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THE PACIFIC COMMEKCIAL ADVERTISES, NOVEMBER 25, 1884 CORRESPONDENCE. We do not hold ourselves responsible for the statement.- made, or opinions expressed by our correeporulents. Mb. Editor : "While all yood xfFe and true aro unit ing in their endeavor to suppress the spread of vice and immorality in or.r midst, it is discouraging to them to be met with obstruc tions placed in their way by their friends. The viae and prudent Sabbath laws that we hare are broken by the descendants of those who asai3ted in framing theru ; the teachings of the pulpit are nullified by the sloth and apathy of those who mean well, but insist upon using the Sabbath as a day of rest, instead of devoting themselves to the services in the sanctuary. These things are discouraging, and especially so when one reflects that however sure thy may feel that they mean no harm, and do none to themselves, yet there is the rising genera tion to be looked alter, their tastes and habits to be formed. m Besides the violation of the Sabbath, there is the baleful influence exerted "on the minds of the young by familiarizing them with the aspect of vicious things. All know how impressionable the minds of the young are how firm what appear to the mature mind to be small things fasten themselves iu bur children's memories. Their spirit of imita tion is generally strong, and what they see dime by others they will try to do them selves. To illustrate the point, anyone can see with what delight an ever-present group of youngsters watch the two toy roosters fight; ingin Thrum's show-windows on Fort street. Cock-fights are classed amongst the degrad ing amusements, and should, not be en couraged. Bat there is every reason fur .believing that not a few of the delighted boys that watch the toy roosters will hanker for a real " fight amongst the fowls in their home yards ; they cannot do so without getting excited (it is a fascinating sport) ; they will play trttant to see the end of a j etntest. Truants become idlers, idlers aro the servants of the devil ; they become hood lums, get into gaol, drink, rob, murder, and are hanged. And all because somebody wanted to make a little money selling a mechanical toy. Puritan. There are said to be cities iu th,e world where the English language is spoken, where the following -version of the deca logue would apply, now thankful we should be that we live in Honolulu. ' i .Tt cKolt ViavrA Ana Clnrl n n t V" wVin Wuld be at the expense of tws? No graven image may be Worshipped, except the currency. Swear not at all, for thy curse Thine enemy Is none tke worse. At church on Sundays to attend Will serve to keep the world thy friend. Honor thy parents, that Is all From whom advancement may befall. Thou ehalt ot kill; but needst not strive Officiously, to keep alive. Do nt adultery commit; Advantage rarely comes of it. Thou shalt not rteal, an empty feat, While 'tis so lucrative to cheat. Bear not false witness; let the lie IIave time on it3 own win;s to fly. Thou shalt not covet, but tradition Approves all forms of competition. P. S. Editors of our exchanges are re quested to insert the name of their town in place of Honolulu. rrolat Court. cnrLr-JUSTics judi on the bench. Monday, Nov. 24. Ik the case of the Estate of Chong Pau, alias Ah Tau, the Court ordered that the accounts of Ah Fook, administrator, be proved, and that he bo discharged. ' Judge Austin preiiding. In the case of the Estate of Kino, the Court reserved its decision. In Chambers Before Associate Justice McCulIy. Euima Kalelconalani ct al Vs. Commis svoncrs of Crwn Lands. The Court found judgment for the plaintiffs. A written de cision will be filed. The case of F. T. Lenehan ct al3, assignees of Eee Chat, vs. Akaca et al3, for an order to set aside mortgage as void, will be heard before the Chief Justice this morning at 10 o'clock. Mr. Ashford will appear for the plaintiffs, and Mr. Castle foi the defendants. Auction Sule of Imported Horses by K. 1. Adnnis. A. Ellis, Auctioneer. One span of black marcs, no white; 15 hand3 high, 4 and 5 years, full sisters. Bought in at $125. Cornet : Bay gelding, foaled May 1st, 1378, sired by Contractor, he by Ajax, son of Rys dyk3 Hambletonian ; first dam, Bona, by Blackwood, he by Alexander Norman ; second dam by Lost Cause ; third dam by 31am brino Chief. Bought by Mr. D. Lane for $250. Benton Boy : Sorrel gelding, 6 years old, by Gen. Benton. Dam, the first trotting mare Aurora, public record 2:27 ; she by John Nelson, son of imported Trustee. Sold to Captain Cluney for $299. Menlo : Blood bay gelding, 5 years old. By Mohawk Chief, he by Rysdyks Hamble tonian, dam Mater Occidentis (dam of Occi dent 2:lG'i ) . Gov. Stanford paid $20,000 each for Mohawk Chief and General Benton. Withdrawn after one bid of $300. Alabama : Bay mare, sired by Robt. E. Lee; he by old St. Clair ; dam Melinche ; dam of Frederick Crocker, 2-year old ; record 2:25. Knocked down to Mr. A. Jaeger for $230. Clementine : Public record, 2:21. Brown mare, 15 H hands, by Addison, Jr., he by Addison, son of Old Vermont and Black Hawk. She has won over fifty races, and $35,500, in stakes and purses, retiring with a public record of 2:21, which mark she was then, and is still, capable of lowering. Bought in at $575. Bell Boyd (thorough-bred) : Blood bay mare, black points, 5 years old, by Springbok, he by imported Australian, dam Hester, by Lexington. First dam, Boydana, by imported Knight of St. George son of Irish Birdcatcher; 2nd dam Sally Wallace, by Star Davis; 3rd dam, Evelyn, by American Eclipse; 4th dam, Hannah Maree, by Gohana; 5th dam, Sally Marce, by Caro linian; Gth dam, hy Imp. Jack Andrew; 7th dam. by Imp. Driver; 8th dam, by Imp. Fearnanght; 'Jl)i dtn, by Imp. Ariel, son of Merton's Iuij. Traveler; 10th dam, by Gaino's Careless, son of Imp. Obscurity; 11th dam. by Imp. Janus. Sold to Mr. S. Parker for S295. Thorough-bred bay filly, foaled Jan. 24th, 1882. by Shannon, full brother to Molly McCarthy, Shannon by Monday; dam, Hennie Farrow, by imported Shamrock ; second dam, Ida, by Belshazzar ; dam, Boydana, (dam of Bell Boyd). Sold t Mr. S. Parker for $320. Brown Prince (stallion), bought by Mr. Tong Yen for $335. Sugar Extraction by Separation. A new method of sugar extraction has been worked by several German factories with satisfactory results. It consists of three operations, viz: the preparation of the caustic line, the formation of the sucrate by precipitation, and the purification of the saccharate. Australian papers must study everything to produce a splendid sugar at the lowest price, and those who do not so, but try to succeed by the rule of thumb management, are making a great mistake. Scientific as well as practical management is now wanted. As regards the above named system of extraction, the caustic lime in pulverized soon after leaving the limekiln, and is then placed upon a magnet ized surface in order to separate any iron articles. Caro must be taken to prevent atmospheric moisture in fact, the pulver izing operation takes place in hermetically sealed vessels. When the limo is thoroughly pulverized it i3 placed upon a weighing ma chine, provided with a revolving device which empties a given quantity into the saccharine solution. The precipitation o the saccharate is effected in a cooling macerator. Sundry pipes circulate a cool ing liquor, which keeps the saccharine so lution at a very low temperature. Above the macerator cooler is placed the pulver-ized-cau8tic-lime-measurer and two largo tanks; one for working the molasses, and the other for water to dilute the molasses and to wash the press. A given quantity of dilute molasses 25 hectolitres containing 7 per cent of sugar. When the solution reaches a very low temperature in the cooler 5 kilos of caustic lime is added at a time, and in about an bur all the sugar is sac charate with an excess of lime. The cool ing macerator is duplicate in form; one ves sel i3 emptied by an exhaust and force pump, at a pressure of one or two atmos pheres into filter presses, the other being filled in the meantime. The liquor con taining five per cent of. sugar flows from the filter presses into a waste pipe. The liquor that afterwards runs frm the presses is used for diluting the molasses to be mixed with caustic lime. Tho sacchar ate remaining in the filter presses is pure white, and contains 100 parts of sugar to 130 parts of lime. If the molasses worked represents five per cent of the weight of the beet, the saccharate obtained is mixed with the beet juice. In cases where the molasses have to be worked at once for its sugar, it is necessary to separate the saccharate ex cess of limo by mixing it with weak juices. The tribasic saccharate is transformed into a calcic-mono-basic and hydrated lime, and the latter is easily separated by suitable filter presses. The liquor from the latter appa us contains all the sugar and only 30 pari3 of lime to 100 of ugar. The resi duum is then washed, which contains four per cent of sugar. Australian Tropical Planter. e:lding the breath. Any one who lias tried the experi ment of holding their breath knows that at the end of, say thirty seconds, a painful feeling begins to be felt in the chest, which becomes more in tense with each succeeding tick of the watch. In forty-five seconds the head begins to feel surcharged with blood, and objects . swim before the eyes. If the experiment is prolonged to beyond one minute, there is an aw ful sense of suffocation, which would simply craze the experimenter did he not know that he could give himself immediate relief. Under the most favorable circum stances, in very exceptional cases, a man can hold his breath for a minute and three-quarters; if unable to breathe for two minutes the doctors say that animation becomes so thor oughly suspended that nothing but the most vigorous measures will re- store it again. But there are men whom practice enable to not only go without breath ing, but to exert themselves to a con siderable degree without air. Such is the old man Pelehu, a native Ha waiian, who, in 18S2, remained under water for two minutes and a half, and in the following year three minutes. Pelehu is a man 73 years of age, and has all his life been a fisherman. Wis record is beaten, however, by an old native diver at Huelo, Island of Maui, who was timed by .two persons while he went down in four fathoms of water, and worked on some fasten ings to a sugar mill roller that was resting on the bottom. He remained under the water four and a half min utes, came to the surface ' and in haled a few mouthfuls of air, went down again and remained five full minutes. This he did several times, until the gear was adjusted, and the roller lifted to the surface. , One necessary condition for the suc cessful accomplishment of these feats of endurance seem to be, here, at least, that the water shall be warm. On Monday last the water was quite cool, and the winning contestant in the diving match remained under water but 46 seconds. He was a young man, and complained of the cold. It would be interesting to know how Pelehu's record of three minutes compares with that of pearl divers and other professionals else where. HOW PLANTERS FARE IN FIJI. To make more clear the matters on which we spoke in our issue of Tues day last, we print to-day" an account of the new regulations as to imported laborers and their distribution in Fiji which were spoken of as "con cessions." This is, perhaps, giving more space to them than their import ance to anyone here warrants ; but further condensation seemed likely to preve nt them from being clearly un derstood, and there are, no doubt, many to whom they will be found of interest. The granting of credit to the plant ers is the only point in which these regulations have any appearance of liberality as compared with the'sys tem in vogue here. Such credit for a portion of their payments it is easy for the Government of Fiji to grant to planters. The original expense is provided for by a loan negotiated at a long date, and in the Colonies the Banks are always ready to accommo date the Government when funds are wanted before they are available in the ordinary course, because one (or more) of them alway3 gets the ad vantage of keeping the Government account. In all other respects the planters here are much more liberally and fairly dealt with than are those of Fiji in the like case. A "plain, practical, unpretentious peda gogue" promises, in view of the need of a personal pronoun of the common gen der, to represent the circumlocution he or she, him or her, etc., the use of nomina tive, se; possessive, sis; objective, sim, corresponding in sound to he, his or him. Father Eearden, who lately returned to America from Ireland, says he was utterly powerless to discourage Irish immigra tion. Every Irish boy and girl, he says, ha3 one desire foremost in mind, and that is to come to America. Tliv dt-uiand fr vi;.r.j, .i stiinulaut, during the- cholera bcare iu Europe, increased the price of the drug more than 25 per cent, even in English markets. Boston spiritualists have nearly finished a $250,000 temple. REST. Mary Clemmer. "Weep not when I am dead, dear friend, Sweetheart, grieve not when I lie low! While o'er my clay your soft eyes bend Remember it was good to go. "When low you press tho violet sod, "Whose purple tears ens tar my breast, Beloved, think I sleep in God. Remember such alone are blest. The perfect silence will be dear, How dear the chance of paLiless rest; And . , beyond all pain or fear. The perfect waking will le best. How dim this distant day will seem. How far the grief we sunr here! This life the mirage of a dream. Merged to a morning calm and clear. Drinking Ceremonies. London Brewers' Guardian. The custom of touching glares prior to drinking healths is very common in Eng land anil many other countries, ami espe cially in Germany. It is curious to trace how this custom has prevailed, and still exists, even among savage tribes. To drink out of the same cup and to eat off the same plate, was one of the ways in which the ancients celebrated marriage, and the wedding feast continues to be not the least important of the marriage cere monies to the present day. The Indians of Brazil retain a custom of drinking together a little brandy as a sign that the marriage is concluded. In China similar customs are met with. In the medieval banquets of Germany it was the custom to pass a "loving cup1' from hand to hand, but this gradually necessitated that the cup should be of enormous size, and thus smaller cups or glasses we n adopted, and the old custom was conformed to by the drinkers touching their glasses before drinking. The ceremony attending the passing and drinking out of the "loving cup, " as practiced at our great city festivals and at some of our college halls, is said to have arisen from the assassination of King Ed ward. It was then the custom among the Anglo-Saxons to pass round a large cup, from which each guest drank ; he who thus drank stood up, and as he lifted the cup with both hands his body was ex posed without any defen'e to a blow, and the occasion was often seized by an enemy to murder him. To prevent this the following plan was adopted: When one of the company stood up to drink, he required the companion who sat next to him to be his pledge that is, to be responsible for protecting him against any body who should attempt to take ail vantage of his defenseless position; this companion stood up also, and raised his drawn sword in his hand to defend the drinker while drinking. This practice, in a somewhat altered form, continued long after the condition of society had ceased to require it, and was the origin of the modern practice of pledging in drinking. In drinking from the "loving cup" as now practiced, each person rises and takes the cup in his hand to drink, and at the same time the person seated next to him rises also, and when the latter takes the cup in his turn, the in dividual next to him does the same. Influence of Electricity on liread. Pittsburg CJommercial-Qazette. A communication has been sent to this office which, to say the least, if not quaint, is decidedly original, and if followed up promises to revolutionize ihe bread in dustry of this and other countries. In fact it would seem that there is in store for the people the stern necessity of seeing to it that every man knows his baker and that the aforesaid man of kneads is a per son of good morals, in fact a man after his (the bread eater's) own heart, lest bv eating the bread the consumer partakes of the nature of the baker. The communication is as follows: To the Editok of The Commercial, Gazette: I have for some time been studying animal electricity in its various phases, and the result of my investiga tions leads me to believe that it is possible for human beings to impart electricity to fellow men in ways that would at first thought seem highly improbable. Espe cially is this possible through the medium of breadstuffs. In fact, it is impossible to eat bread without partaking of the -Masculine electricity of the baker who kneaded it, and thus in time the consumer takes on the disposition of the baker. The theory, of course being, that while shaping the loaves of bread, while yet in the dough, by contact with the same, the baker im parts to it a portion of his nature, which lies dormant in the baking process, but mak ing itself felt in the system of the con sumer. Villainous Ablnthe. Chicago Herald Interview. " What is your opinion, doctor, of ab sinthe as a beverage?' queried the scribe. "Of all villainous drinks I think that is the worst. It is said to be good for diges tion. It is not. A fool paragraph in the papers the other day said it was a sure cure for cholera. That is just as much a mistake as the other. But I'll tell you what it will surely do. It will surely make the drinker a confirmed epileptic, and it will destroy all his virile powers. It is imported from France, and in its purity is composed of the essence of wormwood (absinthium). sweet Hag, aniseed, angelica root and alcohol. But like most imported liquor it is largely adulterated, and with the nioat deadly compounds, such as sulphate of copper, blue vitriol and chloride of anti mony. Its action on the nervous system is different from that of alcohol, and more nearly resembles nicotine. In a word, a more consummate devil of destruction could not be concocted by the highest scientific skill than is found in this same absinthe, wlrch many of our young men are now in Lie habit of drinking dtiify. r' Syracuse Herald: "Yes," she said to her escort as they glided around the rink, "I do so love roller skating. While you are sail ing around your soul seems floating away tow rd heaven and" Just at that roo iv.ent both of her solos floated away toward heaven and the rest of her smote tho earthy floor with a mighty smite. HOW BRITONS VOTE. The Leading Features of the English Ballot System. How tbe Voting Ticket Heads Select ing a Candidate The Check; Upon "Stufflns" Elaborate, Yet Simple. Luis Jackson iu The Current The distinguishing feature of the Brit ish ballot ystcm is an absolute prevention of such a scandal as . "stuffing" ballot boxes. A few days prior to an election the Liberal and Conservative committees post to every voter on the municipal or parliamentary official list, their campaign literature, oiiciting "your vote and in terest" for their respective candidates, and with these papers is sent a card giving the voter his ofti ial number on the list, and n voter's card or election ticket, which, though b -nis, is an exact imitation of tho ticket issueu by the government. On the day of election the voter pro ceeds to the polling booth, in the ante chamber of which he is confronted by the presiding election officer (usually the alder man of the ward or his deputy), who, in the presence of an authorized representa tive of the Liberal and Conservative par tics, also stationed in the room, asks tho voter his name, which the latter gives, and if he po sesscs ordinary intelligence, also gives his official number to facilitate search. The officer thereupon scans the list, and hands the voter his electing card or ticket. Personating is rare, the culprit, upon discovery, invariably finding him self sentenced to six months' hard labor within twenty-four hours. The voting ticket reads as follows: : i Counterfoil, No. 5,183. : : Darlington, Charles : . : "Wilberforce, John, .... : . . Put a x in the space opposite tho party's : : name for whom you intend to vote. If : : you sign your name or put any other : : mark of identification besides tho cross : : your vote is null and void. : At some elections, such as school boards, there may be twenty candidates for ten places. In such cases the voter is entitled to ten votes, and he puts a -cross against the ten names he selects. u If you put more than ten crosses, or more than ono cross against any name, your vote is null and void, but you can vote for less than ten candidates. w All these instructions are stated on the ticket according to the cir cumstances and nature of the election. Now comes the check upon "stuffing." The voter's number is, say, 780. The ( election officer tears out the ticket from his counterfoil check book. The ticket bears the number 5183, and on the counter foil only, retained by the officer, ho marks the voter's number, 786. The voter then proceeds to one of the ten little compart ments and secretly puts his cross against the name of his favorite, passes on, and, in the presence of another officer and the two political agents, deposits his ticket in the ballot box. If he, by accident, spoils the ticket before depositing, he can get an other from he officer, who, in the pres ence of the political agents, endorses the counterfoil "spoiled. w It follows, therefore, that if all the tickets were taken from the ballot box and compared with the counterfoils, it could be seen for whom No. 786 marked his ticket, and the secrecy of the ballot would be destroyed; but this is guarded against by the followinc arrangement: At pre cisely 4 o'clock p. m. Jkc ballot is closed, the box is sealed, and is at once dispatched by the presiding officer, under penalty of fine and imprisonment, rigidly enforced, to the mayor of the city. The counter foil check books are, under like circum stances and penalty, packed and sealed, and immediately handed to the postmaster, who dispatches them to the registrar of elections in London. By an elaborate, yet simple, process of counting at the City hall, in the presence of party representa tives, the total is arrived at, and the name of the elected representative declared. In the event of the election running close, and a question arising as to tho eligibility of certain voters on account of naturalization or otherwise, a scrutiny can be demanded, and. by a judge's order only, the London registrar i3 bound to produce the counterfoils, which can bo compared with the tickets held by tho inayor. If no scrutiny is demanded the registrar and the mayor remove the papers from their vaults at the end of twelve months, and destroy them. Georgia's money-Drawer. Georgia is not through yet with her wonders. A gentleman of Gainesville, a young man still in his teens, comes to the front with a valuable invention. It is a money-drawer so ingeniously arranged that by the simple pulling of a spring any piece of money, from a nickel to a dollar, can be secured at once, and also any amount of change one might wish, if desired to get change for any bill, in any possible way, embracing any number of coins of different denominations, it can bo obtained in a second of time, and there i3 not a need of glancing at it to see if cor rect, for it can't be wrong. The First Thermometer. Professor Tait. It seems now certain that the first in ventor or the thermometer was Galileo. His thermometer was an air thermometer, consisting of a bulb with a tube dipping into a, vessel of liquid. The fin-t uso to which it was applied was to ascertain the temperature of the human body. Tho patient took the bulb in his mouth, and the air, expanding, forced the liquid down the tube, the liquid descending as the temperature of the bulb rose. From the height at which the liquid finally stood in the tube, the phj'sician could judge whether or not the disease was of tho nature of a fever.