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wTPHpii r-? rfx9 til s- tf fsrsgxjsw '-r-T ' - y . -SSOV-TSP- y.. - -., -fc-jt &ud,.'nuJr. j' jmrr ;. - vers .wwk.vj ' 'wswa s,s? -??$,7w3mmm cVS.W. .v -" jA-Vjif j-SiSBBSSI '-IHCrjUJiiV , .. XI vr!W .3 . CM. - -! I?' I i t. Il A. J N. r X VI X DOtVJT IH A SALT MINE The Wonderful Things to la Seen In a Glit tering Underground City. Going down in a'-ealt mine is taking a glimpse at wonderful things, according to a London Ntu.8 correspondent, who "WTitee: "Light a few candles" was the order paseed as we were leaving Wine ford, and I am under the impression that the hole down below is like any other hole, and that the "few candles" will just give us light enough for the space of some three or four yards. Bat we fchall see. We step into our iron bu ket. The door thereof ia closed upon ua. The steel ropes are made fast. The signal is given. There is a hesitating, trembling motion, and we drive swiftly into Plu tonian night, straight, sheer through a tunnel 330 feet dep and 3 feet G inches across, the rim of our bucket now and again grinding, scraping, bumping, ecreechinir airainst the narrow walls. After the first few seconds have passed one can not tell, from one's sensations merely, whether one is going up or down or is suspended at rest. There is only " the trembling of the invisible steel ropes and the scraping sound on the walls. In a moment more we touch the floor of the under world with the lightness of a feather. In the name of all the fairies, and goblins, and spirits of the earth, what have we there? Oh! Master Rob ert, "a few candies.". The city is disil luminated this is what meets my aston ished gaze. Open spaces, endless streets turning and winding off in all directions, and outlined in spots or light, and m the farthest distance an ornamental group cf lights, as if on a wall or on some vast supporting pillar. It is aa if one looks from some point of vantage upon the lights of a tovn on a dark night, witnout moon or start; not a town with empty space over it, but a town under a hori zontal ceiling thirty-three feet aoove thepavemtnt. On this level pavement the massed bands of the British army may play Strauss' music, and the whole of the London West End spin round on "light fantastic toe." The first feelings of surprise over I examine my surround ings in leisurely detail. At some dis tance in front of us looms a dark mass with a horizontal lino of lights half way unit. The three of us Mr. Verdin, the guide, and myself approacn it, each carrying a lighted candle across the floor, which appears to be as level as the floor of a drawing room, and which is covered with a thin carpet of talt as fine as pow der and dry as tinder. Wherever the light falls upon it tho dark object glitters as if it were incrnsted with rubies and diamonds. It turns our to be a huge Equare pillar extending from floor to ceiling. Each of its four sides measures twelve yards; it is thirty-three feet high, and it is nothing but a mass of crystals. At every twenty-five y rds, north, south, east, west, stands one of these gigantic columns, all of them, like this one, masses of many tinted salt ciystals, and with the diamond flash daiting over their sides. The plan of this wonderful colonade is now obvious. The miners have been cutting their way, during all these many generations, through the solid rock salt horizontally, clearing a smooth floor below their feet, leaving a smooth ceiling over their heads, and at the already named distance thote enor mouB pilasters, whoee function is to pre vent the roof that is, the 330 feet of the earth's crust from falling in. The ceil ing is too high to respond very libe rally to the flicker of the candle lights, but in a hundred spots it twinkles like stars peering through the clouds of night. They look as though they had the strength of doom, those pillars, and were destined to last to the crack thereof. A TITE-SETTING MACHINC. Complicated Apparatus Willi "Which It Ib Proposed to Revolutionize the Printing Business; Washington Dispatch to the Globc-Dtmocrat. The National Typographical company, out of which Mr. Stitson HutchinB has made a great deal of money and in which so many newspaper men are in terested, is about to begin the manufac ture of machines. TheBtock of the com pany has been increased from 2,C00,000 to $5,OGO,000, with a view to establishing aplant and commencing operations. The process has undergore many changes in details since the company was formed and took hold of the patented ideas. A description can hardly be given of tho complicated apparatus, which must be seen to be well understood. The ma chine has been characterized as a cross between a piano and a type foundry. As the keys are touched the types drop out of the reservoir into a mold, and the words are held apart by wedges until the line is completed, when the spacing is increased or lessened according to cir cumstances. The type are made so as to be the reverse of ordinary type, intaglio, and when the line is finished they are pushed to the moulh of a mold by touch ing a key. When the reservoir which contains the liquid metal is opened, the mold is filled, and the cast is cooled by a blast of cold air, which carries it through a tube to the galley, upon which it is dropped right side up against the line that preceded it. All this is done auto matically, and the operator has nothing to do but play the keys. JLhe apparatus for distributing the diea ir the m st cu rious and ingenious of the whole ma chine. When a line is cast, by pressing the key tho operator lifts the dies that have been used to the top of the machine. Where they are dumped upon a sort of ditc which keeps revolving above the tops ot the tubes in which the dies are stored, and when this'revolution brings the die over the tube where it belongs it drops in. The transition from the printer to this machine is too great to be accepted without doubts of its feasibility, but the men who have put in their money, and who have come here frcm various parts of the country every month or two toob eerve the progress made in perfecting the process, are quite confident of suc cess. They expect one of these machines in the hands of a stilled operator to do the work of ten printers. It is to set type at the rate of a column an hour. In the new organization formed under the increase of stock William Henry Smith, of Chicago, is the secretary. Amonz the directors are M. E. Stone, of the Chicago Xews, W. N. Haideman. of the Courier-Journal, and Whitelaw ieid, Habits ot Quail. Philadelphia Time. There is a marked difference in the habits of the quail since the invention of the breech loading fowling piece, which every sportsman who has hunted fifteen or twenty, years ago ean not fail to notice. This is the close proximity to a swamp, branch or hiding place the covey now invariably feeds when in a stubble field, making it next to an im possibility to procure more than one shot at the birds before they go to thick cover. Inme gone by it was no uncommon thSg to find the coveys well out in the r;J . 4-.r dtnhfa ftnlrt Ynovirr , maa , uiu ftvtu uitM3 nuuiu niTmiij umui iken before the woods were reached .how often, as the sportsman knows, tevld thbT not settle plongthe fence fefaaud make capital shooting and rone lor, the does r Tim increased timidity and change of t of the birds may be charged to the I improvement in fire arms that has taken place in late years, not to speak of the continued supply of young JNimrodB the voluminous eporting journals of the day are educating in matters pertaining to dot: and pun, and the amusement once having taken well hold of a youth grows into a habit very difficult to break off, notwithstanding it is a great robber of valuable time, 1HE OKIGLNAX DUDE. Beau Brainmell, the London Dandy Inci dents of His Life. Hoaie Journal. If Brummell had had a handsome face his biographer would probably have told us so. An accident in the Tenth had marred his nose, but other- dinarily good. As to his form we know y. "i coi"i,-D, " " f;"""j j v that was decant: and that he was alto gether a very commanding gentleman a flaring jewel well set. tie Bpent fabulous sums on his dress, and believed that there mn-t be the ttrictest economy to make an elegant presentable on 800 a year. For his toilet he had carefully written out laws two hours in his bath and two in dressing,and for a week the following changes: Twenty shirts, twenty-four handker chiefs, nine or ten pairs of summer trous ers, thirty neckties, a dozen waistcoats, and Bocks at discretion. After the oper-i, before going to the ball or Eupper, he always went home to change his cravat. There was but one blanchisseuse in Lon don who could give his cravat the right stiffness, or fold properly the plaits of his shirt bosoms, and she, he of course, employed. But when he left London he owed her many a guinea for her pains. After Brummell's time was all his own it did not take him long to see how great his power was in London society, and he cunningly concluded that, to retain his power, he must make people fear his tongue, hence he spared no one, prince nor bootblack. Mme. de Stael, who was in London when his reign was in the height of its glory, was haunted by a dread of his disapprobation, and considered her hav ing failed to please him the greatest malheur that she had experienced dur ing her stay in that city. Indeed, Brummell's sharpness was everybody's dread. He was impertinent where politeness would have been more becoming; and he was impertinent where, if he had had heart, he would the tailor. "Do you call that a coat?" touching it gingerly, aad turning his grace round and round foi his sarcastic inspection. A nobleman recommended Ms son to him. The young man under the tute lage went astray. "I dia what I could for him," said the Beau. "I gave him my arm one day all the way from White's to Waiter's." Beau Brummell's social sway m Lon don was for a time so powerful thateven, to lend him money when he conde scended to borrow was considered an honor. A gentleman not of the elect once lent him 500, hoping by the loan to be chosen. Disappointed, he asked the Beau for the return of his money. "I don't owe you any money," said Brummell; "I have paid you." "Paid me! When?" "Why, when I was standing by the window at White'p, and said as you passed bv: 'Ah, how do you do, Jem my?'" Even an insult was accepted almost as an honor from this man; so powerful had he made himself bv his perfect per sonal decoration, and by his profound knowledge of how to deal with men. He insulted those whose shoes he was not worthy to lace. One afternoon he was not at the club. The next day a fellow member said to him, "Where did you dine yesterday, Brummell?" "I dined with a person by the name of It , who wants me to notice him; hence the dinner. But to give him hiB due he let me make up the party. We had every delicacy in and out of season, and the sillery was perfect; but my dear fellow, conceive my astonishment, when I tell you R had the audacity to sit down and dine with us himself." He had a sixpence with a hole in it, (Brummell was veiy superstitioup), and he felt sure, he said, as long as he held that piece of silver he never could have ill luck. But one day he lost his bit of silver, and though he advertised for it and received in answer scores of holey sixpences, his was never among them. '"That rascally Rothschild has found it," he said, and his ill luck began. The medium through which it gradu ally descended was Mrs. Fitzherbert. She could pever bear the Beau, and ha often advised the prince to cut him; bu he was good natured, and argued that so longns it was he that put the confection er's grandson on horseback, he must royally stay by him on his road to de struction. The last straw, however, was laid on his patience wL e i he heard that Bram mell, in the clubs and in society, called him Ben,after a corpulent servant in the royal household, and Mrs. Fitzherbert, Beninaj for harmony. Then he cut,him. The fatal act was accomplished in the park one morning, when the prince,who was walking with .Lord Moire, met the Beau walking with another lord. The prince purposely stopped and spoke to one gentlemen without noticing the oth er. Instantly they separated, and the Beau, in a loud voice, said: "My lord, who's your fat friend?" The IDeatk Blow to Polygamy: There is no longer any room to doubt that in the enforcement of the Edmunds act polygamy has received its death blow. Bishop Sharp concedes as much when he says that when it comes to choosing between one wife only and the penitentiary he will accept the least of the two evils and content himself with one bosom partner. There is a great deal of muttering and threatening among the Mormons, and those who are not willing to undergo "martyrdom" for their religion that is, go to the peniten tiary rather than give up polygamy are socially ostracized, but the more sensi ble leaders see the hopelessness of re sistance to the authority and laws of the United States. There will be no Mor mon insurrection, as some have predict ed. The time for bluster has passed, and the church authorities already re alize that they must either confirm to the law or seek an asylum beyond the Federal jurisdiction. Only a few days ago John Taylor, tho head of the Mor mon hierarchy, and George Q. Cannon ex-delegate to congress, both notorious polygamyists, attended a Mormon con ference at Logan by stealth. They had not been seen in public for six months, as the officers of the law are anxious to lay hold of them, and after'they had at tended to .the business of the conference they sneaked out of town under cover of darkness and retired to their hiding places. These facts show plainly enough that the spirit of polygamy has been broken, and that so long as plural mar riages lead to the penitentiary they will cease to be attractive. The easiest way out of the difficulty for the Mormons would be for John Taylor to promulgate a new revelation on the subject of mar riage, taking the Edmunds act as a guide. It does not look well to have the suc cessor of Joe Smith and the head of a church that has been so favored of heaven hiding in the mountains as a fug itive from justice, and something will have to be done to remove the stigma. A LONDON CONFIDENCE THICK. How an American Jndga Narrowly - caprdKobbeiy in the Strand. N. Y. Tribune. The reputation of London confidence men and sharpers is well known. They have an excellent field to work in. Lon don is so vast that it is difficult to iid them, even if the detectives are pron r ly upon their tracks, and they cha t ,. their quarters frequently. Then, tL number of visitors to this ereat Babvlon is so large that .victims are found with- out much difficulty. As many of these are transient asnore, nine bunco men as thev would be called in America: I do nn rrtnve what COrrfiflnnnHiTur farm ic U3ed here make a good "haul," they leave tne city or hb hi muing until tnev feel sure that their victims have cone. Then they cannot be identified, if ar rested, and of course will escape prosecu tion. An American gentleman whom I met the other day told me of bis narrow es cape from being robbed by what I am told is an "old London trick." He is a criminal jadge in one of the southern states; and one would suppose that such an official would be on his guard against tricks of all kinds. He has been in Lon don many times before hw present visit, and thought he was quite familiar with the city and its ways. Let me relate his experience in his own words; "I have been living," he said, "in a private hotel in one of the afreets lead' iug from the strand to the Thames, not far from Temple Bar. It is a conven ient place to reach and I found it com fortable and satisfactory in every way. I have been in the habit of oing to my lodgings at all hours of the day or night. I was on my way thither through the Strand about 1 o'clock one morning, and had almost reached the street in which my hotel is situated, when I saw a wom an not far in front of me apparently stumble and fall to the sidewalk. She was alone. She cried out as if hurt, and I hastened my steps and ran to her as sistance. I helped her up, but she com plained of great pain in her ankle, and could hardly stand. She began to cry bitterly, and said she didn't see how she was to get home. I asked her where she lived; she named the street, which I knew waB more than a mile away. I told her that she would have to take a car, and that I would call one. Still crying and complaining that she was severely hurt, she said that she could not take a cab, as she had no mon ey to pay for it. My sympathies were aroused and I Baid that I would give her enough to pay -her cab-fare. I put my hand in my pocket and pulled out some silver coins. At the same time I stepped towards a gas lamp in order to pick out the right amount. Quick as a flash of lightning the wom an seized my wrist, and some of the coins went rattling down on the pave ment. At this moment three other women appeared. I had 8feu nothing of them before. They.seized mebvthe arms and around the waist. I instantly comprehended the situation. I was a victim of a confidence game, and was being robbed or would be in a moment unlets I made a vigorous resistance. I had my umbrella in my hand. I strug gled violently with the four women, and at length managed to break away from them. I started on a run at sull 6peed for my hotel, only a few rods away. All the women were in hot pursuit. You know all those streets running from the ;-trand down to the river descend pretty rapidly, and as I was going down I got under such headway that I could not stop when 1 reached the house.- I stopped below it, however, and tried to turn, when the women seized me again. They pounded and kicked me vigorously but did not get anything out of my pock ets. I used my hands and feet and um brella as best I could, but I am afraid they would have been more than a match for me.. By good fortune, however, while the struggle was going on in front of my ho tel, the door suddenly opened and the landlord appeared- in it. I told him I needed help, and he came out. The women then set upon him, and taking advantage of the opportunity, I broke away from them, and ran at full speed into the hotel. I found that "my um brella was pretty badly used up.and my arms and shins and body were sore for several days. Since then I have carried a stout cane whenever I am out late at night. I never a3ked the landlord how he came out of the fight. I was too glad to get away myself to bother about him; but I fancy he suffered little damage. I only lost a few shillings." "Why did younotmake an outcry and alarm the police?" I inquired. "Ah," was the answer, "that was the very thing I was careful not to do. Don't you see, they were four to one, and, if a policeman had come, the chances were they would have accused me of assault and I would be locked up for the night Or, if my story had been believed, they would have spent the night in the po lice station a matter of no consequence to a woman of that class and, if the matter had gone further, I should have to go to the police court to prosecute them, I did not care for publicity in that way. Oh, no, I didn't want the po lice to have any hand in the matter, bo far as I was concerned. You may think I was stupid .to be taken in by such a trick. I have been told since it was a trick very commonly practiced in Lon don, but I had never heard of it before. I am sure it would readily impose on any one who was ignorant of it." An Old Squirrel Story, Newly Dressed, Greensboro (Ga ) Herald. It wasn't many Saturdays ago that a number of gentlemen standing upon the streets at Greensboro discussed' ox hunting, bird hunting and kindred sports. Each one had told a story, re markable in a high degree, when the cli max was reached by one of the gentle men, who told the following story: "Coons !" said he with a sneer, "You don't know anything about coons in this country. Why, you ought to go to south west Georgia. I lived there once, and my favorite pastime was coon-hunting. Early one morning I started out with my dogs for a hunt. The morning was damp and heavy, and we hadn't gone far before the dogs struck a trail, and away they went. How beautiful it was! Through the underbrush they rushed, crashing, barking, the sounds coming to us like low music on the morning air. It wasn't many minutes before the long howl of the leading dog told us that he had treed.' "We put out after them, going through the swamps, and down into a canebrake. There we came upon the dogs all clust ered about cypress log. They smelled it, and then all started back as if they didn't know what was to pay. We drew near and endeavored to urge them on. But they wouldn't urge. We went up to the log, and it seemed to be moving. I did't know what to make of it. The sides of it rose and fell as regular as the beat of a clock. We finally cut into it, and there it was packed with coons. We killed 140 and I don't know now many got away." "What made the log move?" innocent 1 asked a bystander. "Oh, plain as day. The coons were packed so close that every time they breathed the log would expand." There was a ghastly silence and the crowd moved away. "It wasn't a good day for coons, either !" he yelled after them, and putting a fresh chew of tobacco in his mouth he Walked rapidly in the direction of the "Cotton Bourse" on Wall street, and in a moment more was buying the fleecy staple with a serene and unmoved countenance. MABRIED OX A MOUNTAIN. Aovel VTeddltg on One of the Loftiest PtiKksin the Rockies. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. A novel wedding took placd near Silverton, Colorado, recently. Mies Nellie Conners, of Lake City, and Mr. Oscar Olsen, of Animas Forks, were mar" ried on enow shoes at the summit of spur of the continental divide, the lati- de being over 13,000 feet. .Lake Laty d Animas Forks are on opposite sides uJ the range of mountains, which at this season of the year are covered with deep snow. .Larry in the morning the bride. accompanied by her two brothers and a party of friends, left Lake Uity on snow shoes the only means by which the mountains could be scaled, for the sum mit of the divide. The groom, accom panied by Kev. lather Levy and a party of friends, left Animas at the same time, alsD destined for the summit of the mountains. It was an arduous trip for both parties, and not unaccompanied with danger. It was nearly noon when the groom's party reached the designated point of meetinc. The bride's party had not yet arrived, but they did not have long to wait, for soon the bride came into sight, mprrily trudging along, a brother being on either side of her. J? or two hours they had been climbing above the clouds, and the extreme altitude and huge snow-drifts had made' it hard work for them. The groom went out to meet his bride. They arrived on the sumit arm in arm. Miss Conners was seem ingly the least fatigued of any member of the party, The spot chosen for the wedding was the highest in all the San Juan country. It is fully half a mile above timber line, and a region of per petual snow. An uninterrupted view of the country for a radius of 100 miles could be had The wedding party weie on a level with the highest of the bald headed peaks, and the scene was sn im pressive one. The marriage ceremony wa3 preformed in the midst of a snow storm, which farly hid the happy couple fiom the view of the minister. Cham pagne, which had been brought up by a member of the groom's party, was drunk to the health of the newly-married pair, and then the downward journey to this place was begun, the bride and groom leading the way. Here a supper was awaiting them, and the romatic couple received the congratulations of every body in the camp. Wajhack Cider. Detroit Free Press. An old farmer from Wayback county, who was brought before the court for breaking the peace in a prohibition county ,told the following pathetic story: "You see, jedge, the whole trouble come of my drinkin' some of new-fangled temp'rance cider that I ain't used to, and which I don't believe I'd ever get used to afore the horn toots for the general judgment. "1 war bred and born on a farm, jedge, an' I've knowed apple juice since I war knee high to a grasshopper. I've tam pered with cider when it war sweet, I've drunk it iest from the presa, an' I've drunk it when it carried a good, stiff bead; I've laid across a barrel under the wagon shed and sucked it through a rye straw from the bunghole when it warjustgut-adgee, an' I've s wiggled it when it war es hard esan iron wedge an' sour 'nough to make a man cross-eyed fur life; but, jedge.upon my sacred word, I never had no cider to unnerve me like that they sell in this here town. Jedge, it can't be the cider of long age; in can't he the cider of me boyhood's happy days. "You see, jedge,! druv inter town with a load of Bweet peraters, an' after I'd sold out I jest thought es they don't sell anything stronger'n cider in this here temp'rance town I'd try a little oftb good old drink of me youth. An,' jedge, tried it! "There war a crowd of old friends about the tavern an' I asked 'em up to the apple juice, and then Bomebody sed: 'Come up agin;' an' then another sed: 'Fill 'em up at my expense;' an' still another sed: 'Have one with me afore you go;' an' that's jest the way it hap pened. "Somehow, jedge, it didn't taste like the cider I war brought up on, but the bottle had 'cider' printed onto it in gold letters, an' they Fed it war cider, an' es long es the flavor of it war agreeable I war'n't cur'en about it. I only took five drinks, jedge.only five common tumblers full, an' then I begun to feel sort of queer, jedge. "I never had any cider make me feel that way before. I war first week as a new-born calf, an' then I war as strong es old Sampson afore his head war shaved. I thought I could lift the tav ern, an' I think I tried to. My mind's not clear, iedge, but they say I made a sort ot hubbub. They say I throwed a man over the bar an' broke a big lookin' glass with him, an' scattered the whole congregation, an' went a howlin' down the main street askin' fur a man of my strength, an' at last walked plump through a show winder that they sed cost 5180. Then I war taken away to the prison cell. I remember all the lit tie particulars, jedge, but I expect all they eay about me is too true. I think I.war drunk, jedge I am almost certain sure I war drunk, an' the new-fangled cider they sell in this here town is to blame fur it ail. "I kin drink a'most anything with impunerty, an' a little sugar, jedge, an' stand up under it es straight es the steeple of a meetin'-house; I kin drink peach brandy, and apple-jack, an' plain, humble old corn juice half a day, with the usuool intermissions, an' Btill be a peaceable, law-abiding citizen, but this here temp'rance cider is to much for me, jedge, it's too much for the old man. Make it easy on me, jedge, lur I'm done with temp'rance drinks jest ts long es I live, jedge." And the nidge, who ia very well ac quainted with the ways of town cider in Wayback county, made it very easy on the old man. A Rubens Form One Frarc. London Times. The story is current in Belgium that a picture by Rubens has been literally brought to light in the city of Alsot. It has been bought at an auction by a mas ter tailor for the sum of 1 franc, and he hung it in his sitting-room. Here it was seen by a printer whose fancy was taken by it, and he obtained permission to clean it. He was most successful. The picture was signed and dated 1614, and is a Deautimi specimen, in wunuemu preservation. It is 80 centimetres high by 62 broad, and represents Christ bles sing the world. A veritable pilgrimage has set in to Alost from all parts of Bel gium, and considerable sums have been offered to its owner for the picture, but he can not mako up his mind to pan with it, A good thoroughbred Berkshire boar will greatly improve any herd of common hogs. Almost any farmer can afford to buy such a boar at the prices now asked. In fact, we do not see how any farmer who raises hogs can afford not to buy. MONEY WITBOUT 8TINT. The Prinotly Contributions ot Samuel J. Til den for Campaign Purposes, Washington D, C Crluc The recent contributions of the presi dent, cabinet officers and others to the New York campaign fond have been generally discussed in Washington, also the subject of campaign contributions generally. Referring to this matter a well-known gentleman who was for many years of the national democratic committee, tutu a umu leyieBcuiuuve the other day that Samuel J. Tilden had probably given more money during his J political career to help his party than a any man wno ever took a personal ana prominent part in politics in this coun try. In addition to his official connec tion with the committee the gentleman in question is a warm personal friend of Mr. Tilden, and has time ana again been his guest, both at his Near York res.1ence, and at Greystone, on the Hudson. "Of course," said the Critic's inform ant, "there are men in the the world who have caused probably, to flow into political channels more money than Mr. Tilden, but they were in a syndicate or combination of capitalists, controlling enormous corporationtssuch as the great Pennsylvania railroad company and its vaet mioicBLo, iu iuo uajo uucu iuiu Scott and his partners owned legisla tures and ruled parties in certain states. But I mean to affirm that for the good of his party and as a duty he owed the de mocracy, to Bee that ample funds were at the command of the various commit tees, Kx. Tilden has given by far more of his own means than any man who ever ran tor an office in this country. Long before he was a candidate for any office he poured out his money by the thousand . .r he realized that to have perfect o. conization and to enlighten the people it was necessary to hare competent mon to do the work, and see that the best campaign literature was placed before the intelligent voters. He realized that good men who would give their time and atttention to campaign work had to be remunerated; and such men only did he have around him. I don't know how much he span tin his campaign for governor of New York, in 1875, when he downed the rings, and was swept into power by a majority so large that he was selected as the great reform candidate for the presidency, but I do know for a certainty that in the presidential campaign of 1876 he paid out of his own pocket to defray the le gitimate expenses of that memorable canvass the enormous sum of 360,000. His bureau was certainly the most com plete thing of the kind ever attempted in politics. He had reports that en abled him to tell within 2,000 votes just how New York and other doubtful states would go, and the documents sent out were oi a character to go straignt to tne intellect and judgment of the wavering man of sense. "In the presidential campaign of 1880, although Mr. Tilden should by rights have had the nomination at Cincinnati, he came handsomely to the front and contributed to the Hancock and English fund the sum of $52,500. "Many people may not know what Mr. Tilden'a contribution was last year. If the exact amount was published I have not seen it, but I know that he gave $15,000 tD help pay the expenses in the Cleveland canvass, and he did all he could to render the success of the demo cratic ticket certain. If it had been nec essary last year he would have given $100,000, but he saw the businessmen of New York were coming down more liberally than usual, and the committee had all the funds needed. "If the entire amount that Samuel J. Tilden has given out of his own pocket to help the democratic cause in the last twenty years were positively known it would hardly fall short of $750,000. But what did he care? He has an enormous fortune, and always madeplanty of mon ey, is a bachelor, and no man was eyer more devoted to the principles of true democracy than he. He is probably the only democrat nominated for the pres idency since the war who has been able to contribute so handsomely. Blaine was the only wealthy candidate put up by the republicans, but I doubt if as much as $20,000 of Blaine's money found its way into the pockets of the boys last year. He is too keen to hold on to what he has, and the prestage of his party since the war and its affiliation with the moneyed classes of Wall street, Boston and the manufacturing states, brought forth unlimited campaign funds without stint or solicitation." Condiments and Indigestion: Cayenne pepper may be selected as a typical example of a condiment properly so called. Mustard is a food and condi ment combined; this is the case with some others. Curry powders are mix tures of very potent condiments with more or less farinaceous materials and sulphur compounds, which, like the oil of mustard, onions, garlic, etc., may have a certain amount ot nutritive value. The mere condiment is a stimulating drug that does its work directly upon the in ner lining of the stomach, by exciting H to increased and abnormal activity. A dyspeptic may obtain immediate re lief by using cayenne pepper. Among the advertised patent medicines is a pill, the active constituent of which is cay enne. Great relief and temporary com fort are commonly obtained by using it as a "dinner pill." If thus used only as a temporary remedy for an acute, and porary, or exceptional attack of indiges tion, all is well; but the cayenne, whether taken in pills or dusted over the food, or stewed with it in curries or otherwise, is one of the most cruel of slow poisons when taken habitually. Thousands of poor wretches are crawling miserably toward their graves, the vic tims of the multitude of maladies of both mind and body that are connected with chronic incurable dysyepsia, all brought about by the habitual use of cavenne and condimental cousins. The usual history of these victims is that they began by overfeeding, took the condiment to force the Btomach to do more than its healthful amount of work, using but a little at first. The stomach became tolerant of this little and de- tnanded more; then more, and more, un til at last tne innammauuu, uiuerauuu, and torpidity, and finally the death of the digestive powers, accompanied with all that long train of miseries to which I have referred. Increase ol Profanity. Chicago Tribune. It seems as if the increase of profanity were correspondent with the general spread of intelligence, the distribution of wealth, the increase in the number of graduates of the public schools, the general expansion of activity of the peo ple. It is certainly in many individual cases the inevitable concomitant of the imperious instinct for expression and self-assertion. This instinct is becoming more and more developed in an entire class of our people, who are beginning to feel the effects of civilization, of increased popu lation, and of social propinquity. Whereas once they were few in num bers, under the necessities of hard work and wholly unoccupied with the thought of amusement, they are now numerous, well-to-do, more or less gay, and they accordingly feel in its fullest measure the workings of tht great instinct of ex pansion. Accordingly they have "begun to curse and to swear" like Peter when he felt within an impious desire to eay a meat ueai ana reaiiy naa nothing to say. With a great many, perhaps with most swearers, profanity eiroDlv meant thn ar ticulate expression of thought or emc tion. For people whose powers of ex pres5ion are slight, who have only re cently come to feel the need of any pro fanity has the attraction of seeming to be very expressive. We shall never, as a nation, swear any less until our so ciety in general insists more on adequa cy ana accuracy ot expression and def initely makes up its mind what is mere interjectional exuberance and what is grossly indecent. Railroad Building During the War. "Gen. Dodge, besides being a most capable soldier, was an experienced railroad builder. He had no tools to work with but those of the pioneers axes, picks and spades. With these he was able to 'intrench his men and pro tect mem against surprises Dy small parties of the enemy. As he had no base of supplies until the road could be completed back to Nashville, the first matter to consider, after protecting his men, was the getting in of food and for age from the surrounding country. He had Lis men and teams bring in all the grain they could find or all they needed, and a1) the cattle for beef, and such oth er food as could be found. Millers were detailed from the ranks to run the mills along the line of the army; when these were not near enough to the troops, for protection tney were tasen down and moved up to the line of the road. Blacksmith-shops, with all the iron and steel found in them, were moved up in like manner. Blacksmiths were detailed and set to work making the tools necessary in railroad and bridge building. Axmen were put to work getting out timber for bridges and cutting fuel for the loco motives when the road was completed; car-builders were set to work repairing the loccmotives and -cars. Thus every branch of railroad building, making tools to work with and supplying the work men with food was all going on at once, and without the aid of a mechanic or laborer except what the command itself furnished. But rails and cars the men could not make without material, and there was not enough rolling stock to keep the road we already had worked to its full capacity. There were no rails except those in use. To supply these deficiences I ordered eight of the ten engines Gen. McPherson had -at. Vicks- burgs to be sent to Nashville, and all the cars he had except ten. I also ordered the troona in Memnhis and Charleston Road, and the cars, locomotives and rails from other railroads to be sent to the same destination. The military mana ger of railroads also was directed to fur nish more rolling stock, and, as far as he could, bridge material. Gen. Dodge had the work assigned him finished within forty days after receiving his or der. The number of bridges to rebuild was 182, many of them over deep and wide chasms. The length of road re paired was 102 miles." Mo vine Trees in the Fall. In order to get the benefit of time, which is so necessary to the healing of wounds, as well as for the production of new rootB, the trees should be taken up from the nursery rows in the fall, and then heeled in, burying the roots so deep that they will be beyond the reach of frosts during the winter months. In such a position the healing process will proceed slowly, but surely, and by the time the frost is out of the ground in spring the roots on carefully heeled-in or buried trees will have commenced to throw out new rootlets, and when placed in their final position they will push earlier and more vigorously than trees taken up from the nursery in spring. A rather dry place should be selected for burying the roots of trees, because if water settles about their roots it will re tard if it does not entirely prevent the healing of wounds. It is well to cover about one-half the stems, Tom the roots upward; the remainder may be protected with evergreen boughs, or coarse bog-hay or some similar material. Straw should never be used for this purpose if it can be avoided, because it is certain to at tract mice. Soft-wooded trees, like the magnolias, tulip, papaw, and lindens, require more protection when heeled-in in the fall than the hard-wooded kinds, and whenever practicable they should be kept in cool cellars. Is the Dog's Heir Entitled to the Money? Court Journal. A wealthy lady in Russia at her death places her pet dog Gipsy in the hands of a friend, with the request to provide for her with the annual interest on 1,000 rubles, set aside for that purpose in her testament. The other day Gipsy died, and the lady who had charge of her took it for granted that the money was now her own. Another lady, however, appeared on the scene, who owned a son of Gipsy, and who claimed that her dog was heir to the inco -le of the 1,000 roubles, since nothing was said in the testament regarding the dispopal of this money after the death of Gipsy. In some places in Russia pet dogs have vis iting cards, calling lists and reception days. Murder has been reduced to a fine art in India. According to a recent writer, a man who desires to take the life of another in that country procures a small cobra and places it within a bamboo just long enough to let the head protrude at one end and the tail at the other. Armed with this deadly weapon the murderer creeps soffly to his enemy's tent at dead of night, cuts a hole in the wall and introduces the bamboo. The tortured reptile, careless upon whom it wreaks its animosity, strides its fangs into the sleeper. Then it is withdrawn and the assassin steals silently away, leaving the victim to die in a few hours. Abilene Gazette: Abilene post, No. 63, G. A. R., had a regular old-fashioned army dinner at the court house recently, and it vas a grand success. The bill of fare consisted of bean soup, hard tack and coffee. The tables, made of com mon boards, were artistically decorated with tin cups, tin plates and spoons, with now and then a fork to eat soup with. In the evening a eamp fire was held, and the room wa9 crowded, at least one-half the audience being ladies. The boys are always boiling over with yarns on these occasions, and all enjoy themselves the' very best. The grpat' trouble is, these camp fires are too few and far between. State Treasmrer Howe recently pur chased for the sinking fund $43,000 of state bonds, the Bam" being of the issue of July 15th, 1886, to aid in the construc tion of the state p-nitentiary,and falling due July loth, 1886. There are $17,000 of this issue of bonds yet held by non residents of the state. Only $278,000 of the state bonded debt is now held by in dividuals and corporations, the balance of the state debt beingheld an represent ed by the funds in the office of the state treasury. C. W. Peoples, an inmate of the lunatic asylumn from Republic county, eacaped last Sunday morning, and after an excit ing chase and desperate struggle, was captured near the bridge. Peoples is said to be avery dangerous inmate, and has o late been of great trouble to the officials and attendants of that institution. THE NEW APPOBXIOirtfKMT. Sedgwick county under the fttirip portionment will be entitled to a tor and three representatives at the tty lowest calculation. Thirty-one thowaad and a fraction will be the basis of popu lation to each senator. Sedgwick will - J - have seven thousand excess, One ban dred and twenty-five representatives divided among 1,268,432 people would make avera?e districts of about ten thousand. This would give Sedgwick close on to four representatives. Sedg wick ought to have either two senators and three representatives or one senator and -four representatives. The proper figuring will secure one or two other delegations. Wichita Eagle. The editor of the Eagle seems to be oblivious of the fact that the legislative apportionment of 1886 must be based on territory as well as on population, and that, as there will be, ere the legislature convenes, eighty-six organized counties, there must needs be one representative from each of these counties, leaving say thirty-four, to be apportioned among; the several counties, with reference to population, and to the make up of sena torial districts. In view of the fact that a supreme court decision makes 125 members as the maximum number of the house of representatives it cannot savor of wisdom for the legisture to make more than 120 representative dis tricts, for during the last five years there- have been six counties organized, and it is morally certain that there will be at least five more between ISSSand 1801. As there will be many apportionment plans submitted by newspapers and legislators, the following is submitted on a presumed basis of equity to all por--tions of the state, the interests of west' ern Kansas being in this proposed bill,, fully considered and well cared for. All that is asked for this measure is a fair examination and a dispassionate judg ment, the belief existing that it is able to stand an impartial criticism at the hands of any one who is not wedded to some "local" scheme. Herewith is presented a table, giving the names of the counties as located in senatorial dis tricts with the population of each dis trict, and the number of representatives in each district, and in each county, thus showing, with the map of Kansas, in land, a somewhat symmetrical arrange ment of the legislative districts. 3 NAMES OF COUNTIES. Doniphan and Brown-... ........ Atchison ............ 23 901 27 636 30 776 Jackson and Jefferson! , i.cavenworiD , Wyandotte. . 42 ?99 28 (69 Johnson and Miamif.... .......... 33 471 uougi as ....... Fran dint and Coftey....... J5 092 38 137 vnacreon an iinn. 0 329 Bourbon 24 168 33 C59 lion and Neosho..... ....... Crawford....... ............ 25 378 Cherokee ...................... 23 003' Labette Montgomery ....... ......... Chautauqua and Elk.. ... Wilson and Woodson.......... Greenwood and Lyonf 29 114 l- 865 29 261 24 404 33 3-0 u?fge ...-. -... -ihavraee i6lS3 40 679 Pottawatomie and Nemaha-.. Marohallt and Riley ........... 36 186 33 680 wasningtonj ana ciay........... 37 7' 9 Dickinsoiit and Davis-. 9 038 Wabaunsee, Morris and Chase 29 22 Butler. 27 018 Cowley ......................., Sumner ......... ....... 29SS5 32 289 36 522 Sedgwick - , Kenor ana mrvey ........... Marlon and McPhcrsoD 37 0S1 8 136 Saline and Ottawa , 28 061 loudf. and Mitchell ..-........, Republic and JeweU 34 630 6 638 Smith, Philip. Norton, Decatur, twwucB, ana ineyenne unor ganized)...... 37 950 O-borne. Rook, Graham, 8neridn xnomas. ana (Sherman uno -ganlzed) LIucoId, Ellsworth, Kussell, E lis, Treo, (Gove, 8t. John and Wal lace unorganised) ....... Rice, Barton, Rusn, Ness, (Lane, Scott. Wichita and Greeley un organized)... ..... .............. 26 661 31 91 28 73S Kingman, Pratt, Staflord, Ed waras, mwnee. uoageman Ford, Finney, and (Hamilton unorganized)...-.................. Harper, Barber, Comanche, Clarke, Meade, and (Seward unorganized).......................... 39 555 25 908 Total; 12U Clarke and Meade counties are counted in Ford county. In this 'apportionment measure no county ia given two representatives that has a population less than 17,000. JNote The counties of Jefferson, Mi ami, Franklin, Linn, Neosho, Lyon, Mar shall, "Washington, Dickinson, Kenot and Cloud have each two representatives, also the counties of Pottawatomie, Nemaha,. Marion, McPherson, Republic and Jew ell. The counties of Leavenworth and' Shawnee, are the only ones that aregiven three representatives. Doniphan, Brown, Atchison, Leaven worth, Johnson, Douglas, Cherokee, La bette, Wilson, Cowley, Saline, Mitchell and Smith counties each lose one rep resentative; Crawford and Marion coun ties each gain one, besides, there are the new counties ef Rawlins, Thomas, Fin ney, Comanche, Clark and Meade, to come into the new apportionment, mak ing a loss of thirteen and a gain of eight, with a margin of five districts left for newly organized counties. A contract is reported to have been entered into between Isaac Dahman, of Fort Worth, Texas, and aa English syn dicate for the delivery at Galveston fort nightly for the next five years, of three thousand carcasses of frozen beef. The price stipulated is six cents per pound for the beef and nine cents for the hides. This is probably the largest beef transac tion ever entered into in this country or in the world. It amounts to 78.000 head of beeves per annum and 390,000 for the five years. It is indicative of the change taking place in the cattle business in Texas. The day for raising cattle for stocking the northern ranches has gone by. The Texas drive is ended. Here after Texas cattle must find a marked aa beef either in our home markets or for eign. A young lady named Fitz3unmons, of Leavenworth, was horribly burned at that place recently. She was going down stairs with a lamp in her hand, when she stumbled and fell. The lamp was broken, igniting the oil. and she was soon enveloped in names. Before aasis tance reached her her hair was burned from her head, and her face, arms and breast burned in a horrible manner. In the event of her recovery, her face, it is said, will be badly scarred, and it is pos sible she may lose the sight of one. eye. ft f " r.'t 't&L'i 3$?f I& ? .. St $ " tt S , K4z v KKtmffMft- - . cJ- .