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TVestern Kansas World. PUTTING RINGS ON THE RIGHT HOGS. WAKEEXEY, ..... KANSAS saturday, SEPTEMBER, 26, 1836. BRYAN'S INDIA FARE. His Eepeated Assertions Concern ing India Wheat Proven False. HON. JAMES BRYCE SPEAKS. Denials by Members of the English Parliament and a Prominent London Merchant In the speech delivered by William Jennings Bryan to the farmers of New York assembled at Chautauqua, the In dia wheat fake was revamped by the ilver candidate for president. The as sertion made by Mr. Bryan in his Omaha debate last May that the Eng lish speculators could drive great bar gains in buying silver and trading it for India wheat to the detriment of the American farmer was reiterated and embellished by his fervid imagination so as to create the impression that the decline of silver has made India the most formidable competitor of the American wheat and cotton growers. As usual, Mr. Bryan talked at random without taking the tronble to acquaint himself with the actual facts. The Bee now has the facts and the figures that effectually explode Mr. Bryan' India fake. Over two months ago the editor of the Bee directed a per sonal inquiry on this subject to Hon. James Bryce, who is now and has for many years been a member of Parlia ment and was a member of the British board of trade. Responding to this letter, under date of August 1, Mr. Bryce says: "Yon are quite right in thinking that British merchants gain nothing at all from the closing of the Indian mints. The sharp competition, especially of the Hindoo native merchants, cuts down their profits and they lose heavily on the exchange between India and Eng land ,in turning into English gold the silver prices they receive lor the goods they export to India. The export of food tuffs from India has not. I gather, in creased during the last few years and the closing of the mints has not increased it. Manchester and our manufacturers fenerally complain that business with ndia is unprofitable. Our cotton indus try is at present greatly depressed. So Britain at least gains nothing. You will, therefore, be safe in denying that there tins been, oris. any bonus or benefit to British merchants or manufacturers. " This letter has been npplemented by Prof. Bryce with an article prepared by his brother. J. Annan Bryce, a very prominent London merchant, who was for many years a resident of India. Mr. J. Annan Bryce says: "Fur Mr. Itosewater's guidance I have made up the annexed statement, which hows in parallel columns the exports of wheat from the United States. Argen tine, Russia and India up to 1Si3 be fore the fall in silver and rupee ex change became pronounced. Y'ou will observe that while the exports from the United States, Russia and Argentine are on the whole increasing, those. from In dia are falling off, and thatin the year ISO. the exiiorts from India were the tame as in the year 1S77. Of course it does not do to reason on individual years, as there may be special circumstances, such as famines, to account for very hort years. For instance, 1S78 and 1S70 were the years of the great fam ine in India and 1802 was the year of the famine in Russia. Dividing the last twenty years into pe riods of five years each, yon will see that during the last three five-year periods the exports from India have been falling off, while those from the United States. Ar gentine and Russia have been increas ing, although all the 1iile rupee ex change has been steadily falling with silver. The figures prove conclusively as regards Indian wheat, which has always been the great bogy with the American silver man, that the India ex port has had nothing to do with the fall of silver or rnpee exchange. The silver man would be more sensible if he were to take alarm at the growing ex ports from Argentine and from Russia. But he could make nothing of the silver argument here, for neither Russian nor Argentine exchange depends on silver. Both countries, during the whole of the period embraced in my statement, had for the basis of their currency and of course foreign exchange an inconvertible paper currency and not either silver or gold. "Altogether the facts illustrate the soundness of Mr. Rosewater's conclusion that the fall in prices of commodities is due to more economical production and transiiort. In India, in Russia and in Argentine wheat exports became possi ble not because the exchange value of rupee, the rouble or the dollar fell, but because railways were built into districts previously inaccessible. In India the providing of railway facilities stimulated the extension of irrigation. In the Punjab, for instance, many millions of acres were brought into cultivation under irrigation as soon as the opening of the railway to Karachi made the export pos sible. But is India there no longer remains any large rsew field to be opened tip. and in most of the wheat-producing districts which depend on irrigation I telieve as much water is now taken out of the rivers as they can give. Ameri ca therefore need not fear India much In the future, even if silver and rupee were likely to go lower, which they are not." The statistical exhibit accompanying this statement is exhaustive and con vincing in support of the conclusions arrived at by Mr. Bryce. In 1873 the export of wheat from the United States to England was 45.791.6tS6 bushels: from Russia. 47.040.000 bushels; Argentine made no exports and India exported a fraction over 1,250.000 bushels. In 1S77 wheat exports from the United States liad reached 107.42G.Gti6 bushels; from Russia. 57,120,000 bushels: from India 5,683,333 bushels; Argentine still had no wheat to export. In 1S93 wheat ex ports from the United States had reached 223.813,333 bushels; from Russia. 109. 375.000 bushels: from India, 27.06fi.6G6 'bushels, and from Argentine, 42.000.000 bushels. In 1894 Argentine exported 5.000,000 bushels of wheat to England. t while India did not increase its export over the preceding year. In 1895 the , wheat export from the United States ' was 170.333,333 bushels; from Russia, 156.333.333 bushels; from Argentine, 42,000,000 bushels; from India, 15,120, ' BOO bushels. The average price of wheat in Bom fcay from 1869 to 1873 was $1.20 per fir trJ- I was passing through Iowa some months ago, and I got an Idea from some hogs. tLaughterJ An Idea la the most Important thing that a person can get Into his head, and we gather our Ideas from vw ery source. As I was riding along I noticed these hogs rooting la a field, and they were tearing up the ground, and the first thought that came to me was that they were destroying a good deal of property. And that carried me back to the time when as a boy I lived upon a farm, and I remembered that when we had hogs we used to put rings in the noses of the hogs, and then the thought came to me, "Why did we do it?" Not to keep the hogs from getting fat. We were more Interested in their getting fat than they were. CLaughterJ The sooner they got fat the sooner we killed them; the longer they, were in getting fat the longer they lived. But wfiy were the rings put In the noses of those hogs? So that, while they were getting fat, they would not destroy more property than they were worth. ILaughter and great applausej And as I thought of that this thought came to me, that one of the duties of the government, one of the important duties of government, is the putting of rings in the noses of hogs. tApplause. From W. J. Bryan's Labor Day Speech. bushel, which was equal to the price of one ounce of silver. From 1S76 to 1S80, while silver was going down, the aver age price of wheat at Bombay rose to $1.49 per bushel. Between 1SS1 and 1S85 the average price of wheat at Bom bay was $1.10 per bushel, and from 1SS6 to 1SSH) $1.01 per bushel, although silver had been tending upward. From 1891 to 1895 the average price of wheat at Bombay was 95 cents per bushel. Had wheat followed the price of silver it should have been only G8 cents per bushel. Cotton exports from India to Europe have been equally at variance with the theories advanced by Mr. Bryan. In 1S74 India exported 1.23G.SS2 bales and in 1S75 1.241,526 bales. During the five years following its cotton ex port was below l.OOO.OOO bales. In 1S79 it was only 641,458 bales. During the five years ending with 1895 ihe cot ton export from India has been steadily decreasing. In 1S91 it was 1.02.8.417 bales: in 1892. 954.000 bales; in 1S93, 857.771 bales: in 1S94, 797,070 bales; in 1895. C25.000 bales. In contrast with this the United States exports of cotton have been steadily increasing. In IS'.H thev amounted to 5.020,913 bales; in 1S91. 5.820.779 bales: in 1892. 5.891.111 bales: in 1893. 4.431.220 bales: in 1894, 5,397.509 bales: in 1895, C.965,358 bales. Thus it will be seen that the India bugbear h.is no foundation, but has been conjured up for political purposes by Bryan, Harvey and all the apostles of silver. Omaha Bee. THINGS TO REMEMBE3. Xine Points Ab.ot Silver and Protec tion. First That then; is not a free coinage country in the wo. Id today that is not on a silver basis. Second That frea coinage will not raise the price of American wool one cent while foreign wotj is coming in free of duty and is crowding American wool out of the home marker Third That there is t.ot a gold stand ard country in the worl.l that does not use silver along with gold and keep its silver coins worth twice as much as their bullion value. Fourth That the free coinage of silver will not start a single factory in this country, when uuder the Democratic tar iff the products of foreign labor are shipped into this country cheaper than they can be made here. Fifth That there is not a silver stand ard country in the world that uses any gold as money along with silver. Sixth That free silver coinage will not create a demand for labor when Democratic free trade makes the supply many times greater than the demand. Seventh That there is not a silver standard country in the world today that has more than one-third as much mony in circulation per capita as the United States has. Eighth That free silver is not going to increase the price of nor the demand for farm products so long as the Ameri can workingman. who is the principal consumer, is kept in idleness by trans ferring his work to the hands of foreign workmen through the medium of free trade. Ninth That there is not a silver-standard country in the world where the la boring man receives fair pay for his day's work, and it is largely these men's products that have come into this coun try by the grace of Democratic free trade," and wiped out the prosperity we enjoyed prior to 1893. Zanesville Times. Free Silver and Degradation. Labor, today, has reached its crisis. This is a very simple proposition, to anyone who looks at it with common sense and reason, but one on which hangs the fate of labor. If labor votes for Bryan and free silver, it votes away one-half of its wages. It will vote its organizations and unions out of exist ence. For degraded labor that is a drug on the market, too poor to save a penny, too feeble to lift its head against wrong and oppression, cannot maintain an or ganization against power and wealth. It will vote its children into ignorance and toil from their earliest years. It will vote its womea into the tilling of its fields, into drudgery in brick yards and into slavery in the very mines which silver men will operate for their own advantage, at the expense of everyone in the United States who- works for wages. It will vote itself into bondage from which if cannot escape in our day and time. The statistics of every free silver country in the world will prove this proposition to be true. MAJ. M'KINLEY'S HOME A Household Truly Homelike and Entirely Free from All Ostentations. NOTES OF A VISIT TO CANTON. The House Where the McKinleys Have Made Their Hams for Twenty-five Years. Sojourning a few days recently near Canton gave opportunity for a charm ing visit to that new center of attrac tion. Canton is alive with enthusiasm, the courthouse, business places and private houses are decorated with flags, por traits of Maj. McKinley, national colors and various national and patriotic de vices. It is easy to recognize the McKinley residence by the lawn, which is worn brown and bare by the delegations that continue to come from all parts to pay their respects to the future occupant of the white house. Never before have women taken snch an active interest in the presidential campaign, and never before since the nomination of President Lincoln have women's hearts been so stirred over the condition of the country, and while many are interested because of the main issues of the campaign, all are interested in the Republican nominee for president, becanse of his standing as a man and a citizen, and his social and family life. The residence of Gov. and Mrs. Mc Kinley is homelike, and free from os tentation. A porch extends along the entire front of the house, some fine old trees cast a grateful shade upon the lawn, and beds of flowers attract the sight. We step into the softly carpeted hall, furnished with easy chairs and colors restful to the eye; a moment more, and we are received by Mr. Mc Kinley. The reception room, on the right of the hall as ope enters, is used as an office, and here at all times of the day Mr. McKinley receives news and tele grams that are communicated directly to his residence, of such matters as per tain to and are of interest to the cam paign. While he talks his secretary occasion ally hands him a telegram which he reads without interruption to the conver sation. Mr. McKinley will remain in Canton most of the time until after the elec tion in November. It has been his in tention to take a short trip to some point on the sea coast, but he has decided to remain in Canton. "I have no wish," he said, "to shut myself away from the people." Speaking of the activity of the women in the campaign, he said: "I am glad the ladies have such confidence in me." I was glad to respond: "We do have great confidence in you, Mr. McKinley, more than it has ever before been our opportunity to express." "Would you like to meet Mrs. McKin ley? Mother is one of our family, but at present she is away on a visit; and although she has reached the age of 81. she is in excellent health." Any anticipatd pleasure we may have had in meeting Mrs. McKinley is more than realized. Seated in the handsome parlor, where all lights and 'colors har monize prevailing harmony impresses one first and last in the McKinley home with some dainty crochet work in blue zephyr in her lap talking with a lady visitor, is the future mistress of the white honse. It is easy to say of this woman who will be the first lady in the land, now that she is approaching her zenith, that she is one of the loveliest women we have ever met, bat snch is the oft-repeated verdict of the many. At first glance we recognise Mrs. Mc Kinley. from her pictures recently taken, the shining hair parted in the center of tha forehead, rippling softly over the beautiful brow, a sweet, almost girlish face not a line or wrinkle marring its smoothness the incarnation of womanly sweetness. One who is sensitive and observant, need never to have heard one word of Mr. McKinley's family life to understand the relation Mr. and Mrs. McKinley occupy toward one another, and while the pleas ant morning conversation proceeds, we seem to feel through the atmosphere of the room every word of the spirit and ex istence of the happy wedded life perpetu ated, which Browning expressed and painted in his "By the Fireside." We are looking at and discussing pic tures of Mr. and Mrs. McKinley, when one of the family, taking up one of Mr. McKinley, which from the view of the face shows the deep thought line extend ing the length of the forehead, remarks: "Mrs. McKinley does not like these she thinks that line looks like a scowl." We all smile and quite agree with her, that that picture does not "do him- justice," and we think what picture could por tray him as he is, the charming person ality, the kindly, genial manner, the clear, perfectly modulated voice, the bright blue eye, and clear complexion, and the fine smooth skin that a wom an might envy'r While his pictures can not portray this, they do show with fidel ity some qualities of the man whose splendid constitution has never been im paired by excesses, the erect form, the brown hair, that shows but few traces of silver; the broad, full forehead, deep set eye. clearly cut features and square, massive jaw, the features and bearing one might look for in the hero of the battle of Fisher's HiH and Cedar Creek, where he was breveted major by Presi dent Lincoln. Mr. McKinley's passionate love of flowers is recognized by his friends. "Are not those roses lovely?" says Mrs. McKinley, calling our attention to some vases of rare red roses, upon the mantel and brackets; "but I love these," glancing at a bouquet of sweet peas on the pretty table beside her. "The roses came in such a beautiful wooden box. The name of the giver is not here. Wil liam," addressing Mr. McKinley, and, taking up a card and reading. "To Mr. and Mrs. McKinley, from your devoted friend, " "The magnolias were sent from the South." As Mr. McKinley rises, our eyes follow him, and we catch a glimpse, through an open door; of a dainty couch in white and gold, and Mrs. McKinley says softly, "William, there is a baby asleep in there." So gentle is the step on the thick car pets that it could not awaken the lightest sleeper, and holding the great snowy, waxen blossoms for our inspec tion he says, the recollection, perhaps, suggested by the thought of the little sleeper in the adjoining room, "We commenced our first housekeeping in this house over twenty-five years ago. Here our little ones were born and passed away, the old home's endeared to ns by many pleasant, hallowed mem ories." The silken flag that adorned the chairman's desk at the Republican con vention at St. Louis is draped on one corner of the piano. The gavel used by the chairman on that occasion, a beautiful piece of carved workmanship, was shown us. "It is said to have been made from a piece of one of the logs from the log cabin in which Abraham Lincoln lived. It is a pleasant thought to a lover of relics and to the patriotic," savs Mr. McKinley. There were also some beantifnl bad ges, used during different presidential campaigns, one a white satin badge used during President Tyler's campaign, bearing his motto, the design of which wonld have -done credit to the finest of today, with all our modern accessories of art. Mr. McKinley is, as it has been said, "the deliverer of a new gospel to women and children in making protec tion and the tariff plain to them," and we may add. that is his blameless politi cal, professional, religions, domestic end social life, he has also revealed a new gospel to the young men of our country. Mary Stuart Coffin. Bryan's hope of success is grounded wholly on the late P. T. Barnum's the ory that a fool is born every minute. Paste it in your hat that free coin age and free trade, the great pair of panic-producers, go hand in hand in this campaign. You can't support the one without voting for the other. Mr. Bryan is too confidential with his audiences for dignity almost plaintive, sometimes, in his appeals to them to say whether or not he looks like an anarch ist." . FARMERS AND TARIFF Home Demand Supplies the Chief Market for Agricultural Products. WHERE THEIR INTEREST LIES. Effect of Curtailing the Purchasing Power of the Men Employed in Factories. We export about one-third of the wheat grown in the United States either in the form of flour or of wheat. We export only alout 5 per cent, of our corn crop. The exportation of other grain is as a rule trilling in quantity, al though the very low price of oats for the past two years, owing to heavy produc tion and a falling off in the home de mand for consumption by street rail way horses and driving horses, has led to a considerable foreign movement in this grain. Of our meats we probably export about 10 per cent., although exact statistics are not available on this point. These figures are sufficient to make it plain to the intelligent farmer that the home market is his great market, and that any canses which reduce the home demand for provisions directly injure the farming interest. Besides the staple articles of grain and meat, there are a multitude of farm products for which there is no market at all except the home market. This in cludes the whole range of perishable fruits and vegetables, and also includes to a very great extent the dairy products. Other important items are poultry and eggs. All thrifty farmers know the value of home markets for such articles as these, and know, too, that much of the profit of farming comes from the minor productions of the farm. If we are to have increased home con sumption of farm products we must have labor generally employed, and at fair wages, in the towns and cities. To keep labor well employed it is absolutely es sential under the present conditions that we should have protective duties upon a large range of foreign-made articles. This is no longer a matter of theory, about which intelligent men dispute. It was held for a time by the advocates of free trade that the superior intelligence of the average American workingman and the superior quality of the machinery he used would be a sufficient protection to insure our own markets for our own manufactured products. This is a de lusion which no intelligent man now ad vocates. The extension of commerce by steamship lines alt over the world, the laying of submarine telegraph cables, the world-wide habit of travel, the cheap ness and convenience of transportation, and the general spread of intelligence by newspapers has put the entire civ ilized and semi-civilized globe in close business relations. Our ingenious labor saving machines are being introduced into China and Japan, and no important imnrovement is made in inventions in this coutry that is not immediately known in all parts of Europe. The skill and producing capacity of the mechanics and operatives of other countries are constantly being increased by the sharp ness of competition and by the introduc tion of new methods and machinery. Labor all over the world is tending to a common level. Now the thoughtful farmer will readily see that if we were to keep up the abili ty of our own shop and factory popula tion to consume his product in liberal quantities we must maintain an excep tional rate of wages. If through snch free-trade legislation as Mr. Bryan and his followers advocate we are to lower onr American wage-earning population to the standards of living prevailing in the manufacturing countries which compete with us, then there would be a great surplus of farm products in this country for which there wonld be no home mar ket. We must put up a tariff wall to keep out a flood of snch articles as we manufacture in onr own country, or we will soon be deluged with cheap wares and fabric from Japan and China as well as from the low-paid labor countries of Europe. The farming industry is unquestiona bly in a depressed condition today, and the cause is not far to seek. Look at the hundreds of silent factories with, their smokeless chimneys, all over the country, from Nebraska to Maine, and form, if you can, an estimate of the immense multitude of people formerly employed in these establishments, who are now eking out a poor living as best they can in other vocations, many of them, no doubt, in farming and garden ing, where they have become competitors' with the men who formerly supplied them with food. If the free-trade move ment led by Mr. Bryan goes on to its natural conclusion, whole lines of in-, dustry which have survived the Wilson bill will be ruined and hundreds of thou sands of employes will be thrown out of work. The conclusion ought to be plain to every thoughtful man engaged in og ricultural pursuits. We cannot afford to reduce our wage rates to those of for eign countries. We must make for our selves all articles needed for our ordi nary, every-day uses, importing only such luxuries as foreign countries have special facilities for producing. Tariff for revenue only means the ruin of the farmer, and tariff for protection moans a well-employed town and city popula tion, and good home markets for every thing the farmer has to sell. CAMPAIGN NOTES. "I would willingly defend free trade with my life," said Mr. Bryan in his first speech in Congress, and as he is now defending free silver with his tongne only it is easy to see to which policy ae is most devoted. Democratic orators and organs may evade the tariff, but the workingmen of the countay cannot, for to them it pre sents the unavoidable issue of work and prosperity or idleness and poverty. While the Popocrat demagogues are shouting "Down with the rich," the Republican party advances with the cry "Up with the poor," and proposes the enactment of measures that will provide work for the workers and prosperity; for all. Sam .Tones is nothing if not expres sive. He declares that he wonld rather climb a ladder with an armful of eels tnan to undertake to fuse with the middle-of-the-road-Populists. The workingman does not want at cheaper dollar. He wants steady em ployment paid for in dollars as good as gold. The simplest way to elect McKinley is to vote for him, Mr. Bourke Cockran ob serves to his fellow Democrats, and that remark contains all the wisdom of all the agfs. The one question Bryan never answers is the simple one. "How about free trade?" The Bryan party is made np of alt kinds of factions, led by all sorts of cranks, and if it should get into office it couldn't work together. In denouncing wealth the Democratic organs are consistent with their party, for it has done everything it could to make the people poor and keep them so. The Republican pledge to promote the free coinage of silver by international agreement offers the only solution of the money problem which good business men. can accept, and for that reason even the Democrats among them are working witht the Republican party this year and will vote for McKinley. Any Popocrat who believes that Bry an can carry Kentucky when Palmer is a native and Buckner a native and a resi dent of the Blue Grass state, doesn't know the Kentucky nature. It is easy to see from Thomas B. Reed's speeches down in Maine that he is perfectly serene and happy. But then, he usually feels that way. He was born, so. Mr. Bryan errs in saying that It is Idle curiosity that draws people to his meet ings. It is both interesting and profit able to study a man who, in this civilized country in this age of the world, ap parently thinks that wealth can be cre ated by legislation. "What gain wonld we make for the circulating medium." asked the late James G. Blaine eighteen years ago, "if on opening the gate for silver to flow m, we oped a still wider gate for gold to flow out?' The question is stiU on answered and still timely.