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OFFICE 00 STATE STREET. Vol. LIX. NEW HAVEN, COOTST., SATURDAY MORNIKG, JANUARY 10, 1891. No. 9 THE CABRINGTON FCBUSHIITQ CO. mW TS TTTTi! TTWT?. When winter garment of all kinds are put into THE FORSYTH CO. Have the best known facilities for the DTBIIfdind CLSANNO - of Overcoats, Men's Suits, Ladies' Ulsters, jacKeia, yv rape, etc .. : WK MAKE A SPECIiH of steaming and Renewing Plush and Velvet gurcueuus. LACE CURTAINS. ' The recent extension of our works enables us to have a special department,compleuy fitted up for the cleaning and finishing of lace curtains. CARPET CLEANING. Many avail themselves of the benefits of our car pet steaming process, which destroys all insects, and insures the carpets against moths for the coming season. 1ACNNDRI1NG of Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, Under Clothing, Table ana uea unen, etc. Goods called for and delivered. The Forsyth Dyeing and Laun drying Co., OFFICES: 878 & 645 CHJTPEL J3T. WORKS: State, Lawrence and Me chanic Streets. New Haven Window Shade Company, No. 70 Orange Street. CABPETS and DRAPERIES. During this month we must close out all odd pairs and half pairs of dace Curtains and Heavy Draperies AT SOME PRICE, TO MAKEfROOM FOR NEW GOODS. FINE RUGS, - - All Sizes. John Crosby's English Wiltons. Bramley's Smyrnas. Fox, Wolf 1 Goatskin Rugs. ALL THE BEST CARPET SWEEPERS. ENGLISH LINOLEUM, 13 feet wide,ibest quality. SO. 70 ORAIG-E ST. Uterto- It was cured with SWIFT'S WILD CHEBBT COUCH BALSAS. A soientino combination of Wild Cherry and ouier curative DarKS, roots ana neroe. West Winsted, Conn.. Jan. 30, 1890. "Having used Swlft' Wild Cherrj-Cough Balsam With such gratifying success In my own family. I feel that it is but simple justice to say. that I believe it is the best Cough Remedy in the market.' FRANK B. ANDREWS, Druggist. FOR SALS AT AU. DRUGGISTS. Price, 45 and 60 Cuts. TALCOTT, FRISBIE & CO., Proprietors, Hartford, Conn. MRS. E. R. JONES, . DENTIST, 7 40 Chapel Street, Corner State. ROOMS 2 AND 3. DR. DANIEL A.JONES, DENTIST, 740 Chapel Btreet, Corner State. Optical Hoods, DRAWING MATERIAL OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. Spectacles i Eyeglasses HADE TO ORDER. OCULISTS' PRESCRIPTIONS " Carefully Mounted Repairing Neatly and Promptly Executed. E. L. Washburn,' 84 Church $nd 61 Center Streets, . . : . NEAR THE POST OFFICE. SLEDS and SKATES. Fresh Steck and Low Prices 719 Chapel Street, i -J M Bells, lttwe & Stetson. FORCED OUT I You All Know That We Have Tricked Out of Our Store and Must Move Within a Few Months. Now we have lots of WIN TER GOODS that we do not care to move, so we propose to hold a Four Weeks' Sale of Reliable Winter Dry Goods at such reduced prices that it will be for the interest of all pur chasers to examine the Bar gain heaps on every counter before making, investments elsewhere. You will find cut prices on Housekeeping Goods, Cloaks, Shawls, Silks, Velvets, Plushes, Black and Colored Dress Goods, Ladies' Underwear, Stamped Goods, Gents' Underwear, Furs, -Dress Trimmings, &c. N. B. This is a GEN UINE MARK-DOWN, and not an imitation, as many so-called January Sales are. I Howe & Stetson, Insurance Building, 886-888 Chapel Street, New Haven, Conn. JUST RECEIVED, A FULL LINE OF rjllOjIlirjA XOj.LU.IjO. THOMPSON & BELDEN, 396 & 398 State St. Oourier Building. THE FINEST LINEIOF WALL PAPERS AT LOWEST PRICES, ON EXHIBITION AT The Broadway Wall Paper Store. noma and examine onr goods and vou will be surprised at our prices for beautiful ccombina- uons. E. it. dJ5Jb"Jb'jU'X"X'. PAINTINO and DEfiORATTNQ in all their sev eral branches done well and promptly. Esti- mates given. E. R. JKFFCOTT. 165 Elm street, corner of York. New Colors Just fiecM Lilian BUMESS & BTJR&ESS. 751 Chapel Street. HOLIDAY GfFTS Notwfthstandini Undine the unusually heavy demand r Christmas goods, we still have left a tmemt of articles suitable for NEW upon us for Chris good assortmemt of articles suitable for NEW YEAR'S GIFTS, which we offer for the present at reduced prices. Our stock of CROCKERY and GLASSWARE Is the most complete in the city and our prices the lowest. We call special attention to our NEW DAYLIGHT LAMP! "Our Lamm, both STAND and MRRART. aruarantee are CHEAPER than anvwhnnt in t.h - A LARGE VARIETY OF . ! Decorated - Dinner Ware and unamber sets. ROBINSON & CO.'S '00 Church street, near CbapeL TOO Cans r MADE BY SPECIAL PROCESSTHE PEST. : Cocoa is of supreme importance as an article of .t. Van Houten's has fifty per cent, more' flesh-forming proper ties than exist in the best of other cocoas.- Van Houten's Cocoa "BEST & GOES FARTHEST." The tissue of the cocoa bean is so softened as tt endei it easy of digestion, and, at the same time, the ai 6a is highly developed. - ... ' SV AN HOUTEN'S COCOA ("once tried, always nsed ") is ttteorta-ina.1, pare, solu ble Covon, Invented, patented and made In Holland, and is to-day better and more eolulile than any of the numerous imitations. In fact, a comparative teat will easily prove, inat no other uoeoa equals this Inventor, in ties. "JLargest sale in the world." Ask for VAN Holiday Goods . IN FURNITURE, HANDSOME ROCKERS CABINETS AND- NOVELTIES IN FANCY FURNITURE AT THE LOWEST PRICES. STAHL fc HEGEL, 8, 10, 12 Church Street. R. & J. M. BIiAIH, 83 and 85 Orange St. FURNITURE DEALERS AND UNDERTAKERS, We hare a large stock of the Standard Folding Bed Co. s Beds, THE BEST AND CHEAPEST - IN THE MARKET. We are selling a large assortment of elegant FURNITURE AT VERY LOW RATES. Come and see our Writing Desks, Music Cabinets and Easy Chairs. "If 0 USE II TALKIM" We are obliged to give our friends a benefit. Too many goods, too little money, is just our fix. Sacrifice prices all along the line this week. We 9CUST reduce our stock. STOVES. Unheard-of prices to close out our heaters. Be sure and call if you want a good stove for little money. FURNITURE, A large number of handsome Chairs, Bockers, Tables and Desks arriving too late for Christ mas We desire to SLAUGHTER. First come, first served. CARPETS. Spring patterns arriving every day. The old ones must go to make room for them. And so through every department. The shadow of the dying year and the glory of a new creation com bine to make lower prices than ever before. CASH OK CBED1T. BROWN & DURHAM, COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS, Orange and Center Streets. tiscjellatueows. We Are Tie Only Makers OF CHILDREN'S CARRIAGES IN THE CITY. OUK PRICES ABE VERY I-OW . AND QUALITY GOOD. l Call and Examine Our Line Before making your purchase. WE ALSO SHALL KEEP A FULL LINE OF Plush and Kattan Chairs, Di vans, Foot Bests, Tables, Dining Chairs, etc., All at Factory Prices. New Haven Rattan Co., ja4 552 STATE STREET. CREDIT TO ALL. WITHOUT SECURITY. Men's, Boys' and Children's Clothing ON SMALL WEEKLY PAYMENTS. NEW H&YEN CREDIT CLOTHING CO., Office, 1st floor, 781 Chapel St. Open nnta 9 p. m. de6 if FINE FIRST-CLASS PLUMBING. HOWLAND & POTTER, ja8 938 CHAPEL STREET. 10 Per Cent. Discount ON PARLOR LAMPS For Cliristmas. BUY A "GRAND" OIL HEATER. Over 50 in use in this city this winter. TRY LUXOR OIL. C P. MERRIMAN, 154 ELI STREET, d20 Third store from High. RICHMOND RANGES, FOR Cooking purposes are superior Heating Stoves. Ask for the Howe Ventilator. Kitchen furnishings. Everything desired can be luunu wiui us. Sllets G-alpin, nl 860 State Street. F. A. CARLTON, PLUMBING, STEAM AND fi&SFITTING. ! obbtag Jfromptly Attended to. OFFICE 190 GEORGE, COR. TEMPLE STREET, . Steam Heating Building. . - gy ESTIMATES OIVEN. FLMBLNG& GAS-FITTIN6 (iJLjHii - :i 4? V mm solubility, agreeable taste and nutritive quali Hotjtkn sand take no other. 65 XiBctllvLXitans, In order to stimulate trade during this dullest of months, all Carpets bought during the month of January will be ; Either at present or when wanted, This is an opportunity that should be taken advantage of. We have an immense stock to select from. P. J. KELLY & CO. The People's House Furnishers. . - - Everything for housekeeping for cash or on easy terms. Host Worthy Books For Purchase OR GIFT. Choice and Popular Alto Songs, 33 sonps each one Gem. Price $1 in heavy paper, $1.25 in boards, $2 in' gilt binding-. The Songs of Ireland, A new and carefully revised collection of the best and most celebrated Irish songs. Some of the best melodies in existence, and bright, spirited words. 06 songs. Price, $1 in heavy paper, $1.25 in boards, and $3 in gilt binding. CHOICE SONG COLLECTIONS. Song classics, VoL 1, 50 songs. Song classics, "Vol. 2, 39 songs. Song classics, low voices, 47 songs. Choice sacred solos, 34 songs. . Choice sacred solos, low voices, 40 songs. Classic, baritone and bass, 33 songs. Classic tenor songs, 36 songs. Good old songs we used to sing, 115 songs. CHOICE PIANO COLLECTIONS. Piano classics, Vol. 1, 44 pieces. Piano classics. Vol. 2, 31 pieces. Classical pianist, 43 pieces. Popular dance collection, 06 pieces. Popular piano collection, 66 pieces. Operatic piano collection, 10 operas. Price of each book $1; cloth gilt $2. All are valuable collections of the best music. Churchiirs Birthday Book of Eminent Compos ers, a handsome and useful book, $1.00. Any dook maueu, post-paid, lor retail price. Oliver Ditson Company, Boston. d20 wftflw WOMAN'S GLORY. Clear, Health y Skin -A. Beau tiful Complexion. ' 11 "OSTeverv woman can have a nice. clean- JjlL looking complexion, even though not called beautiful. Many ladies are called careless because their skin looks muddy or blotched. What is the cause f Nature, why ? Because Nature is her own doctor. The system cannot thrive when filled with all sorts of noisonous substances . Then Nature asserts herself and throws it off. why do the eruptions and discol orations appear on the face and not on the bodyf Because the face has no assistant, and instead of throwing off is added to. Ladies, by constant use of powders and different cosmetics, nave filled the pores of the face until ventilation such as is caused by perspiration in the body is entirely closed. The poisonous matter, unable to exude, lies congested underneath the surface. This causes eruptions, commonly called eczema, salt rheum, psoriasis, etc. Is there no way to open tnese channels for throwing this out ? Yes. by opening the pores. This is quickly done by cuttfeff with a mild astrinsrent the cuticle or cal lous capping of the skin. Is it injurious ? No, it cannot be, for it does not penetr&te into the true siun. is it miunous to rub oil the calloused skin entirely dead from the sole of the foot? There is no life to this cuticle. Does it injure a tree to trim the dead branches t So, then, don't fear to use Mme. A. Ruppert's Face Bleach. It is a tonic no cosmetic. It has been tried, con vincing in its every effort, -does not show in the lace nor destroy neaiuiy coior. World-renowned Face Bleach sent to any ad dress for Drice. 2 ter bottle : three bottles rtisn- attf a cure), $5. Send 4c, or call for further in- BLructiona now to oe DeautlzUL MADAME A. RUPPERT, New Haven, Conn. Office hours from Ba.m. to 10 p.m. si 8 eod BUPERmn mrrnmoN-THB ureT 491 THIS. ORIGINAL AMD WORLD. RENOWNED DIETETIC Preparation is a Substance or UNRIVALLED PURITY AND MEDICINAL WORTH A SOUD TRACTDERIVEa BY A new Process from Very Superior Growths or Wheat NoTHma More, it Has Justly Acquired 1 nt ncrumi iun ur BLINU THE SALVATOR FOR, AND THE AGED. AH INCOMPARABLE ALIMENT FOR THE GROWTH 'run wr inrAHTO AND' A Superior NumiTivr in cmmniFn Fevers and a Reliable Remedial agent Ml MJ wr int. JlUffA.n AnU HITCHTINrj, BOLD BY DRUBDIITB mmNB cvoT oMH.CAAuaaoHaturwaaua DIARIES ' FOR Crockery, Glassware, Tinware, Woodenware and a full line of House Famishing: Goods. New Haren 5 and 10c Store 888 and 3f8 6lata street. . THE A; L. SOHNEIDElt CO. isLclin The Oldest Daily Paper Pub lished in Connecticut. SIliVEB. - The silver craze may still rage in parts of the wild and wooly West, and it ap pears to be raging in the congress of the United States. Bat it is cheering to ob serve that there is hardly a newspaper in the country of any influence which is not lifting up its voice . for sound financial principles. They see very plainly that frea coinage of silver would deal the country a blow from which it would not recover in many years. - The silver legislation ' we have already had has done damage enough, and any more of the same kind, or a worse kind, is something to be feared and vigorously opposed. The silver men in Washington are "talking big." They as sert that the house as well as the senate is theirs, and that President Harrison is al so friendly to their schemes. The speculators in silver are sharply watching the perfor mance, but the action of the silver certifi cates does not indicate belief that the government will enter info a another sil ver pool. .- It is now believed that the financial bill will pass the senate in . about this shape. The proposition to buy the twelve million ounceB of silver will be stricken out, and in its place will be Senator Stewart's free coinage amendment. The section provid ing for a reduction to (1,000 of the amount required to be deposited by national banks to secure circulation will be retained, as will also the section which . imposes a charge for converting gold coin into bars for shipment, the object of this charge being to retard the export of gold. The bond provision will be stricken out. It remains to be seen how far this bill will get. Probably not far enough to be come a law. THE RAILROAD ASBBBHENT. The second ' act in the great railroad drama is on. The presidents are meeting with the accompaniment of a booming stock market, and harmony is said to be so thick - in the meeting room that you can't cut it. All the indications are that this time the managers mean business. Perhaps they have all the stock they want and intend to inn their roads so that they can by and by sell it at a good price. But if they will only help investors out they will be forgiven. Some of the pessimists say that even if the railroad managers do make an agree ment and try to live up to it, legislation in the western States will defeat their plans. The Farmers' alliance does seem to be hostile to the roads, and there are many demagogues to cry out against them. But there are also signs that the railroads will not be treated with unreasoning hostil ity. We agree with the New York Evening Post in thinking that "it is hardly correct to suppose that hostility to the 'Trust' (as the agreement of railroads has been called) will culminate in severe laws against the carriers, if the advisory board is moderate and attempts only to secure for the roads rates not much if any higher than those now nominally in force and against which' there is little or .no com plaint. If this view is a true one, it fol lows that if the organizing roads cannot agree now among themselves to exact the published charges from all shippers alike, their failure will be due to other causes than Western State legislation." Time will tell. Meanwhile all who are 'stuck" with bonds and stocks which have suffered from the railroad wars in the West will hope. EDITORIAL NOTES. The weather this week has been fine, and if Man had not been making a disturb ance at Hartford every prospect would have pleased. During his last visit to Washington General Spinner said to a correspondent: "The best thing I ever did here was to ap point the first woman clerk. In fact, I often think it was the only deed of my life worth remembering." Woman continues to shine. The first titled English woman to become a laun dress is Lady Wimborne, who has estab lished a successful laundry on her hus band's estate in Dorsetshire. The enter prise has been so well conducted that it yields the owner a profitable income. It has been discoversd in Paris that wild animals become nearsighted in captivity. The explanation is that lions and tigers are originally very far sighted. But, com pelled to look at and watch their trainer in nearest distance, and their sight con fined by the extent of the cage, the eye ac commodates itself and they grow quite nearsighted. Those born in captivity are always so. Apparently the increase in wages among the employes on the London docks, which was obtained as the result of the recent strike, has not been of advantage to the strikers. A statement of the leaders of the Dock Union is given to the effect that the great difficulty is want of employment, and the situation is the worst that has been known for years. The cause of this scarc ity of . work is not given, but, judging from evidence that has been forthcoming for some time past, the increased price of labor has tended to the disadvantage of London as a point of discharge and ship ment, causing shipowners to seek other ports in the United Kingdom. Rev. Dr. Sheldon Jackson, the Presby terian missionary in Alaska ana the gov ernment's educational agent also, suggests that the Siberian reindeer be domestica ted in Alaska. There are hundreds of thousands of square miles of territory cov ered with grass and moss that are specially adapted to the reindeer and useless for any other purpose. The Siberians have large herds of these animals, numbering sometimes 10,000, and the people never suffer for want of food, but 'are fat and live comfortably. The Alaskan natives are competent to herd the reindeer, and might be greatly improved in condition by having something useful to do as well as by having the opportunity to accumulate wealth as represented by herds. The richest man in Prussia, according to the tax estimate recently laid before the Prussian Landtag, is Herr Krupp, "a citi zen of the district of Duesseldorf ." Herr Krupp, who is none other than the owner of the great cannon factories, pays an an nual tax of 180,000 marks, or almost $48, 000, on an estimated income of 6,000,000 mark. He is the only representative in the tax-clan numbered 128. The man who stands next to him in , point of wealth is. aooording to the same source, a "citizen of the district of Frankfort," who is the only Prussian in the "ninety-sixth tax-class, This man is supposed to be Baron Roths child. The third man on the list is Baron Yon Blolohroedar, the celebrated banker of Berlin, to whom many of the noblemen of that Interesting capital are indebted. The baron ha a Income of 8,020,000 marks and pay tax of TBjBOO marks, Next to him are three men with Incomes of 1,080, 000 marks, 1,800,000 marks and 1,140,000 marks, on which they pay, respectively, 39,600, 36,000 aid 34,200 marks taxes. A notable thing in shipbuilding is the construction on the Saginaw river in Mich igan of a large steel steamship for ocean service. The Mackinaw is 290 feet in length and of 8,678 gross registered ton nage. ' She is built of steel throughout, is a double bottomed, water ballast ship, with triple expansion engines and all the equip ments of a first-class freight- steamer. Upon completion at the yard of her build ers she went under her own steam, making twelve knots an hour, to Buffalo, where she was docked and divided into two parts, as her full dimension were too great to permit her to pass the locks between Lake Erie and tide water on the St. Lawrence. The rear section containing the engines steamed off by itself, stern foremost, and made the voyage to Montreal without as sistance. The forward part was towed by tugs. At Montreal the two sections went into a dry dock and there were joined to gether as at first. Then the Mackinaw boldly started down the St. Lawrence for Nova Scotia, where she took on a cargo of oeal for New York. THK FLKHTING SHOW. - Some of Its Facta and Fancies. rwritten for the Joubxai. aho Coubicb. THE PAUPER'S BIDS. -DBCBMBSB 28, 1890. -I So cold so bitter cold! The skies are gray With sullen clouds that bode the coming storm; The keen air Is a lash that cut and stings; Bough are the roadways with their stiffened ruts And hushed the laughter of the prisoned streams. The brisk church-goers shiver In their furs. And hasten where with pine and holly decked The deep-toned organ thrills with jubilant chords, And sweet young voices lift to God on high Psalms of thanksgiving for that wond'rous gift, His Son the Christ, who came to seek, to save, To lift the fallen, heal the sick and bless The poor; to nil men's breasts with love and sweet Compassion for all sad needy souls. The voice of prayer ascends and hearts are glad For love of Bethlehem's Babe the Christ-child, born - v. - To bring good will to men and peace on earth. II What rides so slowly o'er the frozen roads. But sparely covered from the winter's chin? The driver beats his breast with hands benumbed But this stirs not, or moans. O God 1 is this A living creature? This with gaunt limbs gnawed By cruel ulcers, dislocated joints. As broken on the rack of this world's shame, And matted locks above the corpse-like (ace? A woman weary with her ninety years, Weary ot pain, of hunger, and of grief. Freezing and dying I If a wish remained In that dulled brain it was for Death's release. Too late the warmth, the sustenance, the care I Gone to a grave less cold than those cold hearts That added anguish to her weight of woe, And the long torture of those twenty miles. Can we forgive them? Or can God forgive? "thb thouhgts of toctb." A writer in Longman's magazine fur nishes some specimen compositions written by London schoolboys of the lower classes. They are original and amusing, though somewhat o'jscnre in style. Here are a few extracts: "on flowers.'' In the country the flowers zrow wild in the fields, though not so close together and not in 8 k wares and rounds. And no body believes it till they go in the train, but certainly boys and girls can run amongst them andpull up as many as they like, and fill there' arms and baskets and bring them home to there fathers and mothers. And the teacher said that if we could only go the next day there would be just as many flowers again. Some boys would not believe what the teacher said, but 1 believe that it is true, for l believe that God can easy do miracles, because I believe that the flowers are not stuck in by men and polecemen after it is dark, else what about taking so much pulling out? When 1 am a man i snail go the next day." "THB 1COON." To look at the white moon shiuin threw your winder at night, sittin on the edge of the bed and lissnin to your father and mother's knives and forks rattlin on their plates while they are gettin their niced suppers, is the prittist site you ever seed, When it's liver and hunyens you can smell it all the way upstairs. It looks very brite and nearly all white." "if they say to you as the moon is not ail them tnousens ot miles os, else how could the cow jump over it, do not call these poor boys names, else you would be a cowherd, but just tell them nicedly and gently as you never did beleave about that there cow. Tell them as not even race horses could do it, but only hangils, and they will beleave yon and tnank you for makin them wiser every day. If these simpletuns say to you as they do not be lieve that the moon is round, cose what about its gittin smaller and shapin itself difrent, just tell them as its all along of spinnin round like, thats all, and they will beleave you and say thank you for all vou nave told them. Everything about the moon is true, so mind and stick to it, witch you will be re warded for and not fritened of lying down on your death bed." Here is some excellent advice to boys on Uieanliness." "Then do not go and say you are feared of makina vonrsalf clean, iust beoose it is cold and it hurts to get the dirt off, or be cose the suds get in your eye. For when you are clean people do not edge away from you; never mind about your clothes, but they say unto you like our teacher that it is next to godliness, ue thankful unto him becose your mothers can afford soap and becose they make yon use it. Al so when your mother put her finger down your coat-neck afore breakfast and peeps to see if there's any black thers, and then sends yon back to the sink again to wash yourself better, say unto her: Yes, mother, also suuline. Un Saturday nights say also unto her: Mother, don't forget to get my bathtub reddy for me, and a new peace of soap, for I love to wash myself count of cleanliness, for it is next to godlyness. - Do not be the same as them there Blacks and Amerikens and In- goos, which just splashes their faces with water and no soap, and never eets Inside of a tub. only paddlin about bits of riv ers." The boy of thirteen who wrotenpon "The Childhood of Moses" must have drawn upon his imagination for some of his facts. "Now little baby boy Moses had a sister about sixteen and a father and mother which was Jews. And Mosese's mother couldn't abare to drownd her little boy so she made a cradle same as they used to make -arks. Then she put her little baby in this here cradle and .carried it to the river,, and put it on the water among some bullrushes so as it couldn't noat down. And who do vou think as it was that used to sit on the grass all day long watching as it didn't get loose! It was that there sister Miriam as I said he had. She was a very good young woman and did not mind the cold grass because she new as she was in the right, and that the king would be perhaps slain. i This wicked king had a daughter, as yon would think she was. She used to go out bathing same as boys only she did'nt swim. She only just went in -up to about her knees and then used to put the water over her head down her body and then used to teU the other women and. her father as she had been in. The women oould not see how far she had been in be cause of the bullrushes which you have seen on the wall. '- One morning she got nndresst where Mirium was sitting on the grass, and she wanted straigntin up to ner Knees wnere the cradle was. Wnenshe saw him she took him up in her arms and run back to the bank shunting out as she had found baby while she was swimmlne. The women all came round and Mirium edjed in among tnera." "And Mirium said, 'Pharoh's daughter, shall I go and find a nnrse for youf and if the lady didn't go and say yes straight off. Then Mirinm ran away fast as you,and wno no yon tunc ane xetcnea lor a nnrse: Moseses mother. - And Pharoh's daughter sam auto uer J, will actshuily give yon wages for nursing this baby..,- And so Moseses mother nursed her own little baby without laughing, fear she should be found oat and not get good wages." Tra rvxs eoixxcnoH. Pre-eminent among the many rare, and valuable manuscripts of the Brayton Ives book, manuscript and art collection, to be sold at the American Art association gal lery in New York in March, is a superbly illuminated and written "Book of Hours." This' r raver-book. "The Hours of the Holy Virgin Mary," was prepared about the year 144U tor William Herbert, nrst Earl of Pembroke. It Is a large folio In perfect preservation, bound in boards cov ered with red velvet, tne suver oases and clasps being adorned with Italian niello work, a style of ornamentation applied to metal before the invention of engraving. The design being cut upon the metal with a pointed tool, a black composition prepar ed by melting together gold, silver and lead was made to flow by means of beat into the lines of the design, and the plate being then scraped and burnished appear ed to have upon it a drawing In black. . There are two hundred and sixty-seven water-color miniatures in the book, which are marvelous in detail, color and execu tion; the margins are rich with brilliant ornamentation, and the penmanship is without a flaw. This maenscrint. the authenticity of which is beyond dispute, and which has an added value as being of English workman ship English manuscripts of that period being rarer than Italian, French or Flem ishwas bought by Mi. Ives of F. S. Ellis of London for two thousand pounds ster ling. As for its position among old man uscripts it is said to ranic witn tne tamous "Bedford Missal," which is preserved in the British museum. Other gems of this collection are a copy of the Gutenberg Bible, in excellent con condition; first edition of Shakespeaxe,and of printed classics: copies of the old En glish printers Caxton, Wynka nde Words and Pynson and manuscript classics and "'"' of great value. The collection of Americana would be fitly placed in a national museum were this country so fortunate as to possess one. It consists of local histories, histories of Indian wire, of settlements and of expedi tions to America, the still older narratives of American discoveries and of the voyages of Columbus, Vespucius and CorUs. A copy of a letter of Columbus, written in Spanish, gives what some authorities be lleve to be the first printed account of his first voyage, and there are two editions in Latin, of the letters of Columbus to Ga briel Sanches, the royal treasurer of Spain. Each of these copies is claimed by different experts to be of the very first of all the editions in Latin of these letters. This collection, which is the result of a course of historical study, represents the labor of twenty years; a work carried on not only with enthusiasm, but with sys tem and a definite purpose. It is consid ered one" of the finest private collections in the world, and is estimated to be worth in money over five hundred thousand dol lars, while its value to book and art lav era is incalculable. BEADS DP! 'If you want to hold your head well," says Ruth Ashmore, "get into the habit of walking about with a book, not too heavy a one, just on top of it, and yon will be amazed to find how that slight incentive will cause you to hold yourself straight and to make you walk in a less jerky man ner. Down in New Orleans the colored 'mammies' used to make their little charges walk with a light-weight bowl filled with water on their heads until they carried themselves so easily that not a drop of wa ter would spill, and that is one reason why so many of the New Orleans women walk Well." MR. WAKKMAN'8 JOVBNBTING8 At Florence, Italy "Lorenzo, the Magnificent" Olden Aqnlal Melffl and Its Castle of the Old Fonnan Sovereigns The Shepherds of Southern Italy. Florence, Italy, Nov. 27. To the Editor of the Jocbml and Cousikr: About the year 1480, at the dawn of the golden age in Italy, there were daily gath ered at the table of the chief citizen of Florence such men as Pulci, Filippino Lip- pi, Botticelli, Ghirlanclajo and Michael Angelo. The host, whose wealth and matchless attainments made him known among the potentates and savants of south em Europe as "Lorenzo, the Magnificent," wrote a pastoral poem of wondrous sweet ness and power called "La Nencia Da Bar barino." I was once in a position (being an editor, worse luck!) to have this little known though surpassing composition translated for the first time into English, in the original metre, by no less a scholar and poet than Sir Edwin Arnold. The poem, comprising three hundred lines, de picts in simple though glowing words and imagery the hopeless and consuming pas sion of the shepherd-lad, "Bavella," for a dainty peasant-girl, "Nencia." One can not read this lowly-life heart-cry without the awakening in his own soul of a thrill ing and commiserative tenderness for the humble lives it so plaintively reveals; and it was with this feeling that I sought, per haps over-much for the poetic and roman tic side of the picture, to know the real everv-dav lives of those who tend the flocks and herds of Italy. My first wanderings were in southern Italy, the territory of olden Aqulia. Once this was part of Grascia Magna. Its great cities were Arpinum, Luceria, Arpi and Canusium. Partly on foot, partly by the antique cabriolet of provincial Italy, part ly by lettiga, the lectia of the ancient Bo mans, and partly on the backs of tiny donkeys of wondrous shagginess and mar velous power, I made my way in a zig-zag course back and forth across the infrequently-traveled, little known, weird and lonely, yet always transcendenuy beauti ful and fascinating peninsula. Upwards of three hundred castles, modem, medie val and in ruins, strikingly recalling the splendor and decay of Ireland, were counted. The few remaining relics of Cannes, where the Bomans met their crushing defeat of B. C. 216, and where the historic city was finally destroyed, in 1083, by Bobert Guiscard, one of Taaso's heroes, were found, isarl. upon tne Adri atic, as famous now for its fish as in the time of Horace, was seen. The ancient abbey and church of S. Niccolo, where are found the pain tines of one of the earliest Italian masters. Vivarini, and where in 1098 Pope Urban IL held the famous coun cil which sought to reconcile the church of Greece with that of Borne, was visited. climbed past Melfi, with its glorious castle of the old i orman sovereigns, to the ex tinct volcano, Monte Vulture, the "Apu- lian Yultur" of Horace, whose crater, overgrown with oaks and beeches, now contains two lakes, perched above one of which is the most eene monastery ot Eu rope, possibly excepting Monserrat, in Spain, and from whose towers the blue waters of the Mediterranean on the west, and those of the Adriatio on the east. could be discerned. I tramped, too, with hundreds of returning pilgrims, camping with them at night by the wayside: sat with the carrettajo as his cart and px waited by the fountains; climbed to the shrines with reverential pilgrims; waited by the mounting-blocks with roadside beg- ears: made countless and astounding ex cuses to get into the interior of cabins for draughts of acqua di latte and nanfa, but ter-milk and orange water, wmcn yon can get anywhere in the country for the value of half an American cent; straggled from town to mountain with the pecore and his flocks; assisted more than one shepherd in building a rude hut of stone, after the manner of the Pagan "bee-hive" cell upon wind-swept moors; and after making my home for a brief season among the shep herds of the eastern mountain range of Otranto, followed on foot the classic Ap pian Way to the shepherd haunts of the live and vine-girt-hilla of Tuscany. Shepherds, shepherds everywhere; but no where was the dream of shepherd-life breathing from "La Nencia," as the attar from the heart of a rose, fulfilled. - . .. - One of the-most interesting facts re garding the shepherds of southern Italy is that they are not only a distinct class, bat, through holding themselves aloof from all other peasant classes, are almost a distinct raoa. - In ancient times all this country was subject to soourgtng depredations by the Saracens, to an extent requinne that people should herd together in walled towns lor protection ot life and property. Then nearly the entire norjnlatdon nf nM Apulia were shepherds. They drove their herds from the towm, to the mountains, returning for safety at night. The de soendents of these in a direct line for more 4han two thousand years are doing that identical thing to-day, not for safety, but from traditional custom. All those who exist in southern Italy to-day who are not shepherds, goatherds or herdsmen form the population of cities and towns and comprise the contadini or field laborers: and the ancestors of all these may be said to have gradually grown away from the shepherd's life, rather than that the shep herds of our time are a product of new forms of rural economic necessities. They rarely intermarry with other classes. 'When they do they instantly depart from the flocks, are absorbed in lower orders of the cities, or become the most desperately hopeless of the human cattle that labor in the nelds. The pride in their own de scent, in the exclusiveness of their class, In the long line of shepherd ancestry they can trace, amounts almost to a passion. It is practically the one pride they pos sess. This isolation of blood and Interest has preserved Interesting traces in physiog nomy. - ihey are wonderfully Saracenic in their look. The tall, slender, supple figure, the oval face and shining skin, the neck, tiny at the throat, spreading quickly and heavily in protuberant muscles, like a broad-butted tree, to tUe shoulders, the yeuowlsn-Dlue tinge of sne white of the eye, the distended nostrils, and the daz zling teeth, all pronounce the eastern ori gin and retained physiological affinities. In every part of southern Italy yon will come upon a broad, grass-grown high wa v. It is called the "traturo." For twenty centuries it has served the same purpose. It can be nearly likened to our own vast western stock-trails leading from "grass to grass" when herds are driven north ward, fattening on their way to the great live-stock markets. On this "traturo" oc curs the yearly spring exodus from the lower valleys and coastwise moors and marshes to the Apuhan mountain summer pastures. In the autumn hundreds of thousands return alone theee ancient ways. During the winter the herdsmen and shep herds live in town-hovels, or in huts near the towns and villages. The herds and flocks are then driven out to and returned from daily grazing. But in the summer time on the mountain-sides is the real out door life of the guardian of the flocks and nerds. Whether be be herdsman, goatr herd or shepherd, he is usually given charge of a flock or herd of from fifty to one hundred animals. Among the cattle. and herding in common with them, are large numbers of a species of buffalo, smaller and less hairy than the now ex tinct American bisou. In a herd of one hundred oattle twenty will be provided with unmusical bells. In a nocks of as many sheep twice ae many will have bells, some ef which are exceedingly melodious: and the quality of his bells are of more concern to the Apulian shepherd than that of his sheep. The latter are odd little poddy creatures. Nearly all are black. Their legs and hoofs are black and shiny as ebony drum-sticks. Their eyes are ex ceeding small and a brilliant yellow; while the little creatures are as agile as chamois. Weird, strange groups are these which fol low the flocks and herds to the mountains. Nearly every shepherd of southern Italy is married. He marries young. He rears, or rather there grows, seemingly all un conscious to himself, a large family. The sons marry other shepherds' daughters; the daughters other shepherds sons. Himself perhaps born in the grass by the side of the "traturo," in a cleft of some rock in the edge ofa torrent's gravina, or in some low hut on hill or moor, he emerges from babyhood to childhood a no mad; is a nomad in youth and manneod; he mates as a nomad; and never ceases a nomadic life until the quicklime of some villasre Campo Sanio cousmes bis bones. So that to every flock belongs a family. The tatterdemalion group possesses no home but that of the daily grazing-land of the nock. Their sole possessions never equal five dollars in value. .Their total earnings do not exceed eleven cents per day. Lake Wallachian gipsies they squat anywhere for rest and sleep, and eat any thing that will sustain Ufe. If they pos sess a single aspiration on earth it is that secret one of so many other Italian field and moor laborers to "take to the hills," that is to become outright brigands. Uni versal indolence and repugnance to effort are safeguards against this. The Apulian shepherd himself is a picturesque fellow enough, despite your consciousness of his vacuous ignorance, his unvarying cruelty to his flocks, and his ntter sodden, rather than active, brutality to his wife and chil dren, who serve as his pack-mules, like the American squaws, for transporting his slender belongings to the hills. Tall, and straight as an arrow, he is clad from head to foot in undressed skins. A bifurcated garment of nn tanned hide, fashioned after the pattern of thdt one so well known to American dress reform ladies, forms a sort of waistcoat and trowsers combined. The latter are opened at the sides, below the knees often" displaying gaudy buttons or namenting the sides of his half-gaiter, un dressed skin boots. Over his waistcoat is a long, loose armless jacket of hide, pro vided with numberless pockets, his rain proof storehouses of meager treasures. A jaunty, brigandish hat sets perkily npon his fine, curly head, and brings into strik ing relief his olive skin, his large, grave eyes and crinkly, curly beard a half Egyptian type, one would say, to see it re produced in painting. Slung from his right shoulder across his left hip by a broad band of hide, with occasionally the priceless treasure of a polished brass or bronze buckle, is the inseparable capsella or shepherds' pouch. A rusty carbine, which is never discharged, or a stout staff as high as his breast but never the shep herds' crook of olden tales and modern ta leanx vivants complete the picture. And it is always a picture; for this fellow with the face of an apostle and the eyes of a saint is so deliriously languid and inex pressibly lazy that his splendid form is forever in pose and repose. On the mountain-sides the life of this shepherd family is a changeless one the whole summer long, unless the terrible hail-storms of southern Italy fall upon the mountain, or the still more destructive wind-storms, that frequently fling both shepherds and flocks from the crags to death, come whistling over the peak or howling through gravina. Then the hu man marmot awakens from his lethargy, and accomplishes prodigious feats of strength aud wondrous acts of valor, In rescuing endangered members of the flock or of his own terrified brood. His food is polenta and chestnut-flour bread. He is the one Italian who drinks water instead S X HURRY The words came harshly from the nr? awaiting the next act, ana sne wno nas tainted takes tne leading part. This is " a iecp behind the scenes," and a Bight familiar to the ' green room " of every theatre. "Has she worked too hard, or been careless of her health?" Actresses, singers, and others in the profession, do not always think; they rush into the tide of popularity, regardless of all save fame and fortune. How often we road of some favorite actress " 111 in London, nervous prostration, etc" We have the cure of hundreds of such cases on record. Send tmpfcr"6olismHH and ElieMtta, s beastrail ittwtratad book. LYDIA E. PIN K H AM 'S vegetable Is the only Positive Crw sumI tutmmtm Xtesacalr COWPOU WD for the peculiar weaknesses and ailment of women. It cure tile worst forms of Female Complaints, that Beartog-down Feeling, Weak Back, Falling and Displacement of the Womb, Inflammation, O.arian Troubles, and all Organic Disease of the Uterus or Womb, and is invaluable to tho Change of Life. Dis solves and expels Tumors from the litems at an early stage, and cheeks any tendency to Cancerous Humor. Subdnes Faintneas, Excitability. Nervous Prostration, Kxhaiistkm. and strengthens and tones the Stomach. Cures Headache. General Debility. Indigestion, etc., and Invigorates the whole system. For the enra of Kidney Complaints ot either sex, the CcHsspoaisMl ku rlvml. , ' AU Druggists sell it as a tasuUirsI article, or sent by mail, In form of Pills or Lozenges, on receipt ot 1.40. LVDIA E. PINKHAM MED. CO.. LYNN, MASS. of wine. His field-lore, though uncon scious to himself, is marvelous. When sparred by extreme hanger all mountain moorland birds are doomed where he seta his snare. It is a wild, strange, melan choly land, he looks down npon, if he have the energy for looking. His wife and children around him are as voiceless as himself and his flocks. The very melo dy of the sheep-bells becomes a meaning less din. One carries away from his en vironment and eomnaninnahin with him only a pathetio sense of his hopelessness and degradation, xon can only remem ber him as another miml in hairy hide, insensate to the tram pe tings of eternal nature around him. The sheep browsing at his side are his equals in intelligence; his superiors in demonstrable forces and activities. The lone kestrsl wheeling above this Apulian shepherd has a wider horizon of view. But there are other shepherds in Italy of whom a sunnier picture osn be drawn. These are the shepherds and shepherdesses of the peasants' lesser flocks in Piedmont, in Lombardy, in radiant Tuscany, and even in pestiferous, death-breeding lia- comxrtD os focbth fagb. TH iTi I V FE HKH'E. The difference between repartee and im pudence is the size of the man who ears it. Elmlra Gaiette. Not Iinconraainir. AlDhonao frantnr. onsl y) Ah, Gertrude, I see you are alone. Gertrude Well, yes, I was. Boston Cour ier. Aunt Mary "Now, Jennie, let me see whether yon know yonr lesson. TeU me wno nrst discovered whalebone." "Jonah, I guess. "Life. The young man who wishes to go to the front in his vocation,and stay there, should secure a position as a street car driver. Noma town Herald. A Slight Delay. "I see your literary so ciety has a new building. When is it go ing to be opened!" 'Just as soon as the running track is completed." Brooklyn Life. No Biota on the Escutcheon. "But yon have no ancestors, ye know,'" said his lordship. "No," replied Miss Lakeview: "we have the advantage of yon there." Pock. A Bad Financier. Minnie to Gtu Tea, I have an allowance now; and I'm always so hard up the last thirty days of the month that I don't know what to do. Harper's Bazar. He Why do yon women persist in pick ing up these beggared foreign prines in stead of marrying true-hearted, self made American gentlemen! She I suppose it is because the princes are so much more easy to find. Indianapolis Journal. "Hsvs you ever suffered with rheuma tism, Lommixf" asked Skimgullet. "With rheumatism r replied Lummlx. "I think not. I have suffered, but I don't think ; rheumatism did. It struck me as a one sided affair. Chicago Inter-Ocean. Watts What church does Pod berry be long to! Potts He is a Seventh Day Methodist. Watts Seventh Day Methodist Potto Yes. The rest of the week he's a business man. Indianapolis Journal. Meant What He Said. Cliff Beekman Yon live in Brooklyn now, don't yon! X. Yorker Not exactly. Cliff Beekman What do you mean by 'not exactly P X. Yorker Well, I haven't exactly lived since I moved over there. Puck. Hunting for a Home. Mrs. Home seeker These apartments are charming, and the price is certainly reanonable. Are yon sure there are no nuisances con nected with the building! Honest Agent Well, mum, it has a janitor. New York weekly. "Yonr husband is less at home now than ever," reiterated the minister. "Do yon try to make home attractive to him" "Do If I should say I did. And not only that, but 1 ve got my mother to come to live with us to help make it still more pleasant for him." Philadelphia Times. "John." said the Bev. Mr. Goodman to his hired man, "are vou a Christian f "Why er no, sir," replied John. "Do you ever swear?" "I I'm sometimes a little keerless in my talk." "I'm sorry, John," rejoined Mr. Goodman. "But we will converse abont this some other time. I wish you would take this money and set tle tuia mil ot 94 tor tnawing out a water pipe,and talk to the man in a carc-less kiud of way as if it were your own bill." Chicago Tribune. UlisccUaucous. POWDER Absolutely Puro A cream of tartar baking powder. Highest o all la leavening atreogtic 0. 8. Oonnmnl Re port, Aug. 17, 18t. WOOD MANTELS. Best Stock in the State. LOWEST PRICES. CHAMBER LIN & CO. Orange and Crown Streets. stage manager ; an Impatient audience h. MsZj?