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TOE LKAKSF.D ASTROSOMER.
I knew a learned astronomer Who all things earthly spurned. And wandered through this pleasant land With countenance upturned. From early youth his habits were To hold aloof from men; II thought this old world's happenings But little worth his ken. He saw no wonders In - the trees Or in the waving- grass He never thought It worth his while To woo a pretty lass. And not a whit this Rood man cared For potentate or pope; To him the greatest man was ho Who xnada the telescope. But sun and moon arose and set Precisely when he said; He knew whence each comet came And where each comet fled; And for his plan to wipe the spots From oft the glorious sun. . Among the brethren of his ilk He much renown had won. This good soul died and went on high. But much to his concern He found the knowledge gleaned while here Left nothing more to learn. With telescope, from o'er a cloud, He now peers down to earth. And finds out strange and wondrous things About his place of birth. The Baltimore Sun. Mrs. Comslock's Campiap. BY D. A. CHAUNCET. CCopyrlght. 1901, by Daily Story Pub. Co. When Chester Comstock announced himself as a candidate for congress everybody said his wife was back of It. Comstock had never been suspected of political ambitions or any other sort except to live up to his ideals of a cul tured gentleman. He was born of a wealthy family, educated in the uni versities of two continents, and pos sessed tastes which permitted him to enjoy to the utmost the good things of the world. He had a positive aver sion for business in any form and no desire whatever to increase the estate which he had inherited. He lived a life of luxury, was widely known and universally liked. If he lacked in ambition his wife did not. After their marriage and the joining of their fortunes she had as sumer a position of social leadership. As the years slipped by she became restless. Then came a winter at Washington and she had returned home filled with a longing to return there as the wife of a congressman or other official that would give her established standing. All the arts of a dominant nature had been brought Into play to instill into her husband's mind the fire of political ambition. Finally out of sheer good nature he told her he would acquiesce to her de sires if it could be managed so that he would not be annoyed with the details of politics. "If it will add materially to your happiness for me to be a congressman or a Senator or President or what nor," said he, "I am willing and I will try to attend to the duties that may fall to me in such manner as not to reflect discredit on my name. But positively I know nothing about politics. If you wish me to go into this sort of thing the figuring must come from youi head." She secured an alliance at once with Maurice Fox, the man reputed to be the sharpest politician in the county. Mrs. Comstock was perfectly frank with Fox, told him her ambition and that money was no object and that she wanted to secure his assistance. She was somewhat surprised to learn that Fox would not accept cash. "All the money I would touch In a campaign would be the actual ex penses. I am very much inclined to help you, however, for reasons of my own. I can see how your husband might be a very strong candidate. . To gether with other men I have been 'somewhat successful in politics in Bryon county and have had and have considerable influence in determining candidates and policies. What I want is more power not money. I think I see evidences on the part of some of my former colleagues to curtail my influ ence. In which event I must protect myself. If your husband will give me control of his candidacy and the assur ance that I shall handle the patronage of the district in case of his election, I will put him in congress.. Of course, it will cost a great deal of money more because all the boys know he has got it. "I think It can be arranged." said Mrs. Comstock.' "Mr. Comstock has no political ambition and I am certain that be would consider the placing of the offices as a source of annoyance and embarrassment." So it was ar ranged. The other politicians at once detect ed Fox's game and made a light to keep the county from electing a Com stock delegation. This complicated matters and Fox and Mrs. Comstock "I think it can be arranged. were In constant conference. Com stock was not much perturbed at first, as his wife and Fox decided all ques tions. But as the fight waxed warm er Comstock's exclusiveness began to tell against him and it became neces sary to take the minor politicians t3 him. particularly as these men were being promised divers and sundry fat from the crib. As Jack Murphy ex pressed it: , "I'm from Missouri. Show me. I want to see the old man hisself and hear him make his spleL" So Comstock's library was invaded by a noisy and ill-smelling crew which put feet on the tables and poisoned the atmosphere with black cigar moke. Comstock grew rebellious. Then Mrs. Comstock gave two or three dinners that drew from him the only protest he had ever made to her since "Madam, you must be mad. their marriage. The dinners were at tended by a motley crowd whose pres ence and whose conversation was an offense. "This will not do," he said, sternly. "We must not lose our self-respect to accomplish a result, however greatly we desiFif it. I never will sit down to dinner with that sort of a crowd again. At last the caucusses were held and the result was not decisive. One ward sent an Instructed delegation to the county convention, as did several of the country towns. It became a fight to get these uninstructed delegates. Meantime Fox had fixed up a deal with the controlling forces in two other counties to nominate Comstock if he went to the convention with his own county and able to deliver its votes. A delegation of manufacturers called on Comstock and pointing out that they could deliver five of the unin structed delegates, asked for a pledge that he would stand for a certain tariff schedule on wood. Again it required all Fox and Mrs. Comstock could do to get his consent to such an "arrange ment." "Must I go to congress as an auto maton," he protested; "with my vote pledges on all subjects?" Fox explained that the tariff sched ule always was fixed in a party caucus and he could go on record in the cau cus in some way that would not do violence to his convictions. Then came the denouement- Fox announced two days before the conven tion that victory was won. "We have one vote more than the opposition and they can't touch our phalanx. It has cost a pile oi. money but it is our meat." The next morning Comstock received a call from John Weldon, an old man who had been in his service for many years and in tne service of his father before him. Some time before he had been retired on a pension. "Mr. Comstock," said Weldon, with tears in his eyes. "Forgive me, sir, for disturbing you, but I can't let It happen without making one appeal to you. I make bola to do so, sir, be cause you have always been kind to me as your father was before you." In astonishment Comstock asked the old man what it was all about and in broken accents Weldon told- him that tne' day before Mrs. Comstock had come to his house and told him that Comstock was about to be defeated for the nomination. There was but one way to save the day. Tim Maloney, the saloonkeeper, was in love with pretty Mary Weldon, his granddaugh ter. He was an uninstructed delegate 1 to the convention. He had been re jected by Mary and uad figured out in his cunning head that the Weldons were absolutely dependant on the Com stock pension and a bride should be the price of his vote. Fox had been approached and haa induced Mrs. Com stock to play this last desperate card without letting Comstock know of it. "1 would go to the poorhouse will ingly, sir." said Weldon; "but the girl won't hear to it and she has consented to do as Mrs. Comstock asks of her. The poor thing cried all night for isn't she in love with uom riurns. as clever and honest a lad as ever stepped? But she wont budge in her decision and I came to plead for her." There was an expression in Com stock's face which no man had ever seen there in all his life. He rang his bell sharply and sent t'ta servant to ask Mrs. Comstock to come into the library. When she entered i 3 started back in amazement at the 3ctacle of her mild-mannered husband standing behind his table with blaiag eyes. She saw Weldon and knew what was coming. She threw ap one arm as If to avoid a olow and sought to speak. Before she could do so the v ords came from him as from some liv - volcano: ."Madam, yon must be ms't. Do you I think I am so poor a thin ; that 1 would accept any result by s io'a means I as you have been using e. en to the saving of my soul? Do yon esteem my honor so lightly as to believe that I would allow my name to be tarnished as you and your disreputable asso ciates have sought to tarnish it? Do you believe that I would have retained an office secured by such, means, of permitted you to gratify a foolish van ity by such a sacrifice? Had your plan succeeded It would have been im possible to have longer lived with you. My name will not go before tha convention tomorrow. I will never touch the dirty pool of politics again. If Fox ever enters my house again I will cane him. Weldon's pension will be doubled. Good moi ling." And hi strode heavily out of the room. The member who answers to the roll call from the thirty-ninth district can turn a jack four times hand-running while looking you squarely in the ey and drink a dozen "highballs" at a sitting. Mr. and Mrs. Comstock remain at home. TESTED WITH SALT. Bow am A pacha Color Selected Warrlon for a Hard Caompols-n. - In the early days of Union Pacific railroading, Victoria, Nana and tht present Geronimo, the three chiefs ol the Arizona Apaches, with 100 of tha best bucks, came through to Green River, Wyo. They had heard of th "heap wagon and no hoes" and had come to stop the train. They made a lasso of rawhide and fifty men on each side held on to the rope as the freight came down the Wasatch divide. Tht engine driver saw, when several miles away, what the Indians were us to, so he whistled "off brakes," and opening his throttle let her loose. The cowcatcher struck the rope and hurled the Indians in all directions, literally tearing them to pieces, headless, arm less and legless. The three chiefs went south to their cactus plants much crestfallen. Before they selected thesa men the old Chief Victoria had them all eat a piece of rock salt about as bis as a pecan, run swiftly about 10C yards, sit down on a rock or log and cross their legs. Then he watched tha vibration of the feet which were cross ed. The feet which vibrated tha longest strokes he declined to accept for a severe duty or a dangerous trip, or for one that was at all hazardous But he accepted the feet which vibrat ed short, distinct and regular strokes. Now, what did that old chief know about pulsation of the arterial system or of heart action, and, indeed, about salt in the system? I have lived near to Indian reservations and have had occasion often to survey over theti lands for railroads and other objects, and since this salt controversy I havi wondered where old Victoria got his idea. Is not the child of the sage brush plains better posted than hia paleface brother? New York Herald. Helped a Poor Artist. The million left by Sam Lewis, tha notorious London usurer, and tha benefactions that have come to light since his death continue to be a nine days' wonder among his acquaint ances in London. Beginning his ca reer as money lender comparatively late and very humbly, he made money with marvelous rapidity. One reason for this was thathe never lost any, or hardly ever, even at the gaming tables, where he was delighted to taka his turn. To the poor people who constantly applied to him for loans he always replied that a poor person could not afford to borrow. An artist not long ago paid a visit to the finan cier and told his story over the cigar and glass of wine which Sam Lewis had always at hand. The artist's re quest was a modest one he -vanted only 50. "I could not afford to lend it to you," said the prince of usurers, "but I don't mind asking your ac ceptance of it" and he handed tha astonished applicant a 50 note. This story, which the narrator vouches for, seems to belie the asser tion lately made that in Sam Lewis' case only "the dead hand" has parted with possessions on which the living hand opened never. Russia's Many Waterways No other country is so prodigally endowed with navigable rivers aa Russia. The rivers of Russia have their sources within a comparatively few miles of each other, -all of the great streams rising within the area of the broad plateau of the north, so that it was no difficult feat to con nect the headwaters of the numerous rivers. The construction of less than 400 miles of actual canals, made it possible to travel by barge from Arch angel on the Arctic, to Astrakan on the Caspian, a distance of more than 3,000 miles, from St. Petersburg to tha foot of the Urals, and from the Baltic to the Black Sea by three distinct routes, to say nothing of Moscow and numerous other inland cities which were brought into direct water com munication with all parts of the em pire. Engineering Magazine. Probata Court's, Technical Task. Some time ago Anthony Holland and wife, highly respected resident of Tallahatchie county, Mississippi, were found dead in a wood near theii home. - They were a most devoted couple and the conclusion arrived at was that Mrs. Holland was accident ally shot, Mr. Holland through griei committing suicide with the remain ing barrel of the shotgun which . he carried. The estate was settled on the basis of this supposition, but on ap peal to the courts it was shown that when the bodies were' found that ol the wife was still warm, while Mr. Holland's was cold. Therefore the wo man must have survived her husband and the court so decided. , Corkscrews have sank more peopl than cork Jackals wmr saved. I LIKE A 1 I MAGIC LAMP I That the alchemist's dream of a ma gic lamp which never goes out will shortly be realized is indicated by some remarkable experiments lately made by Washington scientists, says a capi tal correspondent in the New York Times. Some months ago Secretary Langley of the Smithsonian institution received from Europe a mysterious lit tle box, which he took to the dark room of his astro-physical observatory, and there opened in the presence of several savants invited to inspect the valuable contents. The removal of :he lid re vealed two small cylinders of straw board aglow from what appeared to be fire, hidden within. Inside these wrap -pings were discovered two hermetically sealed phials about the Siz-j of your little finger from which issued an un ceasing greenish-white light, which gave the surrounding packages a pe culiar glow, like that from X rays. These phials had remained hidden from light at least, two months before they had been opened. Brought to the light, one was seen to contain a white, starch-like powder, finely pul verized; the other a similar substance, broken up into little cubes about a tenth of an inch in dimension. Re turned to the darkness both bodies continued to glow . sufficiently bright for a page, held nearly, to be easily read thereby. Yet the glass of the containing bottles was cold. Asked what the mysterious phiaU contained, the admiring scientists explained that the precious substance- was "radium," a mineral lately discovered by Mme. Sklodowska Curie, a Polish chemist, studying in Paris. Mme. Curie found radium to be contained, as a supposed impurity, in the salts of another min eral known as uranium. Chemists have thrown it away for years, never dreaming that it was destined to be come one of the most valuaole miner als known to science. Radium, with its mysterious source of lisrht. pmita two distinct sets of raps; oner like those of ordinary daylight; .the other like X rays. T. W. Smillee, In charge of the bmithsonian s photographic denart- ment, was given for examination the two phials of radium, each about a dram of the powder. He took tnem to his dark room and there made a series of interesting experiments, which demonstrated that the substance Fired by Petroleum Sprgys. j Petroleum sprays are used on one of the western lines for lighting the fires of locomotives. The reservoir for the oil is mounted on wheels. Compressed air is used to spray the oil. The air can be taken from any Westinghouse receiver or pump. . In using the ap paratus, the bed of coal is first placed on the grate, and then the jet spray is ignited and directed on to the coal. HIS REPUTATION CAPSIZED. Sir William Wbita Deposed Because Royal Yacht Proved Cranky. Information has come to the naval intelligence office that England's most famous ship designer, after years of conspicuous service, covering a period of greatest naval development, has been removed from office because of some mistakes made by his subordi nates, which have caused much discus sion both in naval circles and the royal family in the last six . months. Battle ships, armored cruisers, fleet torpedo boats and other types of war ships had been successfully designed and constructed under his direction, and no serious fault or flaw discovered In any of them could be attributed to poor design. Probably no naval archi-. tect was more widely known that Sir William White, the British chief con structor, an official with high rank and large ipay, but in the latter part of his career troubles came upon him in the simple design of a royal yacht. Sev eral months ago the $1,000,000 yacht built for the queen capsized at her dock because of want of proper distribution of weights, and calculations made showed that gross carelessness had been displayed in her design, which resulted tn her being topheavy and al together unsafe. British officials were shocked that such an accident could occur to a vessel built for royal per sons, and all the blame was at once placed on the chief constructor. He was held responsible for the lack of proper attention being given the plans that led to a vessel .being built that would turn over alongside her pier, es pecially in the case of a ship that should be more seaworthy and safe than, perhaps, any other built for service. The injuries to the yacht re reived In capsizing rendered her unfit for further consideration. Sir William was at once detached from service, and recently it has been decided to place some one else at the head of the construction department. In the Brit ish service the construction corps has already been antagonized by the line contingent, and while seniority In pro motion is recognized the chief con structor Is usually taken from civil life, and has' come, in the past, from some of the great shipbuilding yards of the country. Mr. Watts, one of the famous designers of the Armstrongs, has been tendered the office of chief constructor, and will probably be the successor to Sir William. Mr. Watts' present salary is said to be much larger than he would receive In the con struction corps of the British navy, but the honor attached to the position is New Mineral that Emits Perpetual LigKt. possesses the two sources of light to a marvelous degree. Radium costs no less than 91,000 an ounce. Its great expense Is due to its present scarcity. As soon as chemists learn how to ex tract it readily it will grow much cheaper. Moreover, only a small per centage of it contains the mysterious luminous element. When the raw ma terial can be more -cheaply obtained and more completely concentrated it will certainly become- a much sought commercial article. Geologists will meanwhile locate the earth's deposits of uranium, the crude material from which radium is extracted. It can probably be found in sufficient quanti ties to supply any 'reasonable demand. A half ton of the residues of dranium minerals now produces only a. little more than two pounds of the radiant powder. But this loss is due to the fact that no one yet knows how to ex tract radium economically. - Ralium will revolutionize all lighting methods when cheaply produced. If a mere dram of the crude powder will show such power as Mr. Smillie observed, a hundred pounds of the refined materi als will doubtless work marvels. Mr. Smillie estimated that a half pound of the powder will light an ordinary room. This it will do if thinly spread out. Like a magnet, radium retains its energy indefinitely. It will give off light for years without showing any loss. Mr. Smillie says he has reason to hope that the discovery of radium may result in the perfection of a luminous paint of a lasting qual ity. The householder of the future will coat the ceiling or walls of his rooms with luminous paint made from radium and will thus light his home without resort to lamps, gas jets, or electric lights. To darken such a room it will be necessary to merely draw a light proof screen across the illuminated surface. But at its present price the half pound mentioned as sufficient to light an ordinary room would coat $8,000. Yet, if such a supply would last a million years, a single lamp, even at this price, would shine upon thousands of generations, and would more than pay for itself in saving gas.voil, and electric light bills. Wnen radium can be found in abundance it will undoubtedly afford man his cheapest light a light which will nev er fail. being moved over the surface until the whole is ignited, which usually requires about fifteen minutes. According to the rabbis, Solomon had a beard three feet long. Amo&g the Jews the beard was considered synonymous with wisdom; the longer the beard, the greater the profundity of intellect. one that few naval architects would be willing to decline. A new yacht is now being built on plans that will in sure safety under all conditions. Sir William White will receive a pension and retire from service. Boston Her ald. Fortnn. la a Tool Cheats Frederick Fancher, who lives In Kansas City, has fallen heir to a for tune found in the bottom of the old fashioned tool chest of his father, Ed win Fancher, a resident of Unadilla, N. Y. The father had lived alone in Unadilla for several years. He was a carpenter and apparently had all he could do to support himself. His death came suddenly, and when neighbors after the funeral, looked over his ef fects they could find only a few pieces of furniture and his tool chest. This was looked into; but later, one man more inquisitive than the others ex amined the bottom of the chest, and was surprised to find a false bottom, under which were bank notes, gold and securities aggregating $50,000. A search for his heirs was begun at once, the money being turned over to the au thorities. Fred was located in Kansas City and notified of his good luck. He is now in Unadilla, and will take charge of his father's effects. It is thought that further deposits may be .found in some of the furniture. Fan cher is supposed to nave made his money by lucky investments. Swiadllnt Ad-certloemont la Fraaee. Not long ago a notice appeared in one of the French papers to the ef fect that the United States govern ment would pay $10,000 as a dowry to every white man who would mar ry an Indian wife and that a tract of good land would be thrown in. The bait was tempting and now the inter ior department has the task before it of informing these amorous, but of course, nnmercenary Gauls that they have been fooled. - Now la Its Third Took. Within the precincts of Mount Ver non, the beautiful estate once occu pied by George Washington, and now preserved by the nation in his mem ory, are three spots where the first president has been buried. The tomb which is now pointed out to visitors as containing the remains of Wash ington is not that in which his body was laid on the date of his burial. Dec. 18, 1799. Twice since then the coffin has been moved, but never away from Mount Vernon. SCALDS TRAIN ROBBERS. Colorado Road Vmam A oto tootle Dorleo to Dlsco-ni-aoo Bold JBaadlts. The Rio Grande railroad in Colo rado, has equipped its locomotives with a novel train robber killing de vice. It is a means of playing scald ing water and steam over the bandits. There is an extra piece of steel pip running up from the bottom of the boiler to the back of the engine cab, where it is flattened out fan-shaped, the angle of the fan embracing the front, top and sides of the blind bag gage and express. Another device of practically the same kind covers the front, top and sides of the locomo tive itself. Other engines have a steam pipe and hose just back of the engin eer, where it is handy to grab quickly. Down near the floor of the cab in sev eral places, where they can be reached easily, are little innocent looking but tons that connect with an air valve to the steam pipe. In less time than it takes to tell It. the engineer or fire man can touch a button and send back over the coal pile in the tender the hottest jet of water that any rob ber ever saw. The boilers carry a pressure of about 225 pounds, so the water near the bottom of the crown sheet will be at least at the boiling point. The amount of execution one of the "cookers,' as they are called, can do in a few seconds 13 frightful. Should four or six robbers get on the front or top of the blind baggage and make a hostile demonstration toward the engineer they can be disposed of quickly. A slight stream will make it so hot in the neighborhood that they will be glad to get off. At the same time it will fill the air with steam, so that shooting at the engin eer or fireman will be out of the ques tion. It will be impossible to tell the direction, except the way to jump. Only once since their installation have the new machines been put to test, and that was several weeks ago in the Grand canyon, when several tramps threatened to take charge of a freight train and bully the crew into submis sion to their wishes. They got the conductor and brakeman buffaloed" back about a dozen car lengths, and then started toward the, engineer to make him "dig up" some coin. But the fireman had seen the whole per formance and tipped off the affair to the engineer, who turned on a small stream and slowed up to see the fun. The white mist had no sooner struck the ioboes than they made a dive off the tops of the cars. The two fellows with guns who were back with the conductor and brakeman, worked their way ahead to see what caused all the excitement, when they got a few stray splashes of hot water in the face and also jumped. Odd Wares From Manila. The acquisition of the Philippines has begun to familiarize the American public with many of the odd wares and merchandise which are found in that archipelago, says the New York Bvening Post- No part of this world is richer in shells, especially of the pearl and mother of pearl variety. For centuries there has been a steady flow of the latter to China, where they are used in enormous quantities for household decorations. Outside of these shells are others almost as use ful. One variety, a sea couch, is cut through obliquely and according to the angle of the saw the resulting seg ment is a spoon, a ladle, a saucer, plate, cup, or bowl. After cutting they are cleaned and polished, making a handsome object. It looks like colored porcelain, but is far tougher and stronger. A shell spoon or bowl can be dropped without danger of break ing and will withstand hot water and cold as well as wood. Another variety Df shell is employed tor buttons. The turbinates are the favorites. They range through a hundred colors and patterns and take a very high gloss. When" cut by the natives beauty of surface rather than of outline ap pears to be the main object. The most popular shape is oblong. Next to this is an oval, and then follow such fig ares as the rounded triangle, which with eyelets are retailed in Manila for Qve cents. What Did Ho Mean? The late Charles Spurgeon was fond f recording the following incident: While he was leaving the tabernacle after a sermon one Sunday a man approached him and, addressing him by name, shook his hand warmly. U see," said he, "that you have forgot ten me, sir; and yet you once did me the greatest service that one man can do another." "And what service1 was that?" asked Spurgeon.- "You buried my wife, sir." responded the stranger, his eyes suffused with tears. "Late Qoms Victoria Religion. Queen Victoria was profoundly re ligious. She believed in the efficacy of prayer. She was a regular Bible read er, and frequently used a well-worn Bible that belonged to General Gordon, and was presented by his sister to the queen, who acknowledged the gift in an autograph letter. At the same time she did not permit her religious con victions to influence the subtle intrica cies of statecraft. Chicago Record. - landlord Systeaa la tho Booth. Aid is being sought in the north in furtherance of a plan to assist the ne groes 'in many places in the black belt of the -south, to become land owners, thus freeing them from the bondage of the landlord system', under which, too often, the tenant does not, receive a just share of the product resulting from his efforts. . The city authorities of Vienna have condemned the "ase of trailing skirts in public places, on hygienic grounds, because they sweep up the dvst.