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THE OFFICE SEEKEKS.
TT.r-j a re, Already Abroad in Every Nook and. Corner. Statesmtn." Who Knows How ta Xr;mt XiiKJn Well l'ullr liemaloa ia 4ogref for a ji remt JUny Years. .Special Washington Letter. It. was in the summer of ISS'J, atd a -vc-caecbing' dot day. It was in the room Cite senate committee on public Jam2&. Frank Flenniken, the clerk of tin- .eominittee, nvs hard at work, lie ws always bard at work, because Scii-stiac- Plumb was a bard worker, aaa it afuifed a good worker to keep pi.ee vtrti faiin. Frank Flenniken was equal Co tine task. Kvc-Gov. Ike Sharp was there. Jim 'Beacon, at Smith Center, bad just come There were five or six other Kan surt ill tbe room wben Senator Plumb entered. He said: "Hello, b:?ys," and nent to Flenniken to give directions almatsome business, when Jiio Beacon walked over and said: "11 umb. gimme -a handshake. Tite senator turned around, took Bta--x-oo's hand and shook it heartily, say iixz Always glad to see you, Jim; ttut. what do you want to shake bust's Sitz-t Are you going- away? "To. Fan not going away," responded BRuns; "but 1 sort o' want to (ret waurmed up, and you're a warmer." teat, this day hot enough lor you?" aaffoired Plumb, who still held Beacon's bajad. while with his left he wiped a jjerxpiring forehead.' tt seems mighty chilly to me. re--spcoiel Beacon. "I supposed it nils hc-t day. but I've just been calling a Engalls in his committee room up-tair-j and I got pretty thoroughly cau'Xed." (ralls chilled many people. Hs fce canu: aristocratic and haughty. He dib't like oflice seekers, and Jim Tiea coa minted to be postmaster. He knew liiit Plumb would not chill him, for tuft was always a good hnndshnker and (rental with all of his constituents.- So Ifcsaeon sarcastically alluded to Ingalls an that manner to show his disrespect iVxe- Iaglis and his high regard lor X'iamfa at the same time. It was the chili which he imparted to many of -tite common people that struck in one later, and the people gav- Ingn.ls the cold, shoulder by electing PeUft-r in bis piaoe. Even the office seekers be liess Chat they have some rights. GFfceo Frank Hatton was made first aslant postmaster-genera! he was ftktntxl ia ebarge of the fourth-c'ass jwit offices and controlled the appo:nt zraejztsof upwards of 40,000 postmasters. SIzs room was daily filled with o!l'ue aswkers and their friends. After he fiit been in his high office for about wrt, I asked him one morning how he sraaasrzred to treat, all of thote oflice efcers with such patience an J urLeiu ly, and he replied: llce just been an office seeker my "swf. Those people have as much right to seek office as I had. and it ia my duty ts treat them poli tely, just as I expee ed axnei receivel polite treatment when I rjucs seeking tills office. Tfaat is the sensible way to look at "the subject, but there are few men r-ho satraia high positions and remember Tfej-."! they were recently office seek-rs "taeuwicIveR. Thus it is with senators a okI representatives. They solicit the Sxsj-es and favors of tbepeople. be saixse? they want office. When they nt- Xasea the object of their ambition, they cbould not forget that others hac n Trraffat to seek preferment, and ha"e a j rig-lit to eviiect the assistance of the :txmcsi whom they have put forward as " tnrrr Tepresentatives. Xhfiice seeker is abroad in the "and itodaf. No matter who sh.iil be in-cq-urated next March, there will be hoidw of oflice seekers in the national capital. They will call upon their hen a tors and representatives, and the men EX-SENATOR J. J. INGALL3. . Tho treat them ill may have cause to avgiet afterwards. It has been said tml "hell hath no fury like a woiran but the oflice seeker who is after having rendered good pcaUcicat service is even woise. lie asfjectds his days and nights during the remainder of his life plotting to "fret ttea ' with the man on whom he le- jmded to further his interests. Ta men who have aided successful s-auadidatcs ill their nominating con this year, or wno aided senrt it securing their reelect ions, are looking forward to the flesh ijsota sad picking out the places which -cfney will solicit, if their man secures am -Election to the presidency. The po XaCiral worker in the cities, villages aaad on the farms, who are to-day work ing like beavers for the success of their "party candidates, are looking after something for themselves, and in many a it is already understood by the cone-TSsional candidates that certain felkrm shall have the post offices, and shall have government emp'cy- in the customs, revenue or diplo- erviee. The office seekers never think of their s-walUScatioiis or lack thereof for the positions to which they aspire. , John I demands that he be made receiver mt Miotic moneys at some land" office. he got several fellows drur.k election day "and kept them away i the polls in a close district. Kich- d Bne ays that be wants tc be post-wler- tweauw he edits a country newspaper. John Smith wants to have a consulate in China, which will pay a bo jt $3,000 per annnm, because he has never been abroad and wants the gov ernment to pay his expenses. He has made some stump speeches, and never thinks that stump speaking and diplo macy are somewhat different. Tom Brown wants a place in the pension of fice because he is an old soldier, never stopping to think that the pension of fice clerks are trained in pension law. All of these aspirants may be polit ically entitled to some official recogni tion, but not the places which they have picked out. and yet they will be angry if they don't get exactly what they de mand. The clerkships at Washington are graded and receive the following salaries: First class. $1,200; second class, $1,400; third class, $1,600; fourth class, $1,800. The first-class clerk re ceives the lowest salary and the fourth class clerk the highest salary. On 6ne occasion a congressman secured an ap pointment for a constituent to a fourth- class clerkship. Wben be told the ap plicant that he had secured a fourth class position for him. the constituent indignantly declared that if he could not get a first-class clerkship he wouldn't accept anything. The con- THE LATE FRANK HATTON. gressman told him to go to the secre tary of the treasury and tell him so in person. The fool did so, and the secre tary gave him a first-class clerkship. When be found out the mistake he had made, he was mad all over, but he could blame iiobody but himself. Con gressmen usually do the best they can for their constituents, and whatever is given, especially in these civil service days, should be thankfully received. The office seekers should remember that beggars should not be choosers; and office seekers are practically beggars for favors. The civil service law is a delusion and a snare, and the sooner the people un derstand that fact the better. It is constantly violated and affords abso lutely no protection to clerks. Any girl with a pretty face and figure can pass the civil service examination. There is a pretty womau in the interior department to-day who draws a salary of $1,200 per annum who never passed the examination and who has not edu cation enough to pass any sort of an examination. She was a widow and knew how to charm a congressman and take complete possession of him. She then insisted upon having an office, in order to be independent and apparent ly self-supporting. How the law was circumvented it is difficult to tell. But there she is. The law does not protect the clerks. There is no clause and no section and no lin j or word in the civil service law or in the regulations to prevent the dis- "Hiarge of a clerk; and the clerks cannot eveln ascertain or demand any reason for their dismissal when it occurs. Noel P. Aldrich was one of the best clerks and one of the finest penmen in the post office department. He had been there for 15 years and was efficient. He was discharged, and could never get any reason for it. The head of a de partment h..s autocratic itower to dis charge. The law only hampers him in appointing. No matter how efficient a man may be. he cannot be appointed to an oflice in the departments without passing a civil service examination. To give a plain practical illustration let me-telr you a story from real life. James N. Tyner was for years a post office inspector. He served in the railway mail service. He was first as sistant postmaster general He was postmaster general. He was assistant attorney general for the post office de partment and construed all of the postal, laws. He knows the . postal service in all its ramifications probably uetter man any other living man. Now. suppose that the present postmaster general should want to appoint James N. Tyner to a first-class clerkship he could not do so. No matter how much he might need the services of James N. Tyner. the law stauds-in the way to prevent me appointment of Tyner. un less he should go through the farce of passing a schoolboy examination. lie oflice seekeng are like rats. A well-proxisioned ship is always fairly swarming with rats, but when a leak is sprung, the rats desert the ship. As long as a man is prominent and holds himself above the average in public life, the ofhee seekers are after hJm constantly. When it becomes known that the local bosses inteud to turn him down, however, the oflice seekers de- sett him. A former member of the house of representatives says: "I knew long before the blow came-that I was not to be renominated. I knew that word had gone forth to slaughter me. I could tell it because the letterx beg ging for office ceased to come in my mail. That is always a sure sign thnt a statesman if- sinking, when the office- seeking rats begin to desert him." SMITH D KRT. Not G: "You say that Deacon Smatters wa not at church this morning? I wonder if it is possible that he can bare fallen from grace?" ' "No; 1 understand that he fell from his bicycle and broke his nose.- Cleve land Leader. ; " it Depeads. "Dah's a good deal dependin on de way er man applies is inergiea, said Uncle Kben. "De bass drummer. often nseo np mob muscle on one ch one dan de fust, fiddler does on half a duica.'' Washington Star. CHINAMAN INVENTED IT. Paper 'Money "Was Fir3t Used, in the Celestial Empire. First Civilized IS'mTion to Employ It Was Itweden The "Auignal" Panic Cn . ated by the .Revolutionary Got cruiceat of Vrnre. Special letter. With, the financial question raging so merrily in these ante-election times It is interesting to throw a retrospective glance at the history of paper currency. even if it does not bear any relation to the burning question of the day. s in many other inventions which have revolutionized the civilized world the Celestial empire may claim the priority in the in ventionof paper money. According to reliable authorities it hap pened in the year 119 B. C that the treasury of the Chinese government ex perienced its first deficit. This caused great embarrassment among the pig- tailed officials until some inventive genius proposed the issue of square pieces of deer skin, embellished with ornaments and writing, which were to be used as government debt certificates. These leather notes, of the size of a square foot, were readily taken by the nobles of the country, who in turn sold' them to others, and in this way the first s I S KX:- IS " ' v'TWtVJBU'iwJitf 40 ANCIENT CHINESE PAPER MONET ONE-HALF ACTUAL SIZE. step was taken which led to the estab lishment of paper currency in the most modern and civilized countries of the western world. The evolution of the crude leather notes of the ante-Christian era to the artistic bunk notes of the present was a gradual one, and real paper money was not issued until about the year 1000 A. D. Again it was a Chinese treasury official who conceived the happy thought to supplant the heavy metal cur rency and the cumbersome leather piecesbv printed paperslips.which were called "Tchitsi." They were issued in large numbers, and may be regarded as the first real paper money. At a later period new notes called "Iviao-tsu were issued, which had a limited time of circulation, usually three years, after which they were redeemed by the'gov- ernment and distroyed. The people in general did not take kindly to this pa per money, and many refused to ex change their good metal for the sus picious paper slips. Then the govern ment simply printed the following legend on the face of its notes: "It is ordered that paper money with the im perial seal is to be taken as legal tender. the same as copper. Whosoever refuses to obey will be beheaded. This was plain and had the desired effect, us nobody valued his copper quite as highly as his head. Thus paper currency came into general circulation. and'China has the honor of its inven tion. During the period the ."Kiao-tsu" was in circulation naturally man v of the notes were destroyed by accident, or lost through the carelessness of hold ers, resulting in large profi:s to the government. But as the discovery of new gold fields always draw? a crowd ot adventurers who Want to shar" in he profits of the discovery, so the crafty tribe of counterfeiters sor.n sprang up to share the profits of the governmenti What the goxernment Dotl OLD AMERICAN BILL TWO-THIRDS ACTUAL SIZE. printers could do, private printers could also do, and it was not long before good imitations of the government no-es were in circulation. China can. there fore, not only boast of the first paper currency but also of the first Ui.nk n.te counterfeiters, who caused the Celes tial government no end of trouble long iiefore Europe ever knew of the inden tion. Centuries passed before "Turopfan state established paper eiirremrles. Emperor Frederick II. issued during the siege of Faenza leather mom-y to ;Kiy his soldiers, and the city of Leyden coined florins, of strawboar.l in 1574. Kussia at one time also issuer- leaner rubies, but all this money served only as a temporary substitute for ;he metal currency: during times of war. The first real paper money .n Kumpe vas issued in Sweden. The financier. John Palmstrnck. received in :he year 1656 from the Swedish government the permission to issue bank notes, and five years later the Bank of Stockholm gave out its first "transport sl:ps v hich were printed on strong card hoard, as .the government bail no ion-' fidence in the flimsier material of pa per. This cardboard money had the advantage of being more durable t'-nn paper money, but it cumbersoment-ss lid not make it much preferable to the metal currency. The "transport si pa' were printed in plain letters and the signatures and numbers weru written by hand. "TiTie example of Sweden was followed in 1604. by the Hank of England: in I6'J5 by Notway: 1713 by Drmnsrk; 1718 by France; in which country the Scotch idan.'ohn.jiw. established a state Dank and err a ted the first great pauic f Hsrfi by an over-issue of bank notes. 1 Aus sia. Austria and Saxony soon followed. Prussia issued its first paper currency in 1805. under Baron von Stein. Among all European countries France bad the worst experience with paper money. John Law had already by his manipulations brought it into discredit, but the revolutionary gov ernment capped the climax of abuse. The landed possessions of the aristoc racy were to be confiscated and sold, but since the sales progressed slowly and the republican convention needed mouey it was decided to issue state bonds, so-called "assignats. to the value of the estates to be sold. Thus the confiscated lands were to be the security for the "assignats issued. But a revolution swallows immense sums of mouey and the government was soon compelled to issue more and more of these "assignats, until their toI :me exceeded by far the value of the confiscated property. Whenever money was lacking "assignats were printed, and since they were easily counterfeited the government soon had many helpers in the paper money man ufacture. The Englishmen were espe cially industrious in this line, and the combined efforts of government and counterfeiters soon brought the total of circulating "assignats" to the in credible sum of 250,000.000.000 francs. Then came the unavoidable reaction. France was flooded with worthless pa per money; the government was unable to redeem the "assignats." While the latter were rapidly losing their value, thj prices of all kinds of goods were increasing m proportion, and it was not long before the "assignats" were en tirely worthless. Nobody was willing to take them, and the consequence waa that thousands of families were beg gared. Not quite as badly as the French, but badly enough, fared the Aiistrians. The Napoleonic wars had thrown the empire deeply in debt and the tempting paper money was resorted to by the government in its attempt to get out of its financial troubles. The manufac ture of the flimsy currency assumed gi gantic proportions, and in 1S11 the value of the paper notes had decreased to such an extent that 1.800 paper gul dens were equal in value to 100 guldens in silver. The amount of paper cur rency in circulation at that time was x.060.000,000 guldens, and since the gov ernment saw the impossibility of ever redeeming its notes at par it resorted to u compulsory adjustment with its creditors. The treasury printed so- called "redemption notes," with which the old paper currency was redeemed on a basis of paying one gulden in re demption notes for five guldens of old paper currency. The history., of the United States with paper currency during the times following the civil war is of too recent date and too well known to need reca pitulation. The present system of paper currency in all civilized countries rests on a solid basis, aud conditions like those related above are not apt to prevail again. KTOMUND KRAU32. VANISHING OF THE RAVEN. A ltird That la Bacomlax - fCnaaand. Rarity ia The wide domains, the large timber, and the ancient families survive, but the raven has vanished. It occasional ly takes a young rabbit. But the human ravens of Somerset to wit. the men and boys who have as little right to the rab bits do the same. 1 do not suppose that in this way .fewer than 10,000 to 20,000 rabbits are annually "picked up. or "poached" if anyone likes that word better in the country. Probably a larger number. The existence of a pair of rabbits on an estate of 10,000. 20.000 or 40,000 acres would not add much to Mho loss. No doubt the raven kills other creatures that are preserved for sport, but it does not appear that its extermination baa improved things in Somerset. Thirty years ago, when black game was more plentiful than it is now, the raven was abundant on Exmoorand the Quantocks. The old bead keeper on tbe forest of Exmoor told me that when he took tbe place, 25 years ago. ravens. carrion crows, buzzards, and hawks of various kinds, were very abundant, and that the war he had waged against them for a quarter of a century had well-nigh exterminated all these species. He had kept a careful record of all birds killed. noting the species in every case, as he was paid for all. but the reward varied, the largest sum being given for tb3 largest birds ravens and buzzards His book shows that one year, 23 years ago. he was paid for 52 ravens shot ami trapped. After that the number an nually diminished rapidly, aud for sev- rral years past not one raven had been killed. JjOngman's Magazine. It- Intoxicating; jaaJlty. Mrs. Cawkerctashe and her busband leave "the concert hall) Wasn't the music perefectly intoxicating? Mr. Cawker It was long enough to be intoxicating. "What has its length to do with it "The longer it is. the more bars, you know. Detroit Free Press. ( The Joys ot Cklldbood. Jiuvnty Say. let's swape the sign off that stoop that s been painted Tammy What do you want with tha aign? ' Jimmy Don't want the sign. Want I to see people brush against tbe stoop.- J . V. World. ' A Psvcmolorieal Cat"' . The small boy had been requested to do some errands, but insisted that he was feeling badly. Aa the family phy sician happened to call he felt the boy's pulse and looked at his tongue, and said: "You had better make a good strong mustard plaster." The boy looked depressed and left the room. "Where shall I apply tha plaster V asked the mother. 'Don't apply it at all. He'll get well before that stage of the treatment is reached. Washington Star. By Aetaal Mranrc Were Mabel's eyes one-half ao deep As lovers oft hare said. Her hasel orbs would stick a yard Behind the maiden's bead. N. T. Truth. WITTY WEARY WATK1KV. Weary Watkins Ain't you afraid of having pendicitis? Mosley Wraggs No. Why? Weary Watkins Thought maybe you were; you re looking so seedy. N. x, Herald. Very Fopalar. Gus De Smith is always bragging about his popularity. "I am getting to be more popular every day. Another man asked me for my autograph to-day. "Had to sign a note for last month's rent, I suppose, remarked a friend. cynically. Texas Sifter. A QUESTION lilt tbe Ball's Kyo- "Dunn is a good shot, isn't he?" "Very good. We were practicing with our guns at my country place the other day. and he hit the bull's-eye the first time." "Very clever." "Yes; but he had to pay for tbe bull." Tit-Bits. Jk Dtseaasloai er Oops. Oey tells rae in de country dat success in deshere days De pen's er heap on what yon soes an un dertakes ter rat as. An' lots er young men's gwlnter meet wlf trouble, sho's ycr born. A-ralsin ob de ante when dey should be raisin' corn. Washington Star. . Reasoa to Hanaiar Is. "Before we wer married. Henry, you used to bring mc a pound of candy every evening." "i" haven't forgotten it. Amanda. By the way, dear. I j-aii yonr last dental bill this morning. It was $47-50." Chi cago Tribune. Mot Their Uwa, Howtnr. Traveling Tank I tell ye, I'd like to be a doctor. Bumm DeWay Why eaose ye'd be around bottles most of the time? Traveling Tank Ila. the doctor can take life so easy, ace! Brooklyn Life. Be Kmv Itettcr. Dick Welloff If a fellow hasn't any thing be can't lose anything you know. Jack Poorfellow Don't you believe it. I've just been jilted by a girl worth a quarter of a million. Town Topics. II ortlemltorsX. That man in the next fiat calls bis lively wife Blossom. "Great Scott! how inappropriate." "What makes you say aoT "Blosroms shut up wben tbe sua goes down." Chicago Krcord. TaMa Kaanaotto. Traveler (in western restaurant ) There's a hair in this soap. Waiter' (imperious) Well, ye anight know better n to lean yr bead au Car over w'en ye eat. N. Y. Weekly. Cardinal Gibbons has conferred or ders on a number of staaaeat ax Hi, Mary's college. Emmitsburg. Bavaca iVarfare. Mi voice. said the one in whose heart tbe fires of patriotism burned, "my voice is for war. "And I suppose that in case oi aciuaa bostilities it would be your voice you would send," said the desiccated cynic. No. In och a contingency I would send the voice of my wife. The other waa also married to a mu sical woman, and hla sympathy, though not outspoken, waa expressed by an eloquent glance. Indianapolia Jour nal. Plsansded. nusband Mv dear. I want to ask yon one favor before you go oST on thatlonjjf visit. Wife A thousand, my love. What is it? "Don't try to put the house in order before you leave." "It isn't hard work." "Perhaps not: but think of the ex pense of telegraphing to you every time I want to find anything. Pearson s Weekly. Will 7 boy Koveaced. "I have no use," scornfully exclaimed a bloomer girl, "for a youth, who parts his hair in the middle." "And I have no use," replied Willy boy, with more spirit than be had shown for 21 years, "for a young wom an who parts her clothes that way. And he gazed at her nether trimmings until she nearly choked with indigna tion and dodged behind a table. Willy boy waa revenged. Buffalo Express. Ma Knows Her TBoslness. Schoolteacher Now, Master Thomp son, tell me the denominations into which the money of the United King dom is divided. Master Thompson Don't know. Schoolteacher Don't you know how the money your father brings home every Saturday night is divided? Master Thompson 'Tain't divided; mother takes it all. Tit-Bits. Sn.e Was Not Alone. Little Miss Michel Was riding her cycle Alons a new street, feeling; gay. On a sharp piece of ' wire She punctured a tire And she had to walk home, sad to say. N. Y. Truth. OF THE DAY. A Kestfni Accident. Jaspar What- has happened to ISusi boy? He used to be always bustling around and now 1 see him sitting on his veranda all day. Jumpup His inventiveness got him into trouble. He patched a cane-bottom ciiair with a porous plaster and now he is trying to wear it off. . Y, Truth. A wise alma. - " Stounder Why do you always take the poorest veat in a car when you en ter it. whether the car is empty or not? Bounder Because if I take the best, some woman will be sure to come and stand in frou of me until common po liteness forces me to offer it to her. Harlem Life TIIERK ARK OTHERS, Mr. Cutecus An insurance policy saved my life once. Mr. Smiles How was that? Mr. Cutecus By paying for it I avoid ed being talked to death by the agent- Up-to-Date. Slow Pay. "The wages of sin is death," quoted the preacher. "If that is the case," remarked Mr. G rumps, sotto voce, "there is a great delay in paying off some people 1 know." N. Y. Herald. The Only Uleam of C'bartty. "How did the critics treat Jingoli'a njusicT "Um. Well., tbe kindest thing they acaid about it was that it was not orig inr!." Washington Star.