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J - " " - ' :"! -. ---'-- - . 7 .-.--- - --- - Kai 5 "7&.nGewi TY8T&a&Ajk.-9 :i.. I - i-J3CS2s r 1 ' J f Ji " - "rf X. K. " ll-- TE" -? n P Ft Vi.I - - f t f2' 9insISaM0-flB Br ftw.1-" m - KlfraArt iiK Jmttt .vh aw'-aw- , ft 5 s smXIisBVikavwa, ,4,A,fHr. f w - & t - Ki m s- $Kj ?-. "5Tearly Subscription $S.OO NINTH TEAR. FOR BARGAINS GO TO 3L, He Keeps Constantly on Hand the Best of Everything' in GROCERIES i DRY GOODS, AND SELLS BOTTOM WILL ALWAYS PAY THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICE DON'T FORGET WA-KBENEY, k: L, WA-KEENEY MEAT MARKET. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. S0L06IA SAUSAGE & PRESSED COM BEEF A SPECULTI. TJfcilU TIJkUEl SEST PBIOBS PAID FOB W. S. HARRISON, CHAS. N. HALHBIN- Fruits and CBHITOHCCOS. to bmymltbrn prodao. fcara Land Office Blanks, AT MURK M5AS Blanks ara mot aqualod. in Topeka in point of axoollenoa, aa cmr prioaa ara raaaooabla. ' W. B. KRITCHFIELD, t j IsUffllE, ClifETS, WBWW SHADES, PICTUB if, j'i iv Ll1. WIj ' ?- , . E S TTTFtfe AT DFORZOES. &? FOR BDTTER AM). EGGS. THE PLACES KANSAS. toUJJrTil HiH OATTLB AMD HOG& Proprietor. BENEDICT, Vegetables UO COIFECnMBIJES. 4ttiWghrt market prio.w2iio to diapaaa a& huh Turn. E S CHAS. N. BENEDICT. THE - WORLD OFFICII AUDRXCT STOCK FARMING THE BASIS OP OUR, INDUSTRIES. WA-KEENET: KANSAS, SATURDAY, NOTEMBER26, Te Blacksmith's Prayer. Sammy Hicka, the goet eccentric Englisli blacksmitli, -was in the habit of praying for persons by name, "with what some would regard as undue familiarity. The late "Billy Dawson," who knew him personally, mentioned in my hearing, for example, that stop ping once at the house of , in Lan cashire, Sammy prayed thus at family worship for the cook, who was exceed ingly ugly: "O my Lord, convert Betty ; she'll look five pound better!" and thus for the brother-in-law of his host: "My Lord, bless bless thou knowest I forget his namo the big fat man that lives at the top o' the hill!" Sergeant E , an En glish Methodist, when in Ireland, re lated the following. I give it as it was told to me. Sammy and some brethren visited a certain village for the pur pose of establishing a prayer meeting. They secured a room, "but it proved too small for the purpose. One day it was proposed that- Sammy should go to a nobleman in the neighborhood to solicit aid toward the erection of a chapel. Consenting to the proposal of his brethren, on condition that they would go to their knees and continue in prayer until his return, the simple minded, zealous man went to seek an interview with the nobleman.' With great difficulty Sammy got ushered into bis presence, when this scene oc curred : Sammy My lord, the people in are very wicked ; and if they don't get a chapel they'll go to hell and be damned. Now, I am to ask your lord ship to give us a subscription to build a chapel. Nobleman, eyeing his strange visitor Oh, you may go about your busi ness ! I have no money for you. Sammy But, my lord, you have plenty of money, if you would like to give it. And you know, my lord, they are praying for my success yonder. Nobleman I'll give you no money. Sammy Well, my lord, you won't hinder me from praying with you? Nobleman I don't want your prayers. Sammy O, my lord, it wouldn't do to part without prayer. So saying, he fell on his knees, his lordship stall in his chair, not a littla amused by this time. Sammy O, Lord, thou knowest the people in are very wicked, and if we don't get a chapel they'll all go to hell and be damned. Thou knowest that his ldrdship here has plenty of money if he likes to give it. Now, Lord, give his heart a touch, and let him give us a subscription to build a "hapeL Nobleman Did I ever hear such a l-.yer! Well, there is a pound for . Now go about your business. ,-;ainmy Oh, Lord, he has got -a touch. Now give him another touch; for thou knowest that he could as easily give ten pounds as one pound. Nobleman Well, there are five pounds for yon. Will that do? A.NIMAZ8 AXI EARTHQUAKES. Prof. Milne one of the Scotch coterie of students established in Japan, where they devote themselves to the study of earthquakes, gives some interesting particulars in the report of the Seis mological gocioty of Japan regarding the effects of earthquakes on lower animals. He quotes the case of ponies rising in. terror and prancing about the stall thirty seconds before the shock was felt. He refers also to birds hid ing their heads beneath their wings to pheasants screaming, and to frogs ceas ing to croak before the trembling is felt. Geese, dogs, and other animus have been inown to behave in a strange manner several hours or even days be fore an earthquake. Newcastle Citron icle. A Well-PreTveii Figurehead. The figurehead of the Confederate steamship, Star of the West, was found near Greenwood, La., the other day. It is of solid iron and weighs about 300 pounds. The Star of the WeBt was sunk in February, J863, in the Talla hatchie Biver, three miles below Green wood, where some parts of her may still be seen. The figurehead is re markably well preserved. It was pur chased from the finder by Dr. J. P. Henry, who will present fr to the Cos federate Monumental Association of Richmond, Vsw Chicago Times. LITTLJWHITE SLAVES., A. System of Bondage That Surpassed That of the Southern slavery. The following communication on the subject of child labor has been re ceived from Mr. Charles E. Buell, of Springfield, Mass., and contains many suggestions worthy of consideration by manufacturers as well as by parents : "In 1869 a barber, who was so poorly dressed that his friends made up sub scriptions to keep him decently clothed, improved the spinning machine that had been invented by Watt He died as Sir Eichard Arkwright, leaving his son property worth two and a half millions. Years later his son, pos sessed of fifty millions, followed his father to the abjection o the grave. Their wealth was accumulated by the labor of children. Previous to this children grew up under the care of parents whose earnings were ample to insure beef and' mutton every day and who made cloth for their own use and for sale without child labor. "The time which gave rise to the phrase 'Merrie England' gave place to a system that contained no" equity in the rewards and obligations of labor, a system that subverted those pleasures and comforts which the word home had suggested to English ears, and dwarfed the patriotism of the people. It was England's factory system by Arkright, from the evils of which England can never recover. Under this system the mill owner quickly discovered that a machine worked as fast if tended by a child, and children were obtained from the overseers of the poor in the cities, sold by thousands to the mill owner, by a signed indenture binding the children till 21 years old to their new masters. "This slavery was worse than our Southern States ever knew. Their masters were more avaricious, and the word involved no waiting for nature, like agriculture. These children were worked consistently sixteen hours a day, scantily clothed, poorly fed and crowded into dormitories for the little remnant of the night, Forced b con tinuous labor, refused the privilege of sitting down, under peril of brutal chastisement, deaths became so fre quent that, out of shame or fear of pub lic opinion, their bodies were sent to other parishes for burial. This Eng lish system, which we ape, is less merciful to children than was Herod of old. The attempts to palliate and disguise this wrong doing by legal enactments relating to child labor should cease. Child labor should be prohibited. Chil dren have no legal rJsiatus as workers, is remarked by Hon. Carroll D. Wright. Children should be educated, and, no matter how poor their parents, their vacation from school should not be long hours of labor.. It is an unfair treat ment of helpless childhood. It is un just to their fathers to put them in com petition with children's labor. It is not good business policy, as cheap labor contributes nothing to the market lor manufactured goods. It is a cheapness that dries up the very source of demand while urging production to over-supply. It is a rude impulse that will lead men to employ children to derive a profit wnder the subtle forces termed "the laws of trade." Not less rude than that which impells the Italian who en gages inpadroning. Please use your influence to prohibit the labor of child ren before their bones hardened Bos ton Transcript. These was an exciting political con test the other day at Lake City, Fla., between the liquor men and the tem perance folks, and the former were in a fair way to carry the election, owing largely to the work of a popular young citizen. Four temperance girls deter mined to capture him, and they did it One of them asked him to step behind the Court House, that she might tell him a secret, and the others followed with four chairs. In those the .con spirators seated themselves so closely around' the young man that he could not get out without using force, and, being. too gallant to do this, he was. kept a prisoner until the polls closed, and the temperance people won the day. m It veU known fat usisr won't stiek to jrrMse, and from pscsonal ob- wa doant if it anmgs to any itNt satsat awonc Italians. tf. 1887. FOLLOWING A TRAIL, A Deg Knows It's the Scent of Her Master's Hunting Boots NotcI Tests. Dr. Bomanes has made an important study on the method by which his dog follows the scent of her master. The observations were made on Dr, Bo manes' setter, says Science, an animal very much attached to him. They, were made on the grounds adjoining his house, and a number of precautions not easily described were taken. When Dr. Bomanes walks over the ground with his hunting boots on the dog follows the scent with the greatest readiness. If she is put to the tracks of a -stranger she pays no attention to it. The dog was led' into the room when preparations were going on for an outing, but instead of Dr. Bomanes going out the gamekeeper (whose scent he follows next after that of Dr. Bo manes) went; when set free the animal at first followed the track, but, finding that her master was not with the game keeper, returned. The next experi ment was a very ingenious one. Twelve men walked in Indian file, so that they all trod the same footsteps, thus pro 'ducing a conglomerate of olfactory im pressions. Dr. Bomanes headed the company, so-that the traces of his steps should be most obliterated; and after walking thus 200 yards the first six men walked in one direction, the last six in another The dog 'quickly ran along the route followed by the twelve, overshot the point of division, but soon returned and followed the direc tion taken by the six headed by Dr. Bomanes. A number of experiments were made to ascertain what part of Dr. Bomanes' person or of his apparel gave the clew to the animal. It was suspected to be the hunting boots, and this proved correct. A stranger put on these boots and the dog eagerly follow ed the scent; and, contrariwise,-when Dr. Bomancs"put on the stranger's boots the animal was indifferent to his track. Further experimens were made to locate the source of the scent in the boots. The dog did not follow the scent of a stranger walking in bare feet. When Dr. Bomanes walked in bare feet the dog followed the trace, but less eagerly than usual, and with much hesitation. Again, the animal did not follow Dr. Bomanes when he put on new shooting boots. Next a sin gle sheet of brown paper was glued to the soles of his usual -hunting boots. The dog did not catch the trail until he came to a place where, as Dr. Bo manes had previously noted, a few square millimeters of the paper had come off. When her master walked in new cotton socks the trail was lazily followed and soon given up. With, woolen socks worn all day the result was the same. Dr. Bomanes next walked fifty yards in shooting. boots; then 300 yards in his stocking soles, carrying his boots; then S00 yards in his bare feet The animal caught the scent and .followed it unhesitatingly through the whole distance, though the trace left by the stockings or bare feet alone was not sufficient to guide the animal. The next test was a modification of the last Dr. Bomanes and a stranger entered a carriage and drove for several hundred yards. The former, in his hunting boots, then alighted and walked fifty yards, whereupon he re-entered the carriage, and the stranger walked the next 200 yards; the dog, when shown the track, ran the whole 250 yards without pausing. The experiment was repeated with another stranger with the same result To test the power which the dog had of selecting the dis tinctive odor accompanying her master from other odors Dr. Bomanes soaked his hunting boots .in- anise-seed oil. The odor was so strong that a friend could follow the track an hour later by the odor of the oil; yet the dog was not confused, except that she hesitated about the first few steps, but then pur sued as usual. . The twenty-fifth anniversary of Prince Bismark's services in the Gov ernment of Prussia brought him, among others, a present of unusual weight from Lord Banelagh, who is a great admirer of the Prince. "An iron pres ent is the most suitable gift for the Iron Chancellor, " he may have thought And there was delivered on the festive day, at the palace of the Prince, a par cel of immense weight To guess by its weight, says a contemporary, it might have been Bismarck's roice in the council of the powers, but it was not When the covers were removed there stood a writing table of iron fash ioned as if made out of "real live can non balls." AwoacAN is never known to adver. tase for the return of stolen property "and no questions asked." Saa would ask questions or die. 2teww Sifting Slxigle Oopy S Oamtsj NUMBER 40 a Bill Bye an Hotels. America has made many gigantio strides, writes Bill Nye, in the Ifeio York World, aside from those made at the battle of Bull Bun, and her people spend much of their time pointing with pride to her remarkable progress, but we are prone to dwell too much upon our advantages as a summer resort and our adroit methods of declining the Presidency before we are asked, while we forget some of our more important improvements, like the elevated rail way and the American hotel. Let us. for a moment, look at the great changes that have been wrought in hotels during the past century. How marked has been the improvement and how wonderful the advancement! Everything has been changed. Even the towels have been changed ! Electric bells, consisting of a long and alert wire with an overcoat button at one end and a reticent boy at the other, have taken the -place of the human voice and a low-browed red elm club. Where once we were, compelled to fall down a dark, narrow staircase, how we can go down the elevator or wander down the wrong stairway and find ourselves in the laundry. Where once we were mortified by be ing compelled to rise at table, reach nine feet and stab a porous pancake with our fork, meantime wiping the milk gravy out of a large yellow bowl with our- coat tails, now we can .hire a tall, lithe gentleman in a full dress suit to pass us the pancakes. Even the bar-rooms of American Jio tels are changed. Once the bar-tender waited till his customer ran all his re marks into one long hoarse word, with a hiccough on the end, and then he took him by the collar and threw him out into the cold and chaotic night Now the bar-tender gradually rises on the price of drinks till his customer is . frozen out, and while be is gone to the reading-room to borrow some more, money the-chemist moves the bar some where else, and when the guest returns he finds a barber shop where he thought he left a bar-room. It is Very rare now that we see a United States Senator snaking a two-year-old Mambrino hair trunk up three flights of stairs to his room in order to secure the labor vote. Men, as well as hotels and hotel soap, have changed. Where once a cake of soap would only last 'a few weeks, science has come in and perfected a style of pink soap, flavored withf vanillaj that will last for years, and a new slippery elm towel that is absolutely" impervious to moisture. Hand in hand this soap and towel go gayly down the corridors of time, wel coming the coming and speeding the parting guest, jumping deftly out of the hands of the aristocracy into the hands of a receiver, but always calm, smooth, and latherless. A great many droll characters and bright, shrewd men are met with among hotel proprietors wherever you go. "The Fat Contributor" was lectur ing once in the State of Kentucky, and had occasion to take dinner at a six bit hotel. After the' meal Mr. Gris wold stepped up to the counter, took out a bale of bank-notes, which he had received for hi3 lecture the evening be fore, and asked what the damage was. "Three dollars," said the blue grass gentleman, who had buttoned his col lar with a ten-penny nail, while he looked at "Gris" with a pained expre sion. "Yes, but a man ought to be able to board here a week for $30. The whole house didn't cost more than $40 or $15. What's your idea in charging me $3 for a wad of hominy and a piece of parched pork?" " "Well, sir," said the urbane land lord, as he put out the fire at a dis-' tance of twenty feet by emptying his . salivary surplus on it, "I need the money!" The frankness and open,' candid manner of the man won Mr. Griswoid, and' he asked him if he thought $3 would be enough. The landlord said he could get along with that Then Griswoid opened his valise and took out a large brunette bottle of liniment marked "For external use." He passed it over to the landlord and told 'him that this stuff worked as well on the inside as it did on the outside. In 'a few moments the liniment of the "Fat Contributor" and the liniment of the landlord had merged into each other, and a friendly feeling sprang up be tween the two men which time has never effaced. I have often thought of thispaid wondered why it is that ho tel .men are not more open' and cordial with then guests. Many a time I have paid a large bill grudgingly when I vwould have done it cheerfully if the landlord had told me he was in need. Soma people begin to doubt Noah's run story and dans as ought to hare been hanged on the charge of nrmjiim Dkhttk Paragrapktr. The blessing of a house is goodness. aae aaaor ox a aonee is hospitality. xae eouaaaav oz anoaseis ooaisatawal I W , R4 n ?- "iiMdm .. "at&T r&A.T- fZ.il t .: i r S 1ir S-.J-CS. SV - ka-ThZfi-Ci rvA?