THE PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADYERTISEE, DECEMBER' 23, 1884.
Report or C'nptain A. N. Tripp, Ills
Majesty's Special Commissioner
to Central ami "Western
Honolulu. Hawaiian Islands,
June 17th, 1881.
To His Excellency W. M. Gibson, Minis
ter of Foreign Affairs, etc.
Sib: I have the honor to report that,
in accordance with instructions received
from the Foreign Office July 31, 1883,
and in conformity with the tenor of the
Royal Commission held by me, as His
Majesty's Special Commissioner to Central
and Western Polynesia, I visited the Gil
bert group of islands, and had the honor
of presenting His Majesty's autograph
letters to Te Taikea, King of the Island
of Apiang; Nantiti, King of Makins, and
to Tim Benuku, King of the Islands of
Kuria, Apamaina, Aranuku, Maiana and
Nonute. From them I received replys,
addressed to His Majesty, which,
with others, I have the honor to enclose
herewith to Your Excellency.
At Apiang I employed an interpreter,
Mr. Randolph, a trader, who has been
long established on the island, and
through him made known His Majesty's
wish to establish friendly relations with
the King and people of the islands.
The resu't of the interview was that the
letter enclosed, marked 'A," was pre
pared by the King, with the advice and
consent of his counsellors, and signed by
him, his uncle Ten Nabana, and his
brothers Ten Taakai and Teng Kabana.
It was reported to me that the principal
chief of the Island of Tarawa had been
killed, and the Prince Tintinaworo was
then living on Apiang, leaving no one
ruler over Tarawa.
Leaving- Apiang, I arrived at Makins
August 21th, and was received by King
Nantiti, in the large church building in
the principal town, Butaritari.
On this occasion Mr. Paul K&noa, the
Hawaiian Missionary stationed there.acted
as interpreter, and there were present be
sides the King, his brother and his grand
father, with the head men of the island
and a large number of people. The King
was accompanied by a guard of honor,
and upon the conclusion of the interview,
three cheers were given for King Kala
kaua, with whom many of those present
ore personally acquainted.
The reply of King Nantiti to His Ma
jesty's letter I enclose, marked lB.n
On the Cth of September I touched at
the island of Onotua to return labor
and found that the Government was
Tested in . the 4old men.'' They met at
intervals in the Council-house, each dis
trict. : acting independently of the other,
and made such laws and inflicted such
fines and punishments for misdemeanors
as seemed good to them, and in this man
ner preserved a tolerable degree of order
amongst the people. They expressed
themselves as willing to set up one of
their own number as King, if they had
proper guidance and advice to enable
them to do so.
AtTaupatuea, where the Julia landed
seme return labor on the 7th, I found the
same state of things existing as at Onotua,
and the -wants of the people to be the
same. An English man-of-war, the
Espiegle, Captain Bridges, had been
at the island a short time before,
and had enforced a fine of & largo amount
of coprah in payment for articles stolen
from an English trader resident there.
On September 24th I reached the Island
of Kuria, and was received by the King,
Tim Benuku, who also rules over Aran
uku, Apamama, Maiana, and Nonute. I
found him to be a very intelligent man,
well educated, and fully alive to the ad
vantages of being connected in terms of
friendship with the King of the Hawaiian
King Tim Benuku has inherited the
sovereignty of Apamama, Kuria, and
Aranuku, and acquired by conquest the
supreme control over Maiana and onute.
He is by far the most powerful of the
.reigning chiefs in the group, and is en
deavoring to introduce as many of the
ruling customs prevailing in civilized
nations as are practicable in the confined
area, both physical and geographical, of
The interview with the King took place
in the Council-house on Kuria, and was
largely attended. The King has a very
fair knowledge of the English language ;
"but I thought it best to employ an inter
preter in order that the purport of His
Majesty's letter might be fully under
At the close of the interview, the King
requested the ' old men'' to give their
opinions in the matter, but they signified
their entires willingness to abide by his
decision, his word being " the law."
The King then ordered a variety of
presents to be brought forward, and re
tired to his house, where he wrote his
reply, marked "C.,;
The Julia then left the Gilbert group
for the Fijis and New Hebrides to procure
While in the latter group I studied the
political and social condition of the race
the Papuans inhabiting theui, and found
that each island, and, generally speaking,
each district, had its own petty ruler, who
held the reins of authoritj' either through
fear or by sufference.
The condition of the people is very low
in every respect the language, even, is
not the same throughout the group, and
in some localities that spoken on one
part of an island is not understood by
those living on another part. Cannibal
ism prevails, and, 60 far, it would seem us
though the efforts made by the mission
aries in the group to Christianize the
people had not met with a satisfactory
measure of success.
Upon my return to the Gilbert group in
January of this year, the Julia was un
fortunately wrecked on Byron's Island,
south of the Equator.
I then considered it my duty, as Captain
of the vessel and Government Agent,
responsible for the sixteen laborers ob
tained in the New Hebrides, to remain
with my people on the island, while I
gave instructions to Mr. F. L. Clarke
who was attached to the Expedition as
Secretary to the Commissioner to take
passage in the American bark J. W.
Seaver, which touched at Byron's Island
the day after the Julia was wrecked, and
to endeavor to procure a vessel to take my
people and myself to Honolulu. Mr.
Clarke was empowered by me to act in
this matter as my agent as captain of the
Julia, and a'so as representing His
Previous to Mr. Clarke's departure, I
deemed it advisable to call the head men
and people of the island together, to lay
before them my commission, in order that
they might more clearly understand that
the Hawaiian Government would be fully
informed of their acts for good or bad
towards my people and myself.
The meeting was attended with good
results, inasmuch as the pilfering of stores
that had been saved from the Julia was
temporarily checked, and some articles
already taken away returned.
The head men of the island expressed a
wish that they might be included in the
number of those who had sent letters
to His Majesty, and evinced an intelligent
comprehension cf the objects of the mis
sion. Mr. Clarke took his departura on the
18th of January, and on the 17th of Feb
ruary fell in with the Hawaiian schooner
Kaluna, Captain Lovell, with whom he
arranged for our passage to Honolulu,
I having advised Mr. Clarke to make the
best of his way to Honolulu, should there
be a reasonable chance of his reaching
there before the vessel he might charter;
he did so, arriving at the Hawaiian
Islands again about the middle of April.
I was obliged to remain on Byron's
Island ninety-three days before the Ka
luna's arrival, and arrived in Honolulu
Mr. Clarke, while in the J..W. Seaver,'
re-visited several of the islands in the
Gilbert group, and I extract as follows
from his report to me:
"On Jan. 20th, touched at Peru Island.
I found tnere a trader named Fraico
Vallerio, a Tyrolese, who informed me he
had been appointed . by Captain Freeman
'Commercial Agent of the Hawaiian
Gov't for the islands of Peru, Araria,
Tamana, Nukunoa, Onotua, Taupatuea
and Nonuti.' He had proposed a feder
ation of the above named islands and was
flying their (proposed) flag of six alter
nate red and white horizontal stripes
with a star in the center. He reported that
the EspiegoX had enforced a fine here of
thirty tons of coprah in consequence of
the natives having stolen articles from the
wreck of the brigantine Orwell,' which
was lost on this island Aug. 25th.
"On the 23d of Jan. arrived at the
island Nonute, where we found that there
had been some hard fighting in December,
1833, between a party of returned laborers
belonging to Tarawa and Apiang islands,
who had been left there at their own re
quest by Captain Holland, on the occa
sion of the Julia's previous voyage a year
ago, and the people of one of the districts
(Mr. Clarke procured from one trader
living on Nonute a full account f the
war, written before the Seaver touched at
the island, which I enclose, marked "D,''
and also another account trom another
trader, J. J. Gleeson, which corroborates
the one enclosed.
As will be seen from Lowther's state
ment, the war was ended by the subjuga
tion of the island by King Tim Benuku,
who is now its ruler.
Mr. Clarke further reports: .
"On January P,0th, arrived at Kuria
and King Tim Benuku came on board. He
expressed his regret at the loss of the
Julia, and tendered the hospitalities of
Kuria and Apamaina to me, and endorsed
my Commission as Hawaiian Consul for
Apamama, and gave me a letter to the
' Governor he had placed in charge of
"Feb. 4th the Seaver arrived at Apa
mama, and I presented King Tim Benu
ku's letter to the Governor. He imme
diately placed at my service all that he
had, and gave me to understand that the
King's wishes were law to him."
"On the 13th I arrived at Tarawa,
where I found that there was no form of
Government, save that exercised bv a few
few 'old men,' who acting sometimes in
accord, made laws and regulations.
Mr. Haina, the Hawaiian Missionary,
called together thos9 old men, and they
expressed a wish to send His Majesty a
letter which I consented to be the bearer
of," (Letter marked "E.";
"They evidently desire that some
arrangement should be made, by which
they can secure a good Government,
and be safe from raids made on them from
'While at Tarawa I met Capt. Lovell,
commanding the Hawaiian schooner
Kaluna, and effected an arrangement with
him; as per agreement enclosed.
" On February 21st I arrived at Makins,
where I found that King Naitete had died
on February 7th, and his brother Nabuku
tokia had been proclaimed King during
the minority of the Prince, Nan Tiata.
The Prince is now about 15 years of age,
and lives with the King. King Nabnku
tokia received me at his residence, and
entrusted to my care a letter for His
Majesty, which I enclose." (Marked
' F.") .
From Makins the . Seaver proceeded to
Jaluit, Marshall's group, and thence to
San Francisco, from which port Mr. j
Clarke reached Honolulu.
In reporting to Your Excellency upon
the mission, I beg leave to present the
following as the conclusions I have arrived
at in reference to the future of the Gilbert
The people of the greater part of
the Gilbert Island group have been taught
for the last thirty years to look to the
Hawaiian Islands as being the source from
whence has come to them all they have of
Christianity, and consequent civilization.
Their language has been reduced to.
writing, and books have been printed for
them by the Hawaiian Evangelical Board.
They have had teachers sent to them who,
are native-born Hawaiians, and the in
fluence and example of those teachers has
done, and is doing, very much to raise
them socially and morally in the scale of
The Gilbert Islanders have of late
years been brought in contact with for
eigners of all nationalities, who have come
to trade with them, hire them to go abroad
as laborers, or to live in their midst. Of
the latter class there are a few who lead
respectable lives ; but the majority, the
natives have learned to distrust or des
pise. The natives "have but crude ideas in
regard to self-government. With the ex
ception of the islands ruled over by King
Tim Benuku,. and King Nabukutokia, it
can hardly, be said that there is any
government in the group.
The Kings and Chiefs whom I met all
spoke with one accord of their desire to re
ceive counsel and advice from His Majesty,
and the time seems to have come when
the Sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands
can, by a judicious exercise of kingly
wisdom and experience, materially assist
the Gilbert Islanders in becoming a happy,
Left to themselves, they will waste
away through civil wars, and before the
foreign influences for evil that have found
them out evils that the missionary can
not, unaided, banish from those coral
I have the honor to be,
Your Excellency's most humble Servant,
A. N. Teipp,
H. M.'s Special Commissioner to Central
and Western Polynesia.
Below we publish the letters ?ent
by the Kings and Chiefs of the Gil
bert group in reply to letters of amity
and friendship conveyed to them by
Capt. A. N. Tripp, H. H. M. Special
Commissioner's well as a memorial
addressed to Mr. Clarke, as Secretary
of the Commission:
Koixa, Apaiang, August 20, 1883.
Kalakaua, Kixg of Kixgs :
3Jv Good Brother, I note what you say
through Captain Tripp. It is excellent. I
desire that you bhould assist our land, for
we desire to be under your rule, in the same
way that you are under the rule of for
eigners. (Signed) TE KAIEA, King of Apiang.
( Tex Nabcka.
Chiefs Tex Toakai.
Feom Naxteiti, Kixg of Butaiutaki
Makins, Aug. 2oth, 1883.
Nantitr, by the Grace of God Kins of Butari
tari, to His Majesty Kalakaua, King of the
Greetixg With great regard I hare re
ceived your Commissioner, Capt. Tripp,
who has arrived here, and has handed me
Your Majesty's letter, which has been read
before me and my people, being translated
from the Hawaiian language to the Gilbert
Island language by the Rev. J. M. Kanoa,
and we have heard every word that is writ
ten in the letter.
I wish to express my good feeling towards
your Commissioner and Assistant.
I take the lesson from Your Majesty's
letter as the foundation for my government,
and as an expression of good will between
Your Majesty and myself. I have received
your Commissioner with gladness as the
one who has Your Majesty's confidence.
I therefore place my full confidence in
Your Majesty, and hope that you will be as
a father to me and my people.
King of Butaritari.
Apemama, Kuria, Sept. 23, 1883.
Kixg Kalakaua :
My Beloved Brother, May you be in
health in God.
I have received your letter. What you
say is good, viz., that we fraternize with one
another, and that we agree with one heart
to love ono another in truth.
Kalakaua, let us assist one another in
looking after those of the Gilbert Islands
which are bad.
Tarawa is the only island that is bad.
Do you then settle upon your day for
righting matters there, for you have ships.
And when you have fixed upon a day for
settling its matters, do you come to me first
in order that I may prepare my men to ac
(Signed) TIM BINOKA, King of Ape
mama, Kuria, Maiana, Arenuka, ,and Na
MEMORIAL from A. T. JLoivtlier,
Resident Trader on 2Va ISfaute (or
Sydenham Island) Gilbert
Na Naute(ob Sydenham Islaxd,) )
December 24th, 1883. f
F. L. Clarke, Esq. Sir: Last November
a civil war broke out on the island of Na
Naute, Gilbert group, fbet ween the residents
of this island and some people from Apiang
(of the same group) who had been to the
Hawaiian Islands on a labor term of three
years, and having a quantity of arms and
ammunition, they very easily became mas
ters of this island, driving away about 25
canoes, containing some 200 souls. These
canoes reached Apamama (or Simpson's)
island. The King of that island, Tim
Benuku, took up their cause, and arrived at
this island on the 6th of December in the
fore-and-aft J schooner Kate McGregor, of
Auckland, commanded by Captain Hay
ward, and sailing under the British flag.
At daylight three boats belonging to the
schooner landed about 150 native soldiers
belonging to Apamama,, who made war on
the Apiang people, and utterly destroyed
them, several being killed and wounded,
and their wives made prisoners.
About 5 p. ar. King Tim Benuku declared
himself King of Na Naute, and had shot four
men in a canoe and wounded another.
Throughout the day and night of the jCth
about forty lives were destroyed by the
Apamama Island people. The 7th and 8th
were given up to plunder, conoes being
taken to carry away the spoils, and houses
were burned. My house was robbed of
about thirty chests and their contents,
the property of natives who had left them
with me on storage. I also lost two of my
own and other items. Some of the natives
of this island were compelled to go on
board the Kate McGregor against their
will, and if they refused they were shot.
On the night of the 8th I complained, by
note, to Captain Hayward. He then hauled
off his vessel, which was full of food and
plunder, her decks being crowded with the
besiegers and their prisoners. My note was
read to King Tim Benuku, who then, in a
great rage, ordered the male prisoners
ashore, but kept the women and children.
I had my boat alongside the schooner about
9 o'clock that night, and took a great many
ashore who were thrown overboard from the
schooner by the Captain and the Apamama
natives. The schooner left during the
night, taking away, I should judge, about
150 people belonging to this island, and
leaving behind about 20 of their people.
From the 9th to the 11th this island was
in a state of confusion and terror, the Apa
mama people who had been left here ma
rauding about, capturing people and taking
them to the south end of the island, to
await the return of the schoouer. They
also exacted cocoanuts from our people,
and stole the young women, not to gratify
a temporary lust, hut to take them to pea
at an after date.
On the arrival of tho French hark Da
Farcatte, La Noquctt, Nantes, with Lieu
tenant J. C. Garmier, do Fort Tahiti, I ob
tained the following information: Ho had
called at Apamama island, and had made
arrangements to bring hack hero about 30
of her people, and take on board tho Apa
mama people who had been left bohind by
King Tim Benuku and return them to Apa
mama. For his troublo ho was to receive
150 of tho prisoners taken from here, and
take them to Tahita for tho term of three
years to labor at the rate of $5 per month,
when they were to bo returned to Apamama!
The French bark arrived here on tho evo
ning of the 16th of December, and left on the
19th, with about 131 natives belonging
hero and to Apamama. The bark also
brought letters, and tho Chief Chamberlain
of King Tim Benuku, with instructions re
garding the government of this island.
King Tim Benuku lays claim to just one
half cf the products of this island to bo at
his disposal upon tho arrival of any of his
It may bo well to state hero that this
KingJ has been the legal owner of 60vcral
English vessels sailing under the British
flag, and is tho owner of ono at this time,
named the Sun Beam, of Auckland. Tho
Kate McGregor was a chartered vessel, and
has taken many cargoes to Auckland and
other ports, and it will bo tho duty of the
British Government to seo if this Kind's
acts were legal. We have several "of the
Apamama Islanders here yet keeping watch
over some prisoners, and the whole island is
afraid of them, tho people raking and
scraping together everything they can to
please them. My own losses will bo heavy.
The island has lost about 150 people out of
a population ot 3000.
You will be kind enough to give this letter
to any headquarters where it will be the
earliest received, for assistance we are really
in great need of.
Asia James Lowther,
From the Hian Chiefs of thf island of
Tarawa, Feb. 13th, 1884.
To His Majesty. Kalakaua, King of the Ha
waiian Islands. Regard to you, Your
. Majesty..." v' .V" " ' ... - -
We have learned this day Your Majesty's
mind, and we' wish to join together with .one
mind in this .work, that we may live and be
in peace , with 'each .othen We . wish to ex
prcWto Your Majesty our dsep aloha for
the kindness you have done us, and wo send
you our never.ending love.
(Signed) ' .'. Toaulu, the Chief.
Teriaku. the Chief.
Fkom Nabakatokia, Kino of Butaxitaki
Makns, Feb. 22, 1883.
To our Great and Good Friend King Kala
kaua, of the Hawaiian Islands, Greet
ing: At the present time I inform you, with
sorrow, that King, Nan teite departed this
life on the 13th of February, at the hour of
3 o'clock in the morning, while he was away
at one of the provinces of his kingdom, con
sulting with his people at that place'.''. The
God of Gods came while he was there and
ended his work in thik worldj to rest in the
I wish to inform you, with great respect,
that he has left what he had not finished for
me to do ; and that I place full confidence
nd regard in your aloha, and help' toward
me, the same &3 you gave to my predecessor
now dead, so that the love that binds our
people together may bo perpetual.
I further ask you, with deep rsspect, to
listen : Our heir to the throne is Nan Tiata,
who is 15 years old. He is granted per
mission to go to your capital city of Hono
lulu to study and receive education in the
English and Hawaiian, and any language
and especially to study military and other
And we wish, furthermore, to make known
to you that we depend upon your kingdom
to make known to us tho expense and cost
of this education.
And we assure you that the friendly con
sultation that has been carried on by my
predecessor with Your Majesty's Commis
sioner is confirmed by us with aloha.
King of Makins.
Nan Tl.ta, Prince and neir Apparent. v
AS BAD AS CHOLERA.
The Terrible Visitation or Hothwefft
crn ami lastern Kentucky.
Charleston, W. Ya., November 20th. In
formation from Perrysville, McDowell
county, in this 8tate, near the Virginia
border, gives a frightful account ofthe rav
ages of the so-called cholera in tho extreme
southwestern counties of Virginia and the
adjoining territory in Kentucky. Making
every allowance for exaggeration, tho loss of
life already hag been appalling, while the
condition of the anrvivors is terrible in the
xtreme. No r?a has fallen in the Cum-
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