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AT SLEEPY HOLLOW.
TTHE HISTORIC OLD DUTCH CHURCH STILL STANDS. Three Hundredth Anniversary of - Zta Establishment Hur Kemlntaeenses Con tor to the Quaint rattle Bnlldinc ' Th Old Parish Register. (Special Letter.) In the old Dutch church of Sleepy llollow, N. Y-, a memorable service was held on New Year's eve. It was si watch meeting to commemorate the three hundredth anniversary of the - -establishment of the church. Every thing contributed to the Sleepy Hol low watch night an atmosphere of weird picturesgueness. There is no -apparatus for gas or electric lighting in the old building; it was lighted for the occasion entirely by candles, as in the days of the fathers. When the last hymn had been sung the first of the new century and the benediction .given, it occurred to someone in the congregation that the candles used in that memorable service were " worthy to be preserved as sourenirs. The idea was taken up by one after an other of the worshipers, and in the tfirst hour of the twentieth century the 'darkness of the silent winter night was illumined by a long stream of Im promptu candle bearers issuing forth from those historic doors. The night, though seasonably cold, was still, and the candles remained lighted until those who carried them had scattered far and wide on their homeward ways. A Valuable Relic. It is good to know that public In terest has been thoroughly aroused to the importance of preserving the mem ories that cluster about this, monument of a fascinating and important past. Both Sleepy Hollow in particular and the people of New York in general owe -mucji gratitude to Washington Irv ing for this, and, after Washington Irving, to the various organizations which make it their business to res cue and preserve from oblivion the elements of national history that are connected with the few material relics of early American settlements. . As it is, the building itself is care fully guarded against decay; services are still held there in the summer, when the neighborhood of Tarrytown is filled with summer sojourners, and on special occasions like that of New .Year's eve. Most important of all, the THE OLD DUTCH CHURCH. AT SLEEPY HOLLOW." records of the congregation from its establishment in the reign of Charles II. have been translated from the Dutch for publication by the enter prise of the Yonkers Historical and Library association. The volume which the Yonkers His torical and Library association will publish in February will contain the only records of the kind now extant between New York city and Fishkill. This alone would give it great value in "the eyes of anyone interested in the history of the state's origins. Frederick Philipse to use the modern Anglicised spelling first appeared in New Amsterdam as a carpenter from Holland. It seems uncertain, however, whether he was a Hollander or the child of Bohemian parents who had taken refuge from religious persecu tion in the low countries. But what ever he may have been by origin. Philipse soon allied himself by mar riage with the Dutch settlers, gaining worldly wealth as well as domestic happiness by" the transaction. Was Lord of the Manor. In 1672 he made his first purchase of land north of the Harlem. Twenty years later the manorial' rights of the territory between the Harlem river and Pocantico creek were confirmed to him by the British crown and in those days manorial rights meant a great deal, including the rights of ad vowson, or the appointment of minis ters of the gospel, and the jurisdiction of courts baron and leeL " A lord ot the manor in the seventeenth century was, in fact, a feudal potentate so far as his domain extended. Established in these territorial privileges Patroon Philipse, having been left a widower with several children, married Kat rina Van cvurtlandt, a daughter of the patrician order in which he had now attained membership. The biog raphers seem to be of two minds as to the religious proclivities of this first lord of the manor of Tarrytown; some represent him as a pious" and or thodox member ot the Reformed church of Holland, as constituted by 'the synod of Dordrecht; others say he was of a somewhat indifferent ten dency of thought, and one of his po litical enemies, of whom he had scores, accused him of being a papist On the whole, whatever may have been the religious feeling of Frederick Philipse, the true foundress of the Sleepy Hollow church was his wife Katrina. The patroon himself Bat with his family Sunday after Sunday - on the throne, or seigniorial - high seat, to the right of the preacher, thus giving the support of the t aroral arm as it was manifest in those days to the ministrations of the spiritual. The) Karlr Regards. Less than two decade of the 1. . Hi Ok church's existence have passed It was-, erected soon after 1680 when. In 16S7,! these records began to-be punctually1 kept by Dirck Storm, the parish clerk. Master Storm was one of the earliest, of American scholars. He came from Holland to the New Amsterdam set tlements in 1662,. and was one of the first schoolmasters who taught the young Dutch idea to shoot in the then new town of Brooklyn. He was, more over, town secretary, which was, pre sumably, an office something like that of recorder. Later on he became clerk of sessions of Orange and .. clerk of Sleepy Hollow. . The parish register had in hi3 day the benefit of a schol ar's hand for its keeping; later oa the clerks of Sleepy Hollow were" less clerkly, and the spelling of family, names suffered frightful mutilations In consequence. Further transmogrifi cation of sutch names through Eng lish spelling followed when English superseded Dutch as the written lan guage of the Pocantico regions. The parish clerk and his antiquar ian brethren have acquired an aston ishing power of detecting old Holland names under English disguises by fre quent dealings with such records as these. It would be interesting to dis cover a few Van Winkles and Buch names by the aid of these experienced name detectives, in the Sleepy Hollow register, but unfortunately for lovers of romance and of Washington Irv ing the only name of the Rip connec tion that occurs is Van Tassel. SAVED A LIFE. Inflated Sleor Back Kent a Man from Drewalas. A common flour sack and the use of his wits saved. Chris Hansen, a market hunter, from death by drowning in the bay off Sausalito, Cal. It has been his practice to spend the early morn ing hours shooting on the bay near this place. This morning, while re turning in a skiff from the hunting grounds, Hansen in some manner caused his shotgun, which waa lying in the bottom of the boat, to explode. The barrel being pointed downward the man received . no Injury, but the full contents of the weapon passed through the vessel, tearing a jagged hole in its bottom. In a few minutes the boat commenced to settle and Han sen's most desperate efforts failed to stop the influx of water. In despair he grasped the oars and snatching a flour sack used for carrying his game commenced to tie them together as a float to assist him' ashore. Quickly fin ishing this work, he Jumped into the water, deserting the boat, which sank a moment later. Hansen could swim but little and found the oars an alto gether inadequate support. His' strug gles to keep afloat were rapidly ex hausting him and at a critical moment the knot holding the oars together be came untied and they separated. The hunter was in despair, when he no ticed that a portion of the sack used in tying the oars had become filled with air. A moment later he had snatched it up and was holding its open end toward the breeze, .where it filled with wind. Closing the end' with his hand, Hansen used the im provised life preserver to assise hi bearing him up and easily' remained on the surface of the water. The tide and use of his legs gradually propelled him toward the shore and fifteen min utes later the drifting man was on dry land. SL Louis Chronicle. British Paternalism. That the British empire looks after its children the world over is well il lustrated by the fact that the crown agents for the colonies are inviting tenders for the supply of four sailing ships, or three steamers, to carry In dian emigrants from Calcutta to Fiji. It is the annual trip of coolies to the Fiji colony, there to work in the plan tations. The paternal Indian govern ment takes complete charge of the af fair. The coolies are recruited up country, brought to Calcutta and placed in charge of the officer of emi grants for a fortnight or so, in order that weaklings -and those developing disease may be weeded ouL Then they are shipped to Fiji or Demerara or other West Indian colonies in gov ernment controlled ships and indented to the planters for five years, the gov ernment fixing the rate of wages, the hours of labor and the conditions of life. A 1ts Contretemps. - H. Cooper Cliffe, now . playing in London in "The Price of Peace,"-tells an amusing story of his first perform ance of the spider at the Globe in Lon don. In the last act of "The Silver King" the Spider locks a case of jewels of enormous value in an Iron safe. Mr. CHffe did some elaborate business with the key and the safe and turned to the house to give full weight to his lines: "Securely locked. The Jewels are safe." There was a roar of laugh ter. : He spun around and perceived that the locked doors were wide open again, giving the audience a full view, through the back of the safe, of a limelight and the legs of a stage car penter.. , . Kew Tear's la. the East. Nowhere is New Year's day more festively observed than in the east, and especially in Mohammedan lands. In Persia, the No Rooz, (as the new year is called) is by far the most im portant holiday observed by the sub jects of the shah. On New Year's eve the fun begins with the kindling of huge bonfires, and among the more ac tive it is considered the correct thing to leap over or through the - flames. The Persian is careful to perform his fire dance in old garments, for on New Year's day every one who has the means is bound by the strictest custom to an pear in new cloth ea. -' The Greatness sf the roitnry. We ; mark off centuries,- and fix ' the - , stakes, . Arraigning time to judge him by our deeds; First science writes with giant hand her meeds, -Then knowledge all the slumb'rlng se crets wakes; Man stands supreme, the sceptre boldly takes As conqueror ef the earth, the world old seeds Have borne great fruit in things and creeds; , - -Through these last years behold truth's dawn-like breaks. Aye, read the splendid -records of our race But only in the light of human hap piness; What matter if man's power control the pace Of wild-whirled stars be there one joy the less; Search hearts and hopes before the crown you place Upon the century; then 'tis time to bless. - Henry C. Rehm. Daniel Moraan and the Baby. When Arnold's expedition against Quebec sailed for the Kennebec, in 1775, it included no finer troops, and none more picturesque than the Vir ginian - sharpshooters of Daniel Mor gan, who was afterward famous . as the friend of Washington and the vic tor of Cowpena. A pretty tradition of the march of the Virginians from the camp at Cambridge to the rendezvous at Newburyport belongs to an old farmhouse set back a little from the main road on a shady lane of its own. In its kitchen, that September day, a boy of nine was engaged in washing dishes, half-crying with vexation over his task and the possibility of the sol diers passing without his seeing them. His mother had been called suddenly away, and had left him in charge, with an injunction not to leave the house until her return. With the dish pan before him, a blue tire fastened around him and one foot frequently on - the rocker of the cradle drawn up beside him, he dutifully but despairingly clat tered china and sang to his baby s.s ter. A shadow in the doorway made him look up, and he beheld there two lean, brown, towering figures one that of the tallest and handsomest men he had ever seen, several inches over six feet attired in buckskin hunting shirts and with caps bearing the motto "Liberty or death." They were Daniel Morgan and one of his 'lieutenants. They entered and asked for a draft of water; but the boy hastily whisking oil his apron, invited them to sit down and partake of milk and cookies, in stead an offer which they readily ac cepted. But the baby, as her brother's foot left the rocker, roused herself and began to cry so lustily that he 'hesitat ed whether to try and quiet her first, or to go at once to the pantry. The mighty Virginian captain did not hesi tate at all; he stooped with a laugh, scooped the small lady out of her cra dle and lifted her to such a breathless height that She stopped her complaints in sheer amazement, and present. y be gan to squeal with delighL Moreover, when the food was brought, and her brother, tried to take her from her new friend, she pie-tested so tempestuously and clung so tightly to the fringes of his shirt, that he laughed again and would not let her go, but ate and drank one-handed, with the baby still held on his left arm. In. consequence he was somewhat awkward and let fall a plate, which was broken in halves. After the departure of the men thi3 breakage worried the boy, who feared he might be punished for having served hla im posing guests, as he had done, from the precious best china, which no one but the mistress of the house m'ght touch without permission.-' On his mother's return, therefore, it was with much trepidation that he told his story; but that strict, although patri otic housekeeper forgave and approved him. She had the broken plate mend ed, and for many years it remained in the family, and was known to suc ceeding generations as "General Mor gan's plate." - . . Killed His Enemy. "How does it feel to kill a man in battle?" was the question put to one of Morgan's men the other evening. "Thank God, I never had but one ex perience of that kind," was the reply, ."but that was enough. ' , "In Kentucky it not infrequently happened that boys from the . same town went into both the confederate and the federal armies. When the war broke out I joined Morgan's command. My best chum. Dick Nolton, went with a regiment of federals. . "Before we separated we swore to each other that.- whatever came, noth ing should alter the affection we' had for each other, and that if either could help the other he would do so, no mat ter what the cost. We even went so far as to cut a dollar in. two pieces, and each promised to wear his half on a string about his neck. - "One day in September, in the sec ond or third year of the war, our com mand was ordered to dismount and try to dislodge" a -party of . federals who held a little wood in front of us. Wa charged across the .open and succeed ed in getting a hold inside of the wood. Then began a duel between 200 sharp shooters on a side. "At first I fired rather aimlessly. Then I noted that whenever I ra sed my head above the rock behind which I was hiding I was likely to get a bu'. let through my cap or one would pas's within a few inches of my head. "I noticed that all seemed to come from straight in front of me. I began to open my eyes and was able after a while to see a fellow about 200 yards away who had been pegging, a way at me. , Every time he fired he would stick his head out from behind the tree to see whether he had had any luck. - . "I waited my chance. The third time he did this I let him have it, and he dropped. A few minutes later came the order to advance. When I reached the spot from which the Yankee sharp shooter had been firing I stopped to see what had happened to him." The old fellow paused here and the reporter broke in with the question: "Did you find him?" . "Yes. I found him, with a hole clear through his head. His coat was opeu, and I saw a half dollar on a string around his neck. It was Dick Nolton, and I had killed him. Just then the Yankees charged in turn, and I was forced to leave him there." Louisville Courier-Journal. . Was Too Literal by Far. Colonel Pew tells a story of the Tenth regular infantry that is pretty good. One night in Cuba one of - the sentries was a raw recruit from the green isle and the officer of the day, on his rounds, was challenged by him. "Who goes there?" "Officer of the day." Not a move on the part of the sentry and the officer stepped forward and again was greeted by "Who goes there?" and he again replied in tne same way. Not a move on the part of the sentry, but the officer of the day heard an ominous click. . "What are your orders, anyway 7" he asked. "Challenge three times, then fire," was the laconic and self-satisfied an -swer, and the officer of the day's hat was raised on his hair as he real'z.U how near he was to being peppered by the sentry. The latter was given a few instructions before he went on ssntry duty again. The jno;aase of Soldlrra. An anecdote of Gen. Sheridan shows the man in his true colors better than a volume of biography. Sheridan gave his orders in a mild tone of voice, but his enunciation was so distinct that he was never misunderstood. Once, in the midst of a fight, an aide reported that his flank was being demoralized by a battery on a distant hill. "Give my compliments to Gen. Crook," he said, "and ask him to clear it away." His famous dispatch, to Gen. Grant on the day before the surrender at Appo mattox was written on horseback. In these terse words: "If things are pressed I think Leewill surrender to morrow." And Grant's answer, still more terse, came back: "Press things." Such Is the language of such soldiers. Fire Loss Not So- Bad. According to reports received at the bureau of construction and repair the loss of plans in the recent fire at the Norfolk navy yard was not as complete as was at first feared. It appears that nearly' all of the detail drawings for the -battleship Texas, the cruiser Ral eigh and the monitor Amphitiite have been rescued from the debris of the tire, and with a little labor can be made as good as new. The total number of drawings and blue prints recovered from the ruins will be not far from 3,000. The work of replacing the de stroyed drawings will be commenced at once, and will be completed within six months. . . ' , 4 Officers for Hosolals. In view of the growing importance of both Honolulu and Guam it is quite probable that the navy department will increase the number of officeis on duty at both these stations in the near fu ture. Honolulu Is rapidly assuming the position of a great port of call for much of the commerce of the Pacific, and the facilities of the small harbor are being taxed to their utmost ca pacity. Grand Army Selects Peoria. . The Illinois utate council of adminis tration of the G. A. R-, recently award ed tht next encampment to Peoria. The date of the encampment was set for Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, May 14. 15 and 16. It is planned that the opening session of the state en campment; shall ' mark the dedication of Peoria's new assembly hall, now in course of construction. - - To Repair the Oregon. No orders have yet been sent out to to the Oregon looking to that snip's coming home, but it is said that the navy department that she will bs brought to the Mare island navy yard within the next three months. " Ex tensive repairs will be required by the Oregon and it is not unlikely that the Union iron works may get the contract for the work. The Spider's ? N vj Web The spider is the original telegraph lineman. Indeed, he is - something more. After his lines are stretched, ihe establishes a "central," to which he runs as soon as any sort of vibration tells him that prey is entangled any where in his web. Once at central, he listens a minute, then having gathered the direction glides away to weave tin further netting of silken web about the luckless wasp or fly that has fallen into his clutches. - "He" would more -properly be written "she." As in case of so many insects the female spider is ever so much bigger, more powerful and more resourceful than the male. In substance spider web is nearly identieal with silk. But the spinners of it are far to wise to reel it up into cocoons, which may be plun dered by men to feed the desire of the eyes, and the pride of life. Web spin ning is very wonderful work. . The workers indeed deserve high rank - as civil engineers, and often deal with knotty problems in ways bespeaking almost human intelligence, as for in stance when they spin loose threads so deftly and with such nice calcula tion of wind force that the loose ends are carried exactly to the chosen spot, often a couple . of yards away, - and there anchor themselves of their own motion. It is thus the fairy cables which net trees and boughs, and stretch aeross all summer paths, are set in place. They are invisible save where the full sun glints upon them, or else when a misty morning strings them with dewdrops. None the less they hold firm, and serve as aerial pas sageways along which the spiders run to and fro, safely and swiftly. . Or else they serve as guys to -brace the main web. In spinning the spider shows architectural genius, to match her engineering skill. First she sur veys a site, then stretches across it a strong thread. She is not particu lar about having this first thread very taut all that can be managed later. She spins another thread from the end of this diagonally to another point, whence she goes to a third anchorage, a fourth, even a fifth. Now she has a clear central inclosed at irregular an gles. The inclosing threads have been spun of pure silk. The next thing is to go over them with a -viscid exuda tion which will make whatever touch es them stick. .When that is done she spins the web proper, running from side to side, with a thread trailing be Zd om Jon esr Cat Writing in Donahbe-'s Magazine on the situation in China, Rev. Father Jo seph M. Gleason, who is with the Am erican forces in Pekin, maintains that the Boxer movement with all its at tendant horrors was not a result of the presence of missionaries in China, it was an .anti-foreign demonstration .rather than anti-Christian. -The rev erend gentleman takes the newspaper correspondents to task for attributing the trouble to the missionaries . and says of them: "A newspaper man rushes into a country of which he hardly knew the existence before his. arrival, takes no trouble to learn a word of the lan guage, corners a few residents, and af ter" a few cigars, and more drinks, closes the interview, and writts for his paper. He is paid a fancy salary as special correspondent and must " write something for his paper, and i this something is, as a rule, superficial , generalizing of the veriest rubbish. Yet Armour's First Baths. J When Phil Armour was a boy living on a farm in Madison," N. Y., he did not take his weekly bath in a marble tub, nor was he rubbed with perfumed soap. Saturday nights his mother use! to take him and the other boys down to the creek for their weekly scouring. Home made1 soft soap would be poured FAST STEAMERS, Kew York Wants Then for the Beneflt ot Sabarbaa Residents. Steamboats that can go forty miles an hour are soon to. make several su burbs a part of all-devouring New York as Greenwich, Woolwich. Gravesend, 'Hampton Court, Chelsea, Kewi Clacton. Windsor, Margate, Ramsgate, etc.. are part of London, says the New York Press. The steamboats on the Thames iare perhaps the vilest in the world. Those in New York waters are the most palatial. The St. Johns, Sandy Hook and Monmouth have made the approach to the Hook a long stretch of the most delightful summer homes. Similar boats will line Jamaica bay with cottages as soon as Barren Island is cleaned out. The proposed forty mile boats on the Hudson will extend New York thirty miles up the shores of the American Rhine in an incred libly short time. Many thousands of New Yorkers who now refuse to leave (the city on account of the crush of .mornins and afternoon f ravel on the railroads. will Joyfully take np a resi ; deuce in the country when they can igo forty miles an hour tby boat, -with plenty of nnconflned air, plenty trf el ,bow room, no smoke, no cinders, no Almost Human In telligence Shown by TKis Insect. hind her, until all . the web-spokes are in place. Before she weaves the rays together witlu crossing-threads, she must know that both they and the anchor threads are dependable. So she runs about, stretching, straining every one. and if it breaks spinning it over. Where there is pronounced slack she either takes it up toy splic ing a new thread next the center, and fastening it outside, or by attaching light weights, pebbles, bits of rick, and so on, to the web's lower edge. Now begins the last work running round and round. The crossing threads are spun double first very fine, then with a coarser ply. At the middle where the ray threads meet and cross, . she either builds herself a snug sta tion, or after everything is done cuts away the tangle and leaves a small clear space. This is the parlor Into which the traditional fly was Invited with disastrous results but Mad ame Spider does not habitually sit in it. Instead she lurks out of sight, am bushed at the foot ot a ray thread. When vibrations tell of prey, she seeks the parlor, locates the disturbance, and straightway goes to see about it." A strong-winged insect, as a wasp or bumblebee, : left x himself, will soon break out of her flimsy toils, though he may so entangle his wings in doing it that he never flies again. " So she takes no chances. Nimbly she runs down the nearest ray thread, spinning as she runs. When she is a little be yond her victim she dexterously loops her new cable around him, draws it taut, and fastens it. When this had been repeated half a dozen times, the prey bound wing and foot, is ready for removal. She fastened a new thread at the parlor, loops it around the fly or wasp, carries it back, and pulls it as tight as she can. Sometimes she moves her prey a whole half-inch with one thread. The next thing is to cut away all the outer threads that hold him. This she does quickly, then spins a new cable from the parlor. Thus spinning and cutting, unless, the prey be disproportionately big, she brings it at last to the parlor, or very close about it, and there stuck its juices in leisurely content. But If it is too big to be moved, she gnaws off a leg at a time, sucks them, and after awhile attacks the carcass. Sometimes, with fierce-stinging Insects, she bites them Just back of the neck eo as to paralyze them. ' Knows as Much About JChina as Do the Newspaper Men the public opinion of intelligent ' na tions sometimes hangs on the presum ed omniscience of a correspondent who flits in one day and skips the country the next. What did the ordinary cor respondent know or find out about the Chinese question? Nothing, and many of them did not try hard to learn that much. Yet these men have told the general public that the missionaries did it all. They caused the whole row, etc., ad nauseam. The ordinary cor respondent who has written to the United States on this matter knows no more about it than Tom Jones cat. Now I am not writing a diatribe on newspaper men. I have been thrown in quite intimate relations with them for one year and a half, but that does . not blind me to the fact that they don't 'know it all' and they can't 'know it all' la a week or two, and that much of their inflated verbiage is nonsense writ ten simply to fill the bill for the editor who pays them." upon their heads and then rubbed in. Long after Philip said: "Often when the soapsuds were run ning into my eyes, making them smart like fire, I felt as though I would like to bite my mother's hand, and I knew better than to do It- I felt that her power was supreme, and that I must submit to it', as it was for the best." dust, no every-day train annoyances. The day will bring two outings of the most delightful and fascinating de scription, with attendant health. In stead of 'breathing another man's con taminating breath in a close and foul smelling car, the boat commuter can, fill his lungs with the pure ozone of heaven. Instead of contracting him self twice daily into the smallest pos sible space he may expand with an honest, fearless inflation. Even in the most inclement weather the decks will be free to him should he desire to brave- and breathe the elements. Two Carpets Sold for S.SBO. - According to a correspondent, two magnificent carpets, presented 4y the Infanta Donna Sancho to the royal convent of St. Antonio In 1500. have Just been sold by auction at the muni pal chamber in Lis-bon to pay for re pairs at the convent and church. The sale ot the carpets, which were Persian, about eighteen feet square, embroid ered with real gold, caused much ex citement. The most eager bidders wer two groups, French and German, and the Frenchmen secured the prize for $8,990, which is regarded as nearly $5, 000 below the real value. J