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Journal M Bow(itr.
ffednestaj Morning, March 8, 1880. LOCAL SEWS. To other Local Im SeoondaFK Sheffield Scientific School. Xbe Annual Ctim of Hectares Prof. Chittenden oil Nutrition" Allrnen '. tmrjr Principle Tbfl Dlsjestlve Pro-w-FMd and Drink Heat Produ cer and Flesh Producers. Mr. B. H. Chittenden, of the Sheffield Sci entific School, delivered the eighth in the an nual coarse of lectures given by the school at North Sheffield Hall last evening. The very Instructive and thoughtful address was listened to with close attention and interest by a large audience. Several illustrative experiments were introduced. We give many of the more important features of the leoture in full as fol lows : Although the subject whioh we are to con sider this evening may be of a somewhat pro saic character, it should be one of particular interest to us all. The history of life and all that pertains to it has been the subject of study from the remotest antiquity. The speaker alluded to the peculiar not to say lud icrous views of Paracelsus "who as late as the 16th century attempted to explain the func tions of life by a continuation of chemical and cabalistio arcs in which he attributed to the spirits and the planets direct action npon the body ; the sun governing the action of the heart, the moon the brain, and any ir regularity or fright upon the part of the spirit producing disease." "In the latter part of the 17th century all these existing views were revolutionized by Sylvius of Lydia, who ex plained the f unotions of the body by fermen tation and effervescence, while the vital spir its, which, according to his views, were entire ly material, were prepared in the brain by dis tillation, having much the properties of alco hol. While Sylvius of Lydia was establish ing the doctrines of life, Willis, of Great Britain, was establishing similar views and an additional theory, claiming that the vital force was produced in the heart by the union of salt and sulphur, which taking fire together pro duced in the burning the vital flame." With other reference to the former theories the speaker proceeded ; It was not until 1752 that Reaumur first discovered the solvent ac tion of the stomach juices on food, and there by removed one of the great obstacles to a true understanding of the bodily functions. From that time to the present the science of physi ology has made rapid advanoes, and instead of dealing with vague and unreal theories, it has established its principles on the firm basis of experiment, and in asking your attention this evening to a consideration of some of the fea tures of nutrition I have facts and not theo ries to present. The speaker now made plain the nature and objeot of nutrition and its life long necessity to existence, with the consequent expenditure of force, . its require ment for supplying the proper heat of the body, and securing the proper performance of the bodily functions ; also its neoesBity for supplying the tissues witn matters whioh they may utilize for the solution of energy and the generation of heat. Further, where par ticular help was needed in a particular part, as illustrated in the extra use of certain mus cles, nutrition played its part in fitting those muscles for the strain upon them. Degener ation and decay whioh are almost constantly taking place in different parts of the body make a demand upon nutrition. Each indi vidual cell of some portions of the body has to a certain extent, according to a prominent wri ter, an independent life of its own. It has also limited 'duration and so a constant replace ment takes place whereby the old gives place to the new, and in this perpetual reproduction every part produces a tissue like itself whether bone, muscle or nerve, ana in Healthy nutri tion an adult is maintained for years with the same general outline of form and feature and perhaps of weight as well, while at the same time the partiolea which compose the different parts of the body are undergoing a continual process of decay and renewal, and snob is the exactness of the production that the body is the same through life. So during the whole period of aotive life, a demand for nutrition is created by every exertion of vital power, but more especially so by the evolution of nervous and muscular force. Under the name of food we include all those substanoes, ohd, liquid or gaseous, which are required for the nutrition of the body. Food is to nutrition what the fuel is to the action of the steam engine. A constant waste is going on whioh nutrition must repair. Proceeding, the speaker said : The mater ial of which the human body is composed sonsists of the elements which are written on the board before you, viz : Carbon, Hydrogrn,rixygen, Mitre gen, Hnlphnr,Phospuorus, Chlorine, Sodium, Potassium, Cal&nm, afagnt-sium, Iron, Fluorine, Silioon. The fiist four exiBt in far larger quantity than any of the others, while those at the end of the list ocour in very minute quantity, if, indeed, they are invariably present. It can oertainly be doubted if they are essential in gredients. As food is the source from which the ele ments of the body are derived, it follows that food must sustain all the elements which are there met with, and no article can satisfy the requirements of life that fails to comply with this condition. The chief elements of the various organic compounds built cp by the agency of life, and therefore, contained in our bodies, and in the food we eat,are.the first six elements.in our list. The speaker here added that carbon took pre cedence over all the others, as being the ele ment which oocurs most extensively in organio nature, and next spoke regarding the pro duction of food by the vegetable kingdom for animal subsistence. From the latter, the speaker said : Sou will notioa that animals and plants stand in direct antagonism to each other, as regards the results. Plants draw their food from the inorganic kingdom, and produce organic compounds; animals find their food in these organio compounds, and in applying them to purposes of life reconvert them into organio principles. In the appro priation of organic matter as foods, plants ab sorb carbonic acid, and set free oxygen. An imals in their consumption of organio matter absorb oxygen and give out carbonio aoid gas. Thus animals and plants neutralize each oth er's effoots upon surrounding matter.and there by maintain a state of uniformity. laouga our ioou must contain ail me ele ments which have been mentioned, and con tain them in such proportion as to furnish the requisite amount of each to the system, it is not with these elements, as such, that we have to deal. It is only in a state of combin ation that these elements are of servioe to us as food, and as Pavy states, "the combina tion must have been formed by the agency of a living organization" the combination of these elements . must in other words constitute an organio product. The lecture was now briefly devoted to con sidering the alimentary principle in food, and the natural division of food into organio and inorganio, the latter consisting of water and various forms of saline matter, while the or ganio might be divided into oompounds of which the element forms a constituent and compounds from which it is absent, viz., ni trogenous and non-nitrogenous compounds. Having considered and explained this subject definitely and that many ordinary articles of food were made up of a mixture of differing alimentary principles, the speaker proceed ing, said: Having now spoken in a general way of nu trition and the need which our bodies have for nutrient material, and having mentioned briefly the classes of substanoes which serve as this material, we come now to the princi pal part of our subject, or what we may call nutrition proper ; a description of the pro cesses whereby the raw material beoomes converted into a form capable of supplying the needs of the body, from whioh the waste of the body may be supplied. The first act to which food is subjected is the mechanical division by the teeth ; masti cation having been performed the food is act ed upon by the saliva ; which, containing only 6 parts in 1000. of solid matter, has among other ingredients a peculiar constituent called ptyaline, to whioh the; peculiar properties of the blood are due. - Saliva has no peculiar action on albuminous food or fats, but its entire energy is expended on the carbo hydrates. These carbo hydrates, of which starch is our most familiar exam ple, are in great nse as food, being one of the principle ingredients of our common vegeta bles and at the same time being used very ex tensively in the case of starch as a basis of sundry artificial foods; these I say are not in a form to serve directly as nutriment, but under the infloenoe of the ferment ptyaline, the in soluble starch is converted into soluble sugar, which is at onoe absorbed, and readily oxidiz ed in the blood. The quantity of saliva se creted by a healthy man in 24 hours averages three and one half-pounds. One part of pty aline will convert 2000 parts of staroh into su gar, and the importance of this ferment in the nutritive process can be readily seen, for in its absence the greater part of starchy foods would pass out of the system nnohanged, its nutritive qualities being therefore lost to ths body. The eaxbo hydrates are further aoted on by the secretion of the pancreas and intes tines, and those starohy matters which eeoape nnohanged by the action of the saliva are by the ferment contained in these juices convert ed into dextrine as a preliminary step,, and then into sugar. What now beoomes of this sugar t Investigation shows that having en tered the blood it passes by a system of ves-' sels to the liver, where it is detained and sub jected to metamorphosis, whioh is the first step in its assimilation ; after this change ex isting in the liver as a peculiar form of starohy substance called glycogen and very similar in many respects to starch itself. - Direot experiments on animals show that the ingestion of starch and sugar morasses the size of ths liver, due to an increase of starch f nbstanos in it. . lbs inference naturally to be drawn from such an experiment is that ab sorbed saccharins matter on reaching the liv er is transformed by ths aotion of the organs into liver substanoe whioh, is stored np into oells for subsequent farther change prelim inary to being appropriated to the purposes of life. Additional experiments tend to show that the liver substanoe by further change beoomes converted into fatty matter, and the produc tion of the celebrated Firs Gras, or fatty liver is a forcible proof of the ability of the system to form fat from carbo hydrates. The process of fattening geese, in order to obtain this so-called luxury of fatty liver, is carried on extensively in Al sace, and Strasbourg is the center of the trade. ' The modus operandi for obtaining the liver is described as follows : "The geese, in a lean state to start with, are placed snugly in wood en coops j uBt large enough to permit them to turn around. There is an opening in front for the head to project, and below stands a wooden trough kept always full of water in whioh fragments of charcoal are immersed and a little salt added. Morning and evening maize or Indian corn, whioh are rich in carbo hydrates, previously soaked in water, is cram med down the bird's throat to repletion, while during the day it drinks and guzzles in the water before it." In about a month the breathing becomes difficult, and then it is known to be necessary to kill the fowl, otherwise death would ocour spontaneously. The liver is now found to weigh from one to two pounds. The goose itself is called fit for the table, and in being roasted it is said from 3 to 5 pounds of fat escape from it. While the facts just mention ed show that fat can be and is formed from the carbo hy drates, it must be remembered that such pro duction cannot take place when ingested alone. The process requires the cooperation of al buminous in conjunction with saline matter, and according to Pavy it is probably through the medium of the change, excited by the metamorphosis of the albuminousimatter,that the result is brought about. Fats taken as food are not attacked other than being finely divided until reaching the stomach, and here the fatty matters them selves are not at all ohanged,but the albumin ous matter which may invest them, as occurs in many foods, is dissolved away, leaving the fat free. This is true of the fat globules of milk; the albuminous coating of the individ ual globules being dissolved, leaving the fat itself free and unacted upon. The fat being alternately pushed out of the stomach as in -digested matter, comes in oontaot with the pancreatio juice, which rapidly reduces it to a state of minute division, or emulsionizes it, as it is calUd ; being then very finely divided, it id absorbed by little projecting bodies whioh are situated in the small intestines, and reach es by this means another system of tubes. The absorbed fat is then poured from this sys tem of tubes into the alkaline blood, where it is converted into soap, and held in the solu tion, and in this state it is distributed by the blood throughout the body ; and when sepa rated from the blood, a tissue is formed which is of great servioe ; deposited between the musoles and other places, it gives to the body a regular and rounded form ; being a bad con ductor of heat, a layer of this tissue beneath the skin serves to keep within much of the heat which is required to support our bodily temperature. Tnis function is seen very conspicuously in oertain aquatic warm blooded animals, par ticularly the seal, in whioh a coat of hair would prove of no service as a covering in his winter bath ; and in such animals We find the cutaneous layer of fat much thicker than in other animals ; which we may consider a wise provision of nature. When accumulated within the body and in a state fitted for reabsorption into the blood, it forms a store of force, producing materials which can be drawn upon as occasion requires. As examples of such occurrences, we have our hibernating animals who enter upon their winter sleep with bodies plump and rounded, the fat previously accumulated being design ed to form an internal store for consumption when the supply from without is suspended. These auimuls emerge from their three months sleep with bodies thin an i emaciated, the fat having been drawn upon to support life during the period of -inactivity. Acoording to Liebig's views fat is held to be a heat producing agent. A high temperature is required for a high manifestation of vitality, and amongst the higher members of the ani mal kingdom in whioh the processes of life are carried on with much greater activity than on the lower, provision is made for the gener ation of heat on the body. Although our bodies may be exposed to a great external cold, so long as a healthy con dition prevails a certain uniform temperature is maintained, and for this end the oxidation of combustible material is constantly going in. Hence there is a demand for food capa ble of undergoing the process of oxidation with formation of heat. Liebig's view was that the non-nitrogenous principles, viz., oar bo hydrates and fats, were especially devoted to this purpose. The capacity of a material for heat produc tion depends upon the amount of unoxidized carbon and hydrogen it contains, andof all the alimentary substances fat holds the highest place in this respect. The relative value of fat, sugar, starch and such like bodies, as re gards capacity for oxidation, has been ascer tained by calculations based on the chemical composition of these bodies. According to data obtained a given quantity of fat will have the power of appropriating about 2 times as much Oxygen as the same quantity of starch, or in other words will de velop about 2h times as much heat in the pro cess of oxidation, and consequently has about 2J times as muoh value as a heat produoing agent. Dr. Playfair was here quoted as to the enormous consumption of fatty foods by the dwellers in the Arctio regions, while for tropi cal dwellers farlnaoeous foods were the great staple. That our bodies instinctively feel the absence of fatty matter in some of our com mon foods and attempt to Bnpply it, is well illustrated by one or two common household praotices. The finely bolted wheat of the present day is composed almost entirely of starchy matters containing less fat than the original berry,and in the use of such material we butter our bread to supply the deficiency. So the house wife doctors the pie crust with lard abundant ly, obtaining as a result a substance emi nently fitted to bring on . the dyspepsia ; for when baked in this manner not only is the fat rendered more indigestible, but very inti mately mixed with the other matters it affords a mechanical hindrance to digestion. All nitrogenous foods, whether albuminous or gelatinous, must undergo digestion before they can enter the system. In their original state they are in a form to resist absorption, and it is only when liquified and transformed by the agenoy of the gastric juice that they are capable of affording nutriment to the body. In the stomach the albuminous principles, of which meat is our most familiar example, are exposed to the action of the gastric juice, which has the effect of dissolving and trans forming them into a principle which possesses the important property of being highly dif fusible and thereby readily transmissible from the digestive canal into the blood. With all the nitrogenous principles the result is the same, whether derived from the animal king dom, as in the case of beef or the case of milk, or from the vegetable kingdom, as in the case of vegetable casein; they each, under the influencS of the gastrio juice, become con verted into the highly soluble and diffusible produot which at first by Mialke was called al bumose, but since the time of Lehman has been called peptone. No matter from what source the peptones are formed ; they always possess the Bame cbaracteristioes and the same general chemical properties. But the most important physiological property which pep tones possess is their high power of diffusi bility; they are designed for removal from the digestive canal, and by possessing this proper ty of diffusion a favorable disposition exists for the accomplishment of what is wanted. This change, whereby albuminous foods are converted into diffusible peptones capable of easy absorption into the blood, is wrought in the stomach by means of a fluid whose two aotive ingredients are pepsine, a peculiar or ganio ferment formed in the glands of the stomach, commonly called rennet, and free hydrochloric acid, it being possible that a compound acid is formed to which the solvent aotion is due. In this flask here is a quantity of gastrio juice mixed with water obtained from a dog by means of a stomach fistula. The liquid in the flask, as yon have probably noticed, has been boiling for some time, and if, an we have said, gastrio juice contains hydrochloric acid, we should expeot to find it in the portions which have distilled over. In the gastric juice from the human stom ach the acid is quite weak, being present to the amount of only two-tenths of one per cent., while in the dog it is somewhat strong er, and it is owing to this foot that dogs are enabled to digest the bones on whioh they frequently dine. Let us now try a few simple experiments with the fluid which baa distilled from our ap paratus ,to demonstrate, if possible, the pres ence of this aoid. The aotion of the juice on foods is favored by the high temperature belonging to the body,and also by the movements to which the contents of the stomach are subjected by the aotion of the muscle fibres attached to the walls of the stomach; thus after a hearty meal we see the philosophy of gentle exercise. According to Dr. Dalton, one ounce of gas trio juice will dissolve about thirty grains of lean meat. At this rate, the full digestion of a pound of raw meat would require two gallons of gastrio juioe, and this apparently enor mous quantity will not be considered incredi ble if it be remembered that this fluid, af ter it has done its work of solution, is at ones reab sorbed into the circulation, so that even this quantity might be secreted during three or four hours of the digestive process at an ex pense to tbe blood of not more than 8 to 4 ounoes of fluid at any one time. The fluid does not accumulate in the stomach, but its watery portions are in continual process of secretion and reabsorption as long as any food remains undigested. Tbe noted experiment of Dr. Beaumont on a man having large fistulous opening into the stomach, resulting from a gunshot wound, had though some of the results obtained were fallacious been of great servioe in throwing light upon the process of digestion. Thus it was learned that a meal of boiled venison steak will be digested and removed from the stomach In one and one -half hours, a much shorter time than required for other meat. " Next in ease of digestibility comes mutton of a proper age, and then beef, while pork is the most refractory to the gas trio juioe. Of poultry, turkey is the most di gestible, while ducks and geese, owing to the quantity of fat, are assimilated with difficulty. The lecturer now spoke of the additional di gestive forces lying in the intestinal and the pancreatio fluids. Many interesting and com plicated chemical actions take place during the passage of the food through these canals. We will simply point out the manner in whioh albuminous food is fitted for nourishing the blood, and then by contributing to the up building of the body. Let ns now try one or two experiments to fix more clearly in our minds the peculiar solvent aotion of the stomach and pancreatio jnioes in albuminous or nitrogenized foods. In this dish is an artificial gastric juioe from a pig's stomach, and in this an artificial pancre atio juice prepared from ox pancreas or sweet breads as they are called. Both of these solu tions are heated to correspond to the body temperature, viz., 100 Fahrenheit. To each of .these solutions we will add this quan tity of blood fibrin, a typical form of albu men, and wne which is very similar in nature to the tissue of beefsteak for example, a sam ple of whioh you see here being white in col or simply because it has been washed entirely free of blood and other extractive matters. The two mixtures we will alio w to stand for a time and note later tbe ohanges which may take plaoe. We have now followed the nitrogenous alimen tary principles to the form of peptones. The precise nature of what now takes place is not fully known. We know that the peptones pass into the blood, becoming there without doubt incorporated in this moving tissue, but as to the steps in the process we have no definite data. We know the ultimate products, but are unacquainted with tbe detailed changes which must take place. As regards the Beat of the ohange we oan only surmise that the liver is the workshop in which this substance un dergoes the metamorphosis. The various nitrogenous principles of tbe body must be derived from it, but whether by direct trans formation or by passing through the stage of albumen we have o means of deciding. We know that artificially formed peptones are available for nutrition, for several investi gators fonnd that dogs fed on peptones, and a small quantity of non-nitrogenous food ac cumulated flesh and gained quite rapidly in weight, and at present a large quantity of ar tificially prepared peptones are' annually manufactured at Amsterdam and throughout Europe, and perhaps in this country, as an ar ticle of food, designed particularly for weak stomachs afflicted with a soaroity of digestive juices. The professor now illustrated by ex periments that peptones are formed by stom ach and pancreatic digestion ; also the man ner in which peptones pass from the stom ach and intestines into the blood. The power and great importance to life of ni trogenous or albuminous matters as food was now considered. It is nitrogenous matter which starts and keeps in motion the molecu lar changes which result in the phenomena of life, and it holds the same important position with regard to the secretions. These owe their aotive properties chiefly, if not entirely, to a nitrogenous constituent. Thus pepsin, the active ferment of the gastrio juice, contains nitrogen. The relation of nitrogenous The advantages of a mixed diet over an en tirely nitrogenous or albuminous one are all well stated by Huxley. "A healthy, full grown man keeping up his weight and heat, and taking a moderate amount of exercise, eliminates 4,000 grains of carbon to only 300 grains of nitrogen," or roughly only needs 1.13th as much N. as O. A man confined to a purely albuminous diet must eat a prodigi ous quantity of it. This involves a waste of. power. Hence instinct teaches us to mix fats aud starohy matters with albuminous foods, and these supplemented by salts found in the body and furnished by vegetable and other matters make up the total necessary foods for sustaining life. Digestibility and nutritive value bear no necessary relation to each other ; an article of food may be highly nutritive and yet exceed ingly indigestible. There are innate differ ences in kind as well as in degree in the diges tive as in the intellectual powers of mankind. Food stands in definite relation to the con ditions of life, habits and needs of persons, and habit, in particular, has a great influence on the digestive aotion ; what a person is ac customed to, that he will digest with the greater faoility. We have all doubtless expe rienced tbe symptoms of indigestion brought about by a ohange of residence and subse quent change of food, which though whole some our stomachs were unacquainted with. There is also a statement in a book on diges tion which reads like this, "that the digesti bility of food is much influenced by our liking for it," and within oertain limits it seems true ; what we are fond of agrees with us, and what we dislike is not apt to digest well. But aside from all these minor points oertain articles of food are comparatively easy of di gestion, while others are assimilated with greater difficulty! In meat the degree of di gestibility depends upon the proportion of fibre, gelatine and fat of which they are com posed, and also upon their variation in mechanical texture. Whatever renders the animal fibre harder causes the meat to be less digestible j on the other hand, whatever renders it more delicate and tender, more easily separated and disinte grated, makes it more readily soluble in the juices of the stomach. Violent exercise just previous to death gives increased tenderness to the flesh, end it is owing to this fact that the flesh of wild animals is more tender than tbe flesh of domestio animals, since nearly all of the former are killed after a more or less lengthy chase. It is generally believed that provided an animal has reached maturity the tenderness of its flesh is increased by youth by its not having been worked and by its be ing in good condition. Quite young flesh, however, is not so easily digestible ; the flesh of the lamb and calf, for example, being less digestible than mutton or beef. The fatty portions of flesh and all other varieties of fatty matter are difficult of assimilating, being par ticularly offensive to weak stomachs, and when taken in large quantity remain in tbe stomach frequently as long as six hours, and being liquified there by the heat of tbe body may incase other ar ticles of food and hinder their digestion ; but in small quantities it is readily absorbed and of great value as a heat producer. The mode of preparing meat has a great influence upon its digestibility. Boiling is generally considered the method best adapted to easy digestibility, the reason being that the albumen on tbe outer surface becomes coagu lated and the juices are kept within and the whole rendered thereby more savory and ten der. Ia the case of boiling meat the surface albumen should be coagulated as soon as possible, thereby preventing the extraction of the soluble nutrient matter, and in such cases the meat should be plunged at once into boiling water, but in any case the boiled flesh never contains the nutriment which the same pieoe would give if roasted. If, on the other band, a soup is to be made, the meat Bhould be placed in oold water and the temperature gradually raised, thus extracting its nutrient qualities to the greatest extent. Of all the methods of preparing meat frying is the most objection able ; the meat is not only rendered harder than when boiled and thus more indigestible, but it beoomes imbued with boiling fat and is thereby rendered still .more refractory to the gastrio juice. In the process of salting or curing meat the juices of the meat are more or less extracted and its nutritive value some what impaired, and the action of the salt also tends to render the meat harder and drier and consequently more indigestible. In tbe case of all fat meat as salt pork there is probably an exception to the rule that meat is rendered more indigestible by salting ; they bave but little water to lose and so their tissue cannot become more consolidated, and according to observations by Dr. Beaumont it is possible that fat pork is rendered more digestible by salting ; he found by experiment on St. Mar tin that recently salted pork when raw or boiled was digested in three hours ; the same article fried was digested in four hours, while fresh pork "roasted required five hours. On the other hand boiled fresh beef was digested in two and three-quarter hours, while old salted beef required four and one-quarter hours when prepared in the same manner. Fish of different sorts form a digestible kind of food, particularly the white and dry kinds, like the cod, haddock, etc., while the richer in fat, such as salmon, shad, etc, are less apt to agree with the stomach. Muoh has been said about fish as a brain food, and pop ular opinion has accredited to fish flesh a high value owing to its supposed large content of phosphorus. Chemical analysis, however, does not reveal any grounds for such an opin ion, and as a brain food fish' oan rank no higher than beef or any other flesh equally rich in phosphorus. Indirectly, however, fish as being more easily digestible than beef, and thereby requiring less exertion on the part of the digestive system, may give to. the brain worker the same quantity of brain nutriment with less expense to the system. Of the farlnaoeous foods, wheaten bread, oat meal, rye bread, barley, etc., are wholesome and digestive foods. Arrowroot, tapioca, cornstarch and potato starch are made np of minute staroh granules enclosed in a mem brane not readily acted upon by the digestive juices, and the readiness with which they are digested depends npon the rupture of the membrane. Therefore these foods are muoh more easily digested when they have been boil ed, baked or oookedin some manner whereby the membrane is swollen and broken. In the case of vegetables, their nutritive value is not high, but their value as foods depends npon the large quantity of organio salts, of tbe bulk which they give to the food and tbeir stimulating effect. The potato has about the same nutritive value as rice. Dr. Beaumont fonnd that potatoes roasted and baked were digested more readily than when boiled, the one taking 2 hours, the other 8 hours for complete digestion, their digestibility evident ly depending npon the readiness with which they are reduced to a pulp. Such are a few of the many facts ooncerned in the process of nutrition, a process or series of prtoesses on which health, strength and existenoe itself are dependent. iriotnersl Mothers ! ! Mothers ! ! ! Are you disturbed at night and broken of your rest by a sick child suffering and crying with the excruciating pain of cutting teeth 1 If so, go at once and get a bottle of Mrs. Window's Soothing Syrup. It will relieve the poor little sufferer immediately depend np on it ; there is no mistake about it. There is not a mother on earth who has ever used it who will not tell you at once that it will reg ulate the bowels, and give rest to the mother, and relief and health to the child, operating like raagio. It is perfectly safe to use in all cases, and pleasant to the taste, and is the prescription of one of the oldest and best fe male physicians and nurses in the United States. Sold everywhere. 25 cents a bottle. mlM.W.Sltw 'Few of the Ills of life" are more prevalent and distressing than bili ous disorders. The symptoms are low spir its, want of energy, restlessness, headache, no appetite, sallow skin, oostiveness and other ailments which show the liver is in a diseased state and needs regulating, and the proper way to do it is to use "Dr. Swayne's Tar and Sarsaparilla Pills." Their effect on the liver and blood is wonderful, removing pimples and all eruptions, leaving the complexion fair and fresh as in youth. Price 25 cents a box of thirty pills, or five boxes for $1.00. Sent by mail on receipt of price, by Dr. Swayns & Son, 330 North Sixth street, Philadelphia. Sold by all leading druggists. J27 d3taweow&wly From tbe Banks of tbe Hudson. Newbubgh, N. Y., Oct 20 1879. H. H. Wakkeb A Co., Eochesteb, N. Y. Gentlemen :- "A lady of over seventy years of age, in failing health for over a year, bos been using Warner's Safe Bitters on my recommendation. She feels very grateful for the benefit she has derived therefrom, and says that until she used it her stomach could bear no vegetable food for over three years. I believe it to be a oertain speoifio for dyspep sia. f20 eod2w2tw J. T. Jobito, M. D. How to Adorn the Human fla.tr. All that art can accomplish in beautifying, strengthening, thickening and adorning the hair is effected by using "London Hair Color Restorer and Dressing." . It stimulates a new growth; if gray, restores its natural color, and renders it soft, silky and beautiful. Cures dandruff, keeps the scalp clean, cool and healthy. No toilet complete without it. Ask for "London Hair Color Restorer." Univer sally used by the fashionable world, both at home and abroad. Prioe 75 cents a bottle, or six bottles for $1. Sold by druggists. Chablzs Sabin, Rookfort. f27 d3taweow& wly Lint of Unclaimed Letters Bemainlng in the New Haven postoffioe, New Haven county, State of Connecticut, advertised Wednesday, March 3, 188J : LADIES' LIST. B Mrs Robert H Bowers, Mrs Cbai Bnrwell. ; Emma CanbaU, Fannie Cobb, Mr. A J Campbell. 1? Cathari'ie Pagan, J.asie Flemming. H Kittle J Hayes, Mra "O M H." J Kate Jabins. K. Annie X. Knighton. Mi Celestine Let, Mrs F Lisroan, Katie Lapine. M Nellie McCarthy, Mra M M Metca'.. O Mra Ollia, Mrs Jam a H Osbotne. K Mra B W Baymond. M-Ma. gie mitli, Mattle Smith. X Mrs A C Thompson. V Mrs John Wagner, Mra Georgle White, Lizzie A Williams, Harriet Worthln ton, Jennie B. White. GENTLEMEN'S LIST. II Oerrecce Bannon (S), John Bronan, Chas Brock, ett. C Samuel J Carter. D Patrick Dungre. F Reinbold F.nglan, William Fullfr. U Charles B Gilroy. J Hector Girard. J Eugene A Johnson, George Johnson, H 0 Johnson, osepu dtuuuon, Ei Dr Q' o F Lewis. iVI Matthew Monarch, O P Hnstin. N Jos H Nelson. O T"OS O'Brien. I Will am Pardee, Lapage Printers. It Master Frank Reed, J W Bobkison, John Roche, Master Burns A R g.rs. S S M Hniopey, W H nhippey, Lvwrenco B Stevens. W W E Wn.ttlesey, Christopher O Williams, Wm M WilliamB. MISCELLANEOUS. IVI J A Madison & Co. Messrs C B Peet A Co., No. 89 Hyttte St. Persons calling for above letters will please say "Ad vertised," and state the date thereof. N. D. Sfzbbt. 1.1st of Unclaimed Letter Bemainlng in the Fair Haven postofflce, March 1, 1880: LADIES' LIST. M Mrs Mahoney. GENTLEMEN'S LIST. T John Doyle. X 0 S lhompton, William Torpy. Gower & Mansfield, DEALERS IN LUMBER AND- GOAL. WE offer for tale or rent oneuy terms a tpl'ndid coal jftrd, with every convenience lor handling coal. Our large stock of Lumber, comprising: every varie ty ufted in building, we cell at extrrmely low prioeg. 1,000,000 Bangor Laths at New Sork cargo prices, ft 00,000 fhiDgles of ail kinds. 1,000 Spruce Poles, suitable for boat masts. Fencing Materials cf All Kinds. Doors, Bath and Blinds furaihed at-thort notice. " Oar Southern Pine Flooring is of tbe best quality and it will be for tbe interest of builders and others using Southern Pine to examine our stock before pur chasing ele where. It ia cheaper than White Pine. f23 a&w Royton House, 34, 36 and 38 Court Street, New Haven, Coma. gttfe NEW HOUSE, with all the modern improve WM ments. New Furniture ; thoroughly ventilated ; mi 9 flret-clasa dining rooms attached. Open from 6 a. m. to 9 p. m. Board by the day, week, or single meal. Commutation Tickets, $9 for $4.75. Single rooms or suites for single gentlemen, or gentlemen and tbeir wives, furnished or unfurnished, as requir ed. First-class cooks, polite and attentive waiters, popular prices. We are prepared to furnish an unlim ited number of table boarders with flrst-olass board at very low prices. Dinner or rapper for private parties furnished at short notice. No liquors sold. Mid tt JOHN COLEMAN, Proprietor. LYOSA f. PI3f KHJlM OF LTNN, MASS. A A? 1 DISCOVEBER OF Lydia E. Pinkham's VEGETABLE COMPOUND, The positive Cure for au FEMALE COMPLAINTS. FEMAIiB weaknesses, so common to our best fe male population, are generally manifested by the uneasy restless sensation of the patient. The stomach and nervous system are all sympathetically disordered in moat diseases of the uterus. There la also a dull heavy pain constantly felt in the lower por tion of the back, or a severe burning and sharp pain that is almost unendurable ; a soreness through the loiaa, pubis or lover portions of the abdomen, and through the upper portion of the thighs; nausea in the stomach is of frequent occurrence ; pain and gid diness in the head, a sec bo of confusion or weakness, and constant running from one or both eyes, some times follow as a sympathetic symptom of diseased uterus, and with the weakness of the muscles there is a constant bearing down pain, a pulling from the bowels that renders it very painful to walk or stand for any length of time. IjXmA E. PIKKHAM'S VEGETABLE COMPOUND. It restores the blood to its natural condition, directs the vital power aright, strengthens tbe muscles of the nterns, and lifts it Into plaoe, and gives it tone and strength, so that the cure is radical and entire It eirescthens the back end pelvic region: it Rives tone to the whole nervous system; it restores displaced organs to their natural position. That feel ing of bearing down, can Bin g pain, weight, and back ache, is always permanently cured by its nse. The patient who could before walk bat a few steps, and with great pain, can, after the nse of this remedy, walk several miles without discomfo't. It permeates every portion of the system, and gives new life and vigor. It removes Dyspepsia, Faintness, Flatulency, destroys all craings lor stimulants, and relieves weakness of the etomuh. It will cure entirely the worst forms of falling of the Uterus, Leuoorrhoea, Painful Menstruation, Inflammation or Ulceration, Irregularities, Floodlngs, etc. For the cure of Kid ney Complaints of either sex this Oompoond is unsur passed. ' It is impossible for woman, after a faithful oourss of treatment with this medicine, to continue to have weakness of the uterus, and thousands of women to day chtrish grateful remembranoe. of ths help de rived from ths use of thia remedy. Lydia K. Pink ham's Vegetable Oompoond is prepared at the propri etor's laboratory, SO. 233 WESTERN AVENUE?, irtra , russ. Price, 1 Six bottle, to one uddreu, 5. Vrs. Pinkham freely answers all letters of inquiry. Bend for pamphlets. Address as above. No family rhould be without Lydia R. Pinkham's Liver Puis. They cure-oonatipatioii, biliousness and torpidity of the liver. SOXD BX DBTTC6ISTS. Tbe Proof of the Pudding is in ! tn .Eating:. New England Caramels Tell tbeir onra story. Frean every day. STo.310 Chapel Street. fit tm Jewelry ! Jewelry! New Goods ! New Goods I AT STBEETEtt'S Old Established and Renowned Stand. Catea Ite-ffilled and Re-stocked All Good, ol Choice Selections Prices Low. BEAUTIFUL Gold and Silver Watches of irell known and reliable makes. We can guarantee all our goods to da a represented. Have sold to thou sands in tola and neighboring towns. Plain Gold and Eletrant 8tone Binge in gr-at pro union. Look at our Silverware Department before purchasing elsewhere. They are standard goods, special alieniion to WzlicIb and Jewelry Kepairinsr. and also to K ngraving in all branches. 1 he boot work. All are welcome to call and examine goods. . GEO. L. STREETER, HO. 232 CilAPME STREET. aSl d&w Mra Gooii, 88 Crown Street. JUST received this day, fine stock of fine Creamery and Gilt Edge Batter. Fare Leaf Lj d in tabs or pails. Neufchatel Ohoeee. Fromage de Brie. Swiss Gheese, Sopsapo, Edam Cheese, Italian Parma aean, Dorne"ic Sw.es Cheese, Porto Bico and N. O. Uolaes-. Syrups, Honey. Je lies aod Marmalade. All tnd fancy brands of Ftour. Teas and Coffee pure aud warranted to suit. No. 1 Shore Mackerel. Pure Boneless Coaflsh. Bonelets Windsor Herring. Yarmouth Bloaters. Holland Herrings. Hamburger Pickled Herrings. Spiced Russian (sardines, Spiced Anchovies, Russian Caviar in buik or box. Fulton Market Tongues. A select assortment of Wines, Brandies an d Liquors Rye and Rock (Genuine). A fine assortment cf Imported and Domestic Cigars Andrew Goodman, NO. 88 CBOWJf STREET, Hear Mosio Hal, 4 doors from Chnrch at., f28 Cosaniaii'i Bnlldlnir. IMMEJ.SE SUCCESS! DR. S. W. FISKE, Off Norwich, Conn Xbe Celebrated ;latevoytn. Physician, And Magaetic Healer of 29 years practice, also Busi ness and Test Medium, WILL visit New Haven, Conn., four days in every month at the Tontine Hotel where h can be oonsulted Monday evening, February 16th, Tues day, Wednesday and Thursday, Feb. 17th. 18th and 19th, and Friday, the 20th, until 3 p. m. Office hours from 9 a. m. to 9 p. zn. The doctor examines the sick at eight, without be ing told of their complaints, and prepares his medi cines himself from the best of selected roots, herbs and barks, for the speedy cure of all chronic diseases of whatever name or nature. Hie medicines cleanse the system and leave trie patient in a healthy condi tion. The doctor is also possessed with strong mag netic healing powers for the quick removal of all dis eases. He has been in a5tive practice for over a quarter of a oentuiy, treating thousands of cases with remark able success. Medicines prepared expressly for each and every case and furnished verv reasonable, and nothing poisonous given. The doctor dots iot charge exorbi tant prices. Medicines wi 1 be furnished from two dollars upwaras. aiso sent to au parts ox toe country by express when desired. The doctor can also read your past, present and fu ture destiny, and is one of the mntt astonishing seers of the present age for his truthfulness in readiug the most important events in one's life. He also has great success in selecting .ucity numoera. wmiuga Tor ou--lner affairs or examination of the rick. ftl. Commu nications by letter upon business or health must con tain age, sex, a lock of hair, and stamp. Address Loos Box 1US8, Norwich, Conn. WThe doctor oan be consulted at the Sterling House, Bridgeport, Conn., February 31st and 2 2d, and me aoa, nnmo p. m. js-aj astw CARPETS. W. & J. SLOANE ABK NOW OFFERING THE LITEST NOVELTIES FOB TBI 8PBINQ TEADE. Axmlnster?, Moquettes, Wiltons, Body Brussels, Tapestries, Tbree Plies, Ingrains, Oil Clotbs, I.IJVOI.EIJ.TI, and COH.TI- CINE, COCOA, and CHINA MAT. TINGS, RUlrS and MATS, In great variety. CHtJBCHES, HOTELS, STEAMBOATS AND PUB LIC INSTITUTIONS, FUBNI8HED AT SHORT NO TICE AND UPON THE MOST REASONABLE TEBH9. ASSO A FULL ASSORTMENT OF TUBItlSII GOODS! INCLUDING ANTIQUE & MODERN EMBROIDERIES, Table Covers), Piano Covers, Chair Covers, Curtains, Cushions, Djidjinis, Sllfeis, &c, dec, A Cm 649, 651, 655 Broadway, NEW YORK. Elevated B. E. (West side), Bleeder Street Station. Elevated B. B. (East side), Houston Street Station. mald:w3m 1ALESMEN VYANTE IOOOD MEnTO SELL CIGARS TO DEALERS- rf at"? A month a nd expenses t P a J J Samples lTre 1 VU (.UssS JUtlKC VU( I And send it with your appIication,also I 3svuu m 3c, siamii io insure answer. S. FOMTCH Sc CO. f P. O. Box 137. Ciiicuuati, Ohio. MY CATALOGUE FOR 1880 Comprising a Full and Complete JLiist of choice Field, Garden and Flower SEEDS, Will read; for distribution March 1st, and oan be had MUSK ou application. FBMK S. i'JLATT. BEAIOVAL ! E. E. SAETFORD RESPECTFULLY announces to his Mends and the public generally that in Yxmseqaanoe of In creasing business he has removed his Grocery and Provision Store From No, 91 Wnalley Avenue to the n6w and ooznmo dious store, No. 304 Elm Street, COBNEB OF PARK, His stock of goods nOI, sa heretofore, embrace the choicest selection of Groceries, Provisions, Fresh Heats, Vegetables, etc. Flonr Superlative, New Process and. other kinds. Sugars All Grades. BUTTEB, as good ss the most fastidious could Wish lor. Test and Coffees very choice and warranted to suit. Prime Beef, Veal, Pork, Mnttou, Hams, and s thou sand and one other articles vhlch want of space for bids enumerating. Prices wtm low am tbe lowest Ooods delivered promptly. f!2 t Fancy Oats. " TJ8T received, the fourth ear of those Fancy Oats, J that make the horses laugh. None like then, ia the city is what we hear raid by many of oar custo mers. While we are having a rui-hiiur trade in these, we are not neglecting other things in the 1 ur. Grain and Feed line. No other evidence is needed that our store s the best pisos tt pnrchane goods of this kind than the oooatantly incre&ainjz patronage from close cash buyers. Oome and be convinced asmany others have. . - , 150 and 153 State Street. OX dfew JFOHH KEBUET. GOSGROVE'S Grand Dntioi -OJP- Nkw To ax, March 1st, 1880. ME. J. o. OOBdBDYE, Hew Haven, Conn. Dbub Sib Tour committee have performed their duty and enclose yon the n timbers In the order sa they were drawn from the box. M99 4,765 4,521 15 258 8,779 13,'39 2,851 7,168 8.643 8,289 15,78 11,129 8,050 S.fi89 3,135 Oil IV D 11 nn ! Ml Standard makes in SIIiK TRIMMING SILK, new Styles. Latest Novelties in DRESS GOODS. asw" asssV m Sk r JT cloaks. SHAWIiS. CASSIMERES. LADIES' CLOTHS. FLANNELS. . 13,469 12,8.19 6 663 6,619 3,520 1.791 4,682 l,9eS 16,839 6,399 Each of tbe above numbers draws a Map of tbe City of New Haven. No. 1,060 gets the FBEN0H CLOCK. a,201 gets the MANTEL CLOCK. 769 gets the PABLOR CLOCK. 6,498 gets the CLUSTER FIN. 14,036 gets the CLUSTER PIN. 9,453 gets the LADY'S BRAOELKT8. " 15,9 getl the GENTLEMAN'S HUNTING CASE WAT0H. Bespeotf ally yours, ALEXANDER BOS", ) JAMES H. SWEENEY,-Committee. LUCIUS W. BEKBE, j : 4 WATERPROOFING. WATERPROOFS SUITS. PRINTS. CAMBRICS. GINGHAMS. DOMESTICS- COTTON DRESS GOODS. CRETONNES Presents will be delivered to holders of the above tickets, any time within SO days, by presenting them st ! t COSGBOVB'S Great Boot and Shoe Store. , Cor. Church and Crown St. SGEHTS FURNISHINGS. UNDERWEAR. sV CORSETS. Xlo EDGINGS. S LACES. VvVV 5 LINENS. BLANKETS. TICKING GLOVES. RIBBONS. RUFFLING. HOSIERY. ma? d&w NEW HAVEN. GRAY'S SPECIFIC MEDICINE. TRADE MARK The Great TRADEMARK Ang;iiMn itera edy. An unfailing cur for Seminal WfUsknefli, Sperma torrhoea, I a poten cy, and I1 diBe&ses that follow, as a se quence of helf Abcse ; as Loss of' Oieiuviii uni'ci pass BEFORE TAKIHO.1""'0"8" ain 111 AFTER TAKINB, of Vision, Prematore Old Age, and many other Diseas es that lead to Insanity or Consumption, and a Prema tura Grave. tr Foil particulars in our pamphlet, which we de sire to sen I free by mall to every one. The Bpe olflo stedlolne is sold by all druggists at 1 per pack age, or six par-kagea for $6, or will be sent free by mall on receipt of the money br addslng the: okay medicine co., No. 10 Mechanics Block, Detroit, Mich. fW gold In New Ilaven by all Druggists. Ja7 lydsw BIOHaBPSON CO.. Wholesale Ag'ts. HOW TO SPI2NO 25 UJSATd. 4 LBS. Best Laundry Starch 2Eo. 4 qts. Mew Beans Mo. 1 lb. good Tsble Butter 25a. S lbs. Soda Crackers 15c. S Ins. best Milk Crackers 25c. 8 lbs. Carolina Bioe 360. I 8 lbs. Fir hloe Wo. S qts. New Hickory Nats 250. ' j 5 large bars Boarj 25c. 2 osna Bweet Corn 35o. S lbs. New Turkish Prunes 25c New Honey 12c per lb. Very nice Oran ea 20o per doz. Extra nice Msckerel So each. Coaftth 4o per 10. S lbs. best Table Butter $1. Fresh Poultry received this morning. T. II. K.KAUNI2Y, Cor. Hill Street and Congress Avenue. fis - FOB HALE, DB8IBABLE Building Lots, centrally located, ten minutes walk from the post offloe. Also one Lot on Park street, 80x100 feet. A few nice Lots near the proposed new Park (East Book). Inquire of " 8. B. OVIATT, ja24 tfeod Boom 4. 87 Church street. SASH, DOORS AND BLINDS. WITH improved machinery and facilities, we are now ready to compete for the above oommodi- i ties against imported work for CASH. If consumers i want that kind, they can have ON It DOOB, WINDOW I OB BLIND, OB A HUNDRED, AT A.8 low a price !as dealerslpay for tbe same by tbe car load. Custom Made Worst at Very Lsw Prices. Lewis & Beecher Company, ADAM & G- FINE CARRIAGES FOR FAMILY USE. I LATEST STYLES IN JJandaus,IJandaulet8, Ber lin Coaches, Coupes, BroDgbams, Victorias.and Six-Passenger Bockawaj s, All strictly flrst-olass. Warranted to give perfect aatiafaotlon. H. KILLAM & CO., ol5 tf New Haven. Conn I A Positive Cure WITHOUT MEDICINES. Allan's Soluble Medicated Bougies. PATENTED OCTOBER 16, 1870. 'ONE BOX lOO East Water Street, dtfcwtf New Haven, Oonn, FRESH AND SALT FISH. Iff g KIT8 Extra Shore No. 3 Portland Kack- J erel, warranted 30 lbs. In each kit, at $1.60 per kit. 10 bbls. ?a, very nice, 99.60. 30 halt bbls. $5 rach. 26 bbls. extra Portland Herrinits at $5 per bbl. Fresh Haddock, fresh Oodflsb, and ireah Herringa received daily from Boston. Peddlers supplied dur ing Lent at Boston prices. Groceries, Meats and Vegetables in large quantities, the same as usual at hittom prices. We d-.nt adver tise any bogus goods to deceive the public. Please call and be convinced. IS. Heal y A Co., Cor. Oak St. and Congress Ave., Established 187. (f 13) HEALT'8 BLOCK. No. 1 will cure anjr esse In four days, or less. Ho 3 will core tbe most Obstinate Case, no matter of bow 1 oil ft standing. No nauseous doses of Cnbebs, Copaiba or Oil of Sandalwood, tbat are certain to produce dyspepsia by destroying the coatinsjs of tbe to mac U. Price tl.50. Sold by all Drus;s;lsts or mailed on receipt of Price. For f nrtney particulars send for Circular. P. O. Box 1,533. J. C. ALLAN CO., No. 83 John Street, New York. We offer 430O Reward! or any case tbey will not core. QUICK, SAFE AND 8VBG CURE. n21 ly Heavy Forging. 93 Orange Street Rubber Goods of Every Description. Coats, Leggings, Blanbets, Qossamer Garments, Overs, Arctics. The only place In this city where yon can bny a Rubber Boot tbat will not crack is at tbe Orange Street 12 libber Store. WE HAVE the best facilities for doing all kinds of Heavy Steel and Iron Forginga, Drop Work, Machine Jobbing, Planing, Lathe Work, etc. Prices and estimates given on application. Blanslield Elastic Frog Co., Congress Ave. and Daorsrett St., P O. Box 1,09a. New Haven, Oonn, uKtf Blcvcle Scnool Street, in tbe Oran open from 9 a. m. to l p. m., to ana T to xu p. m.. at as urown Da Optra House Hiuiaint. Carnages and Wagons for Bale. rWKjstB, BEACH WAGON, also 4-seat Bockaway, jfeaSiT thrtte Second-hand Phaetons; Top Carriage, shifting top, patent wheels ; also Second hand Wagona and Oarriages Bepairing of all kinds promptly attended to and at he Lowest Prices. Oarriages and Wagona Stored and Sold on Oozamlssion. Jaas D. IN, 104 HOWS HTBXBT. CHARLES 0. OAKS, SAGE CHEESE We bave 25 boxes extra quality Vermont Sage cheese at a moderate price. And also SOO boxes plain Gleason. Cheese at lowest market. J. D. DEWELIi & CO., Hos. 233 to 239 State Street. . f 36 tf Useful and Ornamental. ffeantt ry your Yards and make your toaraenH rrsancuve auu auracuret m. WM. O. ROBERTS CO.. of Geneva. N. T. Srtp.lnr in Fruit and Ornamental Tnes,Plants, isssrVinee, Shrubs, Boses, Ato offer to tbe people of Mew Haven and vicinity inducements in ' . new, rare and standard varietiea of Nursery Stock for i the Sprina: of 1880. which cannot be surpassed in dual- ( ity and prioe. Every tree, plant, shrub, vine, or any i article aenverea sy us, snau ds oi in nnest ana Dess quality, guaranteed true to name, good roots acd vig oroua stock, our looal agent, Mr. O. &, WATJLlS8,of your plaoe, is ready to reiive your orders and eaplain our saode of doing business, and s card addressed to him will be cheerfully reaponded to, and he will call and ahow special mis from which yon oan make seleo tions if desired. Very respec-.f ully yours. WM. O. BOBlBIB S CO. Address all orders to si Bute street. Jal3 6m j 46 Church. Cor. Crown St. Stop in and Examine tbe Ooods and Prices. Ton can Purchase as Low at THE CORNER STORE, J AS AX AM ' First-Class Place in New Haren. f7 . Vaults and Cesspools. If yon liave a Vault or Cesspool tbat needs avtentlou, SEND FOB Farnham's Odorless Apparatus. Orders may be left with B. B. BEADLET CO., 408 Stte street. BOBT. VEITOH eON, la Chapel at., P.O. BOX 376. JaSly We still continue to meet the ever grow ing interest in Bicycle Kidiner. and we nnpe soon to be able to open one of tbe largest Bicycle Schools in America. We wish to Bta'e also that "The Ml cycle World," a beautiful little journal of sixteen pages, issued twice a month, devoted to Bicycling, Archery, &c . can be obtained by calling tor It at THOMPSOFfJ BUKBKK TOBE. jaT 93 Oransre Street, Palladium Building;. : lIsSTltUCTIOT BOOKS. I Cor the Piano. Kichardson's New Method for the Pianoforte. (tS.35,) sustains its reputation ss the most perfeot of Instruotiou books, having been many times revised, improved sod enlarir- d. Hundreds of thousand h.ve been sold, and it is ntlil in constant and large oemana. Be sure to get the riht b.ok. Notice the exact title, and accept no other. Now get your E ASTER M OS 10. Send for list. For Reed Organ. The Emerson Tlettaod. ($1 AO,) by Emerson and ll.tih.we, has a capital " metho l" and an abund ance o' fine pleoes, in traoiental and vocal,that pleas while they Instruct the learner. So not forsret Whits Robes I "0o New Sunday School Book. A gr at an cess. By Abbey aj.d Munger, rybody tbould possess it. Tnnsflli iiiii i Jewels (6c). By J. H. Tenney. Temperance Bongs, au choice ana wide-awase. Emerson's Am hem Bonk ($1.25). By I.. O. Emer son. TJnex called in quality. Vry choice and large collection. Ame'ioan Anthem Book (H 21). 100 easy Anthems for oommcn choirs. By Johnson, Tenney and Abbey. Any book mailed post-free lor the retail price. Song . jce- Hew NEW CROP i OLIVER DITS0N & CO., Valentines. 1880. AIiaBQB assortment at wholesale and retail, the Monthly Magazines for F bruarv. Full Franklin Bquare and Seaside Libraries now on our counter., e hsve constantly on hand a full lino of stationery Ooods. Bawl. Penc.l Go.1 academto and Autunatie Indelible Pencils. We sre selling Steerase 1 icketa to and from Sorope at trie low rate of f 20, Draft pa able at sight at lowest ratt s. xoraaiaoy . xtut xnswni&o rtjsw w., ... t Exohang Building. GEO. M. DOWNK8,l j..,. J AMR J. oarr. f rroprlstors. Fancy Ponce Molasses. j Just received a cargo of about ' tbree hundred hogsheads, of our An own importation - a year to Atfents. Outfit ami a $25 SJvH im j. For terms d- E. G. STODDARD & CO., BOO, SOS, 10, 313 State St. t - ; . , , Key West Cigars. WB HAVS lust received 20,000 o our eelbrste4 Margarita, Key Wen Oigars Price (4,00 per hundred, . , , . JsU . ... ' ... I fl. HAIX BOX lif WeSa&w FRESH SHAD. Pickerel, "Whitefish, Halibut, Cis co? s. Perch, Mali bat. Smelt, 8 teak Codfish, Eels, Oysters, Clams, Chickens, Turkeys, Capons. Prime Beef, Mutton, .Lamb, Veal, Fresh Pork. Sugar Cured Hams, Shoulders, Breskf as t .Bacon, Smoked and llried Beef, Sweet Potatoes, Carrots, Parsnip. Let. tuce,8pinnach.Cabbages, lurnips. JI DSO.Y BROS. Provision and Packing Co., StlS and 3117 state St., and 3M Grand St. . Ul - . y ... : r Honsatonie Ballroad Through Cars Between Bridgeport and Albany. Shortest, Quickest and Cheapes Route for Albany, Troy, Sar atoga, and the West. PiBTONGEB TRMNS Xave BRIDGEPORT for ALBANY, SARATOGA ant the WEST. 10:10 a. m (npon arrival of :SS a.m. train frmnHBwHwn)'07ITH THROIK11I . CAB FOH 4 I. HV, arriving at M p. m. Arrives Rsratoga p. m connecting s Albany with 8:1(1 p. m. Popular nhloaoo and St Louis Express, arriving m Gnloago 7:40 ths nez p. m. Leave BRIDOBPOBT at :EB p. m. (oonneotina; with 1:46 p. m. Train f rozn Kw Haven) arriving in Albany W:0A p. m ftiratoira 11:30 nbrht. BETIIKKIWTHHIHIHI)4R lVH Al. bany at 0:40 a. m., arriving in Bridgeport 13:1 noon, New Haven 1:10 p. m. Thronttb Tickets sold and BaSfre Ohecked at Nw Haven Passenger Depot for ttttsfield and al Houaatonio Stationa, North Aduns, Albany, Troy and Saratoga. H. D. AVERTTjT,, General Ticket Agent. I.. B. -TILLS' )N, Superintendent. ssnageport, uonn., hov. ju, io New York, New Haven and Bart ford Kail road. - ON and after Monday, May 13th, 137. Train. lo.va He. Haven an fallow. : NEW YOB K Kxrjrnse trains at 'S:M "4 10 8:OT !) a. m., (this train stops at Milford,) t:5u 0. m., 8 86, 6:2H, 8:10 p. m. 1?itsmnirtan Night Bxpresa via Harlem Kiver Branch, U:4n p. m., (daily ex. cept Pundays) stops a Bridgeport, South Norwtlk, Btainford. Aocorauiodation. A:30, 7:W a. ci., I3'.1!t noon, s:4fi aud S:4i p. m. Train for Bridgeport a 7:80 p. m. SUNDAY BVBNING TBAIN for New York will leav. ' at 8:16 p. m arriving at Grand Central Depot a 11:80 d. m. ITOB HABTFOBD, inDDLETOWN, HEW BRITAIN HPKINGFI ELD, B . iSTON and the North Exprea i "3:80 a. m., (daily ex.iept Mondays) for Hartford stopping atXend't This train goes from Hartford to Boston via WUlixnantio and Putnam. Ao oonunodatloii 8:18 a. m. for HpringSeld. Express l":h a. m. for MerMen. Berlin, New Britain, Mid dletown, Hartford and Springfield. Aooomm. 10:4a. m.,fn Meriden only Express, 1:21 p. m. for SprinufieM stope at Hartford and Aferlden on ly. Accommodation, 8:13 p. m. for Springfield. Xxprmu S:18 p. m. for Merfden, Barlin, New Brit, sin, Mlddletown, Harbord and Springfield. Ao coramodatloi; 6:15 p. a., to Hartford, oonnects for New Britain and Middletown. Accommodation 8:10 p. m. for Springfield. Express '13:00 mid night for Meriden Hartford and Springfield Sundays, express 12:10 midnight for Meriden Hartford and Springfield. FOB NKW LtiND-iN, PttOVIDKHOB, NORWICH BOSTON and the East. Express trains at 12:3 midnight, and 8:37 p. m. Accommodation train at 8:08, 10:40 a. m., 6:36 p. m. Special to Guilford at 8:10 p, m., stopping at all stationa. Dully. B. M. REED, Vice President, myaa Boston & New fork Air Line BR. J5isr On and after MONDAY, March 24th 5-iWtR7 trains will ron as foUows: 8:04 . m. TBAIN for Wtllimantic, oonnects at WUU mantlc with trains of the N. Y. It N. E. and N, L. N. rairrmarlB. arriving in Boston at 1:16 p. m. Provldenoe M:26. Worcester 12:27 p. m., and Kurwlck at 10:60 a. m. 10.-43 a. m. TRAIN for willimantio, connecting at WIN ltmantlo with N. Y. ft N. . and Mew London Northern Ballroeds. B:S0 p. m. TKATN for Willimantio, connecting at Willi, mantle with New Loudon Northern B. j B., for Norwich and New London. Trains leave TurnerviUe for Oolchester at 9:60 a. m., 1:06 and 7:so p. m. Leave Oolohneter for Turcervllle at 9:26 and 10:60 a. m., aud 6:20 p. m. Trains connect at Middletown with the Oonn, Valley Ballroa I for Saybrook and Hartford. See Posters. J. H. FBVfTKLlN, mai6 Superintendent. New Baven and Northampton Railroad. 2sayJSE? tm and after Monday, Nov. 25th, 187 ISStfpIB4ip"TralnB will leave New Haven at 7:10 a m., lo::lN aw u.,mnt 5:J p. tu. for Piainvuls New Hartford, Westheld Holyoke, East bamp too Northsmptcn and Wlltlamshurg. Trains will arrive from the above points at 9:11 m.f 1:86 p. m. and mi p. tn. Close Connections, At Plainvllle with trains east and west on New York and New England KB. At fine Mealow with Oonn. Western BR. At Westfield with Boston and Albany BB. (.'At Northampton with Oonn. River Uit. For particulars see small Time Tables at the office snd depots. SDWABD A. BAY, General Ticket Agent. Hew Haven, Nov. 25th, 1878. n26 New Haven ani iiWbv ESallroad nJSM'raSJ On and after WEDNESDAY, May 16th BjjjjgtNjijll87B. Trains will run as f uUowa : LEAVE NEW HAVEN, At 7:10 and 10:00 a. m.; 2:00, 4:60 and 8:1 p, m, LEAVJS ANSONIA, At 6:40 and 9:04 a. m.; 12:30. 8:10 and 7:36 p. m. Connections are made at Ansonia with nassenset trains of the Naugatank railroad, and at New Haven with ths principal trains of otlier roads centering thara. S. S. QUINTARD, Snpt. Sew Haven, May 14, 1878. my!6 NAUUATCUK KA1L.KUA.U. O-.tMMENOING MAY 16. 1878. train. 'will run as follows: OulNo NtiBTH Lh.vs Buidobvobt. 7:80 a. ni. Milk Train for Wlnated. (7:00 Sundays.) 10:00 a. m. t'assunger Train for Wlnated, connecting at Derby from New Haven ; at Waterbnry for Bristol nnd Hartford and Watortown. 10:80 a. u.. Plight Train for Wlnated. 2 60 and 4:R4 p. m. Mixed Trains for Waterbnry, re nelvlng passenger, from New Haven at Auaonla. 4:60 p. m. Passenger Train for Wlnsted, connecting at Derb from New Haven, at Waterbnry Wstertown. GOING SOUTH Lsavs WaTSBBUST. 11:00 a. m :00 a. tn. Freight Trains. "4:17 and tl:6u a. m 2:20 p. m. f asaenger Trains, 6121 p. m. Milk. On Sunday. . milk train 6:26 p. m. Stages for Ltchueld leave Litchfield Station on Srrlval of all trains. Freight trains have passenger accommodations. OEO. W. BJEAOH, SopH. Bridgeport, May ISth, 1878. myl8 Steamboat Line fr New York. Pare f$l, including Berth. Ticket for lUe Itoanil Trip. SL.30. -aCTJS The rtteainerO. H. NORTH AM, Oapt. JSIsiSfcSSSS''- G. Bowns, will leave New Haven at 12:!X' p. n,., Sundays excepted. Staterooma sold at Berkele A, Hurtles', ion Otmrch street, near Onapel, Steamer OGN Tl NENTAL, Oapt. F. I. Peck, leave s Now Haven at 10.-16 a. m.. rlundays excepted. FROM NEW YoBK TheO. H. NORTH AM leaves Peck Slip at 8 p. m., and tbe CONTINENTAL at 11 o'clock p. m., Snn'lav- exoepted. Monday IVirtjt Hostr for sewTork, Tbe Steamer NliW HAVEN, Capt. Snow, leaves New Haven a, II p ui. Staterooms sold at the Park House aud RUiott House. Tickets are sold and baggage checked through to Philadelphia, (both routes) Baltimore and Washington S20 JAB. H. WABD, Agent. I2ya! Slall Steamers. rtjw York to Gueansfowo and Livaraool. Every Thuiwdar or Sattxrclm jr. Ton-. OTTT Or BERMN, US1 OITY of BIOHMOND4u7 OITY OF OHE8XEB, STrfi6 OITY of MONTREAL 4430 Todi OITY of BRUSSELS, 8778 OrTY of NEW YOBK tWCO OITY OF PARIS, 8081 OITY of BROOKLYN 3931 The mgnlfloent steamers, bnilt In watertight com partnaeutH, are among the strongest, largest and fas st on the Atlantic. The saloons are InxnrioiTsIy furnished, etspeolall well lighted acd ventilated, and take np the who width of the ehip. The principal staterooms are amid ships, forward of the engines, where least noise and motion Is felt, and Are roplete with evory oomfort,Uav lug ail latest improvements, double berths, eieotrl. bells, &o. The cuisine has always be on a speolalte of this Line, Ladies' cabins and bathrooms, CtentJemeu's smoking tn 1 bathrooms, Barbara' shops, pianos, libraries, fco,, provided. The Steerage acoommodation cannot be excelled Passengers of this class will find their comfort and pri vacy particularly studied, and the pravlsi.?nlng unsur pwsed. For rates of pasia?e and other Information, apply JTOftiX CU 1LE, Areot, Or to 8i Broadway, New York, Cdward Dnwncs. 309 Ohapel street. W. Fitspafcrlck, 117 tirand strwt. Bunnell & crantpn, 05 OhA,e street. Jonn W. Bcrns, 4"3 OhapI street. P. Wiw, 4 Ohuron tTt, Stasia's Hw Mm Transpirtatiaa Lla3 Commencing WvicflT. Ment. 4th. 1 78. llistAr, will leave New Baven at 10:1S o on dundsyy. Tuesday and Thursday. Leave New York at 9 p.m. every Monday, Wednesday snd Friday. The KRASTIM 0 BEf!NG, Oapt. gpoor, has recent ly had thirty new rooms added and la in flrst-olass shape for carrying passeiigera, will leave New Haven at 10:15 p. m. every Monday, Wednesday snd Friday, Leave New York at 9 p.m. every Sunday, Tuesday and Thursday. Only Sunday night boat from Maw York. 1 lFare reduced to tl, Including berth in cabin. " " $!..-" " "stateroom. Tickets for the round trip, tl.50. Fbkb Coach leaves the dnpot at 8:10 p. m. Leave corner Church and Chapel streets every half pom oommencln: 8:30 p. m. Ticket sold and bae checked to Philadelphia. Freight billecj to the West at New York rates. fipi freight rtss to Philadelphia, Baltiznors am Wwhintfton. Boat land foot of Cortlandt slroet, close to Penna. and New Jersey Central B. R. Ferry, Baggage trans f erred free. Tickets and Staterooms can be purchased at Ton tin Hotel, at Bd. Downes'. 339 Ohapel St., and at .Downes N-fwa Agency, 851 Chapel Street. Staterooms fcr Sunday ulffht boat oan be obtained W A, Spaulding's drug store, 89 Church street. V. 8. MlLLii, Agent, 3ew Haven. W. 0. KGKBT03. General Aent. Pier 18 North Rl. fwvr, Vi-n-k. flS COLLARS AND CUFFS. A full stock constantly on band. Shirts made to order at two days notice. THE SEW SIATEX SHIRT COMPANY, 233 Oiapel Street CIGARS. Received this rcorcing direct from KEY WEST. Ten Thiuiand Cigars. LITTi. JW I U K K! THAT FA MODS BtiAND. GILOEUT & TUO.VP!OI, tVI 394 OH APL STREET. For The Mast Artistic - Photos In tbe City, fro to FACE'S STUDIO, Cor. Chapel and College Streets, dUSm New f Is veil. Holiday Groodn. At Nepel's, The Jeweler, 4 GENT for the celebrated 3altzman Watohes. Dis mimda and tfine Jewelry a specialty. Also fin Olid uukl Obains.for ladies and gentlemen, at 63 Church Sin-. ' Opposite Post O