; Vice-President, B. F. Dil
lingham ; Secretary and Treasurer, E. G.
Schuman ; Manager, S. M. Whitman ; As
sistant Manager, W. W. Wright ; Auditor,
W. F. Allen.
As Mr. Theo. H. Davies and wife wero
coming down the centre of Nuuanu Avenuo
in their buggy? on Thursday evening about
8 o'clock, the horse stumbled and fell at the
foot of the grade. The horse, a black one,
was disabled, and died in a short time,
whether from internal injuries or the blind
staggers is not known. An express was tele
phoned for the conclusion of their trip.
The condition of the Fort street side-walka
psterday, after the several storm3, in many
places was a disgrace to the premises they
jfronted. They were completely flooded, and
pie street-crossings especially the noted
.crossing of Alakea and Merchant streets
Hvere also pools of water. It would seem as
(is though the persons owning property along
his thoroughfare would have more sense
han to play the Arkansas fiddle. The Road
Supervisors' attention U much needed in
these and many other places.
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