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THE PACIFIC COMiilEIiCIAL ADrEETISEE. DECEiilBEE 23, 1884
9 5 V'v r" r i y J I if ; f - v--r i ' r, ; . .f v r i I V 4 t i 3 AT IK: U r : ' f . 1 1 COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER. Tuesday, December 2X. 1SS1. OUR RICE TRADE. The general results of the Reci procity Treaty in the increase of American commerce with these Islands havo often been exposed both by Honolulu journals and by thoie of S;m Francisco more espe cially by the Sun Francisco JfercJi an t. Every detail, however, which can be added to this showing is of interest, ami may be of value. We have, therefore, pleasure in publishing be low i tabhj compiled by Mr. K. Iinde mann, of Kauai, showing the range of prices for rice in tlje San Francisco market before and after the treaty came into operation. To this table some explanatory notes are added by Mr. Liindemann, which we als print. Together, these demonstrate very clearly that whatever the ad vantage to those Islands our increased production of rice, fostered by the treaty, has been a distinct boon to America. Although it may be said that a Jarge quantity of our rice is consumed by Chinese in San Fran cisco, it yet remains true eyery one of liie million and a half of the popu lation of the Pacific slope has had one of the commodities most univer sally used for food cheapened in price Though the number of Chinese in Oregon, California, Nevada, and Washington Territory is undoubtedly considerable, it bears but a very small proportion to their total population. The benefit here, as in other depart ments, of our commercial intercourse with America under the treaty has been enhanced by the profits accruing to citizens from the carriage insur ance, commissions on sale, etc., lor which our rice crop pays tribute to them. ror Hawaiian hick. c . 1S70 7.SG 131 - S.'M 1573 7.5-' 1874 7.70 1875 - 7.50 187S 7.29 X377 - . 1 1S73 - -...6.o4 1S79 1 SO - . - t 1S31... 1832... -5 20 ias: M ..5.00 joi: cmsA kice. 170 6-b(i 1S71 '-i lt73 . - J-g 1S75 - - - J--J J876 1S7I -.t- UZS - 6.8 t7 . 1 1SS0 6.1J 2S3 - COMPABATIViC PiUCKS. Ulshcr. Lower. 10fi 1S71 ::::::::::::: 1571.. . " 1575 ld7fi I.".' 177 J-' 1S73 - Jsso - Ml ol'J 13 r l,i ; c-' Average diCcreacc for seven years plus 1.31 ici&ta treaty ; for last three year3 minu3 0.19 -eq'aals 1.S3. ' Average prico of Hawaiian rice for sevcu years before ireaty, 8.02. Averase prico of llavraiian rice for seven ycais after treaty, 5.70. Average price of rice during the last three years 5.18, or 2.84 less than before treaty. The rice has been cheaper during the treaty $2.32, but during the last three years 52.S1 per hundredweight. The latter com parison is the more correct one, as only now the full cJfect of the increased production in ccn sequence of tho treaty is manifested. Well, then, it is clear that tho United State3 fcavo made an excellent business. Before the treaty nearly all the rice was shipped as paddy," and paid Hi cents duty per lb. ; but as 4 lbs. of paddy make 3 lbs. of rice, the duty per pound of rice amounted to 2 cent3. This, after the treaty went into .effect", the United States Treasury lost ; but the consumers of Hawaiian rice in the United States bought it S2.32, and during the last three years $2.81 per hundredweight cheaper than before the treaty ; to the United States, h a whole, thero a clear gain of cent-, r-nd 0.81 cents respectively per Ixundredweiht of rice. 5U the Hawaiian rice-plantersre not bene fited by the treaty, wherefore do they then rjira for tho prolongation of it ? They receive nothing more for their rice now than befc-ro tvo treaty vet they are benefited. Should tho duty bo put upon the Hawaiian rice again the price would not go up immediately. but only after all the plantations had been baukrnpted, and one-half of them left un cultivated ; then the diminished production would command the old price again. A eteady, if low-priced, market for all they can produce is all the benefit the rice-planters receive. But it is not quite right to compare the price of Hawaiian rice before the treaty with the prico of Hawaiian rice after the treaty. The price of all rice is lower now than it was before. China rice is not quite a3 good as Hawaiian rice; but the Chinese being ac customed to it prefer it, and do not buy Ha waiian rice unless it is cheaper. The greater cheapness of Hawaiian rico has also depressed the rice of China rice in tho San Francisco market. How much I could only ascertain if I hud al.-.o at my disposition the prices of China rice of tome other market. ly the thf table we find that for seven years before the treaty the Hawaiian rice averaged 31.31 higher, and for the last tnree years 0.49 cents lower than China rice. This difference of ?1.83 i.'i favor cf the consumers Hawaiian ric-- is clearly and wholly the effect of tho treaty. As 2 cents duty has been released there- is a difference in favojof Hawaiian planter of 0.17 cents per hundredweight. This apparent loss is more than made up by the profit the United States make in carrying our rice to market and milling it, and by the profit of the trade induced, and oniy made possiblo by the existence of the in creased rice production at the Hawaiian Islands. Even this most unfavorable com parison, which neglects the lowering of tho price of China rice in the San Frncisco market, shows that the United States have been financially the gainers through the ti-iatv, s fur as rico is concerned. ' CURRENCY. On this subject we heartily endorse the article which appeared in last evening's Daily Eulletin which, to usea colloquialism, has 'taken the words out of our mouth." We were much surprised to hear that a prop osition to put a value of 80 cents on the silver dollar had been ready for presentation to the Chamber of Com merce at its meeting on Saturday la&t. Knowing the men who com pose that body we venture to express the belief that a majority of them could not have been induced to coun tenance such an attempt to black mail tho shopkeepers, into whose hands our surplus silver currency has been drifting. Whatever steps the Government may have in contemplation to with draw from the hands of the populace the excess of silver coin will, we hope, be taken quickly. The suspense and apprehension in which that section of the community which is least able to tear it is being kept is injurious to business, painful in itself and the cause of much objurgation. The time is one of actual emergency. It was impossible suddenly to change from a silver currency to one of gold with out a certain amount of trouble. The timidity of the Bank, which is afraid to take in from its customers even as much silver as it ought to have on hand to meet the average require ments of those who do business with it, and the malignty of such harpies as those who were wanting to per suade the members of the Chamber of Commerce to put a value of L eighty cents on the silver dollar have aggravated the friction of this impor tant change in our customs. With the Government rests the task of putting things straight, eise the har pies .just alluded to will manage to gobble up some good profits. MONTHLY PAYMENTS. The plan of having monthly instrad instead of quarterly settlements of accounts is one that is quietly grow in favor in Honolulu with good re sults.; For a long time small dealers TiavcTinsisted upou the enforcement of the "thirty day" rule, and now the larger firms are wheeling into line. As a rule those who present their bills at the end of each month find but little difficulty in effecting a prompt settlement, but there are still some who growl at the "trouble" it gives to pay out what are, to them, small sums, but which very often are important to the creditor. It is taken for granted, too, that the system of short credits enable the seller to place a le.s price on his goods than he can if Jn has to add ninety days' interest to the cost, and though there is, in fact, but little difference now between 'be long and short term prices, yet this will follow the nearer we come to "cash" transactions. Quite a number of establishments in Honolulu settle with their em ! ployees weekly, and it i really the cash they disburse, together with the amount say $30,000 paid as salaries by the Government each month, that make the bulk of the money received by the retail dealers, who are the ones most directly interested in the prompt and frequent settlements of their bills. Those concerns that pay their em ployees weekly will necessarily be much relieved by u general change from quarterly to monthly settle ments, and the whole communit3 will be better off" the nearer it ap proaches to the financial millennium of cash payments. THE DIES. Tiie Hawaiian, by implication, asks this journal to tell where the dies are from which the Hawaiian coinage was struck. Perhaps the editor of that sheet would like to know where the crown jewels are, or who keeps tin keys of Aliiolani Hale. The object of the article is so plainly the making ot malignant insinua tions against Mr. Gibson and Colonel Spreckels, we decline to allow this j paper to be the medium for any reply to so malicious a question. CORRESPONDENCE. We do not hold ourselves responsible for the statements made, or opinions expressed by our correspondents. IIaxa, Dec. 17, 1881. Your correspondent at Ms. Editok Sir: liana, calling himself Hoaloha, presents under date of 4th inst. what he calls a state ment of facts in relation to what occurred here on the 4th inst. As there is always two aides to a story, you will please allow me to reply in your paper to Mr. Hoaloha,Iu order that the deficiencies in his letter may be come clearer. Commencing at the commencement, I would inform you that at Mokae, liana, there is a tract of land called the Ainahui, granted originally to eight natives. For a number of yea.rs I have held partly by lease, partly by purchase, , a little more than one-i half of said land. Tho remainder of the land is held by Mr. Hanuna for the benefit of the Mokao Sugar Company. Since 1878 about 20 or 25 acres of the best plough land was taken possession of by said Hanuna, whereas I had only about four acres under cultivation. As it became clear to me in 1883 that it would be impossible for me. to get a fair share of the land for cultivation without a division according to law, I wrote in August, 1S83, to Mr. Hannna, pro testing against his further breaking up new land; and on the 20th August, 1S83, 1 pe titioned to the Honorable A. Fornander for a division of the hui land, having previously got consent thereto from the lessors. Through advertisements the owners of said land were notified to meet at Hana, by the Honorable Judge Fornander, on the 31st October, 1S33. All parties interested were there represented, andnemine contradicente Judge Fornander proposed that Mr. Hanuna, President of Mokao Sugar Company, choose one commissioner to divide that ainahui, that I should choose another commissioner, whereupon the Judge appointed the third commissioner. This being done, the Hon orable Judge instructed all parties inter ested in the land division not to plant on any new land on tho ainahui, until they knew from the decision of the Court whether such new land would belong to them or not. It would seem natural to ex pect that reasonable and fair-minded people would comply with such a plain and straightforward request, and that Mr. Ha nuna, especially, would do so, as ho for a number of years has had the lion's share of the best land to cultivate there. But Mr. Hanuna did not think proper to follow the Judge's advice. During November and De cember following Hanuua and Cumming3 had a new piece of huiland planted, and part of this, with about one and one-half acres of cane on it, fell, to my share on the final division. The judgment confirming and approving the report and division of the commissioners was rendered in Court at Hana on the 14th April, 18S4. If then Mr. Hanuna had any claim to make or res toration regarding the cane planted on my land, why did he not make such claim theu and there? He knew well the land that had fallen to my share; he knew that the land had been planted by his men under direc tion of Mr. W. H. Cummings pendente lite at a time that he had no right to plant tho cane. Doth Hanuna and Cummings went into this planting with their eyes open. Your correspondent, Hoaloha, says that Cummings had the rght to take off the c:;.n." which he had planted. I do not see where he got that right from. He might say, by and by, that he had a right to take otT the rattoons also. If now any one of my friends should say to me that I wouldn't lose much if I had given up that cane, I will simply state what occurred here a uhcrt time ago. On a part of the kuleana, where Mr. Cummings lives, I have for years past planted about one-talf acre with cane, by permission of a native, to whom I paid annually $2 for taxes on tho land, but' it so happened that said native was not the owner of the land. Mr. Cum mings goes to Hawaii and leases or buys tho kuleana from the proper owners. On his return he tells me "that he will not bother me about my cone on the land." So I had it stripped, expecting to grind it with my other cane close by; but, behold, one line day Mr. Cummings had the cano cut and carted to his mill without saying a word to me about it. In dealing with such men I prefer to give them all what they can claim, but p-'at erea nihil. Now, as regards the riot at Hana on De cember 4th, I copy below the report given by iuy assistant manager, Mr. Tooniey, Jwho was present on that occasion: nrpor.T. Abou t 25 Nov m be r the cane if he would was willing, but said: I offered Cummings furnish plants. He "If you cut the cane Hanuna will sue you." Wednesday, Dec. 3d, two men went up to cut a lane through the Mokae cane. Hanuna came and stopped them, telling them that they had no busi ness there. The two men came and told me so. Mr. Bille and I went up thero in the afternoon, passed by Hanuna's house, and started cutting on the line without inter ruption from anybody. Thursday, Dec. 4th, Seat a native luna and five men up to cut the Mokae cane for seed. A Portuguese crowd and two lunas from Sugar Company came up, my men, and one of Reciprocity surrounded the lunas fired off a revolver to scare my peo ple kway; 10 a. ai. I came out there and all hands were cutting my people and their people. I sent for six mule carts and six bullock carts, and 17 men to cut the cane up for plants. I asked Joe Cummings what ho was doing here on our land. He said ho was cutting the cane belonging to Recpty Sur,' r C j. on land belonging to them. Told him u w Cue land did not belong to them, an i fuif her told him that he had better take hi men homo. Told him also that ho knew very well that the land was allotted to Mr. Unna by the division of the Commissioners and the Courts. Showed tho two overseers the boundary line; told Cummings to go down and ask his brother to come up so that he and I could settle tho matter. He said he was instructed by Hanuna to cut tho cane. 'He took hi3 men (about 40) away and went makai. When they went off my mule carts arrived; the bullock carts I ar ranged on the road so as to block if. The place where the road is belongs to us. I then saw about 100 or 120 men coming from tho Reciprocity Plantation with about 30 carts. Everybody from the engineer to the firemen, the clerk in the store, the black smith and Portuguese boys turned out. The same men that at first had been cutting cane came and joined in tho crowd with cane knives and hoes. Generals Hanuna and Kakaui of the cavalry force, and Road Super visor Kawaiku, Colonel of the infantry were there. I asked Hanuna where hq was go- in he answered that he was going to cart Of tho cane away. I told him that I and Cum mings settled, that thing the week before; but he still insisted to cross the road that did not belong to them and cart the cane away. I stopped them in a narrow place about 20 feet wide, and said that if they in sisted on going up they would have to drive over me. Colonel Kawaiku, a Government official, began to excite the natives with words as "Drive ahead, boys; drive over that damned haole. Hie him with the vhips, etc." Their point was to get up a general fight, and they allowed later that they came there for a fight if they could not get the cane. Kawaiku and Hanuna said, "Now is the time for haunaele. Then comes Quartermaster-General McCrosson (Engineer of the Reciprocity Sugar Co.) at the head of a small detachment of mule carts, singing out, "Drive ahead; drive over him." ne tried to pass me, and I stopped him and asked him where he was going, ne said, "he was going to cart that cane, by God." I told him that they were trespass ing on land that did not belong to them, and that they had other roads to get to their cane than going over our land. I asked him if he did not feel ashamed of himself a3 a white man, to mix himself up in such a crowd and come there to kill one man. He said they did not come to kill anybody, but to take the cake I told him it looked very much like coming to kill when 100 men came with cane-knives, hoes and other im plements, and he (McCrosson), Hanuna, Kawaiku, and lunas exciting the men to drive over me. I further told them that if they wanted the cane they would have to sue for it. In the meantime the carta tried to get up; but I drove the leaders down so that their own carts blocked tho joad. They made the answer that they were ready to fight any time the Hana Plantation gang was willing. 1 told them we were not going to fight. I was alone, standing on the road, trying to reason with them, and my men were up in the field, and I, when I saw tho crowd come, went down to tho road to meet them. Then comes Mr. W. H. Cummings, and he excited the men to drive over me, and I asked him if we two had not settled thi3 matter before; but he did not answer, and seeing that his carts did not follow him, he went back. I cried to him that we too could settle tho matter without further bother. I told him again that if ho would give me seed enough to plant a 10-acre picco he could take the cane, which he agreed to. I asked him for hia writing to that effect; ho asked mo if his word wasn't good for it, and I said "No." McCrosson said he would bo witness, but I told hini that he had no busi ness at all about this cane; that the only way to settle this was to take a business view of it, and that if he wanted to give me seed and Leep tho cane he would have to give his writing for it. Then we went .home to Mr. Cumming'n house, and he gave me his written agree ment to let the Hana Plantation have, frto of charge, seed enough to plant. thtir field, at Mokae. Our carts and men left tho field. I made their men understand that they were doing wrong, and it was only becauso they were afraid of the law that thoy did not obey the order of their leaders "to drivo over me." (Signed) I). Toou:v. P. S. When your correspondent, Hoa loha, offers jo give a statement of facts, it would look better if he did so over his own signature, rather than to hide himself under a now do plume. There are several facts that Hoaloha has omitted: First: To state that Cummings, with his crowd, came on my land, not only as tres passer, but also as rioters. Second: That the Cummings crowd did not find opposi tion from 100 men, but only from ouo cool and determined white man, Mr. Toomey, our assistant manager.who stood hir ground o the last without budging,, and with only bullock carts at Jhis back to block tho road. Third: That Mr. William Cutiimings in signing the agreement to furnish u plants free of expemso did only what wo de manded on November 25th or thereabouts; but that he in so doing decidedly showed the tshite feather. The manager of tho Reciprocity Sugar Company, his lunas and followers aro wel come to all tho crodit thoy can get out of this disgraceful affair. The anxiously awaiting stockholders in tho Reciprocity Sugar Company would no doubt be woro benefited had Mr. W. Cummings and bin crowd stayed at home and kept their mill going, instead of engaging in a criminal at tack upon their neighbors. Respectfully Yours, A. Unna. i Another .Second Thought. Mr. Editor Dear Sir: The articles iu tho Guide, moro particularly the one of Dec. 11th, appear to me to bo nothing moro than the worst kind of exaggerations, and hardly worth noticing, but that tho Blue Ribbon parties may know in how little esteem they stand before tho world let them read tho following from the London Times: "Wear ers of the blue ribbon," it says, "aro in tho main persous of inferior physical develop ment; and, if wo may judge by their facial expressions, are not remarkable for intel lectual power. Our civilization produces an abundant undergrowth of feeble bodies and lop-sided minds, people whoso indi vidual significance becomes less oppressive to them when they fancy themselves mexn xbers of a great organization. Their vanity is flattered by the idea that they cao set an example of superiority to others. These aro the people who become ' an ti-vaccinator8, anti-vivisectionists, or teetotalers, or all three. Asa rule, they are persons who do not require alcohol, sometimes because a strong digestion enables them to tako up sufficient nutriment in other forms, and sometimes because their capacity lor exert ing force is so limited that they are com pelled to be careful in consuming the mate rials by which it is supplied." Tender on the above, poor, weak-minded dudes, and remember that it was to those of well-balanced minds, but weak stomachs, that St. Paul advised to tako a little wino for the stomach sake. Aft-'EMCAX VOTEB. , An Explanation and Apology. This office owes the Bulletin an apology; and it is going to pay it if it takes all ono side of this Daily. The puzzle sharp (who is retained by the Adykbtisrb management at an awful expense to solve this sort of thing) was sticking type at the time the Bulletin was handed to him, with the remark that answers were expected in five minutes. Without interrupting the steady stream of type flowing from hi3 case into his stick he yelled out tho solutions faster than they could be written down. Innocently enough, the city editor hung the solutions on the local hook, and, without any thought of it3 being pre mature' the foreman lifted them into the form, leaving the pressman to get it on the press, which he did without re flecting that the publication might bo premature - and tho small army of carriers (" premature " youths) that Mellis employs laid the solution before a waiting public. The explanation being given, tho apology follows. Consider it made, oh Bulletin (it is to bo hoped was ' prematu rely'1) r-nd, utder tho chcum stances, consider it ample. Give U3 some thing easy. V r i ; t .. . .