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"STearly Subscription. $2.00
Fun, Facts, and Fiction for
the Pets of the House
hold. WASHINGTON'S MONUMENT.
An AcccutiI of the House That Stood in the
Pond, and the Cunning Animal
lhat Lived Therein.
The site of tho "Washington Monu
ment was selected by Washington him
self; not, however, to commemorate his
own fame, hut as a memorial of the
great struggle by which our country's
independence was secured.
Washington died December 14, 1799,
and ten days later Congress resolved to
erect a monument to commemorate the
events of his military and political life.
The poverty of tho country prevented
thr immediate execution of the project,
and in a little while men's thoughts
were engaged by more pressing
In 1803 it was thought a public dis
grace that nothing had been done to
carry out the early resolution to recog
nize by a monument the great debt of
the country to Washington, and the
National Washington Monument Society
-was formed to raise money for the pur
pose by popular subscriptions.
Fifteen years passed before enough
money liad been collected to begin with,
. and then July 4, ISIS the corner
stone w as laid. During the next eight
years a foundation eighty feet square
and twenty-three feet deep was laid,
and a shaft .fifty-five feet square Avas
raised to the height of ISO feet, this at a
cost of $200,080. Then the project came
to a practical standstill for twenty
In the sammer of 187G the Centen
nial year a joint commission was
created to supervise the completion of
the monument, and $200,000 were ap
propriated to carry on the work.
Woik was not resumed nntil October,
187S. It had now been decided to raise
the monument to 500 feet or more, mak
ing it necessary to enlarge and
strengthen the foundation.
A large part of the old foundation was
removed, section by section, and re
placed by stronger masonry. Then a
great trench or cellar was dug under
the foundatson and filled iu with con
crete, adding greatly to the depth of
the foundation ; and the foundation was
farther extended outward on the four
Bides, making it 126 feet square.
The work of rebuilding and enlarging
the foundation of a structure 130 feet
high and weighing over seventy million
pounds, was a bold and admirably ex
cnted piece of engineering.
The monument was completed De
cember G, 1SS4. It is built of Mary-
:x. land morale witli a Daeiano- oi crraninv
- 0 0 ,
mostlv from Maine. Above 400 feet the
The monument overtops the highest
?A TlcrvntianTDvramid bv eichtv feet. Its
?. "" . . , . , - i . i , ,
5ft. nearest riviu iu uejjrut muugu not in
Jl magnitude, is the tower
of the Public
W Uuiidmgs in lniladciplna.
The nrTt is
Jrkxv-x ti. n.,i ;ii t n-i
I" 511 feet. Strasburg Cathedral spire is
3468 feet high; St. Peters, at Bonie, is
L 448 feet; tho Milan Cathedral, 333 feet.
&, Golden Bays. .
Vfho Unlit thcJIottsc?
&- . . . . -
rXhe house was in a pond. People
-passed along the road in full sight of it,
irat-nevor saw it. Bovs came and
jr" 'fttmght frogs and, chased turtles and
Mptured Dlood-sucJcers, but did not no-
tioe'ifc. In plain sight it was, not tweutv
from the ' shore. The roof -was
- BmivcwatrW'm.'&i r 's-WTJEiwaf i,TrTtrJ,T?Tfi?73jV'r
te a - "f.y --- -;- -i--
covered with a thatch of ? ushes, to keep
out the ram. Within, there was one
room, a cosy bedroom, with a bed of
dry grass, as soft as down. The walls
were of mud. There were no pictures
hanging on them ; nor was there either
stove, chair, table, or dish in the man
sion. There were no windows. There
was no chimney. And the door was
under water. This house had a very
Avet cellar in fact, it was full of water.
The ducks often swam close to the,
house, plunging their bread bills in the
mud, and sometimes diving out of sight;
but they never tried to enter. The
frogs sat on the large lily leaves near
by and croaked long and loud, but not
one went in. The turtles sometimes
climbed to the roof to sun themselves,
but they never went inside. The
meadow mice had little houses of their
own, and laid no claim to this. None
of these pond p.eople claimed it. Who,
then, Avas the owner? Who built the
One day, one of the boys discovered
the house. At first, he thought it was
an old bushel basket upside down ; but
as he looked more carefully, he saw that
somebody or something must have built
it right Avhero it was. Ho Avondered
Avhen it was done and Avho did it. Ho
lived close to the pond, and could see
the Avhole of it from his chamber Avih- J
dow; yet he had never seen this build
ing before. Almost every day, after
school, he played in the field near the
pond; but he had never noticed the
builder. He made wp his mind to ex
amine it carefully, and, if possible, solve
the mystery that surrounded it.
The mud and Avater Avere so deep that
he dared not Avade out, and he had no
boat. How should he reach the little
mud island on the edge of Avhich it
stood? After thinking some time, he
Avent to the lumber pile, and took
several boards and brought them to the
shore. These he laid across the tus
socks of pond-grass till he had a bridge
leading right up to the curious build
ing. It Avas a A-ery narrow and exceed
ingly shaky bridge. It bent and tipped,
as the boy stepped upon it. In his
hand he held a long stick, which he
thrust into the mud to steady himself.
In this Avay he sidled along, carefully
balancing, step by step, till he Avas al
most there. Ouce, he stuck the stick
so far down that he had to give quite a
hard pull in drawing it out; and, when
it did come, he almost fell over back-AA-ard.
Step by step he moved slowly on,
and at last reached the house. Once
there, he examined it Avith a great deal
of wonder. It was so soundly made, so
nicely thatched, so perfectly rounded !
With his stick he rapped gently on the
roof. There was a rustle, and a plunge,
and something darted through the water
and Avas gone. So quick and unex
pected Avere the motions that the boy
could not decide whether it was a fish
or an animal. As he examined the
dwelling, he saw leading from the un-der-water
door a pathway in the soft
mud on the bottom of the pond. Fol-.
lowing it with his eyes, he noticed that
it Jed far out into the deep water. He
resolved to watch the path, hoping to
have a longer look at the stranger.
For several days he watched, but saw
nothing unusual. At last, one evening,
just at twilight, he saw, sw-imniing
slowly up the pathway, its nose barely
showing above the water, a brown ani
mal. Hardly daring to move for fear !
of frightening it, he stole forward to get
a good long look. Xearer and nearer
swam the animal to the water-cottage,
till, diving through the doorway, it dis
appeared. This, then, Avas the owner, the builder,
of this queer little house, Avith ita roof
of rushes and its cellar full of Avater.
So it was not the ducks, the mice, the
turtles, nor the frogs that built the'
house, but the big brown muskrat
K".sc:t -o-. . ta -
" - ' -
STOCK JRianza- T2IEJ BASIS OP OT7K, lENTDTTSTRrES.
- KEENEY, KANSAS, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1888.
TILE CASE OF CLOTHES.
Hints for JlaLiixj TIi"ti T.ool: Well and
Clothes Avhich are Avell cared for will
last twice as long as those carelessly
treated, and Avith a liberal expenditure
of time and a little diswlay of taste can
be remodelled and made to do duty for
a long time. Eternal A-igilance is the
price of success for the poor in dressing
Avell, and it should be exercised, as
nothing pays better. Garments can be
injured as much by careless handling
Avhen not Aom as Ahen in use. Dresses
thrown across a chair or hung in a
crowded wardrobe under other heaAy
articles Avill be creased and Injured.
Laces, glo-es, and ribbons tossed into a
drawer Avith other articles Avill not ap
pear fresh and neat Ahen avoiti.
It is an excollcnt rule to carefully
put aAvay every article of apparel as
sron as taken oft'. Dresses should be
shaken and Avell brushed, and, if hand
somely and elaborately trimmed, should
be folded, every fold and plait in place,
carefully pinned up in a large towel,
and laid in a drawer, this is A'ery im
portant in order to keep the dresses in
shape, or, if preferred to hang them up,
loops should be sewed on the back of
the shoulder, by Avhich they may hang.
Cloak , aftar being brushed, may be
laid in a long diuwer or hung up by a
loop in the back of the neck. Shawls
should be carefully folded in the orig
inal creases, wrapped in paper or a
square cloth, before laying away in a
draAver. Gloves should be pulled out
lengthwise, folded in thin paper, and
laid in a small box kept for the purpose ;
laces should besmoothid out and placed
where they Avill keep clean and fresh.
Veils, ribbons, sashes, silk handker
chiefs, and silk stockings Avill keep in
good condition much longer if folded in
proper shape and laid under a weight.
Shoes, if thrown around in the dust,
will not last as long or look as well as
Avhen " stretched out of the Avrinkles,
well brushed, and put carefully away.
Bonnets and hats are more easily spoiled
by want of care than almost any article
of dress. They should not, therefore,
be allowed to he about on tables or in
dusty places unprotected, but as soon as
taken from the head should be brushed,
the trimmings and feathers straightened,
and laid in boxes.
Every ladies' room should be fur
nished with a clothes-brush, a wisp
broom, a hand-brush, a sponge, a bottle
of ammonia, a vial each of alcohol and
benzine, also some cleaning fluid or
erasive soap, to aid her in keeping her
wardrobe in order. Another very nec
essary item in the care of clothe3 is
mending and repairing every article as
it may need it; the time spent in so do
ing is well bestowed, for, besides the
pleasure it gives to always ajipear in
whole, respectable garments, the clothes
will last twice as long. EA'ery rip and
rent in dresses, skirts, or underclothes
should receive attention as soon as it
occurs. The old-time adage, "A stitch
in time saves nine," is well to remem
ber. GloA-es should be mended as soon
as a rip appears in the fingers, and, if
thin and worn in the hand, may be
neatly darned or mended with a piece
from an old glove of the same color.
1IE DEPAJiTED BTViyAJriTJS.
When the "Immortal William" in
vented the noAV familiar phrase, '"Hoist
with his own petard,'' he certainly did
not foresee the extraordinary manner in
-which the action would be suited to the
word by a man of 60 summers, yclept
Charles Durand, who long ago pitched
his tent at Montiucon. Coming one day
to the conclusion that life was not worth
living after all, Durand determined to
treat himself to the "happy dispatch;"
but he scorned to put an end to his days
by such hackneyed means as suspension
in mid-air or drowning, or even the six
chambered revolver. He -would, cut out
an original line for himself and make
his exit that Avay. So he procured a
dynamite cartridge, leaned over it, and
speedily bleAV himself into a hundred
fragments. His pei'formance did not
long remain a secret to his afilicted
neighbors, for the explosion sent the
AvindoAvs as well as the roof of Durand's
abode flying in all directions, Avhile the
adjacent houses rattled and rocked as if
thev had suddenly been transported to
the crater of Ycsua ins at a time Avhen
that capricious A-olcano is "' getting up
steam' for afresh outburst, London
TAXKEE TS. ElfJiOl'EAX COOK EX V.
Dr. William C. Prince sums up his
experience as a traveler at home and
abroad, in regard to food and cooking,
that the reported excellence of English
and European inns as a Avhole is all
moonshine, and that after Arab cooks,
the best in the world are the farmers'
Auves of Xew England. Mrs. Blank,
Aho cooks the meals for her family of
four strong sons and two healthy, hearty
daughters, to condense Avhat Dr. Prince
says, cannot make a partridge pie out of
veal and chicken bones, but she ,can
broil and serve the partridges as they
were never broiled by the Frenchman,
and give you a A-eal or chicken pot-pie
which, unless your taste has been viiated
by so-called French cooking, will satisfy
your highest gastronomic desires.
America surpasses all the Avorld in the
abundance and excellence of its meats,
fish, game, Aegetables, and fruits, says
Dr. Prince, and he defies mention of
any country in the Avorld where the
naaA-e population, from house to house,
have as good cooking.
The notion that France is a land
where good cooking preA'ails, Dr. Prince
ridicules. Without discussing the
merits or demerits of Parisian tables,
he says that tho proA'incial towns and
A-illages and thq Avayside suns of France
are in darkness Avorse than heathenish
on the subject of cooking food. Fur
thermore, he says that America, in the
matter of inns, is tho cleanest country
in the world. The inns here are, on
the aA-erage, much superior to Euiopean
inns, either British or continental. He
asserts that the literature of the last
fifty years has a great sin to answer for
in the romance Avhich writers have at
tached to coimtry inns in England and
some parts of the continent. The ideal
"old-fashioned inn" of the books is a
humbug. It has not existed, as a gen
eral institution, within the past fifty
years, and probably never existed.
MORSELS OF GASTJtOXOXIY.
A Danish pudding made of currants
and rice-flour is new and palatable
Spanish hams are a novelty in this
market,' and are deemed a delicacy.
There is a promised revolution in the
style of serving fashionable dinners next
season, and some startling novelties are
What shall it profit a man if he have
a splendid lobster and two fine heads of
lettuce if his oil is bad? Thereby hangs
Among seasonable and palatable sal
ads at this season is beet, which, with
sharp dressing, and very cold, is by no
means to be ignored.
Authorities hold that currants are
best when eaten for breakfast. They
should be iced cqld and sugared an
hour beforo they are served. 2Tew
YorJc Mail and Express.
ABOUT BARKIXG DOGS.
Tommy, being out walking with his
mother, was very much scared at a dog
that barked at him.
"Why, you are a regular little coward.
Don't you know that the barking dog
never bite??" said the maternal an
cestor. "I know the barking dog never bites,
but how do I know that the dog knows
it?" waBtheHearful reply. Texas Sift
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A3IEIUCAXS GETTIXG I.EET.
The United States seems strangely
regardless of the fact that the best of
the loaves and fishe3 in Mexico are being
appropriated by peojjle from the other
hemisphere. Tho Germans Avere the
modern pioneers, and for more than two
decades the sloAV-going but persistent
men of that race have been uniformly
successful here in trade, which they
have carefully developed. All over the
coimtry we find them, from tho Bio
Grande to the Gulf, as druggists, man
ufacturers, miners, and haciend apropri
elors ; in fact, almost monopolizing the
tAvo first-named branches of business.
The shop-keepers, the merchants, shoe
dealers, confectioners, restaurateurs,
and bakers of Mexico are about in pro
portion of two-thirds French to one
third Italian; Avhile the English monop
olize the clothing trade, jewelry estab
lishments, etc. It must be remembered
that the highest class of Mexicans are
altogether too proud to engage in trade
of any sort, the loAver classes are too
poor, and the bulk of the middle classes
devotes themselves to agriculture. Be
ing so immensely Komau Catholic, this
country has no use for Hebrews, and
few had the temerity to settle here;
while the Americans, as a rule, on the
lookout for great speculations, come
and go with considerable noise and
bluster, it is true but without re
alizing much in the Avay of substantial
results. So far a3 money goes, this
country is really voiy poor; but, al
though brilliant opportunities are as
scarce as the typical hens' teeth, there
is no doubt that hard work, combined
with a reasonablo amount of sagacity,
is rather more apt to win here than
elsewhere, because as yet, tilings have
not been OA'erdone. Correspondence
MECHANISM OF THE JIEAJ'
In the human subject the average
rapidity of the cardiac jmlsation of an
adult male is about seventy beats per
minute. These beats are more fre
quent as a rale in young cliildren and
inAvomen,and there are variations within
certain limits in particular persons owing
to peculiarities of organization. It would
not necessarily be an abnormal sign to
find in some particular individuals the
habitual frequency of tho heart's action
from sixty-five or from seventy-five to
eighty per minute. As a rule, the
heart's action is slower and more power
ful in fully deA'eloped and muscular or
ganizations, and more rapid and feebler
in those of slighter form. In animals,
the range is from twenty-five to forty
five in .the cold-blooded, and fifty up
ward in the warm-blooded animals, ex
cept in the case of a horse, which has a
very slow heart beat, only forty strokes
a minute. The" pulsations of men and
all animals differ from the sea level also.
The work of a healthy human heart has
been shown equal to the feat of raising
five tons four hundredweight one foot
per hour, or 123 tons in twenty-four
hours. The excess of this Avork under
alcohol in varying qualities is often very
great. A curious calculation has been
made by Dr. Bichardson, giving the
Avork of the heart in mileage. Presum
ing that the blood was thrown out of
the heart at each pulsation in the pro
portion of sixty-nine strokes per minute,
and at the assumed force of nine feet,
the mileage of the blood through the body
might be taken at 207 yards per minute,
seven miles per hour. 1G8 miles per day,
01,320 miles peryear, or 5,150,888 miles
in a lifetime of eighty-four years. The
number of beats of the heart in tho same
long life would reach the grand total of
The curious observation is mentioned
by Mr. W. L. Wilder that wasps, bees,
and hornets can be handled with impu
nity by a person holding his breath.
Even the most delicate skin becomes
sting-proof, though it is quickly pene
trated if the smallest quantity of air is
i.rJLL jt :,,-' - &
'Siroffle Copy S-Gents
allowed to escape from the lungs. It ia
surmised that holding the breath par
tially closes the pores of the skin.
AT, THE ltlCU JJOSTOXIANS DO IT.
"He's a very great and good man,"
said Putney. "He's- worth a million,
and he rims a big manufacturing com
pany at Ponkwasset Falls, and he owns
a fancy farm just beyond South Hat
boro'. He lives in Boston, but he comes
out here early enough to dodge his tax
there, and let poorer people pay ,it.
He's got miles of cut stone wall round
his place, and conservatories and gar
dens and villas and drives inside of it
and he keeps up the town roads outside
at his own expense. Yes, we feel it
such an honor and advantage to have J.
Milton in Hatboro' that our assessors
practically allow him to fix the amount
of tax here himself. People who can
pay only a little at the highest valua
tion are assessed to the last dollar- of
their property and income; but the as
sessor knows this Avouldn't do with Mr.
Northwick. They make a guess at his
income, and he always pays their bills
without asking for abatement; they
think themselA'e3 wise and public
spirited men for doing it, and most
of their fellow-cisizens tliink so too.
You see it's not only difficult for a rich
man to get into the kingdom of Heaven,
Annie, but he makes it hard for other
people.TF. D. HowelUs "Anniekil
b'urn,'' in Harper' Magazine.
OSCILLATIONS OF CONTINENTS.
As the continents sink down or rise
above the-lcAel of the sea, in their
ceaseless oscillations, each movement
is attended by a great variation in tho
energy with Avhich tho streams act upon
their surface. If our continent should
rise 100 feet in its southern parts, the
Mississippi Biver would immediately
begin to flow with greater swiftness, and
so too all the streams Avhich are tributary
to it would have their energy enhanced
up to the foot of their mountain tor
rents. On the other hand, if the con
tinent sunk down 100 feet all these
streams would become less effective
agents of erosion and transportation.
We thus see that all the erosive work of
the land is to a greater or less extent
determined by what is called tho prin
ciple of base level of erosion. This
principle, first distinctly suggested by
J. W. Powell, has been amplified by
other American geologists, and has
served to bring into clear light tho pe
culiar sensitiveness of our streams to
the position of the sea, or hard layers in
the rocks which control the inclination
of their stream-beds. Prof. N. 8.
Shaler, in Scrilmer's Magazine.
THE GEE AT EXPLOSIVES.
The composition of some of the mod
ern high explosives, according to En
gineering, is as follows: Dynamite,
75 parts of nitro-glycerine and 25 of in
fusorial earth. Dauline, 80 parts ni- .
tro-glycerine and 20 of nitro-cellulose
or gun cotton. Bendrock, 40 parts nitro-glycerine,
40 nitrate of potash ot
soda, 13 of cellulose, and 7 of paraffine.
Giant powder, 30 parts of nitro-glyce-rine,
38 of nitrate of potash or soda, 8
of resin or charcoal. Mica powder, 52
parts of nitro-glycerine and 48 of pul
verized mica., Tonite, 52 parts of gun
cotton and 474 of nitrate of baryta.
Blasting gelatine, 82 parts of nitro
glycerine and 8 of gun cotton. Atlas
powder 75 parts of nitro glycerine, 21
of wood fiber, 5 of carbonate of mag
nesia and 2 of nitrate of soda. Backa
rock, 77.7 parts of chlorate of potash
and 22.3 of nitro-benzol.
The singular "canals' seen on Mara
are explained by M. Fizeau on the sup
position that the planet has glaciers
much larger than those of the Earth,
and with greater crevices and move
ments. Knowledge is dearlybought if w'
sacrifice Vi it moral qvaiities. '' -- -.
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