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THE. PACIFIC C0MMEKCIA1 ADVERTISER, NOVEMBER 25, 1884
W do not hold ourselves jesponsible for the
statements made, or opinions expressed by our
IliiliiH in I mm.
Mb. Eiitok : In reply to your inquirj, I
hare to Bay that, to tell you something of
the ruins in Puna, I must refer Lack eighteen
or nineteen years, when I first published an
account of the Early Discovery of the
Hawaiian Islands by the Spaniards," in the
Hawaiian Gazette, then owned by the Gov
ernment. In that paper is the following
statement : ' Middlcton's Geography of the
World, published in London A.D. 1771, Vol.
2, contains two maps of the Pacific, showing
these Islands, latitude and longitude approx
imately correct. Hawaii, marked La Mesa
(high table land) ; Maui, at Kahului, or
what was known as the false passage, marked
La Disgraeiada (the place of disappoint
ment) ; West Maui, Molokai, and Lanai,
marked Tres Mojes, meaning 4 Three
.Monks." Now it is natural to suppose that
Captain Cook had a copy of these charts on
his ship when he sailed on his last voyage,
as well as a copy of the chart taken by Lord
Anson from the Spanish galleon forty years
before that time.
My next authority is a Geography of the
"World by Professor Play fair, of Edinburgh,
completed in 1813, in which he says : " The
Kandwich Isles were discovered by Juan
Gatama A.D. 1512, and made known to the
world by Captain Cook in 1778. The
Spaniards themselves say that these Islands
were discovered by Gatamo in 1555. Is it
reasonable to suppose that the Spaniards
navigated the Pacific ocean for two hundred
years, and did not know of the existence of
mucIi an important group of islands as these?
T x T I At ' 1 . a , T" - , .
ii nas always ueen iuo pnae 01 me ingiisn
to ay that Captain Cook was the discoverer
of these Islands. There is glory enough at
tached io tho name of Cook ; let the dis
covery, therefore, rest where it belongs.
Cut, to return to the ruins of Puna. This is
the only ialand of the group on which hewn
stones are found. There is one here in Hilo
of the following dimensions : Length, 11
feet C inches ; width across the top, 2 feet 6
inches : thickness, 1 foot 8 inches ; the sides
of the stone slope outward from top to bot
tom, making the width at the bottom 8 feet
9 inches; the weight being 4s tons. There
is an imperfect A on the top, and the sloping
sides are smoothly cut. This was never cut
by sarages. There are some fabulous tra
ditions concerning this stone, which, how
ever, are not worth troubling you with. The
natives say that it was cut at the Rainbow
Falls, where it lay for a long time when a
strong man came from some other place and
carried it where it now lie3 on the red earth ;
that is about two miles from the Falls, in a
yard belonging to Mr. C. R. Arnold, who
first called my attention to it. The name of
1 tht ainnm. hnhn. it ia nnitu n. rnrisitv. Thfl
(name of tho place where it lies is Piinou.
j This stone has a history which, to all coming
ages, must rems in untold. As to those by
whom, or for what purpose it was cut, its
appearance seems to indicate that it was
intended as a monument to some illustrious
one who has long since passed away. The
natives believo that some terrible disaster
will happen to anyone who moves it.
"LINES TO 1IAI1A." By V. E. Wood.
Is there nothing in your history
That we shall ever know ;
Or of those that so deeply cut you,
Id the centuries long ago ?
Or when thou wert a mlten mass.
Just from the lava-flow ;
Or when down the mountain-side you rolled,
All Iji a molten glow r
These questions we may ask,
But the truth shall never know
How long since taken from your bed,
Or when In a fiery glow ?
.Were you made for a monument
To mark who rests below ? "
Or for some human sacrifice,
Telling a tale of human woe ?
The ruins of Puna are situated on a hill
facing the east point of Hawaii. At the foot
of the hill, on its eastern face, is the famous
hot spring of mineral water, which is gener
ally at a temperature of 97 Farenheit. The
water is from 10 to 12 feet deep, and is
situated in a creek 12 feet wide by CO feet
long. About half a mile further inland is a
fine fresh-water lake. There ne fresh water
t on the south-east side of the island until you
come to Kau (Waiohmu). On the top of
1 " 1 A A
ims mu axe ruins composed ui cut, sione,
with stone steps from the inland side, over
sown, but, by clearing away, easily trace
able. It would seem that this would be the
.natural abiding place for strangers, either
for a placo of defence and refuge in time of
trouble, or as a residence. If I can get per
mission from the owner to thoroughly ex
(plore the ruins, there may.be something
found that will settle the question of the
Spaniards living here at one time beyond a
doubt. About the year 16i0 the Buccaneers
ravaged the whole of the Spanish main, and,
no doubt, the navigators of this ocean kept
clear of these islands with their richly-laden
galleons, bound to the Spanish Indies. The
celebrated ruins of Bonabe, one of the Caro
line Islands, have had their history settled
without a doubt, and the date of the sailing
of tho fleet under Mandana from Callao,
1594, is assigned for them. Possibly those
of Puna are due to the same expedition.
William Edmcpjd Wood.
Hilo, Nov. 12, 1884.
Honokaa, Hawaii, Nov. 20.
We are sorry to learn that this will be the
last trip of the steamer C. Bishop to
Honokaa ; not so much for the alolut we
have for the Bishop, although she ha3 done
good service, but for Captain Davis, to
whom all will say good-bye with regret.
Some three weeks ago a petition was got up
and signed by all the planters, mill owners,
and merchants in fact everyone here who
had any business with the steamer request
ing the I. I. S. N. Company to retain Capt.
Davis on this route. It was also signed by
the agents in .Honolulu ; but we are sorry
to say that the President of the Company
took no notice of, in fact did not have the
courtesy to reply to it. It is not yet too
late to make the change, and we think that
those people who are supporting the steamer
on this route are entitled to a little con
sideration ; and it should not be forgotten
that Messrs. Wilder & Co. have three
steamers on this coast.
Kohala, Not. 21.
Miss Jane Spurgin is lying seriously sick
at Mrs. Hinds. It is fortunate that she has
so benevolent a lady to care for her, and one
that will see she wants for nothing. Such
friends are scarce in this world.
The Portuguese at Star Mill are still on
their muscle and refuse to go to wortt, though
the Supreme Court ruled that they should.
They have made a great deal of trouble, and
seem as determined now as at the beginning.
We noticed a good deal of drunkenness
about. Eaiopihi, on the King's birthday,
and one young man who fairly lives under
the drippings of the missionary sanctuary,
was in a disgraceful condition.
Mr. J. W. Thompson and wife go to Hono
lulu this week, in expectation of meeting a
sister from the States.
Judge Hart's mill was obliged to stop
grinding on Wednesday last, in consequence
of the breaking of the spur wheel.
(' Mr. White, our Sheriff, grows more popu
lar every day in consequence of his strict
attention to his duties, as well as his thor
ough integrity. Wo would like that every
district in the Kingdom had as competent a
man. We hear no more regarding his re
moval,' and hope it is not contemplated.
"Whoop her up," Z. Y. What you don't
know about the labor question would fill a
big book. Hire out to a planter, and they
will need' one Chinaman less, and will give
you what you are worth.
Under date of November 22nd, the Rev.
Mr. Groser writes from Wailuku, as follows :
The entertainment in aid of the Anglican
Church in Wailuku came off as advertised
on Saturday, November 15th, and seems to
have given a great deal of pleasure, besides
amply carrying out the design for which it
was given, namely, the erection of a sub
stantial and suitable belfry to hold the me
morial bell, soon to arrive.
The company feel themselves especially
indebted to Mr. Wilder for the use and the
receipts of the railroad train, run particu
larly for the occasion ; to the School Agent,
for the use of the School-house ; to Dr.
Enders, for the piano ; and to others who
kindly gave lights, &.C., and employed men
to make the affair not only a success, but less
burdensome to those upon whom the pre
We are also very thankful to nearly every
body for their very great kindness in giving
their time and their gifts,' as well as their
good will, to the successful carrying out of
the design of the entertainment.
A Pot chanced to be eccupying a Public
Position, which it filled with Ability. Near
at hand was a Porcelain Kettle, that had
lately been put upon a shelf. The Pot
chanced to make some remarks that offended
the Porcelain Kettle, who sttaightway Fell
Foul of tho Pot and was broken.
Moral. The Pot should not call the
Porcelain Kettle black, Because it hurts.
The embargo placed by the U. S.
Treasury Department as a sanitary
measure upon the importation of foreign
rags is giving much concern to manu
facturers and dealers in paper. It is stated
that the paper trade has been seriously
affected, and that the manufacturers can
not now compete with the foreign manu
facturers, as the 'effect of the embargo is
to raise the price of rags here and dimin
ish it abroad. It is thought by some that
the rise in the value of paper will com
pel the New York journals, which not
long ago cut down their price to two cents
per copy, to advance the price to three
cents per copy
A book-worm of the paper-eating sort
is a creature seldom seen, despite its ex
tensive and most destructive borings
among book treasures. It is described as
a white wax-like grub, exactly resemb
ling the little white maggots of cheese.
Three specimens were lately found in the
act of tunneling through a bundle of paper
in a London establishment.
LATEST FOREIGN NEWS.
Polatka, in Florida, was almost totally
destroyed by fire on 9th inst.
Rear Admiral Murray, wno was in com
mand of the United States squadron on
the Pacific Station from 187G to 1878,
died at Washington on the 10th inst.
Maud S. has again beaten her own
record and that of all her competitors,
trotting the mile in 2K)9J, on the Fair
Grounds track at Lexington.
Philadelphia, Nov. 11. A conference
becjan to-day with closed doors at the
office of the American Iron and Steel As
sociation. On one side are members of
the Gun Foundry Board of the United
States Government, appointed to inquire
into the best means for the manufacture
of heavy guns adapted to modern warfare,
and on the other side are representatives
of leading steel manufacturers of the coun
try. In contrast with the orderly character
of the elections in the United States some
of those which occurred in Mexico on fhe
9th instant were characterized by riot
A resumption of specie payment on a
gold basis is proposed by the Austro
Hungarian Government, and the leading
bankers of Europe have promised to assist
in carrying it out by furnishing $250,
000,000. The cholera has invaded Paris. From
30 to 50 fresh cases were occurring each
day, with a large proportion of deaths.
The condition of the sugar market has
brought the Dutch-Indian and other
Dutch Colonial banks into difficulies.
Paris, Nov. 8. Captains Itenord and
Krebs made a balloon voyage to-day from
Mendon to Billancourt and. returned,
alighting at the point from which they
started in forty-five minutes. The aero
nauts made a complete success in steer
ing their balloon.
There is no decided news from Egypt.
Gen. Wolseley was pushing forward, and
had had engagements with the forces of
El Mahdi. Meanwhile a report of the
death of Gordon and the surrender of
Khartoum was received, but was deemed
to need confirmation. An attack by the
rebels on Suakin had been promptly re
pulsed. The Pope has appointed nine new car
dinals. Portland, Or., Nov. 9. To-morrow the
rails of the Oregon Railway and Naviga
tion Company's Baker City branch will
be joined at Huntington with the Oregon
Short Line, completing the fourth railway
across the continent. Through trains
will commence running November 23d or
From the items of news brought to San
Francisco by the S. S. Rio de Janeiro, we
cull the following :
A riot, which bade fair to assume very
serious proportions, but was fortunateiy
checked by the vigilance and activity of
the police, broke out inHongkong on Oct.
3rd. It originated in the boat people in
timidating the jinricksha men to prevent
them working for foreigners, and after
wards the rioters atracked several of the
foreign residents. Eleven of the police
and several Chinese were injured more or
less seriously before the riot was sup
pressed. There are three Germans in command
of the fortifications at Port Li, the most
important stronghold in North China.
They are the two brothers Von Hanneken
and a man named Schnell, who was for
merly a corporal in the German army, but
deserted and became drill-master to Li
Hung Chang's troops.
Anam is to pay to Cochin China an in
demnity of 2,500,000 francs in ten annual
installments of 250,000 each. The Presi
dent of the Council at Hue is shortly to
be tried for poisoning, or causing to be
poisoned, the last two Kings of the
Two American schooners, the Eliza and
the Sophie Johnson, and one British
schooner, the Helena, have been captured
by Russian cruisers in consequence of
poaching operations in the north.
A report has been circulated to the
effect that upon the receipt of the
news of Cleveland's election- re
ceived at Atlanta, Ga., an old Con
federate llag was hoisted on the State
House. This is probably a canard, as
another account says that over 3000
United States .flags were sold in At
lanta for the campaign, and every
home displayed one or more.
From all sections of the United
States reports show that the election
was not attended by any rioting or
serious quarrels. When it is re
membered how fierce and bitter was
the campaign this may be noted as a
remarkable illustration of the re
spect the American people have for
law and order.
It is illustrative of the closeness of
the political struggle in New York
State to note that in one million five
hundred thousand votes cast jthe
largest ever known in tho State)
the plurality claimed is only fifteen
hundred at the most.
Already speculations are indulged
in as regardsWhom the next President
will call to the Cabinet. Carl Schurz
is spoken of in recognition of the In
dependents. Gen'l McCIellan is
named for the Navy instead of the
War Department, as he Is said to be
lieve that the time has come when
the navy should be rebuilt. Ex
Senator McDonald of Indiana is
named for Attorney-General, as his
appointment would make? his State
solid for the Democrats for the next
ten years. Thurman, McPherson,
Randall, Bayard, Lamar and Gar
land are spoken of in connection with
The National Democratic Commit
tee has chosen Roscoe Conkling to
represent it in a legal capacity before
the State Board of Canvassers. The
Republicans are represented by Wil
liam M. Evarts, whose coolness
and experience makes him a match
for his antagonist.
Travels in Mexico.
A recent traveler in Mexico gives an
account of his trip, from which we ex
tract the following: Our starting point
was El Paso, Texas, that is our starting
point to go into Mexico. There we took
the Mexican Central Railway, and the
next day we arrived at the City of Chi
huahua, and there we pitched upon the
solution of a question which had arisen
in our minds during the day's journey.
At every city of any size the railway sta
tion was a mile or more from the town,
and we wondered why it was so. "We con
cluded that the Mexicans were no fools
when we found that there was a tramway
running from each of these stations into
the city, and that this tramway was a
source of considerable revenue. From
Chihuahua we journeyed down to Zaca
tecas, which is a well known mining town.
It is wholly sustained by the mining
camps, which you will see all around it as
you pass. Thence we went to Aguas
Calientes, the hot springs of Mexico. The
natives say they have fine medicinal
properties. The town is in a valley, in
the midst of a beautiful agricultural coun
try Finally, we reached the end of our
railway journey at Lagos. At the station
we got into what they said was a carriage,
drawn by mules, and rode to the hotel.
There our first move was to secure the
boleto, or ticket for the stage from Lagos
to Guadalajara. The hotel, by the way,
is a fine house; it it a one-story adobe,
built of mud, you know. There is a court
inside, upon which the .windows of the
rooms look out. The rooms are large
and have high ceilings, but the windows
are barred, and that makes the place look
like a jail. My companion looked around
sadly when we entered, and said, "I say,
Hugh, how long are we in for?''
The doors of most of the rooms are
made of iron and have enormous locks.
Why, the keys are over six inches long
and weigh fully two pounds. You get a
tallow dip and what they call a cot. It
consists of a board, a mattrass about two
inches thick, and a microscopie pillow.
They wake you up, if you go to sleep, at
4:30 p.m. You have the number of your
seat in the stage, which usually seats
nine persons. You clamber in and seat
yourself on a seat, which consists of a
leather strap with a thin cushion on it.
The cushion is used to make the seat
harder. Old hands carry blankets to sit
on. "Well, the mules are harnessed, eight
of them. There are two wheelers; then
in front of them four abreast, and
then two leaders. It is pitch dark, of
course, but you have a driver and a
"moser," the latter carrying a torch. The
torch consists of a hempen rope, about a
yard long, soaked with pitch. The boy
lights this and swings it round his head.
The driver says, "P-s-s-t, p-s-s-t,'' and
the mules start. After you get out on
the road yon find out what the moser
is for. He is there to keep themules
going. He jumps to the ground
and gathers a hatful of small stones.
Then he climbs back and pegs them atho
mules. He can hit any .mule he wants in
any department he aims for every tim.
I used to applaud his skill at fiist, but
when I found he could do it every time I
made up my mind he was a bore. Every
two. hours you change mules, and then
you get about ten 'minutes rest. And
you want it. You can't overdraw the
wretchedness of the roads. They haven't
been repaired in twenty years. "Why,
when you strike a hole, which you do alL
the time, the stage swings over till yoa
think it is going to upset, but it doesn't.
The road near tho city is made of cobble
stones as big as ycur head. When you
are out a little distance you come to
fathomless dust, which conceals ah occa
sional bowlder as big as your body, Tho
dust is charming. It is so thick you can't
see across the stage, and you perspire
and it cakes on you until you look like a
Piute Indian. You feel like one, too.
You want to whoop, and dance around,,
and kill some one. Well, the misery
closes at 7:30 p.m., and then you rest
until 2:30 a.u., when you start again..
You reach Guadalajara at 4 p.m. of the
Major Blcltinley in Iudinua.
From the Canton (Ohio) Repository.
In its account ef the Blaine meeting on
Monday, the Fort Wayne Gazette speaks as
follows of Major McKinley:
"The crowd shouted 'McKinley,' and
and would not be still until he got up and
climbed into the seat where Mr. Blaino had
been. Anyone who could have heard re
peated the sincere joy that was expressed
when it was known here that Major Mc
Kinley was elected, would have been able to
see how deep an interest was taken in the
fight that the gallant Major had so nobly
won. He was cheered to the echo, and
spoke most eloquently. Major McKinley h.
an ideal copy of tho great Napoleon, and i
one of the most commanding figures thai
could be imagined.
"He arose and made one of the most im
passioned and fervid speeches ever heard in
this city. Bristling with wit and good
points, at every one of which the crowd
gave ringing cheers. He paid a magnifi
cent tribute to Mr. Blaine, which provoked
Following a synopsis of the speech it con
cludes: Major McKinley sat down amid a perfect
storm of applause and huzzas. The crowd
made a rush for tho carriage, and if it had
not been started in quick order, Mr. Blaino
would have' been squeezed to death. As it
was, tho crowd rushed after him, cheering;
and waving their hats
i MiMcoIIauooiiH Extract.
J A turtle which had been frozen in
cake of ice for ten months, was lately
thawed out alive in Newburg, N. Y.
The port of entry of Puget Sound ranks
fourth in the United States, being onlj
surpassed by New York, Boston and San
The disposition of European consuls to
XDrotest when China blockades the en
trance to her own j)orts, but to say no
thing when the French fleet bombards
those ports, may be a natural result or
European diplcmacy, but, it is rather
suggestive of a jug handle.
Frank A. Learnard, whose case ha3
puzzled the surgeons, died in Boston on
the 20th September. He was a base ball
pitcher, and his right arm became use
less. The shoulder blade and part of the
collar bone were removed, but the young
man lingered in great agony for months
before his death.
Men who are the fastast asleep when
they are asleep, are the widest awake
when they are awake, says ITaWs Jourrv
al of Health. Great workers must be.
great resters. Every man who has clerks
in his employ ought to know what their
sleeping habits are. The young man who
is up till three or four o'clock in tho
morning, and must put in his appearance
at the bank or store at nine or ten o'clock
and work all day, cannot repeat this pro
cess many days without a certain shaki
ness coming into, his system, which he
will endeavour to steady by some delusive
stimulants. It is in this way that many
a young man begins his course of ruin.
He need not necessarily have been in bad
company. He has lost his sleep, and
losing sleep is losing strength and grace.
The difference between the tempera
tures of places in America and those of
similar latitudes in Europe reached a
remarkable degree last January. For
instance it is reported that in Nashville
and Knoxviile, in the same latitude as
Malta, the temperature fell as low as 1C
and 10 degrees below zero, while in Malta
the lowest point reached was about 21 de
grees above zero. At Indianapolis and