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sas on Kan do w Yejtrly sulMorlptloxi, $uo. stock farmins tmk basis or our industrus. Gtl-rXex- Oroolu, Fropr EIGHTEENTH YEAR. WA-KEENEY. KANSAS, SATURDAY OCTOBER 21, 1896. NUMBER 34. TrlE COMMONPLACE. Shall we but value what Is rare The Hawless Kent, the peerless race And none of our affection spare For what is only commonplace? The gifts of God. like words, abound On ev'ry page of nature's book; There's something worthy to be found Wherever you may chance to look. "We do rank common things before God's rarer wonders, now and then .As common bread is worth far more Than diamonds to hungry men. And always In God's common things There's beauty. If we care to eek The sober brown of sparrows' wings The wrinkles on a furrowed cheek. Tls not perfection icy-cold. In earth beneath, or heav'n above. That can alone our heart-strings hold; Hearts cannot tell us why they love. God help us all If men should cara For only what is full of grace, Lest love itself should then be rare And we should still be commonplace! C. J. Bod.n. in Chambers' Journal. BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT. Characters: Frank Hall, a rising barris- j ter. Molly Lascelles. his fiancee. Scene: Mrs. Lascelles' drawing-room. (Frank enters.) OLLY I jumping- up) What is it? Frank Not guilty. She ( clapping her hands) O, 1 am pleased. They were bound to ac quit her after your magn ificent speech. I can't think . how you managed to piece the evidence to gether as you did. - (Solemnly) Do you know I wasn't really quite sure Hot absolutely sure in my own mind, until you had spoken. He (wearily) It's hard to be sure of anything, Molly. She Until some clever person like you O, but you are makes it plain to everyone. He I'm afraid that nothing is very plain to the average .British juryman. She It seems that you made the case clear, even to him. Your peroration about the punishment of conscience was simply grand. I've been repenting of my little wickednesses ever since. He (fondly) Very little wicked messes, Molly. (Kisses her). (They sit down on the sofa). He Why didn't you stop for the ver dict? She I couldn't bear the awful sus--pense. What must it have been for that jioor woman ! He Well, it is over now. (Pause.) She I'm so proud and so glad. Aren't rou ? He "Glad" O, yes. I . She And proud? ! He So. ' She But it will make you, everyone says. , He I hope so. They've retained me in the Kensington stabbing case al ready. She And you are not proud! Most modest or mendacious man! Why aire you not proud, my learned brother.' I He (dejectedly) O because 1 don't know, Molly. (Suddenly) I'm fcick of the trial. Let's talk of some jthing else. She But aren't, you delighted to 'think that vou'-ve saved that pootv pret ty, innocent woman from death from :hanging? Why, Frank, doesn't justice -count for anything to a barrister! ! He I supjiose it does. (Pause.) She You've overtaxed yourself. I must doctor you. Shall 1 play you something soothing with no meaning Xo bother about the Largo in U? He (softly) It's rest to sit by you, Molly. Hut (excitedly) yet it isn't. "You're such a good little lady, that it -I'M SICK OK THE TRIAL." makes everything wrong seem worse, to be with you. She But what's wrong, Frank? (Pui her baud on his shoulder) What is it? ...... .: .-:t . . , He Nothing. - She On your honor? (Suddenly) You don't mean you can't mean that she was guilty? He (slowly) I don't know. She (excitedly) But you proved that he didn't buy the poison. He 'She did not. It was kept in his eld cabinet, as 1 proved. Hut she might have used it. She But how could she find it the very night they were married and wi nt .home? And bow could she tell what it was? He Unless she knew he bn&it. She But you showed that it was kept in his secret drawer. Why, you con vinced everyone. He Did I? . She Did she tell yon that she was guilty? He No. (A long panse, during which she draws away from him.) She (swiftly) Frank, you knew that woman before the trial. He (dropping his head between his hands) I did. She (huskily) After you knew me? He Not after we were engaged. She After yon knew me? When yen were always meeting me? Whex you were trying to make me like you? (Fiercely) Answer me, sir. He (unsteadily) I couldn't, break it off all at once. I did as soon as I could. She But I can break it on, sir. at once. And 1 will. And I do. (A long silence.) She (very palo) I must ask you to relieve me of your presence. You need not fear that I shall put the police ra the track of her accomplice. He (springing up) Molly! She Mr. Hall? Barrister and jen t lemon! He Molly, you cannot think that. I did not see her for six months before it happened. It was only a foolish i n tanglement. I didn't really care for her nor she for me. But I was dull, and she was lonely, vnd She Spare me details. Doubtless the unscrupulousadvocnte and the mur deress were admirably suited. He But she didn't seem bad. Molly. Indeed she didn't. She was very kind when I told her about you. She So I have to thank her for my lovei my ideal of honor and upright ness! He For mercy's sake, heax me. She "GOOD-BT, AND HEAVEN BLESS YOU." said that she readily forgave me, for she too had known what it was to love. Then she told me how that man the dead man had ruined her lover and he killed himself with poison that he kept She In the cabinet in the secret drawer? He That the dead man took tor debt. (Silence.) She km id- that, f f a wish ecu Id kill him. he would have died a thousand times. Then she told me to go to jou and be happy.' And 1 came, and 1 was; God help -me! She (under her breath) And mel , life Six months after she married her lover's murderer. And on the wedding night he She Was murdered. Hi- Died. She asked me to defend her; and I pitied her. and tried to be lieve her innncent, and they have given her the benefit of the doubt. God for give us all. (Another pause.) She (slowly and puiufully I will trouble you to go. He (walks unsteadily to the door and takes the handle) Molly, little M.-tl'y, best aining women. I have told yon the whole truth. Try to forgive me. Good by; and Heaven bless you. (Turns the handle.) - . - She (wildly) Frank! He Molly; my darling! She (falling on the sofa and traspiug) Frank. I did love you. Frank, have you told me all? All. on your honor? (kneeling beside her) AH. on ny honot. 1 can't expect you to believe roe, but give me the benefit of the doubt. She No, there is but oneway. I iove you. and I believe you without - any doubt. You will be good to m, Frank? He My queen? (Kisses her hand.) Black and White. mainly Put. If ls-weli -known tKut the queen of Italy dreads becoming stout. It-isa family feature of this royai hosse. Her love of the mountains is partly due to the fact that high air is considered "thinning." Victor Emmanuel in time grew inconveniently stout. He had an odd shooting attendant, named Gui seppe, to whom he appealed oil one oc casion: Umseppe,tney say I redrawn fat. Is i'true?" Giuseppe and the king had traveled far from the rest of the shooting party, and Giuseppe was supplying the place of the king's valet at the fiBI buh, Voo'rem fat aa a pig (sierg. in patois), said Giuseppe, who was no courtier. The king told the try-rtrtt&;gn glee. London News. The result of recent analyses show that the loss of weight suffered by coal from exposure to weather is consider able. In some cases it reached 33.08 per cent., while the deterioration in quality for purposes of fuel or gas-making reached a still higher figure. THE FARMING WORLD. FOR STORING APPLES. A Simple Arrangement That Keeps rrwt Sound and flump. The apple harvest brings up the sub ject of the proper disposal of the fruit when gathered from the trees. 1 he ap ple crop is large in many sections of the country this year, and prices will be likely to rule low for the first part of the winter, at least. Much fruit will un doubtedly be stored in the hope of a bet ter price later on. It is important. therefore, to adopt such a plan of stor age as will keep the apples sound and plump, and in possession of the best pos sible flavor. A cellar just moist enough Mi'niilli'ClHi" TRAYS FOR APPLES. to keep the fruit from evaporating any of its own juices, and capable of being held at a low temperature just above the chilling point is an almost ideal place for the storing of apples. But the location is not all. Large quantities should- not be heaped together, nor should apples be kept in barrels, bins or boxes where the air cannot circulate freely through them. Any tendency toward decay is sure to be augmented under such circumstances. The ac. companying illustration is presented as affording an economical and exceed ingly practical method of storing fruit Trays with slat bottoms, each three feet square, are supported, one above another, upon brackets that are nailed to pieces of upright studding. A suc cession of this studding with brackets can extend along the whole side of the cellar, or . upon two sides, if desired. The trays can be made as deep as de sired, and the fruit can be heaped up a little. In this way but a small quantity of fruit is kept in a mass, and the air can circulate about each and every apple. Each tray can be removed to a table if it is desired to look the fruit over for the detection of incipient decay, or when getting ready to pack for market. Such trays will last for a score of years, and can easily be made in the home work shop on rainy days. N. Y. Tribune. GOOD COUNTRY ROADS. Almost Kvery Individual Is Interested In J Tnelr Maintenance. Every individual in tjjis country who owns a horse or bicycle has an active, living, personal interest in good roads, says the New York Ledger, but the apathy with which many of them re gard the subject is only another ex ample of how "use doth work a habit in a man. At present many roads are in a frightful condition because of the narrow tires that cut up and grind out the country thorough tares. Prop erty owners shrink responsibility be cause it takes money to improve the highways, and many of them are so given to procrastination that they can not bring themselves to take anything in hand that demands immediate at tention. In addition to this, most of their wheels have narrow tires, which in itself is quite enough to paralyze some at least of the efforts, toward re form. There is no more urgent need in this country than strict attention to the condition of the roads, for a smooth, hard surface means larger loads, great er ease for the team and much comfort for the driver. Bad roads are expensive and annoying, and the only wonder is that communities are not sufficiently alive to their own interests to put the highways in order withont the interfer ence of state or national authorities. How to Keep Away Rodents. To protect fruit-trees from mice and rabbits, remove all rubbish from-aboiit the trees as well as from the orchard.' Rabbits congregate " in "such places. Clean cultivation is the best remedy. Betore ground freezes, make n mound of earth a foot high around the trunk of each tree. Young nursery stock may be wrapped with closely meshed wire screening. Blood or rancid grease is offensive to vermin, but is easily washed off by rains, so needs to be re p I a ced sev ers 1 tunes during- winter. Horticul turist James 1 roop. Ind. Exp. Sta. Row to Throw a 'Jow. To throw a cow, secure, her by the baiter to a post, then take a rope (one half or three-quarter-inch), fasten to bead or. make a collar loose . around neck;' now pass rope between forelegs, take a half hitch about the body just be hind the forelegs, then pass along the side to secure part of body just before the hind legs and take another half hitch about the. body; two men take bold of rope, step behind cow and puil steady, and soon down comes cow; se cure legs and yon have her and can op erate on her as you wish. 7-. f THE CREAMOMETER. Rot Always Reliable, Bat Recommended Recanae It Is Very Simple. A very simple test, and one which. although not altogether reliable, is bet ter than none, is the judgment of milk by the amount of cream it will show. This is not an accurate test, because it may fail to show cream when it should or it may show more than it ought; how ever, it will not show cream if there is none in the milk. With two samples of milk having the same amount of fat different results may appear with this test, as the proportion of the fat glo bules which rise depends somewhat on the age .of the milk and the way it was handled before delivery. If fat globules have much difficulty in rising, only a small part of them will get to the top and they may carry up with them so much of the other constituents that there will be a large bulk of poor cream. When the test is carefully conducted and conditions are favorable to the rise of cream, fair results can usually be obtained. This test requires a long. graduated glass tube (fig. 5), which is filled with milk to the zero mark and allowed to stand in a cool place for 20 to 24 hours. The cream is aided in ris ing by warming the milk to 100 degrees Fahrenheit and then setting it, in the tnbe, in cold water, or the tube may be filled half full of milk and the re mainder with warm water, which raises the temperature and reduces the vis cosity; in such case only half as much cream will appear as the milk is to be given credit for; for example, if the con tents of a glass are half water and show ten per cent, cream upon the scale, this means, of course, 20 per cent, of the milk. If the milk is the same each day and is tested in the same , way, there should be little difference in the cream THE CREAMOMETEK. shown. Tubes graduated specially for this test are sold by dairy-supply firms. The cream test furnishes a good oppor tunity to look for sediment; if the milk is not clean, dirt can be seen in the bot tom of the cylinder. Care should be taken to. carry the tube quietly, so that neither the cream nor the sediment will.be disturbed. .Report of United ptates Department of Agriculture. DAIRY - SUGGESTIONS. Cows need both shade and sunshine, but a wooded pasture is not as good as one largely open. .Sweet corn makes one of the very best feeds to cut oft and feed green, when pasturage begins to fail. . Get rid of the old cows and the poor cows. Cows are cheap enough to war rant ns in having the best. - Have you stopped selling butter nt the country hlore ? You must, if you are to make a success of the dairy. German experimenters claim that cows calving in December give over 25 per cent, more milk than those freshen ing in May or June. - A farmer friend says that in using his Jersey bull on a small tread power for running his cream separator is not only a cheap and easy way to secure WI the cream, but results in more vigorous calves. Care for the cow at calving time, or she will be profitless the rest of the season; also, put a little oil meal or oat meaF in the milk for the calves, to keep them plump, and see that they do not gorge themselves; and remember that the calf makes the cow. - ... The cow lequires n -ration to grow bone- and muscie as welt as fat; , Do not expect corn to supply all thnt it requires in the way of grain. It is the fond rich m nitrogenous elements which will sup ply that which is most wanted, such as oats bran, peas, linseed cakes with cloier hay. Roads Bnllt by tha State. Prof. H. 11 . Stone, M. A of Emory col-lege.Ga-in tne Methodist Iieview. makes an elaborate argument in favor of good roads, and suggests that the state con struct in each county one road extend. ing in an east and west direction, and one extending in a north and south direction, and the roads of one county to -connect With the similar roads of adjoining counties, so as to form a con tinuous system of first-class roads ex tending over the state; these roads to be carefully surveyed and located by competent engineers, the cost fully es timated and the details of construction perfected before the work is begun. These roads would be object lessons to the counties and stimulate them to bringing up all their roads to the high est perfection. The farmer will be es sentially benefited by improved roads jpsr Hr"' to market. FARM AND GARDEN. HANDY FRUIT LADDER. Onto Cm Re Jande by Any Carpentes ee Blacfcsmitli. As a fruit-grower of over 20 years' standing, a correspondent offers a sug gestion to tiie readers of the Journal at Horticulture in the matter of ladders. As -shown in the illustrations there are three ladders, each fastened at the top to a triangle made of three-quarter-inch rod iron by single hinges, screwed to the under sides of the ladders. he material consists of a rod of three- quarter-inch iron, three feet long, to make the triangle. Six pieces of flat bar iron three-quarter-inch wide, with eye or hinge made on one end, to be screwed to the under side of each lad der at the top by three or four screws. Wood for the ladder sides 1 inch by sya inches of the required length, rounds of ladder of ash or oak. The width be tween the sides nine inches, to allow two feet standing on the same round of the ladder at the same time. The hinges should be slipped onto the triangle, two to each side, before it is joined. The ladder may be any length, and for trees up to the ages of ten to fifteen years they are much better than double ladders, which must be made wide at LADDER SET TJP FOR USE. he bottom to give steadiness, and where bush fruits are grown under it is difficult to find room for the two legs. A single ladder is altogether out of place in a young fruit plantation. The sides of the tripple ladder should be parallel in fact, might be narrower at the bottom if the ladders are wanted for use where there is an undergrowth, thus making- it still easier to find a place for the three ladders. In regard to use of these ladders, the writer says: I have sets from eight to sixteen rounds each, and find that 1 inch by 2V inch deal is quite strong enough for the sides, and at that length and SHOWING METHOD OF JO;NXN"'. weight' the ladders are quite portable and easy to be moved. It often hap pens that two women can gather on one set, when they can readily shift them round the tree; or in the shorter lengths a woman can freely work a set alone. I consider that -one woman can gather as much fruit by this method as two or more can with single ladders They are as firm at the top as the ground is, and are not affected by wind. The ladder is not patented, and can be made by any carpenter and blacksmith. I have had them all lengths in use for 16 years. and use nothing else on my 40 acres of fruit, except, as the trees get older, a-single ladder'-for the top. Of course. it will be understood that they arc drawn together for carrying about. ORCHARD AND GARDEN. In the fall is the, best time to set out rhubarb plants. . A few well-known sorts are the best for a commercial orchard. - With raspberries if will pay to re new the planting at least every four years. Sweet potatoes should be dug before there is a hard frost, as they are easily injured. ;tkrt all apples caref ully "before send ing, to market. Get the best price lor the best fruit. In many cases gardening and fruit growing combined can readily be made a practical business. - The quince does best with a short trunk, the top branching out a few inches from the ground. The arbor vitae or Norway spruce is one of the best varieties of evergreens to plant for wind-break. ' After the garden crops are harvested plow up the garden and apply a good dressing of well-rotted manure. When quality of fruit is desired the more branches-and top you can make the larger will be. the crop of fruit. When garden seeds of any. kind are gathered be sure that they are thor oughly dried out before storing away. The sooner red and black raspberries, blackberries, currants and gooseberries are set out -the better. Early planting gives a better opportunity to secure a good root growth before winter. St. I Louis Republic TREES FOR ROADSIDES. They Add Tery Materially to tne Vols of Iva Lauds. B. W. S tee re, Carthage, Ind., before the Indiana Horticultural society spoke as follows: In planting trees along our highways "' the narrow roads in many places wou'd appear as one of the chief difficulties to be overcome. I have been accus tomed to icur-rod roads, as in Michi gan all section line roads are, by law. and most of the laid-out roads are the same. This width allows the row of trees to be planted eight feet from the) fence, giving a nice sidewalk for school children and calling neighbors, an im portant matter on dirt roads. The rem edy that suggests itself for narrow roads is to set the row close to tha fence, in the field or out, with walk outside of it. In the discussion of best kinds I see that some recommend fruit trees. Experience has repeatedly shown that this is a mistake. Where tried, I have seen long rows of cherry trees. even Morelloes, dead or half dead. Pears are subject to blight, etc. Ap ple may be the best, but we who are old know that their healthy, vigorous life, at the longest, quite limited. In such work it is well to look away- ahead, a generation or so, to realize? that the trees we plant may not be in their prime, under 20, 30, 50 or more years. As to kinds, it is a pretty safe rule to plant natives that flourish in your own section. Maples are good most anywhere sugar maple pre ferred, but beware of too many of one kind. Let us remember that we are planting for the public as well as our selves, and break the monotony by in terspersing here and there a walnut, tulip poplar, oak, hickory, elm, linden. ash, hackberry, honest locust, box elder, etc-, or a whole row of any of the best of these where easily obtained. It will be noticed that contrary to the common idea, a mixed row may be beautiful. I have seen this verified; . where, in clearing land, several kinds were preserved without trying to have the row straight, or by trimming up a young growth that has sprung up along the highway fence. Such was the jase in front of our own little place in Michigan. Whatever others thought, it was very pleasant to us to have in? plain view white oak, black and red oak, linden, sassafras, butternut, shell bark, pignut, three or four kinds, all sweet, and one fine bitternut, and last in a damp soil, one grand, native elm, in whose drooping branches the hang bird annually swung his purse. 'Where there was loom, I put in a maple or chestnut, and in narrower spaces a white pine or Norway spruce. I would not, however, recommend chestnut in most Indiana soils. No doubt many are preparing to plant this spring, and should be well in formed as to distances, kinds, etc. Would it. not be possible to send a little circular to the county societies, giving the proper information? Be ginners early always want to set too close, often paying for or digging double the number needed. New York, after her long experience, has made 70 feet the legal distance, and Michigan law says not less than C0 feet. These long openings may be broken for a time with some small tree or large shrub or evergreen, as dog wood, service or Jnneberry, mulberry, papaw. red bud. blue beech, black haw. mountain ash, purple fringe, etc Nnr- . sery trees are generally the best rooted. In any case, set small trees and avoid tall poles. I have seen beautiful rows of golden and weeping willows, the latter not hardy enough here. Lombardy pop lar, also, should be avoided, as short lived. There is a tree, however.'that grows like Lombardy that might be substituted the Bolena poplar. It up- -pears to be hardy, as does the Carolina, poplar, a very rapid-spreading grower. Both are found in the nurseries, T " have not mentioned the cucumber tree which is often beautiful, but'l am not making a special point of naming the kinds. I wonH-ratheT-desiro to press the point of not planting too many of any one kind. Take, for instance, a long stretch of any one kind of maple. The monotony of so many trees almost ex actly alike may become tiresome, but if the opposite Ride of the road has a. different tree, or the row of maple isj suddenly broken by elms, walni'ta, lin dens or any other kind, you are rent-' to throw your hands and cry eureka f. I have seen this monotony wimrterfnHr relieved by inserting an occasional aim. elm. wild fherry. or most any other kind. and you feel like thanking the' thoughtful planter for his care. I will clow by adding thnt. could pro prietors realize the immense increased; valne of their farms, made by roadside planting, probably no other inducement would be needed. American Dried r alt. In a report to the state department on the subject of American dried frnits in Switzerland, United States Consul Germain, at Zurich, speaks of the suc cess 'that attended the introduction in France last season of California prunes, and then. 'follow ing out the prospect thus opened, he says that French re ceivers are arranging to have all such fruit packed in ea-es similar to those ; used in France, using French marks. xo that the goods may le sold to the re tailer as French fruic. . Proved by Experience. -It has. been -clearly proved that the increase in the price of farm lands more than pays for the cost of making good -county highways. Good ttoads.