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OFFICE 400 STATE STKEET. VOL. XLVIII. NEW HAVEN, CONN., TUESDAY MORNING. NOVEMBER 30, 1880. Price Four Cents. Published by CARKINGTOH & CO. ilffi. Ill . Unusual at this Season- I. Sweeping redactions on a large quanti ty of Dress Goods. ' These have been put into three lots at 25c, 50o and 75c. In the ' 76c lot are some immense bargains, and all are away far below their market value. Very Acceptable Bargains. II. We hare had all this season the best and cheapest lot of CLOAKINGS in the city. wenavejusc gone -mrougn mum, aiiu re jtduoed the price of all short lengths, making a lot of splendid bargains for those wanting material for misses' and children's cloaks, jackets or overcoats. Important. III. We have just closed out an import er's stock of Cloaks at a very large reduc tion. They are all very superior garments, of this season s importation from Europe, m the latest styles, and beautifully gotten up. It is a pretty large lot, and we want to run them off if possible before Christmas. We have therefore been careful to mark them with prices which we think will ensure that end. Since we opened them on Friday we have made good progress, and ladies desiring to secure garments of superior style at prices less than are charged for ordinary domestic goods, should come soon, before the best pat terns are gone. What is Wanted. IV. Our stock of Knitted Goods for la dies and children is now full and varied. Jackets, Hoods, Nubias, Clouds, Fascinators, Mitts, Loggins, &c. Good Trade. V. We are doing a very brisk trade in La dies' and Children's Underwear. The reason undoubtedly is that we have a better stock and charge less than other dealers. The pub lic very soon find out where the best value is- J. N. Adam & Co. n29 Fine Shoes! Edwin C Burt's make of Ladies' and Hiss es' Fine Shoes are not excelled in quality, fit and style, by those of any maker in the mmctm jjjy world of first quality Shoes in large quanti ties. We have sale for this vicinity of their celebrated Shoes. They bear all the recommendation we can give. Our regular trade do not need a word. This advertisement is for the bene fit of those who have never worn Burt's" Shoes. IV. II. In our new show window are twenty samples of ' Burt's" fine work, (mostly colors,) Shoes exhibited at the Paris Exposition, and earning: first honors. They will bear close scrutiny. WALLACE B MSuIM WARE For Table and Kitchen Use. H. N. WHITTELSEY, JR., 891 AND 393 CHAPEL STREET. Grand Opening Or French, Knglin and Scotcn Sailings and TROWSERINGS, OFth latest importations, and at extraordinary low prices. Our style of making and trimming well known in this vicinity. A perfect fit is guar anteed every time. You are respectfully invited to o all at Is. II. FRIiKDMAX S, ISO. 2 CHURCH STREET. Bulbs, Grasses, Immortelles, Pampas Plumes, Fancy Baskets, Wire Work. Funeral and Wedding orders at tended to with dispatch. H. E. TOWNSEND, 18V Chapel Street, Ol2 8m Below the Bridge It. F. Burwell, DENTIST, Olebe Balldlng, Cor. ChnrcU aad Chap el Streets. MODERATE PRICES. Boy Wanted, with good refer- moiu a - RED FIRE. A FRESH SUPPLY. GK , L. Ferris, Druggist, 011 and 513 State Street, oa Koot ofElm. Bargains in Carriages ! WASON3. Beach Wagons, Phtetons, Top Carria ges, Shifting Top, Patent Wheels, new and second-hand. The cheapest and best place in the city to purchase anything In the above line Is at the manu factory of D. TOBIN, 104 Howa street. X. B. Re pairing of all kinds promptly attended to and at low set rates, iferriagea and Wagons stored and sold on aonamiwloa. aeJ3 I J. iiil ilaiii & Co. ' ' Artistic VI. We have a number of unusually fine things in Tidies. Lace Tidies, Antique Ti dies, Embroidered Tidies on cotton and linen momie cloth hi a variety of fine shades, and beautifully worked. Hand-embroidered Ti dies on linen, heavily trimmed with antique lace. These are very choice. A New Idea. VII. A corset without clasps, without la ces, that can be put on and fixed in half a minute, that fits well and is comfortable. This is a novelty all ladies should at least sex. Ask; for the Belt Corset. Our Stronghold. VIII. We repeat that we have Black Silks ' cheaper just now than ever before. We al ways make this our leading line, and when we can buy cheap we give our customers the advantage. . We mean to keep where we are in the Silk trade of this section, that is, ahead of all competitors. Surah Silk, ' Satin de Lyon, Colored Silks, Satins in all desirable shades, Silk Velvets very cheap. Ribbons and Laces. IX. Again we have to announce additions to this stock of Antique Laces, Imitation An tique, Point de Nemours, Mirecourt, Point de Bruxclles, Point d' Alencon, and Spanish lace goods. Mull Ties, Lace Scarfs. We have some bargains in fancy Ribbons. Our stock of Ribbons contains all the shades required to match the fashionable Dress Goods. A Sound Inference. X. Our Blankets are selling so rapidly that wo infer that people must have found out they can buy best in our store. . Seasonable. XI. We have added considerably to our stock of Shawls of all kinds. We invite in spection of the new goods. Looking' Ahead. XII. We are busy getting together a rare collection of fine things for the holiday trade. We shall give particulars in due time. held for years the exclusive Veterinary Notice. DRS. O'SUIUVAN 4 ROSE, Veterinary 8nr geons, graduates of the London and Aineri can veterinary colleges. (The enly qualilled surgeons in New Haven. Office and Hospital, 315 CHAPEL STREET. Hours of attendance, 8 a. m. to 8 p. In. Telegrams and messages by post promptly attended to. d!7 ly Tontine lAverv Stables 13 WE are Prepared at short notice to fni-ninl. the best Carriages, either close or open, for Balls, Weddings and Christenings. It is our intention to have orood Cxrriiurtm at the depot and on boat landinge when needed. Grateful for the liberal patronage in the past we hope by strict attention to the wants of oar patrons to merit a continuance of the favors of the public. BARKER & RAN BOM, Proprietors. W. S.?IaAKSDOH Foreman. n7 Hall's Bitters. JT Is now twenty-nine years since we commenced the preparation of this article. Their truly val uable medicinal properties, in eases oonnected with the stomach and nervous system, their exquisite taste as a cordial, and agreeable effect as a tenio are readily acknowledged by all who have used them. In fact. Hall's Bitters stand unrivaled, and their pre-eminence over all newly started and much advertised Bitten will be striking to any one, after a fair trial and com parison. We should be pleased to show them, pa E. E. HALL, 250 Chapel Street . A. Wright, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ROOMS 1VOS. 6T0 9, No. 153 Church St., cor. of Court myll AUGUSTUS A. BALL., ORNAMENTAL) IRON RAILING WORKa 18 AUDUBON STREET, NEW HAVEN. CT.. HCANUFACTUREBef Iron Fences. Grates. Doors. 11 1 Stairs, Shutters, Balconies and Creatines, also Firs Proof Vaults, Iron Columns, Girders, Illumina ted Tile, etc. All kinds of iron work for pnblio build ings and prisons. Boot Bolts, Bridge Bolts, etc GAD QUARTERS FOB SHIRTS! ' THE NEW HAVEN S H1RT COMPAN Y, 235 Chapel Street. For Sale at a Bargain, js. HORSE, Harness and Plueton. Also A ve good Family or Business Horses, ranging la A I price from $7 to $300, are for sale at R. O. Dorman's Livery and Sale Stable, ,00 tf 39 Broadway. &C0. HOLIDAYS. Every One His At tlie Modern Music Store of the CONNECTICUT OBGUINETTB AGENCY, IV.' 490 State Street, New Haven, May be seen the most marvelous and ingenious They can play any music that can be produced sacred or rjonular eanalim? the nerforniancea limit to the variety of tunes that can be played by any person without knowledge of music. These instruments include Pianos, Reed Organs, Pipe Organs, Musical Cabi nets, Orgnlnettes, Cabinnettos, &c, ftc. Prices front Eisrbt Dollars ; No trouble" to show them. The New Standard Sofa Bed, IX C48HMEBE AND SILK PLUSH. lOO Springs, all Curled Hair, and Space for Bedding. $85.00. Eighty-live At CHAMBERLrIN fc SONS?. , I lir lip THE iTiTilniini Low LAEGE The Attention Shown to Customers, And Honest and Square Dealing, HAS GAINED ELM CITY CARPET WAREROOMS. A reputation second to no Carpet House in the small expenses, and having the faoilities for sell at a mucn smaller percentage tnan our competitors. CARPETS CARPETS A good Ingrain Carpet for 25c per yard. A " All Wool " " 65c " " Kag " " 40c " " Hemp " " 18c " " Three-Ply Extra Super Brussels, Tapestry at equally low prices. Curtains! Curtains! Look at our assortment of ANTIQUE LACE Also a full line of Nottingham Laces and Lace tures, Oil Cloths, Oil Cloth Bugs andMats. Paper Hangings. An immense line of Crumb Cloths and Woven Druggets. MATS MATS MATS Turkish. Persian, Smyrna, India, Velvet, Brussels, Tapestry, Rubber, Hope and Manilla Mats, etc., in endless Wo are determined to be the Leaders in Low trices in tne aDove Bne or gooas, ana we in vite the public to examine our specialties, and be convinced that the cheapest place in the city is the MM CITY CAIiPM WAIUfittUUllS 133. 135, 137, 139 Li. ROTHCHILD fc BHD., The Great One Price Carpet Dealers. Fair Haven and Westvills Horse Bailroad passes the door. se20 3m CO CURE 1 BACK ACHE And all diseases of the Kidneys, Bladder and Urinary Organs by wearing tne Improved Excelsior Kidney Pad It is a marvel of Healing and Relief. Simple, Sensible, Direct, Painless, Powerful. It CURES where all else fails. A Revelation and Revolution, in Medicine. Absorption or di rect application, as opposed to unsatisfactory inter nal medicines. Send for our treatise on Kidney troubles, sent free. Sold by druggists, or sent by mail, on receipt of price, 82 This is the Original and Genuine Kidney Pad. Ask for it and take no other. Address, The " Only" Lung JaH Co. WILHiMS BLOCK, o26 eodiwly DETROIT, Mich.. KIDSEGEX is highly recommended and unsurpassed for WEAK or FOTJr. KID2TETS, DROPSY, BRIGHT'S DISEASE, LOSS of ENER GY, NERVOUS DEBILITY, or any OBSTRUCTIONS arising from KIDNEY or BLADDER DISEASES. Also for YELLOW FEVER, BLOOD and KIDNEY POISONING, in infected malarial sections. tr By the distillation of a FOREST LEAF with we have discovered KIDJSEGEJT, which acts specifically on the Kidneys and Urinary Organs, removing de posits in the bladder and any straining, smarting, heat or irritation in the water passages, giving them strength, vigor and causing a healthy color and easy flow of urine. It can be taken at all times, in an climates, wittwvnt fntnrv tn t)iQ svntAtn. TTuHlri- anv other nmnnUon for Kidnev difficulties it has a very Blessant and agreeable taste and flavor. It oontains positive Diuretic properties and will not nauseate. LafUeJT especially will like it, and Gentlemen will And KI0HKGES the best Kidney Tonic ever used I NOTICE. Each bottle bears the signature of LAWRENCE k MABTIN, also a Proprietary- Govern ment Stamp, which permits KIDNEOEN to be sold sons everywhere. Pnt np In Q,nart size Bottles for General and Family Use. If not found at your Druggists or Grocers, ws will send a bottle prepaid to the nearest express office to you LAWRENCE A MARTXH, Proprietors, Chicago, III. And 6 Bar lay Street, New Yorltl - Sold by DRUGGISTS, GROCERS and DEALERS everywhere. Sold in New Haven by G. W. M. Reed and by RICHARDSON & CO., who will supply the trade at manufacturers prices. au30 eod weowtf INVENTORS. JOHN E. EARLE, No. 3oO Chapel Street, New Haven, Conn.. Gives his personal attention to procuring Patents for Inventions IN THE - United States and Foreign Countries A PRACTICE of more than fourteen years, and frequent visits to the Patent Office has ffiven him a familiarity with every department of, and mode of proceeding at, the Patent Ofllce, which, together with the fact that he now visita Washington semi monthly to give his personal attention to the interests of his clients, warrant him in the assertion that no omoe in the country is able to offer the same facilities to Inventors in securing their inventions by Letters Patent and particularly to those whose applications have been rejected an examination ox wnicn ne wu. make freeof charge. Preliminary examination, prior to application for patent, made at Patent Office, at a small charge. His facilities for procuring Patents in Foreign Countries are un equaled. luers to more tnan one inousana cuenis xor wnam shae procured Letters Patente. - d2 dw ' CarrLagres and Wapons for Sale. i.3 BEACH WAGON, also 4-seat Bookawsyi S three aacond-hand Phietona. Ton Carraea ahtftins top, patent wheels: also second-hand Wagons and Carriages. I 'Repairing of all kinds promptly attended to and at the lowest Prices, Carrlagesalut Wagons Stored and Soldou Oesauussum. . Ja2i XX TOBIN,I04 HOWZ STREET. Own Husician ! music producing instruments in the world. on the piano or organ classical, operatic, of the best artists, -there is absolutely no to Three Thousand Dollars. n20 dfcwly Dollars. $85.00. VABIETY. FOR THE State. Being situated where we are, with carrying a large stock of goods, we are able to CARPETS ! - - Brussels, Linen, Stair and Hall Carpets, etc., Curtains! CURTAINS before purchasing elsewhere. Curtains, Cornices, Window Shades and Fix variety. Grand Street. Cures by Absorption, Nature's Way. LUNG DISEASES THROAT DISEASES, BREATHING TROUBLES. It DRIVES INTO; the system curative agents and healing medicines. " - It DRAWS FROM the diseased parts the poisons that cause death. Thousands Testify to its vlrtneg. YOU CAN BE RELIEVED AND CURED Don't despair until yon hare tried this Sensible, Easily Applied and RADICALLY EFFECTUAL Remedy. Sold by Druggists, or sent by mail on re ceipt of Price, 93.00, by The " Only" Lang Pad Co., Williams Block, Detroit, Mich. Send for Testimonials and our book, ' Three Millions a Year." Sent free. JUN1PBB BERRIES and BARLEY MALT (without license) by Druggists, Grocers and Other Per . The Voltaic Belt Company, Mar shall, Mich., mr ILL send their celebrated Electro-Voltaic Belts V V to the afflicted upon 30 days trial. Speedy cures guaranteed. They mean what they say. Write to them without delay. dasdawly D. S. Glenney & Son, No. 1GO State Street, New Haven, Importers and Wholesale Dealers in every description of ENGLISH, FKSECH AND AMEBICAN COACH, WINDOW AND PICTUHE GLASS, VARNISH, - OILS, PAINTS AND 3TE;STUFFS. suMd&w ' ' ENCYCLOPEDIA ! TlOUETTEiBUSINESS This is the cheapest and only complete and reliable work on Etiquette and Business and Social Forms. It tells bow to perform all the various duties of life, and how to appear to the best advantage on all occasions. Agents Wanted. Send for circular, containing a fall description of the work and extra terms to agents. Address NATIONAL lUBIalSHXNG CO., PUladelpbis, Penn. 5777 A TEAS atiii expanses to agents. Outfit free. Address P. O. VICK ERY, Augusta, Maine. - . Newspaper Advertising Bsrreav,AO pru.ee Street. Sew Torlt. s S. YV. Searle, Surveyor and Civil Engineer, ; No. 5 Conn. Savings Bank Unildfng, f . - a 0HCBCH STREET. to, All WEATHERSTRIP Spring Bottoms, - FOB DOORS AND . WINDOWS, CHEAPEST AMD BEST, AT ' . Wholesale and Retail. 1 New Haven Window Shade Co., n25 430 Stavte Street. The New Garland FOR 1880. Those in want of a first- class Stove should not fail to see the Garland Parlor Stove in operation at our store. Over 30,000 of these Stoves have Been sold this season. Acknowleugeu by all to be the best Stove ever made. E. Arnold A Co., 23G and 33S State Street. You Can Get The FINEST FITTING OVERCOAT In the State at SMITH & CO.'S, BELOW the: bridge. selTtJal Fire.and Lightning! ; IF yon want yonr insurance at lowest rates in eonnd conwanies against Ore and ligbtning, call on tne old and reliable agents, A. E. Dudley & Son, 23 3118 Chanel Street. THANKS 61 VM ! A fine assortment of Fancy and Staple Groceries for tlie Holidays, New Loose Muscatel Raisins. New London .Layer Kaisins, New X boxes Layer Kaiains, -New French Prunes, New Turkish Prunes, New Layer Figs, New Prunelles, New Leghorn Citron, New Lemon Peel, New Shelled Almonds, New Naples Walnuts, New Taragon Almonds, New Paper Shell Almonds, SheppB Desaicated Cocoanut, Pure Cocoa, Broma, Chocolate Menier, Baker's Premi um Chocolate and sweet tjnoooiate. A full assortment of Jellies and Canned Frnits. Florida Oranges, Louisiana Oranges and Jamaica Or anges. .Malaga urapes. Rock and Rye, Wari'aitted Genuine, 75c per bottle. Fine Wines. Clarets and Liquors of all kinds, and first quality fine brands of Cigars. ANDREW GOODMAN, NO. 88 CROWN STREET, Near Music Hall, A doors from Church street. n23 OOODMAN'S BUILDING. OUR YM Monitor Oil! WARRANTED 150 FIRE TEST! EQU TO Devoe's or Pralt's Astral Oil. We shall continue to sell In 5 gallon lots, at whole sale price of S or 10 barrels, at 9 gallons for only $1. We hope by this to INTRODUCE the Monitor Oil, which is a superior article, into every family in New Haven. New Haven Oil and Lamp Store, 395-397 State Street. B ureau of I nf o rmati o n COMPOSED of the following active departments, for the par pose of making surveys, plans and specifications, and making and carrying out of pnblio and private contracts in any part of the United States, subdivided am follows : Bureau of Civil Enffineertnx. Bareau of Construct ion and ttecoiutrne tlon. Bnreaa eflmmimnee and Re-lasarance B wrest of Business Firms and Supplies. Bmreaa of Land and JSmigration, Bureau of Collections Mercantile and Insurance. The above Bureaus embrace the prospecting and the drawing of plana, surveys and specifications, for the construction of Water Works, Dams, and the storage of water for any purpose, and the construc tion of Wharves, Breakwaters, etc, including minor necessary work, at home or abroad. PETER FEBGUSON, Chief Engineer. - BEN J. NOYES, Manager. Office No. 303 Chapel Street, rnySltf Near Second National Bank. Elm City File "Works, (Hear Good year's Axle 8 bop.) Old Files re-cut and warranted. An assortment of Files on band for sale. WM. JEPSON, 861 State Street selS 3m " - "EIGHMIE PATENT SHIRT." MADE on a new principle so that the bosom never wrinkles or breaks, and is more perfect fitting than shirts made to order. price om; jdojulai. Only to be had in this city of T. P. Merwin- SOI.E iGEST FOR SEW HAVES, Office (at resldeaee) No. 1M College Street. Postal Orders promptly filled. . al 111TB take oleasnre In informinc the ceocle of tills ? V city and the conn try at large that bo better as sortment oz nne carriages can be lonna n wis oiate tnan can be xonnd at the depository ox WM. H. BRADLEY & CO., 61 Chapel Street, ;(Cor. of Hamilton,) I and at prices that shall be satisfactory to purchasers. We Have a Few SECOND-HAND CARRIAGES la good order and at low prices ; also, s few of those nice 930 No-Top Piano-Box Baggies. Please call -and select one If in want, as they will cost more soon Repairing of all Kinds Done In the best manner at reasonable prloas by WM." H. BRADLEY & CO. malS 257 257 - THE Four Hundred Feet of additional shelf room at COAN'S BOOK STORE hardly suffices to accommodate the Immense Stock of New Books, Fine Stationery, Albums, Desks, Fancy Goods, Games and Notions, which he has recently purchased. To mention the different articles he has for sale is simply impossiblo. Therefore he invites Atilt A I.I. Alii, to come and look over his UN EQUALED I1S PLAY. Just Received, the finest assortment of Christmas Cards ever shown in New Haven. Don't forgot that; '3 B is now located at 357 Chapel St., 357 Between State and Orange. 257 257 FOB RENT, SMALL BOOMS, cheap, for manufacturing purposes, with or without power. Apply cor ner Artizan and Court Streets, to A. HATCH & CO. Stores and Tenements FOR RENT store No. 79 Congress avenue, one of the best stands in the State for any kind of busi ness : counters, shelves, gas, water, everything perfect order : no money to lay out for fixtures rent very low. Also Store No. 67 Congress avenue yon can hire for almost anything yon offer. Also twenty Tenements, centrally located, ranging from one room to eight. itents very low. ' None but respectable and responsible parties need apply to R. HEALY, 79 Congress Ave. or 3G Broad St. am First-Class Residence for Sale. OWING to a contemplated change in business location the ensuing fall, I offer my residence, corner of Kapt Grand and Ferry streets, for This is by far the finest place in Fair Haven. Lot 131x230 feet, well stocked with every variety of fruit in bearing condition. House built of founda tion stone, contains ten rooms, all heated by steam ; also gas and water, stationary range and wash tubs. Ijurge barn and carriage house ; accommodations for five horses ; gas and water ; room for man. Large hennery and garden. Parties meaning business can apply on the premises. TO KENT. A DESIRABLE Furnished Room will be rented to one or two gentlemen. Call at giliiL 26 ELM STBEET, myl3 tf Corner Orange. B7H. JOHNSON, Real Estate and Loan Agent Office, 487 State Street. FOR SALE. ' A Nice House and Large Lot on Eld street at ma bargain. Oood Cottage Moose on D wight street at much less than it is worth. A fine place in Fair Haven and several other places for sale very low. Home good snore iTopeny m rass naven ana .Bran- ford. For Sale or Rent Farms. A very desirable Farm of 70 acres in Southington will be sold low to close an estate. A list of good Farms in other desirable locations. Good rents in St, John and Greene streets. Fair Ha ven, and other parts of the city. Wanted, $2,000 to $4,000 on good first mortgage se curity ma30 For Sale at a Iiarg-aiu, First-class House, -tvith modern J Imp tot entente , good lot with barn, situated 111 on fine avenue, fronting om two streets, can be seen at any time. For particulars, call at Boom No. 6, ttoaaiey uuuaing, 4y unurch street. ait xx a. . UUIVl l ilt IV. FOR SALE, Si A NEW AND COMMODIOUS HOUSE on JtfiJL 67X1 conveniences, and most pleasantly located. Will be sold at a great bargain. Inquire at myl2 dtf THIS OFFICE. , HINMAFS REAL ESTATE AGENCY, 63 Church Street, OPPOSITE POSTOFFICE. Money Loaned on Real Estate. Houses and Lots in all parts of the eity for sale and Bent. Rents and Interest money collected. Savin Roclt Shore Property, 1.0O0 Front Feet on Beach Street. The most desirable on the shore, a beautiful grove upon a portion of it. Fine water will be supplied from the Artesian well to all purcliasers, making this particular location very desirable. Fire Insurance Policies written in all first-class com panies The Higldand and Wlnthrop PORTABLE RAXGES. THE largest, most PERFECT and SIMPLEST on the market. They are the most even bakers ever made. Sold by W. T. CANNON & CO., 30 State Street near Chapel. AIlsi3t.es furnished promptly to order. Dry Southern Pine Flooring Ceiling" and Step-Flank a Specialty Kiln-Dried and Dressed In Any Manser. ("i ALL and see our North Carolina Flooring and j Ceiling. It is clear and cheaner than White Pine and takes paint as good as Pine, or it can be finished with oil as it has a handsome grain. We have on hand Southern Cypress, the most dura ble of all wood. New Haven Steam Saw Mill Co., Office, Foot of Chapel Street, s25 if New HYn, Conn. Use lr. Sanger's Vegetable Liver Pills. HUNDREDS in Now Haven Comity testify to their ereat efficacy in Malarial Diseases. Loss of An- petite. Nausea, Indiffestien. Jaundice. Sick Hcadaohe. all Diseases arising from Bilious Disorders, etc., etc., and their great value in Fevers, especially Billons. ror saie Dy iruggists and jb. a. w uiTTEMEY, wholesale agent, n!8tf 228 Chapel st, New Haren, Ct Don't Wait for the Holidavs ! ALL who are in want of Clocks will save 20 per centby purchasing at D GRANT'S for the next 10 days. Having bought a job lot and having a large assortment before, i must clear them out as I want the room for a lot of imported goods I have just re ceived the invoice of, and the alterations I am going mue net ore tne Holidays. J H. O. DUliAKT. Practical Watchmaker. n30 38 Church Street. $0imtd aito Courier. EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY CAKRINGTON & CO., No. 4O0 State Street, Courier BaildlBg JOHN B. OARBTiiaTOir. SPWABD T. CAIiRINGTON. JOHN B. OABBrHOTOK, 39. Tuesday- Morning, Not. SO, 1880. THK CHINESE QUESTION AOAlJf. Prof. James A. Whitney is not one Of those who look upon Chinese immigration with inditference. On the contrary, he is much disturbed by it and thinks it high time that something was done about it. He gives his reasons for his opinions on this subject in an able and interesting article in the JV"a- tional Quarterly Review. Prof. Whitney asserts that Chinese immi gration has not reached its limit, as some suppose. Although many Chinese re- turn each autumn to their own country a still larger number make their advent in the spring, the annual sur plus of immigrants over emigrants being from 18,000 to 20,000, which insures a con stant increase of the Chinese population. The Chinese in California now number about 150,000, and only between 5,000 and 6,000 of these are women. From these figures Prof. Whitney makes a curious calculation. Each Chinaman is inspected before leaving with a care equal to the inspection of volun teers for active service in time of war. With out this they cannot be shipped. They are therefore healthy, active and enduring, as much so, probably, as the average military force of any country. As concerns the white community, the number of men fit to bear arms may be estimated by the same rule that obtains in European countries, which is one in five of the total population. Therefore, of the 600,000 whitesjm California, there may be counted 120,000 men capable of ac tual service. From this it follows that in the number of men fit to bear arms in Cali fornia to-day, China is 20 per cent, stronger than the United States. A very strong reason for opposing Chinese immigration is found by Prof. Whitney in the change which has taken place in China. He considers the signs of Chinese aggression neither few nor obscure. Some of these signs he recounts, as follows : The Chinese Steam Navigation Company is about to estab lish a steam line direct to Havana, which . at once will control the Chinese trade with the Atlantic sea-board and the Spanish main, and provide a means for the easy transport of Chinese immigrants to the United States, the West Indies and South America. One hun dred and forty thousand of these, it is stated on apparently good authority, have already found a place in Cuba. Within the past few weeks we have witnessed the inauguration, with the steamer Hochung, of direct trade with Chinese steam vessels between Hong Kong and Sah Francisco. The opportunities offered by a favorable public opinion and thoughtless governmental action, both in this country and in Europe, have enabled China to avail herself of the latest and most im proved resources, whether for peaceful or warlike purposes. Hundreds of her best young men have been educated in Caucasian schools ; the scientific works of Europe and America have been translated into her lan guage for the use of her officials. Armories have been established on Chinese soil for the manufacture of improved firearms for Chi nese troops. China has defeated the Russians in Kashgar with muskets from the arsenals of Europe, and has mounted Krupp guns on the earthworks that guard the inlets to the great rivers. And within the past few years she has equipped a navy which, with the single ex ception of that of Great Britain, carries heav ier and more effective ordnance than that of any other nation in the world. "It is this nation, hemmed in on all sides, save that of the sea, and whose soil has already reached the limit of productiveness for its people ; it is this nation, whose sway has never perma nently receded from any region over which it has once been held ; it is this nation with which we are now brought face to face, and which we smite with one hand, while with the other we open wide the gates to its inflow upon our territory." In order to escape what he considers this great danger, Prof. Whitney would have all sentimentality and all technicalities woven by diplomacy, or, rather, the lack of it, set 1 aside and the most direct method adopted. Chinese immigration should be stopped with all the power of the government and the elimination of the Chinese from our borders should be secured with the least pos sible delay." He would not mind anything about treaty obligations which might happen to exist. On this point he argues : The same paragraph of the Constitution which provides that treaties made in accord- ance therewith shall be the supreme law of j the land, also declares thtt statutes made in accordance therewith shall be the supreme law of the land. A law of Congress, there fore, stands upon the same level and has the same force as a treaty with a foreign power. It has been judicially held that a federal statute, contrary to a pro vision of a treaty, repealed the treaty itself. And this is sound law as well as sound com mon sense. In order to secure a change in the Constitution, the favorable action of Con gress and the consent of three-fourths of the separate Legislatures of the States are re quired. When such care was exercised to prevent the hasty change of any of the pro visions of the organic law, it cannot have been the intent of its framers that a treaty, entered into by a single plenipotentiary and ratified by the President and Senate, should have a power binding as that of the Consti tution itself, and rae capable of disturbing our industrial, social and political equilibrium. To say that the Senate ana an envoy appoint ed by the President possess a power greater than that of both houses of Congress and the President together, is to reverse the principles and traditions that have controlled the government and expressed the will of the people from the beginning. Of course if the danger from Chinese im migration is really as great as it seems to Professor Whitney and those who think with him the sooner it is stopped the be":v. But there is much that can be said ,ne other side. The facts of the case f f . the only basis upon which action shot d be taken. These facts; it seems to us, have not yet been fully collected or fairly judged. EDITORIAL X0TES. The official returns of the Presidential election in Maine, which have just been pub lished, show that the out-and-out Greenback er who flourished in that State a year or two ago is rapidly becoming extinct, not quite five thousand people voting the straight soft money ticket. " In Berlin "the average number of horses killed for food this year has been 450 per month, while last year it was' 350. All the horses eaten are killed in a central slaughter house, and each horse before it is killed is carefully examined by two veterinary sur geons. At the present time the butcher pays about 42 marks,, or $10.50, for a piece of horseflesh weighing from 250 to 300 pounds, but he retails it at 40 pfennige (or about 10 cents) a pound for the filet, 25 pfennige per pound for other pieces, and 20 pfennige for parts only fit to be made into sausages ; and as horseflesh is naturally very dry, a good deal of it can only be utilized by being mixed with lard and oon verted into sausages, which are, it is suspected, largely consumed by per sons who are little aware of what they are eating. In one or two other German towns the consumption of horseflesh is, in propor tion to their population, even larger than in Berlin. . A Washington dispatch announces that Secretary Sherman will recommend in his forthcoming report the discontinuance of the coinage of the silver dollar of the present standard and its recoinage upon a basis mak ing it equal to the gold dollar at the present market price of silver, and upon that basis to make the coinage of silver as free as that of gold. He holds that with a silver dollar worth less than m gold the double standard could not be maintained in the event of a demand for coin, and gold would be virtually demonetized. The President, in his annu al message, will take the same position. Many of the Congressmen who favored the present silver dollar are now said to be will ing to suspend the coinage, but all have not arrived at the point of increasing the stand ard of recoinage. The Secretary, in his re port, will claim that the recoinage would not cost much, and that in putting in more silver the government would spend only the profit it has made in the purchase of silver bullion. This seems a common sense way out of the silver dilemma. Hartford is a very rich city, but it don't grow in population very fast. One . reason for this is that when a new manufactory is suggested many of the citizens immediately throw oold water on the project. As one large manufactory increases the population of a place much more than several banks or insurance companies those who thus act make a mistake. The Cottrant thus tells the truth to the people of Hartford : ' 'A comma nity can get rich (a small one) in betting against fire and against death, in shaving the notes of concerns a thousand miles away, and in taking an occasional thousand share 'flyer' in Wall street, but those are riches of the kind that can leave town when they wish and that bring with them only a small measure of municipal growth. The real thing most to be desired is the presence of factories with their hundreds of employes, with all the nee essary demand that follows for homes, food, fuel, clothing, etc. We are not without these, but we have room for very many more, and each one helps all the rest and helps the city more." It costs something to equip and keep equipped the railways of this country. Sta tistics published by the Raihray Age show that the companies of sixty-four roads have added to their rolling stock since Jan. 1, 335 locomotives and 24,175 cars of various des criptions, of which 2i)5 were passenger coaches. The value of these additions to their rolling stock foots up a total of $ 13,656,550. The same companies have in addition given or ders for 103 engines and 6,503 cars, to be sup plied before the close of the year, representing a value of $3,658,725, the year's outlay for rolling stock alone making a grand total of $17,315,725. Based upon these reports, a rough estimate is made of the outlay for the entire railway mileage of the country and the figures are most astonishing, viz. : 1,595 locomotives, 1,813 passenger and mail coach es and 66,607 freight cars, the outlay being .$65,679,!)20. The reports from the sixty- four railway companies also included the rails and ties laid since the 1st of January. Steel rails were laid on 1,770 miles, requiring 156,306 tons, which, at an average of if 60 per ton, cost $9,378,360; the iron rails laid have been 673 miles, requiring 48,662 tons, cost ing, at an average of $45 per ton, $2,18!),- 790; the ties number 8,560,728, costing $ 3,- 424,290, making a total for rails and ties of $14,992,290. . John Sharp, one of the twenty-one Mor mon bishops, is in New York and has been interviewed. He declares that there has been no change in Mormon faith or practice since the death of Brigham Young. The quorum of twelve which became the head of the Church at the death of Brigham Young still retain their power. Their functions as apostles have been in no way abridged by the election in October of John Taylor as Prophet or by the two councils chosen to act with him. Additions to the number of Mor mons are constantly being made by immigra tion, no loss than two thousand having ar rived from Europe this season. Bishop Sharp says that the Mormons are still anx ious to have Utah made a State, and that if there is any chance to accomplish anything in that direction in Congress this winter Del egate Cannon will notail to improve it. He replied as follows to the question whether the Mormons are not anxious enough to have Utah a State to give up polygamy: "No, that will never be done. Not only is polyga my a part of the Mormon faith, but it is ob ligatory. Those who say otherwise are not true Mormons, or do not know what they are talking of. Some make their consciences easy with only one wife on one pretext or another, and doubt less in some individual cases polygamy is im provident or perhaps impossible. It is not compulsory, as there are no penalties, but it is obligatory ; a part of our religious faith and it cannot be rooted out. Since the de cision of the Reynolds case there has, per haps, been a comparative decrease in polyg amy, but that is not due to that decision any more than it is to the fact that the Mormon girls are devotees of style -and fashion as much as New York girls, and the young men find it somewhat harder to support more than one family than their fathers and grand fathers did. Before the Reynolds decision was made we did not believe that the anti- polygamy law of 1862 was constitutional, and paid no attention to it. But of course now it is the law and it has a certain effect. This is both bold and interesting. RECENT PUBLICATIONS. "A Brief Synopsis of the Collection Laws of the United States and Canada," compiled under direction of Douglass fc Minton, attor nnvK of the law and collection department of the mercantile agency of Dun, Winian & Co., published by D. Appleton & Co. lhe od- iect of this work is to enable all persons hav ing claims for collection, to see at a glance the collection laws of the different States ana Canada. The compilers have sought to ac complish the object by presenting under the heading of each separate atate, a series oi questions suggested by their own experience the collection of debts, xnese questions are answered briefly and intelligently, and nresent concisely the more important fea tures of the laws in a way that, it is hoped, will meet the wants Of the business commu- Forsale in this city by Judd the book seller. 'Mother Molly," by Frances Mary Peard, one of the trans-Atlantic novels published r a: P. Putnam's Sons. It is a quaint, sweet story of English life a century ago, when the French fleet was expected to make descent upon Plymouth. 1 or sale in this city by Judd the bookseller. T Buchanan Read s poem entitled "Drift- ing ;" and beginning : Vv Mini tn dav Is far sway Sailing the Vesnvisn Bay. My winged boat, A. bird afloat Swims round the purple peaks remote ' published in elegant style by J. B. Lippin- is cott & Co., Philadelphia. It is beautiiuuy illustrated from designs by Miss L. B. Humphrey. The book would make an ap propriate holiday gift. For sale in this city Judd the booKseuer. 'An Egyptian Princess," by Georg Ebers, author of "Uarda,". is the most celebrated the most widely popular of Ebers' re markable romances in Germany, and the translation has been made from the latest itb German edition, with additions and corrections by the author, whose introductory essavs in defence of the historical romance generally and of his own course in particular, in presenting the rich results of ni scnoiariy research in this form, are given in the shape of prefaces to the successive editions. It was after the work had passed through several editions that Professor Ebers discovered the papyrus scroll which bears his name ; yet there are certain details in the romance which he had to invent for want of any hint from history, that are curiously confirmed by the scroll, a fact pleasantly set forth in the preface to the fourth German edition. Published by W. S. Gottsberger, New York, and for sale in this city by Judd the book seller. " Reminiscences of a Journalist," by Charles T. Congdon, for many years connect ed with the New York Tribune, is the title of a thoroughly readable book. In addition to his experiences under Mr. Greeley and with the gentlemen who have devoted their lives to the service of the Tribune, Mr. Congdon tells something of his college days in Provi dence and his observations in Boston. Young men especially can find both pleasure and profit in reading these reminiscences. Pub lished by James R. Osgood Co., Boston, and for sale in this city by Judd the book seller. "Troy," by S. G. W. Benjamin, is added to Charlea Scribner's Sons' "Epochs of An cient History" series, and presents the legend, history and literature of Troy, with a sketch of the topography of the Troad, in the lighj of recent investigations. The vol ume S divided into two parts, the first de voted to the legend. The scattered portions of it are collected and put in the form of a connected narrative, and where variations of the story occur in different accounts; several versions are given, from which the reader can take his choice. The second part of the volume contains a synopsis of the great con troversy which has been so long and vigor ously carried on, concerning the history of Troy and the origin of the Homeric poems. To this is added an account of the investiga tions of Dr. Schlieman and other archtcolo- r . . - xl 1 " ri- ri-i , written in an interesting and easily compre hended form, and contains a map of Troy, Greece and the adjacent countries. For sale in this city by Judd the bookseller. "From Death Unto Life, or Twenty Years of my Ministry," by Rev. W. Haslam, is pub lished by D. Appleton fc Co. The Rev. Mr. Haslam tells in this volume the history of twenty years of his life devoted to ministe rial duty and the way in which he became a successful revivalist preacher. Restored to health after an illness from which it seemed impossible for him to re cover, ' he found himself a minister but not an evangelical Christian. He wag at last awakened to see that he was depending upon his own righteousness for salvation. He was, after sorrowful experience, raised to a new and spiritual life, and thenceforward de voted himself to the conversion of safe fellow men. His ministry was crowned with abundant success, some wonderful illustra tions of the influence of his preaching being interspersed in the auto-biographical sketch of this home missionary of the English church. For sale in this city by Judd the bookseller. A sumptuous edition of Tennyson's poem "A Dream of Fair Women," is published by James R. Osgood &, Co., Boston. The poem is finely and lavishly illustrated by many of our best artists, including Mary Hallock Foote, Moran, Sheppard, Schell, Perkins, Fredericks, Deilman, Gibson. A. R. Waud, Reinhart and others under the competent superintendence of Mr. A. V. S. Anthony. The text and engravings are printed upon one side only of the leaves, and the paper is of a rich cream tint, heavily calendered and as solid as parchment. A cover of bevelled boards, olive green in hue, and richly deco rated after an original and tasteful design, completes a volume of singular attractive ness. For salo in this city by Judd the bookseller. The Rev. R. Ileber Newton, of the An. thon Memorial church, New York, delivered 1 . . . 4 t a aar-iaa rf lanflll-a t CI mililO VII- men. Their aim was to guide the aspirations of womanhood for a larger and worthier life- work in the world, by ennobling the ideals of the vocations which call upon woman's distinctive powers. "They are now," says the author, "given to the wider public in the hope that, beyond the reach of the spoken word, thev may help some little towards the development of the Coming Woman." They are published under the title "Womanhood," by G. P. Putnam's Sons, and the book is for sale in this city by Judd the bookseller. ANTI-CHINKSE. F-OEH. the nrst coin there is some alloy. . It t l.n ta omnia oml mAtJtl - m tne worm, wuuici"" . There may be eonie good metal in our contemfora- And some'alloy in us but not much. Grant will say with the devout preacher : Thank Heaven. I've cot back my hat!" Detroit Free Prem. First gentleman (at the theater) "What do vou think of tne scenery t" oeuuuu jeii- nrettier Gainsbor ough hat in my life." Wheeling Leader. The Chinaman's lament : "Oh, why does ia nrhita man follow mv path.like the hound on the tiger's track ? Does the sight of my moon face heighten his wrath ? Does he covet the queue at my back ?" Hackenaatk Republican. The news comes from Mentor that Garfield is ' having his house painted. He probably knows how slow painters are, and has begun now in order to have the job completed by the time he moves back there from the White House. Boston Post. A happy husband relates that he has been married twenty years, and that dur ing the whole time his wife and he had only once had an idea in common, and that was when their house caught on fire, and both did their best to see who could get out of the door first. We find the following in a column of base ball news : "Muffs this year will be made of velvet, with a centre of fur to match. " The centre of fur especially is a brilliant idea, and will be appreciated by any one who ever at tempted to take a "hot liner" and failed to connect. Buffalo Courier. Among the wedding presents received by a Philadelphia bride was a note from her father's counsel, agreeing to conduct her divorce suit free of charge. This may not look exactly appropriate, but it proves that there is at least one good-hearted lawyer. Plaladelpliia Chronicle-Herald. In a crowded horse car last evening was a bright-looking little girl, with her mother. The next time the car stopped a gentleman got in. The little girl was plainly troubled to see him holding himself up by the strap. "Mamma," she said, "whydoedn'ttomebody ast yat dentleman to tit down?" But blesa the little "innocent, she will get over all that. The time will come when she shall be able to glare the coolest-minded gentleman right out of his seat. Coston Transcript. "I've got to leave town to-day," said a man to an acquaintance. "I thought that your family were very sick." "Several of my children are sick, but I must go. A man whom I owe $50 has just arrived intown,and the best thing I can do is to leave town for a while." "Why, my dear sir, you are going merely to keep from paying a debt, are you?" "Oh, no, it is not to keep from paying the debt." "Why, then, do you go ?" "To keep from holding a conversation in regard to it. I am not posted in financial affairs." Little Rock Gaeette. CiooU-bye, Sweetheart, Good-bye. Good bye, sweetheart ! 'Tis hard to leave thee, dear ; my wildly beating heart Cries out against grim fate that says ws now must Thv niodUbye kiss I feel, but scarce thy form can see Through these hot, blinding tears, as now I turn from thee. Good-bye, sweetheart! When shall I hear again thy low, sweet, tender voice Repeat the dear, fond words that made my heart re- Wnen'shaU I see again the love-light in thine eyes. Forgetting all my griefs in love's sweet Paradise 7 Good-bye, sweetheart I Oh whisper in my ear once more ere I depart Thy promise ne'er to take another to thy heart ; And kiss me once sgain, and on thy loving breast One moment lay my head, its chosen rest. Oood-bye, sweetheart! I win believe thee, dear; thou'rt true as Heaven above . , I give the perfect faith which comes of perfect love ; And while I live my heart shall nevermore be free -All that I have or am belongs, dear love, to thee. GooJ-py, mreetiieart, good-bye I