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THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, DECEMBER 23, 1884
Make street is Leins graded from Kincr street clown. It needed it bad enough. On the lust day of the year, Qaeen Kapio lani wilt receive the ladies and children at the Tahici from II o'clock a.m. to 2 r.x. The barometer has resumed its usual healthy level (3'J-OS), the sky is clear of storm clouds aain ; the proposed hnna was a failure. Thiush tho politeness of Mr. C. J. Lyon we an: informed that the lowest point reached by the baroius:e- waa 2.70 at 12 uuou, on Tuesday last. The Captuiii n the I'ele could not tind the piir buoy Tuesday ivht-n they returned from t.viu ir.it the CmsuL-ii. It probably broke uJr;:t iluri the nitum. It ins bvei: cI--.'iiied itev-ey.-virj" t ) shut off the v. xUii- front tb; drinUin uwiih for hory-js on King srrtset. to prevent thv. danger of the auiiualj c&tchin; the iainiers by u the su.ine trough with other.. About twenty of li-.- Ueiu.cra.t.1 of Hono lulu tact iir. tht- Art:iiry last Vcdut'..daf but its tUi.-? i::-etiuj,' had not been called by the committee appointed tu e.trry out itj. pro prosed objects, the gentlemen iresenf voted to adjourn, subject .tu the call of the Chair man ox -aid committed. Say the j.sjKjaititm Uuiletin: llie public laiud iuskle of. 2ew Orleaus is grad ually becoming re-assured upon two of the most important points connected with the Exposition. Firt, the buildings will, bo ready in time. Second, the outsido world will r.'-t be plundered by the natives during t.'it Vi-.it. Now is the best possible time of the year to get. rid of old rags. In the first place, everybody is buying new clothe-, and clear ing up for the winter. In the next place, they are wanted very badly at the Branch Hospital ; and lastly, they will be called for if left at the office of this paper. Make up your bundles and send them in. One effect of the strong southerly wind we arc having in to snap off thousands of small branches from the trees. The prevailing "trades" cause tho foliage to be more in clined to grow on the west and south, or "lec" sides of the trees, and when the wind attacks them on that side they break very readily. A correspondent is informed that the Chinese date from the accession cf the pres ses Emperor. Kong Shee, to the imperial throne, this being the 10 th year of his reign. Eut their chronological records go back to twenty-five hundred years before Chris, which makes the present j-ear the 43Sith of tho Empire. Tueday morning last 2Ir. Jack Fnrvis, an iron-founder, employed in tho Honolulu Iron Works, while leaving the "Old Corner," after finishing his breakfast, fell in an ap poplectic lit, and was, at first, thought to bo dead. He was taken to the Hospital, where, after some little time, consciousness was restored, and ho ii now pronounced to be out of danger. . Lato reports from the Leper Settlement show that, as far as the death-rate is con cerned, the mortality amongst those there is not fo great as it is elsewhere in these Islands, tho average being about 1 to the 1000. In short, it may added, Dr. Arning, tho specialist in tho microscopic investiga tion of the germs of this disease, finds it difficult, in view of this fact, to procure subjects."' The hkating rink is open, and if it is pos sible to keep out hoodlums with their at tendant rowdyism it will bo well patronized by a respectable class of patrons. All last week there were quite a large number of spectators there, and they seemed to enjoy the pport very much. There was one brutal attempt mace to spoil one skater's sport bj trioping him up; but it is to be hoped that the vigorous action of the police in tho fu ture will prevent any repetition of such wanton and dangerous mischief. Messrs. J. A. Cruzan and E. C. Oggel have issued their prospectus of The Friend for the coming year. There is but little doubt but that these two worthy pastors will make The Friend as valuable iu .the future as it Las been in tho past. Tho vol umes that have already been issued by Mr. Damon will ever remain as tho most valuable ones for reference, in regard to the past events on these islands, to be obtained. The future issues will, probably, contain some new features, and as a distinctively family religious newspaper bo welcome in every home. A fine specimen of the "frigate bird," Antagor aquila, was blawu on co the reef yesterday and captured by a native boy, and brought to the Advertiser office. This bird is wholly black, excepting a patch under the throat, which is naked, and capable of being puffed out. The wings measure, when extended, mx feet from tip to tip. srtd the long, powerful b;ll, with the tip abruptly hacked, is capable of inflicting a powerful bite. The tail is deeply forked, the longest feathers measuring over a foot in length. Tho feet are semi-webbed, and S the toes aro tipped with strong, sharp claws. "When angered, tho short feathers on the head aro raised, and the round, bright, black eye3 glitter fiercely. ) The supply of fih at the market is good and abundant this year, and carp are being added to the list. The work cn the Honolulu Almanac and Directory for 1885 ha3 progressed so far that the publisher announces that the list of those who wish advertising space will close to-day. Mr. Mellis will commence next week filling up his list of subscribers. There ha3 just been handed in a notice that the Deedf Firddaliadasth Amaethyd dol Dloegr a Chymru for 18S3, is now ready for subscribers. Apply to J. Walter Jones Zsu, Bargyfocithiwer o Gylchdaith Deheu dir Cyrmru. The auction sale at Lyons &. Levey's last Thursday night was well attended, and toys went off at astonishingly low prices. At the rate at which they were fold it may be con jectured that the young folk3 will have the material for amusement to last thern throughout the year. The Y. M. C. A. held a meeting lat Thursday night, which was quite well at tended, lloutine business was transacted, and the committee appointed for that pur pose some time ago, were empowered to secure the service of a tecretary vice C. S. .Mason, resigned. A sugar plantation has been started in tho "Northern Territorv" of Australia called the Delissaville Sugar Company. It has a capital of 20,000, which has been spent in erecting a mill and planting and taking off the crop from 200 acres of land. Tho total yield was twelve tons of sugar. Th company think of trying another locality George Augustus Sala, whose "Echoes of the Week" published in London Illustrated News, are so extensively read, will, in due course of time, visit these islands en route for Australia. He will sail from Liverpool for New York the day after Christmas, :and lecture in all tho principal cities from New York to San Francisco, on "Life as I have seen it." It is rumored that tho Government of British Guiana, South America, havo re quested n. E. Inouye, Minister for Foreign Affairs, to allow 2,000 Japanese to be en gaged for service in that country. Hitherto Chinese havo been employed, but the Gov ernment appear desirious of getting rid of the Celestials and substituting tho more hardy sons of Japan. Many thanks for tho suggestion, neigh bor, the matter shall havo our thought ful consideration. No more shall you see "Merchant street at times filled with scraps of paper from our office." Meanwhile per mit the remark that tho reason we gave for horses being frightened loses none of its force from the fact that some of our waste paper flies about. It might have originated in the Bulletin office, and still have been called sensible. One gentleman, who has his own ideas of comfort, bought two of those 4xGrugs at the sale night before last, and, as an example of bow quickly good work, both as regards size and quality, can be turned out here by our local workmen, it may bo mentioned that he was wearing a new pair of slippers last night made from those rugs, the pattern a bouquet of gorgeous flowers being finely displayed ia its entire tj'. "And do you know," ho exultingly said, "there's enough left of tho material to make a good-sized pen wiper ! " From the captain of the schooner Kawai lani, that arrived here from Hanalei on Fri day morning, tho report is received that last Tuesdaj morning, about 7 o'clock, the sohooncr Kekauluohi was dragged from her anchors (she had two dawn at the time) while at her anchorage at Hanalei, and went ashore on the rocks, becoming a total loss. At the time, the Kekauluohi had about 100 bags of sugar on board. The Kawailani was only saved by being towed out of the harbor by the Bishop. The wrecked vessel was owned by Messrs. Allen fc Eobertson, and was partly insured. The bark W. II. Bessie, Captain Gibbs which has been expected here from Fort land en route for Hongkong, was spoken by Captaiu Crane of the Haleakala, off Molokai, on the 12th inst. From the fact that the Captain requested to be reported, and the vessel has not rrived, Messrs, I. W. Lainc & Co., the agents, have no doubt but that she has gone on. This will be a disappoint ment to the Chinese, as Mr. Laine reports that about 100 had intended taking passage in her. Preparations had also been made to supply tho Bessie with water, but tho presumption is that Captain Gibbs con cluded that the detention here would not pay. Itev. W. A. Swan, B. A., who has severed his 'connection with Iolani College a its head master in anticipation of his near de parture for tho Colonies, was made the re cipient last Friday, of a handsome silver watch and a memorial ring, inscribed "Aloha." The gifts were accompanied by the following letter from his late pupils: Bev. W. A. Swan Dear Sir: Before you leave us we should like to tell you how very sorry we all are that yon are going away, and to thank you for all you have done for us. We hope you will be happy in the mis sion you are leaving us for, and that you will accept this small gift as a token of the Aloha your former scholars bear you. The Bulletin commenting upon the Ai vektiseb's statement that "one reason why so many horses run away is that they are frightened by bits of paper flying about the streets," advises that we set the example ourselves, and instead of sweeping proofs and copy into the streets, have it kept in a proper box. One reason why so many horses run away is that they are frightened by bits of paper flying about the streets. When it is re membered that the prospect of having to "meet a piece of paper" will often scare an intelligent man, it is is not to be wondered at that horses start when tho paper litter from an office is swept by brooms and wind into their faces. AT THE NEW HEBRIDES. A DAY IN TIIK FOREST. Mindful of the engagement to visit the forest, I am ashore at an early hour the next morning and II ml Jim waiting for me. The path winds over the broad plain that has at one time been planted with cotton. The old furrows still remain, and Jim -and I soon strike into what was once a flue straight avenue bordered with orange trees. The trees are now dead, or dying; the avenue is almost washed out of existence by many sea sons' rain; the house near the beach from whence it leads is in ruins, and the once highly cultivated fields around us are now covered with rank, coarse grass, or ranker, closer, heavier clumps of reeds. These clumps gradually grow more frequent 'and finally cover the whole flat lands. The path leads directly through this jungle for many rods, and we walk iu a tunnel, as it were, lined with reeds about the thickness of a lead pencil, and long enough to meet over our heads in a dense mass. It is very close and hot in here, and we are re joiced to get through and enter the forest. At once, upon doing so, our senses are enlivened by what we see and hear about us. The narrow track winds about as only a forest path can, and with every turn something new pre sents itself. Giant trees with smooth, grey, broadly buttressed trunks rise on each side, holding orchids and ferns in the hollows of every out-stretched limb. Noble specimens of the kauri pine are met with now and again, their rough, dark red bark exuding a clear aromatic gum, in which are entan gled hundreds of insects. Superb "crotons" in great variety of leaf and color attract the eye continually, and massive poincianas flaunt their bunches of gorgeous blossoms high in the air. Parasite plants twist and twine round all the tree trunks, and delicate vines clothe each bush and f brake. The variety in form and color is charming. There are clumps of slender bamboos with polished, yel low shafts piercing the foliage over head; the smooth, dark green trunks of crotons. whose branches bear bunches of lauceolate or ribbon-like leaves tinted in shades of red and brown, olive-green and crimson, al ternate stripes of gold and emerald, or flecked with yellow. Jim breaks off a bunch with leaves of brightest yellow, each leaf curiously crimped and loaded with a musky odor. This he sticks upright into the back of his waist-belt, so that, what with a crest of cock's feathers on his wooly head, bands of bright beads worked in a fanciful pattern on each upper arm, a pair of gleaming boar's tusks around his wrists, a turkey red waist-cloth, a scarlet hybiscus blossom stuck through each ear, and his long-handled tomahawk swung over his shoulder, he looked his soubriquet of "Jimmy the Devil" to the life. This amiable looking New Hebrid ean took charge of me. and evidently determined to show me everything that he could, and, as after events proved, exhibit me to all his country men oa the way. Though the path through the woods was open, yet there was so much to examine by the way that our onward progress was slow, and the halts quite frequent. From one great vine that fairly smothered a large tree in its embrace, were hanging pods a yard long, filled with round, flat seeds with a tough, glossy brown shell. These, I afterwards found, worked into neat match boxes and other trifles. The tree over which this vine clambered was in itself a study. It was a superb specimen of the wild fig (Jicusreligiosci) and was conspicuous from its size and its wonderful aeriel roots, each one a tree trunk in itself. The body of the tree one of which at least is sure to be found in every vil lage In the group Is made up of a number of trunks compacted together so as to form a massive fluted Doric pillar twelve or fifteen feet in diam eter, and forty or fifty feet high. At this elevation there springs out great branches that spread broadly on all sides, and from them drop aerial root? that soon reach the ground and form new points of support. Again and again do the great branches let down their supplementary trunks, through which they draw new life and vigor, until the far-reaching limbs, supported on these stately col umns, and clothed with a dense fol iage of polished dark green leaves shade whole villages and nourish a growth of parasitic plants orchids and ferns whose variety and pro fusion would a fiord a long day's study to the botanist or artist. Presently we came to a it yam patch." Here quite a large area of land has been cleared, the larger trees having been destroyed by fire. While they are slowly consuming the plot intended to be planted is enclosed by stakes set in a double row, close to each other, and the space between filled up by sticks horizontally until the fence is thoroughly "pig-proof." The stakes used are cut from a soft, pithy wood that takes root very readily, so that the fence, in a short time, is a dense, thickly-leaved hedge calculated to last forever. The ground is thoroughly cleared of all weeds and grasses, and by the time this is done the loose, friable, black soil is ready for planting. Small yams are selected for seed and planted whole in hills about six feet apart each way. Bun dles of long slender reeds are then cut and kept ready until the tender shoot of the plant shows itself, when a light frame-work, raised about two feet above the ground, is arranged so that the delicate vine that soon springs from the buried tubers can run on it. Great care is taken of the young vines as, should they be broken off near the ground, no new ones will shoot up, and hence the crop will be lost. Advantage is taken of this pecu liarity by those who wish to injure a neighbor or rival, or by inhabitants of districts hostile to each other, one person being able to destroy the year's supply of food of a family in a few minutes. A "year's supply" is spoken of, as the yam takes that length of time to. mature; hence a twelve months is called a "yam," and as the natives save out of their stores barely enough "seed" to plant once they generally have to go without this, to them, most important staple of food if the one crop fails. While passing by one of the yam patches I paused to pick and eat some small round tomatoes which I found growing wild. Jim watches me curi ously.' 'That fellah-boy thing good!' he enquires. "Good, yes; don't you eat them?" " 'Pose woman cook um, me eat em ; no cook um he all same bullimacow." (Bullimacow is raw beef.) "What's name that fellah-thing?" "Tomatoe." "To-mah-to; bloody fine name.'' The path leads now along a beauti ful stream running rapidly in a broad channel worn in the soft soil, the banks fringed with ferns and aquatic plants. Near us on the right is a deep shady gorge from which the delicious ly cold waters issue, and with a little trouble we climb into it and seated on a huge fragment fallen from the cliff above, rest for a while. Opposite us the noisy stream has worn away the steep bank until it threatens to drop into the hurrying waters. The margin of this bank is fringed with streaming tresses of a delicate bunch grass, and gracefully drooping ferns. Standing in quiet pools just out of the eddying current, are clumps of superb achroslicums growing some ten feet high, each cluster of fronds terminating in a group of fruitful pinna?, clothed on one side with a golden yellow velvety coating of seed vessels. Thic' iy carpeting the higher bank an abundant growth of long, coarse grass hides the dank soil, while every projecting rock is overlaid with moss es and lichens. Clinging to the sl-n-dershrubs that spring from the num erous fissures in the ledge of rocks above are thread-like vines that bear on the end of each delicate down drooping filament a pendant of green seed-vessels that swing to and fro in i the faiutest breeze. Standing upon the flat top of the ledge of rock are many noble trees, whose crooked roots clasp tho cliff or cling to each other; here undulating over the massive rocks and thrusting themselves into each crevice, there stretching far down straightway co the water, and then throwing out a hundred filaments that the current draws down stream, or tosses in tangled heaps upon the beach. Over shadowing all is the thick foliage of larger forest trees growing on the summit of the ridge, their canopy of leaves mingling with those clothing the branches of others on our side of the stream. Besides the infinite variety of gnarled trunks,grey, crooked branches and many fantastic forms of exo genous growth, there are palms with smooth, white shafts, tree-ferns with slender trunks deeply .carved in a pattern as aitfietit as the carbonifer ous age; ptniiai, whose fallen leaves have left the trunks from which they have dropped, curiously market! with diamond-shaped scars; the broad and banner-like leaves of bananas dip ping and waving in the breeze that stirs them, and the variegated cro tons, glittering bamboo streamers, fluttering tufts of mimosa leaves, and swaying groups of heavier foliage into ever-shifting combinations of form and color, light and shade. Jim points to some butterfly flit ting about. "Yon like him fellah boy?" and upon my saying I would, he breaks oil a leafy branch, and dashes after the pretty insects. His quickness of eye and hand is very great, and how he manages to dodge in and out of the undergrowth with out having his fluttering waist-cloth or tossing cocks-plume torn off is a wonder. But ho does, and comes back now and then, bringing between finger and thumb some new speci men of Lcjndoptcra. One has large, blue-black velvet wings, with a spot of royal purple on each one. An others wings are white, edged and veined delicately with blue; while a third, quite smr.ll variety, is all blue on the upper side, and silvery grey upon the lower. Jim captures them by beating them down with his bunch of leaves, and very soon I shout to him to stop, as his rough hunting ruins the insects as specimens, and their life is too full of irrace and inno- cence to be wantonly cut short. Jim a true savage doesn't care. rni l . a a . rney are " no goou," as no says; mat, is, .hey cannot bo eaten, and their painted wings aro too frail to make him ornaments. He would drop his tomahawk head upon I the pretty creature, opening and shutting Its wings iu tho spot of sunlight bright ening the end of the mossy log on' which it has nestled, without a thought. Crossing the stream which is done on Jim's broad back and climbing the bank we come at once, and alto gether unexpectedly, upon another yam patch, where are working a dozen or more natives. About the same number of dogs start, yelling and baying, at us. The men each seize a musket or rifle that they liF.ve ready at hand, while the women and children dodge behind tree trunks and brush heaps. For a moment things look squally, but Jim roars out some kind of a greeting that seems to re-assure everybody, and the next minute we are surrounded by tho whole party dogs aud all and shake hands with two or three wild looking customers, who broadly hint that a little "baka" would be acceptable. No sooner have they secured a bit broken off a plug than at least one hand of each of the rest of the crowd is thrust forward in supplication, aud it is only by adopting the in genious ruse of flinging a handful into the midst of them that we man age to effect an escape. Jim laugh's boisterously at the sight of the strug gling, fighting crowd, and remarks pleasantly, as we move off, "Bymby fellah-mahu club all fellah-wohman boy take all he baka." "The men wont kill the women, will they?" I ask. 'No bloody feah!" he answers, "got plenty work fo' him" (that is, the women) " 'pose him yahm all plant I don' know maybe he chop em women, 'pose he too sa&sie." from which infer I that the women would not be cut down with toma hawks, even for the sake of the to bacco they may have secured, be cause the yam patch wa3 not yet planted. To be continued.