Newspaper Page Text
A LITTLE FAIRY.
flnere was once a little fairy In a toy shop In the west. Dressed In garments white and shining With a crown and spangled vest. And her eyes were blue and tender. And her smile was Klad and sweet: She was wound inside with clockworSc. So she danced with tireless feet. It chanced that to the window Came a little prince one day. In a dainty suit of velvet And a cap with feathers gay. And he praised her for her beauty And the lightness of her dance. Till her foolish heart was fluttered I By the wonder of his glance. The little prince was wealthy, j So he bought her for his own. ' And the fairy and her spangles And her heart were liis alone. Then she whispered, oh. so gladly. As he bore her far oway: Though I'm but a silly fairy I He will love me now alway." But he wearied of his plaything. Just as wiser people do. And he broke her heart, they tell me. When she old and faded grew. He had other things to please him Ships and horses too, I trow. And you wouldn't know the fairy If you chanced to see her now. -Florence Hoare, In Pall Mall Gazette. ADVENTTJ11E WITH A LION. The lion is not by any means a loving1 r a lovable beast. I have not enjoyed the pleasure of a personal acquaintance with this king- of quadrupeds in his na tive wilds and solitudes. I speak now simply from a home experience from what I have seen of bim in zoological gardens, traveling- caravans and menag eries; but, judging- from these posts of observation, I think I have formed a tolerably fair estimate of his character and disposition. The story of the mouse that nibbled the net. set the captive monarch free, and earned the Iatter's undying gratitude; with that of An drocles. picking out the thorn, and dis covering an old friend years afterwards in the fierce animal who had been com missioned to eat him. are all very well. and pretty and picturesque in their way. but these were evidently excep tionally good-natured brutes, and i modern representatives of the "genus" would. I fear, have exhibited far less jcmple and made short work of both. I have always, from a boy, liked to stand within a few inches (the bars be tween us) of one of these majestic creat ures, and peer into those huge bronze eyes, turned scornfully away with that fax-off look as though gazing into the depths of distant forests. I was one day thus interestingly engaged, when a young artist came, with crayons and sketch-book, in the hope of getting a. good front view of our tawny friend's physiognomy and transferring it after wards to canvas; but the latter.not in a mood to appreciate the compliment, wheeled deliberately round and sat clown with, his back to us. Getting tired of thesulks.however.byandby he arose and went to quench his thirst at the trough. "Nothing could be better," cried the enraptured artist. "I wanted to catch him at that," and he made a epltndid picture with a few masterly strokes of a little bit of charcoal, held lightly between his finger and thumb. On another occasion I stood watching a, very large lion in theL Zoological gardens. He had finished his dinner and was lying half asleep in the front of the cage, with his paws crossed and a huge well-polished bone between them, when a. handsome young sailor ap proached, put his hand coolly through, seized the drowsy captive by the mane, and shook him as one would a tame cat. The lion awoke quickly at the insult. and darted forth a paw. but I pulled the firing youth back by the collar just in time to save his arm. I shall not soon u-get the rage of the angry beast be hind the bars, the lightning flash of hi3 eyes, and the roar he set up at not being able to redress the grievance. Let me sow shift the scene from Kng land to a. small settlement in upper Canada. 100 miles or more north of Lake Ontario, and not far from one of my old hunting-grounds. Ilans Derrick, an enterprising show man, by dint of infinite pains and per severance, had brought up his four car avans of animals into the bush on ex hibition. Being quite a new thing in that out-of-the-way. part of the world, Derrick's collection drew numbers of people from the neighboring settle ments, sad there was a full tent of en thusiastic spectators, a wild-beast per formance being promised as part of the 6how. Next to the elephant, who claimed the largest share of popular wonder and admiration, ' the lion coiled "Gen. Taylor, in compliment to that military hero who was then earn Ing laurels in Mexico enjoyed a fair amount of both. lie was a prodigious ly fine specimen, and, except now and then. when, something ruffled him (on which occasion he thought nothing of eating a keeper or two), a beast of tol erably amiable deportment and gentle manly manners. I was subsequently informed that he had bitten off the bead of a young girl who was supposed to be a particular favorite of his- Der rick, though I detected a little anxiety on his countenance at times, was able to walk into his cage, caress lrlm, and do other things that kept the onlook ers hearts in a pleasing state of palpita tion. . Having gone through these everyday feats, he now advanced, whip in hand, and invited any person pres ent to accompany him into the den and shake its grim occupant by the paw. . There was a dead silence. No one moved. "Will any gentleman come for ward?" repeated Hans, gazing round the sea of faces. "The general is in good humor to-night and receives com pany. Still no one accepted bis offer. A man got up from his seat, but sat down gain suddenly. Two others did the same, their wives seizing them by their jacket skirts. Derrick laughed scornfully. "What!" be cried, striking his boot with the light whip he held. "I see several six-foot-and-a-half fellows among you, and is there not one daring enough, to fob low me?" Nettled at this challenge, which 1 regarded as a reflection on the British coolness and courage, I arose and nodded. 'Hurrah.! hurrah.! the young Eng lishman is going in!" was the imme diate cry, and the shouts and clapping of hands and standing served to ex cite the lion, who walked up and down his cage and lashed his tail, stopping ever and anon to look menacingly through the bars. "Have a red-hot iron ready," whis pered Hans to a tall and powerful negro, who was one of his staff. I regarded this "aside" as a test for my nerves, but learned afterwards that Derrick was not joking, the "General's" temper being often extremely uncer tain. Hans now entered the long caravan. desiring me to follow and close the door behind me; to keep my eye stead ily on "Taylor, and when I retired, to walk slowly backwards while he (Derrick) covered my retreat. He then gave the general a smart cut or two with his whip for which playful piece of chastisement I was certainly not able to appreciate the exact necessity a1 this critical moment. The people in the circus nearly all leaped to their feet as word went round that the "General" had been the death of two of his valets-de-chambre, and se verely bitten and clapper-clawed an other, who was only rescued from his clutch by the application of a kitchen poker at a white heat- thrust into his flank. I held up my hand to beg for quiet, but it was of no use; some of the men scrambled over the benches and strode forward boisterously. I did not feel encouraged by this irupudcut display of interest in the proceedings, but I knew that it was best to put a bold front on mutters; and walking steadily forward, I placed my hand upon the gigantic beast's shoulder, smoothing down his mane at the same time in a way that I intended to be friendly. "So, ho. General! So ho. old boy!" This was the easiest part of the busi ness, anu my reception (not having been honored with an invite) wasmora gracious than I had any right or reason to expect. "How do you feel, sir inquired Hans. "Pretty calm and collected" 'Oh, quite, thank you." 'Ever presented before?" "Only once that I am able to recol lect." 'There's a claw for you!" holding it up with an air of pride. Mind you don't tread on it, for it would take a handsomer apology than you could offer to atone for the offense." "I will endeavor not to offend. "Would you like to put your head in the General s mouth? "Decidedly not, being unprovided with a spare one." "Will you get on his back?" "I should prefer taking a few riding lessons first. Will you oblige me by keeping that whip of yours quiet. "Well, yes. Open your jaws. General and show the gentleman your box of ivories. Not a bad set of masticators. sir, are they?" "Very fine, indeed; and all his own, 1 'Just so. laughing; "he has not troubled the dentist much that I am aware of." The lion at this juncture of the dia logue gave me a most malignant look. Wa.s he hurt at what I was insinuating about his teeth? And there was a sup pressed ventriloquial roar and rumbling. like thunder dying away among dis tant hills. "I was wrong," muttered Derrick. with a slight hesitation in his manner, 'our friend is not in the best of tem pers to-night. I would rather you didn't stay longer. He is displeased at sorrsething. Ketire steadily, with your face toward , us steadily, mark you; any sudden riish or show of haste, and you are lost! He is forcing me back. and means mischief. Ha! dare you you brute!" This angry remonstrance was offered to the lion, and not to myself, for the beast was glaring fiercely at me ovei Hans' arm and shoulder, and describ ing unpleasant bieroglypics with the tip of his tail. Then came another series of those internal rumblings that had startled me before. I felt sorry that 1 had made that disparaging remark about the animal's teeth; but it was too late to withdraw it now. I reached the door, and opened it. Derrick, gradually yielding ground, forced nearly off his legs, and appearing to have lost all his presence of mind, could not do what he intended, and I saw that every instant was precious. Making a rapid, undigni fied exit, therefore, I dragged him after me with one hand, half by the hair and half by the coat-collar, and with the other slammed, the gate, which fastened with a spring. I had acted quite on the impulse of the moment, and without knowing much what I did; but it was the right thing, I was told. The charge of the infuriated general followed, and the hock nearly sent the bars flying from their sockets. Then Hans and I both sat down and laughed. "Not bad! creid he, wringing my band- Pbew! it was warm work. Lo" us go and take a drink. I hope I am not doing the good peopla of K an injustice, but judging f ron the vociferous plaudits I received from some, and the ambiguous greetings ot others, I was led to infer that while hall the assembled company were glad tc see me once more safe and sound among them, the remainder were a lit tle disappointed and chagrined at my not having formed one of the side dishes for the general's supper. Argosy. The Dos Vntrh. "The dug watch." a term used by sail ors, was once the dodge watch, a short watch beiug introduced between these longer in duration in order that too rfreat an amount of work should not be put upon the same men is the course the day. SANCTUARY FOR ELEPHANTS. Roaullland Would Make a Cjood On If Bet Apart at Once. A correspondent writes urging the need of immediate action, if the African elephant is to be saved from speedy ex tinction. "I desire to call attention," he says, "to the opportunity which our protectorate over Somaliland gives us for constituting a portion of that coun try a sanctuary for the remcining herds of those animals an opportunity so favorable in all respects that it seems only necessary to state the case to in sure the adoption of this racasuro "Cf late years Somaliland has been traversed by numerous partk-s of sportsmen, and the herds of elephants which a few years ago inhabited the mountain rango behind Berbers have ( neen driven out. l nis tooic place m tne belt of country, the hunting in which is now reserved for the use of officers of the Aden garrison. These herds, or the remnants of them, have taken refuge more than a hundred miles further to the west, in the country of the Gada bursi, to the south of Zeila. This large tract has been recently added to the Aden reserve, which there fore now again contains elephants. My suggestion is that the shooting of ele phants should be prohibited within the whole of the reserve. Great advantages are granted to the officers of the Aden garrison, which I should be the last to grudge them, and it is a small conces sion to ask them to make in return that, within certain specified limits, they should abstain altogether from killing elephants. I do not for a mo ment believe that these gentlemen, who are good sportsmen, would oppose this measure. Even if the privilege were nominally retained for them, it would not be of long duration. The experi ence of the past would be repeated. It is not that the animals are extermi nated ; the essential fact to be remem bered is that a single shot fired at one member of the herd is enough to make whole band abandon that part of the country. 'This belt of country is particularly favorable for the constitution of such a sanctuary. It is comparatively near home, and therefore likely to be under constant observation. I saw tracks of elephants on the 15th day from leav ing London. The close supervision by the assistant residents, who are able and experienced administrators, sta tioned on the coast, would be compara tively easy, owing to the fact that nu merous parties of sportsmen traverse the region in question every year, and would, of course, report. They are also kept informed by native caravans, who visit the coast for purposesof trade. and who, owing to the wise and just treatment which they have received, are our fast friends. The Somalia are unarmed, except with spears, and there fore have not the power, even if they had the will, to go behind the restric tion. They decline to eat the flesh of elephants; therefore an elephant killed is a ton of meat wasted, which is a thing abhorrent to us all. The region m ques tion, which is mountainous, with fairly abundant forests and river beds bor dered with dense jungle, is peculiarly attractive to elephants. Let me deal with possible objec tions. I have heard it urged that the officers at Aden would make so little use of the right that there is no pur- nose in restricting them. I do not think they would make this claim for themselves. On the contrary, 1 have reason to expect the heartiest coopera tion from the authorities at Aden, it is obvious that a sanctuary in which the favored few are allowed to go on killing elephants is no sanctuary at all. It has been said that restriction for this area would be useless, as the Abyssinians, who have guns, raid it in search of ivorv: but to this I reply first, that such raids should be prevented, and. secondly, if the elephants were thus har- rassed, they would find a refuge in tne eastern part of the reserve, which they frequented less than ten years ago, ana which is out of reach of the Abyssinian frontier. 'A memorandum, embodying these considerations has been forwarded to the India office. It has, I believe, been favorably entertained by the secretary of state, and forwarded to the govern ment of Bombay, under whose political supervision Somaliland lies, ily pur pose in writing to you is to invite an expression of opinion from naturalists, BDortsmen. and, not least, Irom-tnose interested in the future ot Ainca. ine question of once more utilizing ine African elephant, as was certainly done in Ptolemaic times, may be one for sub sequent consideration. The preserva- lirm of the race, from extinction is ureent. Two or three years hence it may be too late so far as Somaliland is concerned. - London limes. Lived lake a Pauper, Died Rich. Miss Elizabeth B. Cook, of Bridge port, a little hamlet m i ayette county, I'a., always uvea as tnougn sue were a pauper. Recently she died without medical attention or friends present. and the exact circumstances of her ieath are not known. She was found Ivine- upon the floor some time after death. Dr. H. J. English was made ad ministrator. and he got a farm of at torneys to look around and see what her few effects amounted to. 1 he inventory of the estate shows that she was the owner of over 822,000 of bank stock. She also had over "28,000 in cash on deposit. and was the holder of ten shares of stock in the Pittsburgh, Virginia & Charles ton Railroad company. Nearly $2,50O in gold coin and $100 in silver coin and bank notes were found sealed up tight in an old fruit can in her home after her death. The property will go to nephews, nieces, and grand-nephews and grand-nieces. Philadelphia Times. To 13a Envied. "The first thing the children did, she said, "was to go on their hands and k l;ees on the new parlor carpet." -Yes," replied her husband, "I envy tltnn There they are playing on velvet from thoir very" infancy.'Bay Cits ChaW - ABOUT SNAKE CHARMING. A Theory That too Optic Kerre Is the Part Affocted. Allen Chamberlain tells in Fores t and Stream about a Georgia man who saw a little whipsnake coiled on some leaves. He stopped to look at the "rep tile, and as he did so there was a rustle of the leaves as the snake wagged its tail. After a few moments it seemed as if a little blue vapor was coming from the snake. A . suffocating sensation seized the man. Then he suddenly real ized that he was being charmed, but with considerable effort he managed to break the spell and seize the snake in his hands and kill it. Mr. Chamberlain says that "no man who knew the sub ject of this experience would for a mo ment doubt its truthfulness, and yet it must be admitted that it is -well caT culated to arouse the stranger's sus picion. In the issue of March 23, 1373, of the "J same paper a writer said: "One April morning in the woods heard a rustle in the leaves and saw a five or six-foot blacksnake. Two or thi-ee inches of his tail was in rapiil ibration. I looked at it interested for awhile, and the vibrating portions be gan to show all the prismatic colors ith such beautv of combination as to be indescribable. My ryes blurred, and there was a pleasant sensation of dizzi ness. The first I knew I was falling to the ground frightened. I turned away. My muscles and nerves were unsteady. The snake raised at me several times. The same summer I made experiments on the same kind of snakes none less than five or six feet long." In the October (1880) issue of Nature n article on the subject of "Snake Fa nation" told of the action of a bird that watched a viper. At the distance of ten yards I saw a snake whose body, the head of which as lifted from the ground about thre.i feet, was swaying to and fro. A plain- ive shriek attracted my attention to green finch in a branch of a yours ine overhanging the snake; its feath- rs were ruffled, following with a nod of is head on each side of the branch the motions of the snake. He tottered. pread out his wings, alighted on a lower branch, and so on until the last branch was reached. I flung a stick at he snake, and like an arrow it disap peared. On approaching I saw the green finch on the ground, agitated by convulsive and spasmodic motions; he iutched m v fin ere r spasmodically. lie eagerly drank water, and after awh ew awav. While watching the snake felt a peculiar giddiness, a squeezing ike an iron hoop pressed in my temples. nd the ground seemed to heave, quite like seasickness. I think snake fasci nation is the result of fatigue of the optic nerve. Every work of natural history deal ng with snakes and tneir ways nas eference to "snake charming." The Smithsonian institution report for 1893 raid in part: The popular belief in the power of 1he poisonous snake to charm its vie- ims is by no means exterminated. Trustworthy observers have related how birds or small animals have been seen to approach the coiled snake drawn toward it as bv a magic spell et "in spite of all tha4. has been argued for and against it there are people who profess to have ocular proof of this power. Prof. Brehm once made a series of experiments in a well-lighted room says the report, "ana in every case ex cept one the victim at first made its escape, but was captured m articulo mortis after betraying its waning strength by curious symptoms." The oirds and animals were sparrows, gc phers, rats, weasels, quails, wood peck ers and meadow larks Pittsburgh Dis patch. MANUFACTURE OF GUNPOWDER. One feature of tli Dangerous Proceed- In the center of the mill is a big iron saucer, probably six feet in diameter. The rim of the saucer is about 18 inches high. Standing up in the saucer are two wheels. They seem to be about six feet in diameter also, and their rims about foot broad. These wheels and this saucer do the rolling of the powder that is, they grind the three substances that compose the powder into a new mixture. The wheels are swept around and around in the saucer, and they also turn on their own axes. It is as if they were kept rolling over and over, just as the wheels of a carriage roll, but alsd as if some power .kept them turninj about constantly in the small circle of this saucer. This mill is where wooden machinery cannot be used, and of course that makes it a very dangerous place. The mixture of the ingredients of the powder is brought in and dumped care fully in the saucer, it is spreaa aDooi smoothly by a workman, who, after this work is done, goes outside tne mill. and does not come back until the pow der is rolled thoroughly. The workman! joes to a wheel a few feet away from the building and turns it very slowly. It starts the machinery that moves toe wheels in the saucer. The greatest dan ger in rolling comes at this time. The rolling must be begun in nne aiowesi possible way. The danger is that there may be a lump in the mixture im tlae saucer that will raise one of the wheels as it turns around and then drop it sud denly in the saucer, causing a spark. If this comes, away goes your miu inn machinery, and possibly the workman's life with them. Harper's Hound: Jaoie. Dried Hack aa One of the articles of food most prized by the Chinese on the Pacific coast is dried duck. An American in Contra Costa county. CaL, has started a duck drying business and has a monopoly oi the Chinese trade. He buys hundreds of ducks from hunters, fills them with aalt and hanus them in the sun for sis weeks. They become as hard as sole leather or dried codfish and are kept in definitely. The Chinese used to import j heir dried duck from China, but now - patronize the home industry almost ex- I clusively.-St. Louis Kepuplic HUMOROUS. Tramp "Please, mom. gimme sum thin ter eat? I've been starved till I'm ?z thin ez a razor an " Lady if the House "Well, then, cut! N. Y. Press.. "And you will never iorget me? itsked the girl of her lover, a grower's assistant. "Never," he said, absently. "Is there anything moreto-day?" Tit Bits. Customs Reversed. "The Chinese always break a plate before they take the oath." "How droll; when we breJk a plate the oath comes afterward." Chicago Record. Hopkins "That man a prize fight er! Why, I don't believe there is a bit sf fight in him." Thrilmere "What! I guess you never heard him talk! " Philadelphia North American. Utilized. "Wasn't it horrible? A man who was walking across the uni versity campus fell in a fit of delirium tremens!" "Yes, it was dreadful. But his ravings furnished tb students with. n new college yell." Chicago lnoune. Aunt Susan "Ho was a bad man. rtnd I'm afraid he has gone to the hot place." Nephew George "Oh, well, r.unt, he won't mind it; he's used to scorching, you know." Boston Tran script. Caskets are now so low in Topeka that the boarding-houses are giving tway a coffin with every meal. Wichita (Kan.) Eagle. People who have ooara- rd in Kansas will see nothing tunny in this. Cleveland Plain Dealer. "No," sighed the Evil One, "we can't do a thing with actors. The min ute we try to make it hot for them they get up a benefit performance, and, of course, you know that means a frost." Even the supernatural, it seemed, had occasionally to meet up with limita tions. Detroit Tribune. Two Trains of Thought. "What do you think of Cleveland?" inquired the man who thinks of nothing but politics. Great. "Some of the senators don t think so." "Oh, well; you can't blame cm for that. The senators put up a good game early in .the season; but Cleveland's got a nine that's going to come mighty close to winning the pen nant this year." And the conversation abruptly ceased. Washington Star. A Woman's Heart. Myers "Do you think Angie loves me?" Tomson "Well, I'll tell you- how you can hnn cut. You go across the room ana oe- gin to flirt with Miss Purplebloom. If .Angie gets mad and looks daggers at you, you might as well hang up your fiIHle it's all on the surrace; dui she appears as calm as a June mornm and smiles like an angel, her heart is yours. Try it and I'll watch." Har lem Life. ESKIMOS THROWING STICKS. '....i , iMarhftrca Arrows and spears in tne Hunt. In tbfc first place, a "throwing stick,' throwing board," or "spear thrower,' as it ;s sometimes caiicu, is a. tu"" ance for casting a javelin or harpoon. which is employed by various savage races, such as the Australians, some South American tribes, and especially by the Eskimos, among whom its use is almost universal, itougniy speak - .. . i 3 V . ing, l- is a narrow grooveu uuuiu or so long, with one end cut into handle and the other provided with, a stud or spur for the butt of the spear to rest against. It is used tni-s Grasping the handle as he would a sword, the man fits the snan oi tne spear into the groove, with the butt resting against the stud, steadying the spear with the finger. Then, extending his arm and bending back nis nana mi the spear lies horizontal, he aims at the mark and propels the weapon by a miick forward ierk of the stick, la tnis way 1 have seen tne tsiumu uujs i- ing their forke-i javelins at wouna-M waterfowl. There is a very large number of Es kimo throwing sticks in the National museum at Washington, collected from all the different branches of the race. These have been carefully studied by Prof. Otis T. Mason, one of the curators of the museum, and he has found that these implements differ greatly from each other in their details, while all ar made on the same general plan. - oi instance, one kind will have a plain handle, while another will have project ing pegs, or holes or sockexs, to give a firmer hold 1'T tne lingers, anu so on. John Murdoch, in Appleton's Popubu Science Monthly. A Slejcla Wedding. A most original marriage teremonji took place at Harwich, England, re cently. The eurate of the church re ceived a visit from the bridegroom, whe apologized for asking him to perform the ceremony instead of the vicar of the parish. "The fact is, you are a keen wheelman, I am told." "lea, saia tne urate fa muscular Christian), much amused; "I don't know how I should ge on without my bicycle." "Well, that is l T .-rtii Trt foil lw tmth. e want to have some fun oat oi tne wedding and we mean to have a cycle tne!" Accordingly, on the appointed day the wedding party, consisting ol ! bride and bridegroom ana about sv guests, rode down to the church, at tired regulation cycling costum the bride in a neat tailor-made gown, j the bridegroom and groomsman is kniekerbockers and caps. Chicago Ptmrlnf tmr Kaln. Remarkable-scene, the like of wHleb have not been witnessed for kmadredi of years, took place a few days ago ir Madrid in the shape of a religions pro cession praying fox rain. No Jewel than 800 priests with lighted tapers and thousands of members of religious congregation's also carrying lighted tapers and 500 sacre banners, took part The chief feature of the procession was, however, the body of St. Isidro, the pat ron saint of Madrid, who flourished in h 13:h century. and whose body, in- cased in a iui.guiutcui "A,s urn of tbe lGtKtrentury was carried j priests i I JouraaL priests in a. portable altar. .iyig4 SCHOOL. AND CHURCH. The greatest Methodist was Johnl Wesley, the founder of this denomi nation. Rev. Dr. J. M. Jefferson, of Vir ginia, has been elected to the new chair cf divinity in the University of Cali fornia. pupils in the German Gymnasia and Real Schulen are steadily decreas ing in number, preferring to go to the. schools, where English and French are substituted for Latin. Dr. Herbert B. Adams, head of the department of history and political sci ence in Johns Hopkins university, has gone to Europe to investigate the sub ject of popular education for the United States bureau of education. Rev. Jonathan Van Cleave, pastor of the Indian Creek Baptist church in. Montgomery county, Ind., is more than! 91 vears old, and has been preaching 55 years. He is still vigorous in mind! :nd body, and performs all his pastoral duties. j On the Malabar coast in soutn- western India there are 20O,uuu uam- i, who came originally from Chal- dea, and ire Nestonans. lney nave hitherto had Latin bishops, but the. propaganda has decided that they. should have two bishops of their own rite. An appeal has been issued by a com-.' mittee of the vestry to those who wor ship at the Church of the iransngu-. ration, New York city, widely Known r.s the "Little Church Around the Cor ner," for funds to arrest "the prog ress f decay" in the older portions of the building. The estimated amount needed is from $6,000 to $8,000. Instruction is absolutely gratuit ous in the universities ana lacumes ui France. They are open without reserve to strangers as well as native student and the grades established are the same for each. It is required, how ever, that both foreign and native stu dents should give evidence of certain preliminary study. ENGLISH TAXES. Thev Horn tbe Poor Man Abont on Every Hand. There are inhabited house duties, in come tax, land tax, probate tax, legacy duty, succession duty, estate duty. birth pnd death certificates, marriage licenses, licenses for certain businesses, and duties on certain manufactures. Locomotion is taxed carriages, cabs and omnibuses, all requiring licenses and even the trains pay a railway duty; on fiist and second-class passengers. In tne matter cf liquids, beer and spir its incur both duties and licenses, wine, tea and coffee pay n customs duty, and for water there is the rate. Dried fruits are subject to customs dues. Li- censis are required ior tne use oi ar morial bearings on carriages, plate. jewelry and notepaper; for the sale or pateut medicines, and keeping male servants Susan, in her neat cap and apron, however, is duty free, "for which relief, much thanks," as Hamlet says. Dogs, little and big, we all know, are taxed. Tobacco is dcubly taxed, there being; a manulactunng duty anu a remii li cense. JL ne vendors oi jewelry con lair ing a certain proportion of the precious meta:s must be armed with a gold or sil vet- plate license. One must not shoot g-amt or sell it without special licenses. and to blaze away at the numoie spar row e ntails a g'm tax. An endeavor to 'lighten our darkness involves the gas rate. Lncle who receives a lamuy plat-; or jewelry in pledge has to be pro vided with both pawnbroker's and plate certificates. The clergy are entitled to certain fees for the burial of their parishioners. When the burial is in cemclery, the chaplain attached to it performs the service. After paying his salary, the established ministers collect the balance of the fees for themselves, thus levying a tax on every corpse- in their parishes. Thus the poor man i hemmed in on all sides by taxation. Birth, marriage, death, food, hab: ca tion all make separate revenue de mands upon him. Chamber's Journal A Noetiirna. AH was darkness in the basement-- Leaning against the wall stood a bi cycle. Presently the sound of conversa tion was distinctly audible: "Don't you think the Lubricator and: the Oil are getting pretty thick IT mur mured the Sprocket. No." replied the Pedal; "the Lutjri- eator seems to be stuck on the Chain." "That's what I thought," said the Sad dle; "but I get sat on so, I don't dare) speak." "I think the Lamp and the Oil would: make a good pair." added the Sprocket- Yes, except that the Lamp smoke end goes out nights, whispered; trier redal. "That's why I spoke of the OiL. 'What the Lamp needs is a good Match." "If there s going . to be a wedding," n'd the Bell, "I'll furnish the ring." Then the conversation ceased, and nos1 even a Wheel spoke. Harper's Bazar. Two Thousand an Bona. "Standing on the boulevard the other- sight at Eigbty-sixta streetNew York watching a throng ot bicyclists,"' said west t-ider, "I ceamted. tnosa- going- north between the hours ot 8&4Q. and 9il0. There were 14? men and; 78 worn .en, 622 altogether.. I did not undertake to count those going sonth at the same time, but I should1 say thajk at a moderate calculation there were att Ijeast half as many more, malting tbe total number passing that point in 30 mimwtes about 1,000. . The euryents vary in strength i later 'there- would be fewer going Bp and more going dowa; but in the busier part of the pleasant evenings a total ox 2,000 am boor would be a reasonabis es timate." 5. "Y. Sun. A Braaut Ulot. Madnice, yoa have here certainly a 'jocst charming onuntry residence, but klon't you fixd it rather dull some- ; times Vj "Dull! 3ot the least, I assure you. 1 we have so very few visitors, I omtbBBJot f.1 4-r, ' THipo-enrle HIaetteX fnl to say."- Fliegende Blaettax