Newspaper Page Text
THE OLDEST DAILY NEWSPAPER IN THE STATE.
OFFICE 00 STATE STREET.
NEW HAVEN, COOTST., SATURDAY MORNIKG, JANUARY 10, 1891.
THE CABRINGTON FCBUSHIITQ CO.
mW TS TTTTi! TTWT?.
When winter garment of all kinds are put into
THE FORSYTH CO.
Have the best known facilities for the
DTBIIfdind CLSANNO -
of Overcoats, Men's Suits, Ladies' Ulsters,
jacKeia, yv rape, etc ..
: WK MAKE A SPECIiH
of steaming and Renewing Plush and Velvet
LACE CURTAINS. '
The recent extension of our works enables us to
have a special department,compleuy fitted up
for the cleaning and finishing of lace curtains.
Many avail themselves of the benefits of our car
pet steaming process, which destroys all
insects, and insures the carpets
against moths for the coming
of Shirts, Collars, Cuffs, Under Clothing, Table
ana uea unen, etc.
Goods called for and delivered.
The Forsyth Dyeing and Laun
878 & 645 CHJTPEL J3T.
State, Lawrence and Me
No. 70 Orange Street.
CABPETS and DRAPERIES.
During this month we must close out all
odd pairs and half pairs of
dace Curtains and
AT SOME PRICE,
TO MAKEfROOM FOR NEW GOODS.
FINE RUGS, - - All Sizes.
John Crosby's English Wiltons.
Fox, Wolf 1 Goatskin Rugs.
ALL THE BEST CARPET SWEEPERS.
13 feet wide,ibest quality.
SO. 70 ORAIG-E ST.
It was cured with
SWIFT'S WILD CHEBBT COUCH BALSAS.
A soientino combination of Wild Cherry and
ouier curative DarKS, roots ana neroe.
West Winsted, Conn.. Jan. 30, 1890.
"Having used Swlft' Wild Cherrj-Cough Balsam
With such gratifying success In my own family.
I feel that it is but simple justice to say. that
I believe it is the best Cough Remedy in the
FRANK B. ANDREWS, Druggist.
FOR SALS AT AU. DRUGGISTS.
Price, 45 and 60 Cuts.
TALCOTT, FRISBIE & CO., Proprietors,
MRS. E. R. JONES,
7 40 Chapel Street, Corner State.
ROOMS 2 AND 3.
DR. DANIEL A.JONES,
740 Chapel Btreet, Corner State.
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.
Spectacles i Eyeglasses
HADE TO ORDER.
" Carefully Mounted
Neatly and Promptly
E. L. Washburn,'
84 Church $nd 61 Center Streets,
. . : . NEAR THE POST OFFICE.
SLEDS and SKATES.
Fresh Steck and Low Prices
719 Chapel Street,
lttwe & Stetson.
FORCED OUT I
You All Know That We Have
Tricked Out of Our Store
and Must Move Within
a Few Months.
Now we have lots of WIN
TER GOODS that we do not
care to move, so we propose to
hold a Four Weeks' Sale of
Reliable Winter Dry Goods at
such reduced prices that it will
be for the interest of all pur
chasers to examine the Bar
gain heaps on every counter
before making, investments
elsewhere. You will find cut
Silks, Velvets, Plushes,
Black and Colored
N. B. This is a GEN UINE
MARK-DOWN, and not an
imitation, as many so-called
January Sales are.
I Howe & Stetson,
886-888 Chapel Street,
New Haven, Conn.
A FULL LINE OF
THOMPSON & BELDEN,
396 & 398 State St.
THE FINEST LINEIOF
AT LOWEST PRICES, ON EXHIBITION AT
The Broadway Wall Paper Store.
noma and examine onr goods and vou will be
surprised at our prices for beautiful ccombina-
E. it. dJ5Jb"Jb'jU'X"X'.
PAINTINO and DEfiORATTNQ in all their sev
eral branches done well and promptly. Esti-
E. R. JKFFCOTT.
165 Elm street,
corner of York.
New Colors Just fiecM
BUMESS & BTJR&ESS.
751 Chapel Street.
Undine the unusually heavy demand
r Christmas goods, we still have left a
tmemt of articles suitable for NEW
upon us for Chris
good assortmemt of articles suitable for NEW
YEAR'S GIFTS, which we offer for the present
at reduced prices. Our stock of
CROCKERY and GLASSWARE
Is the most complete in the city and our prices
the lowest. We call special attention to our
NEW DAYLIGHT LAMP!
"Our Lamm, both STAND and MRRART.
aruarantee are CHEAPER than anvwhnnt in t.h
- A LARGE VARIETY OF .
! Decorated - Dinner Ware and
ROBINSON & CO.'S
'00 Church street, near CbapeL
MADE BY SPECIAL PROCESSTHE PEST.
: Cocoa is of supreme importance as an article of .t.
Van Houten's has fifty per cent, more' flesh-forming proper
ties than exist in the best of other cocoas.-
Van Houten's Cocoa
"BEST & GOES FARTHEST."
The tissue of the cocoa bean is so softened as tt endei
it easy of digestion, and, at the same time, the ai 6a is
highly developed. - ...
' SV AN HOUTEN'S COCOA ("once tried, always nsed ") is ttteorta-ina.1, pare, solu
ble Covon, Invented, patented and made In Holland, and is to-day better and more
eolulile than any of the numerous imitations. In fact, a comparative teat will easily prove,
inat no other uoeoa equals this Inventor, in
ties. "JLargest sale in the world." Ask for VAN
NOVELTIES IN FANCY FURNITURE
THE LOWEST PRICES.
STAHL fc HEGEL,
8, 10, 12 Church Street.
R. & J. M. BIiAIH,
83 and 85 Orange St.
We hare a large stock of the Standard Folding
Bed Co. s Beds,
THE BEST AND CHEAPEST
- IN THE MARKET.
We are selling a large assortment of elegant
AT VERY LOW RATES.
Come and see our
and Easy Chairs.
"If 0 USE II TALKIM"
We are obliged to give our friends a benefit. Too
many goods, too little money, is just our fix.
Sacrifice prices all along the line this week. We
9CUST reduce our stock.
Unheard-of prices to close out our heaters.
Be sure and call if you want a good stove for
A large number of handsome Chairs, Bockers,
Tables and Desks arriving too late for Christ
mas We desire to SLAUGHTER. First come,
Spring patterns arriving every day. The old
ones must go to make room for them. And so
through every department. The shadow of the
dying year and the glory of a new creation com
bine to make lower prices than ever before.
CASH OK CBED1T.
BROWN & DURHAM,
COMPLETE HOUSE FURNISHERS,
Orange and Center Streets.
We Are Tie Only Makers
IN THE CITY.
OUK PRICES ABE VERY I-OW
. AND QUALITY GOOD.
l Call and Examine Our
Before making your purchase.
WE ALSO SHALL KEEP A FULL LINE OF
Plush and Kattan Chairs, Di
vans, Foot Bests, Tables,
Dining Chairs, etc.,
All at Factory Prices.
New Haven Rattan Co.,
ja4 552 STATE STREET.
CREDIT TO ALL.
Men's, Boys' and Children's
ON SMALL WEEKLY PAYMENTS.
NEW H&YEN CREDIT CLOTHING CO.,
Office, 1st floor, 781 Chapel St. Open nnta 9 p. m.
FINE FIRST-CLASS PLUMBING.
HOWLAND & POTTER,
ja8 938 CHAPEL STREET.
10 Per Cent. Discount
ON PARLOR LAMPS
A "GRAND" OIL HEATER.
Over 50 in use in this city this winter.
TRY LUXOR OIL.
C P. MERRIMAN,
154 ELI STREET,
d20 Third store from High.
FOR Cooking purposes are superior Heating
Stoves. Ask for the Howe Ventilator.
Kitchen furnishings. Everything desired can be
luunu wiui us.
nl 860 State Street.
F. A. CARLTON,
PLUMBING, STEAM AND fi&SFITTING.
! obbtag Jfromptly Attended to.
OFFICE 190 GEORGE, COR. TEMPLE STREET,
. Steam Heating Building. .
- gy ESTIMATES OIVEN.
(iJLjHii - :i
solubility, agreeable taste and nutritive quali
Hotjtkn sand take no other. 65
In order to stimulate trade during this dullest
of months, all Carpets bought during the month
of January will be ;
Either at present or when wanted,
This is an opportunity that should be taken
advantage of. We have an immense stock to
P. J. KELLY & CO.
The People's House Furnishers. .
Everything for housekeeping for cash or on easy
Host Worthy Books For Purchase
Choice and Popular Alto Songs,
33 sonps each one Gem. Price $1 in heavy
paper, $1.25 in boards, $2 in' gilt binding-.
The Songs of Ireland,
A new and carefully revised collection of the
best and most celebrated Irish songs. Some of
the best melodies in existence, and bright,
spirited words. 06 songs. Price, $1 in heavy
paper, $1.25 in boards, and $3 in gilt binding.
CHOICE SONG COLLECTIONS.
Song classics, VoL 1, 50 songs.
Song classics, "Vol. 2, 39 songs.
Song classics, low voices, 47 songs.
Choice sacred solos, 34 songs. .
Choice sacred solos, low voices, 40 songs.
Classic, baritone and bass, 33 songs.
Classic tenor songs, 36 songs.
Good old songs we used to sing, 115 songs.
CHOICE PIANO COLLECTIONS.
Piano classics, Vol. 1, 44 pieces.
Piano classics. Vol. 2, 31 pieces.
Classical pianist, 43 pieces.
Popular dance collection, 06 pieces.
Popular piano collection, 66 pieces.
Operatic piano collection, 10 operas.
Price of each book $1; cloth gilt $2. All are
valuable collections of the best music.
Churchiirs Birthday Book of Eminent Compos
ers, a handsome and useful book, $1.00.
Any dook maueu, post-paid, lor retail price.
Clear, Health y Skin -A. Beau
tiful Complexion. '
11 "OSTeverv woman can have a nice.
JjlL looking complexion, even though
called beautiful. Many ladies are called careless
because their skin looks muddy or blotched.
What is the cause f Nature, why ? Because
Nature is her own doctor. The system cannot
thrive when filled with all sorts of noisonous
substances . Then Nature asserts herself and
throws it off. why do the eruptions and discol
orations appear on the face and not on the bodyf
Because the face has no assistant, and instead of
throwing off is added to. Ladies, by constant
use of powders and different cosmetics, nave
filled the pores of the face until ventilation
such as is caused by perspiration in the body is
entirely closed. The poisonous matter, unable
to exude, lies congested underneath the surface.
This causes eruptions, commonly called eczema,
salt rheum, psoriasis, etc. Is there no way to
open tnese channels for throwing this out ? Yes.
by opening the pores. This is quickly done by
cuttfeff with a mild astrinsrent the cuticle or cal
lous capping of the skin. Is it injurious ? No, it
cannot be, for it does not penetr&te into the
true siun. is it miunous to rub oil the calloused
skin entirely dead from the sole of the foot?
There is no life to this cuticle. Does it injure a
tree to trim the dead branches t So, then, don't
fear to use Mme. A. Ruppert's Face Bleach. It
is a tonic no cosmetic. It has been tried, con
vincing in its every effort, -does not show in the
lace nor destroy neaiuiy coior.
World-renowned Face Bleach sent to any ad
dress for Drice. 2 ter bottle : three bottles rtisn-
attf a cure), $5. Send 4c, or call for further in-
BLructiona now to oe DeautlzUL
MADAME A. RUPPERT,
New Haven, Conn.
Office hours from Ba.m. to 10 p.m. si 8 eod
BUPERmn mrrnmoN-THB ureT
THIS. ORIGINAL AMD WORLD. RENOWNED DIETETIC
Preparation is a Substance or UNRIVALLED PURITY
AND MEDICINAL WORTH A SOUD TRACTDERIVEa BY
A new Process from Very Superior Growths or
Wheat NoTHma More, it Has Justly Acquired
1 nt ncrumi iun ur BLINU THE SALVATOR FOR,
AND THE AGED.
AH INCOMPARABLE ALIMENT FOR THE GROWTH
'run wr inrAHTO AND'
A Superior NumiTivr in cmmniFn
Fevers and a Reliable Remedial agent
Ml MJ wr int. JlUffA.n AnU HITCHTINrj,
BOLD BY DRUBDIITB
mmNB cvoT oMH.CAAuaaoHaturwaaua
Crockery, Glassware, Tinware,
Woodenware and a full line of
House Famishing: Goods.
New Haren 5 and 10c Store
888 and 3f8 6lata street. .
THE A; L. SOHNEIDElt CO.
The Oldest Daily Paper Pub
lished in Connecticut.
The silver craze may still rage in parts
of the wild and wooly West, and it ap
pears to be raging in the congress of the
United States. Bat it is cheering to ob
serve that there is hardly a newspaper in
the country of any influence which is not
lifting up its voice . for sound financial
principles. They see very plainly that frea
coinage of silver would deal the country a
blow from which it would not recover in
many years. - The silver legislation ' we
have already had has done damage enough,
and any more of the same kind, or a
worse kind, is something to be feared and
vigorously opposed. The silver men in
Washington are "talking big." They as
sert that the house as well as the senate
is theirs, and that President Harrison is al
so friendly to their schemes. The speculators
in silver are sharply watching the perfor
mance, but the action of the silver certifi
cates does not indicate belief that the
government will enter info a another sil
ver pool. .-
It is now believed that the financial bill
will pass the senate in . about this shape.
The proposition to buy the twelve million
ounceB of silver will be stricken out, and
in its place will be Senator Stewart's free
coinage amendment. The section provid
ing for a reduction to (1,000 of the amount
required to be deposited by national banks
to secure circulation will be retained, as
will also the section which . imposes a
charge for converting gold coin into bars
for shipment, the object of this charge
being to retard the export of gold. The
bond provision will be stricken out.
It remains to be seen how far this bill
will get. Probably not far enough to be
come a law.
THE RAILROAD ASBBBHENT.
The second ' act in the great railroad
drama is on. The presidents are meeting
with the accompaniment of a booming
stock market, and harmony is said to be
so thick - in the meeting room that you
can't cut it. All the indications are that
this time the managers mean business.
Perhaps they have all the stock they want
and intend to inn their roads so that they
can by and by sell it at a good price. But
if they will only help investors out they
will be forgiven.
Some of the pessimists say that even if
the railroad managers do make an agree
ment and try to live up to it, legislation in
the western States will defeat their plans.
The Farmers' alliance does seem to be
hostile to the roads, and there are many
demagogues to cry out against them.
But there are also signs that the railroads
will not be treated with unreasoning hostil
ity. We agree with the New York
Evening Post in thinking that "it is hardly
correct to suppose that hostility to the
'Trust' (as the agreement of railroads has
been called) will culminate in severe laws
against the carriers, if the advisory board
is moderate and attempts only to secure for
the roads rates not much if any higher
than those now nominally in force and
against which' there is little or .no com
plaint. If this view is a true one, it fol
lows that if the organizing roads cannot
agree now among themselves to exact the
published charges from all shippers alike,
their failure will be due to other causes
than Western State legislation."
Time will tell. Meanwhile all who are
'stuck" with bonds and stocks which have
suffered from the railroad wars in the
West will hope.
The weather this week has been fine,
and if Man had not been making a disturb
ance at Hartford every prospect would
During his last visit to Washington
General Spinner said to a correspondent:
"The best thing I ever did here was to ap
point the first woman clerk. In fact, I
often think it was the only deed of my life
Woman continues to shine. The first
titled English woman to become a laun
dress is Lady Wimborne, who has estab
lished a successful laundry on her hus
band's estate in Dorsetshire. The enter
prise has been so well conducted that it
yields the owner a profitable income.
It has been discoversd in Paris that wild
animals become nearsighted in captivity.
The explanation is that lions and tigers are
originally very far sighted. But, com
pelled to look at and watch their trainer
in nearest distance, and their sight con
fined by the extent of the cage, the eye ac
commodates itself and they grow quite
nearsighted. Those born in captivity are
Apparently the increase in wages among
the employes on the London docks, which
was obtained as the result of the recent
strike, has not been of advantage to the
strikers. A statement of the leaders of the
Dock Union is given to the effect that the
great difficulty is want of employment, and
the situation is the worst that has been
known for years. The cause of this scarc
ity of . work is not given, but, judging
from evidence that has been forthcoming
for some time past, the increased price of
labor has tended to the disadvantage of
London as a point of discharge and ship
ment, causing shipowners to seek other
ports in the United Kingdom.
Rev. Dr. Sheldon Jackson, the Presby
terian missionary in Alaska ana the gov
ernment's educational agent also, suggests
that the Siberian reindeer be domestica
ted in Alaska. There are hundreds of
thousands of square miles of territory cov
ered with grass and moss that are specially
adapted to the reindeer and useless for
any other purpose. The Siberians have
large herds of these animals, numbering
sometimes 10,000, and the people never
suffer for want of food, but 'are fat and
live comfortably. The Alaskan natives
are competent to herd the reindeer, and
might be greatly improved in condition by
having something useful to do as well as
by having the opportunity to accumulate
wealth as represented by herds.
The richest man in Prussia, according to
the tax estimate recently laid before the
Prussian Landtag, is Herr Krupp, "a citi
zen of the district of Duesseldorf ." Herr
Krupp, who is none other than the owner
of the great cannon factories, pays an an
nual tax of 180,000 marks, or almost $48,
000, on an estimated income of 6,000,000
mark. He is the only representative in
the tax-clan numbered 128. The man who
stands next to him in , point of wealth is.
aooording to the same source, a "citizen of
the district of Frankfort," who is the only
Prussian in the "ninety-sixth tax-class,
This man is supposed to be Baron Roths
child. The third man on the list is Baron
Yon Blolohroedar, the celebrated banker of
Berlin, to whom many of the noblemen of
that Interesting capital are indebted. The
baron ha a Income of 8,020,000 marks
and pay tax of TBjBOO marks, Next to
him are three men with Incomes of 1,080,
000 marks, 1,800,000 marks and 1,140,000
marks, on which they pay, respectively,
39,600, 36,000 aid 34,200 marks taxes.
A notable thing in shipbuilding is the
construction on the Saginaw river in Mich
igan of a large steel steamship for ocean
service. The Mackinaw is 290 feet in
length and of 8,678 gross registered ton
nage. ' She is built of steel throughout, is
a double bottomed, water ballast ship, with
triple expansion engines and all the equip
ments of a first-class freight- steamer.
Upon completion at the yard of her build
ers she went under her own steam, making
twelve knots an hour, to Buffalo, where
she was docked and divided into two parts,
as her full dimension were too great to
permit her to pass the locks between Lake
Erie and tide water on the St. Lawrence.
The rear section containing the engines
steamed off by itself, stern foremost, and
made the voyage to Montreal without as
sistance. The forward part was towed by
tugs. At Montreal the two sections went
into a dry dock and there were joined to
gether as at first. Then the Mackinaw
boldly started down the St. Lawrence for
Nova Scotia, where she took on a cargo of
oeal for New York.
THK FLKHTING SHOW.
- Some of Its Facta and Fancies.
rwritten for the Joubxai. aho Coubicb.
THE PAUPER'S BIDS. -DBCBMBSB
28, 1890. -I
So cold so bitter cold! The skies are gray
With sullen clouds that bode the coming storm;
The keen air Is a lash that cut and stings;
Bough are the roadways with their stiffened ruts
And hushed the laughter of the prisoned streams.
The brisk church-goers shiver In their furs.
And hasten where with pine and holly decked
The deep-toned organ thrills with jubilant chords,
And sweet young voices lift to God on high
Psalms of thanksgiving for that wond'rous gift,
His Son the Christ, who came to seek, to save,
To lift the fallen, heal the sick and bless
The poor; to nil men's breasts with love and
Compassion for all sad needy souls.
The voice of prayer ascends and hearts are glad
For love of Bethlehem's Babe the Christ-child,
born - v. -
To bring good will to men and peace on earth.
What rides so slowly o'er the frozen roads.
But sparely covered from the winter's chin?
The driver beats his breast with hands benumbed
But this stirs not, or moans. O God 1 is this
A living creature? This with gaunt limbs
By cruel ulcers, dislocated joints.
As broken on the rack of this world's shame,
And matted locks above the corpse-like (ace?
A woman weary with her ninety years,
Weary ot pain, of hunger, and of grief.
Freezing and dying I
If a wish remained
In that dulled brain it was for Death's release.
Too late the warmth, the sustenance, the care I
Gone to a grave less cold than those cold hearts
That added anguish to her weight of woe,
And the long torture of those twenty miles.
Can we forgive them? Or can God forgive?
"thb thouhgts of toctb."
A writer in Longman's magazine fur
nishes some specimen compositions written
by London schoolboys of the lower classes.
They are original and amusing, though
somewhat o'jscnre in style. Here are a
In the country the flowers zrow wild
in the fields, though not so close together
and not in 8 k wares and rounds. And no
body believes it till they go in the train,
but certainly boys and girls can run
amongst them andpull up as many as they
like, and fill there' arms and baskets and
bring them home to there fathers and
mothers. And the teacher said that if we
could only go the next day there would be
just as many flowers again. Some boys
would not believe what the teacher said,
but 1 believe that it is true, for l believe
that God can easy do miracles, because I
believe that the flowers are not stuck in by
men and polecemen after it is dark, else
what about taking so much pulling out?
When 1 am a man i snail go the next
To look at the white moon shiuin
threw your winder at night, sittin on the
edge of the bed and lissnin to your father
and mother's knives and forks rattlin on
their plates while they are gettin their
niced suppers, is the prittist site you ever
seed, When it's liver and hunyens you
can smell it all the way upstairs. It looks
very brite and nearly all white."
"if they say to you as the moon is not
ail them tnousens ot miles os, else how
could the cow jump over it, do not call
these poor boys names, else you would be
a cowherd, but just tell them nicedly and
gently as you never did beleave about that
there cow. Tell them as not even race
horses could do it, but only hangils, and
they will beleave yon and tnank you for
makin them wiser every day. If these
simpletuns say to you as they do not be
lieve that the moon is round, cose what
about its gittin smaller and shapin itself
difrent, just tell them as its all along of
spinnin round like, thats all, and they
will beleave you and say thank you for all
vou nave told them.
Everything about the moon is true, so
mind and stick to it, witch you will be re
warded for and not fritened of lying down
on your death bed."
Here is some excellent advice to boys on
"Then do not go and say you are feared
of makina vonrsalf clean, iust beoose it is
cold and it hurts to get the dirt off, or be
cose the suds get in your eye. For when
you are clean people do not edge away
from you; never mind about your clothes,
but they say unto you like our teacher
that it is next to godliness, ue thankful
unto him becose your mothers can afford
soap and becose they make yon use it. Al
so when your mother put her finger
down your coat-neck afore breakfast
and peeps to see if there's any
black thers, and then sends yon back to
the sink again to wash yourself better, say
unto her: Yes, mother, also suuline. Un
Saturday nights say also unto her: Mother,
don't forget to get my bathtub reddy for
me, and a new peace of soap, for I love to
wash myself count of cleanliness, for it is
next to godlyness. - Do not be the same as
them there Blacks and Amerikens and In-
goos, which just splashes their faces with
water and no soap, and never eets Inside
of a tub. only paddlin about bits of riv
The boy of thirteen who wrotenpon
"The Childhood of Moses" must have
drawn upon his imagination for some of
"Now little baby boy Moses had a sister
about sixteen and a father and mother
which was Jews. And Mosese's mother
couldn't abare to drownd her little boy so
she made a cradle same as they used to
make -arks. Then she put her little baby
in this here cradle and .carried it to the
river,, and put it on the water among some
bullrushes so as it couldn't noat down.
And who do vou think as it was that used
to sit on the grass all day long watching
as it didn't get loose! It was that there
sister Miriam as I said he had. She was a
very good young woman and did not mind
the cold grass because she new as she was
in the right, and that the king would be
perhaps slain. i
This wicked king had a daughter, as yon
would think she was. She used to go out
bathing same as boys only she did'nt
swim. She only just went in -up to about
her knees and then used to put the water
over her head down her body and then
used to teU the other women and. her
father as she had been in. The women
oould not see how far she had been in be
cause of the bullrushes which you have
seen on the wall. '-
One morning she got nndresst where
Mirium was sitting on the grass, and she
wanted straigntin up to ner Knees wnere
the cradle was. Wnenshe saw him she
took him up in her arms and run back to
the bank shunting out as she had found
baby while she was swimmlne. The women
all came round and Mirium edjed in among
"And Mirium said, 'Pharoh's daughter,
shall I go and find a nnrse for youf and
if the lady didn't go and say yes straight
off. Then Mirinm ran away fast as you,and
wno no yon tunc ane xetcnea lor a nnrse:
Moseses mother. - And Pharoh's daughter
sam auto uer J, will actshuily give yon
wages for nursing this baby..,- And so
Moseses mother nursed her own little baby
without laughing, fear she should be found
oat and not get good wages."
Tra rvxs eoixxcnoH.
Pre-eminent among the many rare, and
valuable manuscripts of the Brayton Ives
book, manuscript and art collection, to be
sold at the American Art association gal
lery in New York in March, is a superbly
illuminated and written "Book of Hours."
This' r raver-book. "The Hours of the
Holy Virgin Mary," was prepared about
the year 144U tor William Herbert, nrst
Earl of Pembroke. It Is a large folio In
perfect preservation, bound in boards cov
ered with red velvet, tne suver oases and
clasps being adorned with Italian niello
work, a style of ornamentation applied to
metal before the invention of engraving.
The design being cut upon the metal with
a pointed tool, a black composition prepar
ed by melting together gold, silver and
lead was made to flow by means of beat
into the lines of the design, and the plate
being then scraped and burnished appear
ed to have upon it a drawing In black.
. There are two hundred and sixty-seven
water-color miniatures in the book, which
are marvelous in detail, color and execu
tion; the margins are rich with brilliant
ornamentation, and the penmanship is
without a flaw.
This maenscrint. the authenticity of
which is beyond dispute, and which has an
added value as being of English workman
ship English manuscripts of that period
being rarer than Italian, French or Flem
ishwas bought by Mi. Ives of F. S. Ellis
of London for two thousand pounds ster
ling. As for its position among old man
uscripts it is said to ranic witn tne tamous
"Bedford Missal," which is preserved in
the British museum.
Other gems of this collection are a copy
of the Gutenberg Bible, in excellent con
condition; first edition of Shakespeaxe,and
of printed classics: copies of the old En
glish printers Caxton, Wynka nde Words
and Pynson and manuscript classics and
"'"' of great value.
The collection of Americana would be
fitly placed in a national museum were
this country so fortunate as to possess one.
It consists of local histories, histories of
Indian wire, of settlements and of expedi
tions to America, the still older narratives
of American discoveries and of the voyages
of Columbus, Vespucius and CorUs. A
copy of a letter of Columbus, written in
Spanish, gives what some authorities be
lleve to be the first printed account of his
first voyage, and there are two editions in
Latin, of the letters of Columbus to Ga
briel Sanches, the royal treasurer of
Spain. Each of these copies is claimed by
different experts to be of the very first of
all the editions in Latin of these letters.
This collection, which is the result of
a course of historical study, represents the
labor of twenty years; a work carried on
not only with enthusiasm, but with sys
tem and a definite purpose. It is consid
ered one" of the finest private collections in
the world, and is estimated to be worth in
money over five hundred thousand dol
lars, while its value to book and art lav
era is incalculable.
'If you want to hold your head well,"
says Ruth Ashmore, "get into the habit of
walking about with a book, not too heavy
a one, just on top of it, and yon will be
amazed to find how that slight incentive
will cause you to hold yourself straight
and to make you walk in a less jerky man
ner. Down in New Orleans the colored
'mammies' used to make their little charges
walk with a light-weight bowl filled with
water on their heads until they carried
themselves so easily that not a drop of wa
ter would spill, and that is one reason why
so many of the New Orleans women walk
MR. WAKKMAN'8 JOVBNBTING8
At Florence, Italy "Lorenzo, the
Magnificent" Olden Aqnlal Melffl
and Its Castle of the Old Fonnan
Sovereigns The Shepherds of
Florence, Italy, Nov. 27.
To the Editor of the Jocbml and Cousikr:
About the year 1480, at the dawn of the
golden age in Italy, there were daily gath
ered at the table of the chief citizen of
Florence such men as Pulci, Filippino Lip-
pi, Botticelli, Ghirlanclajo and Michael
Angelo. The host, whose wealth and
matchless attainments made him known
among the potentates and savants of south
em Europe as "Lorenzo, the Magnificent,"
wrote a pastoral poem of wondrous sweet
ness and power called "La Nencia Da Bar
barino." I was once in a position (being
an editor, worse luck!) to have this little
known though surpassing composition
translated for the first time into English,
in the original metre, by no less a scholar
and poet than Sir Edwin Arnold. The
poem, comprising three hundred lines, de
picts in simple though glowing words and
imagery the hopeless and consuming pas
sion of the shepherd-lad, "Bavella," for a
dainty peasant-girl, "Nencia." One can
not read this lowly-life heart-cry without
the awakening in his own soul of a thrill
ing and commiserative tenderness for the
humble lives it so plaintively reveals; and
it was with this feeling that I sought, per
haps over-much for the poetic and roman
tic side of the picture, to know the real
everv-dav lives of those who tend the
flocks and herds of Italy.
My first wanderings were in southern
Italy, the territory of olden Aqulia. Once
this was part of Grascia Magna. Its great
cities were Arpinum, Luceria, Arpi and
Canusium. Partly on foot, partly by the
antique cabriolet of provincial Italy, part
ly by lettiga, the lectia of the ancient Bo
mans, and partly on the backs of tiny
donkeys of wondrous shagginess and mar
velous power, I made my way in a zig-zag
course back and forth across the infrequently-traveled,
little known, weird and
lonely, yet always transcendenuy beauti
ful and fascinating peninsula. Upwards
of three hundred castles, modem, medie
val and in ruins, strikingly recalling the
splendor and decay of Ireland, were
counted. The few remaining relics of
Cannes, where the Bomans met their
crushing defeat of B. C. 216, and where
the historic city was finally destroyed, in
1083, by Bobert Guiscard, one of Taaso's
heroes, were found, isarl. upon tne Adri
atic, as famous now for its fish as in the
time of Horace, was seen. The ancient
abbey and church of S. Niccolo, where are
found the pain tines of one of the earliest
Italian masters. Vivarini, and where in
1098 Pope Urban IL held the famous coun
cil which sought to reconcile the church of
Greece with that of Borne, was visited.
climbed past Melfi, with its glorious castle
of the old i orman sovereigns, to the ex
tinct volcano, Monte Vulture, the "Apu-
lian Yultur" of Horace, whose crater,
overgrown with oaks and beeches, now
contains two lakes, perched above one of
which is the most eene monastery ot Eu
rope, possibly excepting Monserrat, in
Spain, and from whose towers the blue
waters of the Mediterranean on the west,
and those of the Adriatio on the east.
could be discerned. I tramped, too, with
hundreds of returning pilgrims, camping
with them at night by the wayside: sat
with the carrettajo as his cart and px
waited by the fountains; climbed to the
shrines with reverential pilgrims; waited
by the mounting-blocks with roadside beg-
ears: made countless and astounding ex
cuses to get into the interior of cabins for
draughts of acqua di latte and nanfa, but
ter-milk and orange water, wmcn yon can
get anywhere in the country for the value
of half an American cent; straggled from
town to mountain with the pecore and his
flocks; assisted more than one shepherd in
building a rude hut of stone, after the
manner of the Pagan "bee-hive" cell upon
wind-swept moors; and after making my
home for a brief season among the shep
herds of the eastern mountain range of
Otranto, followed on foot the classic Ap
pian Way to the shepherd haunts of the
live and vine-girt-hilla of Tuscany.
Shepherds, shepherds everywhere; but no
where was the dream of shepherd-life
breathing from "La Nencia," as the attar
from the heart of a rose, fulfilled. - . ..
- One of the-most interesting facts re
garding the shepherds of southern Italy is
that they are not only a distinct class, bat,
through holding themselves aloof from all
other peasant classes, are almost a distinct
raoa. - In ancient times all this country
was subject to soourgtng depredations by
the Saracens, to an extent requinne that
people should herd together in walled
towns lor protection ot life and property.
Then nearly the entire norjnlatdon nf nM
Apulia were shepherds. They drove their
herds from the towm, to the mountains,
returning for safety at night. The de
soendents of these in a direct line for more
4han two thousand years are doing that
identical thing to-day, not for safety, but
from traditional custom. All those who
exist in southern Italy to-day who are not
shepherds, goatherds or herdsmen form
the population of cities and towns and
comprise the contadini or field laborers:
and the ancestors of all these may be said
to have gradually grown away from the
shepherd's life, rather than that the shep
herds of our time are a product of new
forms of rural economic necessities. They
rarely intermarry with other classes.
'When they do they instantly depart from
the flocks, are absorbed in lower orders of
the cities, or become the most desperately
hopeless of the human cattle that labor in
the nelds. The pride in their own de
scent, in the exclusiveness of their class,
In the long line of shepherd ancestry they
can trace, amounts almost to a passion.
It is practically the one pride they pos
sess. This isolation of blood and Interest
has preserved Interesting traces in physiog
nomy. - ihey are wonderfully Saracenic
in their look. The tall, slender, supple
figure, the oval face and shining skin, the
neck, tiny at the throat, spreading quickly
and heavily in protuberant muscles, like a
broad-butted tree, to tUe shoulders, the
yeuowlsn-Dlue tinge of sne white of the
eye, the distended nostrils, and the daz
zling teeth, all pronounce the eastern ori
gin and retained physiological affinities.
In every part of southern Italy yon will
come upon a broad, grass-grown high wa v.
It is called the "traturo." For twenty
centuries it has served the same purpose.
It can be nearly likened to our own vast
western stock-trails leading from "grass
to grass" when herds are driven north
ward, fattening on their way to the great
live-stock markets. On this "traturo" oc
curs the yearly spring exodus from the
lower valleys and coastwise moors and
marshes to the Apuhan mountain summer
pastures. In the autumn hundreds of
thousands return alone theee ancient ways.
During the winter the herdsmen and shep
herds live in town-hovels, or in huts near
the towns and villages. The herds and
flocks are then driven out to and returned
from daily grazing. But in the summer
time on the mountain-sides is the real out
door life of the guardian of the flocks and
nerds. Whether be be herdsman, goatr
herd or shepherd, he is usually given
charge of a flock or herd of from fifty to
one hundred animals. Among the cattle.
and herding in common with them, are
large numbers of a species of buffalo,
smaller and less hairy than the now ex
tinct American bisou. In a herd of one
hundred oattle twenty will be provided
with unmusical bells. In a nocks of as
many sheep twice ae many will have bells,
some ef which are exceedingly melodious:
and the quality of his bells are of more
concern to the Apulian shepherd than that
of his sheep. The latter are odd little
poddy creatures. Nearly all are black.
Their legs and hoofs are black and shiny
as ebony drum-sticks. Their eyes are ex
ceeding small and a brilliant yellow; while
the little creatures are as agile as chamois.
Weird, strange groups are these which fol
low the flocks and herds to the mountains.
Nearly every shepherd of southern Italy is
married. He marries young. He rears,
or rather there grows, seemingly all un
conscious to himself, a large family. The
sons marry other shepherds' daughters;
the daughters other shepherds sons.
Himself perhaps born in the grass by the
side of the "traturo," in a cleft of some
rock in the edge ofa torrent's gravina, or
in some low hut on hill or moor, he
emerges from babyhood to childhood a no
mad; is a nomad in youth and manneod;
he mates as a nomad; and never ceases a
nomadic life until the quicklime of some
villasre Campo Sanio cousmes bis bones.
So that to every flock belongs a family.
The tatterdemalion group possesses no
home but that of the daily grazing-land of
the nock. Their sole possessions never
equal five dollars in value. .Their total
earnings do not exceed eleven cents per
day. Lake Wallachian gipsies they squat
anywhere for rest and sleep, and eat any
thing that will sustain Ufe. If they pos
sess a single aspiration on earth it is that
secret one of so many other Italian field
and moor laborers to "take to the hills,"
that is to become outright brigands. Uni
versal indolence and repugnance to effort
are safeguards against this. The Apulian
shepherd himself is a picturesque fellow
enough, despite your consciousness of his
vacuous ignorance, his unvarying cruelty
to his flocks, and his ntter sodden, rather
than active, brutality to his wife and chil
dren, who serve as his pack-mules, like
the American squaws, for transporting his
slender belongings to the hills. Tall, and
straight as an arrow, he is clad from head
to foot in undressed skins. A bifurcated
garment of nn tanned hide, fashioned after
the pattern of thdt one so well known to
American dress reform ladies, forms a sort
of waistcoat and trowsers combined. The
latter are opened at the sides, below the
knees often" displaying gaudy buttons or
namenting the sides of his half-gaiter, un
dressed skin boots. Over his waistcoat is
a long, loose armless jacket of hide, pro
vided with numberless pockets, his rain
proof storehouses of meager treasures. A
jaunty, brigandish hat sets perkily npon
his fine, curly head, and brings into strik
ing relief his olive skin, his large, grave
eyes and crinkly, curly beard a half
Egyptian type, one would say, to see it re
produced in painting. Slung from his
right shoulder across his left hip by a
broad band of hide, with occasionally the
priceless treasure of a polished brass or
bronze buckle, is the inseparable capsella
or shepherds' pouch. A rusty carbine,
which is never discharged, or a stout staff
as high as his breast but never the shep
herds' crook of olden tales and modern ta
leanx vivants complete the picture. And
it is always a picture; for this fellow with
the face of an apostle and the eyes of a
saint is so deliriously languid and inex
pressibly lazy that his splendid form is
forever in pose and repose.
On the mountain-sides the life of this
shepherd family is a changeless one the
whole summer long, unless the terrible
hail-storms of southern Italy fall upon the
mountain, or the still more destructive
wind-storms, that frequently fling both
shepherds and flocks from the crags to
death, come whistling over the peak or
howling through gravina. Then the hu
man marmot awakens from his lethargy,
and accomplishes prodigious feats of
strength aud wondrous acts of valor, In
rescuing endangered members of the flock
or of his own terrified brood. His food is
polenta and chestnut-flour bread. He is
the one Italian who drinks water instead
S X HURRY
The words came harshly from the
nr? awaiting the next act, ana sne wno nas tainted takes tne leading part.
This is " a iecp behind the scenes," and a Bight familiar to the ' green
room " of every theatre. "Has she worked too hard, or been careless of
Actresses, singers, and others in the profession, do not always
think; they rush into the tide of popularity, regardless of all save fame
and fortune. How often we road of some favorite actress " 111 in London,
nervous prostration, etc" We have the cure of hundreds of such cases
on record. Send tmpfcr"6olismHH and ElieMtta, s beastrail ittwtratad book.
LYDIA E. PIN K H AM 'S vegetable
Is the only Positive Crw sumI tutmmtm Xtesacalr COWPOU WD
for the peculiar weaknesses and ailment of women.
It cure tile worst forms of Female Complaints, that Beartog-down Feeling, Weak
Back, Falling and Displacement of the Womb, Inflammation, O.arian Troubles, and all
Organic Disease of the Uterus or Womb, and is invaluable to tho Change of Life. Dis
solves and expels Tumors from the litems at an early stage, and cheeks any tendency to
Cancerous Humor. Subdnes Faintneas, Excitability. Nervous Prostration, Kxhaiistkm.
and strengthens and tones the Stomach. Cures Headache. General Debility. Indigestion,
etc., and Invigorates the whole system. For the enra of Kidney Complaints ot either sex,
the CcHsspoaisMl ku rlvml. , '
AU Druggists sell it as a tasuUirsI article, or sent by mail, In form of Pills or
Lozenges, on receipt ot 1.40. LVDIA E. PINKHAM MED. CO.. LYNN, MASS.
of wine. His field-lore, though uncon
scious to himself, is marvelous. When
sparred by extreme hanger all mountain
moorland birds are doomed where he seta
his snare. It is a wild, strange, melan
choly land, he looks down npon, if he
have the energy for looking. His wife
and children around him are as voiceless
as himself and his flocks. The very melo
dy of the sheep-bells becomes a meaning
less din. One carries away from his en
vironment and eomnaninnahin with him
only a pathetio sense of his hopelessness
and degradation, xon can only remem
ber him as another miml in hairy hide,
insensate to the tram pe tings of eternal
nature around him. The sheep browsing
at his side are his equals in intelligence;
his superiors in demonstrable forces and
activities. The lone kestrsl wheeling
above this Apulian shepherd has a wider
horizon of view.
But there are other shepherds in Italy
of whom a sunnier picture osn be drawn.
These are the shepherds and shepherdesses
of the peasants' lesser flocks in Piedmont,
in Lombardy, in radiant Tuscany, and
even in pestiferous, death-breeding lia-
comxrtD os focbth fagb.
TH iTi I V FE HKH'E.
The difference between repartee and im
pudence is the size of the man who ears it.
Not Iinconraainir. AlDhonao frantnr.
onsl y) Ah, Gertrude, I see you are alone.
Gertrude Well, yes, I was. Boston Cour
ier. Aunt Mary "Now, Jennie, let me see
whether yon know yonr lesson. TeU me
wno nrst discovered whalebone." "Jonah,
I guess. "Life.
The young man who wishes to go to the
front in his vocation,and stay there, should
secure a position as a street car driver.
Noma town Herald.
A Slight Delay. "I see your literary so
ciety has a new building. When is it go
ing to be opened!" 'Just as soon as the
running track is completed." Brooklyn
No Biota on the Escutcheon. "But yon
have no ancestors, ye know,'" said his
lordship. "No," replied Miss Lakeview:
"we have the advantage of yon there."
A Bad Financier. Minnie to Gtu Tea,
I have an allowance now; and I'm always
so hard up the last thirty days of the
month that I don't know what to do.
He Why do yon women persist in pick
ing up these beggared foreign prines in
stead of marrying true-hearted, self made
American gentlemen! She I suppose it
is because the princes are so much more
easy to find. Indianapolis Journal.
"Hsvs you ever suffered with rheuma
tism, Lommixf" asked Skimgullet. "With
rheumatism r replied Lummlx. "I think
not. I have suffered, but I don't think
; rheumatism did. It struck me as a one
sided affair. Chicago Inter-Ocean.
Watts What church does Pod berry be
Potts He is a Seventh Day Methodist.
Watts Seventh Day Methodist
Potto Yes. The rest of the week he's a
business man. Indianapolis Journal.
Meant What He Said. Cliff Beekman
Yon live in Brooklyn now, don't yon! X.
Yorker Not exactly. Cliff Beekman
What do you mean by 'not exactly P X.
Yorker Well, I haven't exactly lived
since I moved over there. Puck.
Hunting for a Home. Mrs. Home
seeker These apartments are charming,
and the price is certainly reanonable. Are
yon sure there are no nuisances con
nected with the building! Honest Agent
Well, mum, it has a janitor. New York
"Yonr husband is less at home now
than ever," reiterated the minister. "Do
yon try to make home attractive to him"
"Do If I should say I did. And not only
that, but 1 ve got my mother to come to
live with us to help make it still more
pleasant for him." Philadelphia Times.
"John." said the Bev. Mr. Goodman to
his hired man, "are vou a Christian f
"Why er no, sir," replied John. "Do
you ever swear?" "I I'm sometimes a
little keerless in my talk." "I'm sorry,
John," rejoined Mr. Goodman. "But we
will converse abont this some other time.
I wish you would take this money and set
tle tuia mil ot 94 tor tnawing out a water
pipe,and talk to the man in a carc-less kiud
of way as if it were your own bill."
A cream of tartar baking powder. Highest o
all la leavening atreogtic 0. 8. Oonnmnl Re
port, Aug. 17, 18t.
Best Stock in the State.
CHAMBER LIN & CO.
Orange and Crown Streets.
stage manager ; an Impatient audience