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"Kan sas 01 o Tejwly ubMrlptton, fr1 .W. stock farmin ink or' oum wdustmi cu-vOwr Orooka, J EIGHTEENTH YEAB. WA-KEENEY. KANSAS, SATURDAY OCTOBER 17, 1896. NUMBER 33. BERLIN'S FAMOUS ZOO. The Largest Collection of Its Kind in the World. From Modest Beginnings In 1884 It Has Aaiamad Olgnntie proportions Thoa andi of Animal! sheltered la UindiouM Structures. Special Berlin letter. 1 Among the chief attractions of the German capital is the Zoological gar den, and on fine summer days as well as on holidays throughout the year the Visitors often number 30,000 to 50,000. Low admission days are provided for by the management, with the price down to 25 pfennig (six cents), so that everybody is sure to view this institu tion of popular amusement and instruct lion once in awhile. And the Zoological garden is well deserving of its popular ity. It now contains (barring amphib ious and aquatic animal life, in which the aquarium, a purely private institu tion in Unter den Linden, is exhaustive) the most comprehensive and best housed collection of living beasts and birds to be found anywhere in the world. It may. for Instance, surprise many readers, yet it is an absolute fact, that the entire fauna of the United States may nowhere be seen in such perfect condition and so completely as within the boundaries of the garden. The collection in New York is a mere make shift in comparison to this one for the buffalo of the far west, the seal of Alaska and California, th Canadian elk, the Virginia deer and fox, the turtle of the Florid ian seashore, the wild ducks and swans and geese of east and west, and even the dread grizzly are here, and all of them magnificent rep resentatives of their kinds. I took a young American traveler there last Sunday, and he was fairly amazed he bad had no idea until then that his country produced so many and such in- MORNING TOILET OF teresting beasts. At this writing there is another big collection on the way from the southern states, as well as another collection from the far Norse countries, and yet another from eastern Africa. And it all is being paid for with the dimes and nickels of the never-ending hosts of visitors. As New York had her late-lamented Mr. Crowley, so Berlin has her favorite monkeys as well Herr Julius and fam ily, consisting of Lotte, bis wife, and Pe'.erkin. his hopefuL They are Japs, of the sturdy and clumsy-looking, but intensely comical and highly-intelligent maki breed. They have a big. high iron-grated house all to themselves, and have become so much at home in Berlin that they are kept, winter and sum mer, in the open air, with a little Jap anese temple for shelter against rough winds or rain and snow. Peterkin. the little fellow, is the great boy, though, knowing-scores of regular visitors by sight, and performing many .odd tricks on command. In the so-called, old mon key bouse are the hardier ones, the big favorites and other well-seasoned mon keys, and they are the. never-ceasing source of delight of everybody, for their quarrels and fights, their strange grimaces and cunning performances are without number, and right with them as their playfellows and boon conl panious are two strange-ioeking beasts from Madagascar, the "cat maki."nalf monkey, half badger, but Tery nimble and , determined fighters . when driven to a corner. In another edifice. ' an architecturally fine one, and fitted up. with glass cupola, tropical plants of every kind, and heated by steam, are the tender. .delicate, monkeys of hot climes, including a family of three orang-outangs from Borneo, and the hooded chimpanzee. v Despite all pre cautions taken, however, the death-rate among these exotic simians is high, and their ranka have to be replenished con tinuously. The antelope house Is another point of general interest. It is also a large, solid building of considerable archi tectural beauty, with a huge glass dome -in the center, flower beds, small aquari su, palm tree sad gigantic fens rearing their pretty foliage under the concentrated rays of the sun, and with the spacious cages of 40 different spe cies of Antelope running around the outer walk. Everything in this line is there, from the gigantic cauna ante lope of South Africa, nine feet long and six feet high to the shoulders, to the North African gazelle, barely 30 inches high and with a body not bigger than that of a rabbit, but as graceful and dainty as possible. Thi two center cages are reserved for the giraffe pair, both in perfect condition and slightly over 13 feet high. The male, when ex cited, becomes ugly at times, and after he had come near killing one of the at tendants by hitting him hard with its enormous hoof, another attendant had to be found for him, with whom the tall fellow, ordinarily peaceable enough, has concluded a treaty of friendship. Largest and roost solid of all the 47 structures devoted to the housing of tha animals is the elephant boti.se, having the shape of an Indian pagoda and re splendent in its niosaique, many-hucd designs on towers and walls. There are three elephants inside, besides a number of other huge animals accustomed to a mild temperature. One of these ele phants is the present of the prince of Wales, and is the tallest in Europe, weighing 8,240 pounds, while his mate weighs "only" 5,700. The young giant, however, being but 25 years old. is still growing. His name is Sultan, and he is, since his enormous tusks have been sawed off, well behaved enough, but still liable to gusts of pnss'on. and his vindictiveness never wears cut Dur ing the first year of his captivity the little boy of the head keeper in this building, teased the brute as boys will with a piece of sugar. Sultan never for gave that, and one Sunday morning, as the boy got too near the beist. the ele phant seized him with his trunk nud tried to crush the little fel low against the heavy iron bars ot his cage. The father, for- THE ELEPHANTS. Innately, came to the rescu- in thenick f.f time and attacked the beast with a pitchfork, when the elephant let go of the boy and went for the man, who could save himself only by precipitate night. A smaller elephant, just mi ported from East Africa, Sultan killed with his huge tusks on th paddock .lust outside the cnge.and then trampled the dead liody to a jelly whereupon he lost his tusks and became comparative ly harmless. Horrible in shape and looks, and with a yawning mouth that looks endless like the grave, the two enormous rhinoceroses!, neigh bors of the elephants, are among the most innocent and harmless of animals here. The female, Lena, is of an intensely affectionate na ture, and it is one of the great cu riosities of the garden to sea her make love to the -grim old keeper, a veteran of three wars, with the iron cross. Her ponderous affection is. however, recip rocated by the latter a widower who assured me. quite seriously, that Lena reminded him-greatly of his departed spouse. As I have not seen the. ph,oto- grspn or, the latter 1 cannot vouch for the correctness. and appropriateness of the comparison. The kangaroo house, the llama and the ostrich inclosnres are well worth visits. too, but of unusual interest are the bear pits.the parks set apart for the buffaloes, zebus, camels and yaks, and also the big rock formations which are the do main of the chamois, springbock. moun tain sheep and mounon. Among the bears there are several magnificent American specimens, and a pair of huge Norwegian bears brought home by the emperor on his yacht, the Hohenzollern. from one of his Northland summer ex cursions, and presented to the manage ment. The little Thibetan collar bear. a good-natured. Innocent sort of beast. is tame enough to eat from the hand of a small child, and his mode of begging for appetizing morsels never fails to de light the crowd. Another imperial present is from the late Czar Alexandes 111., a pair of those immense European bisons, now only existing la the hugs imperial domain - ot laiytok. - WOJJ- VON SCUUfRttRAKOi A BLUE RIDGE PARADISE. What May. Be Seen and Heard In Quiet Hepsidam. Spot Where Every Fmpxt Pleases and Mot Even Man Is Vila Na ture's Cure for Disordered .Digestion. Special Washington Letter. In the Blue liidge mountains, where all sorts of mineral Eprings abound. there is a summer resort which Fred Mussey called the mountain of Hepsi dam. Just about a generation ago there was a celebrated elocutionist who de livered a humorous mock sermon about the mountains of Hepsidam, and that is the genesis of the name of this moun tain resort. It is also called Comfort He- treat, but by neither name can you dis cern it on the map. It is not far from Harper s Ferry and is about 2,000 feet above the level of the sea. Hepsidam is different from the city in one important particular, and that is that up in the mountains the hens lay fresh eggs. Then, agftin, judg ing from the cream standing upon the pans and jars, it is safe to say that the cows give fresh milk up in the moun tains, while all of our city cows give skimmed milk, with chalk and water in it. Col. Perry Heath, who is managing the newspaper work for the republican national committee, used to be a Wash ington correspondent, and he lived at a prominent hotel. He spilled some ot the hotel cream on his black trousers and was somewhat excited over the ac cident, when the colored waiter said: Nevah mind, Mistah Heaf. Wait t-wel de cream dries on yo' pants, an' den 111 jest bresh de chalk off. an de pants won't show nothin. There is another difference between Hepsidam and the city and that is that the air in the mountains is d life rent from the air which is cooked on the as- phaltum streets of the city. It is easier to breathe it, and it is easier to keep awake even on warm days, wnen breath ing pure air. It gets warm but never hot at Hepsidam, nnd at night blankets are required even in August, when the tun works bard twice eight hours a day. and never complains of being tired. PAP AND JIM. There is a comforting calm in the at mosphere at Hepsidam. It is quiet and free from the petty noises which rasp fine nerves in cities. The garbage man. the ash man. the huckster and the dog catcher are un known at Hepsidam; and the people do not gossip about their neighbors ex cept in a friendly way. i heard it said that Mrs. Ashby wore n poke bonnet at church, nnd that it was becoming, but nobody criticised even the preacher. They seem to love each other up in the mountains of Hepsidam. I heard the landlady of the iittle country boarding house tell a passing neighbor who was driving to town that Mrs. Biiss. over on the south ridge, had twins on Sunday evening, and that the brindle cow was giving more milk this season than she gave last season. I guess from the subjects of their con versation, and their willingness to be quiet and let a stranger rest, that the jieople of Hepsidam are not given to overexertion of the brain. After sun down, when the crickets begin to chirp and the frogs start their baseo prof undo solos and choruses, it seems as though the world, the busy, wicked city world, was far, far away; so far away that it could never come back, or we go back to it, and we ' are glad' of it.- The cables may be singing and whizzing their cars along the heated streets in-the world "of 'cities, but there -is bo sound of that sort of life in Hepsidam. Nvne but the sounds of nature fall upon tte ear. and only the singing of birds, accompanied by the aeolian harps of the trees, come wafting through the little ancient win dow with the yellow glinting of the ris ing sun. And when the cows come up to be fed and milked, and breakfast is put on the 'table before six o'clock in the morning, the sounds of the night give way to the sounds of the day, and ail is peace in Hepsidam. During the night the- Iisteuer mcy bear from twilight until dawn ' the end less controversy of whether Katy did or Katy didn't. - During the day time, while iytng in a hammock and wonder ing why so many millions of men are so far removed from nature, the black birds, woodpeckers and jays keep up a continual controversy concerning ct at hiding and the best way to- raise lit tle birds. They generally agree upon a kindergarten system, leaving the work of supporting the little ones to the female. Thus it roes along by day Hi 1 1 ill 111 1 ''A o and by night, without variation; and the days and nights at Hepsidam are exactly as they used to be when our gTHnd parents were little children, . . The people who take summer out ings should rest, recreate and recuper ate. They might as well stay at home, but for the change of air, if they will work in the country. Maybe it is easier to carry a rifle or a fishing outfit about all day than it is to sit in an office and write; but I don't look at rest that w ay. Consequently upon reaching Hepsidam a platform of principles wns announced to the effect that the visitors to Tfep sidam were not to be bothered about anything. They were to sleep all day if they wanted to, stay up all night if they wanted to, eat like farm hancH if they wanted to, or fast like Dr. Tan ner if they wanted to; and it was agreed to elect our ticket on that platform. The average cty man or woman who drops work for a time needs rst, change of air, change of diet, change of drink and change of disposition, in order to build up new liver, kidney, muscle and brain tissue. The city man's liver is generally out cf order, and that is the reason he doesn't like to be alive, and cannot see any good in any body, particularly his wife. It is well to send him away alone, and I!t him be without the attentions of his valet whom he calls his wife, and he will appreciate his home the better when he returns to it; that is, if he gets his liver into working order by the time he gets back. One thing very amusing at Hepsidam (and I hold that whatever is amusing is good for the general health) was the way a good boy of the mountains made iove to a pretty girl. She was 16 years old, and went about the place barefooted and stockingless. Her feet were very small, and could easily have been trained to travel in a No. 1 light shoe; but she wore something like a No. 3 cow hide shoe on Sunday. Her education had been somewhat neglected, judging from her original methods of grammatical expression. But she was a genuine, in nocent, unpretentious,' big, strong healthy and happy country girl. May be she has plenty of lovers, for she ought to have; but there is only one who is regarded as "regular company." He is a strapping big fellow about 22 years old. and as unconventional as the big bloodhound in the backyard. He must be six feet four inches tall, and his shoulders are large and well pro portioned. He is well-built from the ground up. and they say he is the cbam- puna runner nnd jumper of the county; but he never went with any girl as "regular company" until this season. Jane Fair is her name, and it would be appropriate to call her Fair Jane, for she is very pretty, very fair, and with a complexion that would make al most any city girl on earth intensely envious. I never heard his name, but they called him "Jim," from which the inference is drawn that his name was James. He called on Sunday morn ing, sat in the front yard whittling and saying nothing, until shortly after ten o'clock the old man came out and Jim accompanied him to the barn without saying even good morning. Jim helped hitch up the team, and when they came back Mrs. Fair got into the wagon on the front seat beside "pap, and Jane climbed into the back seat beside Jim, nnd off they went to church. Jim came back and had dinner with the family. After dinner Jim and "pap" sat under the trees in the backyard and smoked their pipes and talked about the weath er and other topics of interest at Hepsidam. Mrs. Fair sat beside the kitchen door knitting, while Jane took a backless chair and sat near Jim. The women said but little during the afternoon. That is the way Jim does his courting. It is generally accepted that they will soon be married. Jim is accepted as "regular company. the old man likes him, the old lady has no objections, Jane sits near him and keeps quiet, and that settles it. They don t do courting that way in cities. . There are no carpets on the floors of Hepsidam. They have plenty of nig carpets for the whole house, but they only use them in -winter. It would be prodigal and improvident to tramp out the carpets of Hepsidam in summer time. They are all done up .with am phor and tobacco to keep out 'the moths, and they will bejaid down some time in November when the first f'o.st comes. Probably Jim will then be a part of the family and assist in lay ing the carpets and putting up the stoves. There is only one stove tun ning in Hepsidam during the sumiuer, and-that is the cooking stove. They built a big fire out in the back yrd for two days and boiled a lot of h lye and fat refuse meat, and made a couple of barrels of soft soap. The ashes were in a barrel and were packed down. Water was poured icto the barrel, and when it ran out below into a big pan. it was strong lye. They don't waste anything at Hepsidam. There are snakes about Hopsidam, but they are not serpents of the still uch as some men see in the cit.es. These are big black and rattlesnakes. They are not so plentiful as they used to be, for snakes are killed wherever found. They can't kill bogs, but begs have killed man.r lenakes at Hepsidam. They never ..J come 'near' - the house, but sometimes venture into the barn or barnyard. They tempt fate in doing so. A city chap killed a black snake 12 feet long with a shotgun right near the chicken coop at Hepsidam. He will be fonnd bragging about it for years among his eitjr friends. Bit IT H D. FBI, Kentucky Journalism. Col. Bludd (of Kentucky) I am sor ry that I cannot accept your invitation, but I have to attend a law suit. Friend I did not know that yon ever had n law suit. What is it about? "The editor of the Bine Cress Bugle stated that I was a low down, drunken loafer. "And you, of course, have sued him for libel?" "Not at all. He has sued me for as sault- and batery. and the worst of it lies in the fact that he has a case against me.'' Bay City Chat. Campaign Times. The bugaboo and the roorback Were strolling on the way. When the roorback met the bugaboo And passed the time of day. Bays the bugaboo to the roorback. "I hear you're doing fine." Bays the roorback to the bugaboo: "Me? I'm working overtime!" Indianapolis Journal. BUSINESS BEfUKK FLKASUKK He had put on his hat,.co:it and gloves. t.nd was about to start for the club, to bpend the evening. "Hold on!" said he 1o himself. "1 must kiss my wife before I go. Busi ness before pleasure!" Das Kleiue Witzblatt. Often the Case. And this deplorable fact You have had occasion to note. That the one who is saved, as a general thing, 13 the fellow who rocks the boat. Chicago Trubune. AUTUMN SCENES WHAT COUNTRY HOYS A-ND GlitLS With a Personal AppMeatlon. Mr. Meeker Did you know, my dear, that the scientists say it is the female mosquito that bites? Mrs. Meeker I have no doubt of it. Probably she had to support herself while her lazy husband is down town talking politics. Chicago Tribune. Good Advlee. "I'm in- a serious c'ndishun. phys'cal ly," remarked -Col. Redbeake.-- as ' he surched into a drug store at three a. m. nVasaCH I take7' - "I would advise you to take a hack." replied the man behind the counter. Buffalo Express. Wouldn't Suit the Furniture. Doctor No wonder you are sick. Open the blinds and let the sunshine into your room. Fair Patient Mercy! It wouldn't harmonize with this expensive furni ture. Sunshine is d isgustingly cheap. N. Y. Weekly. KasUy Explains. - Husband I don't understand why it should always take you two days to make your purchases. Wife Simple enough, my dear. I must have one day in which to buy things and the next day in which to ex change them. Fliegende Blatter. A Prudent Tenth. . Giles Does that girl of yours know that you are a poet? " ; Tubbs Yes.- but I'm trying-, to keep it from her father. Up-to-Date. ' " " Keen There Before. Guest (at Mrs. De Fashion's Museale Mercy I What are all these wash boilers and flatirons, and things in the parlor for? Mrs. De Fashion (helplessly) I haf to get them. The leader of the or chestra came here at the last minute and refused to play unless I furnished those things for the anvil chorus. " Ha said he was bound to have one selection heard above the conversation. N. Y. Weekly. Slie Was Blade Bp. Lord Notcham Just go and inquire; if her ladyship is nearly ready to drive out. John Thomas Yes, my lord. ; """" (An interval elapses.) Lord Notcham Well? John Thomas The lady's maid in forms me, my lord, that her ladyship is not quite ready. Part of her has been accidentally mislaid. Judy. Distinctive Enets Wanted. . Mrs. Mover Whatl Don't you re member Blank street? Why, we went there two or three times to look for a house. Mr. Mover Huh! Name some street we haven't been to looking for housea and perhaps I'll remember it. N. Y. J Weekly. Equal to the Occasion. Waiter," sharply spoke the guest, "I ordered Roquefort and you have brought me Swiss. You ought to know that's not just the cheese." "Yes. sir," replied the imperturbable waiter, making the desired change and slapping down a larger check, "that al ters the kese, sir." Chicago Tribune. Uloomy Prospect. "You're somebody now," said the neglected horse, looking through the inclosure at the prize pig, "but one of these days somebody will invent a sausage that can be made of the cast-off pneumatic tires of bicycles, and you name will be Dennis, too." Chicago Tribune. Lots In the Sin" 1-iriA. "Jinks has the air of a man of con siderable importance. What's his par ticular line?" "Oh. nothing much, except telling other people their business and giving us all pointers on how to run the gov ernment." -Chicago Post. THEOnCHftRD. Chicago Record ON THE FAIML AKK DOING AT THIS TIME OF YEAR. Llvlns In Hope. "I haven't had a ride in a carriage t don't know when." complained Mrs. Jaysmith. "Never mind." replied her husband: "just have patience. Some of the neigh bors will have a funeral one of these days." Bay City Chat. Johnnie round Out. . ... "Little Johnnie opened his drum yes terday to find out where the noise camo from." "Did he find out?" "Yea; when his father came home tha noise came from Little-Johnnie." Pick-Me-Up. ' " Oenerou Man. Mrs. Kernoodle Cyrus.we need a new clock for the itting-room Mr. Kernoodle Can't you. wart till next month. Octavia? Your birthday comes then. Chicago Tribune. Thrown at Him. Brown That's a terrible lump yo have on your head, old man. Jones Yes. that's another thing von can do with a cbanng-dish. Town. Topics. So Much TLlke Home. "Was the hotel homelike?" "Very. My husband and I had thw' greatest difficulty in treating each oth er with common courtesy while we wets there." Detroit Tribune. Mrs. Let it la Lore tte. Walker, of Slett beaville. 0 has been a, widow for 71 . ars Her age to 101. '