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THE PACIFIC COMJIEECIAL ADVERTISES, OCTOBER 21, 1884.
BY AUTHOKITY. v Hon. J. L.. Kaulukou has this day been ap pointed an Agent to take Acknowledgements to Contracts for Iabor in the District of Hilo, Island of Hawaii. CIIAS. T. GULICK, Minister of Interior. Interior Oflice, Oct. 20, IS!. 83 oc23-w-oc-2 I have thin day appointed George H. Gay to be Imtrict Justice for the Island of Niihau. PAUL P. KAXOA, Governor of KauaL Oflice of Governor of Kauai, Lihue, Oct. H, 1SS4 73 w-nov4 I have thLs day appointed C. R. Hapuku Police Justice for the District of Lihue. Island of Kauai. PAUL. P. KANOA, Ooverqor of Kauai. Oflice of Governor of Kauai, Lihue, Oct. 1, 1384. 72 w-nov4 Notice Is hereby given that II. F. Iiickerton, II. P. Robinaon and M. D. Monsarrat have been ap pointed Commissioners to make compensation for the taking of certain land and water lo the Ma klkl Valley for the Honolulu Water Works, in Accordance with Chapter 30 of the laws of 1978. All claims must be filed In accordance with such notice as the said Commissioners shall publish. CIIAS. T. GULICK, Minister of Interior. Interior OfOce. Oct 20, 1S84. 8t w.novl Expend it u re Hawaiian Treasury lor Six Jtlontlis cudlnsr Sept. 30,1881. civil List. - Permanent bettleiuent -a Kxpenses legislature - 'J Judiciary Department ?,,or Tt Foreign Department J,i5t i ISTEBIOE IEI''T. salaries. 2lfil Murveyors Department......- ,9so jo Postal Money Orders 32 2 Support Prisoners 15,0.7 y Itoads, Bridges and R'd Kpv'rs 59 ,2 4 34 ImmigraUon 43,80a 46 Purchase Honolulu Hale and Leahl 3,100 Dredging Harbor 6,166 6a Pllce Court Building .... 2,692 86 Extension Water Works 3,531 79 New Wharves 2,236 65 Insane Asylum 3,534 05 Fire Department TTo Printing, fcc . .o Genealogy Repairs Ger.BWgs, rents, et 7,250 51 216,514.59 TTSXSCK KP,T Salaries........ ?? C. H. Guards and Incidentals 3,019 96 Tax Collector, Kan 60S 93 Tax Ass. Appeal Bd, etc, 242 79 National Debt - - 07'X? Kn Interest on do - HkI Hospital Fund 7,0H Incidental, dog tags, etc - 1,337 10 64,834 61 ATTORNEY-aKJiKKAL's IKP'T Salaries - 10,216 Police Force ,M3 63 Armed Force b-7 UJ Incidentals and Criminal expenses M5 91 6,88 o9 BDCCATION DEP'T Salaries n3Ai xnnnnrtof schools 5,-iJ 10 Incidentals.... 456 90 30.077 00 BOARS OK IIK.Vt.TII. Salary Secretary. 300 Leper Settlement 4.9 61 Vhvicians 8939 58 SSJew? Kxpenses W,M 52 54,112 69 f 562,403 91 Comparative Receipt? of the Ha waiian Treasury for C mouth endin? Kept. 30th, 1SS1-1SH3. 1884. 1SSJ. Balance on hand, April 1st...? 2,220 42 ,2M 71 Custom House Receipts 200,581 6, -i2.4,4 lo JHTEKIOR DK.r'T. Licenses f 55.370 14 Prison Receipts 11,178 8- Water do 2,832 15 p. o. do 24,065 97 S 05.502 48 ,5,03,; W ,ties.and C Slg7 26,2,4 29 sSSps ":.v.v.v:..v. , i- 50 tSS T 57'350 51 Crown Commissioners 4,000 5,000 Gov't Realizations - 15,b99 09 8ol 38 Brands 63 Q Seamen's Taxes 87 oc21 COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER. Tuesday, Oct. 21, 1884:. THIRD ANNUAL MEETING OF THE PLANTERS' LABOR AND SUPPLY COMPANY. FIRST DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. Pursuant to call the P. L. and S. Company met yesterday, in one of the roems in Campbell's Block, Merchant Street. The meeting was called for 10 A. M., but a quorum of votes was not ob tained until 11.30, at which hour the President, Colonel Z. S. Spaulding, called the meeting to order. . Previous to that time, and while waiting for a quorum, the Colonel give a brief sketch of the present status of the 'reciprocity treaty, in speaking substance as follows: As your retiring President, and the only remaining member of the orig inal Board of Trustees, before laying down the important trust you placed in my hands a year ago, it may not be out of place to review the promi nent points that have engaged the attention of the officers of the Com pany,, and the work they have per formed. In looking around at members present, and thinking of those who are unavoidably absent, iticannot but strike all that there has been a decided change in many respects in the Socie ty since its organization. Time was when the planters meeting bere re presented almost as many different ways of doing business as there were individuals. It has been for this Company to establish that unanimity that has done away with all the little jealousies which, in times past, pre vented us from working harmoniously together. Since working under our charter we have done much good work, more than we are conscious of ourselves, and yet, we have not done as much as we might- When the treaty was being nego tiated there was a difference of opinion ainongst planters in regard to its operations. Some claimed that it would bring more trouble upon us than benefits, though I am not prepared to say that the treaty has not brought some trouble to us, still we have all been largely benefitted by it. The question of reciprocity or no reciprocity has been, and still is one of vital importance to the coun try at large, and the planters in par ticular; and all, I am sure, will be in terested in knowing how the subject is looked upon now in the United States. "When I arrived in tho East last Winter I was met with what I least expected; that is, the most astound ing lack of knowledge of us, the Islands and the operations of the treaty. As an illustration of this I would mention that in an interview with the editor of the Chicago Tri bune, one of the most influential papers in the Northwest, he told me he was perfectly familiar with the whole subject of the treaty, and was entirely satisfied that it was an in famous fraud to put money in the pockets of Claus Spreckles. He added that he did not intend to ventilate. the subject just then, but that when the seven years of the treaty had expired he intended to fight its extension. As the seven years had already gone by, I had my own opinion of the ex tent of that editor's knowledge of the subject. Again: I visited New Orleans, and was introduced to Mr. Kenner, the President of the Louisiana Sugar As sociation. He was a fine specimen of the old-fashioned Southern planter, and consequently somewhat self opinionated. When I was intro duced to him as the President of the Hawaiian Planters' .Labor and Sup nly Company he looked glim, and said he presumed I was one those hawks who were prepared to eat up them, tha gentle doves. I assured him we did not contemplate under taking such a tough job, and' tried to engage him in a discussion of the Reciprocity Treaty; but he wouldn't listen to me. He knew all about the treaty and its workings, and as sured me that under its operations Mr. Spreckels was delivering raw sugars in St. Louis, and that it would not be long before he was doing the same at New Orleans. It was in vain that I offered to show him accounts of sales to prove that Spreckels paid as much for Ha waiian sugars as he did for Manilas. He did not believe in account of sales. In an interview with Mr. Hava meyer, u large New York refiner, he told me that he was not personally opposed to tho treaty; that, in fact, he paid no attention to it, but that he was associated in business with those who were opposed to it, and he went with them in their efforts to kill it off, as a matter of business. He could not afiord to antagonize them for the sake of planters of whom he knew nothing. I afterwards found out that our refining oppo nents were of about the same calibre as the Chicago editor I have men tioned. ' . I called on Mr. Searle, who was out here not long since. He is a man of considerable influence and large ex perience in sugar matters, and I think he was convinced by his visit to these Islands that tho treaty was beneficial to all; but he could not eome out against the pig-headed re finers. I traveled from New Orleans to "Washington with the Senator from Louisiana who iniroduced the bill to abrogate the treaty. It was his opinion that Louisiana, as a State, was more strongly in favor of free trade than of a tariff. "When I located in "Washington, I tried to get the information .that I knew would be of value, because truthful, into general circulation and sent copies to the Senators. Senator Morgan of Alameda was on the Sen ate Committee of Foreign Affairs. Up to December he knew nothing of the treaty. He became interested in it and wrote the report. Only two men opposed the report, Sherman of Ohio and Vance of N. C. There never was any attempt to my knowledge to bribe any of the members. It was not necessary, when we found members had fixed ideas we didn't try to change them. But the new members are to be posted, but not to be bought up. "What this all amounts to is this. I am quite thoroughly convinced that we may leave the whole matter in the hands of our present Representa tives at "Washington. I believe that Mr. Carter has more than done his duty, and that he is entirely capable of handling the question, and that it is not necessary to send a special rep resentative from here . If the treaty is abrogated it is more likely to be done here than in the United States. Not that this Gov ernment would pass an act of abro gation, but may commit some act that would so disgust the members in Washington that they would, lose their interest in the treaty and allow it to go by default.. This meeting represents perhaps the greater part of the wealth and respectability of our organization, but I should have been better pleased to have seen more of the planters themselves here. I do not believe that we, as planters, have been careful enough in our methods of sugar manufacture, simply because there was a large margin for us to work on. To-day we find ourselves in this position; our expensive habits remain, but our margin has vanished. Now, as we cannot dictate the price at which the sugar is to be sold, we must try and dictate the cost of pro duction. It is easy enough to say that we must reduce our expenses. It is easy enough to write newspaper ar ticles, easy enough to say to agents that they charge too much commis sion. The question is, can our remon strances bring abouta change? I have admired the action of the Opposition members in the Legislature, and their financial ability; but I think that they who carried through the Gold Bill have mistaken the situa tion. I have to pay out silver, I don't want to pay out gold. It seems to me that if I can pay my labor off in Kalakaua silver, and can pur chase six silver dollars for one five dollar gold-piece, that it is better for for me to have that silver instead of the gold. The question with me is not so much what the exchange on San Francisco is as it is whether I can get my labor cheap or not. If I have to pay that' labor in gold it will not be cheap. The Japanese Consul, when here, told me that he had pro- ided in the contracts that labor from Japan should be paid in silver of the United States standard of fine ness; that is, in Kalakaua dollars. This I think a wise provision. I think the Gold Bill is going to do exactly what Mr. Spreckels tried to explain to you that it would. One point we have to consider is the expense of production. If we can accomplish anything by considering, well and good. I do not think we can admit our agents to more than a half interest in our plantations. We must pool our issues with them. If I have to pay all the expense of getting my sugar to Honolulu, and then 1 per cent, insurance on it to San Francis co, and the agent gets back a rebate of 40 per cent. I want to share that rebate with him. No place in the United States of its size uses the telephone so freely as it is used here. I do n't object to that, but would like to know who or what produces the money that pays for the telephone, anjl the hacks. ISo one knows what a large sum is paid out here for hack hire every year. Where does the money come from? My friend Mr. Smith has suggested that it is the planters who come down to Honolulu and spend money in hack hire. I didn't.. I walked from the steamer and kept mj' real in my pocket, simply because it belonged to my agents. We, who come here, come to discuss things to our own ad vantage, and the question is, in what way can we put our sugar into San Francisco cheapest? At 11:30, there being a quorum present, the Secretary read the min utes of the last regular meeting, which were approved. He then read his report for the past year as fol lows: THE SECRETARY'S REPORT. During the year the trustees have held twenty-five meetings at the of fice of the Company, of which three were quarterly meetings, held m January, April and July. With the exception of the quarterly sessions, the meetings have been held from time to time, as the business of the Company and matters of general in terest have demanded attention. The matter of our relations with the United States has been the sub ject which has engaged the most serious and constant attention from the Board of Trustees. They have en deavored to spare no time or care in this matter of vast importance to the country. Jkvery effort has been made to dis seminate reliable information in the United States relative to these islands, and to correct false and incorrect statements, which were prejudicial to our interests. Not withstanding the efforts and labors in this direction of the past, the minds of many in Washington and throughout the United States had been so misled by distorted state ments and false charges, that the task of refuting the charges and re storing confidence was one entailing great labor. In this direction the efforts of Col. Z. S. Spaulding, President of the Company, have been of signal ser- vice. Aitnougn acting as .rresiaent of the Company and its authorized agent, he went at his own expense, and devoted himself with untiring application to the general interests of the association and of this country. He was assisted by the Hon. H. A. P. Carter, Hawaiian Minister Resi dent at Washington, and also by Hon. J. Mott Smith, who was asso ciated with Mr. Carter, and both of these gentlemen used every means in their power to the same end. In furnishing information and every assistance at their command, the Trustees have sought faithfully to render aid to these gentlemen. It would exceed the limits of this report to refer to all of thework per formed in this line. The illustrated maps of the Islands, showing the area of sugar lands, with accompany ing notes, was one of the means used. These maps were prepared for the Company with much labor and expense. And many able papers and articles upon various features were published. Captain C. E. Dutton, Mr. E. E. Thome and Gen. 'S. C. Armstrong have rendered good service in giving correct and forcible statements of the case in its various aspects. The Trustees have reason to feel that the labor of the year in this di rection has been productive of great benefit to the commercial interests of the Islands in their relations to the United States. That the work is not completed is well known; but what has been accomplished has not only been of present benefit, but its effects will be far-reaching. Efforts in the line of the diffusion of knowledge in the United States upon our peculiar and significant relations to the Pa cific Coast, and American commerce in the Pacific, are perhaps the most valuable means that can be employed to strengthen the interest of that great country in our welfare. It is impossible to gauge the com parative value of the work done by different individuals, and It is work in which certain and marked results cannot be seized upon and displayed as the definite consequence of specific efforts. But so much has been accomplished since the organization of the Com pany by intelligent and concentrated efforts that the value of concerted action cannot be over estimated. IMMIGRATION AND LABOR. The only immigration scheme in which the Trustees have been direct ly engaged during tho year has been the expedition of the brig Hazard to the South Sea Islands for New Heb rides laborers. The circumstance of the chartering of the Hazard was re ported at the last annual meeting. She sailed hence April 17th, 19S3, and arrived back December 1st, with 128 adult immigrants (10,3 men and 23 women) and four children. Tho number obtained was much less than had been expected, which, together with tho long voyage, increased tho expense of the immigrants per cajiittt much beyond the amount anticipated. Capt. C. II. Tiemey, Master of the Hazard, rendered his report to the Trustees, which was published in the Planter1 Monthly of January last, in I which he set forth the dilllculties he had encountered. For various rea sons the Board decided not to send again for this class of laborers unless the demand for them should be more urgent. PORTUGUESE IMMIGRATION. The following Portuguese immi grants have arrived daring tho year: 589 men, 293 women and G12 children. Asa whole they have proved a good class of immigrants, but in some re spects the terms of the contracts have not been satisfactory to the employ ers, changes having been inado in some of the provisions which were not contemplated. The lare expense for passages and high rate of wages lor the Portu guese, together with tho fact of the large numbers of this class in the country, have operated to lesson the demand for them. For obvious reasons the advantage of having a variety of nationalities among the large body of workmen is deemed important. CHINESE. Tlie Chinese i to migration has been interrupted and practically stopped for the time being by the rigorous re strictive measures adopted by the Hawaiian Government. While all recognize the necessity for a wholesome control of this immi gration, the majority of the planters feel that the complete interruption of it is a mistake. Numerous petitions have been presented to tho Board of Immigration, signed by planters from all parts of the islands, requesting that further immigration of Chinese be permitted until the demand for labor be supplied. These petitions were prepared by the Hamakua Planters' Association, and were largely endorsed by plant ers on the several islands. While the advent f an overwhelm ing number of Chinese would bo most objectionable, it seems desirable that a reasonable number should be per mitted to come from time to time to regulate the excessively high wages now demanded by Chinese. Large numbers of Chinese are con stantly returning to China, which has a material effect on tho available number remaining. . If the Japanese Immigration proves successful It may be that the restric tion of Chinese will prove beneficial. JAPANESE. Under the terms stated by Mr. R. W. Irwin, Hawaiian Consul-General at Japan, a sufficient number of ap plications for Japanese laborers was applied for to authorize the Board of Immigration to undertake their in troduction. Liberal appropriation was made by the Legislature to fur ther the enterprise and much is hoped for from this quarter. AN AGRICULTURAL CIIEMI8T. At the last annual meeting the Trustees were "instructed to engage the services of a competent Agricul tural Chemist as soon as possible." The trustees gave much thought and attention to the subject, and en tered into communication, with sev eral parties abroad with the view of securing the services of such a man. After much delay it seemed as though the services of L. L. Vanslyke, Professor of Chemistry at Ann Arbor, Michigan, might be secured. But financial and other difficulties pre vented an immediate engagement. And no one has yet been engaged. There is reason to believe that the scientific department of Oahu Col lege, which has been so liberally en dowed, will ere long have a scientific Professor who may help to supply the need. In this connection it will bo of in terest to many to know that Dr. G. Martin, a scientific chemist, is on- (Continued on page 8) .,1 -.'.. i