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7 I WEEKLY EDI TION. Ij Vol. XXX -No. 18. Tho Weekly Pacific (mintrrial Q&wtimx IS PUBLISHED EYEEY TUESDAY MORNING. Town and Island Subscriptions, whin paid in ad- ranee, 3 year; 92.30 for six months. Foreign Subscriptions, $6.30 per rear, including postage. THE DAILY ' Pacific Commercial Advertiser. Fer annum m MtM $8 00 Per monttu.............. ...... ft HtHM WW Per -week e 25 Daily and Weekly together to on subscri ber, per tDDnis.MM.Hwi 12 00 C5 StTBSCBIPTIOXS FATABLB ALWAYS I If ADVANCE. Communications from all parts of the Pa cific -will always be very acceptable. TT Persons residing in any part of the United States can remit the amount of subscription dues for these papers by Postal Money order. BY AUTHORITY. Mr. F. Ij. Clarke has been appointed by the Board of education, Superintendent of the Cen sus of 1834, fer the Kingdom. W. JAS. SMITH, Secretary. Dept. of Education, Oct. 22, 1884. 94 oc2S-wnoll . The Hon. Asa Kau 11a kas been appointed Dis trict Magistrate for the District of Koolaupoko, Island of Oahu, rice Hen. J. I. Kaulukou, re signed. jno. o. DoariNis, Governor of Oahu. Office Governor of Oahu, Oct 21, 1884. 93 oc24-woc23 Hon. J. Ij. Kaulukou has this day been ap pointed an Agent to take Acknowledgements W Contracts for Labor in the District of Hilo, Island of Hawaii. CHAS. T. GULICK, Minister of Interior. Interior Office, Oct. 20, 1S34. 85 oc23-w-oc2S I have this day appointed George S. Gay to be District Justice for the Island of Nlihau. PAUL p. kakoa, Governor of Kauai. OSice of Governor of Kauai, Lihue, Oct. 14, 1884. 73 w-nov4 I have this day nppolnted C. It. Hapuku Police Justice for the DLstrict of Lihue. Island of Kauai. PAUL. P. KAJSOA, Governor of Kauai. Oflice of Governor of Kauai, Lihue, Oct. 1, 1884. -. w-nov4 Notice s hereby given that It. F. Blckerton, M. P Robinson and M. D. Monsarrat have been ap pointed Commissioners to make compensation for the taking of certain land and water In the iia- kikl Valley for the Honolulu Water "Works, in pnrd.inm with Chapter 30 of the laws of 187S. All claims must be filed in accordance with such notice as the said Commissioners shall publish . CHAS. T. GULICK, Minister of Interior. Interior Office, Oct 20, 1334. SG w.nov4 JPoreltrn Oflice Notice. O facial not'ee having been given that during the temporary absence of J. V. Pfluokk, Esq., Vice-Consul for Russia, H. W. SCHMIDT, ESQ. will discharge ttie functions of that oflice as Act ing Vice-Consul, all persons are hereby required to give fall faith and credit to all the official acts of the said H. W. Schvidt, Esq. WALTER M. GIBSON, Minister of Foreign Affairs. Alliolanl Hale, Oct 6, 1834. 74 ocl6-wno4 Interior Department. The anniversary of the birthday of His Majesty the King, November 16th falling on Sunday, Monday, November 17th, will be observed as a National nollday, and all Public Offices through out the Kingdom will be close on that day. CHAS. T. GULICK, Minister of Interior. Interior Office, Oct. 10, 1884. $5 oc!4-wocl4 . LIST OF LICENSES Expiring in tUe Month or October, 1884. IlGTAIL OAHU. 1 8 Nott. Fort street 1 Kim Yen & Co, Nuuanu street 2 Chin York Kee, Nuuanu street 4 Kona Cheong, Nuuanu street 4 Ching Chat, Liliha street Honolulu 4 S J Levey fe Co, Fort street " 5 Tong HIng fc Co. Nuuanu street " 6 Ching Quoy, Nuuanu street " 6 Kong Lee Yuen fc Co, Maunakea street 6 Broglie fc Spear, Fort street 6 Yim Yo uHeela, Koolaupoko 6 lun Kim Lung & Co, Hotel street 8 Soy Lung, Maunakea street ' 9 Sing Lee Hop, Maunakea street ' 9 Mrs Emma White, Hotel street " 10 E O Hall & Son. Kins street " 10 Harng Lung Kee fc Co. Hotel street " 10 Wilder & Co, cor Fort nd Queen street 41 11 Walters White, King street " 11 C Hmg Kee, Hotel street Pi" 11 Tai Hung St Co, Kakaako ' ' 44 11 Lo Sam Sing, cor Richard and Merchant street 13 A L Smith, Fort street IS Hong Kee, Kapalama, King street 18 Hen Wo Sin Kee, Nuuanu, street " 18 J T fc H Waterhouse, King street 19 Benson, Smith & C: Fort street " 20 M S Pareira. cor Hotel and Nuuanu sts " 22 A Gartenberg, cor Nuuanu and Queen " 22 Ching Al, Nuuanu street 22 Sun Wo fc Co, Nuuanu street 22 Yee Wo Co, Nuuanu street 23 Ah See, Liliha street - 23 Hop Jan fc Co, Nuuanu street 23 P A II Wo Tong, Hotel street 24 M Phillips & Co, Kaahumanu street 24 Wm Colby, Fort street " 25 J T Waterhouse, Fort street " 27 Lyons & Levey, Queen street 28 Hart Bros, cor Nuuanu and Queen street ,. 23 Hart Bros, Nuuanu street 36 JT4H Waterhouse, Queen street " 30 Mon Sing Kunt, Hotel street " 30 Ting Hing Kee, King street " 30 See Ynn Pin Nuuanu street 31 V J Fagerroos, King street RETAIL MAUI. 3 Yee Wo, Wailuku 4 Wong Lam, Wallnku is Kim Fen Chong. Paia. Makawao 19 See Hop & Co, Kahului 23 SB Stoddard, Walhee 23 Lum Lum Kee, wauuicu KETAIIj HAWAII. 2 Hitchcock & Co, Papaiko, Hllo 5 J as White, Puehuehu, N Kohala 5 Thos Spencer, Hilo 10 R Rycroft. PohoikI, Pnna 18 CAlka, Punahoa, Hilo 19 Apanhana, Honuapo, Kau 22 Bun Chun, Punahoa, Hllo 2S Man Wo. Kapaalu, N Kohala . . 27 Joe Smith. Makapala, Kohala 29 Apana, Kukuihaele, Hamakua 30 Hui Kalepa o Puna Ika Onaona, Kaixnu, Puna 31 Chung Hoy, Laenai, Hllo RETAIIj IXAI7AI. 38 J W Chow Kee, Hanalerj 18 Ah Chock. Kapala, Lihue 23 J H Hoopiopio, Waimea TICTUAIIKO. o A 1-aL-n. "Wai-nio. TTawaii 11 Tai Hung & Co, Kakaako, Honolulu in a whi . TsrinHl. N Kohala 13 See Wo Wong Lung, Hotel street, Honolulu 15 Mau Kim Lung fe Co. Liliha street, Honolulu 16 Leong Hong, Walluku, Maul 16 Ah Kui, Eleele, Kaurfl 20 Young Chung, Punahoa, Hilo ?n Ah in fr. Ati'a. Pahala. Kau 22 Ye Wo & Co, Nuuanu street, Honolulu 23 Akana, llonokaa, Hawaii 23 Hart Bros, corner Nuuanu and Queen streets, t r 1 iiuiujiuju IEjjLE11S fSPIRIT. lxvcj(?y & Co. Nuuanu street, Honolulu FT Lenehan .t Co, Nuuanu street, Honolulu Frank Brown, Merchant street, Honolulu KKTA1L SPIRIT. S lloughtailing, Bay Horse Saloon V n SDroull. Koval Hotel II Veiera, Bee Hive Saloon F L Leslie, Cosmopolitan Hetel K S Cunha, Union Saloou Jas Olds, Empire Saloon J S McGrew, Hawaiian Hotel S J Shane, Commercial Hotel Jas Dodd, Pantheon Hotel WJIOIjTKSAIjE spirit. 2 M S Grinbaiim & Co, Queen street 3 H Hackfeld t Co, Queen street MILK. 10 Woodlawn Dairy, Jionoiuiu 16 P Milton, Honolulu SO Conchee A Co, Honolulu FIRE ARMS. 10 John Llshman, Kona. Oahu 12 A J Cartwright, Jr. Kona, Oahu 12 S G Wilder, Jr. Kona, Oahu 24 F. II Jones, Kona, Oahu 24 W It Austin, Kona, Oahu rEDDHNV. 19 J Palau, Honuapo, Kau BOAT. 10 Frank Clark, Lahaina, Mau AUCTION. T W Everett, Walluku, Maui 14 Aku, Koolaupoko, Oahu 24 D II Hitchcock, IIUo, Hawaii John Plum, Koloa, Kauai H Kawaihilo; Koolauloa', Oahu WIIOJLESAI.E. 2 Bolles A Co, Queen street Honolulu A H J Levey & Co, Fort street (i 6 Kwong Lee Yuen fc Co, Maunakea st 8 EL Marshall, Queen street 10 E O Hall fc Son. cor King and Fort sts 10 Wilder Co, cor Queen and Fort sts 10 nong Lung Kee fc Co, Hotel street 23 C Afong, Nuuanu street 25 Chulan & Co, Fort street 27 Lyons & Levey, Queen street it PORK BUTCHER. 2 Wing Sing, Hotel street, Honolulu 2 Look Hop, Hotel street, Honolulu 4 Ah Lo, Kealia, Kauai a Alnna. Waianae. Oahu is A nana. Kukuihaele, Hawaii 26 Apa, Wailuku, Maul n Woo 5 Vi i n Xrnbatcnn ATq n ! 30 Min Yee Kee, Hotel street, Honolulu BILLIARDS. 21 Joe Smith, Makapala, N Kohala Tfot4 "RrrB. nimnn Rtroot. TTrnrttnlTi 30 Joaquin Gracia, "Wailuku, Maui CAKE PEDDLIHG 3 Ah Sing, Klugdom 11 Akao, Kingdom 29 Ho Chun, Kingdom HONOLULU, H. L, TUESDAY, LIVERY STABLE. 2 Jas Dodd, Pantheon StaWeff SALMON. 3 Kehahuna Iona, Waihee, Maul 16 Pekelo, Wailuku. May! BUTCHER. 4 Aiana, Waianae, Oahu 46 nol THE ACIPIC COffiiERCIAL ADVERTISER. Tuesday, Oct. 28, 1884. THE IMMIGRATION QUESTION. From the statements made, and opinions expressed by the planters lately in council in the city, it is evi dent that they have settled upon Japanese and Chinese as the two strings to their bow in the labor ques tion. By the report of Wednesday's pro ceedings it will be seen that they are prepared, in case the procuring of a sufficient supply of Japanese proves to be doubtful, to ask the Government to allow Chinese to come in again. Without enlarging upn the point that on account of many national considerations it would be difficult for the Government . to change its declared policy in this matter, we would ask: If the planters build hopes upon being able to materially lessen the cost of labor by opening the door, a little, to let in the Chinese, are they sure their hopes will be ful filled? V Admitting, for the sake of argu ment, that we are left to this hope, and that there is no doubt but that free Chinamen would flow, in, is it best to have the number and quality left to Chinese dictation ? We opine not ; fer we do not think the Chinese already here would permit their own countrymen to materially lessen the wages they are now receiving. Is it not best that there should be some sort of counterpoise to induce the Chinese to come to planters terms ? And what can more effectually fur nish this counterpoise than the fos tering of a Japanese immigration ? How can we better neutralize the schemes that will, we are confident, be nut in practice to keep up the price of labor by the Chinese than by assisting the Government to carry ouf its plans, so happily inaugurated, for receiving: those who are sent out as i the wards of one nation to become the wards of another, with the guar antee given that employment will be found for them? And this leads us to say that the planters must remember that while the Legislature voted money for im migration purposes they did not put the money itself into the Treasury. During the recent biennial period, when high prices ruled for our staple product, it was as easy for the Gov ernment to sell its bonds to pay for Portuguese immigration to the tune of $600,000, as it was for the planter to borrow $10,000 on his estate. Now, the same cause, depressed state of tho sugar market, and low prices, make it equally difficult for either party to get the money they require to carry out their respective plans. The planters, as a combined body, can, however, if they like, find the money to carry on immigration of laborers. In our opinion this is what they ought to have been called upon to do from the first, just as the plant ers of Fiji and Queensland have had to do. The Legislature has thought differently, and successive adminis trations for the last twenty years, in cluding that now in office, have favored a differept policy. If the planters want that policy to be per petuated, they have the way plainly before them. If the money is forth coming, immigration must be car ried on as heretofore, at public expense. OCTOBER 28, 1884. ANOTHER VIEW OF THE LABOR QUESTION. -. j , . j ' We print to-day a communication from a member of that class which is even more deeply interested in the question of cheap labor than the planter himself. It embodies a view of this question highly unpalatable to the employer, but which is enter tained here and everywhere else by an overwhelmingly large majority of mankind. We publish this commun ication as we received it (except for some unimportant literary correc tions) having first ascertained that it is the genuine production of a labor ing man who is seeking employment here, but has not had a very lenghty experience in the country. We com mend his outspoken expression of" opinion to the consideration of every employer. We have heard much lately of the employers' side of the question here is the laborers'. Some where between them lies that truth which can harmonize both interests. From enquiry we learn that the origin of the letter which a "White man" has sent us is the conviction he has acquired that the planters do not recognize the fair value of the willimr labor of a white man in comparison with the cheap and inefficient work of imported coolies. The white men who are willing to work on planta tions find the cold shoulder given to a m tnem, ana mo one is ready to give them (except for special work) more than a Chinaman receives, or to pro-" vide for them better accommodation man tue piggisn quarters .wnicn a Chinaman will put up with. Planters have indeed not had very fortunate - . experience of white labor in the Norwegians and Germans who came here under cbntracts. This is prob ably why they .figpt shy of white labor generally. In this we believe they make a mistake for their own interests. Of this, however, nothing but experience will probably con vince them, and we are sorry to learn that there is a universal indis position among them to make the experiment. THE CITY OF PARIS. The letters which have been re ceived in town from passengers who left here in Messrs. Hoffnung & Co.'s City of Paris, represents the voyage as having been a' delightful one. The steamer reached Singapore on the 12th August, after a passage of 22 days. There she remained 11 days. Our Honolulu friends on board, in spite of all patriotic feelincr, were compelled to acknowledge that Singa pore was a delightful place to live in, and that in house-construction and modes oF living and beauty of sur roundings, Honolulu was a long way behind-hand. We have been per mitted to see a letter from Mrs. Allan Herbert, who with her daughter, made the voyage in this steamer. It bears date 29th August, and was mailed at Colombo in Ceylon, at which port the steamer touched on her homeward route. Up te that time no bad weather naa oeen en countered. At Singapore the passen srers were sumptuously entertained by the Hawaiian Consul, Mr. C. A. "Ranch. The excellent attendance at dinner was felt by the ladies to be a pleasing contrast to that obtainable from t he average Honolulu China men." "Twelve courses and five waiters for nine people," struck those who are accustomed to the ordinary Honolulu menage as something ap- proaching luxurious extravagance. Mr. Ranch was very kind and atten tive to his unwonted visitors from Hawaii. Unfortunately the Maha rajah of Johore was from home otherwise the Hawaiian visitors would have been made acquainted with the hospitalities of an Asiatic Prince. Whole No. 1496. THE PREMIER. At the Planter's meeting on Friday a member wanted to kuow why Mr. Gibson should be addressed as "The Premier," since according to his view the law knew no such official. Oppo sition newspapers havo more than once spoken of Mr. Gibson as the "elf-styled Premier." The opportu nity seems good to make the state- v. i i. j-m jt n i t uicud lUtll lliu U111UO VI x rcuiivr la none of Mr. Gibson's invention. That he Is the Prime Minister of the Kingdom in every sense In which that word is used In other countries is a fact which no one can deny. But his title to be so addressed rests Mm ply on the fact that he received - his com mission from the King as Premier, as old Mr. Green before him and for ougnt we Know many Prime Minis ters before Mr. Green. THE LABOR QUESTION. The editor of the Daily Hawaiian is at sea about the condition of the Loan Act. All the money which it provides for Immigration purposes was spent during the biennial period anu future expemmure ior mis pur- this pose must evidently come out of re venue, unless indeed that indefinite item for "Encouragement of Agricul ture" can be utilized for tho purpose. If the planters want to push immi gration of laborers they should pay for them beforehand as planters do in Fiji and Queensland instead of "oh delivery." THE LATE MR. JAMES BOOTH. No official information as to the illness and death of Mr. Booth has yet been received by the Government beyond the telegrams sent by SIgnor M. Cerulli briefly announcing this sad event. A letter expressing tho sympathy of the Italian Government has, however, been received by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, a copy of which we have been permitted to publish. It runs as follows; Bo Consolato', 7 Honolulu, 23d October. 1884. J Sir I have the honor to convey to Your Excellency the regret which His Italian Majesty's Government feels at the death of James Booth, and to communicate' to you at the same time a few incidents connected with this sad event. ' :; ' ' Your.IJxcellency will permit me to quote a part of the letter of H. I. M.'o Ministei of Foreign Affairs, dated September 17th: "It is with deep re gret that 1 communicated to you that young James Jtsootn, pupil ot the Military Academy of Turin died on the 15th September at Naples, in con sequence or an attacK or cnoiera, an epidemy which was very violent at Naples at that time. Young Booth made just then a stay at Naples on leave, and was lodging at the Pensione d'Oriente. As soon as he was attacked by the disease he received : immediate treatment by three distinguished physicians of that city, Doctors Peril, Piacinini and Manfredi, whose skillful and devoted attendance did not suffice, though, to overcome his fierce and short illness. James Booth was a young man, much esteemed by his superiors and beloved by his companions in the Military Academy, and his loss will be very greatly ielt. Although Your Excellency has no doubt received a full report on the above sad event from Mr. Cerulli, H. H. M.'s Consul in Naples, I trust that none the less the communica tion from H. I. M.'s Government, ex pressing their interest and sympa thy, will be acceptable to His Ha waiian Majesty's Government. With high respect and considera tion, I have the honor to be, Sir, Your Excellency's very Obedient, Humble Servant, F. A. Sciiaefer.