SOL. MILLER, PUBLISHER AND PROPRIETOR.
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF DONIPHAN COUNTY. Our Motto: "Talk for Home, Fight for Home, Patronize Home."
SUBSCRIPTION, $2.00 PER YEAR, IN ADVANCE.
VOLUME XXVI -NUMBER 6.
TROY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 20, 1882.
WHOLE NUMBER, 1,30G.
audbess xo agsasgfc BELZOKrS
bt boeaci uirrn.
And tboa ht walked soeat 0w txn-e a stry D
Id Thebea atreet three tbooM jmn sea,
TVhen the MtmtKAiam w in all it ry.
And tune had not brgnn to ortfthrow
Toe temple, pal. and P trpei.laaa,
Of wWch tbe. Ttrj rolo nrt tnsstMdoos,
SpsaTc t for tlum Iodc nooCh hat artl J" ,
bwi baat a tonpMJ. rame, let oa bear IU twei
Tboart tndtac an thy lej-a. aboe Pm. nniy
JUvLdtiac tba jliinp of tb un,
Nt hi thin tW - ""r'fc.t.i.a.
Hot wlla thy buoe. and fleaa, and UinW, and fratore.
Vb aUoaU we iea tb Sptini'a fame I
TTaa CLeup CfjAm architect
Of rItarpTraid that bean hi name!
Had Tbebea a handred psten, a sone by Ilomar I
Perhaps tboa wert a Mason, and furttUdra
By Jath t UI1 the secreta of tby traile,
Tb ay iU secret tat-b-ly wu bidden
In UnnBott'a aUtoe, which at anrie plaretl I
Perbapa tboa wert a prieat-tf aa, r J
Are Tain, for jrieateraft nerer aw it Jnjsle.
Fcrhsm that very hand, now ptekmcd Bat,
IlM bob DoW-d with IbTMh. r.laa to fUM;
Or dropped a half penD J Ma J
Or doffed tbioo on to lrt vjoeen Dido iM ,
Or held, by Sulumun'a own fnriUUoa,
A torch at tbe Krest temple' dedication.
I nml not ak thee if that hand, wbrn w",
IU any Imxan mUitr uuiM and knurLlrd :
Fur tlMiwttt dasd. and buried, and esafaaltned.
Ere Uomnltu and Ream bad Wd aacLIed :
Aotiqattj appear to have brfpra
Long after thy primeTal race a run.
Tboa eootf t de-li-if that witbl tongue
ji.t .n ikbIiii ttu aivhtleaM orb have w
How th world 1oiLm1 wbn it wa freb and yuanc
And tbe jrrrat dilute atill bad l-ft It pwi j
Or waa it then aw old that hiirtory'a iar
Contained no record of lU early agra !
.SUnaUeut! InrommunlrmtiTe elf
Art aworn V awrrcy th-n Iwp thy vowa;
Bot pntliMi t-E na aumetbins of th rarlf,
IVrea tbe iwreta of th pnm boup j
Sinre in tbo wrid of ipiriU tboa bat alumberM,
What haat thou acen w hat at ran -e ad rent 0 rra nomberea I
Siuro flrt thy form a in thla ln eitendd.
We hare. a"Wve fntund, aen anie tranc milttKij
The Hooun Empire baa began and rndrd.
New worlJ bf riern, we have lut M natlona;
And rountlejui kins bare Into doit Iter hmnbled,
While not a fxaynirtit of thy flmb baa crnnibled.
Didt thou not br the pother o'er tby bead.
U'bm the rrwrt leralan eiqurror. Cambraea,
IfarcbM armiea o'er tby tomb with thamterinr treaI
O'erlbrewOidria,0rn, Apia. laU;
And abk tba pyramkla itb fear and wonder.
Wh the ci-antie5Ieiuwn ft-U asunder!
If the ttmiVa aerreta may not lie roofi-Hai-d,
Tba nature of thy pri ate htti unfold :
A heart baa throbbed txwatb tbat leathern breast.
And teara ndown that doaky cbek bare rolled ;
Ilave children rlimbed th.e knee, and kbwed tbatfaeel
What waa tby name and utitwu, ace and race!
iiUtoe of fleab, Immortal of tbe dead t
Imrhable type of eTaneacence !
rwtbamoaa man, bo qoit'at thy narrow bed.
And tndet nMerayed within our prewnce!
Thoa wilt hear nothtnc till the Indpnmt mornmir,
IVhen tbe ffrtt trump will thrill tbve w itU iU varum.
Whv aboubl thU worthle ternnient endure,
ifltauDdjinccueot bo Umt forever t
O, let na keep tbe mouI embalmed and pure
In Urine virtu, that wben both mut never,
Altboah corruption mar oar frame conuue,
Tbe immortal spirit U tba akie may bkmta
-- ! m
ANSWEB OF THE MTJICMT AT BELZONI'S
Child of th later daya ! thy worda bare broken
A apell tbat lonr baa boond theae lunc f rbiy.
For autre tbia amuke-dried tongue of uuie latb oln.
Three tbouMuid tetlwia jeani bave rolled aaay.
Uoaathed at b-nh. I "atand at ea-" before ye.
List, then, O, Ut, bile I nnfuld my atory.
Tbeliea waa my birthplace, an unri alletl rity.
With many jprtea, but bere I niEebt detbire
Sotue tOiaue. plain truth, except tbat it mire pity
To Llw a iM-ta fabric Into air ;
O, I could read voo. quite a Tbelian lecture.
And fjiie a deadly fininb to conjecture.
Hut tlw-n yon wouU not bare me throw discredit
On rrave bbtoriaDa.tr on him b "iiS
Tbe Ilukl, true it i I never read it.
Hot beard It read, vlien 1 ma very yoan.
An obi LUnd minotrri far a trifling profit
Incited part, I think the antii.- of it.
AU that I know about tbe town of Humer,
la tbat they ararre would own bint la hbtday;
Were glad. too. mben be prowl) r turned a roamcr
Rrraum by thin they aaved tleir trib tar.
IIu toUmen would lutfo been ahatued lo Oout hi Hi,
Had they foreseen tbe fuaa einte made altt bint.
One blunder I can fairly ct at ret -
lie aa) a tbat men were ouce more big and buny
Than now. wbicb it a bouncer at tbe let j
lltjuatreteryou to our friend Ilelwwl.
'Stsar aeren feet high ; in truth a lofty figure.
5w look at nw and tell me, am I bigger f
ot half tbe aixe. but then I'm aadly d aindled.
Three thouaand year with tbat embalming glue
Ilave made a amriMua differruce, aud bavo unllrd
My face of all it beauty ; there were few
Kgj ptiao yonth more gav, beln4d the aeoel.
ay, amile nott oa and t may anon be equal.
For thla lean band did one dar burl tbe lane
With mortal aim; thia light fanUntie too
Threaded tbe myatic m&te of tbe dance;
Tbiabeart ba throbbed at talc of bivoand woe;
Theae tbreada of raren hair ouce act tbe faahioni
Thi withered form unpired tbe tender paaaion.
In rain , the akilful bawl ami feeling warm.
Tbe foot that figured In the brieht quadrille.
The palm of geniuaand tbe manly furm,
AU bowed at ouce to IVath'a mjateriouawlll.
Who aealed me np where mommic anund are alt ping.
In cere loth, and in tolerable Loeping j
Wbere rowa and monVeya aqnat lu rb b brocade.
And well-dreaaed crocutlilo in iinted raaea,
Babt, bat, and owls, and rata in mamueradV,
With acarlet flouuee. and with varnished face;
Then bird, brutea, reptile, fUb. all eramnHit together.
With ladiea that might paa for well tannel li-ather;
AVbere IUmeae and Sabacon lie down.
And aplendid 1'aammi tn hi bide of mint,
l'riiM-ra and heroe, men of high renown.
Who In their day ticked up a mighty duat.
Their awartbr mumnile kicked np dunt in numWr,
When bnge Jtelioul tame to ware their alumber.
1TM"d thtnlr. tbeae ruMr bam of mine were seated
At Irtdu'a table, when tbe wondroa tab
Of "Juno'a hatred" a no well repeated t
And ever and anon tbe Queen turned jMtle.
Meanw bile the brilliant ganbgbU bunc alwtve ber.
Threw a wild glaie Um ber abipw inked lover.
A v. gaslight ! Mn k me m, we mon .f 3 ore
Were V creed in all the-knowh-dg ton can uteution;
WImi hath not beard of Kgypt'a -etleui lure.
Her iiattent toil, aruleu of inreutom t
Survey tbe proof, tbe pyramid are tbtivtug.
Old Mcmnou at ill look joung, and I'm in ivin.
A land in art and M-ience proline,
A blork gigantic, building up ber fame.
Crowded with ign ami letter by rrogtjphlr.
Temple and obeliak ber kUl prorlaim !
Vet though ber art and toQ unearthly aeem,
Tbuee bUk k were brought on railroad and by ateam !
How, wben, and w by oar people came to rear
Tbe pyramid of CfteopN tuightr pile!
Thi. lit the other ecrt-t. tboa aoalt bear;
I will nnfuld. If thud wilt etar awhile.
Tba hUtory of the pbynx, and who began It.
Our inj tic wwk. wimI taxAtlera made of granite.
VtM. then. In grkroua tiuke. wlien King Opbrenc.
Butabt What'athl tbeabadeaufliardiiaud king
Treaaonmy lip their linger! What tbey mean ia,
I am nut to reveal tbeae hidden thing.
31ortaI,fuewell! TU1 Science' aelfuuMnd tltein.
Aim niunt e'rn take thcee arrrela a tbe find tbem.
A Mom jf an J.
THE PIOHEEES OF HOEWAY FLAT.
Tbe pionevra of Xorway Flat were a uiotley
;fttheriug. Thej irrwutnl a strange union of
opnoRinR elrmenti atlrentnre. rrfklessnii,
lrofligacy, and itiKsinatiou, in !he cloM-st asso
ciation with indnstry, entrgy anil euttTirie.
Tlirre wataMi'tt deiiation fnmi the general
rulcf in the ca .if Itiiinuier lt.l Itob Sinitb.
lie disclaiuieil all relations with the lioray hand
d yeomen by vhom he wa. surrounded; lie
made no profeftion of indufctritm, lialdts. lie
had a poitire distaste for physieal exertion ; fur
that his organism was too liue-grained.hit blood
"too blue." There was no sweating of tbe brow
in the manner in which he earned his daily
bread, tior any care or iro isiun for the mor
row. The preaching and practice of his life
were, "Enough for the day is the eril thereof."
lie lired by his wits, or, as he more quaintly
put it, "travelled on his shape." In every try
ing emergency he "trusted to luck," in which
mythical existence he had implicit faith.
Hummer Itob's career had been a checkered
-one. lie had accompanied the vanguard of Fre
mont In tbe Mexican War. and had subsequent
ly linked his fnrtnues with Walker in his fili
uu&tering expedition to Nicaragua, and, narrow
ly escaping the fate of his leader at the disas
trous ending of the campaign, drifted in some
mysterious way to Norway Flat.
Hrown'a The Occidental was Hummer Rob's
headquarters. Oue of tbe rude benches at
Jlrowu's was his seat iu the day and his couch
.at night, llrown's bar was his cellar, Hrown'a
"free lunch" his larder; llrown's customers his
The pioneers of Norway Hat were not a read
ing people. They were too much absorbed, Per
sians, in the pursuit of wealth to take any sie
cial interest in literatoie, and Journalism had
mot in those days mustered sufficient temerity to
attempt to obtain a foot-hold in tbat mountain
hound community. The Norway Flat &atiar(
was the offspring f subsequent and more en
lightened civilization. Hut Jtnmmer Rob offici
ated then as news-gatherer and reporter, and in
"any resints excelled the mechanical institu
tion which afterward succeeded him. Bob was
'""""on centre toward which the social gos
'? 1 ,'"f H" nd adjacent camps gravi
laieii. On the nn1 ementa and operations of the
T"lctiug-parties obtaining their outfit at the
"!!;..'".. w? ".1K1," and he was as full of
conrTin- i, . ' ,ne "it of tbe leads
neS,U8riBl!T,,,liU the Trnnding hills and
auisiijie " .ununaieiy tor the in
wcr??T"?"??ic?". Piailr if then
ctc uy-prmpect la the near future of an invi
tation to "take suthin'" being extended. He
who liked to listen to Bob's "gas," as poor
Shakes was wont to call it, when he flourished
iu Norway Flat, seldom failed to learn. As
newsmonger, Rummer Beb was faithfully per
forming Uis destiny, anu uotng Norway rial an
Bummer Bob's headquarters was the nightly
rendezvous of the pioneers, it waa me lempie
in which thev worsliined atrasze irods. and held
communion with familiar spirits. And they
were exceedingly ilevont. nil tne tnicLening
shades of even-tide, they hnrried from all direc
tions toward its gilded shrine, and not until the
silverr dawn fringed the eastern horizon, ilid
the last votary depart with an uncertain step to
Lis lonely home, and the high priest curl up in
his blanket behind the altar.
It was the dead of winter. The merenrr in
the thermometer hanging nion a nail in front of
tne ucciiirntal nail descended lar below zero.
The cold was intense. A recent snow-storm had
casta white covering over the dark pine forest
surrounding the clearing of Norway Flat- Tbe
morning sun shone forth with a fierce glare, but
there was no warmth in its rays, Tbe air was
tranquil; even the delicate tendrils of the long
yellowish hairy moss hnng pendent from tho
drooping snow-laden branches, undisturbed by
the breath of a zephyr. The flutter of the butcher-bird's
wings, as it fluttered" from bough to
bough, was startlingly distinct. Its nervous
movements loosened the snowy crystals from
the points of the bayouet-lcaves, and they de
scended to the ground slowly, but with the per
pendicularity of the plumb-bob. Trembling
filmy columns shot upward into the clondleu
aky from every ehimney-top. The forest gave
forth no sound, except the occasional chatter of
a restless jay, or sharp crack, like the report of
a pistol-shct, from the frost-contracting timber.
Out-door work iu Norway Flat was suspended,
but in-doors the activity incident to a "cold
suap" prevailed. The Occidental was throng
1. "Bar-keep" was in a state of perspiration,
owing to the pressing demands made npou his
services by his impatient customers. The great
stove standing in the centre of the saloon, was
"sjtniek it. yon bet ! A dollar to the pan,
every ip. I)org my skin ef it ain't the biggest
thing on ice !
Bummer Rob's narrative became suddenly un
interesting. Tbe attention of his auditors be
came riveted nu the little man who hail thus un
consciously intruded. He had a lank fratnt , a
pinched and withered face, and deep-set gray
eyes. His hair had been bleached by the snow
of many winters, and the icicles of age hung
front his lantern jaus. Not excepting Hummer
Itob, the intruder was the best knowu man iu
Forwsy Flat, since the untimely taking off of
Shakes. It was "Doc." There ws some doubt
iu Norway Flat's mind as tn whether he hint "a
legal right to the handle to his name ;" whether
he graduated from the medical halls of an ob
scure Western college, or received his diploma
as cook's-mate from the hands of the "old man"
of the good ship Leonora, in which rsel he
was- reported to have rounded the Horn. Rut
Norway Hat seldom tiotber itself about the an
tecedents of any man, nud Doc had found more
thau ordinary favor in its sight, much to the
mortification of Hnuiiner Itob. Doc had just ar
rived in Norway Hat, and stepped into the Oc
cidental, from one of his iritslical prospecting
touri. The remark which had dhertcd the at
tention of Rummer Bob's auditors uas directed
"It's the biggest tiling on ice," he legated,
and observing that his assertion had attracted
the notice of all in the room, he rnntiuticd:
'That's so. yon let! Say, boys, all hands lake
a drink. Barkeep, lonklnelv; sling jourforty
nsd ihain-lightuin' 'long this" way."
Norway Flat was in a cqiiiinotiun that i, the
Occidental, which represented the Flat on such
days as the oue on which Hoc returned from his
successful prosisvctiug tour, was crowded with
an unusually animated throng. Bummer Hob
wandered about the great saloon like n lost spir
it. Ho was welcomed by none of the little
groups congregated oil eery'hand, disiiissing
the topic of tho hour Doc's find and us lie qui
etly retired to a secluded corner to brood out
his imaginary disgrace, he silently lownl to
haie revenge ou the one who hail thus suiuina
rilv supplanted him.
Norway Flat wauted to know the wherc
alMints of Doc's new- discovery, but Doe was
very chary iu giving information. (The pio
neers or Norway Flat willlm pardoned for de
siring to reap some of tho harvest of another
man's sowing. The disposition to gather of all
other's fruits, his lieen characteristic of the hu
man race, from time immemorial.) What in
formation he did impart waa vague. Tim local
ity was ery dimly dethied. Every man in the
Occidental, except Bummer Rob, 'in turn inter
viewed him, aud before noon there was not a
plank iu the floor of the saloon, that did not
bear a diagram of the route to the newly discov
ered gold-bearing creek, drawn with charcoal
from the description given it by Doe. Rut no
two were alike in any particular, and Norway
Flat arrived at the conclusion that Doc intend
ed keeping his own secret. It waa pretty gen
erally known throughout Not way Flat liefore
night, that Doc was to Ik; trailed when he un
dertook to leave camp, for his newly discover
ed diggings. With the settling down of the
shades of night. Doe started. Iu an hour after
ward, Happy Jack and Dancing Rill, well equip
lied with candles -and improvised lanterns, that
had originally done duty as whiskey bottles,
started off on his trail, which was easily billow
ed 011 the soft snow. Tho track led over hill
and dale, through an unbroken waste of timber;
and the weary march waa kept mi through the
loug hours of the entire night, nntil dawn found
the trailers ou the banks of a broad stream, up
which the trace made by Doc continued to lead.
As the sun rose, the smoke of many fires was
seen ascending in tho distance. Then it l.egau
to dawn on their intelligences, that Doc had
outwitted them, and after piloting them through
the mountains, had led theiu back to Noruav
Flat, knowing full well that the darkness would
preclude the jiossibility of their recognizing any
familiar landmark. They resignedly accepted
the situation, and prepared to meet Doc at the
door of the Occidental, waiting for their arrival.
With a merry twinkle in his eye, he remarked:
"Roys, that's a darned ugly tramp to them 'aie
new diggins. What do you say, if we lieker up
That was a peace oflering which dissipated
whatever bitterness the mortification of being
so badly victimized, may haie isissessed. The
jingle of glasses, and the harty inartistic rendi
tion of the refrain of the familiar ditty:
"Far lie's a jUy giiul fallow,"
by Happy Jack and Dancing Rill, quickly fol
lowed. The revelry which then set in, disturb
ed Hummer Rob. It annoyed him, to Iw thus
rndely woke up. It annojed him still more,
that he was not invited to participate in the
bacchanalian festivity which had just commenc
ed. He was angry when he realized that Doc,
his supplanter of the previous day, iu the gisst
graces of Norway Flat, was at the Isttom of it
all. He approached his innocent rival, and his
sing something iu his ear, unintelligible to eith
er of the others present, struck him a heavy
blow in th face. That was the signal for oien
hostilities. Quicker than the story is told, Doc
aud Hummer Itob grappled and fell. The strug
gle was short, sharp and decisive. Two nieu
rolled over and over on the floor; two knives
gleamed in the early sunlight, which penetrat
ed the frosted panes of the windows of the Oc
cidental. A few rapid passes, and the struggle
ended. Rut only one man rose, and that was
Ioe. He was uusrathud, while the life-bhsHl
ehlrt-d rapidly from the writhing body of Ham
mer Rob, ending his checkered eareer'us ht oft
en said he would: he had "died in his lioots."
At the time when the sanguinary conflict be
tween Doc and Bummer Bob tooli place, Nor
way Flat was beginning to creep out of its prim
itive lawlessness, and some of the institutions of
a more enlightened eivilizatiou thau the one
which had hitherto obtaiaed were being intro
duced. Tiie honored onicfc of Coroner had been
established. It waa true that its adoption was
due moro to a desire not tu lie ontdone by other
mining ramps, than to any necessity felt for it.
It was generally conceded that the old way of
disposing of such cases as wonld henceforth
come within the Coroner's jurisdiction, was the
most expeditions, and often the most satisfacto
ry. The informal burial in a hurriedly dng
grav e, was sometimes quickly supplemented by
a consummation of a tragedy under the auspi
ces of Judge Lynch.
Coroner Kurtz's first inqnest was held over
the liody of Bummer Boh, at the Occidental.
He felt all the imsirtalire of the occasion. He
selected representative men of Norway Flat as
his jury, with Brown, of the Occidental, as fore
man. He was very precise in his questioning;
very rarefnl in the manner in which he took
down the answers. Happy Jack, Dancing Bill,
and "Barkeep," the only witnesses examined,
were put through what he termed "a coursh of
shproutsh," but their story was straightforward
Notwithstanding the habitnal recklessness of
the pioneers of Norway Flat, they were on the
whole a law-abiding people. Not that they
beetled, in any sense, the written law f the
land they did not but there waa an unwrit
ten law, which each one tacitly recognized. At
tiuies, obedience tu this common law had to be
enforced at the pistol's mouth, and any infringe
ment of it was always followed by a terrible
pnuishment. Fetty offenses were few, for each
member of that community was at once guardi
an of the peace, judge, jury and executioner.
The statutory law was to. slow and uncertain
in its ojieration, and a sense of insecurity of life
aud property possessed those who placed their
trust In it. Hence this broad principle was laid
down : Where the laws of civilized life failed to
give protection, they would protect themselves,
after whatsoever fashion circumstances dictated
and their resources warranted. This was the
principle recognized by the jnry in the verdict
of justifiable homicide, presented through it.
forsman in the following crnee form:
"Mr. Crowner We're 'greed on the vardick.
We're 'greed that Bummer Bob passed in his
checks, and we guess it sarved him right."
Time has wrought wondrous changes since
then in Norway Hat anil its surroundings.
Those who knew the Flat only as it was twenty
years ago, would no lunger be able to point out
the spot on which it stood, for it is numbered
among tbe mnshroom towns which sprung up
in a day to disappear in an hour. It lies "full
fathoms five" deep, beneath the ocean of failings,
amd its foibles and short-comings have been bur
ied with it. Every landmark by which it was
formerly recognized, has been obliterated. Tbe
well-wooded slope of the surrounding bills have
been denuded by a class of men of recent income,
whose view, ot enterprise are infinitely broader
than those of Norway Flat's fossorial pioneers.
A net-work of flumes, scaffolding, pipes and water-ways
cover deep-furrowed banks, at whoee
base silvery, fan-like batter bursts into a show
er of splinters, and springs down an avalanche
of debris. Streams of liquid mud course be
tween walls of cobbles. Here and there the
jagged edges of the naked rocks project the
ghastly skeleton of tbe once comely valley. A
moving army of human workers, picturesquely
attired, give it the appearance of agigantie ant
hill, and sound like the unbroken rumbling of
distant thunder, or the suppressed hum of a bee
hive, ascends from the busy scenes. Overlook
ing tbe bnried Flat there stands a new city,
whow buildings are substantial aud elegant,
and whose inhabitants enjoy a liberal measure
of ease and comfort. But it bears no Dame cal
culated to awaken any reminiscence of the past.
Only one cemetery on the hill remains unchang
ed. N'o desecrating hand hasdisturbed the ash
cs'of its iumates. Wind and weather only have
affected its confines, aud most of the rude tab
lets, which rough but kind hands placed at the
beads of the moss-grown mounds, have long
since mingled with tie mold; but in a secluded
corner, a weather-worn shingle still stauds,
from which this rndely carved inscription has
not been effaced:
: ')"." ;
TUG LAST OF THK nOSKEIS OF ?
1 SOKWAT IUT. :
OX TIIE KKTCXT IIX-APVli-ED ATTIXTT TO KXatuVK Ills 6CT
tXCIIBK. ICetnote. a In antne quiet hermitage
Ily pilgrim cboNea fur bl errning'a rent.
Our chief of atatoKiuen tdeepa. wbuee thought eiprt-aaed.
Uvea in tbe Inminou and wurld read luge
Of Fi-eedow'a net a, and mark tbe luftiVat atage;
A century' wing are folded, and th oppremed.
Made free In all the continent, bare blciwed
Tbe tramiuU leader and tbe deathlea aage.
Let art prut hie for him no public place.
Nor maudlin taate hi awful abade profane,
Tbe o'rrluoking lonely knoll U Utter apace ;
Ui niauiotleuni in on bt-ight and pLun
In the people heart, where time cannot efface;
Amid toe mountain let hi duxt remain.
SOTJTHEBN "WAB HISTORY.
IIaw den. VrreC Excited Gri. Mfcerntam'a
Admiralties the Trnnraare River
A paper rrad before the Southern Historical
Scc'ety at Louisville, last week, written by
dipt. J.W. Morton, chief of artillery to For
rest cavalry, narrated the destruction of the
national gunboats, tranHjH.rt, barge, otore
bnnvs and "tore at JnhiiM.nville, Tenn., on the
Temieivtee Hirer, by Forrest's ca airy on Xorem
ber 3, lcC4. Thin was at the time wlu'u tlen.
Sherman waa considering whether to follow
iioou uacicw lenueaace, ami inua, as Iiosam,
lose the whole effect of his campaign, or to
march away on a picnic, leariug Thomas and
tho troops guarding the Hue to protect the north
Johnwuville wav a principal depot of stores.
From there a new railroad ran directlr east to
Xabhrille, It had forts on Its own side of the
river, bnt was unguarded on the. west bank.
Thi bank was highest near the river, audits
(doping backward made eay to plant guni,
which con Id not bo reached by the gunboats nor
hurt by the fire from tho fort. Cant. Morton
narrates tliat the guns were brought forward
and planted on thii bank, up and down the riv
r, all unknown tn the gurri-tou and flotilla
aenwn the ricr until they opened fire, which, it
appears, neither the forts nor tho gunboats
could effectively return.
It eei'ins to hae been a singular condition for
so great a depot of stores iu n district which
had long lieen uuder the command of such great
Generals as Grant and Sherman. Capt. Mortou
gives the following at the results of this expedi
tion: An results of thi raid, we recouut the des
truction at Johusonville of three gunboat h,
eleven transports, many of them new and ou
their first trip, aud some eighteen barges; aud
of buildings, quartermasters and corumissarit-r,'
stores, according to federal estimate, to the val
ue of over $,000,000. The gunboat Uudine had
been previously captured and destroy ml, as well
as the transports Checsinan and Mazeppa. aud
three barges, from which a large amouut of sub
sistence. blankets and shoes, as already stated,
hail been secured. This had been accomplished
with the loss of two twenty-poundrr 'Tarrots,
which were captured with the Venus, upon her
recapture. These guns, however, bad been cap
tured by Forrest's cavalry from the enemy at
Fort rillow. Two men from the artillery were
slightly wounded, and two uion killed, and two
from the cavalry.
This was the way the money went in the war.
It greatly beat Grant's loss of his depot at Hol
This may be good meat for the Southern His
torical Society, but the North has its historians,
who also were in the greater part of the affairs
they told, aud Geu. Sherman, in the Memoirs,
has distiosed of this affair iu a much more jaunty
manner. He relates that while he was reason
ing to himself that Hood could not cross the
Tennessee, tave at some place inaccessible to
our gunboats, this little Incident happcued:
On the 31st of October, Forrest made his ap
pearance on the Tenuessee Hirer opposite John
souville (wheuce a new railroad ran to Nash
ville), aud with his cavalry aud field pieces ac
tually crippled and captured two guuboats and
five of our transports, a feat of arms which I
confess excited my admiration.
It was a thing to b admired by a command
ing General whofuuud the tables of his in ratl
ing campaign turned against him and the situa
tion so "looking decidedly squally that he saw
noway out of it but te get out. But between
Gen. Sherman's admiration and this ex-Coufed-erate
captain's historical paper are dropped out
two of the gunboats, all of the eleven trauMports,
some eighteen barges, the storehouses and stores,
the aggreate estimated (perhaps in Confederate
money) at $,000,PUO. Did Gen. Sherman's ad
mirat'iun regard these as trifies of detail, or has
the Confederate historians acquired facility with
the most potent weapon of our greatest Gener
al, the long-bow f Vim. Car.
Erigham Young' First Wife,
Mary Ann Augell Yonng, relict of the late
President IJrlgham Young, died on Tuesday
night. She was the daughter of James W. An
gell and I'hebe Morton, aud was born in Ontario
County, New York, Juue ?, I03. Subsequently
the family moved to Providence, K. I. She
heard and believed tun gofijtcl in 1831, and was
haptixed at Avon, N. Y., in 1832, gathered with
the saint at Kirtlaud, O., and was there mar
rieU to the late President Itrigham Young by
.Sidney Itigdou. in March, 1514. She was sub
jected to the persecutions of the mob in Missou
ri, one jeit uer nome, ana nit 11 tne people) 01
her choice wended her way to the Miitsitotippi
Hirer, residing one winter in Montrose, Iowa,
and supported her family during the missions
of ber unsband, Itrigham Young. In 1841 she
moved to Commerce, afterwards called Nan voo.
Many of the saints who are now living, will re
member the starvation days of Nanvoo. Here
she cultivated a small garden, and succeeded in
raising a few vegetables, which were of great
worth in that sickly location. She shared in
common the persecutions which drove the Lat
ter Day Saints into the wilderness, and in all
these trying circumstances, never was disheart
ened nor lost her faith in God. Her labors in
the early eettlemenl of this city are known to
many, and through her uniform kindness and
hospitality, she won the prayers of the poor and
meek, and gladdened the hearts of the bowed
down. For twenty-five years, she had scarcely
known a day of gpod health. In March last,
her feet began to swell. This affliction had
been on her more or less for years, and in the
course of a few weeks, reached her body, and
ultimately caused her death. She lingered in
great agouy until the afternoon of the J7th lost.,
when she gradually sunk into iuseusibility, and
passed peacefully away at 9 o'clock in the even
ing. She is tbe mother of six children, viz : Jo
seph A., deceased; Brigbam and Mary A.
(twin), the latter deceased; Alice Y. Clawson.
deceased; Lnna Y. Thatcher, and John W.
Salt LaLe Herald.
"It Nevsr Crowed vx Oxtc TaUR.1 A farm
er down in Osage County says that if the corn
continues to grow as it baa for the past few
weeks, it will be eighteen feet high by husking
time. This reminds ns of a Kansas corn inci
dent occurred at the Philadelphia Centennial
Exposition of It?: 6: "An old lady from the bills
of New England, where the corn is planted in
the crevices of the granite rock with a shot gun,
was passing through the Kansas building, in
company with ber husband. Tbe display of
corn on the stalk attracted her attention, and at
ouce aroused her suspicion; turning to hex hus
band in an excited manner, she said: 'John,
that corn's spliced T George Crawford, in
charge of the Kansas exhibit, who heard the re
mark, took down the Ion -rest stalk, and laid it
on the floor, in order that she might examine it.
The old lady put on her spectacles, and ou
iiauas ana Knees rnorcu irom one ena or me
stalk to the other, examinioc closely ererr
joint; satisfied that she had at first been mis
taken, she raised np, and placing nernanason
her haunches, looking her husband square in
the face, she said: 'No, that corn ain't spliced,
but I tell you what it it, John, it never all
growed In one year.' "
UKC0L2TS BEATS BED.
!- Kffsrta Jf a1e for the Parda f JIr.
I9arra.it JMnae Very Affect I mg Sceaea.
The execution of Charles J. Guitean, for the
assassination of the late President Garfield, nat
urally causes the memory to revert to the exe
cution which took place on July 7, 1G5, when
Lewis Tame, Darid E. Herold, George A. Atxe
rotlt and Mary E. Surra tt suffered the extreme
penalty of the law, for the assassination of Pres
ident Liu coin, and the attempted murder of
William H. Seward, then Secretary of State.
This was nearly serenteen years ago, aud since
that tinio a new generation has come np, who
know comparatively little about tbe tragedy.
That execntion took place in the arsenal grounds,
aud the condemned criminals had but two days
after the promulgation of the findings of the
military commission by which they were tried,
in which to make their preparations for eterni
ty. The condition of the city and country was
vastly different from what it is now. The infa
mous act, it will be remembered, was committed
just at the close of the war of tbo rebel liou,
when the whole nation waa full of joy at tho
near approach of the close of the four years of
bloody strife that had cost so much treasure.
Tbe shock of the assassination was great, and
the joyful heart of the nation was turned to
bitter sorrow. Mingled with the people's woe
was a feeling of revenge at this last and most
Inbruniu act in the tragedy of treason, and the
conspirators were quickly arrested and hpeedily
The method of trial was by military commis
sion, inasmuch as the District of Columbia was
under martial law. Tbe compot.itiun of that
commission was as follows: Maj.-Cens. David
Hunter and Lewis Wallace, Ilrevet Maj.-Gen.
August V. Kauntz, Brig.-Grtis- Albion P. Howe,
Kobert'S. Foster, James A. Ekln, H. Tompkins,
IT. S. A., Lieut.-CoI. Charles H. Cleudenin,
Ilrtg.-Gen. Joseph Holt, Judge Advocate Gener
al U. S. A., Judge Advocate and Recorder, Hon.
John A. Hingham, of Ohio, and Maj. Henry L.
Burnet were appointed asiBfantJndge-Advo-cates.
Those who were arraigned liefore the
commission were David E. Herold, George A.
Atzerodt, Lewi Payne, Michael 0Laugbliu,
Edward Spangler, Samuel Arnold, Dr. Samnel
A. Mudd, aud Mary E. Surratt. The act of as
supination was committed by Booth, ou tho 14th
of April ; on the 26th of that month he was cap
tured and killed, and on May lSth the com
mission commenced tbe taking of testimony,
which continued until June id, at which time
the arguments were submitted, and the record
was then reviewed by the Judge-Ad vocatevGeu
eral, who transmitted it to the Secretary of War,
and then to President Johnson, who approved
the findings and sentences of the commission.
Although it was not known what the sentences
were until their promulgation in the order of
July 5, it was generally supposed that Mrs. Sur
ratt, because she was a w omau not because she
was not deemed clearly guilty of full participa
tion in the conspiracy would not lie compelled
to suffer the extreme penalty. When the order
was made public, every effort that could 1m de
vised was used to obtain a mitigation of the hen
tencc. Judge Holt and President Johnson were
besieged by persons high in authority and influ
ence, tbe former to recommend and the latter to
bestow clemency. Judge Holt had united with
the other members of the Court in recomuif tid
ing Mrs. Surratt to Executive clemency, but tho
President declined to grant jr, and approved the
findings of the commission. So ersisteut were
those, who interested themselves in behalf of
3 Irs. Surratt, that the President was obliged to
shut himself up in his private apartments, and
decllue to see anv one. Mrs. Stephen A. Doiiz-
las was one who haunted the White House and
pleaded for tho life of the unfortunate woman.
There was quite a pressure for clemency in lie
half of Herold, who had been known m Eaat
Washington as a sort of reckless bnt harmless
young fellow, with not more brains thau the law
alllowed. The writer well retneniljers a painful
scene in the office of the Judge-Adtocato Gener
al, on the morning of the day of execution.
Two sisters of Herold, both clad in deep mourn
ing, called upon Judge Holt, to intercede, for
their brother. As they were shown iuto the
Judge's private room, an expression of mingled
pain aud sorrow passed over his features, as he
rose to receive them. Then, with tears stream
ing down their checks, aud sobs chokiug their
utterance, they begged for the life of their mis
guided brother. The Judge told them that he
had no jniwer in the matter; that the President
abnto could graut their request; but they lin
gered, loth to leave, and seemed to think tbat
because Judge Holt had been the recorder of the
comimsMon, and was a Jiidge-Advocate.Geucral,
he rould aid them. Finally, they departed, to
make ait effort to vee the President, and the
Judge put on his hat, left the bureau, and did
not return that day.
The passes for admittance to tho arsenal
grounds, to witness the execution, were issued
by Gen. W. S. Hancock, and the pressure on
that officer for them was fully as great as that
tu which General Crocker was snhjected. Too
number wus limited, however, as In the present
iustauce, and those who procured passes were In
a decided minority of the applicants. At the
arsenal, Maj.-Gen. Hart ran ft was in charge of
tne troops, lueuayottue execution was op
pressively Itot, and the spectators who stood 111
front of the gallows had no protection from the
rays of the July sun, save the umbrellas that
many carried. Of these spectators it is safe to
say that nearly every one expected a reprieve
for Mrs, Surratt.
The conversation, before the condemned per
sons were brought to the scaffold, was all about
a stav of execution in her case. Wben it was
found that she ascended the scaffold with the
rest, a murmur of surprise rau thrungh the
throng, aud from then until the fatal drop fell
heads were constantly turned to the entraurr,
and thcaappearanceof an orderly with au order
for a reprieve in her case was confidently ex-
Iiected, to the very last moment. The writer
las a vivid recollection of that scene, tbe first
execution he ever witnessed. Herold and Atze
rodt both appeared haggard and frightened.
Payne walked boldly up, apparently without
any care or thought of the occasion. He wore a
blue shirt uud pantaloons, aud a light straw
hut. His face had a brutal look, but his figure
was a splendid specimen of manly physique.
Mrs. Surratt wore n black alpaca dre.ss, and
black lon net and veil. Her face was very pale,
but she walked firmly as she led the procession
of the condemned, she lieing the first to tep ii
011 the scaffold. Fathers Walter and Wiget at
tended her, aud as she sank Into a chair which
had lecn placed for her, her lips moved, proba
bly in prayer, as she gave" her attention entirely
to her spiritual advisers. When the final mo
ment came, Atzerodt was the only one who
spoke, and he exclaimed: "Take ware! proba
bly meaning warning. "Gentlemen, I hope to
see you in the other world. This quotation is
from memory, and tbe latter sentence may not
bo exact; the first expression is distinctly recol
lected. When the drop fell, the order was given
ho silently that none heard it, and the four bod
ies dangling in the air flashed upon the vision of
tbe spectators so suddenly that a shudder passed
over them oil. Thns ended the tragedy of the
assasMlnatinn of Abraham Lincoln, the first mar
The trial and the executiou which will take
I dace to-day are all widely different. Guitean
lad not the excuse f passions inflamed by war;
lie was tried by a civil tribunal, and the action
of the Court was confirmed bythebigherConrts,
tn which appeals were made. In tbe case of the
military commission, the act of approval of the
scutences was that of the President ; iu the pres
ent case, the assassin was adjudged guilty by
twelte impartial jurors, and the review of the
trial was by Judges learned iu tbe law, arrived
at their conclusions by cool, legal reasoning.
The conspirators were represented by eminent
legal counsel, among whom were Hons. Ileverdy
Johnson. James M. Carlisle, Messrs. Maon,
Campliell, Fred. Stone, Joseph II. Bradley, Win.
E. Foster, Wallace W. Kirby, Fred. A. Aiken,
John W. Clampitt, and Judge Walter S. Cox,
who presided at the trial of Guitean. Col. Ev
erton J. Conger(now Associate Justice of Mon
tana Territory) was tbo commanding officer of
the First District of Columbia cavalry, that cap
tured Booth and Herold, and wa at tbe execu
tion officially. He is a brother of Senator Omar
D. Conger. iVatitingtom Republican.
A 'Woman Assaulted by Snakes.
During the week, Mrs. Camden, who lives on
the Lexington and Covington turnpike road, one
mile from town, was attacked by two black
snakes, while on her way to tbe spring. There
was a path through a field of grass, leading to
the spring, along which she was gotug when
tbe suakes tnide fight. One of them wrapped
itself around her foot and ankle, while the other
stood on its tail, and endeavored to get about
her waist and neck. She fought the reptile
with a bucket which she had in her hands, and
cried out lustily, when, ber son. a young man,
came to her rescue with a hoe. One of the
snakes left Mrs, Camden, and made a vigorous
assault upon the young man, bat he speedily
dispatched it with a hoe, and then went to the
relief of his mother, and succeeded in killing
the other snake. The snakes were of the species
known as "racers, and noted for theirpropensi
ty to chaso people when disturbed. They t were
about five feet long, and very slim. Mrs. Cam
den, though terribly frightened, has suffered no
ill cousequences from the encounter. Cevingtem
( A'jf.) Camsterris!.
A Yjcttcbax or Waterloo. The recent .anni
versary of Waterloo June IS was duly cele
brated in England and elsewhere throughout
the Qneen's dominions, by every regiment that
had a part in the memorable fight. A feature
of the observance waa the decorations of the
colors with laurel. In Chelsea College, aa an in
pensioner, but one survivor of Waterloo now re
mains. His name is John Mackle, aod he waa
present at a Marlborough nouse parade, on June
18, receiving great attention. His age is 97, and
he is said to still retain all his faculties. In
various other parts of England, there are living
several other survivors of the battle.
Tax Boston GUbe makes the awful remark that
the anassin seem to bave converted his minister.
TO A SKELETON.
(Tbe IIS. of thla poem, vhkh appeared dorin- the first
fruiter of tbe preent century, wai aaid to bare been found
in tbe loamm of tbe lural College of Surgeon, tn Lmm1i,
near a perfect human akeletuo. and to bare been sent br
tbe Cnrattir to th ifersinj CkrvuieU for publication, ft
exritsMoriniDcb attention that every effort waa made to
diaeorrr tbe aulli., and a reapuniuble party went ao far aa
to offer s rem ard of cftr guim-aa for informAtion that would
dit-Ter it origin. Tbo author prrperred hi imemgntta.
and, we brbere, baa neTrr been diM-orerrd.
rbold thi rain TV.wa-.laIl,
' hiee of ethrn al apint f nil.
Thi narrow cell waa Life a retreat.
Thia Mpaee waa Tboo-ht'a nratetioa aent.
What Leaateosa rUion filled thi pot,
What dreama f pleaaoro lunge forgot !
Xor nope, nor Joy, nor hire, nor fear,
llaTe left one trace of record here.
Heneath thla tnoulderioe canopy
One abone tne brieht and buv eye;
Kut atart not at lb diaaial tom,
If aortal lore that eye employed.
If with no law lea fire it EVamed.
Hat through tho dew of kindnea Waived,
That eye ahall be forever brieht,
When star and aun are unL In night.
Within thla hollow cavern hnaf
The ready, swift, anil tnnefal tongue;
ir aWbood a honey It diadained.
And when H could not prai waa chained j
If bold la Virtue's eauae it spoke,
Vet gentle coawoed never Wok,
This silent tongue ahall plead for thee,
1Yhon Time unveil Eternity !
Say. did theae finger delre tho mine t
t with the enrled rubiea shine t
To hew the rock or wear a gem.
Can little now avail to them.
Bat if tbe page of truth they sought.
Or comfort to tbe mourner brought,
Theae band a richer meed ahalTcUiru
Than all that wait on Wealth and Fame,
A raila It whether bare or shod.
Tbce feet the paths of duty trod !
If from tbe bower of Kate they fled.
To tek Affliction's bumble bed ,
If Grandeur's guilty bribe tbey aparned.
And home to Virtue cot returned,
These feet with aogrl wings shall vie.
And tread the palace of the sky 1
Aa Interview Will, Ibe Dead Aaaaaala by tbe
AU tfa piril Jlrdlaui.
About two hours after Guitean vat launched
into eternity, yesterday, a Chronicle reporter,
thinking the assassin's spirit had ha.l ample
time to reach his future home, visited Madame
Silva, the well-kuown spiritual medium on Pine
Street, aud obtained an interview with the cele
brated criminal's spirit. When he reached the
house of the medium, he was shown into a wait
ing room. After some delay which tho medi
um explained was on account of having to clear
the room of some evil spirit who had been sum
moned to converse with a St. Louis detective
he was ushered Into the consultation room. The
room was small and dark, and did not present
other than au ordinary tppearance, excepinga
small wooden table, around the legs of which
was tacked a heavy woollen blanket, aud a large
uarK. curiam was suvpeuueu on iuo wail.
The reporter stated his mission, and was shown
a seat near the mysterious table. The medium
said she feared that Mr. Guiteau could i.ot be
called, ai he had only been gone a tdiort time,
and had hardly time to arrive in the spirit land,
but she was willing to try. She took a small
slate, and closed her eyes; after calling for a
sinter spirit several times, she was answered.
They had a short conversation, in which tbe
spirit told her that the spirit of Charles Jules
Guiteau had just arrived, aud they were making
a great fuss over him. She said his arrival had
created au excitement among his old friends
and cranks, who rushed np to welcome him as
soon as be fell through the trap.
While the medium was conversing with a good
spirit about Guiteau. the assassin's name was
called, and he came ui and introduced himself
to tne lneuium ami reporter.
Where are you f tbe reporter asked.
"I am iu torment, said Oniteati, through the
medium, "but I hoiie to le out mxu. "Them is
a lieuntiful place, Jnt lctoud here, and by pro
gresMiou I hope to get there. I am a spirit that
did wrong, but I am rerouting fur it now. My
hands are tied with penitence."
"How did you feel wben you were hanged!'
"When I pasted away, I d"id not feel any pain,
I had a severe, pain in my head when I stepped
ou tbe scaffold.
'Is there any one yon wish to be remembered
to in St. Louis f
'Xo. but there is a lady who does not live
there, I whdi to send my love to her; it is my
sistvr Tell her I am trying to make my peace
with my Savior. Siuco I haie been here, I have
found Kimifi ouo who ingoing to help me. It is
Garfield. He has progressed, and occupies a
beautiful place. He is very happy.
"Will yon now say what prornnted you to
commit the terrible deed for which you were
I was disappointed at not getting an oftice,
and I pondered over it nntil I thought I ought
to do something deirate. I made up my mind
to kill Garfield, and I ain sorry I did it. I was
not crazy. Garfield la in heaven, now, and I
exjtect to get there by progression.
"What kind of a place is torment f
"It's a place where yon think of all the sins
yon have committed at once, and receive pun
ishment for everj' one. They have given me a
stationary place here, and I suppose 1 will have
to stay here until I can get better. I am safer
now thau I would bo on earth. If they had let
me off, my neck wonld have been choked any
way." "Do you think Arthur should have pardoned
"Xo; I think he did perfectly right.,
Here Guiteau told the medinm that be was
very glad to find that he could communicate
with his friends on earth.
The reporter asked If he had seen anything of
Jesse James since his arrival.
"Yes; Jesse was one of the first to welcome
me. He does not try to progress and get out of
"See anybody else f
"Yes, lots of people I know, but they are beg
ging me not to tell on them. Politicians aud
newspaper men are largely in tbe majority.
K very body expects that 1 have gone to bell,
At this jdacc, the interview wo Interrupted
by Jesse James, who hud heard his name called,
lie commenced telling the reporter something
about Goernor Critendnn's mipopnlarity with
the spirits, on account of pardoning the gam
blers; he was suggesting two good men for
Police Commissioners, when Guitean pushed
him aside, aud resumed the conersatieu. "Saw
Booth since I have been heri. You would not
know him; you would never think lie had killed
"Will jon give us a description of hell f
"There Is no sneb place as hell. They do tint
call it hell here ; It's a place of torment, and by
being a good spirit, you can progress and become
a happier spirit. I expected to meet tbe devil
as soon as I arrived, hut I was disappointed
there is no such person."
"How do yon spend your timet
"Since my arrival, I have been feeling very
sluggish. I cau't help being a crank ; I was so
mean, ou my arrival, tbat I tried to pick a tight
with your Missouri representative, Jease James.
At this point, a number of evil spirits came
up, aud the interview was broken oil. Guitean
told the reporter that he was sorry to leave him,
but hoped to have tbe pleasure of seeing him
soon. After conversing with a number ot
MrangespiriU,'the'rejHrter asked the medium
if he could not see the epirit of Guiteau. She
doubted whether his spirit would appear or nut,
as he was classed with the evil spirits, and they
were not permitted to appear, but she would
try. The room was darkened, and the reporter
was told to look at the large black curtain. Af
ter a few mysterious motions made by the medi
nm, a vague outline appeared in which tbe re
tmrter thought he recognized a resemblance to
the assassin. His spirit was visible only a few
seconds. This, the medinm explained, was he
cause spirits of people who had just died could
not appear distinctly for several weeks. She
invited the reporter to call again in, two or
three weeks, and promised him an interview
with Gnitean's spirit in his pretence, St, Lonit
Guitea.ua Last Dream.
"How do you feel; this morning V said a re
porter, yesterday, to the doomed assassin.
"Very well," said he. "I have a good appe
tite. My sleep was sound and refreshing, with
the exception of an unpleasant dream I had. I
thnnght I was on the gallows. A sea of curious
faces were turned towanl me they were pale
and cruel. I scanned everything very closely.
I carefully noted the color and roughness of a
brick wall near by, and of a fly which was
crawling across tbe smooth surface of a pane of
class. I heard a foot-fall behind me, and before
I could speak, I felt a rope around my neck. A
close fitting, almost sarTocatiog cap was slipped
over my head. I attempted to pull it off. It
was dark. Strong, unseen hands tied my arms.
I called for help, but no attention was paid to
me. Presently. I beard a Jow voice ssy, 'All
right.' Instantly, tbe Hoot gave way. The
rope jerked and tightened around my throat. I
waa choking. I tried to cry out. I could not.
I was strangling. MUlionVof sparks danced be
fore my eyes, llreath was leaving me. I awoke
with a start. I was almost suffocated. The
cell was hot and stifling, and I was covered
with cold perspiration. Hat when I threw aside
those pants (Indicating an eitempore curtain to
shsde his eves from the gas light) the unpleas
ant feelings left me." CiaeimmaU jUqwtrtr.
At a recent wedding in Xew York, the bridal
cake was put In white boxes. In the shape of
liorse-shoes. On tbe icing which ornamented
the top of each box. were tbe words, "Merrie
Wedding Dsy" in Old English, and each one
waa finished by a bow of white satin ribbon,
tied in a true lover's knot, with the. monogram
of the bride aud groom on the ends.
Tux Xew York Tistet says Moses Taylor could
tell the eost, earnings and Talue or every ship he
had by referring to his books, and takes the Na
vy Department to task for not keeping accounts
with separate ships as to cost and miles steamed.
CAtch a Kobeson standing a racket ltko that.
In 1875, there was published in Cincinnati a
book under tbe aboe title, the author of which
was Samuel Itenner, calling himself an Ohio
fanner. In this little brochure of some one hun
dred and thirty pages, an attempt was made to
forecast prices as far ahead as IriWl. Xnrisit
mere gnessing, for tbe author gives what he
calls his ''cast-iron law," the application of
which will enable anv oue to tell tho rrneral
course of prices, in what Tears to expect pros
perity, and when panics will come, llenner lte-
Iieves in cycles of prices. He appears to know
nothing of ojierations In the stock market, and
dees not venture to foreshadow the erratic course
of that sensitive pulse of the business of the
country. His rules apply to grain, provisions
ana iron, out more particularly to tne latter,
ne says: "As the iron industry rises or falls iu
the scale of prosperity, so does the reneral busi
ness of the country. Pig-iron is our Xorth Star
to guide ns over the damreroos roads of com
merce. It is the barometer of trade, and as the
sudden falling of tbe mercury denotes violent
changes In the atmospherical world, so does the
periodical decline in the price of pig-iron indi
cate panie, tiepresaion, ana general stagnation
It follows, from this, that if we find the key
w iuu m t laitAui 111 iud iitm ui iiuu, it, in a cviu
Earatiely easy matter to know when to be a
ull, and when a bear: fur. if the consumntion
Iron falls off, the times are bail, and values are
low, while if iron advances, the business of the
country is zoed. It mnst be confessed that in
his specific predictions Benner came very near
tun iraiu. iron, ne said, would ia lower iu
Iflfi than in lc75; it wa, however, to reach
its lowest point in 1877. Seveutr-eiiiht was to
see an improved demaud for iron, and higher
inters, wuiie. in js.y, uoiwuusiauuingresump-th-n,
tho price would show a large advance over
le78. He further predicted still higher prices
in t&0, and the highest price of all in I8el, af
ter which there was to be a decline for four or
As a mater of fact, iron did see its lowest fig
aiesin 177, bnttbe price culroiuatcd in Feb
ruary, IcH). Then there was a heavy break.
aud a subsequent recovery in the summer of
that year, and it Uuitetme th.it tbe falling otf
of the demand has Itecome more decided in 18.J
than it was iu lbrl. The remarkable part of
a,i4i.-i jutuivuuu sva iu luiccuxuuK uiiicr puces
of iron In l!?7D, in spite of resumption. The
general opinion of that time was, th.it resump
tion meant contraction, and lower prices; but
I It 11 uer was right, and the Greeuhackers ami
croakers were wrong. Indeed, resumption was
inflation, as it added gold and silver to the pa
per then existing as a part of thocurrcucyof the
Hut what of the future f And here is a quota
tion: "lit lr! and the six succeeding jears,
running to !?, like tbe years after 1854 and
lc&J, wo may look for squalls in the money mar
ket blue-Mondays, bjack -Fridays, ana torna
does in baukiiig. After the year lct.
tne price 01 pig-iron win advauce, all business
will bo prusperuns. corn aud hogs will be on the
advance, agriculture aud manufactures will be
active, all trades and industries will make
money, np to the jear Id!) I, when we predict a
panic, which will not be confined to the United
States, or to this continent, but will sweep over
tbe world like the panics of 111) and 1357, and
will lie felt with equal be verity in other coun
tries." It may be mentioned here, tbat no less a finan
cier thau Jay Gouhl.at one time was (and may
be yet) a lndiever in Ileuners theory that tho
price of iron iudieated the future course of the
market. Iu 17 J, when at Lake George, lie
was a.sked by a certain Judge, who is now a
large dealer in Wall Street securities, whether
tbe Centennial wonld not see a change for the
I-tterr in the business of the country. Gould
told him tbat better times could not come un
til the price of iron show ed that it was in de
maud again, in tbo industries of the country.
"Do not buy," said he, "until thn price of iron
begins to advance rapidly." If there is any
thiug iu thia theory, eten a great crop this sum
mer will not help us, for the priuo of irou is 011
the down grade, and likely t remain mi for a
year or more.
ltnt what is the cast-iron rub of lleiinerf It
is simply tho jieriiwlicity of prices. He ghrs
tubles to show that the lowest and the highest
trices come at certain definite intervals. te
iave three good years, followed by rive bad
ears, theu there is some improvement, but the
prosperous yearn are always fewer than those in
which business is dull or depressed. Thetgrcnt
panics came ut intervuls of from sixteen to
twenty jear. Our panic years were ldl!), 1H37,
1357, and IzTX If the future Is like tbe past,
auotber uuo should tome at the cud of the
eighteen years, which will elapse between 173
and lettl. Speculations of this kind w ill always
be interesting to those who deal in securities or
any of the commodities of the day. It is sur
prising that there are not more attempts made
to forecast the future. Every merchant who
lays in a stock of goods, does so in accordance
withsome theory as to their probable value at
some time in the future. The whole credit sys
tem of commercial Nations Is founded npon the
belief that prices will not go above or below a
certain figure. In Wall Street, it is the opera
tor w ho forms a correct theory as to the course
of prices who makes the most money In the long
run; mere trailers are sure to be swamped. It
is those who see farthest ahead, and bave the
courage to net upon their convictions, that se
cure tbe great prizes Iu tbe stock market.
It may be remarked, iu passing, that panic
are not universal over the commercial world.
Their activity aud violence are confined to com
munities which are largely siecnlative, like the
United States and Great Britain. The panics of
1857 and 173, each so disastrous to the English
sjieaking nations, Germany and Anatria, pnn
duced no ill elfect iu Frauce, beyond a slight
falling off and dullness in traffic The French
manufacturers had few orders, because their
foreign customers were in trouble, but there
were few failures, because there were few debts,
I tenner's Prophecies are substantially out of
print, and tbe author, if alive, would do well to
get out a new edition, bringing his tables down
to date. The success of the first predictions
would undoubtedly give the work a sale. A
chapter devoted to the railway market would
add greatly to the attractions f the work. The
A Grand Tribute, by a Great Old Kan.
The only oration f yesterday that is likely to
sum ive long In men's memories Is that read at
Williams College, which was writteu by Its old
President, the venerable and venerated Mark
Hopkins, who Improved the occasion of nuveil
iug the memorial window in honor of Garfield,
presented by Mr. Cyrus W. Held, by preparing
a discourse on his favorite pupil, the Martyr
President, who was shot while on his way to at
tend the Williams commencement. Even after
all the demonstrations and discourse Ml memo.
ry of Garfield, the Williams ceremony of yester
day, aud Dr. Hopkins address, will command
fresh and peculiar interest.
Many will remember that on the afternoou of
Garfield's inauguration, when thousands of im
portant polittclaus were demanding interviews,
he shut out all visitors, In onler to admit a dele
gation of Williams alumni, headed byex-PresI-dent
Hopkins. The full history of that private
gathering has not been published, bnt we know
that, after Dr. Hopkins ioke proudly of the
fulfillment of his own predictions that Garfield
would ls President, Garfield, full of emotion,
said to Dr. Hopkins, "You are more President
than I." Others who were at Williams yester
day must have recalled the loId statement made
by Garfield, ten or twelve years ago, to the ef
fect that If he had to chooae between a small
college in the woods with l)r. Hopkins for Pres
ident, and a fully equipped University, a re
jarda material outfit, aud ordinary instructors,
le would seek the former witbont sn instaut'a
The memory of Garfield will never becomes
dim tradition at Williams, intimately associated
as tbe forming part of his career was with that
college, and as the memory of Dr. Hopkins will
lie with that of hisbnpiL The lattera discourse
yesterday was the deliberate and judicious trib
ute of the greatest man in this country who has
ever been a college President to the only pupil
who was ever singled out, while in college, as a
prnltable Irrsidetit of tbe United States, by bis
college head. As Dr. Hopkins has always been
considered -to lie a man of exceptional knowl
edge of human natnre and capacity for judging
the inherent faculties and forces of young men,
and as ho never wavered in his confidence in
Garfield, aud was never surprised by any of ht
rirodigiesof achievement or of success, this del
iberate tribute rendered yesterday is likely tn
have the greatest weight u the minds of cool
and impartial historians of the men and events
of onr times a generation beuce. Xetr York Matt
and Lrprett 5s.
Will Bemit Soon.
Vna the Sunday Moraine Call)
Cheering words, these t
The editor sits in his asnetum; he has fW.P3 to
pay to-dsy, and be has gathered together &3,
and needs but pOruore. LetUr after letter is
opened, spd he finds a wonderful unanimity of
sentiment npou the part of his debtors a kindly
feeling, a disposition to remit soon. Any won
der that the unbidden teara well up, thst his
heart is softened, his soul lifted np, as he con
siders this uniform kindness?
Yes, tbey will remit soon, and the next time
tbe editor dons them, they will remit soon, and
if he tackles them again, they will remit soon.
Those fellows who asy tbey will remit, appar
ently bave a confused notion as to the real
meaning ef the word a sort of undefined idea
thst It settles it. We wsnt a man to say that
he will pay, or settle, or whack up, or come to
time, and then we feel tbat we hare some show
of realizing; bnt experience has. taught ns thst
to depend upon the average remit man is
JJl a drepplBX Track ta lata empty wetla,
And irowlflx U Ut drsvlsf soOisx ?
Mr. Scmxer once characterized Secretary
Robeson as "thst great sailor among lawyers,
and great lawyer among sailors.""
A BAT.T.APE OF SUMMER.
r x e. it 1 nvrvK
The air I druwalne in a wso.
rnWieof s.iun.1, hile ptldra rav
Of win divide tbe anertMsiu
In sleenv hues aod ullen hfe;
Aemss tbe fleVI. thnmsb wumly waj a,
A faint bree atir with Utla f-t :
ThelteetUdntttea. tne hsM-tiD.ti ?
Mt thinks the Summer time is sweet
I bear the lea Vw tunrmansr tane.
A ftwea pa Wa to bright he straj :
lie rutuea U Aft. Imt leave ti msm.
No single hlasmutn's kre altars:
Tbe bmuk with broken Uink'weed pLii.
Fallen flowers and breezrMwn blUde ut heat :
AVee- bird In- little of praise
liethinfc the Summer-tune Is sweet.
Antm the al-ht r leaf lit June
linn down tt nunr a flowery maze
The einUn Ttissas of the mmm,
Ta a the itfiil stints ef dav s t
Tbe field lie bathed in mellow blue
Of silTer: Naw 1 haste U street
Tbe tmat Wre tbat toy heart otor
Mrthlnka the Sammer lime 1 sweet.
Reader sod loTer. 1t purtriT
AU a en ami In fair hues rvnipU-te
Lore Urea whan cidd or fame decays.
And luie, like Niuuner-tlaie, U sweet T
Peraaaal ReealleelUaa r the WamdrrfaUy
I'rotiQe ! Writer.
Mrs Southworth, the novelist, has been spen
ding several weeks at her home. Prospect Cot
tage, the scene of her earlietst aud hardest strug
gles with fortune. The houses Is picturesquely sit
uated oil tbe heights above theaiusduct bridge,
and was built by a former French Minister.
She began her work when very yonng, and lias
been so long W ft re the public as a writer of fic
tion, that she is thought to lie much older than
she really is. Her dark brown hair with its wft
wavy bauds, has but the slightest touch of sil
ver. Her full, dark eyes have all the tire aud ex
pression of twenty summers. In conversation,
she is irresistible, and as a listener to others
incites the talkers to their best byberiuterestiug
attention. The womeu of her family, on her mo
ther's side, have all been remarkable fur a high
order of uientiility. When a young girl, she
taught school to help her family, and went to
Ohio when it was a wildi-roe", fjitcach. Whilti
there she met at the hon.se of a gentleman, wbo-o
guest she was, three young girls nf ber own ag..
They were &usau It. Authorry. Klizalieth Cady
and Klizalieth Itlackwell. This quartette of
girls, fated to liecouie famous, tvere congenial
spirit, ami the intimacy then formed lias con
tinued unbroken, throughout tbe changes of
nearly half a century.
After her marriage, Mrs. 8011 th worth accom
panied her husband toWiscmi.-in, the ilieivery
of lead mines having attracted utnuy sutlers.
The winter of their arrival they stopped with
a brother-in-law of Mrs. Southnurth's. As eve
ry house and shanty in the village uf Platlsburg
was occupie I, the young people were obliged to
move iu tbe spring, to a rude log structure, a
mile from the settlement, that had been occupied
asachmch. There was but one room, a clumsy
constructed fireplace was one side, and if there
had ever been any sash aud glass to the two ap
ertures that answered for wiudowsthey had been
taken away wbeu the place wus abandoned as a
house of worship. Over them Mr. Southwnrtlt
nailed some unbleached cotton. When tbe fur
niture bad Ieen arranged aud th fuel placed iu
the fireplace, the yonng housekeeper discovered
that tbey had neither matches to start the tire
with, nor salt to rnreaI.iigeqn.irterofbeefth.it
their brother-ill law had git en them -u leaving
his house in tho morning. Tbe shadows of the
trees about their sylvan-set cabin, told them the
day was nearly done, and as those much needed
articles were a mile away, there was im alterna
tive but tn go for them at once. Mr. South
worth seated himself by the driver of the team
who had brought out their household goods,
promising to return as isoouasposilih, which, at
the "best time ho could make, miut le mrr au
hour, as Im would have to walk back. Tbe nieu
having driven away, Mrs. Sonthuorth brought
out a clair, and sat down to enjoy the closing
sights and Miundsof that Iteautilul spring day.
All at mice a sense of the appalling stilluess
abroad startled ber, when a bng, low murmur
like the winds iu tbe tree top-, n filled ber with
dread, that she rnshed into tbe hnue and bar
red the door. Pulling the cotton curtain careful
ly aside she looked out aud saw the scintillating
hungry eyt of a pack of wolves. Realizing
that it sn tbe4sutof tit newly stiithtetx!
beef hanging against the logs Is-twen the door
ana the tniut n in-low, sin) tugett at It in tiie
darkness. Drugging it to the furthest corner of
tbe house, away from the door and window, she
awaited the issue. The nnnimals followed the
scent, and began- to dig and struggle at tbe
more secure portion of the cabin. Mure thau au
hour of suspense bad elapsed to the wolf-belea-gured
lady, when the welcome sound of men's
voices, and the re;s-rt of gnus, to told of rescue
and safety. "And, added Sirs, Southwortb,
"I lived for some time nnd passed some of
the happiest hours of my life in that log cabin iu
the forest of Wisconsin. At the request of Ro
bert Bonner, Mrs. Southwortb. went to Ku gland
and wrote in order to test the international copy-right
question, is ho resided in Loudon and
edited a patter, with her other literary labors,
lleconiiug convinced of the Impossibility of tie
curing the desired protection by foreign copy
right, and the civil war impending, Mrs. routli
worth returned home. A most sincere and genu
ine friendship has existed between Mr, gunth
worth and her publisher of a quarter of a centu
ry's duration, which is alike creditable tn both.
Her namesake, Miss Emnia Honner, extended
her wedding journey to Washington, to vlsither
god-mother, as Mr. Southwortb was prevented
from leing present at her favorite marriage in
New York last mouth.
She has two children a son nnd a daughter
and for several years past she has made her
home at Yonkers, so as to he near the latter,
who has married au enterprising business man
of that place. Mrs. Smthworth's married life
was not a happy one. I ler story of TLe Deser
ted Wife may bate grown into expression from
her life's experience, but kind fortune has made
amends for past heart -griefs, by the affectionate
tenderness and devotion of her family. Her sis
tersand children serve her with a devotion the
outcome of sincere regard. A inorr generous, un
selfish, kind hearted woman never fired the re
KjMiusihilitie of daughter, wife and mother, sis
ter, counselor and friend with more heroic cour
age and steadfastness of purpose, than Mrs.
They Wear Good Clothes.
The 1'epublicans are the best dressed popb hi
iMitU the i"ennte ami the House. Iliey have let
ter keptheards, kleek face, and look as if tbey
bad from to"ilii change In their vest pock
ets, Tbey look as though they think more about
public matters, than alsmt how to save -'..". J
out of a $.(Nmj salary. They wear good coats and
polished shoe, anil walk with the air of turn
confident of position, and are abovj making tbe
mailer 01 peiYinaiappearanceaanijeci-i stutiy.
They leave external matters to good tailors anil
bootmakers, pay the bitls. eatgoodfood and trim
mings shave often, and have their heads sham
jtooed so as to quicken clear thought, and smell
sweet to their friends and stives.
8me of the Democrats are just as well kept,
and glide through lhn Honse like gentlemen.
Lrt ns add bere, that dress doe not make the
gentleman, but it attracts gentlemen and sug
gests a clean skin. The plain Democrats wbo
come bere from the people glory in ling shod
with nail shoes and capped with a drooping,
aluucb, umbrella-like hat. Do these great fer
menting minds atop to think that the biggest
brains lately in the Senate, Kocoe Conk ling.
left his measure with his tailor when a boy; and
never knows what he puts on, except as h re
ceives a package on the eve of tbe seasons as
they come f
Chester A. Arthnr Is tbe neatest man in Wash
ington almost, and be has some brains ton. AIm
Hewett, Allison, Kdiminds and Itaudall are
wearers of good broadcloth, well cnt; so are do
zen of other. Speaker Kclfer Is always ready
for a day call. Vest, of Missouri, Is always well
shaped, and Ixildly wears a gold chain around
his neck, heavy enough to hold apleasnrejacht.
Vice President David Davis is a picture of re
sjectibility. Old Iiobesou looks like au Eng
lish lord. Memlsrrs who get lodgings Iu the su
burbs, for $1 a day. two meal included, spend
the time they should be circulating among their
brother members, In the frefinented hotels and
other quarters, walking to aud fnmi their coun
try tnr-milk homes. When thev get to their
seats intbe Capitol, they feel dull with bail sto
mach, and hardly get to thinking before Cal
kins, Heed and other bright Hcpuldicans have
them jn tbe nine-hole. (afrrsfos Ac.
The Longest Fexcr ix the Wouxd. The
louirest line offence in .the world, will be the
wire feuce extending from the Indian Territory,
west across ineiexasi'an Handle, ami tuirty
five miles into New, Mexico. We are informed
that eiithtv firs miles of this fence is already un
der contract. Its course will run In the line of
tbe Canadian river, and its purpose is to stop the
drift of tbe northern cattle. It is a bold and
splendid enterprise, and will pay a large per
centage on the investment. . The fence will be
over 5JU0 miles long. 'Clarendon, AVvt.
Thkt tell a good story on Governor Dennison.
of Ohio, recently deceased, to this effect: The
Neil noose, at Columbus, took fire on tbe night
of the November election, 18G0. Columbus was
poorly supplied with fire engines, and the Gov
ernor sent the folio wiug telegram to the Mayor
CoiXMBffl, O., November . lcCO. The Neil
House is en fire. Lincoln has carried Ohio by
j0,OUO majority. Send to two fire engines to put
It OO U VVILJJAM UEXXISON.
A msTOKjc document. lone believed to have
been lost, has jnst been discovered In the Cha
teau de Chanterine. (Sort be) in an old clothes
press. It consists of a manuscript history of
some of the Kings of France, with fretjoent
marginal notes -wr.tten by the Dauphin when
a prisoner in me iempie.
j TORNADO TAT.TT,
1 Haw the 4aarge af the Weal et- Ila Awful
n Cyrlanlc Xiturbnnrrs Freak f the
Great elevations are favorable to expansive
ideas, which is probably one rea&ou why the top
of the Equitable bntldiug m this city was select
ed for a signal service station. In any case,
that hih overlook seemed a fitting place to
talk about tbe immense sweep and power of the
winds, as well as to feel the breath of the gentle
zephyrs which drifted in from tea such hot t!a
as those of last week. Partly by the help of t!
elevator, and partly by hi nnahled effort, a
Star wprcieutati.e reached that lofty perch iu
time to catch Mr. J. Ik Merrell, observer iu
charge, just as the glare of the sultry day was
"I am come, said the reporter, "to ak yon to
tell me about tornadoes. Iu fact, I wish one
were blowing now mopping his face with hi-
handkerchief. "I want to know something, or
rather the people do, as to how those western
tornadoes, such as are now playing their dam
aging antics out west in short, how they get
themselves up, and how they get in their work."
'"Well, answered the young signal officer,
politely, "Pm sorry iny big book on the subjeet
isn't published yet, but 111 talk extempore 111 a
general way. Tornadoos usually run off the
southern bonier of areas of low haronie r
These areas extend over the whole western conn
try. Here you'll see it on the map hold
up a map, and running his blue icncil across it.
as though maps wcr as cheap as decorate
window shades. "Certain conditions nlwa.t
precede these storm. Tliere is nsnallly qui .
long period of meteorological quiet. From tw.
weeks to a month, soft, warm, moist wind w '
blow from the Gulf of Mexico, bringing an m
calculable amount of moisture. This is the ma
terial for the tremendous rainfall which accom
panies the tornado. After these winds hae
ceased, dry, cold winds will legin to blow from
the north, Continuing anywhere from two
five weeks. Hy this time, an overwhelm
mass of air is accumulated in that section of ' '
"Can air le banked in that fashion, and b-':
subject to draft or check, as it wn?" asked b
greenhorn, gazing out on Trinity rhi:rh t-. '
and wondering how long it would take an .!'
bodied tornado to stiek it upside down in tn
river, with a Jersey City frri-but impair. 1 vu
the end ef it.
"Ye, it can; jnjt as water ran. Air :- th-
something like great masse of gut.ptmd t
storage, waiting for wjmnothrr power todi i
its hidden rcsmmes. Dy and by tho pp .
currents meet in the heavens, end then vu - m
the straggle for the lusatcrv. Did von i.-i .
a dog light!"
Always suspicious of a verbal ti:i.," t".
porter answered, ratttiotiah :
"I've seen two dogs tight.
'"That's what I mean. The cold, i!rv air a
the warm, imdat air are the two d-:. T
meet, grapple, and mil over, now one- on tu
and now tho other. Iu unscientific Iaugua,. .
that a tornado.
"What are the signs to show when tho tight is
coming on P
"They are rarely quite the same, and an 1111
practiced rye might nt observe them stall.
Commonly, the svmptmns are like this: Clouds
are seen approaching each other from oppoile
directions from each other; they come into con
tact presently, nud form a whirl. This is the
focus, or vortex, of tho disturbance. Other
clouds from all points of the couipav are draw ti
in, like floating bits of timlter into the Xorwe
gian mjrlstrom. Then tbey take tho shape of .
ftiuuel, point downward, and stoop until thev
roniM in tout act with tho earth."
"What is the next step in the mov erne tit "
"Kirst, we must remember that a tornado, as
indicated by this visible cloud fiiiue), has in
distinct motions, as. follows: First, au upward
motiuu interiorly, resembling the thread l a
screw, by whieh it picks up a 1 tides from tin
snrfaee, lifts them into the air, ami carries them
as though ou au invisible platform; second, :i
revolving action, as about an axis; third, ai
oscillating motion, swaying from side tu side, ns
around a moving tentre, like as when one holds
the end of a string In his fingers and revolve
the other end. to whieh a piece of lead is at
tached; fourth, a motion by whieh currents of
air from all sides are drawn to It; and fifth, 11
general progressive motion 011 its track.
"That ialout as complicated as a Walt ham
watch. How fast docs tlie tornado move, as ;.
ImmIj. aritu the country, when it iIcnt a mis
chief f I've read iu the papers that in late tor
undoes hi tbe West, tbe wn.il blew at the rate of
t sixtv miles an hnnr.
"That is true of the revolving motion, but not
of tbe general advancing oue. The lattervaius
from ten tu thirty mile. an hour. This tnov
incut does no harm; all the damage is done bv
the twisting, whirling motion, and the power
of that is incalculable.
"Is the damage ordinarily ns great as reported
iu tbe accounts published 111 tbe newspapers f
"Not by a considerable margin. The newspa
er stories are mostly lies
"Sir! shouted tbe reporter, springing to his
feet in a paroxysm oPludiguatiou, "iiewspaj rs
never lie, except, perhaps, when they publish
weather reports, for which the editors rati not
1st held rcsjwnsible.
"There, then; cool down, and you'll do jour
self a Signal Service. Only Western cw-pa-
1H-rs lie. The New York journals am some. tinier
eil astray by them that Is all. Why, a('bi
rago paper pri ti ted a story that in a late tor
nado out West, a wagou aud four horses v. cm
lifted front the road and lodged in the top of a
"Well, weren't they innocently, as one
who credited the tale of Washington and his
"It less it, no. They were caught in the whirl,
twitted around a little tree, and left thciv the
horse. and driver dead, nnd the wagon smashed.
into kindling wood."
"Might as well have gone up tbe big tree
"Will you, as a truth-telling observer, inform
me of any indubitable cases that have route
within your knowledge illustrating the pow-r
of the tornado P
"I can do that honestly, lweanse re been out
with a view to investigate that very thin., ly
onler of the Signal Service Department. I :--
seen seen! hark you a piete f pine hi . n
through a hickory sapling, making alm
clean a wreck of it an though a cannon ball t i
gone through it. 1 have seen shingles torn i.,m
tho roofs of honses and driven into trj. , t,
toIeH. There is one enrion fact about it,.
tornadoes which I ought to mention. WlVn j,
woman i caught up by one of them and wbrvi
aruuud iu the air awhile, sbe is finally at t tlo t
without a rag of clothing ou Irr ; and nii-n s
lieu r a chicken is carried tip. the wind r :
the feathers tf as Ibonuh the bird bal '
scalded and plucked for the pot. Now, 1 1 v
treats men differently, ran-.y d-stroy iu,; ui .r
"That's odd enough, ntnsed tho reporter
"Perhaps old ltoreas is disgnsted with tho styl-s
in women and chickens, and takes that rnde way
"Maybe. Hut, speaking of tho tower of tho
tornado, I've seen objects of considerable weight
carried from a few yeanls to twenty miles. I
knew of a piece of sill from a barn to be picked
np by the tornado, carried eight miles, and then
driven half its length into tho ground; and it
weighed about -100 pound.
"Seems to me, that's about as tough a story
as those told In the newspapers, suggested tho
"Hut my stories happen to be facts,auwered
M r. Merrill, with perfect command of tetniwr, as
though his spirit dwelt perpetually in an area of
"What's the difference between a tornado apd
a cyclone !"
"A tornado is a baby cyclone, A cyclono
sweeps over an ocean circle of ltXJ miles in diam
eter, while iu the case of a tornado the path of
destruction rnuges from one-quarter to a half a
mile in width. The disturbance is local ; it is
like a locomotive, confined to a track. Three or
four miles from this track there is comparatively
little disturbance during its progress.
What becomes of the tornado, after it is sat
isfied with any single performance; how does it
make its exit, so to speak, from before a critical
Western audience V
"After running amuck for from twenty to fifty
miles,, the fennel-shaped cloud is draw up into
the tky as rapidly as it descended, and the show
er is over ftir that occasion. Heavy rainfalls
follow tornadoes, fallowing in their track as a
lady's train follows her as she sweeps through a
drawing-room. This is the water which the
moist winds which I spoke of have brought up
from the Gulf. I found a great deal of hail, too,
common of which shows that the tornado clouds
move in a belt of hail clouds. Tornadoes re
volve In the same direction as cyclones, opposi to
to the bauds of a watch. The belt of tbeso
storms extends through the Carolina and Geor
gia, where they often clear a track through tho
great forests, as a mowing machine does through
a field of grass.
"Are these storms moro destructive in the
West than they were many years ago V
"Great Scott! cried the observer, impatient
ly "how many reporters are coming np hem ti
ask me that question I Is lightning any moro
frequent or destructive than it was five thousand
years ago, because more men, women and barns
are struck by it f No; there ate tnore people.
out West to be stirred np by the tornadoes than
there nsed to be that's alL
"Doryoa know of any way of preventing the
formation of tornadoes, or chaining Vm up after
they've begun to break things V asked tbe weari
some reporter, thinking of making money out of
To this the observer made no reply In word.,
bnt began quietly to open a drawer in his desk.
Observing the signal man's sly action, XhaSiar
man rnshed out like a tornado, and was down
stairs before the mercury coald fall another
inch. Acs? Fork Star.
The favorite flowers of tbe late well-known
florist. James Vick, of Kochister, were pansier
and v folcts.
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