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5T3js,ii"3r STJTBSCiainrionsr, $2.00.
SEVEjS ttji year.
Phillips county's new post-office
is named Luctor.
There is some post-office excite
ment at Hays City, too.
Kenneth clamors, through the
Democrat, for a boot and shoemaker.
The cotton-growing business of
the South has been increased wonderful
ly under the impetus of vfree labor.
Our neighboring county of Scott,
wonderfully new though it is, has reached
the stage of having one of its post-offices
discontinued. Spring was the name.
W. A. Johnston, we see by the
LccJes, has felt impelled to leave his
wife, and hunt new stamping grounds,
for being too intimate with a hired girl.
You can't eat enough in a week
to last you a year, and yoa can't advertise
on that plan, either. K. C. Live Slock
Indicator. That is straight goods, neigh
bor. Hays City owns an occupation
tax. This is in addition to a 5-mill tax
levy. An occupation tax should be shun
ned. It is not a necessity in any healthy
Minnesota has a new census. It
teflects her popu'ation as being l,118,dS6,
a gain over the TJnued States census in
1880 of 337,313, or an increase of 425 5-100
The Lenora Leader tells that two
r-weeks ago to-day liglltning burned down
some grain stacks belonging to J. M.
Hardman, in the north part of Graham
The state auditor has certified to
the treasurer of Sheridan county that
$3,004.08 has been appropriated as the
accrued costs in the trial of the murder of
L. G. Kider, of Thomas county.
The claim is made that the largest
fish ever caught in the Missouri was
hooked and landed by Captain Burns at
Quiudaro, Kansas, the other day. It was
nine feet long and weighed 300 pounds.
A much-signed petition was be
ing circulated in Norton, asking the pro
bate judge to revoke-the druggists1 per
mits. The druggists grew weak, and vol
untarily surrendered their permits. Nor
ton people moan business when they get
In the opeuing speech of the
Ohio Kepublican csmpa:gn at Mount
Gilead, on Wednesday of last week. Sen
ator Sherman showed that the rebels are
on top, and that the Democratic party
holds the South by the meanest frauds.
Jon is a scalper.
It is rumored that the railroad
from Dodge City north into Nebraska, is
a settled thing, and that the most of the
grading will be done this fall. The
W0BI1D regrets that in the case of this
road's being built, it is to be run through
the tier of counties to the east of us.
A Springfield, Ohio, syndicate,
represented by John H. Thompson, as
trustee, and ex-Speaker J. Warren Keifer,
as attorney, have purchased the old Fort
Harker, (Ellsworth county,) military res
ervation, consisting of 4740 acres, for
$71,200j the Ellsworth Reporter relates.
Some of our readers would proba
bly like dearly to see the Kansas game
law. Here it is: "Woodcock, wild tar
keys and deer ban be killed and sold from
August 1 to March 1; quail fiom Novem
ber 1 to January 1; pheasant from Octo
ber 1 to March 1; prairie chickens from
Sep1mber 1 to December 1:
At the horse races atKirwiri lately,
a young man persisted in riding over the
grounds with his shirt outside his pants.
When the marshal got after him, the fel
low tried to escape. A beer bottle was
broken over his head, and then he stop
ped. History does not record whether
the bottle was loaded with fluid, and we
are left in the dark as to whether he stop
ped to take a drink. . The Stockton News,
doubtless with one eye centered on the
naked race a few weeks ago in the streets
of its own town, naively suggests as to
the Mother Hubbard fellow: "It was cer
tainly "a cruel tiling to rob a young man of
Jiis personal liberty. Stockton would not
be so naught."
LEAliXIXG TO SPELL.
Learning to read the English language
is one of the worst mind-stunting pro
cesses that has formed a part of the gen
eral education of any people. Its evil in
fluence arises from the partly phonetic,
partly lawless character of Engh'sh spell
ing. Although each letter represents
some sound oftener than any other, there
is hardly a letter in the alphabet that does
not represent more than one sound, and
and hardly a sound in the language that
is not represented in several ways, while
many words are written with as many si
lent letters as significant ones. There is
nothing in any word to indicate in which
of these ways its component sounds are
represented, nothing in the written group
of letters to show which they stand for,
and which of them, if any, are silent, so
that a learner can never be sure of pro
"uouncing rightly an English word that he
has not heard spoken, nor of spelling cor
rectly one that he never has seen
written. The spelling of each word must
be learned by sheer memory. In this
work the pupil's reasoning powers can
not be utilized, but must be subdued,
while his memory is sadly overworked.
In the affairs of the child's daily life, the
logical following out of rules is awarded;
in learning to spell, it brings him only
discomfiture and bewilderment. He is
taught that b-o-n-c stands for bon (not
bo-nc), and i-o-n-e for ton, but that d-o-n-c
stands for dun; that g-o-n-c spells gon,
m-o-v-e spells moov, and b-r-o-n-z-e bronz.
Now when he comes in reading to another
similar word, as none, he has no means of
telling whether to call it nun, noon or now,
he can only look up at his teacher and
wait to be told. The influence of the
spelling class quickly drives him to re
press any inclination to reason, and he
gives himself up to a blind following of
authority. No child learns English spell
ing without getting the pernicious notion
that cram is better than thinking, and
that common sense is a treacherous guide.
Popular Science Monthly,
This talk is to the point. It is a much
merited slap in the mouths of the college
dudes who exclaim, on all occasions, that
it is dangerous to tamper with the En
glish language as we find it, lest this ca
lamity or that might occur on account of
its relation to the Latin tongue.
During the last several years, we have
written some, and thought considerably,
concerning the way out of the intellec
tual meshes which are so thoroughly de
lineated by the Popular Science Monthly.
We feel that we have reached a tangi
ble basis from which to treat the subject,
and the press of the country is appealed
to for a decision in the case. Our doc
I. That the grievous faults in the con
struction of a very large proportion of
the words in the English language should
LT. That such correction is practicable.
LTL That its practicability lies in the
channel of the .adoption, in the outset, of
a phonetic dictionary, which shall, where it
does not, at first, displace dictionaries
like the Webster and the Worcester of
the present, be their companion books.
This, then, is the remedy. What may
be termed the long-spelling advocates
would fight the new dictionary. This op
position would assist in its examination,
and intelligent examination would insure
its rapid adoption. This dictionary would
afford Americans the privilege of exer
cising their reasoning powers while learn
inh to spell. This is the point to grasp.
This is the point to fight for.
But, we imagine some one to be asking,
how is this dictionary to be procured?
Well, now if such a book is wanted, its
procurement will be a matter of course.
The journalists of the United States, or,
for that matter, those of Kansas, could af
ford to hire a- philologist to edit the dic
tionary. It might require him five or ten
years, or even longer, to complete the
work. In the meanwhile, if they will
unite in the undertaking, the fund which
is raised in the incipiency of the move
ment can be replenished with little or no
individual inconvenience to the editors
and publishers of the country or the
state. Only a scholar of eminent attain
ments should be employed to edit this
dictionary; He must be a person of
nerve, as well as of culture. The school
of long spellers will make a determined
resistance' to so glaring an innovation on
their field of foolery. We say they will,
because this fight is going to be made.
It lies along the direct route of nature's
In Kansas, the Junction City Tribuiie
has discussed at length the necessity of
newspapers adopting the phonetic method
of spelling. The Troy Chief, we believe,
has advocated, to some extent, the same
policy. The' Leavenworth Times, the
Manhattan Nationalist, and perhap's a few
other Kansas papers, follow the plan to
the extent of omitting; (when they happen
STOCE I2-3yi:i3SrC3- THE BASIS OF Trie, I3STIDTJSTS,XES.
WA-IO:EXE15,KjVNSAS, SATTXRDAX, SEPTErBEIl 5,
to think of it,) some silent letters. The
Wyandotte Gazette, under the manage
ment of Hon. E. B. Taylor, now deceased,
was the only paper in Kansas which ever
made a hobby of the use of the short
spelling method. Perhaps all that he
ever accomplished was to be ridiculed in
a mild degree for what was regarded, and,
in a measure, justly so, as an eccentricity.
This brings us to the statement of the
plain proposition that one, two or three
per cent, of the newspapers of the United
States, or of a populous state, can accom
plish little or nothing in the direction of
a inform in spelling, unless the basis up
on which they act is tangible. As it is
now, the writer would fear to have the
WoeiiD printed in phonetic spelling, even
if he could be assnred that the move
would not be injurious financially. Do
you ask why? Because we would not
voluntarily take a step which would per
plex still further the brains which are
now so muddled by attempting to master
the long spelling. But give the student
of phonetics a comprehensive dictionary,
and he will have solid ground to tread.
When he once feels the solidity of his
road, he certainly will be ready to bid an
.eternal farewell to the long-spelling dic
tionaries, except as reference books of
curiosity. This dictionary will, at the
same time, be the sure bulwark for the
radical adoption of phonetic spelling by
the newspapers generally. Then when
the newspapers have adopted the system,
its general adoption by the people will be
only a short distance away!
Brother journalists of the United
States, but especially of Kansas, will you
assist us in. the agitation of -this .great
110 W CAN YOU1 TELL?
A Texas congressman says that one of
the conditions on which Mr. Garland ac
cepted the office of attorney general in
President Cleveland's cabinet was that he
"should not be subjected to the irksome
restraints of Washington society ." Judg
ing by some of his official opinions, he
seems to have been liberated from he
restraints of legaL wisdom at the same
time. Lraveu-vortk Times.
After all, how can you tell that Gar
land is not as able an attorney general as
the nation ever has had? To go into
Garland's native state, Arkansas, and in
timate a doubt of his possessing Ihe
most profound knowledge of law, would
be sacrilege. Ho undoubtedly is a very
able mau. Old Jere Black, we believe,
was generally regarded as a great law
yer. Has General Garland made any
breaks which are as ridiculous as Black's
opinion to the effect that it is unconsti
tutional to attempt to coerce a seceding
The Times is wise enough to know that
law has much less to do with ven many
so-called legal opinions than sentiment or
fear has. The decisions and opiiions of
the great bulls jof the judges from Wis
consia to Alabama in ante-iellnm times af
ford the strongest possible proof on this
point. In fact, if there be any one who
would rather deal strictly with the present
than to go back befo' the wa,' he has only
to glance at the clash of decisions render
ed by various judges in the several states
where prohibition laws are supposed to
S. A.- Haseltine & Bra, patent solici
tors, Springfield, Missouri, send the
World the following list of patents which
were issued to citizens of Kansas during
the past week:
F. H. Harman, Holton, insecticede
wash. B. F. Wilcox, Augusta, fence.
G. W. Williamson, Ottawa, assignee
of a corn-harvester.
W. W. Dymond, Carbondale, assignee
Op Hon. Reuben E. Fenton, who,
d:ed suddenly in his bank at Jamestown,
N. Y., recently, the New York World says:
He was a man of much more than ordi
nary character. Without being specially
gifted or great, he managed to figure for
a time as Bepublican leader in the empire
state. He held two great honors, the
governorship and the United States sena-
torship. He was affable and court" dus,
and he had the faculty of drawing' men to
him in an eminent degree. The last
years of his political career were embit
tered by factional strife, and he was
crowded from the stage By men who were
superior in the arts of political aggres
sion. It may be said of him that he was
a sincere man and more honest than the
politicians of his day and of his party.-
In thaTopeka papers of these days are
frequent articles devoted to publishing
the letter of this person, that, and then
another, whom the committee on invita
tion have invited to be present at the sol
diers' re-union in that city on September
29 and 30 and October 1, and address the
old soldiers. Perhaps not an invitation
has been issued amiss. We dare say not,
as far as old' soldiers have been the recip
ients. But a sufficient number of these
invitations have not been issued. Various
veterans in western Kansas should be in
cluded in this program. We would in
form that invitation committee that west
ern Kansas has a larger number of old
soldiers in propoiLion to her population
than any other portion of even loyal Kan
sas can fairly claim.
General Black, from Washington, Gen
eral Lew Wallace, from Indiana, and
General So-on, from Thitherwards, are
all right. But, if the advice of a private
is of any possible value, take a little from
the writer, and give the common soldiers
a show of representation, even if a few of
the always-civilian class who have been
invited to air their sentiments at the sol
diers' re-union have to be choked off.
We have attended re-unions of old sol
diers. The faults which we have hinted
at are grave ones, and their remedy should
be executed heroically while the time yet
EMPEROR OF CENTRAL ASIA.
London, Aug. 30. Advices from Herat
say that the czar will visit Meryinl886,
in the autumn, and will thence go to
Samricand to be crowned emperor of Cen
And this action is now decided on for
upwards of a year hence by a man who
has little assurance, indeed, of living from
one hour to another among his home
subjects. What picture could illustrate
more clearly the utter unsafety of the im
perial tenure? Kussia herself will be a
republic in due time. Of course, the time
will be deferred in pioportion to the suc
cess with which illiteracy, as encouraged
by the czar, continues to flourish. In
fact, as viewed from this standpoint, it
may seem that republican goverment in
Kussia is to end in the dream of the soph
ist. But we hold that what is in the peo
ple of a country will be developed at some
period. Tho o Kussians have brafaiB.
Their region is favorable to the propaga
tion of brains. A sickly, feeble-minded
people could not exist in that country.
Dr. Miley, the lately-appointed
member of the pension board for this con
gressional district, lives at Beloit. He
has been arrested on the charge of forg
ing proofs in an attempted life insurance
swindle. A lawyer named Hilton was ar
rested at the same place and time for the
A chaster oJ: the Walnut Valley
and Colorado Bailroad company wrs filed
with the Kansas secretary of state one day
last week. This road is to run from a
point at or near Great Bend westerly by
the most available route through Barton,
Bush, Ness, Lane, Scott, Wichita and
Greeley counties to the wesievn bounda
ry of the slate of Kansas. The estimated
length of the road is 210 miles. The cap
ital stock is" $4,200,000. The business of
the company is to be transacted at To
peka. The Republican County central
committee will meet in Ellsworth Satur
day, Augutt 29, at 2:00 p. m., for the pur
pose of deciding whether or not a conven
tion will be called to nominate a county
ticket to be voted on at the fall election.
Wilson Echo. If the members of that
committee have given just cause for the
statement that the purpose of their meet
ing is to decide whether to call a conven
tion or not, a mistake probably was made
in calling them the Republican committee.
The Democrats in convention at
Lenora last week nominated A. D- Gilke
son, -of Hays City, for judge of this judi
cial district Mr. Gflkeson's knowledge
of laW(inay be profound enough to enable
him to play the role of judge acceptably.
fiTTrkWAVAr. rtn cnp-nftral nrimrinlAfi. aside
ftrom political considerations, we could
not endorse him, even if he had not been
roaming around considerably without
any settled habitation for several years.
As to his political principles, they proba
bly are just as abominable as those of the
average Democrat. We see with the
ides of November a majority of more than
two thousand for L. K; Pratt;
4 H. BLAIR,
Land Attorney and Real Estate Agent.
CONTESTS A SPECIALTY.
Wa-Keenet - - Kansas.
Attorney at Law and Notary Public.
1&r0ffice with Osbom & Monroe.
8. 3. 08BOSX.
QSBORN & MONROE,
Attoraeys-at-Law & Real Estate Agcott
JOHN A. NELSON,
Attorney at law
U. P. Land Agent for Trego, Gra
ham and Ness Counties,
WA-KEENET, - KANSAS.
Stock Kanches a Specialty.
Parties meaning business request
ed to write me.
S. J.OSBOBN. IjEEMONBOE. D.H.HENKEI
Osbom, Monroe & Henkel,
REAL ESTATE BROKERS
And Loan Agents,
WA-KEENEY, - KANSAS.
70,000 acres Avild and improved lands for
sale. Will purchase land in Trego and
adjoining counties and pay cash for same.
$ 1 00,000 Money to Loan at 8 Per Cent.
W. H. Keeler,
First door north of City drug store,
east side of Franklin street.
Everything in First Class Style:
CHAS. N. BENEDICT,
Wants to buy ail the Produce, at
the highest market price, which the
fanners have to dispose ot
Call and see me;
SIISTG-XiE COPY; 5 CZEHSTrr&i
. , UMBEK"28;,
JEirWill doctor cattle, horses arid all
J. J. Sears. T. B; iiortoij
SEARS & MORTON,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
Cleveland Statibn.; St. Johrt Co; Kan:
U.P.R.R, Kan.Diu., where ail trains stop.
We are doing a General LrindfBusiness:
Locating in Thomas arid St. John counties'
made a specialty. Pleritygobd govern
ment land in these counties, unocenpied:
Contesting claims ,arid all other land
business promptly attended to.
CHAS. PETERSON & CO.,
Real Esp pssfa
Collyer, Trego Co.; Kdnsas:
Union1 Pacific Railroad Lands ill
I, B. KBITCHFIELD,
A3TD DEAIiEB HC
Wagon Work & Wagon Material.-
I can secure, on favorable terms, by
order, any article which I may not happen
to have oil hand.
J.H.BAKER, N. P. : G. C. SHULTZ, Atty.
Land & Emigration Co.
Deeded Lawte aid Towi Ltts
BOUGHT AND SOLD
LOCATING A SPECIALTY.
Will attend promptly to1 all Legal
Business before the Courts
and 1J.S; Land Office;
" h i
jfajESl 1 blow for J
H&McKniglit Bros., j
HKThe Laud Asent3 I
Bf Wa-Keeney,Ks. 1
Hx Branch Office at Sp
H Clay Center: Jl
flK School Land and 2FI
IBK Deeded Land g
T jix For Sa,e $15
I tT .at7 '"''' T-
y-fsl C-" ti--jgStJ
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