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6 THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, NOVEMBER 18, 1884.
A Business Melody. There waa ft man In onr town. And he was wondrous wfoe. For when he marked the prices down lie then did advertise. And when he saw hs trade incre&se, With all his might and main He marked still lower every price, And advertised again. Xexc York Morning Journal. And when he advertised again Ills rivals loudly swore To see folks rush with might and main To patronize his store. And while they sat in solitude And saw hi ai custom win, That man behind the counter stood And raked the sheckels in. Charlestoum Nexrz. And when he raked the sheckels in, And saw bis fortune rising. If e took a goodly lot of tiu And kept oa advertising. Each day a generous sum he'd sink. And demonstrate full plain The more one pays for printer's Ink The greater is his gain. Boston Star. And when came knocking at the door That monster, Death, so grim, It found him pulling for the shore " While singing loud this hymn. Now I can read my title clear To mansions In the skieS, And bid farewell to every fear " For I did advertise. Butler Brothers Drummer. His friends did right when they did write, No man than he was wiser. He showed his sense and gained more cents By 4 ads' in the Advjcktiskb," ENTERING THE FIJI GROUP. When the Julia did catch a breeze, and give herself up to its influence, she behaved very well. It blew rather more than half a gale about the time that we sighted the land on the north east side of the Fiji group, and by dexterous manoeuvering the schooner was enabled to make the entrance to the north-cast, or Nauuku passage, on the morning of November 21st, 1883. This was just the kind of weather to bring the flying fish out in shoals, as they are never so lively as when there is a broken, rugged sea, and brisk breeze. Those that were then springing from the water on all sides were very large some of them a foot or more in length ; and.we watched their flight with a good deal of in terest. Whether they use their ' wings " in flying as a bird does is a mooted question amongst naturalists, but the majority of observers are of the pinion that they do not. It would seem as though, while their broad side-fins sustain them for a while in the air,they do not enable the fish to prolong its flight materially beyond the distance due to the head way obtained before leaving water. When a flying fish shoots from a wave, head to the wind, the "set" of its fins tends to give its body a sheer upwards as a general thing, so that it gradually rises a few feet above the surface. Sometimes, however, the sheer is downward so that the fish plunges into the water again very quickly, and apparently, unexpected ly. Frequently as they dart from the water the wind catches them on one side and they wear around," as a sailor would say, and go off before it. They are frequently seen to "shiver'' or vibrate their wide fins very rapidly for a moment, but this motion does not seem to accelerate their flight at all. It is quite common to see them dip into the crests of the waves in their onward progress, and there is but little doubt but that they then acquire a new impulse which prolongs their flight. Their uninterrupted flight is sometimes sustained for four hundred yards, remaining in the air fifteen or twenty seconds.- Their great enemies the albicore, bonita, and skip-jack, hunt them most untireing ly, and capture hundreds, while every where they are a favorite food-fish for man. . By ten o'clock on the morning of the 21st, we sighted the little island of Nuku Lievu ; by noon were off Nu kumbasanga, and at 2 p.m., were fairly in the mouth of Nanuku pas sage, with the island of the same name, surrounded by a vast coral reef on our right, and DufPs reef on our left. An hour later and we were up with Yalanglala, and by 5 p.m., were in the sea of Goro with the high land of Vuna island on our starboard beam. This remarkable island, sometimes called Soma-soma, is one high flat mountain riling over 2000 feet above the sea, and is one mass of verdure. The 180th meridian of longitude both east and west from Greenwich runs through the center of the island, so that if a good church member living on the east side slips off of a Sunday to go fishing for some of theenormoui eels that are found in the lake on the summit of the mountain, he can get around on the west side where it is Monday, and so not break the Sab bath. While on the subject of longi tude, it mav be remarked that as the 180th meridian runs through about the centre of the Fiji group, the day of the week is settled by ordinance to be that of Levuku, which is east of Greenwich. By 6 o'clock we were close to Goro island, having made eighty miles in six hours, that is over thirteen miles per- hour. Of this the Julia had sailed probably nine, and the current setting through the passage had car ried her along theotber four. If we had been going the other way, with a fair wind, we should probably have been all day at it. It being anything but safe for vessels to work at night amongst the numerous small islands that encircle the sea of Goro, the Julia was bove to at sunset, and dur ing the night slowly drifted to the south, so that by daylight we were not far from Nairai island, which we passed at a distance of about six miles. "Horse Shoe Reef," a most dangerous obstacle to navigation, was left on the starboard hand, and Ambitiki island on the other side. When we finally sighted Ovolua island, where we were bound, ahead of us, we had Waikaia on the starboard bo w, Horse Shoe reef abeam on the same side, 'Ambi tiki island on the port bow, and Nai rai island on the port quarter. All of these islands were close to, and we realized the truth of the remark made by an old captain familiar with these waters: l4If you are in the right chan nel, have plenty of daylight, a good breeze, and know where you are, you are all right. If, however, you don't know the shape of the land about you, you had better not try to cruise much in Goro Sea." At 2:30 p.m. we were just outside of the harbor of Ievuku, and while waiting for the pilot, we had a good chance to study the details of the very pretty scene before us. The little island of Ovolua is very hilly, not to say mountainous, and beautifully green with vegetation. Its central portion rises quite ab ruptly from the narrow beaeh in bro ken hills to an elevation of 2,000 feet, the summit thrusting into, the cloud region numerous pinnacles and spires clothed in sombre green. The flanks of the central mass fall away in less ening hills divided by deep gorges, with here and there a bit of level tableland, or a rounded, treeless ex panse. On the right and left the ravines are so numerous as to convey the idea of there being no land be tween them, while near the sea level there are many isolated mounds form ing islets encircled by reefs. The town of Levuku is scattered all over the sloping face of the lower range of the hills facing the harbor, and is made up of perhaps a hundred buildings, hardly two of which, ex cepting the one long line immedi ately on the beach are en the same level. In fact, the whole hillside is so irregular and broken up by gulches that generally where a house is to be buiit the ground must be leveled ofl to accommodate the foundation. Along the narrow beach is built the business portion of the place, and here are shops, hotels, a bank, offices, a few dwellings, stores and ware houses in one long row. There are three or four wharves built out from the sea-wall that defends the main street from the action of the waves, and alongside of one on the right side of the harbor was the steamer that had just arrived from Auckland, a four days' trip. There were quite a number of small vessels schooners square-rigged forward lying in the harbor, besides some larger vessels loading with coprah, etc. On the left of the harbor q, vessel or two was drawn up for repairs, and opposite the main entrance through the semi circular reef that forms the .harbor, there -stands, one above the other on the hillside, two pyramidal beacons painted white. These brought in line with each other indicate the center line of the channel. While noting these and other points, the pilot came on board, the Julia was given into his charge, and in a few minutes was snugly at anchor for a short time, one hundred and fit teen days from Honolulu. DIPLOMATIC RECEPTION. From the Diaro Official of Mexico, Oct. 8. J At noon to-day Mr. Paul Neumann, in his official character as Special Envoy from the King of the Ha waiian Islands, was received in public audience by the President. On this occasion Mr. Neumann said : 11 Mb. President, The honor which has been conferred upon me by His Majesty the King of the Ha waiian Islands in appointing me the bearer of a message of friendship td Your Excellency and to the people of thi3 Republic, is felt by me more deeply, and appreciated more highly, because- this message is the first which has been - carried from the Islands to Mexico with a view of establishing friendly relations and intercourse between the two nations. "Human invention, aided by na tural forces, has removed the ob stacles which distance interposed to such intercourse formerly; and it is not too much to say that the citizens of this Republic and those of the Ha waiian Kingdom, have become close neighbors. " His Majesty hopes that those re lations will become more intimate, now that direct communication be sween your western ports and the Hawaiian Islands may be established. "Such communication, instead of remaining a possibility, will most likely become a reality ; the generous support your Government has be stowed upon the enterprise which is to connect the Asiatic shores with those of your domain gives us that promise. "His Majesty deems such an event of importance to the Hawaiian and to the Mexican nation, and has there fore deigned to empower me to make an overture for a treaty of amity and commerce between the Kingdom of Hawaii and the Sovereign Republic of Mexico. "If this offer, Mr. President, is met by your Government in the same spirit ;of friendship, and solicitude for the welfare of the people, with which it is tendered the perfection of such a treaty will depend upon the adjustment of mere questions of detail. I cherish the hope that such a com pact will have the consent of your Administration, and the approval of your Congress. "I have the honor, Mr. President, to place in your hands a letter from His Majesty to Your Excellency, and to deliver .to you Letters Patent in vesting you with the commission of Kight of the Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Kalakaua as a mark of my Sovereign's appreciation of your per sonal merits, and of your exalted position as the head of this Great Republic." The President of the Republic re plied: "Mr. Special Envoy: The mission to this Government which your Sov ereign has confided to you is indeed, by its importance, the first link of the ehain which in the near future is to unite in amity the United States of Mexico and the Hawaiian Kingdom, whose prosperity I earnestly desire, and, through that circumstance, as sumes a peculiar weight and charac ter, which with yourself I dulv re cognize. "The desire of His Majesty that Mexico and the Hawaiian Islands should enter into close relations of friendship and trade, his ample knowledge of the developments of the external commerce of this Republic, the idea of your special mission and of confiding it to yourself, speak high ly for the perspiccaity of King Kala kaua, and are a guarantee to us as to what we may hope from his illus trious Government. "You are authorized to say to your Sovereign, in the name of my Gov ernment, that it will be found ready to negotiate with that of His Majesty a treaty f friendship and commerce on equitable bases; and that it is the anxious desire of the Mexican peo ple and . of my , Administration . that the facilities which the establishment of a line of steamboats between our western ports and Asia offer for in tercommunication between the two peoples should' be multiplied by all those means to which you have just now so happily referred to, which end the Mexican Government will do all that lies in its power. "I receive from your hands with pe culiar satisfaction the autograph let ter of His Majesty and the Patent by which the King has been pleased to confer upon me the investiture of Knight Grand Cross of so distin guished an Order. I will accept, sub ject to constitutional requirements, the royal decoration, which, as an honor, is as great as the appreciation with which I receive so signal a dis tinction from your Sovereign accord ed to my official position as well as to myself personally." We men on XIorsebk. In view of the fact that the great ma jority of the fair sex ou these islands, ir respective of age or nationality are Tery fond of horseback riding, the following directions are taken from Dr. Bussigny's "Hand Book.'' The comments are added with the belief that they are important: A lady should sit on a horse thus: "The head straight, easy turning upon the shoulders in any direction without involv ing a movement of the body." This will be found to be rather difficult at first, especially if the rider wishes to look behind her. "The eyes fixed straight to the front, looking between the horse's ears, and always the direction in which he is going." To enable the rider to carry out this rule, it would be a good idea to have a pasteboard screen . so attached to the horse's head as to form wings on each aide the rider's face, with around hole cut throngh the front part just above the horse's forehead. "The right foot falling naturally on the pommel of the saddle." Bather odd it would seem. Just how a lady can ride with the right foot falling either naturally or unnaturally on the pommel we cannot see. However, may be that is the right way. The part of the right leg between the knee and the hip joint should be turned on its outer or right side, and should press throughout its length on the saddle." This would naturally happen if the right foot fell naturally ou the pummel of the saddle, but where the lady would be sitting at this time is a puzzle. "The knees in their respective positions should be continually- in contact, without an exception." With the right knee hooked over the horn of the saddle, and the left foot in the stirrup, it would seem as though the knees could hardly be kept continually in contact. It makes it more difficult to do; so if the right foot falls naturally on the pommel of the saddle. A lady friend f the writer's tried plac ing herself in the saddle according to the above directions, promising when fairly in position to call in the writer to study the effect. She did not do so however, ex cusing herself on the ground that she did not want to be called a famale acrobat for the rest of her life. IXixeU Drinks. It has always been taken for granted that the United States lead the bibulous world in the matter of "fancy" and mixed drinks, both has regards quantity and quality. But this is an iconoclastic ago, and there are those who delight in upsetting long-cherished convictions, dis pelling fond dreams, knocking the romance out of history, the terrors out of theology, ghosts out of every-day life ; in short, the mysterious out of everything. And amongst the image-breakers is Colonel Strother, U. S. Consul for Mexico, who lays aside his patriotism for a moment to give a list of beverages con sumed in the country to which he is accredited. Want of space forbids giving even the names of the eompounds he describes, so they tare summarized as follows : Of those in which brandy is the chief component, there are but four, it being a noticeable fact that the natives of tropical countries do not use this fiery liquid to any extent. From the agave is made eleven drinks ; iiovn pulque fifteen ; from mezcal four ; prickly pear seven ; sugar and corn stalks seven ; from various fruits thirteen ; from capsicum and other hot plants three ; barley, . sugar, 'and bran,, nine ; and four others that may be classed as miscellaneous. There are seventy seven that the Colonel wa3 acquainted with, and not a United States drink amongst them. One drink is called " Excommunion," because some bishop imposed excum niunion on those taking it, which caused an enormous consumption of the article. Another, made from agave worms, toasted and ground, put into pulque, giving it a mulberry color, is called Tcola.M When you go to Mexico, you want to cut this out and paste it in your Somberoo. Italia inn Cane. This cane is said to exceed in growth aud sugar production any variety of cane now grown in Hawaii, where it is reported 4o yield over six tons to the acre. Colonial planters may accept this information with a grain of salt, but the Planters Monthly audi the rAcrric Commercial Advertises have often reported such an extraordinary yisld. A large amount of Lahaina cane has been grown this session, and so far as we have seen it upon plantations, it looks more pro mising than the Creole variety. Soil, climate, and cultivation has everything to do with cane growth, and in Hawaii the planters spend more capital upon draining, irrigating and manuring than Australian planters do. But those important factors in cane growth will be generally introduced in time. Planters shouldnot only experiment thia year with Creole cane, but with Lahaina and the Elephant canes, now so popular and heavy yielding in Jamaica. The Daniel Dupont cane is said to be a most profitable cane, if crushed at once after cutting. But all over New South Wales and Queensland the Rose Bamboo and ITeera are the best this season ; even the old Bourbon is forging itself into favor once more. In planting new canes we strongly advocate a change of seed, for planters have almost neglected this important law in high class agriculture. Australian Sugar Planter. From most recent accounts, 37 factories have had diffusion batteries of various types erected during the current year. Louisiana Sugar Boxcl. Bfw Process for Prtfoervluir Mt. Mr. Hichard Sones, who has for many years devoted, his attention to the preser vation of meat, has now adopted a new process.. The principle consists in ,tho injection of a fluid preparation of boracio acid into the blood of the animal imme diately alter it has been stunned, and be fore its heart has ceased to beat; the whole operation, including the removal of the blood and chemical fluid from the body of the animal, only taking a few minutes. The quantity of boracic acid used is very small, and that little is almost immediately drawn out again with the blood. The preservation of the flesh is said to .be thoroughly effected; tho quantity of the chemical left in the flesh must therefore be very small, and can scarcely be injurious to the human system; for, as Poofessor Bariff has proved by ex periment, living animals, either of the human or other species, do not .seem to be injured in any way by the consump tion of it. A demonstration of the effects of the process was given in April at the Adelphi Hotel, London, when the joints cut from a sheep that had been hanging for more than seven weeks at the house ' of the Society of Arts were cooked in various ways, and those present agreed that the meat was equal to ordinary butcher's meat.Scient. Amer. Who J lie? Justice, an anti-monopoly weekly news paper, published in New York, in its issue of October 18th, quotes from the CJiicago Tribune of the 1st ultimo, to the effect that a Mr. "J. C. Waite, of Honolulu, Hawaii, who has been a sugar-planter, has just sold out, owing to the prospects ahead cf those engaged in making that article. Then follows a paragraph from the Chicago Tribune, bringing up the old cry of a Spreckels monopoly. The value of the knowledge possessed by the writer in Justice is evidenced by his winding up what he has to say, with the remark, "As tho treaty has a Ion? time to run" (the italics are ours En.), "and as there is a probability that it will not he renewed, no doubt Clan Spreckels and his ring are determined to. make the "most of it by putting on the screw on all sides." But what people here want to know is, who is "J. C. Waite, of Honolulu, Hawaii, who has been a sugar-planter?" There is no such a name in the Directory of the Islands for 18S3 ; the Secretary of the P. L.. and S. Company knows him not ; in short, he is not, and probably never teas, what the Chicago Tribune says he was. Sectarian ljrlc. A little girl came from Sunday school in a high state of indignation because her Sunday-school teacher had told her that Jesus was a Jew. Was he a Jew, mother ? " " Why, yes, my dear," said the mother, a little doubtful, as if unwilling to concede the objectionable fact, but unable to deny it ; "L suppose he was a Jew." "But I thought he was the Son of God." ' So he is, my dear." " I don't see how, then, he could be a Jew," responded the young sectarian, "for God is a Presbyterian."- Christian Union.