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$5 per Year. OFFICE, 40O STATE STREET. Till: GARRIHGTON PUBLISHING CO. NEW HAVEN, CONN., THURSDAY MORNING, JULY 31, 1884. NO. 201. e - 1 , 1 1 - - . - : - ' 7 THE LAKtiLST WAIIY NEWSPAPER Off THE CITY. ' ' VrtT. T TT , - i I BARGAINS And More Bargains. OBSERVE FIRSTLY, The wholesale cost of all dry goods has been lower this year than ever before. OBSERVE SECONDLY, Our stock, bought at these low prices, was too large, and we made greater reduc tions than usual at this season. OBSERVE THIRDLY, We were prepared to expect some competi tion at this closing out time, andwe knew we could "stand the racket," (excuse the slang) as well as any one, and set out with the determination to make our prices the lowest without quali- fication-THE LOWEST in New Haven. All the bargains in DRESS GOODS, All the bargains in HOSIERY, All the bargains in SILKS, All the bargains in Men's" Furnishings, All the bargains in PARASOLS, All the bargains in Fans and Notions, All the bargains in Everything Else, CD GO CD CD NEW BARGAINS IN ALL-SILK GRENADINES SILK GLOVES, HAMBURG EMBROIDERIES, WHITE CAMBRIC TRIMMINGS, PARASOLS, FANCY RIBBONS, IN IN IN And in many other things will be offered this week to expedite the entire CLOSING OUT of summer goods and the general and thorough reduc tion of stock. N. Jld&m f Co. SMALLPOX CAN BE REMOVED J-jHSOUNT cj CO., London, Perfumers to Her Majesty the Queen, have invented and patented the world-renowned OBLITERATOR, Which removes Smallpox Marks of however long landing. The application is simple and harmless, causes no inconvenience and contains nothing inju rious. Send for particulars. SUPERFLUOUS HAIR. LEON & CO.'S "Depilotory" Removes Superfluous Hair in a few minutes without pain or unpleasant sensation never w grvw again. Simple ana harmless. Full directions sent by mail. Price $1. GEO. W. SHAW, Gen. Agt., 219 A TBEMONT STREET, BOSTON, MASS. m28eodw NEW HAVEN WINDOW SHADE CO., MANUFACTURER OF "WIIDOW SHADES, And Wholesale and Retail Dealers in' Turcoman CurtailiW, r Madras Curtains. Xiace Curtains, Cornices, Cornice Poles, Etc. n i.: . Tinltv of these roods we are able to show the largest assortment, and offer all goods in our line at VERY LOW PRICES. In order to make way for our new FaU Prns we have laid out 500 pairs DADO SHADES, in odd lots of one to five pairs, which w. will close out without regard to cost of manufacture. MR. L B JUDD will have charge of our Drapery and Shade work, and orders by postal or telephone will receive prompt attention. Hew Haven Window Shade Co, 694 CHAPEL STREET, BELOW THE BRIDGE. N. B. Store closed evenings, except Monday and Saturday. " CARGILL'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, 847 Chapel Street. Entries may be made for the Summer months at j j J, ctw.inl fniltfAa for ladies. innhrfor firfiilflr. JUw --ffJ Miss Fannie C. Howe. CULTIVATION OF THE VOICE (Italian method) and PIANO INSTRUCTION. Charles T. Howe, FLUTE AND PIANO INSTRUCTION, 102 CROWN STREET, NEAR TEMPLE STREET. selStf Greenwich Academy. Usual Literary Courses, with Musical I"f"tute Commercial College. Founded 1802. Both sexes. Influences decidedly religious. Home care and comforts. Charmingly located on fzn sett Bay. and on direct route from New Yoric to loSo" Grand opportunities for salt wat er bathing and boating. Terms moderate. Opens Sept. 1. Carefree. rRKWAtl , TX SIC. F. A. FOWLER, TWif-'TTliYR OP PIANO, ORGAN and HARMONY. AUSTIN BUILDING, 337 CHArtL 6TBEM, Rooms 8 and 9. A correct touch a specialty. au30tf my annuaTexcursioni TWICE A WEEK TO SAVIN ROCK FOR THE COLLECTION OF LAUMRY WORK Will Commence After Julyl WAIT FOR THE WAGON. ITyou are going out oft own FOR THE SUMMER MAKE ARRANGEMENTS AT MY OFFICE To have your Collars and Cuffs Sent ly Mail, Thus Saving You Trouble. THOMAS PORSTTH, 641 and 878 Chapel Street, New Numbers. Works near Neck Bridge. 3J"9 Horses and Carriages For Sale and To Let. . . - . - ,, 1 1 , Unrr,iw.;nrr Carriag Jiaiting in itu ius umiiuica. wii"b and painting a specialty. Anyone wishing to buy or sell an outflt will And it to their advantage to give us a call. CUEEOM & CO. je21tf 108 FRANKLIN STREET. The International Express. DIRECT TO NEW YORK, BOSTON, PROVIDENCE. MERIDEN. HARTFORD, RI'RINGFIELD, AND ALL POINTS NORTH, SOUTH, EAST AND WEST. Prompt Delivery and tow Rates. Office No. 31 Center Street K. L. DUNNING, Agent. GEORGE W. BUTTON, ARCHITECT. Fruit, Foreign and Domestic, WHOLESALE and RETAIL. m3tf 1.0T5 Chapel Street. TRUNKS, TRUNKS, TRUNKS, BAGS ! BAGS ! BAGS ! A complete stock or Tourists' Articles. The only exclusive trunk store in the city. Trunks, Rags and Sample Cases made to order. Repairing a specialty. Old trunks taken in exchange. Good Goods at Low prices at CROFUT & CO.'S, QIO Oliapel Street BELOW THE BRIDGE. W. It. TREWIIEL.L.A, MANUFACTURER OF MATTRESSES. Hair, Cotton, Husk Excelsior; also Feather Beds, Pillows, Bolsters, etc. Renovating Mattresses a Specialty. Will call and deliver at residence in city. Prices the Lowest. HI EAST WATER STREET, al7d6m New Haven, Conn. WeiIslT&imde, Watchmakers and Jewelers. Sole Agents in New Haven for the Rockford Quick Train Watches 266 CHAPEL STREET. REPAIRING OF ALL KINDS PROMPTLY DONE. jylO REMOVAL. THE NEW YORK BRANCH LOAN OFFICE NOW PERMAFENTLY LOCATED AT 42 Church Street. MOOT LOANED. Liberal advances made on all kinds of personal property. Unredeemed Pledges For sale at low prices. Square Dealing With All. SOLOMON FRY. jylO Irs. E. Jones Young, DENTIST, 23 ChapeI,cor.Statc,Street B'd'g UVer crOOKS V uo s nat Hiiu r m owic .v. All work warranted, r. '?v Office hours from 9 a. m. to mM 5pm- 8. k J. M. 57, 59 & 61 ORAMEST., FURNITURE DEALERS AND UNDERTAKERS, Have the finest Painted Bedroom Suits in the city. New Parlor Suits, walnut Bedroom suits. ThA host. KnHnir Ked for the monev. Splint. Rattan, Cane and Rush Seat Chairs in great variety, as low aa con w uuuguu UNDERTAKING promptly attended to, night or day, with care. Rnnira nresarvRd without ice in the best manner. Also Sole Agents for Washburn's Deodering- and Disinfecting Fluid. A new lot of Folding Chairs and Stools to rent for parties or runerai. jyo CREAMERY BUTTERED .Martha Washington Brand. Iifly Cases Just Received. t The trade supplied at factory prices by ' . j. D. DEWELL & CO., ! " ' . S Wholesale Grocers, t -. - I 838 TO 239 STATE STREET. Ill' pX iszzXXuntoxts. CONQKESS SPRING. The Standard Mineral Water. Cathartic, Alterative. A apeelflc for disorders or the stomncii, imer Kidneys, Eczema, Malaria and all Im purities of the Blood. SO enviable a name has this famous mineral water that the managers of Ulterior mineral springs, de sirous of imitating the natural purity of the bottled water of Congress Spring, inject a powerful acid in then- bottled water to preserve the crude Ingredients in solution, being so heavily laden with Lime and Iron Deposit. WITH such contrivances, bogus testimonials and doctored analysis cards they seek to rival the pure medicinal waters of Congress Spring. THE regular season visitors to Saratoga fully un derstand these crude, harsh waters, many of them after painful experiences. In proof of this fact we can produce a great many responsible names. But the Saratoga visitors without experience, and many who use the bottled waters (often labled as cura tives for disorders which they positively aggra vate), should remember that crude, harsh mineral waters produce headache, a sense of burning and internal irritations, and do irreparable injury to tne digestive organs and kidneys. Congress Water, Pure, Natural, Reliable. None Genuine Sold on Draught. If or sale hy Drnegrlste, Grocers, Wine merchants and Hotels. Bottle C mark. m3 law!3t TURNIP SEED. Buck wheat AND GOLDEN MILLET, Timothy, Red Top AND CLOVER. FRANK S. PLATT, 374 and 376 State Street, jyu I BROILERS AND ROASTERS. TURKEYS, LAM 11. SWEET BREADS, CALVES' LIVERS. Native Cucumbers, Squash, North Haven Tomatoes, Green Corn, "Watermelons, and - A the latest Novelties in the eating line, constantly on hand. ERISBIE & HART, 350 and 352 State Street. jyu " WE HAVE COMPLETED Our arrangements for a SUPERIOR STOCK OF FERTILIZERS ! Including brands from the following well known manufacturers. Quinnipiac Fertilizer Co., II. J. Baker & Co., IHapca Formula and Peruvian Guano Co., E. Frank Coe, J. B. King & Co., Lester Bros. Our aim this season will be to sell only goods that we can guarantee, and to make our prices as low as consistent with the quality. Farmers and market gardeners intending pur chases in this line should secure our lowest prices, as we have made a marked reduction in Dry Fish Guanos Complete Manures. Call on or address R. B. Bradley & Co., No. 406 State Street. jylO 2avaw TTktversity op Buffalo. Laboratory of Chemistry, Corner" Main and v iroinia streets, Buffalo, N. Y., May 26, 1883. Messrs. A. Heller & Bro.: Gentlemen I have carefully analyzed the sam ples of Hungarian Wines submitted to me by you, and find them to be perfectly pure, unwatered, un fortified, unadulterated in every sense. They are. moreover, most pleasing to the palate, and possess qualities which render them very valuable as mild stimulants. I am, gentlemen. Yours most respectfully, R. A. WITTHAUS, A. M., M. D. Prof, of Physiological Chemistry, University of New York. Prof, of Chemistry and Toxicology, University of Buffalo. Prof, of Chemistry and Toxicology, University of Vermont. I am Sole Agent in the New Eng . land States FOR THE IMPORTING HOUSE OF A. HELLER & BRO., BUDA PEST AND NEW YORK. I keep in stock ail grades of HUNGARIAN WINES, Including the celebrated TOKAY WINES. H. J. REYNOLDS, Jfos. 152 & 154 Crown St. Sew Haven, Conn. jy22 Large Invoice OF T PIES' GOSSAMER CLOAKS TO BE SOLD For the Next Thirty Days, EACH AT 95 CENTS. AT THE GOODYEAR RUBBER STORE, 73 Church Street, CORNER CENTER, Opposite the Postoffice. F. O. TTJTTLE, Proprietor. JylO THE EDDY REFRIGERATOR FOR FAMILY USE. The place to find the best Refrigerator is to know where the Eddy is sold. That is just perfect in every respect, eoia uy SILAS GALPIX, m5 360 State Street. Ctotas. Hipiai Wis. ft People We Shall Continue Our m f m 1 sm Oil . iM-sner ciearM-i UNTIL AUGUST 1st. Previous to which time we shall daily offer NEW AND DECIDED BARGAINS ! In every department of our store. As yet NONE OF OUR COMPETITORS have begun to meet the LOW PRICES at which we are selling our goods. Every lady in this vicinity will find it for her interest to visit our store daily and inspect the bargains we shall offer during the next ten days. READ LOCALS. PROCTOR 837 Chapel Street. READY-MIXED PAINTS, A Ij L SHADES! .Vrlinl Materials, Chamois Skins, Sponges, Carriage Top Dressing, Cotton Waste. THOMPSON & BELDEN. 396 AND 398 STATE STREET, COURIER BUILDING. jyl SPECIAL NOTICE. JAMES r. McAIPINE T?-sw.fit11v informs his friends and the public tliat after an association of eighteen years with the firm of J. B. KIRBY & Son, lias opened the store 0OS CHAPEL, STREET, r,..j tn the Rrmton (iriMiTV StoTH. and feels confi dent from thirty years' experience in London, Eng land, ami this citv, in tne actual malting wiu rupau ing of fine watches that he is qualified to give satis faction and he hopes by strict attention to business and moderate charges to merit a share of their pat ronape. mI"t ELECTRICITY IS LIFE. Wliv will ieovle elincr to the absurb idea that they must take medicine? Electricity will reach where mediciue has failed, as 15 years' experience has proved. If you are troubled with Catarrh, or Neural gia, or Rheumatism, Throat or Lung Troubles, Gen eral Debility, Headache, Kidney Disease, try ELECTRICITY. Go and see Dr. Cummings. His method differs from all others. His success is wonderful. Tji.lifs treated successfully. Ladies can consult with the Doctor's wife afternoons. Consultation free. DR. J. W. CUMMINGS, IVo -4 Chnrcli Street. orf3 WOOD'S BLOCK. LIEBIG COMPANY'S AKKtTAIi SALE 8,000,000 SABS. An invaloable tonic in all cases of weak digestion and debility. " Is a success and a boon for which Nations should feel grateful. Sea Medical Press, Lancet, British Mtdiad Journal, cte. t l A .it ranwiMMii. OmMft. and Chemists. Sole Agents for the United States (wholesale only) C. f), Fenchurch Avenue, London, England. a..j . STRAW HATS SOcto $2.00 MACKINAWS, MANILLAS, ALL THE LATEST. MEN'S FURNISHINGS. TBTTTVKS. TRUNKS. KILB0URN & CP'S, 816 Chapel St. AITDEEW GOODMAN, Ol.l STO. 88 CROWN ST., NEW N0S. 160, 162 CROWN EGGS ? EGGS ! ! EGGS ! ! ! 22c per. doz, 5 doz. $1 3 lb cans Tomates Tc, 4 for 25 Winslow Jones' Succotash, 13c can, 2 for 25c. Columbia River Salmon 15c Percan Quart bottles new Maple Syrup, pure 35c. . 13 lbs Granulated Sugar, standard, $1. in lhs X C Suear, standard, SI Old I cv!?5iment Java Coffey per lb, 25c. Fine Oolong and Japan Tea, per lb, 40c. Extra large Queen Olives, 4oc per bottle. 1 bag best Flour $1. 1 bag nice Family Flour. 85c. Early Rose Potatoes, per bushel, 45c New Bermuda Onions 8c per quart. Sweet Oranges 25c per doz. Fine Butter 25c per lb, 4 1-2 lbs M. New Orleans Molasses 60c per gallon. 2 lb can Cherries 10c, 3 for 25c. Good many more bargains. Call andsee us. rHMD BRANDIES. ANDREW GOODMAN, New Nos. 160 and 162 Crown St. GOODMAN'S BUILDING, FOUR DOORS FROM 111! CHURCH STREET. GROCERIES AND MEAT. Bargains ! Bargains ! A large assortment of vegetables and fruits re ceived fresh every morning at very low prices. FLOUR. . v FIXCK. Best New Process Down to $7 Per Bl. Finest Creamery Butter 4 lbs for $1. Finest Cream Cheese, 14c per lb. Bananas 25c per dozen 2 packages steam prepared Oatmeal, 25c Creamery -Buttered Flour for sale here . AcVMixed Candy 14c P lb, 8 lbs $1. Finest quality Lard lac, 91bs $1. Granulated and other Sugars at botton prices. The finest Tea for 60c per lh , f The finest Java Coffee, Bsc lb. ; . MEAT MARKET CONNECTED. 3Sone but prime meat kept. Bottom Prices. Terms Casta. J. H. O ARMY, Elm City Casta Grocery, 74 AND 76 CONGRESS AVE., CORNER HILL St. 's Dry Goods Store ! r i Sale JUT MAGUIRE k CO rnmwm IT CURBS VHKH" action. It is a sate. bo and speedy ctrro CnTEfl FATT,, a it acta DIEECTLT and AT ONCB on and hun dreds have been cured the KIDNEYS, IJVKH and BOW- I by It when r physic: .clans and JSL8, restoring lends had - them to a healthy Lven them up die. - - I No BOTH A SAFE CUKE N and a 'SPECIFIC." It CtTRES all Diseases of the Kidneys,' . Liver, Bladder and Urinary Organs; Dropsy, i-ravel, Diabetes, Bright's Disease, Nervons Diseases, Exces ses, Female Weaknesses, Jaundice Biliousness, Head ache, Hour Stomach, Dyspepsia, Constipation, Piles, Pains in the Back, jLoins, or Hide, Ketentxon or Non-Retention of Urine $1.25 AT DRUGGISTS. 3-TAKE NO OTHER. Send for Illustrated. Pamphlet of Solid Toa tinioniala of Absolute Cures. HUNT'S REMEDY CO., 6 Providence, I. EXTRACT OF MEAT FINEST AND CHEAPEST MEAT FLAVOURING STOCK FOR SOUPS. MADE DISHES & SAUCES. CAUTION. Genuine ONLY with facsimile of Baron Lieblg's signature in Bloe Ink serosa Label. The title " Baron. Ltebig" and his photograph haTinjf been lately largely need by dealers having no connection with Baron LiebiK, the pubbo are berebv informed that the Liebie Com pany an the only manufacturers who are Darid & Co., able to offer the article with Baron Liebig"s guarantee of gennineness. SPRING CHICKENS! PRICE REDl'CED. Prime Beef. Mutton. Lamb, Veal, Fresh Pork. FRESH SALMON, Halibut, Swordflsh, Blueflsh, Sea Bass, Blackflsh, Fresh Mackerel, Codfish, Haddock, Lobster, Round and Long Clams. Stony Creek and Lighthouse Oysters opened to order. Sugar Cured Pork Hams, Breakfast Bacon, Smoked and Dried Beef, Fulton Market Smoked and Pickled Beef Tongues. Native Squash, String Beans. Tomatoes, Cauliflow ers, Cabbages, Beets, Cucumbers. ALL AX LOW PRICES. 505 and 507 STATE STREET, JUDS0N BROTHERS, PACKING AND PROVISION CO. jyas ; . BROADWAY CASH STORE, 100 BBLS. BEST NEW PROCESS FLOUR, only $7 a barrel, or 90c a bag. This flour gives the best satisfaction of any In market. Warranted to suit everyone, or money returned. Fresh country Eggs 24eadozen. Best New York State Elgin Creamery Butter 28c lb. 4 lbs for $1. Fancy New Orleans Mo lasses 60c a gallon. Very nice Porto Rico Molasses 45c a gallon. New Potatoes, large Long Island, 5c a quart will be lower in a few days. Extra large Beets 4c a bunch. Native Beans 35c a peck, 5c a quart. Large Native Cabbage 5-7c each. Messina Lemons 15c dozen. 3 lbs best Carolina Rice for 2oc 3 quarts best State Beans for 25c. 3 lbs Tapioca for 25c. Macaroni in l ib packages 15c. Rising Sun Stove Polish 6c each. Try 1 lb of our best JAVA COFFEE, only 25c a lb. Also our TEAS cannot be beat. Only 50c and 60c lb for the very best in mar ket. Also 1 , ITJfRI. I , I Come in ! PAIX JEXTE & BROS,, 101 AND 107 am. w RroTiilon ITnroor hv been cored, are being cured daily by the dm of Vegetine. We can show teeumonial or refer yon to the parties In proof of this. 3jrietMim and all the mrpleaa anteftecte of indigestion are at once relieved by the use of Vegetine. Seat Khtam and all diwaKS of the skin disappear when Vege; tine Is faithfully used. . For Ivi-rer and Kidney Complaint yon wUl find Vege une a most valuable remedy. Oikow tired I am "Is Bo often heard. An Impure con dition of the blood will always pro dace tha feeling and it is rare to be relieved by the use of Vegetine. Iadles who have used Vegetine, and the number of such Is large, are load in Its praise as a remedy for ; -ff'x'y peculiar to their sex. rYer-vows Sufferer yon can nse nothing so sure to furnish you steep and rest as Vegetine. Vegetine is sold by all Druggists. I rV I l-iri-i i ii i i The Oldest Daily Paper Published in Connecticut. THE CARKDTGTON PUBLISHING CO. 8I1VG&E COPIES TWO CENTS. Delivered bt Cakrtbbs in tbb Cxtt, 12 cents a Week, 42 cehts a Month, $5.00 a Year. The Same Terms Bt Mail. Rates of Advertiaiug. SITUATIONS WANTED, one insertion 50c; each subsequent insertion 25c. WANTS, RENTS, and other small advertisements occupying not more than six lines, one insertion 75c; each subsequent insertion 25c. One square (one inch) one insertion, $1.90; each subsequent insertion, 40 cents; one week, $3.30; one month. $10.00. Yearly advertisements at the following rates: One square, one year, 5-10; two squares, one year, $70; three squares one year, $100. Obituary notices, in prose or Terse, 15 cents per line. Notices of Births, Marriages and Deaths, 50 cents each. Local Notices 20c per line. . Advertisements on second page one price and a half. Yearly advertisers are limited to their own imme diate business, and their contracts do not Inaluda Wants, To Let, For Sale, etc. Special rates furnished on application for contracts covering a considerable length of time, or a large THE WEEKLY JOURNAL IS PUBLISHED Every Thursday Morning. Single Copies 5 cents - - - $2.00 a year Strictly in advance, - 1.50 a year All letters and inquiries in regard to subscriptions or matters of business should be addressed THE JOIBSAL AND COURIER, New Haven, Conn. Notice. We cannot accept anonymous or return rejected communications. In all cases the name of the writer will be required, not for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith. Thursday, July 31, 1884. Republican nominations. FOR PRESIDENT, JAMES a. BLAINE, of Maine. FOR VICE PRESIDENT, JOHN A. LOGAN, orilllnois. REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION. New Haven, August 20, 1884. The Republican electors of the several towns of this State are hereby notified to send the usual number of delegates to the Republi can State convention to be held in the Grand Opera House in New Haven on Wednesday, August 20 1881, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose of nominating candidates for the State offices and presidential electors, and appointing a State central committee. In accordance with the rules adopted by the Republican State convention in 1876, the fol lowing additional notices are given: 1. All caucuses in the several towns for the ap pointment of delegates to the State convention shall lie held at least five days before the meeting of the State convention. 2. The chairman of each town committee shall send a copy of the credentials of the delegates from his town to the chairman of the Republian State committee at least four days before the conven tion. 3. A caucus of the delegates to the State conven tion will be held at Loomis1 Hall, New Haven, on Tuesday, August 19, 1884, at 8 o'elock p. m. 4. Each town is entitled to two delegates for each Representative in the General Assembly. By order Republican State central committee. Charles J. Cole, Chairman. Hartford, July 89, 1884. REV. DR. HEDGE'S POSITION. Clergymen appear to be taking a more prominent part in politics this year than usual, and many of them do not hesitate to make public their intention to vote for Blaine and Logan and give their reasons therefor. And most of the reasons are so sound and good that they deserve wide cir culation and general attention. The Rev. Dr. Frederic K. Hedge, a weH known clergyman of Boston, being challeng ed to state his political position by the Rev. Dr. Bartol, answered that he means to vote for Blaine, and his reason for doing so is the belief that of the two candidates, one of whom is sure to be elected, Blaine represents the party most likely, on the whole, to favor and promote reform and good government. He cannot believe him so unworthy and dangerous a character as the Breed ers from the Republican party represent him. On this point he says: I have been at some pains to as certain the truth in this matter, and I find that those who have known Mr. Blaine best, and have had the best opportunities of judg ing him, are those who respect him most and have the greatest confidence in him. More over, I must consider the opinion of such men as the two Hoars, of Governor Robin son and ex-Governor Long as to his fitness for the presidency more trustworthy than that of the so-called "bolters," in whose final action I seem to discern more of temper than of wisdom. Dr. Hedge then proceeds to pay his respects to the Independents, whom he says he should have sympathized with had they started a new and separate party, based on the issue of practical reform, of continuance in office of the tried and approved and promotion to office of the worthy and competent; and had they nominated their own candidate on that ground, distinct from Republican or Demo crat. But when, he says, in their recent con vention in New York, it was resolved, in or der to defeat Mr. Blaine, to cast their votes for the Democratic candidate, the movement lost all its significance and lost the sympathy of many who cannot acquit the movers of something like bitterness in their action, "For say what they will, to vote for the presidential candidate of a party is to vote for that party; it is to assume the responsi bility of the action of that party should it come into power. Can the seceders say up on their conscience that they believe the Democratic party more likely than the Re publican to carry out the principles which they, the seceders, advocate and on which they profess to ground their dissent 1 If not, then is theirs a most 'lame and impotent conclusion,' the very irony of would-be re form." Dr. Hedge further very pointedly remarks that if what is said of Cleveland is true the Independents will be found to have reversed the experience of Saul, who went to seek asses and found a kingdom. We commend all that Dr. Hedge says to the consideration of our Independent readers. EDITORIAL NOTES. The Republicans of Litchfield county will present a candidate for lieutenant governor in the person of Hon. Lorrin A. Cooke of Barkhamsted. Senator Cooke has made a good record as a legislator. The correspondent of the Naw York Times who is investigating the ravages of cholera in France says that so far there have bees twenty-three hundred deaths. This is many more than have been reported in the press dispatches. Civil service reform has had a good effect in reducing the number of office-seekers. One hundred and fifty, new pension exam iners are to be appointed, and there have been but five hundred applicants. - Once there would have been at least twice as many. Railroad building has made great progress in Germany during the last seventeen years. Seventeen years ago there were : in the Ger man empire three hundred towns, 'with pop ulations of between 5,000 and 30,000, which were without railroad accommodations. In 1880 the number of such towns was only one hundred and thirty-two. Of towns hav ing populations of between two thousand and five thousand there are in the empire 1,975, of which only four hundred and sixty-eight had any railroad accommodation seventeen years ago. By 1880 . the number of towns so provided, had risen to nine hundred and thirty-two. ' : Some specimens of the peculiar germ which the now famous Dr. Koch has discoveredj in India, Egypt and France, in the bodies of persons who have died of the cholera, and to the presence of which he attributes that ter rible scourge, were exhibited for the first time in public in London at the Imperial theater by the aid of a gigantic microscope. The germs no longer in an active state had been specially procured from the cholera district in the south of France. As magni fied some two million times, and shown by the aid of the electrio light, they appeared nearly of the size of the palm of one's hand. They were quite colorless, and in the shape of coils representing circles and shapes not unlike the figure 8, precisely as described in Dr. Koch's work on the subject. ; The Scientific American has an interesting illustration of a new life-saving apparatus, designed to utilize the properties of oil in case of accident. It is called the automatic wave lubricating life buoy, and resembles in appearance an ordinary circular life pre server. A seamless brass reservoir extends round the inside of the apparatus, and this being filled with oil is so arranged by means of a rose like those placed upon sprinkling cans, that when the life buoy is hung upon the vessel's stern, no oil can escape. When placed horizontally, however, the liquid flows but freely. If a person falls overboard the buoy,on being thrown into the water, spreads out a large circular film of oil, which smooths the waves and enables the victim of acci dent to rest safely until rescued by the boats. One of General Grant's friends says the change in him during the last year is alarm ing. "For years," says this friend, "he was known as the silent man. He is silent no longer. He talks constantly. He repeats the same denunciations of Ward over and over again with a parrot-like persistence which is very pathetic. I have heard him say for an hour at a time: 'He was smart and I trusted him. My name was the bank and he was the cashier.' " He is further repre sented as feeling deeply humiliated by the failure, and as constantly berating his own carelessness, which brought ruin to his sons and friends. He sits for hours at a time say ing meaningless things about the late catas trophe. Of strong family affections, he em barked in business more on his sons' account than his own. He now blames himself for blasting their prospects in life. Judge Barringer of the international tribu nal, who was in Alexandria, Egypt, during the entire cholera year, says that he is con vinced that the disease is never caused by personal contact. While there he and his family lived in a house containing thirty fam ilies, and were free from the slightest attack of cholera, although there were deaths all around them. "We received," he says, "al most daily visits from our physician, who often came to us straight from the bedside of a dying or dead person. Neither he nor we ever caught it. We were careful, partic ularly in our diet. We never ate uncooked food of any description; such as fruits or salads. Even our water we boiled, while some of our neighbors drank nothing but tea, the water for which was first filtered and then boiled. No one who used these simple precautions was attacked. " I think these two facts will agree with Dr. Koch's theory as to the propagation of the disease, and these are the safeguards which should be used by every one should cholera visit these shores, as in all human probability it will do." The difficulties with which the Russian provincial authorities have to contend in their efforts to stamp out the cattle plague are serions. The plague is spreading in the government of Samara. In order to arrest jits ravages a commission was recently dis- ipatched to Nicolaievsk consisting of a veteri nary officer, police officers and servants the latter as slaughterers. The peasantry assem ibled in large numbers at the place appointed by the commission near the town. Here large trenches were excavated for the recep tion of the carcasses of the infected and slaughtered animals. By the veterinary offi cer's command the cattle of the neighbor hood were driven into an extensive enclosure. jSo far the various herdsmen and owners showed no inclination to interfere. The ex amination of the cattle proceeded, and al ready three animals had been condemned, slaughtered and their carcasses cast into the pits, when an extraordinary crowd of fren zied peasant women advanced from the town making horrible clangor with all sorts of kitchen utensils. Behind the women came the men, armed with fireirons, bludgeons, flails, spades, etc- The proceedings of the commission were stopped, and the veterinary officer and his followers barely escaped with their lives from the enraged multitude. The women openly bewailed the escape of the of ficers, whom they swore they had intended to tear to pieces. PHILOSOPHICAL. The Concord school of philosophy is so called because it does not touch philosophy, it is not a school, and the members are never in concord. Philadelphia Call. Ella Wheeler Wilcox sings in a recent poem, "I was smoking a cigarette." We publish this for Mr. Wilcox's information. Boston Post. An open letter the one that comes to the house addressed to you in a lady's handwrit ing and your wife receives it from the post man. Brooklyn Times. A little girl joyfully assured her mother the other day" that she had found out where they made horses: she had seen a man finish ing one. "He was nailing on his last foot." "My daughter," said a pompous old gentle man, "you must never listen to flatterers. "But, papa," said the young lady, "how can I tell that they are flatterers unless I listen?" A Pennsylvania paper reports the death of a young lady while singing in a hammock. This is strange. Girls in hammocks usnally do the killing themselves. Burlington Free Press. Paper peach baskets are being used in Maryland. It is said they are no more suc cessful than the old kind in preventing the dozen big peaches in the basket from crawl ing on top. jNornstown Herald. . "I have lost my dog," said Mrs. Rarity. "Why don'fyour husband look for him!" some one asked. "Who, Jim? Why, you know Jim's on the detective force. He can't find anything." Arkansaw Traveller. A fop took a seat in a car beside a young lady, but, on perceiving she had a dog, he moved off with an air of trepidation. "Don't be afraid," she said, with a reassuring look. "Jip won't bite you; he doesn t like veal." Brook trout sometimes show great patience and curiosity. They have been known to watch a fisherman all day to see what he will finally do with the grasshopper he is bobbing np and down on the end of a string. New Orleans Picayune. . M Ara we a nation of rascals?" asks John F. Hume, in the North American Review. John has an exceedingly frank and naive way of putting things, certainly, and we shall take the trouble to investigate the matter at the earliest opportunity. Burlington Free Press. Ground Hog, a Cherokee Indian, who .has been sentenced to death for murder, elects to be shot.- -If he is the Ground Hog who comes out of his hole in February of each year and predicts six mere weeks of howling, blizzard- ly weather, shooting is too good for him. JNornstown ueraia. It's a remarkable case," said a doctor to a brother physician, the latter just entering the profession. ' "My experience, of course, is not large," returned the young man, mod estly, "but I quite agree withyou, doctor; it certainly is a remarkable case, and of great interest to the profession. Do you think we shall be able to save the patient?" "Save the patient?" exclaimed the first speaker; "no we won't be able to save the patient, but we will have a post-mortem examination, and that is of much more importance." Old Monevbaerzs stood the other morniner. hanedncr a "reducer! priee" mark on several rolls of carpeting. iiarria, uuu in ill - lo money- "j-nose ain't leathen" "Well, who said they was?" retorted Moneybaggs, with nngrammatical testiness. "Why, you that is, you've marked them down." And Moneybaggs fell through a plate-glass win dow with a sickening thud. Thus it is shown that every man will have his joke, feather it be good or feather it be evil. Rockland Courier-Gazette. COMMUNICATIONS. . Tne Real Question or the Campaign. To the Editor of the Journal and Courier: The question is who will triumph at the next election, the workingmen or their ene mies. On one side England and her inter ests backed up by the American admirers of everything English, importers of foreign goods and salaried professors of colleges the latter thinking they could buy provisions cheaper and knowing hired help would cost but half what it does now, they would have more money to splurge on at home and spend in Europe also a few large manufacturers who having grown rich under the high tariff would now turn round and kick the ladder down on which they rose lest some one else might make money. Such men always have an eye to cheap help. With free trade they would get it (mark that). Arrayed against the above afe the working and business men and their interests. There never was a time when they had more at stake than now. The next election is big with results to them and their children's children. Do they realize it? Thank God they have the power. Will they use it aright? Will they vote to take care of their own interests or will they vote for England's free trade bant ling; vote to bring down their wages one half; vote to work twelve or fifteen hours per day, as the writer of this has done; vote to earn just enough to exist but not to live as men ought to live? Working and business men, the issue is with you. I leave you to answer the above questions at the polls next November. I have faith in you, and believe your answer will be both right and manly. Only remember that the power is in your own hands. Mechanic. Protection Versus Free Trade. To the Editor of the Journal ano Courier: The American Republican party and the English Democratic party are at issue upon the protective policy of the one and the free trade policy of the other. The free trade In dependents not agreeing with the protective plank in the Republican platform have gone over to the Democratic party, where they can support their free trade notions by voting for Cleveland and Hendricks. They are wel comed into the Democratic fold with a har mony of ideas and intentions that admits of no doubt that they have found a genial home and soil in which to grow and perfect their free trade plant. Blaine and Logan and the Republican party represent the American side of the question, while Cleveland and Hendricks and the English Democratic party represent the other side. I call it "English Democratic party" because the English free trade doctrines have been planted there and the laborers in the Democratic vineyard are pruning and nourishing the plant that it may bear fruit in the coming election. It becomes then a question of vital interest to the laborer, the artisan, the mechanic, whether the American doctrine as the policy of. the Republican party, or the English policy as the doctrine of the Democratic party, shall prevail next November. Let us look at this question and see how its bear ings will affect us as individuals and as a nation. We will start with an admitted fact, that the price of labor in the various branches of mechanical industry and manual labor in this country is more than twice as much as in corresponding branches of industry in Euro pean countries, and the employment in gen eral is as steady here as there. What makes this difference? The cause lies somewhere, or the fact would not exist. We say it is the result of the American protective policy, which has enabled onr mechanical industries to start and live against the low labor prices in Europe. tinder the Ameri can policy, we have grown to be a busy, prosperous nation. The wheels of industry are heard all around, with a good outlook for the future. The laborers here are better paid, better fed. better clad, bet ter housed, better educated and better citi zens than in any other country in the world. Why not let well enough alone till a neces sity appears for a change? No such n-e-i-:s-sity now exists: and neither the capitalist nor the laborer can afford a change ,Vt Shi time. Upon the shelves of our merchants, sii by side, lie the products of Americas it: .i European inunntactnrei.1 articles for a.e. ta healthy competition, at about the ame price per yard or pound, affording a fair compen sation to the manufacturers upon the capital invested, and so we run along smoothly in fair competition in our own mai-kets for the sale of goods, notwithstanding the great disparity in the prices of labor in the two countries producing them. Whenever the European screws are put upon the pro ducer of the raw materials, upon the delver in fhe mines and the laborer in the mills, so that the English manufactured goods cost less and are thrown upon our markets at less price, then the manufacturer here finds his" goods unsold, and he must run at a loss, reduce the prices of labor or stop his factory, because he cannot compete with the pauper labor upon the other side. If he stops, all wages to his help cease; or if he runs, then their wages must be reduced, and if not more than ten per cent, it is sadly felt by the help, which occasions strikes, idleness and poverty in the community. The least reduction of wages to the employed, although a necessity to save the employer from loss, is always un satisfactory to the employed, a hardship to him and his dependent family, although he may even then be receiving more than double the wages that the same labor upon th e other side of the water commands. Suppose we change our national policy, and adopt the English free trade policy,represent ed by the Democratic party under Cleveland and Hendricks, and throw open our markets free of duty to the foreign manufacturer, and what is the result? The wheels of our manu facturing industries must stop, or the wages of the laborer would come down to the prices of European labor. No other conclu sion can possibly be reached, and no other conclusion is contemplated or desired by free trade propagandists. WTienever they adopt the free trade policy, they adopt the low wages system as incident thereto. Henry Ward Beecher, having gone over to the free trade ranks, publicly stated in a speech in New York that a dollar a day was adequate compensation for the laborer and mechanic. Under free trade policy, European manufac turers would flood our markets with goods made off from pauper labor, and our manu facturing establishments would lie idle, and skilled workmen would have to seek em ployment in other ways and channels to find worlc, wnicn tney are entirely unuseo to and unfit for. Are the laborers and mechanics in this country ready for such a change? If so, then , i i -i . , . c , i i. 1 : tney snoum not coilipiuill Ul XV per cent, ma counts on their wages, but vote for Cleve land and Hendricks and take 100 per cent, deductions from their present prices, or be content to be thrown entirely out of their oc cupations. Voters for Cleveland and Hendricks, get ready for this change, which will come when the free trade policy becomes the policy of this country. Begin to get ready for it now and see how you will like it when it comes. Take your children out of school, sell your caroets. vour musical instruments, surplus furniture and clothing, replenish your crock ery with tin plates, give up your houses or see them decay, get down to the plane of poverty that marks the status of European laborers and mechanics and be ready for the free trade millennium which is promised in the election of Cleveland and Hendricks Be not deceived by the sophistry of free trade advocates, even though it comes from a professor's chair or clerical lips, that a free trade policy is better for this country than a protective policy, because you can then buy a yard of broadcloth cheaper than now. Sup pose it is so, where is your money coming from to buy it with? Rest assured that when the free trade policy is inaugurated in this country the workiflg class will have no sur plus money to buy any broadcloth with, and they will nave no use tor tne article any more than the poor people in European countries have. The American Republican party, under the tried and faithful leadership of Blaine and Logan, will perpetuate the American policy of protection and good wages. The election ot uieveland and Hendricks will en dorse if not inaugurate the English free trade policy of low wages. Which will yon en dorse by your vote next November? The choice is before you and your vote will help decide the issue. L. E.' Munson. Alfred V. Camo.of Meriden, drove to Guil ford the other day, and while he was putting out his horse a horse in the next stall reached over and seized him by the back of the neck, holding him for some time, and finally drop ping him on the floor. He is recovering well, but the physicians say that if the horse had seized him two inches away it would have caused death on the spot. ' WILCOX & CO. ARE OFFERING A VERY CHOICE STOCK BLACK GOODS IN ALL GRADES AND QUALITIES, AT UNUSUALLY LOW PRICES. erases aid Mourning Good's. A large and varied stock con stantly on hand to select from. WILCOX & CO., 767 jJSTJO 771 CHAPEL STREET. JyS9 Lowell, Mass., February 21, '84. For a long- time, and from some unknown cause. 1 have been troub led with a lame back, also a tired feelimr on. arising in the morning. 1 bought a bottle of Burdock Blood Bitters and before it was used my back was much letter, as well as my whole system. I tliink it a fine medicine. F. H. Cillet. Providence, R. I., April 4, '84. I have been troubled with Dyspep sia for four years and could not get relief: finally tried Burdock Blood Bitters and received im mediate relief. It is a splendid medicine for Dyspepsia. C'has. R. Sweet, No. 65 William street. Parkersburg.W.Va., March 4-,'84. T have been usimr Burdock Blood I have been using Burdock Blood Bitters for boils 'and sores on my face, and by using the Burdock have removed all eruptions so that my face is clear; this was done in a "remarkably short time, little over one week. C'has. Anderson. Lancaster, Pa., March 3, '84-. For many years I have been troubled with Bilious Disorder lo the extent that 1 was scarcely ever without a severe headache at night. I was restless and seldom enjoyed a comfortable night's steep. A short time ago I commenced the use of Burdock Blood Bitters; my headache disappeared and I have no more sleepless nights. Mas. Daniel H. IIfrr. jy28d&wlw uuummiimmnuiiiiniHiiiiHiHiH When a man has suffered from Rheumatism only a little while, and la relieved from his pain, lie la happy and delighted. But suppose he has Suffered for more than a third of a century. Alvln Grim, ot Vale, Iowa, writes : "Atelophobos bu helped me much. The My paininmylimbeis&ll(roQe,batsomelame-9 nen Is left yst, and well there might be, for I have been troubled for thirty-five years with Rheumatism." 9 Mrs. A. B. Baker, of Chicago, Had rheumatic pains In her back for fifteen years, anl Vr. Baier had been the victim of Rheu-rrn.r!-m caOl Ms head was drawn down over his Sers shoulder. Jtr. Baker writes : "Half a bottle of ATHLOPHOHOsmade n a coed as new. My wife has taken u occier half, and has not complained of -er tc saoe. She eays her back never was o free from pain and ache as it has been 4 &2 six has taken the Athlophobos." There are many people who think that because they have suflered s long, and have tried so many medicines in vain, they must "suffer on their three score years." But you see what Athixjphokos has done. However Old yonr Case ; However Severe your Fains; However Great your Disappointments, SWTry Athlophoros If you cannot fret Athlofhobos of yonr druggist, we will Bend it express paid, on receipt of regular price one dollar per bottle. We prefer that you buy It from your druggist, but if he hasn't it, do not be persuaded to try something else, but order at once from us as directed. ATHLOPHOROS CO.. 112 WALL ST., NEW YORK. HHniiHiimiiiitlUiiiHimimniiMiu GOLD MEDAL, PARIS, 187b. BAKER'S Breakfast Cocoa. Warranted absolutely purO Cocoa, from which the excess ot Oil has beenrcicoved. It hm three times the strength of Cocoa mixed with Btarcb, Arrowroot or Sugar, and is therefore far more economi cal. It is delicion. nourishing, strengthening, easily digested, and admirably adapted for invalids a well as for persons in health. Sold by Grocers ererywhere. f. BAKER & CO,, Dorchester. Mass. BLAINEIAGEJ WANTED. CLEVELAND '1 lie nest, pictures nnhlished. Size 3Sx AND za. Heavy paper, i beautiful tints. Send! 25 cents for sample icopy, or 50 cents for I LOGAN WARREN S. tne two pictures. lULBJIILIIMIfV" and terms toaenlK l-LllUniUfVO- ROBlNSOiN, HI Oliver street, tsoston. IN CASH GIVEM AWAY To the SMOKERS of Blackwell's Genuine Bull Durham Smok ing Tobacco. The genuine has picture of BULL on every package. For particulars see our next announcement. Hose. Hose. COTTON, LINEN & ROBBER, We do not claim to have more Hose than all the dealers combined, but we do keep a general assort ment of goods that we can warrant to do as repre sented, at very low figures. Give us a call before purchasing and we will convince you. J. P. GILBERT & CO., 479 State Stroeti Je25 THE "ANDREWS," KEELEB V CO., Eastern Agents. SEND FOR CIBCTJLAK. 83 TO 91 WASHINGTON STREET, CORNER ELM, a2mws6mnr BOSTON. HE3NRY A. DANIELS, M. D., 144 LEXINGTON AVENUE. NEAR 29th STREET, NEW YORK. Hours, 8 to 1 and 5 to 7. Diseases of the Nervous system, Genito- Urinary rgans, impotence and sterility. m6daw8m si i