VV lN I .. V .M"i:Sl.NU. PIXK.MIU.U li.
z.iz'--- '-i -" t .
" tHI! Vlrl!
AI herl "-' ' r,,V morning we lvn--!
list Ut-lf nt t f I '"' l'r hi. I re-
ritrI lnT rni .il-:i Ih t .1 u n tit fwirdl
t r t!j " N r 1,1 'l ' n 'v-l. tn.
r'r. it r ti:!vf f tui.iTiJ lnW.t. We all.l
u;), d t.'j A ' iit i ii I 4. . it In' .1 that h itf-p it i w.u.- In th ern.MerTlrn that he llvel eti
tn,, Ix k i i. whh Iii ! f r the p -i.l.i- .f j J'.v tli- ' t pr..f fit t-nti4rti- l.y nt r-
ths ! u .i i.t; at t'aat linirvic f im l the
t,.f..dthc.typ.p r.pr-..,,.ri.Iainon.- j
1,, mi üirü .r t.ri wirr t h If .1 Ii nt'i '
Ufl - ' - - - - - . - - - - . I
n nl tb rrioit tr tti; M ttXirj t
T . 1, ; . . . i'n, ,r
tin w t t nr)tl..iu' l'-, unl n wuu !
l'i it t!i JUrn-U !m ! ,1 v n Wci'Hi uli I
iuJU.ta tUt .!.u.nt t,.rrur.,r, f. It J
i i . . . i i
we 'i 'i: : !. J r .rr ' n nour f t tu
itrc t t! : :)! try n , "Ilxit U Lvtra:"
tttiuln rc'l ut U:H". W
ttit t!u Jj'tiH'il fiUljr, In fitt Wf
la thrn o bt-lly, t?it thry ran f.irrrly
refill" Ii v It tbn". We !rrn thit tlf
com;'clt',r In tint-ETiTercatunl!!-,! h u
t1. hrJ th! cry ,f HtKil.D rxii: r,o t
trtl.' V"t owf a l-t of jritltu to our
cciy-tit jri .tul iruu'n fr tlii Horjr,
nlil liffcHilln t".i f.rjct. To t!f Ini mU
t'! trrr.. (f .U.r. HaLL & llcicii.
ISvjS, t!i? i- O-ll: aro ln.M'l fr XU
ry bmr whi. h th l'n-il'lrnff !
ii.'i w.a Uu-., an I wo trut th lr
evtUiii will jm appr I t.l. Th Ida of
tUr Hi-iu' u t' itin tUe JjHrnnl (i hur
la XU- ltj!n? f nn F.trj cont tlnin? tlio rp -lJtul't
M i- u.l affni i)rcpntrou were
ri't t!iv fut j- it' iit 'i h a tti': rav. In
f. 1 1!" f'itly i-' x hit Ii mmbrra ff tl' Lx
llt ir' 1. -'I ycttTIiy aftcrn(xn to th lrei
UinV M ni Hin-ih tho IltnAt b; an-!
wr l"ni? t th'in anl th; thousand of our rlt
;ii n hi i"'-i vr.l the llr.RLU nt an early
h-.MT lü th'' aft nr'n; nhcthfr tholxiait whi b
w- )i tn.n li', that th IIckaLI Uti no f. ar of
rival. U wirrant'M. Vc lftt the Jnrj
bu 1 j t'-r-lty aftrrn n, thy Inj n inuiy
?nmpoitir nt rr w. ha 1. Th U tory
The l'rrtl jrnl'i Tlraaage
Wo h , 0 h 1 1 loit a tiiMUK iit'a time to Kln"e
merthii m ami )ti.!jr looked for document,
1 can r.t.t ii'' .v Lp'-uk detinituljr of it. It im.
I r-.s. 1 u a well wiitten Mate inpr. It I
d- i! v. ry 1.1:1. Ii In c n ral pa'.riutlo arnti-
hi n;. It d 1 ii -t n in to f.vor any romlU
ti.ii ( l rui.l;i.ii- u of Southern State but
ud-.itVn if tli- intitutlrn il ftmetidmcnt
0' )!!. lu; I iTeryi. not propon amriil-r-
it f r 1 .I i In; tli' lr reprcii.ntatioa
Ii fr I'ii'i4 th" '.notion cf ncro
?i:!r'" t th- ct it;s; In for of trying
it'itl l il ri.ffr tr-i'-oii In the iiil court;
u fvtM Ii. in. -i- ol l.iw f.ivon rcliK ini;
nrj t .", )' , ith l::nc to incrcia it to
, .) 1 -1 i : if : of it mt, nXt ) er alK)tlt,
r ; !.' '. -fnun irj lual return to apeclc
-.1 ir. 1 iT'l - i eiirrem v now U ?T ". V;
In tili i ".f. r frin th" (criwrA lanirunxo of the
M en t ituti'-n, thnt th lrT'Hriit f.ivor
twin,' l'niti-'l M tf om!: N In f.ior ef pay-
ill"? t!lC llcl.t, but "Xpr n tili Hl'iiil Ineoinr,
I I'.rii'.'iil ei.;..Iilii n Ii n rtilnly not
flatt riTj ; r. liti"ai with ..in. fort i'ii in.
ti' ii-. ijo.I; !.,it not v with Ilnl no I )'
lic tlihi,' of I'r .n r M"xiro; infVr nrl- not
in f ior of c:if r i:i Mviirov Io trim-, thouJi,
on this p iut, t!r? in U iiitl- tti.it. SpraL
kiii'ily ' f tii.j .WtUii ru wiiitn und M u k; it
l x - i i i ti .1 noMf eul'Vy ot our ll. publir.
Altfv-i thr, th i.i .-. i Impn -.-ei m ftr
a'.'v. :nl..Ci It fit eoUimit tl 1'rei.i.leiit t
inn Ii, w ' thin'. In wl.l -li wv vh nil. I find It
D4t'..M"y l i.ri.t hin, w hilt- it Ion rt hitn
o.j.-vf tunity to p 1 nitll th'- I i;1 oi'rift. W.
nre n t pj pr p ird to i-puL a ruin-t th-iii-i-i
.' '. Of rourv ervhoily w ill re.iJ it.
. AVor Uln men .Mrrtiiiz
Jlr. .lot vtiI v A. Frvuirn.l it.- of Fincher.
.''rit P. w .11 .i ldre- tie- w 01 kuu'Uien of thr
tlty.cnlH- r.iht Hour Sy!. 111. thii winin j
nt 1 1 -hi o'. l k. Mr. I'lvtiiru i an enttiu-;-at
In t!i en-. . m I ; a IvH" t-v. ry workin-
1. i .i;..fwUf tfn atU t.w Uini.
. LZj Live ten i .til the report of th'-Svi-tt
ry of War. but the erowJ.-J st it- of our
n4uMi: prctt-nt-t im iin an rxt.n-I.il
n ti -o. If th.- import ui'-r of thr report war-r.r.it-t,
we will uMih it in full; nc will at
Ic i-t ivc a yn p-.ii of it.
!T7"We nre ind ht. d to Mr. J. F. Wai.i.ck,
tbe r ntl 111 mly Mip rint.n lent of th; Tilc
priph I.ia-. f.ran adv.iu.c eopy of the Trosi
d nt'i M i-.-, th. K -port of th . Soeret iry of
W;.r, and (Jen- ral tirant'i K. port. Wt h.ivo
btn i:id,U. ,J t Mr. Wallack f .r nnny fi
a ors i.inec he oruph-d hi prernt position, and
tc thU opportanity to t xpn our tiYinl.
We rr py th fjlKw iiij from thr HrookUllr
Democrat. We nimply w lh to ak thii pir
tion: la (fiat circnl ir rctj c(tf, and acted up
tj in this county f
TO THE ASSESSORS AKT TAXPAYER." or
THAN KLIN COL'N.y.
A, thrre ein t) be anme niNunöVrst.mdinj:
with regard to th H-sc-xin anU tixation of
Bini notes tvmed bv the Government, the
t'otintr Auditor ha .uniiohrd ui the follow-in.-
of!ui il iliH iniK tit from the Auditor of Mate,
w hich we puMith for the leueiit of all con-
ciru J. ItH full and cxpli.it, and K:irino
tocai for equ I vocation a. to the duty of A:
. aor uuU UkX pavrr:
STATE OF INDIANA. )
OrrtcE or AcrtrR or state, v
lndi intpoli, Auft II, 10. j
To Coun'y Auditors : Frcgu nt letter of
inquiry froi.i County oilW r, and other, ren
d.rlt projMjr for in : tj inue instruetion on
th- f .ll-w 111 p. int:
I. Thre 1 nothing in the Act of Conn
ft'TTTlTUlut! iur i f I'niU-d Statt Trem--tiry
N't-i. wb l-h fvrmpt Mt.h note from
Mite, eoiinty or municipal taxation. Ae-
r, th-r l. re, are in-tru. trd t ijovern thnu-
l. o.t rJin.'ly, and ai rreaury otes
Iii.' am-- .1 oUI, mIwt. ..r other ni n v.
lUvi'i. 1-irut.j ' .Iii- AudiW of
f'a -r-it: prop.- to omit from th.' ilujdi
. tli- tixfT th r. li.f of vidier' fannil
I li e t i t itr tli it they tint- no ri.'ht or au
thority tvuind tbo operation vf the law, m
f u .- n ;ird th e. ile. ti -n of thr tax. h-"uld
til T.' !" I10 ft:oiil'i to re. -ein- it benehtl.it
w.i; ..-tlif prmnre of th l.rrNlature to de
t n:r;iv w h it otlu r Uipoiti.ii l.:ill U tnade
f tl.- f.uul. It iib.rlv thr Juty of tin
Au .111 r t .-nter tlii Itx ujKn th..- d'uplicate.
auU .1 tlie Ire iurrr toeolht t It.
V. M m Au iit r. hiun.; failed t" rretir
th.- l.i I ixm - lu tiiur.no :e!n nt
n..- 1 1.1 !,-. Ju a.U iac, it will be the duty
tl the I'rt;.urtr. under the ait approved
M r !i o. Is .... t . :.. alt i:k-k-. ami enter the
Vax up n th-:u- li. it. tioiil l any ijution
Hii" a 1 1 ii l .-ihtv, u, h .inunt will
dvj' tl ! I -..l'e l y Cio L.vi!ature at it
EtXt uI U.
im rt :.-. tf .il! v,
T".l'.. Met" kt v, Audlt-.r of Stat.
A ln;ilnr Hlnndrr.
rTt . r, .!.iM ... ........) ... ,.l.. .r.
1 ..r i' Mi..u.v'.i 1 until1 Ti.li . 11 un .Iii- 1
t :-.:iati t '".:''."! .1 r. 1 : the f :!- v ..,.-:
lhi Trunin? It !r-i-' .' '.li f n-is-"-r P-psrt-i:
..; i ently r.. o! Mud J- r 1 1 - 1 :-. : i j -i l
i -s. i. r thii it . .1 wonder it .1 i.. f . ,. .
t . hi s.Ms.e on.- of the man? all h- in ti-ne
:h. re; utati-n of trt; . ,.i'.lib!u i)t.
e r ! :,:-i , -j-hnn! manner la vv;,;
' '' t'. -it tnr Frii'tini i;irr;iU u.:J
; : in' ti w.'.Le in tli -i'.it-.1 M it
s u. sth. !! ir!.. f r i:itta . of :L ir
l i w I; i Hi uiV thousand
. . tie v wanted, at any
ii il ti t- . . ll.t ii tli-
"..t n i i.u-.l t..l. that '
''.. i ! 1! thr wvrd
1 t'i-.t tli
'-. t. 11 ii .!i.i
t ili '
r.i.l.t 1.1 . 1:1 t ;i :.i
t. u I. jut
t v. . 11 ... !.,.;
Ii ; i ' .v, . 1 . r
s.rtfd upon is-
1-. tu. r tin. It '
id 1 . ;:t " e ; 1 1
t.ct 1 . . ;.r. I
fjui. d i:tit I 1 j I r-
. ; i .t et t:;--
it 1 !. r-r ui' t ' .
- . ... i ..- vv r i .
'lb- U-1 I f Frint.il To.
: ..: ii'. -.i a 1 :i.-ri
i I . Iii ,1;) l ..I
a:, i 1 ti :t a. . I'.a! t:'. r
. 1.. v 1. 1:1 i. a ti
vi.!., r.'t .
i.Mii in- 1
:r? w .i.ii.t. .
It o.t III limr t m
ur';i4i4 1 u-i 1 t j
.ii. iut y,'j.i i
-i.e.. tli- I , -. 1 r I , . 1 , , t
"ii, th- w tr r tu!- r 1
d'r.-x Mirli,l.. m.;,, .
MeU-cGv, ao X nh taa par . L' ra i'.t i of rl i-
trirv p r.r. iil r'-t'rtn tr...- Ivit.o r. rp-.t..
A tu- Ji.j ui'.c J-i 1 .1 -tr.t..' A li:.ii.i.itrat:.-ii
I'aps". 11 uUU ia t.-TUOt.'jiit.
ULiT'Arr' r.'m; 1 1 t?.e r. ou t t-..r'i. Ih- i .-1
Wrreiu IVj. .i-I ra.ln t-1 om;Hr te-1 radw j
In tl. ' IVt J .M it. s. e- tili.' s'..m.-.k..i.i... ar:'i
) luib s uu j. r v.trii te 11. lu l.'s tLi 1
w.-rc I- . t ihre- liiih; m 1'. si: in li,
U-'j, fci-d ta i.4 Th.lc. tin at Uritaln
Las T.KJ t,
. .a.. .
-.es; Gt.r!iiAUT, s-,0.J, auJ 1- rance
and ?! o J:cj,-rt4tnt.ilit0tr
To ei prt- i:rjtit)j In t (h, in tin nine tf
the I- :dc, f r th; jrm rvntl. n cf Iii tinted
M.t.a, my fSrt ifutf In l lrlnif you. I Kir
Ui"i'.'LU itl rcrt io Uir death of the Ute
l'i -l l nt üy n a 1 t f rrri. Mal treason. Thr
irri f ( f t-' nti ii I tili fr.-.h; It fin 1 ,iue
tn on the rmevtrj terra of tb CLL f Magls-
tr.. y. t i will Ii h. had lren .h trd : thst he
Oruu Lttlit-il.il war t ibsUntlally to W;
t h tt Li w -a. -! tle-ir. I In call ... - u
' '--- in II II V ,JF
1 n 1 l" l ' ' r4tlon Uwv nnJcre.l
J"'l"r l" l'i"'1 Hl nninal rjt upon
im1 imx.ti auv in- -f Li IT-.1. r To
irui t u, ii.jrt nj ronO
''T" WJ" Rrf Ith me In tli.
rl u" l-i'rtiii. M f ...iniiirtit, an.l th
U lut oii . ay In wl.l Ii I -.tn h to Kln
tbilr ftteofirr alj; It I, tu tiU; wlUi franl-im-
tli' ;inui lpl hli h kuUj my rJtit.
uJthilr a((ii tiua to tU rrtitt täte of ai
fun. w. II aA tf llit th ttl) lm- y of my la.
ljr, will. In irrr.it mraaurf. Irjx-n.i ou your
ud Uitlr UQiiit lUcU jLi'rouAliuO. .
Tbe Unl.n of thi Cnltl Ma'r nf Amf-rka
wa InU n.JrJ l,y It author to lat l.i a
llio ltca lli'Ui I v v li.til t.kt. L Ii loll
hall t iMiritual are Ihn word of th .'n
frli ration. Ta form a mop jM-rfn-t l.'nlo,"
t-y an orJ.uan'-c of the ikx)JU of the L'mtJ
t.itr, I Üio dd Ur' J I'UriioK! of the Culi.titu.
lion. The LanJ of It inn rrol.l.-n km
nerr niure j.Uinly IIM In the Affair of
men than In the framlii,; anJ tlm aJftlni( of
iut tntnimrnt. It I, Nrond itinpirlon,
im grraifBi evtni in AtinTK-an nuiory; ana
InaVt J I it not, of ail vnU In moilt-nt tiint a,
the moit prti4nt with rouwjucnr f.r every
jro.l of Xh rarthf The inrrnhfrt of Uiat'oii
vrntion wi.Uh prrpar! It, troufht to their
work the eiH-rienr of tlie C4.nf1-.lrr1.tlon, of
tin Ir 'rral btntra, and of other llt uhllfiin
(iovt rnmrnt. old and in-w; hut they niI d
and thrjr ol-Uinod a wUdoua auTiur to exp
li.-nre. And hi-o for lt validity it rquired
thr ai(roal of a m-oo Uiat MTU'lrd a lare
part of a tontinMit and aitM 'paraUly in
many dNtiiirt contention, whit I more won
.i rful llxui that, rtr nrneat conU-nlien and
lone ili'ilon, hII ft-llni and nil opinion
were ultimate ly draw n in one way tu it up
port The (Jontitution to whlrh Ilf wa thti Im-
fKrtol oiiialn within lUoif aiaplc revnrce
r U own prrwrv Atioti. It ha Hwrtorn
forri) I If law, piinith trraoii, and t-naurn do
iin'kth' tranquility. In ca of the usurpation
of the o nimmt tf a UU by cn man, or
au olirchy, it UM onir a duty 01 Uie Lnitej
-titti to iu A good the cuariuitor to lint
state of a rrpubliran forni of covemmrut, and
to milntiln Um homogen. jiiiirn, of all.
P'x tlm lapw; of time r0vr.1l di ic tif A iin
pi !nd of ani-njrnrnt If proiIJrd In the
onauiuiion iwn, 0 ma u conuuicni can
alwitya he made to conform to the re-iuir-hietita
of ads am In 1 iviliatioii. No rHtu i
nllowt-d even fur the Uiftuht of a poitility of
iteoiiiin to an end. And th pow.-t a of
ef.j.rcserv utivu have alway Ixt-n aertnl In
their complete integrity by evcrr patriotic
Cldrf litraleby JetTcraon and Ja' k von,
h'l ie tinn hj aMii''ton ami Maduon
The parting advee of tho Ir ather of hi (Utun
try, while yt rrcsidrnt, to the people of the
L'nib-d Mate, wa. that "the free Constitution,
w hlrh 11 tho work of thHr Irirvlt, iniht be
aaernlly maintained;" and the inaugural words
01 rri-Hiuein jeueraon nt ia tip "tno irm rv.
tion of the lieneral (loverunient. In it eonti
tulioual vior, aa the ahet anchor of our e.v e
at home and abty abroad." the Cont:tu
tion I the work of "the lVuola of tho United
Mte.w and It ahould M a indeatnictible a
It i not itranzo that the franier of the (n
ttituiion, w hi h had no tnoJtl in the pat.
hoiild not have fully comprehended the vx-
iilb.n -e of their own work, trevh front itru'
te a'aint arbitrary Mwer, many patriot
iiti. red from harravinjf fear of au absorp
tion of thr Mite jo eminent bv the (lenend
(om nimeiit. and many from a dread that the
Mate would break away from their orbiu.
Kut thf-very i;reatuei of our country should
allay the nppn In uiuu of ncroai hiOetit by
the (Jineral Government. The ubject that
conn- uii'piestionably uitliin it juriadiction
ure1' minierou, th-it It must i-vcr naturally
ri fue to be enibarracd by puention that lie
beyond it. Wire it othcrwi.se, the Executive
would ink 1m neath thu burtl. n: XUm rhaniivN
of justice would lj choked; bxislation would
be obstructed by cxcens; so that there i a
're-r teuint itioii to ex.Tri- oiue of the
functions of the General (iovcrnmeiit throiu-h
the Mutt a than tu trepa on their rightful
sphere. The absolute aetpuic-irciiee iu the de-
-11011 of the luajoi ity" waa, at the bciur.inK
of theifiUury, enl'orwl by Jetre-an a the
vital principle of republics," and the events of
the last fur year have t-stabthdied, wo will
iiopr forever, that there lie no appeal to force.
I he iiuiiitiiiAhce of the L'uiou brin,'iw ith
it the auppcrt of the Mate (ovirnui nt in
II their n.liU;" but It ia not one of the right
of any M ite Government to renounce It ow n
pl.n r in the l'uiou, or to nullify the law of
the Union. The lari-st lilx-rty ii to lie main
tained in tin dieuion of the act of the Fed
eral (iovt rnuu-ut; but there is no ap-teal from
It laws, except to the various brauche of that
io eminent itsi If, or to the people, who rant
to the int 111U r of the Legislative and of the
Fecutie Iep.irtment no te nure but a limit
ed one, and in that mauuer always retain, the
powers of redrcKi.
Thu over U'nty of the State" i the
lantfu ix of the C'onfe.leraejr, and not the
laiutuac of the Constitution. The latter con
tain the emphatic word: "The Constitu
tion, and the law of the. United Mates w hich
hall Im made In pursuance thereof, and all
treaties made or which hall le made under
the authority of the United Mat.-, shall be the
supreme lavv of the land; and the judges in
every State shall be houud thereby, any
thhu In the Constitution or law of any State
to the contrary notwithstanding.'
Ccrtainlv the tioverniiient of the United
täte i a limited Government; und o 1 every
Mate Government a limited Government. With
us, tlii idea of limitation spreads through
every form of administration, general, state,
ami municipal, and rusts ou the icreat distin
KUihlmr principle of the recornitioo of the
rieht of tnsn. Tho nclent rcpuWici tbiorb-
ed me lndi v idual in toe State, pres. rilx-.l hi re
ligion, and eontrolled hi activity. The Ameri
can vtcm rest mi the a'ertion of the
e.pual ruht of every tuan to life, liberty, and
the pursuit of liupiuva; to freedom of oon
svience, to the culture and exercise of all his
faculties. As a conciucncc, the State (iov-
ernruent i limited, a to the General Govern
ment In th int. rct of the Union, a to the in
dividual citien iu the interest if freedom.
S ate, wi-.h (roiwr lim tiliou of power, are
rs-irr tial t tbt existence of the Consutution ot
ibe L'oOeJ Slates. At the very omrarnectnei.t.
hen we auniel ibe place tnonir the Power
of te einh.tte Declaration ol lLdtpeu.letice
wa adopted by Stile. o alan were trie article
of C uiiederation; n.d wbcu "the People of Ibe
United Sute" ortUiued and etblihed tbe
Conntitu'ion. it t.e srLt of tbe Siate.
one bv ooe, wLich K' it. vitality. Io the
etrot, to., ot au? amend meat to the Constitu-
mop, it.e pto;siiiii f Congreii needs tbe con
firm ton of Stite Without Ststcs. one
real trtivh t trie lecialative coreroeuei.t
wuul.ibewjnui.fr Aod.vf we look beyood the
letter ot the Cnsli'uliwu to t ie cbarcter of our
cout. tri.ii cipniiy lue comprebeudioi iltno
it jurnsiiciiou a -t cuulicetUl ecapire ia due
u the vi.tr in f Mate Tbe best seetirity
tor the rer?eiul ex sterce of tbe S:tes is the
"u: rtuie auihotii" of täe Cun.t.tutiwo of the
UiiueJ S ites I he perpetuity ol tie Cn
fiituti.ti lfii;i with it the perpetuity ol the
Stile; itx-ir rautu! rs-Utiou ni.ke us bit we
re. and in our plmval 'ttn tNeir coimexioo
ie whole c.ouot exist with
out the put, nor the part witUout trie whole.
So Iod a the Constitution of tbe Ut.it!
Mite rudum, the SiAte will endure ; tbe de
trueticrj of the one tbe deelrucnoa of tbe
other; tae prefer tiou of the one is tbe preser
vation of tbe otber
I haTPthus erplalrted my view of the niu
tuil nlation of the Constitution and the
Mite, because .py ur.fold the principle on
w hi, h I have s .u Lt to s.'.ve the momentous
( ..at. .-tu na and uurcuai Uie atipa.lm; diüieuU
ttes tnt met nie at the very comtnene .anient if
my administration. Ith les n my teadfat
j ot.;ret t " t cape fr .tu the sw.iy if tiutocutary
pii' n. an.l to d. rive a healin pt licv from
; tin- fundamental and f.udiaulng jrludpl s 1 f
I t" 1.11 I the Mite hiuTcrin from the effects
, . i .1 tiwl vvaj-. ltcit.u)4(- to th (tt-iii-ralli jv.
tjrnu.ri.t nrp'iir.iJ tj hate cihsutiil itielf.
1 I he l'tl?t:il -t itel had reiOvrU'd K.e,i..t. ,.f
tli- ir f..rtntl :.r--uU: mot tht-lr arrni- vv ere .
; in thr .ei upatiott 1 1 -v en M.ite w hu h ha 1 at- '
sit . tic. v. h. th. r the territory
vvitLin tlie liuut if Ilms Mat. s ahould be 1
h'ld a con , 11. red territ.-rv.
under military i
....liioinv e. 11. in lux:,; 11 vui u' i iitiutui 1 ui
hi ad 'f thr army, via the Ur utatirt tail
l is. nted ilailf x'r dis'ytm.
Now. n.ilitary royrrnrnit, et! lihed fvr 1
; -.was r, i ,i.s- i , n,j, .finite p,rl-t, wouU have oSiTed 110
; 0 th i t- lia i J , -tir.tr for the eurlv "Ji pres.toii if dis.oa
: An att, inj I t, nt; wmld Lave di'vidcd the p.ple into tli
th.iir n u aiit.i.,L.r. and the vau-juishtd; and would
! v.rv sj.iwli . ( L iv- enveu. !iii-U l.atn d. rath, r linn have re-
.'.i is lr. l I ir. ; r d n. . ti p.. im.- et. M:h d, n precis.
.1 line-ii.-ati .1 limit to thir tontinuinre was rcncrlvable.
l.tv t r; a v :.r ; Th y w uld b i e ,-4.i.n. tl an incaleulaMr
I !i ie Im t n ' and exh iu!ineis-ne. 1'e .ctf jl eni-r.iii. n
t.i :i!id fre'.ll that J- rLuil of Lac Cwunlrv 1 one
f thr U -t tueatis that eai t o LhoiU'l.t of fi r
llie - ret rati.n of Jjvnncny; and tnat fffli.-ri-
tl'.ll WoLi.J have IhsU lreVilltrO; I T Wlilt
tiniratit frmn abroK!, what industrious eiti
i v. at li linr, would place hiia-.lf will;:u-l
und-r tuilitary rule lhecl.i f i-rii wb
vi .ui 1 have t ilowed In the tram if thr army
would l.ave leta i.ep-ndeat on the Grin ral
G-.v .-rumen t, or n -n who exi-oct! prwtit from
tl.- mi.. 1 u f th. tr erriat fellow-citiarn.
Ihr p- wen i f patona and rule wLl'. h vvould
have U-en e ni-d, under the rrcaideut.
-vrr.a last, and s.-j)ulsu aud naturally
.a.ihv r. -1. n. are .reaUr tlisu, unless un
1. r . tr :..v ii. .esity. 1 ahould b William to
. i.tr .i.t to t.v on.- man ; th-y are auch aa. for uiv
MT.r. I eouU uerer. uulr.1 öu ocatons of irreit
cu.er'eiiey. couwut to ..-. i.. ti. 1
. . tu, iae. a 41 r w nil ul
um of uih po,n, if continued thron, a
peri ot of ysavrs, woulJ kav Mtliu?Ui
pirltjrofth tmrrn a ImtnUtratl .t an I tli
11 rue of the Mile w bl. h renilmd loral
Deailie, tbe p.bry .f mit try rl over a
coojutfH territory ou! J kit mr.lf I that tt
Stitee wko loKaMADts tnsy hvf nken p.r
n tbe rebel 1 100 bad, by C e aet of tb .. lt.1 a'i-
tnt. caii to tii.t. IJjtF in, t:,ff .a,
ihlall rnUoded -t. of ;,. ii-, wrte.fr.
the btKioclof bu: aol void 11. S.v. e.
oolcoaoiit un. ryf sreti lb n-d-wleil
ciiiseo wbo Hi? bste o.irnii;il troo-.iiy
wore tbn ibey co m.ks vl I tret e or tu
ffe !b lawful eotsiT.eie w tl ny '.e'i.ti fv(w
f. Tbe Haiti lH-fc(HU.f e'rde lfrj
ihmlte. i 1 e istie-J-fb n wi.tre their vl.l iv
as iplrrl, but ti-.t n' ui; .,rd thtir fui.f.
tlons n ..( .J, r.nt tut !e. roieJ
Lot If any State hv;!e, t, or ref ia. to jn-r-form
It othiea. th re i the m- re n-d thit the
( reader al Government IcoiM milntaia ail Ita
authority, n I, a oon a pr ii. alr, reiim.
the 1 r wof all lt fünf tl u. Ou thUprln s.
pie I have a led, and Lave -radii jlly aujtui. t.
ly, and by aliuoat luittt.i.ptibU U t, soujht
to retre the rightful cn r'y of the G. n- i a
Govt rnmcot and vf tb Jtaie. To tint end.
Provisional Governor hive Un ii"intrd
for the ftate. ( onitntia failed. Gt.t.-rnor
Hrtl, --1i!tiirei asaitnMe.jsind "s.-riitor
and It' pres -ntatlrc ch en to th Con.- of
the United Mit.-a. At lh am tune, the
Court Of the Ullited Miles. tt fir US could be
done, have been re. p.-ii"d, that thr law of
tbrL'plbil hlX- nur le i-tifiint-J tlirou'h
their agency. The hl kade baa l-eu removed
ind thccu.lom I1011. rc- t iblihed in tiorta
i fmtry, o thai tiie rex-uue of the i nlt.-d
date may lie coll.i t.-. I he Vo-fl O.'ll. e
iiarlment renews its reisele activity, and the
General Government Is thereby entbl-d to
eoniiniinbMe protnptly with It othi-ers an'l
airent. 1 he eotuta brlnr urlty to peron
11 1 property; llie opennu of the iort luvlt
the restoration of iuduitry and commerce; the
I'oaltltnei nnW the f.Ullinr T aoeill in-
ten ourse and of buinr. And I it not hap
ii for us all. that the rt-ktorall oil of e.irh ohm
of them fut.ct.oh of th Gout ral Government
brin wliu 11 a hlewalnx to the tMate over
which Uaer are ax tendril la It not inn.
promise of harmony and renewed attachment
to th Union that, after all that ha happened.
tne return of the Gen-ral wovcrumrnt i
known only as a beneficence?
I know very well thtt this palley Is attended
with some rlk; that for It u-ee It require
at leant the aeule-enee of t list Mat' which
Il cuiierrtit; that It Itnj-lie mi in tit it ion to
thoae State, by rciicw in their allelane to
the Unib-d Mates, to n-siitne their fuu. tious at
States of the Union, Hut It is a risk that must
b taken; In thecholee of diih. tilties, It Is the
amallcat riik; and to dimiul.h. aud, if possible,
to remove all danger, 1 have felt it incumbent
ou me to assert one other power of the General
Geverntnent the jowerof pardon. A no
State can throw -a 1I1 fence over the erlnio of
treason, the ovTcr of pardon It exclusively
vested In the L.ecuthe Government of the
United Mite, la vxerclini; that (tower, I
have taken every precaution to connect It with
the clearest recognition of the binding force of
the law of the United Mate, and an unqual
ified acknowledgement of the ifroat a.xlal
chancre, of condition in rejurtl to slavery which
has jjrown out of the w ar.
The next step which I have taken to restore
the constitutional relation of the Mate, has
been an Invitation to them to participate In the
hi-h otllee of amending the Constitution.
Every patriot must wish for a general am He,
ty at the earliest epoch ronUteut with public
aafety. For this frreat end tbi-relsneed of a
concurrence of nil opinions, and tbo spirit of
mutual conciliation. All parlies in the late
terrible eohtlict tuud work together in harmo
ny. It 1 not too much to uk. iu the name of
the whole people, that, on the one side, the
plan of restoration ahull proeoe.l in conformity
with a vvillinirnckS to rnt the disorders of the
past into oblivion; and that on the other, the
evidence of sincerity in the future maintenance
of the Union shall bo put beyond any doubt
by the ratltlration of the proposed amendment
to the Constitution, which provide for the
abolition of slavery forever within the limits
of our country. So long as the adoption of
this aincndmciit is delayed, so lotiir a ill doubt
and Jealousy and uncertainty prevail. This is
the measure which will etraec the ad memo
ry of the pnt; this I the measure which w ill
moat certainly call population, andettpit! and
security to those parts of tho Union that need
tlu-iu uioat. Indeed, it is not too much to ask
' of the Stales which an; now rcaumin their
places In the family of the Uuiou to frivc this
pledge of perpetual loyalty und peace. Until
it i done, the past, however much we may de
sire it, will not be forgrotteu. The ndr.ptlön of
the amendment reunites us beyond all power
of disruption. It heals the wound thut is still
Imperfectly closed; it removes idavcry. the cle
ment which ha so Im- perplexed and divided
the country; it make us once tuore a united
people, renewed and htrcnthened, bound
more than ever to mutual aQ'retion aud sup
port. I he amendmei t to tie Con.lit.t on be ng
adopted, il would remain lor the S ate, wh i-e
wer hive beea eo loi.r iu abeTsnce, to i
ume their places in the tw hrarc'tie ol the
Nation il Legi! iture, ari l Iherehy eoinpttt the
work of restoration Llei it ia lor you, leliow
cit ieas of the Secat. and .'or you, leliow citi
irnsof tbe House of H 'j-re-eot lives, to jj ljre.
each of jou lor yoHrselvta. of the electioi -a, re
turn, and quilillcition of jour own members
The full fertion of tli- powera of tbe (Jeoe
ral Uoverumeit requires tbe boldin; of Circuit
Court of tbe United Slates with n the district
where their authority ha been internste 1 Iu
the preseiit posture of our public fTaiin, s'rorg
objections bave been or pod to holding ibne
courta in any of the States where rebellion bas
eiiatel; and it was acertine J, by ii quiry, lint
I he Circuit Court of ibe United Slates would not
de held 10 tbe District of Virginia during the
autumn or winter, nor otT I Conree eiioul )
bate an oppo t n ty fo'c n iJe aula t upon the
Wiole aubjei f 1 oyot r deliberation the re -tor
'ion of tai branch of the civil authurit y of the
Uoi eJ Ö.atf is iberclor r.fceaii 7 rtfeired,
with the nope that eaily provision will be maiie
for tit reeumption ot ali its fundi ms It :
tnsa fttt that treason moei flj;ra..t baa been
comtuitted. Prou ho are chred with ita
comoiiiiaiiin should have fair and imptitisl trial
io ibe hiebest civil inbuoals of the country, in
order that tbe CoDitittt on aud tbe laws may te
luby vindicated; tbe truih clearly tibUbe.i aud
affirmed that treason ie a crime, fist traitors
sboulJ be punished and the offence müde in-
fmoa; and, at tbe ime t ni. that tbe ques
tion may be judicially reltltd, finally and for
ever, taa 110 Sitte of its own will bas the
light to renounce iu place in the Uuioo.
The relation of the General (Government to
ward the four million! of luhaUtatits Whora
the war has called into freedom, have enframe J
my most serious consideration. On the pro
priety of attempting to make the frcedmen
elector by the proclamation of the Kxeeutive.
1 took fr my counsel the Constitution itself,
the interpretation of that intrum. nt by its
authors aud tin ir conteiiiiHirarics, und recent
legislation by Convrc. When, at the tirt
movement towards independence, tbe ( on irres
of the United Mate instructed the several
Mate to institute government of their own.
they left each Mate to decide for itself the con
dition for the enjoyment of the elective fran
ehise. Purins the period i f the Confederacy, there
continued to exist a very great diversity in the
ijUaliticatiotis of electors in the sevir:w Mates;
and even w ithin a Mate a iiitinction of quali
fications prevailed with regard to the cilicer
who were to be chosen. The Constitution of
the United Mates recognizes these diversities
when it enjoins that, in the choice of in. rubers
of the House of Reprusentative of the United
Mate,"the Hector In each State shall have
the qualification requisite f r electors of the
mot numerous hranrh ot" the M ite Lririsla
ture." After the formation rf the Constitution, it
remained, as before, the uniform uac f r ea h
Mate to enlarsr the twxly wf its eleetors. acrord
itift, to Us own jutlirinent, and, under this v-
1 111, one Mate nix r another his proceeded to
iucrease the numUr of it ele tor, until now
uuiversal suUragc, or f 'tuiihiiu: vtry tiearit,
it the general rule. So tixed w :u this reserva
tion of pow er in the habits of thr people, and
SO UnqUCtK'tled ha beeil the interpe-
tratioii of the Contitiitioii that during
the civil war tho lite) JYesi.'.etit mvir
harbored the purpose certainly nevr
avowed the purposi of ilireirafdinir it;
and in the act of Con.'n-ss. durniir that .e.
rioJ, iiotliiu- can l- found whith, duriiur ihr
continuance of hostihtu , much lens after their
clo-, would have sanctioned any departure
by the Kxeeutive from .1 p. ..icy wLiih ha 0
uniformly obtained. M tionf, a ci uccit-n
.I the elective fr.surhi- t t!,e freod:ioi, bv
ad of the rrtsidr.it if the United
tatt must have l-e.n extended to
all colored men, wlorevir fuiind. und
so must Lave etaMihcd a chinsrr .f
s.it!ia-r in tin- North-rt.. MiJd:-. sn 1 Wetcrn
M .tea. not 1" than In thr ?..utU-ni an 1 .-i.i.th-weal.ni.
SUch au ait Would have treated a
licw ela.s if v uters, and would have b en 3:1
a.si.:npti.ii of pvurr bv the l'rei ient w l.ich
n-.thinsf in the Constitution ir lawet-fthe
Untteil Mate WCUld have warrant.-.!.
1 :i the other Land, evirv danger of cont'd t
i av.-ided whitl the a. lib ineiit of the qu. ün
1 nttiTcd to the several Mate. Tliev can
each !or its-lf, ditide on thr mi as u re, and
wh'-tlu r it ii I.. U- ad . pud at irn-e and ab. -lately,
er i 11 1 re-lu red r a luaüv an 1 w Ith c n
ditious. Ia my jud.'iuic:. the l'reed;heii. if
they show tit-nre and unnly virtue,
will .Hier 01 tun a p.inii;atii'n In the
ileetivc frail c hi ac through the Mate than
through the tieneral ti ov en.tu-nt. run tf it
ti id power to Int. rven. Wh. nth.- tumult if
ein. ti.. lis that hav c teu rai. .1 t v tho au Kl- n
lies of the .k lal ehaiie ahsll hive m'j'l-ltil,
it may prove that they will r.s.rivtbe khi.i
lieat usa.ffrem xnie cf th. cn whom th. v
have hint, f.re u.c:clol u. j-i. lt.1.
I'.ut while I hive Ho d.uH that now. after
th i K.ac of tne war. it u Hut comp. Uut ftr the
Genital Government to extcnj the cicvliv
frauebise in the rvt-nl State, it i eqUa.lv
eletr that good faith rvt.uirc the secunty of
tue freedmcn In their l.Urtv and tiinir pro. rtv.
Uitir rUht to laiftor, and ibeir rurht to claim
the juatntum .f their labor. I cannot too
iruiiitly urire a dispassionate treatment cf th:a
ubt, wbieb hould tu carefully kept aloof
from all party strife. We xua.ti-.pu ill v avoid
hasty asiumptiinsefsinv rtr.ral iniji. asilih-
ly lor toe two races to live side t v aide, la a
state of mutual bcucHl and rood wLil. Theex
jnritüut involve us in to iacouti
uncy; let us then, go on and tasks
that wxprLment ta god faith, vad
not Ut eai!r dM.caxtm.. Tie f ounUy
ttf't of tmplttanvit, tutiur toi jfoleti o.
Wh-Ith-r iitn t.f To!untry fL!fat-oa atd
1 1 r tfriat 'Mi i !H'. to b iu(tutirJ. I o i J
i'idie the!p Creed ttr.oval SR4 colooii. i
i lion. I.rturtkrr etcour them tj boti-jr-I
all sä. useful M.dairy, where it assy a be..e
; ßt sl to ihem.e!r and t J it.e co-jntry; r;4. In-
reitl)r,htv stticipatiirrn if ibf tetuinty of
fai!ar. Ul tSir ta tiO-Bint waviiie ty the ftf
l Iii! o I f.e eipsiiaiebt 1 fee cbat.teia their Co
j d t on i the ub onion of lab r b CODtriCl for
ti e ' ' us of lavr. The free.1 rt.an can t ot
be fuilv attui-d of tiuw Uliiu-n. s to work.
t I 'vs as
a doubt remain aluut
fre-d.iu of clioj-.
liihi pursuit. and
th certainty of
hi recoverin; hi
In this the .Inttre.t
' f the iinplovi r and
tho emi.luietl tuin.i.l.
I he eniolovrr d.irein hi workmen t-irit
and alacrity, and lUrao can be iw-rin ment lv
sccurtd In no other wa-. Aud If the vu oiwut
t- tw Able to nf..r.s the ce,ntriet. soou.'ht the
other. Th public Interest will boUstj.ro-
ni it'-j, iruic several Mate Iii providaade
1 . .! i i .i i
rot.i tion and rctnd c for tin-frt-tl,
...ii ...i. i. i-k,...,- ,...ii.i....i
tin rr I no i ha are for the ndvantay'viu U) of
their I ilxr: and tha blune of lll-tuceess will
fj'.t ri't t.tl thrill.
I know that Incrre philanthropy It earnet
for th'? Immr.liaXe realuatiou of lit remotest
aim; but time 1 alway sail tdetn'-nt In retoin.
It is on ' the rr-t.-t I' ll n rerr.rd to b iy
brought four million of people Into fft-edotn.
The can-s-r of fre Industry may be fairly
opem-d to them; and then llVir future pro
t rity and condition mul, atVr all, rest luviii
ly on tUeiuv lve. If they fail, an.l ao perili
awav, lt u Ixi careful that the fillure shall
not f.; attributvble to any dnlal of Jtntlee. In
all that rel.it to th? drs-tiny of the freeduien,
wc need not be too Anxlotif to read the future
many incident which, from, a sps-culatlve
Kintof iw, miht raue alarm, will qul- tly
Kow that slavery I at aa end, or near It
end, th irreatnesa of It evil. In th point of
view of public economy, become more and
more apparent. Mtvcry was esscutially atno
noftoly of laftor, and as such locked the State
where it prevailed aralnst the incouiliiir of
free Industry. Where labor waa the proerty
of thecapltaliit, the while man was exclud's'l
from employ meat, or had but the aooond tnat
chance of tlndliiK it; aud the foreign emigrant
turned away from the region where hit condi
tion would be so precariout. With tbe de
struction of the monopoly, free, labor will hat-
ten from all part of the civilixed world to -sit
in dovelopin various ami Iranu-aaurable
resources which have hitherto lain dormant.
The elifht or nine Mate nearest the Gulf of
.Mexico have a soli of exuberant fertility, a
climate friendly to ton; life, and can Uklain a
denser population than it found a yet in any
part of our country. And the future influx of
population to them will be niAinly from the
North, or from tho most cultivated nations in
Uurope. From the suflerln? that have at
tended them during our late struggle, let us
look away to the future, which Is sure to tc
laden for them with greater prosperity than
has ever liefore. feen known. The removal of
the monopoly of slave labor it a pledge that
those reuiou will be peopled by a numerous
and enterprising population, which will vie
w ith any in the Union in eornpaetnest, In
ventive genius, wealth, and Industry.
Our Government springs from ami was made
for the people not the people for the Govern
ment. To them It owe allegiance; from them
it must derive its courage, strength and wis
dom. Hut, while the Government is thus
Itouml to defer to the people, from whom it
derives its existence, it should, from the very
consideration of Its origin, be strong in Its
power of resistance to the estaWishmeiit of in
equalities. Monopolies, perpetuities and class
legislation arc contrary to the genius of free
government, and oasjht not to lie ullowed. Here,
then- i no roon for favored classes or tnnnopaj
lie the principle cf our Government I that of
equal law s and freedom of Industry. Where
ev er monopoly obtain a foothold, it it sure to
1 a kource of danger, discord and trouble. We
hall but ful til our duties a legislator by ae
cording "equal and exact lu.tice to all men,"
special priv lieges to noue. The Government i
subordinate fc the people; but. as the
ng.-nt and representative of the people, It must
be held superior to monopolies, which, in
themselves, ought never to lie granted, and
which, u here tlrey oxit, miiit be subordinate
and yieid to the Government.
The Constitution confer- on Consrre the
right to reirulate commerce among the everal
State. It Is of the first necessity, for the
maintenance of th Union, that commerce
should be free aud unobstructed. No Mate
eart bejustlhed in any device to tax the transit
of travel and commerce between Stab-n. Tho
position of many Mates is such that, if they
were allowed to take advantage of It for pur
pose of local revenue, the commerce between
Mate might be injuriously burthroud, or even
virtually prohibited. It is best, while the coun
try i young, and the tendency to dangerous
monopolies of this kind i still feeble, to use
the imwer of Con -reus so a to prevent any
selfish lmxdlnetit to the free circulation of
men and ineTchraVdlse.-IA tar on travel and
merchandise, iu their transit, constitutes one
of the worst forms of monopoly, and the evil is
increased if coupled w ith a denial of the cht I -e
of route. When the vast extent of our coun
try is considered, It is plain that every obstacle
to the free circulation of romiiirrce between
the States ouht to lie sternly guarded against
by appropriate legislation, within the limits of
Then-port of the- Secretary of the Interior
explains the condition of the publL- lands, the
transactions of the Patent Grace and Pension
ISuroau, the minwinent of our Indian affair,
the progress made in the construction of the
Pacilic railroad, and furnishes Information in
reference to matters of local Intel e it in the
District of Columbia. It also present evl
deneo of the sueoc. sful operation of the Ilome
"tead Act, under the provisions of which 1,160,
ViJ Acre of public lands were entered during
the lat tieaf year more than one-fourth of
the whole number of acrea aold or othewie
disposed of during that period. It it esti
mated that the receipts derived from this source
are sufficient to cover tbe eipebaea in client te
the survey and dtapoeal of tbe land entered
under this Act, and that pavmetil in cash to
lue eitsnt of from forty to fifty percent will
be made by settler, wbo mvy thus ataoy time
cqnire title before the expiration of tbe period
t which ii would other wiievest. Tbe bone
stead policy wtt established only after long and
earnest resistance; experience prove its wia
dorn Tbe land, ia the bands of industrious
etilen, wboM labor creates wealth ind con-
tribstea to the public resources, are worth more
to tlie United Slates than if they bad been re
ervsd si a solitude for furore purchsers.
The lamentable events of the lat four years,
and the sacrifice made by th gallant men of
our Army and Navy, have swelled the record
of the Pension Bureau to an unprecedented ex
tent. On the 30th dAy of June last, the totAl
number of pensioners waa 83,!cJ, requiring
for their annual pay, exclusive of expenses, the
sum of ffM,lr23,4sV. The number of applica
tions that have been allowed since that
dat. will require a large iucrease of this
amount for the next fiscal year: The
means for tse psymetit of the stipend due, us-
tler exi-t nz law, to our disabled soldiers and
siilors, and to tbe families of ucb a have per
ished in the service of the country, will no doubt
be cheerfully and promptly granted. A "rite
ful people will not hesitate to sarction any
mewure having for tkeir object tbe relief of
Silcier mutilated and families made fttber
lea in their frort to preerve otir natiooAl ex
istence. The report of the Potmaster General pre
sent an tnccuramng exhibit of the operations
of the Post Uthe Department during the vear.
The revenue of the past year from the loyal
Mates alone exceeded the maximum annual
receipts from all the Stat? previous to the re
bcllion, in the um of f.iciM,i.öl; and the
annual average increase of revenue during the
lat four years, compared with the revenues of
the lour yeara immediately preceding the re
hellion, w as t3.0s!3..io. " The revenura of
the lat tVal year amounted -to 14..W),i;,,
and the expenditures ta $13.0ai,Ti,
le.ivi" a urplus of receipts over expendi
ture of $$0l,4JO. Progress bas Wi nude in
n storing the postal service in ibe outhcrn
Mat i. The iev presented by the Postmas
ter General atr.iinst the policy of granting ub-
w, 3 1 1 i i fr. t .iai n n rr .ail mt .a n ry- i ii linia 11 v. , ti -.t a V.
lihcd route, and in favor of continuin.Mhe i
present system, which limits the compensation
; tor ocean service to the postage earning, are
; recommended to the careful et-usideraticn of
It appear, from the report of the Secretary
of the .Navy, tilat while, at the commeticemci.'t
of th present vear. there were in commission
W v . ss, i t f a'ij elase and description, arm-d
w ith ;t..st tun. and manned bv M.uum m n.
the iiu-n'tcr ef ve. ! at present in ciiunist. n
ia 117. vvith vjugun and 1'2,1.N tnn. lit this
prompt mlucti'Vi of the naval fircesttieex
I 'iis-s.f the Government hv been largely
M;:,i!:ih.-,!, aud a numVr ("f u -I
purchased f .r naval purpose from
th- in. r hint marine, have Ik-hi returned to
the pe.o -uful pursuits of commerce. in e the
su; rission if attive ho-ti!iti's, our f rti;n
ju uin iiA have let-ti tabiih'l, aud cf'nit
of vs. j, mat h mere crfii irnt than those em-pl-'Ved
( n similar service previous to the n
illi .n. The su.-'eti .n f r th enlargement
of the t,.t y V ard
and e-T't-i i;illv f r th
t .I .Ji-hir.r tit ef one in freh watt r f r iron-cd.id
v. il-, is drsrv in.r of consideration, as i also
the reci mmendation f r a different location
and more ample gn-uuds f r the
NavoI At a - ! -
In the report of tbe Secretary of War
zrt.ersl summary is fiven of tbe military !
campaign cT 1844 and ISGi, ending in the
ipprein of arme.1 resistance to the na
tional authority in the insurgent State. Tfe
orrtV.ions of ibe general administrative fcu
reus of the War Department duriog the
past year are detsile-i, ani an estimate made
of the Appropriations that
fer military purpose io
niencinr the Sv:h dty of Jone. 106. The
nationsl military force on the 1st of May,
lül, nuosbered l,f),61C or. D ja pre
potej to reduce tie military establishment lo
pence fooling compreuenJing fifty tbo'J
san I troops of all anas, orgntti so as to
admii of an enlargement by filling' up the
ranks Weigkty-twe ihcmtxaJ aix hnndreel, If
the eircoastances. the eeanlry ekenid re
quire aa AvugsAeftAUtlea ef live tvnsy. The
ttlinteer force Ina alreslj tern r-IoeeJ by
ike. tici,re. ftwsn erste X over 1 eifhl
I US lre-1 tbousa I Irooj . aa l tbe leparf.
ittstl is pneelinj: rp ilj in the work of
f4tllr rel.icfin ibe war eafintatcs are
re' il ft
I from 5il;,?n,I2I to j:i,bH,44l,
arno-int, in is c r i r. t o a if tl lleparl-
mint, 1 al ut
f.r a T'iee sbliihtueot.
iTh roeurs , of etrenyki.ieut , In each t
r in sti l traiicb cf Ike rvi iImIAi k dil
igent economy jtoiihy of soiwausadstioM.
Ufrenr is ! md (n the report te lb
tiesiity of provil fr a uniform ruilifia
v stete, aud l Ibe propriety ef tnakirfg s iit
Me proviaioa for we-ur.de I Ah J diiallpj of
cetf od soldie-s
Tit revt ove y te-u of tbs oouolry is a sub
ject ef vital lnUr.it to its hHr ad prvri
ty, and sbotilj com tu ad I ike araeslconsi ler
itioa ef Uuagress Tbe Secrelsry of the
Treaury will lay before you a full anj d.
tiilel report of tbs ircvipt aal disburse
ment r.f Ibe I nt fiel Vear, ef the first
. . , . . - r . e 1 1. , a . ... i r . . t . . . t ,i
r n1"1" 1 - .-'lion iiiiai jr, pi to
'.n. . . . , .
I ptobible receipts and eipeadiiere fir the
other three quarter, aud ik estimate for the
year following iL HtHh of Jut e fA. I
mijhl content ruylf witk a reference te
Ilm rrprl.in whirl, yon will fin I all lb la.
formation te.juirel for ysur drlibrrtioni
an i dieisien. Put the prmoai import
ance of ihr subject to presses itself en my
own mind, iknt I efin..t y befer yen my
iwaf ibe inesstire whleh are requirJ
fir the good haracter, and, I mijlil almoal
ay, forihe xidenc of this popl. Tbe lf
of a lepublio lie eertsiuly ia tbe enerrv. wit -
tue, and intrlli-fvnee ef its einte; bnt it il I
equally true ill it a goml rtvrnae ayftem it
Ibe life of an ergaaisel government. I meet
you at a time when Ibe nation has voluntar
ily borJened Itself with a debt unprecedent.
ed la our anna!. Vast as Is us amount, it
fades away intw nothing when compare!
with the countless blessing that will be con
ferred npa euresonlry ami opon man, by
ike pretervalioB ef the anion's li'e. New,
en the first occasion of the meeting ef Con
gress tiace the retura of p, it is of the
utmost importance to inaugurate a Just poli
cy, which shall ai once be put in motion, and
which shall commend itself to those who
come after us for its continuance. We must
aim ai nothing lss than the complete fl ce
ment of the financial evils that necessarily
followed a state of eivil war. We must en
deavor Io apply the eailiest remedy to tbe de
ranged state of 'tie currency, and not shrink
from devising a policy, which, without beiag
oppressive to tbe people, khall iiomediiUel v
begin to effect a reJuctioa of the debt, and,
if persisted ia, discharge il fully within a
definitely fixed number of years.
It is our first duty te prepare in earnest for
our recovery from ibe ever-iaereaaing evils
of an irredeemable eurency, without a, eud
den revulsiei, and yet without untimely pre
erastlnatien. For that eud, we must, each
ia our respective positions, prepare tbe way.
I bold it the duly of the Kxeeutive to insist
on frugality in tbe eipeadilures; and a tpar
ing economy is itself a great nelionftl re
source. Of the banks le which authority
has beea given to issue Botes tucureJ by
boadt of Ike United Stales, we may require
the greatest snodsration and prudence, nod
the lew must Le rigidly enforced when its
limits are exceeded. We may, eich one of
us, counsel our Active and enterprising coun
try bub to be constantly I heir guard, le
liquidate debts contracted ia a paper curren
cy, and, by euoduciiog busiaess as nearly as
possible on a system of eash payments er
short credits, to hold themselves prepared to
return to tbe standard of geU and silver.
Te ii id our fellow-eltitea in the prndent man
agement ef their monetary affairs, tbe duty
devolves on us te diminiaL'by law tbe amount
of paper money now ia circulation. Five
years age the bank-note circulation of the
country amounted to not suuck more thaa
two hundred millions; aow the circulation,
hank and -national, exceeds eevea ' hundred
millions. Tbe simple statement of the fact
recommends more strongly than any word
of mine eould do, the necessity ef our retrain
ing this eipansiou. The gradual reduction
of the currency is tbe only measure that caa
tjTg the business of the country from dilis
trotis culamiiies; arid this can be almost im
perceptibly accomplished by gradual funding
the uational circulation ia securities that
may be made redeemable at tbe pleasure of
. -Cur debt is doubly secure tlrtt ia tbe a
tiittlaltLTnnd alill greater undeveloped re
sources of the country ; and next in tne cha
racter of eur institutions. Tbe most intelli
gent observers among political economists
have not failed te remark, that the pubiie
debt of a country is safe ia proportion as its
people nre free; that the debt of a republic is
the safest ef all. Our history confirms and
establishes the theory, and is, I firmly be
lieve, destined to give it a stfll mere signal
illustration. The secret of this superiority
sprinzs not merely from the fact tbat in a
republic the national obligations are 'distrib
uted more widly through countless n ambers
in all elasses of society; il has its root ia tbe
character of ear laws. Here all men eon
tribute to the public welfare, and bear-their
fair share ';of ibe public burdens. i During
the war, nndrr the impulses ef patriotism,
the men of the great body ef tke people,
without regard to tkeir ewa comparative
want of wealth, thronged te eur ariniei and
filled our fleets of war, and bei themselves
ready to offer Ibeir lives for tbe public good.
Now, in their turn, the property aad income
of iho country should boar their just propor
tion of the burden of taxation, while ia our
iiapost system, through saeans of which in
creased vitality is Incidentally imparted to
all tbe industrial interests of tbe nation, the
dutirs should be io adjusted as to fall most
heavily on arlielet of luxury, leaving tbe
necessaries of life as free from taxation aa
the absolute wants of the Government, eco
nomically administered, will justify. No fa
vored class ahould demand freedom from
assessment, and tbe taiee should be to dis
tributed as not to fall unduly on tbe poor,
but rather on the ateumulated wealth ef tbe
country. .We should look at tke national
debt just as It Is not as a national blessing,
but as a heavy burden on the industry of the
country, to be discharged without no necessa
It is estimated by the Secretary of tbe
Treasury that the expensitares for the fiscal
yer ending tbe 30 ih of June, I8GÖ, will ex
ceed tho receipts $112,194,947. It is gratify
ing, However, te state teat it. ie also esumat
ed.ibat the revenue for tbe year coding the
30ih of June, 1&57, will exceed the expendi
tures in the auu ef ; $111. GTi,818.' This
amount, or so much as nay be deemed suffi
cient for tho purpose, rosy he applied to the
reduction of the public debt, which, en tbe
Slst day of October, lH, was $i,740,8ö4,750.
Fverjr reduction will diwiaisk the total
amount of interest to be paid, and so enlarge
Ike means ef still further reductions, until
the whole ball be liquidate ; and this, as
will be seen by the estimate of tke deoreterj
of the Treasury, may be aceomplrthed by an
nual payments oven within a pen a not ex
ceediog thirty years. 1 have I sun tnat we
shall do all this within a reasonable tioie;
that, as we Lave amated tbo world by the
suppression of a civil war which was thought
to be beyond tbe control ef any government,
we shall equally show ibe superiorly of onr
institution by the pronpt and falhful dis
charge of our naiioual obligations.
The Department of Agriculture, tinder its
present directiou, is accomplishing much in
Jffpmg an J ntilinag the vast agricultural
capabilities of the country, and for informa
tion respecting the details of its management
reference If nade to lue anuaal report of Iks
I bave dwelt thus fully ea eur domestic af-
ran, tecaase of their transcendent import-
: ance. Loder any eire unisia&cea, our great
i e' tent of territory aa l variety of eltmate,
I producing almost everything that is as-
j sary for the want; -and even tke comforts ef
; man, make us singularly independent of tbe
! varying policy ef Foreign Powers, and pre
J tect us against every tcmrtalion to 'nlang-
ling nlIine.M while at. the present moment
, lae re-esuLlisbu.eiit of karu,ony, and
haru-onv, and the
ttrengththat rwnet from hannany, will te
eur seeerity agaisiat -uaUons who feel
power And forget riftht." For myself,' it Las
been audit wid be isy eon ttani aim to pro
mote teace and axitv with all foreign nations
jand Powers; and I hive every reason lo be
lieve that I Ley all, without exception, are
an mated by tbe same disposition. Our rela-
uoae wiih-ike Jbtuperer el Csiaa.no recent
in their origin, are mon friendiy. Our com-
meree with . Iiis e min tens is receiving new
development; anl Lis very pleating to find
tbtt the Gevtmtneat of tkat great Lob pi re
manifeata satisfaction with our policy, and re
poses just confidence the fairnets which
marks our intercourse. Tie nnbrvken har
mony between ibe United States and tke Fat
rrr of Russia le receiving a new auuiort
iat will be require! i from An eaterprjte designed to cerry tele
ibe cal year com- 'graphic lines across ibe continent f Asia
. O sj - w aw . . .
inrough his Jom;nioDt, and eo to connect us
with all Europe ty a Lew channel of inter
course. Our commerce with South Acerica
I about to receive t tcouragemeut ly a direct
line of tn A:l reaarsblps'totbe rislug Empire
of B rax iL The disuogaished party of men
of iclfi.ee bo have recently left our country
to make a ecicnti&e exploration of the natural
history end rivers aad snouolaan ranges
of thai reflet, Iiti melT4 froa the
rape tor that enerout wnkoire which
ws io have b.ea ipecie. from kit
ronttaat MeadtHIp f the I'nitel
Slant d kit w'l known seil ) prennotiag
the a Jt-.taceuitait f kaoolud A Jwfw I
t ntertaiued that our commerce with ibe rich
aavl pst'M Aiintties tht tsseder lie Me.ll-
(rranetn ,1 ty l Urfelv increase.
NVhiej iU be wnutinp. on lbs part of tbit
t.;vrnnitnt,'to eitetil the protection uf our
tlg wser theenleeprita rf our felbw-cltliens.
We receive froto the Pgwets in bl re inn
ssttirattce tf gaoj'wir., au I ll it worthy of
aol tbtt a special envoy bas bitughi us
(BMSafrs cf cou liilrnce OU be death of our
late ChUf Mjilrte fioai the Hey of Tholt.
whose rule include the eli dotamiont ef
Carthage, ou the Africt t.
Our dotnesii cenieat, now htrpUy endtd,
lias left .Tte trace In our rtUtiont with one
at least of the grell maritime Powers. The
formal accordance of belligtnl rights to the
luiurgml Stab was unprtc lent i, an l has
not teen jus.ifie lby ib itsue. il.u ia tin
yieru of neutrality pur Oed bjr the Power
w hit Ii and ihal coaeeton. there was a
marked diflVtence. The materiali of war
for tb ins-urgent Statft were furnished, in a
grtat mtiiure, from ibe workshops of Grest
ßniain; anj .Iritis ship, niAonrd by llrii
iab subjrcis, an.l prepared for receiving llrit
th . Arruaiaeots, aallied from ibe ports of
Great llritain Io make war on American Com
merce, vinder the sheUsr of a commlstion
frcm tbe loiurgent Ststei. Tb-3 ship, hav
lor once escaped frota Brili'h oitt, ever af-
ItrwarJ entrJ ihm ia every pari of tbe
woild, le refit, and so le reoew their depreda
ttens. Ibe consequences of tbls conduct were
most disasirwu te tle tsia'.eo then in rebel
lion, Increasing their desolation anJ misery
by the prolongation of our civil contest. It
had, moreover, tke effect, to a great extent,
ie drive ibe American flag from tbe sea, and
to transfer much of our shippiog and our
commerce to the very Tower whose subjects
had created tbe necessity for euch a thing.
These eventi took rhce before I, was call
ed to the administration of the Government.
Tbe sincere desire for peace by which I am
Animated led me to approve the proposal al
ready made, lo submit tke questions which
bad thus arisen between the countries to nr
bitration. Those ooestions are of such mo
ment that they must have commanded the at
tention of tbe great powers, and are so inter
woven with tbe peace aol interests ef every
one of them ai to beve ensured aa impartial
decision. I regret to Inform you that Great
Britain declined the Arbitrament, but on tbe
otber band, invited us to the formation of a
joint commission to settle mutual claims be
tween tbe two countries, from which those
fer tbe depredationa before mentioned should
be excluded. Tbe proposition, in thai very
unsatisfactory form, Las Wen declined.
Tbe United States did not present tbe sub
ject ae an impeachment of the good faith of
a Power which wee ' professing the most
friendly dispositions, but ns involving ques
tions of public law, of which the settlement
is essential to the peace of uations; ami,
though pecuniary leparaiion lo their injured
cilitcn would have followed incideulally oa
a decision egaiusl Great Britain, such com
pensation was not their primary object.
They had a higher motive, and it was in the
interests of peace aud justice to estaMish im
portant principles oT international law.
The correspondence will be placed before you.
The ground oa which the British Minister
rests his justification is, substantially, that
the municipal law of a nation, and the do
mestic interpretations of tbat law, are tbe
measure of its duty as a neutral ; and 1 feel
houud to declare my opinion, before you and
before Ibe world, that that justification can
not be sustained before the - tribunal of na
tions. At the. name time I do not advise Jo
any present attempt at redress by acts of
legislation. For tbe future, friendship be
tween the two countries must 'rest on tbe
basis of mutual justice. '
From the moment of the e.lallishment of
our free Constitution, the civilized world Las
been convulsed by revolutions in the inter
ests of democracy or of monarchy; but
through all those revolutions the United
States have wisely and firmly refused to be
come propagandists of republicanism. It is
the only government suited to our condition;
bat we have never sought to impose it upon
others; and we have consistently followed the
advice of Washington to recommend it only
by the careful preservation and prudent
use ef the blessing. During all tbe inter
vening period the policy of European Powers
and of the United States has, on the whole,
beeen harmonious. Twice, indeed, rumore of
the invasion of some ports of America in (he
interest of monarchy, have prevailed ; twice
my predecessors have had occasion to an
nounce the views of this nation in respect to
such Interference. On both occasions the
remonstrance of the' United. Elates was re
spected, from a deep conviction, on. the part
f European Governments, that the system
of non-inierfereace and mutual abstinence
from propagandiam was the true rule for the
two hemispheres. Since those times we have
advanced in wealth and' power ; but we re
lain the came purpose to leave tbe natione of
Europe to choose their own dynaslies and
form their own system of government. This
consistent moderation may justly demand a
corresponding moderation. We ahould re
gerd it as a great calamity to ourselves, to
ibe cause of good government, nnd to the
peace ef tbe world, should any European
Power challenge tbe American people, as il
were, to tbe defence of republicanism against
We cannot foresee and are unwilling to
consider what opportunities might present
themselves, what combinations might offer to
protect ourselves Against designs inimical to
our form of government. . . Tbe Uniied Slates
desire to aet in tbe future as they bave ever
acted heretofore; tbey never will be driven
from tbat course but by the aggression of
European powers, and we rely oa the wisdom
And justice of those powers to respect the
system of non-interference which has so long
been senctioned by time, And wlich, by its
good re tu Us, Las Approved itself to beth
The correspondence between tbe United
States and Fraoce, in reference to questions
which have become subjects of discussion
between the two Governments, will, at a
proper time, be laid before Congress.
When, on the organisation of our Govern
ment, under the Constitution, tbe President
of the United Slates delivered bi inaugural
address to tbe two House of Coogress, Le
saiJ te them, and through them to tbe coun
try and to mankind, that "the preservation
of the sacred fire of liberty and the destiny
of the republican model of srovernmect are
justly considered as deeply, perhaps as finsN
ly slaked on tbe experiment intrusted to tbe
And the House of KepreentAtives answer
d Washington by tbe voice of Madison:
" W adore tbe invisible hand which has led
ibe American people, through so meny diS
culties, to cbcrish a .conscious responsibility
for tbe destinj of republican liberty." More
taaa seventy-six years have gliJed away
s!n:o these words were spoken; tho United
o at have past through severer trials than
wert foraecn ; and now, at thii tew epoch ia
our existence as one nation, with our Union
pi f fled by sorrows, and strengthened by con
Iii t and established by the virtue of the people
ihe greatness of the occasion invites us once
more to repeat, with solemnity, the pledges of
our lathers to bold ourselves answerable be
fore our fellow-men for tbe success of tbe re
publican .form ef government. Experience
bas proved its sufficiency in peace and in
war; it has vindicated iu authority throuzh
dangers and afflictions, and sudden and terri
ble emergencies, which would have crushed
any system that had beea less firmly fixed
in me beert or tke people
At the Inauguration of WAshinrton the for
elgn relations cf the country were few, and its
trade wa repressed by hostile regulations;
now ait me civuixea nauone oi toe globe wet
come our commerce, and their Government
pro tee. toward us amity. Then our country
felt its way hesitatingly along an untried
path, with bates vj little bound together by
rapid mein of communication aa to be
hardly known to one another and with historic
traditions extending over very few yean; now
intercourse between tne statee Is swift and In
timate; tne experience of centuriee has been
crowded into a tew generations, and has crea
ted an intens, indestructible nationality.
T- k. A I i. h.a.: . . . ....
iucn Burjunsuicuon am not reacn Deyoncl tne
Inconvenient boundaries ef tbe territory
Which had achieve. ln-W.-n,!tr,r-. nnw
through cA'Siioa of lands first co'lonized
by .-pain and France, the country has
cxi uirea n more romrur . r. v . .
A'r11 miUthe chain of likes, the
Guil tf Mexico, and on the east and the west
. . . . T" s .ft 4 V ft- 4, Suva u
vj two great oceans.
vjinee naiiooe were wasted by civil ware foe
ages before tbey coold establish for themselves
the necessary degree of nnity; the latent eoovic
won mat our lorm of cot eminent la the beat
ever inowo t tbe world, bat entiled c. ta
emerge from civil war wlobia four years, with a
complete vindication of the coostitoiional aa
thority of the General Government, and with
our local liberties and State institntiooo na ins
Saw.. " -
pired. Tke tbroogs of tmlcraau thai crowd
to oar ahores are witoeaeeo of the eooflJencw of
all oeoplee ia oar pettie. -liere
i the cr.t land at fre labor, where In
dustry is blessed with unexampled rewards,
and the bread of the werttnrmaa Is sweeten
ed by the conaclousnea tnat the cause of tho
csnintrv "i bio own cause, his own aafety.
hjj 0W tllwxlt.'
Here every one end. It the free um of ht. r.r
lilt e an 1 the choice of activity a a tiaurl
ris'ht. litre, under th n-rtttlnl Influ. nr. ef
a f. nit ful "otl. tr nisi iltrae. and Lapp in.ti.
tut 11. H.ulatioU) b In. rran tine.i-fjld
within a renmry. Herr, through the ry ,t-
lot.mrttt of It. ill ndl. -a resource. Wraith I..
I irreaaed with two-f.M greater rapidity than
nunil r,o that w e have b-coiuecvurr against
th finvicta! tllwltud ef other cjntitr.,
and. alike In bulnp and tn opinion, are lf
csmtered and truly independent.
Here more and ami care I givee to iovUe
edacationfor every ore bora a ear o4l Ilrre
reu. rleel leoaa political ceameetio wun
ttccltlj gevercmttt, refute to subaerve ll.
craft of ttreeo, cod beoesoe, o Its in le
petxience, the sptntvsl life of tbe people Hire
lo!ertn Is attended lo every oploion. In li e
Cct cett.Ut) tkat truth needs cty law Celd
la ecure the victory
Here the human inind goes forth unshttlUd
In the pursuit of silence, to collect store of
knowledge and n.,ulr an ryer-lnf rrlni
initcry ov er the f ir.-, of nsture. Here the
national domain I i1rred and h. Id In millions
of a. perat freehold, eo that uiur ft lloiv-elti-n.
bsrvond tli vwpanta .f onr otber part
of the earth, constitute in reality a pe p!e.
Here ex Ut the democratic fonn t.fi lovcrnmt nl;
and that form of Govern ront, by tti-c-iirclon
of European statesmen. "( vet a pow t r . f whl. h
no other form is capable, because It Incorpor
ate every man with the Mate, and aru.-s
every thing that In-long to the iil,"
Where, in past history, doe a pir.ilM rxit
to the public happiu.svvhbh is within the
reach of the jx-ople of th United Mates
Where, In any part ed the itlolie, can trv.tit i.
tion be found so suited to their habits or ao
entitled to their love a their own free Consti
tution f F.very one of them, then, lu whatever
part of the Un t he has his home, mint u Uli iu
perpetuity. Who of them will not now -knowledge.
In the wwr.li f Washington, that
"ever step by which the eople of the United
Stab A hive- advanced to the character of an
indeivf-ndcnt nation, seem to have been li
tinguished by sssc -token of Providential
ncy a" , . - .
tVhe will no. join with ne in the prayer,
that tbe invisible Land w ich has led us
through the clouds that gloomed around nur
path, will a guido tu onward lo a perfect
restoration of fraternal affection, that wo of
this dsy may be rhte lo transmit our great
lnbritnce, of State Governments in all
Ibeir rights, of the General Government in
il whole constitution! vigor, in our poster
ity, and they tn theirs through counties, gen
erations? ANDREW JOHNSON.
WastiiaT0, December 4, 18'1Ö.
MAn ii inn.
ATAC.trr OWXttS - At tatl.oapollf, by lb He v.
Mr. Utirdon, on lb 2Sib of Vovtuibt r, 161. Mr. Oeutr
L. fUnelitf, of JetTtrB, T, and M 11111 V.
Owen, formerly of CioctnnaU. OUio.
HKtllllCKtieoece W. Ilrdrie, n of tbe Ilarl.
couaiy eenpirir. eontlned In tb eocntj Jail for som
ttta past, ditd y.tM.r merntng. 0 bJ he n aiiltig
for oni tief past. Tbl m.ke th secocd ef tbe party
tbat ka died siuc tbelr convlction. Jula MAvor de
parted tbit lifo several months co.
AWI'OLIS IlLIt AI D,
Dally and Weekly, for lett-WMl.
Tb Uodert!(oed, PullUbers of ibe
Indianapolis Daily L We f kly lie raid,
In soliciting e generous support from tb people of tb
State, bare bet few word to y and few prumUc to
mt; while It shall bo tfclrurpoe to make U Kjoal
tn mocbanlcat execution and literary merit te any paper
publl.bcd ta tb Wt, tbej prfr ta lot It psk for
la politic tb Bsaai will bafitborsmibl Demo
cratic, and to assure th party of lu political 'fl.lllty
and ability, lu editorial colamtu btra btac placed ander
Iboeaxlaülve control of tbo Hon. a. E. Taaaiv, one of
tbe ablest and red!t writer n tbo State, wbos Ion;
anJ Intimst acqaalnUoc with tb history of political
partlesjn ear State, tocelber wsib hla llf-lc devotion
to Dtnocrtlo princpl, maba bla peenUarly fitted
fur tbat position.
In addition lo tbo poliücal saatur eontainad la tb
Bcaat-o, a largo spare will be devoted lo general news
and literary subJrcU, so as to mak It a fallbfal cbrorJ
lerof passing evenu.
Iu Local Colomna ab all relv special oxuotloe, and
n bl carps bas been oncagod to report tb 1 poclal
Session of tbe Legislator shortly to convene.
Iu Commercial articles aad Price Curr-nU will bo
oarefulty revised, o a to mak It aa object lo mtn of
baalooa to eon salt It dally.
Is short, wo do not intend te spare elisor tunc or
money to make tbo
Herald Meet the Demand
A n Fim-claa political, Family, and Comm.rcta
Paper. All w ask Is a fair trial and a gtneront top-ssrt-
Tbe HtatL will be pabllshod on lb following terms
On copy, ooe jr fit 00
nut msatb 0 00
" " throe - J 00
- one l 85
Ten eoples of tbe Daar Hiaatn win bo furclihtd ens
year for 1100, aad aa ostra eepj to tb getter-op of tbe
AgonU will bo nppllod at I conU per copy.
WKt ELT BBKALD.
I b1 espies, ony at $ 3 00
Blngtaaoplea, aix meoUsa...... 1 00
Ten copies, or more, to one person, one year,
oaebcopy 1 TS
Twenty coplo or more, lo one parson, one yar,
each copy 50
With aa additional copy te tb getter-op of each Clnb
Spcimn coplaa will be cent t any person desiring It,
IIAaLI-. Sc IlkLOlIHO-t,
B. M. SFICER& CO.,
Real Estate Agents
AM) XOTAUIKi PUBLIC.
2l3o Heat Washington Street,
over Brnden's liavstk More,
a a. sold,
Real Estate Agents,
Bavo coBotantly on kaad, fer aale, all ktnd of
COS Emst. f Boo end Lota, Tacast LsKS and
Oat-Lota. Cba Booses caa always be toenred
b tbe paysaent of aall eenva.
Good terms and 'avorablo tlavo ooenred ta all klnda of
Pi .petty. F ana Lsodsaod Mill p-eprty. Wiacooala.
aUoosMo, rar and Mlaoenrl Load for aV low.
0X01, Ma. T Tnpraneo Ball, IndUuxapwtlo, lad.
naosw Bwsavotan, jas. l. sLatrema, ww.r.wamon.
tQEO. W. DCDirrOUftC f cx,
Gen'l Commission 3Ierchants
For the Purchase aad Sale of
Gauor, rLocm, laid, EU005. Lauxs rxum.
autus Ajfo rtoDcci oautxiuixt.
INo. -Ir LoixisiantL St.,
Oppotitt east end Union Depot,
First 5aUooJ BUava, lAlar- tL.,.no.u
Alfor. Talbo A . WSIe-.le r wars. 14 aaapwU.
tasf. ataawlvs A Wbovsssale Qroewr.
Cewelly. WilwaACW. " -
a. w.eia savBwwa Pvelgbt Agent, C A I. C. K.
Lacsaw aula. Baq Ooa. Prwickt Aewnt. nwft BL 1
M. M. UodVa. Ise;., Gen. Fretgkt Agtct,T .Ell
Ä, ua-waap-O. .
JiAwiiinstBe X. nV, ewSer-
i c: i
. 3 I -. Ill Illinois, r- t.
itfoisrrrsr t,o a rri :i
1 M .VIS 1H f I',
m WAirnr, t,,-'.. j... nt ,
.s.a. natal. iv II a. v,. i,
lsTli f tlM'Slne. CI et nr. is. II t. .1 .. . 4 " !
ll'. . irf, ( r ac. tn I tSrr a' ti ' ..1 Hr
Waa'asl Ut bay lr IS 8 b.rti Ua tri, a t S w..
Ovkfaaat .st.. W.a-lf ;"'. tl' "; a
Ina.aew1 t a'lsa. Imy t...i., H.tt Sf. St .
UuaikaM HISU; p rsate. crt . j-.. 1 ail II
. - f.Mtt 1 tu
l-fat OBlre ai lf.M. Is-k Has X. o, .f
VILSO. .V l-Olts. As,
, iStKr.sr la J WiUsj,)
wnta.it s as srv.u svausa is
I -:t tit fii?.
Plated and Britannia Ware,
HOISE FlH.MSHl.Xfi (iOOI)S,
.'. AC, AC,
5 Mt Vii!itrKfoti Strvt,
FOR THE HOLIDAYS.
X R. Ii: Jt K ; i; fcs i
111! anVra f ted
ti t Ju.t w;
t aa at.l .
Toys Tanry f.'uodv. nini Voiion
Asnorc Iba iM-atly nrll.. vai-ty f g k.I m ', t
t.Hjad li.mb vb i.a VaM , t i,rr.., Mu,liiV TT t
SS.T, Sutar island.. fcn,i,kli. 4,1 KW. H..lv
Water fui,., N flit lamp.. Match r.,.,, I AMAN
VAs-hS, Tf-mrr.iM lumin.it. A lit a s, M.ll..-
I-SS, htue . p e l-iiur-, ilaeio I -u etu-, !
snd ürn a KS.t) lAXS. fVK'r .Alu S. H.k
Hos., VVriiii r iH-ftk. luUl II iM.ns, -.,lr: 1 1
Wao.i. la.Kritua ii. svu ...i 1;.. i.-i,k ,,.'
KU Ct TlttVH IMi llVtl- Xt.it .-. , .1 -Iov s. 1 It,-t.r
N irrte, MAshS ol eery itr r ti n IS slink
IUiKS.S, K tl.rT. y.. 1 oil.. U..I li.a l. -m
CKVlNt. HtlUt-., Dir.- , ts.iu, r.,,1, J, u- ; liar,.'
prreni tlate, 1. 1L. K 1 't.Ss I .... Ir.r Kotseft .u
rPaQ,Vp"wl Hand-, l a.i t I- 1 1. J,, I I ,(
IUk. lruiT, liav, To.. Ct.rf., K f r. 1. .ir.tfr.t a t
f fc. K A I S.S (..r IjiJu-. atM -in.t at !. . si la
tJiea" TK VVKI.IN.I IIVSKhtS. I.tr.i lil., ill M-M
CH Alm, Kult at. 4 r-.tl; Wall Stir, ti. a ii I, I
UCic., llrket td Stsrkei H'SST. T Si.t'
WtiKK HlaMi.1, CHiI.Ij a Cal.s. Ty r.tts'
IHIBHV HORSK.H, I ..II C.... SLI It.ll-, Vri.l...-.
8PHI.M1 HdJik, l;IHh CA..ICS llatur-nr I l I h
rtAsKKtt; at. rtUun, liutU-r. Irl r, I a mi It'.
Ctlna nlTurki.h SitOhK Pirr; I ,t-ar H..J1. -,r -AK
CAka, PnaO I'aa-a, rt Itri at p t V, I hlT
tl lLtUT. 8 l-sota, Kstora, CAfciKlot.K H-li'l.t,
(linn rK. Powder Ha.., shot 1- eiKv, l-k.t
Alaska, ShereOM-. pk- Turn'M-., Vnl. IN, s-e.mai t.l
PrbCb ACO lu-D.VH. M.I -dreu-, I s 1; tells,
Hayn Hfea, Vi.O n ai d l.mt.r en ,r 1;., Vi., in l..
WsUtiNti CXLA w lib -i,d aol It.tel t; 11 .,.4
Silier Heid, Loadrd; Sword a 1.4 1,1111 L.te-, lia'arra,
balebene, I loey, IO.ttr. II.s Ih-. tf.,, and
Hirkory t'A5sl; flhKArtMS, Tl I.Pl-.Mj. HJ.i;
WdHkS if every der. tor, a1 t ' on sr l'i rf o'i .r
articlra t o I UIM us I t.etw
Tb patronage of Ite l Ub.tc Is re.pee'fal'y 'iii l'l.
ni ini.i:s .11.1 vi:k.
-Vo Jl'cif H'i'sUiujtjH .V.'t..'.
W IXE IIO I J S i:
o. '! Sotilla .Mrritllaii irrt,
IMPORTER OP BRISK ASDCHAMrAnwP. WI5FS
Otard and Copmac brand im, 11-4 ai4 l.,.J.n-.a
kura iyt CsHsial.. aUo dealer In t'ai.wba tar me. . :
od Sparkling, of tli nc-l approved trauda; iirl.a
WbUky; Teach Lraody, tati a FiihJ, s..b 41.;
Porter and Beer, and Ritlera of vartou. kiud. llie. ar
ticles ore all oflered for aai ty tb bouie or r
latHJkTfDaGARSand TOBACCO, ef tl tto!ee.
brand, w,ll be kt courtantiy oatand.
ITr'Baviiia: Otte op a tel talliaLiwn'. .4 cf.-r-Itia
tut aal ooljr pr article arist of U bnt so'tt),
tb saoaclber hopes to receive, o bo soiicts, I,' (
sbsre of tbs pstronago rf tit publx
xrvltt LOCI LA".-..
bwbn. F-oerben coentj-, Ky.
J. & D. DUNCAN,
Wboleaal tValers la
Apple. Irn-lt iintl C'otnint Ilrnu-
diH ÖS irse-Sft, dads ittssl St.
Soulh Meridian SI ret I,
I5S join suei:tsi:k v ro., i..s
Wbolasval Dealer ia
Native Catawba, at otber Wine,
.o. ISM lVrwt Wnsvlilnsion MrseL,
fissss- tloorsj s)t sf'Nti!- House,
wltrA'aU lt" X"H UU' of K"'tct 7 Ii erb.
M'ltolruil nntl Itrtnll
Ard leT.i ortfr cf
ko. isorra illiscis strekt.
JTTAn Uqors wsr.ui a. rep-et.t.44. tl2ii!
(Late kanaca k krTaasaa.)
iicnna akd we.h fsal. ieai h is
Foreign S: Domestic; Liquors
IHononcrnheln, Ilyr siml
-T&rf, Madeira, Muscat, Muloj-i UV',
52 8. Illinois St., lnilnipoU , Ind.
novldtf J i. wruim
vs. sr aaaar.
a. V. caasaaaa.
a. U aaaaav.
n. filVEI.MIAKT Jt CX
A5D HKAXZXJ IS
CE.TS riH.MSUlG GOODS,
le. SI Avssatla erldllaa Ireet, lndi
BLAST HOU for County OSo r v ai
Use ' ujulM I
te e ev e
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