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JilisiiliK Sijc !',. .. SOL. MILLER, PUBLISHER AND PROPRIETOR. DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF DONIPHAN COUNTY. Our Motto: "Talk for Home, Fight for Home, Patronize Home." SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER YEAR, IN ADVANCE. Itfof ' mmwrn JlflllgCU !.1 ,vr i.V ii- r VOLUME XXVL-NUMBER 5. Mtt tfettg. HABBJET BEECHEB STOWX'S BIRTH-DAT. tOwtbe Hth of Jane, Hre. Stowe TOUk blrth-Aay. a car oa party P" 1" her honor, near Boston, at which nnmWofherdiatuKuhthed literary frienda were present, W five Botnc of thebeat poems, written for the occasion.) MES. STOWE-S BIRTHDAY. BT OUVX WXXDKU, SOUKS. Ifr r tongue that apeaka Iter praise, hraee. 1 I shape lay tinkun phn Wee an m atoned b aanuaoned to im udw, fks vml rtumit that would ert OfnjInxui:awnta,barahoraweK, 1'rwen every land and tribe, would beat The polrgloU o BaheL Briton and Frenchman, Swede and Dana, Turk, Ppaniarf. Tartar of Ukraine, Bidalgo, Cossack, Cadi, nigh Uatchnan, and Low UatcTiman, too. The Knesiaa serf, the Poliih Jew, JLrb, Anwiilu, and Mantcboo, . . Would ahouts MW know tbe Udj." Enow her! TTbo knows not Uncle Top. And bT be learned tla C-l4 frosa. lias never beard of M1 Fall well the brave, black band wa know, That rare to rrrrdon'a grasp tbe hoe, Tbat killed tbe wmi that used tu grow Amoo tbe Southern Hoses. When Archimedes, lonr ago. Spake oat so grandly, "Do$ ym Give me a place to stand on, 111 more roar planet fur you, now 12a little dreamed or fanned bow Tbe are at but should find it no 1'ur womana faith, to land on. IIt lever waa tbe wand of art. Her nWon waa tbe human heart, Whence all unfailing aid Is. She moved tbe faith, 1U thunder pealed. It mountain shook, Ita temples reeled. The bbssl red fountains ere unsealed. And iloloch sunk to lladea. AD throofh tbe conflict, up and down Marched Uncle Tom and Uld John Brown, One ghost, otrafurm Ural j And wturh waa false, and wbicb waa true. And which wan mightier of tbe two, Tbe wisest alojl fever knew. For both alike were real. Sister, tbe holy maid dura well, Wbo count, her bead in run vent cell. Wbere le devotion liDgera j Bot aim bo wrvu tbe sufferers' needs, WIhm prevent are lt In oring derda, Maj tnut the Lt-rd will rvant her bead, A veil aa human fiuffrr. When Trnth hemelf waa alaTery'a alare. Thy hand U pnauned eumluuit Kara Tbe rainbow winea A dcIma ; And Truth who aoared dencendii to-day, Jtrarinc an angt-l'a wealth away, lU Ulum at thy ret t lay. With Hearni'a own bebedirtiuu. TO IIAItEIET BKECHEIt STOWS. On Her Seventieth Birtb-day.J bt jons o. wBirnii. Thrice welcome from tbe Lawl of Flower And coklen fruite4 orance bower. To tlua aweet, rreen tnrfd Jane of tir ! To her, wbo in uur evil time, IraZd Into Ucht tbe Nation' crime. With atrenzth beyond the trenrth of men. And, mightier than tbeirawurd her pen ; Tober, who wot Id wide entrance gate 'To tbe lor cabin of tbe elave, klada all hi wrong and rvwa known, A.nd all earth 'a laocuaM hi own ! Welootue from each and all to her Wnoae - Wouiajc of tbe liln Wr 3teralnl tbe warm heart of tbe man Jienaatb the creed-bound Puritan, And taught the klnahip of tbe lore Of man below and Uvd above ; , To her, wboe vlgoruua iiewtl atrokea Sketched Into life ber XJld Town 'olka ! Whuae (ireMle aeriea. grave and gay. In quaint Sam Lawwrm'a vagrant way. With obi w England' flavor rife. Waif a from ber rudo Idj 1 lie life. Are racy a tbe legends old. By Cbaucvr or Boccaccio tol J ; To her wbo keeM, thnmgh change of place Ami time, ber native atreugth aud ETace; Alike wbere warm Simula smile. Or ber by birrhen-wbadeil bJr. Wbone SumnM r wind bare bi ered o'er Tbe rry drift of Labrador, Sbe lift to light the ptiteleu 1'earl Of llarpMWt-U angel bvckoneil girl; To h-r, at three wrure year and U-n, Br tribute of tbe tongue and pen. Be honor, praiae, and heart thank given, Tbe lure of earth, the hope of heaven ! Ab ! dearer than tbr pralne tbat atlr Tbe air to-dy, our lore 1 ber. Mi nerd no guarantee of fame. Who own i linked with Freedom name. s Lung age after ur ahall keeti Her mewury brio while we nleep. The wave ibat waab our gray rut tinea. Shall alng of ber ; tbe unending year Shall tell ber tale in unborn ear ; And when, with in and ftdbe pant. Are numbered rolur. hate and raxte. White, black and red shall own aa one, Tike tMblrt work by woman done. TO MU3. HAltEIET BEECUEU STOWE, BT KUT1BETH HlUAKT rHCLTft. Mil, and call her blciwied ereBty year! .Eal- toe a tongue to spnak fur her, who needs o txror derive of oar to tell to-day tTbe aWry of her glory to our heart, ll'recer'ausall. ye quiet Up of lure, VlM.trM high of home oobibtie W meLbej- and of wife tbe heraldry Of bajipinnt ; dearer to ber tlian wen 'Tbe honiAee of tbeworkL Wry kid unto 'lEhe roj-al Dgkla of tUMlerne. Speak, then, Kefwra all voire, ripeneit human life ! Ariae, nsd cjCI btr UMwted, dark-browed men, Wb put tbe ailvfrljTeajtide fur vou, Wbo oeald not atrollacnfft tbe ailken atrioga Of fancy, while vou wept nnromforted. But rang apua the fetter of a raio Enrbainod, tbe awful chord which pealed along. And echoed in tbe fana-bot wfaKb broke Tbe manatle, and bade tbe bund go free. Sbe brought a Xatkm on ita knee for shame. She brought a world Into a black slave heart. Wbere are our lighter Unrel. O, my friend. Brother and ainteniof tbe bony pen! Five million freemen crown her birth-day feaat. Before whose feet our little leaf we lay. Arise, and rail ber blessed, fainting soul, or whom she aang tbe strain of buly bope. Within tbe gentle twilight of her d. w, like angels hid, her ow n hymn ruut ber. TO HAKKIET BEECIIEK STOWE. BT MM. JAMES T. F1FU. Bird were singing in tbe tree; Summer waa abruad, a now. With ber tnwp t murmuring bee. And bkjaMWi 'round her bruw. When, aeveutv rear apt, there came A little child to view the land. Who found a torch with lighted flame. Mad ready to her band, yearlewj aheheLt tbe flery tongue Clone to ber white and tender breast. When, lo! tbe pain became a oog. And prajer fur tbe oppresnod. Mother of a new-btrn race. Daughter of a race to be. Begeut through the boundle apace Of tiod'a humanity ! Is there realm to Tie with thine. Whither morUl may aiire f Torch of flame the Came divine Hath called thee ever higher. Wbo baa taught tbe seer to know Sucrow that waa not her own ! Who baa made her fare to glow. Glad tor another' crown ! But by bome-nre. when dar 1 done. Charming young and southing old, Ueareat laurels you have won. While hearthstone have grown cold. Friend, bow calm your unrt day Tour peaceful eye are net on Inures ; For pvace upon the prumte ta Woo love much, i forgiven. c'dect jRtoru. MY OWN SOTCIDE. A Y'rry Frajarfci Hiory. 1. ITia.l Tnwilvnl to kill mjnelf; there was no longer ny dotiltt that Amelia was faithless to me. Let me be snte al-oat it waa it Amelia her name wast To think that alio once held my life, as It were, in her little hand, and I can't recollect, to save my soul, what her name was. Anyhow, whoever she was, she had proved false to me, and, a I was very young at the time, I had promptly come to the resolution to destroy myself. My first intention was to go and blow out my brains alt over the btair car pet, bat then I reflected that every one would know that Henrietta come to think, her name was' Henrietta had infatuated, me, and turned . my head. 'XoT said 1 to myself, "uo scandal, no publicity I Let me imitate the wonnded stag, which, seeking to hide its fatal hurt, betakes Itself to the secret thicket, there to perish far from human eye," II. In this elegiac diepoeition I took the &30 train for Melon, which set me dowa just at dnsk with in a few steps of the Golden Lion, a very wrll Lrpt inn, with clean beds ind a capital table. What will Monsienr have for supper f said a charming little mistress. "Nothing supper wonld be a mockery. Show me to my tomb my room, I mean." I retired to my conch, but not to sleep. Id my fevered dream I beheld Victoria I am con fident it was "Victoria after all passing, leaning on tbe arm of my hated rival. I clutched mad lyathis throat, and seized the iron railing of my bedstead, or the marble slab of the little ta ble by my bedstead. J rose unrefreehed, but what of thatf I was about to die ha! hat to die. Having dressed uivself, I went in search of a tope. Vou may think that when a person wants to hang himself, nothing is easier than to find a rope, but I had to hnnt the hotel high and low before I could find one. "What on earth do yon want of a rope, Mod ylenrr said the pretty mUtreaa, when she final ly found uie one. t y11 tl" lrecums bit of hemp in my poaket, TkVi .toy,a-T towd thicket, not far from mBil .eU lD IS11 wood wb(W Ptla were fa natVme ,TheI? w" one ltr n gloomy 4SS w' V1 X eU kncw lifeless body -would swing for years ere it was discovered. III. Upon tbe road I thought of Bertha I was wrong before; come to think of it, it waa Iler tha and cursed her with all the bitterness of which my soul was capable, I then tested my cord. It was not sach an agent of self-detruc-tion as I wonld have chosen had Ian assortment from which to have made a selection. It seem ed to be both short and not op to my weight. I waa annoyed. Voa can not tell how a trifle like that affect a person's temper at snch a moment, A farther disappointment was in itore for me. On arriving at the spot I had selected in ad vace, I was disagreeably surprised to find some one else there. An individual, whose back only I could see, was occupied in fastening a rope to the most eligible branch of my tree. "Hello! What are you doing there V I cried. He turned around. "What business is it of yours, anywayP he said. "I tab ; don't yon think I know what yon in- tenu iioingi' "Well, and supposing I wanted to hang my self It's my own funeral suicide, I mean." IV. I regarded him narrowly. He was a hand some and tnanlr vouni? fellow.'of about inr own agey-iwith a frank." ami winning countenance. He was deadly pale. "This young man said I, lifting my hands to heaven, "was going to take his life his own precious life all for the sake of a worthless Jilt." "SirT he cried. "loor, silly foolfr I went on, communing with myself aloud, "he would undertake to de fend her. AH lovers are the name. Will you," I continued, "take my advice the advice of a well-wisher J Jut leave that cord there, (it was a stonter rope than mine, I had observed,) and go quietly home, like a good fellow. When you are yourself, yon will thank me for having giv en yon such good ad ice. He shook his head gloomily. "I desire to die," he muttered. "Don't let yourself be goaded into taking a step that, if you were alive, yon would regret to-morrow," I went on, with a liencvolunt per sistence, (ou see the fellow had pre-cnipted). "When yon are dead, it will be too late to change your mind." "Yon speak to mo without knowing what mis fortune has happened to me," "I can guess." "No, you cannot guess it. Sir, a woman that I loved; a woman for whom" And he went on to tell me his story, which, singularly cnongh, was precisely like mine. The coincidence made me pause a moment, to collect my thoughts. V. "I sre,"said Charles, (he told mo in the course of his painful story that bin name was Charles), "that your silence justifies iue." "Ity no means," I cried. (Vou will observe that it would not hae been dignified fur me to abandon at once mv former iwsitiou on the sub ject of suicide.) "There is nothing whatever, in all mat you nave tola me; to justify you in tak ing your life. Come, my friend." said I. becom ing really iutereffted in thecal, "come, let ns reasou the matter ont. Why should you com plain lM-cansc you have been uufortnnatu in love 1 Ion't you know that the poet ns: The lot of girl wa to deceive. Mnce winter first aa snowy. Women hao been false to their lovers from all time; women will be falsa to their lovers to all time." "Hut no woman has over been so false to her lover, as this woman was to me." "Jit" of 'em liavc. "No; none could be." "Hut I tell jou thousands of 'em-have. I know one whose conduct toward toward an in timate friend f mine was. Whv should von kill yourself taca !! one pretty woman hai playenl yon false f ieek another one a prettier one. ' "In vain, in vain," he groaned; "she was the only woman iu the world that 1 cared for; the handsomest woman in all Paris." "Oh, bosh! I know of a hundred handsomer, and inure tender than she ever could W. Vim may think iu the first moments of soreness that there are no other women in the world, bnt in a mouth from now joull be prepared ti admit how silly it was to entertain such a thought." VI. Jly eloquem-e seemed so convincing, and my jMtHitionsn sound, that it was a pleasure to me to listen tu myself. M went on: "What good will it do jon to hang jourself ? Till me, if j n ran, what useful purjtftCf will Iss subserved. Hither the woman has a luiirt, or she has not. If she has no heart " 'She has nonenone," Of course she has none. Therefore, yonr desth will ouly bo, agreeable to her will only Hatter her. It is abig advertisement for a wo man to have a man kill himself on her account. What will the public say the boysf They'll say, Charles was an ass a silly ass. Tea, Charles, ever body will say you are a silly ass, and everybody will lie right iu saying so." I waxed eloquent; in point of fact, for some momenta it had occurred to me that I was argu ing my own case, pleading for my own life. I helped fact upon fact, argument to argument, with such earnestness and closeness of reason ing, that my friend Charles at last fell into my arms and cried, ' Vou are right, you are right; bid me do whatever yon would, and I will obey you." "All rigbt, said I ; "let a go and get some breakfast." VII. I bronght him back to the Golden Lion. I was terribly hungry. The table at which we seated ourselves was neatly set, and aided one's appetite by its snowy liueu, its glittering glassware, itsgolden-bntnii loaves, and itsyellow butter. When a thick and Juicy steak with potatoes had I ecn served tin i to ns," lapping our prwined nostrils in theelsium of Unappetizing odors, aud staining our knives wish its vermeil es sence, aud we had tasted the first glass of some remarkably particular Bordeaux", we were rap turously silent, but onr speaking eyes said nay, ahontel, "WelL life isn't such a bad thing, alter alL" "If I hadn't met you," said Charles, reaching acrov the table to squeeze my hand. "If I hadn't met linn," I thought, as I return ed his cordial grasp. "It was the most remarkable piece of luck I ever heard of,n he continued; "I don't suppose that a human lielug goes through that copse twice in a mouth." I remained discreetly silent. "Hut, I say,ou know," ho went on, a- if a sadden light had Hashed -upon him, "what wero yon doing in that lonely part of the wood, at that early honr of the morning?" I could xut help blushing guiltilv. "Were v,gin to hang yourself, too T "I wasupou the very same tree. Here) is the rope I had iu uy pocket." "The best joke f vr heard of," said Charley, as we clinked onr gLtsses, The Irish in America. Xo less than half of the Irish ra are assem bled, Iu America. We have to couteiuplate the Irish exib o louger as a few free-lancers, serving foreign monarchs for hire, but as a rom munity rapidly rising in numbers, wealth, and education; sheltered under a republican Hag; provided with a powerful and unscrupulous press, well organized machinery for collecting funds, leaders, a treasury, aud regiments. There is uo use dJMgnising facts, or endeavoring to close onr eyes to their importance. The Fenian Umtherbord of America is, for every purpose of et il, a power and one that mnst be taken into account in Irish politics. At the last of the con ventions Chicago, lSl the committee ap pointed for the purpose f ascertaining the force of the organization, reported the existence, in the United States and Canada, of no less than 913 circles, having a nominal mil of nearly 50 000 men. Of course, not all of these, or indeed a moiety of them, are fighting men; but for fis cal purposes numbers are nsefnl. These 250.000 men bring Fenian ism home to the whole of the Irish community, reckoned at between three and four millions; so that the working body rests, as it were, on solid substratum of )eoplewiIling to aid the common cause with so far as they can vote, pen, and purse. Were we deajing with any other people than the impulse-torn, passionate, and factious Irish, we might here be forced to say, "This is a nation;" but it is unfortunate for ns and indeed it may be said, fortunate in a still higher degree for'lreland thatfAe Irish are, t Jmeriea as e'aeirJcrr, utterly incapable of domestic asura. Parliaments and conventions are unfitted to their genius. They are hero-worshippers, and born subjects for a King to rule over autocratically, despotically, anyhow it matters iittle, so fong as he daz zles and gratifies the mob by liberality, success in war, feats of personal strength, or even by the natural gift of nersonal beauty. Xae IrUk are not end merer mil be llepvblioam$. The Irish in America are, therefore, not a nation. They have no one man around whom to rally. Jeal ousies, petty ambitions, greediness, and intoler ance of each others viewsf keep them from any true union. If, however, it had but one respon sible chief, answerable to none other for his 'acts, words, or intentions, the Fenian Brother- no ou, resting on tue insn abroad, wonld be not only numerically strong, bnt capable of danger ous activity. Blaelieood'g Jla$atine. Missionaries and temperance preachers mnst be careful in Germany how they expostulate with persons accustomed to take strong drink. One of these gentlemen entered a tavern recent ly in the Thuringian village of WalldortV n seeing one of the villagers sitting there with a glass of grog, laid before him two tracts, one bearing the title, "A Nut for Unbelievers to Crack," and the other, "A Hog Among Men." The latter was devoted to showing the wicked ness and beastliness of liquor drinking. The Villager looked opon this act as a personal in sult, and upon his complaint before a criminal magistrate, the missionary has been sentenced to pay a fine of $6 and to eight days imprisonment. t&tlhtim& acoBTAunr. "daffer little children to come unto Me, and forbid them not, fur if such U tbe kingdom ef Heaven." Tbey are going only going Jean called tbem, lour ago : All the wintry time they re pastting Softly aa tbe falling snow ; When the Tioleta. In tbe Spring time. Catch the azure of tbe aky. Tbey are carried out to slumber Sweetly where the violet be. Tbey are going only going When the Summer earth i dreamed. In their cold hand holding rosea Folded to each silent breast i When the Aturamn hang red banners v Oat snore the Astamn-ahesvea, They are going evxr roing Thick and fast like, llLVfalliog leave. AH along the falling ages. All adown tbe aulemn time. They've taken up their homeward march To tbat aerener clime. Where the watching, waiting sogela ' Lead then from tbe shadow a dim. To tbe brlghtaea of Ilia preseoc. Who ha called tbem unto Him. Tbey are going only going Out of pain and into IUm. Out of aad and ainfu weaknesa Into perfect holme. Knowy brow no rare shall shade them f Bright eye, tear shall never dim ; Bosy lip, no time shall fade tbem, Jeu called them onto Him. Little heart forever atalnle. Little hand aa pure a they, Little feet by angrl guided Never a forbidden way; They are going ever going Leaving many a lonely spot ; Bat tl Jean who ha called tbem : tiuflYr. and forbid them not. PLANETS LW JULY. Kept one is morning star, and takes the first rank in the order of precedence, as he is the first of the morning quartette to make his appearance above the eastern horizon. He wends his nn seeu course among the stars without a single in cident to disturb the even tenor of his nav. slightly increasing the distance between himself and bis brotlier planets, and leaving ns to im agine tbat, if he were only nearer, bu would present a magnificent appearance, for he ranks third among the brotherhood in size. He tios sesses, also, the charm of novelty, having only been introduced to our acquaintance since 140, and will forever bear testimony to the far-reaching power of scientific research, his place being mapped out in the sky before his presence was deeected. It is well, therefore, to keep the track of the most distant member of the sun's family of worlds. Neptune rises now about half-past 1 o'clock in the morning; at the close of the month, he rises about half-past 11 o'clock in the evening. Saturn is morning star, and takes the secoud rank in the order of rising. His path differs lit tle from that marked out for him during the last mo tun. At tne close oi me montn, lnsrigut ascension is3h. 32m., and his declination is 1G 53' north. He may then le found somewhat nearer to the two brilliant clusters, the Pleiades and the Hvadet, in Taurus, nud still forming a triangle with them. It will lieeay to distin guish him from the stars near him, by his serene light and pale tint. He will be a brautiful ob ject for ob-ervation, rising a few minute before midnicht. five hours before sunrise, and hav ing so far advanced toward terrestrial domains as to give an earnest of the unusual splendor of his appearance at the coming opposition in No vember. Saturn rises now about a quarter before 2 o'clock in the morning; at the close of the mouth, he rises a few nnuutes before midnight. Jupiter is morning star, aud ranks third in the order of rising, but holds the pre-eminence in size and brilliancy, as he shines iu radiant beau ty, surpassing et cry other star that glows in the heavens dnring the small hours that precede the dawn. At the end of the month, he will 1m a star worth In-holding, as he leads the heavenly host for nearly three hours In-fore the sun ap pears almve the horizon and hides hit lesser glory. His peerless face will lie recognized at a glance, as he looms forth from the azure back ground of the sky. He holds his court among some of the most brilliant starsaud clusters that apcngle the spacious firmament. Capella bears him company on the north, mighty Orion aud the glowiug sinus guard his footsteps on the south, and the morning sky, while he remains lord of the ascendant, forms a celestial picture which will more than repay the early riser for the effort required to behold it. Jupiter rises now a few minutes before 3 o'clock in tbe morning; at tbe cloe of the month, he rises at twenty-three minutes after 1 o'clock. Mercury is morning star, throughout the month. On the 19th, at C o'clock in the after noon, be reaches his greatest western elongation, being at that time a Tittle more than twenty de grees west of the sun. Here his progress west ward from the sun ceases, and be commences to retrace his course towards the snu. Although he is often several degrees farther from the snu at one of his elongations than he is at present, his high northern declination, twenty-one de grees, brings him into one of the most favorable positrons of the year for observation. He may be found about an hour before sunrise, on the lDtu, in tne nnrtn-east, about a quarter or a de gree north of the sunrise point, and twenty de grees west of the sun. His position in right ascension is22h. 19m., and his declination isilu 1' north. He may also be seen for a week be fore and after eloniration. It is the last oppor tunity during the year, with one exception, for a glimpse oi tms sny planet as morning star. Mercury now rises not far from half-past 4 o'clock in the morning; at the close of the month, he ries not far from a quarter before 4 o'clock. Ven as Is evening star, and excels In size, bril liancy, and beauty, the planetary brotherhood throughout the month. She is also the most active member of the solar fraternitv, contrib uting the largest share to the celestial phenom ena of the month. On the Htb, she is in con junction with Alpha I,eonU, nr Regains the bright star in the handle of the fickle, closo to the ecliptic, or sun's path, that often comes in the way of the planets. It is the same star that was still nearer Mars, during the last month. Venus passes a little more than one de gree north of Kcgulus. No directions will 16 needed for observing the conjunction. The queen of the stars will be recognized at a glance, and Alpha Leonis will be seen shining aUiut a degree twice the diameter of the moon to the south. Planet aud star reach their nearest ap proach at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, but they will be near enough in the evening to make in teresting objects for observation. On the 30th, Venus is in conjunction with Uranus pasMUg only seventeen minutes to the north. The con junction is a close one, but as Uranus is invisi ble, and too near the son for a favorable view in the telescope, the scene, when planet meets planet on the celestial road, must be viewed with the mental eye. It is none the less cer tain that the unseen Uranus is pursuing his slow course than it is that the brilliant Venus will meet and pass him on her swifter path. The attention of the whole scientific world is more closely concentrated upon this beautiful planet, as tbe time of her transit draws nearer. More than fortyexneditions in the eastern hemi sphere are already in preparation, for ob-erving the great event of the year: The eight French Earties start this month for the stations thev ave chosen in the western world, four in north latitude aud four in south latitude. After their arrival at their different destinations they will spend the Intervening time nntil December in diligent preparation for their intricate and im portant work. Two German expeditious are nearly ready for departure on the same errand. At almost every observatory in the United States arrangement are being wade for a com bined attack on the planet that in full daylight passes over the sun's face. Astronomers are willing to take this lalsir and trouble, in the hope of determining, by means of tbe transit, the sun's distance from the earth with an accu racy that may not henceforth be questioned. Observers in New England have reason to be satisfied with their favorable locality observing the rare phenomenon, for it is visible from the commencement to the close. The season of the year is the only drawback. Tbe chances are only one in two, or fifty per cent., that the De cember aky, on the Gth, will be without clouds on the grand occasion. We mnst hope for the best, enjoy the opportunity, if the sky be clear, and bear the disappointment philosophically, if the sky be overcast. Few persons compara tively will observe the event with scientiffic accuracy, but all who can command the nse of a telescope should be sure ta obtain a glimpse of the brightest of the sun's family in onr view, as she passes over tbe face of the great luminary. Venus sets on the 1st of the month, about half-past 9 o'clock in the evening; on the 31st, she sets about 9 o'clock. Mars Is evening star, during the month, but his present insignificant appearance poorly sub stantiates his claim to tha title of the god of war. The year 192 mnst roll round before he takes on the warlike attitude and fiery hue that entitle him to this distinction. There is but one event to notice In his course, his cenjsnetion nilth Uranns, on the 27th, at 7 o'clock in the morning, when he passes only six minutes north of his Trother planet. This conjunction, Ifke that of Venns with tbe same planet, is only' vis ible to the eye of imagination. The large tele scopes will, however, show a great contrast in the deli cat o sea-green tint of Uranns and the ruddy hue of Man, aa they Bang aide by side In the sky, seemingly so near, in reality so far apart. Mara is now bronght prominently into notice, on account of some remarkable markings ob served on his disc by Professor Schiaparelli, of tbe Milan observatory, during the opposition of 187V-80: These markings took on the form of cinali, and were extensively distributed over the Martian surface. The same observer made till more marvellous discoveries, soon alter the TROY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 13, 1882. late opposition in 1331-2. He detected a dupli cation of the so-called canals In a boat twenty instances, the collateral lines actually nnfolding themselves progressively before his eyes, and thus doubling tbe canals. The long, narrow streaks or markings have been detected by other observers, but tbeir duplication by similar ana Darallel lines is somethins entirelr new. Schiap arelli is one of the most accurate observers of the age, and not likely to be mistaken in bts observations. The next opposition of Mara, early In 1684, will find astronomers on the watch, to seek for confirmation of these strange appear ances. Results may then be reached that will greatly modify onr views concerning the phys ical condition of a planet more essentially inter esting to terrertrial observers than any other member oi ine system. Mars sets now about seventeen minutes after 10 o'clock In the evening; at the end of the month, he sets at 9 o'clock. Uranus is evening star. We have already de scribed tbe two events in his monthly progress the conjunction with Mars, on the 27th, the planets being only six minutes apart, and the conjunction with Venus on the 30th, the plan ets being seventeen minutes apart. The three planets, Venus, Mars, and Uranus, are very near each otber.dnring the last week of the mouth. Mars first passing Uranus and Venns following suit three days after. On the 27th, their right ascension, corresponding to terrestrial longitude, differs only a few minutes. The right ascension of Mars is llh. 10m.; Uranus llh. 10m., aud Venus I Oh. Wm. Uranus sets ou tne Jht of the month, about II o'clock in the evening; at the close of the month, he sets a few minutes before 9 o'clock. THE MOON. July records the advent of two full moons, the sole month in the year honored with that dis- iiucuou. iue moon mus on iue mi, auu again on the 30th. On the 10th, the waning moou passes near Neptune and Saturn. On tho 12th, she forms with Jupiter a lovely picture, waning crescent and brilliant planet being only a de gree and a quarter apart. On the l-Hh, the three days old moon is near Venns and on the 13th, near Mars and Uranus. Tbe moon, jnst now, is an important member of the solar fami ly. Something new may be anticipated in her monotonous story. The observers of tbe recent solar eclipse detected itttimatious of an atmos phere ou her apparently lifeless surface. - This seems to confirm indications of movements that have never been accounted for, and scarcely credited in scientific quartern. Two days after the eclipse, an observer of forty years ex(Kri ence, while looking at the moon, saw a cloud one bund red miles long and forty or fifty miles broad, boveriug over the "Mare Crisinm, pre senting a misty, feathery appearance, unmis takably different from other portions or the moon's disc. If this appearance was a reality, and not an optical illusion, other observers will be sure to detect something similar. Thus, July furnishes abnndant material for astronomical study ami enjoy men t. Two full moons will lend their silvery li'sht to add beauty to the summer evenings. The four morning stars, Neptune, Saturn, Jnpiter, ami Merrurs will sing together m they move iu rhythmical harmonv around the central source of life and light. The three evening stars, Venus, Mars, ami Uranus hanciuir close toiether. will fulfill their course, the tieerless Venus reigning supreme over her hrotberplaiietsand the grand concourse of attendant stars. The nevcr-failiu: varittv that characterizes the tndy of astronomy limf niiiic Jiiuniltlliuil ill I 111 TO UJf-M I VIJ 1IMIICS I liai demand the cIomj attention of the student of the stars. The coming transit of Venus ranks first in importance, as the bu-y notes of preparation are re-echoed from every part of the civilized world, aud the enthusiasm increases us the grand event draws nearer. The Martian mark ings, and the more recent observation of the duplication of the so-called canals by progres sive lines, a-s seen by the keeu-eyed Schiaparelli, under the serene sky of Milan, form a theme fur study of fabulous interest. In the t hint plarv, the moon comes in for her hare iu tho nutvl celestial problems that are the delight of the scientific mind. Indications of au iitmosphetv, observed by tho French astronomers aud a misty, feathery cloud Unatiug over one of hrr huge craters, revue th interest iu herdexdatc face, and sugcot the wsitiility that life may exit in somo form in a world that seems to hae played her part In the material economy of the uuWerse. Prorldenec Journal. Pertinent Inquiries. Who killed the beautiful young lady whose body was found in the Itcgent Park canal some years ago, with a ghastly wound iu the back of her head f Who killed the demimoude iu Great Coram Street, cutting her throat and robbing her of her money aud jewelry, the poor fruit of her life of sin I Who killed the two old women iu Southwafk, at high noon, in their shop, in one of the most crowded streets in that part of London! Who killed Man StannardF Who killed Mrs. Hillings f Who'killed Mrs. Hall, in llustou, a few weokaago, cutting her throat in her own hall-way at 7 o'clock in the morning, and then walking calmly away f And now, who killed Mr. UutermuthI Are all these crimes to remain undetected and uupulshedf V. 1". Graphic. Who killed Mr. Sargent In Troy, twenty years ago, on a Christmas Lvc, as he was going home with presents for bin wife and little ones! Who killed officer Craudall at Albia, shooting him dead as he was patrolling the streets of that nniet portion of our city J Who killed officer Ilurnham in Lansingbnrg, lest fall f Who kill ed Peter I. Kay in Kaymertown, a fsw years since, while lie was walking along the highway to his hornet These ans local han-ienin?. Murder does not always "oaf the more the pltv. Tro Ttmit. Who killed Prof. Crawley, of this city, when accompanying a couple of ladies to their home, several years ago ? Who were the murderers of rat 31a Hoy in tue ball room on the caual, near iue Mrect, auu wnat ever became of tho bodvl Where are, aud who were the murderers of Job n son, wboa dead body was found in the roau niuasueyi wnn was it mat sent n ball crashing through the brain of Harry Paldwin, just before he was found dying in an alley near the comer of Ninth and Elm Streets t Who were the perpetrators of the Ashland murder, which sent a thrill of horror through this coun try, and concerning which every syllable Is still read with profound interest 1 What ever became of the poor devil whoso eternal disappearance in the notorious Metcalf u rot lie i aiaM one more mxlstery to Cincinnati s lone list f Who murdered tho Anderson family at Wavnes ville. In August, ISTO a tragedy which finally culminated in the suicide of a little sou of ouo of the murdered women T Who stabbed to the death Nellie Itnsch, on Lougwerth Street, one night last fall f Lizzie Sellmau, living at No. 51'J Central Av enue, was found dead in the canal near the Fourteenth Street bridge, on Sundav morning, July 4th, 1881. There was unmistakable evi dence that she had not committed suicide. Who killed her! Who was tho assassin of Charles Dlnett, who was found fatally stablted on East Sixth Street, between Broadway and Sycamore -Street, on Sunday morning, October 4th, leOJ Who is responsible for the death of little Zoe Wat kins, a mystery which the St. Louis press still discufcs, and which, probably, never will be solved ! And while we are away from home, aud on this subject, we might ask, who killed Dr. Ilunlell, a mystery which still excites tho tmddle-aged peoplo of New York, though tho rising generation never heard of it! Who kill ed Nathan, and wbo was it that stole Into Tim nix Park, and slaughtered Messrs. Cavmdish and Ilurke ! Ci. hnq. A Backward Spiuno ix lclfv A Boston con temporary whose memory, or that of its readers, runs ktck sixty-six years, recalls the cold sea son ofiSIG. As late as the 16th of June, a Ver mont farmer, who went to look for his tbeep, overtaken in their pasture by a heavy snow storm, was nearly frozen to death Iiimvlf. Au other farmer near Lowell, Massachusetts built fires around a field of corn at night, "to ward off the frost," and so secured the only crop of corn in the neighborhood. It was feared "that the sun was cooling off," and there were no pic nics. These reminiscences at least serve the purpose of correcting the frequent hasty assump tion that the characteristics of the seasons are changing. This year there have been com- fdaints of "a backward spring;" but we need ook no farther than 1S-1 for a cold and cheer less May and early June, comprred with which those of 1&2 are well advanced. The Motion or SiRic?. Oneof the interest ing points brought out in the late visitation of Greenwich Observatory, was the change in the motion of Sinus, the Dog Star. In 1837 and 1373 this giant sun was receding from the earth at the rate of 22 miles per second. A compari son of the determinations of the star's motion since that period shows a rradnal decrease in the rate, which is now only seven miles a sec ond. The change is supposed to be due to an orbital motion of the Dog Star, bat whether round Its dusky companion or some unknown centre the report of the Astronomer Royal does out Kiaic Finding Retolctionmbt Rrur. The. ritr dredge, while dredging Garden Bank, opposite mo g uouse, ycsicruay morning, urongni up from the bottom, nearly one hundred did style flint and steel muskets, which had evidently lain there since the Revolutionary War. The wooden portion of the muskets bid rotted away, and tbe barrels were verv badl v eaten with rust. bnt the guards, which were of brasa, were in a good state of preservation. These guns were probably tnrown mere by tbe allied force in their retreat from the sieire of Savannah. .Sd- raasaa Xeiet. ScxsT8IJ-c., the old borne of Washington Irving, just below Tarry town, looks more quaint and pictojesqne every year. Visitors are court eously permitted to eater the grounds by the late author's relatives who reside at Sannyaide. JUNE 30, 1832. From our sad hearts to-day a harden lifts, Tet cornea to us nxlay no Jorous thrill ; A blackened human aoul to Judenieat drifta. And lip too foul fur speech too late xrvw still. Too Ut fur their vile word hare scorched our soul To blaupbemoue rage for weary, weary daya ; Hare Luhed and ton to limit of control Oar heart, grown weak with aicienin delays. And yet we have no Joy of this dav'a deed TTa well 'tia done, but yet lie not well done ! The km drawn pestilence doth even breed atoitt vice, and God'a tjift, not free firm, U none. The lime. low ajony of this foul fool Uath krfl a CTief that ahall not easT heal ; A patient anger doth not anout cool 1 hat sickness worst U wbicb no aigni reveal. tTpvn us all rrmaineth yet a stain To our red hearts, that such a blow might fall Full in our (ace. and yet vain forma restrain Ni Ion; from Justice loam to heed the call. Ave. and there's deeper wound God'a fatherhood wbo may believe, when an abortion, thrown I rom reUhinx chaos, in lb passage, could. To infamy, so male the wide world ETuan t God waa asleep, or talked somewhere, perchance ! Ah. well! our brother man. we would not mock! Bat then our prayers, from breaking hearts, one glance Would God bat grant see you how Ldth'a ways block! To mm man happiness below la given. The welfare of the must eternal night j For man is one, and wrong to man la driven By a rolentlens law to other's blight. And sot be Tapnrfnga of a nameless wretch Have poisoned all the air, ami stink to heaven ; Have tried oar soul's endurance to th stretch. lUouin- mankind with their all filthy leavrn. Wearily, day by day, ye've borne with forme Senile, enxurulate; groveling leal wrong To Aim might come, carrloa hat rambling storms Might break, gorging carrion to prove n strun;. Eminrimg the lion by the Jackal dea.1. We prostituted Justire tu the beast; Heedless of hearts for whom tbe lim bled. Grooming tbe Jackal for his horrid feast. ABOUT THE BLIZZARD. Tbe Dnheta 71 an Ilcranies m TVctlsprlae; ef sm - usa an ion tap nam I a epic 'Tell me about those dear, delightful bliz zards you have in your country," said the Brook lyn girl, folding her hands, aud looking up to him with a lmwitchnig, pleading glance. "I know they must be just too sweet for anything ! "Oh, they're sweeteners." ejaculated the Mon tana man, throwing one leg over the other, and wanning up to his subject. "You once get a ldizzanl after you, and you'll wish you hadn't any skirts on to bother ".on." "Did you ever see one!" she asked, with pro found interest. "Well, I should fim a grin H responded he, o litely. Tvo lieen around when our neck o the woods was toiling hard to save its County rep resentation! Why, mitt, Ft e seen a Mizzard tip a prairie fire right np on end, and it blazed away a streak of fire thirty miles high! just tipped it right up." GraciousP sqnealed the girl, "I should have thought it would have blown it clear over." "That's when you catch yonr heel I You see, the fire struck agin a railroad locotuothe that was paing soine eighteen miles tip, and the engine held it perpendicular," exclaimed the Montana man. "You can't fool a prairie tire much! When it came down, it kept right on blazing, and the melted eugiue dropped on the track, and ran richt to the round Iioums in a liquid stream. They bad to pack it iu ice, to freeze it into shajM again! Oh, v hao ice in our School District!" 'I had no idea that a blizzard was so power ful!" murmured tbe girl. "Powerful! Well, you just shout, sister! On Iv two months ago, a blizzard lifted tho Powder River straight up in the air, and carried it back seven miles iu tho woods! Yon just deal your last giblet on the power: that river's up in the trees yet, and we're bnildiug saw mills upside down, n as to get the water prhilege! Yon read alnrnt these tornadoes. The 're ouly gusts!" "My!" exclaimed the girl. "A blizzard must bo something terrible!" "Well, I shonld gobble distinctly!" returned the Montana man, with a quiet smile. "Just before 1 left, an old he blizzard struck my town, and whooped ns up a!ont eighty feet! Town and nil ! We didn t come down for four weeks, and wouldn't have been down yet, ouly a Yan kee threw a lariet over that streak o wind, aud started au elevator! Why, miss, you don't Lkuovv no morn about it than au old sock! Why, jnsr,sontuoi ns, one oi em Happened to nit a patch of country some fellows were surveying, and blew- tlm whole lino of the road right through the surveyor's transit. You bet! And the company lost its franchise, because the land granted to it was just rolled right over, and they had to build the road straight up and down, or give it up!" "I don't see how jon mansge to live in such a country," said the astonished girl. "Ob, we peg along," was the courageous re sponse. "It's the greatest country outdoors! I remember one blizzard, though, that bothered ns Home. It happened to pop the Crow Reserva tion plumb centre, and just blew tho whole bus iness right o er on the settlement Indians, ground, crops, everything!" "Ou top of you P ejaculated the girl. lTha same," replied the Montana man. ''There we was, right under 'em! The red skins didn't dare go off their reservation, for fear of war; aud we didn't dare climb.up through, for fear of violating the treaty." "Bnt bow did ion get outfoueried the girl. "Oh, yon cant hold ns fellows dowH long! We're wild, woolly, and hard to curry, miss. Then, we've got tho best soil iu the world. We just planted a grain crop nnder that reservation, and in fourteen days the wheat had hoisted it up a hundred feet, and there it stood! When the winter froze it into that position, we gath ered the crops, and mored out from nnder It. Then the thaw came in the spring, and, miss, you it nave just dumci yourcoiiar nana to nave seen them Crow Indians, when their reservation dropped!" She sat and looked at him in amazement. "But it isn't all tragedy, miss," continued tho Montana man. "Blizzards has a funny side to 'em, sometimes. I rfeucnibcr when a buck bliz zard slammed into Bud Hippie's fnncral. We mourners jmt laid right down and hpngon with our teeth, but the defuuet hadn't our energy, and ho was whirled np pretty near a mile! We never expected ha was King that way, and It must have been something of an astonisberto Bad! Miss, he hasn't come down yet." "And you didn't bury him P ejaculated tho horrified girl. "Oh, we planted him! You don't find any lam? uteds hunting around our parts for the ben efits of religion A funeral la too grand a chance for a fight ! We just set to and built a grase right to him. and he's sleeping his e tenia! rest in the doggondest place you ever saw, right on the top of that gravel He hecdeth not tho blizzard's howl, nor careth he a a a" and the Moutana man pulled np suddenly in his pious reflect ions, and rolled his eyes. "What a curious idea!" muttered the girl. "You bet your sweet life!" conceded the Mon tana man. "By the way, the blizard tbat struck Smallpox Run was a teaser. The air was so black nobody could sc what was going on for an hour, and when they got around again, there was the prettiest little gold ledge you ever stuck your foot in! Pretty! Ynm m m! I reckon not! Twenty onnces to tho pound, and all wool ! The biggest find ever known in them parts r "What was it V asked the bewildered girl. "A mine! A bonanza! Aud them fellers worked it! Assayed two biiudred dollars to the ounce, and no limit to the game! But they lost jtr "Howl" "Some preachers from Minnesota came over, and claimed that it had been blown from their State, and the Montana men had to give it np. The Minnesota men packed it on a wagon, and took it home." "I didn't know they could pack a mine that way. What kind of a thing was it!" "It was a church debt! Them Minnesota fel lows had been living off it for years, and hadn't had to build a shaft. The placer was as soft as your neck, and they hadn't touched the main vein ! It was a bonanza, and Smallpox Run has never Wen tbe same place since." "I never heard a church debt called a mine before," sighed the girl. Then the Montana man rose np and looked at her with mingled pity and contempt; for there are degrees of innocense that even a Montana man can't tolerate, Brvollyn Eagle. O.xr or thk War Govr.nxons. How many beautiful and hallowed memories arise with the name of Buckingham! He was the first type of a finished American gentleman. Ho was a sim ple growth of refined and ennobling civilization. His patriotism was of that lofty nature which alone asserts itself in generous acts and personal sacrifices. It wasnot the patriotism" of the stump orator or tbe political impoalor, but it was the patriotism of a country-Ioting, faithfq.1 Chris tian gentleman a Christian gentleman who combined .the perilous and sofemn duties of a Governor when his country was in the grasp of a gigantic and mere ilessxe bell Ion, with the ps anter duties and sweet charities of a wealthy and Philanthropic private citizen. His life waa as white and conspicnonsly pare as marble, .and it was capped with silent and numberless chari ties. His life sculptured and embellished Its own statnc Vr? Lndon Ccnm.) Ttttyram, Jt IT, 1 Tur Back of nxs Head A Stout rsou mx UxioxLeaGcz CsXaL5enr Washington, D. C. Tiate The fraudulent ad ministration. First Cm z ex Did you ever notice tbe back of Hay ea head t Brcoxo CiTizrx Xo. Is there anything re markable about It T Fiasr Citizx-N Yes; the shape Is Tcry peca Iiar. SexatokJoxes or Florida Nonsense! lie hasn't got any back to his head. Why, you could shoot a bullet through both of his 'ears wjthout touching tbe back of his head I STORMING OF STONY POINT. The most brilliant act of Wavne's life, and one of the most illustrative of his character, was the storming of Stony Point. Washington, at Wayne's request, bad organized a corps of light infantry, and put him over it, with directions to take this bold. This fortress was apparently impregnable to any storming party; for, sit n a ted on a hill, it was washed by the Hndson on two sides, while on the other lay a marsh, which every tide overflowed. Besides these natural defenses, a double row of alatti surrouuded the entire hill, and on the top were high ramparts bristling with cannon. Six hundred veteran troons garrisoned this rock; sufficient, one would think, to defend it against rive times tbe number. Bnt it was no common obstacle that could deter Wayne, when his mind was once made np, and he determined, formidable as it was, to execute the task assigned him, or perish in the attempt. It Is said that in conversation with Washington on the proposed expedition, he remarked: "General, If yom will only plan It, I will storm I" He carefully reconnoitered the ground, and, hating ascertained the exact position of things, formed his plan of attack. On the 15th of July, 1779, he started from Sandy Beach, fourteen miles distant, and at eight o'clock in the even inir arrived within a mile and a half of the fortress. It waa now twilight, and the mild summer evening, with its cooling breeze, stole over the water the stars came out, one by oue, on the skyj, and the tranquil river flowed by in majestic silence, and all was sweet and peace ful. While nature was thus reposing in lieauty around him, Wayne, with bis strong anl wnnight up to the task before bim, stood in the gathering shades of evening, and gazed long and anxiously in the direction of the fort. Over hills, across morasses, and along the bn ken shores of the Hiulsou, he had let! his little army, noiselessly. In Indian fie I, and now wait ed for the deepening night to lock his enemies .u -uum(. uuii uunisiuinni uy uiu giirilBiMJ, he began to reconnoitre tho works more closely, and at half-past eleven put his column in mo tion. He hidrl his army into two jiortioust one of which was to enter the fortress ou th right, and the other on the left. Iu advance of each went a forlorn hope of twenty men, to re move the piles of rubbish that were stretched in iioiiuie rows aruuml the rock, ntid placed just where the batteries could mow down the as-ail-auts fastest. Behind thoM) forloni hopes marched two companies of a hundred and fifty men each. Wane knew that everything must rest on the bayonet, and so he ordered the load of every musket of thote two companies to Itc drawn, while the firt man who shonld take his mnsket from his shoulder, or utter a wonl without or ders, or attempt to retreat, was to be put to death by the oflicer iiearcnt him. Silently tlie-i devoted bauds submitted to tho dcejieratc meas ure, and fixing a piece of white paer iu front of their caps, to distinguish them from the enemy, gallantly moved forward at the low word of command. At midnight, the two columns; head ed by their forlorn hopes, came in sight of the fortress, nlong whose dark ramparts the sentinel was lazily treading hisarcustotucd ronnd, while the deep "All's well" fell faintly ou the listen ing ear. Grim and still the 'htigo black rock loomed np against the sky, soon to shake with its own th nnder, and stand a blazing volcano in tho midnight heavens. Noiseless ami swift tho fearless patriots keep on their way, when lo! as they came to the marsh, they saw only a smooth sheet of water the tide was np, flooding the whole ground. The brave fellows paused a mo ment, as this new aud uucxiiecled obstacle crossed their path, hut at flie stem "forward!" oi ineir leaders, luey ooully plupgeit in, and without a drum or a bugle uote to cheer steady courage, moved iu dead silence straight on the palisades. The noise had now alarmed the sen tinels, and the rapid discharge of their muskets inrougu iue gloom, was loiiowea by liguts, mov ing swiftly about npou the ramparts, and hur ried shouts of "To arm! To am!" and the fierce roll of drums, rniming up the garrison from its dream of security. Tho next moment. that .dark rock was one mass of flame, as the artillery and musketry opened along its sides, hheddiug a lurid light on tho countenances of men fieluw, and "Advance! advance!" rang in startling acceuts along the ranks. The ramparts were alive with soldiers, and amid the shouts and linrried words of command, the fiery torrent from the summit kept rolling on those devoted men. The water around them was driven into spray by the grape-shot and balls that fell in an incessant shower, while the hi-wiug, bursting shells, traversing the air in every direcliou, added Inconceivablo terror to the scene. Yet those forlorn hopes toiled vigor ously on, and heaved away at the abattis ta open a gap for the columns that, without re turning a shot, stood and crumbled nnder the fire, waiting with fixed bayonets, to rush to the assault. At tbe head of one of these was Wayne, chafing like a lion iu the foils, at the obstacles that arrested his progress. The for lorn hope in front of him worked steadily on in the very blaze of the batteries, and the rapid blows of their axes were heard In the intervals ofthe thunder of artillery that shook tbe mid night air, while oue after another dropped dsad in his footsteps, till ont of twenty that started, only-three stood up nnharmed. Yet still their axes fell steadily and strong nntil an opening was made throngh which the columns could pass, and then the shont of Wayne was beard above the din of tnmnlt, summoning his follow ers on. With fixed bayonets, they marched sternly throngh the portal made at such a no ble sacrifice, and pressed furiously forward. Through the morass, oter every obstable, np to the very mouths of the cannon, aud up the rocky declivity, they stormed on, crushing ev erything iu their passage. Towering at tbe head of his shattered column, pointing still on ward and upward with his glittering blade, and sending his thrilling shont back over his follow ers, Wayne strode steadily np the height, till at length, struck in the head bv a musket ball, he fell backward amid the ranks. Instantly rising on a knee, he cried out : "Aforca on I Carry me into the fort, for I teill die at the head of my col umn." And those heroes put their brave arms around him, and bore him onwanl. Not a shot was tired, "lint taking the rapid volleys on their unshrinking breasts, their bayonets glittering In the Hash of the enemy o guns, they kept on over the living and dead, smiting down the vet eran ranks that threw themselves in vain valor before them, till they reached the centre of the fort, where they met the other column, which, over the same obstacles, had achieved the same triumph. At tin sigjit of edch other, one loud shout shook the heights aud rolled down tbe bleeding line, was again sent back till the heavens rnng with the wild huzzas, aud then tbe Hag of free dom went up and uannted proudly away on the miduight air. The thick volumes of smoko that lav arunnd tbat rrteV. slnwlv lifted mid mlted up the Hndson, the stars apicared cure more in tne sicy, ana au was over, iue lonuy river went sweeping by, as it had done during the deadly strife that cast such a baleful light on its bosom, aud darkness and death-like silence shrouded the shores. Mournfully and slow those forlorn hopes and their brave companions, who had fallen iu tbe assault, were bronght up from their gory IksIs, and conveyed to the grave. Waynes wound proved not to le severe the ball only having grazed the skull for two inch es, and he lived to wear the lanrels a grateful nation placed ou his brow. The country rung with his name, and Congress presented him with a gold medal. The whole plan of the assault was most skilfully laid, and the bearing of Wayne throughout wa gallant in the rxtremci He chose the post of danger, at the head of his eolnmn, and led his men where even the bravest might shrink to follow, and when struck and apparently dying, heroically demanded to be earned forward, that be might die in the arms of victory, or be left where the last stand waa made. His troops were worthy of such a leader, and more gallant officers never led men to bat tle. Their hnmanity was equal to their brav ery, for, notwithstanding the barbarous massa cres perpetrated by the English, they did not kill a single man after he had asked for qnartcr. Eulogiums came pouring In nponhim from every direction. Even Lee, whom he had condemned for his conduct at the battle of Monmouth, wrote to him, saying: "What I am going to say, yon will not, I hope, consider as paying my court In this, your hour of glory ; for it is at least not my present intention. I can have no interest In paying court to an individnal. What I shall say, therefore, is dictated by the gennlne feelings of my heart. I do most sincerely declare that your assault of Stony Point Is not only the most bril liant, In my opinion, throughout the whole course of the war on either ride, but that ft is tbe most brilliant I am acquainted with in history; the assanlt of Schwefdnitz, by Marshal Dangdon, I think Inferior to It. I wish von, therefore, most sincerely, jay of all the lau re la yon have deservedly acquired, and that you may long live to wear them." Lafayette congratulated him, and Benjamin Rash wrote him, saying: "My dear sir, there is bnt one thing wanting in yonr late successful attack up on Stony Point to complete yonr happiness ; and that is, the wound yon received should have affected your hearing, for I fear you will be stunned throngh those organs with yonr own praiae. Our street for many davs rang; with nothing bnt the name of General Wayne. Ton are remembered constantly next to oar gsod and great Washington, over onr claret and Madeira. Yoa hareestablisbcdthe national character of yonr country: yoa .have taoght our enemies that bravery, hnmanity, and magnanimity, are the national virtue of the Americana." Uea tenant Gibbons commandsd en ef the lotion hope, and. Knox the other. Tnr recent honors paid to the antbor of "Un cle Tom's Cabin," recall what George Sand wrote to her about that book, thirty years ago: "Hon or and respect to yon, Mrs. 6 to we. One of these daya your reward, which is already noted in the archives of heaven, will also be recognized In this world." " Mori than three lrandred persons hare already been killed this year by tornadoes. SLEEPY HOIXOW. In Xemoriaxn: Ralph Waldo Emerson.) bt wtuiiM auaar. lie aleepa here the untroubled siren. Who rouM not bear the noUe and moil Of public bfe, bnt far from toil, A happy reticence did keep, With Nat ore on j pen, free : Che by there rests tU,e ma-ie mind Of bint who took Ufe's thread to wind. And weave some poor sooT Brvstery Of spirit-Ufe, and make it live. A type and wonder for all dava : No sweeter soul e'er tni earth's wava. Than be vho here at but did rive Ute body back to earth airaln. And saw at leojrta beaUle then lie One jreat and true and nobly wise A Kiaje of Thought, whose spotless rein Tbe orenrbebnhi- rears that rom. And drawn the tranh and dross and slime. Shall keep a record ef till Time ShaU erase, and voice of man be dumb. At last he rrat. whose Wen. clear hops Waa west on lofty winn to scan The future destinies oTuan Who saw the lUce through darkness crope. Through mUts ami srror. till at last TnolookM for tr-ht. the loaced for ate. Should dawn for peasant, prince, and safe. And centuries of night be past. The rest h won. O. brL brave. Wise soul thy anint U nt dead xhy wing'd words far and sle have tied , lndiD, thej ahsll find no crave. In Sleepy Hollow Cemetery are th ffravra ef Thoteaa ami Hawthorne, and near them have Jut been last the re main ef Eniermm. THE DEAD SINOEB. On many a saddened Learth the eveniaz fire Horn paler aa tho children's boar draws near That Jo) ou hour his mm made doubly dear And tender memories touch the faltering rbutr. lie suij; n more on earth . onr vain desire Arkes for the voh-e we loved so lone to hear In IKinaa flute-notes breathing soft and dear Tbe sweet contralto that could never tire. lVafened with bAtrnin? t a harsher strain. Tin M-nad'a scream, the nurk barbaitsji's cry i Mill lor those soothing, luviu tones e ijb, 0 forourvanUhed Orpbeu onr again ' Tb shadowy allenr har us call In vain ! Hi lips are hiwhed : hi son shall nvvr dw. i'rass 2v. IIUw' Im, in tk A ttantic UNCLE T02TS CABIN. Ifaw iheMlorr was flajszesled 1 71 r. lwe The History fits Writing and Ike KfTrct T ii i-uiiraiin. After living many years in Ohio, the Stowrs returned to New Kngtand, and bellied in Hruns. wick, Maine, where they continued their active sympathy with the anti-slavery movement, but were distressed by the general ap.tthy that seem ed to prevail on tho subject throughout the North. Mrs. Stowe thns conceived tho idea of writing some sketches which would give the world a picture of slavery as she herself had seen it. Oue day, white looking ovtr the hound volnmeofan anti-slavery magazine, edited in Washington, by Mrs. Dr. lUiley, she read the acconnt of the escape of a slave womau and her child from Kentucky ovcrtheiieof theOhio, as related by an eye-witness who helped the wo man np tho bank ofthe free Male's shore. This was the lint poiut of the story formed in her mind, and the inodtl for Uncle Tom was afforded by the husband of a former sl.iie nouian vtho had been employed in her own f.unth . Thisman was iree to come ana go on liiiMiie, between Kentucky and Ohio, refusing to break his pledge to his master, although the latter deferred from year to year fulfillmir his promito of freedom. The firt part ofthe work written was the death of Uncle Tom. The scene framed itelf in her mind while she was at the communion table in Brunswick, and it overcame her so completely that she was convulsed by tears and sobs. She hastened home and quickly wrote it dnn. In the absence of her husband she read it to her two bs of 10 and 12 years, who wept bitterly, and curbed slavery as tbe mot wicked thing in the world. The book then took form rapidly. After the first two or three chapters had been written, they were sent to Dr. lUiley, in Wash ington, for tho Xaliotal Era. The story was such an ever-present reality to her, that she had no difficulty in giving it shape, and the weekly installments never failed. Each number was read to the family before it was sent away, and in the domestic circlo an Intense interest was kept nt iu its pmgresa. The story attracted the widest atteution which wbirh snch an unpopu lar periodical as au "Abolitionist sheet could give it, aud a jonng Boston puldMicr, Mr. John 1. Jewett, obtained consent to bring it out. Af ter a while, he bewail to fear the story waa ret ting to be too long fur one volume, and he wrote reminding the author that it was founded npou an unpopular subjet, and twe volumes might be fatal to its success. Mrs. Stowe replied that sha did not make the story; it made itself, and she could not stop till it was done. Mrs. Stowe had no idea of the effect which her book would produce. Enticing the atteution with which it was read during its publication as a serial, Prof. Stowe remarked, one day, that it really looked as if it might bring his wife in some money, when bronght out as a book. Mrs, Stowe replied that she hoped it would bring enough to buy her a silk gown, for she never bad owned one yet. When it was finished, she felt discouraged as to the result, the slave poner having so wholly enthralled tbe land with its oppressive law p. The book was published March 10, 1352. Ten thousand copies were sold within a few days, over3X,000, it is said, were in circulation with in a year, keeping eight power presses running night aud day. It effect everywhere was tre mendons; not only at home, but abroad. None bnt a work of genius could so flsh its light throngh the world, and touch all hearts and souls with its poner. It portrayed slaveholders so justly, that at first it was predicted by some that it would act as a paci heat ion, and unite North and South, while its real effect in enra ging the South is well known. "Uncle Toms Cabin may claim a large share ofthe credit for the triumph of the North in the Civil War, and the abolition of slavery from this nation of States, wbtleiabrnad, it had an effect hardly less important. The sentiment which it aroused ju England undoubtedly restrained that poner from siding with th &utb during our war, and it is likely that its intlnence was important in indncinz the Itu5sian Emperor to proclaim free dom to the serf. Although the cante which called "Lncle Tom's Cabiu into being has triumphed, and parsed to its place among settled facts of histo ry, the sale of the Itook is still large and steady. It promises tol one of th world's classic, ami it plays upon the sympathies and emotions with all its old'timn vital power. Were there an in ternational copywright, and had tbosn talima nic words. "All rights reerved.n been inscribed npon the. title page, Mrs. Stowe would probably have received troui the work the greatest com pensation ever earned throngh authorship. Iu England, within a year of its first appearance, the book was published by eighteen Loudon houses, and forty additions had appeared. It is estimated that the aggregatenumber of copies circulated in Great Britain and her colonies ex ceeded 1,C00,W.4). Ilottom Herald. The Scene of the storm of the Demon Clond in Iowa. "The snn went down, he said, "behind a hank of peculiar clouds. They were of fantastic shapes, ami the last rays of the setting snn im parted to them a crimson, angry hue. I con Id n't help, for the life of me. thinking of the feroeioas red ryes of an untamable bull dog, when I look ed at the Inrid spectacle. Night came on, aud with It the storm. Incessant Dghtning illumina ted the northern and western heavens. The clouds grew blacker, and the atmospheric agita tion increased. The balloon-shaped cloud about which yon already know, could be seen approach ing a quarter of an hour before it reached tbe town, and for at least five m inn tea before its ar rival, the i oaring sound which has been likened to tbe rumbling of fifty freight trains across an Iron bridge, filled the air with its otninions echoes. It was preceded by a violent wind, which blew down trees, and drove people into the house. I was standing in an open space on oneof the western streets ofthe town, and feel ing that I was safer there than I would be in a house, I determined to stay there, though I ad mit I was frightened half to death. Tue rum bling roar ceme nearer, and the lowering mass seemed to reach ont black arms to tbe earth, when with a horrible whistling shriek, tbe mon ster swept by within a hundred yards of the spot where I was rooted with amazement and fear. The raging thing swooped down npon the place, licking everything np in Its path. Some of tbe houses were mashed down and swept along, while others "were picked np bodily, torn to pieces, and the fnrniture and occo pants lifted in to the air, either to be barled to the earth again, or blown the Lord knows where. The dreadful giant panned Its way, crunching and destroy ing with cruel wantonness. In the unearthly glare, produced by the blazing lightning, which flashed wickedly and incesaently, and by the balls of fire with which the gyratinc maa seem ed to be alive, I coo Id see the air Ailed with fly ing objects of every conceivable form, from scraps of paper to sections of roofs and floors, to the height of four hundred or five hundred feet, and I don't know bow- much higher. A house wonld be crushed like an egg-shell, and in less time than it takes to tell, the materials that com posed it would be climbing skyward with in credible rapidity. The air was charged with, electricity, and where I stood the air waa of a ghostly pallor. The whirling monstor threw ont flashes, and sparks, and balls as it passed along. Mingled with the frightfal roaring of the cy clone, could be heard the shrill, blood-curdlinfr shrieks of women aa they "were cangbt np and borne away to their death. The demon concert is ringing In my ears yet. Tbe cyclone waa probably a minute or a minute and a half pas sing me. It seemed an age. Nothing ever filled me with sach unspeakable awe aa this relentless riot of the elements this merciless march of death." A Eye Witnm. WHOLE NUMBER, 1,305. . ATB PUKIFIXKS. Da.cera Alleaidlaia; Plant. mm4 riewerw Im fcelorrin.t. l.iheAlme.pVr. wwmM Said a well known nhvaician svntie .!- wg of the numerous deleterious intluences to which modern life in cities is subjected: Now that the winter Is fairly over, people who like pretty things about the house, will be gettiug ready their window-gardens, as thename is now adays. Flowers are extremely beautiful, of course, and the cultivation of them Is an evi dence of good taste that lam far from dispara ging; but the people who love flowers and yet cannot manage ta grow them in the open air, had better understand something about tho dan gers attending indoor, or window cultivation. A great deal baa been written and said upon the influence of plants on the air of rooms, and jet people In general have no very clear idea in re gard to it, the probability being that the opin ions of any half dozen persons will be equally divided ou the question of the good or bad el fecta of plants and flowers In rooms, especially In bedrooms. The result Is, that many persons ignorantly expose themselvea to deleterious In fluences, while others, to whom flowers are a great luxury, deprivo themselves of tho plea sures that might bo derived from the indoor cul tivation of plants, being deterred from admit ting them to these rooms by a fear of their inju rious effects. It is now understood that in tht organic world, plants and animals form two an tagonistie ageucies. What animals destroy plants reconstruct; what animals pnll down, dants bnild tip. Animals and fires are constant V vitiatinir the atmosnhere. win I rdnnt n t!i. other hand are as constantly purifying it. In mis w), mo oiinous emanations oi city ponds and sewers, the effedted breath of am mats and tho deadly fumes of fires, are not onlv removed and rendered harmless, but am nein.if ly converted into delicious fruits and lifeus taining food, so that tho animal and vegetable kingdom, thongh naturally antagonistic, form a ponderous balance to each other. The detatlsof this process are easily followed and nnderstoiid, and may be thus stated: When we burn a pieco of bread, it is quickly reduced to charco.il, and if the process be continued the whole of it, with the exception of a very small part of ahc, will disappear, being converted into air or gas. The same effect that is produced In the fire, is pro duced in our bodies. The charcoal f tho bread is birncd and passes off in one breath as carboH io aiid, and thus theair is constantly undergo ing a progress of poisoning, which necessitate ventilation in onr houses. The plant, honeer, siezes upon this carlsmic acid, ami, n ith the aid of sunlight, decomposes it, using tho carlHiu or charcoal to build up its own tructnr while tint oxygen that was consumed by tlie annual in burning np its food is set free and allowed to es cape into the atmosphere. Plants are thus the great penfier of the .itmosplrre; and, conse quently, whether in the open air or in eW room, they serve to render it lit for respiration !o far, therefore, as new vegetable functions, are concerned, plants are undoubtedly a benefit It Is true that they actas purifier snly in tho pre pence of sunlight, and during darkness tliey are apt to give out a small portion of the carbon ic acid tby had previously ab-orbed; but this fact may b safely disregarded, as the uuantitv of gas gnen out in such circumstances by one of tue largest nous- plants probably does not equal the amonnt that wovld be emitted bv a half a dozen expirations of an ordinary adnlt. More over, there are good grounds for believing that, in addition to the removal of mere carbonic acid, plants eierciH a salutary Influence npou the ox ycenoftbe air. Thns "the well known in tin- eneeof snn dowers and other plants, with large foliage, in preventing miasma, has been attri buted to tho fact that the oxygen given out by these plants is highly ozondized, and that this ozone destroys the miasmatic germs. In support of this view, Its advocates adduce the fact that fn large towns, qnd cities, where the population is dense and vegetation scanty, there is always a remarkable absence of ozone, while in tho country parts, where vegetation is abundant, it abounds. On the whole, therefore, there Is no reason for "opposing that the foliage of ordinary plaats exercises an injurious influence on the air of rooms, but at the same time we must not sup pose from this that all plants are harmless. Most nf tho plants that are grown in houses are high ly odorous, and it is known that the odors of many plants produce an injurious effect which is greater than can be accounts! for by any mero perfumo to which thev give rise. Precisely what plants are injurious to the generality of people, it is at present impossible tossy. Certain plauts, such as lilies and others of that family, seem to affect some persons, while to others they are perfectly innoxious, and in other cases, while the plants themselves are harmless, the pollen of the flower Is highly narcotic. It has long been supposed that what Is called hay fever, a disease to which certain sensitive persons are subjected daring the hay making season, is dneto the pol len of that delightfully fragrant plant, the swret vernal grass, ine poiien oi mis piani is Known to contain coumarlne, a compound which is fonud largely fn the tonka-bean, and which rea dily forms a vapor that, when inhaled, power fullv effects the brain. The great difficulty which lies In the way of giving specific directions on this point arises from the fact that different constitutions a re differently affected by the same plant. To some, tbe odor of the new mown hay is deliriously pleasant, and aignificantof balmy summer even ings, and all the delights of country life. To others It brings only memories of disease and pain. Unless, therefore, we know byexperienre that certain plants are harmless, we should be careful about admitting them to onr rooms, es pecially when they are in flower. One rule is, however, tolerably safe, and tbat is, tbat tho) plants which are generally kept for the beauty of their foliage, and which are destitute of odor, such as the Ivy and various climbing vines, aro quite harmless. In regard to flowering and highly odoriferous plants, personal experience Is the only guide. It will not do to rely upon the ex perience of others, and great caution must be ob seraed, so that on the appearance of the slight est evil e fleet, the plants under trial may bo banished from our apartments. TnTtS. STOWE AND IIEB WORK. Mrs. Stowe composes with ierfect facility, her thoughts flowing so freely and uninterruptedly, and her pen being no obedient to their course-, that her manuscript always goes to the printers in its first draft. She never goes back to revise or correct, and does not even take the trouble to read over what she has written. Her father was quite different in this respect, for, with bis manuscript, he was continually hesitating, scratching out, and changing expression over and over again. Mrs. Mown has no regnlar hours devoted to literary labor, Tuit writes hen she feels most in the tnood. When tirtd of tho ln, sho relieves herself bv taking up palette and brush, having a decided artistic talent, which she exercises principally i:i flower paint ing, a love for flowers bein; onr of her passions. Mrs. Stowe is of medium ntight, with a alight figure and a thoughtful face, full of refined character, her features combining strength and delicacy in expression. Her gray hair is almost snowy. She dresses with extreme simplicity and in good taste. She has an easy, unassum ing way; an air of genuine old New England domesticity, which shows that her numerous pa pers on house and home topics are based on prac tical experience. Her regular home Is in Hartford, a place en deared to her by the associations of girlhood. Her house Is on Forest Street. It is of brick, with a tastefully plain exterior, painted a light buff, and Is surrounded by pleasant grounds. The three celebrated authors who may be said to form a Hartford literary trio, are near neigh bors, Mr. Clemens (Mark Twain) living next door, while Charles Dudley Warner's home Is not five minntes walk away. Tbe interior of Mrs. Stowe's house iannassntninglycoxnfortable. There are many souvenirs of travel and inter esting associations, including portraits present ed her by distinguished foreign friends gained by her labors for the cause of freedom. On the wall araabio tnanvof ber own flower naintin. .the clustered favorites of her beloved New Eng land fields being side by side with tne gorgeous flora of Florida. Mrs. Stowe and her family lire in an atmos phere of perpetual summer, their winters for the past sixteen years having been spent amid the orange1 groves of Mandarin, her Horida estate on the St. John River. Her picturesque cottage Is shaded by a dense foliage of magniflcen, live oaks, and from the point on which it stands there is an uninterrupted view for miles, both up and down the broad and beautiful river. Notwithstanding her abolition antecedents, she and her family hare received nothing but kindness from her Southern neighbors, although the press in some Instances haa been violent in iU assault. Of the celebration of her seven tieth birth-day, Mrs. Stowe say that she feels a little embarrassed, since it will be tbe first birth-day she has ever celebrated, ah having been hroaght up In the old-fashioned manner which made so account of birth-days or of few other sentimental occasions. She never could succeed la remembering when the day came around, and once, having made av somber of good resolutions for the occasion, after the man ner of many other people, she found that she had made tbem on the wrong dij.Botto Her oXi. aW i i 1 . Timk has brought strange changes to the for tunes of the two most celebrated of modern Ital ian families. It is said that tbe ancestral hon ors of the Medici are now possessed by a hard ware merchant of Florence, while a man who la believed to be the last representative or the Scallger race is dead at Verona, in a humble lodging over a green-grocer'a shop. For many years this direct descendant of the great man to whom Dante dedicated his epic, has sained a livelihood by mending boots and shoes. "Alcazar ie the latest Importation in tho way ef nomenclature for place of public resort, and "casino" "palace' and the like axe thrown quite la umbrageous gloom. .V. I. ifail aad Ex- frXI$ igwjssar. WSSWflS.S.'